Middle English Dictionary Entry

abīden v.
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Entry Info

Definitions (Senses and Subsenses)

Note: Cp. biden, anbiden.
1.
(a) To wait, be patient; (b) abiding time, a period of waiting; (c) impers. it abod not long er, it was not until; (d) in proverbs.
2.
(a) To delay, procrastinate; to hesitate; -- also refl.; (b) of murder: to be slow in coming to light, remain concealed; (c) to delay or hinder (sb.), to postpone (sth.); (d) to linger, take one's time; to continue (doing sth.); ~ abouten, ~ on, to dwell upon (sth.), linger over; (e) ~ fro (mid, of), to postpone (sth.); also, to abstain from; to avoid (a storm).
3.
(a) Of persons: to remain (in a place), stay, sojourn, live, dwell; (b) of animals: to live or stay (in a place); (c) of things: to exist or remain (in a place, in a part of the body, etc.); ~ in the handes of, to stay in the possession of; of words, ideas, etc.: to persist (in the mind, soul, etc.).
4.
(a) ~ abouten, to remain in attendance upon (sb.); (b) ~ bi, to stay with, accompany; (c) ~ fro (in, of, on) to exist, depend upon; (d) ~ in, of a right or privilege: to inhere in (sb.), be vested in; (e) ~ to, to belong to (sb.) by right, be inherited by, be in the possession of; (f) ~ upon, to attend (sb.), wait upon, serve, attend to the needs of; to attend to (an execution); of things, feelings, etc.: to be with (sb.) continually; (g) ~ upon, to wait upon (sb. for the transaction of business), call on, go to see; (h) ~ with, to stay with (sb.); to live with; to remain in the service of (sb.).
5.
(a) Of persons: to remain (in a state or condition), stay (in office or position), continue to be (sth.); (b) of things: to remain (in a state or condition); of a statement: remain (unanswered); of a grant or an agreement: remain (in force), continue (to be valid); (c) ~ bi (in, on), to persist in, continue in, hold fast to, abide by; ~ upon, ?to persist in (doing sth.).
6.
(a) To stop (in a place), stop moving, halt; (b) impv. stop, halt, wait; also, cease (doing sth.); (c) to stop thinking (about sth.), adhere to a decision.
7.
(a) To wait for (sb.) to arrive; wait for (sth.) to come or to happen; await (a time or an occasion); (b) to lie in wait for (sb.); of reward, punishment, etc.: to await (sb.), be in store for, be waiting; (c) to wait for (sth.) to be prepared, wait for (sb.) to do something, wait for (sth.) to move out of the way; (d) ~ after (for, upon), to wait for (sb.), await (an occurrence); ~ upon (someone's) leiser, to wait until (sb.) is at leisure; (e) abiden..time, to await an appropriate time or occasion, bide one's time.
8.
(a) To expect (sth. to happen, sb. to do sth., etc.), expect the arrival of (sb.); esp., to hope for, look forward to; to hope to see or hear or find (sth.); ~ to haven, to expect to get; abiding dai, day of expectation, ?day of fulfillment; dai abiden, expected day, appointed day; (b) to expect or hope to get (sth.), wait to receive or obtain (sth.); ppl. as adj. abiding, desirous of money, greedy; (c) ~ Lord, to wait for the Lord, ?to trust or hope in the Lord [precise meaning uncertain]; (d) ~ after (of, upon), to hope for, expect, await.
9.
(a) To remain in existence, last, persist; of persons: to live; of a law, commandment, agreement, truce: to remain in force, remain binding; (b) to be left over; (c) to be morally firm, be courageous, be steadfast; (d) ppl. abiding, of things: firm, solid; stable, unchanging.
10.
(a) To experience or live through (sth.); to undergo (pain, hardship), suffer (injury), endure (a blow); also, to experience (pleasure, bliss), enjoy (a gift); (b) to live to enjoy or suffer (sth.), live to see (the day, or time, when sth. happens); (c) to wait out (a storm); (d) = abien v.: to suffer for (sth.), pay for.
11.
(a) To tolerate (sb.), put up with (sth.), bear (to do sth.), endure, suffer; (b) to consent to (sth.), permit, abide by; to accept (a decision, judgment, punishment); obeien and ~; (c) ~ the hamer, stand up under hammering, prove genuine when tested by the hammer; (d) ~ upon, to abide by (someone's word or opinion).
12.
(a) To face (sb.) in combat; (b) to face (judgment, punishment), stand one's ground before (sth.); dare (to do battle), risk (battle).

Supplemental Materials (draft)

  • a1475 Siege Troy(1) (Hrl 525)1375 : Ector at hom with his wyf abytt The kyng with his hoste to bataylle rytt.
  • Note: New spelling
  • a1425(?c1350) Ywain (Glb E.9)2935 : Þus þaire wai forth gan þai hald Until a kastel þat was cald Þe Castel of the Hevy Sorow. Þare wald he bide until þe morow; Þare to habide him thoght it best, For þe son drogh fast to rest.
  • Note: New spelling
    Note: v. intr. stay, remain
  • a1425(?c1350) Ywain (Glb E.9)2935 : Damysel, it es þe assyse, Whils sityng es of þe justise, Þe dome nedes þou most habide; For par aventure it may bityde.
  • Note: New spelling
    Note: v. trans. await

Supplemental Materials (draft)

Note: Changed ETYM 'OE ābīden' to 'OE ābīdan'--JL