Middle English Dictionary Entry

rāven n.
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Entry Info

Definitions (Senses and Subsenses)

(a) The raven (Corvus corax); ?also, the rook (Corvus frugilegus); (b) the carrion crow (Corvus corone); (c) raven(es brid, a young raven; raven(es fether; raven(es kinde, a raven's nature; buk-raven, q.v.; (d) her. the figure of a raven in a coat of arms; ~ hedes; ~ bile hedes, hooked heads of axes in a coat of arms; (e) the southern constellation Corvus; (f) in proverbs and comparisons; lik a ravenes bile, blak as a ~, etc.
(a) Coll. Gall nuts of the oak (Quercus infectoria), used to make black ink; (b) raven(es fot = polipodi(e n.; ?also, the periwinkle (Vinca herbacea); also, = croues fot [s.v. croue n. 2.(d)]; ravenes lek, a plant of the genus Orchis.
In cpd.: ravenesbile, a poleax; a crowbar.
(a) In surnames; (b) in place names [see Smith PNElem.1.263-4].

Supplemental Materials (draft)

Note: Med., etc. (sense 3.), see further J.Norri, Dictionary of Medical Vocabulary, s.v. raven's bill.