Middle English Dictionary Entry

talou(e n.
Quotations: Show all Hide all

Entry Info

Definitions (Senses and Subsenses)

(a) The fatty tissue of an animal; fatty tissue from around the kidneys or other internal organs of an animal; also fig. and in fig. contexts [some fig. quots. could also be construed as other senses in 1.]; also, a piece of fatty tissue; (b) rendered animal fat, suet, tallow; tallow used in waterproofing, soapmaking, etc., or sold as a commodity; also, a piece or measure of tallow; ~ grese, ? melted or liquefied tallow; ~ lof, a lump of tallow; grom ~ man, an attendant or officer in charge of procuring or making tallow; shep ~, tallow made from sheep fat; (c) tallow used in a medicinal preparation or an ointment; deres (gotes, etc.) ~, shep (wether) ~; (d) rendered animal fat used in cooking, suet; shepes (wetheres) ~; (e) tallow used to make a candle; the waxy part of a tallow candle; ~ candel, a candle made of tallow;—also coll.; ~ chaundeler, one who makes or sells tallow candles, a tallow-chandler; (f) ?lanolin.
The fatty tissue of a human being.
The kernel or meat of a grain; also, ?flour [last quot.]; ~ of whete, heart of wheat, fine flour.

Supplemental Materials (draft)

  • (1424-5) Acc.in Boyle Hedonp.clxxii : In vij lb. de tughcandell emtis pro sustentacione luminarum..iij s. vj d.
  • Note: Error for talou(e n. ('tugh' for 'talugh'). Belongs to sense 1.(e).--per REL

Supplemental Materials (draft)

  • a1400 Trin-C O.9.39 Recipes (Trin-C O.9.39) 61/28 : Putte þerto half a pounde of fayre clene talwe of a scheep þat be clene molten byfore.
  • Note: Additional quot., prob. 1.(b).

Supplemental Materials (draft)

Note: Med., etc., see further J.Norri, Dictionary of Medical Vocabulary, s.v. tallow.