How to Search the Bibliography

Bibliography searches allow you to search entries containing descriptions of the authors, works, manuscripts, and editions cited in the Middle English Dictionary. The Bibliography also defines the abbreviated forms (or stencils) used to refer to these works and provides cross-references to major reference sites to allow further study.

A Bibliography search will retrieve bibliographic entries that match your terms.

Bibliography search types

Entire entry [Default]

Entire entry searches finds words or phrases anywhere in a Bibliography entry.

Searching on EETS, for example, will retrieve all entries that include Early English Text Society editions.


Use an author/title search to find entries for works by known medieval authors or works by known title. Parts of titles will find matches in this search.

Note that anonymous works are not so identified and must be searched by title or other identifier and that MED identifies many works not by a title but by an 'incipit' or beginning phrase from the work.

External References

An external references search allows you to search by a citation number (for example, IPMEP 346) from the following bibliographies:

  • DIMEV: Linne R. Mooney, Daniel W. Mosser and Elizabeth Solopova. The DIMEV: An Open-Access, Digital Edition of the Index of Middle English Verse., 2010.
  • IMEV: C. Brown and R. H. Robbins. The Index of Middle English Verse. New York: Columbia University Press, 1943. R. H. Robbins and J. L. Cutler. Supplement. Lexington: University of Kentucky Press, 1965.
  • IPMEP: R. E. Lewis, N. F. Blake, and A. S. G. Edwards. Index of Printed Middle English Prose. New York: Garland, 1985.
  • Jolliffe: P. S. Jolliffe A Checklist of Middle English Prose Writings of Spiritual Guidance. Toronto: Pontifical Institute of Mediaeval Studies, 1974.
  • Manual: A Manual of the Writings in Middle English, 1050-1500. Gen. eds. J. B. Severs, A. E. Hartung. New Haven, Conn.: Connecticut Academy of the Arts and Sciences, 1967 -- .
  • NIMEV: Julia Boffey and A. S. G Edwards. A New Index of Middle English Verse. London: British Library, 2005.
  • Wells: J. E. Wells. A Manual of the Writings in Middle English, 1050-1400. New Haven, Conn.: Connecticut Academy of the Arts and Sciences, 1916. J. E. Wells, et al. Supplements [9]. 1919-1952.

A LALME/LAEME search finds texts and manuscripts quoted in the Dictionary and copied in a scribal dialect identified by the Linguistic Atlas of Late Middle English (LALME) or Linguistic Atlas of Early Middle English (LAEME).

You may search by Linguistic Profile number, if known, by county, and also by terms which may be included in LALME information ("northern," "East Anglian," "main hand," "hand A," etc.)

Use manuscripts searches for identifying works in specific manuscripts, libraries, or collections. The collection alone (e.g., Harley) will retrieve a list of possibly matching manuscripts; combined with the shelfmark (e.g., "Harley 2253"), it will yield a list of all works from the specified manuscript.