Middle English Dictionary Entry

chervel n.
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Entry Info

Definitions (Senses and Subsenses)

Note: Cp. cerfoil.
Note: Cp. cer-foile n. and chever-foil n.
Chervil Anthriscus cerefolium, used as a pot-herb and in medicaments.
Herb Robert (Geranium robertianum).

Supplemental Materials (draft)

Note: In cer-foile n., sense 1., the error form chirtelle in the Agnus Castus quot. belongs under chervel n. Cut the quot.: 'Apium risus is an herbe þat men clepe..chirtelle [read: chirfelle].'
Note: The error forms under cer-foile n. in the supplement quot. (therfoile) as well as therfoill--from Med.Bk.(1)--in sense 2. and herfoyl in sense 3) may belong here under chervel n.
Note: Previous examples point to larger issue of (etymological and morphological ) criteria for separating the entries cer-foile n. and chervel n. The two entries may need to be combined. (Note that the AND does this with the corresponding forms of cerfoil n.)
Note: The etymology for cer-foile n.: OF (Tobler-Lommatzsch) = cerfueil (nfz. cerfeuil). The etymology for chervel n.: OE (DOE) = cerfille n., derived from ML (DMLBS) chærophyllum (ultim. Gr.); the ME variant kervel is probably influenced by ML.
Note: As these two entries stand (if they are not combined) the list of variant spellings in each of their form sections is incomplete and needs revision to accord with standards of later volumes of the MED.)