Middle English Dictionary Entry

họ̄d n.
Quotations: Show all Hide all

Entry Info

Definitions (Senses and Subsenses)

1.
(a) A hood for men or women attached to an outer garment or worn as a separate head-covering with or without attached shoulder cape; -- often worn under a hat; ~ cloth, cloth for making hoods; (b) in proverbs and sayings; (c) in oaths: bi (for) mi ~, etc.
2.
(a) The hood of a priest or member of a religious order; ?also, a cleric [quot.: a1393]; (b) the hood worn by physicians, lawyers, knights of chivalric orders; (c) the distinctive hood worn by members of a guild or company on special occasions.
3.
(a) A mail covering for the head and neck, coif of mail; brinie ~, bal in the ~ [see brinie, bal]; (b) a cover placed over a fire to damp it down for the night [cp. hed-brond]; (c) haukes ~, a leather covering for the hawk's head when not pursuing game.
4.
(a) In surnames; (b) as a place name [see Smith PNElem. 1.255]; (c) in the name of a tavern.

Supplemental Materials (draft)

  • c1330(?c1300) Bevis (Auch)94/1869 : Grander..y ʒaf hod.
  • Note: Modify sense: fig. use of 2.(a) or parodic--per DJ
  • a1500(a1460) Towneley Pl.(Hnt HM 1)290/334 : Do shott at thi hud!
  • Note: New sense: some kind of derogatory remark: 'Go shoot at your hood', 'Go shoot your head off', or some such.
  • ?a1425 *Chauliac(3) (Htrn 95)69b/a : Þe ende of þe ʒerde is cleped balanum. Þe hole is wiþ inne þe ʒerde. Þe hode off þe ʒerde is cleped prepucium.
  • Note: New sense

Supplemental Materials (draft)

Note: Med., etc., see further J.Norri, Dictionary of Medical Vocabulary, s.v. hood.