Middle English Dictionary Entry

lōd(e n.
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Entry Info

Definitions (Senses and Subsenses)

The normal load that a horse or man could carry or a cart contain, etc., used as a measure of weight or quantity; cartes ~ = cart ~ [see cart 7. (b)]; honde-barwe ~ [see honde 8. (a)]; hors(es ~, mannes ~; (b) a burden, load; a ship's cargo; ~ sadel, a pack saddle; ~ sadel tre, the wooden framework of a pack saddle; ~ ship, a cargo vessel; in ~, in the baggage; leien ~ on, to rain blows on (sb.); (c) carriage; a manorial service of carrying loads; ~ silver, money paid in lieu of such a service; chep ~, a service of carrying goods to market, or a money rent in lieu of this; wal ~; wode ~; wode ~ peni; (d) fig. a duty, obligation.
(a) A journey, voyage; also fig. path through life; ~ bred, ?provision for a journey; taken ~, to set out on one's way; (b) direction, guidance, control; haven on (in) ~, to govern (sb.), lead; have (sb.) in tow [quot.: Gawain]; ~ knight, a guide; ~ rop, a tow rope; (c) conduct, behavior.
Law An oath of purgation.
(a) In surnames; (b) in place names [see Smith PNElem. 2.8-9].

Supplemental Materials (draft)

  • (?a1350) Cart.Whitby in Sur.Soc.72370 : Cotarius…dabit iiii gallinas et xl ova et lades et rades, sicut bondi faciunt.
  • Note: Antedates sense 1.(c)
  • a1400 Cursor (Göt Theol 107)11936 : Iesus…laikes seuen made of clay, And till ilkane of foure he made, þat suld be þaim to water laþe, þat water might renne…vte of þe flum alle at will.
  • Note: New spelling
    Note: New comb.