Middle English Dictionary Entry

celidoine n.(1)
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Entry Info

Definitions (Senses and Subsenses)

The greater celandine (Chelidonium majus); also, any of its parts used medicinally.
A plant belonging to the group which includes: more ~, the greater celandine [sense 1]; lesse ~, the lesser celandine (Ficaria verna); wilde ~, prob. the horned poppy (Glaucium flavum); perh. also the Indian herb (Coptis teeta) which yields tita root.
~ rot, rot of ~, prob. the root of the greater celandine, though perh. tita root.

Supplemental Materials (draft)

  • a1500(c1477) Norton OAlch.(Add 10302)1055 : He had spendide al his lusty dayes In fals receptis & in such lewde assayes Of herbis…As crowfote, salandyne, & mezereon, Verbayn, lunarye, and mortagon.
  • Note: New form: Also..salandine.
    Note: Quot. belongs to sense 1.
    Note: Editor's glossary: "salandyne = celandine, probably the common celandine."
  • ?a1450 Agnus Castus (Stockh 10.90)142/14 : Celidonie is an herbe þat men clepe celydonye or teterwort..þis herbe helyth cancre and oþer sorys þat ben..in ony place in þe heed.
  • Note: Additional quot. for sense 1.
Note: The list of variant spellings in the form section may be incomplete and / or may need revision to accord with standards of later volumes of the MED.--notes per MLL