Middle English Dictionary Entry

nimen v.
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Entry Info

Definitions (Senses and Subsenses)

1a.
(a) To take (sth.), pick up (sth.); draw (a weapon), take up, take out; grab (sth.), grasp, seize; pick (a fruit); also fig.; also, use (sth.); (b) to take away (sth.); bear (sth.), carry off; take possession of (sth.) [quot.: KAlex. 1st]; cut (sth.), slice [quot.: a1225]; ~ awei, take (sth.) away, remove; ~ from (of, o), take (sth.) from (sb. or sth.); ~ out, take out (a letter), lead (horses) out (of a stall); ~ up, take (sth.) away from (sb.); ~ with, take (sb. or sth.) with (one); (c) ~ adoun, to take (sth.) down; ~ a scof, treat (sth.) as a joke; ~ dai, appoint a day (for sth.) [see also dai 9. (a)]; ~ from, cut (an ear) from (sb.) [quot.NPass.]; ~ frume, take one's beginning, begin (at a place); ~ gestening, ~ in, take lodging; ~ mede, exact a fee (from sb.); ~ name, take a name; ~ on hond, take (sth. for oneself); ~ out, select (sth.); also, draw (a sword); ~ sojourninge, stop, stay in a place; ~ to herte, take (sth.) to heart, be affected by (sth.); ~ under brest, eat (sth.); ~ up, pick up (sth.); also, raise aloft (a weapon); ~ wikinge, settle, take up residence; ~ yeld, levy a tax; (d) to take (sth.) for medicinal purposes; take (sth.) as food, eat (sth.); in a recipe: take (an ingredient); (e) to take (the crown, etc.); ~ coroune, ~ the kinedom, ~ (the) kinehelm, assume the sovereignty over a country; ~ lordshipe, assume rule (over a country).
1b.
To steal (sth.), take (sth.) by stealth; plunder or despoil (a city, a land, etc.); also, misappropriate (a piece of land); ~ with wrong, take (sth.) wrongfully; ~ mid wough, take (game) illegally.
1c.
To catch (an animal, a fish, a bird), seize (prey).
1d.
To capture (a castle, city, tower), conquer (a land); ~ on (in, to) honde, take possession of (a country).
1e.
To bring (sth. to sb.); give (sth. to sb.).
2a.
(a) To take (sb. somewhere), take (sb. with oneself); take (a soul to heaven); also, take (sb.) as an authority; also, choose (sb.), select; also, adopt (a child); also, devote (oneself) to (sth.) [quot.: c1390]; ~ to ifere, take (sb.) as a companion; ben nomen, be taken (somewhere); (b) to take (sb.) away; take (sb. out of sth.); bring (sb. to sth.); lead (an army, a company of men); ~ from, release (sb.) from (bonds); ~ awei, ~ hethen; (c) to engage (sb.) for service as a messenger or a preacher; hire (a laborer); place (sb.) in a position of authority [quot.: a1325]; (d) to take (sb.) as a spouse, marry (sb.); ~ gome (lord), take a husband; ~ to quene, of a prince: take (sb.) as a consort; ~ to (unto) wif, take (sb.) as a wife; ~ wif, take a woman in marriage -- also refl.; (e) in selected phrases: ~ bi hond(es, to clasp (sb.) by the hand(s in greeting or as a sign of affection or approval; ~ forth, bring (sb.) forward; ~ in, take (sb.) in, offer (sb.) hospitality; ~ in armes, embrace (sb.); ~ intil keping, ~ in yeminge, take (sb.) into (one's) care or protection; ~ under hond, give medical care to (sb.); ~ up, pick (sb.) up.
2b.
(a) To seize (sb. or sth.), take (sb.) by force; also, assail (sb.) with violence; also fig.; also, blast (grain with drought); (b) to capture (sb.), arrest (sb.), catch (sb.); also fig.; ~ hostage, take (sb.) into custody as a hostage; ~ in hond, arrest (sb.); ~ on live, take (sb.) alive; (c) to take life from (sb.); of persons: ~ deth, die; ben nomen (o this world, be taken by death, be killed, die; (d) to cause (sb.) to fall asleep; (e) in selected phrases: ~ dol, to cause suffering (to sb., to oneself); ~ gram and onde, become angry (toward sb.); ~ sorwe, experience sorrow; ben nomen, be paralized; of sickness: be caused by (cold); ben nomen in elde, be stricken in years, be old; ben nomen in (with), be seized by (love, desire, etc.); ~ pride, become proud or arrogant; ~ in resoun, defeat (sb.) by force of logic; ~ with wordes, defeat (sb.) in debate.
2c.
Ppl. nomen, as noun: the act of seizing; develes nomen, the devil's clutches; numen to nomen, taken hostage.
3.
(a) To receive (a blessing, the Eucharist, a message, etc.); accept (a gift, an idea, a reward, etc.); bear (death, sickness, suffering) gladly or with resignation; accept (sb. as sth.); gain (sth.), acquire (a color); (b) in selected phrases: ~ a (to) grame, to receive (news, words) in anger, be indignant about (sth.); ~ forme, of a fetus: take on human shape or appearance; ~ hethenshipe, accept paganism; ~ hire, receive wages; ~ homage (manreden), receive a pledge of fealty; ~ in, receive or greet (sb.); ~ rente, receive rent (from a tenement); ~ ruin, of a tower: undergo destruction; ~ strengthe, gain or regain one's strength; ~ taillage, receive tallage; ~ medes, receive money derived from fines; (c) ~ leve (at, of), to ask for and obtain permission (from sb.) to go; take leave (of sb.); bid farewell, leave; depart (from an inn); also, receive permission (from sb.) [quot.: c1230]; ~ licence of, ask for and obtain permission from (sb.) to leave.
4.
(a) To go, travel, depart; come, arrive, return; enter (into sth., into a state), etc.; also, occur, take place [quot.: KAlex.]; of the sun: set; of time: pass; also, refl. betake oneself, visit (sb.); ~ forth, proceed; also, advance (in virtue); ~ abouten, gather around (sb.); ~ ayen, approach (sb.); also, attack (sb.); (b) ~ cours, ~ gate, ~ journei, ~ pas, ~ strete, ~ viage, ~ (on) wei, etc., to take (one's) way, go, make a journey, take a trip, etc.; (c) ~ ende, of happiness: to come to an end; ~ flight, of a dragon: fly, take off; [cp. flight n.(1) 2. (a)]; ~ haven, enter a harbor, reach port; ben hom numen, arrive home; ~ in to the sadul, ~ sted, take to horse; ~ lond, arrive, disembark; ~ on the water, drift, float; ~ the crois, go on a crusade; ~ the se, embark on a sea voyage; ~ to the flod, of a ship: depart, get under way.
5.
(a) To undertake (a task, a way of life, etc.), take (sth.) upon oneself; ~ hie, make known (one's) intent; ~ noi to thi-selven, take harm upon yourself, ask for trouble; ~ oth, swear an (one's) oath; ~ up, take (sth.) up, begin to do (sth.); ~ on honde, undertake (sth.); also, experience or undergo (sth.); also, stand surety (for sb.); ~ pes, attain peace; ~ grith, make peace; ~ treues, make a truce; (b) ~ bataille (fight), to engage in battle [see also bataille 2a. (b)]; ~ wrak, take vengeance, inflict punishment; (c) of a fighting bird: to direct (a blow).
6a.
(a) To take (heed), etc.; ~ hed (kep, yeme); pay attention, take notice, etc.; [see also cure n.(1), gete n.(2), gome n.(4), hed n.(2), kep n.]; ~ warde, keep watch; (b) to take heed of (sb. or sth.), pay attention to (sb. or sth.), etc.; ~ garde of, ~ gome (kep) of, ~ hed (yeme) of (to); [see also gome n.(4), hed n.(2)]; ~ kep of (to), take care of (sth.), take charge of (sth.), tend (cattle, sheep) [quots.: Gen.& Ex.]; ~ yeme of, take care of (sb. or sth.); also, guide, govern (sb.) [quot.: Vices & V.(1) 1st & Wint.Ben.Rule]; also, consider or think about (sth.) [quot.: St.Marg.(1), St.Kath.(1), Arth.& M.]; (c) to take (sb. or sth.) as an example, etc.; ~ ensaumple at (bi, of), imitate (sb.) as a model of virtue; also, learn a lesson from (sb.) [see also ensaumple n. 4a. (b)]; ~ to bisne, accept (a book) as authoritative; ~ to forbisne, learn a lesson from (sth.), take (sth.) as a warning [see also fore-bisne n. 1. (a)].
6b.
(a) To consider (sth.), think about (sth.); understand (sth.) to be (sth.); ~ in herte (thought), entertain (an emotion) in one's heart or mind; ~ into minde, remember (sb.); hit nimeth, it is to be received as true; to nomen, to be taken or understood, that is; -- used as an adv. phrase; (b) to take (counsel), get (advice), etc. [cp. counseil n. 5. (c)]; ~ red, take counsel; also, give advice [quot.: SLeg.Edm.Abp.]; ~ to red (roune), take counsel; -- also refl.; ~ prive counseil, call a meeting of confidential advisers; (c) to adopt (a plan), decide (to do sth.); also, be willing (to do sth.) [quot.: c1330]; -- also refl. [see also counseil n. 6. (b)]; ~ counseil, ~ red, ~ to red; ~ foreward, make an agreement (to do sth.).
7.
Eccl. & theol. (a) To undertake or assume (the eremitic life); ~ cristes (godes) mark, receive the tonsure, enter a religious order; ~ the clothes of religioun, ~ the habit, put on distinctive apparel as a sign of a religious vocation; (b) ~ bote, to make amends for one's sin; ~ discipline, undertake penitential exercises; ~ right, do justice to oneself through penance; ~ shrift, confess one's sins, receive penance from a confessor, do penance for sin; ~ venie, make a penitential prostration; (c) ~ bapteme (cristendom), to receive or accept baptism; ~ credence, gain faith; -- refl.; ~ lessoun, choose a lection for the divine office; ~ on ward, of Christ: accept (sth.) towards payment (of a debt); ~ the priorie, take the rule of a priory (on oneself); ~ up, elevate (sb.) to the papacy; (d) of Christ: to assume (human nature), take (flesh and blood, etc.); ~ in (of), receive (a human body, human nature, etc.) from (His mother); ~ manhede, become incarnate [see also manhede 1. (b)]; (e) of Mary: ~ mot, to intercede (for sb.); ben nomen, be assumed (into heaven).
8.
To put (a garment on); take (shoes, hose off); ~ arrai upon, dress (oneself), put clothes on (oneself); ~ wedes, put on apparel.
9.
Law To place a lien on (property), seize (property) until certain legal obligations are fulfilled; also, forfeit (goods) to (the authorities); ~ under mainprise, act as a mainpernor; ~ and distreinen in; distreinen and ~ upon.
10.
To derive (one language from another); bring forth or produce (nuts); of God: make (a man from earth), make (a woman from a man); ~ birthe, conceive a child; ben nomen, of a man: be taken or derived (from earth).
11.
To speak or tell; ~ sermoun, make mention (of sb.); ~ the tale, tell the story.
12.
In phr.: ~ to, of hair: to adhere, hold on, remain on the head.