Middle English Dictionary Entry

hēre n.(1)
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Entry Info

Definitions (Senses and Subsenses)

1.
(a) A band or host of armed men, an army (either invading or defending); (b) a host of angels or devils; hevenes ~, helles ~; fig. devles ~, evil thoughts or desires; (c) a crowd of people, company, multitude; a swarm of frogs; a collection of treasures; (d) in (on) bak ~, at the rear of an army.
2.
(a) Warfare, invasion; devastation by war; mid fir and mid ~, with fire and sword; wis of ~, wise in warfare; (b) military service or a tax in lieu of such service.
3.
In cpds. & combs.: (a) ~ gong, ~ ʒ(e)ong [cp. OE here-gang & ME yong n. (2)], a military expedition, an invasion; also, devastation; heriel [cp. OE here-gild], Danegeld; ~ path [OE here-pæþ], ~ strete [OE here-strǣt, -strēt], an army road, a highway; also in place names; ~ wedes [cp. OE here-wǣd, -wēd], armor; (b) ~ burne [cp. brinie], ~ shroud, a coat of mail; ~ dring, ~ thring [cp. dreng], ~ gume [cp. gome n. (1)], ~ kempe, ~ knight, a warrior; ~ fare, military service or a tax in lieu of such service; ~ feng, booty, plunder; ~ ishole [cp. OE hand-scolu], a band of warriors; ~ marke, a battle standard; (c) in place names [see Smith PNElem. 1.244-5]; hereford whit, a kind of cloth.

Supplemental Materials (draft)

  • c1475(?c1400) Wycl.Apol.(Dub 245)56 : Prelats, wiþ þer stafis & oþer ornaments, are statuit ymagis, ful of kaff, wiþ a bow to sley þe fowlis, & as a nap in þe rof, so a sole in þe heyre of honoris.
  • Note: ?Might 'sole' be 'fole' (fool). If 'heyre' = hēre n.(1) (army), this quot. is needed for date in any of the senses, but it probably belongs to sense 1.(a). May need to modify gloss (?in prov. expression) to accommodate it.
    Note: '[H]eyre' may also be hẹ̄r(e n.(2) (a garment of haircloth). (?Also in prov. expression.)