Middle English Dictionary Entry

hōten v.(1)
Quotations: Show all Hide all

Entry Info

Definitions (Senses and Subsenses)

1a.
(a) To give (a person, place) a (specified) proper name; name (sb. or sth.); refl. call oneself (sth.), be named (sth.); ~ for, name (a people) after (sb.); (b) ben hoten, to have a (certain) name, be named (sth.); of a book: be entitled (sth.); (c) in paratactic constructions; (d) ben hoten, of a name: to be (sth.).
1b.
(a) To apply a (certain) synonym or identifying term to (sth.); ben hoten, be designated; (b) to call (sb. or sth.) by a (certain) epithet, title, or descriptive designation; -- also in allegorical contexts and in paratactic constr.; (c) to recognize (sb.) as (excellent, a foe, etc.); acknowledge or speak of (someone's excellence).
2a.
Of a person, place: to have a (certain) proper name; be named (sth.), call oneself (sth.); of a book: be entitled (sth.); of a name: be (sth.); ~ for (after), be named after (sb. or sth.); ~ as, have the same name as (sb.): (a) inf.; (b) pr. sg. 1 & 2; (c) pr. 3 sg.; (d) p. sg. & pl.; (e) p. ppl.; (f) in paratactic constructions.
2b.
(a) To be designated by a (certain) identifying term or synonym; -- sometimes in paratactic constr.; (b) to be called by a (certain) epithet, title, or descriptive designation; be known or acknowledged as (sth.), be (sth.); ~ as, be called by the same designation as (sb. or sth.); (c) in allegorical contexts.
3a.
(a) To give a command, bid; (b) to command (sth.); institute (a fast day); ~ heste, give a command; (c) to bid (do sth.), command (to do sth.); (d) to command (that sb. do sth.); -- also with the command in direct discourse; (e) to give an order to (sb.), command (sb.); also, command (sth. to sb.); (f) to command (sb. to do sth.), bid (sb. do sth.); ~ trussen, bid (sb.) be gone; (g) to command (sb. that he do sth.); -- also with the command in direct discourse.
3b.
(a) To command (a person) to come, order (a group) to assemble; summon (a council, army, etc.); ~ forth (thider), order (a person or group) to come forth (thither); (b) ~ awei, ~ out, to command (sb.) to go away, send away; (c) to call out (sth. to sb.); ~ out, to shout, make outcry, ?raise the hue and cry; (d) ~ on, ?to speak out against (sb.), oppose; (e)?to persuade, urge.
4a.
(a) To give a promise, make a vow; (b) to promise (sth.); ~ a)vou, ~ bi)heste, ~ bihetinge, ~ bi)hote, give a promise, make a vow; (c) to promise (to do sth.); -- with inf. or cl.; (d) to make (sb.) a promise; ~ of, give (sb.) a promise of (sth.); (e) to promise (sb. sth.); (f) to promise (sb. to do sth.), promise (sb. that he will receive sth. or that sth. will happen); (g) ppl. hoten, promised; hoten lond, Promised Land.
4b.
(a) To promise (sth.) as a threat, threaten; ~ harm, threaten injury or punishment; (b) to hold out hope of (sth.); foretoken (that sth. will happen).
4c.
To assure (sb.) of one's truthfulness; I hote, I assure you, I tell you, believe me; -- with or without indirect obj.; ~ honde, give (sb.) assurance of good faith or truthfulness by holding up one's hand; faith hight, pledged word.