Middle English Dictionary Entry

acciǒun n.
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Entry Info

Definitions (Senses and Subsenses)

(a) Something done, an act, a deed; ~ of penitence (penaunce), an act of penance; (b) the operation or effect (of heat or fire); the activity or function (of a bodily organ); ~ visif, process of seeing, sight; ~ of hering, etc.
Law (a) The right to take legal steps for the redress of a wrong, right to bring suit in a court of law; cause or grounds for a lawsuit; also fig.; (b) a formal demand of one's right from another in a court of law, a lawsuit; haven (taken, suen) ~, to bring suit (against sb.); -- often with ayen(es, of, on, upon; (c) forein ~, a suit originating outside the manor, town, etc., in which the defendant lives; ~ of account, suit against an agent or bailiff who has refused to render an accounting; ~ of atteint, suit against jurymen to convict them of perjury; ~ of covenaunt, suit for breach of contract; ~ of detenue, suit for recovery of property lawfully taken but unlawfully retained; ~ of dette, suit to recover money owed one (either as an ordinary debt or by forfeiture); ~ of trespasse, suit for damages or an injury; ~ personel, suit directed at the person of the defendant, rather than against the thing under litigation; ~ real, suit directed at the specific thing which the plaintiff seeks to recover (or for which he demands payment).

Supplemental Materials (draft)

  • (1458) Will York in Sur.Soc.30228 : Alle his..godes, alswell in accon as in possession, the which ar not in this present wille otherwise legate or disposed, to be solde for the complishment of this will.
  • Note: New spelling
    Note: ?Sense
    Note: = chose en accion (i.e. ability to own non-tangible property)

Supplemental Materials (draft)

  • a1425 Daniel *Treat.Uroscopy (BodeMus 187:Harvey)f.26r (2.4) : Whie þe vryn is white in þe nefresie is by resoun þat alle þe accion, i. al þe wirkyng, of þe kynde hete is occupiede & besie aboute þat place þer þe mater of þe malady is.
  • Note: Additional quot., sense 1.(b).
  • ?c1400(1379) Daniel *Treat.Uroscopy (Roy 17.D.1)f.80vb (2.13) : Spotel white & þenne is bettre þan thik and viscouse, for it seiþ þat þe mater is obedient to accion of kynde.
  • Note: Need date, sense 1.(b).

Supplemental Materials (draft)

Note: Med., etc., see further J.Norri, Dictionary of Medical Vocabulary, s.v. action.