Middle English Dictionary Entry

tāking(e ger.
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Entry Info

Definitions (Senses and Subsenses)

(a) The act of picking up or taking hold of something with the fingers; also, the act of taking (sth. in one's arms), embracing [quot. c1440]; (b) the act of touching someone; also, the sense of touch [2nd quot.]; (c) the fact of being pressed; in ~, with pressure.
(a) The act of arresting, seizing, or capturing someone; (b) the fact of being arrested, seized, or captured; the fact of being taken prisoner; an arrest, a capture; also, a state of captivity; ~ prisoner; ~ of robberie (thefte), ?the discovery of stolen goods; ~ with the dede, the fact of being caught in the act of a crime; (c) the seizure, esp. wrongful or illegal, of goods, confiscation of goods; theft; ~ awei; preie(s ~, plundering(s; a raid or raids made to secure plunder; wrongful takinges, stolen goods; ben to you in-to preie ~, to be handed over to you for spoliation, be made available to you for plundering; yeven in-to ~ awei, of God: cause (sth.) to become plunder or spoil; (d) the capture of a castle, town, etc. by military force, the conquest of a land; the capture or seizing of a ship; (e) the capture or killing of an animal, the taking of a fish; (f) prey [2nd quot. could also be construed as (e)]; in ~ to teth, as something caught for food; (g) a snare, trap; also fig.; (h) of ivel ~, med. prone or susceptible to disease or infection.
In cpd.: leve ~, the act of requesting permission to go or of bidding farewell; at leve ~, at the time of (one's) departure.
In phrase: ~ part, a sharing, participation; part ~, q.v.
With adv.: ~ up, the taking up (of Christ) into heaven.
(a) With adv.: ~ in, the taking on (of apprentices); (b) the fact of (one's) being taken into service in a household.
(a) The receiving or acceptance of goods, money, etc.; the act of collecting (a tax); ?a time or an instance of the collection of a customary rent [quot. ?c1470]; also, a payment received [1st quot.]; god ~, the receiving of goods; moneie ~, the accepting of money; the world was hard of ~ of moneie, times were difficult financially; (b) the acceptance of a penance; (c) the attainment (of one's end in heaven); (d) the receiving (of the Holy Spirit) into one's soul; (e) ~ of possessioun, an act of taking or claiming possession; (f) the assuming (of new names in religion).
(a) The act of putting on (oneself a garment);—used fig.; also, the act of assuming or donning the garb of a guild to signify membership; (b) the act or fact of assuming human flesh, incarnation.
(a) The act of eating, consuming of food; also, the act of consuming (sth.), the partaking of (food or drink); ~ of the nede, the consuming of what is necessary (for the body); (b) eccl. the act of partaking of the food of God's flesh and blood; also, a communion [2nd quot.].
(a) In phrases: ~ of ordre (religioun), the act of taking religious vows, entry into a religious order; ~ of ordre of prest, ordination to the priesthood; ~ of perfeccioun, the assumption of a religious life, the act of becoming a religious; (b) in cpd.: charge ~, used in phrase: upon the charge ~ of office, at the time of the formal swearing in to (one's) office, upon assumption of (one's) office.
(a) Comprehension, understanding; also, in parenthetical expression: in ~ it largelie, to understand it generally, to take it in the broad sense; ben of hard ~, of the wit: to be dull of understanding, find it hard to comprehend or learn; (b) regard, consideration; withouten ~ of, without regard to (persons).
In phrase: ~ hed of, the act or practice of taking heed of (sth.), paying attention to.
A receptacle, container.
With adv.: ~ doun, the writing down or recording of a document.
With adverbs: (a) ~ adoun (doun), the act or process of removing something, esp. from a high place; also, the dismantling (of sth. or a structure); ~ awei, the clearing away or removal (of sth. from a site); ~ oute, removal (of a pane of glass, of an object from a container); with often ~ of, with frequent siphoning off; (b) ~ awei, the elimination (of pain); (c) ~ up, the act of deducting (one's expenses before paying tithe); (d) ~ awei, a loss (of honor); (e) arith. ~ awei (oute), the subtraction (of one number from another); (f) med. & surg. ~ awei, the removal (of a medicinal preparation, scab) from the body, a drawing off (of blood from a swelling on the body); also, eradication (of hemorrhoids, the cause of an ulcer); loss or failure (of mobility, sensation) in a part of the body.
(a) The act of surrendering a weapon, an offering up of a weapon; (b) ~ of the disciple, the fact of the disciple's having someone entrusted to his care; ~ of the moder, the entrusting of (Jesus') mother to another's care; (c) law the act or fact of granting legal right to the use of property; a lease, grant; ~ of estat, the conveyance or granting of legal right or title to property (to sb.); ~ of perpetuelle ferme, the granting of a perpetual lease on property.
With adv.: ~ up, a support, protection, defense.
(a) The undertaking of something; the act of undertaking (deeds, labors); ~ on honde, the act of taking on (sth.), undertaking to do (sth.); also, with adv.: ~ to, an undertaking [transl. of L assumptio]; (b) with adv.: ~ on, boldness or readiness to undertake something, enterprise; (c) an act of presumption; foli ~, presumption, arrogance; (d) ?an enterprise; ?error for taken, var. of token n.
(a) The act of using (the mind), exercising (the intelligence); minde ~ upon, the act of turning one's mind to (sth.), a pondering upon (sth.); (b) takinges of wordes, usages of words.
The act of invoking someone or something; ~ in vein, the act of taking (God's name) in vain, profane swearing; ~ of witnesse, the act of calling someone or something as a witness, a swearing by someone or something.
(a) The making (of a surgical stitch); (b) pes (treue) ~, the act of arranging a formal peace (truce).
The act of calculating (a height); also, astrol. ~ of the lord of the yer (month), the determination of the dominant planet for the year (month).
In cpd.: hed ~, concern (for sth.).
The act of performing or practicing something;—in cpds. & phrases: (a) ordinaunce ~, the practicing of prescribed customs or rituals or an instance of it; (b) ~ vengeaunce, ~ of vengeaunce, vengeaunce ~, the act of taking vengeance, the exacting of revenge.
The act of raising (the hand); ~ up, the act of lifting (one's hands);—in fig. context.
With adv.: ~ to, a revelation, prophecy [transl. of L assumptio].

Supplemental Materials (draft)

Note: Med., etc., see further J.Norri, Dictionary of Medical Vocabulary, s.v. taking.