Middle English Dictionary Entry

dū̆st n.
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Entry Info

Definitions (Senses and Subsenses)

1.
(a) Dust; fig. a grain of dust as something of no value; driven the ~ in eie, to throw dust in (someone's) eyes, dupe (sb.); (b) ashes; brennen to ~; (c) debris, refuse, rubbish; fragments, pieces; chirche ~, rubbish in a church; don to ~, to destroy (sth.); driven to ~, destroy (sth.); also, be destroyed; fallen to ~, fall to pieces, disintegrate; heuen to ~, chop (sth.) to pieces; riven to ~, tear (sth.) to pieces; etc.; (d) any pulverized or finely ground substance, powder; milne ~, fine floury dust thrown out by a grain mill, mill dust; (e) in surnames and place names.
2.
(a) The ground, the dirt; also fig. slepen (dwellen) in ~, to be in one's grave; (b) the material substance of which the human body is created and to which it returns; ~ and asshe(s.

Supplemental Materials (draft)

  • ?a1450 Macer (Stockh Med.10.91)78 : Oynte with þis oyle þin erys of þe hede, and it wole destroye þe skaly dust of hit.
  • Note: New combination; belongs to sense 1.(e). Change the current subsense (e)--surnames and place names--to (f).
    Note: Gloss: scali ~, dandruff.--notes per MLL

Supplemental Materials (draft)

  • c1475 Yale-BA.Artist.Recipes (Yale-BA R486.M43 1450) 95/28 : Set hit in the sone to dry, and kepe hit wel frome douste and frome fylthe.
  • Note: Additional quote, ?prob. sense (a).

Supplemental Materials (draft)

  • ?a1425 Glo.34.Add Stain.Recipes (Glo 34 Add.) 227/21 : Blak most be mad in þis maner: schaue dest [Eg 2852: doust], and seþe hem togeder and stop hit yn a pot of erþe and put þerto lymail of yron, and vse hit cold.
  • Note: Glossary: "dest, doust(e n. 'perh. dust, ashes, or drast (of ink)'."
    Note: Unclear: sth. (?debris, refuse, rubbish) is being ?shaved (?scraped, grated, cut up). Put here following Clarke.