Middle English Dictionary Entry

durren v.
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Entry Info

Definitions (Senses and Subsenses)

To have the courage (to do sth.), dare: (a) with inf. or inf. phr.; (b) with other constructions.
(a) In emphatic questions, asseverations, etc.: hou darst thou, hou durre ye, how dare you; i dar leien, I will wager; i dar seien, I venture to say, I dare say; i dar affermen (avaunten, avouen, sweren, tellen, undertaken, waranten, etc.); he dorste maken avaunt, he dared to boast; i dorste haven sworen, I would have sworn; (b) p. dorste used in a present sense; -- often as a substitute for the pr. sbj.
(a) To be under necessity or obligation; (one) must (do sth.), ought, needs, should; -- with neg., (one) need not (fear, blame, seek, say, etc.); (b) in impersonal constructions.
To be able (to do sth.).

Supplemental Materials (draft)

  • a1400 Dice(2) (Boston 100)p.31 : Qwar yi loue is ecet, j yer [vr. ys set j dar wel] say, hit is als comon as is ye cart way.
  • Note: New spelling: Forms: sg. 1..(error) yer.
    Note: Belongs to sense 1b.(a).--notes per MLL

Supplemental Materials (draft)

  • ?a1525 Dc.54 Artist.Recipes (Dc 54) 262/2 : Dowtles here may ye se al þe thyngs..þou dare seke it no ferder.
  • Note: Glossary: "dare v. 2 sg. 'need, require'." Postdates sense 2.(a).