Middle English Dictionary Entry

wīn(e n.(2)
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Entry Info

Definitions (Senses and Subsenses)

(a) An alcoholic drink, usu. made from crushed whole grapes or from grape juice; also fig. and in fig. context; couchen ~, to place a stock of wine in storage; fillen the ~, give (sb.) the wine; (b) in stock phrases and prov. expressions; (c) in combs. and phrases referring to various kinds of wine: ~ agrest, ?sour wine; ?verjuice; ~ ape, in phrase: drinken ~ ape, to become foolishly drunk; ~ clare, clare ~, spicy sweetened wine, clary; ~ grek, ~ of gascoine (lepe, paris, etc.), etc.; ~ red (whit), red (whit) ~; after ~, juice collected from the final pressing of the crushed grapes, or wine made from this; brusk ~, sour-tasting or harsh astringent wine; egre ~, sour wine or vinegar; grene (neue) ~, freshly made wine, new wine; heigh (mighti, strong) ~, wine high in alcoholic content; ~ lep, ?= ~ of lepe; quiked ~, ?boiled, concentrated wine; smal ~, weak, thin, or light wine; swete ~; temperate ~, moderately alcoholic wine.
Med. Wine prescribed as a medicinal drink, an ointment, etc. or as a component in medical recipes; ~ gernete (of pome-garnettes), wine made from pomegranate juice; ~ pestilent, wine prepared as a medicine to counteract plague or diseases; ~ pontike, sour ~, tart, astringent wine used in poultices, as liniment, etc.; alumed ~, wine mixed with alum; blak (trouble) ~, ?dark red wine; ?wine full of sediment; corrupted ~, slightly soured wine; red (olde, thikke, whit, etc.) ~; stomak ~, wine that promotes good digestion; whit ~ drastes.
Theol. & eccl. Wine in its sacramental role in the liturgy, as one of the elements of the Eucharist; ~ and bred, bred and ~.
Cook. Ordinary table wine of various kinds used as an ingredient in recipes.
In misc. cpds. and combs.: (a) ~ balles, deposits of potassium bitartrate formed in wine during fermentation, prob. shaped into spheres for sale as ingredients in dyestuffs; ~ chanel, a tap in a wine cask; ~ draf (drastes, dregges, lies), the sediment deposited in a standing container of wine, including tartar, fruit solids, etc.; ~ drope, a flower of some sort; ~ flith (flie), a fly particularly attracted to wine, perh. Drosophila melanogaster, the common fruit fly [cp. flith-worm n.]; ~ floures, ?the scum formed on wine during fermentation; ~ gavel, a tax or an impost paid upon the sale of fixed amounts of wine; ~ grape, a cluster of grapes suitable for winemaking; ~ shenche, a draught of wine; ~ silver, a customary rent paid in coin in lieu of payment in wine; ~ werkes, obligatory manorial services involved in the production of wine; (b) ~ barel; ~ berie, q.v.; ~ botel; ~ celer; ~ cuppe; ~ drawer, ~ dronken, ~ dronkenes, q.v.; ~ fat; ~ fiole; ~ makere; ~ pece; ~ pit; ~ pote; ~ presse; ~ red; ~ soppe; ~ stene; ~ tartar; ~ taverne; ~ tavernere; ~ tonne; ~ vessel.

Supplemental Materials (draft)

  • a1400 Trin-C O.9.39 Recipes (Trin-C O.9.39) 19/9 : Put in þyn hote watre a gode quantite of tartur calcyned, or of wyne balles aisschen forto dissoluen, and þat schal make þy watre in þe manere of a liʒe.
  • a1500 Trin-C.R.14.45 Recipes (Trin-C R.14.45) 125/4 : Take þe a fatte or a tonne or a barel and fille hit halfe ful of gode stronge wyne dreggys; þanne take þe goode grete platis of lede and hange þem in þyn vessel over þi wynedrestis.
  • Note: Additional quotes, sense 5.(a).

Supplemental Materials (draft)

  • a1400 Roy.17.A.3 Artist.Recipes (Roy 17.A.3) 233/21 : Tak litarge of gold ande mak pouder þerof, ande do it into whytt vyndres or aysell.
  • a1500 Trin-C.R.14.45 Recipes (Trin-C R.14.45) 125/17 : If þou schalt make vertgres, þe most medele þy wyndrestyn with gode strong vynegre.
  • a1500 Trin-C.R.14.45 Recipes (Trin-C R.14.45) 125/19 : Þou nedest not to take non other lycour but vyndrestyn þat be gode.
  • a1500 Trin-C.R.14.45 Recipes (Trin-C R.14.45) 128/18 : Take and hange plate of bras inne a vessell ovyr gode vyneger, or over vynedrestyn, or ellis over drestyn of gode strong ale.
  • Note: Glossary = 'wine lees'. Additional quots., sense 5.(a) [~ drastes, ~ dregges].

Supplemental Materials (draft)

Note: Med., etc., see further J.Norri, Dictionary of Medical Vocabulary, s.v. wine.