Middle English Dictionary Entry

wāken v.(1)
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Entry Info

Definitions (Senses and Subsenses)

Note: Cp. awaken v., iwakien v., wacchen v., wakenen v.
(a) To be awake; also, be conscious and alive; ppl. wakinge, awake; also, living; (b) to remain awake, esp. during hours customarily given to sleeping; also, with inf. as adj. in phrase: holden ~, keep (sb.) awake; (c) to spend all or part of the night engaged in frivolous or nefarious pursuits; (d) ppl. wakinge as quasi-adv.: while awake; consciously, with full awareness.
To be unable to sleep; lose or be deprived of sleep: (a) on account of emotional distress or physical discomfort; (b) as a physical discipline or treatment; as a punishment or form of mistreatment; (c) because of study, writing, etc.; wakinge while, late hours.
(a) To awaken from sleep, wake up;—also refl.; also, produce a wakeful state [quot. a1450 12 PTrib.(3)]; ~ of slep; (b) to regain consciousness, be restored to one’s senses, come to; (c) to stir from lethargy, apathy, etc.; also [last quot.], ?fret; ?act.
(a) To rouse (sb., a dog) from sleep, awaken; cause (sb.) to wake up; also, keep (sb.) awake; ~ oute; (b) to rouse (sb.) from a state of unconsciousness; (c) to shake (sb., the spirit, etc.) out of inactivity, passivity, etc.; also fig. [last quot.]; awaken (sb.) emotionally or spiritually; also, liven up (a group of people) [1st quot.].
(a) To remain awake as an act of religious devotion; pass the night in prayer and meditation, keep a vigil; ppl. wakinge as noun: those who keep a vigil; (b) to keep a vigil or refrain from sleeping as a test of worthiness; (c) to remain in continual service, be in constant attendance at a place of worship; (d) to remain awake through (a vigil); (e) to spend a sleepless night watching over a corpse, keep a funeral vigil; (f) to hold a wake over (a corpse, the entombed body of Christ).
(a) To remain awake in a custodial, protective, or supervisory capacity; ppl. wakinge, remaining awake in such a capacity; also, as noun: those keeping watch [quot. a1400]; wakinge wacche, a sleepless vigil; (b) to stand guard, serve as a sentry or watchman; maintain surveillance, esp. through the night; also, lie in wait.
(a) To watch over (sb. or sth.), protect; also, maintain a guard over (a prisoner); ?also, supervise (sb.) [quot. a1325]; (b) to keep (sb. or sth.) under continual surveillance, watch.
To awaken from the sleep of death, rise from the dead.
(a) To be in a state of expectation or heightened awareness, be vigilant; also in fig. context; ppl. wakinge as noun: vigilant people, those who are on their guard [quot. c1350 Ayenb.]; (b) to be diligent, take care; also, pay attention; (c) to pay heed (to sb. or sth.), be attentive; ~ oute; (d) ?to stay alert; ppl. wakinge, watchful, alert;—also used of the eyes.
(a) To spring up, come into being; also [last quot.], burgeon;—used in fig. context; of winds: arise, come up; (b) to engender (sorrow, anger, etc.), stir up; also, bring about (misfortune, war), provoke.
The word ‘waken’.
(a) Ppl. wakinge as adj., transl. L vigilans with pun on the Heb. word for both ‘almond tree’ and ‘watchful’; (b) ?to become animate; ?error for wlaten v.; (c) ?error for waggen v.; ?also, error for quaken v. [1st quot.].