Middle English Dictionary Entry

ēlden v.(1)
Quotations: Show all Hide all

Entry Info

Definitions (Senses and Subsenses)

Note: Cp. ōlden.
1.
Of living beings: (a) to grow old; (b) to be subject to the effects of advancing age; to decline, grow feeble.
2.
Of things: to deteriorate through age, use, or decay; grow weak.
3.
4.
To become firmly established (by long practice) -- in phrase elded thing, a habit.

Supplemental Materials (draft)

  • c1275(?a1200) Lay.Brut (Clg A.9)1467 : Þa ældede þe kinge & wakede an aðelan.
  • Note: New form: p.sg.3 ældede.
    Note: Needed for date.
    Note: Quot. belongs to sense 1.(a).
    Note: This quot. has been taken back to books.
  • a1425(?a1400) RRose (Htrn 409)396 : The tyme, that hath al in welde, To elden [F viellir] folk had maad hir elde.
  • Note: Quot. belongs to sense 4.
    Note: Modify gloss: To make old or feeble; to cause (sb.) to grow old, age;--also without obj.
    Note: This quot. has been taken back to books.
  • a1300 PMor.(McC 123)4 : Ich eldi more þan ich dude; mi with aʒte beo þe more.
  • Note: New form: Also..eldi.
    Note: Quot. belongs to sense 1.(a).
    Note: This quot. has been taken back to books.
  • c1350 MPPsalter (Add 17376)17.49 : Straunge childer ben elded [L inveterati sunt] and hij ben made lame fram þy waies.
  • Note: Modify gloss for sense 1.(a): Of living beings: (a) to grow old; ben elded.
    Note: This quot has been taken back to books.
  • a1400 NVPsalter (Vsp D.7)6.7 : Bitwix my fæs al elded I [L inveteravi].
  • Note: Needed for date.
    Note: Quot. belongs to sense 1.(a).
    Note: This quot. has been taken back to books.
  • (a1382) WBible(1) (Bod 959)Ps.6.8 : I haue inwardly eldid [WB(2): Y waxe eld; L inveteravi] among alle myn enemys.
  • Note: Additional quot.
    Note: Quot. belongs to sense 1.(a).
    Note: This quot. has been taken back to books (except WB(2) vr.).
  • (a1382) WBible(1) (Bod 959)Ps.31.4 : Inwardly eldeden [WB(2): wexiden elde; L inveteraverunt] my bones.
  • Note: Additional quot.
    Note: Quot. belongs to sense 1.(b).
    Note: This quot. has been taken back to books (except for the WB(2) vr.).
  • a1500(c1340) Rolle Psalter (UC 64)31.3 : Inueterauerunt ossa mea..eldid my banes whils I cried all the day..my banes eldid, that is, the strenght of my saule failed.
  • Note: Quot. belongs to (and postdates) sense 1.(b).
    Note: This quot. has been taken back to books.
  • a1500(c1340) Rolle Psalter (UC 64)101.27 : Mannys body..eldis and sall be chawngid in bettere.
  • Note: Additional quot. for sense 1.(b).
    Note: This quot. has been taken back to books.
  • a1500(c1410) Dives & P.(Htrn 270)1.359 : As ʒougþe pasith so pasith her bewte, and as þei [man and woman] eldyn, so þey fatyn, til at þe laste þe day of her lyf comyth to an ende.
  • Note: Additional quot. for sense 1.(b).
Note: ?Revise etymology: (DOE) [OE ealdian.].
Note: Provisional form section: Also elde, eldi, helde; sg.3 eldeth, etc. & (early) (Orm.)eldethth; pl. elden, etc. & (early) (Orm.) eldenn; p. ældede; ppl. elded, etc. & eilded.--notes per MLL