Middle English Dictionary Entry

sinō̆pre n.
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Entry Info

Definitions (Senses and Subsenses)

(a) A red ocher used in making a vermilion coloring material; also, the color vermilion, red; (b) her. ?the tincture vert, green [the change in meaning from red to green prob. does not antedate the 15th cent. in England].

Supplemental Materials (draft)

  • a1500 Sln.122 Artist.Recipes (Sln 122) 84/30 : Take half a pownd of blywe flokkys, and .ij. galonys of fyne leye, and sethe hem togeder..and þan grynde hem on a stone. And in þe same manner make þu synnoper with flokkes of skarlette.
  • a1500 Trin-C.R.14.45 Recipes (Trin-C R.14.45) 137/31 : Forto make synopure. Take a galon of olde ureyn and sethe hit and scome hit into a faire vessel ouer þe fire, [etc.].
  • a1500 Trin-C.R.14.45 Recipes (Trin-C R.14.45) 138/8 : Breke þin synopur on smale gobettes and put hit inne a letheren bagge and kepe hit.
  • a1500 Rwl.C.506 Artist.Recipes (Rwl C.506) 171/24 : To make cynope. Take .iiij. galons of olde vryne and seþe it a grett while and skyme it wel and þen lat it kele, [etc.].
  • Note: Glossary: synoper, sinoper, synopure, cynope, cenoper n. 'generic term for a red organic pigment...especially that made with brazil'."
    Note: Editor's note: "Also to note is synoper, which refers to any organic red lake pigment (the definition 'red ocher' in MED s.v. sinopre is incorrect)." And: "Synoper. A polysemous word in ME (and medieval Latin), denoting a red colour not a specific material; in the recipes it refers only to organic pigments."
    Note: ?Modify sense (a) to make broader, or ?new sense.
    Note: New spellings (with medial nn), (with ur(e ending) and (without r).

Supplemental Materials (draft)

Note: Cp. sinopis n.