Middle English Dictionary Entry

marken v.(1)
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Entry Info

Definitions (Senses and Subsenses)

(a) To set the boundaries or limits of (a plot of land, body of water, etc.); stake out; (b) of a sea or river: to reach the shore; (c) ppl. marked, of armies or troops: spread out, extended in width; (d) to lay (sth.) down, place, set; ben marked, be situated; ?be adjacent (to sth.); (e) ppl. marked, of graves: provided with a marker or stone; neue marked, newly marked.
Of nature: to set a limit to (man's life span).
(a) To form marks on (stone), carve, engrave; trace (a line with thread); of a carpenter's string and chalk: make marks of measurement (on wood); (b) to put a mark on (sth.) for the purpose of identification; ppl. marked, of merchandise or commodities: stamped (with a trademark or official mark attesting or certifying quality); of coins: stamped (with the likeness or name of a ruler); (c) to decorate (materials) with designs, embroider; ppl. marked, of vessels, flatware, armor, and the like: stamped or engraved (with letterings, designs, etc.); of emblems, linens: ornamented (with lettering, armorial designs); (d) to brand (persons or animals); tattoo; render (sb.) identifiable by physical or bodily features; (e) to provide (one's subjects with badges or insignia); invest (sb. with the insignia of a crusader); furnish (animals with collars or other devices) for identification; (f) ppl. marked, fig. ?distinguished (from sb.), distinct.
(a) To mark (sb. on the head with the holy oil) in baptism; cover (a surface with sth.), coat, smear; (b) to stain (sb. with reproach), sully.
(a) To seal (sth.); seal (sth.) up (in sth. else); put a seal on (sth.); conceal; (b) to affix a seal to (sth.), confirm; -- with that clause; (c) of angels in the Apocalypse: to put (the seal of God on the forehead of the faithful); ppl. marked, as noun: the faithful who are marked with the seal of God; of the Beast of the Apocalypse: to put a sign on (sinners or followers of Antichrist); (d) ppl. marked, of man:?stamped or endowed (with God's grace); of the glory of God's countenance: imprinted or reflected (on man); (e) theol. of God: to bestow the 'character' on the soul at baptism or confirmation; ppl. marked, of the faithful: marked with the 'character'.
(a) To make (a mark or symbol) on a surface; draw (a figure), write (a number, word, or character); also, cause (a heraldic design) to be inscribed on a badge; (b) to describe (an event, a complaint, etc.) in writing; record (sth.); represent (textual additions, deletions, and such with written symbols); indicate (parts of a diagram, surfaces, etc.) by means of symbols or lines; outline; (c) to represent (mental process with gestures).
(a) To mark (sb. with the sign of the Cross) in blessing; refl. mark (oneself with the sign of the Cross or other symbolic signs); (b) to make (the sign of the Cross on oneself or one's bodily parts); mark the sign of the Cross or other symbolic signs on (one's heart or forehead).
(a) To observe (sth.), watch; notice (sb.); perceive (sb.) to be (woman); (b) to recognize (sb.); (c) to take note mentally; take note of (sb. or sth.), give heed to; -- sometimes with clause; to ~, that is, to wit; ~ in minde, impress (sth.) in one's mind, bear in mind, remember; (d) to regard (sb. or sth.) as (sth.); deem (sth. to be sth.); censure (sb.); ~ amis, presume wrongly, be mistaken.
(a) To point out (sth.), indicate; -- sometimes with that clause; comment (on Scriptures); ppl. marked, indicated or described; (b) of St. John the Baptist: to point out Christ in the person of Jesus, declare Jesus to be Christ, make Christ known; (c) to make (words) meaningful, give meaning to, interpret; expound (sth.), teach.
(a) To take aim; aim at (sb.) with a weapon or missile; aim (blows) at a fortification; (b) to point to (a place or person); (c) to strike (sb.) with a sword, spear, etc., hit; pierce through (someone's waist), slash; better imarked than imint [see iminten v.]; (d) ~ at (to), to aim at (sb.) with a weapon or missile; strike at (sb. or someone's bodily part); ~ in, cut or pierce into (sth.); (e) of Venus, Morpheus, Death: to strike (sb. with a club, wand, torch, etc.); of Cupid's dart: hit (sb.), smite; (f) fig. to afflict (sb. or bodily parts).
(a) To assign (sb. to do sth.); designate (sb.) to do something; ~ out; me is marked, I am chosen (to be sth.); (b) to appoint or choose (sb.) as (one's subject or servant); select (horses); ?also, single (sb.) out, identify; ~ out; (c) ppl. marked, of persons: destined, predestined; (d) to ordain (sth. for sb.); mete out (to sb. his deserts), allot; impose (one's own deserts); ~ him (the) his (thi) mede, ~ til us slik mede, etc.; inflict (harm or injury on sb.); (e) to offer (sth. to sb.), dedicate; refl. submit (oneself to Christ or the Trinity) for help or support.
To strive; intend (to do sth.); undertake.
(a) Of God or the divine power: to create (man, angels, etc.); ~ of molde (upon sand), make (sb. from earth); ~ under mone; (b) to form (sth.); drill (a hole); ppl. marked, of beasts, supernatural beings, etc.: formed, shaped; of persons: disposed, constituted; of things: fashioned, made; of ideas or plans: conceived, formed; marked amis, ?deformed, misshapen; mirie marked, of cheerful disposition.

Supplemental Materials (draft)

  • a1500 *Nicod.(5) (Wor F.172)5a : Josephe whiche buried the body of Ihesu ye han shit in a Denne or a Couche markyng the key, and at the openyng yee founde hym nat.
  • Note: Postdates sense.
    Note: Probably belongs to sense 5.(a) (or perhaps 8.(a).)
  • (1423-4) Doc.Brewer in Bk.Lond.E.182/1316 : Thomas Smyth, atte Gerland with outen Bisshoppesgate, hath j kilderkyn nought morken, yn þe hous of John Cordewaner atte lilye yn lumbardestrete.
  • Note: New spelling: ppl. morken.
    Note: Belongs to sense 3.(b).
  • (c1454) Pecock Fol.(Roy 17.D.9)86/28 : It were foul and vnsemeli a resonable creature forto do his werkis into noon prefixid and bifore markid purpos and eend.
  • Note: ?AQ
    Note: See MED bifōre- pref., sense 2.: ~ marked, defined beforehand. (This quot. used.)
    Note: If kept, belongs to sense 11.
    Note: This quot. has been taken back to books.
  • (1423-4) Doc.Brewer in Bk.Lond.E.183/1328 : Horold, atte Crosse yn Tourstrete, hath j Barell is nought morken, yfounde vpon þe shuldres of hese seruantes.
  • Note: Additional quot. for sense 3.(b).--notes per MLL