Middle English Dictionary Entry

composiciǒun n.
Quotations: Show all Hide all

Entry Info

Definitions (Senses and Subsenses)

(a) The composition, constitution, or structure (of a complex object, organ, etc.); also, complexion, character; (b) a concoction, a compound medicine; (c) the act of making or constructing something; (d) combining, combination.
(a) An agreement between parties, such as a treaty, truce, contract, or regulation; pl. the terms of an agreement; (b) ben in (under) ~, be allied; (c) a document embodying an agreement.
Math. (a)?Consistency; ?interrelations; (b) composition (of a complex number).
Gram.?Composition; ?construction.

Supplemental Materials (draft)

  • c1450 Peniarth Accedence(1) (Pen 356B)7/312 : A party of spech þe wech ys vndeclynet and ys set before oʒþer partys of spechys togedyr in apposicion and composicion.
  • Note: Antedates sense 4.
  • (1425) Paston2.1 : As for þe composission of Bromholm he hadde so sherchyd att[e] Clunye, and þer-inne he standyth clere.
  • Note: This quot. has been taken back to books.
    Note: Context: From letter of Nicholas, prior of Bromholm to William Paston, indicating that he (John Paston) has searched in official records and says he has a clear right to Bromholm, a Cluniac priory (a benefice of the Paston family). John is apparently looking for an appointment (as prior) to this benefice before it becomes vacant.
    Note: Belongs to sense 2.(a).--notes per MLL
  • (1425) Paston2.1 : Dawn Robert..badde hym prouyn owt hys purpos as for þe composission and þe prouysion to an hende.
  • Note: AQ
    Note: Belongs to sense 2.(a).--per MLL
  • ?a1425 *MS Htrn.95 (Htrn 95)147a/b : Þe quantite of þe medicyne oþer of þe þinge þat schal be leide þer to maye not be determined in writynge, but it sufficeþ þat þou neiʒe als nye as þou maie be oppocioun oþer compocicioun.
  • Note: Belongs to sense 1.(b).
    Note: Gloss: med. the process of compounding a medical preparation, the combining of the ingredients of a medicinal concoction.
    Note: Note that gloss for oppō̆siciǒun sense 1.(g) has the med. field label.--notes per MLL

Supplemental Materials (draft)

Note: Med., etc., see further J.Norri, Dictionary of Medical Vocabulary, s.v. composition.