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1. acācia, -ie n.

Additional spellings: acacie
14 quotations in 1 sense
Sense / Definition
Med. A gum made from the juice of green plums or sloes (used as an astringent, a restringent, or a repercussive).

2. accīdie n.

10 quotations in 1 sense
Sense / Definition
(a) The deadly sin of Sloth, a disinclination to do anything good; (b) a spell of lethargy or apathy.

3. acōlī̆t(e n.

Additional spellings: acolite
7 quotations in 1 sense
Sense / Definition
A cleric who has taken the highest of the four minor orders, an acolyte; also, the order itself.

4. adama(u)nt n.

Additional spellings: adamaunt
33 quotations in 3 senses
Sense / Definition
(a) A kind of precious stone; diamond; (b) adamant; fig. something indestructible and enduring, something impenetrable.

5. Adam-irǧik n.

Additional spellings: Adamirgik
1 quotation in 1 sense
Sense / Definition
?Adam's deed; ?sinful Adam.

6. aeromance n.

3 quotations in 1 sense
Sense / Definition
Divination by air, aeromancy.

7. agō̆nīe n.

9 quotations in 1 sense
Sense / Definition
(a) Anguish, agony; a fit of anguish; (b) death throes; the agony of Jesus in Gethsemane.

8. air n.(1)

81 quotations in 5 senses
Sense / Definition
The gaseous substance surrounding the Earth; air, the atmosphere. [In ancient cosmology, the perisphere of air was said to be surrounded by the perisphere of fire. The perisphere of air was regarded…

9. almes(se n.

Additional spellings: almesse
144 quotations in 7 senses
Sense / Definition
(a) Anything given to relieve those in poverty or distress, any charitable gift or offering, alms; an allotment of alms; eten almes, be dependent on alms; gan on almes, liven bi, of almes, live on…

10. amatist(e n.

Additional spellings: amatiste
18 quotations in 1 sense
Sense / Definition
Amethyst; amatist colour, amatist ston.

11. amidǒun n.

11 quotations in 1 sense
Sense / Definition
Crushed hulled wheat; grits, starch.

12. amphit(h)eātre n.

Additional spellings: amphitheatre
2 quotations in 1 sense
Sense / Definition
Amphitheater.

13. amphora n.

8 quotations in 1 sense
Sense / Definition
(a) An amphora; (b) a flask or flagon; (c) a liquid measure [of varying capacity].

14. anatomīe n.

12 quotations in 2 senses
Sense / Definition
The science of anatomy; knowledge of the structure and the functioning of the human body in all its parts; grosse anatomie. [See definition in Lanfranc 1/9.]

15. anchōrīte n.

4 quotations in 1 sense
Sense / Definition
A recluse or hermit.

16. ancōnēr n.

1 quotation in 1 sense
Sense / Definition
A maker of icons, etc.

17. aneurisma, -isme n.

Additional spellings: aneurisme
2 quotations in 1 sense
Sense / Definition
Arterial dilation, aneurism.

18. anker n.

42 quotations in 3 senses
Sense / Definition
(a) A ship's anchor; casten, laien, senden out anker; drauen up, halen, highen, pullen up, taken up, weien (up) anker; riden at, bi, on anker; (b) a weight; (c) a fastening device, a mooring.

19. Antecrīst n.

38 quotations in 2 senses
Sense / Definition
The antagonist of Christ who was predicted to come before Doomsday, gather a host to fight Christ and his followers, kill Enoch and Elias, devastate the world, and then succumb before Christ. [First…

20. apostē̆m(e n.

Additional spellings: aposteme
28 quotations in 2 senses
Sense / Definition
Any morbid swelling or inflammation in any part of the body, external or internal. [a1400 Lanfranc & c1425 Arderne distinguish it from cankre & festre.]

21. apostle n.

52 quotations in 3 senses
Sense / Definition
One of the Twelve Apostles of Christ; apostles twelve; also, a missionary or evangelist of the early Church, such as St. Paul; apostle of Engelonde; apostle of hethen men; apostolene prince.

22. apozimā(t, apozyme n.

Additional spellings: apozimat, apozyme
4 quotations in 1 sense
Sense / Definition
A decoction.

23. ars-metrīk(e n.

Additional spellings: arsmetrik, ars-metrike, arsmetrike
22 quotations in 1 sense
Sense / Definition
(a) The 'art' or 'science' of measuring and calculating, being one of the four disciplines comprised in the quadrivium (along with geometry, astronomy, and music); (b) a treatise on this 'science'.

24. artetīk, -ica adj. & n.

Additional spellings: artetica, arthetica, arthretica, aretica
8 quotations in 1 sense
Sense / Definition
Arthritic, rheumatic; arthritis, rheumatism; goute artetik, arthritis, gout.

25. asīle, -um n.

Additional spellings: asilum
2 quotations in 1 sense
Sense / Definition
Sanctuary, asylum.

26. astrelabie n.

16 quotations in 1 sense
Sense / Definition
(a) Astrolabe [a planispheric instrument for determining the positions and movements of celestial bodies, calculating latitude and longitude, etc.; the most important astronomical instrument of the…

27. attō̆me n.

8 quotations in 1 sense
Sense / Definition
(a) The smallest unit of time during the Middle Ages [22560 'atoms' to the hour]; (b) the smallest part of a 'substance'.

28. austēre, austē̆rne adj.

Additional spellings: austerne
16 quotations in 2 senses
Sense / Definition
(a) Of persons, speech, manner: harsh, severe, stern; (b) rigorously moral, austere; (c) grim, fierce.

29. barbar adj. & n.

17 quotations in 3 senses
Sense / Definition
(a) Foreign, non-Greek; (b) heathen, non-Christian; -- perh. with implications of inhumanity; (c) barbar tonge [see quots.].

30. basilisk n.

9 quotations in 1 sense
Sense / Definition
(a) A fabulous serpent whose glance kills, basilisk; (b) alch. the name of a certain substance that transmutes or 'slays' matter, elixir.

31. bīble n.

32 quotations in 3 senses
Sense / Definition
(a) The 'books' or writings of the Old and the New Testament, the Bible; half bible, a designation for ?or title of a portion of the Bible, probably the Old Testament; bible man, an interpreter of…

32. bīs n.(1)

18 quotations in 1 sense
Sense / Definition
A precious kind of linen or cotton cloth; ?batiste, cambric; also, a garment made of this fabric (as worn by the nobility along with purple); purpur and bis; brightest under bis, fairest to behold.

33. blasfemīe n.

23 quotations in 2 senses
Sense / Definition
(a) Uttered insult or irreverence to God, blasphemy (against God or anything holy; also, against heathen gods); a kind or example of blasphemy; (b) theol. any action, belief, or utterance offering…

34. box n.(1)

19 quotations in 1 sense
Sense / Definition
(a) The box tree (Buxus sempervirens) or its wood; box tre; box table, a tablet of boxwood (for inscriptions); (b) rendering L sambucus 'elder' erroneously.

35. būglosse n.

4 quotations in 1 sense
Sense / Definition
A plant of the borage family: bugloss Anchusa officinalis.

36. carā̆t n.

4 quotations in 1 sense
Sense / Definition
A measure of the fineness of gold, a carat.

37. castrimarǧie n.

2 quotations in 1 sense
Sense / Definition
Gluttony.

38. cataracte n.

11 quotations in 1 sense
Sense / Definition
(a) One of the 'floodgates' of heaven; cataracte of the ether; (b) med. a cataract of the eye.

39. cathalōge n.

7 quotations in 1 sense
Sense / Definition
A list, register; a calendar of saints; a genealogy of kings.

40. celidoine n.(1)

33 quotations in 3 senses
Sense / Definition
The greater celandine (Chelidonium majus); also, any of its parts used medicinally.

41. cēte n.(1)

4 quotations in 1 sense
Sense / Definition
A whale; cete grande, great whale.

42. chelidre n.

1 quotation in 1 sense
Sense / Definition
A venomous snake.

43. chẹ̄re n.(1)

200 quotations in 7 senses
Sense / Definition
(a) The human face; casten chere upon, look at (sb.); the face or presence (of God); (b) the face (of a flower, star); surface.

44. chilindre n.

4 quotations in 1 sense
Sense / Definition
A portable sun dial in the shape of an upright cylinder with a conical top [see L. Thorndike in Isis 13.51-2].

45. chimēra, chimēre n.

Additional spellings: chimere
4 quotations in 1 sense
Sense / Definition
A fabled monster, part lion, goat, and dragon.

46. cicorēa, cicorẹ̄e n.

Additional spellings: cicoree
7 quotations in 1 sense
Sense / Definition
The chicory (Cichorium intybus); also, heliotrope.

47. ciliāde n.

1 quotation in 1 sense
Sense / Definition
A period of 1000 years, millenium.

48. cimitērie n.

9 quotations in 1 sense
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Burial ground, graveyard, cemetery; cimiterie garth.

49. cine n.

3 quotations in 1 sense
Sense / Definition
A tree, variously identified.

50. cirograf n.

6 quotations in 1 sense
Sense / Definition
A formal handwritten document; chirograph.

51. ciromancīe n.

3 quotations in 1 sense
Sense / Definition
Chiromancy, palmistry.

52. clistē̆r n.

13 quotations in 1 sense
Sense / Definition
Med. (a) A clyster, enema; any medicinal liquid administered through the rectum; (b) the instrument for injecting such liquids, a sort of syringe.

53. cofī̆n n.

29 quotations in 3 senses
Sense / Definition
A basket; a hamper.

54. coloquint(ide n.

Additional spellings: coloquintide
6 quotations in 1 sense
Sense / Definition
The plant colocynth (Citrullus colocynthis) or its fruit or pith.

55. colre n.

82 quotations in 6 senses
Sense / Definition
Bile, one of the four primary 'humors'.

56. comedīe n.(1)

6 quotations in 1 sense
Sense / Definition
A narrative with a happy ending; also, any composition intended for amusement.

57. comēte n.

13 quotations in 1 sense
Sense / Definition
A comet; comete sterre; also said of the Star of Bethlehem.

58. cǒmīn n.

26 quotations in 1 sense
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(a) The plant cumin Cummin cyminum or its aromatic seed; (b) used medicinally; (c) used in cooking; (d) her.

59. cǒngre n.

19 quotations in 1 sense
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A large marine eel (Conger conger), a conger [an important food fish in Europe].

60. cost n.(4)

5 quotations in 1 sense
Sense / Definition
Costus root, the root of Saussurea lappa; bitter cost.

61. -craci(e suf.

Additional spellings: craci, crasie, crasi
1 quotation in 1 sense
Sense / Definition
A suffix in a few borrowed words denoting forms of polity and belonging to the philosophical domain: aristogracie, oligracie, timotracie.

62. crisolīte n.

14 quotations in 1 sense
Sense / Definition
A precious stone, any of the gems called chrysolite.

63. crisopās(e n.

Additional spellings: crisopase
11 quotations in 1 sense
Sense / Definition
A precious stone, chrysoprase.

64. Cristofre n.

6 quotations in 1 sense
Sense / Definition
(a) St. Christopher; Cristofre dai, the festival of this saint, July 25; (b) a small image of St. Christopher; (c) a plant of the genus Lysimachia; Cristofre the male, herbe Cristofre male, ?the…

65. demigraine n.

4 quotations in 1 sense
Sense / Definition
A severe ache on one side of the head, migraine.

66. dīa- pref.

80 quotations in 1 sense
Sense / Definition
Med. In names of pharmaceutical preparations, or drugs, usually indicating that the herb or the like which follows is the chief ingredient: (a) dia- bardich, some kind of drug; dia- borago, a drug…

67. dīadocus n.

3 quotations in 1 sense
Sense / Definition
A gem resembling the beryl.

68. dīaletik n.

7 quotations in 1 sense
Sense / Definition
(a) Formal reasoning; logic, dialectics; (b) a logician.

69. dīaletik adj.

1 quotation in 1 sense
Sense / Definition
Characterized by the dialectic method of probable reasoning; -- as noun, personified.

70. dīalō̆g n.

10 quotations in 1 sense
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(a) A literary dialogue, literary composition in dialogue form; dialogus, the Dialogues of Pope Gregory the Great; (b) a conversational dialogue.

71. dīamē̆tre n.

9 quotations in 1 sense
Sense / Definition
(a) A line passing through the center of a plane figure or solid body to its sides; a diameter; (b) breadth, width; esp., the width of a circular or spherical object.

72. dīapā̆sǒun n.

8 quotations in 1 sense
Sense / Definition
Mus. (a) The consonant interval of the octave, corresponding to the mathematic proportion of 2 to 1 in number of vibrations; double (twies) diapasoun, the interval of two octaves, corresponding to the…

73. dīapentē̆ n.

6 quotations in 1 sense
Sense / Definition
Mus. (a) The consonant interval of a fifth, corresponding to the mathematical proportion of 3 to 2 in number of vibrations; (b) a tone which sounds the interval of a fifth above another tone.

74. dīaphanitẹ̄ n.

1 quotation in 1 sense
Sense / Definition
Transparency.

75. diaquiloun n.

11 quotations in 1 sense
Sense / Definition
Med. A lead plaster containing various plant extracts; 'plaster containing mucilages (in some recipes also juices) extracted from plants, litharge (lead monoxide), and olive oil.' [Norri]; diaquiloun

76. dīarīa n.

8 quotations in 1 sense
Sense / Definition
Diarrhea.

77. dīatesserǒun n.

9 quotations in 2 senses
Sense / Definition
Mus. (a) The consonant interval of a fourth, corresponding to the mathematical proportion of 4 to 3 in number of vibrations; (b) a tone which sounds the interval of a fourth above another tone.

78. dīocīse n.

12 quotations in 1 sense
Sense / Definition
Eccl. A bishop's diocese.

79. discrāsīe n.

6 quotations in 1 sense
Sense / Definition
(a) Med. A diseased condition of the body, or its parts, caused by an unfavorable combination of the humors; (b) fig. disharmony, disorder.

80. dissenterie n.

12 quotations in 1 sense
Sense / Definition
Dysentery; flux dissenterie.

81. ditain(e n.

Additional spellings: ditaine
19 quotations in 1 sense
Sense / Definition
(a) One of two medicinal plants: dittany of Crete (Origanum dictamnus) and/or white dittany (Dictamnus albus); (b) lesse ditain, costmary (Chrysanthemum balsamita).

82. dragaunt n.

14 quotations in 1 sense
Sense / Definition
(a) The gum tragacanth; muscilage dragaunt; (b) some kind of vitriol; calcantum dragaunt, vitriol dragaunt.

83. draǧǧẹ̄̆ n.(2)

36 quotations in 2 senses
Sense / Definition
(a) A sweet confection, sweetmeat; a sweet sauce or condiment; (b) a sweet medicinal preparation; (c) fig. a reward or bribe; dragge of sin, pleasure of sin, incentive to sin.

84. dragme n.

21 quotations in 2 senses
Sense / Definition
(a) A unit of apothecary's weight of one eighth of an ounce, a dram; (b) fig. a bit of talent.

85. dromedārī(e n.

Additional spellings: dromedarie
22 quotations in 1 sense
Sense / Definition
A dromedary; also, a camel of any kind.

86. elitrōpe n.

14 quotations in 2 senses
Sense / Definition
Any of various plants which respond to the movement of the sun. [See Osiris 3.22-46.]

87. embolisme, -ismus n.

Additional spellings: embolismus
3 quotations in 1 sense
Sense / Definition
(a) The act of intercalating lunar months, or days, in the calendar (or civil) year, intercalation; also, a period of time so intercalated; (b) dai of embolisme, moneth of embolisme, an intercalated…

88. embrōc(a n.

Additional spellings: embroca
4 quotations in 1 sense
Sense / Definition
See embrocacioun.

89. emigraine, -grāne n.

Additional spellings: emigrane
4 quotations in 1 sense
Sense / Definition
A severe headache, orig. one affecting one side only.

90. emispēr(i)e n.

Additional spellings: emisperie
11 quotations in 1 sense
Sense / Definition
Half of the celestial sphere as divided either by the horizon or by the equinoctial; also, the half of the heavens visible above the horizon; our emispere, the heavens as visible to us, our sky.

91. empīrī adj. and n.

3 quotations in 1 sense
Sense / Definition
Empyrean, empyreal; heven empiri, the highest of the heavenly spheres, which according to the ancients consisted of the element of fire, and became the abode of God and the angels in the Middle Ages.

92. epatī̆k adj.

11 quotations in 2 senses
Sense / Definition
Med. and anat. (a) Affected with disease of the liver; (b) epatik veine the basilic vein; = epatica n., sense 1.

93. epicicle n.

5 quotations in 1 sense
Sense / Definition
Astron. A small circle in which a 'planet' revolves, the center of which circle moves along the circumference of a larger circle (the deferent); epicycle; also, fig.; also, the path traced or…

94. epidemie n.

1 quotation in 1 sense
Sense / Definition
Epidemic disease.

95. epiphanie n.

7 quotations in 1 sense
Sense / Definition
The Epiphany.

96. epitaph(e, -ie n.

Additional spellings: epitaphe, epitaphie
7 quotations in 1 sense
Sense / Definition
An epitaph.

97. escāre n.

5 quotations in 1 sense
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(a) The dry slough, or scab, produced by cautery or by corrosive preparations, eschar; (b) a scar.

98. etī̆k n.(1)

13 quotations in 1 sense
Sense / Definition
(a) The science or principles of human conduct, ethics; (b) a particular system of ethics, a discussion of moral principles; esp., the ethical treatises of Aristotle (often pl.).

99. etī̆k adj.(2)

5 quotations in 1 sense
Sense / Definition
(a) fever etik, hectic fever; (b) of persons: suffering from hectic fever; ?consumptive.

100. etimoloǧīe n.

12 quotations in 1 sense
Sense / Definition
(a) The original form and meaning of a word, which were believed [after Plato, the Stoics, etc.] capable of revealing the true, essential meaning of the word; etymon; (b) a methodical discussion of…