Middle English Dictionary Entry

dēl n.(2)
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Entry Info

Definitions (Senses and Subsenses)

Note: Cp. dol n.(1).
(a) A division, part, portion; after ~, of time: latter part; (b) in fractions: part; bi a thousand ~, one thousandth part, one-thousandth; tenthe (tithe) ~, tenth part, one-tenth, tithe [see also ferthen ~, half ~, halven ~, thridden ~]; (c) in recipes or mixtures: a proportional part; the greter ~, in greater proportion; (d) that (the) other ~, the rest, remainder; (e) in comparisons: times; bi a thousand ~, a thousand times; bi the tenthe ~, by ten times, ten times over; (f) ani ~, any part (of sth.); gret ~, much(el ~, a large part (of sth.); greter ~, more ~, the greater part of (sth.), greater number, most; lesse ~, the lesser number, minority; meste ~, moste ~, dreghest ~, the most part (of sth.), greater part or number, most.
(a) A share (of sth.), one's allotted portion; haven ~ in, to partake of (a certain nature); to ~, as (one's) share; also fig.; (b) lot in life, destiny; haven the beter ~, to get the better of someone, be victorious; setten ~ with, cast in (one's) lot with (sb., sth.), join.
(a) Amount; feue ~, a small number (of sth.); god ~, a good deal; gret ~, much (muchel, mikel) ~, a great deal (of sth.), a great amount, a great many; litel ~, a short time; a thousand deles, by the thousands; (b) degree, extent; alre meste ~, al that meste ~, for the moste ~, moste ~, the meste ~, for the most part, chiefly, generally; gret ~, in gret ~, to a great extent or degree, much.
(a) A bit, a whit; ani ~, a whit, at all; ech a ~, ech ~, il ~, ilk a ~, ilk ~, iwhilch ~, every whit, entirely [see also everi ~, som ~, ech ~]; (b) no ~, nothing at all, not at all; non (nænne, nenne) ~, nothing, none at all, not at all; not (nought) a ~, not a bit, nothing, not at all; (c) never (nere) a ~, never a bit, not at all.
In cpds. and combs.: ~ mele [OE dǣl-mǣlum], part by part, bit by bit; ~ nimend [OE dǣlnimend], ~ takand, a sharer, partaker; ~ taking, sharing, partaking.
In place names [see Smith PNElem. 1.126].

Supplemental Materials (draft)

  • a1400 Trin-C O.9.39 Recipes (Trin-C O.9.39) 16/30 : The poudre of the marblestone þat is þeramong makeþ alle that oþer del þe more retentife.
  • Note: Additional quot., sense 1.(d).
  • a1400 Roy.17.A.3 Artist.Recipes (Roy 17.A.3) 235/3 : Take .ij. delis of wood aischen, and þe þridde of vnslekid lym, and put it in a sacelet.
  • Note: Need date, sense 1.(a). New spelling (pl.) = delis.

Supplemental Materials (draft)

  • ?c1400(1379) *Treat.Uroscopy (Roy 17.D.1)f.85rb (2.14) : Som sai..þat þe 2 laste spices of þe jawnys ar noʒt gendred in the lyuer..but the more dele seyn..þat euery maner jawnys is gendrede principaly in the lyuer.
  • a1425 *Treat.Uroscopy (BodeMus 187:Harvey)f.25v (2.4) : Þis spice of 'ydropisis' is callede 'alchites,' & euermore it cometh of a feble lyuer, i. of a colde lyuer, & so is euery spice of þe colde 'ydropisis,' as þe most dele of auctours techen.
Note: Additional quots., sense 1.(a). Editor's gloss: more ~ 'greater number, greater part'; most ~ 'greatest number'.