Middle English Dictionary Entry

wē̆ld(e n.
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Entry Info

Definitions (Senses and Subsenses)

Note: Cp. wod(e n.(1).
(a) A flowering plant variously to be identified with weld (Reseda luteola) or woad (Isatis tinctoria) [the latter esp. when glossing L sandix or gaisdo];—sometimes used medicinally or to make dye; also, the dye itself [quot. a1425]; (b) some species of Atriplex or Chenopodium, perh. orache (Atriplex hortensis) [perh. through confusion with meldes n.]; (c) cloth or thread dyed with such a plant; ?also, the plant itself or an extract thereof as a commodity.

Supplemental Materials (draft)

  • a1500 Hnt.HM.64 Artist.Recipes (Hnt HM 64) 278/18 : Forto make yelowe water..take woodewaxe..other els ollden..and doo hem in a cleene vessell.
  • a1525 Sln.4 Recipes in Crafte Lymmyng (Sln 4) 329/22 : Put theryn two handfull of ooldes or of wyxeyn.
  • a1525 Sln.4 Recipes in Crafte Lymmyng (Sln 4) 330/8 : Another wyse ye may make bryter grene..sethe hym yn olde or wyxyn.
  • a1525 Sln.4 Recipes in Crafte Lymmyng (Sln 4) 330/10 : Forto make youre here yelow. Dresse yt with alam..and after that with oldes or wyxen without coperose or vertgrees.
  • Note: Glossary: "olde, ollden, ooldes n. pl. 'err. or var. for weld(e (but perh. Genista tinctoria, see wyxen)'."
    Note: New spellings.

Supplemental Materials (draft)

  • c1465 Eg.2852 Stain.Recipes (Eg 2852) 104/14 : To make ȝelewe watere. Take goud Englis woldes and take awey þe routes and putte hym in a..panne ful of water.
  • a1500 Ashm.1393 Artist.Recipes (Ashm 1393) 159/15,17 : Tak fresch woldis and ket hem smalle gobettis, and put hit en ley..and let it stonde þeron a nyȝt, and wasch clene þe woldus on þis water.
  • Note: Additional quotes, sense (a). Pl. forms = woldes, woldis, woldus.