Middle English Dictionary Entry

fāren v.
Quotations: Show all Hide all

Entry Info

Definitions (Senses and Subsenses)

1.
(a) To travel, journey; go on one's way (from one place to another); go about, wander; also, come or go (to, from, with, or after a person); ayain faren, come back, return; (b) betake (oneself) on one's way; (c) pursue (one's way), take (a journey), follow (a street); also fig.; (d) faren up, get up.
2.
(a) To move away (from a place or person); take one's leave, depart; escape; go (as the opposite of come); -- often with from, of phrase, or with advs. awai, forth, out; occas. refl.; (b) to depart (from life), go (to heaven, hell), die; faren henne (hethen).
3.
(a) To go or move about (in a certain manner); faren mid childe, be with child; (b) of rumor, report: go about, spread; (c) of a river: flow.
4.
To advance (against another) with hostility; attack.
5.
(a) Of time, events in time: go by, pass; advance, draw (to an end); (b) of a person: advance in age.
6.
(a) To proceed (to or with an action); continue (in an activity), go on doing something; faren aboute, busy oneself (with an activity); (b) to proceed or get (to or into a certain condition); (c) to go (and do something).
7.
(a) To conduct oneself, behave, act (in a certain manner); also, carry on, act up; faren with (oneself); (b) faren as though, pretend; (c) of things: behave, react.
8.
(a) faren with, bi, to (a person), to behave or act toward; deal with, treat; (b) faren with (a thing), to be concerned or busy with; to engage in, practice, or experience (something); what faris thou with?, what are you doing?
9.
To get along, fare, live, or exist (in a certain manner or under certain conditions).
10a.
(a) faren wel, do or feel well, prosper; (b) faren il, do or feel badly, have bad luck; (c) faren a)mis, fare or feel badly; go astray; (d) faren, give birth [used as a veiled expression].
10b.
fare wel!, fareth wel!, (a) a salutation at taking leave or on speeding someone on his way: Godspeed!, good-by!; (b) as noun: a formal leave-taking; (c) in dismissing something from one's mind, in giving something up, or of something that is lost or gone: good-by!, good riddance!; farewel feldefare!, good riddance!; go farewel, be set aside; (d) bidden (seien) farewel, say good-by; give up (something).
11.
To be (well or ill) provided (with food, hospitality).
12.
(a) impers. hit fareth, it goes, happens, or turns out (in a certain way); -- often with bi, of, in, with phrase of the person or thing concerned; (b) fare so hit fare, come what may; as her cas ferde, as was their fate; faren treue, come true.
13.
To have issue or outcome (in a certain way), turn out (so and so).
14.
To be, appear, or seem (like something else).
15.
(a) wel faring (farand), good-looking, handsome, comely; foul farand, il ~, bad-looking, ugly, un-seemly; merie faring song, cheerful-sounding song; (b) farand, seemly, excellent, splendid.
16.
= ferien: (a) to transport, carry; (b) to tread (a person) under foot.

Supplemental Materials (draft)

Note: This quot. should be removed, since it was taken under withfaren v.: a1425 Al es bot (Glb E.9 1) : Al es bot a fantum þat [we] with ffare.

Supplemental Materials (draft)

  • a1500(a1450) Gener.(2) (Trin-C O.5.2)2152 : Full boustous folk and ill faryng, With visages fowle, full gresely to beholde.
  • a1500(a1450) Gener.(2) (Trin-C O.5.2)3020 : With myghti men of mervelous makyng..Ther wepons fowle and ill faryng.
  • Note: AQ for 15.(a)--per SMK
  • c1300(c1250) Floris (Cmb Gg.4.27)24 : Riche soper þer was idiʒt, And murie hi uerden þer aniʒt.
  • Note: NF
  • c1600(c1350) Alex.Maced.(Grv 60)319 : They..wolde nought eles To seche þem a Souereine þe citie to ʒeme; Farre þen þeir owne folke fare they nolde.
  • Note: We don't seem to have a sense that quite covers this - 'go in search, look further than their own folk' [to find a ruler]

Supplemental Materials (draft)

Note: Added impers. to beginning of sense 12.(a), and changed it fareth to hit fareth--JL