Middle English Dictionary Entry
|Forms||ruggen v. Also rug(ge & rog(ge(n; p. rugged(e, etc. & rugget, rogud.|
|Etymology||ON: cp. OI rugga & Icel., Faroese, Norw. dial., Swed. dial. rugga, Norw. dial. rogga, Swed. rygga, Dan. rygge.|
Definitions (Senses and Subsenses)
(a) To pull or stretch (sb. or sth.), tug at fiercely; -- also without obj.; also, torture (sb.) by pulling or stretching; (b) to drag (sb.); (c) to tear (sb. or sth.), tear (one's hair); ~ and renden, tear and rend (sb.); ~ in sonder, tear (sb. or sth.) apart; ~ of, pull (sth.) off, tear off; (d) ppl. rugginge as adj.: corroding, causing corrosion.
- a1325(c1300) Songs Langtoft (Cmb Gg.1.1)p.296 : The roglre raggi sculke rug ham in helle.
- c1390 Treat.Mass (Vrn)311 : Wiþ his teeþ he gon hit togge, And so radli he gon hit Rogge Þat al þe Rolle gon race.
- c1400(c1378) PPl.B (LdMisc 581)16.78 : I prayed pieres to pulle adown an apple..And pieres caste to þe croppe, and þanne comsed it to crye..Þat I had reuth whan Piers rogged, it gradde so reufulliche.
- (c1426) Audelay Poems (Dc 302)75/298 : With is teþ he con hit tug, And as Rofyn begon to rug, His rolle began to rase.
- (c1426) Audelay Poems (Dc 302)75/300 : So hard Rofyn rogud [Treat.Mass: raced] his rolle Þat he smot with his choule, Aʒayns þe marbys stone. a1450 Yk.Pl.279/214: Do buske you and grathely hym bynde And rugge hym in ropes, his rase till he rewe.
- a1500(a1460) Towneley Pl.(Hnt HM 1)248/148 : Secundus tortor: Do, rug him. Tercius tortor: Do, dyng hym. primus tortor: Nay, I myself shuld kyll hym Bot for sir pilate.
- a1500 Mirror Salv.(Beeleigh)p.83 : His fete thai ruggid out semblably And thirlid thaym to the crosse.
- a1400(a1325) Cursor (Vsp A.3)15825 : Bi his heued and bi his hare..Þai his maister drogh And rugged [Trin-C: lugged] him vn-rekenli bath ouer hill and ogh.
- a1400(a1325) Cursor (Vsp A.3)21920 : Ded sal rug [Frf: bring] us til his rape.
- c1450 NPass.(Add 31042)132/1283 : Thay ruggede [vr. drowyn] hym forthe als þay were wode.
- ?a1425(?c1350) NHom.(3) Pass.(RwlPoet 175)1731 : Þe purpure clath þat he in stode..cleued on ilk a syde ffull fast both vn-to flesch and hyde; þai ruged [vr. rugged] it of with-outen rest When it so to þe flessh was fest.
- ?a1425(?c1350) NHom.(3) Pass.(RwlPoet 175)2655 : So was he rugged, raced, and ryuen, And sithen with dust all ouer dryuen.
- ?a1425(?c1350) NHom.(3) Pass.(RwlPoet 175)2748 : His clathes fra him sone þai tugged, And all his hyde in sonder rugged.
- a1425(a1400) PConsc.(Glb E.9 & Hrl 4196)1230 : Wild bestes..wald worow men..And rogg þam in sonder and ryve.
- ?a1425 Dial.Bern.& V.(1) (RwlPoet 175)304 : Sithen was all torned to sorow sare When he was rugged & rent on rode.
- c1440 When adam delf (Thrn)66 : The croice, þe crownne, þe spere bese bowne, Þat Ihesu ruggede & rente.
- a1450 Yk.Pl.(Add 35290)425/120 : To see þis ferly foode..Rugged and rente on a roode, Þis is a rewfull sight.
- c1450(a1425) MOTest.(SeldSup 52)3931 : Scho rent hyr cloghes and ruged hyr hare.
- c1450 Alph.Tales (Add 25719)446/28 : Oft-tymys sho was enforcid to be drawen oute, bod it was in vayn bod if þai wuld hafe rugid hur in sonder.
- a1500(?a1450) GRom.(Hrl 7333)286 : He sawe þe Ape..sitting in þe top of a tre, and with hire teth and with hire pawis roggyd and Rent a-downe branchis and wode.
- a1450 Castle Persev.(Folg V.a.354)1664 : Ley þi tresour and þy trust In place where no ruggynge rust May it dystroy to dros ne dust.
(a) To shake (sb. or sth.); (b) ~ at, ?to shake (sth.); ?tug at (sth.); ~ on, ?shake (sb.); ?pull (sb.); (c) to sway to and fro, shake, tremble; of weather: be disturbed, become stormy; (d) ?to struggle.
- c1430(c1386) Chaucer LGW (Benson-Robinson)2708 : Hym she roggeth and awaketh softe, And at a wyndow lep he fro the lofte.
- (1440) PParv.(Hrl 221)435 : Roggyn, or mevyn: Agito.
- (c1422) Hoccl.JWife (Dur-U Cosin V.3.9)355 : The Contesse..rogged on hir lord and him awook.
- a1425(?c1375) NHom.(3) Leg.(Hrl 4196)7/225 : Þan turmenturs..Went to him als þai war wode; Þai rugget at him with ful grete bir, Bot no-thing might þai of [him] stir.
- c1475 A philosophre (Hrl 372)41 : She rogged on hym..And badde hym turne hym for his wives sake.
- a1400(a1325) Cursor (Vsp A.3)24838 : Þe weder als in somer smeth Son bigan to rug [Göt: ruth] and reth.
- (1440) PParv.(Hrl 221)435 : Roggyn, or waveryn: Vacillo.
- c1440(?a1400) Morte Arth.(1) (Thrn)784 : He romede, he rarede, that roggede all þe erthe!
- a1475(a1450) Tourn.Tott.(Hrl 5396)199 : Þus þay tugged and rugged tyl yt was nere nyʒt.