Middle English Dictionary Entry

gerlō̆nd n.
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Entry Info

Definitions (Senses and Subsenses)

(a) A wreath or string of leaves or flowers worn as an ornament; also fig.; (b) a wreath bestowed on a victor; (c) Christ's crown of thorns; (d) a painted or embroidered representation of a garland; a tavern sign; a heraldic device; the name of an inn or alehouse.
(a) A chaplet or coronet of gold, etc.; also fig.; (b) a crown or headband symbolizing office; (c) ~ of Ariadne, the constellation Ariadne's Crown, Northern Crown.
(a) A metal hoop encircling a tree; a metal ring to steady the mast of a ship; (b) med. a bandage for the head; also, a wreath made from a medicinal plant.
Hawk. ~ of the eie, the iris of the eye [cp. cercle of eie].
?In names. [It is usually impossible to distinguish gerlond from gar(e)lond, cp. gor(e n. (2).]

Supplemental Materials (draft)

  • (1423-4) Doc.Brewer in Bk.Lond.E.182/1315 : Thomas Smyth, atte Gerland with outen Bisshoppesgate, hath j kilderkyn nought morken.
  • Note: Add both gloss & quot. to 1.(d)
    Note: Gloss: 'name of a brewery or an alehouse.'

Supplemental Materials (draft)

  • a1400 Trin-C O.9.39 Recipes (Trin-C O.9.39) 51/20 : Sette þy pot on þy yren barre in þy furneys, and loke þat hit stonde in þy furneys vnto þe myddes of þy pot with a gerlannd of cley al aboute þe pot euene in þe myddis of þe pot.
  • Note: Glossary: "gerlannd n. 'encircling wrapper or band'."
    Note: New spelling (with double n).
    Note: New sense: cf. OED garland, n., sense 6. 'Something that resembles a garland in circular form, or in the fact of surrounding another object.'

Supplemental Materials (draft)

Note: Med., etc., see further J.Norri, Dictionary of Medical Vocabulary, s.v. garland.