Middle English Dictionary Entry

cǒmen v.
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Entry Info

Definitions (Senses and Subsenses)

1a.
(a) To be coming, approach; arrive; ~ on, come on, come along; (b) comen and gon, to come and go, arrive and depart; (c) comen (to) sen, comen speken, etc.; (d) to come (for a certain purpose); -- with after, on, or for phrase.
1b.
Impv., used to encourage action: (a) com and loke!, etc.; (b) com, telle me!, etc.; (c) come of!, come on!, hurry up!, make haste!
1c.
To approach or come (in a certain manner); -- (a) with pres.ppl.: comen ridend, to come on horseback; ~ wending, come on foot; etc.; (b) with inf.: comen riden, to come on horseback; ~ flien, come flying; etc.
2.
Of persons: to proceed; come, go; -- (a) with adv. or adv.clause: ~ her, hider; ~ ther, thider; ~ in, out, doun; etc.; ~ nigh, ner, ~ to, up, come near, approach; arrive; ~ after, follow; ~ ayen, come back, return; ~ bi, pass by; ~ samen, ~ togeder, meet; join; meet in combat, clash; etc.; (b) with prep. phrase: comen in, into, ~ to (a place); ~ bi (in) the strete (wei), to come along on the road; ~ bifore, appear before (sb.), present oneself to; ~ from, ~ of, come from (a place), return from (a journey); ~ through, pass through (sth.); ~ to, come to (sb.); come to see, call on, visit; ~ to diner, mote, spræce, come to dinner, a meeting, an audience; ~ toyenes, go to meet (sb.); ~ upon, descend upon (an enemy), attack; (c) with adv. & prep. phrase.
3a.
Of things, processes: to proceed; come, go; reach (to), issue (from), etc.; -- (a) with constructions as in 1 & 2: comen in, out, doun, up, of (from), etc.; (b) of a message, rumor: comen to (in) ere, to reach (someone's) ear, be heard.
3b.
To extend (to or from a place); ~ out, protrude.
4a.
To attain, obtain: (a) comen to, to attain to or reach (a certain state or position); ~ to fortune, grith, knowing, etc.; ~ to live, survive; (b) ~ to (at), to attain to or achieve (sth.); ~ to dede, effect, realize or be realized, come true; ~ to purpos, ~ to ende, ~ aboute, achieve (one's) purpose, succeed; (c) ~ to blisse, ~ to (eche) live, etc., to attain to the joys of heaven, to eternal life, etc.; (d) comen (to do sth.), to succeed (in doing sth.); (e) ~ bi (to), to get at (sth. or sb.); come by, acquire; (f) ~ bi, to grasp or understand (sth.); solve a problem, find an answer; (g) ~ to amendement, ded-bote, to make amends.
4b.
To get (into or out of a state, etc.): (a) comen to, to get into (a certain condition or situation); ~ to wo, ~ to wikked ende, come to grief; ~ in cri, make merry; ~ under subjeccioun; etc.; (b) ~ to (on) this live (worlde), ~ to manne, to come into the world, become a human being, be born; (c) ~ of (to) age, ~ of elde, to come of age; (d) ~ to gode, ~ to god ende, to turn out well; benefit (sb.); (e) ~ to nought, to become nothing, end existence; be in vain; (f) ~ to ende, to come to an end, terminate; (g) ~ out of elde, to get away from or escape old age.
4c.
comen to, to come into (someone's) possession or power; him com help, he received help; ~ to hond(es; lightly (sone) come, lightly go, easy come, easy go.
5.
To be a descendant (of a certain stock, class, or family); come (of good family, etc.); -- with of, doun of, out of phrase.
6.
To derive or result (from a source); arise or spring (from), originate (in); -- with of (fro) phrase.
7.
(a) Of things or situations: to come into being, arise, come about, come forth, start; -- also ~ aboute; ~ in, ~ on, ~ up; (b) of human beings: to come into existence, be born; ~ of moder, ~ of wombe; ~ forth; (c) of seeds: to sprout, grow; ~ forth.
8.
To become (sweet, weak, etc.); ~ on fir, become passionate; what sal com of þe, what shall become of you.
9a.
(a) To occur, happen, come about; -- also, ~ aboute, ~ forth, ~ on, ~ up, ~ upon; (b) is to comen, shall happen, come to pass or exist; is bound to happen; lif to ~, future life; thing to ~, thing coming, future event, the future.
9b.
To happen to (sb.), come to, come upon: -- (a) with obj.; him com blisse (bote), he was saved (cured); hem cam herte, they took heart; come hem lif or deth; etc.; (b) with on, upon, over, to phrase.
10.
(a) Of a point in time, a festival, a season: to arrive; time is comen (to), the time has come; to come domesdai, until doomsday shall come; etc.; -- also, ~ aboute, ~ in, ~ on, ~ to, ~ up; (b) time to comen, time coming, future time, the future; (c) come sevenight, twelvemonth, when the end of a week (year) comes, in a week (year); come estren, come Easter, by Easter; -- time clause, with subjunctive; (d) her time come, the time to give birth came; ne comm nohht ʒet min time, the time to die has not yet come.
11.
(a) To be becoming, proper, or natural (to sb.); -- with obj. or to phr.; (b) to be incumbent upon (sb.), be (one's) task.
12.
Of combat: ~ after, ~ in, ~ on, to attack or pursue; ~ to bataille, engage in combat; ~ of, deal (with an adversary), defeat.
13.
Of narration: comen of, to go on; ~ to the point, arrive at a (certain) point; ~ eft (agein) to, return to (a subject); nou cometh the point, now comes the important point.
14.
Misc. phrases: (a) ~ above, to rise above (an enemy), overcome; (b) comen after, to follow, come after (sth. else); (c) ~ against, to go against or infringe upon (an ordinance); (d) ~ at on, to come to agreement; (e) ~ doun fro, to descend from (glory); (f) comen ner, to get near or touch (sth. that is hopeless or harmful), meddle with; (g) ~ ner, to have an adequate conception (of sth.); (h) ~ out (utter), ~ forth, to be disclosed, become known, come out; ~ to sight, ~ in light, come into view, appear; (i) comen out of, ~ awei, to get away from, escape, abandon; (j) comen to minde, ~ on mode, ~ to herte, ~ intil thought, ~ in wille, to come to (one's) mind, etc.; occur to (sb.); ~ out of remembraunce, be forgotten; (k) comen to selve, ~ to minde, ~ from swouning, to regain consciousness, come to, wake up; (1) ~ to the pref, to come to test; (m) comen togeder, to have intercourse, copulate; ~ at, of the male: approach (the female); (n) ~ togeder, of ingredients: to blend, bind; (o) ~ up, of income: to accumulate.