Middle English Dictionary Entry

fīnden v.
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Entry Info

Definitions (Senses and Subsenses)

Note: Cp. ifinden.
1.
Of persons or of things viewed as agents: to come upon, encounter, or meet (someone or something) by chance or in the course of events (usually with the notion of perceiving or recognizing the person or thing encountered); to come face to face with (someone);-- (a) with obj.; (b) with obj. and compl.; (c) with obj. and inf.
2.
To begin acquaintance or involvement with (something).
3.
(a) To discover or come unexpectedly across (someone or something previously unknown or unobserved); to discover incidentally the whereabouts of (something lost or hidden); to happen upon (something) for the first time (often with the notion of picking up or acquiring the object met with); to make a find; to discover or obtain without searching or effort; (b) founden wight, a foundling.
4.
Used to state the existence, occurrence, or location of someone or something without reference to a specific act or time of finding: (a) man findeth, men finden, thou findest, one finds, there is (are); (b) ben founden, to be met with or occur generally; hence, to exist, to be, to be alive; to be available; to live or be (in a certain place); of an event: to occur or take place; of a process: to be known or heard of; (c) (ben) to finden, to be found, to be in existence.
5.
To meet with or come across (a fact or incident) in books; to discover the existence or location of in written records; to read or read about; to discover or take note of (something from history or tradition, especially as recorded in writings); finden writen;-- (a) with obj.; (b) with obj. clause.
6.
(a) To encounter or experience (something); (b) to find or receive (favor, protection, relief, help, etc.); to enjoy (someone's friendship, kindness, etc.); to come into the possession of (something), to derive (profit); (c) to experience or suffer (adversity, misfortune, revenge, etc.); to feel or have (fear, grief, hunger, etc.).
7.
To discover, find out, or learn by inspection, investigation, observation, or reflection; finden out; --(a) with obj.; (b) with obj. and compl.; (c) with obj. and inf.; (d) with obj. clause.
8.
(a) finden faute (lak), to discover a fault, flaw, or deficiency; to find fault, take exception;--often with at, in, to, with phrase; (b) ~ chalange (cause), take exception, find fault, reproach.
9.
(a) To detect or catch someone in the act of sinning or committing an offence; founde hond habbing, ~ in the dede, caught in the act; (b) to detect or discover (sin, falsehood, an offense).
10.
To find out, or learn, from experience or by testing (a fact or truth); to form, or have, an opinion or conviction; to regard or consider (something in a certain way); ben founden, prove to be;-- (a) with obj. and compl.; (b) with obj. clause.
11.
To discover (something) through search or effort, to succeed in finding; to come upon after seeking.
12.
Hunt. (a) To catch sight of or get on the trail of (game); of dogs: to get the scent or discover the trail of (a quarry); also, to move or start (an animal) from its resting place; finden of; (b) used fig. of a person pursued or sought.
13.
To obtain or get (something) by seeking or by effort; to secure (something needed or desired) through striving; also, to recover or regain (something formerly held or possessed); to overtake or seize (someone) after pursuit or search; finden up or out.
14.
(a) finden herte, to take heart or have the heart (to do something); ~ in herte, to make up one's mind, be inclined or willing (to do something); (b) ~ countenaunce, to assume (a certain) expression.
15.
(a) To procure or provide (something for someone); to furnish or supply (something to someone); (b) to provide, supply or present (someone with something);--with mid, of, to phrase; (c) to endow (someone with virtues).
16.
(a) To procure (surety) for oneself; to furnish (hostages, bail, or other security); to give (a pledge or guarantee); (b) ~ witnesse, furnish proof.
17.
(a) To support or maintain (someone); to provide the necessities of life for; to nourish or feed; (b) finden to or at scole, to support (someone) at school; (c) to support, maintain (a priest for a specific function or service); to provide for the services of (a priest); (d) to provide for furnishing and maintaining (a light, lamp, or other object in a church).
18.
(a) To discover, learn, or find out (something) by mental effort; to ascertain (a cause, reason, explanation, etc.) by examining, analyzing, and evaluating; to determine (the meaning or significance of a sign, symbol, or figure); finden out; (b) to attain an understanding of (someone or something); to fathom.
19.
To find out or ascertain (something) by calculation; to reckon or compute (time); to determine (someone's fate) by calculation; finden out.
20.
Law Of a judge, jury, or other investigating or judicial authority: (a) to determine, adjudge, decide, or declare (a question at issue, the guilt or innocence of someone, a verdict); (b) finden offis, to return a verdict in an inquest of office; also, to carry on or conduct an inquest of office or other litigation in which ownership of land is at issue; (c) to return a verdict (for or against someone); (d) to assert or establish as fact (something observed or known to be true, that is, something which is not a matter of opinion or judgment).
21.
(a) To discover or introduce the use, or a way to make use, of (something); to invent or contrive (an instrument or device); to originate (a practice, an activity, a method of doing something); to devise, formulate, or originate (an art or craft, laws, rules, principles, etc.); finden up (out); (b) to originate or introduce formally (a religion, holy order, convent, etc.); hence, to institute, establish, or found; ~ up.
22.
(a) To devise or discover (a means of doing something); finden wei; (b) to arrange to get (a time or opportunity for doing something).
23.
(a) To compose or produce by way of artistic endeavor (a literary or musical work); to produce (a treatise); ~ of neue, to compose or tell in a different or original form; ~ notes, to sing a song, recite; (b) to devise, fabricate, or concoct (something unreal or false); to invent or tell (lies); to counterfeit (an excuse).