Middle English Dictionary Entry

mē̆nǧen v.
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Entry Info

Definitions (Senses and Subsenses)

(a) To mix (sth. with sth. else), mingle; add (sth. to sth. else); ~ with (in, of, amonges, among with); (b) to mix (two or more things) together, blend; ~ togeder (tosamen, in fere); (c) to blend (one quality, emotion, attitude, etc., with others); also, temper (one emotion, etc., with another), allay, moderate; combine (two qualities, emotions, etc., together); taint (a word with sin); ~ with (to, among with, togeder); (d) to intersperse (sth., prayers, meditation, etc., among others), intermingle (discrete things); spread, sprinkle, scatter; conflate (one text with another); interject (sth. into one's discourse); alternate (ornaments); ~ with (among, amonges, to, in, emelle); (e) to temper (words, feelings), moderate; (f) of air: to be mixed together, be compressed; of things: blend together, blend with (sth.); fig. be in harmony, agree; (g) ppl. menged, blended, mingled.
(a) To prepare (a mixed drink), mix (a drink, potion); mix in (water with wine); ~ dronkeshipe, be drunken; ppl. menged, as noun: a mixed drink; (b) to brew up (trouble, mischief); (c) to blend (a mixture, ointment); blend (flour into a dough); (d) in phrases with ppl.: menged with, composed of a blend of, containing a blend of, characterized by; menged in, blended in; menged twene, containing a blend of.
(a) To join (with sb.), unite; intermingle (among people); unite (sb., oneself, with sb. else), join; unite (prayers with sb.); add (money to other money); ~ to, join in with; (b) to have to do (with sb.), deal, associate; ppl. menged, associated; also, implicated; (c) refl. to involve oneself (with sth.); associate oneself (with sb.); set oneself (against sth.); meng you with mirthe, be happy!; (d) to connect (sth. with sth. else), link; interlock (two serrated edges), mesh; (e) ppl. menged, joined, united.
(a) To marry; join (sb. with another) in mixed marriage; ~ blod, (mariage, sed), intermarry; (b) to copulate; couple (one sexual partner to another); ~ with (to); refl. copulate.
(a) To engage (men, armies, oneself) in battle; (b) to engage in battle; ~ with (among), fight against; ~ togeder, come to blows, fight at close quarters.
(a) To disturb (sb. in mind), confuse, trouble, anger; (b) intr. & refl. to become stirred up in mind, become disturbed or angry; be confused; of the air: become agitated and stormy; in dwele menginge, confused in a trance, being lost in revery; (c) ~ blod, to stir up someone's passions; also, agitate one's own feelings; ~ mi blod, provoke me [quot.: a1325]; ~ mod, disturb the mind or feelings, cloud the mind, anger, confuse; also, disturb one's own mind, worry; also, stimulate the mind or feelings, rouse the spirits; menged mod, madness; (d) to mix up (one's wares) in confusion; ?shuffle (arrows) for divination; ~ chaunces, produce a confused sequence of chance events.

Supplemental Materials (draft)

  • ?a1425 Cmb.Dd.6.29 Artist.Recipes (Cmb Dd.6.29) 70/8 : Bewar þat þou do not ouermekel gleyr þerto, for þen hit wol be to stif, þerfor meengiþ þam wiþ descrecion.
  • Note: New spelling (meengiþ).

Supplemental Materials (draft)

  • ?c1400(1379) Daniel *Treat.Uroscopy (Roy 17.D.1)f.33vb (2.3) : An emitrice is as mykel for to saie os a menket febre.
  • Note: Additional quot. New spelling (ppl.) = menket. Editor's gloss: 'mixed'.