Middle English Dictionary Entry

that conj.
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Entry Info

Definitions (Senses and Subsenses)

(a) With the result that, so that; (b) correlated with so, swich, swiche, or to than swithe in the main clause: so..~, so..that, to such an extent..that; swiche..~, such..that; etc.; (c) so ~, = (a);—sometimes with diminished force; and so ~, and consequently; (d) introducing a subordinate consecutive clause: but that;—following a negative main clause and freq. containing a negative; so ~.
(a) To the end that, in order that, so that; (b) so ~, = (a); (c) ~..ne (not), lest.
(a) Provided that, on condition that, so long as; ~ if, so ~ [see also so adv. 18.(b)]; (b) if; (c) unless; and ~; (d) though.
(a) Because, for the fact that; seeing that, in that, since; and ~; (b) introducing subordinate clause expressing the ground or subject of sorrow, regret, or pleasure stated in the main clause: that.
(a) When; also, while; and ~, so ~, when; (b) until, till; and ~, so ~; so longe ~, so longe..~, for such a long time that, so long..until [see also longe adv. 2.(b)]; (c) since, after; (d) before, ere.
Introducing an obj. clause, chiefly with verbs but occas. with verb phrases: that: (a) expressing reported speech, declaration, etc.; also with ellipsis of subject and verb [quot. c1275]; (b) expressing thought, perception, knowledge, etc.; (c) expressing advice, information, signification, etc.; (d) expressing an action, assertion, etc.
Introducing an obj. clause, chiefly with verbs but occas. with verb phrases: that: (a) expressing a command, an order, ordinance, etc.; (b) expressing instruction or exhortation;—sometimes without main clause; ~ if, whether; (c) expressing a wish, an entreaty, a request, etc.;—sometimes without main clause; also introducing phrase rather than clause [quot. c1425]; (d) expressing permission, promise, etc.; (e) expressing prohibition or forbiddance.
Introducing a subordinate clause: that: (a) amplifying or standing in apposition to a preceding noun, pron., noun phrase, or noun clause in main clause; (b) as nominal complement with ben, amplifying a preceding noun, pron., or noun phrase; (c) amplifying a preceding noun in prep. phrases: bi the cause ~, for (the) cause ~, for the reason that, because; in covenaunt ~, on this condicioun ~, to that fore-ward ~, on condition that, provided that; etc.; (d) construed with an adj. or a verb in the main clause: ben certain (siker, etc.) ~, to be certain that (sth. is so), etc.; accorden (ben assented) ~, agree that (sth. is so, sb. should do sth.); etc.; (e) as subj. of a verb in inverted word order.
Introducing a subordinate clause in impers. constructions: that: (a) standing in apposition to hit as grammatical subj. of verbs expressing an event or occurrence, a condition, rule, etc.;—sometimes without hit: hit falleth (ilimpeth, etc.) ~, tidde (ilamp) hit ~, happed ~, etc., it happened that (sth. is so), etc.; hit is ordeined ~, it has been determined that (sb. should do sth.); etc.; (b) standing in apposition to hit as grammatical subj. in copulative constructions with pred. nom.;—sometimes without hit: hit is min counseil ~, it is my advice that (sb. does sth.); hit is nede ~, it is necessary that (sb. does sth.); merveille hit is ~, it is astonishing that (sth. is so); etc.; (c) standing in apposition to hit as grammatical subj. following verbs or phrases expressing an appropriate or a desirable action, what is inadequate, etc.;—sometimes without hit: hit bihoveth (shal nede) ~, it is necessary that (sb. does sth.); hit is semeli ~, it is appropriate that (sb. does sth.); hit was idafenlich ~, it was fitting that (sb. did sth.); etc.; (d) in other impers. constructions expressing concessions or conditions, often as complement to hit as grammatical subj.: hit is so ~, it is that (sth. is so); al be (hit) ~, al be hit so ~, though so be ~, etc., though (sth. is so); if hit be so ~, if hit so stod ~, if so be (were) ~, etc., if (sth. is so); nere hit ~, if it were not that (sb. is in a certain state).
(a) Introducing a subordinate clause following a comp. adj. or adv., chiefly in correl. constructions: the more ~..the more.., the ofter ~..the more.., the lenger ~..the bettre.., etc.; (b) introducing a noun clause after than in a comp. clause.
Introducing an exclamatory clause: that: alas (o, wo, etc.) ~.
(a) Than; also, more than [quot. a1382]; (b) also sone ~, as soon as; (c) to the extent that, to the fullest degree that, as much as, as well as, as far as, as quickly as; (d) as;—chiefly introducing a parenthetical clause: ~ ich so seie, as I may say; ~ ich wene, as I expect; etc.
(a) And; ?and yet, and still [1st quot.]; (b) ~ (and) if, and if, but if; and though; ~ though, and though; (c) ?but; (d) namely that; also, with inf.: namely [quot. 1340].
(a) Used as substitute for a conj. or conjunctive phrase in preceding subordinate clause such as if, though, whanne, etc.;—freq. with and or or; (b) used pleonastically after intervening clause or phrase.