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1. a prep.(2)

3 quotations in 1 sense
Sense / Definition
(a) In various phrases taken from OF; see a- pref. (2) 3; (b) in surnames derived from place names, such as a Becket, Anorthbrok.

2. a- pref.(1), in verbs

4 quotations in 4 senses
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In verbs inherited from OE:(a) From OE ā-: a-biden, a-breken, a-fallen, a-reren, a-risen, a-senden, a-waken, a-winnen, and many others. (b) From OE on-: a-biden (also an-biden), ppl. a-knoue(n (also…

3. a- pref.(2), in adverbs

3 quotations in 3 senses
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From early ME a prep., derived from unstressed an before nouns, adjs., and advs. beginning with a consonant [OE on, an]. (a) Orig. noun phrases: a-beggeþ, a-bedde, a-blode, a-clokke, a-dai(es,

4. abai n.

13 quotations in 2 senses
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(a) The act or occasion of keeping a hunted animal at bay by barking dogs; (b) of dogs: holden at abai, keep (an animal) at bay; stonden at abai, surround an animal; hunten to abai, chase (an animal)…

5. abaien v.

6 quotations in 1 sense
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(a) Of hunting dogs: to bay or bark beside a hunted or slain animal; (b) to bark; (c) of a person: to bark (at sb.), speak rudely.

6. abaillen v.

2 quotations in 1 sense
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(a) To furnish bail or surety; (b) to pay bail to (sb. for deliverance of a prisoner).

7. abaishaunce n.

1 quotation in 1 sense
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Lack of composure, ?fear.

8. aba(i)shement n.

Additional spellings: abaishement
5 quotations in 1 sense
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(a) Lowering (of prices); (b) embarrassment, dread, fear.

9. abaishen v.

48 quotations in 3 senses
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(a) To lose one's composure, be upset; -- refl. & intr.; (b) ben abaished, be upset or perplexed (as by fear, shame, surprise); contextually: be afraid, embarrassed, surprised; (c) waxen (becomen)

10. abandonen, -ǒunen v.

Additional spellings: abandounen
14 quotations in 2 senses
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To give up or surrender (sth.).

11. abandǒun n.

3 quotations in 1 sense
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Control; under abandoun, under (one's) control; yeven (putten) in or to abandoun, put at (someone's) disposal.

12. abandǒun adv.

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(a) Under control, at one's will; (b) at will, unchecked; (c) freely, fully.

13. abās adv.

2 quotations in 1 sense
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Down, low; maken abas melodie, to stop singing.

14. abatailled ppl.

1 quotation in 1 sense
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Fortified.

15. abātement n.

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(a) Lessening, loss; (b) impairment, infringement; (c) lowering (of prices), depreciation; deficiency, as in the weight of a coin; a deduction for light weight; (d) law the quashing of a suit or writ…

16. abāten, -i(en v.

Additional spellings: abati, abatien
99 quotations in 8 senses
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(a) To knock down or demolish (a wall, etc.); (b) to knock (sb.) down; strike down or defeat (an enemy); (c) strike (sail); cast down (a banner).

17. abāven v.

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(a) To feel fear, surprise, etc.; (b) ben abaved, be upset by fear, surprise, or wonder; be afraid, embarrassed, puzzled, or amazed [largely contextual].

18. abbeie n.

28 quotations in 2 senses
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The office, estate, or jurisdiction of an abbot, abbacy.

19. abbes(se n.

Additional spellings: abbesse
15 quotations in 1 sense
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A woman superior of a convent of nuns.

20. ab(b)reviāciǒun n.

Additional spellings: abbreviacioun
4 quotations in 1 sense
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(a) Shortness; (b) abridgement (of a story, etc.); an abstract or summary.

21. abēchen v.

1 quotation in 1 sense
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To feed, as the mother bird feeds a nestling.

22. abelef adv.

2 quotations in 1 sense
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Obliquely, slantwise.

23. aberdē̆n(e n.

Additional spellings: aberdene
6 quotations in 1 sense
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Sun-dried or salt codfish.

24. abet(te n.

Additional spellings: abette
4 quotations in 1 sense
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Incitement to evil; urging.

25. abetten v.

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(a) To urge or incite (sb. to evil); encourage or abet (wrong-doing); (b) to encourage (sb.); promote (well-being).

26. abettǒur, -er n.

Additional spellings: abetter
5 quotations in 1 sense
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One who encourages or supports an offender.

27. abhomināble adj.

37 quotations in 3 senses
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Of a thing, a sight, a disease, an action, etc.: physically loathsome, disgusting, repulsive; abhominable to the stomak, nauseating.

28. abhomināciǒun n.

42 quotations in 3 senses
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(a) Physical loathing, disgust, nausea; abhominacioun of wlatsomnesse, nausea; haven abhominacioun of, to be disgusted or nauseated by (sth.); abhominacioun of stomak; (b) moral abhorrence; haven

29. abilitẹ̄ n.

19 quotations in 3 senses
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A capacity for doing something, proficiency in an art or profession, ability, power.

30. abil(l)ement n.

Additional spellings: abillement
18 quotations in 2 senses
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(a) A piece of equipment; a tool, an instrument, a weapon, a piece of armor, etc.; -- usually pl.; (b) abillementes of werre, military equipment.

31. abīme n.

7 quotations in 1 sense
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The depths (of the sea or the earth), abyss; also, the bottomless pit, hell.

32. abjecciǒun n.

4 quotations in 1 sense
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(a) Humbleness, lowliness; an abject position; (b) one who is utterly degraded, the lowest (of the lowly).

33. abjūrāciǒun n.

2 quotations in 1 sense
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Solemn renunciation of heresy or idolatry.

34. abjūren v.

8 quotations in 1 sense
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(a) To renounce or recant (a heresy) under oath; ben abjured, be subjected to solemn recantation; (b) to give up or renounce (sth.); surrender (a right) under oath; swear to leave (a place).

35. ablāmen v.

1 quotation in 1 sense
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To accuse or blame (sb.).

36. ablā̆tī̆f, -ī̆ve adj. & n.

Additional spellings: ablative
16 quotations in 1 sense
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(a) The ablative (case) of Latin; a noun or adjective in the ablative case; (b) in a pun (with ref. to L ablātiō a taking away & ablāt-um taken away, stolen): carried off, stolen; ablatif cas, the…

37. āble adj.

124 quotations in 6 senses
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(a) Of persons: capable of doing something, expert in an art or science, qualified to practice a trade or profession, skilful, competent; able maister, able werkman; of a woman: old enough to marry…

38. -āble adj. suf.

2 quotations in 2 senses
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In words taken from OF (& L): (a) derived from verbs, with 'passive' meaning: accept-able, agre-able, am-able, blam-able, chaunge-able, forfet-able, fortun-able, honor-able, etc.; (b) derived from…

39. āblen v.

46 quotations in 5 senses
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To enable (sb. to do sth.), give (sb.) power or resources (sufficient for a task).

40. ablūtī̆f adj.

1 quotation in 1 sense
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Cleansing.

41. abobbed ppl. as n.

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The game of blind-man's buff [see first quot.]; pleien abobbed; fig. to fool or delude a helpless person.

42. abobben v.

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(a) To play abobbed with (sb.); (b) fig. to bewilder or mystify (sb.).

43. abolisshen v.

1 quotation in 1 sense
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Do away with (sth.).

44. abōrd adv. & prep.

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(a) At or upon the side of a ship; (b) alongside another ship; (c) onto or aboard a ship; (d) fallen abord with, to become associated with (sb.), agree with.

45. abōrden v.

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To come alongside (a ship); ?to enter or board (a ship).

46. abǒund adj.

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(a) Existing in great quantity, overflowing; (b) possessing in quantity, rich (in gold, etc.); -- with of; (c) full (of mercy, blossoms, etc.); -- with of or with; (d) bountiful, generous.

47. abǒundāble adj.

1 quotation in 1 sense
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Ample, sufficient.

48. abǒundaunce n.

50 quotations in 4 senses
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(a) A great number of things, a great quantity; plenty, a sufficiency; also, an excess; -- often with in or of; (b) aboundaunce of water, an overflow, a flood.

49. abǒundaunt adj.

45 quotations in 3 senses
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(a) Present or existing in great number or quantity, many, much, abounding; also, overabundant, excessive; of shot: thick, fast; of waters: overflowing; (b) of fruitfulness, gifts, grace, mercy…

50. abǒunden v.(1)

56 quotations in 4 senses
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(a) To exist or be present in great number or quantity, be plentiful; to be sufficient (for a purpose); also, to be excessive; of water: to overflow; abounden to, come to (sb.) abundantly; (b) of…

51. abǒunden v.(2)

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(a) To set bounds to (sth.), limit, enclose; (b) to have boundaries, be bounded.

52. aboutien v.

1 quotation in 1 sense
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Only in phrase aboutien ut, lean out (at a battlement).

53. abreǧ(ǧ)ement n.

Additional spellings: abreggement
5 quotations in 1 sense
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(a) A reduction or lessening in amount; a shortening in space or time; (b) a condensed version, an epitome.

54. abreǧ(ǧ)en v.

Additional spellings: abreggen
47 quotations in 4 senses
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(a) To reduce (sth.) in number or amount, diminish; (b) to shorten (sth.) in space, decrease the length of (a journey, a rod); (c) to make (sth.) of shorter duration, to shorten (the time that…

55. abrōche adv.

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(a) setten abroche, to tap or broach (a cask), let (liquor) flow; fig. to shed (blood); (b) set abroche, opened up, begun.

56. abrōchen v.

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(a) To tap or broach (a cask); often fig.; (b) to give utterance to (praise, rejoicing).

57. abrōǧen v.

1 quotation in 1 sense
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To abrogate (a law).

58. abrotet n.

3 quotations in 1 sense
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Broth.

59. absence n.

27 quotations in 1 sense
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(a) The state of being away from a place, absence; in his absence, etc.; (b) in absence, absent; (c) the fact of being lacking or missing, lack, non-existence.

60. absent adj. (& n.)

29 quotations in 2 senses
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(a) Not in a particular place, not present, absent; -- often with fro, from; (b) of things, qualities, etc.: absent, lacking, non-existent.

61. absenten v.

16 quotations in 1 sense
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(a) To go or stay away; (b) absenten (one's) person or presence, to withdraw, go or remain away; (c) refl. to withdraw (esp. in order to evade a duty, obligation, or penalty), go away, stay away; fig.

62. absinthe n.

1 quotation in 1 sense
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Wormwood; fig. bitterness sorrow.

63. absō̆lūciǒun n.

26 quotations in 4 senses
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(a) Forgiveness of sin as pronounced by a priest or by authority of the Church, remission; esp., the sacrament of penance; (b) a document granting remission of sins, an indulgence; (c) the act of…

64. absteinen v.

65 quotations in 6 senses
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To avoid (sth.), stay away from (a person or place), refrain from partaking of (food, etc.); -- often with fro, from, of; (a) refl.; (b) intr.

65. abstersiǒun n.

7 quotations in 1 sense
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Surg. (a) The act or process of cleansing a wound or sore, the removal of pus or other impurities by means of cleansing medicines; (b) a detergent or cleansing property.

66. abstersīve adj.

4 quotations in 1 sense
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Of medicines: able to remove pus or other impurities from a wound or sore; cleansing, detergent.

67. abstinence n.

54 quotations in 3 senses
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Avoidance (of sth.), refraining (from sth.), self-denial; abstinence of mete, fasting; ben of abstinence, abstain; don abstinence of, abstain from; maken abstinence, avoid luxury.

68. abstracciǒun n.

2 quotations in 1 sense
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Withdrawal from worldly affairs and interests, asceticism.

69. abstractī̆f adj.

1 quotation in 1 sense
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Gram. Of nouns: abstract (as opposed to concrete).

70. abūs n.

1 quotation in 1 sense
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Improper or corrupt practice.

71. abūsen v.

12 quotations in 3 senses
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(a) To misuse (sth.); misapply (funds); (b) to abuse (sb.) sexually (as by incest, sodomy, prostitution).

72. abūsiǒun n.

23 quotations in 3 senses
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(a) Misuse, perversion, abuse; (b) in abusioun, insultingly, abusively; also, in a wicked or unnatural manner.

73. abutten v.(1)

7 quotations in 1 sense
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(a) Of land, territory, a field: abutten to (upon), to end at, extend to, border on (sth.); (b) abutten agenst, to be opposite (sth.).

74. acācia, -ie n.

Additional spellings: acacie
10 quotations in 1 sense
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Med. A gum made from the juice of green plums or sloes (used as an astringent, a restringent, or a repercussive).

75. acaunt-wīse adv.

Additional spellings: acauntwise, a-caunt-wise
1 quotation in 1 sense
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In a zigzag course.

76. accent n.

3 quotations in 1 sense
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Accent, modulation.

77. accepciǒun n.

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(a) The acceptance of something as true or valid; approval (of a book); (b) accepcioun of persones, favoritism, partiality; (c) a condition or stipulation to which one has agreed.

78. acceptāble adj.

38 quotations in 3 senses
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(a) Of things, actions, ideas, etc.: agreeable, pleasing -- often with to, tofore, unto; acceptable in the sight of, pleasing in the sight of, agreeable to (sb.); (b) appropriate, suitable; time

79. acceptāciǒun n.

9 quotations in 1 sense
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(a) The act of accepting (an office) or approving (a privilege, etc.); (b) acceptance or approval (of sth.) as true or just or satisfactory; (c) acceptacioun of persones, favoritism, partiality.

80. acces(se n.

Additional spellings: accesse
50 quotations in 3 senses
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(a) Any attack of illness characterized by fever, but esp. of malarial fever or ague; acces ill, sharp acces, ague; fervent acces, hard acces, hot acces, etc.; (b) an attack of fever; esp. one of the…

81. accessī̆ble adj.

1 quotation in 1 sense
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Capable of being approached, accessible.

82. accessō̆rie n.

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(a) An accessory to a crime; (b) that which is subordinate to something else.

83. accidence n.

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(a) Phil. A non-essential or incidental characteristic, a temporary and variable property of a thing; bi accidence, through a secondary means, indirectly; of accidence, without affecting or involving…

84. accīdie n.

10 quotations in 1 sense
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(a) The deadly sin of Sloth, a disinclination to do anything good; (b) a spell of lethargy or apathy.

85. accompanīen v.

21 quotations in 1 sense
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(a) To make (sb.) a companion or associate, to join or unite (sb. with a person or a group); -- with to, toward, with; (b) refl. to join (sb.), take sides with, associate with; (c) to be in company…

86. accomplēt ppl.

1 quotation in 1 sense
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Performed, carried out.

87. accompl(i)en v.

Additional spellings: accomplien
2 quotations in 1 sense
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To perform or carry out (a feat of arms).

88. accomplisshement n.

15 quotations in 2 senses
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(a) The performance (of a task), the carrying out (of a plan, purpose, someone's wish), fulfillment (of a promise); (b) the obtaining (of happiness, property), attainment (of that which one desires).

89. accomplisshen v.

37 quotations in 2 senses
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(a) To perform (an action), carry out (a plan, a purpose), execute (a command, wish, will, contract, etc.); (b) to attain to or achieve (a goal or purpose); satisfy (a desire, a need); (c) to fulfill…

90. accō̆rd n.

67 quotations in 6 senses
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(a) Friendly sentiment, attitude, or disposition; goodwill, god accord; (b) sentiment or opinion; standen of accord, agree in sentiment (with sb.); fallen of accord, to consent; bi accord

91. accō̆rdāble adj.

5 quotations in 1 sense
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Consonant, harmonious, conforming; fitting, proper.

92. accō̆rdaunce n.

28 quotations in 3 senses
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Of persons: (a) agreement in sentiment, concurrence of opinion; comoun accordaunce, mutual agreement; on accordaunce, unanimity; (b) compliance (with the will of God), devotion; compliance with rules…

93. accō̆rdaunt adj.

24 quotations in 2 senses
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(a) Conforming (to sth.); in accordance or in agreement (with sth.); -- with to; (b) compatible; harmonious; (c) mus. harmonious; hence, pleasing; (d) similar (to sth.); alike.

94. accō̆rdement n.

13 quotations in 2 senses
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(a) Reconciliation; friendliness; of on accordement, united in spirit; (b) a formal agreement of reconciliation; a covenant of peace; also, the terms of such an agreement; maken accordement, make…

95. accō̆rden v.

141 quotations in 8 senses
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(a) To come to agreement or an understanding; become reconciled; fallen accorded; accorden of mariage, agree to be married; -- often refl.; (b) to make a formal agreement or settlement; come to terms…

96. accǒunseilẹ̄ ppl.

1 quotation in 1 sense
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Secretly agreed, plotting.

97. accǒunta(u)nt adj. & n.

Additional spellings: accountaunt
5 quotations in 1 sense
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(a) Liable to render account; (b) charged with accounting; officer accountant; (c) as noun: an accounting officer.

98. accǒunt(e n.

Additional spellings: accounte
67 quotations in 5 senses
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(a) A computation, enumeration, or count; -- often pl.; (b) the method or art of computing; -- pl.

99. accǒunten v.

83 quotations in 6 senses
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(a) To count (things); (b) to include (sth.) in a count; (c) pass. to amount to (a certain number).

100. ac(c)ūsāciǒun, -tiọ̄n n.

Additional spellings: accusacioun, acusation, accusation
16 quotations in 2 senses
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(a) The act of charging someone with an offence or misconduct; (b) law formal accusation, indictment; (c) self-accusation, confession.