Judson's Burmese-English dictionary.
Judson, Adoniram, 1788-1850., Stevenson, Robert C.

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Page  511 511 ce~, ado. same as next, with the additional idea of many (rare in coaoq.). ocb (sonetimes cgo, or oicoS), adv. in a pendulous manner, as an article suspended by a cord; Coso, &Be, v. to dangle, ooSojN cgf0sto4rjco, this person is dangling his feet from the house. i, v. to hang suspensively, as a heavy ornament in the lobe of the ear, a8~o &6xopS, oas sc &.sqqe~; to pretend to be reluctant, to hold off, ooSoog, 8 3g < oSt~coco 4, v. see the parts, < 4-%fA S O qn, n. a heraldic emblem. 00 co, the seventeenth consonant in the Burmese alphabet, and the second in the class of dentals. 00, 12 v. to arise, get up; to grow up, to spring or grow up, as plants; to be rampant, as bands of rebels, dacoits, bad characters; to be overbearing, bumptious; cgc&~e Sccoxn; coo 0Soap~conocosooS(jooooaone; oocOScoso~ooooe; R68swoaS *scoosa to3oe; o4co o*aXgcB oo6, v. to be active, quick in action, cpco XcopS: (combined with words of quickness or diligence, as oC84, or ccoG). co4cco, n. active exertion, energy, goe @}o~w6ovtcjoi o coco'oS, v. to accomplish one's purpose, oo4oocooSd; to rise, as from sickness or trouble, to recover, be relieved. co, 2, verb. af7i euphonic; see Gram., sec. 118; 860soS Q a0 ^ * A CO coaO, ~0coHo3 ' OoS, v. to be sharp, keen, to0s; fig., to be high-spirited, highmettled, as a horse; with eoc S, 'to be acute in intellect; i,/: CootS, v. same as oo&S cSodo4, v. to be keen, vigorous; used after oo4faos, Noos, seo toooS(5 (pron. cooS(S in colloq.), adv, close to, together with, accompanying, or following, coS cSstco coo~oo o1~Tc1n OoB&S<oo, adv. together; inseparably; w~oozocoooSOC6'S WT8o1 xvoSoo.u

Page  512 ocR6,adv. in halves lengthwise, ocxcS is, to split In halve.; ooo%&c~,to be split in halves; ooefdao~6~ta~ =66,adv. in halves crosswise; CoS, to cut (a long thing) in halves; axB~6so3, to be cut in halves; aoe~~i0QC8 osexc~sol N ~~ec cxxcSoaS, adv. in halves, either lengthwise or crosswise,,oQ Q~c6o<4,v. to halve, divide into. two equal parba, c4&g~.otot czx~o~scxiS, #a. the environs or circuit (of a tn),ulodings; mo remote thani ooS~4sccTS; frequenstly anud.dcbi Y~; % c8 OY?Q2 OO~t8'OSOCW#O*M S606 n~Vd~axo~sCX6 o8 tax-ooS, adv. in a cross-legged posture, as an image of Gautama. cax~oo&Set, coa&ooS, axSoo9SQg~, v. to sit in a cross-legged posture, as a Buddh or a Kn;COinp. 0:6e~S to sit in the same posture, as ordinary persons. Cov. to be visible, appear, be conspicuous; to appear to the mind, that is, to thnsuppose, be of opinion, 9cAbxg, 06lsn D~ -z9;,v. to regard (a desirable event) as probable, oo6.eo,6c~s, osTv. to be visible, appear, be conspicuous, c6at-d0go hscv o8aor~cr~xx-S~8&, a. an hallucination, illusion of sense, coo-069:s@S8s 00Sv. to discern mentally; reduplicated and used adverbially; a.o0 s9?(.QCTWr.9C~eG,v. to appear to the mind, to think, suppose. wr v. to 'be evident, plain, manifest, clear, conspicuous; oo~6 oo&~ps0S00~~.;reduvplieate4 and used adverbially, 008 ojos35ps, distinctly. co8cnS., v. saMe as co&e-MI cokt, j4 n. fuel, firewood. oD-srioo,. firewood blackened by a jungle fie, emj8,c46 coS ccoo6,. an andiron. ooSse~st, n. a billet of firewood, COI,v. to gather fuel. 0x88g, V. to cleave firewood,

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Page  513 COESwS oo- 516 518 080i(pro-n. otgs), n. a bundle of firewood; a fagot. nCSG08. touchwood, oocegsu oo,n. a woodpile. co~tclS, v. to split wood with an axe, coTS-8jc uloo g~u osen. fuel, firewood. co~~sBv. to gather fuel, cossqwgt cx8st is~j. a Woodhouse. o088s, 2.~ v. to be permanently stained, as cloth or paper; see S2BIcxS; coSsr~S, v. to be stained with spots, a~QSQ 43c csqao~~u tco~scoSs, adv. clearly, evidently. COSSCOSICVSSCOSS, adv. same, oocC{8C088CXOSSCOSSCOS889 coSs~ls (uS), n. the pine or firs co~tmesn. turpentine; pitch. 008nn. tar, mce-p~a 0088928Rn. camphene. oo~sicwavn. a deal-wood box or case. cov. to notch, to break the uniformity of an even line by a notch, gap, or by a knob, protuberance, etc.; to interru~pt a continuous sound by stops and breaks, as in stuttering, omsobo~ or in asuccession of thunderclaps, q o itslghl (with the fist), co7-SIc~o~ to try to catch in conversation, *MOCOSQ8000; oasS S~ X co44. stee thme parts;- *Mo scG&~qQ ~u0Sg toogco~o1, c~ceo~co4, v. to be vigorous, cocboQ0Q)0~ applied to children, and prefixed in adverbialform to Q~S, cxECfl0 coq;also applied to horses, cxook~u6I ~ 00s'SCQC and prefixed to Q68, co C0sooko, adv'. with impediments and delays, As8nscgooo 90t Cx&C8& 0CO&P Qq8COMSSS OEP~ COO 1L v. to be respectable in appearance, to have an appearance, or bearing, or manners which will command respect; see B; pron. OCOS to be assuming, put on airs, qC0C(W; o~od tQSc~~S CfdQ0Ia~oo~w&3cj, a well-built man; also applied to inanimate objects, as oRog ioSt Cog, (pron. coo5'), see coo, v. to exchange, barter, cxot~co, cbet B. D. 33.

Page  514 614 514 o-co~sE co gd, 3, n. the thirty-six-animals lottery; a raffle. coeo eos, v. to take part in a lottery; to raffle, 8so'icooOlco a ooXccmoo3, v. to raffle. oopcomoSts, v. to hang up the winning ticket in the thirty-six-animals lottery. coeopSoc8, n. a lottery clerk and money collector. comopzo08, n. the paper containing the names of the said thirty-six animals, written in columns. opSc0 oVS, v. to be declared, as the winning animal in a lottery. coeqS, n. a lottery croupier, manager of a lottery. oo~e gS, v. to open a lottery. ooxe, n. a shed or building in which a lottery is held. ooSjis, v. to lose in a lottery. coc8S, n. a piece of paper (rolled up) containing the name of the winning animal in a thirty-six-animals lottery; a lottery ticket. coo, 1 (pron. cb), v. to put or place in; comp. ooSs; to put or place in some situation or work; to depute, to depute to accompany another; cgeocdSco00&cco; S6c00do oc0oo co, 2, see co~S qual. verb. affix.; see Gram. sec. 119. oov, v. to be strong, violent,,8sooe, coescog; 8oSoo~, to be violent tempered; ooco0oaogoco; usooj, to rain heavily; ccoooj, to be violent, as the wind. coco4, a. or adv. nearly dry, coScoS, 40^, o0oo00ScOot ooSoigs co8s (oS), n. the tan or sugar-palm, the palmyra palm. ooscQlc3soo (pron. oocolceo), n. a basket made of ooas AoS and cos$b, n. the reticulated part of the cois, under the ootsocoS (brooms are made of o=cses). co~scedoS, n. the shell of the oo0s fruit; comp. o tsoS, and cqtoS; this shell is used as an oil ladle, s8oSt cog86 iioS, n. the large sprout from the ooaS seed, containing both the embryo root and the tree. 0oo0s8oo, v. to climb a toddy tree in order to extract the juice; n. a toddy-tree climber, ooItoocDcOOts CO28o003os8, v. to make a living by climbing toddy trees. o00ico, n. a toddy-bud-beater; used to beat the toddy bud in order to soften it.

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Page  515 515 co ~, n. the branch of the male palm whence the juice exudes. i co8sos, o0so8o0, n. the bark which clusters around the trunk of the - palm, at certain intervals. oost, n. the male palm. or8cs (freq. pron. coo), n. the female palm. o~81si, n. a kind of cake made of the palm sugar. o8crJOcSc? (oS), n. the wild palmyra palm. coSsci (pron. co- 8), n. a harmless kind of green snake, frequenting cos trees, or huts roofed with palm leaves. OD~;~1u"5 oosqS, n. the juice of the ooms, or sugar palm; cofS/h, fer- "^ k 't/ mented toddy. co^.Taf QaL e4# ^d\.,TK /lI^hyei j4 rw?*I &t^r T! owscodo (freq. pron. cocdS), n. the stalk of a coos leaf. co^ sccoS, n. a young palm, ooSso8u coscqdc (pron. cocds), n. jaggery, the coarse, sugary substance into which the juice of the sugar palm is ultimately converted, palm sugar, coc:SoCqd{8, oocSCaS6in o0+scg0o, v. to fall from (lit. to slide down) a cos8 tree, oo0Sscxu Co63-ooe11 coswcos8, n. one who is employed in drawing off the juice of the sugar palm, cosoaoSos81ii co8sg8 (freq. pron. co8s), n. the fruit of the sugar palm. tc -os8, adv. damp from collected moisture, as wearing apparel or the hair, c8Esco8s, sooS(g:)8 8Ssoto' 68~sc escco s9ai, owing to the fog beating in, the clothes are sticky and damp; esc80o0S co0$8osco6oo, the ground is still wet. oCop8S (oS), n. the Acacia leucophlaa, a leaf shedding tree, growing to the height of fifty or sixty feet. The lower branches are armed with paired, straight, sharp, blackish, stipulary spines, from a. half inch to an inch in length; hence the figurative comparison made between human beings and the spines of this tree, 8Ostoo5 60OO3tooBSO@ y Q603X006g0 i8X2CO 8cS0e8COg^ 80 u coS, b v. to place one on another, add to, aoogo; to repeat, to do again; comp. eg; cqsoqcoooooscqcoSdl; o g3 coSgcoo6 CoSoEjog, v. to be alike, identical, to coincide, coSoa, 8oocof~ ocQ0c8o(5[aSgSacocScsoc~)G&@oo~i co06 coSl 1, adv. repeatedly, co Sa) xS9 oos8QosiE sco ositg ccoo1Eolu OO6'oS, v. see cootu

Page  516 516 oxoocp, n. the marigold; see ooooSooc cooso?oaos, n. the Buettneria pilosa, a large scandent shrub, bearing capsules the size of a cherry, densely covered with long, brown, rigid bristles. cootS, a. or adv. alike, equal, oo0a0, 0o0s6~c, OjcoSa8s sog j3*o, oSao%. s 8 n&O @iS.o^ soloe>, 03o Sccodooo0 coS0rg, v. to make equal, or to treat as equal. Co~o2, v. to be alike, equal. cSoS3, v. to repeat, utter again. co5 8s, or woos)8, adv. repeatedly and without intermission. ooSo (from $, to cover), v. to repeat, to do again, comvoc6qsoS o09t, a. or adv. alike, equal, oo;Scoo8cogoln Oc~6co:DES, v. to add more to. od6, 2 v to exchange, barter, &oonfn idcb, v. same, aQsgsaoojfis Ssoo &(ie' too'o6o, adv. nearly dry; see cocoi; cR98~<XCO@,8>cQ a8@. 0o0C s, n. boiled rice (or other grain); coSsoomS, a meal; cocSE oocc6, a mouthful of rice; clsco8Ss, edible fish. coosCs, n. a pot for cooking rice; oo0SC88sco ScocOogq1, the time (about 3 p.m.) when the small rice pot is put on the fire. aoos88s8, v. to ruin another, clqcoo08s8as a c2oti coo:SsoS, v. to cook rice..c~~, n. rice slightly burnt and adhering to the bottom of the pot. aoo:8soo3S, n. dried cooked rice. cooSscoS, v. to be starving or famishing, destitute of food. oQSte^3%, v. to eat food (lit. eat rice); cooSseosoS, to have an appetite for one's food; oowse8aooS,, to have no appetite for food. c:o)88osghS8, n. a tablespoon. coaSsao, v. to be hungry. cooSss;S, n. an eating house, tavern, hotel. coos8so (pron. oow4), n. rice gruel, oooq; aoooSEcOg8sn cooXdooS, n. boiled rice, as distinct from the water in which it is boiled. O0(88~q (pron. xoo scq), n. congee, the water in which rice is boiled, aoolcy Soo12jS Es qgo300?x 3 p gXSSCcoS3 ogS, a reproachful expression applied to persons of weak and irresolute character.

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Page  517 XXIoSS#-O —=OGL(5 617 cooxSs8 (pron. oo$soE8), n. a benefactor. toowSsa"? (pron. cogoS), n. the Agyneja coccioa of Symms (77). co48, see co8, n. a Burmese petticoat. co8, n. a Burmese petticoat. cos8, v. to bear or carry on the shoulder; to do work, perform service; commonly implying government employ; comp. csr,, gc, SoS coSse~, n. a kind of palanquin; an uncovered vehicle; a hand barrow. COSI8Soos8, n. a mother of seven successive sons and no daughters, or of seven successive daughters, and no sons; supposed to be possessed of certain supernatural powers; see sc&8su oSoi, 1,. to bear or carry on the shoulder. oo5lI:, 2 (pron. co08), n. a yoke for the neck of a draught animal; a porter's yoke. cos8&iO, v. to put on a yoke. coSscir, n. the pegs of a porter's yoke. oos6soa s, n. the arms of a draught yoke by which it is secured to the animal's neck. oo,6aS, oosgscog, a. in a primary sense, to be parallel, as bullocks at either end of a yoke; in a secondary sense, to be on a par, to be equal, cOSqso.g8esEo;SQ nouIO CoofsS, v. to do work; perform service, cgScoosoo~soooS4c co00S& g qS: ogS oslI~ otslooo8, n. a porter or bearer of burdens; see o.t0ox s8u ood, n. a plough; comp. aS; v. to plough (seldom used). 'oooSc S,, n. a furrow made by a plough. 0ooSo't, n. the stock of a plough. 0oo(ops, n. a ploughshare. co, n. the side of a house or high fence, made of woven bamboos, reeds, etc. 00c30, a. to erect the wall in a house; 9ogSs&oooo@ Gocmoo8ox, a figurative saying, meaning that one has not shown confidence in a person worthy to receive it. COQcoXS:, n. a steep rock, precipice; see ~copcoSo COOC. (Pali), a. permanent, c se; see Q%; adv. permanently, $fPi Coq9coo.eS (pron. *e), a. same as cooooq Ooc:ope ps, n. the Permanent, the Eternal God; comp. 2c ooEs om00304 s, n. a permanent male resident of a locality, in contradistinction to oo&o.s, a temporary resident

Page  518 518 518 ooqzi-ooi, cooooqi, n. a permanent female resident of a locality. o008, 1 (pron. oot), n. a knife; a sword, oo8scS2; 1Q00coo Ocfi COOia Os0d38 (pron. od3c), n. the sheath of a sword or dagger, a scabbard. 003ss8, n. the point of a knife or sword. c00o8scos, n. a small knife, a penknife, cSo88oous8CO8co8s o00os8o, a. to hack or hew with a da, ooo8^soSfR c00osoScp, n. an incised wound, or the marks made by the edge of a da. 0o0sg, n. a da tax or taungya tax. a008Vso (pron. 3owc4), v. to be in situations or circumstances which will expose one to the loss of life for others, chiefly used adverbially; n. one placed in said situation, as a hostage, or one in advance of an army. ooo88s (pron. t8s), n. a stiletto, o(8sg9i 0os86c (pron. e8scos8), n. medicine said to produce da invulnerability in men, but at the same time causing loss of procreative powers. oo0sc88,'. to stab; ooocq, n. a stabbing case. ooo8sj.cLSac, a. to cut out, to take out by cutting. oo0sqS, a. to have the power of life and death. cos8, v. to threaten with a da; n. a dacoit, bandit, robber, brigand; cooS80oo08, a bushranger; o8codooos8, a pirate, corsair. oo08s8, v. to be invulnerable to a da or sword cut, to be da-proof. ootsco8sc~cos, n. lit. perils of the sword and perils of the spear, 0oo8s (pron. oQ), n. a large knife, the hatchet and ax of the Burmese. oo0Os8s8 (cs), n. a term applied to land which has become the property of the owner, by right of his having been the first to clear it of jungle, or by right of his having cleared it of jungle after its owner had deserted it. comscod, n. the Millettia extenaa, a large scandent shrub, so called because the pod resembles a small Burmese cleaver. cxooa cS (pron. scsod), n. a knife with a protuberant back, used chiefly in whittling 68 and cc2S*I co8StcjS8St8go, v. it. to rain das and spears, fg., to be a period of much fighting and slaughter. oo08s, see oo:s8(, n. a dacoit, bandit, brigand. oct86o58,n. a short sword worn in the waist; a single-edged daggeR

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Page  519 519 oooscqs8, v. to fence with a sword, oSSso8eoo, o00o88, n. a knife handle, a hilt. coos8scocSco, n. the guard of a hilt. 0oo0s8, n. the blade of a sword or knife. oooscoScoS, n. a Kachin da with a demi-scabbard, coSsmScooss oovicqoS, n. formerly a sword-bearer in the palace at Mandalay. coOscooS (pron. cxOscgoS), n. a sword or da without the scabbard, a naked sword, 3oj scY oScCoSp~-N'd coooqso (pron. ocgoS), n. a sword suspended from the shoulder, or at the side; covscoSdcc oS, a hanger. o3scoCoSiS (pron. ocqoSqo5), adv. not right opposite, or not at right angles; diagonally. oovso8goovSs, v. to give to the edge of the sword. 03o80003aO, n. a sportsman's knife, containing corkscrew, screw-driver, lancet, saw, punch, two or three blades, etc. ooso38s8, v. to make a cessation of hostilities. c0vsqgvl, n. the edge of a knife or sword. oo0vscgs, v. to sharpen a knife or da. oD:o~I3cc~o:c, n. a grindstone, o:)scq3sc8oDSeoS;C a hone (78). oo0r, 2, v. to put, place; comp. ooe~; to set aside, to except, not to mention; to leave, suffer to remain. osr~, v. to leave, on going away, oSarvos8 omos cg0)xOSa83: tooosooS (pron. oood), n. a Tavoyan; the town of Tavoy. cosooS'c%8, n. balachong, an edible condiment made of macerated prawns, chilies, and gingelly oil; 88sevscl:S8 0cv0Soocso)8, n. a certain wing in the palace formerly occupied by Tavoyans. oorsoocsl8s, n. a low roof, a substitute for a deck in an open boat. co08s88 (o8), n. the Rangoon creeper. c8, v. to touch, come in contact, hit; less than 8oS; comp. cf; in conjunction -with cls it means to make a "take" of fish, omxo scc8 B0l, to make a large "take" of fish; ccg9,sctJcticcyes QoSco~g; osoovzcos8 do8Jbl, please do not touch the child; k c2ac8eSt, if you are brave, try to touch me;.actcS~ 33 ) HS, do not speak against him, please. c8moovo6S, n. a match; a combustible used for kindling a fire. c8oxQ3q[ools, adv. in the way of frequent petty annoyances; as ih

Page  520 520 50.c8c )(IoS-c8 speaking insinuatingly regarding another's conduct, in his presence, c8oXoo10o o8c':ceoias(, if you speak of me in an insinuating manner, I shall not put up with it. c8mcodIoS, n. a buckle. cScococSIs, n. a saddle girth. c8co3qc1Coc cS, v. to buckle, fasten with a buckle. c8C3cootioS, v. to unbuckle. c8mco1c:So, n. the tongue or catch of a buckle.,Bco's (o8) (from 's, to gather up), n. the sensitive plant. 48icS, v. to strike against; to fall foul of; see oS; more than c8; to be wounded, oos %8c8oC8oo09ocsp~oq1; to act upon, as a tonic upon the system. c8d8s, v. see c8; wc~oocr:q lsi8 oooooO, he is not dead, he is merely wounded; also used with c~ o5cS, c8o1Sqls~of o e.diC c8j, v. to wound slightly in passing; see the parts. c8S, 1, n. stocks, for confinement. c8ooaS, c8oSxocoqS, n. the pin or crossbar of a pair of stocks. c8oSooS, v. to put in the stocks. c8Soc8s, n. stocks, for confinement. c8 ocxocS, n. a certain ornament for a child's neck. c8do, 2 v. to startle, be frightened, co4o; c80S4o4~, c8a conl c8aoS8coS, c8oSck ScoS, adv. with perfect boldness, implying the scattering or turning back of fear. c8os8g, v. to get a sudden start. co, v. to stand in awe of, ooScocotooSo'cpc0oocc~oSA olooS c8oScol, v. see c8oS, oFGtSyd o ooS Jcs4ooa osi c8S, v. to shine, be luminous, brilliant; comp. eoac, and qS8s; cdefly used in an aderbialform as an intensive, to words of light and brightness. c81oSt, c6dol, a. same as c8; qo~igooloS8 9SSc o atsc Sooa cScQ, in Rangoon the gas lamps are so bright as to be brilliant; Shctco ~:<nSoo I arose from my bed when it was broad daylight; Ieocc:c8cDco ooic04c8f o6c0 cc', owing to there being a fire in Mandalay in the night time, the whole town was brilliantly illuminated. cal (Pali), n. indifference, want of respect or reverence, ioSado4i0;

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Page  521 521 "thina, sleep, that which refreshes or calms the mind; sloth." M. B. 838a, n. "drowsiness (qcSTg~ t8s), that which prevents the body from performing any work. It is sometimes said that thina (c80) has the same effect upon the body that mjjia (88) has upon the mind." M.B.; c8~Sc4,@~~ ~odlB C6, v. used with a continuative affixa, or in an adverbial form, as an intensive, to verbs of noise, tumult, etc., coE3 ^:8ccoo0cooS:'o}dSa ccaS oog (}.a} has a similar meaning). c8~, 1, v. to take care of, attend on, protect, ceo3opS; to restrain; to fasten (with paste or glue), co5Sc8js, 0St]fg3|, c8is~ccot 03p; S89c8XMCOtfCcOoc886 ^O8Xsj6~C&, XX)~^~ 9 so~a)~Si)s0t l c Sc ~s6m9sc38o^8j9&5q'), when I am absent take good care, and look well after my horses, please. Der. cScwSs, v. to tend, as a goatherd or cowherd, s6o&q9o ocb cq8gS8, v. to oversee and direct authoritatively, S }ccq8FsS6Jcgi~O, superintend and keep order in the pwe, so that there may be no quarrelling. c8S8t, v. to take care of, as a nurse or bearer; see the parts. c80cSq, v. to take care of and report for the information of superior authority. c8s8oo, v. to take care of, attend on, protect; rare in colloq., c8saoo c8$to85s, v. to see to, put through, despatch, as a matter of business. c0S8, 2, v. to make the sound which the word indicates, c~ oSc~8S a (prom. 9a4) 6HO c84ioS, v. to make a reverberating sound, as thunder. c8Ic8$ (pron. 818sF), ads. loudly, thunderingly, indicative of the noise which it imitates, osaocScS^oo ~oS*@2 c@ docg5S32s, c86, n. a top, summit, ocrlf, ooRg; head, crown of the head; applied also to the end of the tongue, a finger, or a toe; c8,c91c c xcooj^, an expression denoting helplessness of condition or position; comnp. oo~pt c8o6 to~, n. a disease in the forepart of the head, causing the person suffering from it to be continually snuffling, goSjcon ciciaS n. a round shaven spot on the top of the head.

Page  522 cS6Cq18ooS, d86So:8, cSooo8, n. titles politely given to females of royal blood; c83ooS was frequently given to males also, c60o c8Tcsa8ooS; dc86xo8 is applied to a female of royal blood, after marriage with a member of the royal family. cSs6S, n. the division between the forehead and the top of the head. oS'~eos, n. the side of the head. c8Sx, c&Sots, n. a mooring rope, a cable attached to the bow or stern of a ship or boat. c89CS6oS, n. a species of mango. c8&9oS, v. to be bald on the top of the head. c8Sop8, n. top, head, summit; see c89n o8S~8, v. to be high-crowned. c8SccoS, n. the centre of the top of the head. c86o, n. the top or summit of a pagoda before the cA8 is put on; the end, as of a log, o qosc88Oo@o9~cc a~oro&aS, how large is the log at its end? sometimes applied to rivers, 8co86oa c8, 1, n. a species of coffeewort, the Nauclea cordifol.a. c8Scrco:o, n. the Nauclea cessilifolia. c8co:s, n. the Nauclea parvifolia. c8S, 2, v. to keep back, conceal, not reveal (what ought to be revealed). c6S: (pron. c8Sb), c8&c'S, v. same as c8, soo 8rqsco&ic8 8 Q8szclqcQqRQ, if you conceal matters, you and I will quarrel. c8sgos, v. to marry, unite in marriage, perform some marriage ceremony, o8coocoooSO; comp. cos8s08 cSS occooSESs, v. see the parts; ~osv6c o o &@8 io8&s c8SsoS, v. to designate, mark out, set up as a mark, memorial, aS nop8Qs8 s 8c2ioocsc8(08oo %8ooo&<, if you say it is your puhso what mark have you put on it? 03= c$SpaScooooc889sSo39ns ~aooov ], these two men have something pre-arranged between them. Der. scSSogycl, oSlQgi, v. to betroth, pledge in marriage while the parties are young, ~l^OSCOCN08C8~&6 ~8R<^@ 00082 CS^$sOBC=031^CO8o~86O8 o0o&S, I hear that U Maung Gale's daughter is betrothed to U Gywet Pyu's son. c8, v. to fear, reverence, stand in awe of, oa93eg, ~~co33o, CcoseOs0~S; not used singli hence oc8ooq, oc8E.s~, oc8d. (most common), -c ecoso., adv. disrespectfully, irreverently, oj cos

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Page  523 c8&,aaS-c&~6cj,~ 5. 528 c8ocoS, adv. undauntedly, fearlessly. tfc8ooo, n. a thing (used when it would be undesirable to mention the specific name, as stolen property, illicit opium, etc.). c8s, 1, n. an umbrella; c8xsocooc, one umbrella. c8gl, n. the frame of sticks which supports the spread of an umbrella. c8ScQS, n. a deeply curved umbrella, carried over high officials. c8o4, n. the ring which holds the spokes of an umbrella, and moves on the handle. cj8siapScac, v. lit. to break the (white) umbrella (handle), and perforate the great drum (oc.egS) of the palace, in allusion to an established custom, on the demise of a Burmese king. c8TO<scs+waso, n. /t. courtly language, but is now often used in a reproachful sense, to denote the affectation of polished and refined language, by one ot low, ignoble antecedents, or station in life, d8scacoS8s, C8n3~ C8, n. a crowned head, o iciusmboe coacBS c8dstg,, n. a scion of royalty. OSCooS, v. to place an umbrella (on a pagoda), BcS8 &qpd3scooS c8scooSSq, n. the bearer of a royal or official umbrella. c88ospoS, n&. the cap of an umbrella. s~, n. a red umbrella carried over officials, or military officers, as a oois, or a ogtc t ~ptSo dc8s, n. the royal white umbrella carried only over the king and his chief queen ( 4eo S ), as an emblem of royalty. C8sgs, n. the handle of an umbrella. c88s88,8, n. a royal dynaty, 4fr, dc8'ei~4 cOscocS, n. an umbrella stay. CO tols, n. the species of bamboo from which Burmese umbrella frames are made. cs880s5o+, n. courtly pronunciation. &A. 2,.. to be single, alone, solitary; chiefly d adjectidy; c8sAcs, adv. by itself, without company, cooS o3oooStc8stcs ooe (or c8,cxc ). Der. ooc8s 8c&cc8s, adv. singly, solitarily, w8Stc8t8 OO tcAsc roox (soS), n. a large bird (fabulou), said to be able to carry a man on its back (Pali olqco-) 3' A St; ^(J t iG i;

Page  524 cI, 1, v. to pound, hammer, beat, croa, ~oSoOO; comp. co; to strike moderately hard with the closed fist, as in shampooing, cgrj CooS'sstBo o edisos1oCol; CsoT 9X8o ro c<scooo o cgEaoS,4S:2o&g, only by breaking up the baked clay balls on the road, will you be able to metal it; oSboscCsoc~ TooSo6S cce Y, v. to pulverize by pounding; to disprove, refute, egooo, g8 5o o~3p8 4odTcc g cgxto co w4COj, there is no probability of the accused being able to refute the charge. coaiOS, n. a defendant's reply. acx c v,,. to rejoin (in law pleadg). oa, v. to sell off, oCc<88wS, eros^e~89M slQ:Ce 8 tI:O38COU cacB, v. to pound and smite; see the parts. a, v. to carve, engrave, sculpture, acq61<oog,:oS& ddomca oSso coos, can you carve in wood? oAbCCooo s Sglsoasocqo dx ooaooo, Mandalay men are skilled in sculpturing images. oot,, n. thickness, numerousness, multitude; see under 33ca; ootcoo oSoSa, a cubic foot; oo ~pS o S:lt:o:, cxooS, n. numbers, or strength derived from numbers. ocCoorxB, n. size, largeness, greatness, oai<+XjXo^^ pelooog0 So coo,?oo8So,; So= ooooocYXosoe oaoS,^ v. to take out, produce, bring to light, coSpS; comp. toS; to make extracts from writings; to put out, ogS.cezo, t6s Co9o~t -oSBY gt<yZS; 2^O^eHO teogi^ oooS ceocexc wScodB BFc c0olooFi opSo^SJ, n. an export; cmp. C*to* ooSos, v. to throw out, eject. O.oScos, v. to disburse oooSG, v. to produce, bring to view. ooS woo, v. to bring forth to view, to disclose, to make a display of, e d<8c"c~coooc ooScj, v. to take out. cQ, 2 (accoring to mau Burwse scholars, ocS), n. a stick, club, oudgel, ~oS? (or oopS), %. a sharp stick, a goad.,Sops (or ooScoos), n. a swordstick.

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Page  525 cxOSIS-c(!t 525 OVS16)So8Rt (or ovSo), v. to seize, or collect, all persons capable of bearing armis (lit, staves and do,.). too~,adw. straight through crosswise; camp. qq c~o~eQSri. to go straight through with violence, ocS~sdoS; to Pass through a substance, as a bullet or spear, ccoscp c~sco~cjI cCoSS as~optW; qwY48 &9C 0~(qoSadv. directly, at once; prqfla to c~pdS, o~OO~dSo88O&3& c~oSoc~eS adv. pulsatorily, "tsc~o~ocS (proR. q{c~qS) I~oa& c~83 j, n. the trogon, a bird with beautiful plumage. cc~S, 1, n. a crossbeam, on which the plate of a roof (~C~CVS) is. made to rest, a tie beam. NSIS~oaSn. a plate, the piece of timber which supports the ends of the rafters; -see "-*B CO(Sas, OQ~&8Acn)ZcS, Ccs~t7SC~iS X&~C~S Cnot v. to play gantlet. n. a short crossbeam above the main beam. cxiSQC~Cs, n. a purlin, Ross oc6', 2, v. to wrap up, as in a bundle, or bind up, as in a package, o8av. see the parts, *:rc c~jqcS~j~o. C~1,v. to pack up for conveyance, o~9,v. to wrap by several involutions, oo1u o8ic~oosc~oAA, wrap up this da in a cloth, -so that it cannot rust, 00co (pron. q8ol), n. the bulging part of a graduated steeple (gowA),beneath the umbrella, G,2s, ws.169&s; corny. CIA and Sccpa ctn. a mixture of metals arranged for certain alchemical treatment. C~q2. to perfume; to imbue with; to be naturally imbued with, Mo~osoe~,he perfumes the puhsoea and jackets in the box, with sweet scents, esci he perfumes the cheroot# with spirits aiud scent;

Page  526 526 ol6ooaocoocoos, have you a predilection for zats and marionette pwes? Der. oo<u" Ct0oos, v. to emit a pleasant odor; see oo8u 06, 3 v. to be numb, benumbed, torpid, stupefied; comp. Acx; ogj} CocS o j~saci=ea co?8oooSi wC6SSs8., my sinews and tendons are numb; I cannot do any work. cacS, v. to be insensible, unimpressible, ca8cxo4, o6vcSo~aSi cScopS (pron. oe), v. same as c u8S c06, cc2S, n. diseases said to be prevalent at Mogaung, in the Island of Cheduba, and at Kyaukpyu. o6v, n. a disease, of which there are two kinds, cov, when the patient keeps in good flesh, and cqtocooS, when he grows thin; the former is more rapidly fatal. c60o, v. to be apathetic, listless; chiefly used as an adijemSw, M i the phrase coioto, an apathetic person. cfooco, adv. in an indifferent, nonchalant manner, aococ6zoo caqB?, n. a disease of women. cis, 1, n. a precedent, way, manner, custom, mooo&8, o~8, GC9o, 9ps; C~sao~tgs8b68~c18cpoo, as for precedents, we have thenm. csie (most common), oaoo~s, 6s88, n. same as cs; SBooc.6os8 c8Sc36JoSo 'oco1jso1oca, I am very anxious lest Burmese customs will disappear. coa, v. to make a rule; to settle, determine; eocoooso; Ogo9son, ct&sfoS (commonly pron. 8oS), v. to make a rule; to settle, determine. o&scac, o, n. an example, a precedent, c8s4su ci~sco'8s, n. common law, i.e., law which derives its authority from long usage or custom, o SIco088scdcoO; comp. 8Oc3GIU cs8, 2, n. lime; hence coo&Sc3, slaked lime; -, c3 z, unslaked lime. c~s{rqo3oScc[, n. water impregnated with lime. m~o~gcrBco, n. limestone. c8, otq@, n. red and white lime (chewed with betel). cofqlCoS, v. to be blistered, as the tongue, gums, or roof of the mouth, from excessive eating of lime. cat8oS, v. to burn limestone. c~id, n. a limekiln. <Ciqetg, n. whitewash, unmb ggx a54ojs, n. a chunam box,

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Page  527 c s-oq 527 8 3, 3, n a pond or lake, formed by a flow of water from another pond or lake, or from an arm of the sea. 0c8E6, n. same as oa; as88Eo&8$, pond and lake fisheries tax. c0, 4, v. to tie in a knot. Der. ao0011 os8S8, v. to mark at intervals (infreq.); o83Qs SSs, adv. at intervals, c.o8o3o80ScoSoGo6~lc3Ecq8s86~oo&, there is water, at intervals, on the road leading to the city. cs68, v. to tie in a knot. ci, I, v. to raise to an erect posture; to raise one's self to an erect posture, or from a recumbent to a sitting posture; c vSG og$ 6oS i68eSj8c8S0o1ol5 s>8o8scf; 6cSjsCpog 2Ol, I cannot raise myself from bed; comp. GCoS11 6OO=8~, v. to erect, set up, as a building or city on an old foundation, or as a business, ocr }SovSoo soo~o8 8o6SvocOO~sUol ael, not till now have I been able to set up a business in boats and oars; <oao8oocj~o:)6. o.~p lnoo eco:~c )Sc(~,&i how long ago was the city of Maubin founded? cl, 2, v. to be thick, not thin, ools; to be thick, close together, oush; comp. 8S; to be dense; coTa6oooszoogSo~ioo ~qa3c ^; fig., to be dull, stupid, thick-headed; to become hypertrophied (lit. to thicken), as the skin of the face and extremities of the fingers, ears, etc., in leprosy; cocScsc8 aooooao8 S, the texture of this puhso is very thick; e6osop)9oqCO ooe~, this jungle is very dense; ~oo9SCo800&oo, a very stupid man; So oc 80oo8~s~c<o (i o60CO3oaS; 0ca6i60&oo, a thick jacket. oicoS, v. to be thick, close together, oogtoDqccoacosaooev (OeeSCpoaos, the people are very crowded in this pwe; there is no place from which to see it. cOMc, adv. thickly, cfdScdci3l a~c6, v. to be thick, not thin; to be thick, close together; particularly applied to closely woven cloth, oac2cj oooo, a very thick jacket; 88ooS8c2~ ~[Ow63i~88, oo8oso8 6mSo86~oSo&ao, this horse is very stoutly built, he stands a great deal of riding. Coi6c (pron. ac6o), v. to be numerous, c6ooo3, 9coogs; to be prevalent, as disease, ci6?oS A08, oooXql~ /i&6vc ESoqo c 6cpo0q1xo3ocgoo; o80%08oi &c6', a locality where thieves and dacoits are very numerous. cicoo@ s, ocoBSS, a. same as 8c0088, stupid; thick-headed.

Page  528 58 o8-cQooq oLp, _n n. a natural hole, cavity in the earth; not used singly. ca8o18s, cOsooSs, n. same, ojsc2Ssccoocoowgn pcsoSol, n. a hole, passage through from side to side; co'oS fre. quently follows cis as a verb, e.g., sjcol3IaooossSc1 soo cis, 2, n. a hopple or fetter of iron or rope. os8,S, c80s, v. to put on a hopple or fetter, oso coso6o4o, as the elephant is vicious, one has to fetter him. ois, 3, v. to differ from others, be diverse, whether for the better or the worse; to be singular, uncommon, ooc2so.80coj; comp. coxs. Der. 8c0iso0s, and Oocsti Ciagos, v. same, gOZoX s Q8o QDdoo oS ODZ cOOC pgS, v. to exceed, surpass in skill or execution, p9ute3voisO c8sioS8 (pron. csois), v. to be unusual, uncommon, distinguished, exceptional, rare, marvellous, peculiar; see cows; oOc83so.)oo+S oao88s, extraordinary news; ogcqcosooooasscscoSoS o)oe~, the ostrich is a most extraordinary bird. cij:sC, v. to be diverse, various, diversified; to become different from itself; see cog; to be unusual, extraordinary, particular, 8s ocoO80C8sc8GOso~ coos8, U Kula did not mention anything in particular; g)ooSSe S ogSog808~o~cogcvoc~o 8, I do not wish to say anything unusual in this case. Oi8os, v to be various, oDcc808o8s8so8ooS8~8s o80so, in these days there are all sorts of wonderful rumors. Der. ooc8sos c8sco-s (pron. cooS in colloq.), v. same as cisogs8; Ops8i8scog8co8s ~Ail~, 3coeS8cigo88, ttOi8gg811 c8, t4 v. to reply to a call, ojPcaTooovn o1wsco8s, when he calls, answer him, will you not? OsP80acog, Sozr8028:is,, 18Scos, 0Cs8aS, n. what is said in reply to a call. coo (pron. 0coo), v. to exchange, barter, oo@oep, o~bo (infreq.); c80co&S8 X3e, co st)& 11 ccoo0n5oloom (Pali coot, to steal, and OcOoloo, to associate), n. one who assumes the appearance of a priest and thereby steals the fellowship of priests; or a priest who pretends that he has observed a greater number of Lents than he really has, coo88sn ~co[ (Pali), n. one who has been a Buddhist priest for not less than

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Page  529 529 five years; there are three classes, ocooS, or;;cco~o, coqcoo, and ~o)ocoA, composed of those who have been respectively, five, ten, and fifteen successive years, in the priesthood; see ocoo[; strictly speaking no priest has a right to the title of eoocoo, unless he has passed twenty Lents in the priesthood. 60o.soo, v. to speak in an allusive, bantering manner (Colloq.). GcocX, n. a light accented sound, ciscon, co8s, v. to calk with pitch or other similar substance, s3c~c 8sooos Ooco8s, can you calk a boat? co8scc9, v. to calk, by driving pitch or any similar substance into seams or cracks with a heated instrument; see cAdz, co086o 980oS63 8, n. the calked seams in a boat,;Sno6s8c a008<oSS 06oS8 4C3a )8811 yc3oS63o6O?8 8 Oooc8I8 |^[ ccpjS og 0 Q208 0 C;3811 QojoScoOsII 60080c, v. to mend a breach, close a hole by patching or otherwise; see ool 60CoSc, 1, v. to prop up; comp. i; to support, maintain, afford asAsistance,.ocnjop, ooS, oSD; n. a prop, stay, brace, strut; (a horse's) height, oop SGi8cOoccc:S8Se~, this horse is of a good height; ~oo:cBS86oocr88:o: S68s, a horse whose height is fully three cubits, i.e., thirteen hands and two inches; to ricochet, as a bullet, 6s-qo o}~ooS 8os; 0coc~~p, to put words into another's mouth, to prompt, 8rcS9a Ss8cQo c,I8sc~8 ~coocSo1a S co8. Der. oo0cooS, and sGoc oonooc6~, ~covoc, v. to support; to support with a prop; see the parts; 3rES S883OcS<Q6COQCS l>8 (^69' C0>81ll ccooc g, n. a supporting crotch, a crutch. QcoodcSc, n. a short prop under a floor, &pS86QooocaRScood8C mcoodcc8, n. a stanchion. CooCoSo, coo CSo, 6coooS, v. to support, maintain, afford assistance, ~8s8&<s808o1c 0cQcdl 8s68 C<308COI CO3O(oSGOOcCjs co:S8o1 30S 6cooS, 2, v. to consider, soS&8nS; not v ' d singly in this sense; to have regard to, have respect to; to have regard for, feel for, ~OeOO, e;Dq3; txoomooS:pa)oOae~oo;ILocS ol. Der. DO6CQ(X3^ ~cooctSa, v. to consider, weigh, estimate in the mind, take into account, og3e8y o +c iol cc4Oic o60?o B. D. 34,

Page  530 580 cooocSo, ~coooc4i3o. v. to have regard to; to feel for, 88cag/s8ocg8 ca:oosSpfic;Sy 6 irwo OC8 65oisaeoD cooodScos, v. to have regard or respect to. cooicBfSS, v. see the parts. COoxS7, v. to consider, 6o0:)oSc a o068; Cslotl 1 oocficSjj<?Bs cgsccg~ O8OE oS in coocsyc8s, v. to inquire into, take measures to know, especially in the way of doing so for some official, goo0Q&oSi eJpdcacBd cgSto18s, make further inquiry into the circumstances of this case; cco ocsc&SaoS o8, to give information; coocSo3 sac&iq, to receive information. tccon:aS (o8), n. a name common to two species of Terminalia, the Terninalia alata, and the Terminalia crenulata, forest trees growing to the height of sixty or one hundred feet (Pali oAl[). coovaoSo (oS), n. the chaste tree (the leaves are eaten with curry). ccoSojzow (o ), n. the Turpinia pomifera, an evergreen tree, growing to the height of thirty or forty feet; the flowers' which are small, and greenish white, form panicles in the axles of the upper leaves; the fruit is round, green, and smooth, the size of a large cherry. ccoS, 1, n. a prison, jail, S+083 l,, ~co)Sb, n. a jailer (of doubtful usage), cOo8coSs"u cocxSoa. v. to be imprisoned. coOSal, v. to make a jail delivery; formerly (in U.B.), to release prisoners, when a jail was overcrowded, or with a view of obtaining merit, as on the occasion of the King's coronation, the new year, etc. cora, v. to put into a prison, to confine in a prison or jail. ~cooSEaLSo6oLs, n. a jail commitment warrant. co:veS4, cooo8eocs, n. the clerk of a jail. ccioSoocSo (pron. cpooxooocS), n. imprisonment for life; co8o oDo7O gCSsGoc. transportation for life; ccSonoacodSI8~oai ooSco, v. to rise in mutiny, as the prisoners of a jail, cco:)SqoSu cooS9oc6, n. the punishment of imprisonment. coo)8osloocS, n. an executioner, oo3oCoonos3 =OEQo8S, n. a superintendent of a jail. ccoo0Soo30, n. a jail warder. coPCEooScs~8, v. to escape from a jail; -cooocooS, to break jaiL

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Page  531 531 6COo)8ts, n. a jailer; a bailiff. co)S8o8so, v. to present a petition to the jail authorities, for the purpose of interviewing a prisoner. coooSo8os, n. a prisoner of a jail. ~cooS, 2, v. to set a trap, take measures to entrap; oj.crxS, ics ~cooS, oocScooS, c IsooS8, etc. ~ooo8dpcS (pron. ~CoDSc), n. a trap. oooSS8, v. to entrap, catch in a trap. 8oooS, 3, v. to place in an upright position; comp. c; to be proud, unhumbled, unyielding, obstinate, stubborn, o 6oooSozoe; ~coS cc S (pron. c~l8c4oS), adv. in an upright position, cooo8q Sooz ~cooSco8s, v. to be proud, haughty, obstinate. X a. r?.., ~co8Mcc, v. to bend and string a bow, xscosav Qoo:Suie (pron. ), n. a board used for closing or partitioning a house (gOScoroS8). ooprScos, v. to be proud, arrogant, (woc Scxsco; se eoSH tGCOS~8oCMo8, n. a septillion, a number represented by a unit and forty-six ciphers. ~coo., v. to bend,, curve, make a corner or angle; comp. (.c; to put into a corner, out of the way, as stolen cattle, 4cCcoo6.oos ooeS; to conceal by subterfuges and circumventions; to prevaricate, equivocate, quibble in speech, o00O83.S; to be somewhat ambiguous in meaning, ecrm:)oooS; n. a bend, corner, angle, ao crf; 6ScOO.8, a sectional drawing of a house; oo48Co, an exterior angle; oooSsGooS, an interior angle; c6c1:or'v.[ o&; Sop~opsQv89 oo ~coc*>COo8aoe, as to the letter you have written, the language is ambiguous. ~cooovsO (pron. a'll), n. a corner, hole, cranny, nook, coo:E> QOOcrdoco, v. to put into a corner, out of the way. '*o.8~qg.c, n. the inside of an angle or bend; hence ocoo v q, a bay, or gulf. QoozOg) (pron. col' s), n. an acute angle, 66co:0; comp. coov~cgn o0o4Sgs8 (pron. coalq $s), n. the outside of an angle or bend. ~oozoo48~ (pron. 6colo9s), n. the diagonal of a square or parallelogram; adv. diagonally, cornerwise. QooQ6oS (pron. olqaoS), n. a chord subtending the segment of a circle or curve; adv. diagonally, cornerwise.

Page  532 582 ~COOO4-CqCQ cw cn. an obtuse angle, cc~aa =44. to put into a corner, out of the way, conceal by subterfuges. eco=S, v. to pound, as with a pestle or the elbow; conip cj; ~ccxx~ ca*&ccks, adv. fine, as powder, ea3oa; coo$ xscoksQE, to be reduced to a fine powder, to be ground to dust; to be trodden down, as grass, paddy; Aig., ruined, destroyed, annihilated, (=Ss88COoDs8 c~, c So-s~cozxSsc~; in a mass or cloud of fine particles, as dust, tto sco xac 8:oo, or oocooS8c=6co~S; or smoke, 588cxos aC.28~sCDOSS)808C3.)O; or vapor, heat, steam, SS40C~',oS ic 'oCsaco8cw Ssccn3ooe; fig., applied to strong passion, c~o)c:o o~cc s88co:)soca@, csc S~o88cxo8S xO~e; also applied to cobras,9~ct* ')ca vaescaoos ~CMD28co04e" ncoooc, n. ghee; butter. CW>CY~~ n. a tin of preserved butter. coooop, v. see next. =00 (Pali), v. to praise, laud, extol; see ~s S& ccocooc-B n.a garden shrub attaining to the height of four or five feet; the leaves are lanceolate, and including the peteole are from two to six inches in length. It bears small, white flowers; the leaves are used in the preparation of a wash for the head., CCDadv. lamely, limpingly, =ooszaz; less than ca~s~s Co v. to protrude, as the lips, either naturally or as when vexed or angry, kaosc~aS to be uneven as the end or side of a thing, at its junction with another, oooo zco~ca. ccoS~cT, v. see the parts. ec~wv. to be proud, arrogant, 0:~CSCS0 (6C SQroSQQSQ =cxSQcoS, v. to rise up unevenly; used adverbially (in/req.) COQOSCjcoj, adv. same (more common), c o~c-SMjO C~.9oo5 4pron. a. that, c~f; the written form is c~, the colloq. is C (pron. c8 when immediately preceding -9z8S1c ojoI esoj). adv. hither and thither, ~c~ qQci8jo4 equivalent' to the colloq. phrase coocg~o8~i cQ4c~ pron. a. those other, dqjcdo3oa, those other children.'

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Page  533 dc-cI 5 688 ca8, pron. a. such, of that sort; adv. thus; c is sometimes redupcated to form a plural, as c eso, those things; also used with d in a reduplicated form, caodW1, c( lc0:Cs oo9To 4 v& tjf ecnov88OSOS, cAPcl ol 8o0cooS OO38X)S dtcS, v. to be worth, have a certain value, more or less; to deserve merit, be worthy of; to be suitable, fit, oo4aoe; CdcSogoo8 ~ccjSgo, adv. phrase, in a befitting, suitable manner, as is befitting or proper; ooc q eoV SI Ssi 689QSSrSCoocgc88 a~co3go, a very handsome horse, is only suitable for officials and rich men. Der. 4oc3sc8co, soCacoSR ccdSoo, dcoScqocS, coSoSSi, v. same; to be adequate, mooc3Soj O)ooso^OodgS8; oC8CceS8cloScpOOwc8@QcO)c1ls 6sOgSoc6 i fl., if the case is decided according to what is proper in law (i.e., on its merits) I shall be satisfied. cdorcoS, adv. thickly, cc; prefix to a, o8goocdSc4oSB (opc ) o01, and to qcdS, sc8c&oow38CcScaS (cjca) ao6ole cS8, v. to sit. c8Seos, v. to live in ease, i.e., without being obliged to work for one's living; it is also used in a reproachful sense, when addressing or speaking of, indolent persons, coS8~cS6e$ugo socoo: Q6(&OI cMtoQOSOq JSl cqgSosqC~OPS, oSczooj5 co281080solca8eg8 aSgS, this man is not at all inclined to work, he desires to live in ease. c^S o8&o80S), n. a short coat. cdSg, v. to be damp, so as to stick together, ociS; to be heavy, as the ear (poscQSs); to be stupid, sluggish, as the mind ( eocdSoSs); e~e(yoSgos q gs s 3oc(0EMI OOSoO~SgOSS (, SOzocfSl ~~, the effervescing medicine has become inert. cS8;gS8, v. see,ext (infreq.). cEsSt6s, v. to be dull, sluggish, inert; applied to mind or person, o8oQS, n. the name given to the hylobates in Ramree; the hoolock gibbon. vcs, v. to thrust at, in, or through; to work, operate on; of various applications; oosp3 cgs, to stab with.a knife; oocx08oE.c8s8, to stab with a dagger; cooSSEdo8s, to strike (from the shoulder) with the fist; octcs8, to spear; to make letters, figures, marks, etc., on any substance; c8Oc8s, to write the title of, a document

Page  534 684 584 Icfa-Cgc-Bo on the outside; to write an address (on a letter); to write, engrave, cut in wood, stone, etc., agg894 soO, 8gp8_sc88ocgooe, cgS csCsoo; cpooScdso8, to make a historical record; to play at certain games of chance, 9o rx)Sqc, (s8c6, ooc8s oog; to sting, as a scorpion, wasp, 6oSssrooScq, focdqs, c8os, v. to shoot, as pain, q3c)f8sO:nn cds18, n.' tape made by hand; comp. c9,8sn, cd8gS8, n. a tattooed spot, cCsSsosq,788, c88Sq88(s CD8cos38ooe, n. a tattooer, lit. professor of tattooing; also styled 8S cooSoocp (polite). cs8as8cq8, V. to tattoo. c~scR, v. see the parts; to pierce and open by lacerating or rending, cd8so, n. a fiddle bow, ramrod, piston, etc. ct8o3sf, n. the string of a fiddle bow. c8scg8s, v. to penetrate into (a subject); to invent, originate; to possess powers of scrutiny. ca8oS, v. to let fly; to take a snap shot, as with a gun or rifle. cs89G, n. a kind of bread made of glutinous rice, jaggery, etc. CYao, n. a handsaw. coaol', n. a bamboo pole used for propelling boats. cacS, v. to go or come out, emerge from; to rise, as a celestial luminary; to project, protrude; to leave the starting post, as in a race; to leave a port, mooring place, as a ship, boat; or a station, as a railway train; c~oc6By~og::80, Maung Pyu left yesterday; coo8oxgSc[ooxoe; oo ~84soS<ogp, the headland projects, co) oooJSqc dSc goS aeoE; 8s 8s60o~cS6ccoo(D, the two horses have started; ~8o8scgscoos (8, the train has left; to leave a service or an employ, 9oSqcSo3gS. Der. ooccSn og8&2,f n. exports, oaoSo^; comp. S8cSi ~Cs-%,f n. time of departure. ogcS8s, v. to issue, flow out. cgofS5, v. to present, offer (obe.); o seS~8je~8.ooSu coRCoSctO, n. a vent, aperture for passage outward. ogcScs8, v. to run away, to decamp, abscond; often followed by o8S8cpS, and almost invariably used in a bad or derogatory sense. RoaSo, n. an outlet, an exit.

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Page  535 535 oS6, v. to clear, clear out or away, as a thorn from the flesh, aisosS, or trees and bushes from the ground, oSoEoSc, 0ocgE; one kind of 88coSsaCo03o S; to clear, disentangle hair, o5oogS8, thread, aEooSoES; (8oo, oESoe; to elucidate, or make clear, as a matter of business, zoSS8 (infreq.); c&Sooso80co6eoo'bccSqcr.Soq, clear the jungle around the house. os8s, v. to make a hole into, by digging out some part of the substance, as with a chisel or gouge, to scoop out, eq18sc8s, c8Sc8s, IoSoSo x oogo8asaoScoSS88scoos, can the mouth formed by nats suffer hunger? This expression is used by way of self-encouragement or to encourage others, in reduced and straitened circumstances. oooS, 1, n. a fleshy excrescence, whether indolent (causing little or no pain), 8s&s, or cancerous, SoiOS; cgSo SSQcolqS, (oStoos ooS, 2, v. to be very tender, delicate; more than j; applied to leaves, fruit (O S8s 8dg0 s oSaosjmooSMQCos), to the flesh, etc.; used adverbially or combined with A, which see; o caSooSoBc C*COcS ~c00800S, OSOOsoSoOOpsqOOGS (s8CODScOs 1 OrSooScOrD 0c, n. a kind of harrow, for breaking clods of earth which have been turned up by the plough, or for clearing the fields of weeds, brambles, etc.; where the soil is light the oSg is used in the place of a plough; comp. oocS; v. to harrow; to drag, as an anchor; os~8c+g, ooSc&s8; the ogS is used for making furrows for planting peas, millet, and sesamum. ogcS8s, n. the curved handle of a harrow. 08g6QoS, n. a furrow made by a harrow. cgaicS, n. a seed harrow, for separating the grain from the stalks after threshing. ogSc~s, n. the dirt, rubbish, etc., collected by the teeth of a harrow og0S (pron. OgSOS), n. a rake. aoBMS, n. the stock of a harrow in which the teeth are set; oSg oasgoS is used to express the time when bullocks or buffaloes are unyoked, i.e., about 9 a.m., cSoisoS8o. Iii U. B. cultivators rarely harrow in the afternoon, co8ooSq9c6ol1o, og0eS o$osQCoo08, v. to set the stock of the harrow on one end, after finishing work.

Page  536 586 o88o6s80S-cOlcs8 ogoscSo, ogopso6, v. to finish the work of harrowing. ogSccoSccSc, v. to set the stock of the harrow on one end, in order to made a deep furrow or trench, ogcO8EscQBoSii CogoaoSoSj8, v. to harrow and sow seed, og+S4cfioocxasc OSO& ao og8~, 8c s8, n. a mark made by the tooth of a harrow. ocQ8~9g, n. cultivated ground. cg8o$a, n. the shaft of a harrow. o08$os, n. the tooth of a harrow; v. to drag, as an anchor. gcS, or ga (o8), n. a timber tree belonging to the genus Eriolarna; it produces a red wood used for building purposes, also for making rice pounders and paddles. oc, v. to twitch (intrans.), as by a short, spasmodic contraction of a fibre or muscle, ogogocs, s~oSfia; 6~6o1ooSl8sc 08coo ~ oC3o8C wcg jojs ooSgH c88s, v. to shine, emit light, oocEpSoSoo-; to make shine, cause to be light, coSsceogS; to kindle, iooS; to appear, be distinguished, conspicuous, resplendent; more than coEcdT, poae co ePqogsoogS; 69<?8^oS }cS 16U3 iooo8S88 og8qccSOo1i o088sm8, o$86oo3so, 8o sco8, 8, v. to shine, emit light; also used fig., o osoooccis o 8sfo8soc&, whose influence is prominent in this town? a vs8Etoo3cc 8Eo6ioo CooSo cgsoc8o3 n voS v. to squeeze (out of a socket); comp. eg, and (gS (rare). 2S', or pBS (oS), n. the kydia calycina, a tree occasionally attaining to the height of forty feet. The wood is white and straightgrained; the bark yields fibre. o8, 1, v. to measure with a span, roocco)oS9eSoocb6cSgo~ co89 e8sol, span it, please, in order to know how long it is. Der. ooov, and c88Cg311 cor, 2, v. to mince with a knife, the point remaining unmoved and the handle;ising at each stroke, CoosC48io386ooc O oooaoill o08s, v. to be stout, large, burly; to be chubby, as a child; cos usually implies that the person or animal spoken of, is large or stout for his, or its, age, oooScco c cjaosoopooc8~cos, what a stout, chubby child og088cx8, og08,, v. see the parts, oocg3ogs808ej 803 388, a very stout, big horse. og08so8, v. to be stout, large; used adverbially (rare). tc83scsos, adv. fine, as powder, ecSyoSn

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Page  537 587 c~, int. expressive of disgust,:xSco ic2ooomS ge~espcxsotlc~ (colloq.). When a Burman employs this interjection, he usually expectorates, or makes a noise resembling expectoration. cg, 1, v. to be diverse, various, diversified, ocscc2, oe5ci~e2 O1 ~ccgzfca, this man has a complication of diseases. cogci8, v. same as COgI cogo8s, v. same as ccg; 60coo8, s8 s 38::)ss c oj, a person who schemes in many different ways. cgce, v. same; used adverbially, c rcSg'sT; c~ogQcO8sos, the four cardinal points of the compass. coco cecoco, adv. evasively, as in eluding a statement, question; or in trying to avoid doing anything; or in failing to keep an engagement, cOgCOOc0COOSng"l c0c, 2, v. to throw with a motion of the hand parallel with the ground, in play, as in pitching quoits; comp.,, to throw with a swinging motion of the arm; not used singly. ~cBoeo8s, v. to pitch quoits. c60gO, v. see 60c (more common). c60gs8, n. a quoit. Co8, 1, v. to be mixed together, c18:0o88~o3 ~a1c6g8s6ooS ooe; to be confused in a mass, 6869scyoe, CiISs0c8Sc~; to be confused in utterance, e~os0cgs; to be matted together, as the hair, o6c880 S. Der. ooX6gs, and jkcgsn 6c086p, csg86ccpCo6S, ~CgeS, vcc8.S'c7ooS, v. to be mingled together promiscuously; wcS)cibg8 cpc) G'Og8P6C 5j oSQ 6 oo, these two persons are intimately associated with each other in many.different ways. c0s8Cy8, v. to be mixed together into a mass, ooepsc8XoGPSBc Oogi cog8s86sEooS, v. to be intricately involved. c0s8, 2, v. to spit, oosg80cgsog8; to spit out, as water or food, clJ CO8osqcOS; J8C8G61&8P6c8803S H ccg8CS, csaa,, n. a spittoon. co8, 3, v. to be the youngest; not used as a verb. Der. o6ag8:u c~gscooS (pron. cgs8cT), n. a mother's younger sister; a father's younger brother's wife; see 8c08sa tCcg8scgs8, v. to be scarlet,' k 11 ~ )...

Page  538 o-oosR 3 o, the eighteenth consonant in the Burmese alphabet, and the third in the class of dentals. ocY (5v), n. a disease at the roots of the hair, causing baldness, Tinea tonsurans. ar oo (Pali), n. the south, coooS; Aoo @v8o8Ss8, the Commissioner of the Southern Division. o0caoXC (pron. o,3), n. the southern carriage or path of the sun. oG cmczvoo gs, n. the winter solstice. crm oS 0Sov8s, n. the Tropic of Capricorn. oS, n. the breech, butt end of an instrument, 6o: ~98oo.6soop; the head of a tattooing iron, o8&, 9Sco6; o89jSjo~, to be out of proportion, as a small horse harnessed to a large carraige. oST, n. a knob at the end of a rod. oEcos, v. to be slow, from idleness or reluctance, qsccosgtoiol'Si 8 918, n. a circular piece of metal, stamped, whether for a coin or a medal; o8'lsc8 y o;8, the offense of counterfeiting coin; 9818 c8Gsqcislooao:ocnxwooL, instruments for counterfeiting coin. glsQoc, v. to stamp a coin or medal, osls8c; oB8sog s:-Sooeoo aoo, a coining tool or instrument. oaqsS, n. weight in silver, as opposed to ooacosi~u o })sec, n. a machine for manufacturing coin. S8)sad-c, n. a mint. 389EqC, v. to deface coin. o8) sc8S, v. to coin. oE08, adv. indicative of the sound which it imitates, oSoEs s; intensive, to words of hardness, o8~o6coS oy3 o, as a horse, bullock, or even a human being, ososEo vS coooco; o8o98 cOS, (Pali oc??)), n. a stroke, blow; chastisement, punishment; osPsSocS, an internal injury. oc6aoS, v. to visit with punishment. OsS), v. to suffer punishment (generally on behalf of another). ocS5, v. to free from the internal effects of punishment, by medical treatment; to mete out punishment. oc00r, n. a mark from a blow inflicted by way of punishment; a mark from any blow, ocospooaS^VoS

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Page  539 Oc09CS-OggNO8 589 ocTCc, n. a fine, mulct; oosgcSoooS, to pay a fine. ocscooS9, v. to impose a fine or any punishment. 9oc OcS8, v. to do penance, by carrying-sand or water, as a soowc, or qwosl 9sc1coos, v. to impose a penalty, to fine, 9sctoo, Ssooca cscooogE 6Mcoosoc^Scg8sa1obOscOc85&o, if you do not do your work well, I shall have to fine you. ooSdc8, v. to incur a penalty, caS8c*sca boo^o&oQc1S, 9c~c0gco coc8c8oe~, Nga Kin incurred a penalty of ten rupees, on account of abusing Nga Hmu. ocCocoS, v. to be deserving of punishment. soC068, v. to punish, inflict punishment. cSeO, n. a, mark from a blow inflicted by way of punishment; a mark from any blow. oC), 2 (Pali sc9o), n. an evil, calamity, coon, oOacepo, cXsoca a9s t,n/. a fiction, fable, tale of the imagination, a9o:8e 9,O;~[bi, v. to write or relate fiction; in a secondary sense, to be discursive in speech, aocS9 3?ao c:)8coo9oSCocou 9o, n. the toddy palm tree, Nipafruticans; the leaf of the said tree used as thatch. 9ooro, v. to cover the sides of a house with the leaves of the toddy palm. 9$, n. a toddy palm plantation. og$8, n. toddy palm tax. 9scoo0, n. an extensive plantation of toddy palm trees. odga, v. to double and pin the said leaf on a stick, for thatching. ogj$6 (from (S, to weave), n. a stick of the said leaf prepared fox thatching, 9800oo8o8so1 sn G9$8, v. to roof a house with the said leaves.,gsl, n. toddy, the juice of the toddy palm tree. In Arakan the term asqgS is invariably used in lieu of 9s$qS, e.g., I je c63Co3 g, for 96qpcoSo3a, a1sq s, for Sgqvsn oG9Glgo8, n. fermented toddy. *86gSx, n. unfermented toddy. o4gSs, v. to be intoxicated by drinking toddy. oe.qa8E, n. a licensed toddy shop. oSoS, n. a kind of. buffalo, with short horns; in U. B. called oScan aco0 (pron or) (Pali 9o, a tooth, and oa, produced), a. den

Page  540 540 tal, produced from the teeth; applied to consonants of the oa class; o siioiiico(wol:03)i9ooaocppcr dii 9A (to), n. a gumboil, o8ss8ogspnf 9b&28, see eis8p, n. sandalwood. o9s (ou), n. the Cassia fotida plant. The beans of this plant are said to be a fair substitute for coffee, and to have soporific properties; the root is said to be efficacious in cases of scorpion bite. The leaves are eaten boiled, and are called QVsosqoS8 esicoS, n, the balsam plant, 6ococB, o*qScmoS (pron. ao6ScolS), n. the climbing fern, called by the Tavoyans 9isc1dS. The Burmese make a pickle of the leaves, 9oaco2 (pron. osac$), n. the Indian horse-radish tree. 9O8, 1, n. the henna tree, the leaves of which are used in staining the finger nails. 9Og8qp8, 948s8, n. varieties of the henna tree. 9ocsgs, v. to stain (the nails) with the leaves of the henna tree. s8, 2, n. a swing. +8gs8, a. to swing (intrans.). oasoS, v. to erect a swing. o4sQo1loS, v. to suspend a rope to a cross rope, in order to increase the tension. 9$88s, v. to be giddy or dizzy, from swinging. sos8), v. to swing (trans.). asSs, n. a kind of bamboo trap for catching fish; used only in the sea (79). oa868(s, n. unsieved ngapi, in contradistinction to o$alclsS, sieved ngapi. 3s0880, n. revenue derived from the tax paid on damin traps. soSscl88, n. pressed fish, composed of all sorts; comp.!Ecls8, 988sS, n. a temporary fishing village, the residents of which are employed in the damin fishery, in the dry season. s64ssco5o', v. to buy damin ngapi wholesale, at one of the aforesaid villages, in order to dispose of it elsewhere. soSsc8, v. to make a catch of fish for manufacturing damin ngapi. 9s3sc60oo, v. to catch fish in a damin trap; also to set up as an employer of iabor in the damin fishing industry. oESeosas, n. a damin ngapi broker.

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Page  541 GQSIQ-C 9 oS 54 541 oE8sscc, n. a boat used in damin fishing. 9soo8vox8, n. an employee in the damin fishing industry. o0sw8o88s, n. an employer of labor in the damin fishing industry. 9oscS, oo so38s, n. a large iron pot or pan; comp. qsmoSs; a cauldron, j8Soeav9oo.s8, a cauldron for boiling cutch. 9q6(8 (pron. s568), adv. roughly, violently, 96(s8a3oao, 9o36isc:OaOe; sometimes used as an intensive, to words denoting plenty, e&o s8ao QQ gseol 38s"o o~6', q08 from qS, to trail), adv. in contact with the ground, touching and trailing. This word is allowable when a garment may not actually be touching the ground, but is worn longer than is customary, c8 36s ooSoODp &OSS8so03 a0cIcx, Co09Co0ooSo3,c^,c 8osci. ya88'?osq oGd o989 crG68n o 1s8q, oqYoSJc, v. to trail along the ground, oocac-scosooSoo ^c8n8y ScE 9sq8coooogS, <aS Esc4(goSdb)sqo cM6dSell SooloSV, adv. trailingly, in disorder, o+8os8aoos38oocOOOO38S, 9qScoc2Soo90o6xslc o8ocx >Sii s S-o, adv trailingly, as the train of a gown. sqoS (pron. 9sq6d), adv. repeatedly and without intermission, 0co6S y^38; X0$9108 o9^pS)66 o cA6n1i c68g 08 @DS6CCSGoCi% Qp oCo8 (colloq.), 96sqt388ooiell So1028 (ron. oqlgs), adv. instantly, headlong, without regard to circumstances, 9s6 cgssol 8t.cr1 o I oo ~oB~ 6c~ 4' 8 ~co9r0~cdos8 C-I (75osgc3crC a'oS oeii 3qou. adv. lawlessly, sqcoroqSoa, 9qo6 8oojS, q6 o4s883a; also used as an intensive, to words denoting dirtiness, foulness, 9o66 0 %So 38CXgS, 6q48<g89sq 6cfoco0^ll sac5, n. the porcine deer, Cervus porcinus. 3qS'66q, ' n. hartshorn. 3^3o300)8 (from 3o66S), adv. ridiculingly, insultingly; in a hurried. precipitate manner; o~o66P6vhos8o~8qS, s666O3 Oo8ol8~08s3 p;.e ooc7DSooC onSII gS. ladv. dragging along the ground, implying some degree of roughness and violence; more than o9q, less than ~S; 9o SQ11 SgV5S, v. to drag along with violence, by main force, <cjsco3saCESi 9o0S, adv. same as 9j )oS, a9 5cSc3s, adv. dragging with violence

Page  542 ocOcS-5o00S ococS, n. anything in the form of a cross made to turn round, as a twirling churn staff, a turnstile, etc., coOOsQ SOcS-qg8qCOc3 coeacoill ocomoo, adv. in the way of being open, exposed; n. an open plain, 9CV;) oOC; 03p~SQ5s~3OD 9 6 3~l9COC 6XCdcCO; 3O3Su8oo oc8S (from c8S, to roll), n. a roller; 95oc8S, an iron roller. sc8is (from cSg8, to smear), n. a thick coating of tar, pitch, gum, or any tenacious substance. oc88C008o, v. to calk with such substances. ocQSscQs, v. to smear with the same, ocS8sdSS, sc8&scrn, s48sscg cS, adv. over and over, heels over head, topsy-turvy, 9c8S8eooo9DSG6cb, ooqcSS8 G8693oSrSio^ n Oco (Pali), a. and n. ten, ooXoon, 93o (Pali), a. the tenth, ooS&cgooSn o ooS, 900ooSC3S8, n. a decimal fraction. oooo&co, by abbrev. ooc2 (Pali soo, ten, and doco, a religi us duty), n. the ten duties which are to be performed by candidates for the priesthood, wooo0aoeoc8S8qgxo 8co, and by religious persons on days of worship, e(poS&c& ~ OevD0c8~86OO90dco; aooSo1qc co. "The dasa-sil or ten obligations binding upon the priest forbid (1) the taking of life (oxculosloot ); (2) the taking of that which is not given (oog8oadl); (3) sexual intercourse (ooqgSqoo); (4) the saying of that which is not true (t0ooloo); (5) the use of intoxicating drinks (o;pw2 o fgoo vo9~o9); (6) the eating of solid food after mid-day (8comccoorv); (7) attendance upon dancing, singing, music, and masks ( g80oo080aooc800Mo9z ~O ); (8) the adorning of the body with flowers, and the use of perfumes, unguents (ouno08~coo 9qwI w8jovoogp); (9) the use of seats above the prescribed height, viz, one and a half cubits (pezgp $0co 1 0); (10) the receiving of gold and silver (oo0~o6L03q0G oo8u0 )." M.B. oonoC (oS), n. the Tectona Hamiltonii, a tree with a leaf rough to the touch, like that of the teak. 9, n. copper, regarded as the subject of some chemical or alchemical treatment; electro-plated ware, 98g\, an electro-plated spoon. GSo0S, v. to change copper into an imitation of gold or silver; s 03oSs&iS488, 5005o(009, 900SoWi, 90aoSo48c318U

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Page  543 Q91-88 54s ol (Pali), n. a giving, co0ij8; a religious giving, cj~8s; a religious gift, ooco; od1loo, inferior gifts, i.e., using or enjoying the best things one's self, and giving inferior ones to others; osoo ocvoo, gifts to others of equal value with the things which one uses or enjoys himself; 9)q0:8, gifts to others superior to anything one uses or enjoys himself; co:odl, offerings, made by faith in the benefits of co (o5 R cjfl4~ 8); mgE39'l. offerings (made with great respect) to pongyis; m0co0flst, gifts of flowers, food, fruit, to travelers, strangers, sick persons, etc.; o08 83.31, gifts offered without hesitation, freely, without grudgig (Wc2S -o*), opposed to 8Looolavo; zo8aol,, gifts of a righteous man; s [aq=S34, gifts of a wicked man. o31lso, n. mean gifts, such as might be properly made to a servant or slave. o'Iooc8, n. a noble giver. s61og8L, n. a gift; an offering; a religious offering, moc," osl cnoo, n. such offerings or gifts as might be properly made by one friend to another. 31aoS0, n. liberal or princely offerings. ooomo0 (Pali), n. one who contributes to the support of religion and religious characters; a layman, oon:); corna. eolomovv; ~cQ:8: molo o1so, a63loq00A 0, Og8gC8ol8 000; see C o3o0 yo030n0 1co9oow, n. a female contributor to the support of religion; a lay woman, ooMo0ii l c8, n. a certain golden ornament worn about the neck, by women. oIc8o4s (pron. dl)ceo8), n. a similar ornament made of silver or gold, the finest being made in Akyab, 6)c8sosa>E3ooS 913 (Pali), n. a male servant or slave, CoFji o8,; n. a female servant or slave. 8, (abbrev. of Sgeolleoco) (Pali), n. celestial wisdom, the wisdom of nats, oiSg-o864.8Sss; conmp. I, and ooao 809oS (Eng.), n. a district, o3ooooae 8oJ9oSo5i Oego6oScpooosoo^80^, n. a district magistrate; see oSes,, 9g (pron 8oSco) (Pali), n. the space before one's eyes, presePre, <6o9dooS,,;n, f,&a,:w c,.e..<. Sg:o8, v. to hear with one's own ears. 9Bg v. to identify, oopcas ga8mcqiga0co8" 8g8qS v. to meet or experience, one's self.

Page  544 544 68gogO9owcnb, n. the influence of a good or evil deed which causes * an immediate result, i.e., in the present state of existence. S~gco, v. to speak with certainty, to make a plain, unmistakable statement. 8BS, v. to behold with one's own eyes, wScdoS8S98Soacoo8~i 8gj8ooS, adv. face to face, S$q;ooe cc2}icc8 solil [$cc~o, 7n. an eyewitness. 8g89, v. to know, of one's own self; in opposition to c00co8; ooS0o 8g (pron. 8aSc8) (Pali), n. opinion, doctrine, moio; false opinion, heresy, yoms~aoosc, 8^j8~; a heretic, v~86v orcoc Uo [sgLo9l1, n. an evil passion; affection or cleaving; [Sg6[o164 oo0p8 89g, see c8oeSn, n. a writing explanatory of omens. 8, see cAc8 (Pali), n. a lunar day, one thirtieth part of a lunation. Eq, n. curd, the curd of milk, 0, hiS, 8cnocQ8, n. curd in a soft state. 8 p, n. cheese. 8SqpS, n. whey; buttermilk. t8S,8,, see o8pS$,, n. a small species of kingfisher. 889ocS8s}8oS, n. a kind of nat, supposed to cause an abused husband to be infatuated with his wife, or an abused wife to be infatuated with her husband; see soSl 8s89c8c80oS, [8 x c8coSr8, 88soc8 s8oS s8, v. to be infatuated, as an abused husband who cannot give up his wife, or as ar abused wife who cannot give up her husband. ~8~88, see c83sc8Cs, adv. indicative of the noise which it imitates. 8c8co, n. a foundling, ecvc)8 oosi08 ~, n. the tide; rarely used singly, ~S[q d -, v. to ebb; O8qcii ~8&S (pron. ~8S), n. the place where tides meet. 8ooS', v. to flow, as the tide; (tos,.-ooSi 8,3 (pron. 8 s), n. the copper worm. 8,;s, n. the tide. 8cs8, n. the bore (in a river). tCc84-ovvS}ajo, n. a court decree; RoqO[SSqoo, a decree holder. 8~^,J (Pali), a. long, $S0} ox; ~O')OD

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Page  545 548 to, 2 (Pali), n. the first of the five parts into which the Buddhist Scriptures are sometimes divided, ~w,oo:oScrsn 8eo&o (Eng.), n. December; comp. ^6o~ooS, 8o (Pali), n. an island, cD}gS; an oil light, Bos-8sn 8ocp[S, n. the Sovereign of a continent or great island. 0oo8, n. a history of continents or great islands. 8c0o, n. a baked clay ball, which, when broken up, is used for metaling roads, So'sQSu:ooo)o~oon (from 80xo, a quarter, or point of the compass, and oc~oqa, principal, chief), a. far-famed, eminent, 8~ooocooscocen 8s, n. a cry made by boys in certain games; the cry made by men when urging bullocks to fight. 8sSs, adv. profusely, freely, or rapidly; applied to tears, o5rc.8sa @8ioyooo8ooS; to perspiration, cocuoqdico o ~s.~8s8oxS; to blood, rain, etc., ~~ gao~so, e8o S}R~Osoaoo&J 8s[s (oS), n. a species of Bombay, resembling the cocSn 1, 1 (Pali), a. bad; used in composition as a prefix; see next. qoc8 (Pali), n. transition to an unhappy state of existence, qoc8ooo, qoc84o qoS (Pali ~eo3), n. a bad deed, a sin, ~c~vS~voOOr, oco oc8S6eocrZ~; opposed to oefS, a good deed; qe~oSoooS nd1, olctO8Oc*lo, 008pqs, Xo6<o8A^. 000 o l, 80c00oleo, ~3%ole'o, oo3gcoo, oBoop, Tolns, 8p8?ii q. 2, see ot, n. thickness, numerousness, multitude; see under oeci,_ qcxi (pron. qsqoS), n. the outside garment of a pongyi, worn overt the shoulder; see under ocA8; ao8ss8, QOCO (dcBooSo), qo[fl qgml (pron. qoSmoS) (Pali qmf), n. crime, guilt (clerical), qui ooooSC40o09; comp. (Nepfyall c% (Pali), n. unhappiness, misery, pain, trouble, coSk8Ss; ooc8 Vq, great, indescribable misery; opposed to ooa, happiness; 0o0 qogr I8o$ccocS38~, this misery is almost unbearable; ooqcry $qogS6ooE86o&}, do not make one trouble into two. qce.ooC~, v. to practise austerities, with a view of becoming a Buddh. ~qcGepo, v, to get into trouble, ccl.oscoioooSoSq o~,ccpc, if you had listened to me you would not have got into trouble. B. D. 35.

Page  546 546 qclog, v. lit. to sek trouble; in common parlance, to anticipate trouble unnecessarily. qcoco, n. one who is unhappy, e.g., one in very indigent circumstances, or one suffering from some great trouble or serious malady; or one deprived of the use of his limbs, either owing to congenital causes, or accident, qIooogo93uo qoS, see cooS (ooS), n. a stick, staff, club, cudgel. qoSnoocyS, n. a species of Connarad. qoc8o (Pali ~), a. the second, pSbcqooS; qco3ooaoSsoi, Junior Secretary; q3cu ooo8isogcoocoS, Assistant Secretary; qc8ooo cooocS, Extra Assistant Commissioner (1st, 2nd, 3rd, and 4th grades); q8o3co Scovooo xcoS, Sub-assistant Conservator of Forests; qc6ocso880scoovcS, Sub-assistant Superintendent of Telegraphs; qco8ooo8so 8oSclgq, Assistant Government Advocate; q coC3eSc oSoSthe second in command of a military police battalion. qA3, n. vitriol. qeg88s, n. green vitriol, copperas, sulphate of iron, o1cofgg ll qf8fOsi, n. oil of vitriol, vitriolic acid. qggogo, n. blue vitriol, or copper vitriol, sulphate of copper. q8Ooj n. white vitriol, or white sulphate of zinc. qLsc3S)oq (Pali q&o, famine), n. a period of famine; see under c*S; qgc3ical 4 q&cqmacy6olS qq8, 1 see ocoo (pron. so8), n. a minaret, a small pointed projection on the roof or steeple of notable buildings. qqS, 2, n. a kind of official frock coat. qg noc8lsol (pron. qcoo), n. the five things difficult of attainment, viz., becoming a Buddh, hearing the law, becoming a priest, becoming a righteous man, becoming a human being. qOco (pron. qoco), n. one destitute of virtue, a8co~w&~t8lcS, qacoJ( cSiSscopO8scoc8c, as though one unprincipled person were to teach morals to another. qpO, n. a plastering substance composed of aCoS, cqj, and c8; generally used on old boats. 4qocs8, v. to plaster with the said substance, "cOx~ s~.oC8Sop q88s, n. a kind of wind instrument.,s, 1 see cPs (from ooops, a log), n. a tube filled with gunpowder, and made to run on wheels when fired; a festival in which a ops is fired. 4s, 2 n. a large canoe with raised sides, roo.Sco8$88(, St06981

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Page  547 csc(qco:s-8oo 547 qs'cov8s, 1, n. a certain tribe of Hindus. Qscrico, 2, n. a hammer, chisel, etc., combined in one implement. qsccoos, 3, n. the black and white wading bird. QteS, n. the adjutant, gcS@ag8seav tq[ss, v. to ride a horse at full gallop, as in racing, oSs8ssoooSoo3su ascds, v. to go at a full gallop, as a horse when racing, Qst:os, tq'sscdoS, n. a species of bird similar to, but smaller than the common adjutant, without a pouch and producing handsome plumes. as, n. the knee. qscl18s, n. the top of the knee; the kneepan, patella, iscalSsgs; comp. t8sll qsm, n. the kneejoint. qst8oS, v. to bend the knee, as in courtesying. saooosg, see coosas, v. to draw towards a distant object by a rope fixed thereto. qsoS, qscooS, v. to kneel. qsccooS, v. to sit on the feet, in a squatting posture, or to sit with one knee in an upright position. 80szo8o 80coos (pron. o6s),adv. with the knees raised and thighs spread apart; an expression used in reproving an inferior for sitting in a disrespectful posture, c2gSsc.sc8co qEScolos. SwDoBooSsoo, 8sc~gp, n. one of the five posts of honor, or places of sitting in the royal presence; see under cscpu 8c6s.o$8cCT (pron. Qsc6col8c 6), adv. with knees and thighs exposed. In the Burmese time it was not considered disrespectful to sit in the presence of officials, slightly exposing the knees and thigh, so that the tattooing might be seen, c;E 8oPoccoooc; in worshiping at a pagoda, or praying before an image of a Buddh, or when sitting in the presence of a pongyi, such exposure is considered improper and disrespectful. tl5v, v. to be long-legged, cSCoSvRcxpSn, tq8sg[s (pron. qes), n. the durian tree and fruit, Durio zibethinus. t1qe~98s(o, n. the soursop. 8~soqoSm, n. the durian baked in a pan. aeq&c,, n. durian preserve. cOO (Pali), n. a nat or god; see foS; "deva, a god, a celestial being, an angel; a cloud, the sky (~col) the air, death." Childers (80).

Page  548 548 cooccoom, n. the world of dewas or angels, the nat world. tcooooS, n. the brother-in-law of Gautama, the Buddh (81). eootd8oS, n. the customhouse in Rangoon co8~ (Pali coo, a god, and Ail, a chief), n. a Sovereign of gods, fOS618, o0s088oEsu co90 (Pali), n. a place, country, oocq9n cocesoq (pron. co9 qoqv) (Pali Aoi, to go), adv. itinerantly, from place to place, c9:0e0qcO3%oo6neooS, con3~o8 co*6oIo opo co9ro (Pali), n. the act of making a formal communication on a religious subject, the act of preaching, oscpslco:s, QOC9o00S3 C90ow3fo 8, C90hOia, v. to confess (clerical), ooooSc&B c~lcS, n. a stick used to hamper a creature, clcSaBoocoswoS colcSao, n. a kind of cap worn by certain ascetics (lcO), qCOO c lc o:moS (o8), n. a species of Dalbergia. The Burmese some. times call the woodpecker (oScooosc ) 9colSccoCoB~Sc8OI ~ocSdLsS (o8), n. the Photinia serratifolia. co9lqcS, n. the Dalechampia pomifera. colSccoaS, n. a species of Ficus. co9ISccovS, n. the Dalbergia reniformis. colaqcS, see coooScfiS, v. to bend and string a bow. CoS.oo+o, n. anthrax fever, oocoSp; malignant sore-throat; applied to cattle. co188 (from eco18)), n. a peacock, the Pavo cretatus. cgqE8^s&ocS, n. the Bengal falcon; the falconet. colSscco8s, n. the peacock pheasant. Cl98 c, n. a small inclosure, bearing some resemblance to a peacock's cage. c9Ssqo6S, n. swan shot. cl6sgtoS, n. flower-fence, sometimes called peacock's pride, coosooS 2coo; see 8$ousu calSsg, n. the large kite, Falco bido; the harrier eagle. cq91So9ov: n. the Callicarpa arborea, a leaf-shedding tree, some. times growing to the height of thirty- five feet; the drupes are globular, only about a line in diameter. cl8sscdB6', n. the peacock seal, or stamp of the Kings of Burma. colEso18s, n. money stamped with the figure of the peacock; the money formterly used in the Kingdom of Burma.

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Page  549 cda8oSG1tSo-058 549 c~lEsol8sqS, n. a round box with a conical cover, standing on high legs, cSlscSolccota colS8, n. a peahen. coqs8qS,9, n. a kind of round box with conical cover. cos8ss, n. the Argus pheasant, or Malay peacock. olEsSco+s, n. a round tray or salver, standing on legs, sometimes used as an eating table. c9188coSa, n. a species of innocuous serpent, the Tropidonotus ngrocinctus. C9l8so5, n. the peacock flag; the royal standard or flag of the Kings of Burma. calo (os), n. the wormwood plant, Artemesia absinthium. clco (Pali), n. anger, hatred, ootcS; blameworthiness, fault, oo(E; impurities attached to unrefined minerals and drugs; also applied to gold, silver, and quicksilver. co~l s8, v. to be exceedingly wrathful, passionate, ooc6 Sgoo8o 008 col00, cdloo~, v. to feel anger, without expressing it; to incur displeasure; see acit;; oaSc o o66Sc665Ico 160o0qfSoo colol, v. to be involved in a quarrel. clooeEs, v. to be free from impurities, as minerals and drugs. Q6looe09S, n. indurated faces; see ci88c=lo cslog~S, v. to be engaged in an angry quarrel, crdSooccOscr:Q 63oavooS, v. to be of a violent temper. ~co0o08w, v. to harbor resentment; to be resentful. cslooooS, v. to purify (minerals, drugs, etc.); to rack ores. 6~OcwCS3, v. to express anger; see oojoScoS; ocgod5Sd3Socs oS 3o386n c083dogae cl03oa, n. anger. COTS88, n. the humming moth, ioSt-8n cOS, n. a heterogeneous mass of matter, drifting on the water, or stranded, 8o69u 88, 1, n. a petty chief, head of workmen; one who has the control of a gambling house, or the monopoly of the sale of opium or liquor; an opium or liquor licensee; an umpire, judge, referee, @88, a ua

Page  550 550 55 & s- gIG00 8d36, n. a licensed'gambling house; an opium or grog shop. 8SEcmooS, n. a percentage of the stakes given to a croupier, or an umpire. 8ES, v. to hold the situation of manager of a l8Sc:, or of a croupier or umpire; to hold the monopoly of the sale of certain articles. S~col~s, n. same as 88nI 8, 2 n. a class of people in government employ, 86cj(t; comp. woi 8Ecs, n. silver of a certain quality, better than 9cSin f, E, n. a shield, round and embossed; comp. mc, and 28os; 8Sl coo&XoO), 8Eso800cos8 SsoS (wSs), n. formerly the Controller of the Shields, a certain minister of state (Burma). Sso80s, n. a small casting net with a handle. 8s, 2, n. a transverse stay in the roof of a building; a prop or stay used to support an inclining house, wall, fence, etc.; atScic4cS 8smoC, 8sscoocS, v. to apply said prop or stay. t8scqos, n. see 8t6n Sacrio90c~, n. a large rafter, on which rest the transverse timbers which support the smaller rafters; see coscoa 8, 3, n. a flour sieve. l 8:4, adv. suddenly and loudly, as the report of a gun, c3aoSo o O8sa88goscoSo0; also applied as an intensive, to words of falling from an upright position, q8s4Sbc.6)Opn 8Q, n. a playing ball; anything thrown in play, qscqs; a quoit, 6co 08~s, 88CO~tO, 8saBl 888, adv. through and through; straight through lengthwise, 88q CeoloCS3; c~cor8-)iog e<5(O^B0cg8cq tsc co1 o1Ss)ips8 oos; comp. oQOSSsH 36 (Pali 98), n. matter, substance, qcsoceop; comp. toc; substantial property, wisdom, learning, etc., #c;68t(cogn 8a (Pali ~i), n. duality, 9an ESoc, v. to be joined in a pair (in syntactical construction); aSo@ 00i, cg9CssO^C+4qv^ OSQOSRgcCoowoov+X aS:*; os (from.;oco), n. a person of no character, as a beggar, oocoaoaeo o; a gravedigger, cacepoo; aqpoco is the ordinary colloquial term. gso936, n. a dodecagon.

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Page  551 g I oco-Q 551 soowo (Pali A, two, and o0, ten), a. the twelfth, coosp39S c7i3 loooq.s8, n. a regular dodecagon. ~lq (Pali), n. a hole, aperture, politely substituted for e~, EcooS, etc.; a sub-sect of the Culaganthi (R8~o ) is also denominated glq; the Mahaganthi (ocoono ) are denominated rl5 lqcsouls, n. the nine apertures of the body, viz., 4cS, 8, 38, oc 8, sog8s, ogoS, o0oooS (glqe6ocSo1s is another classification, oglgl9q, Q00zogl&q, 2ooD9la, &9f1gQ1, MoC ogl, c gl), collectively known as the foglcqu ~S~e, n. matter produced by the operation of two causes; see under 90Qo800CP8CCP0 8o&811 c8S, n. either masculine or feminine, common gender, gi8, ooc^qi~8 g o, n. a state of doubt, halting between two, 8cOSS gBS Ssi8 joBSv, v. to be undecided, opnSao8Sc5 c Sc ecooslgg80 Cg8, n. the number two. e9sc8oS, n. a junction of two letters in orthography; a union or co-operation of two persons. ocajscooSu a, the nineteenth consonant in the Burmese alphabet, and the fourth in the class of dentals. on, n. property, goods, o.es, geOcooeo ooo oeqcicpc.S, v. to be purse-proud. o (Pali, a bow), n. Sagittarius, the ninth sign of the zodiac, ocpp c2, "Danu, a figure of a golden color, half man and half horse, with a bow in his hand." M.B. 0s8, n. the Calamus arborescens, a palm growing to the height of fifteen or twenty feet, common in marshy beds of streamlets. The petioles and long sheaths of the leaves are armed with whorls of broad, sharp spines. QoCosj6s (oS), n. a wild shrub bearing yellow flowers. Its presence indicates a rich soil. 8g (Pali), n. law; see oocepn g8coc8com c8, n. a preacher, oocPOtcOcocp 0g08, n. a deed of law, or of righteousness. ~08a, 8ob&o (Pali, a collection), n. a section or verse of the Buddhist

Page  552 552 Scriptures, of which there are eighty-four thousand, o8g:oCA0soO8, ogaoS, n. a priest's water-dipper; see under o8~r g@o6p, n. a clergyman. ogaocpt, n. the clergy. ogaocp>;aaScc~o, a. clerical. ^;; o8co. (pron. Qo81) (from 330oc, a measure), n. the established nature or order of things, @4~csa, GESoga:On 08o0oooops, n. same, c QcQgo80ogSj; ~80306oCpsOOc80BsCo, to die a natural death. 0goococop (Pali), n. the act of preaching, ocpscoW8sll o~86po2dB (from og, and oe(cpcS), v. to be on unfriendly terms, lit. to be opposed or antagonistic to the law, i.e., illegal, unjust; in a secondary sense, it means to be opposed or antagonistic to another, co Soo &coovc o$po6doljo' ogc~oo, n. observance of the law, oocpsaicse~8s g,ssn o86em, n. the Lord of Law, oocpsyoS (a title of Deity). ogooS, n. a religious duty. egoooS (Pali, jaors68), n. a code of law, statute law; as opposed to oloo3oS; comp. ocOS, apoOOoS11 o8Coo (Pali oo., o8asos8s8), n. the act of listening to preaching, oo"psa488s1, e8cooX (Pali o0:8, 9sS), n. the Lord of Law; see OgcPon egcooaooc8, n. Captain of the Faith (lit. the law), a name of Seriyut ( oo glcSp), the right-hand disciple of Gautama, the BuddhogoE (from o8, and ooo), n. an immaterial object thought on; see o8ooaz (Pali o8, oops, and ooooo, a place), n. a pulpit (infreq.), oocps86ooouo88 in an extended sense, a judge's bench. ogocoa, n. that which is lawfully obtained, oooco)ogs s, property lawfully obtained. eOc9 (from ooGo6), n. the established manner, way, custom, c~$, )o33O3, Yoogooc, oq0Q603 u QOQOCOo, n. same as oC\2u oc6ooocS (from Ac8oS), adv. in the way of accommodating others, Jc o3'O)OOS~I a, an abbrev. of o8; sometimes used in composition. *qoS (Pali L1o?), n. an element, constituent part of anything (ma

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Page  553 GI Sr-Q10SQC20 5 553 terial or immaterial); one of the four grand elements, viz., oco8,loS (earth), oooclo"loS (water), EoocooloS (fire), olcoo oloS (air); to which some add oocnoo9oloS (space); comp. oov ocoS; an essential attribute or quality, the constitution, nature of a thing, especially of the mind; temper, disposition, oocoo; the root of a verb in Pali; comp. ogesl oloSco, v. to prescribe diet without medicine, for the cure of diseases. olQoSos, v. to be communicated, as some quality, from one to another. eloSoaq8, n. a book containing dietary directions. e0okScr S, n. a mineral. oeqoScr, doocrS, v. to have the digestive or other vital functions impaired or destroyed. 0oSMdcS,,v. to agree with the constitution, ccos9pOc~Oqoo~Qlso c eolbS1o, v. to be separated into component parts. o&qoSbScoov, a. resoluble, that which may be' resolved into its parts. olSc4, v. to be injurious to the constitution. oqaoY (sooSq ), n. the natural heat or warmth of the body. eolSiSso, v. to be homogeneous. oloSh19, v. to be constipated; see oSva18 Q1~6 o ciSo s,.v. to have the equability of the constituent parts of the body disturbed, deranged, disorganized. dooS, v. to separate into component parts. o]oSqS, v. to be absorbed into the system. oloSc,, n. gas. oloSo, n. diet; oloSeocjcs, to diet (trans.). RloSqos, v. to diet, loqs oeoso (olokSos, to prescribe diet). O1oS0acp, n. a physician who prescribes diet without medicine, in contradistinction to a~C~ob, a physician who prescribes medicine. 0o60co3S, n. certain relics of the body of a Buddh, or of the same personage, in his various existences before attaining to the Buddhaship (82). Qco60SCoS0gcoo, n. same as olol5co:; comp. oas9oloSii olQcis, n. the fire in the stomach that consumes the food, o1oSS8s cd9feDoc6; in a secondary sense it is now applied to gas, electric, or any powerful artificial light, oQoS8sad3, Qe0oS80c$ oloS1oS, v. to photograph, oloS5~ioS ~OloScsg, v. to be very loose in the bowels; to have diarrhoea.

Page  554 554 oldoSo<coo~s, n. an aperient or laxative medicine. QooS,8, v. to understand the disposition or character of another. oq3c30Dcoocp, n. a government chemical examiner. 8:op (Pali 8ol), v. to make, or attempt to make a future event depend on a certain specified condition, by an appeal to some supernatural power; to swear, to take an oath, oqcoo, 0:goRo0 u SO:G, 8oSjo3o&, v. same as 8goS, first definition. #8<o, see cq8co0 (pron. q8o0), n. the bulging part of a graduated steeple (Oxo=6), beneath the umbrella. soyS, n. certain austerities, of which there are thirteen classes, practised by priests, 6ooSooso 1~so (83). ~o (Pali), n. permanence, I', StSs; see 88gO# R6, n. the north polar star, Alruccabah. ~ocQ~8, n. the constellation of the Little Bear, Cynosure. co*o, or oococo, see coocoo, or ocoocoo, adv. in the way of doing repeatedly and constantly. 9ev, or oocacq, see cocoo, or oocoocoo, adv. little by little, constantly, repeatedly. cooQScigpcos8, n. a person employed in splitting bamboos for mats; q, the twentieth consonant in the Burmese alphabet, and the fifth in the class of dentals. fci,l,v. to be deep, not shallow, oc8&S;:ogcsogstcgqoSoIn c6[ooovoooSctSicel&dcwozsolo;^~, 3oo31c^89cpS3~cCoCd:DS3o acS., v. to be intellectually deep, profound; comp. ooS; to be difficult of investigation or attainment; Wooaegc~9oo,:9coS^Se~, aoSiSt, v. to be profound in intellect, or meaning, ooSoooaSft8su fcS, 2, v. to be dark, of a black color, og~Sag; o~ooQoVO SoC fcSco5~, v. to be shining black; chiely used adverbially, as ~ocop tocoS (Pali c8), n. a lunar asterism, of which there are twentyseven. "The twenty-seven nekatas, or lunar mansions, that appear to have been invented for the purpose of marking the posi. tion of the moon, and answering the same purpose for the moon

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Page  555 f &=oooS-fo1s 555 that the twelve rais (cr2cp) do for the sun, are named thus;" o5ooo c I, o1mcro, c Yoo, ccor, 80o8, ooq, oRg ad i to, o1ooo, @TO,, wcas,:C; eg Sclo::, 0 DO0, Oter, p8 oS. 3j,,O.q~o teP0eqo cs eorc8, e.g., oo8ttaS oos CIshes8 ishan o eose o sg w ci o~CO w ero c cS(fomqc6S, n. a species of mango. i@, n. to-morrow, foSBct; in colloq. it is corrupted into i, qo, s 1 (pro. n. aa wasp, tqordri; oingcoa o, a term of reproach applied to persons who are dishonestly acquisitive. ged, 2 (pron. (^eo), n. the Pterospermium sermisaittatum, a tree with gray bark, growing to the height of fifty or sixty feet. It sheds its leaves in the hot season, and has large white flowers. a&s (from jkos6s), n. the brim or upper edge of a vessel. 9a, see m8ao, n. a stick for driving, a horsewhip. i18, n. a kind of sea-dragon. "The nagas reside in the loka under the Trikuta (03joo) rocks that support Meru (Ss isE ), and in the waters of the world of men. They have the shape of the spectacle snake, with the extended hood (coluber naga), but. many actions are attributed to them that can only be done by one possessing the human form. They are demi-gods, and have many enjoyments, and they are usually represented as being favorable to Buddha and his adherents; but when their wrath is roused, their opposition is of a formidable character." M B. The Burmese say that nagas can take the form of human beings, but even when they do so, are obliged, under certain conditions, to reveal their identity, being powerless to conceal it, folscg8s 109oI861 oOgooaeccoosls 8 osoocacvcO 1 oocc& o18moXs fol189SCO8s, n. a mud volcano, as at Minbu, U. B. folcoSCS, n. the murex shell; an ornamental representation of a naga's head placed on the coffins of deceased pongyis. qo18CQ, 1, n. a noxious exhalation, tolscs~oo toMqs~, 2, n. the galaxy, milky way, 6'c,,ooSoo, O OO o8s00,

Page  556 556 folsowcS (oS) (pron. ooZoS), n. a kind of plant, sprigs of which are placed in the cgo:EcGdls oqlsoo~ (pron. oooox), n. gold, silver, or copper thread inwrought in cloth, jolsooc, s, folsco~oil, fol+10S0S, jlcO coooSzoil o3lsooS, 1, n. a fabulous noose; oq1ooScxScasoop, to tie up the hair in a certain way. olsooS, 2, n. timber spirally indented by the winding of a creeper. 01soa8ooSs, n. a kind of stone. o1s 8oS, n. a pit which throws up bituminous mud. olsceocS, 1 n. a dragon's crest. eosccooS, 2 n. the Leea Cequata, a shrubby perennial, covered with short, white, stiff hairs, and bearing smooth, red berries. Os18, n. a species of jasper, tol qscrc)qSH oqlsdc s, v. to roar, as a naga, ~coo oSo:cBs sogs, the Cheduba naga roars. The inhabitants of Sandoway make use of this expression when thunder is heard to the northwest of the town. They assert that it invariably rains within three or four hours after the sound is heard. q8t, n. cnstitution, nature, original character, aoc8, gESsomooS, oloS; in astrology, permanent residence; opposed to ooo08; 8Es c3tps=cA3Q486: co0om oooo8(3;os3, did you two originally know each other, or is it only now that you know each other? o oossoo cx~Los co&oSgQs, o oooo@ 093 8&|,j oXs ~wcBgoSos~366ooo, this person does not speak in his natural tone of voice, but in an assumed one. ES, 1, pron. you, mas. or fern., used to children and inferiors, ESc 88sct5, QSoqo; go8o 8co:s~8~6;O, a term made use of in charging another with disrespectful or insulting language. fS, 2, v. to choke, stop in the throat, 4opS, 3So8esS~, oo8Esg8ooSu d, 1, pron., possessive and objective of qS; in certain constructions, your, you; see Gram. sec. 78. i, 2, v. to be crammed, stuffed, loaded, beyond the capacity of the vessel or person; to be tight, constricted, whether from food or wind, or some other cause; more than oot; comp. os38q; IoD1 S1ol picqo@8:)ssqos8e3r~n 32s8, A. to be rude, disrespectful, in addressing others; used adverbially, c&fA, Sslki; osg emoscp0oooodnSsIndcoos (colloq.), your manner of speaking is very impudent indeed.

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Page  557 557 i88, v. to tread on; to trample upon, c:CQsqcC:oS; to sink in the water, as a boat, oOgQc3coo9~co0oo36s0a~, what is the draught of this boat? (ts is also used); acJo~iSSo c~;aslo,1 88sc:S8, n. a drawbridge. scEs&8 88s, adv. slipping and sinking, as when walking in the mud, or as a person walking while under the influence of an intoxicant, 8scyBS, n. a footprint, SicigcS~q, coSacooScooSSfgacS9(ii 8EssEs, n. a stirrup, SsgdcSu fsESsac5 (f8SifStoo8), v. to walk'(lit. tread) around the boundary ridges of rice fields, on making them over to a purchaser; to beat the boundaries (coSo sv.l~scS 69lQot0g:S). s8gcS, n. a stirrup; the treadle of a loom, or other machine, c~ OS:gaSu SoSod, v. to tread down, to crush under foot. Ss8<9, v. to press down hard with the feet, to crush. 8s8cos, v. to shampoo by treading on the body and limbs. E, av. to sink into, be immersed, SEoS; to pass beyond recall; applied to words or business; to faint away, more than cS; ce So8 ce 83oo8a8, 8oqcSB, owing to the boat sinking, all the property is lost; so:6c08 iescoo8c08q.8. Der. oAs, and.i, p0 (pron. vi), v. to be difficult to bear or endure, not easy to put up with, or consent to; hence, to be severe, rigorous, oppressive, unjust; to feel aggrieved; 0o gc0~cOcSog$c8sac coco bSg8, v. to sink into, be immersed, oS6ooos8scos86qSg~s8Co6 Bov, Maung Pyu's son died by drowning, OqScSc6oo is more often used in the colloquial, and 4g$8s in composition. S, 2, v. to go back; combined with aopS, as oS4S, oaoSue~; eSaS8cRgoo4$}(, having been defeated, the Shan army has retreated; Ios Co S c8881cqr6oS o60, when one has formed a plan, it is not advisable to go back (draw back). 606, adv. intensive, to words of whiteness, RaoSagoS (infreq.). 36SES~e (pron. fSq$4)) (from oot6, and ooBq), adv. thoroughly, to the very bottom, qqgSq g(~@ioooSoog, he is in the habit of arranging his plans in a thorough manner. jS~6c>~^, adv. backward and forward, from beginning to end, fS6sjpcjpy go<s>=>~

Page  558 558 g,, L (Pali toc), n. a rule, precedent; comp. eoco; a way, manner, custom, cs, ooo:s; hence oofesc:cos, adv. again, moreover; c4a is the more common word for precedent. i8se~ocs, n. a statute, enactment; see the parts. Ssoaq, v. to be stylish; f soqgo, stylishly. lgsgs, v. to learn to imitate, 0 ~oo s scz8~os88sc oq88 &8scr (pron. psq8), adv. in the same manner. ~8Su, OSto, gs8:oo, n. same as e8s, ps 8a^00, v. to receive instruction from another, with a view of perfecting one's self in the same branch of learning or business, as a person serving his apprenticeship, psb8, aocps9 8 oA ooc8SQq p8, 2 (pron. $), v. to be few, not many, Otps, OoaqSo8cSa 8soog, there are few people in this place; 9ocQS c oogsgf Ss a800vc, a man of very few ideas; s8 is much used in its negative form, e.g., ogescoso8S, op:sv8p80SI pSsig8s, adv. sparingly, Se8o8gs, ~clSsol80 1 u &8 8escs6oo, adv. scantily, sparsely, p8s8 ocoo oyoS, he is not a mischief-maker in a small way, i.e., he is a great mischief-maker. psols, v. same as gOs; also used adverbially, as e89 Oq8 O8, same as ^ g6 )SscfO, so'1g 8~y8 cs8n 8s 8< ]8O 8 &8, 3, verb. affix, interrogative, o&, ops; see Gram. sec. 110; used in writings with the present andfuture tenses, ooodq5 s 8owo &s8, whither wilt thou go? noS, n. said to be derived from the Sanskrit nath, master, husband, lord. "A iht is a kind of demigod, a being superior to Brahmas (6oqo), some of whom inhabit the inferior celestial regions (qoS p ), while others have dominion over different parts of the earth and sky (cIsioS)." M.B. "By Burmans a nat is always addressed as oo8JOs. Each Burman or Talaing family has its own nat, and among the Talaings, persons worshiping the same nat are forbidden to intermarry." T.K. (84). cjc soRSo5,; c coag foSooae, whdn mortals are incapable, nats render help; oaoocQ focsQoSS, nats cannot follow the wishes of mortals; meaning that mortals are insatiable. o3Sowo, n. ambrosia.

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Page  559 559 rosm, v. to dance, as a fomcooS, aoSocoorS, n. a nat-inspired female, ~foo8iso; a sorceress. oSmceos, n. a shed erected for plays in honor of the nats. fc6m 8Co8, v. to make a festival in which such plays are acted. oCeoocS, n. a kind of wild rice plant. oS{osclsols, n. the five chief nat8. oaScv2s, n. a large building erected to a nat, joSo2scoSau oScng, v. to be born with concealed testes. eoS~S, n. a small building erected to a nat; these small structures are to be seen near villages on the banks of fishery streams, also away from streams, under banyan and other trees. pSeo8l, n. wild rice; comp. ^oScm~~; in times of great scarcity the Burmese eat this in lieu of the cultivated rice. joSeocqs, n. formerly a government officer who superintended the worship of nats. o::)se, n food offered to a nat. The Karens perform a ceremony (generally when a member of a family falls sick) which is termed ~o~seoaao, to propitiate the nats (generally the cr~8S~), mjES orsE8, n. an evil spirit, a demon, S^noS; comp. oovcoo~oc oS68, n. the humming moth, ~c0PSu roSoo8, v. to offer to a nag, o;ooooagu ~oScd, v. to assail by means of a nat. toSc8 s, n. one devoted to the service of a nat. jOSjoSp, v. to listen to an oracular response,:oSoo8coo5pOsoq0a 1 5pdos8, n. a twig of certain trees (oo0888s, oosa084o), used in religious offerings; any red flower. ~oSoa, v. to offer to a nat, oSoSoo; oS~s8, to make a provisional offering to a nat, with the intention of supplementing it with a more substantial offering, at some future time. ~o08~cS, n. a celestial being, icOLcSu, 0Ci8, v. to be possessed by a nat, fc onl ES, n. an abode of nats. joSeocScoS, n. the inferior celestial regions (cooccoom), consisting of six stages or stories (85). Uo,@ v. to die, as a king. The Burmese in speaking of the monarch immediately preceding the reigning one, styled him fo56~e ESocp8@s, e.g., when King Thibaw was reigning, King Mindon

Page  560 660 was called o8&bwso ceos 9oso&, o SocgOs8, 0osuoo00O 3oSgoS, v. to be hidden or kept out of the way for a short time by a nat. oSco&s, oSXS808s, v. to be permanently possessed by a nat, so as to cause loss of reason, or some serious physical defect "o?, n. same as S ~g 3 ooS foS~SA, n. an evil nat. oC8moo, n. an offering to a nat; foSqqooou 6oSqoS, n. water offered to a nat, oa.Ecq~StFSpSn cSgap, v. to die, as a prince or princess; conm. so~S, oi~o8, n. a person possessed by a nat, as a oSc8BSs, or ~oSacoaS oSOgTo, n. knowledge or skill acquired by commerce with a nat. oS0DS5, n. a dead tree (Forestry). 3o:cSc~cS*~, n. a term applied by forest officers to trees that have been blown down, or have fallen through other natural causes, cm=oS&coSo ii foSoicod, n. a young nat, or one that causes a person to speak with the voice of a child. tjoScoo5 (freq. pron. rcoT), n. Natdaw, the ninth month in the Burmese year, nearly answering to December., v. to wag, as a dog's tail; one kind of ocS; to be light, wanton, vain, unsteady in deportment or conduct; less than coS8s. Der. pil oocS, dc8s, v. to be light, vain, unsteady in deportment or conduct; used in some adverbial forms, + oOcS, 4SpC si8 +8, 1 n. a royal palace, abode of a king; in certain connections. the occupant of a palace. 8scr, v. to be dethroned. 98ae, v. to dethrone. +svo (pron. ge), used adjectively, hereditarily belonging to the crown, as +8Seg~C, crown money; g9Seogg3g s, crown jewels; +e89Seocoo5, crown boats; +se:ooc~c9S, crown ordnance. fB8, v. to enjoy royalty; 3S8ascaovSsoSs, a reigning monarch. J8+C7, v. to erect a palace; sJoS~, the city in which the king holds his court, the metropolis of a kingdom. 4scosocS S, v. to become broken in succession, as a regal line. t8soo0, v. to ascend a throne. s8 Wiscx2, n. the heir apparent of a crown; see VsCacoOSu

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Page  561 561 +s8Coo, v. to begin to reign; lit. to ascend to the royal abode. aso0E, v. to place upon the throne. +sc86o53os, +sCoSos, Scsos scs, 8so, n. persons, male or female, belonging to the palace. 3s8coo=kosE, n. the occupants of a palace (collectively). +8c$Ssasl, n. a kind of border on a petticoat, oooSscoS, ooScr'jgEa s8cd8, v. to occupy a throne; lit. to sit on a throne. Sso~cooS, n.the chief queen, ~covoSE8ovscoo5; +s wco58a Dcs@~ s, Scoo38sesca168s; PscdccoooSeoooSo8 3~s8ocp8(%<~eceosn,8Q6, n. the high conning-tower adjoining the palace. +Sss, n. a royal dynasty, c&;8s+8sun &Ss8~^Sj~^ (pron. ~)'), 9+s8s8caS, n. same as +8tai ~sScooEs, +8sc3, n. the heir apparent of a crown. sSoocS, n. the time during which a king reigns. 83sooagaS, v. to reign for a long time. $S8O, n. a courtly pronunciation. s~s+ 8so0oS, n. palace fashions (in dress, etc.). s8, jk n. a plate of iron or wood perforated with small holes; hence e srs8, a machine for twisting ropes. 6i8, +8; n. wire. st80sooS, v. to wire, +msa scano 8WsscBS, v. to telegraph, s68+s onCl 8scS, v$8, v. to draw wire. +CSCWgSs, n. twisted rope. +go6cS, n. a hole in a perforated iron plate; the hole in the wheel of a Burmese cart, in which the box (~coOSs) is inserted. 81c8s, v. to cut leather into strips; also applied to slicing mangoes and green ginger in a particular way for pickling; see SscScSs8 s800o (oS), n. the tree which produces the balsam of Peru, liquid amber, Altingia excelsa. f8Csroo8s, see cSscooScr:s, n. the yellow-banded bungarus. 8sooavSj1, see cScoo5pS, n. a kind of serpent. f808@E, nn. the Vachellia tree, producing a gum with all the properties of the gumarabic of commerce. v, v. to be sufficiently cooked, as grain or vegetables cooked in water; particularly applied to rice steamed after boiling, co88soo;pS; fig. applied to the accomplishment of an end, oocsi8^ooo; is also used in the sense of being well-informed, knowing, as ooS:Too3c, a B. D. 36,

Page  562 562 very knowing man. It is sometimes used in a sarcastic sense, ooS c2j:Sc'8<guoo, he wants, very much, to appear as a well-informed man. Der. ar6, cgtB, 6 iyS, and ISa soft (pron. atst). o4tcE, oth, touSC8, tosci, v. to wrestle, oloss'tooSoacoot, can you wrestle? ccgosg; ces is sometimes used alone, cO8& olSaZE, v. to be skilled in wrestling.:oStoocp, n. a professor of wrestling. 9os+acS, n. an umpire in a wrestling match, coocSosn jo+s, n. a wrestling match. y8E (pron. Busc8S) (from I, and c88~), n. the neuter gender. n (Pali 9aon ), n. one who is neither male nor female. 3o8, n..the eye of a needle, Soe8s; a$Soos, timber drag-holes; the hole through the nose of a buffalo or other animal, co08s; a hole through the head or large end of anything, osolQcicli eososs, n. the cord passed through the nose of a buffalo or bullock, with which the animal is led. ors~goS, v. to remove the said cord temporarily or permanently, as when the animal is old; sometimes used fig., s8noSodi}ooswic eusc8s,:O8uSs, 8 vooscocS, v. to make the said hole; Mt is used only with c8s, rovsescis o8s8ESS, v. to be hard to lead with a oos~s, as a buffalo or bullock; os8(g8,, {Tos, sOeuC8c, v. to be easy to lead with a osfrs, as a buffalo or bullock. ns, n. the forehead. q8ses (pron. qsos8), n. an ornament tied on the forehead. A28ls (pron. 8sow), n. marks on the forehead indicative of one's destiny; fate, destiny, fortune, o5n q8seol0, v. to be one's destiny, fate; a term applied, as a rule, to the intimate consortment of persons in this life, who in past states of existence, have been more or less closely associated or brought together by an inevitable convergence of fate. It differs from c6seoSol, since the latter generally implies that the consortment is the result of having been co-offerers of religious gifts in past existences; te:ooul, when applied to a married couple, means that their destinies are bound up together,,.crzo~aSc vo5d{i

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Page  563 568 se.odfIcxo 0c16Sco3Sq.1 oo, it is not because I love him, but only because my destiny is bound up with his, that I am com. pelled to live with him; to have a synastry of destiny. q8;0, n. a forelock. 8sc~oS (pron. f 8C ts ), n. a bald forehead. gts8zs, tscS88:s, n. the cord by which a basket (cfOCoSd ) is suspended from the forehead, +^ Wb o2s, n. a kind of creeper, the Combretum apetalum. ojAsc3, n. the grooving, or spiral channels'of a rifle. giscS5ost3, n. certain ornamental carved work. AcowS, adv. heedlessly, in the manner of one who stares about, forgetful of his own situation. ocn:sq (Pali), n. a book containing forms of worship, a liturgy, Ok 0306oq6880 (cQOMOoc). t9occos (freq. occos), n. a kind of rice plant, ~e~cose6o0s, t~8sfcS, adv. see oS-?~5n Rsfc08, adv. pretending not to hear; stunned, stupefied, as by a blow; a term applied to persons when absent-minded, unheedful, etc.; the Burmese say s8ois 8~oooScs8oooSo cgcaEs803co, of a person who behaves in an absent-minded, heedless manner; c~QOooo, an abbrev. of the Pali sentence placed at the commencement of each book in the Buddhist Scriptures, viz., c:oooooi oo ooQoool 009OMG01 008:3O38g[= t2QO5BS88j o6e005CQooQoOO~ ~~~v3'/cp oooj6^s8dio, I do homage to Bagawa, replete with the six glories, worthy of worship, possessed of unerring, intuitive knowledge; boSbCl sol ss8~ o1 0ooo0 Ic05~, adv. heedlessly, in the manner of one who stares about, forgetful of his own situation, opl fiBee5bc.ooosoopS; c$58c~S il; ^oS@cSu 08, v. to smell, receive scent (obsolete), ooi:oaS, to scent game, as a hound, ~cgssojq~ o, or as a deer scents a tiger, omaooskvq 0&; to smell of; to kiss, as the Burmese; cpqSs, to lap, as water, 6cssq'~l.f(CsCOeS, the water laps the brow of the bank. 085j|(, v. to snuff up a scent audibly; to kiss aooC8^o8sG~ qCS0680ios (CoUoq.).

Page  564 564 iSti, v. to snuff up, draw into the nose, cooo oS c Sg8~CS0 oS, 1 n. the component parts of a territory or jurisdiction, taken collectively, whether principal or subordinate. odlgos, n. intermediate space between two territories, ocojs oo~S fiosyoq8Cd~o8eCElSlo<S68lg0C08ols)1Xll oIosoj, n. a demarcation officer, aoS8osoSill fod, v. lit. to divide a territory, o0io8|o SoonooMD foSeS, n. the line of junction between two territories. o$SSoS, n. the outer limit or boundary of a territory, oSgSso@ S pac, fd 8+o 3s 8; o<S^os^8loSooo;Coo SSi oSdoo5, n. the component parts of a territory or jurisdiction, taken collectively, whether principal or subordinate; see IoS, ofoSio d0 S6, n. one who has control over a territory, doS. oo, doSlS $snooiBsepodcB~,asr ^oqoa, as in speaking of an official controlling a tract of country. QSojcoSooocS, n. a subdivisional officer.,u9S*oo, v. to delimit, or fix a boundary. CoSuOoSoS, n. a boundary officer. oS., 2, n. the curved stick that stretches the cloth in the loom, Ao9 C8s (two curved sticks of unequal length). o.dcrS, a. to stretch the cloth in the loom with the curved stick (or sticks). jodcqSs, n. same as od (more common). doSajs (pron. oS8s), n. the iron points of the said stick. oSA,, n. a pawn in chess. od, 4, v. to knead with the hands, or trample to pieces with the feet, soSaS oo3g; to tread out corn, as an ox, olnsoExc. Der. a~S oS, SoSi, 6oS, and o86o5'u oda8, n. liniment to be applied by kneading. oooo, (@&), n. a kind of rattan, with which, under Burmese rule, the punishment of whipping was often inflicted. 0o, n. Nayon, the third month in the Burmese year, nearly answering to June.,l 1 (Pali), n. a measure of time equal to ten winks of the eye. A:., 2 (Pali), n. man, can.690c86', ~6o88, n. titles of royalty or divinity, 9qe=c~8l Sa8u Ss8(^eOcS^Occ0 ^psli

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Page  565 fegs-4CoSo 565 qegs, n. a kind of trumpet (oba.). / i qocoo, n. a kind of mortar, most durable; one kind of Sa.ca. 8ps, n. a kind of flying animal (fabulous) rcps.I Aql (Pali gq, c2, and Ad, %89m6isS), n. a title of royalty, signifying one who has authority over men; JLp098, formerly, a title of the chief queen. ~ (o8), n. a tree producing a small, astringent, apple-like fruit, which is edible, the Flocourtia cataphracta. ~oom8, n. new work, a fresh undertaking; recently acquired merit, or demerit. 903o3O (Pali do, nine, and 93@o, tenth), a. the nineteenth, wooScdt soy (Pali do, nine), a. the ninth, c ~8coSO i joqoS (Pali do, nine, and 9o00, a gem), n. the nine kinds of precious stones, viz., &cb, pearl; oos (pron. oag ), coral; cov, sapphire; 8S, diamond; cQSE, cat's eye; i, emerald; epoaoo:o:, topaz; ougos, ruby; and 6oTroS, garnet. o08cS (Pali d6, sSOS, and 80c, iSao), n. what is lovable because new, ysc24sosgs oe~9o, ~68o5.e&6@cc0; ocrlo, 1, (Pali Aor), n. spirit; opposed to ij', matter. "Rupa (jo) signifies the material form; nama (e) signifies the whole of the mental powers; the two combined signify the complete being, body and mind." M.B. t6i'l, v. to die. g8Cpp, 1n. same as ii, 2, n. the day of the week on which one was born. In the Burmese time, when recording revenue proceedings (4eoov8), the day of the week on which a witness was born, was usually inserted, [oYS, n. the planet which presides at one's birth. ~, 3, n. the side of a body, generally animate, but sometimes inanimate. CoO, n. a side raised, as a partition or a screen. t[iEs8*, n. the interstices of the ribs. rd3), n. an armed retainer of the King of Burma. i, n. the back part of the side (in/req.); comp. olsii coS, a. narrow, applied to cloth, particularly a waistcloth, as at jcoS; @8, Ice, tooS I; g8osgo5eoSl

Page  566 566 566 I*i fcB0 i 1 p (pron. o), n. a black spot tattooed on a person's side, of similar import with the broad arrow on the King's Own, I c*t: icoo, n. the side of an animal. 4co68s, n. the edge or middle ridge of a side. ci, n. a short rib. The Burmese believe that if the eighth rib (nearest the hindquarter) of a bullock is shorter than the others, it will bring bad luck to the owner, qaoSoo:mu Jco, n. a large flat-bottomed boat; comp. 8scmon coooS, n. the raised side of a boat or ship; sometimes applied in writings to human beings, coc3boooSBc3E o6<co8<ooaa8IjU looS, n. the flesh on the ribs, I01:8t, 4cotoSW; C0oocB cfcS Q^1n2ll2 ji8 @4dS SogSu@ooocoo~C*cnggacbH 4oai t t@J1Q oO (Colloq.). IcorT:sooooS, n. a game which children play, by putting one of the forefingers backward into the mouth, drawing it out with a jerk, and thrusting the tip of it at the ribs of another; if the finger should strike a rib, the statement insisted on by the actor is regarded as true; if it should strike between, it is considered as not proved, o0oocicd fwo oc(gSi6o ics (pron. cDs), n. the side of a body; ace is cos]aSsqS, adw. side by side. cosceoss, v. to lie on one side, 0cosc~oso98 3poSn 80co8o, 1 (pron. Scoonts9), adv. one edge over another, as in rabbetting boards, clapboarding, or sewing cloth; folding, as doors. 4coas80, 2, v. to rabbet, fQ*1oo<9~ W9 H ieosXeeoS, GOsfO8ls,.Cos4S, n. see 4l =cXoo8, n. the flesh on the side of an animal. i, n. the raised side of a house, wall, etc., oics$84ij, /cmoo, s4oen n8, n. a rib. 4, a. to smell offensively, to stink. Der. oota Scos, v. same, o3ac@gecco3=N8toQ 6^~5esB tIoS, by corruption ocS, n. the morning. aoSa&s, n. the morning, forenoon. I c&~, n. the early part of the morning, JcrcGceocSosciolo c6S, n. breakfast; a tooth-stick, oc3i; AoxeScoS, a royal toothstick. tioaooS, n. matins, ItoSiccpto;SEiS

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Page  567 m-+ 567 o (o~), n. the coriander plant, ftoSp ~co, n. the seed of the same.,4s4, n. the turmeric plant or root; often in colloq. incorrectly pron.,Os,; 4S:fcS, ^885, ^gscS~o, 4^8so1, different varieties of the same. uooS (Eng.), n. number, the figure or figures which specify a number, uooS8s4uooScu, terms used when speaking of seniors and juniors in government service, i.e., as to what position they occupy in the Civil List. 10o= (from 94, a scent, and aoo, pleasant), n. an odoriferous substance, of which there are five kinds enumerated in ancient writings,;o.4, ta:)R, scqS, Sol, and mococS, ooocisctsoohu zoooc8 (pron. 1o d8), n. fragrant oil. o:o'C18os, n. a mixture of fragrant substances used in incense, ~oo oocypqrSs, n. fragrant ointment. taoc~ocs, n. a beauty spot; generally on the eyelids, t0co ocds",to'0, n. fragrant powder.;:xooq, n. fragrant essence. t:oooccp, n. a light yellow, straw color; a. t ocPSeOl', t cQcP~oo1", I, v. to listen, hearken, attend to; tooo!>dcS, pleasant to listen to, but hard to bear, fOOooooc:Mo8sQ'o0I~ poB, foci, v. to listen with regard and acceptance, o290o8s, o3BooS $so 8,ogog o qlvoS soqJ, A while awaiting the orders of your superiors, please do not go anywhere; ~~,~'~8 O Oarc.;:S oc~, v. to wish to listen to; to like, be pleased with, have kind feeling towards; hence!focq, to dislike, hate, to be intolerant, be jealous of; comp. (a; c o^ 8ogoopSy~ cQco 8 oS ySn d PooX6, v. to be willing to, consent to; to be acceptable, agreeable, to receive as a proposal, woo s800 8,~~ ~C0o'12. o, 2, v. to be ill, to be in pain, to feel pain; to be hurt in one's feelings, 8oSoo; to suffer loss, damage, become impaired, or weakened, as the force of an argument, objection, owing to the superior dialectic skill of an adversary; c~oeor:ow ckoe, ccoooS cxoo, 0o018000Scom 008cxO400cOO8 QjcooSc4cSBoO&e~gSivz X ctooagS, the questions put by the advocate to the witnesses for the government, were very damaging.

Page  568 568 o:acS, v. to be ill, to be in pain; to be hurt in one's feelings; orES is more often used with reference to bodily pain than otherwise, ooos BW1OCi3 goo86icr g 83dSg 8eCScSiCS46e, the dacoits ran away after severely beating the head boatman. 3O~ 8, v. to be ill, to be in pain; to be hurt in one's feelings, gr)ocoS vooov sccpoq, in. a lingering or protracted illness. BOLOs, v. to be in a fever, -c8oao8g~|S; see tosZ, ocoxo (pron. scoao), v. to suffer from the effects of old disease, though convalescent; to be convalescent, ci:STOcc3coCOOcQ&o bsc98a@wsy^qSo1 n tprqs8 (uS), n. a kind of tree, the Byttneriacee subacerifolium. ToB (Beng.), n. a court bailiff; c8coE (Eng.) is superseding O8na TOq1 (Pali), n. a union of song, dance, and instrumental music. OoS( (o8), 1, n. the pineapple plant; -ovcSgn oS', 2 (Pali, LOGO), n. a dissimilarity, variety. opp (Pali), a. or adv. sundry, various, sog88o c os8 8v, os,8s,, OpOCoDO, adv. same, 8pcxooo, oo2Q3ooo0, 06e) pOSOfOOO:q00 oE082s18e, spirits are able to assume various shapes and forms. atP8, n. various forms (assumed by superhuman power). &S (Pali o)), n. a noun. Svvos, n. a pronoun. pac (Pali), n. a name, mege, oogjooc6Socooscc&oSn f30oc30 (Pali roe, mind, spirit, and mooc, a collection), n. the mind, considered collectively. 3o8~cooo3 o, n. an adjective; see 8co303 ou fopS (from Gou, and owe), n. a name. v&3opc?:r, v. to bear a good name or reputation. ^pSat, v. to have a great name, to be distinguished. 3 o0 Te, v. to call by name. vo@48~, v. to bear an evil reputation. oogcO8OssI, v. to change a name, fooefgctoSsu vo9 'aoyc3oo, a. anonymous. pope~y, v. to name, to style, to call. The Arakanese often give their children revoltingly filthy names, in order, as they say, to ward off evil nats. o Qfg C3oss, V. to change a name, to give a false name, too o~~eo

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Page  569 569 pcosc*8, n. a diamond of the second quality; see under 8Sl oOq, n. an excellent kind of gold, f0~g|s, occov3Ooi v8 (Pali), n. a measure of time equal to four pads (o6) or twenty four minutes of English time; an hour; a watch, cloAk, horologe, or timepiece.:JOqrcQocS, n. a gun fired at a stated hour. o d3, n. a watch or clock, referring rather to the case. &o8gcS, n. a watch. o:eoac, n. the works of a clock or watch. oq5oS ($)), n. a kind of confectionery. oQ3cs, v. to strike the hours, as a clock, oqc(8su to4~B, n. after noon, or after midnight. t~ocowE, n. a gong struck at a stated hour. 8s,l n. the ear. 9389~oqSc~8i6~:, a. auricular. 8so, n. the bulge behind the ear. oscESs (pron. ~o8s), n. an ornament above the ear of an image of Gautama. osmcoEsoR, v. to be thick-eared, that is, dull of hearing; to be dull of apprehension. scmoSso1s, v. to be thin-eared, that is, quick in hearing; to be quick in apprehension. osSmcsSo& (pron. soSsSoS), a. solid, not hollow; see f:oS^oS; when applied to a person, signifies stupid, incapable of hearing (infreq.). a Osmwol (pron. nros), n. a bowline. 3pico1, n. a certain ear ornament, t+osmc6' atots, v. to accord with, acquiesce. P2sa, v. to receive by the ear; to listen, attend to; n. an officer who receives an order from a higher authority, fo:cooS, eSo^os6, g tosaQoco, v. to listen with regard and acceptance. so8aws, v. to find bitter to the ear, to be much annoyed by hearing, }8sa8qS, n. the tube of the ear. ts4, v. to convince by argument, or by evidence presented in any manner to the mind, in order to gain some benefit. 18pgS (pron. ai)t, v. to find unpleasant to the ear.

Page  570 570 ft08, V. to find sweet to the ear, to love to hear. li, lV. I be born deaf. Os8goS, n. the 'an that holds the priming of a musket or gun; figuratively applied to quick discernment. ps,~, v. to listen with pleasure and delight.:togs, v. to be tired of hearing. 9(88, v. to listen with thrilling pleasure; 9st8.ot~scx osOceIS (pron. Coo~), n. a linchpin. oscaoecos, v. to be thick-eared, that is, dull of hearing; see:o0c; a term also applied to timid horses, o:sce:o (c8) cosccoSoooS P8s g, v. to listen attentively, as when endeavoring to catch a distant or uncertain sound; applicable to animals as well as to men, Op3 ptec, v. to have small ears. posoo, n. a pulley, the wheel of a block. O:s8j, v. to be extremely pleasant to the ear. r8es8, n. the powder in the pan of a musket, fto:sah pscooswoS, v. to put powder in the pan of a musket. fOs:croS, v. to listen patiently, ocGo:)8EcooSSJIu )toaStcR8 (pron. foSid3s), v. to keep up a continual repetition or din in order to force attention, as in the way of propagating scandal. p:csoows8 (pron. Coslt), n. a hollow cylinder worn in the perforated lobe of the ear. p:8cooS0ocS, n. the lobe of the ear,:oti8.s Pso0o (pron. jooS), n. the part of the head before and above the ear, the temple. ps2o, v. to be thick-eared, that is, dull of hearing; to be dull of apprehension. osccooS (from co:)S, to erect), v. to listen, hearken, attend to; to mind, obey, as in the phrase, e*ot+rcSo8ooOsO 3oc88s, v. to be hard of hearing; comp. posotau vs8cg8s, v. to bore the ears; see pi:coS; pscgSocooG, to perform the ceremony of ear-boring.:suoc, v. to have large, unsightly perforations in the lobe of the ears, jSt occrStoco; posooS is also applied to an ornament worn in the perforations of the lobes of the *a.,

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Page  571 571 fou&. to be deaf. pfo28c680 (pron. t0~806S0), a. solid, not hollow; applied to arti.. cles that are naturally or commonly hollnw, Qfl:88oS; artificially solid; w 8do&$so68cS, o00,SRs18oS80; COMP. ec8s fa* n. an amulet worn in the ear, 4owcocB~n fs,n. the trunnion of a gun; the ear of a pail. f.4sMs (prom. jft44s), a. a rope handle of a pail or bucket. ~W~ca&S, n. the curved handle of a pail or bucket. joluj4 Es (pron. ~t:j4s), n. the end of an axietre, tosc.4, a~gs p4s~o (pron. fc~o4), n. an earlock. psc643&t, n. a sail rope. foluscolhS, n. the hole in the ear of a pail. tssv. to be thin-eared, that is, quick in hern;to be quick of apprehension, fosdswzcu ps~Spzczss (pron. jq~caQs), iunt. imprecativc; may my ears perish (if I heard it), coeopgtl;lt, r82o'Cxr9 (pron. nosce), adv. in a manner painful to hear, whether teasingly, or scoldingly, j:sO9 0SO&'QOg f&U4 n. a perforation in the lobe of the ear; the touchhole of a musket or, gun. fovd-Ss (pron. pscL~s), n. the lobe of the ear; focgI0g ap.. plied to old people. rs~kcms, n. an earpick, ps~ooocoS,:soog poq n. cerumen, earwax. psodv. to bore the ears (o$St is more elegant). wSQOO. to be harsh to the ear. pso'cY8s, n. the ring that secures the shrouds of a boat or vesseL rso*8,n. the shrouds of a boat or ship, PSo(SS, n. the powder in the pan of a mus'ket, pasc~oam j:)SqGoSs, pos90~s8, n. an ornament or guard worn about the ears, being an appendage to a crown Oq) PS SCS n. the ear,, lit, the leaf of the ear; also used. as a verb, when it has a signification similar to p:cooDS6, though more elegant, casos v0,8B1: 9s 6) "O osao scO$S 8S,&sd86s PlrS v. to be ashamed to hear.,so~(pron. codS), v. to understand;ofkfooedb

Page  572 572 0sTcot, v. to be rather hard of hearing; comp. f:>ctI88 osoS, v. to enter the ear, gain access to the mind, be persuasive. 308Co, v. to have one's sense of hearing confused,:ococ8N, p38co8sol (pron. ~cojol), adv. doubtingly, as to what is heard, 08CO g08 dl CSO3 08so, v. to hear indistinctly. 08soo (pron. looo), n. the part of the head behind the ear.::8on, n. an earring (obs.). Der. 8Sspsot 3,:sps:ol,:o;crS 9s833s8, n. an eardrop,::)soSaXsoBoagoN 08co0, v. to be pleased in hearing, ops6oS, 0psi8go&s:o3u soSs8, n. the block of a pulley, cocraSS3 sc8saeCS, n. same as ps3su 08o8sE, v. to put into the mind, either as a speaker or a hearer, 3s8cocS, n. the part of the head under the ear. pso8, v. to sound, as a buzzing noise in the ear. 38s, 2, v. to cease from motion or action through desire for rest; to alight, as an insect, to perch, as a bird; to be arrested in its progress, as an arrow, bullet, or cannon-ball when fired at an object, i.e., striking an object without forcing its way through,:Do8sc oSc icooo3osOc1~C as88; may also be used in speaking of a clean cut made by a da, sword, etc., o 8088o cSo:oyoit ov083CoSoo803,8; cS908i.o8i.08s, the three intervals of rest which reapers take in harvest time; ~qooo&SoioSoSoc~ c 9vov8s:8s (colloq.), the sun is very hot, let us rest under the tree; 0oc0oS8~o0 ~ocavs0, let us rest a little while, in order that our stiffness may be relieved. fos8s8ccs, adv. slowly, moderately; this word is usually applied to words of coming and going, and of performing manual labor, when it indicates that a journey or a work is undertaken with frequent rests, hence accomplished slowly. mCooc1s8o (Pali moc0, a collection), n. the five parts into which the Buddhist Scriptures are divided, viz. 8o,, o3o3 M 8Lg3q, 8gon, the names of which are usually combined with the suffix ocno*, ~ wg030; $MdCdoSC 88, $doSC8CaSII?cya (Pali), n. a departure into a wilderness, implying a renunciation of all the benefits and pleasures of social life, coo,0oocBS 8 (86) 88, J. n. the conclusion of a writing or book, sometimes containing a

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Page  573 573 summary, or other information, such as the writer's name, place of residence, the date of composing or transcribing, etc.; sa80's, $q8 alst, $98sooS, to make such a summary. ff8, 2 (Pali 0ow), n. a small town, market village, little trading place; comp. oq6,51 Q8c86S (Pali $o8o'), n. the character ('), commonly called coa c~sooS, when combined, in words of Pali origin, with the symbol of the vowel 't (0), and in some other cases. [g (Pali), n. permanence; goSt, see oooolIl g8jo (Pali), n. permanence; used also adverbially,?gioajox, $81ocfW'n 8oooS, n. cooked rice offered regularly to pongyis. $io (Pali 8, priv. and go, life), n. a lifeless substance; opposed to 3oc3&ou 1$8s, n. a compendious view, a syllabus, table of contents prefixed to a work, 91q i6cqsoa; also used figuratively,?o1csccOOS o&cjac, 5o;to8ceqls$; nedana (8o1s8) was originally applied to the introduction to the commentary on the Jataka stories. V, v. to be kept down; chiefly applied to wind in the stomach, ccooSoa. Der. ou` o01oS, 1 (Pali od1c8), n. a particle prefixed or affixed, without taking the place or office of an inflection, $o1c8co S3O6S83 coooSo; comp. 8oooSI Joloo, 2, n. a short zat, one of the five hundred and fifty, exclusive of the ten great zats, XoSqatIoS1 83 (Pali 483 )i n. rest from all evil; annihilation; oooqcic $83$0o3$8o0;o o ~@(~1 QQoos8 cocSooscoosqe msOocoo oS8 o:? cps; nirvana, ooaroSo~opsn,83~c6x Ss (pron.,go~cSEjSs), n. a building in which the body of a priest is laid in state. $3 QcrncSSocooD, n. one who makes an offering of a $8g~c 88ii $v83g, v. to attain and enjoy nirvana. 83:6ooS (pron. g:)co5S), n. a religious crier, one who notifies and calls to worship. $8Qv^~ $ol8, 589?8' v. to attain nirvana (~0o1). $, v. to be kept down; comp. $.; c8ovsoDvsG cialoEci ooS 5D ('? ise8 gSCE. Der.. Der. ^o (Pali $8g,), n. a sign, mark, token, cccacro; a mark denot

Page  574 574 ing the limit or boundary of a territory, o958oS; the mark of gender, that is, the private parts, male or female; cooco0lScS, 8~sw8roS; a mark or proof of something latent, or cognizable by the senses; a mark, sign of something future, an omen, prognostic, portent, c8oS, 88cSui ~$8Mo~c8s, v. to be of good omen, stcg0SoSco*:Ssoo: ioo,0oocg:o c8&Soen SoSfo8~cco8st, n. the four great signs, the sight of which induced Sidharttha to renounce the world previous to his becoming a Buddh, viz. an old man (cj), a sick and infirm person (ojo), a dead person (o~coo), and a recluse (qcos) (87).?SoSQs8, v. to be of evil omen, $oMsso,,oo~ co~Sopscfm:O~SsoQ0 ScrSoocg, n. a mark, sign of something future, an omen, prognostic, portent, c8,oS SoS o, n. same as E8OS; S* sC o3^sSoSoi^.OT ^ the words you speak have no omen (hence are of bad omen). 8 CoS co~8 88s, n. a leading question. 8So, v. to explain omens, ioscq s8o8odoSoooqec+yo c28~9coS, the Burmese believe that Brahmins are able to explain omens. 883ococs8, n. a book which explains omens. 2gojqc8, n. the fifth stage of the world of nats; see under oSGn 8~o0 (Pali), a. created. coa03g1ol, n. a created being, creature. v$, v. to be low, C08oo; comp. V$; to be short in stature; comp. R; coe8(SC3o8oS^fo09iE co3coYS3Q; oA Aq aoos ICjO-oOi tS8tseoBSog; ooseESszc2+$6:e icciosc{3sogcqosooSeS the ground is very low here; water will lodge, I think. Der. V$, 1o3 (Pali), n. hell, cka, GCoS or quad toloo (pron. 5o0a), n. lowliness, humility; o1oooocps, the law of humility. o8oSq (Pali goo), n. a quilt or cushion used by priests. $o=ooCmc, a. acting with care and attention.?o.$o) (Pali), n. the interpretation of an original text (0~), o1~ And, o:o000,~)S Xoo0t3 (Pali?oooo), n. a support, guide, something to lean on or adhere to, 9o~000b, fl

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Page  575 ?oo9=e-t 5a5 oxqeGs8ocp, n. a superior teacher (inferior to epod jcvocC), one who is capable of laying down rules; ogeqcovcpu o80o, n. a dependent, pupil, disciple, adherent. 8, v. to be red. OaEoS, ~S., a. or adv. pale red, violet; 8$9anS, 8(6ei, less than 188ogs, &E~ i6 f $o~et, a. or adv. disagreeably reddish. do38, a. reddish. oqaao, ookv, a. or adv. very or excessively red, oo00oso00 SC:p sj8s, $ ~, a. or adv. of a dull, faded, red color. @, a. or adv. of a bluish red color, Qs&sccp8n ~o3E88, v. to be purple,,o8.3Ec:S~gSCo 3S 4coSoS& EE8S, v. to be red; see S1 R[k[, a. or adv. very red. v0o, v. to be tawny, auburn. ol ol, a. fallow in color, as a deer. t88 (Pali, 09' ), n. a book of proverbs, of which there are three, viz., og8, pertaining to religion; ccovom 8, pertaining to common life; cp88, pertaining to government. ol?1s88 (oS), n. the madder plant and root; formerly much used for dyeing cotton fabrics, the Niba morinda (88). Wo3O~, adv. in contact, conjunction, as a planet or star. ~coO, n. a sapphire; hence d$d0co), an amethyst; ~co c6J, a term applied to sapphires which have a reddish tint. =coTo&S8, n. a sapphire mine. 8, v. to be near, not distant, ocos, 8q<SioaSoS5$54s8co4:, 0c8 3S scp8 j9, ocl0S98s9o8cln (8oooSox3 understood), he who lives near the house of a thief is apt to become a thief; he who lives near the house of a fisherman is apt to become a fisherman. $SmcSa, v. same; seldom used assertively. 186S, v. to be contiguous, to be very near, o'oo jfi ~cO coo u$806)@cOtCOOl:S sOO,(gXoi35, CQ4gsse+68 NQS, v. to be near (infreq.). Der. pos8ooolN I.5r(, v. to be nearly related. v. to be young, tender, delicate, ocq, 60$8; to be fine in grain or texture, c~a:og; to be done nicely or curiously, as carving, oaj33?; to be young, as the moon, cooag; to be feeble, as

Page  576 676 5c6C-ji the rays of the sun in the morning; to be immature in mind, inex. perienced, 80MS, o~cooo; to be unseasoned, as timber, ooSvooo ho; qoS oS33i, aq>c1SgS~^3 a, gSC~i s gScy; also applied to a paramita which has not been fulfilled, oSq19; oeo co9SsiomCC3Co861co0a& this person is still of tender age; ooe s o38s o80+ o<o oioocRX &e, the carving of this table is very delicate; oon9cco a8 aco4s8oq co1 Q|C Ss, this child cannot travel, he is still of a young and tender age. ~couS, v. to be young and tender. ScgoS, v. to be very tender. jochs, v. to be large in size for one's age. odoS, v. to be young, tender, delicate; to be nicely done. I, v. to be in the prime of life; followed by o0o0:, in describing scenery, cg < 3 0cx, 30q?6n tooS, v. to be delicate and fresh-looking, as a person's complexion. &pS, v. to be ripe and tender. as fruit, oqaSc s&&8nS Sol, n. tree cotton. vo, v. to take out, pull out, extract; comp. oooS; to take away (one's office); to subtract (in arithmetic); to repeal (an order). t]cS~s, n. a subtrahend. IoSSs, n. a remainder (in subtraction). oSaoxoS, v. to make an extract from a writing, ociSaco63 o838scw8 07:DSso+SooSaSc6q8s0C~so~ll roSo, v. to take from, to subtract. oSacooo:>-O*, a. privative. RoSoS6s, v. to degrade from office and deprive of all insignia; to repeal (an order), o8~aoS8<sXa> e>^osoo9 69~, X 8~ cooSstso8Ssooe~1i oSA9<88S, v. to revoke, ocot9cooSi v, v. to be unpleasant to the eye, as something grotesque, unwieldy, clumsy, or antiquated; to be outlandish; to be plain and ugly in features and dress; fig., despicable, poor-spirited; ootocogp~ ks, a very clumsy, large clock; ~ooS0siis ll V, v. to be loose, not firm, unstable (obs.), o8S,.oopS; to be weak, infirm, inefficient, irresolute; rather applicable to purpose, character, influence, etc. g}, v. to be weak, infirm, inefficient, irresolute, ~ooeoEsoaso0~ oqmcoDs (colloq.), your character is irresolute indeed! oqao35j

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Page  577 577 (.)yO. O1-Dt+Ojp1C * &S, 1, n. the deep mud or mire, on the bank or in the bed of a river; comp. tg, and A; ~isC, land on which onions, tomatoes, pumpkins, gourds, and sweet potatoes are grown. ftlo, v. to sink into deep mud. v8, V. to become filled up, choked with mud, cOS&82&jc o Ots, 2, v. to be weak, exhausted, from fatigue or illness, or from the effects of medicine; comp.,'8s 0St^, v. to be in an exhausted and debilitated state, as when attacked by or recovering from cholera, or after having performed a journey which has overtaxed one's bodily strength; oloSoocS cooscioctoaoeog'sC scoi}to.oSlo~s, if one takes purgative medicines frequently, one is liable to become exhausted and debilitated. ft Cg. V. same as t$8s t voS~, v. same as;js (inpfreq.), cp*adooo~^ oo8 q 8&Sjotd RS, v. to be small, fine; implying many particles, 9oag; comp. coos; to be insignificant looking; to be mean, paltry, contemptible, as language; with eas (ees) to cut, chop, or mince, into small pieces,;4e0ot+MciScoe; 9C8ooe;s1i<9g; *<?~< ert~^8~ PcoS, an abbrev. of oocoooon, v. to be leprous, to have leprosy. It is considered a great breach of good taste to use this expression in the hearing of any person afflicted with leprosy; r2osco)S8s, or ooos9a8O, are substituted. The least offensive term is or9g843p;;pgoosooo ag~ Co3~ - -~.P~ip i eb p,93)8CoooSs, signifying that misfortunes never come singly. oo%08, v. to appear, as the prominent excrescences in leprosy. jlt, n. the leprosy, ign vb, v. to be leprous, to have leprosy. t~, v. to be made soft by some process; comp. cv?; o ~occiat coQO8cq3h ~3i joSo1. Der. lta t~t, v. to be fine, nice, delicate, gentle, pleasant, o8&5cg~ & t%.D.33, v. to be suave, 4x0ooS4 B. D. 37.

Page  578 578 stsooS, v. to be well-disposed toward, affectionate, pleased with, jB~>, v. to be made soft, especially by cooking; fig., to be sensible, well-informed, experienced; to be well considered and cogent, as language, o6s@ vs 8S~o; socp 8s@co8~aC vDa8 pS&, the great teacher has a very experienced mind. c+, 1, n. the sun. c~83, v. to form a halo, as the sun; n. a halo of the sun. ~croooaSS8, n. fruit that faces the setting sun. ~croo, n. a screen from the sun. cpoa, n. the decline of the sun, afternoon; scf':8~cac3Scg08, to be born when the sun is in the decline, or in the ascent; ocrc ooc ~oae~, the declining sun is very hot. ctc~S, v. to pass the meridian, as the sun. csc6i3S~S, n. a house that fronts east or west, $v"pasoS~c3cQ S C00odSOC00811 ~cioS, v. to be eclipsed, as the sun; in colloq.freq. pron. ci6; "the sun and moon are at regular intervals seized by the asurs Rahu (cpoa) and Ketu (coS&oS), and these periods are called grahanas or seizures (eclipses)." M.B. cq:o, n. the sunflower, c~Qoo38bc coq o oS8c Slo'c~c~o, c~coSo, v. to disappear from view, as the sun. vea, v. to take shelter from the heat of the sun. c~d, v. to be moderately warm, not hot, as the sun, c~~,~ot.8, cpas, n. a sunbeam, <pccpStgeu ero), n. the morning sun. cheor, v. to be the cool of the morning. ceooa, v. to bask in the morning sun, ~fo<t030c g. The Burmese believe that sick persons die, if they bask in the sun. c~~o8 s, v. to be declining, as the sun in the latter part of the day, ectcQOs88 c~ oS, n. the strong rays of the sun. cgooe 8, v. to be broken in strength, be cool, as the sun in the latter part of the day, ccoossOgn c goScooocS, v. to be emitted, as long shafts of sunlight through a cloud, which the Burmese regard as presaging a high wind. C godc~8, v. to strike powerfully, as the rays of the sun.

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Page  579 579 C~ScS (from ocad), n. the earliest grass, coeval with the sun and the earth, ~cQooc~l, ~p30a8~, n. fruit that faces the rising sun. cp&, v. to be dark and cool, as the sun when covered by a cloud, ~roodS, n. the ascent of the sun, the forenoon. c~oo&cooS (pron. ~~o0o89o), n. the time when the afternoon sun rests on the summit of a hill, or range of hills; this expression was used with reference to the time when criminals were executed at Mandalay, ccoSooS~co8oac4 SooSce; also used of the sun when in such position, in any locality having hills or mountains to the west. ~c8q, n. a sextant; ccVspOq, a sun dial, ~To~; ~cT88 qoSo8os, a dial plate. ~c8Tscoo8St, n. an imperfect halo of the sun; comp. c~G85,n cacgdB, v. to rise, as the sun. c~ogoSeToS, adv. from sunrise to sunset. ~ca8 rqj8, n. King of the Rising Sun; formerly a title of the Kings of Burma. ~sg, vv. to be late in the afternoon. c~, v. to be hot, as the sun; c,, o, C o, to be a fine day, ~cWoc~ooowol, yesterday was not a fine day. ~Ws8ds, n. fruit that is ripened in the sun; comp. ~cooS8~s[o8, '~~.eSts, n. the burning heat of the sun. 'r QeiOcA, v. to bask in the morning sun, c~e:c nO ~QO~:cB, n. a spot of light made by the sun shining through an aperture, CefGSc;sn CO, v. to appear through the clouds, as the sun; to be a fine day, Qe~.c~ o3Sn~ o3 o9cogo, yesterday was a fine day, to-day it is raining. C8eo), n. the sun, lit. the mansion of the sun (89); c~8 oooosg~E CM08'% 8( 00C0 8lO^i8niH OOCSOOSol O188l O081 3ci9c&Y:,L xxxs9 @8 +f$Rfl DO0O58'1:4000830mo1 VC~fO c1Pwc8SiS 8s,, 1, n. the sun (poetical). ~J8us, 2, n. a species of narcissuswort, the Eurycles amboinensis. ~9~, -. to be high in the heavens, as the sun; to be far advanced, as the morning, odS ooctq~so~, he is late in rising (cceS8s,

Page  580 In and qt~}8l denote lateness of time in the afternoon and evening, egoas, lateness of time at night). qccTS, n. sunlight, cfifooco~sE e~ccEp8o, n. a visor; see coo0 eCece pS[, n. a sunbeam, fecpE6oln *^etcCc8~oS, n. a sunstroke, cc 9Qc5OS atccqCias, a. to shine through an aperture, as the sun; to glare, as the sun; more than ctcOcQ8s8; Cfp58COcOSu eqS, v. to be burning, as the rays of the sun; to be radiated, as the rays of the sun. c9oS, v. to set, as the sun; c~o8oqIS was a title conferred on some Shan sawbwas by the King of Burma. 0oS8Q88, coSoocoEq, c ooSqoocce, n. the evening twilight, the dusk of the evening, 2go3.l~oo: etoSs, n. the disc of the sun. ceox:, v. to be pleasant, as the sun in the cool of the evening; to be fair weather, w~co~cooaeooa t, 2, v. to stay, remain; to dwell, abide, have a residence; et often gives a continuatie force whan it follows other verbs, ~cp, SeSc5ope, coecko; in a protracted sense, to wait for, coo5s8: a8qloslct 'sc~5, all right, sir, you wait a bit (and see); said by way of a threat. c~t3, n. a dwelling house. Coatc^(cq (from woassoo c), adv. without profit (infteq.), r <stC@od8803g61l eocS, ccSmoE8s, v. to feel indisposed, out of sorts. eoS8sctSoSs (pron. c~oScQSoSt), n. a place of residence, an abode, ~ec68, v. same as eC, but conveying a more permanent signification, *eqeo~oS, n. an honorific name formerly applied to the dominions of the King of Burma. ctcg, n. land on which dwelling houses are erected. c~CS., v. to remain behind. c~ccrk, v. to become settled, to be nicely adjusted, managed, or arranged; to be completed satisfactorily, oo^sxc 6co Ooo6G8dl, arrange this matter satisfactorily. ~CPc9, C~cPSoS, n. situations more honorable than ~tc ccls od

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Page  581 581 e*rcnlsooCS, n. the five posts of honor, or places of sitting in-the royal presence, vi. coSQctp, Iqmcp, ef*cs cp, s ooc6scoOlo, Q8ccix, c-cpooS38s (pron. cfo8s), n. the person in a dramatic performance who prepares the royal apartments for the king and queen. cfpcod6, n. a cushion, 'o ccop, n. same. CePoS, v. see ccpaor; eceeooi c~, n. a day, from sunrise to sunset; opposed to e3@; comp. oo, a natural day of twenty-four hours; ~,eSS6oo-to,, ctcon8stoS e Sip, v. to select a propitious day for an undertaking c~a1st n. the middle of the day, from about noon till about 8 p.m. qoQo89elS (pron. etooorslsI), v. to work by the day, to work for day wages. ~a s,, adv. the selfsame day. ceps5ls, v. to work for day wages. '- '(o<, v. to work by the day. c. ) ceo~t1oS, v. to engage one's self and serve for day wages. csecoc, v. to be fulfilled, as the time of a woman who is enceins. c~b, ccl[d~l, n. a record of the time and circumstances of one's birth, made for astrological purposes. vc, n. the day of the week on which one was born; see, 2. cdS@, n. a bad day, either one spent in vain, or one marked by unlucky omens, qcAos; @oo9'18qcS CfcooS, n. the middle of the day; e coeSc@E coo6, in glaring daylight. etcooeov, n. a midday meal; c~coo a:ig(s, to give a midday meal. c~ol, n. lesons to be learned or recited by day; 8eSlclsnrS61, joS 4sto6x, etc. c.:%~Xoiy ~, v. to give a name, the initial of which is one of the letters belonging to the day on which a person was born, SW see s, w. to be few. v, v. to be loose, not firm, a*10e0S gD6s8COgQ 8)eS8i'4Qcxoxs898 eoi S noo; ~j6^qs6?~bC S, o sgooooojiscojsti 3coowolc Oisdtc66(^o, those who are deficient in wisdom and tranquility of disposition, are agitated whenever others move. Der. kB, Al. and le c3os 1, 1n. the space behind (a thing); sometimes, past time, oE8, but commonly, future time, cg Der. oocPoas

Page  582 582 c82soo8oS -co80Sc gi esocpSco8ooS, n. the rear guard. cfooSoo, v. to fall behind, be late, oa3(cvoSaic~0oGec>oo cooScB, v. to be contracted or small in the hinder parts. ccSfoQlc (from oococS, a time, turn), n. a future time, c~cSo0o~~cgS ~cpoS, v. to keep behind, from reluctance to come forward, o6s croSqSg, v. to turn the back in contempt, ~cqoS8OOS, ~c9E8S cooSC, n. dung, manure, oScs 8s, ScS, o8pCsoa Cfoa 83|, v. to manure (vulgar), cBSotocrg8 (polite). pQo ci sQ, n. a kind of beetle. c~o;C0, n. the protuberance of the occiput. ~c&AooS4o, n. a supplement, as to a Gazette, or any publication. ep3cfoo, n. the hair on the back part of the head. c &oaSsoS, v. to retrograde, fall back, retreat; adv. retreatingly, retrogradingly. cro3fos, a. last, final. csfo8&xSoS (pron. 808), n. the very last; adv. COoSl88oSo8 oo, Co5o4SaoS cpCo%3, c~loS8s8 s, n. a backstay. cToo~o6', n. the rear of an army or fleet. Coo;a~oS, adv. again, once more, cfocSooocoors, come again, another time. cQO3aoo08, adv. immediately after, 9caScoSo6c)oSol, cfsooStst qcsogooi; n. an addendum, csoclSoc, additional, c&oQSoo ^oc~oo6oSco'ao, n. lt. a back prop or stay; fig., a stay, prop, support, co ccooSoacco8oo sjso1o}^, as I have no sup. port, I am weak. egooSccooocSes, n. supplementary sums of money furnished to the families of ooXooxs):8, at the capital of U.B., by their relatives living at home..63cc3a scooS, n. a breech-loading rifle or gun. ~cooici oSco, n. and adv. past time, c~ooScP ccs:ood 1olao' oc~BcrpS, n. future time; see ~co8: C~ocBuo, n. the mark (\), e.g., L i CocS8Oc~gs, n. the iron ring or band at the end of a da handle; fig., cx osGoS coooSdccoo'' cc Xe^op oSoi

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Page  583 o cVS:-cfoE 583 c~O3c/SoScSc, n. a European shoe or boot, zgoc83 9n Cop scasq&S, v. to love in secret; q8 is oftener used alone, 0oo2 ScfsaO co, n. a wind directly aft. cvoaSB, adv. backward, c9oaSFcCc, 6g*0sssCocSBs., ~qc/aooS, n. the back part of the head just below the protuberance of the occiput. ccsoSodCSs, n. same, cS cgSsoo8~:oooC O8~scro'oOill c~foco8, n. the back side or back precincts of a house. ~c/OcoscQooSS, n. same as ~ccSOcosu c.ookS, adv. subsequently, qcScoc/u c.ooo3COS, adv. from better to worse. c3cf [cSEcfoS, v. to follow at a distance for the purpose of watching, c6c c poo~SccScfs, follow and watch that man. ~:c]cS.oScocaol, n. a follower. c~cscqdoS, n. a large basket suspended from the shoulders or the forehead. c~vofc~]ooc 3, n. a bag suspended from the shoulders. ~croSco5s8, n. a large oval basket (with cover) suspended from the shoulders or the forehead. C.c^oooos6cocoo, n. posterity. cuSrc@S, adv. backwards, 6SCoo Qc&oi c ooos6o n B coSfiC coo, a. reflex. ccS, 2, v. to be dirty, foul, as water; to be turbid, not clear, not transparent, oesg, ~e~co1s; @OC~3CBOS3oo,,i ooMCB~cqC! cQpdSo18os(colloqg.); o gi ooce~ Osoc rocySco~41Ci ~, / I am in a very perturbed frame of mind, to-day. Der. so$Scsc, and caoSo ~crScj, a. see the parts. oa6Oasgl, V. same as cqoHS ~CP8, n. future time; sometimes used as a verb in the participial form, 6pS<O8QOocoo, C pO33NC9~^1; c vsXSoo 9 8 d+ CtSQccooso>Sd Q:06oo (from co.S, and om), n. regret, repentance. 40o8o0, v. to regret, be sorry for, repent of, o9eo 8co,6~OlC~O rSCooS (from oocpoS), n. an elder brother, royal or divine, cs08 o5o831q^ 8sl8, Cfo~CeOS860o5; the three Buddhas preceding

Page  584 Gautama are styled ScooS, e.g., clS"ofoSoDo (WC"[ aj is styled coS). ctS-S, 1, ado. backward and forward, to and fro (obe.) S,, ad. applied to the tinkling of small bells, 0o:SoS (a ) CiCs or OC C, adv. ringingly, col8~cSo~cbo8 co8 w?, v. to be immodest, indecent (ifre.), c{?ogS, co8eoWS, wOOa:B00, 002w~g?O~^O c 8tsQt4, etSSS, adv. in a weak, infirm manner, aoEccoos ctS, verb. a#t1, so1fAing acquoicence (coiog.), oS8co04lSC6,, come to-morrow, won't you? w ooo:co ~c poccos, be sure to come, won't you, little teacer? S, 1, v. to prevail, conquer, overcome, cooS ~;:, to be competent to perform; to abound, be prevalent, swoso, ooi@,~so0; to be overmuch, excessive, as salt, ngapi, or oil, in food; pc88~sc8 oc&I6iS, weop aecs=IS& cS#ac 8weo qeocBSS ~doSn S 6[t (pron. +,;s~), adv. by equal weight; in equal proportions or quantities; on a par; SSidIjOtj3ocoosbjStEs Cfco, o' 2csooSsiSs, adv. in a domineering, overbearing manner, ioioSs SSt~, v. to be master of, to hold in subjection, o8IcoSoSoSwvo %t, 2, qual. werb. affix, potential, can, able to, gzosso1, C4.Sol S t6, n. a kingdom, a country under one jurisdiction or govement, c6s8S&; authority, power; also used figuratively, cocaPo Sc, the domains of lust; ccooooS&, the domains of cupidity. 18&ojS, n. the President of a Nation; ox.os8,, the President of a Republic; ^S6qo0o, the Presidency. Sf:iogs8tst, n. formerly the Minister of Foreign Affairs at Mandalay. co.so' o S, an asistant to the above,.8).9o0o, od S~s8 t6coot, n. a native of a country, jg=Sacc 8 AS|iI roM (ColBg.).

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Page  585 585 loob (Eng.), n. November, joa3owC, nearly answering to the Bw. mese ooct scoSo~tc, 1, R. the breast of a female, 4ci, q6os, x10oS; milk, qpl; ios, cow's milk; the spout (of a pot, etc.), joS38C. Der. D oet IooiS, n curdled milk ejected from the stomach of an infant. t*3, n. the breast of a female; an udder. p csos gSe, n. the serum or thin, watery part of milk, separate from the curd; comp. 89qeSn 80p, v. to be weaned. n, n curdled milk, curd, 2j86 1 t, t,,. to wean. tocr, n. rice boiled in milk; see ocnot to n, n. milk preserved in hermetically sealed tins, cj:,.:-,( - -, *:;,, ~too~if (pron. Joouo), n. a milch cow; euc ji@pSws aE, n. curdled milk, curd, PI g, v. to suck milk; n. a suckling,..JcocoS; awoS, a child-hood friend, of one's own age; a foster brother. Ioo, v. to be hungry for milk, as an infant. 8a, n. cream, ocSu8 8-, v. to milk. g s.,0m n. a milch cow. tSov, n. a child who is about to be weaned in favor of a younger child. icsoS, v. to nurse, give milk. c6, n. a dug, the teat of a beast. c8t, n. a wet nurse. IacgS, v. to yield milk. ~te&t, v soured or curdled milk. bcas, (pron. -g),. the pendulous flesh of a woman'sbretst, jIoS (from Gio, to stick in the throat),. to be deprived of the mother's milk..qQ, n. milk, SecxE6t oC ps6383o[ioe ][qoe, v. to secrete a milky fluid, as cereal plants, odSlIq.p,i. a wet nurse, o8 ocg lC S; any vender of milk. I8 n. a nipple, pap, the teat of a woman..' ca orrupton of c, adv thus, iQgo jSui

Page  586 's86 OO8 ns;ooS o6Se (Eng.), n. a legal notice O, ), 1,. to awake (intras.). Der. N8 I (so., v. to be quick to hear while asleep, to awake easily, ooD8 ooS00O; to be on the alert, to be vigilant, watchful; S s8 is(O sa~S9, v. same (infreq.); to have broken sleep, oo lcr soWS~c~aSos apo, v. to listen with attention and deference, wSscleoosogswpO oooSoodg s, 2, verb. formative; see Gram. sec. 125, 4th; denotes what is likely to take place,:o~cpdiIcoo:oo~, pac3j!ccSslsc ie ~ cfw, he is waiting, expecting that the ship will arrive; o8o'ps ~ sr~.~~~jog36oS, I was waiting, expecting you would call me, sir. is88, same, elSu D, i|(Cp co8, ad*, rOingingly, cpct& 8Ss3oS, n. a kind of plant. ef(fiBl, n. a currency note. gfs, v. to be dull, faded, wilted, ocost, isopS; to be worn out, exhausted, from any cause; comp. Hi|; o8o0S c~q~coco9c8 ccqsooOcq~ s(GSswQ (colloq.), though you should speak thus, sir, my character is not tarnished. i3so, v. to be weak and infirm. gS8od, v. same as &Ssu 8osuls, v. to be in distressed or needy circumstances; usually preceded by aoo<, oso&B8o1:8c:oocgo~io08o ~@ooS8), Ce&ws"8ol t&S&8, a. to be worn out, exhausted. 1t~csOS2, v. to be faded and old, as clothes. &do, v. to stretch along, as a creeper; n. a creeper. Der. ao.S, and AoS gcSc sai, n. the moonflower, Calonycdion Roxburghii. oSd., n. a sweet creeper; wild liquorice. &oSHe@, n. the Symphorema involucratum, a leaf-shedding, large, woody climber, bearing little clusters of small, white flowers. 1eoi, n. a kind of creeper, a species of Thunbergia, much used in making fish traps (ooWs).,oS, n. the hairy Lecttmia, jo9 caOCI &dSo6, n. any vine.

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Page  587 587 &SccolaSCfi, n. a kind of bird (Pali CoW). soScS, n. the creeping Bauhinia. odqiE, v. to entwine a tree, as a creeper. The Burmese are averse to using the timber of a tree around which a creeper has entwined, being of the opinion that it brings ill-luck. aoSES, n. a kind of wormlike insect said to resemble a creeper; hence its name; it frequents marshy tracts of country, and swift running streams. The Burmese believe that to drink the water in which this insect is found, is certain to cause malarial fever. odc8&S, n. the spiral winding of a creeper, ooSo&6l taSoo,, n. the twelfth month, oColSs6 (obs.). &, 1, n. the sediment of muddy water, whether deposited as alluvium on the bank of a river (g(), or as settlings in a vessel; comp. oois, ooe~, and ftlI cr, v. to become deposited, or to collect, as settlings in a vessel, o4 gcScgoqcprcic~ooSooye~~o Sooe Rc@~ocx 3^ I oootiSDca>80 n, n. same as Is, 2, v., to sink, become low, as a piece of ground, or a post in the ground; to be submissive, compliant; not used singly, &qCf, gooSi=oS. Der. c4s:, and 9po io, v. to listen with respect and submission; comp. sop; oo OcR cdoodflovoetocsS 4;wocloSO, I will admonish this man so as to make him submissive, at once. P8, n. a bull, ox, or cow; pooopS, a pair of bullocks; a block on a cross beam which receives the foot of a short post; &so8~IoS cS, lit. the aged bullock loves tender grass; which in its application signifies that old men are partial to young wives; psoosoco ~coSs'8o6s6(o8,S, meaning that united action is necessary in carrying out an undertaking with others. agsc*'s (pron. So.rs), n. reins, used to guide oxen. voocrgoS, n. the cowpox; &o8~pcSqS, vaccine virus.:ngcorcoSacs, v. to vaccinate. ystCo s88, gp 8 n8, n. a cowherd. adcs88, n. a bull or ox; aosc&8occos, a steer. ~oIscoS (pron. cpocoS), n. an animal which is a cross between a bullock and a 'buffalo, with horns and fore quarters like a buffalo, and body and hump like a bullock.:t5 (.freq. pron. 8 c) a. cow's milk, &oliq. ~

Page  588 588 a88o Sg -$ t-j3cSb v, n. the muzzle used on bullocks or cows, when treading out grain, jo8oSI sfCIoS, a spioS, n. a bullock, steer. 8,,, n. an ox, boS8, Aboost, btc|scaos, v. to be able to run well, s a bullock; the paces of a bullock are the following, =98S:o~, 1s t 4@, CxoScs, cIS eo:1 OscS,. n a circular flexure which is found in the hair of bullocks; the following are some of the flexures of bullocks, vix, od3a8cE o6S,So8o, cMooso4d, cGocd 00,, o So, @oSQg,, o'lctCoocs, o'olgcTcO a&v, n. a cow (freq. pron. e). Soioco. i (pron. oos), n. a heifer, so*oo cst 8op008cOCjS, n. the Capparis horrida, a large soandent shrub, armed with short, laterally compressed, curved thorns. It bears white flowers about an inch in diameter, and red berries about the size of a prune. 8locaScJeo8 (pron. c ~o:S), n. a kind of coverlet ba:coo~ (pron. &:)co), n. the hump between an ox's shoulders. omoewoco,~ n. the chief bull of the herd; see eooon sloscooS, n. a bullock pannier; oSooSaot, a pack-bullock. bpOt$os, n. a bullock, oslcdloS, p~otscf &sdt (pron. Ft), n. a bull; &osjtdsito5, a term of reproach applied to men of strong, ungovernable, sensual appetites. gpo8s? o.sCe, n. a kind of bird whose note is said to resemble the lowing of a cow. peoBit (pron. co8s), n. a bullock that brethes stertorously, owing to some disease.,C-A =, n. the hot season; comp. eo?; c&Ep9, Cbe, C, c"1ssl e c. to be warm; lil than j; cqcalt9g, *09 WOC&^ Weaic)O~SMg1 o00Sco i6JsdCoif v,. to bend flexibly, pliantly; comp. }; to wheedle, as a child. (sf~s, (pron. tjis), v. to wheedle, as a spoiled child. zcfo8s, v. same as 4i o)lt, c9, v. to be slender and supple, as the limbs, cQcoCoodl3 4c8as, oES, v. same as i ]oS, v. to beat, eoo; to beat or drive in or down, to ram down. i, v. to drive, drive along, to drive away; S818$0csc& 8oS4t({8 Co0oO31

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Page  589 589 O V. to cast out; to turn out of house and home; see the parte; In. a stick for driving; a horsewhip. O ov. to drive out, expel, banish; to excommunicate. )Sj8 (in collog. usuallyi ron. 9.fd), a. common, middling, not distinguished, =a *j.o jf cj~ojo~So~, do you consider him an ordinary kind of a man? Op$wcvSef~; 16j6 and o=xa are frequently used together, oj.I=6 f68Oj9O5co3,au,1,n. affix, connective, with, together with, Qg084COSIQgoslievpS qooi;sornetimee instrumentive, by means of, cocS 6og, co~fcptog;sometimes cawaativle, on account of, oicgtsp also has the force of "from," indicatinig separation, as 1800d5 ~,2, verb, affix, imperative in a negativ.e sentence, co~;;;Sdj, Qc~L9 t~, wo:sf; a temporal affix denoting prior-past orpriorf-uture, j~:,n. dew, fog, mist; As18s, *$s~o~v t Sst v. to clear, or lift, as fog. )8 n. frost, hoar frost; snow. j~en. a temporary shed, roofed with tan leaves or straw, and used for- housing cattle. WKn. a dew cloud. t8ooCS, v. to beat in, as fog. t&,v. to be dense, as a mist or fog, iSscogn flocn. a dewdrop. JS~iv. to be, sprinkled with dew. fSsco, v. to 'be misty, foggy, 18scoom 018,n. a dewdrop suspended from a leaf. )8COn. Scotch law n; $sBc~jo9oA $:, 2, n. the tuberose; any land lily. )St) 3, -v. to give, deliver over, transfer the ownersbip of, for a time or forever; comp. sot, J, and cut; ~.~~zo 6(c j69SfoS, n. -the double-flowered -Clerodendron. )tn. a kind of whitlow, $SflsesCROgn *8I8O (.08), n. a rose tree: the oil of roses; $~sc~uso~n

Page  590 590.- O>S_-ioS p3s8869, n. rose water. 1$, 1 (from pC08, the heart). j$[oB, v. to relish; tostly used in an adverbial form, p$6$[cSS[8o, relishingly,. ogio t j8cJo8 (9^ 8 So1(u,*8. gco3, a. bifurcated. *@g8ticgo, wee p8fcSJ), adv. from ciou sk:o>, see c~o, v. to grudge. $6, c~, &,< v.. same as next. kSooch, v. to like, be pleased with, SoogS; to love, esteem, 9E 00gi:toosoln Sicd@, v. to become composed, quiet, easy in mind. EAS~e, v. to quiet, pacify, console. pi, 2 (from s9*$), n. a year, j6oocomowo3D&% goisc, v. to commence, come in, as a new year, ~6:;a18:~l 3j~~8~ccSeoq~St, n. annual registry of holdings. 6S~e[68ojS, n. a yearly statement or account, an annual return. f~i, v. to pass a year without bearing, as some trees; uwed adjeclively, having past a year, being more than a year old, as grain, oil, wine, etc.; *9R:Ioo8xo@qa6So8; j{or~W ol, ji 6i$6soa, v. to bear young, once a year; a term applied to buffaloes and cows; f6S88to, to bear fruit, within the year it is planted, or raised from seed, as the ac>ooou p8~g (pron. *e~), adv. yearly, annually.;,eg)ooooq, ads. year by year, perpetually, 6S.ooo0[Lco9S, jSi,, n. an anniversary festival. pievo:), v. to work land by the year, paying money to the landlord. 5Sp otoqCS, n. New Year's Day. apcope, v. to turn a year, be more than a year; to be above a year old, Sal cogoe, ooOT ss3gjIcO^8 I&CSoScoo, v. to commence, as a new year. ~i, 3, a. and n. two, JI 6o88Speocgf8o, n. a brig. i, 4 (from fi, to sink), v. to make to sink, to immerse; comp. S;$isgcoo, n. the ordinance of baptism. 8S8toScoot, v. to baptize. &oS, 1, v. to apply a medicinal, odoriferous substance to the nose

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Page  591 59I^ (of another), or to clothes, etc., 90089 8j8sd tc6sCjg8poeoo~ 2~p, coos8asc a8os cllccgoS33jocSco oo2~" oS, 2, n. the harness or heddles of a loom, qcSc*8SoMoSOOOS S88Q p.o^nq8j)o, the woman who cannot weave well, blames the heddles of her loom. tS (from Ad), v. to shake, to wag (trans.), as a dog wags his tail. yS, 1, n. the mucus of the nose, snot; ffSooS, adv. snivelingly. ySS69, jtSi (rare in collog.), w. to blow the nose. 6agcscS, v. to run or escape, as mucus from the nose. 18, 2 (from (9), v. to bring to a proper consistence, as boiled rice, pulse, etc., by pouring off the water and placing by the fire, oooSs 5jl, 1, n. the sesamum plant, Sesamum Indicum, t&(8s, &t8fcS, )8slcst, j6q181s; 3 8 one should train one's proud feelings to be like the flowers of the sesamum, i.e., one should be lowly-minded. Stco, n. the seed of the sesamum plant. The Burmese frequently adduce the sesamum seed as a term of insignificant comparison, 8sq9sd ct oSjgi 9 88 C jijv)os, ScO8 8C COOCS^j tjd3, n. oil expressed from sesamum seed. ~Stys, n. a kind of cake made of sesamum Reed and jaggery. tsocS (freq. pron. jeoS), n. the pulp of the sesamum seed which remains after the oil is expressed, #segooSb(& coS scgcSoscooogI SsooSoopoS, n. granite, coopo3S n6 oo&0,StooSa (pron. ia), n. the sesamum pulp pickled for eating. $sc3E8 (pron. ~$sooS), n. the fix,samum crop; $,F8t, the second crop. jf$s, 2, v. to be speckled on a dark ground, as an animal; chiefly used adjectively,,sflS (pro. E vtS) (in a horse the same is termed SsoSoS5ls). tSs, 3, v. to be silly, foolish, slightly deranged, brain-sick, 8cooqS, o080e0; I than fi1 jv, n. a man's sister, younger than himself; comp. 0oo; a polite substitute for IlQ, owoo,, ~o E8&; in writing, Burmese husbands usually address their wivs as ji, t o, cpc3 ollectoiSe jly if, n. a corruption of WhJy:, husband and wife, collectively; ido

Page  592 592 (pron. Sjt) ioo5oot, the joint offspring of a man and wife in contradistinction to children by a former husband or wife; o1S8t (pron. 3o4) ogigs, property conjointly belonging to husband and wife. acoSi, n. a cousin, E~oo6CO0S5 33Scog, adv. grudgingly, unwillingly. pco, v. to grudge, be unwilling to part with; to regret the loss of, cd, see St, n. a kind, sort, manner; cefliy com ined with pro. nominal adjecivs and used adverbially, as, dco5y, how, wt-o~, thus, oo S0^5M^V, oSYSct2 tcos (from 9a*S, the substantial part of a thing, and aoocs, round), n. the heart, 8S, 8oSosi; fcl9ssc, the desire of the heart. pcQscco:8s, v. to be of an amiable disposition, 9coJ8S ~IcI 18s (abgp sg (pron. 008s), v. to be uneasy in mind, to have a feeling of constraint, pd4cs S, pcyscdsftc o, o}4(@6a Jo4,c@,, v. to be melted with sympathy, broken down with grief for others, 8o q8 c a<-0, ~s8 ~ ~S@ 8: DeEs's~3tc8c * Gpcc=8 id) coo jpc6sj, v. to palpitate, as the heart from weakness, disease, or fear. q8o,. W. to be fixed in the mind; n. inclination, desire, cleaving, 8c.sop, v. to palpitate, as the heart from fear, gc oSj~o$ oSc[eS qcOS&o<, my heart goes pitapat. }c0sots (pron. }c6ols8), n. tbg eOtitude of the mind; v. to resolve to do, co03cooscOl, CY, Ol(~039S0 008cCS C8000~ ciO0os~, tc(C.f~,. to be high-minded, proud, 8oS7n jcplot, v. to loathe in the stomach, ie sick at the stomach; fig., to abhor, detest, to be wounded in feling, 80oS; 9sos8so, same as 80oS, only denoting a more deeply wounded feeling; =99oS e ~os8cE)8 |o~pS; 03eX Siop og)^g 6c|S a,8 I feel a loathing when I see this man. &c +~o~S, v. to be disturbed in mind; 8coScoge B ]c, P. to be distressed in mind, st cYE, P oIYoI, Ic sI, v. to retch, heave, make an effort to vomit, ao0 P, opCYo C' LBic~

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Page  593 fI^OO-JA 693 pcsogo, v. to be upright, wise, patient; see.cooolo; oocpsc &oCccooscogglc@9cocgcOg^^cfiio8F1 'q o fc8st, v. to be attentive, heedful, o3,coosoou Msc8ecqsi, v. to be pleasing, delectable to the senses. -s;gS, n. mental faculty, *c08q.S~cl S,, jfct^ 8(l~E~S oeo; p8:gqg~, to be proud-spirited; aOowe c,sfqcsI~ao, this great teacher has mental ability. p ow~e~coct8scq, n. mental and physical ability. pcosg, v. to be slightly irritated, nettled. &co8gc3ooS8, v. to use persuasion in a contest; comp. cOOS'ooSn o~ 8oS, tn the heart and liver collectively. r'co%, v. to have a clean, that is, strong stomach, to be not squeamish or easily nauseated. }sc80o, v. to be easy in mind. pcoscRSs, v. to bear in mind, lay to heart. pco8680ci, v. to have the nervous system deranged, so as to induce wakefulness or insanity. j, 1, n. a grasshopper, ccoho8n j 6:8, n. the soothsayer insect or praying mantis. The Burmese believe that if this insect is eaten by cattle, it is very injurious to their health. lj, n. a large kind of grasshopper. j, 2 (from sj, an ear or spike of grain); a cocxS001 ooJ s, a term used by cultivators when they let out their fields for cultivation, and divide the produce with their tenants. j ~o, j qjtoS, n. a kind of bird, the Phylloscopus, of which there are many varieties. g toS, n. the tailor bird; general term applied to warblers, j ioSooco9e:oI IcoocoooS 8O8n jwcoS, v. to commence earing, as grain. j, 3, v. to commit for a time; rarely used singly, except to denote the deposit of treasure in the ground, as c~j~ 00o; comp. 30, *82, and cot. Der. ooj, and coISin jCo:o, v. same (with a continuative force), )o 100ltoCOSoOSjc0o tj:6, n. Odina wood; used for making da scabbards. The heartwood of this tree is said to be almost imperishable, and is much prized for making boundary pillars; sometimes called &$epo$, B. D. 38.

Page  594 594 j cosS, see +s808s S, n. the Vachellia tree. A, v. to pervade, be diffused through or over all the parts, c~jeoS; e.9, AJi, v. same as J, 33Gps Sc8gojjo0scj, ocg~e5cco0 a very well-informed person; also used to designate a much-traveled person. 6o89, v. same (most common), ogS59c8oq3S cg J s~,o86CI ~dOSo &|o9S0 DCSs 8G[ )n n3, n. the nose; seldom used singly, p~calSs; any medicinal, odoriferous preparation. OccvoSs, n. any medicinal, odoriferous powder or drug, jotoSi, jocal6, n. the upper part of the inside of the nose. 3ocasES, n. the nose (more common), 3ocsl8cyi8 og, to have a curved or aquiline nose; jtoaSs8 (O)s), to be flat-nosed, snubnosed; j3cols8o01, to be keen-scented. jp(olSisr3, n. a snuffbox. pjpcolEt8, v. to be flat-nosed. jocas18co' c, n. a nostril. Ocesl, v. to have the nose clogged with mucus in consequence of a cold, catarrh; o:caspesn8s, to have influenza. 3JoC8svO, n. catarrh. vce8sps8, n. a fever occasioned by a cold; a feverish cold, influenza. joat, n. a jewel for the nose. jooO, n. the ridge of the nose; a pipe in a Burmese bellows, jpo, XcoSs8sll fOpoS, n. any medicinal, odoriferous powder or drug, joco~S8s; also used as a verb, oocoaooc.S&de3f gciSo-3cOSQcDS o Rj1opoS;, n. any medicinal, odoriferous liquid. R~ocld, n. the nostril, ocolssc'8cIOu pocol, v. to be keen-scented, as an animal, j*co1EsGoli F3o78, n. a smelling bottle..3ocEoS (from cotSs, an arm), n. the proboscis or trunk of an elephant. o3.oS, v. to snort. ~oco$oS, n. the bridge of the nose. toqig, n. water from the nose, jpqeg: o oocn, Rp, v. to be diffident or nervous in speech.

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Page  595 595 toi8, v. to make a heavy breathing noise, when apprehensive of danger, as a buffalo or bullock, CP:jRoS(ScoJguR pt:.oSaS~, f:jpoScox, v. to constrict, tie up the nose (of an unruly animal). &eo, v. to have a defluxion from the nose. 3rg, n. the end of the nose, aol&Ssps; J scOcoS, a nasal sound. US, v. to press on or down; to crush; more actively and less permanently than 8; to massage, ag)S woscoecosorC ocdidCSoag~ sosioooswcoos(G cos0sol. Der. s@oopSw AES6, v. to discipline, punish severely, 7S~gSp opSn 3eoS, v. to crush, put down, vanquish, keep in subjection; to oppress, bully, torment, pdSsc, o 688soSSoo8Cgk So8ocoo Scvcoc~o, adv. in a cruel manner; tsibcocx, 2ISSCOCDo Yf8s, v. to tread down, keep in subjection. VSod, v. to press on or down. scp, n. a depressed spot. & (from 2S), v. to bring down, keep down; to oppress, keep in subjection; comp. J8; oqaSd s&Bscoos l o ss 6Qo 8E. Mahouts say 8S&J to their elephants, when they wish them to kneel down. scoooi, v. same as i@, 2Qs4ttdri9)oc @o^%ooojSo5os8co 5^Yo i Ico, v. to deduct, conveying the impression that such deduction is made on account of money advanced at some previous time, o8s aco6 g5p<IT Swol@o~, <SBg B (from Ax), v. to make low; comp. i@; volsos dsc.o~ Ad, do not depreciate other people; t8soe.oox oocSo&l, turn down the light (wick). A, v. to humble, abase, 88ocSDcplS 8ooes pa oS ' c8&oe~ it, 1, n. a strip of bamboo, made by splitting and dividing flatwise; used in weaving mats, in tying down thatch, in binding bamboo staging and light framework of every description. 8crJy (from cop, the back), }scoldS (from eold, the bark), n. the outer rind or bark of the bamboo used for weaving mats. J8Cr O(, Jcd1cS0o, n. a mat made of the said material. Jct8, v. to push bamboo strips against the blade of a knife, in order to split them; Iso is more elegant, but less frequently used.

Page  596 596 J8o1-JS }8o1, n. a square or oblong basket, made of woven bamboo strips. }sqcr, v. to weave with bamboo strips. s80oCS, v. to whittle bamboo strips. }so8ovsp, n. a coarse mat, made of the inner part of the bamboo. s8, 2, v. to spread out, for the purpose of receiving and supporting, uniting the ideas of -Ss and I; to place, put, in order to receive an accumulation, as a capital or stock in trade; not used sitngly, 'ljs8o; t8@6ecg c o't |~o1, as I have no capital, I cannot trade. cc jsq8, see iSst v. to place or put, for the sake of accumulating. J8, 3, v. (obh.). sCO), v. to discuss in conversation; comp. cagscs; to be intimately acquainted, as persons of different sexes, owpoes; cdco5Sscjp Js~c:ooSac~, v. to be intimately acquainted, as persons of the same or opposite sexes, o: }oozsci ooceos6fzacS BooSx }JcjpcLSoS, v. to discuss and consult; see the parts; (CoTo2S2ola GoS, the committee of elders discussed and consulted as to whether it be advisable or not, to have gas (or electric) lamps in the town..joS, 1, n. the opening of the mouth, the lips; the mouth regarded as the organ of speech; comp. Bocgs, and o8S; fig., the womb; jkoSmooS (from co, from, and Pali ooS, to fall), n. divine speech or utterance; the Word, joo1~, 3Cp8%C&S'odccoCaS joScooaoScSs, n. the written word of Deity. aS1s6cB, adv. by heart. jcoS& cwooS, joSojBSq, v. to retain in the memory, have by heart, O0qG6Y5Qg%, 9c~oog, OOCO8XeS o.1Djis, toScoa, n. an offense of speech. jCoSxi, v. to be habituated to, in speech, lit. to be mouth-broken. joSlt, v. to be rough, abusive in speech, ooow olS~S ItoSc~~~,cS, v. to incur the guilt of breaking a promise. JoS4ts, n. a lip; the brim or upper edge of a vessel; hence oooooS jSo~rs, the upper lip, and cojoc&joSoSs, the lower lip..joSoist, v. to purse the lips, to pout. joSOSsccS05, W. to have protruding lips.

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Page  597 597 jb8o$v,p n. a rim, c8~slosoSs jo ~Fs), a. to be thin-ipped. zSx,~, a. to be harelipped. joS4sge (pron. oP0gst), n. mustaches. odsI, v. to use sweet language, vMTO-Dei &oSg8sZcOS, v. to salute; see 1bSo0sA j6oSgcSo6, adv. orally, by word of mouth; see O; JS I, ^.S, jOs^8<ij oooS, osg^CSo3~ AoSof3, n. a verbal promise, or oath. Ao%6, n. an amulet or charm inclosed in the mouth (to ensure success in an undertaking), as a young man when wooing, j~o5 )S Ao~S c Ca n. pregnancy,.oS-o soo jg jcso::S~,. to be careful and guarded in speech. & v.sooS, v. to salute, make mutual inquiries of civility, oSg+SwoS coS; jgoscSmoas, greetings. jjoSo?, v. to be talkative, conveying the impression of irepressible loquacity. j 0oS, a. to have an impediment in the speech, to stammer, stutter. joSJooc, v. to increase in fluency. jooSdOs, adv. orally, by word of mouth. idc oS.c c, v. to teach, by verbal instruction. j/opSdo~c~, v. to dictate, as to an amanuensis. JoSccq&s18, v. to write from dictation. joSdQcSoS, v. to teach orally. jkoscs, n. computation, without written figures, joScg~ccm:SsoS, jooSo]o2oS, v. to compute mentally. jboScScs, n. speech, spoken words, ooogc o8fe oSjogoiS&s, v. to be foul-mouthed. joSgs, v. to be of few words, taciturn, cac3S 0eco8p8C8S joSdSoo38s, n. a bribe to suppress evidence; hush money. oS(cocOS&8s, adv. violently and severely, both in language and treatment, oSrooSegSdo(8s8CoS ojqcs co8;oJ coS56s8 W8 CiY8S C4o: 5c89c, o S8C Lt84O(8j82C 88T1Es ^oSc Se8 Bo~SS cSolo, as a woman complaining of the unfaithfulness and cruelty of her husband.

Page  598 598 joScoSt odS, v. to instruct privately, inculcate, always in a bad sense, Co8so 3oS53S iu jIoSco., v. to be glib of speech; to indulge in vain, inconsiderate language, as when aspersing the character of others, in a thoughtless, inconsiderate manner. AoS oS, n. pregnancy, jkoS ScXB=a, ooonq a aoSqcaqc, av. to be near delivery, oXO&qcOogS, dSBdSqOeW ooW jOSqoSq, v. to be pregnant, +cSo6 Qoo.&8pS, Oq3AOOcb jkodSi~, n. an offense of speech, kocoSy ioSgo, v. to be wide-mouthed, oe 8poo; to be talkative. joS ot, v. to be loud and noisy in speech. jkcrSops, v. to be able to speak to the point.;joSQc~ o:, n. medicine to promote appetite, a tonic, coxSsa,8co, joSoS, v. to speak, utter words. jcS c3oS, n. voice, uttered sound. joSoo&oo;S, n. a liberal art or science, in contradistinction to a manual art (oIoSg 3oe oSB). jioSk, v. to be bold of speech. joSrSt, v. to be vulgar of speech; to be in bad taste, as language. oScA, v. to be nervous or diffident in speaking. joSccoS, v. to be glib of speech; adv. by mouth, without the aid of a book or writing; see VocoSu.1oSSOR, n. an offense of speech; comp. cocfScca,n toSJcs, v. to contradict (a superior) impudently and provokingly, joScoSa2,. to petition a superior verbally. jaoSOOuaxs v, v. to increase in fluency, eooooS8 ~;ovaocs-oop, boS0ot S 0O11 so8ss, n. a bird's bill, a beak; the nozzle of a bellows, a8os, jpo-;; the spout of a vessel or pot, j; see ~csgoSa,,Ssu.oSo8sco: v, v. to be a scold, 8oeQ+ 8 Sds S8o 8s(n.joSaS, v. to protrude, thrust out the lips; So4r6osc8Voc0S, to pout. joS, 2, see 6oS, v. to take out, pull out, extract; comp. oxaSn is, V. rans. of hJ, to cause to be loose, not firm, unstable; to cause to be weak, infirm. Os+, v. to compare, So4S; comp. (8S; eocgj~iaooS ac~o', this man has no rival. Der. ooj

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Page  599 599;s~s28, v. same as j8sn s8, v. trans. of 8s, to make soft by some process; fig., to mollify, cas, v. to be slow, not quick; to move slowly, as a timepiece, po[ C803X; @ogS, <~g^, EoX86X8X3&S, aSogo83ooo38X98wOc3O6O3 O, 9acr o8~cE 8<g oco6S~cs8C~, if you wish for good tea, allow the Palaung to be deliberate (in. his movements). qpscr, v. same, <8d scps osc68628co, Qc86 8q8CjSn p8~@Ss, v. see the parts; cpjs and 8gs are rarely used together in composition, and never in colloquial. A, 1 n. a wind instrument, with holes on the side and a spreading mouth; used at festivals, funerals, and theatrical exhibitions; comp. 9pTN )ocp, n. see the parts. BloS, v. to play on such an instrument. }, _, v. to rub (the hair) with lime juice, etc., in order to prepare it for washing, or to make it light and soft, c6zS}ooe, o86oSes C eo S~)Sg03 05~~eSlg6^^0I }=6o (from co, a basket), n. a kind of basket smeared with lime, and used as a trap for birds, joSa0scn}~3v~cooSoa~, cjo c cpixg~<s3ocBro8~gcfS g cspc6 8 s0n3o8 }od, n. a stick smeared with gum from the banyan, used to catch birds; see eooSodn,v. trans. of,, to loosen, coo4)oSli c}oc ojsaii, 1v, 1, v. to mix, mingle, ~coape, isooS; to add (in arithmetic), 6o88sXcS; XooooSo388^)oaCcoo&oooglo8:qcgdc~ gocou C+soaS ^Ba ~orSs, n. a number to be added to another. c3oeodS, v. to mingle and make turbid. iloj, n. a large kind'of boat, made of heavy planking clamped together, without having a hollow log for a basis to build upon. cjo, 3, n. a species of coffeewort, sc'rS (from 6CfooS, to be turbid), v. to stir up, so as to make turbid, cfooS~cvS~2aoo; to agitate, throw together, put into confusion, mingle, epcoooaScao,; to molest, distress (the mind), 8oSc8 QoSoc$,.aps gemosajs te b c 8s1 b cy oS i,6S xoOWS col 08p, v. to tie, bind, make fast by binding, 4oaoS, awes; seldom used singly. Der. iatO s, ocjSosu

Page  600 600 600 yozow-p6s el6cf36, n. a prison, caxSk; a lockup. ep is. a rope used for securing anything, as a boat, an animal. 904,v. same as eypS (more common), c~co &~4 cBoo6 co Q wJP4Q'1i~oaeW CIv. to annoy, molest, thwart, q cpv. to be in suspense, doubt, hin regard to purpose or action; to hesitate, to loiter, dilly-daily, q~_ov. same as cok to intrude; ~ s8.to annoy by thwarting; Oe cs cses o1~c; SS &~sto thwart and render abortive. elpSs (from cpS), v. to be after, 'in time, posterior, later, crtSoq 00-8 w ops — pSsoe~ ovSe Bacr~c8e, this year mango trees are very backward in blossoming; the rains will be late; ~8 ~szyou are behind time in coming, Sir; a~zq,.cro~Sso1ia in the way of a woman rejecting a suitor after she has accepted some one else. Der. Doq —ku S m~,n the part of the month of Tagu before the ozV or new year. j1oS 1, v. to penetrate, dive into (with the hand or an instrument); fig., to possess the power of penetration into a subject, or into human caatr or motives; see oj(3~coS; g s ~ s, o rcoc,. to dig into (mysteries). v. to seearch into; commonly applied to mental research. Joo75JoCYBc,OSOS adv. pryingly, into every crevice and corner, *y Jc~jB))fosoov. to understand thoroughly. soS, Z, commot4 written J. noun afix locative, in, at, among, cS 9,ood; ometime possessive, of,; o8S~a6 Pse am quad. verb. affx, potential, can, able to. v. t omliken, csompre se Soa, 2 jig:s,. to ompaen, co r - see 8s8: 989 It it Sq~, j6saco, v. to weigh in the mind, estimate on comparing,o S oIc8 ox6

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Page  601 601,&ss8, J8,Qs, issg8:, W. to compare. is (from Is, to awake), v. to awake (tram.); to rouse, excite, urge to action; csoSog;.c:o @scox: oI PieoS, n. the alarm of a clock.,scS, v. to rouse, excite, urge to action; comp. cdooOs; s, cdS 8o, <9c6 1oS08s0dc 06 i8so, 3 848c 8qooIC cooosiscsac&o), please urge the boatmen to exert themselves. vS, v. to skin, peel off, 3ogX, ~csoo (mfreq.) ooSoa& AS8, v. tran. of &8, to cause to be dull, faded, wilted. ao? (from ~0S), v. to stretch along in connection, as a race, lineage, sdoaoe~; to be descended from, connected by race, 3oj gqSs(doagono~ooos; 8 8 og 5'080i, has the same meaning as Swcrsps8coOwpS. Der. oo5oa& ~ (from 5, to be submissive), v. to humble, make submissive (rare in colloq.); comp. Rao vn, v. to skin, peel off, AgSo, $80X@, coswo&, qSQcaO8-8OX c godoaSoSco:, do you think that it is as easy as peeling the skin off a plantain? (said of an underrated difficulty). 1cg, 1 (from cgs, to be warm), v. to warm, make warm, as water, food, etc.; comp. CgA; fig., to resuscitate; e c~ AaC^ol; ca s8s, 2, v. to skin, peel off; se e6 and Jo; a word used by persons engaged in drawing off the juice of the sugar-palm, co8ss, J, 1, v. to procrastinate, delay, be dilatory, to be a long time in doing; not used singly, oogS. Der. oea, and e~n 14, v. same, oo 8gio^0>o cO 8, 2, v. to lean sidewise, incline the body, as in some kinds of work, and in oriental dancing; more than.1; QcO oo poa6f$8: 88m~ oeo089USCV ojlcO; ~hCe, to swing, as the pendulum of a clock, ^ oo 68ooSoSo g every time the pendulum swings to and fro, the clock ticks; Omciops d 6c)03j:DS, C068GO^O1t>O& 01 it d cd l8o~oX)c 0 V. trans. of A, to bend flexibly, oo8g scoos8ca.So9; 5; 8oo38000I0e0

Page  602 602 0 v, the twenty-first consonant of the Burmese alphabet, and the first in the class of labials. o, 1, v. to shine; used in combination with ocep8, cocpooopS, the moon shines. Dei. o:gS, oZao, o O0:C&o, o8:oo, o0, c oo8s, v. to shine, emit light; see o oson oug8, v. to flaunt, flourish; to be ostentatious, vain, o o800p, o5 o0810o, o)fooqo;,oogocg908gS8c o8 c, a person of very great ostentation. oows, v. to shine brightly; to shine with a yellow light or golden rays, 03c ooo688a|oy 8(^cgicoo$ 8~@ CoD4^ O6co coaSs~, his countenance was pure and clear, like the golden moon shining luminously bright. o, 2, see next. oo, v. to offer, in order to propitiate a demon or evil spirit, odool ad0, FoS oS8O09c~0g80g80 04 ~YSO333Y) 81 858S q8Q0oo 8, to-morrow we shall go to sea; you boatmen, make an offering to U Shin Gyi; co~cg3 9o copoSfc coooc jiacloo, we have been beaten in this regatta, because we did not offer to the nats. The nat most feared in L.B. is S&t98as, while the nats most feared in U.B. are oqoS' scwwyscgS, and %g(hSE~CQO6B o, 3, v. to be outside, without (obs.); to be disused, abrogated. Der. ooon oocpoS, v. to be disused, abrogated; to disappear, be lost, eoxos cooS88o~CToo c7ceoo80cacoTorg, the old language disappears, and the new makes its appearance. ocoS, v. to be done away, come to nothing, become null and void; to be acquitted of a criminal charge, }icaSoco.eii ocaSj, v. to quash, as an indictment; to dismiss, as a motion, petition, or indictment in court, s8 o Qo c888ooc8oS, the Commissioner has dismissed your case; to acquit of a criminal charge. o, 4, a corruption of ooood, or cS, as oca for ooScl, adv. how? (not used in collog.). o, 5, verb. affix, used in closing a sentence, co], of course, ~j0o, 0o89so, ooo~88cvS9po (Colloq.). o0os}O, n. vinegar, tqSil ou qg co,1a8, n. mother of vinegar, oot8cs;q,8]n

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Page  603 ocS-oo860 603 ocS, I, v. to throw or toss by a scooping motion, as water with the ^hand or a dipper; to bail water, cqocS; to throw up, as a hog, e sc8~o~ocsgooSo clSc:c>:~ oz; to come in contact with, suddenly; to beat in, as rain or dew, Qes80ooSo3, EsocSooPS; cogcsQooS caoSol, bail out the boat. ocidS8, n. the space in the centre of a Burmese boat, reserved for bailing out water; cloc6coin ocS~coS (from c5, to lift out of place), n. a large wooden shovel, for removing dirt. ocSi, n. a scoop for bailing a boat, made of woven bamboo strips. oc6sec, v. to be inconsiderate, heedless, careless, wanting in good behavior and regard toward others; somewhat akin to S80s; 86 ocno(9e<C9E8o<6)dlooioofom~ii, t*itsaW}; (^ tw. 2;t i) ocoStoSl, ado. face to face, suddenly and unexpectedly, c8os4 ooC oUsUc:gawg, cogCooScqpcfoO -DI oo&01 cys8t~ ~&cqsog8j5o ooSoaSo1cq~Sac lSccSaoo, when I went to the bazar and suddenly met U Kyaw Dun my creditor, face to face, I was so frightened! ociScS, v. to do in a hurried, careless manner, regardless of the feelings of others; mostly used in an adverbial form, as ooSooSclc ciS,:ioaoSSqcScc~cQoSlcq)cloo, this person is capable of talking regardless of the feelings of others. 0oS, 2, v. to be shallow, as a dish, GeQOCS; <qc4ocUS8 ~8ocScoS,l~SmcictS~$oo S o~oS8, as the dish is shallow, the curry is all spilt; if it were deep, it would not spill over. ooScoio, adv. placed on the bottom or back, supine; opposed to c~0c A; ocScS0coo8ciS, a reclining chair; ocScoc)d3&ScS o6SWoc c-SoooSo:S, if one sleeps on one's back, one is apt to dream; oo cco0o8soScoaSc~t~c0ow, the corpse came floating down on its back. ocE8uocScoS, adv. backward, thrown backward, 86oTo ooSc88oSc ooc8 (Pali), n. nature, natural state, without modification; comp. q, and acio; oc86oS; used adjectively, natural, common, cag^[<oosro3 eogkI 8 )oco wo8og oo~dlIa, on account of the good will conveyed to me by all my relatives, I am in sound health;: 8d3 ooc co:X@ o6ecocaO8, this house has not deteriorated from the state in which it was origin

Page  604 604 0oc*x8Woqc~-0t ally built; acssO8 cOO5co~eIl s8@ O8ooyfciCoox3Ic3oY, although he is a person of few words, it is not because he is proud, it is his natural disposition. ococsCj, n. appetency, craving. ococ8SesC, n. natural talent om qdr fitS,, v. to be innate, osg8scS1co p oc0ooccxo:), i. constitutional propensity. oo3s2 (pon. ocols) (from ococ8, and ~s), n. the beginning or origin (of a thing) I 'o, Sco,; cWO0 88s0ooroi 0ncGOnD CQ;o)gS, / Siox OO8:cos31 e:o~cOx8, have you forgotten the words you spoke at the beginning? oo' (pron. ool) (from 0o, a cheek, and cor, to interpose), n. an outside slab of timber. ooco6 8s, n. same as oomao ocoa- (Pali, SccpsSs), n. conspicuousness; "pakasanam, illumination, illustrating, explaining, making known, exposition, publication." Childers. oca3or0o8, omoo-vo, oMoWn &, v. to exalt; to vaunt one's own praises, to boast, 88o3ooaocgn S ~oo ovScio, a person who is in the habit of vaunting his own praises, very much. o0oIQ, n. a sextillion. 03 (Pali), n. a wing; a side (of the moon), i.e., the waxing (co,S+ocd), or the waning (coaaoSocg); o0go~L8o, a man subject to seminal debility during either the waxing or waning of the moon; cozo30OCg688&S02g co30OoSooC 8Sx3gso8lt o4Cmraoos, n. rice given in worship,on the first day of the waxing or the waning of the moon, co8ooCcrics jCR 3aoOgs8, co )oSooqo? cteo=oaSsg&, sagczomqxSctcjco &gSs; oc cooS is a word used only by rahans. o8, n. the shoulder. o084s, n. the extremity of the shoulder, o8sc$ids 1u 0o88, n. money paid for the hire of draught animals (obs.). o8sS oSo 8 s, n. an epaulet o0scoS, v. to have square shoulders. o'8dcoS, v. to thrust with the shoulder. o48s0, v. to shrug, draw up the shoulders, o05ioq F3Ou oisoCS~to$tgoS, n. a collective term applied to pedlars and bazar sellers generally.

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Page  605 O0ICOSICS-06C~3 oscoOsc~ (pro o4s96,c~), n. land assigned for cultivation by local authority, without conferring any right or title thereto. Such land was considered to be the property of the State, and was transferable, but could not be held by a female. oascco:, v. to have sloping shoulders. oS8 (from el), n. a small covered basket, used by snake charmers for confining snakes, co6o~9; %oRS, egoj!, small covered baskets overlaid with gold or silver leaf, formerly used as insignia of rank at the funerals of the great. oco1 (o8), n. a species of gingerwort, Alpinia. oco1(os, ocorQ)o8, n. varieties of the same. S0, I (from oo5, a plant or tree). oScS, n. a natural state, without alteration or improvement, oS Icdc p, oci8o9S:o, oS6c8oScx1o; 0SooSo5, one's natural voice; see Al s Soc o B soio c o o68o8, adv. taking one and leaving one (in weaving mats), ouS of8t, n. the stock of a tree. oScOS, n. an uncommonly tall tree. u8ooc~S (ooccSoS), n. the Grewia elastica, a tree attaining to the height of twenty-five or thirty feet, having a thick, wrinkled and knobby bark, which is used in washing the head. io980, n. the stem of a plant. odcS8 (from c8S, a post), a. masted; used with numerals, as 0ro0 c8S, with one mast; jpio8o S, two masted, etc.; adv. without change or rotation, constantly, cooiems soSc~so a)86 o~eoooS, a. upright, as o~oo:ooSo$, standing timber. oScdIcS, a. sprouted, boSecqS, olceoSecooSu 0oS 8s, n. a kind of large sago. oSo, n. the stock of a tree, oSe9; the main branch in the centre of the other branches; the principal plant in a cluster or clump (ooa); the bole of a tree. o8go, n. two or more plants springing from the same seed or root, oSqep, n. sap. oSqepSocS, v. to ascend, as sap in trees. oScs, n. the bole of atree.

Page  606 606 o8S~o-oscoo oS oel, n. a seller of fruit from the tree; one who keeps a regular supply of goods for sale; opposed to coooSSo mS o, 2, v. to be tired, fatigued, harassed in body or mind; more than cWo; not ued aingly. o8ot, v. same (common); to be tiresome, go~S8oSo~ pS, poling a boat is wearisome; hence oo&oSmos, adv. laboriously, fatiguingly, implying unnecessary labor; to be in great distress or pain; 6o08gs> 8Dqo sGoQE x 8 coq03c~g~~ oocgjoS+ DoeS; co;Do3Fi6 OiUt X eoo8oo8atCqo:cDoogS OOc8CSi 8o~c8 oSosoIoSjp8,s, on account of my having heard bad news, I am very much distressed in mind, sir; ooocoSors8,i98 eSoooXdl I oS, 3, adv. even; slightly emphatic, oSj.Co cou OONSs vS*S (Eng.), n. a pension, oo oseoscg; o8Oe.ot, to enjoy a peasio 86,, n. a species of mint, o8&S5s~, oE8S&oS (pron. o ), 4o 888&s, xco o~E86os, cooooE86s, different varieties of the same. Brahmins are said to regard the oESs& and oS2&scoS as sacred. ofOOS', n. the sea, ocean, wo3ceP o6coo5oOS, n. the sea cocoanut. ooo o, n. a severe kind of diarrhoea. onooScogSf, n. the goat-footed Ipomcra. oScocdS'oo (oS), n. the Heritiera minor; the wood is hard, tough and durable; common in Tavoy and Mergui. oUoSsc *8~scI, o8cooSo68os8, n. the seaside. oSooSoaoS, n. a kind of celestial tree; the sea-coral tree, a species of Erythrina; the Shorea robusta. oScooSo2, v. to castrate (a horse), 4s8, oa, aSi oScooScao, o0cooS188s, n. the surface or back of the sea. oScoSc spogS, an. seaweed, oScoSSooSn o8codjoS:>ooS, n. a kind of plant (Pali eoos). oScOoS6aoSoo gs, n. a gull, 9$c0s, o8%ooooos, n. the king crab; comp. T6sn oScoo joS, n. the surf of the sea. oEcodoSocSSS, n. the sound of the surf beating on the seashore. oScoolscs8c, n. the umber, sometimes called the sea perch. o~ootfs?, n. a meteor; a fireball seen at sea. o0codS:ce:, n. the guardian nat of the sea, a sea god. oScooSX8, n. baysalt.

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Page  607 UoCOoS60-o78 607 oScooSd38, n. a seaport. oScooS8s, n. a species of Ximenia. o8SBcoSo, n. the Sccvola toccada. oxSoooKoOs8, n. a corsair, pirate, rover. 8ocoo9, n. a chart. oEcooSc&cS, n. the scissorsbill. oScooSSe, no the sea slug, o docxoS, soSoIn oEicooS~ 8, n. the edible nest maker, the Peale swiftlet; comp. 8&osu 0ocodocoS, n. the Tavoy name for ebony, conoSun oScooccg, n. the midst of the sea, o0codooocdon oEcoBoScGq, n. a kind of shellfish. oScoodccoco, n. a cyclone, o&=cSco<8St oSoooo, t, offing, o8coo6S oSo co, a. to rise unusually high, as a tide which causes an influx of salt water into low-lying tracts of country; usually the result of cyclonic action. oScobS&: 'oScS, n. the Gyrocrpuw Jacquini, a leaf-shedding tree frequently found on the seacoast, attaining to the height of sixty or eighty feet; the nut is bony, and is provided with two erect wings about two and one half inches long. Sooc8cu 8, n. a dweller by the sea. oico8oS, v. to rumble, as distant thunder, lit. the sea roars. oSoa, n. a fresh-water mussel oS, 1, v. to raise, lift up, dS, ~0o, c&Se; to exalt, promote, 3seES, @~c&; to take in breath, inspire, oua Sj 0e~; crco:o(sodo~o3a, he lifts up the curtain, oopSocq o-AoSoV odl), give me a lift with this pack; to turn up the legs of trousers, aS8&38o~l o, L v. to invite; more repectful than c8oSu ofc S,, v. to convey an image of Buddha from one place to another. o03oS, v. to invite; msee c30; co cowsq8o'`8no2}o8o~o o0,1dlco~,o4cco~goS, there is no pongyi in our little village, it would be advisable to invite one before Lent commences, oocS OgDyc oCoSicvi>ol, please invite the village elders. 0o02, n. a spider. oc(S, n. a spider's web, a cobweb. oarhcs, n. a membrane; a spider's web. oiS, 1, v. to join, or combine with, take part with; generally im

Page  608 608 plying partiality or unfairness; wse ooStStc1oS; cSooDrooS xo68eooo~ o S, this person is in the habit of being one-sided and partial when he speaks. Der. owo8soo8sn o~t,, v. to impede, obstruct, as a stream of water;, to drive ib a wedge, in order to close a hole or make tight, cooSo6. Der. ooS8, s>o8s, and SoSoSgi oSxsoos, n. a kind of poke formerly put on men in disgrace, oSi os>so&:<, o8so saofocxxxoxo x,3tz oS8oS, a. solid, not hollow; e ps8o8oSu o6 (pronm. ), v. to throw, cast; to throw away, reject, gooS; to throw at; to shoot; CCg84d&4o cSOlU o6oS,. to throw at; to shoot; e asco oScQo oge, n. commonly written ogS, a scaffold or terrace on the inside of a fo n, whence missive weapons are discharged. oBScooS~x, adv. neglectfully, carelessly, without regard, SoR 8pS o&ot, v. to throw aside (for a time); to forsake, abandon, cw8 ocoS, v. to ttrow, cast; to throw away, reject. oS~, n. the Tavoy name for 8~eszg, the large kingfisher. oSn. the mouth, oSs; comp. &oS GoaS~s, v. to be rough, abusive in speech (iwneegant). o8 go, v. to be loquacious, garrulous; see a,oS; 5 o8con oT, n the Tavoy name for @, the chebula tree. oogc (Pali), n. the present, < yAS, og xo, ogvg o sci, ogS (from o6, to shoot, and., a frame), n. a scaffold or terrace on the inside of a fortification whence missive weapons are discharged; a barbacan, o&e8, sometimes ges; og~ScSoor8n ogSt (Pali ogcooo), n. a cause, oo__,s; a thing, ooe; property, goods, e o, o1; in Pali Gram., the inflected termination of a verbal affix, ogS~~& oo6& CCOtOg3 ~ o0pseomm, n. an affix. o01tOSo, n. property, goods. ogt6,i,.to be connected together, s<0oo0; to secure an equilibrium or maintain mutual support, opogst~iO o0gsifst, v. to squander, waste one's substance, ogpS ~cosol s,)oocm, n. a layman who provides a kyataung, and a ra

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Page  609 609 han's robes, food, and medicine, olsCo88|3c*O, og8sccOts onsO, D cp)sSogOsCcslhdn QS1COoi I 'ooc*S ogpsip]osao ooeo3^1l, regard me as the furnisher of the four kinds of property; ask of me anything you may wish, my lord (as in addressing a pongy). og&d_1 (pron. geSoq6), n. petty villages on the outskirts of a country, ogg0o&q; og& fSst1 is a term applied to all countries outlying the owc9o. It is said that the Buddhs never visited these countries, Scrp.cfio~oo&,r Ss~c8 O. sco;^Xc8$ ONCS 9g3oozoo8cx co@si &Sic-S898CfocgjSi oe:soIs coA, the inhabitants of outlying villages, when aware of the fact that he was the heir apparent, paid him respect, and were submissive. ogoo~ (Pali), n. an encircling gradation or story of a pagoda, o0 oooo^; comp. oocx8; 0og9oa0g3, 3q8ozogoo, oc8ooogmoo:, cig o?cj8 (Pali op)oo, a cause, and e8t, to be, to proceed), n. A consequence, result, oc48s, ogcg8So cfiSsdo;isq Olg, see oag (Pali), n. rain. ot18$ (Pali), n. the present time; comp. sc8o3 and oopooS; og18i COs, og gL8$ XO,g3 t8+oOCpj83ccXX00088gl sdOOO^O&03 ocEos Sso8Kc, people who long for the two kinds of benefits, of this and the future world, make offerings. o6gc~g) (Pali ocsn, distinct, and tg, a Buddh), n. a semi-Buddh, one who occasionally appears in the interval between real Buddha (90). oo (Pali), a. the last, cycSs.c., o~accx, the last time or era; oocXoo, the final state of existence preceding neibban; oo t(Sg =co30; XCOSjcobOS og ccfiodogcc 32&pooqSn o:ci Oo ^GoecoqtiSog-rcXo@o, we have arrrived at the last stage of our existence; it is now well to let our thoughts dwell solely upon Buddha and the Law. oo, n. a kind of backgammon. oooso6, v. to play at backgammon, oaoE, ooo6 S S, oocogscysocx0, o09S, n. a malignant ulcer on the back; see ooua2S9 osxo$, n. a small kind of bee, also called ocso4g, cooSo4n oul| (Pali), n. rain, ooco1SimS,8ol oosoco ytcScorc B. D. 39.

Page  610 oWj*S-o-oafcfoo QTl[oS, n. the god of rain, t&rSioSi oQ (Pali, five), n. the five parts, as the root, bark, leaf, blossom, and fruit of a tree; ogclsot, a word much used by Burmese doctors, c~8~oooS8js c8coQg cl og3cl1o'l acroo:)68Ecog Eo;glS8 8cr;soCog cl 8o1 8o lo4cDn O co*c0cC,. n. the five good bodily qualities, as goodness of flesh, bones, skin, hair and age; C18sc oonCOO; OO, Q os^2c= o88 8t; o, o os~ csnoES8I; S ]o8, oeCdic6mSEi;;oo, SotEcoo6E S I; oo0, 9go=SecrmxS8,88 (91). oggoIJ 8(, n. nutgall. Otred, n. a kind of medicinal root. oiltS (pron. oo8s) (Pali ou, five, and oo8l, a part), n. a Buddhist priest who is proficient in the five requisite qualifications, w.o, 0u0S8 Ou]gSi, v. to receive ordination, as a priest who is proficient in the five requisite qualifications, o8fiijo oSicsaoS, v. to rise from being a novitiate, to the position of a priest who is proficient in the five qualifications, oa:o soop soocS ~sv8 coio, as novitiates asking each other; coESScocoos6tu oocS~twe-oot, as a layman asking a novitiate. Otsg8oo:OO, n. a layman who provides the eight requisities for a priest, as the robes, alms bowl, etc.; oEsqS, coooS, qor?, 4$o8s, o0c6sccosols; bg68, o06, cqr6o, o8oS, ooeScosoltn oSoW (Pali o'), a. the fifth, csl8,c3oSi og'uopcS, n. space, oODC*=joS); see owo: 0S oU oa8loo)ooS,, n. Convener of the fifth Buddhist Synod, a title assumed by King Mindon, and much prized by him, ogoo8i ood8co, by abbrev. odS8 (Pali og, five, and S8co, a religious duty), n. the five duties binding on all creatures, according to the five great commands, viz., ol aoc8l0ooo1coqcJ, o. coSco oS&~, kill not; eo8 9p^o:coacica8, o2.e 0oj s?, steal not; 0m0oc98gp ofOpeco 8ic3,. 00ot82)S9o838&~, commit not adultery; 4tololol coqlce3, ytur0osd108096 ^, lie not; -ccco wooooso coqocB3, c96 xc a3CScq,c3Sf~, drink no intoxicants. "The first five of these obligations are called the pancha fil. They are repeated by some persons every day at the pansal (kyaung), especially by women." M.B.

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Page  611 oq&cxcho-oooS61 611 oNaobooor3 (Pali ou, and d& [wooo5), n. the five greatest sins which bring immediate retribution, oodloSccoslsooSooccooccecS co,; killing a father, ao~cooe=oo,~ o 8cwoooooo5; killing a mother, wo8cq Sco:3:0. cooc9 ooomc3; killing a rahanda, Gpcoploaxoc~coooo, oocOw&5OcOOOMC; raising a blood blister on a Buddh (the life of a Buddh cannot be taken), o3cesPwS 9s;>oa86,sooCSEc~oCoj, oc8roo 800x00; and making a schism among the disciples of a Buddh, oo =o8,sc~oo~6~0oo o, o3sxcoC ooCoenC ouoS (Pali opb), v. to prohibit or command; to name, give a name, distinguish by name, 9&, oo3oScog; n. a prohibition or command; a name, woo,:od; oE~~SCroc.S oejCqis ope0soc9, n. an ordinance. e3o ( Pali), n. wisdom; 0o0oo 1s, the Director of Public Instruction;'- as.: oeooj, an inspector of schools; oeipo8, a deputy inspector of schools; o ocoSySing eqOc9g8sv@ ' Ooeos, v. to be possessed of great wisdom. oiots0, v. to increase, as wisdom, knowledge. oo30lo, v. to search for wisdom, knowledge. vop:3:l, v. to search and store up wisdom, knowledge. 03 0 (freg. pron. a), n. a wise man,.o8S, cm8. oviexS, v. to receive instruction; oeowxoS6oS, a term applied to young men who were sent to foreign countries by order of King Mindon, to learn foreign arts and sciences; "pragmyawa (oO), wisdom, that which dispels ignorance, revealing what is good and what is not good, like the burning lamp that brings to view the figures that would otherwise be hid by the darkness; its opposite is awidya (o08go), ignorance." M.B. oeoo3c8, n. prudence, discretion; knowledge and prudence; comp. oceos, n. a species of banyan, the Ficus Bengalens. otooS (Pali o owg ), n. enmity; anger, hatred. okLWoR, v. to make a quarrel, ctpaoog, ocoooSc~oSico:8oS oqCoS 6, -v. to have a quarrel, q.cqdwO, CqjsbogS, cot8sou co 0o309e 0C3(T

Page  612 612 o8eoe( (pron. oucB~6) (Pali o{)ocu), n. assent, engagement, oB 8Ss; a vow. oqogl, o~qae>S: o, oQe3Oe~&, "Otve~4. v. to make a covenant, a mutual engagement. o~_re eoC9, n. the Contract Act. o g-So-oacS, n. a bond, promise. o4 0goScoooS,, n. a convenanted assistant commissioner. oU aQ! 3 e ll, n. a written convenant or agreement. oqfg3ocoqggpo, n. the Ark of the Covenant. o0oc3 (Pali), n. variance, wCoo~9Sjg8Es; c&AFtSCfo0To@og aogo *FoSowooa; 9Ec flgY88 5&S96 G6.s? 'o? ooI(8 O 8OoS King Thibaw and the Shan Sawbwas were greatly at variance. oqooS (Pali oao&). n. a duty, o~ecpoa, o ooqSoao~ S(cr, oaoo~co33S83c?^0S(f8U oqo) (Pali), n. drift, course, order, succession, oeds; in colloquial the Burmese say, cjlcfioaS03*c8*soq8 DSco l oacoo, (Pali o oo:o), n. wisdom, knowledge, oe3, ce~ooQiCO3Ooo cj80s:f o, this person has very little intelligence; "understand ing, intelligence, wisdom; readiness or confidence of speech, promptitude, wit." Childers. o0qo (Pali), n. comeliness, suitableness, agreeableness, ooooSd Qc0cxSooS88E n 08q, adv. see neat. ouccoio (Pali), adv. in reversed order, as when repeating backward, oQcc~oO@Q S O0pS; comp. 9fSco9ron oq8o&qe (Pali), n. interchange of conversation; friendly greeting, welcome, kindness, friendliness,.SooIes6888s, SoSCoSSs, 6& ~s8iooacvtr3qs^oo8CO, when he heard the words of Zeta the hunter, Zusaga (Jujaka) the Brahmin, with much approval and joy, spoke in reciprocal language (as follows). o~oca (freq. pron. o8c0Soco) (Pali oQ, again, and oc&, to connect), n. the connection between a former and subsequent state of existence, that is, the transit of mind from one body into another, of which there are four kinds, vmi., oo9qoo, ocovOo, Xo C~oa30, and eolnoS; conception, pregnancy, jooSQS (92); "entering the womb in a new existence, conception, transmigration, re-birth." Childers.

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Page  613 618 o0Xbo, oa,~S,, oc8, v. to conceive, be pregnant, coS %4X@3p,. <oSo F~Coos oqo:c)o{~,^ o~w~c, o0oc~oi, v. to be conceived; but these terms and the above are sometimes interchanged and applied either to the mother or the child, coo lcoot cda sog18Ji3 ocp oqwxca6, v. to be near delivery, jcroSQq]~aOS, oo/caoo~aoo ovooal (Pali), n. intuitive knowledge, egoa9g~ogSs, cftoogre it ooo^9o3^l go8o3oCpso6p8Co0 @oid6<iQ o8F;Cci oSoo8sllcoo0t ol8s&ooogzoDO3SccnaSc E, the sick man, whose name was Teittha, when he heard and listened to the law of the excellent Buddh, arrived at the state of a rahanda, possessed of the four kinds of intuitive knowledge. o~:oo qa3qeoooo&oS, v. to incur the guilt of making a definite promise (o$0b+s), as a rahan. oco8oS (Pali oucoclQ), n. interruption, prevention, prohibition, ogo (Pali), n. the act of praying or asking favor of a divine or celestial being; a prayer, aj2oooS 8coo0,sa og;oK, v. to pray, QpcoooSscog, aF oooSsog o W, wo*&cce &C egoC:ogp9C08e> CcO Oj8OIc^G<c C6d4880a26QoD8 ogUO+oos cods 8sicoS, although I pray every day that I may become a person of great intellect, like Mahawthata, it is very difficult of attainment, sir. o$p (Pali), a. the first. ogo~c9S, v. to be distinguished for having excelled in Buddhist literature, at a competitive examination held by royal order at the Burmese capital; n. a man thus distinguished (98). oei@B (pron. S), v. to recite, at such an examination, what one has been studying; n. a man who has passed such an examination. ogot (Pali), n. an original cause, important matter, ooco8&98s; @so ic ne>+slo~o qE~oco So, <j.~~~ 8;Cfo3ooC s clsols8C~Ogjciss6gONCf300g S<,(^xiLL (bJ^f \S^ 44FP o OCOOO (Pali), n. an act of homage or worship/t sSs; oo 'klcOO, oCnwo (, oa i a pundo vooo (Pali), n. a wise man, a pundit, c08, oggo, J4, o0coo, itc p^o eS, S o10& Scoi

Page  614 614 614ogtco8-ocoS L e0t0gco3 (pron. ebtolmicoo), n. the throne of Sekra ({o8(c60 s). When anything requiring Sekra's assistance takes place in the world of men, or when his exalted office is in danger, this throne, according to the Singhalese, becomes warm, and according to the Burmese, hard and uncomfortable. oLokS (Pali ouncc ), n. a man subject to seminal debility, o4seoSe Ogo (Pali), n. a gift, present, coScoo.o OmcDOO, n. same as o:3> ofg3o st, n. a bribe, illegal gratification, ofg:coScPoosckeocS oXcoooo ooS, 1, n. a small cylindrical drum fixed in a circular frame. ooSe:, n. any glutinous substance attached to the centre of the drum head, to improve its sound, ooSeocodOOn, oodiSt, n. a circular frame in which several drums are fixed and played on by a'person standing, or sitting, in the centre, -stI 81; cOMp. QJ8_8uI ooSct, v. to play on such drums. oo, n. same as ooxS ooSis, v. to try the sound of the drums preparatory to playing; n. a kind of song, oo0Ss0o3t4 S ooS, n. a large cylindrical drum. oo86, n. sace ooS8Ebu oo0S, a. a small cylindrical drum, fixed in a circular frame, gcS o00, 2,)to wind around, encircle, qSoao; to encompass, go around, co O~, (, 9oeoS, (sao ); ) an upper washboard of a boat, made of matting and placed above the main washboard (*d); gqaoSamooS, once a week; o9ccotod00ooaoSaoSo8; =X oEd'c-1 ooSoc), the creeper twines around the tree. Der. ooooS, ooSaoS, v. to struggle with a difficulty, to endeavor to accomplish in the midst of difficulties. Der. ooooSoooC ooSi.St, w. to bind about, cooo ootq8o~8 Qooaxi ISSoaoxi c24s oo5S, v. to wind around, w1~Stccd3oo g=oo 8Co= e c4s o6il S%, goScg6ooS 4oaoo,i boa constrictoru being very powerful, entwine their folds around the browantlered rusa, the wild ox, the samber, and kill them. Sco&e, ooSous# n. the environs or circuit of a thing, oftn8;

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Page  615 UOC~S-O83COOS61 616 comp. ocSoscoq8; freq. used adverbially, ooSooScoOS, LooQq ooScoo ~oo~coSivsicpcsooe, the ditch around that curve requires clearing;,oroScoe9o3 ~ aScjse8 crog8cc4Sd1, please cut and clear the weeds (undergrowth) around the courthouse. oocis, n. the whole circuit or duration; commonly applied to words of time, o4cs8, OaOxOoS, ooWcBo+c8,, oooSoSooct8, oocoooS COS, ~n00*COOoSoS8, C:OO^ocoooSc~sm ooScyS, v. to encircle, make a circuit. ooSooS, v. to be connected with or bear relation to, to be implicated in (an offense, crime). ooroS, 1, adv. on the hind legs, rampant. ooooSra9, v. to stand upright on its hind legs, as an animal, to rear, SiSooOoSq$o~co, QgiooooSqSi SWOS, ocxoSo oooS, 2, n. a species of palm. oc8 (Pall), n. master; lord, chief, ruler; owner; husband. oa, see ysoj (pron. o0), n. a hornet. OcooOc)Sooo (from oooS, and x$8), adv. confusedly, irrationally, as if intoxicated; applied to language, 48vc8oSo~ oocjQ coop; CSrosvcsoooE oi~ o~niooi eos8&c; in this sense it conveys an inference that the person addressed has eaten Datura fastuosa seeds (o~$s4), and hence is not accountable for his action. ocoo~ocoo, adv. or int. strange, extraordinary. opSos (pron. egot), n. a ruby; a carbuncle; caoycS o sttcYZoo) c86S, n. a ruby mine. oogos$, n. same as o8S3ti o^ijo8,j~^ r, W. to be enceinte, as a female member of the royal 'family, o tBoS cocL~Xo opo; also applied to the mothers of Buddhs. oc3goscoocB, n. a spotted ruby. o [oqcD, n. a certain tubercle or excrescence growing on the leaves of trees; the oak apple; crq*acoc og9cp, n. said to be a ceremony performed to counteract the effects of cOoo (certain magical contrivances). opcoos, n. a kind of musical instrument composed of twelve pieces of iron, or bamboo, suspended in the form of an inverted arc, in a wooden case. opcooztlcs, v. to play on such an instrument.

Page  616 616 o3P-o8S8 o8, 1, n. a hinge; ou3 cSo3 S, 0830o g~, to put on a hinge; a cartridge box, oo<S68ocDcooe Q oo%30B oo:, 2 (Beng.), n. a permit obtained from government, to build, cultivate, carry firearms, etc.; eo10 83, oa.3, ~:x Co^oS3o oQg:A, v. to make an application for a o8o, or license to carry arms, copoSog83 gO~e" opo0cf08s, v. to survey a piece of land for the use of which a op33 is granted. oa31, n. a kind of shaggy, woolen cloth. o0008 (Pali), n. the earth, cg8s; )J"Jccosc8DoSsoo8~CCooaoO oooeB(osu ooo8o1oS, n. a term applied to the parts of the body which are formed of this element (oco8). "They are twenty in number, viz., the hair of the head, the hair of the body, the nails, the teeth, the skin, the flesh, the veins, the bones, the marrow, the kidneys, the heart, the liver, the abdomen, the spleen, the lungs, the intestines, the lower intestines, the stomach, the faeces, and the brain." M.B. ooocoo~j8(aS, v. to suffer disorder, as such element (ooo81qoS). ooGqlcS (Pali oo, a poetic line, and yqcr5, completion), n the completion of a line in poetry, its being complete, full. oels, see 8ooos, n. quicksilver. ovoo (Pali), n. a kind of water lily; comp. (o; oooS8cS, a kind of cotton cloth; 8:o0oco O& jgtico+8c3ocj XcooSg opS, his (i.e., the Buddha's) joyous tranquillity was like unto a newly-opened o[031n ocacGp& (Pali co90, a country, and epoo, a king), n. a sovereign of a division of one of the four grand islands, ooo080Cpsop80s89 co oes88, ocoxeP& s; comp. Oc3ep&, a sovereign of one of the four grand islands, and goOcooso8s, a universal monarch. owoov(oS), n. a tree peculiar to the north island (esqyl,), said to produce whatever an applicant may desire; an artificial tree laden with religious offerings; hence, 8so6~cov, o Gocov, a chandelier; 8eocu9o9, a person of versatile intellect; ocov3agoScooq c oPS, an expression applied to a person who is fortunate. oc-coo3c, v. to make an offering of a ocovoo8I obca3oS, 'n. the common garnet, ob;cocroSci, oVSso8(), n. the Crinum. The root of this plant, ground into a

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Page  617 o1888Soa^i-o4 617 powder and mixed with salt, is said to be an excellent remedy for boils; guo8tS or jo8S8 ~, a glass candle shade. oqs~8oSgcoSa n. the Indian squill, Scilla Indica. oqSss, Cto8Ss, n. varieties of the Crinum. o088agp0, n. a kind of shrub of medicinal properties; see oPSOsI o E$S, n. the purple-flowered thorn-apple, Datura fastuosa. o8sj, n. the white thorn-apple, Datura alba. o4, 1 v. to adorn, adorn with flowers, jewelry, etc., o0sooozS, p:1 o$;oE, v. same as oS; to be in charge of a royal order in favor of one's self, o 8 ogS oo rooo4sSo slscgoSo7oooloscsu o4, v. to ask leave respectfully, to beg, petition, oog oioeSmo, X oo 8 o0 e; comp. c8S; o88s8g80oO3 8Sgof8C@o^d1, please come, after having asked permission of the pongyi. oSgo8, v. same (more common), oo^8qocS8o09go So8(o'o coo:, have you asked permission of the authorities? oagoo, v. to petition, pray; see also )ogoo4cS; o9jo8ecoSo*80 cgvcov3ESs80n oocooS8cnvoopi6oe:>8, they prayed (the Buddha) for a suitable blessing, and all became embryos, i.e., embryo Pase Buddhs. ooCS, n. a short stake driven in the ground, to mark the site of a, building; a peg used to secure anything stretched out or apart. ouSoqS, ASod, n. same, 36Csocb3ogeS, cqo8souScrBaoous ofSc&oS;, v. to plant such pegs; oa4cs8os e; ouc&. is often used to denote stability, permanence, oScr8v3si~oos so0cS o*6~;coOOgocc~33^,, 03 s8@8Soo )da C&)SOoQicol oe~; also applied to persons of substance and influence, cooQSc& 8sA (94). o)eos, v. to be on friendly terms, oce~ Sp, oo~o oag, catSso4.> &6*281Coo9 [4e ~wSo, if they are on friendly terms with one another, there is a chance of the scheme being consummated; o 588s3]S0oo9c;c2O~0ooevsi8Q o8s (colloq.), though neighbors, they do not agree with each other. oqcoo (Pali), a. the fifteenth, ooScls6icgloS oucs, see ocScs, n. the whole circuit or duration, o= 4c&0o$8sg 0o, j1 n. a flower, blossom, 9sg, os g; a leaf or twig used as a decoration; sometimes used expletively, in composition with other words, og8sos8, aS&o$s, etc.; an abbrev. of a8so8s,the safflower; o+sos8, a red waistcloth; the male genitals (polite). The dif

Page  618 618 OJ86-o08goS ference between oo and o8s is said to be, that the former is applied to the flowers and blossoms of trees or plants which have edible fruit and leaves, while the latter is applied to those which do not have edible fruit and leaves. O+1SO, n. the Lagerstranmia Indica. ~48Qoj, os cR:, o+s~cBo, v. to carve embossed figures in wood. +oq:s, n. a flowerpot. olg6e, n. the white-flowered Kaempfera. o~tl, fn. the state of maidenhood, virginity. o'tst's, o+s~sogS, os8s8o4, v. to deflower, deprive of virginity. o+8t4s6, n. an honorary chaplet. ocmccm9, see accoS, n. a low stand with a concave surface, a salver. 04to0s (pron. o+4ss), n. a garland, wreath of flowers, oSlcaoSo<, a ceremony wherein a maiden places a garland (of flowers) around the neck of the young man of her choice. o+sc6s, n. the hoop of a finger ring. oisoC6 (pron. osoo!s), n. a branch of leaves and flowers, o+t88 4ooS, v. to suck juice from flowers, as bees, oso:dSi+ S uOO 4oa (pron. oscq), n. a stand for flowers. oatls, v. to pluck a flower. o+S8S (pron. oI8QS), n. a branch of leaves and flowers; a bouquet, nosegay. o4st3 (pron. oai), n. a painter, limner, o+tocpu o+tcqst, v. to paint, limn. o+s[, n. an arbor, oso84 ousj (pron. o4s(), n. a flower garden. ou i, n. a flower bud. os!:Q1|, n. red paper. ousest:s, n. the red string with which a girl's hair is tied. ofst, a. variegated with flowers, o+tJsls o4ste8, n. perfumed oil, the essence of various flowers. o4to:, n. a kaleidoscope. o ti H8, n. a suspended bunch of flowers. o~dq t, v. to dye red. ofldstOOts, n. one who dyes red. ~olwScQ~cr9DiIt, v. a boat-racing term, meaning that if the man in the extreme bow of the boat, while seizing the o4: (really a rattan), falls into the water, his boat lo*em the race.

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Page  619 OF8 -o6S1oo98 619 oStB (pron. o4s~), n. artificial flowers suspended for ornament: an ornamental border to a roof, oiSttwe, oFlsa o eS< mof8& (pron. ooeS), n. a brazier or coppersmith. o+so, n. a rattan passed through a hollow bamboo and projecting somewhat beyond each end of it. The bamboo is horizontally placed on supports in a small boat; the boat's crew which succeeds in drawing out the rattan wins the race. This constitutes the winning-post in a boat race. It is said that formerly a flower was attached to each end of the rattan, os,3goSooo3, osoaB ooS; hence oS8o3; alsb called oS4ocSu oStooa, n. a starting-post. oSol s, SoJ:oScSS, oscjsYoSd8s, n. a pole surmounted with a bunch of grass or leaves, and set up by authority; o.sot, the pole in front of a broker's residence. oto^ooS s, oSscooSSi SR, n. two kinds of grass which furnish excellent fodder for horses. oSscoo:Sscog, n. ornamental hangings, fringes, drapery, etc., oft OO-SicOg8&0, ) CWOoSQCoU oSFfiS, n. a winning-post or goal. 4o.4oop, n. red cloth, jprs4loog osc8S (pron. o86), n. a goldsmith or silversmith. oFtc86, n. the orange-flowered Globba. The Burmese say that owing to its being so exquisitely formed, goldsmiths weep in despair, because they are unable to imitate it. oFsc8c8, n. a goldsmith's forge. o sso8, see OStc S, v. to carve in wood. o+c8s, see oS% cc~ s, v. to embroider. oidcstOXoos, n. an embroiderer. o(,x3xo, n. the Laurusw. ~oF,1, n. a pale red color; comp. oftq~ oSt,,,. a kind of plant or tree (Pali ~covg). ofoSo, n. a kind of arum. itoo, n. a flower plant, or tree, t8oaoiSu oSaoEsoS, n. a scandent, evergreen shrub, bering ple lilac, or roe colored flowers, and fruit provided with thick, longitdinal wings, the Incistrocladu Grilhtk. ot4s (pron. ot), n. a carver in wood or stone. o Sc,. a. to declare a rae void; co 0,sc, to ddWr a heat void

Page  620 620 oJIsos-.4Siei otscos, v to give the victory to an antagonist; to yield, to give up, as in guessing. This expression is frequently used in connection with boat races, horse races, etc.; probably an abbrev. of cooS oS+b (pron. o4), n a blacksmith; ouicocp, a master blacksmith. ois8o1st, n. a kind of paste made of fragrant flowers, offered to powerful nat, and to pagodas which are much venerated. ofSosq, n. the flag, a water plant. The Burmese often compare weak, irresolute characters to this plant, 8os oosogojb c~^ Coj cpd858aooS 0ge o~scfis (pron. oScnsc), n: a foot race in which the competitors are backed to run for money. osc:oS, n. ornamental flower work. os:c83o:Sa, v. to carve in wood. o$8CgaxSc,, v. to embroider. os8G?-, v. to be enfeebled in the male genital organs, oiSsyow; to be of a pale color, o+sJcg8, oS8868C,? o4sg, 1, n. a flower which has expanded. toaSg, 2, v. to menstruate, cGp8o8sg8a o.s8 S8ToS, see oS8qpeoS, n. the humming bird and other sunbirds. oSs3oS (pron. ogoS), n. a turner, oSoou). n o08838 (pron. opos), n. a tuft, tassel; o(gsso80s 8,, an epaulet. os82s, n. Burman borage, the Pleranthus aromaticus. O+ goscooo, n. sedge, ccoidcSc8@csu O+Ss4, an expetive, eot$8s, OlGaoSoSn o+81cscati, n. a pagoda slave, one who gathers up flowers and the refuse of offerings, o &AS~Sc, OcP 6,8 O1icS, or oRst S n. same. oostwas, n. one who works in lacquer; oooS0o8, figures in lacquer work; oSjogs, lacquer work without figures; csscBaoSco, oLgs oscaS, n. the essence or juice of flowers, oStooSqoS osq9g~cS S, n. a kind of grass. o$sq,, n. a deep red color; womp. o+sa o.8g9s8, n. kuskus grass, oSisqg, n. the juice of flowers; liquor in which the safflower (a98 o4) has been steeped, producing a deep red color (o8(qs), or a pale red, violet (oF^8).

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Page  621 oUJI-4s sg 5 621 621 ois~coapoS, n. a balas ruby (a variety of spinel ruby of a pale, rose red, or inclining to orange). osctPtoS (pron. o+sqeoS), n. the humming bird and other sunbirds, o+sqceoSq oS o+4q (pron. o0I), n. a mason, o+soq on; o$qsIoosC a master mason. ousvq0o1 (pron. o0ol), n. a kind of weed running close to the ground, with cordate leaves one or two inches long. The flower, which is very minute, is of a delicate shade of light purple. o08qs, n. the perfume of flowers, cdcooooosooi Sce ocscpS, n. a pink color. o8sES, n. the common balsam; see 9ooconi3 ~oSsj, v. to smell a flower. oSsS, v. to be possessed of active virility. o+8ooSqcS, see o+sloS, n. the essence or juice of flowers. ou+soosc, n. a timber tree, the Vateria. osoa8o, n. a florist. os86sc, v. to lose the principle of active virility, oS2oiccpo1los o8oos8, n. a Panthay, oooS+coo8a, o+8, 2, v. to be tired, fatigued, harassed in body or mind, oSo8s; more than c60; Cc 8oaSco^soso i o0p+c+coS oso8sa H~, I am exceedingly fatigued with travel, let us encamp in this place. Der. ooos, otasy, n. the asthma, o8socoeS~, oid)+S< oq C ioooooe o:8>o:op, n. a chronic sufferer from asthma. ou sco, v. same as ouso oedfo, v. to pant; see qcoS; to gasp; ooit:0 3 X&~ 8+cwoo ccgE~JsioSrco 8~80 wfloES^S cw eSlGmo o goSoap8B os,3, v. to spurt, gush out; occasionally used transitively; ooSioot3 poSoqlcsc Cgo cgSoog S, coSEcfce 9 goo 8ogoSoog93D o$s, 4 (from ooS, to encircle), v. to go round the end of a thing, as the end of a mountain or a shoal; to outflank, as troops. Der. ao s8oat v8S, v. same as o+s 0o8, 5, n. the Tavoy name of the arnotto tree, dEoo&8 08oS, see ouloS, n. a man subject to seminal debility. o0sgoS, n. the hermit-crab, oS8mgSb

Page  622 622 of-ootfCoO oA, v. to be a crevice, to chap, crack open; less than ooS; cBsoo icodco~q8; to be chapped, as the face, lips, or hands. Der. ooo<i o< 8, n. a crack, crevice, cleft; usually applied to cracks in the ground, c~((sBoBOS<<i o(9@QMi o~oS1o, n. a slight crack; used with reference to cracks in timber, oWo, an abbrev. of eooo, oaooosic~ ool~ ceoasp8, let me speak, sir, by means of an example. oooo&s, an abbrev. of eonoeesgim oooco (Pali), n. measurement, size, ocdoSs0cgo, ooqStoo,; q o^o:ooao:8,~ dooo~C8~ 3ndoCooS6C~)1C o'o, what are the dimensions of that house, by measurement? coSRjTMcornWt &dc Soo gjSgos8f&^coroootoSaSoo8 a o~ooOS, the comet whic& appeared the year before last, when looked at with the naked eye, seemed about the size of a oo4 tree. oooqu, v. to make account of, regard, sjycoseoog; wgESaooo caDccwocoPSoo woSoI, this business is not important enough to notice. oo5, 1, n. a square measure of ground containing twelve hundred cubits, equivalent to one and three quarters English acres; see oo oco, 2. In some parts of Burma the area covered by five baskets of seed-paddy scattered (c1soo8s, ), is considered equivalent to a pe (o00). oo"S, see d, n. the component parts of a territory or jurisdiction, collectively taken, whether principal or subordinate. ooS, 2, v. to put aside, or away, to reject, to except; comp. od9; n. tare or tret, g>Soods, aio~o 9Suoo ag oogoS, v. to reject and cast aside. ey oG ' ooooo8, v. to reject; to set at naught. oocacS, v. to reject and destroy. ooul8,, v. to clear away, oooSO=OE3gS o0t(qp8, v. same as oo0i oo.st, n. amber. ooo(B (Pali), n. indefatigable diligence, one of the six glories of a Buddh; see under oioa~SQcScfIS1lso o~0ooO (Pali), n. possession by some kind of evil spirit, o ooo -<9 ~ oQCo3~~X, ocoooo 3~oog.; see under C0o18s.

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Page  623 oq8i-oG&soc8so 628 In common parlance oeooo means encouragement in a good sense, as to deeds of merit, etc.; or instigation to evil; according to Childers, 'payogo' (oEoo:o) means practice, use, usage, means, instrumentality, motive, occasion, object; ccSc6~coQSsoJTOsg8 StoooScEBtg1locioooooNoogcpecoooD&; se oo sot~jcoo3fc^ icrkst, this affair is not exempt from his evil influence. c6S, n. a cricket; a bolt to fasten a door, at the top or bottom, o[soo'cq, o0468gooag. The Burmese liken the appearance of the bud of the sal tree (Pentacrne Siamnsis) to a cricket, ooS soqsogtcqSoS agcoop@, or q2S o povopS OCCo00, see coooocos, n. mineral and vegetable drugs. osegsc~S, see csccoS, n. a junction of two letters in orthography; a union or co-operation of two persons. oqG[ (Pali), n. indefatigable diligence, ooo3n o0qgooooooc3, n. the sixth stage of the world of nats; see under ouoo8, n. calking material. os0ooSooos, n. a calker. ocqQc, 1, n. a kind of heretical priest, ouqgqc ooss; false teachers in the time of Gautama, who taught that there is no future world, and that the whole man, at death, is resolved into four elements (oocdcosor ), the aqueous particles returning to water, the fiery particles to fire, etc. ocqS, 2, see tyqoS, n. a flat thin substance, whether of paper, cloth or metal, folded backward and forward; used as a slate. oq aoS, v. to eat (clerical) (obs.), 3OoSCOIOpS~ ocQoS (Pali oto, excellent), n. an excellent system of belief or worship, oqooSSo,S o0ooSocpwacosJls, n. the four principles, viz., 8oS, ceoooS,. %,S8o3 o0loSo8ocS,, n. a system of metaphysics explaining the said principles, the substance of the 9oSog?$&sa; ontology. o[Ssocoo (pron. c saeol), adv. in a confused, disorderly manner, mcegScqoo, o~aedt, s;oo;pica b l eo@ a cI8ngoue.co coj o0s oo080mcfq p, 8o SoSosg3 9oo'cf cagjoSs OqSsc38soo (pron. Cqs898l), adv. same; applicable to language. 0J6$IC88OO3CQO, v. to babble, 0oo32o o iOSovcioXSoo 8c8o0 S c 3ooooSog

Page  624 624 oc i -^58: ovooajg (Pali oaolCR, an invisible atom, and i, a grain of dust), n. the smallest conceivable atom, invisible to sight; see sc3i, which is thirty-six times larger; oq~ocxaaoo cco4c8iBSit8 Si UQ[(aCOa ~t)C030OCQC)000 n 0qol, n. a timber tree, the largest species of the genus Garcinia, the Garcinia Speciosa. octqcR (Pali oqcoca, to appropriate), n. a fence forming the inclosure of a sacred place, cagor8oqcgS cs, c~eooq c6; a boundary or border. oqeoo (Pali), n. the profit of others; comp. oo;3o%8; oqoadorswe oloqcno, n. successive, repeated existences, c0oo0oosoSooSn 0 c6, n. see next. oqjcrp (Pali), n. an implement, utensil, article of furniture, appendage, etc.; oscO:o, o0a8scSci; &3Bsco qro8oc2p, articles used in families, household furniture; ojcr cp$o8ls, the eight utensils of a priest, q90y, coocBoS, WSs8E, os8oS, ai8os8, b89, 06', GL6fl oq3c6cpf8s, v. to sell such utensils, or others of a similar kind, for the use of priests. ot[^~& (Pali), n. distinction, q8o8$888, 8o[60 co90ooS6~8 Wg), ~m080OC9QE S8238G03X l oqoS (Pali oqg[, cgoSo6~0~6 c;SB4), n. a kind of prayer, used to ward off evil, being extracts from the og380oxoaS o0qo80, v. to listen to the said prayers. oqoSo+s, n. charmed flowers placed in the coS8su oqoS82j, v. to pronounce a benediction after reciting the oqcSn oqoc6, n. charmed or holy water. This water is sometimes sprinkled on persons, sometimes drunk, and sometimes thrown on the ground around houses; it is also thrown against the four corner posts of a house. oqoigoS, v. to repeat the oqoS, cmcoccpol? cgS,i 3j,},istoo8 ~oqoSqoSce~og. These prayers are usually repeated in times of sickness, also when first taking up one's abode in a newlybuilt house. oqoos88, n. the fire of grief and woe. Childers. oq go~, n. annihilation; msee 8So

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Page  625 oq8 8S&-o~rOCl EJ25q 6a6' ~o?$8,O ^$, to oZ, v. to attain annihilation, 5Ecoo8~: oq9aSe, n. charmed thread. oqc6ooo, n. an implement, utensil, article of furniture; oqcc p is a clerical term; o[too can be applied to articles pertaining to a priest or a layman, cdoge$d[fcooooog~csoo~ StogpS o~cwoo3o30eo8 o oqocoS (Pali ou.os8), n. learning, study, application to books, SagSs, seoooqc S; when good actions are the result of oqo>o (by study of religious books), such actions are termed okooS. The Burmese say of a priest, o j8^ oqa0cS~~8 ooSo1, thispongyi applies himself to books, but does not observe the precepts; ouooS is not necessarily inseparable from oqooS, as instances frequently occur in which a person who becomes a priest late in life, and who has no love for study, can nevertheless possess oqooS oqooxoS (Pali oqoo:.oo,), n. a means, expedient, device; affeCtation; eold, cocS; an artifice, o'); oj ooooSo3, this person's deceits are many. oqooxS5oS, oqooooSc,, v. to plan, concoct, employ expedients, artifices, Oo3 o qocaOc coO8mjO:OOO&ij,, a case concocted without being true. ooooS (Pali oooo), n. an assembly convened for religious instruction and worship, a religious audience; any assembly of persons. oaoS, n. crude camphor. o2as8, n. camphorated oil. tooSooSoS (pron. eoSoooco), adv. m a flurry. 0%to16Ss (prIo. eoxstoo&), adv. in a tumultuous manner; aeS 39sqist; a. unruly, tumultuous, disorderly, covo&t p, the times are disorderly; otEcS38tsbSs&~S2co tSa~ig:oo, on the exchange of rulers, the kingdom becomes tumultuous; owS o:tuocqt, v. to be tumultuous; ase ct9t6oj a ot%;tOs (36), adv. in a tumultuous, unruly, disorderly manner. occpoSqcS (pron. ecooxeSoooS), adv. in a bustling, hurried manner, occepoSOcS6*S6o g occpsooc7S4k i~, ocqcpSoj& ocrocg, adv. in the way of joking with too much freedom and familiarity; e oa oqSoo;;occpoqS is in more general use than B. D. 10.

Page  626 o(spd-O8?oSaoeS ocqXoo6[S; oitSopo o cpc 2 =i o0oocofa SoooSada, do not be too familiar with each other; respect is apt to be destroyed. occpoecs, see RccpcoSS (Pali occ& ioo), n. a Brahmin invested with certain sacerdotal functions. oacS, n. an ant. oacso4, n, the nest of earth made by ants on the side of a tree or post, cqSigo gScfi ojS, ooS&o og8SoS cdCooSn oa 9ck oS,, n. twills in cloth;see o^s8c oS, pogoS SS6c08 o oqaSoS, n. an ant (more common). 1..;..; ' " o saS, n. a winged ant. ocS8s, n. a bottle, ocoS8oS&n ocoo (pon. acoo) (Pali ococco), a. or ad. open, naked, bare, oSsco8s; vacant, empty, blank, ocooei3]loo[9, a sheet of blank paper; ocooar8sf, to exhibit a marionette show after removing the stage curtain; oc:oo8, or ocoogaS36S, to sleep divested of clothes; oco8as, or ocooqaSss, to bathe divested of bathing garments; a blank ticket in a lottery. ocoo&ec8s, a. to engage in battle in the open field. oco:oescs, n. a writer or clerk who receives no remuneration or salary. ocoz8s, v. to ride bareback. ocovooos, v. to make bare, to expose, coSIxsco8sooS ocooc8, n. a blank ticket in a lottery or raffle. tocooap, a. or adv. wholly, ocovoroocgS, to be torn to tatters; 38~socooapcJSroqoS, the roof of the house is full of holes; opo oocj=tpojso, this individual is stark mad. oc6, v. to be false, deceitful, soesooos; in a child, to put on the airs of wisdom beyond its years, to be winningly precocious, acSao cBgowo; o S8ocgioc8Oaco8,, you are a very deceitful man. oc8ds,, n. a flattering, deceitful fellow, oo0osro, oc8cfs0c;ce, a sly little puss; ooaoood3sCcosco,~ooScoaoE~ n oc8ocoO, oc888Oc8e), oc8=8oco0, adv. from oc8, oc88sIcso= oOB ooioS, n. the teredo borer; a small basket. ooo5o'coS, n. a small drum, beaten with two sticks, at 586 and other religious festivals, before the c3o is struck, ooo.Soof~lcsQoSo, ooyoSo t; the sound of this drum is said to resemble the fruit of the ogljc falling into water, ol|c8sc8 cf4c oov.'t d~qob~OSL #

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Page  627 627 oQts, n. a small basket with a handle, used in catching fish; one kind of 8, oCSOOS80S9, oCgS0aO90sfl oco, n. a white ant in the winged state, ocoo:Sn ocoo3, see oooi, n. a tubule, sucker, made of a reed, quill, etc. occo roS, n. a handkerchief, of silk or cotton, having large checks. o~oooS (pron. c).oS), adv. backward and forward, interchangeably, turn about, ooQ8oooSsoc~oc 85 oo, cxgs8,oc ocSs, n. a large basket, used in catching fish and carrying burdens. ocS8:Qsoo, oSsc&oSaog; oocSsc8dS, a person used as an instrument by others; a term of reproach. oE3S (pron. ocoS) (Pali o08c06o), n. an elevated seat; hence ce ovoogEs, a throne; oocps8co:o8gS, a pulpit; so&ooo8g8, the throne of a Buddh; 88og38, the throne of a nat; oaSc~oo 3ES, a pedestal on which offerings are presented before a pagoda; ou;f8o, the short piece of writing on the first two and the last two pages of a palm-leaf book. o[:B8, o93SC, v. to arrange the said pages; *cosozg3S9cowO, to preface a subject, with introductory remarks. o[:Scolco, n. the holes through which the pins or strings of a palmleaf book pass, in order to keep the leaves in place. ooE (Pali), n. being, (S38S; the state of being substituted for another, not real and permanent, only temporary; not genuine, spurious, counterfeit; opposed to.c8, oto seooc80wco8. oo coos, are you a permanent, or temporary resident of MSubin? oo coo oS:)occo:o8ocost, is it a permanent or a temporary scar? uoEo8B, v. to be counterfeit. oood (pron. ooo9), n. the cuttlefish. ool, n. a handkerchief, towel, ooltlog, ocol't~oISS occlqoo (Pali), n. a confession of priests to one another, t4cv6 ooEcxoo 6ioo S ~; e p oo'kcrj (95). coao4, n. ancient time, cSQocoaovro, long, long ago, c~soooo$ ~ooe6o00~c~tt~0, as in speaking of hereditary officeholders; cl0soco 8o~os ooom, from ancient times, through successive, existences. L? oboeo (Pali), n. the making visible, sensible, coSjseeQ.SI, 000 ecoo838f0, o0ooS:3CS; poSioovo, delight or gratification of the eye.

Page  628 628 000oatt9-01 uoon:9c~, n. matter which perceives, that is, an organ of sense; comp. %8o3ve; 00&098eu9jcaaweSu owzoooS (Pali o03oo, urine, and tcgl, an aperture), n. the external aperture of the urethra. oZ, n. a Mohammedan, Mussulman, 0cZ&0coDont ooSrcpSs, n. a Mohammedan mosque, ec8cofin o3cqcx 8:)ce>S;, n. a minaret. o38aocp, n. a moolah. 0oc8o0:o, n. the Mohammedan religion. uoo:or (Pali), n. breath inspired, o8SooS; comp. oo=oosi oo8js (pron. Ojs), n. a Malay; ooiapcoos, oglisc*OScCas, oo&Qoljs8 189. The Burmese style Malays "ooe," when addressing them. 0oco (pron. eod ) (Pali ooocqo), n. a putting away, ooSSSsu ooo^1o3sos, n. the three kinds of putting away of sin, viz. oonsoc4, putting it away for a moment; 8crdS&,joo, putting it away for a considerable period; oa ooCow, putting it away entirely and for ever. OCqtcalSscoAs8, n. tlie great bell of the palace, struck simultaneously with the great drum. oodqeS, n. the frame on which the od.loS was placed. ou^*iS,. the great drum of the palace at Mandalay, formerly beaten every third hour. 6ooS n, n sago, oqo, coo~oS-ooo 6&ojn (Pali 6oa, dirt, and occor, a kind), n. food or clothing discarded, for any person to take; the flesh of dead animals, particularly fowls. o, v. to help, aid, assist; not used singly. Dr. oo', otx, sooaoS o, cogso, Ns, o. to make presents in order to win the affections of another, generally one of the opposite sex; to assist another in worse circumstances than one's self, ooo qsoqps+, c qeSe; to assist in any way, cXcooScs3cS)ogcoo3oo ioSoog zoQsgo^l 61, 1, v. to be with, come or go with, accompany, oodIcTPo1; 0c8?coqocooj, have you a cheroot with you? OpS dCicsot qc,ootocl osepop ety ilsc, ower, et., cSaotiis8o osos c~ ^isy, w. to lose property, influence, power, etc., etooqeC-c cooa6 c 8, sv. CC the next, and the parts; ccoocoSo0~E<J) oo og3<

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Page  629 Ql-Joo-~I629 629 co~o~cySjqo~ul, I remember, perfectly, the meaning (of thle max-. ims) contained in the Jlcoo, v. to be comprised in a writing; to be carried or brought with; ~xS o~~~ aloS, v. to be contained in, implicated or involved in, ca e~. UCo v. to be carried or taken away with, cgi(00510oWE oo&Mo~o~o4o; fig., to be led away by another. 61, 2, verb. affix, euphonic, conciliatory, polite, respectful, eQJ~d) P~c,~ o 05008c~qa1, CO &508cq"gsJ00, ro~oosu&d CR t %cGosol f3eC (oSCAOCPS; ol is often pron. o, as ~Sol,. ~61,' oSaj; sometimes ol is placed between two verbs in a sentence, cg-csoeoo csolyo; sometimes it is reduplicated and placed between the verb and ois, the past inde~finite affi, oCc)oal oisol, o9&61oso1. The use of the polite affix is absolutely essential from inferiors to superiors; it is a mark of good breeding among i~quals, a pleasing mark of affable and' considerate condescension when employed by a superior to an inferior, and is far too frequently omitted by Europeans in conversation. ol qcwaS (94~s), n. the Manual of Buddhist Priests, being an abridg-. ment of the 8 '0 ul (Pali dI ego), n. an original text or reading. 45(43,n. a line of an original text, 409~'), n. the whole, collectively, o o s 5)q6 ( Pali olo9), n. a measure of time equal to sixteen bizanas (8fos).ols9 (Pali), it. a foot, eg; a poetical foot, cq5; $bcscoolICOIOIsjO aS416o ( Pali olo9, the foot), n. the cause of a certain class of dis.. ease; so called because supposed to ascend from the feet, 019cpS c4cSos (or itao%&.S)% OGIV00C72 V to ascend from the feet, to be subject to the 'said diseases, cico~o'olooSi Cr.yXISD,6196ecoln. the aforesaid diseases. olo (Pali), n. demerit, vcooSa, d8 Sg 4&1oc* (Pali), n. one who h4.bitually commits evil, cogodIxzOR

Page  630 630 d1 q8-o1s oq[8 (Pali), n. an accomplishment or virtue, 6~tSt. There are ten primary virtues called paramitas (oal8S) that are continually exercised by the Bodhisats; and as each virtue is divided into three degrees, ordinary, superior, and pre-eminent (oojooSli cooSioogoS) there are thirty paramitas, e.g., SlolcS, 6leool 8[, 9(fOQooqOdq8, etc. o1q0oSooos s, n. the ten cardinal virtues, Wiz., Do', c8co, coa, ao., 8800', QAL o, Los magon, Cong0, ec0a83; 01q8M0So7o ^0 8oscSs $o~~8o, v. to be immature in the exercise of the paramitas, e.g., a Bodhisat (co8$=oS) who has accomplished the partial fulfilment of some of the paramitas. olef8t(&, v. to fulfil the ten paramita. m e I v 'i olq8qG, v. to be mature in the exercise of the paramitas, Ms a Bodhisat on the eve of becoming a Buddh; to be replete with virtue. o19ql, n. a Parsi. olc'&c (Pali), n. an unpardonable sin committed by a priest; they are four in number, murder, theft, sexual intercourse, false profession of the attainment of rahatship; epC-,8cg oSoacriZo3,H occ Ac, n. a palanquin, cooSe*6 olcoaq.), n. green vitriol, copperas, sulphate of iron, q..38asu oqc8*oSse, n. an offering made to the guardian nat of a town or village; olc8foS.o:opS, olc8toSeo &oogS, terms applied to official parasites who fleece litigants, on the pretence that they are able to influence their patrons in deciding cases; scojsu olQ (Pali), n. an original word or language, opposed to the vernacular; the Magada language, ooeol~, o1~osMoo:, o~08oooo1 o1:, I n. a cheek, a side of the face, ols8d68u o1li, n. the protuberance of the cheek. o it, n. a fat cheek, o13tfi d(scm), n. the thwart of a boat, cogosa ol)tS (pron. oo&), n. a piece of timber with a mortise and tenon, fastened to the side of a post, instead of being placed on the top, od1coo, n. a guard for the cheeks. dtjimcosooo, n. same as olcnmou o1CsoSc, v. to tattoo a circle on the cheeks; n. a person thus tattooed, an outlawed executioner, d1saSoocoo$s, ooco3oc s, cooSh cucOS, coOS(l. -"

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Page  631 ol St-(SIceSt 8 681 O18a, v. to strike the cheek with the open hand. orsit (pron. ou9), n. a headstall used in tethering an animal, fSt rCquSoiJ800& s6 oo800; 88os18taSu o'hsaScs, v. to make a headstall. o18soS (pron. ocoS), n. the end of the lower jaw, o)sr0oSccsoulsos8;, n. the lower jawbone. o's180es, n. the contour of the side of a horse's head. o0sti, n. the protuberance of a fat cheek, o018s, oostiaooS, mco ccosoqcez~ol ssa~gogcl8cP8uDS ol~ce (pron. o&), n. the parotid gland, the salivary gland nearest the ear, which pours its secretion into the mouth during mastication. olse'cceS, v. to have the mumps. oTlscoS, n. the inside of the cheek. oltc.cvscoo (pron. ocecq), adv. in close proximity, closely, olsco oscoocqoS, to pursue or follow closely; tete-a-tete, c8dci; S),co. ol801scoto9' (pron. ocoSoS), adv. same as o1scoooscoon o saoS, v. to hew the sides of a piece of timber. o1sco'cS, n. a dimple. o"lsigS (pron. ols'g), n. the pendulous flesh of a cheek; the gills of a fish; the hood of a cobra; the ridges of the stock of a tree, descending into the roots; o'lsq sccooS, to extend its hood, as a cobra, oqtuCcso, o128rsaO, adv. conspicuously, as in full view of another. o1sc8sodscs, n. the fine paid by a woman convicted of cohabiting with another woman's husband; ohtcspscv ccjSooS, formerly, a fine paid when convicted of assault. oloS:t (cgs), n. the hair of the cheek, the whiskers. o01aSIs (cgs), n. the same. cntO, v. to be drawn to one side, to be distorted, as the mouth. o)lgtisc( ti8t, (pron. ocLSsttit), v. to burn, as at the roots of the cheeks and ears, after having eaten something hot and pungent, oltcqogi, v. to be wrinkled, as the skin of the cheeks. ol slcqs, v. to tattoo the face in the manner of Chin women. o'lsicS, w. to strike the cheek with the open hand; see otsan oltls, n. the cheek bone; the upper jaw. o16c&S1, v. to caress, fondle, o1sojslg

Page  632 6s82 o018c8 S8&cr 8h JlscSd6l8o (pron. oc88ecDj), adv. subtilly, craftily, in a tricky manner, ss8c8o Sscsoo o J c) oSd (Colloq.). tlscc8S (from c?6, to feed one's self), n. the cheek stuffed out with food, ol80c g cooS o8e0S., o1sc8 oIsg&880* a n o018olso1coOSI, adv. with the mouth stuffed with food (infreq.). clsc?8cqWo, v. to eject water from the mouth, as on the axletree of a cart, or on a basket or mat when weaving. o'lsco85, n. the tone of voice when the mouth is stuffed with food, eao)o 80^89@4460C6c3 o11 41cs8, v. to caress, fondle, odscQ^soS; usually used in a bad sense, o 18sc &8co' Q@cooX.; ')8sci8spos8 (pron. oosc s), o1 ssoidls (ocyo&), adv. from above, oIoj8y3o8c,2S8COO, o1s8 so808cO8~oO& ouolc =SfccgS (pron. ooocr oocS), adv. slobberingly, as a dog. O18socodIco,, n. to have the corners of the mouth crack open, in consequence of some disease. oa08os (pron. oodd), n. the lower part of the cheek, the jowl. uol0sc ~8, n. the lower jaw; see olIsoSna oscocaS (pron. ococS), n. the gills of fish. do's, v. to send (by the hand of some person), c2i~@ lcc6io160~ olsqco, v. same (more common); comp. coacc0S; qlFiVV z,3 0 |SIopscoo58oS fcC@o8^[ciccsl o 8Ji 8oSJ)~ [Ge n, 3 v. to be thin, ocO; to be acute of perception; to be wide apart, sparse, set thinly, oog, A8(, Oci; to be not crowded, to be thin in attendance, as an assembly; to be sparse, Ste~8o0; seldom used singly, os:soOgS,, Sl:AtJ.sw; =0i3pS o ow *olqico, this pve is very sparsely attended; to be scarce, 5opoim olsiS, v. to be thin and flat; used adverbially, oltdteSWS, or olt fS~, ~o~sc~ ]!ooo eS@oocfcco, e cn+sitc.To8, * oltSafacztjOl^OCoos I@ olscps,. to be wide apart, set sparsely, not close; to be sparse. oSscO, v. to be flimsy; to be slender, delicately formed; used ad. werbially; Dcscog, themoo, o( lo tloios8, the puhto is of very thin texture, it will not stand wear. otscps, v. to be wide apart, set sparsely, not close; to be sparse. d1oso4 v. "we the parts. oj v. to go to leeward; to go aside, out of the direct way, in an oblique direction, oh'os oil. Der. d 6<8os, and 8Clo1~r

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Page  633 638 8, v. to be pressed, flattened, crushed, 9ac$c~ ciJogccOoloaIO s8 OsceQOpSi Der. 8n 8S, 8sg8, v. see the parts; mostly used adverbially; co>o5o qq cSo65c0@8croo88886o88O9c6, that you may not be shot, lie flat on the ground; c~8S8,G 8s)o,(5O5ox>o:oog, a term frequently used to express the tranquil and peaceful state of a country; usually implying that such a state has succeeded one of anarchy and disorder. 8888, adv. from above; snugly, in small. compass, 888q loScooxs cj8s(3s gooSoopn tSeS (oS), n. a kind of tree; a plant of two varieties, oij~8a., and oAcoooSe, both of which are sometimes eaten. 8evj6c, n. an elliptical, 0o8oo:; comp. o-as9[sjn 8SioS (Pali 8.incho, a basket), n. the Buddhist Scriptures. 8Q.ooSc~, n. a repository for the Buddhist Scriptures. 8q1cooxaoSodS, n. the Curator of the Government Book Depot. 8QmooS:os~, n. a work which gives the clearest possible account of all that refers to the history of the Buddhist Scriptures. 880So^8~, n. the three grand divisions of the Buddhist Scriptures, i/z., 8j,8:, Oq and oo.8og. "The incidents of his (Gautama's) life are to be found pi the sacred books of the Buddhists, which are called in Pali-the inguage in which they are written-Pita. kattayan, from pitakan, a bcsket or chest, and tayo, three, the text being divided into three great classes. The instructions contained in the first class, called Winsya (8fg8s ), were addressed to priests; those in the second class Sutra (OcoS), to the laity; and those in the third class Abhidharmma (9so 8o), to the dewa* (cool) and brahmas (ic.o) of the celestial worlds. There is a commentary called the Atthakatha (ogocoxo), which until recently, was regarded as of equal authority with the text." E.M. 8c$oloS, n. food received daily in the alms-bowl of a Buddhist monk, 83oolS&st. 8oS, 1, n. cotton cloth. 8oS5qS, n. a bale of cotton cloth. 8ocSxaoS, n. bleached cotton cloth. 8oS.s, a. unbleached cotton cloth. 8aScpoo, n jaconet. 8o0 2, 2 n. mucus from the intaatine, o, So&

Page  634 634 80S4caS-8cQooOS 8cScrcS, u. to have a dysenteric affection of the bowels, 8Scocnp, 3oSpf, n. a bloody flux. 8oS, 3, v. to shut up; to close; to stop up, Qseo; (intrans.) to be shut, closed; BoiSzJsc oSco 8c8D oSol, uos oo ICSo;80oS ccOO~ScSSo1, 3Og8000:89C8C5 ICo8 8oS^C0Oen 8SCo)o, v. to shut, close, Gcoov8s 8o8o&s (pron. 8[oScos), n. a grossly ignorant man, a know-nothing, jSoo&,, OtoSmu" SoSoSs, v. to hinder, obstruct, prevent, 8o8 swe~S, c jScmoooo'l1 CsGosdgCos y^ ogSioSEooS o pSoii 8SoS)lSs, n. a dense wood. — bS sosa, v. to darn, ca2s88ccooeco1 ac88oSookscaqOB tScSESs, n. the cubeb, Piper cubeba. SoS oe, n. a kind of grass which grows to the height of seven or eight feet, SoS gcooou 8cScoooe, v. to die, come to an end, be destroyed; colloquial among children and theatrical performers. It has sometimes a derisive, sometimes a jocular, meaning, ooolooSE soScoooecocs?, ooloogs:.;1 80Scooo?38Cs3o6oSoqc,,~,n 9 SaSs, ee 8e o, n. a house, mansion, temple, a building devoted to worship. 30o (Pali), n. a father, ooon 80oo (pron. olS) (Pali 80o0), n. a canopy, anything stretched overhead, (~oS&o ~S, 8ooo:S+oC @49gcco Sc3 (Pali), n. joy, oscgiooSg8, gorc8 a c8, sac o co8, qc.Sc83, e68c8o88,, 8c388, v. to be thrilled with joy, gladness. 8ojsc (pron. oqjs), n. a species of bumblebee; the carpenter bee. 8oaSscaotq S, v. to be soft and incohesive, as tainted meat, ooSoe8os 8o0?s8oS, n. a bamboo band around a house, or the eaves of a roof; comp. a18soSt 80otob, adw. hither and thither, as the bee flies; a term applied to the manner in which the rocket called 8os -darts to-and-fro. 8caboOS (08) (pron. OceioS), n. the Pterocarpus Indicus; the gunikino tree; 8~ooooSo% ol gSc~Scs gqoooSao~, when tihe pkiauk has blossomed three times, itusually rains.

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Page  635 685 stv. to be lean, thin. o o, 8m ocriexs; occasionall used to denote scarcity of food, Smv. to be very lean, so that the skin adheres to the bonm, OD~co-C0m8oc,)so~, 8c 6# 8-,v. to be lean, thin. 8isv. to waste away from illness or maental distress; see;jjsu 8.,v. to be wasted and infirm. 8~gcv. to become withered; see the part.. 8Jc~oS3, v. to be thin and lank, as a human being, qq8S~.:3C6C*OS 8cEoS (pron. S)8c8,v. to be lean. thin, oj8J83ceSgc3S cwcos; see 8q. 8~,v. mee the parts. 8qov. to grow thin; to collapse. t~8i.6 (prota. 8 ns). the kingfisher. I 8,1,n. a kind of potato plant, the Arum. 8~s4 Bit 8iscacS~s, 8isc~cSflc, Sieq) Qcv8sooS8J:, 05-) wqo,~c&S8s, n. varieties of the Arum. 8~se, 8iscol6:,,s. the bulbous root of the above. n. different kinds of Arum, the bulbous roots of which are esculent. Siij~ 8~soq8loo~, 8itSccoo,, 8itSt, and oo&sso8is, s. varieties. of the above, the root (of most) not esculent. 9occSce, n. the fragrant Arum. 8~scoo (pron. me~), n. the most common potato plant; the root is esculent, 8s, 2, v. to be compacted in one mass; to be close, continuous, without an opening or interstice, m8~8sx0660%, o08~8o,0s (prons. 8Jo'1). n. a flat-bottomed boat, with sides constructed of timbers placed lengthwise; comp. oS8scwo t 8itoic~fSn. a sandal covered with cloth, which derives its name from a locality near Amarapura, called 8$so*JscIS; Sinaz8S (more common). n,. the jack fr-uit, Artocarpys iaegri~folia. 8~cf~8, n. the central pillar of a pagoda. 8Radi. snugly. 8W, 1, v. to be indented, slighty concave, *w~sr~o(S ~dcQ~8,

Page  636 656 83, 2, verb. affix, compounded of co, and io, which see; chiefly used in poetry. 8ccov(8Sc<g~~~ooS, n. dried Penang prawns. 8ccov8s~7oS, n. the tapioca plant. Sc o8ols8, n. the Penang or Chinese bamboo. 8ctooo1eo (pron. 8syooloolev) (Pali), n. language calculated to provoke a quarrel, ~o:oScooomcos, o8Ss~a:Qoo:cr8osn 8oap, n. a viss, a weight equal to one hundred kyats or ticals (c& c?), or 3S 65 pounds avoirdupois, one hundred and forty British Indian tolas; 8oociCos, 8ox0oS a; o1 c; 8oxLm0 (Pali), see 80, n. a master workman, chief artist, architect. 8covo0, adv. (not) at all, 9sc28s, 8s8a (Colloq.). 8cov8 (pron. 8coos), n. a kind of tortoise, oScooS8coos; a covering for the head and back made of woven work, and used to shed the rain, 8co:osqSswo; a ship's log. 8coo8sQ, n. a log line, c AS-i~ 8covs0, n. a plumb rule. Sco3800, n. a kind of cicada over three inches in length, which inhabits muddy places. 8cootS os8 (pron. 8cooqo), n. the triangular prominence growing in the middle of the sole of a horse's foot, the frog, S6sScoosu 8:coo, n. a kind of annual the leaves of which have a ropy consistency when cooked; ScoSorooSooax&Dqc, like a ooSc ascending the pilaw plant, an expression applied to closefisted persons, or to those who are excessively smooth of speech. 881, adv. (not) at all, ocd6s, Scoow; 9Vccf880 8:8888 asocooo8 (Collo.q). Sc98 (pron. 8cos), n. a species of thrush, 8o~sgcsco5; according to Oates, the skylark (96).., 1, an abbrev. of ~c8$olooR lo (Pali), nI. wisdom which is able to discern the past; comp. 8, and coo; the acquirement of this wisdom by a Buddh precedes that of the 8sgoa, and 0ooooo eigocB9 A, 2, v. to be dwarfish, disproportionately short in stature, in comparison with persons or things of the same species, coo, oSq, j~8s,. noSiS o... v,. to be fat and short; to be podgy. V oaS, w 4 ct,. see thepar*;co Rcxoo(Co^oO Qiog8 g~erv~>oSaz~

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Page  637 687 oc"oscssC, adv. with many little children or creatures, oocncos C 8 a ooO Slco gSoil 0005lO 68Qt1 o o )588CoS sg8o38 8eS~99oS~3=OOL* tfcnS (pron. oon), n. a glazed earthen dish, bowl, etc.; qom is said to be derived from the Tamil word pyingnan. The Tamils introduced such dishes into Burma. qcmo g8SioDoS, n. eating and cooking utensils generally, m dcgoS cUooSoBwIgo, 8 OaSOoScocWC )oicC, sogS~ coons$t, n. a glazed dish, plate, saucer, etc. myocOsB, n. a glazed bowl, cup, etc.; q3o5 pcvSc c8, a tea cup. uYScOot, n. a long or oval dish. aoSd (pron. ooaS), n. a swin ing cradles hence oo<a*ofc, a rocking cradle; caci8s, AooS7So o; the ceremony of placing a child in the cradle; a term formerly applied to the royal family, and high personages. pc8nm (ogdS), n. property offered, or belonging to, an individual Buddhist monk..~i8cS (pron. joSq) (Pali 28co), n. a rational being, 3fifo1; a Buddhist priest who has the control of a kyaung or monastery, an abbot, c6:oscc~lcS, ccroscS~l;cS; often used in contradistinction to ~toaEs; an individual or person, as opposed to a multitude or class; an unmarried man devoted to the instruction of otherso <c2lc6s, ^8l(a^(8og(c85co^(0taXcco~^oooictc~300^~ yo~s (pron. oow&s), n. a kind of locust; a devil's darning-needle, 3^ \^4 gepSc8s, n. a kind of bird, the green bee-eater, said to make its nest in. the ground.,pqSac8S. n. the cicada; the male makes a shrill sound by peculiar organs in the under side of the abdomen, consisting of a pair of stretched membranes, acted upon by powerful muscles. The Burmans believe that the making of this sound eventually kills the cicada by causing it to be riven asunder. ('o (pron.. oSo.) (Pali), n. a question, Scos, 9*cgYisO Y<LRooS, v. to put a question. P8$ (pron. oT)), n. all fish of the Cancer genus, including crabs, lobsters, shrimps, etc.; cooqS S, a fresh-water crab, cooocrs,; CSq8F, and cSvfi, kinds of gold and silver lace; iEgiCs m^^ w^Qtl~dC wOlC^<^r= Zt@XCaSi

Page  638 638 6 'iO 8-tawco 9 po8, n, broiled prawns. <c:aqo6o, n. the small, conical mounds of earth thrown up by fresh. water crabs, a crab cast.!g~coar, n. a large species of shrimp. cg g (pron. oTca<~), n. pickled shrimps. ciQoS, n. dried prawns or shrimps. gS!aBoS, n. a shrimp; the smallest kind, most common, cqo so~C8J 0SSru ocJr~, the sick man's pulse is like the jumping of a shrimp. y<gja8, n. prawn or shrimp oil. <sf!%, n. a prawn or a lobster; C8foo8os, to be cross-grained, as timber, a term used in reference to the timber used in building boats; often in contradistinction to oo 9ose88, to be straightgrained; co^<p^ 8giS (o8rc0ioS o 90 3 at8Coe~(VCoso18(lx A~cco8s, v. to catch prawns, etc., with a trap; Y4S43, to ofat prawns with a oocdd". cql, n. a small fresh-water shrimp, common in mountain streams.?848s, n. a crab, ocosw: 9co$, n. a knee, Qso$O; but used in the next only. ooS06, y(oio?, v. to kneel, sitting on the legs; corn. pqscooS; <i8j (pron. cJoS8sF), n. an ax, Q3sC~88 6gcSi'Qwt3 oSJ1 wl, if the ax should swell by being steeped in water, I will love you, i.e., never; equivalent to eo3iSgc2gSc&'ohSQ& cs8J~t, n. a helve, the handle of an ax or hatchet. Q8s, n. a waistcloth, the garment worn around the waist by Burmese men; <ls cxi bo8, he has no change of raiment. Y;89s6s, n. the inner coat of the stomach or maw; comp. C"9o8lo0i ~Qq5g& (from gS|, to divide), n. a part of a waistcloth, a piece of old cloth, a rag. aSql88, v. to put on a puhso. a&s8oosooS, n. a clothesline,:so9^tcosri oos3, <^80Fs o8Scaoo82S w, i.e., a lawfully married wife. scoc~5oSo, n. a waistCloth, regarded as an ornamental article d wearing apparel. iRS E, n'. a plant of the genus Thea. Q3o o, n. the force or efficacy of merit acquired in one's previous existences. T;K.

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Page  639 639,ty: (pron.:3o) (Pali), n. merit, cyjdcS, ccoMos; alo written Les; c583g2csoooc s~ac(^~u <iioSS (pron. V:qEoS) (Pali tqcno), n. a kind of water lily, (93os (Pali), n. a Brahmin, qC@~^gp, 9388 '& 3OSt 'N g~oscooxEo6~ooo(s8, v. to ask for anything without any compunction or sense of delicacy. (~o8o, q~ff8, eis8o n. a Brahminess, Brahmini. [;0tl30003, n. Brahminism, j3Osct o'oo0o looii qoS, 1, n. a large wicker basket, four cornered at the bottom and round at the top; comp. %, which is smaller; ccos.oS, )olsSoSn roSvS, n. the framework upon which such a basket is placed for the storing of paddy. oS, 2, v. to slap, rap; to strike, beat (with the hand); to cuff; comp. 8oSu qoSooS, v. to oppose bitterly; ee the parts; ooSooSc~o, to vilify, calumniate, traduce; ooccotolcoSdcciQoSqcfco280o'~, do not cuff and strike the children; in familiar parlance, do not knock the children about; o:ceioooos c8doSooSc~ jcog ova, this person has a habit of calumniating others. oS, ^ an. a bulbul; see goSn qoooS (pron. oooS), n. a kind of lizard or chameleon which burrows in the ground; when horses age, and gray hairs appear in their coats, the Burmese say of such an appearance, qoooSc acicgiX, alsocoo3)cS<ccoScB8 soo, (ss^ooaS4Q 8 Co0oooS 8oaSccSoo3 qoooSeo, n. a bulbous herb, a species of gingerwort, bearing beautiful white flowers three inches in length, just above the surface of the ground; the flowers, after being boiled, are eaten with curry; the bulb (ooSeoe) is given to children with jaggery, as an anthelmintic remedy. ys8 (pron. o88), n. a bead or a string of beads, a necklace, qc8s ~t, cYdscesq e" S, how many beads in the necklace? y<28<I, v. to tell beads. ocR3t, v. to wear a necklace. (c38so, n. the Indian shot; comp. 8pclwq vo6oS, adv. all together, by the job; in the lump, without count. ing or specifying; comp. CoDO8sc@OSS; 'oSjOscesPEsg, yoo8o5 Co@ p~ BT

Page  640 640,n. a contractor, m cS (Eng.). RooS~0, n. a kind of chameleon, RoSCoSn o5oS'84ds, n. a diminutive species of the same. ooaScS, n. the flying chameleon, Draco lineatus. ~ooeS (pron. oat) (Pali ocjq.~}z), mn one who has not attained to the state of an ariya (c~oo ), ^o we~so38, Rovoe~oaoaooq8Q i&j^cscoos (Coloq.). cqds (pron. ocds), n. a hollow pagoda; comp. ceoS; pagodas are sometimes styled <dc8, in lieu of.oc8, occs8o85(, c,8cooDSco Ccos; too6^oSos~j8coc8i~c2S<8i 9q, see w0~, n. a line of verse consisting of a certain number of syllables, commonly four or eight; a sentence in prose, or a short paragraph, cid. ogf6S(s, q,, n. a paragraph; a section of a code, criminal or civil, cSoi3J v ooq, under section 3238; the mark "I'" at the end of a sentence; qoScoos, qcS are considered more elegant than qc0oo, ~9F, n. a couplet. ri, v. (obt.). Der. oojS, and Rm++ (cye0j (pron. goj) (from c*o, to kick), v. to rebel; to mutiny; imoSi, an act of rebellion, treason; co:So eO8cs; osqC~ 88o Ia cooSdjoqo~:o, the heir apparent rebels against his royal father; o.co8oo:oo m~oo3#o~X3So, the sailors mutinied against the captain. <e2os, v. same, q20osqj0* (97). vtt, v. to conceal one's self, to hide (intran.). <t(coeo6, v. see the part, cQ8 ooo t cp B@ o0 t@s, fjbr js'i,' v. to devise in secret, cgs$cooSgcSioxooSo8 |Ol5o &l, io(m8,oS @Eoc l,,if you are a man of ability, form your plans openly; do not scheme in secret. 8Fscg, v. to be completely concealed, qsqscq6.oO, Ads q^80gocpgci6tc8s, n. a den for concealment. o80o6Imemo0 (pron. 9iSo&ooos), v. to play at hide and seek, or, to play bo-peep. 2(sc~oSois, v. to play blind man's buffi <c~;sS, w. to avoid by keeping out of sight; to abscond, cBs~~p$S,

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Page  641 R~S<88-RcaC8S 641 there are indications that he is keeping out of the way because he is guilty; he is like an outlaw. cj8js, v. to hide by stooping. tfcsecBS, n. the fragrant Calophyllum. q~s~o, n. an evergreen tree, sometimes growing to the height of one hundred and twenty feet, the Albizzia stipulata; comp. caoSid o8scoo, acs8coo (Pali q[co~o, a male, and moo, the private parts), n. the male private parts, <QSK, ~cooCos8081x,0, U qS, 1, v. to be putrid, rotten; to be spoiled in making; to be discreditable in report, o8ooS8s9&ag; Ooaoog ozc8oaoooScj qGrleI S'ciSolB; Od^OoSooS9cgsc ^iqOaSo CSy^06f Oj; cogoocoosooosoOSovs&g, let us declare this heat void (racing phrase); ~oQoos8c co9Sooo3; Ssoq3OooccS3 co8q9OOU (facoetooci2 soo3sZ84oso(sYl sdcq tc68~q0, it was because you accompanied us, that we were unlucky; when we went entirely by ourselves, we got game every day. YSeS, v. to be putrid, rotten. ~c6sL, v. to have an offensive, putrid smell. 06(8, v. to have a putrid, rank smell; see the parts..o~S=8, v. to have a stale, putrid smell, 9si@O ccSc:6Pi 98, 2, v. to be dark, gloomy in appearance, acSpvoSodgn ~8poloo (eOVS), n. a kind of wisdom peculiar to a Buddh, by which he is enabled to take a retrospective view of deeds, etc., during past ages of existence, ctsc8o8soo:oxe'g:coaoo 2g (Pali), n. the past, cs, oc8o3S Y3Sgl3, n. past deeds. Q2 8S, n.fig., a sign of something future, an omen, prognostic, portent, (!88soscoSe~, g8oS3 cgeao cq'oS (pron. oqcR), n. a flat, thin substance, whether of paper, cloth, or metal, folded backward and forward, and used as a slate, 9cnjocS q7S, j&9g8^cSn t^oqQScac~,. n. a roll of beaten gold. ~yloSSo, n. a sheet of the material of which the TqiqS is made. lCfSos3qC8, v. to be jet-black, a term applied to elephants, Gq ~Qoovs8cr~oaSqocBoa(~oSo; it is also applied to thickly woven textile fabrics, os toofio8oXs3O slc, i Sotea erDocS, n. see q So B. D. 41,.

Page  642 Rccp8OS - i ycpcBoS (Pali o cc8oo), n. a Brahmin invested with certain sacer-. dotal functions, ctcpco8Sc6gog; the ~ccpc8oS was in ancient times a king's domestic chaplain. <c8t (Eng.), n. police, yc89ootoo&8, a member of the police force; c9a8ScS89, a foot policeman; 8Ss82sc88, a mounted police constable; ocS9oocpj, a police officer; *S$c8~oj, a military police commandant; qcoodoicc89oj, an assistant military police commandant..c&Sgo9, n. a police station, cfloS6o <2, n. a pearl; 8.c&, an imitation pearl.. cbe, n. same as <cbu ^cbzsOc*, n. an ornament studded with pearls, worn in the ear. ^cbocs, n. a pearl necklace. q^cwcoo, n. the pearl oyster. ytc s, n. a pearl. (oC2, see C~, n. a pipe, flute. tE~ (pron. c2scS6) (Pali <tc~:o, a male, and c88', the private parts), n. the male private parts; the masculine gender. 8cqSoo;olos, n. the foreskin., 1, n. form, cooax; a mold, model; a printer's type; a pattern, example, cao3~co; a rule, Ps, eoc9; a figure, similitude, comparison, eooo; a plan, a design, 8d3o, iooo8s.u fc00, v. to use a figure of speech, e icOao m cf o opzoaS ^8c, v. to make preparation to do something, o9ic{8Ec 8oooos ~E~, v. to liken, compare, ooagZ8o 8S30qtooo3e, oS s 0iScoS c03rj, n. a proverb, sentiment, conveyed in figurative language; a story, unwritten tale; an apologue; comp..o081 oo:nsc~o, v. to tell stories, C2, n. a pattern, precedent, way, manner, model, a&oco,, c8fslBs V8, v. to compose type, eQo8n L c0oSr8, ooS, v. to use a figure of speech, cvmB a ooS, v. to sketch, to plot. ) ~d, v. to print. rotA4 - o ~,dtr rlb.;;iL i o.u5 O8S1, n. form; appearance; a model, o48losg, Qo(tro.SEt, J, v. to show by a figure. NS, n. shape, form; example; a rule; joos~8ti, v. to follow, as an example, fiR~x)~}o; to make an archi

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Page  643 643 tectural plan, crG8coovoe}~lcjio GS[c[l, before erecting a pagoda one must first make a plan. cons,, o, v. to take the form, shape, etc., from observation; to identify; see also fo3ao; caasac tGj^o zc~iloSod o nosc 0q[801, owing to the persons having been separated from one another for a long time, they were unable to identify each other immediately. sqSs, n. an archetype. sq~toosoo, n. a drawing instrument. od6, v. to form, fashion. nao~cso, n. a pattern, example, precedent; a paradigm. eo~ooS (pron. cylj), n. shape, form. 9o6X, v. to be definite, settled, c3~aooS; a. definite, settled, coo recooo; certain, Din oS~S, n. form, appearance; figurative speech used in conversation. A, 2, v. to heap up, collect in a heap, amass; to stack; ooSC6PSo )@|sdc coooscf 3o0; oScooSgnooscoooSoSocsocSOopsi ogS Sc60oXoo8C03080 o cro9aC o coso8, however much money I may amass, every little while it is consumed by my son's gambling transactions. Der. oon cge, n. a fund.?, v. to gather into a heap or mass, t01 co008, v. to cumulate, heap up; see QTu 5coc1co<9 (pron. jse occooo) (said to be a corruption of two Pali words, 4oO, many, much, and coocoo, gain), adv. lavishly, unsparingly. 3, 3, n. a kind of drum; see ooS&" ycoES (pron. cQs31S), nc, (5o, o n. various kinds of drums. 2ooooSS (pron. oc198s), n. the box of a wheel in which the axletree turns, zoooQsssB8s, 2o6OO88C8g, 20a )oSs, d caoooSsodoSaoi Qccooo&8oc, n. the nave of a European wheel. e0o13o (pron. 0,00om) (from oo, and acS31), a. or adv. given or done by the joint efforts of many; belonging to the public, open to the common use of all; comp. o'Beom; oVJlo*CO'~/O. cooDOgc36s, yJ1oorooIO8O6|*cfioo oqa>^c, *wc3oso:c S rv. to plump up, swell up into a heap, foaeg, O88cFlpoBfjX oxcoiolgo, this woman's face is pretty in its diminutive plumpneu

Page  644 644 r2-(acos ~,9 v. same as8 B @, see the parts; used adverbially. s8, 1, n. a kind of basket, cylindrical in shape, and smeared with pitch. Der. cpocScoS:, SsQs, QCoL8, S OOS8C8, 8Sg8I811 6t, 2, n. the Brazilian gooseberry. Qeg[, n. vinegar; see oo4tq; bii~S, oQ8sci4S, c3co@osqeoS A, 1, n. a round basket with a cover., 2, v. to bulge in the middle. c ~ntoS d, adv. with a swollen belly, as a diseased child. 9 3, v. to be hot; more than cg8; to be troubled in body or mind, distressed or harassed; same as 2oS, cr~,o8so~cos 2~oc CoMoo s mCoe*3ocS ao Sacs 8oSoo-S; c DY O8OC00c2ooop, in our village thieves are very troublesome. Vd*oS, v. to be oppressively warm, osoltos08oS6oooc&4oocN o "coo:)8, adv. scorchingly, in a scorching manner, jestccooSEoso n YV (pros. Veo), v. to tease, importune, annoy by importunity, as 9o3cosioco)tsc<cfoSSocti0o8G[0qw, the child teased me so, I was obliged to buy cake and give to him. xooo, v. to feel hot or uncomfortable in the stomach or bowels; also used fig., oomccosd oo)ouooijoai C8~s, v. to be in distress from continued grief, ~cag8s9qscCpcf cpoa Vc~s, v. same as y; applied to food, o(288H6~8cal,8o8o8o~o8c~s Voe, 0o0 (most common), v. to be troubled, distressed. 0y s, v. to be very hot, as the sun or fire; in a figurative sense, to be grievous to be borne; o )e cvooc9i Sso?88o Qsgp3ooS, to-day the sun is very hot, it is likely to rain. Der. ooXoo&sll VccooS, v. to be inflamed, as the passions, cpoccooS; to be scald. ing hot, oooEsq comoSoe; to be scorchingly hot, as the sun, ~ccowccoo, adv. hastily while the food is hot; flg., oo$Sc6o~ccoo 2, 4, v. to be urgent, as a matter of business, fc~.,oqg~ccog B co5S (Pali lo), v. to make an offering in token of homage or worship; to buy a sacred thing; 3ocp(oQo Sootioc^8iC88~S0oceSo5 bl, if I get well, I will make an offering of oil lamps equal in number to the years of my life; COQeOgrmoo:%Oc~tSg8Soco6SoC

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Page  645 <,i50o03D-cO 645 sjcdoHS~J1, buy and bring me a cross-legged image of a Buddh, from Mandalay. cf5oo3qO, 053coaoc, n. a religious offering; followed by iooS, o, adv. tootingly. iyos, v. to toot; iwcS~e,, 8s, 1, n. a Guinea pig, scmcoE8n Vs, 2, v. to join, unite, put together; less than eS; to possess, as a spirit or witch, aooo0 we, o88ssi8XS, Ot8v8s0S, o~AR, 03^, oSXiswe, =skvX8o3oSe (so2S, v. to join by putting together flatwise; also used fig., to snuggle, cOSqoCo9c~ogS; Q O^j&sCCooIS88(CS)Sj sc=H 80o"S66COc, V. to inosculate. se86, v. to join by putting together edgewise; used fig., s8e Sc~ c68s v8c3, v. to connect by lashing alongside, or by coupling together; to file, as papers,,Xe 8sodso oo)sccdO), please file these papers; w8sc~ csoor3oS3goe 1 soso38t8 O9dga <66+ ocb, what scheme are you two conjointly concocting, at an unseasonable time of the night? s8coll8, v. to unite, as by tying together; to associate,as persons, oi1t s81oS, v. to join by intersecting; to have sexual intercourse. j8cWs, v. to intertwine;,0ca6ocESoopSd, to encircle, as with a garland; to intertwist; to unite by intertwining of parts. co, 1, n. the palmyra palm tree or leaf; the corypha palm; coC (pron. seoo), writings, books; g'co,!~cow, cgcoro, a thin gold or silver plate for inscription (98). coot, n. writing on palm leaf. co,., n. a foot in measure; a foot-rule; cs8o, three feet. co6s, n. a measuring tape.?oo0(ScoS8, n. a road a hundred feet broad, cooS, n. a foot measure; a staff. co, 3 n. an anvil (99). o, 4, v. to have the edge or point turned, c8oSe; to turn back (the ears), as a horse, SptOsgSceQooog to be dull, blunted in feelings, coctoeoS; 00ia80soo 1COOoD poSe ci8QoSC; oe O3^ %g9^E^ScogSi *Oi9ooo~(q c~y(^ov S~~, this person is

Page  646 646 very dull of intellect, he is unable to memorize even a single paragraph. c sv. to be dull, as the eyes; to have blinking eyes, aoe o,5, v. to be dirty, filthy, ~cio to be vile, sqeo6 to be vicious; *0o06c, OC QC co, 6, verb. qffli, euphonic, E5&OIoC00, ROC0g qjlowg~; used in the negative, vQccs og~ococqt; also used in the negative imperative, oseo~ ocoo~ vcSot; except in the negative imperative, co appears to have the same meaning as the English words "indeed, " "forsooth;" co when following a verb with a final =o5, is pronounced co, cQro~tco, o-c&o; as a sequent to other verbs, it is pronounced eV, &Qsco; co also has an intenaive force in colloq., e.g., o ~ s x 6~OS68~%odoo it is then pronounced co or ~co; also im.plies admission or approval, COCO~OM (Pali),' adv. entirely; chiefly used in connection with words of rejection, renunciation, etc., cuoM0O3ooJoae, or QoZXo5'o eus, V. to give, aosl&ct-~; to present for acceptance, to offer; cot is frequently, used as an auxiliary verb, when a person wishes another to do something on his behalf,~ cod) speak, please, on my behalf;, C238Os~S), go, please, 'on my behalf; Cg~ocoog he purchased, on my behalf. coscris&9 v. same as cosU cos.os, v. to give in marriage (inleg-ant); comp. csBos~s -I coscqOB, V. to send (a thing); comp. cIsqc-8w ),1, n. a weight equal to siix or eight seeds of the A4brus precatorius (CS) b, 2, n. a leguminous plant, one that bears see&~ in a pod, of which there are many varieties, as CY~cOosb, Igram, boo be Et-jo, be exs~, ~* " oo *oleo~sb, bQ.8088908, xxocS (pron. bet-n. a bitch that litters in the bean season, ~~s by, eu4 n. the sed of puls, peas, keans.

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Page  647 bqSi8-b 647 bt8&s, or bt8sj8, n. boiled beans, peas, etc., which remain hard and uncooked after the others are done. be6om, n. the pod, b&8Co3~, b~OSS, n. the sword bean. b:66, bcaooSol, n. the Goa bean. bcoSs~c, n. the snake gourd. baooo, n. the wild French bean. '- / Zb:ooo:, n. a cutaneous, pustular eruption to which children are sub- /: ject; so called from a fancied resemblance to the seed of the b8 OO, bd8oooooo qcooi<8Xscoo8s1 ( [ ~;; bo8s, n. a pod and its contents. tbgr6as8, n. a scallop shell. a48i, n. a short-handle adz; see ouqcpQ0olqsn bcoa8, n. a kind of bird; a kind of plant, c9b~oss, cq5~cs80 bcool, n. a mask, ceoSos~, oo S acbcl& goos b, 1, n. the stern of a boat or ship; v. to steer, b0oooo0008s8 b~8ouoS, n. the quarter-deck, aoo~o.8sooS. cES, v. to steer, S cSSq8osocoSn ~b~Sc dogcB, n. a spanker, bc~cOO nl oSco oScoS, n. a spanker boom. ~bc5, n. the oarsman who sits next to the steersman; the man who sits on the rump of an elephant, in a fight. b.S (pron. oS), n. a frame for the steersman. booS, n. an oar used for steering, boooSaoS:n boo)8d!s, v. to propel a boat, by pushing with a long oar from the stern. baos, n. the block of timber which forms the stern of a Burmese boat. b~ooS, n. the seat occupied by a bios bids, n. the steersman of a government boat; any steersman (polite); comp. ocS.BdES b~8 (pron. BS), v. to direct, guide, instruct, cg Soae; to amend; to discipline, correct 48a Op, So o o co sdIcpc88ebSCcoOS yooo&5), co sXat ocoe0Sc000 4stb8r o SoSo3em b0ooScdlcSfl, n. the stern port. 0oooS, adv. aft. bcOCRSScIS, n. the mizzenmast, ~cdS&ob oSdSI b,, aw. to be broken'off, as a small piece from a larger; to be chipped,: <eo:oSollobo*e; to be broken by the hand, as bread; to crumble (intranw.); with Ja^cSo, to be hare-lipped

Page  648 648 to be worn off or abraded, as the skin,s[se, tccgcooScsc$S 3^, ~v. same as II tboo6 (pron. b9o), n. an echo; not used singly, booSobn b0OSaoS, booS0co, v. to echo, locoootc tooebooScoocOcSI goocjStA;., this great earth, reverberating the while, violently quaked; ooC0oc8~o ^oo o s8 OOa, the whole forest echoed with the report of the gun. boaSc8s, bcrScfs, bo8aEcS, aoo8o8s, v. same (less frequent). booSoas'ooS, v. to re-echo. cc1, v. to be plentiful, not scarce, ytps; to be numerous, to abound, to have in abundance, e8@o1sco kcSo~ oco1 9t.OO tOOoQ:l colp's, v. to be much, many, abundant, coOc Sc c@8po~C ocu ca)oC3So0~300 ooc0gs1, there is no one in the whole city, who has money and property in such abundance as this person. colq&s, colad, vi. same (obs.). co'cS, 1, w. to pierce or be pierced, penetrated, perforated, thrust through, have a hole made into or through; to go off accidentally, as a gun; to come out, appear, as from a hole, ogc&ooo; to sprout, come up, as a plant; to be hatched, as an egg, EcSe col}csop; to blister, as the hands or feet, cgco1ScoSro4 opo P8oP8; to arrive, eChaSoo; to ferment (intrans.). Der. Scoold, and coloi ccldtv, v. to burst (intrans.), cwo adScrcqoawcaov~ co~lccoo:S,- z. the winning animal in a thirty-six animal lottery. colcaSt, n. a punch. co'lc/Sa o), n. earth, used as a substitute for soap; see under eo60': col Scqsoocp, adv. according to the current market rate. colSclcSol&s, n. colored artificial flowers, made of parched rice and strewn at festivals, weddings, and processions. col1ScoNoSg~, colcScolscgEiS, n. parched rice. colSg~, v. to be torn and rent, to be lacerated, as the flesh; cctAl) (w 9oa s5cp, a lacerated wound. cdlcScoS (poetical), see:o~"Eo, n. a full-grown, male elephant. cu~Sots., v. to increase by propagation; applied to animals; not polite when applied to human beings. acoae]l.i. a consanguineous relative; any relative, sae ~i,

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Page  649 649 ~6016oSc6o6~a s; a term of mutual compellation, used by the Burmese and Chinese. colcSo3so, v. to be born, brought forth; comp. c 88 oo8 oao3n s t. olccCpoaS, v. to arrive, to reach. coo1Scoos, colcScooscoq, adv. (speaking) without any consideration, or regard to truth, or the feelings of others; (speaking) in an idle, profitless manner, 3co:)C. cSfco86@3 Oo3o"( i ro8~s) col~ccSoS, c)cScgoSe~8, adv. of one's own will, without check or restraint, independently, $8scoSes8n cocaSc0do, v. to take unwarrantable liberty, oo8g ~6cc5doScdoSa dflSoSg38s, v. to throw off restraint. cdoS c'oS, a'oc YSnoSo8s, eo1 goSooS98s, corrupted into cocaSog b o0s, adv. or a. setting free from restraint, giving liberty to follow one's own inclination; coqool~oSco3vecos, a small boat or canoe without a rudder; 8o3Os 8scss8Co~:6O,3olo1c oS:O oc8CS 8c6so s68kc^., if you, sir, allow your children when young, to follow their own inclinations, they will be poor when they grow up. colcSofs, v. to pierce, pass through, oqp8Es8at s"oo8,ll ~o16o, Z, v. to strike forward and downward; to make sudden and vigorous strokes with a paddle from the stern of a boat, as in making a spurt in racing, boooco^c~suc s8+3gS; to make a motion similar to that exhibited in hoeing, or chopping wood; less than oooS; to strike with the forefeet, as a horse, to paw, 8S),8~sn8s8~o yo~ ois lo 1so7 xoooSo; to strike, as a serpent in biting, c~6o1 oS4o@ Si@s1 8C8X8~i, cqcBS' s, n. a cord twisted by hand; see coocooSm~u coucaoSaoo co&oxoS, colSagcdoS1fa, adv. limpingly, as when one foot is brought down with force and noise. ~oISios. n. a hoe. colCcSoasos, colo7Sl3, n. a broad hoe. colcoScscos, cdloScos, n. a pickax. tculc7S (u8), 3 n. the Butea tree, colICo^cS oQlaS0 od, n. the creeping Butea. tcSdiSoo, n. a hod. cldoSioS (pron. cpQoS), n, a kind of official cap; comp. cooSt coloSdBs, see 9c8I, n. an ax.

Page  650 650 co 1 So8s-ColS culcSos (oS), n. the Agati tree; cociG, clc1oSj, varieties of the same. The expression cjco1cos8, "an idle coxcomb," derives its origin from the blossom of the agati tree, which, though of a brilliant color, is scentless. colc&oSo, n. a kind of caterpillar, said to be much dreaded by goats, cqouloooSo tcE8~ooo ooSoon olS, 1 (from oco16), n. a thigh, q8Sscoue8s Oooinc gscouescod8mn colSij (pron. c} ), n. the groin. colES8 (pron. a8), n. the lap; comp. qE8.l8 codlSo, n. the thigh, with reference to its length, ~o8dolSoPSii couSoSs, n. the inside of the thigh, colScgssoos; ~1oq8~8,~ ~, the femoral artery. coqlds (pron. 8s), co18~8qs, n. an induration in the groin. coISi, n. an untattooed thigh. colSq18s, n. the upper part of the thigh, which joins the body. co1S8s, n. the femur, thigh bone. colScood, n. the middle part of the thigh. col$, a, v. to superadd lengthwise, lsco18ope; to attach to the side of, for the purpose of strengthening or improving, cIo98s~; to adhere to the side of, ccoo, Q o,8S8(4a~qecl67i:6 rccloEfo7; opS&8+swxw8 o 1pyeo^Sooo=)I~ c~oSc'oS, v. same as colS; Oc32oooqaoo 80~8co~oqai6~O8080Oo =SOio.0oosodSc$8c6loSo~=9ccd}80,8, this individual sponges on others for his food; he never once furnishes food for others. col6,J3, v. to pawn, mortgage, cg)cooSC&Sc8iCoS8ClcocSeoogot^ c~8oSooo8aoqoo, as my debts were exceedingly numerous, I was compelled to mortgage my ricefields and gardens; 9ojo1lS, to effect a simple mortgage; co1S6cpcov{:coo5cp]8. Der. oocolES colJ|, v. same as colS, co18iS, n. a mortgage in which the mortgager retains the right of redemption, or a sale with the right of redemption; a pawn or mortgage, which is forfeited at a specified period. ~cqSeo, n. absolute sale or transfer; lit. a dead pledge. coolS8S, n. a mortgage in which the land is returnable within a limited time, and the debt is extinguished, d3&Sc~o1 SGccgcfl cvlca'jcol; an article deposited for a short time as a pledge. cdiS (o8), 4, n. the breadfruit tree found only in Mergui and Tavoy, the Artocarpus communie,

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Page  651 Q018ji-Q6188 651 c g,,n. baked bread. Europeans often wrongly say li for cof)6~. QUIN.acoon. a crust of bread. coISijq n. an arched covering or roof over a boat, carriage., or palanquin, coS)slD c&Csn. a howdah (infreq.), vo8~d')6cos, g6swo16Somn asscsos, n. a low arched roof, su~ch as is used on common boats, C03O18cYA or on carts, O~se56ol6;& any arched covering of bamboos or wood. ct)Sojs (from cis, to -cross over), n. an arch of brick or stone, a culvert, 4tSaS)sros; corny. toS% v. to turn such an arch. o1sj~Sn. a covered ditch; a sewer, eew Q6)g~6~ prn. ij6') n an -arched covering of any material; higher thanz e616scr6&, and implying some raised work beneath it. cois, 2 n. useless grass, weeds, shrub&, bushes, etc. cd)Ssco, colscoculc, v. to spring up, as -such weeds, etc. C01S8c(~,8 ed6o1Ss, v. to clear away weeds, bushes, etc. co1Ss tocaS, n. the rubbish accumulated in clearing a way weeds, bushes, etc. c616s, 3 v. to collect and unite: in one, or to be collected anid united inone; to add (Matks.), qoe~ to put on (a turban), coflos -to keep company, associate, co~coaO, co5S0xp; n. a sum total; ~ o s ~ o s c o~ ooit was because my son associated with opium eaters and drunkards, that he was ruined; o 3 6 l, throughout life, for the duration of my destiniy, will I be 'united (to you). Der. tocul~s. 0018s10t9 (pron. Ce1Ss), n. ~A total, a. grand total, af841S'.q8s# colSisaS, n. a large turban consisting of many folds or involutions, eolSsaodS, ad~scaoS v. to keep company, associate; to become partners in business; to cohabit, co1stm CwSOOS$; gll~go8 U Mo and U'Lu Rein have formed a partnership, and are seeking (to make their fortune); Gcr$)El CiOO~SOS.0 fln8scoSMcSC5, vi. to have communion, fellowship. Q0d)Ssc8S, it. to join in -aconmpany, to unite in, form'ing a society. 0S)6s.,v. to bake in An' oven, or cook by, steam; to extract vapor by heat, in the process of distilling.

Page  652 662 cQI488d8-@QAQcoo.0,, cdl5~qt1, o6l8cr6, n. a pot or vessel of any kind, with a perforated bottom, used in cooking by steam; coq68pS~~d, a globe and lamp. coM 4sis, ~0)l6SiS0 3, n. the head or cover of a still. coldS6, v. to receive vapor in the head of a still; to steam clothes in order to whiten them, aooSoie<48t~c0Q 5WPSO Qco0l18qs, n. the lower pot used in cooking by steam. co1Sso8a, v. to distil liquor. co1liso8sc8 (from ooisols, and ao@), n. the hollow bamboo in which some kinds of rice are cooked. cotis8, n. an oven. tUolSsoICS, n. a round summer, or longitudinal timber, sustaining a floor; comp. qoSv; oa.,6sol6'9oclS oS, coc:8SCoiS8 go. i+Go16cSoi co1lE6r (pron. cti6s8), n. pantaloons, trousers, small clothes. colQS0t1Q, n. breeches. co163&180^(8, n' braces, suspenders, co-SM^ssi cog)8sl1 (proi. coos), at. a king's crown, cASscoooaaqc=Sj co'lcp]r=, n. ancient or obsolete language, QGocooeIoos, Q s cotlD~, cola)d3oos, n. a famous bUlu, mentioned in Buddhist legend; first a prince and later transformed into a bilu. In consequence bf the preaching of aorc:yo, he again became a human being; while he was a bilu he had a servant named olo:oo, whom he used to threaten to devour, if his supper of human victims failed; hence the saying, oiotcgi&dl co; used in a modem sense to signify the insistence of one's wishes being carried out by the person enjoined to do so. cikcoo, adv. buoyantly, floatingly, afloat. Qolccooe', v. to float, ocnEc cooc S, if it is real amber it floats on the water; ococooGc Ts ) a. cco ~c'~, when the child fell from the boat, he floated on the water; cogpz c:icogSt it:xcc ecQCOc 6 ~, though the boat should capsime, yet, If it is a teak boat it will float. cWlcocol, v. to rise to the surfsace (of water); to appear. col ooe, ~v. t float down (with the tide or current); cqw. kcO cy^^tg.'.

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Page  653 co' -eoT 653 col, 1. v. to be light, not heavy, rscos, cqcojsc2Si cJS Soo co o Bel, one's body is very light when swimming in salt water; to be insipid, deficient in flavor, ao0ao; to be light, quick in motion, cOjSEs~; to be light, worthless, inefficient, careless, co] oonrc, o8sc S oo>oSolxoS; to be slightly deranged, Mc~oq ooB, c060o; to lessen, as the temperature of the atmosphere, Scoo;cc~cootscos1 ps(8; to be brackish, as water; to be feeble; in an extended sense, to be flippant in language, referring more to a want of vigor of ideas and sentiments, than to poverty of expression; to experience a sensation of relief after paroxysms of pain, DQMOs8j 1stc~o2asScSo 8Sco'og(s89; to be wanting in dignity, o9oSsc86o s8G@S0350o8i aCX 8190C3 8so9CSt6go0oox. Der. 6co~etS, adv. in a heedless, unsteady, careless manner; see eolc8 6024O311 0olse8, 6oCo*, v. to be light, worthless, inefficient. ~o oCo coO, occ1~scO1co?, adv. in a heedless, unsteady, careless, inefficient manner. coldos, v. to be light, quick in motion, active, nimble, oocco2 ds oScocgc~oooS, a very nimble boxer. colcdco, v. to graze, c6Sc&S~,ooo8Su co1g8s, v. to be inefficient and worthless. coqo v?, v. to be remiss, slack, couSieloo3 o3~E~co5?6~3~c~, 8c3s aooa01 8oooS~c gc8I9oO; co 6c9? goaiC9,, to do superficially. colc2S, v. to be foolishly jovial, merry. co03op8, v. to become insipid. coq, 2, verb. affix, of course; used in closing a sentence, o (colloq.), ~olcuo, oosoluok; often coupled with ooo, s9os8Ocosu, ooBS cooscoS1H cTr, v. to appear, come to light; to rise to view; to become known, as a secret; to recur to one's memory, as something temporarily forgotten. Der. oooT. and c=Sli 6oT0co, v. to become conspicuous; ooToTcoSooS, openly, cScdTcoS crogooS, v. to make an appearance; to be presented to the mind, as a plan, scheme, ooasvep cfTrcSoopS; to appear, as the sun above the horizon. coQoTWiS, v. to come to light (usually said of a crime); to become

Page  654 654 ArcoToo- qScs known,:mioo oaQcc8ls oocflSc8^o, if one gets a clue in this dacoity case, it will assuredly come to light. coTcoo, v. same as cou coTc8g, v. to be bright and showy in color, as a qa;s, or co8, oo ccpsool8oTo8og; sometimes cJcoS has the same meaning as cOTooS, cSo<^cS c ouoac6@~g cOTog, v. to come in sight. coTowSe, n. first appearance of a new thing, cocsoSa,J, ln. a basket, smaller and less substantial than doS; (ioSjq, g68e, Coo80 cSHQ, 2, n. a piece used in a certain game (oos6), QSE, 8o0, QcC5, 3'08c; comp. cos8n Q, n. the crosspieces that support the deck of a large boat; the cross bamboos or pieces of timber which hold rafts together; the word is also applicable to the crosspieces placed on the gunwales of two boats or canoes lashed together, so as to make a temporary raft, 8so8sra oS lice $s 8Qo$~ a~. ctSoocTo t, Osgigstcioo s 8i+ gooaEcgtco'ieckgSB qa88, voS, v. to lay the said pieces. I, 4, v. to exceed, be superabundant, whether for better or for worse, SL&CUc C SoiCcO&CQCoS9)So; comp. 3oo. Der. omo Qc ocs, v. see the parts. q1, v. same as A, 9o1 o:go <4e-coou30 cei QqiacBSoSo 1c8ioS, as guests will come, cook an extra quantity of food, my daughter. Q,, n. a weight equal to five ticals (obs.). oS, 1 (pron. 8cS) (an abbrev. of /oS oS), n. pregnancy. QcS,, w. to have a protuberant stomach, QaSB(8; see 8s(,sn aoSj, v. to be enceinte (vulgar, but in common use). QcS, 2, n. a sweep net, seine.; comp. dc; c1 soooocSQCS, c(6?(8 Qcs3ccS, n. a mesh. C aj, v. to cast, or set a net. ~ i0teodS, n. a kind of dragnet. asSi, n. a tax on fish nets, net tax. oSG8oq S, W. to catch fish with a closely-meshed net, ciSs3 v. to drag a net. q ScoacS, v. to drag the bottom of a river, pond, etc. cS&ClI, w. to net, to make a net.

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Page  655 cso s0-4Sj S 65 655 9)So^s8, n. a kind of dragnet. qcS, ~ v. to hold in the arms, to hug; implying that the person or thing is taken up in the arms; comp. con, and c.g; to put into a fold of the waistcloth, olsQaysqoq o; oBo03csO6 88QSco c~oSon,, QoScj, v. to take particular care of; combined with cgsis; or reduplicated and used adverbially; ocn gi0oysQCaSoI8Coooasc-Sud; co5cym3o0 scO QcfqtS cgsg soovsaS^ coDs's oo8cq J8 cS9oo, even the elder son, whom I have taken care of and nurtured since infancy, rebels against his mother; s@3858~8cocQOSQ3O~8cS o Qca03;, QooodS, v. to hold in one's embrace; see the parts. QcS, 4, v. to punctuate, make stops in writing, to mark off sentences or lines, CoSo, QoSacQs, c9 o oBoSe~, (cas:o%; QcS csoo8so8g, to punctuate; ccms8C soScooO, c18'8cqoScoo5o. Der. ooQoSI qcft, n. a kind of verse, ^oSoi? (pron. lq), Q aoScocoi cSoSf (oS), n. the flax plant. qc-oSao s, n. a rope, made of flax. qcoesof, n. thread, made of flax. q8cSsoSccuS6, n. the fibrous part of the flax plant. doSc (Beng. ), n. pice; Qco is frequently used with coScg, gISgo csco8gg;, I have no money. qoSooaoS, v. to change silver for copper coin. QoS5tsS, v. to be flush of cash (familiar). 8Q, 1 v. to own, possess, have a right to; more than 88; to have authority over, oosqeo; oeSQ sjoDoSooj c*, who owns this horse? aSa o Sg )sDcooSo8voS~, I was only just now aware that you own it; codfxS oiSsocac, who has authority over this territory? QSco sax:n QE8EQ8s8, adv. assuming the right of using, controlling, etc., Q8 8SsfslF, a ssooSoyS?, qcs6qi66o^ ^ 6~gsg8E Ss8ES, v. to have collective authority, as two or three joint owners of property; to have authority over. q88EiS8. n. a title, just claim, cooSs88oaooo~us 8tc3S (from opoS, a collection), it. property, that which belongs to one, 8Scp; that which belongs to one's jurisdiction, SqSt; in

Page  656 656 colloquial, premises; So oapscoo, to trespass upon the premises of another. QSJ8, v. to have authority over. ISo, v. same as q8 (poetical), f8q8:0; also used in solemn discourse, in speaking of the Creator, c(6Ic Soo o SoWo08 ~3Sm & cSsoS, He who rules over land and water, Excellent Sovereign, Lord of the Universe. S, 2, v. to be soft and very cohesive; comp. cov, qs, I n. a pie, one-twelfth of an anna. qSs, v. to divide, sever. Der. ooSs, ooqSsooe, ooq8sosn qsdo5;eocqs, n. a holding recorder in a settlement office. Qs8O8, v. to make a separation between, to draw a dividing line, to distinguish, make distinct; comp. coo8g8; OogelO8sc p cS.eoooS88Xso 0sazs, separate these things, so that they may not get mixed; ~o.8c88s 868cg; it8*82c so.% SSg o8coSg~o88s8, the jurisdictions of the two myooks have been demarcated; to discriminate, make a distinction in the mind.. qSiSasomoooS, v. to fix the boundaries of, wooSeoSgu S88800oS0S8, n. demarcation. S8s~, n. a denominator. ~&8s6, v. to dissect; to divide by cutting crosswise into two or more pieces;:da3$ s8o8evo o. The Burmesethink that it is not proper to eat fruit which has been cut crosswise. qSe8o, n. a numerator. qSso:oSgoS, v. to demarcate. ~SsaoSso., v. to make a separation between, to distinguish; see Ssosgn t sooioad, n. a species of green bulbul, the Phyllornis Hardwickii. qcSuoScoS, adv. open and exposed, )8ecpi:8o qcucS3coogooo8 0oe, a 'oeodo S< ~, 1, v. to convey or conduct (to a person or place); to teach books, e ~~0cg; to offer, as a good wish or a blessing, ~cw0g oop; 0o0:0 co(B oJqoOSc*(SJ ~Q ccIo, take this child by boat to the other bank; 8scs8so89 ossc808~o s, U Tongyi is engaged in teaching children; ~oSvucicoiazsc ~8,o sqqwepa 8o|, v. to teach books. lC~ooS, v. to convey or conduct (to a person or place); ~cpsecooSs bel o6481 clfd 88coo&@~J Q 6oQScocaxsi, the embryo

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Page  657 657 Buddh said, Daughter of a nat, do thou convey me to the country of Midila. Ho, v. to carry and present; to teach books; to offer, as a good wish, or a blessing., 2, w. to be thrown into or upon; to have earth or any substance thrown into (as into a pit, so as to nearly fill it); to be silted as a ohannel,, o; cgtssc,, to be choked with earth or rubbish, as a well. Der. s, 1,. an insect; any small animal without distinguishable b6nes; the dlkworm, ~SorSE; silk; qsslo5ocB, the eighty different species of worms, which, according to the Burmese, inhabit the body of man. The Singhalese affirm that there are ninety species. 8dos3, n. a cocoon. sogn8ol, n. silk velvet. 8sco: (from coo, to ward of), n. a sheathing board, so called because used to protect the hull of a vessel from worms; a thin, narrow board, resembling a sheathing board, but used for any purpose,. qgayng^ QlcorS, n. an insect; the silkworm. qscy, v. to be infsted with insects, eaten by worms. qS8,. to wind off silk or cotton thread from a san qs, a silk thread. 8se, s, a small, flying insect that infests the eyes. tso, R a silkworm's food; Sse9o8, the mulberry tree. s8, o. a species of worm found in the dung of cattle; see I8cl 8ltjs4 s, 8ts6ss (pron. 6i), n. a firefly or glowworm; qvsttst is the written, S8t0i28 the colloquial, form. r scoScit,. the larva of the mosquito. &eg,. fine silk. si, n. a species of worm very extensile and contractile. t cfto,. to slice in a particular way, preparatory to pickling, as mangoes, onions, etc. 8 so~o, n. a chrysalis; a grub; a worm. QtcxO, 9. to perforate (cloth or paper), as an insect. So, V. to arie, exert itself. Der. 8Esico, cVo31col sod, v silk, silk cloth; q8oo= 18, v. to weave silk. atc, v. a euphemism for ceozSn cs, v. to be eaten by woms, worm-eaten;to bore or tunnel, as an insect B. D. 42.

Page  658 658 SCoS8-Cacs Iscogs, v. to be worm or weevil eaten, as rice, causing the rice to conglomerate, soo o8Cg8aps j308 Cg83s>, oo, 3 c3o tb0om g cQt3:SOOOs8ES I Q8cogaoS8oS pS Qsso80S (pron. 8o33), n. the coiling centiped, 9s:co8'ooS gqo9S, n. a kind of flying insect (often called Qaocoj). 8scolcS, n. a hole or perforation made by an insect. 8scci6coloS, n. a kind of insect which lives in water. ~8oS88o8:Sc,0a, 8scoo8ooo, n. the green and golden beetle, a species of Buprestis; this beetle feeds on the juice of the 5R8G[ tree, Acacia pennata. aSitj8, Qsigl 8, n. a firefly or glowworm; see s8ts. su 8sgs8, sil, n. insects in general. qscscov8o, f. a milleped, sow bug. 8scooc3cos8, n. the larva of the mosquito. 86cooSs, n. an insect like the sand fly (ioS), but smaller; the bite of this insect causes intense itching. 1t8s, v. to be dead. Der. 9o 3B 8soS, n. a cockroach. Ss, 2, v. to fix or fasten one on another for the purpose of strengthening; to bear on the back, 6gosdmo o92; comp. oos and gcS ~lC@ 9Scj cocQdo~, as the girder was weak, he strengthened it by nailing on a piece of wood; q+cr~i$onvooSS.! czQoOS Co6lr)3o7E^i q lISg 8885O, in the Rangoon races, being light, I was obliged to ride carrying leaden weights; ocd ccr- Oa;oqscqool, carry the child on your back, please. c9aoS6aoC4o was formerly used instead of oa1oozSsEc4A Der. 8s, c01ts, and Wod9ll 8?o80cSoCS, adv. recklessly, without consideration and regard to propriety or decency, indecorously;;SSo?8)8Q 80ooSoocgc3O cooS1Xog, you, sir, are in the habit of talking in a very reckless fashion; oyogsyic^a88a0oaeoo8C~^O^, owing to your having put the plates down carelessly, they are all broken. ye (co6), n. a kind of insect destructive to plants, especially to the bcs$8 (100). toS, 1, v. to be ruined, destroyed; to fail, so as to be lost to a cause or party; to fall through, as a plan or scheme; to be interrupted in doing one's work; cq~coSO59,7ea c:8,roo680003,o-}8os

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Page  659 659 c(aac3c-2S, v. to be disarranged, disturbed, suffer detriment, deterioration, impairment; generally implying that such impairment. -is due to carelessness or neglect, (acSo~~wco~Su (0c6Ss, (00s v. to be ruined, destroyed, (bBsqt>28su (ajc7S& s i8, v. to be doomed, ruined; ac-Bts: "4sjsI8s, utter ruin. V. see the parts; COBv. to come to ruin. caa~qg~sv. to be ruined, destroyed. v. to be witty, droll, comical,fun;tjeplyhebfoon; to trifle with; 8Sd~c oo~cq~qcfjC~.28 ~0Cqw~ (pgv. same; to deride, treat with derision, (d~~56~I (0o~c8s~aSqS, adv. in a droll, comical, derisive manner, cjc4~caosos.., v. to add to, put into, as a very little into a larger mass; less, than so3; one kind of QCo38' as,:88008CICB2 cac~oadv. a very little, ooegacas~; 4adJcQSo8, adv. deficient in relish, c0000o>.eQ(Dagf; tc~o.&c as, ee gS, v. to prepare, put in order; to amend, correct, repair. (a~cco~en. a kind of plant, a species of spirical Costts; see ec5 GcoScos; said to be an article of food in times of scarcity. 989s4ccoS, n. Sida hemp. isv. to be lazy, idle, indolent; to be loth, reluctant (to do). averse to; in the latter s9ense, chiefl used as a qual. verb, affix, e.g. to hate to see, (98asco to hate to hear; ges~ cop ~ cYtoo:s~o9 so COT93 ooc~8s00 R o 6ses8sozo; to be odull and uninteresting, as one s. sur undings, goco0N 869 Q=)800;to be affected with enn, oiocasseccoocys ~128& Bo.Der. c09S:. q8sqsco (prcrn. v8), v. to be very lazy; to become dull by inaction, CORO iJ2coIc?6~c2aj; see qci iasv. to be lazy, idle, indolent.

Page  660 660 fa) v. to weave grass (for roofing) by doubling and tying on a stick; oaSco9o)Soop, w cSco o Sa6ogsCaidoSU~ Der. c00S, sot i, 39(f, and wcSco;a^n a~ (ou), 1, n. a kind of tree. go, 2 (pron. ca8) v. to be reduced to a level, by some modification of the surface, or by being so close and thick, as to fill up all interstices; comp. fo(t; n. a board, a plank, 9a~o; a flat surface; wued in composition with other words, as ecoS6S9a, oSayg, coos olhsp; oxaoops, on the same level. lgo81t, v. to lay with boards, as a floor. aco{, n. board walling. ae aooS*, v. to cover the side of a house, make a partition with boards'9 oo=', 0:dn~S& c foo gia8 S, cota,,ot., no. a board; a plank. ae~s (pron. S3,s), v. to be tough, so as to yield to force without breaking, ow;oS; to be dull, stupid; coos oof.l6ocSi8smD; to be tough, not tender, neOopS,oSo(c5a8. Der. SKpSsu ggso;, v. to be dull, stupid (rare in collog.). tdsecEd~,, n. ironwood, the Inga aylocarpa; the wood of this tree is much used for house posts. ogs8cooxo85, n. a small tree with white flowers and bright red berries; the Clausena heptaphylla; there are two kinds, termed by the Burmese, ooooa, and 0oo08; the leaves of the cultivated kind are eaten with curry; if eaten in large quantities it acts as a gentle purgative. 4aespv, n. the queen Lagerstrcemia. 4agsga, n. white jarool, much used in house-building. V, v. to be low, squat, flat, and broad, in comparison with the height; comp. 2S; to be in a low, stooping, crouching posture, ot6'o; commonly used in a reduplicated form, oopcraseconI 0.s6S, foS, v. to be in a low, stooping, crouching posture. stf, v. to be habitually fixed in a humble posture; used only as an adverb, in a reduplicated form. e9(~, adv. indisposed to move, 94 Ic8wV}f 8BIgC ol ats, v. to spread out, distribute throughout, according to some rule, <a38~, v. same as cas; Goo sflojgi v. to take an average.

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Page  661 661 v, v. to fly, " a bird, ae sparks of fie, as rays of light tobco, ads. in a flying, ircling manner, as a bird. C0g3o (pron. sat), a a species of swallow, the Hirundo Daurica; comp. 4ScgcB, the Rirundo rusticsa v, v. to be scattered, spread, diffused, as perfume, as rays of light, as news, etc., 5o^^2iC 3gEBt iS~8 9Sco8+o6ig v.,. to be diffused throughout, jI@' %, csooo ocnooS:l t,. to be pleased in mind, to enjoy one's thoughts, oSjojls; to be a level, agreeable surface, c C^^cgce2xp ccooocgco, g ot, v. to spread and increase in the sense of prospering; also applied to the diffusion of knowledge, and to the exciting of the passions, c ooo:Q g=3cP pSi 0ole 0s 8citcx88dlo6 ~coi c g)Soo5eoeo^( pSa 838 Ra5I000.g8S, v. to be cheerful, fod Sgxt4ir; usually applied to young people. acO~, v. to be scattered, dissipated.:Sit, v. to be diffused and odoriferous. (o, v. to be in a hurry, bustle; to flurry one's self, oOc09~9=og 3S Goj 8S tqjS o13o5qcSxo, it is not advisable to depute Maung Shwe Dun on this business, as he is in the habit of flurrying himself. (poo, v. same; chiefy wed adverbially, yaooEooo oS, in' a disorderly hurry. Der. ccporXooC jsvwcgo, adv. from above, TAcSip oofte c&cntoo bu ea8, n. a honeybee. 80so4 (from oS, a bulge), n. a nest of bees, indluding the honeycomb. sjp8, v. to swarm, as bees. (8sooo, n. a rwarm of bees, toS811u (8sco, n. a branch or any other thing to which a swarm of bees adheres and attaches the honeycomb, spoo&sooou (o80j (pron. cY), n. a hornet. (3p8oso, in a hornet's nest. (8osojc4CSo, v. to suppurate in several places, as a carbuncle, or when affliced with 0oo0oc a q3SOj9oS, ". the large bee-eater.

Page  662 Cpo2.3, n. a tubule, sucker, made of a reed, quill, etc. qgo:sojo, v. to sting, as a hornet. s3po~cooo, n. a locality where bees are plentiful. aoDsoosa&S, v. to suck juice from flowers, as a bee; also applied figuratively to active or fidgety persons, opsos8oqc3o so~~ sa 8s, v. to take honey from bees. (8s, n. a small kind of honeybee; see o8mSosi 0:ozsyS, n. a drone. <sp8sL, n. honey. psco, (from go8CO), n. a honeycomb. 4pscocS, n. young bees. opsoao, n. a small kind of honeybee; a kind of hornet 4psoscoS, n. the cells occupied by young bees. They are eaten in curry by the Burmese, after the wax has been extracted. cpsqS (from Hc, to be ineffectual), n. a deserted, empty honeycomb. t(8sooaC (:o) (pron. 03oac), n. a small ulcer formed at each corner of the mouth, s:doSoaoec7cSOOeIIt (ao (pron. clCl), n. courteous behavior, kind attentions, politeness, ccnxOooS, o e3eO8'co6oooiccoooSc)]ilstcoSeEo Maung Taw A, the merchant, has very winning politeness. clg:go), adv. courteously, engagingly, politely. copcS, v. to disappear, xoo3~S; to be lost, cOjrl ococotos oS easplcS S(a cb. Der. ccooil cyvoc-Sc s, v. to be free from, as a disease, c6po1cpcSeo8s8iS~E cacySco~a, v. to be obliterated; to die out, as a race; to be obsolete, citsulDscoloSc covOooooEio ^ooo ecol:>8i48 oo3 ^ pcqO dcf cOpC S9, v. to be lost, dqs8po~30088o 8 e8lc&OcSgS oocQcScoo>StileopoSogScqcS., Bo Raza will remain in history, even until his bones have disappeared. caocScS, v. to disappear and be blown away; to vanish; see the parts cyos6, v. to be limber, pliant, flexible, not stiff, ocoo=; comp. ~O?; o3oS ocedXiSG2@ @cg oSac 0cc^^^c@t90? (Colloq.). Der. CeloSU catoe8s, see gccc.art, n. a species of plantain. ce? ce c3,,. to be oft, tender, yielding, lax. cg6S, 1, v. to sleep, be sound asleep, rcBd Sca, gwopS; comp. cfSo Cqg5cj, v. same as Qc-gir

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Page  663 668 GCfg wt, v. see the parts; c 6i[s=ms3cg~~sOcOleIoogY, I was just dozing off, when I was startled and awoke. aSn, J2 v. to enjoy one's self, be pleased, happy, c8cogSoopS, eSX ccaooSq, wooa8e; cc0YS66 co^1, those who live happily, die late. Der. ~cgS cjols, cSQcS, cis8 (applied, as a rule, to animals), ccSES, v. same as cof; codl1t, in the modern acceptation, usually signifies, to indulge in sensual pleasures. CIS, n. an impromptu meal, usually in the open air, a picnic, c~i5,j1o In U. B. c~5 >, to hold an impromptu theatrical entertainment, is the equivalent of ( aS in L. B. The pwe is held in order to test public opinion as to the merits of a dra* matic company, with a view to future engagement, or otherwise. The company, as a rule, is not remunerated on such an occasion. CyJc~, v. to enjoy one's self, be happy. Cj, 3, v. to be quite ripe, very soft; more than 6e?; csc:8o8s 8~iQ b8& oostca6ilcy)oa iogosa; grgrcyos]sg ^^cgScI)c3Sed o^; o2cpty) 8 scc8@oo 3cpic66cDtygooe=&5Q=cioi II i, v. to be young, in the prime of life, neither very young, nor old; applicable to whatever has life; xa8so8 Icoosqcoos, is this woman married or unmarried? when the taukte crows, Burmese children are in the habit of calling out, jcostl4cooa; they also call out, 8O.coo8iccocoo:; i is also applied to trees, ooS86So6&q. Der. oot, and cjoji <at, cgog8S, v. see the parts; oo oSoo=Ssi ogo1 li 2gclcooo 8oSo31o, when youthful, and one's appearance is fresh and tender, one has a cheerful mind. i1, n sacred verse, in lines of four syllables, iacr~o; usually setting forth the merits and exertions of a ocps8co)Scs IcooSeo, n. same as ail A, 2 v. to retch, heave, make an effort to vomit, ftcas8o.o aooS, v. to retch and vomit. aCi', adv. disposed to vomit, poooo:iSc 8lSic8.l c8~ (s, v. to plant, either as seeds or plants, with the intention of trans. planting; n. a plant, isoSs iso~s, n. a bed of plants, a nursery; a plantation. iacooS, v. same as ias, *oistlsCOoS, osofaitOsoS, c~ooatcoo'o g,, n. (obs.). Der. i@, and gacs

Page  664 664 fst, n. a small turret on the wall of a fortification, ooi~ocaxsoqs, da6, se o0se n. a scaffold or terrace, on the inside of a fortification, whenoe missive weapons are discharged. 8eost, n. a road which leads to a turret4 any road which terminates at a particular spot; a cross-street. 2, v. to show (in various ways), -3 St:, e?0; cg;cS C6toosiBgc^SdI; 8osiwoc>o qq4oSa~cg~& rp2sgolc'8 OS, a warning of the danger of one's being visited by a judgment from God. 3, ([ to point out. t,, v. to show, make known, disclose, e [g't' oo, v. to show, in the way of instruction, "s6S co'65*coB Sc,, it v. to glance, as a ray of light (isnreg.). Der. 2og S, ~ and ~sou o6, see (acS, v. to add to, put into, as a very little into a larger mass. 6oS, 3 n. breadth, width; applied to hard surfaces; comp. o9; cooo601cSu 3aSio. r. to be wide. ~o~cd, v. to be narrow. lcra (Sanskrit), n. nature, ocoS8, ooeo s:; ss frequent than omc8n CSJ5, n. an astrological scheme which forms the basis of subsequent calculations; an almanac, O8S 9,is ~09846, 0s^o, adv. clearly, conspicuously,.OSOc ScogoS, 80ScOSxo 008, oQco@S$Q0C ojo8<S8qca4 o cgW po c osg Wdiegce ~o0c:>too SiogaSg oo8cx>., just as amongst all the footprints on the highroad, those of the elephant only are conspicuous; BS6Be~, gacod, 8cwSo?, adv. in the way of joking withfreedom and familiarity; 6ioSo9e's, to laugh at; 6gocwoScp,, laughing-stock. 8, 1, n. the outside, what is beside, o8,a 8oocS, n. the literal meaning. o~atic8, n. a counterscarp. 8oot (pron. GSeo), n. an outside person, one not included. 8~c)8c80, n. overalls.

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Page  665 665 @8$s, n. the outside, that part which lies without, GSscQ8 coopS 0@Sceol, n. the last of the five places of sitting in the royal presence; see c6pcltsOSa gWcE8, n. the outside. (@8cE8e, adv. on the outside. @So8, n. a public Minister of State; comp. ooogStojo 8E, 2, v. to prepare, put in order; to amend, correct, repair, 688 O:pS,3 tc5& epX+8vCl&~88t900Oe)DQQOO:o9<p 10 f8 t;o 680 gSOoS, v. to prepare, put in order; comp. &8S8 qScOj, v. same (infreq.). 6si, a. to be violent, coSe;S itn conjunction with other verbs, it appears to have the meaning of very, exceedingly; to be ardent or strong, as alcoholic liquor, scent, tobacco; to be virulent, as a poison, oo8<9S8sCp; to be loud, ooo68sagS; oopqcbloo O@sIc4a, j 8so, a. same, CCoOSscx4 O 0o3C>O IC~oCOeC: @E, 1 see ou, v. to throw, cast; to throw away, reject, SeO; to throw at, shoot. gS, 2, see a v, v. to weave (thatch). (3, 3, v. to be thick, dense, not rare, Ue4g; oS-qpSc)6X3coS 63O,8;:ooo3coSgo80cF3a~ C9^filUoB3SffCn Bg~, v. to be thick and slimy; used adverbially, Soc20AW6$6 cooocSoopS, as a mealy-mouthed person, one who is affectedly delicate of speech. bSocis, a. stupid, thick-headed; very coarse and thick, as cloth, Doo &S0cp s; Q 9OcBS(KsYOi4oQoscS~IUa @EgE, v. same as (S; used adverbially, chiefly with reference to words of abuse, @Sg ~ob on ~, l en. a country; oacSooo5so~9f~o,9, transportation for life; oo(eSs, a native of a country other them Burma, a foreigner; oog@e 0, all countries. i8s, n. an hereditary chief. ~Seas(SO~~>, n. thieves, dacoits, robbers. 0oo~,oo (prom. O&ooov), n. a courtesan, harlot, 8,scol, 8Sas )S, ~ooFso~ n,,

Page  666 666 @0cdbc~9, n. the internal affairs of a country, PSQs, ~88s,si q~ coooS, n. same as uS; used in phrases of enumeration only, as oeocFoozS, 06e xcooos, cooo s vcoooSil 8~sncdoocog, v. to make an unqualified denial; this expression is said to owe its origin to the Burmese marionette stage, i.e., to the time the curtain falls and screens everything from view. @qS3sqoncQ, n. aborigines. ecqsl, 9cSscqs, n. the affairs of a country or kingdom. SiSESs@s8, it. the Sovereign of a country. 6s8, S jO8s, n. minor criminals, such as petty thieves, etc. g0S38o6s8, n. a compatriot. goqgoooost, n. the public, the people of a country. l Z, 2 n. a measure of capacity equal to four sales (ecoo5), or one-sixteenth part of a tin (coS8); before capital numerals, ooSo; as ox cooo, o 8sod, etc. gg, 3- n. pus. g0voooSt, v. to be pent up, as pus in a sluggish or slowly developing abscess (dqSsfo), or boil (~oo08ps). BtaScocooSs, n. a drawing ointment. Bg oop, v. to suppurate, as a boil or sore; geooe is also used in the colloquial. geJcoloS, v. to break, as a boil or abscess. (p., v. to re-gather, as a boil. ~S ), v. to come to a head, as a boil, to suppurate. Og, 4, v. see oS, to jest with, io, please do not jest with me, sir. i@, v. to be full. Der. B.1 69, v. to be possessed of, to be replete with; to be complete, accomplished, fulfilled, 3 elVosa ~8*: ~ q>o: icooo; &oaOSg, v. to be full and firm, in touch and appearance, as the flesh of a human being, cocSo0o0@sieooasI9 SgSo, v. same as to (infreq.). ~&o, v. to be full of, have an abundance of; less applicable to property than do; 00CSuoo S beslieg o o o oSd; X@= |t-ooo, a man full of wisdom, understanding, and experience. to@gms. n. the Jntidesna paniculata; a low tree, bearing a red, sour fruit resembling the barberry, usually found near water.

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Page  667 667 g8scCoo (pron. 0s:), see 8ico, n. a flat-bottomed boat, with sides constructed of timbers placed lengthwise; comp. 0oo6u ~~osl (Pali o~o ), v. to decide, settle, establish, c88~s ooSoax l, c @9Os8o S, n. an official resolution. GoS, v. to be cut in two; to be cut off, ended; to cease, stop, break off, boxa; to be broken, as the skin; to snap in two; to be decided. The word goS is much used in boat and horse racing, when speaking of a horse getting clean away from another; S8s oo0 c0QcooSOSoS^^jOa_ t3; 9Da 3Goo SCloSgli Cc<sgao c oBe, the anchor rope has snapped; the boat will drift. Der. BoS, goSc*Es, v. to be severed in connection, to be divorced, as husband and wife; to be broken off, as a friendship, ~8si] SQCSOMocco l oS0b, v. to cease, stop; to be divorced, as husband and wife; ooSocbI goScoo88oScooo&:c8, adv. by intervals of action and repose, by fits and starts, q 6sgoScoo:)SoSQcooESs g0oa GoSoos,, v. to smack the lips in eating, oSa S~ogiroSoS]3Pi oSS ots, n. an appraiser of uncoined money; comp. ooo6d3c8 eos GoScoS, v. to be discontinued for want of further supply, 0crooS8o |oSc28oSS, adv. on the point of being severed. roSocoS, v. to be cut or rent in pieces, spoilt. o0Scox8, v. to be distinct, clear (in speech). 0x8s (pron. oo8s), n. a window, gooSsc:loS, ccQococln o88osooc3SooS, n. a window sill Ooo88s8o, n. a window blind. GooSscolcS, n. the opening or aperture of a window; BFooStcoloS, a glass window. gooEsolqS, n. a window frame. o8o1soS# o2,8 n. a window sash. oscoS~oo6, n. a false window. oo8 soS, n. a window shutter, Goos8oS8 o0oo, see 8o0o, n. a canopy. ooot (pron. ools), n. quicksilver, oy,01 oo00010t, n. oxymuriate of mercury, corrosive sublimate. OOsI8001ir, n. calomel. ciSc1SI, 9. to overlay glass with quicksilver, 'gSdfGooi S

Page  668 668 B A, ". a Bpittoon (o^.), eto sa*, eV-og, a measure of tiue equl to tea ri (op term used in astrological culations. g, 2, v. to return; to repeat, do again, axo&DS; an abbrev. of (3 s,, to reply to a letter, eorc,.8rg; to do in return, o< e~,; to repeat, rehearse (a lesson); to interpret, translate, tigs: e, Otooaoe~; to die (derical), otgscmg S ItS; to recover from fainting (intrans.); to refine, purify, rectify by re-distillation or subfimation; o1qsoog, co$Sacoo 8oS; qual. verb affix, again; adw. back, backward; used in compoition, eQ3oSB^ 430i8 cOcSi^ OSIODCO oo60mo"o l UI6 @S@ V'; s~9oqw '-cSiw +oeo8qcS; rSmoooscc goAe 136, v. to communicate information; to relate, report respectfully, i, S. a written reply. ice, v. to remand. feo&~ (pron. cmot), adv. sidewise, as in looking back, cf Aoon CO9o3O~O Sjt^ (CoO.). vid, v. to interpret gJ$O<S (prolf ois), n a royal edict made public for universal observance, oo8jeoG oo~s; an official gazette, 3c8o, v. to relate, narrate, repeat8iv. to reopen (a suit in court), o Rsd rlsgi qnsCSO c,. to take back; qo, to take again. f coo, v. to return, 88c 8cSgu~g 009g,.. 3coO, v. to come back. i3+S, v. to do in return, do back again, to retaliate; comp. C58? ~G3iDc v. to retort, answer back, disrespectfully. 8o8tv, i. to go back. 3g, v. to be expanded, as the open hand, or as a mat when unrolled; to be spread out, as grai, sand, etc.; to be level, to have an even surface,. Eg obe~* uenoSrmel; compi f os. D'er. 8o OgtS (pron. g), u. to be widely extended; c the partri e s c (pron. e3o), v. to be uniformly and plentiflly supplied, |

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Page  669 669 bS, we I, v. to be low, squat, flat, and broad, in comparison with the height. &S8, see Os&, v. to spread out, distribute throughout, according to some rule. (og, 1, v. to waste (intran.), to become weak, less vivid or pungent, as odor, flavor, heat, affection, saocopS; fig., to become feeble, as a plan or scheme, oo@ %oSWO; ooa4S S8O, co3C o GoSgS, ootodw6, aoSsu 8qqSncoax8dpo1ocl gO S,2 (from 8, to show, and qd, to laugh), v. to jest with, put to the blush, as young persons of different sexes; to make. indelicate allusions, coooooj3 e6ceoe0; comp. aSc&S, and Oc@oSwt, gco, n. in Pali Grammar, an illustration, exemplification. itcoso, adv. glitteringly, dazzlingly, with a variety of colors (infireq.),!cooilco7oSi e o=cpGsiosloismoocogS 83x~5 (Pali =ocao1), see o:~nS, n. a graduated turret surmounting the roof of palaces, distinguished kyaunge, royal boats, etc.; a spire, steeple. GoA3osqS, n. one of the two unlucky days in the month. According to some views, goordso+ means, when the unlucky days are in the ascendant, and @xooodsqo, the reverse. oroo, n. a question that forms a subject for discussion; comp. Y9^; gospCQ, g w(oBll o, 1, n. ashes. Os, n. a kind of crucible (caS), made of ashes. oaoos, n. potash, pearlash, salaratus. 0G5o8j, n. soda. 0,, 2v. to be blue. Der. 0ooa goc=OS, adv. inCenrive to d 8ska ~9cSccoS, a. of a dull blue color. o, 3, v. to be dim, as the eyes, from weakness or old age; more than gg, but leWs than A, and d8 Gv, 4, v. to toss up, in a shallow, flat-bottomed basket (icot), as rice, in order to clean it, oS, o gooo (Beng.), n a peon, E81coco8; a term sometimes applied to a police constable; a court peon. eOOOc@s, n. municipal tax. 0c03oo$8, n. a peon's belt.

Page  670 & roYcS, n. an ornamental excavation in architecture, a. if (el signed to be the bed of a mirror. o300o~ (Pali oloacol), n. a graduated turret, surmounting the roof of palaces, distinguished Kyaungs, royal boats, etc.; a spire. Bo~l8, s (pron. 8s{), n. the same; ~8ogs, shaven-headed, i.e., not rising to a point; ozsB s qSce, in contradistinction to 60Oo69i0fl i&VSOii@ o.l, n. Pyatho, the tenth month in the Burmese year, nearly answering to January; said to be derived from an ancient superstition that it was unlucky to throw away the ashes (8@), during this month; hence they were stored up (84). os,L v. to be flat, level, not spherical, 'cot; comp. p(. Der. oo s o8i89, v. to be flat and thin; commonly used in an adverbial form. o8sco8osowo, a. somewhat flat, flattish. f8sc8cS (pron. &vs), adv. flatwise. B0s, 2, v. to be divided into several parts, be various. Der. roos, 9s08, cjs8@3, CO@goo, j s08, and s8@i'8ll }5p,3 see 8( (Pali), n. Scorpio, the eighth sign of the zodiac. 883o (Pali cucon), n. a being inferior to man, inhabiting one of the four states of suffering (ooold); "the spirit of a deformed or crippled person, or of one defective in some limb or organ." T.K.; comp.. oocb, and Hoi; applied colloqually to the lower orders of the brute creation, as insects, worms, etc. (101). 3~cS (pron. ($), n. a kind of grass. R s, v. to be idle, vain, unsubstantial; chiefly applied to persons and language, o Co Cou O4Cs6p fCiSeCvood S 8s OPSWoo011 (@8<$88, v. same as (sn8 o=o (Pali, a bull), n. Taurus, the second sign of the zodiac, ( gS, 3o4ea8, Ioooyp, 8QooocpdSl^e coDooDScoa8=oo^ oS E, 1, v. to be accurate, exact; chiefly applied to speaking and writing; also applied to paintings and drawings which are trm to life; omoesf co;:oCser~pmCICqcojs(~ u i^7SA (pron. @S), (O, W. same; 68cOdSoSocg ^O p- 50)= @ g8#, 2, verb. axR, denoting the past, sometimes the future, otpS1j)o, 4o)o8$cjr, c:os{ors; changed into Ss when followed by another

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Page  671 671 assertive affix; see Gram. sec. 108; oo0S808I8(c8, 8CO38, 8 (pron. 88 in colloq.), adv. at all (in a negative sentence), oo ccd8s, as @~o~, there is none at all; c &oo1oSol, he is not at all skilful; freq. followed by oos, 8(sooo3oooCSo, oSoSsf8Moosw &O).; comp. Ss88u,, 1, v. to be done, finished, completed, accomplished, oev8sss., he has finished eating, i.e., has eaten and left; sevssc&Sw, will finish eating, i.e., will have eaten; to be proof against (a weapon), 000888, Sg8, g8, OO^3Sc8, C03880000CO880o8C868JDS coao0000o08; ooa8oos8, medicine which causes invulnerability. Der. oos~8:88~cz, v. to be settled and smoothed over, as a difficulty, ooa#oc8 o0) 8T ca8scoJ8ee~So1 BA 88 s8s. v. to be settled, as a difficulty, litigation, quarrel, 8s8cDoE QCuOc QOOQo5P 's fSsQ&ScOugC4jn~II As, v. to be done, finished, completed, accomplished. (880so (pron. oS), v. to be finished, as any kind of labor or business, s(8c, v. to be settled, as a difficulty, s(~5sn 8sc~ocooo~E S, adv. successfully, ooc&ooSoo&Su a8, 2, verb. affix; see under 11, 1, v. to do, perform, xa;cx, csoSoo;, ijo~; to act like, as sume the character of, >OiS, RW?o Soe~; o&icjc, interrogative, why? r >j, Qv. to do, perform; to commit, as a good or bad action; oftener however, used with reference to the latter, rrdgooSs8sq988sGoio mi8s, v. to make an attempt to do. es38, v. to bewitch, inflict mischief by witchcraft; comp. cos8~8s; when combined with 3a3, or ics, to nourish, take care of, treat as a son or daughter. The difference between eo8s, and coss8eD seems to be. that the former means to be bewitched by human beings, such as witches, and the latter by supernatural agency, such as ghosts, nats, and the spirits of persons who have met with violent or unnatural deaths. i, v. to take care of, minister to; to sustain and promote, to cherish.

Page  672 671 iE8 (pron. 8s) (from 8S, to amend), v. to amend, correct, repair, to put in order; comp. 8GcoSn e ^t, v. to do, perform. }c61sk n. established method, custom. SEo, v. to operate, act upon, oS co og~o'30Cooe oS, 2, n. a species of mangrove producing tannic acid. oS, 1 (pron. 6FoS), n. roughness, unevenness of surface, as of a rough skin, a rough rock, coarse paper, Esco:yo oSjps s.I &oSco, v. to be rough, grating; more than mjse &o59coo, v. same; to be grained. aoS, 2, v. to boil (tran.); hence ooa oSeo (pron. ooioSo), a small quantity of food, enough for one meal; ocSeOc8scojoS cqcSo1, boil two eggs, please; to seethe. RoSccos, n. an apozem, medicinal decoction, ia&scosm GoS~co~, v. to parboil. RoS,, v. to be unloosed by the severing or detaching of some connected part; applied to things joined lengthwise, osoScoS coS, to be put out of its socket, as a bone; applied also to the discontinuance of a race, oo00ms(ox; 8soo:ov) oSocq s3ooo ~coo~tfiSr ScR os~~cooe~ooUso; ooc'x.oSoag, to be thrown out of employment; Ro%?, to be extinct, as a race. AoSaSB, v. to come to an end by a dissolution of parts. QoqioSeS, v. to be all dead. 931, n. a vise, SiR831018(q.3 cSio5oSB6ocS, an abbrew. 9f oq.oSoqo reduplicated, but less fre. quently used. oSioS, adv. with a light dashing sound, as of things falling in water. 0i^oSiSO, v. to make such a sound, cEsdsccia oooo1 Sio@EioSg13ecgoe~ 's, v. to be worn away; to be exhausted, spent, as property. Jit (pron. 88), v. same as ~sn tos86 (pron.,lj8@s6), adv. an abbrev. f' o's oq8s, but lessfrequently used, tSloTyol(g ~~~^@~gt~0?cc (ociS^81 6sj~s (pron. Rlt1{s' ), adv. expressive of the sound which it imitates, ooGiSgSscd~ocOopSoagsNs i$(Sifs# 68 adv. same, sa F SIt@ S6t~O iOeWOI,. to assemble, crowd together, cco gqocqnIecQoSo'ceog

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Page  673 671 qcoS, v. to follow in a crowd. ([, adv. smilingly, 9ak[, aoRSgoSooin 8, v. to smile. s8~if, adv. in a sweet, smiling manner, tlOScB 8I[t3p~u,86c~C, adv. in a smiling manner, with lips nearly closed, and only slightly exposing the teeth. &ey', adv. grinningly. i, 1, v. to project a little (from an aperture), as from a window; to peep from an aperture; to project, as the tusks of an elephant or wild boar, or as the tush of a horse; aoS3l)co8sc~loSas~ oo Xod10ic^^c6 o848CoSdBoo886o lo@~3B o3dC eBjo X;c6 i &s scscool% ania1coSco o 6coo EO0d); UUpS-Saccos oX 8gSTOBE34ocfifimocnsccosloX8oogOD&fl 06o88, n. a window, particularly, a small round one. B,.t n. a species of reed., 1,. to protuberate, as the eyes, jo ci&BBcoe, 4oc4&asooe~ s8isc83oScoo8 (pron. (sas8oS8c), adv. staringly, without discerning, as from illness or fright, BscosctO, o oo & tci, oD&iOS (Colloq.). js, 2, v. to be a couplet (t3S s8s), a triplet (o scs ), or more; fgcFis, to be double barreled, as a gun; oe8aSb Cooc&oOOs6i OsODCOO &7S 3Oa800O8OOd, 3j8d486c 18cl~83l88j0^; 031 86coRo03JCi 8Csg80O~ (vulgar); comp. ooOBo cv, v. to be loosed, untied, as a knot; to be smoothed or removed, as a protuberance or knob, oo~o~S, o904acg; to be appeased, as the mind, 80co6; to be settled, as an annoying business, ooXtc; to be liquidated, as a debt, c~8sc; to be made smooth, agreeable, pleasant; to be of a soft, pleasing color; also u~ed in an adverbial form zwth verbs denoting sweetness and acidity of flavor, -acc~ ^02~ ~sf8iC(oScg0830ss; O 0o180s o8sc0c0oosO.j~Xcg4o*SJ; aszarc8g8s >Sa ^QoO~i~8cX~oecozgaooro3^; oo SccoooE@jul. Der. c~i c@Cp, ~c6, v. to be smooth, agreeable, pleasant, cpoD,; to be polished, as language, 88gIscs8cxct928J9Ic2 sooMii c0oo, n. a certificate of settlement, discharge, acquittal, etc.; a receipt,. a receipt stamp. cQe~ojdc5s<S, n. a receipt stamp. B. D. 43.

Page  674 674,CE S8, eo c, e,~d, C3, ~C v8s, v. to be done away, removed, put to rest. 6Iccg, v. to be liquidated, as a debt, OjoE sj@oSg Qcoo619q s8, v. to move faster than the natural pace, to run, flee, e86pcqCS 68so3X; ogc(c8s, to elope, to run away. cosjgS, v. to run, leap. casc2s8, v. to run with a leaping motion. 3, v. to gape, expand, flare, to be bell-mouthed; jkoSaQSg, o6S~. Der.,11:xo, v. to open wide; o~8eso ls~cor y,.i cq, 1, v. to say, speak, tell, ao0S, o6:~ccSog4 oi sc8 c~So', vge4e, n. ability of speech. c o3ec~8 (pron. eS), adv. by the way. cvegOoSq, v. they say, they are accustomed to say, e8@S3og 8c8S (6388aos Soo c@oe 9yoSG3 ooii &,i4, Goo, v. same as c~zu Coo00Q8, v. to allege. c~Oq8sae, (pron. e1s), n. see C~ooe4~e:3~~66Co~S, V. to involve. c)cc~o, a. to make known by means of formal discourse, oo;pso8g6o co, ~2 v. to be much, abundant; seldom used alone. Der. o9c8 o, 0d9o6 ), CI60o, <6 84o, 0s)80 o Hi, t' n. a kind of drum used at ~80Svos, and at funerals. 63o;88, v. to play on said drum. coocoooSeo, n. a kind of drum. Qc:ooOs, n. one who plays on the BoE, c ouecpa cjoS, v. to be speckled, spotted, with spots smaller than oocfi, as a beast, or bird, oscofoS; o8scscQoaS, as.a bullock speckled from birth- arsolces. oo, speckled when full grown; comp. e8s c&6S, and o0lec7 oS. Der. oocjcll QC)o3os8, v. to b speckled and marked with different colors, Qc3SSc 8?oSoa8, sd88(3sooS:rp8, G 8ssvcOs8a i C3oCoSqs, n. a cracker, squib, 88ssn1 ~@0cYQa1Q%, v. to crack, i.e., emit a sharp, sudden sound, coa4Soas cocdSoo, adv. with confused sounds; in confusion. c~f+8ss, n. a squib so prepared as to make a succession of reports.

Page  675 673 0cg~oo0Bos, adv. cracklingly. c~O158, v. to fire squibs, c~oDoo8sbogSii Q98~, 1, n. a kind of buffalo, a bison; a gaur. ~I S, 2, v. to be bright, shining, as polished metal or polished leath- - er; comp. eoooS, c8, cgs; icsQc scc 6Xo 30c 1 cooScocS, v. same as c6 8ii ~qoS, 3, v. to be unfeeling, to have no regard for the feelings of another; one kind of 88smos; to speak and act without regard to the feelings of another; to be shameless, brazen-faced, CtYoS cgo8co S; to joke, to be droll, comical in behavior; oo ocg e&So% o8og&5S9S)ooa 8g. Der. oicGoS o8~&6S$, v. to speak and act without regard to the feelings of another, 68pe6:g~ ff(<poooog, cicpoc68;gSi[S:gdu cOSH8, <Qo9ocScooS, goScoooSc=oS, adv. unkindly, without sympathy; comically, jokingly. ~So6ScSI)S, adv. in the way of bold, reckless jesting. c8, 4, v. to be clear, clean, without anything, as a vacant spot of ground. Der. ooc88so~S, ~e8s~98, dC~O89 c~oZeS, v. same as c8OSu C)Ss, 1, n. a species of millet of the genus Holcus, j0 8s Sa8, co8sco8.; jowar (Sorghum vulgare). c~o8SQS8, n. a millet field; ~~oS8o$gpg, the time when the millet is harvested, i.e., November or December, co88soS8oS5 ccoS88s ~oS8so0, n. a kind of grass. Q 08804, n. jowar. co8s8ts, n. Indian corn, maize. ~oSs3sc6o1Sco1o, n. parched corn. ~~Ssr8oc3, n. the leaves of the Indian corn plant used for enveloping the tobacco, and chips of tobacco stalk of Burmese cheroots (ceoscoqc69); the best kind is known as cooooc coSsco~eco:oS (pron. cooS), n. broom corn; the stalk of this plant is said to be nearly as succulent and sweet as sugarcane. 5o9Ss, 2, n. a tube used for blowing or projecting; comp. 9B; oo oS8QoS8, a gun barrel; c8~OSscooS, a blowpipe, made of brass or0 iron; cgoSsoS, to blow with a blowpipe; or with a tube, as when shooting birds; 8sc~oS8, a bamboo blowpipe. c~iscoulc. n. the caliber, bore (of a gun or rifle); an embrasure.

Page  676 676 cO88-aoS c@O8,, 3, v. to change place, remove, ceCpcgO88; to change one thing for another; when combined with togC, 80S, 0cCCO, etc., to change conduct, disposition, etc., S oojgo so; cooool)sa 0a86c(OS80g08CcQ0 d:oSsE8 (pron. ~co:s& ), CQOSs~~C:s8, adv. one end for the other, or upside down; fig., contrariwise, cSC~:scG r8s8 coSso+aoots, v. to invert, @SoC30cCoooe~n c~oSs$8,S, v. to be inverse, oo$oo' 66E3ou c~Sosca), v. to move, to change one's residence. c~:)68c, v. same as co8Es; to change, as conduct, disposition, oacoo~ cvEoSs*bOS, to be converted; og0S9oo9ocq Ssg0cg oaoeoe^ woO&C33C0 @0Oe 08gG9v6838 8(^>6^q9OU c8oSsta, v. to transfer one's self. c6?, v. to be soft, tender, yielding, lax, ~ow; comp. o8, and as; to be limber, pliant, flexible, not stiff, ~c9Ov, eSsov0; to be effem. inate; to be physically weak, delicate; to be limp in character; co8a)S oywoS(^9oo8~^o ceuoo?33o, woo ~?>@3'o8 g3(8~tt coo6Eo; when reduplicated, c:? has the same meaning as oloi, in the sense of being slightly less than, scocEi8ol?~oxg, it is rather less than three taing8. c~o8, v. to be soft and yielding to the touch; commonly used adverbially, c6o98n S?8c^o, adv. from cg?. o3 8IN@ 3? 8^^'oa6>eO2i8ooe00 coI obo8sbCOCs~SQeOoo8o1n ~d?3, v. to be soft, tender, yielding, lax. c Go:)ES, v. to be soft, tender, yielding; to be limber, pliant, flexible. tc'ocQ~o8, n. a flute, fluted channel in ornamental work, molding, cB @oeoSvc8, v. to flute. cS, see c 5, v. to be quite ripe, very soft; more than c, ll v, a. to break down (intrans.), to fall to pieces, to come to ruin; to give way, as a building, bank, or wall,:830cos~cS^5o8osolc)q clEgidowlaocscBS& v. Der. Af F";acps; n. ruins. (Eb, v. same as (~I cR S S, or oo aS(oS (pron. ( dSSc), adv. profusely, as perspiration or tears, gaogoXscS&o So a90, lJo O qS6ag o 9OSqxS

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Page  677 GE- 8RS 677 ~8, v. to put together side by side, by way of comparison, o~$ to compare, js8, i8s; to engage together in rivalry; 6eom 8S c8S, a house with two parallel roofs, or an M roof; oSqo8psBs8c (SEaE, v. to meet face to face; to meet in rivalry or contest; to race; oosP(SUaW8O3n 8op, v. to engage together in rivalry.;Soq, v. see the parts; Stools 8:Gs^s26c6oo; o4 08So0 86s88, v. to compare; to engage together in rivalry. an8cS, v. to match, to set one person or thing over against another, 8SicS codSctoS ajs; 68oSc&~, to be peerless, nonpareil, incomparable, oooin &8ccoo8s, n. a Burmese racing (paddle) boat. [ScoRs, w. to outvie, =cioWOp j88, v. to be uniformly full, abundant, well furnished, whether in regard to size or number. (&8s8Ss, v. same as ESs; used adverbially; &Sscjf88, eop'u8vw QS~884803WO s, v. to shine (obs.). BoS, v. to glitter, slqcS; commonly reduplicated and used adverbially, 888@01 (pron. g8a8 aoS), 0308joQ30S&CB ^ o gyO8@S 8scgoS, v. to glare; used adverbially, oec6pB s BsG6oS; to be brilliant in color, glossy, ocepSgoSoic nu, v. to be puffy; to rise, as dough; to swell, as rice in water. grooo, adv. swellingly, puffingly. ctq8s~oIEs8, adv. in an inflated, bloated manner, O~00IC89 j8 cGpSEcGpS, adv. same as gcolSscolstoi gs, v. same as 8; used adverbially. cS, 1,. to boil up and break, as boiling liquid; or as water in a river, over rocks or shoals; ctlg6Sco, to rise in the water, as fish. coS, 2 (from soS, to swell up), n. a swell of water which rises and breaks; a mud puddle,, 2,oS; ogcS8Ccq lono;,o asc 8c g6oS6s, n. a violent swell of water, which rises and bursts; adv. in an uproar, as in a violent quarrel, co#,Sgc56 8CS8. ~9poS

Page  678 678 8cSoo- 8g 8o3-o, v. to rise and burst, as a swell of water. oS6, n. a swell of water which rises and breaks. t dl6, adv. indicative of the sound which it imitates, 28c6 sS4 cog, 2S&D+00 wg, 8goas>^oo o " pS, v. to expand, open, be opened; to blossom; to become manifest, as a Buddh, 2~'pssccO:S); (tdicgpx); < 8~ oop, to be a favorite with people in general, but especially popular with women; R~CSssposo gc8^8 sc S; cc8l ooosoooc86Olp5 RE gSESscoo). Der. g~, and oo u 8co&s, v. to be open; to be clear, conspicuous, oosc8r6Oco8S cOO-S 26ooscdoSco; o ogcon8o eoo1oo g8co3s, v. same; 9doog: co~Slt., to be of a happy, cheerful countenance. 8coS, 1, n. a turner's lathe. RoSivs, n. the band of a lathe. 080, v. to turn in a lathe, aoSg goSaeOoSb8s n soStoS'cqs8, n. same as,o&SI RoScas, SoSeo, n. the chips made in turning. goSis, n. a baluster divided in halves, lengthwise. HoSts, n. a bore, cooSoSsi,, SoScoooS, gcSogEs, n. two kinds of turner's tools; see RoStsw 8oSEo, n. a churn stick. oSc6S8, n. one of the supports of a turning lathe. o8.o8ts, n. a mandrel, 8oS0 su, RoScOs, n. a baluster. SoScpscodi~Ss, n. a balustrade. goSoaoos, n. a turner. otS, 2, v. to rub, c1oS; to grind in a mill, OoS; to churn by turning a churn stick; hence 98otoSig8oST, gold and silver collected or earned by hard work; 8oStoS, to delete, erase; cw~oco5s8. goSac.S, v. to rub against (in passing); to polish, burnish; g88scl ixOc o8ospod pO8Xb,gS co~oS8o p oStc8 &'o ' cSoOSc, v. to rub down (a horse). 0, v. to be versed, skilled in, accomplished, coa, oaSco, cg5$,^ c~Ocoo; rarely used but in cyg8ed g v8, v. to be rubbed off, worn away by friction, abraded, sc$:s d 8 t 4@X0X~> i

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Page  679 JOB~8- hoR(9 679 8s8CS, v. to be familiar with, intimately acquainted; used adverbially, oapsoj Rgd8o8og(s58soai oS^8csco, adv. intimately. 8so gS, v. to wear away by friction; to fret, to gall. 83, v. to have a wide mouth, or large aperture, 8ocalss oft 8os, v. to grow, increase, in number or size, ods; 0ooosos 8sccol ooyS8sd8 68co; 06 3~8s#cSoco60dCxCS 8383X, oqsoBq C~So9o 03^occxoSojS1S8^88 gscasosoSoon n 8os8S, goscs, go8s88s, v. same; 5(d ~6ooS6Q s80moo scogs88s cG, v. to be confused, aS; cFg, a mischievous person, ooozs>S3l 68OOD co; 9 ~e~O~86~666S? (colloq.); to make mischief, to intrigue. c GS, v. to be intermixed and confused; to be intricate, as a matter, by intrigue or evil purpose. cgc8, v. to contrive something new or curious; to deceive in a greater or less degree; used in either a good or bad sense;:opscojos6 00oo Oso8<Q oe Rc~c9coSo800guu c.p, v. to support on one or both arms; ccoocSS80soo0,, an armful of paddy sheaves; o8sooc.2, an armful of fagots.,~j, v. to carry by supporting on one or both arms..gc8S, a. to support with one arm and clasp with the other. coo3S, v. to embrace by taking up in the arms, w 8s 88mccoscl cgst, L n. the bamboo rat, a species of mole. c88 s, n. the heap of earth scratched out of a mole hole. c s, I n. ringworm. c88sooS, gscoS, c8Ei, n. varieties of ringworm. c8sl, c6sclcS1, v. to have ringworm. c~soooS, v. to cure ringworm. tcs8C8s, n. senna. i,, n. food prepared and placed for eating; a place of eating, a table, eating-board, eosv; a feast, a festival or entertainment of any kind; originally a religious festival, as the Singhalese poya; a public entertainment, oaooS; a place of melting silver or coining money; a customhouse for receiving transit duties; a broker's premises; tcoS&3d, O08c86,' oot1, 3QtS, n. an overseer or manager of a festival; a government inspector of silver,?L|['

Page  680 680 aooMQO-$cvs omcooS, n. the wife of a broker. cs, v. to meet with the approval of the audience at a dramatic performance, as when pleased with the sallies of wit from the coaaS; oooSdac, to bring down the house. Hi&, v. to witness a dramatic, or other public entertainment. oa, n. a broker's commission. v, v. to take part in a festival; to hold a festival. 0S&88, adv. instantaneously, immediately, 68#s8Cwoanl ~cod, w. to have a craving to see a dramatic performance, owing to long abstention. 8os0, v. to engage a dramatic troupe. ANos, n. a dealer in uncoined money; a petty factor; a broker. SOZSIl6 (pron. osle), n. a sum of money paid in advance to a dramatic troupe, to secure their future services. ~8S, n. a broker's landing-place or ghaut. c&Egt8, v. to be satiated with witnessing dramatic performances. o00*om, n. the giver of a feast. ~cooScb, n. a king's cook, e08cooScn nSoogS~, v. to partake of food, as a king, acooScds, 8~QMoS08 ~0)08, n. a king's cookhouse. c)Soocos, n. people employed in the king's culinary department ~ceq, v. to be ascertained and approved in an assembly, and hence to be ascertained and approved in any way. In ordinary parlance it would seem to mean, to have been tried and proved in a trial of skill, in time of danger, etc., QcOjSQ8Sooj, a man who has been tried and found equal to the emergency; may also be used in a bad sense, as when speaking of a person hardened in wickedness. Ac8)s, v. to keep order at a pwe, j@F" 3oS~, v. to appraise, as a broker. An, n. a place of melting silver, cg oS,", v. to indulge in sociable, festive conversation. 88j, an abbrev. of ao08I, n. a written permit to hold a AH n,,. a booth in which a dramatic performance is held; a broker's shed, ^~n Lo9o, v. to be alarmed by some outside disturbance, as an audience when witnessing a dramatic performance. Bco5t, n. a festival, entertainment. COfS, v. to make a festival.

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Page  681 681 AoE, v. to commence holding a festival, ooscoC.oSOc&; oE8o) o~|E6, a horse which has never been raced; also said of human beings, when it has a meaning similar to CQ2jl, ~o;s, v. to close a dramatic performance., 2L v. to be past the season, as of blossoming or bearing fruit, o*, 8 s3Oga, WE6.88s3N011.o~a (pron. 3oS), n. the product of the dammer bee, deposited in hollow trees. cS, 1, v. to utter; never used in colloq.; RctSH aS,~2 see goS, v. to boil up and break, as boiling liquid, or as water in a river, over rocks or shoals. goS, f n. a squirt, syringe, pump, any instrument which throws out water with force. 0oSoo, n. a piston, goSIcsou goSoS, adv. squirtingly, as water ejected from a syringe; applied to speech, rapidly, fluently, gushingly, eoosovo S8o~~ooe~N oS, 2, v. to grow in clusters; not used assertively, as djcS~, to cluster, be collected in a cluster; to throng together, as persons; ooecGoSRo8S c8XS9 dS jgoSecYcl(?5QO; S6ilol(o0Cst8gidc 03X (Collog.). o nd8s, n. a wide-mouthed water jug. i}+ n. a tube for conveying anything that flows; comp. ~oo8$; a conduit, acqueduct, pipe, tap, spout, etc., ci CO, Cou, cqI #oFoQcqwoo; an irrigation pipe. HcraxoS, n. a syphon, cGsgiiu cry, n. same as BSu oGS), n. a hydrant. ~, see g8, v. to be versed, skilled in, accomplished. g^sc3s, see asc8ls, v. to be familiar with, intimately acquainted; used adverbially. g%, v. to mix together, commingle, ~cy, cep; to be lost, commonly at sea. is8~cp (more common), v. to mix together, commingle. 10oS, v. to mix together, commingle, Ooi,:oi, cooSmc gsc~ g8o,8, v. to mix together, o&o.s, oBS.s.otS oooCo.io0 cE, a. a pipe, fife, flute, cgjooScw,00i cia, n. an organ. i oSl, v. to play on a flute.

Page  682 0 o, the twenty-second consonant in the Burmese alphabet, and the second in the class of labials. OCO34OSo$, n. a tree found in the Mergui district, the fruit of which is edible; the wood is used in building. ocs,, n. a leaf, considered as an article of use; comp. s9c6iS oSncooor?, n. a funnel made of leaves; used as a flower holder or an improvised drinking cup; oSS68scmoR3Soe, coo~cd8s ecSerd, n. the main or middle rib of a leaf, midrib. ooScBQ Ccos, n. the small ribs of a leaf. oDscEE, n. a dish made of leaves; used before manufactured plates were introduced into the country, oo*Sgcd o.e8 " ocS gcSs, n. a species of ulcer. ooSo (from o, the hair of the head), n. the part of a thatching leaf which is doubled and pinned over the ocioo" ooSc5, o s,opS, eduSOc, dotS6t s, a. see the parts; comp. acS 6cc, OC56gle ocSot, n. the footstalk of a leaf, a petiole. oSoo, n. the stick over which the leaves (cSoa) are doubled and pinned for thatching, o9o0l1 eoddc, odSoop, a. see the parts. ' oScfds, v. to prepare leaves for thatching by doubling and pinning them over a stick; to dry leaves for making cheroots, by thrusting them between two hot substances. oordjS, v. to imitate the cry of a young hog deer calling its dam, by blowing against a blade of grass placed vertically between the thumbs. This ruse is practised by Burmese shikaris, to attract large deer and tigers. o0 8oS, n. same as OoSi ooc, 2, see oooS, v. to embrace, hug, without taking up in the arms. oc*o0 (pron. edoSg ), adv. indicative of the sound which it imitates; hence ooCooCS, adv. with a constant repetition of light blows, oc*0goScq, n. water tinged red from the leaves of the edag btree; it flows down the Irrawaddy, usually about the end of March; water in the beds of mountain streams, in which the leaves of the

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Page  683 Ort2-jQSCOOS 8 688 overhanging trees have been steeped. The drinking of this water is supposed to cause malarial fever. taocSi, n. a kikn of cloth. oc-wos8, n. a species of spurgewort, the touch of the leaves of which produces an itching sensation. This name is also applied to a species of nettle, the Urtica heterophylla. oc4So8, n. a name for two species of Grewia, the Grewia spectabilis, and the Grewia Hookerii. In some districts this name is also applied to weed-like plants of the genera Triumphetta, and Corchorus. ocSMoCo, n. a disease, oq1loo, ocSCo 1?cPo11 ocSoOqo, n. a disease allied to paralysis. eoSCo4, n. a kind of tree, the Bignonia stipulata; conob+a8, an oil obtained from this tree, said to be a remedy for itch. 0s, j n. the anus (vulgar), *, og8fi. L?,ti oics s: t [ T i ) ' o0$couocgSSs, n. protrusion of the rectum; a disease of cattle. oco, n. same as oeo...., - Q o 06, 2, v. to be in a strait between two, hesitating which to choose, 8oSoS; hence 0oo0cecp, adv. in an unsettled state of mind, with wandering, distracted thoughts. vo, v. to procrastinate, delay, be dilatory, long in doing, J, oocy r+oicfcj, do not dawdle over your work. e0eS8, v. same as o, oe~lCCES8e8p9j, if you continue to dawdle, the matter cannot be terminated. o08, v. same. ooe, 1 see ooS, v. to read audibly. eoS, 2, see cooS, v. to interpret, explain (a dream, omen, etc.). eoS, 3, v. to dress (cotton) with a bowstring, agsooSu ooS, 4, v. to be fresh, glossy, implying delicacy of skin, texture, grain, etc.; used in composition with words expressive of appearance or color; also in a reduplicatedform as an intensive; of various applications, as ooSeoSo, c gSSooog~,a&o, co o9S0= caSc l oOecO8sc. OI8c0aO, oj8p8sOcc9ooooSeooSo ccos (colloq.); lso applied to words denoting physical fatigue and exhaustion, ooeSoo~c:I ooS, 5, v. to be dry, free from liquid (obs.), hence ooociS ooSaoooS5, a. dry, as fruit, ooqdc;lSs6 toS82SooSoooS tooScooS, adv. loosely and flappingly; usually used in a reduplicated

Page  684 684 form, oo(~tosc*o~oggoigto0 0(S 0cooScyooSc9oo cCOdOS coo 005o0Sc, o0 ooSoooS loo n eoBS, n. a bedstead formerly used by pongyis, AooXE - o1, -n. glass. o+oM8 (obs.), oxovo8, n. a wineglass; comp. coYX8; ScocooS is more frequently used. +o!n, n. a kind of glass ornament (obs.). eo eroqO, n. crystallized quartz; a counterfeit precious stone, ojy:)~8, n.a glass candle shade; also called oaoSs 8, and jo88s~,n coS6, v. to manufacture glass. eocS8, n. a glass furnace. ofc&o5, n. the Chief of Glass-makers, a title conferred by the Kings of Burma. 4O gcS (pron. sa8), n. a glass cup or vessel, ooocoo8so oe gSoos, v. to be blurred, as glass. o 1o s Gc,;S~i, n. a globe lamp, colc6s~tS8s8o: o %oosot, n. balusters made of glass, as at the &eao'6s built by King Mindon. 40,co o (pron. 0os0), n. a glass bowl, finger bowl, tumbler. o44, v. to make, create, to give a form or appearance; not used singly. ooo8s (pron. oW88), n same (more common). ocAs (pron. 8s), v. to plan, calculate in the mind, c8eoS; to contrive, invent, fabricate, 88.,X0e0oo 0o8 sBcoo-.tScgScodS; 'o4,.3 v. to clean (cotton) by pulling and picking before dressing it with the gin, and with the bow, o1rsooe, o 4, v. to be astringent (in taste); to be dazzled, oo908(aoSc~qo4 olsts, n. the Terminalia tomentella, bearing an astringent and bitter fruit; common above Prome. o4~alSo, n. any astringent bark. +Le~~, n. astringent liquor; commonly applied to decoctions of barks. roots, etc. o v, 5 v. to shuffle (cards), <40, oycotocq8oe~, to shuffle cards by holding them nearly upright and dropping them, one upon another. ec~oo (pron. eoofo) (from cools, and ~t), n. the heel, cocpo; comp. oocSoej~i ecjfo, n. a heel-piece; ~jqoco6o, n. a heeltap.

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Page  685 685 ecq3ooagf8s, n. same as ocjp~a og 1o, 1 a. nearly dry, oojooI, coSOoS, oooeaos goSRi e~, cG eoB, 2 (from o4, to be astringent), a. slightly astringent. o$g8, V. to be hard, as liquor. oSo8, a. or adv. moist, wet; less than AA;,ooSsoC coSsqeo8o9 aoo80 80s0S, 4tCOO gloSQ8SdwotooS9Ec)oE ccooSsooot n o0s, n. the back of the hand, cooSe s; the instep. oetd, n. the'ankle, ccsLcS, c(BSfi8n 06s, see co&s, v. to try to catch; to arrest (a criminal). 00o, 1, v. to go aside, 2, coa; to put' aside, remove out of the way; comp. ooS, and cs; hence Co5S, to be splay-footed; ooklssSs oaooos, v. to put aside, remove out of the way, CoUDS~3 s{toT yoco8p I oo5cxOOScSoS1 I oeos6s, adv. sidelingly, with an uneven gait. oodps, v. to put aside, remove out of the way, woeoo&o s2c8 AomSoS1, v. to exchange; to borrow for a short time; see ocooSi ooio,v. see the part;oo26L8Eo Sc odS c@q a2lc6 ooSvco, v. to turn, take an other direction, as a road. oS, 2, n. a saw-set, saw-wrest. ocMEOS, see coeooS, n. wax. qEiS (pron. qi., a corruption of Feringhi), n. a Portuguese, or descendant of a Portuguese; a Roman Catholic. "There is no doubt that it is the name Franki, slightly corrupted, which from the days of the Crusades has been used all over Asia by the Mussulmans, to indicate Christians in general. During the campaigns in Afghanistan the English were called Feringhis by the natives of the country." Bigandet. The Roman Catholic Bishop resident at Rangoon, is styled o6LS8occspoSO8, irrespective of his nationality. OGE46cooooo, n. the Roman Catholic religion. 0eo0odlo, n. rough, violent, abusive language, $&c@lSCSoSeOsmon oe, n. the pumpkin, as geo, the yellow pumpkin; crTpo., the white pumpkin; eotsh, much sought after by alchemists.,~v, eooS (from 8oS, to divide), n. a three-sided stick of timber. ~{, i n. the long, white species of pumpkin. ~cadcSeo

Page  686 686 teota, n. the lowe' parts of the posteriors; see ooS8dl s; sometimes designated c8so" eo (o$s), n. the watermelon. oqo[, adv. broken, scattered, in disorder, OooSooo,,?CiOoib3t rdc OSsoo6Ssd1 cScooso?1 i^od os6o)n i ocoSs, n. a kind of boat, oScoodScn oco4Ov (Pali oco, profit, and ogo, a place), n. one who has attained any one of the four grand rewards or blessings; comp. Pc8; ~coo oo0o0 jco&OS, oo 1 olol18copgo, o#oq8aocogoi, aQLog830co~gO oo0d (a corruptign of o53dSo), v. to exchange, 6c0oSd; to borrow for a short time; cSroe s<c,S ~6C6P6sog8c8o4 sscoco d oc0 (o8S, b n. the Bauhinia diphytla. Ropes are made of the bark; these are said to be more serviceable in the rains than in the dry weather, wet improving them; cattle eat the leaves of the ecs6; the flowers are made into a kind of chutney and eaten; ogo5, a little spare-built man; this term is said to be derived from the fruit of the ocS, which is dry and attenuated in appearance (108). ocO, 2, n. a winged moth, ooaiu oo56oo3~8os, n, a kind of plant, a species of Spirical costus, agS Coo8 e' oco08, n. a metal cup or bowl; osoo:s,, a glass tumbler, o4c+*s, ocoosjoS, v. to fashion a metal cup or bowl. ocoo8s (pron. ocoQ), n. the four silver cups always kept in the betelbox, aco0+8S68oO66j&3sBcOgNB ools, see cools, n. the palm of the hand, or sole of the foot; a foot twelve inches; comp. ScoIn oo (Pali), n. perception, os:Qo~ Ss8ofoo;; "phassa includes those things that have no rupa (jo), but are apprehended by the mind; it produces the three sensations (cooa); pleasure (cpoofa), pain (qcoo0)' and that which is indifferent, neither the one nor the other (ecoroo oop), and from it, as from the first, comes sorrow, as it is connected with the body; sorrow is produced by means of thought, and thought and sorrow united produce fear." M.B. ze, 1, n. a four-cornered basket with a cover, soo, ooslca2Sco:, oe:l6, n. a square or round basket, in which women keep rolls of cotton: the basket in which snake charmers confine snakes.

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Page  687 687 ooc5)08, n. an oblong. basket, o u11n ooEs, n. a circular basket. 0,),2 v. to mend a breach; to close a hole by patching or otherwise; to try to rectify, lit. to "patch up," ecoosoo oe6co8, v. to mend by calking; crScooipS~ oSaoSao:&: o3co8dn, my basket is very much rent; please patch it for me. ton0 s (pron. ooos8), n. prostitutes' quarters in a town. esoovscoooS, v. to set up as a brothel-keeper. os.8s,,n. a woman who secretly practises prostitution. oobop (pron. booSi), n. a prostitute. to:)oa, n. the cardamom plant. Ovco~So56 (pron. t8oS), oocooc.8, n. species of the cardamom plant. oooxo, see Fooo3o, adv. of one's owvn accord, ~o~]icpgoso 0o8ose0090, see soo8CXosco, adv. in, an indefinite, unsettled manner, aonoyopu 0s8, J see cov8, n. a frog; a small piece of wood nailed on a post or the side of a house, a cleat. o8, 2 (pron. coos), v. to hang loosely about, be flowing, full, luxuriant, co, o3.9ooSoa 2sOa0853La& 5 ooSoooSoo, ooooS-o 8jS ovsovs, adv. hanging loosely about, ~8oso08c9s8scoOco0, szo8 0908C|089|O3S&H O08, 3, v. to be fatigued and blown, as a horse in a race, =ogs^s cocS8co08ic:)Scco o8oo80e; also applied to gamecocks, coe oS3o08COOz4 8 (from 3, to be pressed), v. to press downward or sidewise, to crush, flatten; less than Pd; to oppress, QtcBS; to hug the shore, as a boat, c*Ss08,sd 03S:8O0snu 888, SA8s, v. same; to lean on; ooSooooSceoccococeS96 Q9ca-oS} 8oo8o1:S; q9ot SfEslI 8oS, J see d8S, v. to invite. 8oS, 2, v. to spill. SoSa. (pron. e.), v. same; including the idea of spattering; fig., to be lost, as the life of a human being, a term specially in vogue at the time of epidemics, oo~$8&i~toog o~coqoo t~aciec0 8oS, adv. glitteringly, coocoo brilliantly; usualy followed by 8oS8oS, adv. glitteringly, ac.cu S brilliantly; usually followed by

Page  688 688 8oS8S coocs, o8lScessoSSoSco00%3eB, SjoccPECoSjSooO 8coS8SeS (pron. s2), adv. scatteringly, wastefully, as water, cq68o588O8egpev oogS; as rice, money, OOg sSCPSoOsOO~C 8ac8 (from 8, and cps), n. three logs of wood overlaid with gold or silver leaf, used to keep down a corpse during the process of cremation, SSooicg8,0~sooagSu 8Os, 1, v. to feel dull, heavy, indisposed to move, q.SsO84cooos1 Ooc0888ooco8o:pe~tcuOco88olB 8s8sc0sc8s, adv. of similar import. 88s, 2, v. to crow, as a pheasant, qSgsoaen 8Ssol, n. the fourth day from the present. 8~i (sometimes pron. eo), n. the third day from the present; Aoc MiA=,cio8sj, to-morrow, next day after to-morrow, third day from the present. 8K8., adv. an intensive to c?a, implying a general tremor, 8.8@ 8, 1, v. to prevent, hinder, As, o:8s; rarely used; hence o:88o 9oo-, v. to contradict, oppose, be contrary, @8ssoS; with w8S, or oo:cC, to contravene an order, 0o0goowvcoonacopS, ooitsLStl OOatCT28 3gOjcGq8&QcOO38H 8coo, adv. right across, omcoj; n. half a foot, six inches; a footbreadth; comp. ooclo; Scoo 8soo, 38oCo(qS 88Cooa88OOOio8( 41oo^100, coso6o08Qs ac -cfco3o(osJ1o n 8co0oqo0, n. an antonym, counterterm, used as a correlate of synonym. 8coooS8, adv. athwart, right across, concoiu 8, 2, int. expressive of dislike, disgust. 8,71, see 8s,, v. to comb; to brush (cloth); to card (cotton or wool). 8t, 2, v. to be in flesh, to be in good condition, as human beings or domestic animals; chiefly used in 8$wo8owo; VSecg 8so0c 96qog8scq (Collog.) 8~Q (, n. the most common kind of plantain; slightly acid; see A, v.to protuberate, bunch; to be knotty, knobby; hence oo; oS~ o^ea oogiyc'g ~ q Se, the veins on this person's leg are varicose.

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Page  689 689 lop$, v. same as T; to proceed step by step in an investigation, To00 xcscosS0 toS, 1, n. a kind of evil spirit which lives in forests, mountains, ruined buildings, trees, etc.; "usually the spirit of a man who has died a violent death, and has been deprived of suitable funeral rites." (eoS, o=c, (oS%8ou0 oS, 2, n. dust lying on the ground; coarser than o; coo:scoo E c0eooS, thick dust, smother. Toscas, v. to roll in the dust, as some kinds of birds and snakes, e.g., Viper Russelli. ooScacOS, n. a kind of bird. coS, 3, n. a kind of insect; the ant-lion. ToScictoSoc~S, adv. out of breath, from fatigue or disease, co ToS, 4, v. to roast or burn, by putting on or into the fire; comp. o00, and Gso ToS~g s, v. to burn at a funeral, to cremate. To~ogs, v. same. toeos8, v. to roast in the fire and eat, cS:c(Jsp(d8ocSot g tr'oS, adv. indicative of a light sound, such as the word imitates, aToSyooeaogn roSt (from aoaS, a small clump), n. a small island forming in the sea, or elsewhere, cycvioSt; a kind of play; a clump of trees, bushes, a cluster of hills, etc., oSoEoSet, 1t*8ot, cooSo oet IoSjoS, adv. expressive of the sound which it imitates, ocBoSSo8 not, not.ued atone. T8i8m, n. a mendicant, mooe, o3 ss,, secos wS8CO oe8oo tt88&,g, see oos(s, n. a priest of Buddh. j8&s3, n. thick jungle; a deserted taungya, gOcSt8sB8is +880sco, v. to spring up, as undergrowth. s8cos, see oscos, v. to eat (clerical). go8S (pron. s80c85), n. the camphor tree, Laurus camphora, the Indian laurel; purified camphor.?cM (pron. oSl), n. the stars in the head of the Hydra. qo oS co~oc;, v. to perform the ceremony of washing the king's head (once a year), when the head of the Hydra is on the meridian; comp. aogocSF' B. b. 4L

Page  690 690, 1 n. a cushion, cscpaE8n 0, v. to be fine, dusty, powdery, S; to be well trodden, as a street or road; to be powdered, as the face, cSajo:ScBS ooos4c ic8, 1os lqso sc8Ssooo~ 8 p; to be acquainted with, familiar with, versed in, po$o3fcpca co8 tcc S0c G8; comp. c~; i is generally used with reference to intimate knowledge of locality, while c~ implies intimate general knowledge; n. dust risen and floating, or settled. iooooops, v. to be dusty. toV, v. to dust a room, pieces of household furniture, etc. oooS, v. to be covered with dust. too, co6, v. to rise, as dust; to be blown about, as dust, ToC c6ooS886cc*ESI8ooog, ocjgtii vc0, v. to be very dusty, as a road, o~cco&cos8p1,ca=rsItS oC, n. same as T; comp. ~oS; io c*(9apSi, fck,0sin 098, v. to cover, cover up, 9, C y s08rQ6, v. same as jisl 8qsoa, v. to conceal one's self, or another. so2xCO, v. to cover up, c*ocq s ~ccc:soo S sc:c:So1, cover the drinking-water pot with an oct9ooo8s; to hush up, as an offense, crime, or indiscretion. s8, v. to suppress, or hush up a matter; to carry out a plan with secrecy; oD0c3odoSmtoiJo~cISra n gpcSa@8 go3Ssc8ooso8 Bol, how can this murder come to light? the elders of the village are hushing it up. ~is 8, v. to overspread; to cover up. st%8~ os8C*o8, v. same as coso6t; especially, to give in charity. es (also written 28s), 1, v. to behold reverentially. SiSi, v. same as %so t8sGS, v. to look up to with reverence, cpc~o~ qspscq soos s, 2, v. to bud, swell into a little pointed protuberance, as trees, the skin, etc.; oooscgoSi iqtceo (pron. ~tCoQo), n. a kind of white coverlet. es8il, adv. in pimples. s8ccEp, v. to swell, as a wound, sore, etc., 8scePc309C9cS 8g,

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Page  691 691 CogSCooS'8osco3 s 64C8oo s8CS~C, owing to my little daughter having been burnt, the injured parts remain swollen. vsec=oO n. a guinea-pig. csooq (Eng.), n. February, co~ocon 6s9, 1, v. to scab over, XoEosXo; hence oooetu cos. v,. to ward off evil from another; to turn a boat or ship from shore, in order to gain an offing, oosacos, oocascoSsu cosdc8c, v. to push against, or strike, with the shoulders. cosa; v. to ward off evil and assist another, coscoOwO1 scos, v. to be broken down in bodily strength or ability, by hard labor or severe punishment, cco oQ68cSoSi~ coscgcq8cr? (pron. ~eessq8?), n. a disease arising from flatulency. 6, 1J n. satin, ~oS6, a satin shawl, a&s8, a satin puhAo or waistcloth. 6003, n. a satin jacket, or coatee. azi, n. a strong kind of satin. k )8, n. a parasol or umbrella, whether made of satin or silk; fre. quently applied to umbrellas covered with cotton, or alpaca., 2, n. a playing card (coo, a diamond; USs, a club; 8&, a heart; <s, a spade; o00, an ace; crcosoc8s, a king or knave; cr coOsQ, a queen). 6cneos, v. to play cards, 6aoS; soSlcf03PSooS, rcss, cs8o8, sodo cis are gambling games played with cards. 8[s8, v. to cut cards. aSosc~j, adv. gaining and losing by turns, a8, n. a croupier at cards. ' ASE, v. to win at cards. ve, v. to shuffle cards; occooso4cs, to shuffle cards in the European style. ~oaS, v. to play cards, Beo8ln 82, v. to lose at cards. kro, v. to deal the cards. S8S8, n. a party playing at cards, a card-party. C8s), a. to introduce a card surreptitiously into a pack, 6oSSaEi6, 3j v. to go aside or away, to get out of the way, oa Se9g 80iS o B, gC9S, )8ps; eee odoS *Ij6~ (pron. @6 ), vo. to avoid, shun, osoopsEoootsco a8td

Page  692 692 4eps-caq CBcr o4@gC0EScMQ aq3a> sl goo) c8IC g, if you do not shun bad people, you will have to suffer much misery in the future. bopS6, v. to avoid, shun. 0aio8, v. to go away, either on business or from dissatisfaction, cq A, v. to break off, as a small piece from a larger, ise; to break with the hands, to crumble, as bread; to break off from others, take a different course; ~8lo1oaO o o 30g oo&cS(,8co~ ol, break off and bring me a branch or a leaf, of the tree with thorns on it;. oo9,ioood:coooalsc-Qojsqn 4, v. same, woou1 8cjcjo lcyqi a cf ou cooJ, n. the boom of a boat sail (rare). Goo,;, v. to be swollen; less than 6cpS; to be bloated, oS; to buoy up the body, as in swimming, C6j3o sq8o3O, qGcJCoo~:a8scag; to make one's self conspicuous, to attract notice, as a soldier defiantly offering himself as a mark to the enemy, a00oo8 cecPSE, v. to be bloated and swollen; gCS6 coo e ancoSzoi @c46~$ ooo aococo`o, they shall ascend the channel of the river, in golden vessels, with swelling white sails; said to be a prophecy foretelling the arrival of the British, in the upper waters of the Irrawaddy. coocs88, adv. in abundance, plentifully, o6ns}o~3. 65ooeoso colcd, v. to make a hole in or through, to perforate; to burst (trans.), cause to explode; to fire, as to discharge a gun, in order to empty the barrel; to fly off to another subject in conversation, colcS5 c8@ooo; to join intrusively in conversation; to change, ferment, oqScicc1oSoog, c~eS1co e~lcooSoe~; (trans.) to slake, as lime; to cause to sprout; to castrate; applied to horses and some other animals, gsiccoS; to change (intrans.) from good to bad; to break one's faith, c3ncS; not to abide by, as a decision, goS 13c9coqlC, (oSeoslo8Seo1C S; to make anew road, coscoocS; to punch court stamps, oorBca1S8to1SoogSc3; to break into a house or building, 6o3Sco1oSoa; sc8do~ohSccoSo, make a hole in this cocoanut; -oao:D} e:gco8E:c co~ed c 8~@~ooc, the prisoners broke jail and fled; coo9oocoosooco8C oe~

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Page  693 1col5cqs-8.s#6o 698!tjlcoGl, aa this person is so very much in the habit of break. ing his word, no one respects him. cGxo>8, c OOSB, Cbo5c&, xS, Co, W. to fall away, apostatize; c41oSG, when used with reference to a married wo. man, means that she has been guilty of adulterous intercourse, coS@8~ogoS gcoloSg 88; ccpo'lk'oSg; cdoSg~oo o@, a turncoat. 'lo'lc, v. to break, as an earthen vessel,,c~qecoloSgo; to break open a box, cooapodccoloSo; oo0s8~c oSqoo, to open (a sore); dcscol, to stave. cooSog8s, ^ to make a hole in or through, to perforate; to take the lead boldly and independently, commonly for the worse; cd6 (os~c~ooococsotSc~Bcol so.So8o, one makes holes in posts with chisel and mallet; ~dbclqscooo~cSbyoocc sColcg8I oco, amongst the five brothers, the youngest takes the lead;:ov sO~glow~oo oocScoldog~s~soo^, in this village this man takes the lead in being vicious. tcolc&ooe, see ~cxSo l, v. to exchange goods, trade. cOologns, see ccooaSooZ, n. a constant customer, whether for consumption or export. cola, see ~o:o~, n. a raft or float; a handsome boat for traveling, a royal barge. C1OSCoIS (i@), adv. expressive of the sound which it imitates, ecoos cOcSocCOOQOSQCeq? (colloq.), qcsIoOsw sogS soo8oeoo8soq co1Ss, 1, v. to rise, as a blister (scqjO18s), a bubble, or as fermented bread; to be bloated, inflated, blown up, as a bladder; oo: dcccs s88CO$oS<3S~1StCq, owing to this man's having burnt his hand, the skin is blistered. e olSuI, ~eq18is, oISsads, n. a kind of large pot, called also ~!qs, beciuse made at the village of iJn coISQ, v. same as co~l8s ColSsoqcS, v. to belly, as a sail. c~8es 88, C'6Ostco1 s i, adv. in a light, puffy state, as bread; swelling out, as clothes which are too large, soA~col$s CB QoQcSoootI ~c48s oS, v. to be bloated, 8s$si 6Soc 8l,4Soo, the fire-balloon being full of hot air is inflated;oo ceS~ol3so881ICOSooSdSo -c0oS`0, blow in this pig's bladder to inflate it.

Page  694 694 colS 2, n. a cornice or facing; applied to the ornamental work on the spires of pagodas, above the oD80oSooS; a hollow piece of brass, horn, or other substance used about the headstall of an ox, 83,ysco1)nS,, ~or coesimt*pSI 9lcq1s, coliSocs, n. varieties of cornice; comp. coqS,,l8st, 3, n. a species of reed. olsEa o-s, n. same; one kind of parrot, SoCStcol1 gcrIs, cS cOSlEooS, a. gray, applied to horses, i8,ooS oS, co18EooS, ~,qS,ooS~,,g4S (pron. goSo8) (Pali), n. tangibility, woa; "pottabban, being the power of feeling or sensibility; as when a garment is put on, the body is conscious of a sensation, either comfortable or unpleasant, according to the material of which it is made." M.B. coltgg (see cogg8, and ooQo), n. tangibility realized. col, v. to lighten, make light; to minimize the magnitude of a criminal offense, by suppressing evidence, or by chicanery, o0i c 6cqSoe; 0ooccoq. oo86nba5; to state or represent less strongly than the truth will bear, to understate, clc3o3; to tone down a statement. eol, 2, v. to float by an effort; n. a kind of cork-tree; the wood of the same; a buoy; c j'c4q*#co cqcgc&Scqc6 col3, n. cork, the wood, oiNjs8tcgtSoo (oilao, pith; ooc.o, sapwood; oos, the heartwood, of a tree). elo4x, v. to attach corks, as to a net, l)sacccBcYcSIc*Moo^B aoo,, n. an artificial flower, made of pith, offered at pagodas, or worn by women. eol ols, n. a bamboo lashed on either side of a boat, to keep it stiff. ~co]oq, n. a fillet of book muslin. The wearing of this fillet was compulsory on all natives entering the palace at Mandalay; when worn, the top-knot and crown of the head were exposed, cals colSiel7~c6lIS W3ou ce, S, s ee cC (from cal, to appiar), v. to produce, bringto light..o5,~ see ~c S6, w. to associate% keep company; not used Aingly. 8, 1,-. to be barren, without offspring, or without fruit; applied both to human beings and to trees; hence oq; 8JFI WO2, cooo000 830eg; comp. go... -

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Page  695 695 8, 2, see under ~oco; odoSio, to be out of breath, to pant feebly and faintly. 38 3 n. a bellows. ~ca8, v. to use a bellows at the cremation of a monarch, a pongyi, or a chief queen. qScs, v. to blow a bellows. hc'.@, n. a master blacksmith, 83O8s0Es; ofsbocp, ofsbo$sn A,,n. a fireplace; hence OaoS o, 8, s (pron. e8), cdIS)8, Sslu 8, a. or adv. square-built; applied to people, coo8~8~" -" 18,s (pron. 8so4), S8s8s (pron. 8s:8,S), adv. expressive of the sounds which they imitate, Assa4 6>oap 8s,s~. 'ts,, Aon 8cS (Pali oco), n. fruit, grain; profit, attainment; rewar4, 0ooos. There are four paths, an entrance into any one of which secures either immediately, or more remotely, the attainment of nirvana; viz. cQaooo o, oaoo'o18, oopolS, oooop:; each path is divided into two grades, the perception of the path, ~81q, u8, and its fruition or enjoyment, eoo, qcS6 PcSccoooS, n. the four grand attainments, c~ooooE:wcS, oomooa 0l88cS, oof^ol8jcS, and oocng83cS; see 934o0ove 2 (from A, to be thrown into), v. to throw into or upon; to fill up partially or entirely, as a pit., w. to plaster with some soft substance, oocojoko, Sod:nt03Sd^ goo&3; coQpayeSc3wasw^sl sib Sc ooQcooScooS6)p" 8o'S, n. the green barbet, qgclEc8Co8 qcoo, Sesoo8qop8, adv. disheveledly, loosely, disorderly, 8oaScsc8c6o8 88^(00CbOt3|)( C^OfoS30^B 88~Sg~SoSp, adv. same. %cS, v. to destroy; to oppose, to seek to turn another from a contemplated course; to counteract; to take down, as a scaffolding or house; to take to pieces, as a traveling table or bed; to cut up, as an ox, sheep, etc. df d8(, v. to destroy. dioSoS, v. to abolish. %fStoS, adv. expressive of the sound which it imitates, o$c~d5romoon g+|@8i(Qo?<aoSo~go ~e, 4S6c ~^dqrd(dyc~ ^as >du. ~,; n. a cotton cloth made by the Burmese; togqcaSitoo6cc7S, in allusion to the niggardly way in which Chulias clothe themselves.

Page  696 696 $8, 2, v. to be much, abundant (obs.); hence oo TES, adv. hard; applied to rain, qI 8S agBSCa ooan BS, 3, v. to clear, disencumber, disentangle, as a snarl of thread, laro 8SS8goS; to separate parties in a quarrel, q.SMwoQoS(gS ooS, oc ~Scodq~~SCSjf~c1co, these two men are quarrelling; please separate them. 8)crcr0o8s, v. to raffle; see oooseo8n 88, 1, v. to be unsubstantial, empty, void, useless, good for nothing, ooj]g; comp. cS; oSooie80~g800o-cpa s]88cS, v. same as (gson sc08ooxks, v. to be unproductive, barren, impotent, as a tree, plant; most frequently applied to the rice plant, o18sc$s~o8 soop, 0308 o8s(eSooo8S S, ie., they never live to maturity. <8s, 2, v. to hew off (useless parts), 0oo9s0 gn 088csg, v. same, ogcooY 5c8cSdo8c80qp98se cg|leoei~seSs (688a890163000SU s, 1, v. to sputter, crackle, snap, crepitate. SgS, adv. eirpressive of crepitation; hence, oorQcoCoof ocYS, sputteringly (in speech), o^eoc*sdcoosgccooaScoofSic@o13 F; %E, 2, v. to rub between the thumb and fingers; to squeeze between tSe thumb and fingers, cpc8S (:inooe; to compress the throat with fingers and thumb, to throttle, cogo8sscg~ 6ooSen os,8 1 (pron. "s8), n. a large open-mouthed pot used for cooking, ta88Bsqn 0 8, 2 (pron. a8), n. an enlargement of the abdomen, from dropsy or other causes; ~cO~ s:o, flatulent distention of the belly; cq(p0so, the dropsy; co8sO s9o, a kind of dropsy (arising from absence or stoppage of the menstrual discharge). <Bosa, v. to suffer from any enlargement of the abdomen. tgloJ(bI (pron.,8), adi. with irregular, violent starts of heat, oocapdj@S ~CSia (ai~e 8<Be <gsOtga3s; see e8S( |ll goS, v. to be quick in speech, fluent, c=e.goso~ o; to be incisive in conversation. cS9Sadv. quckl, q l rapidly, tcojside.oSo3o0 tosrC00oc si c8o goSiolc~s (from cas, to roll from side to side), v. to toss from side to

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Page  697 BScoeS-C(OOS69 697 side, from pain or heat; to be impatient to obtain an object of love or desire, oi )8o6 6t6aOST c, ogSSOgSoSrn~ caocoo5, v. to be fluent in speech, implying also knowledge and good sense, soocoo 9 saofoosioo>o8c)Scwt8o 3s080 woe, as the younger son is more fluent than the elder, his parents love him better. <F, 1, v. to separate (enemies), cOSogPs&jcdcp c coicgco&Il, Maung Tun and Maung Gawya are quarrelling; please part them. tgc8 (pron. c), v. to reconcile (enemies), oOscooocSoocpgiS coooS iC0 oSJ), reconcile these two persons, in order that they may not go to law. o (o8), 2, n. a kind of plant with a bulbous root, which is sometimes cooked for food. ts, l, v. to sprinkle, scatter a liquid,, q+s, 2, v. to flush through the body, as blood, air, or horripilation, g ccotsgc, Sc~cX>, cc8<g8; f8lw advv. (eooso sg, see g8, adv. quickly, o;ScqES A, n. an otter. tMC&8, n a beaver. <olocj, adverbial phrase, greedily, voraciously, like an otter, dolt XxCs08o3, sjol s:X<@lC8e5s tg, adv. an intensive to words of chewing; also applied to speech, dto, n. a mat. %(go6f fBoS, v. to spread out a mat. (l06oS, v. to weave a mat. Fc8S, v. to roll up a mat; n. a rolled-up mat, or a roll of mats. Dp,. to be in a fever. %PwrD, v. to intermit, as a fever. iPr, v. same as gps; n. a fever, pro}qolu sp, p810, v. to contract fever, as a malarial fever. vltJ I eeo ff, v. to' sprinkle, to scatter in fine particles. ltt, 2, se is, v. to be high and slender. C~ao 4.(from eacS, to disappear), v. to cause to be lost, to

Page  698 698 C(P8BoS-4648 obliterate, to destroy; to cause to disappear, as evidence, to burke a case, -ooS cqcy oSj3p; oco 0SdCocfC acSoOq1I cypaSrAs, QcpSoS, cpoSgs (rare), W. same, w cp8sC8cOScc st cr3Sc, v. same, o8goao1Qcd>jlo c lB dg)cmo5Cg w=foog oSo ocSa 4Jdl, pacify yourself, sir; there is not a single instance it which I have transgressed. cdoS, ~2 v. to scratch in order to allay itching, c,SoSop s cToc oS cqoSo71 c os89, n. the Pleiades or seved stars, (Goc; a kind of tree; Jee pc&s)8aS; Soc4 8c^(cfp8@isso3, the whole firmament is nothing else but the Pleiades; an expression made use of when there is not much room for choice (with a view to censure or punishment) between one person and a number of others. c<epS (from ccaSt, to be limber), v. to make limber, yielding. Der. 3S.E8 sI Ct38ea, v. to persuade, be persuasive, i3too3s, C.oC?, oecocO8 c~pSmyjc~ooq, persuade father by speaking to him, coor} 'So, 3c O~ i4oqoKlIc<jlp8<8W0^s C 8, it is not advisable to beat my young son; correct him by persuasion, great teacher. ca?, v. to be pale, faded, deficient in color; to look sickly, anaemic; oo o80 oXOo2 ^ooooooSc~ l8Soxo Boi 8Coonc~^illoocsp8GD?<g ctgooocoo?, adv. sickly, scooSo oooooSs~cooovoqoo?~OdUTawA has a sickly appearance. EcpaCYS FB?3O v. to conciliate, to settle, as a difficulty, cGgcj5bi cJ, 1 (from c~kS), v. to coax, pacify, appease; to divert, make happy, ca, ~c; oomCCo8c gSooe~, to lull a child to sleep, oSS8& cfa5c, a. same, cias@oDeC0 os sos^a8 g8cod5l^cwooooSsSe1cgs c~8ooo803, when my young brother got angry, I pacified him by buying him cakes, co~ooiqcc~5c~o7oSooou ctS, 2, v. to dilute, make thin; to dissolve by putting into water, 3 w~a> e d &f 88s8fiO S coocE<?ooS<6oo8 ~d;; 93 apcScc<a5C oSo. Der. oeGSB cgScff, adv. intensive,. 0 ldo ( gCs<5@(CO~c3oo i[aS, adv. profusely, as perspiration, csgi[8~SSogo coo oS'6t e g, ~8fSaSo~, Sa8Ogtaooe; also applied to words of buying and selling, on;Sda l S@S9:

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Page  699 699 sa, see (~8, v. to be full in flesh, fat, corpulent; to swell up, be heaping, convex. s6sss~ (~o"fen pron. &La lF l adv. with a crushing or rumbling noise, QVSINo803?&0DS01 4suag8 seO 0c0cfQ? js~jsc~ocgcQooS, adv. with a quick succession of light sounds. v, v. to be fine, gentle, as sound (infreq.), oo@n5 ad, adv. quickly, rapidly, eo9Soo6jg, S9c 888ojco)a^e~, they came to assist quickly; slightly, as in 8gg81,s a little sweet. CSo, see cc 4oS, adv. expressive of the sound it imitates. 8Sco, n. a Frenchman (sometimes pron. (SoS). i, 1, a corruption of gS&ES; much used in colloq., w.ocwQSql ~, 2 n. alffr, instrumental, by, by means of, azo~8e, o~BoS 03c i cJ6^S,w C%03cB~. g$, 1 v. to be, exist, have existence; to be, indicative of some quality; to become; to take effeet, be practicable, and in this sense, frequently used a qualifying verbal affix, 0Cooc3 ~o<qaI80~1, it is not practicale to write letters to-day, cgo~o<Il, Co83860o cT8; to possess capacity for doing anything, to be capable, coo? 3o;s*axo8<pooocg8B6oogd, cogo|o^3oi2, a very capable man; 8 is often omitted in conversation, o o.ol oc86q c, for coo: BS5)c8e&.SA; gcg6~@6,cC s ESy6 g ccoS; gSU&lg88oo ~S33b8;~<^cgSoSo6og~; g~SC%6@S~dkcoDC~i ooefwsOc'h s, let happen what may, I do not stir from this place. smoTooSaoje, ado. not well done, B8oDo< i~ O, 86c& B XoS COSK1000, g86CzX*Sajol~oIOg 86ogs,. to result, become prominent; see cOS; otscrtf:i86 C8gc8u<cxjoSdfl. a [~6&, "n. the manner or way of any person or thing, whether of being, behaving, happening, or occurring. ~Bs$0, v. to be enlarged, augmented, 8Sg8s1i8gt; to spread, ci 8g3~oopS; to happen, occur, arise, a a quarrel, lcSqFtoc S 002 @ F^e8 "0^868:01C&3' 8080gSg 0* OB^, <~e3o3aoo9 oo~g68adJloocb, woegg gasoo4 oOcjo~deg, there is a likelihood of this case occurring. $QOgCp, v. to beget, aceo, (rare). Q~& n. the regular course of things, o8oooz

Page  700 700oo Q6C^oS-8oSt 6c)oS, v. to be attained, accomplished, |S3:coeoo:S(8; to be consummated, as a scheme, business, etc., @8,~Q84C2SfiioSC c:E cc/poSowS, should he have commenced to form a scheme, so to speak, he is in the habit of carrying it through. 8S9oooSaoo~, adv. not well done; sme 89coooo js, 8E coigSs, BS~co68s, int. ah! alasl lackaday! SEco3, v. to become, come to be, ~o cQ3ogD0S0ScIscoo8oSa 8Scoodn gco'), v. to occur, happen, take place, 4.josxeo n $, 2, me S, v. to sputter, crackle, snap, crepitate. eS, v. to untie, loose, unroll, unfold; see c8" B^, v. to fill, make full, complete, B&Sc; to replenish, recruit; to recover one's strength, oo:s8 WOS, OOcso08sc0o~aS oS9008 s886cc8weO; to consign, as a criminal, to some department of labor, oVRa)0s8co8S8I8&30OB 8~ c8S, v. to supply a deficiency, coxda~o-) ocrQ0oocSr aoiE B g&~Ss, v. to discharge, fulfil; to gratify, as a passion, a.oc O~Soo6s, v. to be full and firm, as the flesh. BSgs (freq. pr. cfls), v. to be slow, gradual, moderate, ~c~80o, to be gentle, easy, pleasant, =oo:owo; hence oogCases, adv. in a slow, gradual manner; by and by; fipi&8pssol, go slowly. B@ t8S, v. same,.80stS(s(oaScX, st96soo; Bgs880oaB Os8 6selss, iadv. gently, moderately, 1388sOeIso1qu tol v. same as gS8t88, (infreq.). t~ sa.6' (pron. ~), adv. with a look or smile of disregard or contempt, B W88os; smirkingly, We gsay CB s80 o84n ~S1o0soo0 s (pron. d&c^), adv. same as eS8 aS0, oo^ ciggs 0S, v. to cut in two, to sever jlo break off, put a stop to;,o decide, ~oSoo 305< 4oy(s;.cTsgg~ coidoScdl, *o,2 gcB coiol 3 coigoS#J) Sog8, v. to fall acros, o;o8gS s8Cn o~e~ IoSos, v. to decide a suit, usually as an arbitrator, {cecvosoi B0oe, n. a piece out off, o0s,

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Page  701 6oS.0 8688-iS0 701 GoSoajoSgI, n. a frustum. oSov, n. a decision in writing: see 0oSoe; coSoclcS, to break one's faith, after eating 3caS o6asocS, n. a broad, flat chisel. pSoP? oSo, n.. a written decision in law. bo6cs, n. a precedent in law, aotom~ o scjsoSc,,, the decisions of Princess Thudammasari; a selection of precedents Qompiled from common and statute law; comp. oi8soS, common law, and oo8%5S, statute law. oSgcS, v. to break in pieces, or destroy by a separation of parts, o4*bcgo 8COOS 8o6cois, n. a short-ut, cross-cut; a road which crosses another, BoScoSsoscapS,; BoScoo&cq 6oS, to cut across. 6oSg2, n. a cross-cut saw. 8oSoo8, v. same as oS, implying censure; to cut away, as a thicket, in order to get through, IoPoScS i, v. to spread out, expand; to spread its wings, as a bird, coSagnoo,$3G~c; to step, extend the foot, walk (hanorifc), ~c0SooSB, oBCg eS3o5x4, applied to monarchs. Ai@, v. to scatter, spread abroad. S, av. to extend and raise the foot; in ordinary parlance, to walk, cEoi8i S co5 SelocQos ccpso'loqo, as a layman inviting a pongyi to come to his house; coaoASigcoovcen gaSs, v. to spread out, expand, as a mat or cloth, (igaGE 8, oooSBaSs; s6oeoooScr0~oso 8go8 s, to spread straw for horses to lie upon. ~ v, v. see the parts, ex>Q^g @ @PC 6igsiooo>c4oSo oit, v. to step, extend the foot, walk; see f8 @ 8s, v. see the parts; C ro6cg 8SCo8 COs Oso6 B o8s8 n BP@,, v. to step, extend the foot, walk, gS$slE 0 cs~dSg ~ ~&~coASieO; also applied to Buddhs, oSgOo3cp6800~coo $s8,j see (s, v. to sprinkle, scatter a liquid. 3$8, 2, see si, v. to flush through the body, as blood, air. B$, v. to be rapid, and accompanied with noise. co8, v. to cast (a shadow), ohe@s8, 3 h8oS8@S8q o oE C(oco.DSS owing to the large trees overshadowing them. the

Page  702 702 flower plants are still small; to be diffbsed, as rays of light, coS vo, v. to divide into several parts, be many, numerous, as the root of a tree; 9cntlSSooo cQocQO= OO3q S, coSo(.oca|30^ g3wScc =8o~J43v0)p, he divides the bamboo strips, in order to weave a mat; c^<^c8 g i83c s 6aSqc38 ^c S'oOSs~8, v. to persuade, use persuasive arts, be persuasive, conciliatory; to entice, seduce, QcvDS8(; t $8lI#pC BSc o aS sOltuooSsY0djoo; nrot oT cocas owoosisic i 88, v. to comb (the hair); to brush (cloth); to card (cotton or wool), oo oo socSOo4VIcsd-iciE* gsc c6Solu (Ssc8Fs, v. to brush and anoint, as the hair of the head, orSscxoco iS, n. the sand fly, o8ooo s 4go S8cs Sc2gjS oo8moocsco IoS,2, v. to loose, dislocate, derange; S6Sc^axco's o oSccuo1, unharness (lit. loose) the horse from the carriage.; oocococ&ooScgj. ooo ioS~ogSqd, I shall leave off work for about one month; oe~S6xf cfs08colv-s'c Scc o61cS oe~, I will come and repay you (the money) in the month of Kason, or Nayon, when I loose thesheads of the marionettes; Taco'C1snIcSc is an expression much used by marionette players, 9c~ c 6,qoSgo ooSx 0os dlyp; o<x/00~c<iO oo ScdcSJ ioSgaaS, v. to cause to come to an end, by a dissolution of parts. tijoS4, adv. instantly, suddenly, toSo+c, 4, S oSaocgqaosoSu iEt, or ijoS,m adv. same, oicQoto c ooE ci oS, adv. same; also expressive of the sound which it imitates, i6s (from is), v. to wear away, exhaust; to spend in vain, as money. cr8(s, w. same, o goScssc q O^^c giFs8o&xgOp l tfjto4 (freq. pron. ljso4), adw. expressive of the noise which it imitates, jso c*bo3, o top, bCB,ioe3~ o~*>a Sl(FIs (pron. @lt tl[), adv. expressive of the noise which it,imitates, isis,$, illoa8qo,, 8q^^osi8 s 88 =06:od)VC-B CO(03gSR8 I 838@(<X>& sflaiel (pron. ), Ri,, v. to be moderately sour, subacid, e3S 8; ~s~ 3 S 8e, r C6 j i

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Page  703 708 g, v. to be affectd, moved, shaken, changed, ruffled, agitated, disconcerted; used in the negaive only, with reference to disregard of another's animosity, dislike, oq,,c c tc (olovi, though you speak thus, I am not diuconcrted; cooecots i, 1, n. a porcupine, the Hy)trir cristta, Ggs6ca> said of persons who fear to encounter danger. Gsj, n. a porcupine quill i, 2, v. to be whiter with reference to the mind, to be pleased with, to be kindly disposed; opposed to &; used as a euphemism with reference to leprous persons, oocmccosv cQjiSUn v8S, v. to be white, clean, pure, *S(oS, c=B Ss, 03scO o oi, a person of guileless disposition. ogdo, v. to be very white, snow white; used adverbially in the colloquial, && B si6oOOS9 fi6Cja8c2 Boroio, a. whitish. B0, v. to be tall, slendr, and fair; commonly used adverbially, ut; only applied to human beings, oQBB u^.,ooS~c6S5, v. to be sallow in complexion; apSc.,otoomcxcotc iIgSjpgSi6IS~OD9X (Conog.). t&cdS;,B n. a kind of grass. 8s, 1 v. to sprinkle, scatter in fine particles, oopoS ccSBiQEs8:iooo.xDo s8d$o~c^, gl io$o8oocfoq, sprinkle this body with charcoal powder till the civil surgeon arrives; coo'os8scoooog, to come in puffs, as the wind. Ri, 2, v. to be high and slender, oa ogSococ ~leO i.cc[B &8so.s, v. same as ls, (rare); ued adverbially. cE (from co, to be loosed), v. to untie, loose, unroll, unfold; to answer (a question); to guess (a riddle), *oaosoooc; opposed to ces, to enquire; to appease, as the mind, 8oSIcp OPS; PoCSj nomccos co3a4oo~9ooCli oj2dic(6ooo c pTe6GjLo; to drive away ennui, 00oo8scc8aeg; to settle a difficulty or dispute, oc~ c~Q~Sag; a sd3o6FcP q, answer this question, please; to do away, to cancel, as sin, oo $cc:oX u c~;o9s, v. to refute (infreq.); to quiet, as the mind, oococnpcgSt c/JoS, v. see the parts; chiefly used with reference to soldiers ox 0

Page  704 rebeis destroying towns and levelling them to the ground; sgoS is a stronger expression; to disannul. e~, v. to settle (a quarrel). c Crpag, W. to clear away, Qcsg6 c~gg, v. to unfurl, Rgw& oc*+8d oSCImA X8)si, a. to cleanse, to pardon. ~c865, v. to forgive freely; to loose horses or domestic cattle (generally after being tied up), S8sc8~|oooOS ~ (from ~, to gape), v. to open, pull open, to make gape. Co, v. to parboil, cc c & o to c~3oco, adv. freely, plentifully, cql8c8o, o s;cgO>cg Og83 chocS, see c<oo, v. to scratch, in order to allay itching. e8ocs8<9, see ~caS89, n. the Pleiades or seven stars. c~bo'c:oo3, adv. expressive of the sound which it imitates, vqoSc~ nSotioTfpcgoolsgoo c8:ocd6ooS oy9>@ StcgoocgBo4S. c~o~, v. to be straight; to make straight; when applied to the mind, to be upright; to be true in aim, coc8go3; ooasco$ ~cgor gltc, cecoo osq rocsooo, this road is not straight, it is crooked; oo^^s8c~oo, o$o8c8co& cgo83s8, v. to be upright; to be straight, as a road; to lie straight, as a serpent, cB 85 ocog6O~88C f c~oSoo0s,- v. to be straight; to be rectilinear; applied also to the mind; g o cs s cg oo o; 8 S^oe so8 u cgoQB oS, v. to be upright, honest, gs, o00 80?g ooSoo cgo030os, v. to be straight; to make straight. cgcg55, see c(Sc(5, adv. intensive. [ (from [, to fall to pieces), v. to break down (trans.), demolish, destroy; to correct the chronology or calender, BRgi[, cMoo1o6, Gg8[, aog3p&@f; wo to[; oaS&, to aim at a hole, as in throwing for the first chance at play. [(goS, v. to overthrow; to demolish, annihilate; to raze to the grounds o6<Sco$8,sf8sQc0, [c~oq 1, the house is very close to the road; demolish it; i o8s;88o 1 beS8h8aqon a8, v. to be full in flesh, fat, corpulent, oo.,; to swell up, be heaping, convex; w>oo coq6 gOOP5 0>s8aso; CoglSOjO1 Oj 8OOgs.

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Page  705 705 this person has no waist; he is of a uniform breadth throughout. 8scooS, v. to swell up, be heaping, convex, oogo~. to sOaoopst tR,v. to be symmetrically rounded out, o &oG 8C8soog:] jgox~l sco, v. see the parts; o^ ^S@ oo 8tO 8s 86060c 6Xol t(s8ISjs8 i (often pron. I l 8, see qs8sRSst js) ad,. with a crushing or rumbling noise. AcS, v. to hide, secrete, conceal; see 9co; ~:ccF oSO 8 e gSooSa oo; in writing, 9S is used; ogj6^ odoos ggSoo8o0c8{pS &, So?~8 gps~o 8 gc8Co0o:o8C:gsoo8, I hear that you are secret. ing a thief in your village. 8 (from 8~, to be open), v. to open, 3oS, ooa)lsg, oSa8g, C o08 g~03) " G8OS, v. to open and expose to view; with co, to speak aloud, O8CS96@C 1 ~Oo8c3c8dQ8gC9So, OC)S.OBs0~s 6oOl; GOOoo00 80S, n. a species of guana; the water lizard. The Burmese consider it very unlucky to have this reptile come into the house; its arrival is a sure omen of poverty and misery; hence the saying, pgotSoSo oopS~c-ogSeo380, in describing a very poor person (108). 8oSeeg g, oSSog0t, g j8s, 8goS, n. varieties of the guana. goS8cp s8, n. the monitor crocodile, goS~8cqoE8sc28iB6a to dgoSS, n. a species of aquatic varan or monitor lizard, said to have a red head. t goSed so, n. a disease affecting the nose, 8oSc03o 8oSeCoqp, v. to be affected with such disease, goSd ocoiqofS, 8~Soc" ooS, gose8 u 88, v. to cleanse, make clean, e$ce, oSI8Ece; to clean rice by pounding, soogS, or clothes by beating, ooooSgS; to cleanse honey from bees, ao8s gS, or ants from the debris of their nests, g869coo~, v. to wash clothes by beating. g8cc(2, v. to wash clothes by scrubbing. go~, 1 n. Shan silver money, goScgn 8o5, 2, see oQo v, v. to be meet, suitable, fit, proper, comely, desireablT7 go5, 3 V. to be inadhesive, rac8; to be devoid of natural richness; t3 moB.DS.C5 8 8o Se; D. gS4.t B. D, 45,

Page  706 706 85, 4 int. expressive of dislike, disgust; pish! w cdCi tic86C6oSW ecsc siaS800io d; the Burmese usually spit when making use of this and other interjections expressive of disgust, c, 8n 3, v. to be fat, plump; applied to the young of animals, lcSo84OP "&s8, v. same; to be very plentiful, abundant; in combination with 9o08, and in an extended sense, to be beneficial, advantageous. oO, l v. to spread out into many minute parts, as the roots of a tree, or as a spray of water, q9os8 aoag; not as divergent and extended as Bo; SsgCS&3^scBcqxaosgj8Rc^l 8goao@, v. to be talkative; used in a continuative form; to be divided, or spread out into many minute parts, from violent contact, gcS Co~8cc 88 os8v^oSpo800, Q8ags6o:SS o8jooaS @B8ogo8 gooSc8e (pron. Jc8(j) (rare), v. same, imOp 8o$s 8Q<BOCxcx>oB v, E, v. to puff out of the mouth, aSoop; so8c8'o o go, a whiff of a cheroot; coo8c80ogno'cEoqo6'e, let me smoke a whiff of your cheroot, please; d oos~osc868s'$gs^30, he puffed at his cheroot, and with the light of it, looked at the thief. 8o8, 1 see cqs8, v. to bear, bring forth. 08s, 2, v. to be loose, not compact, ocroacoS; to be profuse, lavish, proigal, o0s8 go8tsS; comp. ccB0 8s; to have shaggy hair, as a dog, or other animal, meo88gSoscon g53o808, v. same; oSoo89)sOooSoosg>089oCg8COg)o83^n 83, 3, see q8s, v. to happen all at once; as in suddenly and repeatedly rising from under water. go08oo, see c38s86, n. a grandmother, oqcg8s (more elegant). g8sc oS (o8), n. a kind of tree. The bark of this tree is used medicinally with the bark of the ScaS6E s, and is said to be efficacious in cases of oicoon ~o c, n. a species of Calamus. A, int. expressive of dislike, disgust; pish! see c~, and go5n 6g, v. to seek, search for,, cg, g 1p, q6~" cg8, v. to be very white; used in adverbial forms as an intensive; i,, n. the husks or chaff of grain, ocS }, cq 32, cgS?!i }@68 (pron. 86s), n. the coarser part of the husks of grain, which is rubbed off in the mill.

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Page  707 707 n, n. the finer part which is separated from the grain by pounding, shaking, etc., bran.,}, v. to. be small, fine; implying many particles, ft; comp. coos; seldom used assertively, oSsB Soo, to drizzle; less than c~ocsc:ocS:googS; }~oc~dcx o;i this is an expression used with reference to the swarming manner in which mosquitoes and sand flies attack a person. Der. 3s; see ooeoosoo co1lSs, n. the Tavoy name for hog plum. A, v. to bind together, aiS, c~, es; to connect by some bond of union; to unite, connect, weave together, cosc1soS; to string together, one after another, socd, 8; to connect in verse or song, or in continuous discourse, 4so; to compose poetry, cojgooo~ 8,n. a harness.,as, v. to extol in song. seps, v. to bind together. o00S, v. to tie together, as the hands and feet. B, v. to connect in verse or song, or in continuous discourse, 8$c4 6jp68, v. to connect by some bond of union (cj4 more common).,coS, v. to associate (in numbers), aooScSoopS; n. one of a number given in dowry, on the marriage of a prince, 4ocScF), coac3S eSog; s8ee cocai sloS, v. see the parts; 9 oSdC cpSs, to sell in partnership with others; cocSg8sqr3o, to cross the arms. It is considered very disrespectful to sit before an official with the arms crossed; cooS oopcrpoo8o.oS eS, a term used in writings only. t C (q88), n. the white waistcloth worn by the King, as a badge of royalty; 46cocfcaS^j8oe, a Burmese euphemism for buying off an enemy. 0, the twenty-third consonant in the Burmese alphabet, and the third in the class of labials. idcSd, adv. incorrectly, roughly; eqo~ cjE, in a slovenly manner, OcoooreoS (pron. cofleoqdo), adv. headlong, hitting here and there without purpose, ecSooo:ojogoSc@ScovCO)9e; cr ooScQc3 Si

Page  708 708 71~8 i-earo0 fcs s.a plant, the sterna of which produce a substance similar to hemp, the Crotalaia juncea. e~a (&s), n. a string slightly twisted; pack thread. eb1oS (os)~s) a. the Bandat (Cocoanut Island). *1oSaq~sdg&, a. the Bandat cocoanut; smaller than the common kind. co~~,n. a small mongrel breed of dogs; from this is derived the figurative expression ejS which is the equivalent of the word moand is applied to persons of mixed races. Ioeorc4 (pron. ajooo), adv'. luckily, in the way of a lucky hit; opportunely, 9ojO~ oo~0~, said to be derived from a kind of carpenter's tool. eac9osooadv deceitfully, falsely; -gee oc8goc~eo; not uaed in vocn. the famous Burmese Commander-in-chief in the first Anglo. Burmese war, killed at Danubyu by the bursting of a shell; original name Maung Yit, native of Ngapayin, Lower Chindwin. *iscaS (oS), n. a kind of tree, the wood of which is used for mak.. igda scabbards, cooking ladles, and boat paddles. *sv,n. Bhamo, a city north of Mandalay. aqoej (pron. byq some eq&650o.), adyp. in atoms, e41&o6 eq3js (pron. 8is), adv. throughout, all over, cmoc8swO.q~o:s9jcoO eoce9*i8jo, a blockhead; o6)sSolseq ago (pron. 16), adv. crowdedly, OqcS (pron. eg), adv. confusedly, o~bs *egcec6Ss, adv. in aviolent, noisy manner, Soojsb& eqsoo~ v. to break in pieces; comp. qsm e~oadv.' in a silly, inane manner, 0~rqsovose8oooe~ 69itg~sadv. in disorder, j OJ8~SColadv. same as 03~809,8Iu e~cp~oqB. ee ~aoc&oocewS, adv. from emloo~c,, in a restless, meddlesome, —disorderly manner. as children.

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Page  709 oo-ocoeCC00 709 oD (Pali), n. strength, s8ools, cogSoo; Xooeco, strength of body; ec co, strength of intellect; ocogSoos(8t, 8cogSooot Q^COODsCoSHn oco8Go3, adv. in the way of open violence and robbery; usually preceded by 0oo0o8, ooosocoqmDG oa, oc;oodc iop ecoo'lo (Pali), n. a violent whirlpool, ocoo'ob oD. "Buddhists believe that it is situated just above the infernal regions, and that as ebullition in a rice cooking-pot is caused by the heat of the fire underneath it, so the boiling over, as it were, of this whirlpool, (thereby causing tides) is due to the heat of hell-fire below." T.K. ec8ceto (Pall), n. business; difficulty; combined with f 1, equivalent to oo,1 o<9CoSiq+c8g; chiefly used by pongyiS, ec8o ec8,seca (from ctsob), adv. confusedly, in a manner tending to puzzle and confound; alascm wed in a bad ese.,, osol& -sc86S ec, 1 (Eng.), n. a playing ball. Oc8OOe0, v. to play at ball; to play cricket, lawn tennis, or any game in which a ball is struck, OecoSm0:o8; isc80ost, to play polo, 68soc8IcS. eco3 (pron. 5), n. a stick used in playing baseball, cricket, etc., a bat. fec&coo3, n. a shuttlecock. ec8CScOSS, n. a battledoor; a raoket, a network bat, used in tennis. ec8, ln. any ball used in play. oc8, 2, n. a mosque, a Mohammedan place of worship, ec8cQoS, oc8it ec8soce, n. a Moolah or Mohammedan priest. ecaScfics6s6E, n. a minaret, oco8eoa3pe(6S*Ei *c, n. a bubble while rising in water; comp. cqcolusn t8cco, Acco, eooccs, v. to rise in bubbles. tcq8lo, v. same as eoo8co, cqso88cowgv c28aco, v. to be disturbed in mind, be in mental commotion, wo, ectscgO (from csccgs), ado. confusedly, mixed together; usually applied to language, pc-t 3eO ocseSo C~ *COOsO, eccOOc~, adv. idly, of no use; applied to language; applied to conduct, vagrantly; occo oeo la oocg3l e~o toc0030eTO3e0~ gO(^03^lC oO^OOO&t<^l

Page  710 710 *cweo.~moas, ni. idle gossip. *txxJ.S (not u-sed alone). Oco~g @cco&9?, v. to be in a confused, tumultuous state; adv.as the wind, o 00$u0sj c~S eem-As*v. same, attended with noise; Mut- used assertiv~ey. *e*go6:ec (from caSs to pour, and c&, to change), adv. chang, inl, ntadl;putting one thing for another', oeo-Se~~a~ *ooS (from *4~ and oc6),- a. a half, one half, i9%ocYooo~c)c-8 1i09~JQoofloi; to divide into two equal parts; *olfog (oS), ai. a species of Gendarwssa, sometimes planted for borderi in gardens. i0~1. pyrite. *c4Qcena~d, u. sulphuret of iron. 60446dll, i. iron pyrites. n0~j. s magnetic pyrites, pyrrhotite. 000je~ol,. yellow pyrites, fool's gold. *cxt (Pali), a. many, oot:su eyc6,a corruption of oncS, v'. to treat with deference, respect; to regard as weighty. OcxjqS (Pali 0,1, word), ri. the plural number:. a. uncertain, indefi.. mite, indeterminate 04*~ S,1 Oclpvit. much knowledge, experience, *30soo S~aOjcxx -3I 6t,. centre, ia~o o*oS;6cou to wat. to be in the centre, to be central. eq See oJ~qs6, n. the frame on which the od~~E~ was placed. tvesee u~g it. the great drum, of the palace at Mandalay. *-1c4 (o6), or eoio, as. almond, 0eom~&; this name ie also applied to the "country almond," the Terminalia catappa5 bI b. 03o. (Pall), ri. a fool, oqqo9, ojw (4;' co~oj& o~' co:(5 Mingala Sutra., the verse regarding foolish persons. 60C~pecQ,. a kind of military accoutrement, worn round the shoulders. *~9j(Palil s~) a. outer,- on the outside;- foreign, irrelevant,

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Page  711 711 OoJFq&oS, n. the planet Herschel or Uranus. eoc8.ecoo8, n. language irrelevant to the subject under discussion. ~oc86188, n. the outer path of the sun. 0oC8GPWoo+o, n. an object of one of the six senses; see under ooo 8o0 (Pali), n. the private parts, male or female, oo&loooS; the testicles in a male, Rq8ogo; the ovary in a female, W 8on 80o, adv. at all, {8, ooc28s; used in negative sentences, as 8c60 o8, he knows nothing at all (about the matter). 8oSo.8d (a corruption of SoScoS), v. to deny a charge, in toto, 0008 OO8P~8o5coo8dOOgSi 8, n. the small circle, co8c8ac8S (~), $c8oS; a dot; said to be derived from the legend of the 8b 9oQ si 88s (from 898, to be continuous), a. continuous; adv. wholly. 88c97, v. to plate, overlay with plate. 8ic8do, v. to deny (a charge) constantly. 8s8docep6S (pron. 8s~b), n. a swelling of the whole body. 8ooS (pron. 8oSS9) (Pali 800co0), n. a house, mansion; a temple, a building devoted to worship; the abode of a Brahma, a nat, a sylvan deity or dryad; the chamber of the sun and moon, c~8 o:, CoA8QO;:?8(6cfi8@08, 8o00q; OCO&3^8;aO, OSES 8goom5ji8, n. a captain of the temple. 803co (pron. Sg3o0) (Pali), n. a master workman, chief artist, architect, 8ocmcoooc; 8ocoocScoaoos, a master carpenter. 8ob (Pali 8cn, a seed), a. produced from seed sown; comp. o;oob; ~8cO, n. a measure of time equal to six pyans (s ). cs (oS), n. the fragrant Clerodendron. ~sS, n. the scarlet variety of the 9[su ToS, see oooS, n. the crow pheasant; the coucal. ToSc8~cepS (oocS), n. the color of the crow pheasant. ToSieo, n. the Kydia calycina, the saplings of which are very strong and pliant. g (Pali), n. a Buddh, a being who (according to the Buddhist Scriptures) for wisdom and virtue is unrivalled throughout the sekya system, and is the supreme object of veneration, both during his existence, and after his annihilation, until the appearance of another Buddh; oagO~o8po8cp8coo5Qcp3os (105).,

Page  712 712 T8ooo, n. Buddha Gaya, a locality in Magadha (Behar, India), famous for its Fcus religiosa, under which Gautama, the Buddh, was perfected. ga8:c84, v. to be guilty of irreverence to a Buddh. ~geoooo, n. a celebrated Brahmin who transcribed the Buddhist Scriptures into Talaing, from which they were ultimately transcribed into Burmese (106).,gacgoo, n. one who observes and maintains the teachings and doctrines of a Buddh. vao8, n. a history of the Buddhs. To80o, n. words uttered by a Buddh, oi0semo8,ncs S 8gl[cwo (o8), n. the Canna Indica, Indian shot, of which there are many varieties; rosary beads are made of the seeds of this plant. go~- 8,t n. the planet Mercury; the fourth day of the week, Wednesday, ~g8os, c8s; 8 sa 8 o'8ss, a male or female child born on a Wednesday. Oroloasjo, v. to begin (as a month) on Wednesday. 8'sg int. made use of by Burmese when surprised, or startled. Q8, J, n. a pump; Q8Sca, to raise water by means of a pump. s8cooScoc, n. a pump handle. 8s, 2, n. a coarse woollen cloth. <^6 (i),, n. the city of Bombay. QSogs868, n. betel nut imported from Bombay. jS<(s, n. a kind of putso made at Surat, Bombay Presidency. 06o>8qCft, n. a kind of leather. Sch (o8), 1, n. a tree, the fruit of which is cooked with curry. c?, 2, n. a fish trap. toc (oS), 3, n. a kind of creeper with a very pretty white flower. &, (Eng.), n. a mortar. 8soXS, n. a bombshell; an infernal machine. s8xs8, n. a bombardier. t's+, adv. with a dull, heavy thud, o${s[CQoa3o, oo0s8o8(g co, n. an induration in the viscera, in consequence of fever, cooks. The leaf of the 8s.0o8 (mulberry tree), eaten with curry, is said to be beneficial in reducing such indurations. YccxS, cat, cco, v. to have such an induration. eror, w. to be reduced in sie or to auide, as such induration. <SOe: 0;0 kC ^[ sy, (tg4) 3WS Ck CID4.= r <. ^4* eA~ [^1 9r9^^. k^ ic sht^^w w; CN ^iA4 oS-^l\

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Page  713 718 coSo (Pali coco)), n. the Vedas, in three books, viz., oo (Saman), Oc( (Rig), and q o01 (Yajur); a fourth, 9oo90 (Atharva i was lost, oogoS8c ooS. According to some Burmese authorities, this book was burned, as containing knowledge which would have been too dangerous for human beings to possess, such as a knowledge of the exact time of ary person's death, and of many other things not now revealed to man. Buddhists are of the opinion that had this book not been destroyed, Buddhism could not have existed; mathematics (107). ~eseo8, n. the collective books of the Vedas.: 9o8@, v. to observe a horoscope, as an astrologer. co9socp, n. an astrologer, a fortune teller. ~osc8oS, v. to make astrological calculations, to cast a horoscope; ~oqoS9~cgcS, to claw the posts or walls of a house, a bedstead, curtain, etc., in a rampant position, as a cat. esEc98, v. to ask concerning one's horoscope. ceqsqc, v. to be correctly cast, as a horoscope. cooS~coO, v. to declare a horoscope. ceocS (oS), 1, n. a kind of plant, generally found on cultivated land after the paddy has been cut, and when the ground is dry; said to derive its name from the fact that its seed makes a crackling sound when pressed between the fingers, ~oO:Oe~o: >sSooop cooxS, 2, n. dandruff, coaoScoao, calEsOsqOcSagoCo&oYgjcoS CJ; QoS(edoSoD ~c0 co6oS, v. to free human hair from dandruff. tceocS4a (from colcS, to come through or out), adv. of a sudden. with a jerk, 88s4tco:cSoaaXnu c0oS:(ac, n. a kind of official cap, coa[o~cmo,8~0u coxcs688 (oS), n. a kind of tree, also called by Burmese doctors, clgsuo8, and +y8o6o ceooSeco:oS (oS), n. a kind of tree. xooaSols, n. a kind of bamboo. tc &:8odS 0iB scooS, adv. up and down; applied to the gait in walking, C^TO30?dBtC@:<^SooS —3GodXg, ~S( CZ3oS^(TOC dlXo ddSc ogOgS~ c~OoScS, a. or adv. dashing from side to side, as water; swaying from side to side, rolling about, unsteady; reckles, inconsiderate; ecd8@s CCvodoSCr, Sao 80oav. Same s ooe 3e cifo8acoSvc o6S, adv. same as ~03oeS~cr

Page  714 714 ceoOSa, adv. indicative of the noise which it imitates, coouo ceoSEcxc (pron. qo8), n. a kind of bird, the water cock. The ceoS cc9d frequents paddy fields before the paddy is reaped. c~ocooS, adv. indicative of the noise which it imitates, caqposc2 sxonoo^ool is0cEeoQ6eo3c>ScoSCas %ooaweo u ~eo;8, n. a kind of cap, a badge of rank, oSswoos ojsoSuoseoo8os oo~ceo;s; cooSooS, to wear such a cap. CeoSsceocE, n. same; a. oblong; applied to fruit which, though usually round, is sometimes oblong, oop si]Sosoo88opooooli o:DSsceocj; usually applied to the fruit of the;8s, cos, qI G[8, 8B, but more particularly to the fruit of the 8s, as there are two kinds, one which bears a round, and the other an oblong, fruit, C8sceoS eoo S coSscoS, v. to be more than full, heaping, ready to run over, quSs858 go Sg6QoooQS I odoe0) I9 CCO-Scojeco3o, 40db96018 Qo0Sscoiceooe, ooscbocovgcosOcouii ceo8 (o0), n. the species of tree under which a Buddh is perfected; in the case of Gautama, the icus religiosa, c~S~ go (108). ceo8oaoS (Pali ceo8oo83 o), n. a Bodhisat, a being who will in due course become a Buddh (Oc6psccooSs) (109). cc~ScQ? (from oocRP, and coGJ), adv. in a vain, idle, affectedly polite manner; comp. ocoxt; Oc 8Cosc0ScoSc(5 oc? ooe~:PSI oon ctSep (Eng.), n. a buoy, ceo, ceQ$pOcocnd i@ooc ooccoxo7 jgt2Scw~oSooSc83o, steam to the east of the buoy; if you steam to the west of it you will run on the sandbank. Co56so8, n. a ball for playing cricket, football, etc. ceocs80o, v. to kick a football. 88, n. cotton made up in rolls for spinning. 8SCS, v. to spin cotton, 8S8qc5S8S 8S8c@ecS800n Ssco*oo, n. same as i8s; a kind of tree. 08c8C89o, n. the stick on which 8t is made; a kind of tree. gso0, v. to spin cotton, 8SscSo t880:3, 1, n. a kind of bird, which is considered unlucky. 88o~ 2, n. a light, wanton woman; used as an Oppellative of reproach..80y v,. n. same, a term of reproach.

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Page  715 715 cS6, l(Pali oco), n. force, military force, soldiers, troops, 4eaik; a commander of a regiment, colonel; a military officer. P6cozS, n. the wife of a military officer; in a secondary 8ense, the mistress of a European. coSo=5S, n. a semi-contemptuous term applied to the cast-off mistress of a European. ~cS(8s, sC6cS]5, ^ js,- n. a general, commander-in-chief. ^ RcS, JcSo), n. military forces, troops,.4oanSg~oqS cSs9s8oS, n. the snipe. cSevosb, n. French peas. c6S6, n. a marquee; a dak bungalow. /to^-.A/ cSoa, QcocSwS, 6 c6oStcSoo, n. same as qcSSfl S^coooS, n. a subaltern. c6ocMcosu cS gso8o s, n. the Minister of War. cgSY, v. lit. to receive the gaze of the military officers. "In the afternoon there is another informal audience termed 8d6B0, because military officers are then admitted with the Adwin Wuns to see the King." Pikcher. lcS, 2, n. rules in astrology, of which there are six, as jcSocS, AcS igs, c6@coo53~ vfmeoo~, or geo: (Pali Tc~q, a tiger, and eqoo, a deed, practice), v. to retrograde, as the heavenly bodies; comp. csojti $8ov, see (6 cjts, a. stupid, thick-headed; very thick and coarse, as cloth Te$SS, see tS$S, n. a low tree, bearing a red, sour fruit. TSa (Pali ), n. a consonant, p4i 8o s8eog00o3, n. a kind of hermaphrodite. I9, 1, n. a flat, wooden dish, platter, tray, trencher. 89goS, n. a wooden bowl, coozScoaco zjooa ezsijgoSa IGc~sc6pS8, v. to expose edibles (chiefly fish and vegetables) for sale on a tray. S6,f 2, n. a flat piece of bamboo used for throwing small stones, tya 1g8oS (Pali o1lkqoo), n. a divine communication of any kind; frequently a prophetical intimation; by courtesy applied to kings, as in replying to a king it is oustomary to. say, 8ocoo5(6oo 4Sgco1Q"::..

Page  716 716 v-98066416 po8o3S, v. to crave a divine communication of a Buddh, as to the time when the suppliant himself (a Bodhisat) shall become a Buddh. P}8oScoozs, a. to utter a divine communication. A8o0Sos, v. to give utterance to a divine, prophetical intimation, T8oS(3, v. to make a display of any divine or kingly attribute. 9oaS6[, v. to receive a divine communication from a Buddh, as a Bodhisat, intimating the time when the latter will become a Buddh; to receive any divine communication. Tpol (Pali Ta6ol), n. anxiety, trouble, 8it5qE8s, 8ioSyoo8, Tool 6qososgS, a8s6<ooocaogo6l6, c6o^^gooLq, Cg+cooS8oc&dg Ado o PocoS ~ sooS, l swotn>Cooac8lSoo toSoxofn r 6olso (pron. &), n. forelocks worn by young women; sometimes called co08cTI6n etouol&, v. to wear forelocks or curls, TaOdloolusa6 {bol~oo, v. same; to distribute such curls over the back of the head. gou0~8, n. same as go)6, co33om8s, jpJ8sCOwSo, oqco088cOO6cx:)o8:oulc~ooo, n. worry and anxiety. ~occooS, adv. hurriedly, confusedly; anxiously, in a sad, distressed, perplexed manner; j~ccoo8:oo8Vuae~, C9os e8l0S occooSs 93o8l92csy0v+ ^9033^ pc~E, adv. same, ~ooro p8 coo8Souoen iomo, n. a book on military tactics, e>,8cg[ocxq8s, oqacyno gal8 (oS), n. a kind of tree growing to the height of forty feet, bearing yellow flowers four inches in diameter. swp, see co, n. a kind of drum used at a lSG i, and at funerals. cpoa3d8, see c8Aq~s,, n. a cracker, squib, 8sdsH cpoaS) g, see c ro oS4o g, v. to crack, emit a sharp, sudden sound. cocso4s, see cooS4os, adv. with confused sounds, in confusion.:cso+oos, ase 'oooo(s, n. a squib so prepared as to make a suoe cession of reports. oiaSpcca see c~oascBoS,, adv. cracklingly. cTgSso+S, adv. tumultuously, otSloqtsi cgt1sci nS, adv. indicative of the sound which it imitates, ~cXS1 ji~s, eae e.t, n. the pond heron.

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Page  717 8cwoQS-glfr c8* 717 fStcoovoa, n. the brown paddy bird. is8co=S, n. a kind of drum, chiefly used at the funerals of persons of rank. i8j, n. a kind of speckled heron, e[8saoS, a8s8 (Pali ocomo). Esli, n. the white heron or paddy bird. goS, see cBO, n. breadth, width; applied to hard surfaces. goScoS, adv. indicative of the sounds which it imitates, c89GScoS go608s03Sgos@ge0OU i (Eng.), n. brandy. ggeqoo, Qc~8 oOCp; (Pali gce, excellent, and a., to perform), n. a cardinal virtue, of which there are four kinds, viz., cwgo, kindly affection; cMoac:o, kindly regard; cSoo:, benevolence; epo:o, freedom from all kinds of desire (110). 0qcc, n. a Brahmin, qggos oqg8o:cq, n. same as gqeeqoco 6o83 (Pali), n. a Brahma, a being superior to men and nats, inhabiting the higher celestial regions (8q3wcoco) (111). 6oaq@S or -, n. the abode of Brahmas, the superior celestial regions, of which there are twenty stages or stories (comp. goS R 2), sixteen of which are material (aoo), and four are immaterial or invisible (oao:~); they are named as follows; Qegoqlqogp, g0cgOspcT08o03, 0d0 q3, Ogg930O0, 0080M3C0oD, 000 0MTGp 00, o ap00o0, ao oc xo oo, Cc, a 00~c6, 9i0o.: 03 Oup3VCI3iQ, Qj~O3~$, QO(YLCS, WOOF, 3oS, o00wo0, 00o38o (or oooa8), o9:3OO, Qojoc3, oo~o (or oofg$ii), mOo oo 8ego ~oo oo8< 6egD ooo, and c~oooeoeoo oooo (112). (s8 (from 8,a, to be flat), a. flatwi, foscroS; go, (or 8o' coS) ot, gos (or:ot1cS) 8, to pave with bricks flatwise. io80So, v. see the parts; a oooS, to beat out gold leaf. Oass (from gt, to be flat, and 8s, to flow), adv. spreadingly, overwhelmingly; irregularly, here a little and there a little, like a crazy person's talk, oco8oss8won oln KossQ8gsfo8, adv. same as Bosis8,8o2~4, v. see the parts8 g8o-o8:@SogO(O3n SCIqSoo0s, V. to place flatwise. t&P (Pali, a scorpion), n. Scorpio, the eighth sign of the zodiac, l'8tcg8, n. a kind of grass, gltscfgsgso

Page  718 718, W. a Peguan title. t, n. a Peguan title. t:O, adv. an intensiew, in various connections; used colloquially, ~68~ swoe S8@8aoCOP CcoS^S, oo9ogo8o9gs6CX ~bS, adw. entirely; as in the phrase ~eSSooog; g 6eS more often used, x>c o ooo r cepocog803gSa @ S (pron. 8c-S), n. an outer building attached to the palace, occupied by the Adwin Wuns and their writers. "The word bye. daik is, it is believed, of Talaing or Mun (g s) origin, and means, bachelors' chamber." Pilcher. e8ojs:oo (sometimes pron. with an 'r' sound), adv. flounderingly; tumultuously; So0cSp<9oo03~ c@ oS8 g8 9^, o4c^8~s e6o88s=ocooaS, adv. same as c6oS8aoia go, see 8go, n. a swell of water which rises and breaks; a mud puddle. RgcSqs (ou), n. a kind of medicinal plant, the root of which is said to be beneficial in cases of snake-bite. goaS, see ooaS4, adv. indicative of the sound which it imitates. oS, 1, n. a species of bulbul. aOSocx8S5, oS,8 og, SC08, o., S, goSol, n. varieties of the bulbuL goS, 2 (Eng.), n. a boot, goS-cSn go8s8, see Fo5es, n. a wide-mouthed water jug. co, the twenty-fourth consonant in the Burmese alphabet, and the fourth in the class of labials. c3 (an abbrev. of woo), n. a father, occ0,00m00os8 co~oo (pron. *.oo), n. a father. C-o~s, n. a father's elder brother; a mother's elder sister's husband; elderly men are often respectfully addressed as co8s, )os(OOS C88so1 caewcb coo8 (pron. oes), n. same as cocoos ocog8, n. a father's younger brother; a mother's younger sister's husband; a step-father, usually pronounced ocog8s 0n8, n. parents. oods (pron. oodcSdsE), n. an orphan, bereaved of its father. 03x, 1 (see under oocOS), n. a side, corresponding part; side, party.

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Page  719 cooS-cO8 719 aooS, j adv. even, sightly emphatic (collog.); equivalent to oS, and oa, (infreq.). cooS, 3, v. to embrace, hug, without taking up in the arms; comp. QoS, and c.,g to form corresponding parts in union, to match; to unite, associates not used inygly; f]88cooS, co6188o6S; hence ooooS; OcoSo~, 8cooS64, to be matchless, incomparable; coo5 o~; Socco~iwg Bo Swjl oc6 o'locov, my little son, when he saw me, hugged me and cried; woI 6SBcooSoO o oS~cD~c~sgo~oo'as0, I have made a vow that I will not drink intoxicating liquor, even though I should be required to take it with medicine. cnoc8sqccooSs, adv. conjointly, in partnership, in fellowship. oocS~S, v. to act in concert or partnership by associating in business, colSsocS; to abet an offense; ~si3:t s8~scoSie8 ecSso(o(~o, U Nyun and U Po U have entered into partnership, and are trading. cocyd, v. to be well matched, as a pair of horses or bullocks. cocSoog, v. to associate with, in some business or mission; to associate with and employ another, in the performance of some business. oob, v. to be spoiled, as a set of crockery, ornaments, etc., by loss or breakage of one of the set. cocoScq, coCSS, v. see the parts. mooSw(Ss, v. to embrace, hug, oOcSOOfs8JS8O), o aSIcs 2OO, coa9ge~, v. to engage in rivalry. ccS)ooe8 (sometimes written CooS&cooo), adv. embracingly. t ooSomom9, n. a species of F-us. oDcgscc2S, n. a species of cordage plants, the Paritium macrophyllum. o81,.1 n. ordure, oe8S co8:S8oS (ck[), n. a class of inferior hells. 8,.2 n. an ancestor of the'fifth degree; oids,8cos8,c'no8; see 0o8o O8,J., n. pewter, 30j; a word used mostly by alchemists, coBSou coS, n. a tumor in the groin, a bubo, 0o8~u ocqos~, n. the principal tendon in the groin. o8coloS, v. to have a tumor in the groin. coS, j n. the Nauclea rotundifolia, a leaf-shedding tree the wood of which is close grained and rather heavy, and of a pale yellow or brown color.

Page  720 c8o, 2, n. a kind of plant which takes root on the leaves of certain trees. 0Scnc0, (Pali aoS, destruction, and 8gqTcio, a mental exercise), n. the termination of thought, 8MicrS(c8s; see under 8cr0acwm oDS)cS, n. a Bengali. 08lc80ooQ`, n. a kind of jacket worn by women, orolcSn cost, n. hemp, ganja, cao~scacS; 0oSscCjS, tow. cogcr (pron. eo1) (Pali), n. treasure, goods laid up; oqo coS, government property, Co;:cooOSSu?:)poCoqron, n. same as onoou ao[oeos (pron. oelo:os), n. that which is given in compensation, 3oc0:oq]c 6S, damage for trespass on property. co3:o08oiS, v. to make compensation. cocpo0o3808, v. to give in consideration of losses incurred. aopo8 (pron. oo'8}), n. the keeper of a treasury, a treasurer; the Burmese sometimes politely address, or speak of, the head servant of a respectable European, as oV:)O8u cofoCqcS, n. a treasury, cgacSii o~aocdSc, v. to pass to government as unclaimed, or forfeited property, oQSgSoco l8 = iCi4=S 86S3o8ol(88@8 5o88co6ood, the property being without an owner and unclaimed, the king took possession of it. ooS, 1 (Pali c @), n. cooked rice, ooo8s (not colloq.). cooS, 2 v. to read audibly. oooSeo, n. verse, poetry, as distinguished from prose (mcot8ao). COo80g, v. same as cooSn coS, 3, v. to interpret, explain (a dream, omen, etc.), S3BoF88oS 0o0oS3S, cicOcnoSo, coCpooo, aSco ^C oss o0gmcS (Pali) (from oog, excellent, and mc8, a period), n. a grand revolution or period of time, which is distinguished by five Buddhs in succession; see under Tgn oOcr*oS*p, n. same. "The kalpa (cpo) in which we now live is called Maha Bhadra. In the ages that were concluded twenty asankya-kaplakshas previous to this kalpa, there was not, for the space of a kap-asankya, any supreme Buddh." This long period of remediless ignorance was succeeded by the Maha Bhadra kalpa in which five Buddhs were to appear, viz., Kekkuthan (coro31W), Gaunagon (eolqct:f), Katthapa (aoooo), Gautama (colooo), and Maitri ( ~cqcQoS)S.

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Page  721 o!cci) -7]oSd 721 oSicogs, n. the Careya arborea. The leaves of this tree are used for making the outer covering of Burmese cheroots, coosCOc86 (oso8c8ooS). The bark of this tree is used for poisoning fish. nos8, verb. formative; see Gram. sec. 125, 4th. coas, J n. a shallow, flat-bottomed basket, made of woven bamboo strips; comp. aoo; oosfs, co38sccOsii o)cs, 2 n. a sample, specimen. co+son8, oSs8, v. to exhibit, as a specimen or sample. mosgas, v. to fail in the exhibition of a specimen or sample. on8,?, n. blind, puzzling language, osacms; slang, e.g., cc~ o3 for go$o os6co:o; ob for ojas; o~ for owa; pScoo for qct5c So=6; cooos for,8eo811 008s, v. to try to catch, to catch; to arrest (a criminal); to seize, to catch, as a ball, 0oc8cssa8e Sso83 S; b cs oo:sBto8OSsqcwoooS tc8:oo, he went to Pegu in order to arrest dacoits, ogSoo~5s ojs8cosC8O 6S o'1880., I have succeeded in catching four thieves. OSE0o8, v. to seize on, possess, as a spirit; comp. fOIsu co&sa8s (pron. &), v. to apprehend, arrest, osa&Ssjpe, oSu oos4B, v. to catch at, grasp at. MS8sc8s, v. to detain in custody, either temporarily, or for the purpose of accused being ultimately tried. coSs3, v. to catch, seize hold of; to succeed in arresting (a criminal). 0nsor8, v. to take by catching; see the parts. cod, 1, n. the left side, cocb; opposed to ED# coo6S go8, adv. on the right and left, cooB8f;o8~o~a:e, Mdeo..~ogiS, adv. from side to side, ooac 8soooS 8eoaEo:j@j 3CcqWQcyaSjSog8s, CDOcB3oSs38o SaoS&Og,5n O:X l;o, v. to be left-handed. odo, 2, pron a. an abbrev. of ooodA; in coryunction with c, pron. bOy oocfao:, ron. same (provncial). =o?86[, pron. a. how many? aco4fo5, adv. how? comp. ojou, coSccoocs, pron. a. how much? codoo8s (from ooaxS, and dos), pron. a. which (thing)? coSodS (colloq.). iouS oooeq~, pron. a. of what sort? adv..how? see ooooScn B.D. 46.

Page  722 78822 ooo (Pali), n. fear, cciaSStSB:oocwo8, n. a drug, an ingredient used in compounding medicines; mineral and vegetable drugs. cOOcass8S, n. a chemist's store or shop. COO~COOS Cooa% oji, n. a chemist. craooS, n. ornaments for the neck, flat and round, strung as beads. coooca, v. to suspend such an ornament from the neck. oocoo8s, n. wax; tokcoe6:o8, wax made of honeycomb which the bees have abandoned without sucking the honey. O0COO)EsaCS, n. ointment, salve, CocooSQ8;s 00ooo:SsE s (pron. c(8s), n. the refuse which remains in purifying wax, xo ossi o gcr8e OocQ8fl WoQocg8s, n. beeswax tax. oe~o03Ese8, n. ointment, salve, owCooE stgcSn OC~0OOSsoS, n. a candle. ooo8scr8oSq, v. to make candles by twisting. ~CO8w8osc0 8, n. a candlestick; one kind of 8sqa 06cD8sCs8C,, v. to mold candles. Oaooo:8s8oS, n. a climbing shrub bearing yellow flowers, the Allarnanda cathartica. ocOEOSSavse, n. tarpaulin; oilcloth; oilskin; rubber cloth. o SvSst,, In. a wax model of an image of a Buddh, or of a bowl. cno (Pali), n. a state of existence, of which there are three divisions, Core)co, loooo, and ijMocoo; see under d>; a past, present, or future state of existence. The regions in each sakwala (OS oso) are divided into three sections, viz. Kama (co:o), the region in which there is form and sensuous gratification; rupa (fo), the region in which there is form without sensuous gratification; arupa (oaio), the region in which there is neither form nor sensuous gratification but a state of unconsciousness; so o o oeooooocaoo cS, during (past) successive existences; ooc83oSoo, past existence, oq'oVcoo; og[8coo, the present existence, tocm coo; ooaooSovo, future existence, futurity, owcOcOou oOoocoiv, n. a craving for existence; "signifies the pertinacious loves of existence, induced by the supposition that transmigratory existence is not only eternal, but felicitous and desirable; wibhawatanha is the love of the present life, under the notion that exist

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Page  723 723 ence will cease therewith, and that there i to be no future state." M. B. cooedoc l, v to change one's state of existence, to dhi, cocvSooo 0o35S, n. a king, monarch. cooE (Pali ooo,and ool ), n. the stamina or substratum of the mind, the mind divested of thought, or existing under a suspension of the train of thought, in consequence of having come to a conclusion, cooSCCo, CoooSo coo~rq, v. to be settled in opinion,:copoR; to be in a trance. cooSceo, v. to have the mind intently fixed upon, 80oSeo Coo8oS, v. to cease, as a trance. co008, v. to be in a trance, coo:os MnoW:op, adv. instantly. 0oSooS, v. to be agitated, as the mind. cooS (Pali oc8lq), n. the summit of a sekya system, or of the universe, sao30o cooiaoS8oo88n cools, n. the palm of the hand, or sole of the foot; a.foot, twelve inches; a foot-length; comp. 8ozon coolso0, n. a faithful attendant, cocodSol8cY, ~cnoodlKY, cOolso018c, adv. following, treading in another's footsteps. no018soeo (pron. egas), v. to place one foot before the other in measuring distance by the sole of the foot; coolssaoe c ossSs~ o co3n (freq. pron. ax), ron. a. a contraction of coScov, what thing? what? coo is almost obsolete in ordinary colloquial, ccoc@ o covo (Pali), n. being; used chiefly in comp.; of various applications; see TS o0300, tsoxjo8 o. cyoo 89oooco8 Seooog, woSskooocoo 000O;ScgC03go, O:cdc88sCOO oewn CO &; ScoSs s COO8 30 cckci, to file a petition in forma pauperis. cooo (Pali), n. short sentences for repetition, of which there are forty; shorter than cng9Os; "bhawana, the meditative rite;" C0302p88s800se, Co3gsO38COOOo88j3l@u8 cooo,. (Pali), n. language, ecmos; mode of practice, customary way; ooCo&s, aos, 8s; a particular system of faith and worship. o033ooocoS, adv. of one's own will and way, ooqc; according to one's practice. custom.

Page  724 oOO:ooodgos, w. to adhere to a particular creed, cQo 8800oo6oooo~W oc0oc8ds&, n. a mode of practice, custom, way. cooo3ost, v. to be diverse in custom or creed. cooaoxool, adv. of one's own will and way, oocqcn oCoomo888, v. to initiate or introduce into any particular religion, o xOoSo coOeO3 S0, GlOoo oooo 9s8sS C0003, 2, adv. of one's own accord, co3ipScp:s, c'rosos:wcoooS cgll owas'v3w(sc oII CXoc8o3COO=, adv. in an indefinite, unsettled manner, uogogp; unrestrained, according to one's own will, o, o axooS c, CooaScoEs togofcB(SoA iaSl~vOO3WOf 0130g~ co8s, n. a frog; a small piece of wood nailed to a post, or side of a house, a cleat. COoscooS, v. to croak, as a frog. oos8is (pron. Coo8s), n. a species of frog; eaten by the Burmese. coone, n. frog's spawn. The Burmese have a deeply rooted belief that horses die, if they eat grass on which frog's spawn has been deposited; some allege that it produces cooSscco (glanders), some, that it causes aoS~o (*urra). coose oao, v. to be mildewed. coos8SF s (pron. c<Ss), n. a species of frog, resembling the seed of the jgp8s creeper. o'ascOcS (pron. ocooS), n. a species of frog. c0o8Cs8 (pron. co~6), n. a species of frog. CoOsol18e8s (pron. o~ISoi8s), n. a long kind of frog (edible). coJ86o1SoS (pronm oe018SoS), adv. (sticks) piled up in a square, oo80) (pron. Coo), n. a small species of frog that lives on trees; lit. the flying frog. oS:)SjS (pron. 00S19), n. a toad; the spawn of the toad when eaten by a dog is said to produce madness. COrOsa;oSsaSs, n. a kind of medicinal plant, o 8gseo1dn oo8scogc (pron. coco8)), n. the short-necked frog. cosccooSs (pron. COCCOos), n. a tadpole, or young frog. co8soS, n. a small piece of wood, nailed to a post, or to the side of a house, a cleat. o80socoOEc, n. a door button. 8, 1, n. the father of a great-grandfather: see 9scg

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Page  725 7" i3, n. the mother of a great-grandfather; se ejoa c8,, verb. afflz euphonic, mostly used be/ore the assertive affix oUe, abbrev. to o in connection with the noun a*fai?c, as Opt c3ooc8, like as he went; also before the closing affi E8s, is which case it is rather intensive; see Gram. sec. 118; ot&oSc28a cgdcqs8c fi6, w~c@vS!l95, cc8ko3?, iacgcqCd, ~2C4Sc, Ao; oloqcoooa0S, cmgoqo^3ogp~; formerly used in lieu of co?, e.g., coulB, for.eool3coo, o o9z3, for dolcosC; appears to have in some instances the force of an imperative, in other of an intensive. d3, 3 (from 8, to crush), n. a trap in which a plank falls and crushes the animal. d6cooo8, v. to set a trap, &cB3o1c8 0 oS n S3ij1 (Pali), n. a priest of Buddh, lo4s; bhikshu, or in Pali bhikkhu (from bhiksha, to beg), lit. a mendicant. The bhikshu is said to be so called "because of the fear he manifests of the repetition of existence; because he goes to seek his food as a mendicant; because he is arrayed in shreds and rags; and because he avoids the practice of whatever is evil. When Buddha addressed the priests, it was usually by this appellation." E.M. 31rgj[, n. a priestess of Buddh, qc1oson cd3c, a. flattened, short and flat; n. a kind of low roof attached to a larger one, &bca@8scna coso, 0c8060, c98OSdcx sn c8oS, v. to invite, u8sS oo oo scJS ISa c09ps 6eo1cO~ic oS qcrSol; more respectful than caT, and less so than o~; to offer to give, invite to take; hence ooc8oSc, the day before worship-day. o c830oSo, v. to send an invitation, cowsetOSoS5osnooe~ 3~8So~, v. to invite; more respectful than simply cJ8o; see oaC8oSn c8oSoS, v. same as 8JoS (infreq.). 0c8oSSoi G, v. to give an invitation (polite). 808, n. a sandal; the plinth of a pagoda, owcpsc8j ooS; a pedestal; the sole of an elephant's foot, GoSS 8; hence QSB68, a thick wooden sandal, a kind of clog; 8Ss898S, a sandal completely covered with cloth; see 88s; _oq8,o (lit. food for the sandal), Jao8ow, terms of abuse, employed mostly by women. o8lc>vd, v. to sew a sandal. 8gfaoS, v. to loose or take off a sandal, or slipper. o848t, v. to wear a sandal.

Page  726 726 c8f tv-C808,S BUS/T@, n. the instrument with which the sandalmaker clasps the sandal in order to sew it. 3Jsovtot, n. a sandalmaker. o8s,9,n.the piece of wood or other substance used in shaping the sandal. 3j8Sco1oS, v. to have the feet galled by wearing sandals. 8swoeS (pron. b), a. the straps of a sandal, cis 08<9P: gclo, n. medicine, =osolsoosjIsn o8c~q s8, n. a medical book, <coso;rSsn cS~[bcoce, n. a physician who prescribes medicine, in contradistinction to oldeoce, a doctor who prescribes diet. -8i, 1 na. opium, ewosaS (polte). ~osc88 x~, n. opium which sticks to the side of the pipe. iFsgs, n. opium refuse. A8m8os, v. to eat opium; n. an opium-eater. as~ces, n. same as o8~soio6oo, opium-pipe grime. 08!s, v. to become habitually addicted to opium eating or smoking. od sa', n. opium juice or oiL *i8ssS., n. an opium shop. v!;soS, n. the poppy. o.8s~688, n. an opium pipe. cSs8io8, v. to discontinue eating or smoking opium, implying breaking one's self of the habit. 8is~cpqs, v. lit. to sell opium; to sell illicit opium. s.s8j, v. to smoke opium. 3jsoSdcqoS, v. to suffer from diarrhoea, due to sudden discontinuance of opium eating or smoking. 8S(, 2^ n. a wheel; see zesn d3~sl (uS), n. a kind of tree; the wood of this tree is used as firewood when Burmese women undergo roasting, after childbirth. The wood of the o06 and ucqgs is also so used. oco,9 (8~), n. England, Great Britain, oo8: 8gH d3co<~,& n. cement. u9co9cq (ools3), 1, n. sodawater..8co6cq (oR), 2, n. lemonade (co&Sof). c3o8oS, n. a blessing pronounced by Brahmins, accompanied with the pouring of water; see oo8o8sl J8:aoCSS, v. to pronounce such a blessing on a king, or a person of ranks

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Page  727 c80So8&os- o7S 727 o8o80aos, v. to pronounce such a blessing on an ordinary person, as Brahmins when begging for alms. c8o8oSBooS, v. to pronounce such a blessing in the ceremony of inauguration. jo8Q8cBas, v. to pour water from a vessel on the King's head, at the ceremony of inauguration. J8cd (pron. c8)), n. an almira, cupboard, clothespress.. 8, n. a two-wheeled bullock cart with an oblong, wooden super. structure, for carrying passengers; much in vogue at Mandalay prior to the annexation. cfqs, n. the cotton teal; the skylark, 08coacBo, c83qsgcscoSu 3cc2s (pron. ecs), n. a kind of monster which eats human flesh, and possesses superhuman power; said to be red-eyed and to have prominent, long eyeteeth (113). c8c8sM88, z8coscod, n. the two divisions of Taru Karens. d3Ocss, v. to have the nightmare. 6c8vsco8 c8, n. a frothy excrescence on plants. 83ciscoEooSo8, n. a kind of plant. ic82soXoosss808, n. a creeper with long roots dangling from the trees which support it. 8c8scocSo008, n. the musk plant. Cs (pron. o398), n. the wheel of a carriage, cart; ooBc.8cA8 cS, to love without one's love being reciprocated (colloq.); oo cSscqs, a reel of cotton; (pron. ZC8) a comb, a brush, octS8c&s8 skac, n. a coarse comb. cs86, n. a flat comb; v. to keep the hair in position with a comb. c388s (pron. s&@S), n. a fine-toothed comb. c6scooSS, 88scOo8q, n. the hoopoe bird, with a comb-like crest, c8safXo, n. the felly or felloe of a wheel, one of the curved pieces of wood which form the rim of a wheel, Cs98388ocso~ cdsccosCO, v. to fall loosely about, as a garment. o20o, (Pali Ca2, visible), n. matter; see under ~oo)ao s; Acn3 O0oScco8olq8 ooS, 2 (Eng.), n. a book, 0o^9, ooSoON o oS, 3 n. the crow pheasant, the coucal. ooScg8cepS, i7. the color of the said bird, between brown and red, oaoSopSc688, g scScgr

Page  728 ova o~s (pr-on. T~s), n. glory, oJsig (pr-on. Tf as), n. lit, great glory; a priest of Buddli, 9(x48. An elder pongiji addresses a younger as, woe (c~jjS), and a younger one addresses an elder as, me& (pr-on. coiscoo), signifying, Lord, Reverend Sir. In, speaking of a pozgiyi (of. any place), it is considered more polite to say, o5Sc)5, 8Cs~CB coo than to say ~~o6=3fsot, 4j1sa&0?Js~8; v. to be possessed of great -power and authority, to be powerful. c~is~a (pron. Ts(gs~), n&. a pomgy cremation festival (114). o~fsct4 (pron. of4) (from ooj~s), n. same as 7yj!~O; ~COOS,:3+4SOql=~SK a~fscoS~c~%'is, ft. the six glories of a Buddh, vis*. cka4m oe oWW, -sq, moo.,, and oOC)~3 o~sus.to eat (clerical)-, c~~m:?s~~os c ~~ (pt-on. Tf4:s)(Pali o~e, the earth, and qs, to rule), Ra. a god who has dominion over isome part of the earth, a~~&( oe8c& (pron. o?88s), nz. the fruit pigeon. C8?1 n. a kind of plant, a dwarf species of the Wrightia. c?~Iow ft. a fortunate piece of ground, cw8seoc89cCO9849?,J~oS (Pali o~e the earth, and 02831q, a shaster), R. the business of searching the ground for hidden treasures. O?~1qOqCB.. to search the ground for hidden treasures. a fLS. a chief, sovereign, oo6:; hence, e~~8 and ~& c~S C2&28,a title of His Miajesty, the King of Burma; ~&~S a title given to the Shan Sawbwas, by the King. *?q~b~s~sn. His Excellency, the Viceroy of India.,Ops (pt-on. *scps by the Arakanese, emooz by the Burmese),. n. a god, an object of worship; a lord, master, ocj8, s=S; a pagoda,.c~o~oS; c~~~cs the Shwedagon pagoda; a Buddh, air image of Buddh; a title of honor, Your Majesty; often equivalent to Sir; the Burmese usually reply "1ps" to officials and pongyi8. o~cpo~oa,.. a pagoda slave, ngfc8&o~so6; rebels were formerly - compelled to become pagoda slaves. Ocescy~ (pr-on. aeoo~sq, as if one word), it. a slave to a pagoda, one who has the care of a pagoda and lives on the offerings, of~ c8sec'5, goooo; =Aw is a euphemism for cpgi os2c"S,05 pros...; used iu addresing officials.

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Page  729 7M9 sEp8t8, v. to swear, take an oath, imprecate evil on one's self or others; see oS" orscpsoSq, v. to pray to become a Buddh, cpgsesc~ oS, n. the height of an image, or pagoda. opscoo, v. to erect a pagoda; ospioo,, to build a pagoda over another (smaller) one, absorbing the materials of the latter; ~~sopep0caspaooScS1o~, a person who erects pagodas and builds kyaungs; an expression signifying that a person is of respectable social status, op8scoo cooS, pron I, your disciple, your pupil; used in addressing a Buddhist priest. opsc8so, v. to answer or reply "36Pp," when called or addressed. owcpsb, v. to visit with displeasure, as a Buddh. ocps g, v. to become manifest, to appear, as a Buddh. O? s8 60, nx a pagoda festival. o3ps8, v. to behold a pagoda reverentially; to worship at a pagoda. Ocess, n. the supreme object of worship; God; opscSoRosCOS, lit. the might of the Lord Buddha! an exclamation frequently used, when startled or surprised. cPsq8s, v. to pray; to worship at a pagoda; to worship God. aopesccOsS, n. one who is destined to attain to the Buddhaship. 3ocp8saoS, n. the supreme object of worship; God, 0oO3gpsiell c6P8oG, v. to make a vow before an image or pagoda; also applied to a mental vow. O,, 'n. a mansion, abode, 8yoS; a division of the universe, of which there are thirty-one, tviz., 3cfloccco8s, the four worlds of punishment; ocoo:, the world of men; VoS:czSoScoS, the six inferior heavens (these eleven worlds are collectively called Mooi$, the worlds of passion); joopoo fcxSd61, the sixteen material, superior heavens, and ooQoo~ccoso8s, the four immaterial, superior heavens; see under cQep3S 0,_2, see, n. a kind of drum. o,_J n. a superadded roof, a gradation of a graduated roof, oo5oS, O, 4, n. a company of merchants or traders. 0oo63, n. a secret society, such as exists among the Chinese, ooSooS n Oo:o5 (Pali /op,asproutortwig),a.produced from a root or slip planted in the ground, not from seed sown; oSeops 80)0ocO; corm. 8oSA

Page  730 780 Orp0q (~S), n. the Egicerasfragrans, a large shrub. 0c8q0, n. the Mentha sylveatris, a species of mintwort. gq, I n. the gourd creeper, of which there are many varieties; a gourd; c:js, a calabash; c:oioso, a jug, bottle, vial; oo~sois, a gunpowder flask; 8sj6on, a match box; ostolcecoloSdc8oS 2 iS pcwocdooAue4J808o0un volsf, n. a species of gourd. cvsvoSEgo, n. the bottle gourd or white pumpkin. ogisooSccps, n. a calabash, cc6Iu.,oos(o8 (pron. otsd,), n. the guard of a spindle, o6Sc OmLoes, coomoS~s, n. a gourd bowl; the southern polar constellation, 1o9 OcoooSs, QooS~6n 0c8ig[, n. the Dolium galka, a species of shell. ostqc? 8 oss8s, adv. phrase, without being affected by anything said, r 000t)O8O04 00^81 Oj[C^80(OgSs000&B 0s, 2, verb. affix, assertive in negativ sentences; in its negative assertive sense, cas is not considered very polite, e.g., o-80s is not as polite as oo8t)1, and goc.8rcooa, is ess so than ro8coos; as an afflx of time, past indefinite, oae~cccoS osoocos, or cepSoo8lc84 vocoo)o; vQ dcSodC8) is more elegant than w.oSc]jsos; in very polite conversation between a superior and an inferior ops is both preceded and followed by ol% g., q.c qlg8s6, "flsolu COD8, 1 (Pali oox, fear), n. an evil, calamity, Xac eo5o COOIc'O (pron. ecorso), n. anything which is used to preserve from harm, as an amulet, a charm, crO ~coos8sq4c, adv. in the way of being a preservative from danger; this term is often used when applying for a license to carry arms. cooscq, v. to meet with trouble, or a calamity, ~:cIgcSt~l ooqP.Sm 00X88, v. same as =oSGqaO co,89C oo, 84, cosq, n. same as eOmn COOs.08os, coscgoS0, v. to throw dpen for the use of the public, as a fishery, lake, tank; when applied to a fishery, the word cows~ now refers to any body of water from which government takes no rent. c0so80 cS, n. a sudden calamity. coas, 2, n. see 9aco8, a great-grandfather. COOso, n. see oocoo8s, a great-grandmother. 0o, 1 (a contraction of o5so), n. a duck. 0:9r, n. the widgeon.

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Page  731 0o69-GcOc78 781 o~aoti, 1, n. the pintail duck. ~ocg, 2, adv. like a striped or spotted duck; in the phrase o3aqs cA5(s0sa, 00^888^00^lsc8683X y310^9CO)3(oS<X) tOqc3 I cbt, n a kind of wild goose resembling the bernicle goose. Ce8g, n. the mallard, the common duck in its wild state, Anas boschas. crY, 2, verb. affi (with o prefixea to the root, and a continuative affix expressed or understood), before; without, oood ocog, evoajoo&Sicoa So oogS; frequently.foUowed by cqcoS and *~ 3C, 3, adv. even; see cooSa oa&, adv. waywardly, intractably; roughly, abusively (in language); ck oS: (pron. oCl0S), n. the side of a creature differing in color from the rest of the body, aeooooySc, aSpcooor/og, S8Eo eoooSps; see also o(8CoOo6)SI c nq,. the gilt fringe or border of a garment; ao<8SSsoa, to march on either side of a king in a procession, as a body guard. BecO, n. a kind of edible grain, rather glutinous, eco3olso -7) v. $0o:isoo (from oooSo, and itS), adv. in what manner? how? 1&6oSo6 c'n^%'e ao86cqooc8~oe &, *osIO, jioSb, g^BoSco 6d 3oo8 (o8), n. the Cratoxylon neriifolium, the timber of which is used for building purposes, for handles of chisels, for ploughs, etc. co, 1 (Pali coo), n. the private parts, whether male or female; qi[Xgg, +scnOOO ~cOO, 2 (an abbrev. of oc0o), n. nature, character; oacoo, courage, valor, ok30cooo8, Ool.c03O:80Ol, CcoocS0mos, v. to exchange goods, trade, orjs3os, cor0oS, cp0sooS; cooSc3oosEBs, traffic; ioo8ocso 8ls91snDoscono 8C i ~cooaooeC, n. a constant customer, whether for consumption or export; comp. oS3oa, and oucISn /irk'c* / ccocoog:o5, v. to buy, as a regular wholesale purchaser. 7acuo.pw~ cep8s, v. to sell by wholesale. O0CfDoeOSbO, v. same as 6coocSo0X: n tcoooSa, aqdv. suddenly, oS48a; see ceocsa u coS, 1, n. a raft or float; a handsome boat for traveling; a royal barge, mo8ocaooScooS; an accommodation boat; a yacht; v. to construct a raft, 00cooo08co, 0oS8C xOOp~,.

Page  732 e=SeWo_-jsIaCq cO~coo 0oSscs, v. to make a temporary mosquito curtain, with a ceaS or other material. coo 8g, n. a ~oe8 with a flying roof. ccoEa 8(s (pton. cos8), n. a woman's hair done up in a certain way. co0a84, v. to construct a raft; to collect and float down a river, as drift, cSooo84cpoogvin =DoS,. j n. a company, congregation,. society, 9jsc-aG Seaoc&q coohps (pron.,)) (Pali ccoono)), n. food, eatables, such as rice, curry; in contradistindion to Bco&, fruit,:ocn cSsgoa6 coS,J (c), n. pure silver; co5tSg, gold alloyed with silver. cooj*i}S6, n. bismuth. c=S, 2 (from cdT, to appear), v. to produce, bring to light, cRo3; to take out of the ground, exhume. ocoSo5oS, v same; coccoScgo:oe, to disclose in conversation; to explain, o3c6cS8cxo SoSo&>S 1~icScEo4 ~,c= ce Cco~S, v. to discover, disclose, expose to view. oeo5oi, v. to bring to light and appropriate; to fish up, cQa6caoScn co 3, v. to associate, keep company; dot ued singly, cod)Sc6, ~cQScg, v. to associate familiarly and affectionately; to associate with one's equals or inferiors, on terms of polite and considerate intimacy. conScgo, v. same as coSi (infreq.) c8S, n. a mass of metals of different kinds and qualities, Eago 488:8s, v. to separate a mass of metals into sorts. cf (from 8, to throw into or upon), n. the thick flesh or protberance on the shoulders of a porter, c:oS; the hump on the neck of an ox, oo5@S{8e~9, s icrfor::; a term applied to the chief male buffalo of a herd, os 3cf C8( cjs, n. a grandfather; see aooa; cstcorics8Rc S. The Princes of the Burmese royal family often familiarly addressed Ministers of Stat as c s8q, or Coon,Cscos, n. a polite form of address. dtsg~oo36Scoc (pron.,g), a. inherited from one's ancestors. sso80aSoges, t. ancestral property. *c68i4, n. a familiar trm Qf compellation, used by young men to elderly men (infWq.), at~c) o oo9ccob

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Page  733 cS ' Cy,_-_ccg 788 dsocooS, n. a religious layman. 0o (from,a8P), n. sir, a familiar term of compellation, used by men; | or is s another term of compellation, used by men to one another, or by men to women. qgo,_1, n. what is suitable; see oocoSa c[o5,Z, v. to be meet, suitable, fit, proper, comely, desirable. gdcp, v. same (more common), qgoeo 8s ~, ogcG9s ~cg:8s4 -oS Se lS, Sco, oSoaS; applied to the nice arrangement of a house, and to fts appurtenances; to comeliness of appearance, richness of apparel of women or men; and to well arranged language; c ooc6ooo ooS9 s8go8 3cg~gcpd cS?, this person's way of living, his house, his wearing apparel, his food and all things, are appropriate and well appointed. oC8, 1, n. a grandmother, ee 3Oq8~s o8C008, n. a grandmother,,oocgsu cOg:, 2, v. to bear, bring forth; see cg8; a8oSo~c~c8so, on what day were you born, sir? CogCoSo, n. one born at the same time as another; cSos8CocEo. one born on the same day as a Buddh. C8oz:lcSvO; n. a euphemism for a hanger-on of high officials. cg0s88, v. same as qc8, 4cSoSpSn c08moo~eS, v. same as cg:8; chiefly applied to the wives of royalty and of high officials. tc8S4, adv. abruptly, all at once, 38m4cqwxet, cgN8 aI>4, a oagojc8oTioSi s6oo8 oo~,s should this matter suddenly come to light, you will be in a position of difficulty. ost8, n. the tract of country under the sway of a Sawbwa. eCo, n. a circular flexure in the hair of animals; particularly in horses; ccoag, a whirlwind (115). cc~jScogcgcoo, n. a mark, a sign, lucky or unlucky, as determined by the number and character of the circular flexures. ~cc"s8&s, v. to have a bad flexure, causing the owner to be unlucky; fig., to be a person who brings ill-luck to every one with whom he is connected in any transaction; similar to the English expression ea Jonah," aq@ aointCus; d ccgoBctoS, Gogpod, vw. to be involved in troubles; wed adver. bially, Oo8tfag o 6ooSee~B

Page  734 784 ~cgcts, v. to have an unlucky flexure; to be unlucky; may also be used figuratively in the same sense as cg(6Su1 c8j, v. same, but less than C9g668, vcg8; G S cS-Co p c8Co, v. to regard, take notice of, to take au Serieux; 4eO8sc4~o 851 oo~acaqg(Xocooooo8<1~n ~cc3, v. to curl spirally, as ascending smoke, 88,~gc<Scoo3O; also applied to running water, ceccg 38scO3OSiCgoaoScQMcBC 8Sows; also used figuratively, ooro~sqgc8@(coou@ ccqgca, a. to have the appearance of coming trouble, oc~cgocS i, 1 n. an honorary title; the badge or insignia of said title. In addressing a pongi with whose title he is unacquainted, a Burman will say, codcooS 1oo oScqcgqSo1cob; under Burmese rule it was regarded as a grave breach of etiquette, to address an official, even of low rank, by his name; he was always addressed by his title. A;& was a personal title given by the King, and was not necessarily an adjunct of one's office. 5, n. gold plate on which a title is inscribed. i, 2. n. a kind of song, 6i3 Ss, (rare). aeS (uS) (pron. e ), n. the Bauhinia variegata, a forest tree growing to the height of twenty or thirty feet. g, the twenty-fifth consonant in the Burmese alphabet, and the fifth in the class of labials. a, 1 (from owo, an elder sister), n. sister; prefixed to proper names-. of women, indicative of equality; even very young girls are politely addressed with this prefix, as o8g, CoaS o, 2 (from s9, female or mother), a. first, oldest among many, original; chief among many, main, principal, as co&so, the main road, or the mother road; 3o, the metropolis of a country, or the principal town in a district or subdivision of a district, o~6lou o, 3 (an abbrev. qf bo), n. lead, or tin. wdfs, v. to alloy silver with tin., J a. to support, bear up; to assist, help, relieve, oj, E, coocS; to "back" oxen or buffaloes. This word is also used in a distorted sense, &o8sqoc8o8 oos8, which means, to carry off cattle, to "lift" cattle; or coOScJ2cg epcpavcSo1s, assist me again,

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Page  735 735 please, with about two hundred rupees, e [jt~R 4I look after and help me again to a situation. es (pron. yeo), v. to assist, relieve, do6this official assists and looks after his -subordinates. g adT not; pre/twed to verb*, uo&a g6,a. odd, not even, t eel (uS), n. the Naucea cadamba, a kind of tree. voicc&3sOn. the Sa~rcocephsalue cordatu., a tree attaining to the height of from forty to sixty feet, and a girth of five or six feet. The flowers which are small and of a yellow color, form a globu-. lar head an inch in diameter. VC00, n. a mother. catwx., %c8, aoo~, 8,o oac~8e6ir. oqoa. nauseated; kew tha~n e; Qr(oaou 4aradv. abruptly; prematurely,o S36tS S7pr. "O~o~o~oe~;the Burmese are of opinion that the first interpretation of a dream is the true one; conseuently, if a person unsolicited, gratuitously gives a dream an unfavorable interpretation,. such an act is much resented; s o & s ri-B 1, v. to covet, wish to enjoy, have an appetite for (a present obj~ect); hence tcoS; comp. m3; esc>odae, caowlsoa~s d~aoa~ applied both to men and animals. ocov. to be inordinately attached to, dS9so~coo~.os S~soacoooe;see umder c1; crxSfrequently precedes qt.uou~ ec, v. to dream; n'ot used singly; 0880S,4 So~ e63v.to put the helm to port; comp. 00&; ~oJScosqac~ ocSgn. a large casting net, with wide mesh. uo~c8s, n. a kind of rouge el noir, played with dice, ~ocsc~oneous (I* v. to be not even, i.e., to exceed, c~, coo; wsed only in the negative form and most commoly adverbially, without an a&x, as ocrboxcyzxS ecr.,or briefly sq~cw W:o*8cc8J~sv, eoSwgo; fu is frequently omtitted, e.g., s3Xoohlo c~ci ~ oDSI -)*CxSui~oA Qc*~s (Pali umq) n a salt-water a ab about one span in lengthi, which tunnels in the ground. wac*?.~ (pron. to~sg6), ns. the fig nre of a number of rhombs in a square; comp. 9?OjO28oS; QCaC6~O6 (JO4 ccg also applied to clouds, ~~tw4soccx~oa~

Page  736 736 oo1o, n. imitation amber, 82o gfo somoq (Pali), n. Capricorn, the tenth sign of the zodiac. QCO0s48os, n. the punishment of demerit, ojoool8soccOS8c8@ S~6 =o8Ssooc"88s (from co'8s), adw. not well. ~co=8s(, n. demerit, ooc08cSu ocovoco, adv. not sufficient, not enough, soooSoe~eoScSroScocc~a el, n. a Mogul, rcOA11m doc, n. a royal crest, worn by queens..d2,coS, v. to wear such a crest. od~o6t.., n. a royal crown; comp. cos.i ocozy, n. the thrush, a disease common in newly born children.,vOSoovooS86, v. to be rare, partially cooked.,c4wmcgo, adv. disrespectfully (infreq.), ocorqpSooo9Q QcgoS, n. a species of Commelyna. o@0g, adv. by and by, toso0, ooggSotn o.8oo0, adv. in a nonchalant, callous manner, o.oo^RoXooOpu 8soogv, adv. disrespectfully (infreq.), g,,S8,is81, was, verb. adf, continuatire, though, notwithstanding, QScos, Woo,, i,, aos,,,o (Collog.). imoo8, adv. beyond bearing. wogoS (from soS, to be out of place), adv. certainly) truly, ooo qof, ^ oS 8c858, aoo Sno8oSoocfi~soSGScQ^, it will assuredly happen according to the omen now interpreted. wrgo][ooSs,, oS}cr, adv. same, cooaj3oogScpc'oqlc~co., rd} ~oqsooSEogpS}o.28o2yc~gcoscQSoo, please be sure and send my traveling things intact (lit. without being injured). Fi (Pali wc~8), n. a passage, way; a course of duty; the (four) paths. OSc6, n. the fruition of the path leading to nirvana; $g8*4 c6 8<:co8oSc, n. the four grand ways or courses of duty which lead to nirvana; *ee under sqOOB o8o, n. an aperture of the body, of which there are nine, glq'krcso voo, n. Magadha (Behar, India); ooco:ox:, the language of Magadha (116). ug88=o80, n. the magic raft which conveys to neibban.

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Page  737 787 o8S#SS8 (Pali c81, a way, and oogl, a part, division), n. the eight (good) ways, viz., 83go~, right opinion; co8oac3C8q, right intention; oafol eo, right words; ao$on*od right action;i oog8ooo)l, right way of supporting life; agoolozc~o, rightly directed diligence; 3oAo8, good heed, caution; ogpoo8, composure,serenity. 8og9o (Pali c8ql, a way, and gov, a place or receptacle), n. a person who is perfect in one or more of the four grand courses of duty, *g9O9ccosOcgS cogCcOtscQOOcSn 8S, 1, v. to like or love, to be attached to, c S, A8; hence, AtS; agC8@O, ooo80c8[>S, JS30&J s8 CIo00dro5 s, your horse is very much attached to his mate, s88S8si80wo's 8S, 2 (pron. S), n. ink,.cSqen 084s, n. an inkstand. r& ojE;oop, n. a tattooer; more elegant than csfigscacpu ocSO.Sc0s, v. to tattoo in figures. ouS (pron. 9gb), n. ink in a dry, hard state, india ink. oSocS, n. a drop of ink, a blot, oSscSSzc, to fall as a drop of ink; to be blotted. oscedcs, w. to tattoo in fine specks. oSoo, n. a pen, (coosoasn o0?8s, n. a printer's roller. u86ooo, (pron. 4)l), n. india ink, otE9oS, eSbn o80os, v. to be distinct, as tattooing. 8iemg3l[, n. blotting paper. eScd1 cS, v. to have a sore caused by the use of bad ink in tattooing. uSsSD8i, gn. a recipe for preparing ink. 08ooSo, v. to prepare ink with lamp black, gall, etc. 8032O8, n. a nib, o8)cpso7s, o(80scoaS, 80od(4Oooc)COt~ QScoo (Pali co56), n. whatever is propitious, whatever gives happiness, or removes evil; whatever is auspicious; a blessing; a religious rite or ceremony; a sacrament; cooc&go8gcoo; "mangalo, auspicious, lucky, joyous, festive." Childers. asoov32S0.oo3 n. the house occupied by a king before ascending the throne, u8aoood3c o5 o3gS, 83co S oq^cg 8cog3s, n. a ceremony performed by a person for the first time; 8coo~8seg, Scoa*sog80s, the property contributed by the bridegroom at the time of marriage. B. D, 47.

Page  738 788 Ricoc@sco:ol6s, v. to ask for largess from the bridegroom during the ceremony of marriage, as is the custom of young Burmese bachelors. If not given, the youths usually revenge themselves by throwing brickbats and stones at the house where the ceremony is performed. oco8IscouooSoS, n. a royal elephant. oSco)sBcWSB)Ss, n. a horse belonging to the royal stud; 08co08s coS68tbo, Master of the Horse. 08co0:o81, u. to perform a religious ceremony; particularly to per. form the ceremony of marriage, c8&s8sn Sco oouc=xd8wos,, n. a bridegroom. S0>o3c68sOc~o )8(iio5, n. a groomsman, cja<n w[cooc:~ooSoc~os, n. a bride. u8~ooooSocd8$ 8sooc3oS, n. a bridesmaid, ocaQlI $Sco.&s (pron. g8s), n. rice offered on the occasion of a marriage; rice and curry offered to guests. 8acoolS~, n. duties to government, whether services or taxes, J8co.o v8cooi, v. to perform a religious ceremony, or prescribed rite; see 8Sca:CaC S; cI8cSSoC cOSOGreg, f8og 888cOOiOO gnII oc&ooacoS, n. rules of happiness, a summary of beatitudes, o8coo oocpsCo; 32sPcp28s8coo6cf)lggs acoQooc8Jill 8, 1, 1, a ruler, governor; a controller; an official; used to designate certain trees, as A8ASs, ~cooEs; also applied to the great luminaries, as co8Es, coE8; in Burmese writings, a term frequently applied to Bodhisats (aocpsccooS:), who in former stages of existence were born as animals, CfQo8s, ~OcsoaS8,, o<oss, ve C q8StwS, lo.ooSt8s; prefixed to names of women, e.g., SjSs88cau vwElooE~, n. a form of reply used by Shans, Shan-Taungthus, Taungthus, Kadus, and sometimes by Karens, to signify acquiescence; a contraction of scOleSS, od~$8sgOlq, and of uS8 EIsoo4P, n. a ruler. 8,d1eS1, n. cord worn round the neck of a candidate for the priesthood (cO:SE)8 co'os), previous to assuming the cloth of a novitiate. w8tooocpstodula, n. the ten laws incumbent on kings. aSist, n. a king, monarch; in modern use, a great minister of state, oFV, o 8~t; the Commissioner of a Division; Sl8CjosfI8, a Minister for Foreign Affairs.

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Page  739 789 08~0SoE, n. two nat brothers supposed to reside in the town of OSSaOSsoos, n. a collective term applied to the princes of a royal family. o80soEps, n. a monarch, 5SoEq6, CoOS, Vscocps(t8s v6Ss6o8s, n. a medicine compounded of several vegetable produo. tions, cn sgos, &o( 6s, So s, etc.; used with a view to making a person invulnerable, or to gaining the ffections of others (partioularly women). oEss8qSoCB, n. punishment inflicted by authority. uS@688socSa (oo~), v. to incur a penalty imposed by government authority; e883&88ic50o:o; see GpOo9CaI fass, v. to rule, govern. sosescdlcS, n. a certain hole in the roof of a palace. e8socps (pron. 4Sseps), n. a title of honor, Your Honor, Your Worship; the Burmese frequently address pensioned officials, such as myooks, by this title. 8soo000o, n. kingcraft. EsdcSs|3eS, n. a country without a ruler; implying absence of authority or control. QSscQScvocoo (dlsol ), n. regalia; consisting of c86i, the white umbrella; <cJ, the crown; occgoS (joco), the sceptre; 4c08~, the sandals; and oSIaorS, the lyflap, made of the tail of a yak. o8sc,^ v.. to assume the authority of a king; used in a somewhat reproachful sense, and applied to officials who make an osentatious display of power or position, ooBscE cogoe oso0co; (pro. xoS, or.oo8), a one who executes the orders of a governor; a peon, an orderly. c8Q~ccO8, n a pretender to a throne. 810o, n. a claimant to a throne. ESo6, a. an ambassador, oOF I S6:xa, n. a prince, the son of a king; the person (male or female) who acts the part of the prince in a dramatic representation, 4x: OSomi; SwoX3cl6 (in a xat pne); i81woui (in a puppet play). o8lc, n. a princes, the daughter of a king; the person (male or female) who acts the part of the princess in a dramatic representation, oao5sc8is; o8sc~sf24 (In a xas pw); u8scltB (in a puppet play).

Page  740 740 os0-4f0 E8s, 2, pron. you, mae. or fern., addressed to an equal or an inferior 688~s, pron. same, but addressed to one older than the speaker; oS t( is usually used in a reproachful sense, though not always so, e.g., vEsio68eOSog, uS( 80 SooicscS0o3800; 6S18(3o81i 6Ewo, pron. same, addressed to an inferior, expressive of disapprobation; cc.Q S8to) (to men), ooS8to: (to women), are also used, oS @S8^303GUc8^&~go03 8o8OO~, - Sy~8(yOCg~j5~)000806^3 8C608B tS swt8o8CDS, a. or adv. out of lawful wedlock; o8s~8ssc8808ol, a natural son. ~osdcooT, n. a kind of wild creeper, the bulbous root of which is used as an aperient. *Sc2A (oS), n. the mangosteen, the Garcinia Mangostana, so called from Dr. Garcin who described it. s80e1a (pron. qoS), n. a bolt; so&aScqs, Aocs<ckj, to fasten or secure with a bolt; sometimes called oSsolsu osse01S8, n. the argus or golden pheasant 8Scol (o6), n. a kind of plant. s88ico (oS), n. a kind of plant. E8slcg, n. dust raised by a gentle wind; of a particular appearance, as exhibited in the hot season. 6scgS;s, v. to exhibit such an appearance, ASccfo0o,. SoE8scRE, oo &c(XS8o9j8o6citso, gsSocs oSonsgh w Sshosar it2g8|Ssiga Os, n.faces, ordure, oaS rs, CS, o0Su 8cd3ts|S, n. same, eSc0Go Soci.S, vEScs@g816SsioOsO8s atl (Pali), n. death, ~ooes, glloo4; see o:clacdin a@q, or dA0ao (Pali), n. covetousness, oscJqsj, a&t8o6~, o20 ososcrJ.~&yAqgso coSd; "matearyya, selfishness, that which leads me to wish that the prosperity which has come to me may not come to another. If any one under the influence of this principle, sees even in a dream, that the advantages he enjoys are imparted to others, he is unable to bear it; his mind thereby becomes debased, and the features of his countenance are changed, so that it becomes painful to look at him; he wishes not the prosperity of another and loves only his own." M.B. o@~ (Pali), n. the second of the five parts into which the first of

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Page  741 +0UDD ~8S-Oi oM 741 the three grand divisions of the Buddhist Scriptures (coC) is sometimes divided, oioc>ogBOn eiooS, n. middle age; o~[roooS, from infancy to middle age; ieooomo, from the age of thirty-three years and four months to sixty-six years and eight months. B8, n. the middle path of the sun; see 88.: cy3cqS, gaoC:Xo (Pali o&, middle, and coco place), n. the middle part of the world, including the sixteen countries of India, famous in Buddhist history. *,, 1 v. to be named, have a name, be called, be termed; hence, 9 2Eand ^;8+PO82~^ oo^o^098g3^ 2osodoS9@:O:CXoocsl 8o, and as for those who are designated women, they are in the habit of beguiling by many artifioes; apS is not much used in colloq.; &oo 80o^6'(^^ 8 S9686Co8@@pS, this race of men cannot be called Chinese or Shan. gco:s8, v. to be named; to give a name. p, 2, pron. a. what? (interrogative); whatever, o Oxsc oSt pS9, dol, pron. a. same; variously reduplicated. gpS30p, pron. a. same as Bdps pe@q pron. a. of what sort? (interrogative), onooScn.ftt g T, npron. a. same, ~8scSqs^o80 ~8s~803cf^ooocd o^:3,0oooeSc:Sco n ooosi88, after having been apprehended with stolen property, whatever the nature of your examination, nothing will benefit you. gl, verb. affix, shall, will, Oc68c80 oOx, qoooY tO wo, I do not know whether he will come or not. In colloquial g is often corrupted into 0od and m; it appears to imply that the person spoken of is wayward in doing a thing, or is pursuing a course of conduct from sheer wilfulness, Ol3~ oss8OqCfo 8X~oOS 4 s^48WO)?, oowl wC0o o3:go8oC^8o308#i ooCSou KSoocwo88, verb. affixt expressie of the infinitive or potential mood, as ocD <t6oSRIS EaoSEo, he tame to decide (the ase), Bll (pron. o%^), n. a kind of plant, the four-o'clock; sQlotioS, a kind of tree. 3, n. a kind of plant, glx3oodclo8o 8~oS,0 C.(o

Page  742 0e8-4VoS 90s, v. to be dark, black, Aoi; also applied to language contain. ing veiled inuendoes, emooso oow,OtSoo(138y o O; 8Oc8c8c pe3sO)OC)S, sg84981 *vStoYSOsopvs8, a. blackish. ve~pS, v. same as weSv, voge~8sfoSX~oWown o8soFs, n. a species of amaranth. cJ8 (Pali), n. a precious stone,; the head of a priest, o cO3co9oc3 gS:E~, or idol, VcoSQXS, SaoiaOCO ecoO 9gclroo55)6T<ooS9cx0gS, @caoo<r9oguoo^B,B'3(D ~ n. the Caralia lucdda, an evergreen tree, attaining to the height of from fifty to eighty feet, and a girth of from four to ten feet; the wood, which is red-brown and variegated, heavy and close-grained, is used for rie-oundr,etc; the bark and root have medicinal properties, and are included in the Burmese pharmacopeeia (o98co). o' cBcc oo, n. the (female) guardian nat of the sea, oscooSc~oS orS (pron. +o9S) (Pali ogs)), n. a large shed or booth, a building erected for a temporary use, as for the performance of a sat or yotthe pwe, or for a feast; aoococSso8Gcgoo: 8oS~ d &Eoo6S, in order that (every one) may know that he is the giver of the feast, he ascends a post of the mandat; said allusively of a person who is ostentatiously liberal. ocg:oooS, cw8acs, v. to erect such a booth. oiL8 (Pali Co.oS, a circle, and cQS, a post), n. an upright pivot in the centre of a circle; fig., the tree under which a Buddh is perfected (see ce:R8o), which is in the centre of the great southern island, oS18u; ^<o 18, the pivot of a watch. ooS, 1, n. a husband's younger brother; a woman's younger sister's husband; comp. lllu ooS, 2, n. a weight equal to four great pes (b), or five small ones; 5, onooS, four annas. woSce, n. a four anna bit; tscei~woSe, small change. OoSros, n. a pie, 8Q~ ooS, 3, n. see QoQoS, a person of rank..dJ, 4, v. to be erect, upright, perpendicularly straight; to make erect,

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Page  743 748 upright, etc.; also usedfiguratively; to be plumb, 3oscd1riSoj ooSocooas, are the cheeks of the door plumb? oloo s~8:911 ooovoSaoat-o, trust him, sir; he is a very upright man; coS SEqc88oS@ooo~so~Il o@e~, please place this post upright; do not let it lean to one side. uoSceocs, v. to be perpendicularly straight, ooS6cooiseooSa oS0oooS, cosoS, adv. in an upright posture, oc}~OoSooOSccoS ooSooS5c 8Sg; YoSoooS, come for a moment, g~)coo56c81 aocn YSoo0ool; woSoooS, an elevation (Engin.); woSocoS coaw:, an almira.,oSooco5S, ooS5ecoo8, n. an erect image of a Buddh. ooSccoSpO, n. a disease which does not confine the patient to his bed. oooS, verb. formative; see Gram. sec. 125, 4th; the termination t~s, and woS'bform verbals denoting nearness of accomplishment and occasionally take co before them, as PcoQwoooS, what is near sinking; see Gram. sec. 124; s:oc poSoooQMooS, we are near arriving at the village; cQcgoSoo Ogrd c cosooSosoSelOp I was nearly dead tired with paddling the canoe. xooo (pron. oan) (from o4d), a. produced out of season, whether early or late, as.A~o8s; adv. unseasonably, woo+S8o; ooiso o4oaSs, ySoap cSso88, t o 80o T ~c'o:uooososc8o1a oooSco~:c0s, v. to be inadequate. o0ilo, adv. in an unusual, suspicious, odd, queer manner; also used as an a., woipo9o, a suspicious character. QoCoa, n. the Xanthochymus pictorius, a tree having yellow flowers an inch in diameter. The fruit when ripe is of a deep yellow oolor, and the size of a lime or small orange. It yields gamboge of an inferior quality. ocSoCoo, adv. happening unluckily, accidentally (arising from inadvertence), oS6OOScoo oSOOQO C 8o38 i^8o3go3 o aES3P8, oS 698 c@8> doao Xo 881 I6ooSc 8ooa oo8C)Scc>X^=&1lo o 083 adv. slightly, a very little; not in earnest; combined generally with cro, as Ce08Q8os03so8 o.oCpoS, by merely taking a little medicine now and then, you will not recover; co8OpooooS dco o, C~e~So'ucaSO, CEo, O8cco8s, adv. disrespectfully, irreverent. ly, saucily, twoW; ~a OconshoC Scoin8tdeoohabcoofai, though spoken to and admonished, he is in the habit of acting

Page  744 744 disrespectfully; o w s9:8qc o 88SOl8 c8SGo eo 8o, this person is in the habit of acting disrespectfully towards the authorities. coco (Pali aoo, great, and ~co0Cp, a priest), n. a Buddhist priest of ten or more years' atanding; ~coeDolegooocq S,s as in invite ing Buddhist priests to be seated. vocoo, n. a priestess (Buddhiat) of ten years standing (obs. in coUoq.). wcooS0o:r (pron. 9)), v. to be pretty well in health, or other circumstances; used only in the negative form, cecySo=S 'cnd j~ oo: COOf3O:DpI fClcs8~08X0000803~C0cxS808<OOO^, CS089000cit c~sootisooicqop:w, it is pretty well for the doctor; for the sick person, it is beyond endurance. wCoo0:s8o8o, v. same as oc60oosoofl o9w (ou), n. a tree growing to the height of thirty or forty feet, bearing a very flat pod, containing only one or two seeds. Two species or varieties are named, the Dalbergia glauca and the Dalbergia ovata; the bark produces a mordant for indigo; boat sails used by the Burmese are frequently colored with a dye made from the bark of this tree. ooCtS8oS, o. Madras muslin. o (Pali), n. mind, 80Sn ACS (a corruption of 6oSi), n. the morning. sa8cmiq (Pali), n. meditation, c.8ogs8gSs8n osrooot (Pali ca, and ooool), n. the faculty of thinking. a$6i, n. a mental condition. 4oco, n. Manilla; a native of Manilla, o<coo8am wsomost (from I8, and co&s), adv. rather distant, ceS8sosrooS iiB33e, O^CO4OO8^a 8s@XiSOOD O8D O w TC1Stfcq3 Slo oo3 (Pali), n. man, cO; oaown wao.t (Pali), n. a fabulous monster, a compound of man and lion, a sphinx. ato, n. yesterday, COfctn ~:o (Pali), n. the mind, 8oS, a~oeOmcto so'1u uec), n. a deed performed by the mind; the action of the mind, thought; comp. cooooo5, and o8o5u sc~ass, v. to be evil-minded, malicious, malignant. v~e:ooo, a. to have a clean, i.e., a strong stomach, to be not squeamish or easily nauseated, jolto.lm tC~oC0aFolt, n. a gift made in order to attain the Buddhaship.

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Page  745 Q2COSo$S-QOSc'cO$8 745 Octocoo04s, n. a kind of salver, set with precious stones. oEomS, adv. familiarly, on such terms as admit any liberties being taken without giving offense. 83o odoa (pron. a oo o ), adv. same, but more frequently used, s8qMSsC88s coOOSO&OCOso goSgCsSgo36SCOeS81 oo006a68scj ocSar s (pron. ecajs), n. the tamarind, wyoa 8oE~e~) co0sB ooaes86cls 8ss, n. the tamarind fruit, not quite ripe ( 8scgs s). 'eOs6e (c8s) (Ca6t), a. red or reddish, inclining to a dark bay color; applied to horses. qcarsfciaa, n. a species of soapwort. oAS, n. a muntra, a charm or spell. q&es2, n. same, 8~8Co@:Eo o 8@08bQ89cp >Stc38go og yopow 8s8, n. a sovereign of the four grand islands, crD cXs coI o;DgICq 8LOO'86 S(g0oC0oo8c88 os, 1, n. a kind of humor, producing a swelling or sore. ts(qg, n. the thin matter discharged from such a sore. 184oS, w. to secrete such matter. 84s, 2 (a contraction of odccos), n. em(OC0co6oS60 s+o+ooii s, 3,. to charm, infuse virtue, by repeating a muntra, toSu oRasoS, v. to blow upon while repeating a muntra. tf4soc8se8, ads. rather distant, owsoc8rs ops, n. last year, o94cop&sn oo, n. a mistress, madam; a mother or elder sister is often addressed as otw o~oo, adv. hardly, scarcely, co~ocooSou oS (from oorod, mother), n. mother; prefixed to names of women, indicative of seniority or expressive of respect. oSoo~s, n. the mother of a Buddh, a monarch, a pongyi or a high official; ooScox:ooo, the mother of Gautama; c7s2socS o60o, i8069So&5co56, C0SoS6$CSW 6coSu aoqoSs, pron. you,fem.; addressed to a woman; indicative of disre. spect or anger; women are usually addressed as dcSoS in court by the Judges. ooSgES, n. a madam, respectable matron (rare). eoodc, pron. you, fim.; addressed to a young woman; indicative of polite consideration; a dramatic term, qosoodScO oodacoo8S (pron. oo8), n. a vestal, nun, unmarried deaconess or

Page  746 woSzSQSQoo8s-s priestess. In speaking to nuns it is usual to address them as csp, or cgoo ScoH vcdc&-8coSc:)Sl, n. a nunnery. odocaoS, n. same as, vo58oS6, oicoo6a; couqp. o(cx)S. ov38s, n. a wife. When speaking of the wife of another, it is not considered polite to say owov8; 8w80 is preferable. wsoos8, 1, n. the principal wife, i.e., the first one taken of two or more. oooo~ s, 2, n. a kind of tree. moott, v. to commit adultery (as a man);,ooso, an adultery case, uoql&OMOS8 3$*P3 OCo8:Q[o.3c8~, n. the married state. ooooscoS, n. an inferior wife, oooso8eoowlcoSc eoos&c~s, v. to be fastidious in the choice of a wife. GOolsS (oS), n. the Zanthoxylyon budrunga, a tree armed with prickles; it sometimes grows to the height of fifty or sixty feet; the wood is yellowish, with a silvery lustre. oc3at~c, v. to have a wife. * ooCx)8o1o3s, n. a wife's son by a former husband. cO0380oSclO18s, n. the five duties incumbent on a wife. ooX3:8o9 (oS), n. a kind of plant; see oo1Y6; oo:osjsoSn otcodod, n. a kind of tree, the Murraya exotica, which abounds in the Tavoy and Mergui districts; so8gog:o8 ocif, n. a large iron nail, a spike, Q($@8~; oooo~ c;~ o SgCooo5 c ~:oS(cQ8o8Co:8, when about to build a ship, will it do to be daunted by (the price of) spikes? ocSooo, n. a kind of bird, found in dense forests, whose note the Burmese aver has a resemblance to the sound of the words ocdodo Q98ec^oSu 1 00005 goScf88io goBc)sn oQ~cO, o9c)0 (Pali), n. death, ea&oSoi o[cw0xf (Pali ooowa, near), n. the near approach of death. oc6Ss, n. the marian tree, Mangifera oppositifolia. '? o6qsccpS, n. yellow color, like that of the oe[ts fruit; oS1ccps, oQfsccgs, applied to certain kinds of piece goods. oG[jqo, adv. persistently, coc' cOu 08s, n. a wife's elder sister; a man's elder brother's wife; comp. odou ecC6Soco6 (c4o), v. to follow or "shadow" another in an unconcerned manner, for the purpose of watching his movements. tese, rsee 8, n. the mudar, a kind of shrub.

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Page  747 741 sr*, see j~88p, n. a kind of drum. E8, n. a mistress, madam; younger than coSs8o ocob, n. heartseed. ocSS (o8), n. a kind of tree, c8&oSu oc8, n. the common jasmine; see eoodu ocoosgo, n. paper ornaments, streamers, etc., attached to flags, o3 36; these streamers are often attached to the roofs of boats in which dramatic troupes travel, occo8gooslc3giacooolc3 o~,*o occosoDeRs, v. to treat with indignity. oc88, i. cream, ia8, ocsi8 oc9*SooS, v. to rise, as cream. ocqoo, adv. with ill-will, of:xo gpj, co3oocxoooSoogn eogio, n. a kind of plant or tree. o.oo (pron. c8o=o), n. a certain costly, ornamented dress, worn by queens, oc8cooScoo~ coaS, n. a postern, a small entrance or side door, used occasionally, when the larger gate is closed; a small backdoor; a sally port. OcT~cO^oS, n. same; a wicket, ocodo.3ols 9cooo (from ce), adv. frightfully, as from wounds, or the near approach of death. (S8 (oS), n. a large creeper, from which the Burmese manufacture paper for umbrellas and purabaikes (jN oS); the Mort lavigata; o (oS), n. a kind of trumpet-flower, the Spathodea serrulata. The Burmese make a curry of the flowers, and also eat them with t30oa, a. urgent, pressing; v. to have no alternative, to be inevitable. 00033, 1, n. fresh butter, oo086s8eO6&oo OSi ocoox, 2, adv. lest, perchance, peradventure, lest haply, ooom~oo6 c8sCo8G o 8jD8osogo~ o8 cogiqiSo ^<, 4o00ooo8o8j oo (from o, negative, and oao, to be pleasant), n. a funeral, ocoo 9o3o008, n. the house in which a corpse is kept previous to the funeral. 0oo3a2s, n. same as ooo; preparations, ceremonies, or appendages of a funeral, -ooewscoaqr, c0ioooo;o:,c S6o~o8oo 0030, w. to convey a corpse to the place of interment or.burning. 000, v. same as Ifoo ~ eqWOaj60lo

Page  748 gc~6~8s -.,cy 9o3CoooSe, n. a corpse. t ooqoogc, n. a kind of precious stone, oc[qo:c(OcSn soicoo, n. a bad man, cooroS, Qo~j$s~coqsoIE8,o~c0oS6 cQnod; see ojwoso socmotS, adv. disgustingly. ocSsoascf i, n. a priest's garment made all at once. This garment has to be woven on the night of the full moon of Tazaungmon (within the period of night), o,0s:dcf szon o81d[o (Pali ocgcooo), n. excellent mental attainment, ooS1[o 8POSjsoo.9, goScooDO@SC ecoS0Sao oolooo (pron. oooScox), n. a certain ornamental dress worn by females of rank; a kind of creeper. ocaoooodsn omo (Pali), a. great, 9(08; excellent, ooGoS, oocqac8icBoS, ooo oomeo6 (Pali ooo, great, and co8, a period, a kalpa), n. the period of time in which an entire revolution of nature is accomplished, subdivided into four cardinal periods (ooW~oZcot9), vis. 050o Mo, o5oago dcr-o, 8o0cro, and 8o05o8c S;S each of these is subdivided into sixty-four intermediate periods (0ood&OC9); the present, or Maha Bhadra kalpa. o0mcno (pron. ol), n. a kind of plant, which has medicinal properties. ooovaoood,. n. yellow jasper. O3dS8 (pron. &), n. lymph, coi8; a colorless fluid in animal bodies, contained in certain vessels called lymphatics. oo8ooc v,. n a lymphatic. oc0o3ovou, n. one of the eight stages or stories of hell, see cka oosorf), n. formerly an inspector-general of priests, ooo o jolo oo0oo08, n. the earth. onoo3eS (Pali oo, great, and oo8, matter), v. one of the four material elements (earth, water, fire, and air), to which some add space (o@opoS); see *poS, and oooaS oo008d0 (o)), n. a letter written by a high official of one country to a high official of another country, oooo8oc:co, apooSon ooDol, n. a brick wall around a pagoda, oioqcs, ootooo8SI~ ooeCzpeo, n. one of the eight stages or stories of hell; see under c\u 3xoo3:0o, n. a certain fabulous creeper. oco ucoono aoo, n. a certain court dress, worn by the queen and other member of the royal family; ac o::eoc oo: S

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Page  749 749 *001ogQcs0 (o8), n. the Bauhinia; o cmoo s, the purple variety; Oc~oesosoo i, the white variety; coo~c;ovsol, the yellow variety; see ccoshU cWo0oS, n. universal history; the history of the Buddhs and Rahandas. ~oQoaoco (Pali ooo, great, and oo3oo, disciple), n. select cardinals of a Buddh, either ooooco, or ooc8Sxoocoe ocaoS (Pali oc8g3o), n. an instant, oco; commonly used with o0, as obo0CoS, same. acoSxocx0cSmo, adv. rightly or wrongly. ooSoo8tcoooS,, adv. at random. vacxBoW oo5 (from cicS), adv. not right, wojoSoScBco*, x"o8ii v0oS.wcsc, wo~00c00o., adv. same. V6ocP, f. agate, chalcedony, cornelian, onyx, opal (Qoicoc03ot). Vo0~cc&oBoS, n. onyx. ocqae, n. cornelian, (goScsg iooca, n. milk-white chalcedony; aKceo), yellow chalcedony. ooScpe (oS), n. a species of potato plant; see 81us eoOSco0:8s, n. a kind of medicine, frequently called 8toc"oS ocoScPcoocS, n. a kind of medicine, used by an o*~cqo;ce, 1, 'n. a species of insect, said to resemble a large ant. c, 2, v. to plaster, cover with some soft substance, ooQw'&, Q'o4I, GAi 6ocps, n. an idol of cloth or paper, made on a clday model; sometimes made of fcxt,8n o>, v. to be hard; comp. ~; to be well and healthy, c8wo, cS, goo ocr.~,8~wo. The term wo is politely used to denote the state. of pregnancy. o:cora, v. to be very hard; to be muscular; chiefly uwed admrbially, as 0cop:o;; oraogcoooo&Scg, a very muscular man; socap ~reooogo&o, a very strong-built bullock. oip, v. to be well, healthy, arwp8a0caoo o1co:s, are your wife and children well and hearty? AOm (pron. Mooo), v. to be hardy, vigorous, naoCoB ( Gcooc, adv. used with reference to speech, owocoBooQycoOOc:co oooSoop, he is accustomed to speak in a short, snappish manner. o~oXO~, v. to be still, rigid; applied to the body of a man or animal, oo&{oow o oo O ~~, o gooosc o4

Page  750 750 oa; to be inflexible, unyielding in speech, *0coso:)G'oc ~ Isc3 oooao6opS; or action, 8oS ooo soao 3~cso p5; to be stiff, as new garments or recently starched linen, qsooob:E~cooo~c cosooS~co:)ssoi p, oog8s, c@s, v. to be hard, c jSacoogOS5elo tglo doisgo gsB8 nootalsS$oou|SogSo twox, n. a preparation of ooSa, or oS, used to calk vessels, cq O49 C6qWOC'%84, CLOOC 1aCS, CQ~@0C% QS3Og coq0 (0o), n. a household nat, worshiped by both Burmans and Talaings, od36S~oS, ooo[oQcoSs; the Burmese believe that a person seized by this nat, will suffer from itching and pustular eruptions. om, n. the stars which form the constellation of the Lion; oo~*col oo;Pc;O t944i oo^ oS& poo, oo^GOgc6981 03Pvo^^ogoS&^?8 oroo (Pali), n. a mother, oo8, oooo8t{ooo, oo8ooS3c3 8osn o eo30ES (pron. ao ), n. an index, colEsepS Qoo0olQ (Pali), n. a woman, sO:2 oo0cp, n. an evil spirit. Burmese mothers, when unable to soothe a child who persistently cries, sometimes say, ocpfoSs08Coo8 so8s 00, (Pali 0;), n. pride; the display of angry and proud defiance by a wild animal or reptile, such as a tiger, wild hog, or cobra; ~1e;6X)oo +8o6~o (CooS^l@sj8&o8a >, the red ant, being very proud, was intending to demolish the great mountain, but (failed to do so because) its back was weak; Qfoo:)aScooDoogS vioe*St, or oscog8, n. same as oo a voco, w. to be proudly defiant; to bristle up, a an animal. Sooos, v. to bear a proud, resentful feeling toward another. ofo, w. to pretend to be angry, asoscgotcOgooSvo Sce.5c og)j^050oo04ooo=c80jis ooS8, v. to pretend to be angry, in order to deter interference, o 1' voS t, v. to be sullen. wol, v. to make a display of wrathful defiance ~oS~, v. to be proud, haughty. o0 (Pali), n. pride,self-conoeit; "manya, self-conceit, that which indulges the thought that I am above all other persons." M.B. o0 8s, a. to be very proud. aotc=)ooo, v. to be proud, haughty, conveying the idea of aggres

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Page  751 751 sive pride and haughtiness, cooSc 68osc oo 8og080 s ~ ~cojcy ooooooooo8ooas, this man is most aggressively haughty; he does not consider an ordinary person his equaL o~c~poS, v. to be or become proud and haughty (more passive than O6OC o9s38 s); C@O880g8 006p c008 C098Co+@O C6P OdS since Maung Po Tun was promoted he has become very proud. oooo, 1, n. the mother of Gautama the Buddh, occo05ooooOB wooeo, 2 (Pali), n. artifice, cg&ooaSSs; blandishment, 88scfwloo oo1 88oeoo n ~ooso8, 0o0cm 0S, v. to employ blandishments, as a woman, aoo ia.GcousiE~8i6 caoos~~c>g oco~ic8Oovo, though she does not love one, she employs blandishments and puts on an appearance of loving, when she speaks. oocnagp, n. a woman full of blandishments. fo~[ (pron. oS) (Pali oc6cp), wc1sftqs, n. the five masters or tyrants, viz., oa oo[, animal constitution; 0080:oo0qcooq, subjection to the repairs and operations of the four causes (oi8o51 eroo=oo-o); C&JcoW::)[, passion; w[ o:, death; and c90oooq8o, the most powerful evil spirit ( ootioS). Qoi~oS, n. a powerful evil spirit who resides in the highest inferior heaven, and has dominion over all the lower parts of the universe; Satan (117). 0 WOi0~oSoo8, n. same as ooKiOSn oVlle (co) (Eng.), n. March, ocScoa 0q60co, n. a partition reaching from the floor to the roof, in a palace or go3~o, o)oqSo&i 0cocrc (0o), n. the guava tree; gco-oo:s o0coo (oS), n. a species of Zingiberacea. ooco0o88, n. a species of the same. oca8o (ooooo), n. a certain court dress, worn by the queen and other female members of the royal family; see o'(8o0 ooC86 (Beng.), n. a ship's officer; a pilot, C6~ oSi:8 c; the mate, on a river steamer. x8JE6, n. a platform on a lower mast, or on a flagstaff; crow's-nest. Qox8oc, n. a flagstaff, furnished with a top or platform. o08, v. to be high, towering; comp. ~, g~; rarely used alone;.hence @8Tuo, and ooeoscs; ScoooqSawcgc^sl oti@|t@:t@:$ c{ ey QpOOccaSc~08c;08008 tc08000800^c8Bc aoeIZ an t: A -

Page  752 752 8-8 8, 1 (from oo8, a mother), oo808= 8, children by the same mother, 8cos80oa S8, n. respectable parentage, 8coo8soo8c818Bo 8s, n. a mother's elder sister; a father's elder brother's wife, (0s eS; comp. oo88 Scogs (pron. 8ags), n. a mother's younger sister; a father's younger brother's wife, cos8cooS; a stepmother. 8on (from o300, a father), n. parents, father and mother, 8ooo:c80oo:o 8c3scQ80 scg8q so (<o), v. to cure a patient, as a physician, so as to restore him to his pristine state of vigor; lit. to the state in which he was born. 8ooncp, a. hereditary; adv. by hereditary succession, 88spn 8scoo (pron. ocoo)(from oos 8, custom, 8on, parents, and co, to come), n. custom handed down from generation to generation; also used adjectively, as 8~800ac0c808, 8,800COOOcps8, 8~8aOOcd8cdOiota qeasroscf osiji djsg8 oaSo, 8~ 8sca:co8scgoiooo 8ofn 8880ocoomoo8, n. tradition, c8ocaDO8sc0ecoo8st 8cC5s8 (pron. 8o8s8s), n. an orphan, bereaved of its mother; comp. cooWOBsZ8 80o8, n. mother and son; applied to the mother and progeny of certain animals collectively, c8aoo8, a female buffalo and her calf. 8, 2 (from oo8, a daughter), n. daughter; prefixed to names of girls and young women, and indicative of superiority in the speaker. It is considered impolite to address a woman as 8; in courts of justice, however, the prefix 8 is used in addressing women. Parents also use this prefix in addressing their grown-up daughters. 8, 3, v, to get hold of, catch after pursuing; to obtain, q; much used as a qualifying agi, l8, cos8, gos, 8, s8, o8S; to come upon suddenly, to surprise, as to catch one in the act of stealing, 8, 4, qual. affix, implying carelessness or fault, 80og, cQo801ooS; 8 frequently signifies the same as the English "unfortunately happened to," vo8cc~o8o8oo; also implies something that happened by chance, cosyo@S8So, I happened to see him in the street. 8-ce, verb. formatie; see Gram. sec. 125, 5th; denotes inadvertence or inconsideration, JoS8ctScp8S&~ ~OS; it may also be used without detaching the formatives from one another, c@os8c c6cOOe, oC88GpooO68ouo

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Page  753 8sQ-q:c)S 753 753 8copT1s,, 1 n. an alligator, crocodile; a kind of harp with three strings, 8ccSq8sco8s; s80oSo)o88 SC jS&86Q580, should the water lizard become a crocodile, the river would be disturbed (lit. unhappy), meaning that when a person of ignoble birth fills a high position, he is apt to abuse his authority. scc;paS8a8s, a. resembling a crocodile's head; durians having this shape are of superior quality, 86c38S6as1s8 sc8s888n Sccrrps, n. a bamboo enclosure constructed in a river close to the bank, to" protect bathers from crocodiles. 8cofqisocs, n. a pair of timbers laid parallel for any purpose, as the ways on which a ship is launched; the beams of a floor resting on the ground; the wall plate of a brick building, 8~o3E8s cop$; a truck, long cart, csfpsoaSo3u 8Sc:~8Es:ncgs, v. to crawl along flat on one's stomach, in order to avoid sinking in deep mud. 8c3Epa (oS), 2, n. a kind of creeper, with a white flower, the Derris ecandens; the Burmese say that if this creeper has many blossoms, it presages a heavy rainfall, 8cQ 86g886 8sgcSq~ 8s 8s So9) (Pali 80, game, and o0, a forest), n. a game forest, soscooos 8oC, n. the stars in the head of Orion. 8A~ (Pall), n. falsehood, error; opposed to 0o o, truth; comp. QOXu: 8)89P (see 8g), n. same; a heretic, person of heterodox sentiments; "mitya-drishti, scepticism, that which teaches there is no present world, no future world; it is the principal ro6t of all akusala or demerit." M.B. 8rPoS, n. an evil nat; opposed to OgOcooco5, a good nat. soS, 1 (from cogo), n. affection, friendship. 8oScoopcau, n. a friend, 8SoSgH 8oScjgsoS, v. to be familiar, intimate. 83O8rg28, n. a friend, 80ScagS 80Scag, n. a friend, CSsaESg6s8, 8oScao~ocsjSso 8oScsg, 8oS,, v. to become friends. 80Soojcz, n. a counterpart, a duplicate, a counterfoil. 8ojgSt, v. to have few friends. 8oScoS6 (from 8cS, love; fig. a wife; coS, a husband; and sot, a pair), n. a married couple; an original text accompanied with a translation, olj~Foooo=u 8roS oS, v. to seek copulation, as animals. B. D. 48,

Page  754 75. t4 80830^ 3-8<gcp( 8So8ooo6~, n. friendship resulting from congeniality of birthdays. 8S: coom:x (Pali woco, associating), n. a union of friendship..i' 8o3C/oO:,, v. to become friends. o 80o, 2, n. an efflorescence of humors on the skin, prickly heat, 8oS ',ii (Pali), n. a traitor to friendship; see asS s8 o, 00oSi00R D^soS8,sc c ogaiocsm 0 (Colloq.). 1 li), n. want of reverence, ceooyoS^ fSs; coMp. c8An I (Pali 8cto, a fish), n. Pisces, the twelfth sign of the zodiac, a screech owl, t coS8cQC* sq, Sco*S. The Burmese i nsider the screech owl a bird of ill-omen. B t, n. a military coat with sleeves, worn over the coat of mail. 8, v. to speak authoritatively, to command, 8co:S^ gSu 8il, v. to be faint; to be stupefied, amazed, astounded; to be stunned, unconscious. 81scoo, v. same (more common); comp. rnoCO, p8.coS:Ci cQ~o oo og, he has swooned; he is about to die. t8~so, n. a woman. 8soaccot (by contraction 8Ssm8 cos), n. a girl. ~8,Soy lc:>0D)C, n. a pander, pimp, bawd, 88stcBs$, 8 slo, n. a eunuch who has charge of womens' apartments. 8lsoo*s, n. prostitutes' quarters, a collection of brothels. 8,s0col', n. a lighti wanton woman, 88tsSis 8IlB8, v. to be womanly, feminine. 8 socoSoS, v. to be of an age to associate (as a girl) with women; also applied to young women when they first experience menstruation. 8sQ1', v. to have a wife, oomose~f g8SlcoSo~gas8, n. the curlew. 8Soci. n. the female sex, womankind, 98tolXnsn 8jsoc88S"cp (cao), adv. in a womanish, effeminate manner; applied to men (reproachful) 8jsoc) (pron. lo), n. a hermaphrodite; comp. wcootopp; a womanish, effeminate man. 83toco~o, n. a woman, 8~0i 8S8s0v,), n. the female sex, womankind, 8,O"co 8ocpt, or 8oep8s (pron. 8eQp), n. a queen, is., the wife of a king; 2opqe, a ruling queen

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Page  755 8<coS-8teooS 7 755 WScoS, n. a toy (obs.). 88, pron. one's self, i.e., yourself, himself, or herself, ScqocSESovS, he himself saw it; 88odq89c ico8<, did you yourself see it' 88qc d8(ddc S So, they themselves saw it; see Gram. 8ec. 77. 88, see 88so, n. a woman. ScoCgl (Pali), n. a wild person, a savage, oso8o 0oxco, cno=o80 8fgo (pron. 8Scoo), n. enamel; 88c84o8s8s, 8CxQOcoos, 00o0881880o ca9, etc.; niello work. 8~:O9200o3o8, n. a cover for lanterns used by hunters. 8aoooS, v. to enamel. t88gocoys, n. a native of India sweeper, 83o00'80. a8QOi,. n. a night conservancy tax. ' 8880~g8, n. a night conservancy cart. 8: (Pali, a goat), n. Aries, the first sign of the zodiac, 8eo3o8 8:x8o (o8), n. a kind of plant, a species of Zingiber; when pounded and mixed with salt, it is said to cause cows to give an abundance of milk. 8ooq e, see 808scooa, n. a union of friendship. 8s, n. fird; a light..8s~ooQn8ccG3, n. a fire insurance company. 88S', n. a lantern; a lamp; 8so^c48, a lamp-post. ~8836S o0, n. a magic lantern. 8ssiOy, n. a fire balloon, 88logoS,a 8s88, 88os t 88eds, n. a cracker, Qcoo&S,; a box-iron, a hollow smoothing iron containing a heater. 8aoSn, v. to broil, roast, toast, cook by the heat of fire, but without contact. 8tc9 (pron. 8ton)), n. a bamboo flapper with a long handle, to strike out fire, s81oS 88co, n. a fender. 88c8, v. to take fire, to ignite, to be communicated to, as fir, oo00 G^88CscOOo88c28Q38008 lo, n. a rocket, 89I a38o (pron. Sca8), n. live coals; comp. 8sb; 88s4ac ots, to burn brightly, as coals. Q9crooS, n. the flint of a musket, 8Slo01crS

Page  756 756 8secq, v. to pass through, as fire through wood; fig., to render unfit for the intended use, through the death of the owner, or of any member of his family, 8c5os803eSoggo[n 88$sa, v. to be burnt up, consumed by fire, 80gssc)8so>8n 88so, n. a lamp reflector. 88o8, v. to strike fire. ~8eoSo8, n. a tinder-box, made of lacquered ware, 8soco0oSo 88soopdS, n. a flint to strike fire. 8sooSdl, n. a tinder-box, of woven work. 88n, n. a candlestick, oo;ozSsd3c6s a lamp, O88sn 84, n. a live coal; con; com 884; 0c, a W 88}So80crooo Ss6so8s, n. a tithingman, chief of ten houses. ~8ss, n. smoke; v. to smoke annoyingly, not simply to emit smoke (888odoS), 880@Ve8( ojog 8cs16 &8 8dPyo^! l8O).8^ odqc~oo388^8ddcr <cex u 8888e8, v. to smell of smoke; 889aco, to rise, as smoke, to emit excessive smoke, as a smoky fire; 88sScoS signifies that a village or town is silent because no fires are burning, consequent on its having been pillaged by the soldiers of a victorious army, or by freebooters; or owing to the inhabitants having staked and lost heavily on a boat, or horse race, o28s00086:C5Sqo8sooI s88898 coS<30&; 90 8gii~0 08<8C 48< 030 88s8 0C^8 O B 88s808(*06is[$, n. a flue, ecocoSs 8s8s8ceS, n. gray. 889oS, n. a fire-hook. 8806, n. a lucifer match. 8sroS, n. a cup for burning oil, ea8sScSn 88 s, n. lighting tax. 88(68, v. to'extinguish a light, candle, lamp, etc.; more polite than 88CDoSy 8s868Cqce, n. a fire engine, 88os:Su n8e, n. a stick kindled at one end, a firebrand. 88eS', a. a steam engine; see ooD.p8sedt 8$8t8, n. a torch made of a bundle of sticks, or of a single stick; 88o: (pron. oo), n. a wick, the wick of a lamp or candle, S8mog ~<^l8c8C0Oll

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Page  757 75,7 Seg&(pron. owgs), ni. the part of a wick charred by the flame. 880ot-S (pron. 01o), n. snuffers. 8soos. to pay the allowance made on alloyed silver. 88oS. to give warning against fire, 88cQoSsgCi5n 8sk (pron. $a,,v. to set fire to jungle, rubbish, etc.; to meet an advancing fire with a counter-fire in order to check its progress; commonly used as a noun, Ss,. to take fire. li80n fr oghtse.iet, 8~~~ 88 v. to ignite, lihse ieto sgsop Saav. to pay more, on account of alloy Ssoo~syS,. a fire-shed. 8scoois (proni. 9fls), n. an enclosure around a building, which serves as a screen from fire. Ssmso'348~s, nt. same as 88oosn bseoxcYS, nt. a blaze, flame; comp. 8sc~J; 88COnQoSCM060O; v~. to blaze, 8S(609 8SQoD8 (pron. ea)S), ni. a volcano, 88cSGeo:)o~D~u 8 B v. to set fire to, emor~8c~,4 8s (more elegant). 88sc~f (pronz. VS). nt. a candle, torch, 8sjac~s, 8:iis8sc~8. Ss v18. a torchbearer. ~8sC~8~pS, nt. torchlight. ~Soa88 (pron. R8s), nt. the seven days of roasting after childbirth. 8sco8s (pron. a88), ni. fuel, COSs88ti v. to be in childbed; see 8sc~n ~ v. to stoke the furnaces of a steamer; to fire up. nSx.6,v. fire wrapped up to throw on a building, with a view to incendiarism, 8soc~&xSa SsBC)RS, v. to leave the lying-in room after childbirth. 886,v. to light a candle, lamp. 88,v. to be too hot; 'applied to the fire of furnaces, as oo83 8set, v. to be in childbed, 88ooSep 880,v. to ram down powder in a wooden tube, o~SPC~S. 88C00. a sconce, with lights. 84:? (pron. +~), ni. pyrotechnical exhibitions, fireworks; lit. fire blossom, Ssu4S11i vi. a firelock.

Page  758 758 8S8:0+Si-8sS1wooS 8sSoaft (pron. oqs8), n. a kind of rocket, 8t80ojso 8t(e.s (pron. ocES)), n. a kind of rocket 8 OgSqB S (pron. og%8^oS), n. a kind of squib. 8ss8, n. a lantern made of paper and suspended from a flagstaff, 81 y8as8, tsto8, 8tQ6o8su 88s8), n. a flying lantern, 8sdsoi, 8$s (pron. q), n. a flatiron; 8uts, a box-iron. 88osdoS, v. to iron clothes. 8scf1sS (pron. coodS), n. a spark, 888s8; aho uwed as a verb, o308QcdsO% Spo, <j888Cndcgl^X 88soqoS ooSoS, n. a matchlock, eso; any kind of firearms. 88s (pron. f), n. flying fire, a rocket, 88saSc 8st(gdoS, (pron. QoS), n. a lighthouse. 8 33g8 (pron. go5C S), n. a light-ship. 8-@joEs (pron. cQo68), n. a pipe used to blow up a fire, 88s8OOS 88sg, n. a small flame; o~aS8oc,880^o~o8a, to "see stars." 888sp (pron. 83got), n. a spark, SscoloS, 8g38orao^, coOsc3S8 8acSOOi8 8CO Oss8OO 88stsogc8, v. to scintillate, to emit sparks or fine igneous particles. 8sooS (pron. 8,goS), n. an instrument four or five inches in length, made of horn, or some kind of hard wood, in the shape of a cylinder, having a piston with tinder at the end, with which to strike fire. s88, n. a fireplace, hearth. 88s;8t, n. a kitchen. 88s:)s, n. a fireside. 88c~$oS, n. a fire-raft, a raft made of trunks of plantain trees lashed together, upon which shallow cups of oil with lighted wicks are placed, and then floated down a river, usually in the month of Thadingyut. This s considered a religious ceremony; sometimes it is a propitiatory offering to Qs 8o0oS, the Burmese Neptune; 88coocg$o 883808, v. to bring forth a child, 43oSB8S 8csoScso8 (pron. CQ8), n. a medicine to prevent the necessity of "roasting" for several days, after childbirth. 88do9(ls8, n. a kind of chafing dish, a brazier, pan to hold fire. 88si, n. embers. 8~gco8800t9, v. to give warning against fire by beating a gong through the streets.

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Page  759 88C 81-810M)SO~ 759 8sgcs, v. to make or kindle a fire, 8stu 88c, n. a fiery serpent, 8sco68c~B 8s89, n. a burning glass, sqoj6i" 888s, w. to turn down the light. 846B, v. to turn up the light. 8soOC pseoS, n. a steam engine, 88o$so SBQS 8scSol618, n. a wooden fireplace; a wooden frame placed in a well to support the side; comp. oat& 8sqloos, n. a steam car, a locomotive. 8sq0oos8Cj, n. a railway car, a railway carriage or van. 8sqcoos, n. a railway station. ~88q[Co8s 5, n. a railway station master. 8scagosoSo coS, n. a railway ticket; o ooiSoc, a return ticket. 8scoOsco8s, n. a railroad, railway. 8s8oS, v. to pay less on account of giving pure silver. 8sji, n. a torch made of a bundle of sticks, or of a single stick; see s88s8u 8sjs8Scon6^oop, v. to bring forth a child, as a queen or princess, v88, v. to set fire to, 8sc8c&ia 88j,?n. arson. s88Cso8, n. a kind of chafing dish, a brazier; see 88StB.8. s 88scoE88, n. a kind of rocket, which hisses in falling, jp8sp8g S8 88co,, v. to be frightened by a fire. 88OO:8S, v. to burn, 8sc06coo)8co, 8sccoOS&o&S, a. a term applied to property which has been destroyed by fire, or rendered useless by neglect; lt., fire-burnt and rat-bitten. S8cSocScqS, n. a cage in which prisoners were burned alive, $s Gosd8Q c 8, SsccooSc38 gsvt SccooSuo, n. the scar of a buri; 88~soQ cp, a fire trace. SscoaSes, or 8scooSs, adv. setting free from restraint, giving liberty to follow one's own inclination; see colcSo3Sn 8$c, v. to warm one's self by a fire. 885'y, n. a corruscation of light. 8sCg, n. the flashing of a flame, a corruscation of flame. 8s80c8o, n. a steamship; 8socc:m6ccos, a steam launch. 8ls ~eGsolEs8cS, n. a steamer's funnel. I:p..;,- Z

Page  760 760 SscooS, v. to extinguish a light or fire, 88$3L8, $soQ 8oooSqSQ, n. a fire engine. 8xtog8, v. to clear a path in order to check the advance of fire, 8s 0038, 810 -COoSoQ~8$=sqQ@Sn 8.6o, v. to die, or go out, as a fire, or as the light of a candle, or lamp. 8scogs (from c6, to be dry), n. a dead coal, charcoal. 88~sc88ee$, n. carbon. t+86 (pron. 81), n. pure silver; most excellent kind, coSun Sa~6, n. the menses, menstrual discharge, op?, cp&o4s8 $sa0crjcS~, n. a stoppage of the menses, 8soot92, ScOXuS 88$scx, n, excessive discharge of the menses. 8soxSO, n. a disease occasioned by irregularity of the menses, comp. ojcoOu 88aomS~, v. to have a return of the menses. f~o1~ (Pali, a mouth, and ooo, to fall from), n. a divine speech or utterance, jo~oo5, fos.SooYolNoqonSoS Qi (Pali) (pron. coSj), adv. certainly; verily, ooc4So~o, IroO OaP80, @t;ooW8ooS8OVsoeAm&, ^1oooisoE~ as8oS, see os;oS, n. the beard of the chin. 98s (pron. 4oS8qs), n a huntsman, co~copag s, o -ccS s; aQsoocl, huntsmen and fishermen collectively; 4ads is said to be derived from ooj, a deed or action, and qs, to be evil. 4Osct~, n. the Desmodium triquetum. tist, see i oS& c, n. a widower. Iatc83o (6ols), n. a famous naga, which during a storm, protected Gautama the Buddh with his hood, Yg:A8B oq8 o3C8s4SCn6 coD3dool 8gzS8r s?coS0008 U c~o (Pali), n. a pagoda with a recess in each side. There are several pagodas in Burma called %~9cgo. "These pagodas are said by the Burman annalists, to have been ordered to be completed, all at a certain time, when the moon would be emerging fr"an eclipse, and from this circumstance they are all called co, rom a Pali word signifying the release of the moon from eclipse." Colonel Horace Browne. 4oS, 1, n. aloes, the inspisated juice of the aloe, 8scjeesoo S cs; used as a medicine, principally as a carminative soS, 2, n. an arch, arched passage into a pagoda. i 4SoSoCUsIgS, n. same; v. to turn such an arch.

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Page  761 761 oS, 3 n. urine (Med.), o0o0o, cgScoS. The Burmese are of the opinion that the urine of a black bullock, is efficacious as a medicine in cases of persons who have weak circulation. oS&Se, n. same as boSn yoS, 4, v. to measure with the breadth of the fist, the thumb being shut down beside the finger; hence 9siona 'o.mooms, n. the short thick board placed at the bow and stern of a Burmese boat, in which the gunwales (cocSqs) are inserted. ~oSp, n. the shell of the pearl oyster. (oSg~99, v. to dive for pearl oyster shells. ioSg cS, n. a European master-pearler (Mergui). o8cYiS, n. the beard of the chin, oS.a80~oS,g;u s. To'o c tk 6emn oSsoS0s8, n.. a guy rope. ro8ts, see ias, n. a huntsman. oS4sad, n. a widower. IoSsbso, n. a widow. IoSp0s, n. the beard; used in composition with aoScaS, oSsa80oScos qOS(sc2Sn ^oSccs, n. a necklace. coSo3~, joSo, n. a woman kept by a foreigner; a term of reproach..gg, n. a rupture, hernia. 8o0, n. the mastic tree, oo6p8ooE)SoS; 9c3dt8s, mastic. &3fo, n. lit. the Martaban disease, a species of leprosy, said by the Burmese to supervene after virulent syphilis, ~coEScol Oi6oS (oS), n. the Bassma latifola. ccooo (Pali), n. joy in the happiness of others, o8sc9ocSS8sii 18is, n. a kind of drum. s8, n. a ravisher, one who commits a rape: comp. o&oii 18483Oc, v. to ravish, commit a rape. J88socb (pron. o)), n. a robber, ravisher, etc. tpooj (Pali), n. softness, 98o86cjgg8, cXOOoqa), 880oo0ol11 s~o0 (Pali 8, the head, and no, produced), a. cerebral, produced from the head; applied to consonants of the q class., see oef, n. the temporal juice which exudes at certain seasons from the male elephant's head, soSqcraOnpe, aoS C8O3&n JS8E8, n. the mustard plant; mustard. Si88seo, n. the mustard seed. 388sa8, n. oil of mustard.

Page  762 o~p6s^^, n. the pulverized seed of the mustard. $o88, n. a kind of tree, the Cycas, tioSn ticBSs, n. a violent wind, gale, hurricane, tornado; a storm, tempest, 4coD, n. the radish plant; =o4c3o coo, the cabbage plant. ^Sco:e, n. the radish. cogE,4, n. the parsnip. ~co:)e^, n. the beet. cSco:oei, n. the radish plant. Scooeolp, n. the carrot Icoceg8s, n. the turnip, Q, 1, n. bread. sc~pdoS (pron. os~coSa), n. a soft kind of bread. 0coS, v. to toast bread; n. (pron. tioS), rusk, toast. iitoags, a. soft bread, pudding, porridge; see jfar 4~ ao2, n. a kind of cake made of rice and soaked in jaggery. O[:os, n. vermicelli of Chinese manufacture. Sic@;, n. fried cake. RS n. a wafer, thin cake. o8S&, n. dough. jiS&cal8 n. bread made of coarse rice flour and jaggery, and cooked by steam. Adoo~, n. a certain preparation of rice. ^i8c@&S, n. fried cake, 1'c'S3 ojaoS, n. flour. jgcdg|~s, v. to dredge, to sprinkle flour on roasting meat. i:ou:o, n,. a pie. odc, n. vermicelli, yo~Sso1sa ^~o8e,, n. a kind of vermicelli. lif, n. soft bread, pudding, porridge, lioe~,ss jo8, n. the breadfruit tree. ItolOj, n. a kind of cake.:icraoc (pron. joq[), a. a kind of cake, also called w8,oZ0R, from its fancied resemblance to a hornet's nest. I8e~cooS, n. a pancake. F,08, n. a cake. tiS~ n. blancmange. j~cco~g, n. a thin cake, very light and brittle, Aim

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Page  763 763 ~Soe, n. a seller of bread, a baker. ScoSslas, n. vermicelli of Burmese manufacture. ~, 2, v. to be small, minute, co8, not used assertively, cq[d6Q s @cmX6 i Ace ~8 @iSoj8)8oo1i Scooo68, adv. highly intensive, as lticooSgo3o, exceedingly handsome. v8, v. to dislike, hate, detest, Sg888s C893S08v8, v. to hate inveterately, aESr080g)scoS co'0co~ S 86sos, n. hatred prompted by another. SsooX8, v. to hate intensely, vcacoo g cgS,0,o o tSso8S, n. wrath. +oS3 v8, v. to show wrath, xoovqSQs yo3swO:s3ci.CPots)'Gi Js cwo:) (pron. cxo:), n. barley, Hordeum vulgare, Jco:eoqso 8~s, n. a kind of rice plant, grown on the bank of a stream, or the shore of a lake, in the cold season, t;88seo1s, qSsoois y8n, n. a kind of tree, cays, the mudar. ~8s;p, n. a kind of drum (obs.). ~sseols, n. a kind of grain. Of~tcd, n. a kind of creeper. Icos8, n. a kind of creeper, fSccosu t3:3 (commonly pron. ~ooos), n. falsehood; opposed to truth, oSj cG3OOcO8; comp. 8AO; c00ocolcoA3ciof n t386E, v. to be addicted to falsehood, soc9 Sc.,r Scin o1ooc@o, v. to speak falsely, to tell a falsehood. Y3:oooocyo, n. a false or suborned witness, a perjurer; [ozo:cS co.a, perjury. ooo4s8, v. to tell lies frequently, habitually. ct 1, n. a dyeing substance of inferior strength and color, used as a substitute for indigo, 4coq1C sBOgSn v, 2, v. to begin to form, as a bud; hence ood,; 4y 80s cOt8su ~, 1 (from xco), n. an original writing from which a transcript is made; ioocQSsc8oS, to adhere to the original. ',V:<8C,re. Go8s, n. an autograph; an original manuscripts tAs, 6v;il 7 1cooi, n. a copy of an original writing. 60co8g, n. an original document, cjSotoit R, 2, v. to do, perform, ca~, c~ooS, 6; frequently euphonic; to act

Page  764 764 like, assume the character of, 6, c6S; to be affected; o8q38os8sg dcfo8s0gocqywgoc8 cDcookoowcfiso oS i ttmos, sometimee a, n. afix nominative, frequently with an adversative signiflcation; verb. affix continuative, c(e, 6o0vs, o0a8sco8s, coPsa8 /co (Pali)~ n. an origin, bottom, foundation, oo O8, oa&, ~CoOa c@aSE sooTs.no so l 8s; ao0nsq30i9oSooos8coC7YcoOs, were you, sir, originally a citizen of Rangoon? [coyS o8ss8gOO, to authenticate. Ocoob4, n. the fountain head. ~,,; I., a l coe, co, > coCjoS, v. to be simple, uncompounded, genuine. r ~coof8, n. (z~oj) same as 4ico, oo6Co'o sroogscog8oosn fcoq~eoao, a. authentic. R8, 1, n. a mu, a weight of which there are two kinds, the great and the small; the great mu is equal to two great pes (b), or one eighth of a crq, and the small mu is equal to two small pes, or one tenth of a caS; ise, a two anna bit. 8s, 2, see ts, n. a person of rank. (s, 3, n. a small river, a rivulet, 8So(;8iss8l8$cxsoS. s8coooS, n. rice grown on alluvial islands in the Mu River. 1s, 4, v. to be giddy, dizzy: to be sea-sick, c~s8s8; to be intoxicated, ooSs, ooaqSs; in certain instances 8scwo, maybe applied figuratively, when it means to be intoxicated with delight, to be in an ecstacy, etc. 8sc8s (pron. %sQs), scoS, 8soA6, v. same; 8s0oSo, adv. in a drunken manner, %86St oRec oos 08c oooj30, 1s8ooS ~o6OO~ 8 OSE, v. to be tipsy, coo~o00D 8#60s os, v. to faint. cu(co) (Eng.), n. May. cog83 (pron. 6Eo: ) (Pali), n. benevolence, affection, love, Bg88s; an expression of good will or benevolence; a blessing, a prayer for the good of another. cogv3 o (pron. Sonoo), n. a friendly letter, an epistle. co3otse, v. to feel deep affection or love. w8go,; v. to wish well, to bless, to pray for, ns~c,$oSiS o.sc~ c{ogp, v. to do a kindne ss, CDctina COO eSoc. S3 deo Se6 pco3~O:o0o, n. meditation of kindness and affection. In the exercan redwl ov —ne' + t ev ^it-l4* cao: dlr -; d

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Page  765 765 cise of this mode of bawana, the thoughts must not be fixed upon any particular individual. sco8f, v. to be lacking in affection; to be without affection. eCf3o,1S, v. to petition (clerical). ~683:o, v. to have affection for, to love. c~3fooaScoos, Qo333oooSo, v. to have affection for, to love. 6c68OQ3, n. Maitri; see oo[6~CQ~o, the fifth or coming Buddh. ~crcx (Pali cooji, 6o08sco~ n), n. sexual intercourse, oooloo, Coo$0 o1sol33o S; Gemini, the third sign of the zodiac, gonco <?ydS6Cp6 8ocxjoSS}~C8g@o; GOa9Rag, ^^^^^ 6;i.^l; ogoooc~s o~oo8,^o:o~b ibS, unnatural offense. crquo, or owoo, n. an intoxicating liquor or drug; combined with:ocp; see ougjoXan co, v. to forget; to be stunned, to swoon oi8ooSo6c38 c66 66CpdCo6c So, whatever locality I may reach, I cannot forget you; S88swoTocoq.co~6coo; gc0rdf~gcr6s}, I forgot my jacket, and left it behind, cccSIot3oSzo p ev8@ s~8Coo6~1 ~coSq3, v. same; ~coqqI, to forget and leave something behind. Eos^W@, v. to doze, slumber, oOi3gS 8wgu co~sos (pron. o s), n. chloroform, laughing-gas, ether, 6oososo860 (6~cgo (freq. written coa-o), v. same as 6cocq; to be forgetful, and hence to be heedless, careless, oou;cQcq;ooo5oaoS~co5c:28 coo;SSCco85oS, he is a very forgetful man, and will starve in time. egs, 1, n. the lower jaw.,osqOo+Sc, v. to chatter with the teeth, as when cold, or in great fear. c~sTS, v. to be stiff or firmly cosed, as the jaws in lockjaw, or on the near approach of death. cos88cpo1, n. tetanus, lockjaw. Cusco, n. the ehin. ~9so.jS, a. a martingale. A csQco:o~r, v. to rest the chin on the hand. c~aScI, v. to protrude the chin, as when in convulsions, or on the near approach of death, or in derision. ostjp8, n. the chin, c~8scgs ~cya?, v. to thrust out the chin in an upward direction in contempt or derision, ooSSaIcs?18sooNoolSi acje8on C68n8, n. the lower jaw-bone.

Page  766 766 cosclS@ss, n. the curb of a bridle. co8s, 2t. to ask, inquire, o~80:ccoo oS80 *.rdc8s88ol, ask him, please, how far it is, o~cv~0sostco:o)sa}81Osocsoo, yesterday, when U Pan Bon came, he inquired about you. 8CQsIsoqSc, v. to interrogate a witness, as an advocate. ~cv8ss:o, v. to be damaging, as questions put in cross-examination. c-86s, v. to interrogate. coso8scapTas, v. to be on speaking terms, Cco~g; to be within speaking distance, as the occupants of two houses, coSis, v. to ask, inquire, Sgi S:oedcoig^ ooou cosi, v. same (infreq.). b (o8), 1, n. anil, the indigo plant; indigo, 'dc8n ic88, n. the Ruellia indigofera. aS8s. n. an indigo plantation. Ao5-,.n. indigo.,oS, n. a species of indigo plant; a creeper, producing the asclepias blue dye. 48s, n. wild indigo. 1, 2, n. a lot, eOcRs3oon becoYcS,, v,. to cast lots; 4bcrq06, let us cast lots for it. kcd8, n. a raffle ticket. b, 3, no an extra weight put into one side of a balance, boat, etc., in order to make an equilibrium, Zo08s; ce~o8~c~os88 (S, oOSs8acoOa 94boo8ooS8^3qe~ A, A, see c.ei, v. to be dark, black; to be dark in mind, ignorant, foolish, SaoS bo2x. boSc, v. same, 9o3soj jI0, Siwcj(o0oo'SIN 6bob, a. blackish, ^tgOgSo ~Bs ~b4, adv. darkly, very dark, e)8d&o~ ooS, oSo8~:osbc 4, 4 (an abbrev. of 6o:St), v. to theaten, daunt; to terrify indirectly; cOJ6S?@SOcO? ~; >M( ic)@o6~So4, to terrify his wife, he beats the cat. bOec8, n. a kind of tree, the Cassia forida. bact8s, n. the winged cadla, used as a remedy for ringworm. boooc8, n. two rivers in U.B., near the confluence of which was a penal settlement; the locality being highly malarious, deportation

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Page  767 767 thence, was popularly regarded as equivalent to death. c4)S, n. a kind of tree, the Maba buitolia. i, j v. to be disfigured in face, as when crying, qvSc }cj~pu~o, eocSgccS, adv. with an ashamed, downcast countenance, ou 8sso Pa, v. see the parts, (t ^*OCIWBSON., 2, v. to be wanting, not full, o{@; not to be, 48i commonly used without a modal afix, as o803, truth wanting, or without truth; similar to the English termination "less," c SQcoO88Oc8g 9ssCoO&a Scoomsoooi808ooorcQ8~CsEc, since my friend U Law San died, I have been like a motherless child; ooroo wP o caoji6olSsO, a very faithless man; do not associate with him; cgd} co5oocoocSO5 oSJ>c 4i, he beat me without cause; ovaps), lawless. coo, v. to be tired, fatigued; to be in an exhausted condition, as a sick person; op~covSopooaS o <COSwcoo; cxoSw ~,ooSoraxGox2sE coSol, the sick person is in a very exhausted condition, I do not think that he can hold out long. cooos, v. same; 6coo+8s, adv. in a tired, worn-out manner, ~aor scovov soo@sloo~ uo~cc^, from what journey have you come, that you are so weary, sir? co~cS, a. to be rounded, prominent, elevated in the centre, 8; hence ooaooS; to be very high, elevated, towering; see #:oos; cmc oSoovSg,@CoDdouctoo, the dish is not merely full, the rice is heaped up. coo~csocS5, v. to be arrogant, cc o soos; to be imperious, dictatorial, as language, aEorp8 8cs cvod, c~O~tcoe f8$ ~cu, your language is imperious, sir; it has become intolerable; to be lofty, oo~o:8oSo soSoocoScS~zoc~e:>acoo, this tree is more lofty than other trees. coucSRs, v. see the parts. tcoQoSf, n. a kind of bonnet or cap,,S~o cieo oSiso{cfcfO Woo)doo, a. to be strong, firm, hard (in language), ecmoscvoSw Gse; to be of strong, atheletic build, cj.s'lc~cgSoowfa6 eXcSt[, n. a kind of official cap, with a crest. co~E, n. the brother of a woman; Brother; prefixed to namesof men and indicative of equality; Sir, as an appellative to a young man,

Page  768 768 and rather respectful; c~oSec, a term of compellation used in addressing the sons of notable men. 0cooS6 8, n. the elder brother of a woman, csl#Sjoolo;oS soo, as in dividing an inheritance. ~ooSco, n. a woman's younger brother, coSn CSCOoo0S, n. a cousin, s"&cdcoo5 6oojs, n. a husband, coS; coiSj s, male and female (of birds), co~oSoev, n. Mr.; addressed to one whose name is not known (not respectful). So:S <ooixooox)c V&oa; ooo is said to be a corruption of the Pall ocao, a husband; comp. 8sg51 eowS, pron. you, mas.; used to an inferior. ~.oS8Ss, n. same; rather imperious or disrespectful; cooSo8ss8, same; usually used in a deprecatory sense, o ~o o scowo s AoSd, oS0cgC EC)s6so5ou ooSjSE (commonly pron. cooq s), a. a probationer for the Buddhist priesthood, je, =ocoao; coSoEco:8s, one about to become a probationer; Brother; a term of compellation addressed to men younger than one's self; comp. c918. Burmese parents frequently address their sons as co:E S, after they have been probationers and have become laies again. It is sometimes, however, a style of address used indiscriminately by both men and women, toward young men whom they do not know; Burmese sisters usually address their younger brothers as cooSSEu CwQScoeSocope (pron. cwScoo4jwoxS), n. mutual brothers and sisters-in-law, e.g., Nga Pyu marries Nga Me's sister, and Nga Me marries Nga Pyu's sister, cooSco coSe~cooS6:oS c~o3wEco, n. Mr.; addressed to one whose name is not known; see QoSQcooSa, n. same; Me co-Soa oso tcooS:c&T (uS), n. the Combreafm etensum. Where timber and;amboos are scarce, it is used for making the walls and floorings of temporary structures, and of the houses of the poor. co1Ss, 1, n. the arm; cocoS86s, the upper arm; cocSts, the lower arm; a lever, turning on a pivot, cw:lSso(; comp. o'S; a well pole, or pump handle, cooSscooS; the spring of a gun, c~oos coot; a spring. co~88osq, n. the socket of the shoulder.

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Page  769 769 C nOSooSo (pron. oao)), n. a horizontal pivot. e8OSs803coSoj8 (pron. ococajS), n. same. GcooS8ecm, v. to prize; to move with a lever, to pry. cwoSsccpoS (pron. cjooS), n. a kind of pestle used in cleaning paddy. GcoSsacoos (pron. cD18), n. a clasp knife. CoOSg gS (pron. gao), n. the cup of a rice mortar. o88Ss 88 (pron. e2s), n. the iron ring of the pestle of a rice mortar; a plain finger ring, cooSsc scoogSg8I co8s 8A, n. a sleeve; any ornament worn on the arm. ~cuSs;o, n. the cup of a rice mortar; see coSsgco a c~o:SooS, v. to set a spring; cooscreQSs6oS, to raise and open the blade of a knife; cosSoeO8so8, to cock the trigger of a gun; coS:~ soS8, to half-cock (a gun); fbco,8,sooS, to full-cock (a gun). cSsoo8s8co?, n. a rice-pounding shed. cuoSsos, n. the lever which raises the pestle of a rice mortar; any lever used for raising by pressure on a fulcrum; comp. ojoS; ioo&S 986X6, C@8soosc9 s QQ)Ssopsoos, n. pestle-pounded rice, ready for use. cw8Ss~8?, v. to be weak, as a spring, coo~Sc'OSscon SOsu8s88, n. the upper part of the arm, close to the shoulder. S8scooS, n. a pump handle; a pole suspended on a pivot for raising water. cyOsos, v. to be strong, as a spring, c~a0o6~oSvSooS; to be strong in the upper arm. cy8s,., n. a Burmese gong; formerly a measure of time equal to three English hours. ccO8s~cS, v. to expose (a malefactor), by beat of drum and declaration of his crime. 64OSsaoS, v. to proclaim by beat of gong, by way of giving information or warning to the public. CO88O~ds, v. to strike a gong, c~oisqon CO88scoa, n. a gong stick, coOSooSH C)68c), v. to go about with a drum, as a crier or bellman. QQveS, 3, v. to threaten; not used singly; to drive; to drive away (an animal), ecgJ8esco c&o,1, cQ:e8b, v. to threaten, {&S8~OW8S0o, [S8~eooC~eS8b, gusoO ~c:a6;,t8)o{gc~aooo:, he threatened mp and went away. oIsCco~:4, v. to exercise a horse. B. D. 49.

Page  770 coo8s, 4 v. to be of a dark red or purple color, oo;88soas 8C coE8scws3.,CloS cdso t. oSm, the color of this puhso is too dark red; it is not suitable for a young man, BoS~89Oi s8o ~ov8s 6oo qSg9lcC S8 63 G:cS6P~60 o~CooSqo6035#, the most excellent Buddh sent forth, a dark red ray of light, from a dark red part (of his body) (118). aoSsvcozSo&S, n. a kind of oob manufactured at the village of Maungtaung. 0088s~oOSdoS, n. a lacquered bamboo bowl, manufactured at the same village; a wooden bowl. Co~8so, n. a female attendant or concubine of a king, 6oS'o~ co5an cCoS&8o:a, n. same; w ss 8C8 oa62oo, o& oSn. c~coo (pron. cqsoo), n. a series of the extremest austerities, so severe that during the time of a Buddh only one person is found capable of practising them; even the most enthusiastically religious person can practise them for only twelve years, those moderately so, for seven years, and those least enthusiastic, for seven days. It is incumbent on those who perform these austerities, wholly to eschew sleep; ~c og&o, ~oocqoqa9ovoon C91801oc ocS, n. a kind of stone used in alchemy. CQCQ801cOl 48C.CoaCs, n. copper ore. co9q8o0S1cgeos8cocS, n. silver ore. c~o, n. darkness, ignorance, folly; "moha is so called because it cleaves to that which is evil and does not cleave to that which is good." M.B. cDOom8osm8s, adv. in a nonplussed manner. Qco'ct8scos, v. to be enveloped in ignorance. C~oomf, n. same as cocn; coDOC80#so 1 TO, v. to turn up the face, to look up, ocSoo-oa8oScoeSso1; ~oop0 c0coos38, to elevate a rifle or gun. c6o0oq, v. same, Oo6oS6?&@ vc5, v. to be ascending, to be high in a slanting direction, as a path up a hill, coxscoSooaoS og; or a rapid in a river, qcQ6<aCo, C~6Qo5cgMiooco88oS;:; to look forward in an upward direction; to be haughty, insolent, ccooEO)S s; hence, 6~o5, cGbLS; to swagger, ooo~fcoaSaS cj, c~co5; to be bumptious. c5;S~, v. to look forward in an upward direction, Q;;c~~c$f e (QC30ooo3 c(Cic3geu

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Page  771 SoEas-apuS'scS 77 771 C~o5os, v. to be overbearing, arrogant. ~o)c8~oSooMs (pron. co8sdvoSos), adv. in an insolent, swaggering manner. t~ocsY8 (pron. ag8), n. a permanent inscription; a register, record of dates, boundaries, etc.; coS4si 3, cOSoSooE, wscCT8Ogc, COS(C0^8Cp8 CQQOS 2SCaSC C BSfO COEjo n CoS86oo8, Cadv. heedlessly, carelessly, without an object, fcoS}n wo~ovS, n. a kind of silk. q, v. to be elevated, raised in the centre, cosn 6cocBS, v. same, oi@cg Q^c3odcSc<agi coooS&IccSo1, this ground rises in the centre; please level it; ccoovSoomcosSq, a little rising hummock. 8oS,, n. a crucible, or cupel, aoSgcSn SoooSE, QgaS3S, n. a flat cupel. Ci3CeoS, n. a deep cupel, c8seodSn cSeoocp, n. one skilled in extracting gold or silver from old crucibles, QyoScj00 qc&cooS, v. to extract gold or silver from old crucibles. oc,8s, n. a deep cupel; see qoScBecS, l boS, i, v. to be dark, ocoSs, cqoS, CYScSaofOp csco,- to be ignorant, foolish, wicked, bn oSfoos, v. to be blindly foolish, o C)oSuc$ s8goovcOB S, 3cSSs,, v. to be foolish and impolite. cS, J? v. to measure with the breadth of the fist with the thumb erected; hence ooacS; Bcs coScofxlc o foS ao oSs (Pali co6-oo), n. the sky, the visible heavens; the clouds; rain; comp. Bo,; QsSs and cco are often used together in the same expletive way as osscco and ~qocmcon OSso8, v. to be covered with clouds, as the heavens. Q S80, v. to be overcast, slightly overspread with clouds. tSspeo, n. the rainy season, q,SscpdS, qSttscooa Z898, n. the beginning of the rains; o2sl8~r; qOg8ssceO, to be early, as the rains; qoSsso83poS, to be late, as the rains. QDscoM, n. a screen from the rain, an awning. XSr8o:oGf3, n. a waterproof cape or coat 8(00xoco, n. the rainy season; comp. eo', seeopa o)Sso2, v. to terminate, as the rainy season. QS8.S (pron. 2S), n. the place of the apparent junction of the sky

Page  772 772 and earth, the horizon, bjqSoococq~pqb -0) qqBSCCO8SS, v. to rain abundantly throughout the season. 4z~scr_*8scrn8, n.. the sky. n. the broad-billed roller. ~,n. an alloy of, copper and gold- used in making finger rings, ear, tal)es., etc.., OS& M8 co Cys~ gr~so,0885u q~sch 2 (pro. &Os, n. a thunderbolt, qz.98msoS"n qz2S~sc,8Ss, v~. to cause a stroke of lightning to deviate., ~s~sctc~Sn..a lightning conductor. qv~smseSo, n. a thunderbolt; a galvanic battery., qdlS Bosto v. -to thunder in short claps. qdsSmsub, v. to strike, as lightning, S so he was, struck dead by lightning; ds~subo~scoc&Sm,' to screen onu's self with a tan leaf, to avoid being struck. by lightning, i.e., to meet. a difficulty, or danger, with insufficient means of resistance; oc~ if I should speak untrue words, may I be struck by lightning. ic a. bluish red, $OO ~ thunder., qZ~S~scs,:s-,, n. a thunderbolt, &2BINISii1 Ss1 (from aie1OS,"to be out of the way), v. to be dry as the, clouds; not to rain iniseamol, qu cV, v. to-Iong for~ rain, as men and animals; lit, to call the rain., qdq v. to'stay -through. the rainy geason; to take shelter from the rain. V., to Ahundjr,, qZSS~(&:U qOSsS, v~. to shut in, (close) as evening, % a~cS. humid air, *8 IQ8" ~. qsSseo (pron. ap) n. a kind of sparrow. qTIv. to, cease rainig qZS&8o5CO~ qomV. to rain incessantly; to be showery.. qT~cg~A.m the English ~lwallo~w,,Hirundo rustica; COMp.~8 v.808 V-to. have thep A.ppearance of coming, rain,, -as the' sky: more than ~&~ vtorain infrqent ehowers... q sjv. to be scanty, as rainip thaaiy Ioon a,~(S)(rn.~') ~ kind, of treeOIO Sro, t e O

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Page  773 O8d oS-ZSs%8COOSJ<( 68 773 U8cScoS, e raining, q.Ssb, uSd8c8 (p., n. a cloud.. s5so~ c8C Hpecies of sundew, co5c't:n qssco0Ss, v in-stained, as clothes.. 2 n^SE 8, fi kanese name for the green bee-eater, segsscsCoS d. * a plant. 8~sv, v. y threatening aspect, as the clouds; lit. the sky is sick. q&pSsg, n. e rainy season, a rain-fog. *Ss, (o8 growing into a thorny bush, from eight to ten feet ing ovate, glossy leaves..The root of this plant is - ith salt and administered to persons -who exhibit pl1 - mptoms of smallpox. S6j}: 8, t-^ the rains; v. to be late, as the rainy season. 8uocSS, v. to rain. dt8o8s, v. to be s a rainfall. qSotO1cS, n. a in, q2s8So1oSn 8,s~c, n. a sud 1. uSs68s, n. a passing shower. ~ qdsg3ooS, v,. to otted, as clothes. g.. 8, n. snow; ar up and be sunny. uSs~, n. fine ra O5S8 i, 8,.: ~, drizzle. uS~, 1 (from |:ourt to), n. the willw'; so called because it flourishes inde f rain. q28s,, 2, h. the S sperma, a kind of orchid... a vt8, v. to be ove a shower of;rain, or by a rainstorm..s~:g, v. to rum sky, to thunder. e ci~8oo.Scq s, n,. a collective terml for Cultivable land. TO82s, v, to be misty, dusky, as the atmosphere before rain; comp. q:86Ca;Cs, v. to become dark, as the sky with rain-clouds, qtQS<qS0n t s8ss, v,. to lower, as the sky, ~9.Sr3oo3,I q8) go, lv. to rain. 0:sco0S, v. to d-rwn; to clear up, as the sky after rain, to become fair, Q8sco88CISSc8a8sS6 p~e 'S8CoS8 q2ScocSdn. the middleof the rainy season) i8<oC< d ]86 8oSc u 8as;coo,,.:to be, toimy, boisteir6ts: 4 3Spr8 m( t ' ti8), n. a istoj, tObmpet..

Page  774 774 qz83OCSQCO-q8C48QoSOOS oSs3o~Sco, n. wind precursing a storm. scoaos, n. a dark rain-cloud, d8BOD80008a kd8Ss68, n. hail; large sago. c8~&rso, v. to hail, qzS&a.:sc.oOpu (%IsQcodoC, v. to be early in the morning, rise; QeS5 cOcxooS, the dawn, qSscoooocoo (pron. SC=B owoosg8nopo (Collo.). qvSsocSoo, v. same as qmS8cocfS o gs~csOo~o5, n. the time just before dawn w 8osSe8fg31, n. a paper made in q8s8cS, on States. k8w, v. to help, aid, assist, OF3,, %cyH O 3, j v. to be elevated, raised in the centr v,; v. to be slightly raised or swelled, ppearance of a mountain at a distance, 0c0xo"o6 S)co0t n ~, 3 n. affix causative, because of, on acc 011og.); frequently preceded by cq; sSBos8gooDc ' i&&oDO. o osscoooaQ o1; 8I8< S J1 co Mo~c9q= c:oqologS; sometimes preceded by 2R) cs qop8, a contraction of ooqc&oS8; used as negative, affixed to an assertive affix (colloq.), 086Ogp OsscCO oos)o (osasoeo^jos; equivalent to (iio8q ^ (&oS)ioS; 0o0 icoos, a contraction of ocCoSccos, sam& 880o:Si, ~cOS &8G q8, v. to cover without contact, to spre ead, as an umbrella, c8sqs; to hold a da in a threatening manner over a person, cos8 pq8a S, a008 s80g8s coS83^; comp. Cg58; to be chief, superior, aS, b; hence 00q8; to excel, surpass, QSrOsoO q8co0, v. to shelter, ward off from overhead; to cover from some evil. ~8s8, n. thin strips of bamboo, used for tying thatch down upon the bamboo framework of the roof of a house. ts8c80yoSooo5 (pron. 8s), adv. standing in an erect posture; standing for a little while, as when one stops for a moment in a walk; comp. o8', and occoWg; oCD go8C3~8o iocSaS o1q, dswSc oooc'Cji

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Page  775 775 t&, 1, n. a gem, precious stone, Qo,:OS~ S; ic&cyc0o1, i~, diamond; ums~s, ruby; c~~cy; 9, emerald; Qci~jaS, garnet; $c:) sapphire; Ocps; 2=00s topaz; wolCrj4li 46&d3&, Tc-Sqs, n. an ouch, the socket in which a stone is set, in. cluding both the collet and the bezel, w&Yjo~acfcsn (too,n. gold or silver leaf, ffi~a 631 s, ~cg 46 6)s; used also in respect to other metals, as Q4~c&Sul, caso1tc-Sals; 4 5o~Solm (119). GTJO0, t(7BS8 n. same as tcS 9fl sciS2~. uty~. same; also a particular kind of precious stone, cn:jaa3u 40 2, n. the eye; seldom used exvcept in composition; 4tdSgo r~63cvajs, a. blind, (impolite); otc&S8, to be blind (polite). 4c~m 4fco8:, adv, looking about wildly from fright; c aSc:R$ (rare); Tc&x~s~8sn c( cSc,63, n. grated work, open work made in squares; a trellis, COS r~acsvct~s, cot&oao~Giosoe~tI ~o63Y86s, na. the eye socket, t oc8su tAY88s&v. to be dark 'under the eyes. (t~~,adv. out of sight, co2L8 ooos~c5OSO5C9n (t&S,. the edge of an eyelid. (tC& seSv. to have red edges to the eyelids without eyelashes; to be blear-eyed. (t13,. the arch over the eye, the eyebrow. ta3+c~sn. the hair of the eyebrow. (OB 'ss. the bone under the eyebow. (tc7yJ# (cos), 'a. a medicine or charm to excite love, oopoo8, (tacS jo ms tSpg~ oQ.o8em; an aphrodisiac. (05c,. the exudation of the eye (vulgar),. 4j0oc5 (elegant). V734S, adv. with a sweet smiling face. TOS~Q~sv. to allure with a smiling countenance. V-14 —~sv. to allure. ~j~TON, a. a term applied to bullocks which have a small patch of white hair outside the outer corner of each eye. To frequently purchase bullocks possessing this mark, is supposed to bring ill-luck. VS98Sv,. to lose sight of, clcgo)cS~c~mt oegScqccSJS' COOS3gcvS, na. the face, v751pi, tc~,n. an eyelid, (ta32ES3tI

Page  776 776 4CSes (pron. se8), n. collyrium, eyewater, medicine for the eyes, a}oSspscoos. This medicine is injected into the eyes of horses and cattle when they are in bad condition, or have been much exposed to the sun; one recipe is c8Ss goccosps8c88SO8oSoos; these ingredients are ground up together to a consistency and mixed with water, tSeSsooS; S 8epSsco8S, v. to compound such medicine. 0oSeou, v. to give a hint with the eyes, 0ciS340so8 )cS8, n. the eye, coS8lcaoo oSSoooso; c-S0o9oS, in the twinkling of an eye; oS8oo0 8, aS8oooooS, as far as the eye can see; 8 OMZC8 lcSf 8 OcOCBQCOco( cJ^ S o3&Scoo$oo^^oooocfo~oCfCCco(II oCI80e8os, v. to be squint-eyed, cross-eyed, cS8cg eC86 8S, v. to have a sty on the eyelid. ecS8~g1, v. to wink at, insultingly. oicS88, v. to be prominent, as the eyes. 048foSe, v. to be dazzled. oS8o80o6S, v. to hoodwink; to blind by covering the eyes. tco88, v. to be wall-eyed. toS18, v. to be quick-sighted, CSqS6oE8:s3o oC6S8ccosc6, v. to be drowsy. 0cS8d3, v. to be purblind, ac8Rlonll Co6i8oScd3cS, n. the pupil of the eye, ico&?, BcoRon 6cSe8EoS8cs, v. to cast a side glance in anger, threateningly, or from strong personal dislike, dissatisfaction, scorn, or disdain; see G3Sco8s; <gScoS)6oS8cQ8C9oSll cg3ooS, n. the pupil of the eye, cScoyu cfScE3)S, n. the eyelashes, ooec08(o o8ae o CooooSdW3i, eCSBcooo vcSymEoooS, v. to wink. (}caogS8, n. the socket of the eye; see oScgSas; caScsdSOu ogSoa88cipS, v. to have the eyes sunken from illness or want of sleep, (fl&SoS3oau SoSogE8scwcoc, v. to be hollow-eyed. c6Seoo~~, n. a corner of the eye. (o0S0, n. the black of the eye, 0a$c8ao)cS, 03~to ^|oS~, n. a tear; see fotSd cai, n. the Melatoma malabathricum, an evergreen, branched shrub from one to six feet high, thick-set with spines. oaBi, n. the white of the eyes. I'

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Page  777 777 0[c8CSS6E, v. to show the white of the eyes, as in sudden fright. Topi3s, n. the black of the eye; see tajcSci (a0c sms, v. to resent, feel ill-will, I oS4soscs, o'gcc arS s qW'8cS' iYc'8 86 1i B6POaqoa0 Q11 -fC2oSS8c, v. same (rare). icSBSoo83, n. a scene, view presented to the eye. 4jog, n. spectacles, eyeglasses, oagS39S^ edi&co8, are these spectacles clear? oadodoS a oS8oo, these spectacles are very cool to the eyes. TcgSsccEs88, v. to be skilled in making an ocular estimate, i.e., of the height or weight of anything. ic0Yso"CcSs, v. to have the view fixed on, to aim at, to intend, oO egrooo Sy g S s8l8383S, 8os 8oo+680090gS, 000B& cgo~oScuoSSs8c8si8oSoc8,c&,o ecS$so8Ss8, v. to have an indistinct recollection of; to guess at, 5s88; to have a distinct impression of, a8soagccyio oSs$8 c~toc8loqSS, should I once get your face imprinted on my memory, I could not forget you. SoSyQocS, n. the space before one's eyes, presence; present time; Oogq.^ogsQooSec S0 metooSQ^^oo SoloX~l o6ScooSicoScoS, adv. openly, clearly; sincerely, c~olaooq 81socS~ocs ooSooSS8eQ c8(jeS uI (ocgzcSj,, v. to regard an absent person or thing as present, oosol cfio38Coo5Co6 iogCX1 6o ^C 9 iooSlH T ^gl \\.3 ogdScoS, n. the arch over the eye, the brow of the eye, ec6+S8; foS sc8cyoSE8; 4o~q6Sc gsaoo, to meet, as the eyebrows. 4cgtSoy&c, v. to have a naturally scowling countenance, cyc~9oS o^^^so Q.$c3OoSes,cpcooo 3e u cScO:)6 ao8, n. the space between the eyebrows. so6syC 9 oS, v. to scowl, look stern, dark, angry, threatening; to glower. tcoc9o8o+s (pron. o8s), n. the eyebrows, S F acg8snu c)0Sqe, n. the iris; any thing resembling the iris. joSq i, n. a tear. cfSqet, v. to have a tear formed in the eye. ~oSqcSO, cejSu~. v. to weepi 4 eS$g8sqs to stream with teats, as the eyes. Cs~ejB, n. a certain spot under the inner corner of the eye,

Page  778 778 tcoiqps6f S, n. a tear-drop, o3agS8oscco8)sSooo sqm&E8Isc ospc c y|q0?Q yo3 S8aoso 8ccsoluOO8coe030CWOccuaoB^l 4ac 3cgcdo5, v. to be easily moved to tears. oaqSe~b, v. to have the eyes filled with tears, o68psc888cdCoS q&ep8bQlgS6SBf~ jcaBS, n. a hint given by the eye, aoSf88v cs)aScmE s, v. to be quick-sighted, cBSgEn S6aq&0O8, v. to give a hint by winking, ct^oS98,o, o[S1doScm~co~8, v. to be quick-sighted; see doSq6scmo8s, toac}8, n. the eyeball. o4cS8 c86, n. the socket of the eye, Scc, 88, )c6cS88u odSc8 ia, v. to have protuberant or prominent eyes. ScBos80o8, v. to have bright lustrous eyes. loSc-8s~8, v. to roll the eyes about from fear; see tcYcbooD )Os 9ca&Sdy, v. to practise legerdemain; jecS0oSn Sc~ge~0o0s8, n. a juggler, conjuror, oecigaocpn 49c0y), n. the eyelid, regarded as covering the eye, osacq o:0c:Sgo; the cornea, OgcoSCeog3nII ]caooS, n. the exudation of the eye; more elegant than T 9ce8~ oSd, 3 v. to be angry, 8oS;Qs; hence oo4cs, colceS; oajEs8cS 4ca,J n. a species of prominent-ligament shell. qcS,.5, v. to stick in the throat, oo~8OcSoa3el tcajSo, n. the face, the countenance, c oSocS; surface; the disc of an orb; a quarter of the heavens, or a cardinal point, ooqS~ccoscoSjpB 0cS030ooo0o8, n. the looks, aspect. Cf~oSosc, n. the natural aspect; 4cS>ococrrctO, c9:Spoofeco8s oe~, 4o rpooc<rqoea ]OaSVsz8s, v. to be swollen, as the face. o4t~oc*:y6Ss, v. to find favor. o0aicStooS (pron. qoS)), n. a canopy, 8o=!; a ceiling. aC8;oo i ox, v. to have a pleasant countenance. cSEd3po, v. to regard a person, i.e., to favor a person on account of his wealth, position, etc. (reproachful), 0alSpocSaSwp&, C:Stpo8s, CaoSpo8s,. to be distinguished; to have many friends; catdopvs8, when applied to women, is a term of reproach. d3oS>zcvooo, v. to be on good terms with another; see ooSil

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Page  779 779 3ocsldSca o, a. to be thick-skinned, fat and gross in the face (abusive), cqj^oDov8cSp3esncSlgp8^~o g&po~aSt18, adv. face to face, directly opposite, g SsoEs So3S6 QaoSoxe, BCaoEarsSEovc@oow ne,:S3a13o sco8scoS8 p coSjpg6~da Sa4 iolq c* gcjoS'ot, tcljc, na. a preparation of flour used in smearing the face, 4cSIJoScS86, 00SyqoScos so,, mcS till cSf~io, v. to have a sweet, pleasant countenance. ttospocd, v. to have a humble and obscure station in life; to have few friends. caScpme (pron. oo), n. the space before, c ueoe:; presence, q8~S, Cal ecoS^O~)00o00nset cO3}os8s, v. to be unacquainted, unfamiliar with; n. a stranger. dos3p&, v. to be dark in countenance, ae&o38sc8c6c28cBtcRo: cS^ovs, v. to be dejected in countenance, whether from illness or from uneasiness of mind. Sc3s:ooo so&, n. a profile. (oSpot zsc8oS (cSadco3is, lit. the bribe of countenance), v. to be influenced in deciding a lawsuit, or any dispute, by the official or social status of one of the parties. tcSi3paoos, v. to look stern, set the face against; n. looks, aspect; assumed aspect; a stern aspect; ~cooj'ssooS6 co',o~9~ *oISoj o8CCo6sE8, v. to be sober, grave, composed in countenance, c0af3Xpooos8, v. to look over-stern and severe, cacd3ooovsj spEcq; toscoic, v. to be forbidding in countenance, harsh, surly, tc:p) ec ~~ooocSd, v. to esteem a person for his wealth, position, etc., dcVj}., v. to have a feeling of constraint towards another, loS,:> 4csj~o:os, n. Tenasserim lancewood. oaljBP, v. to be forbidding in countenance, YcSaCdoooSCdS:sc86 ODin

Page  780 780 4Sc8~soO3oS (pron. 8s), A. to compose the countenance, 8o030q0o aScooozscaC4t0oSao 1oSqooo (Colloq. ). woS3Qi4c6O, v. to be composed in countenance, grave, severe. cf:3odCBS,. to blush; to have a change of: countenance, as from illness; to lose countenance or favor (of another), c2Sscaa05poaoS yCAg4ICoXo66o0ffo^Sg3oii }8jfp:, v. to show the face; to appear before some authority. d 3j3:98', n. surface, superficies. dcaSyi, v. to look toward; to stand with the face or front toward; to front, as a house; to make effort, in order to gain countenance; 4aCy'oqo c~cod (pron. c6oS), v. to be impudent, shameless, to behave with effrontery, opcgsXGoS ScS6OO88cSSq C2Sonp;. to behave in a bold impudent manner. comojpgS, n. a medicine or charm to excite love, aoo. CoS#H ~ ~Y.ts8, n. a veil, covering for the face; a mask, bcooln -jPa3cS, v. to damage the good name or reputation of another. o:<g::6?, v. to be pale-faced, Cac3 6egocopooG, -ySxo 08, v. to be dark complexioned. When apprehensive that.a European will decide against, him, in a dispute in which a European and Burman are concerned, a Burman is apt to remark,.cSjap3, v. to look towards. bcz@:, v. to be without friends. t-Sp3o8, v. to bring forth a child, c8vs, 80so, c68, Soscgs~11 cj3?oq, v. to gain countenance, obtain favor, s9ao6oSq coo8~;o(pocql, n. the character; the expression of the countenance, ToS CoS:, na. the cast of countenance. ).-o3368, v. to be particular in the choice of friends, js}oaM c=p oS o;&ccSScDccla, 44Sj6880^~8B tcyaogS=, v. to be bright and happy in countenance. rtcSjacqoS, v. to favor a person on account of his rank or position, coS9pcooxoS, acS Da, v. to turn away the face, whether from dissatisfaction, or 'from desire to leave the business without interfering,:

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Page  781 :no7yw-0 gol. 781M. Coo c;)oSB Xs8%ccSv, g)COoz8Xow6^ Q8r 10)jOC an, v. to wash the face. ^)So3POSQoO566q, v. to wash the face on rising in the morning, as a king; to awake, as a king. tcoao:~wos, v. to countenance (in doing wrong). oSooS, n. an acquaintance, ooS-cB0o$so cj&:oooSaol, n. a towel for the face. aSuolsacoS, v. to beat out gold leaf (%aQ8)., 18, v. to be sleepy, or to sleep; not used singly; hence qoc 2~8, cQv)At98 wf s, 2, v. to be weak, exhausted, cast down, dejected; not used singly. t8*0. est8', ie*, s'?v. same (rare in colloq.). t~p*scFd, ~ $S~, n. a kind of military coat, short or long, ego& ooSo& lla ". <te, 3 (pron. Ts ), n. a ruler, ruling line, or a ruled line; e (es8S8, to be entirely gilded, as the edges of a book, or palm leaf writing; %te8Is8 og, to be two-thirds gilded, the remaining (central) part being colored with vermilion, as the edges of a palm leaf writing; ftes, to be entirely colored with vermilion, as the edges of a palm leaf writing;:nsi, to be without any coloring matter, as the edges of a book or palm leaf writing; a rule of action; epaSscoa, to be systematic, methodical, well regulated; % agsQ oo,, a Burmese legal work, which treats of the law of inheritance, etc. ge~s8CoSs (pron. ~:ic@8s), n. a ruled line. tejSr8 (pron. s8Qs), n. a ruling line, o3gaos, c^ooesgn 46sij, v. to rule with a ruler. T}aso3 (pron.,85), n. a ruler, o so,3S eggsorg, v. to mark with lines by a ruler, o8~so6, ~sc@O: s~t g8ss, n. a flat, parallel ruler. fgs,. a round ruler. )gS8o0s, v. to rule with a ruler, tg:sin to, see So or ociS, n. a stud, short post supporting a beam or other S timber. - L8, v. to be many, oa 8sn:.' O88os, v. to be abundant, qgooo ec8:x)l

Page  782 782 sC08os8, adv. in a hanging, suspensive manner; comp. odQ; This word appears to combine the meaning of cit and SoS9c)0s, oIe 1a. see i, n. a liquid measure of various capacities. cy, 1, n. a pole, slender post, c5o0sP, ~cQtnl co, 2, v. to float down, to drift, o~oS oSooct~ ~o:o cto, 3, see Co, v. to faint away. ~oe, 4, v. to be long, stretched out long,. eSt, McoQco~aQe~, Mon C4,oS,1 n. a monkey; many varieties, as e~pced, coScoCcos, QcaoS=cc Rg; \4S (I c4in.eA,^e) Cerocs qS& (oS), n. the Siphonodon celastrinus, a tree growing to the height of thirty or forty feet, bearing a fruit the size of a small citron. 71 —. C3cf S, n. the monkey-tiger. pc,:cfi~S, n. an inferior species of rattan, the Flagellaria Indica. ce~ooc3soooS, n. a species of Bauhinia. ~cactSE38e (pron. 2), rn. a kind of creeper, the Derris sinuata. cacScp, c~rao0, n. the Lythrumfructicosum; the Homalium tomentosum; so called because the bark of the tree is so smooth that monkeys experience the greatest difficulty in climbing it, and hence weep with vexation. ccoaSa8s, n. the Zizyphut rugosa, a tree from twenty to thirty feet high, bearing a yellowish fruit the size of a small cherry. cVoa:d3, n. the Tavoy and Arakanese name for the white-eyelid monkey, ~c:eScQgoSo n cp:cSooc1, a. the fisher monkey. cgtoaoSc, n. a steersman's seat (rare and impolite), beSo cdpo, n. the red-tipped, pig-tailed monkey, the Inuus leoninus. c:oosos89s, v. to play at pitch and toss. c~cVA0s, n. the long-haired, pig-tailed monkey. c~poSb, n. a species of wild sword bean, the Canavalia obtusifolia. coSojicoq5c8s, v. to play a low, soft kind of dirge (at Burmese funerals). ca6~owo88o, n. the slow loris or sloth, of Bengal. ~tCoSodaSSR,, n. the white-eyelid monkey. cypoaesr, v. to be half asleep and half awake; to sleep for a short time; ~SoYrIoS^)^t03c8o66 ~oi

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Page  783 783 ~oS(s%8g, n. a keyhole saw. ~cB<oS6:8>oS, n. a kind of grass; spear grass. ~co5ccocS, n. a hasp or long hinge; one kind of og3o; an iron or wooden clamp; ~cpoI cr4Sno<, egoScco6oa'yaooo u evoScocSols (oS), n. a kind of creeper. cioSccoS, n. a kind of tree, the mock-monkey; the lacoocka breadfruit. The bark of this tree, in times of scarcity, is substituted for the betel nut, which it somewhat resembles in taste. cqooc&oS08s, n. the hairy breadfruit. ~va]cd oSc, n. a small species of breadfruit, resembling a fig in appearance. ~ct ~o8os, n. a kind of creeper, the Bauhinia scandens. cOoo:cgooS, n. the Tavoy name for the slow loris. ~coc~ogo'S, n. the flying lemur, Galacopithecus volans. cppcScc:c, n. the Lythrum fructicosum; see ctSoo upii cpvoc~cBS, n. the light colored variety of the white-handed gibbon or long-armed ape, the Hoolock monkey; see C6 Su crpSoo=cOaoS, n. the Parkia insignis, a leguminous tree, leafless in the hot season, sometimes attaining the height of a hundred feet. ~voacoDo5, n. a chief monkey; a threatical appellative frequently used in the 'c&ooSu cca:x, 2, n. the potato or yam plant. csucde or:c5octocSe, n. a potato, Soc2sn c o58c&1s,,n. a yam. c~poSoos, n. a kind of yam, the Dioscorea crispata. caroS, n. a yam with a dark purple root, the Dioscorea atropurpurea. QtOcY3pocSd, n. a kind of yam. ]:avcS%, n. a large white yam, Dioscorea globosa. cfooS6S, n. a kind of yam, the Dioacorea versicolor. t'CQ*S~ 6oS (ou), n. a kind of tree, the elm; comp. ojpcS&89. A decoction made from the leaves of this tree, when boiled with salt, is said to have cathartic properties, and to be efficacious in cases of dyspepsia and kindred maladies. The bark, -ground up with salt, is said to make an excellent poultice for boils. ~]~oS} (o8), n. a kind of tree. QpoSwoos8, v. to commit adultery, as a woman, coX~Scoo:8. Der. ~~1Oo$], 7n. death (poetical),

Page  784 C(SO3C&ODICO S-9SCY ~coS:o8COoS, n. a correlate in marriage, whether husband or wife, oS3ccooScOS,:oa8~sn vI, v. to swallow; to restrain one's feelings, e9mO~; oooco+ c 03 ~cmo c sEgoooSc doS i^i^s c8, the invalid is very sick, he can scarcely swallow medicine; o~o]a.c@ coovsctp, it was only because he said, "do not mention the matter," that I restrained my feelings. 4aoS, v. to be swallowed. o89, av. to restrain or stifle one's feelings. icS, see vcS, v. to be singed, scorched. 4a8 (from ools, a race, kind), n. seed, seed grain, qsedol' cito@<, v. to be in foal. 8@cEooo68, n. a bamboo basket used to convey seed for sowing. 4aoo8s, n. seed paddy. s8ce, n. seed, seed grain. ca0cES g6o3 n. a sledge for carrying young plants from the nursery to the field where they are to be transplanted. <lvc0o6, v. to raise seed paddy. isb, n. seed pulse. ~it, v. to have young, as some animals and birds (more elegant than a9;). g, 1 n. an emerald, cxoS&Ss, crq';SSBi9, 88s8, n. a kind of tree. 3lSscCpS, n. emerald green. oQSc~ooS, n. a poetical term for a royal cradle., 2, v. to be cool, a, uiS; used in composition with a; OqC73OP i, 3, v. to be very sharp, keen, o6occS; not used assertively; 009OOoi~ SO8cBOoP_^~VSQc9?, oD09io ooS389g0yg +O<ao, COO co oclroao co Oug~opcoSc43 ooo %oSg5)ii CS, 1, n. grass;,Sio8Ss, Scgq 8ss, ciSco3 c-B, various kinds of grass. oSo8s, n. green s*ard, a lawn, a meadow, BQsioESoS| oBoS:OOs8, n. a da for cutting weeds; a sythe. C(6ocyS, n. hay; S6oS3csE S, a haymow. crSocs, n. a bundle or tuft of grass. QoScs, v. to weed, 9oSce8q8su 6aSo8, In. any plant of the grass genus,

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Page  785 785 (c7iSG)8, n. a collection of weeds. BoSyo5, n. a clump of grass. dvooos3, n. a kind of grass; comp. c~EOS osoSn cf toSS, n. a blade of grass. &oSc6opcg, n. the harmless, black-striped tropidonotus. icS, 2, see coS, v. to stick in the throat. 6cS, v, v. to cut keenly, as a knife, ooc2cocScaSooS38scooslsioS ~Cq-oo; to be pungent, as flavor, ccsooQcS0 o ogS; to be rather high priced, oocsS oo8oiS, 8%o800 cSo coo51ccO2 1 ~8 (Colloq.). goS, adv. with a sudden sharp twinge, sSa4c osqclo$ cSqvOcS aS^ gS, 90~8S888c866XcOrS4cao O3g0800^, cOccS^OO^C8 Q4Cp ooo s Ss8 oA GSiedS, v. to be pungent, as flavors; to feel a lively, sharp pain, particularly a sharp local pain from some penetrating or irritating application; used adverbially only, coos<cs 3~w qcScBacs GS, v. to see; fig. to foresee, to possess foresight, ooc=$SB:o c', a very farseeing man. (98yJS (pron. 188), v. to hate to see; to dislike, hate, 4s, eSodoj cg^scno~oc~$iooc 88s08s noesoo9>ccOu(9 oc^ool~ 8sOcS, v. to dream; see cCSii 83&o, v. to see with ease, gF6oS82~@^ So8 c03cOOo corcgSemo86 5^60eD8 8Noo1(iU tISoocoEsoos, n. a bastard child. SEols, n. the DendroQcalamus strictus, a species of bamboo much used in building houses. vS,,. to be high; comp. 8, oas; to be exalted, excellent, @oS; to be distant in time, iv, o)Rn Sg, v. to be erected, elevated, stuck up; see 8fn r~oS, v. to be surpassingly eminent, oa3Ssc oSo| ~oS ~:,o 98s, 1 n. a horse, pony (120), ES8scC)s, n. one who has charge of furnishing food for horses. s88csqogS (or ooe), n. a horse-dealer, ESscr80oSo 8s, n. a surcingle, S806soso8Su @SosF a_, n. a roughrider. s@8io 8, n. a zebra, 5S8o0o8 B.D, 50,.

Page  786 786 68s8:8, SSI8s8.xr8, n. an annual festival formerly held by the King, for equestrian exercises. 6,n. a horse-breaker. M~ss (pron. Qs), n. a horse-thief. n.a halter, a rope attached to a horse's head. SageE n. a stifle, S~qc~~o 88g,. a horse's hoof. SsS (pron. o~8), nt. a gelding, (988so8 Ssso (pro.3. ot).3. food for horses. Isons, G~~ocwosft. a horse trough. Bogs (pron. &s), n. the rider of a horse, a jockey. 8s~sn~scoft. a vidette, ("8smsooSs7~S 84s~8~68, ft. a mounted policeman, a police constable. Sss mk. a trooper. B st, n. mounted militia. 8420, ft. an officer in charge of the mounted militia. Sitoococ& ft. horse artillery. 6 scowoS:, ft. a stable. Sac08 (prom. o6!), n. cavalry. 6 8sooo, n. a fence of crossbars, a rail fence, qc~qJ$sooxs, (g8s 00SQ6 66&03CSc~fl 688CO50"t. one who attended the King's horse when he went to ride; ~&8QOc*58Js, an equerry. 68sc8js (pron. Ois), ft. a horse keeper, groom. 88Ss& (pron. Os), nt. a horse (male); corn.m 8~ ~ SIO'Y3, nt. a horsewhip, S8:$ &a Stulte, n. a headstall; olsia6cqs, to make a headstall. Sacaps96,n. a long low-set horse, a Sidney-side Saxon. n sr,ft a hippogriff. 88si's ft. a gelding, (G8s898 Ss8 sn. a race horse. ~ so:~ v. to race with horses; 88&mc8 a plot of ground contamning a raoe cours. 8,$ ~,W f"8s(48 ~ m. a horse race, a race meeting. The Rangoon race meeting is usually designated wouaoS ~ ~8semoS, n. a Burmese bier. gon. a mare; corny. O8SIc.8s 8slys, a.. horsehair.

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Page  787 $sg, n. a light bay horse with a white mane; comp. ooSd u 8c8os, n. a stallion; see woCOO8s 8oX0, n. a dealer in horses, a jockey, FSjoSod 89sE c6S, n. a mounted courier. 88s6oo os'j8os, n. a racing term meaning that though a horse is ahead of another in a race, if he crosses the course, the race is considered lost, S,30sC'codsico igst28 i. QS88C~joS, n. a petronel, horse-pistol. g8S0ss, n. a stallion, <Ssco:8n 38sac8, n. a race horse; any fleet horse. 88CsosooSs, 9Ssca8cgr, n. a table for entering figures, accounts, etc. 8Es, 2, n. a wen, a circumscribed, indolent tumor, without inflammation or change of color of the skin;;8B8s, a fatty tumor; co3DS3, cOsSESt &8sT, n. same as B8sn t8som. (08), n. the Cynometra ranilora, a kind of shrub. S.ecadsi, n. the shin, &(Sesn Qs8cQSs;cpSE, n. a kind of creeper, gEscESs~c:S o. Children make necklaces of the berries of this creeper. ESs'sooecBS, n. a species of Memecyton. SE go, n. a kind of creeper. 88Eso, n. a kind of tree, which grows to the height of twelve or fourteen cubits. $88sQ, n. the MyimoaMountain, the centre of a sekya system (m(), also called como88sq. "In the centre of the earth is the mountain called Maha Meru, which from its base to its summit is 168,000 yojanas; on its top is the dewa-loka called Tawutisa (o0ooc8o0o), of which Sekra is the regent or chief. Its base rests upon a rock with three peaks called the Trikuta parwata (S~oooCSoe's)." M.B.; the bridge of a musical instrument; the rope connecting the upper extremities of the two upright bamboo poles which serve to stretch the sail of a Burman boat, s88qg[o6a>~: ~88 808, n. the gable end of a house, o8s0,S @S8~coS (usually pron. ~88sovoS), n. piles, hemorrhoids. Es8c80Xo, n. red sulphuret of arsenic, realgar, coliso i @8s~ogo8, n. a kind of grass. 988c&jo, n. a kind of stone, said to be carried by hore thieves, as a charm to insure success.

Page  788 788 B$, 1, n. a river, 9S;cogd, two rivers. S9ecmocS, n. rice grown on alluvial islands. 9S&Bog, n. a kind of sedge. BSQO, COs88, n.. the channel, deepest part of a river. SgJSs, n. one designation for the Pwo Karen. B&cod, n. the Myitnge River, having its source probably in SouthWestern China, and debouching above Ava into the Irrawaddy; classic name qg3oodSj;n See (pron. 0(i), n. the course of a river,.8,6e; ~Sseo, formerly a governor of the riparian towns and villages on the Irrawaddy. @ is, n. a confluence of rivers. &B8, n. a term applied to the Irrawaddy River. GE&, n. the Melastoma malabathricum, a flowering weed with large, gaudy, purple petals, and long, yellow stamens. 6Sleps, n. the head or source of a river, ~cSs-psn B98, n. a main river (121). 9 as, n. the course of a river, 6Se9, S:somcpoSn E6cooSc~o (pron. coo), n. the channel of a river, Scodo~c Scoo.S%1S, n. the channel of a river, irrespective of the depth. ~$cc3pG~, n. the buff-striped Tropidonotus. REo, n. the mouth of a river. -, 2, n. a great-grandchild. i, 3, v. to impede, prohibit, obstruct, prevent, Bsaoos, dsi88 moos,8 60oo8s, V. same, o 5gos5f~1a ~o30 eo o8& 8 sg tB8$o8s (oS), n. a kind of tree. Sb~S4ss, adv. immediately; usually followed by the verb caodS. It is only when speaking of a person recovering from sickness, indisposition, etc., that this word is used; "with a single dose," ~c(oSd qcgss, n. the gull, o dcooSdoSotj es (~.1 V. to sound, produce sound, ow, gSSo ooS a8, v. same; applied to a loud, startling sound. @gr v, v. same; applied to birds, msjoaT98o0SqcSscQSg go g, Z.L v. to find fault with, scold, grumble, oodIoc, cr/co~SoO

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Page  789 789 my aunt is so much given to scolding,. that I do not want to stay in the house in the day time. ~ ecoo~s, v. to lament, bewail, express grief~. ~e(~,v. same as go, SoRcoccs eo c~oB(t:,sdr~Q Se~8JJ n. an ass, ~1 s, v. to taste, try by tasting. 8~ 66 v. same as gas, taste this bread and see whether it is good or not. 64 v. to be excellent; to exceed, be an overplus, gain, profit, 0s; hence oss ~o R~s, v. to be a gain, profit, oSD pc8soc~cqoo~coo5S5 48 Soofadv. affedtionately; prefiaxd to U, Scor~c~oopqa xco ta:j, v. to treat affectionately. SY1,v. to love, like, (honorific), #, JocS, pgoaS, 8ac~ojs~,' ~ ()ccos (o8), 1, n. a kind of creeper, ~lOws; the Spanish jasmine. ~o~cco4, n. the red jasmine. S c~cos, 2, v. to respect, ~c' cGo~sqo~; seldom used singly; generally preceded by ~QW2 ~CG8CO$QSQOO~3jrJ ~WO5COS~ v. to be quick, swift, cwo c9, QccI Giwx4 (pron. o4j), v. same; to be sprightly, active, ooc~~4o McooB (pron. ociS), v. same, R iOBDS2Y' RQ09 n. a Burman, Roo Rooc~Sn. a SgauKaren. RQ8JS~CocSO Ss,88 n. Upper Burma. ~0300ao n. the Burmese language. 6~o ooo v. to be conversant with Burmese customs, manners, etc. R8,v. to ask, inquire, cus; used in combination with cote..J Z v. to have possession of, enjoy, 4; used onlyinomito; hence 6RI Rrs O8S~SIR o n. the Grewia microcos, a kind of tree. n. a swivel. oc~6 (pron. g:co8), n. a stud, short post supporting a beam or other timber; a king-post.

Page  790 790 oSoor (from ootoSoooo), n. thrum, the threads by which the warp of a new piece to be woven is connected in the loom. R (pron. 8 in colloq.), v. to relish, be pleased with, to enjoy. 91|, v. see the parts, 49F? j]eC3, v. same as S; used adverbially only. (8<8g, @SJoS, v. see the parts. L@SI, v. same as (Jl o vcS, a. to relish, be pleased with, to enjoy; used adverbially only; see ~~oeSa, n. a debt, c6se ag, v. to loan money (obsolscent); c~i8, cgcson (~ 8, v. to borrow money (obsolescent), 66cesn [e:8, n. a debtor. o:S, v. to pay a debt; caSx? is preferable. asood, v. to lend money; b (poetical). (ovcS, v. to increase by interest, cgcQsoooSn cQE8, n. a security for debt (obsolescent), c(socS, cgc~S0 Rcas, ( Qso, n. the interest of a debt (obsolescent), oocscgn 1oR, v. to borrow money without repaying it, coooohsYcocqos4 gSq8, n. the principal of a debt, cg6q8sac8q8o^ Soqo;oomo(o:oQso 8 GB6cmsv8ao@ssosolwo^ QS8, n. a creditor. gs (from oo08, a tail). 38cclS, n. a bird of the wagtail family, the Budytes viridis. Msa6 (pron. 8s&), n. the hair of the tail. (@sC3o8, n. the lower extremity of the backbone. s86~8S8~8, n. same as 8csgs88B 86co30o (from oocoCS), n. same. 8gos, n. the stem of the tail, s088sa5; the stick attached to a rocket to steady its course, 8so o80o; the bamboos attached to.a oo8, for the same purpose, Co888s8o'tn 8cjs8 (pron. 8yqs), n. the root of the tail, the rump. (88aS8, gs( &sj8, n. certain parts of a crupper. (8s8c8, n. a crupper, 88cO888s; o80ooS, an elephant's crupper. vS, v. to be submerged, overwhelmed, swallowed up; more than st; to be buried, covered up in the ground; to disappear, be lost; to be abstruse, profound, as a writing, book, a phrase, etc., oo8o0CBS8 0;3; cgio 5rc w cgS603COR8; -FgOMOR COQ CSQCse

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Page  791 791 o030o% 6&cSo8s3cg; ooocsc cbi^j@g8^S oscIiSol Der. FSt,1, n. a fish basket, c1SR; a basket for a hen to brood in, E5S eOO9&; a brood of chickens, GoSoofScojo~qTZo?, aSo3Zo, one brood. 2, v. to be barren, not bearing young, oogSooo3; to cease bearing children after the birth of one child, ao&t; comp. 8; to be impotent, incapable of generating.,,, v. to conceal one's self, hide; to keep still; to suppress one's feelings of displeasure, 6oo:O; c&oCccdo2oscjcogsQ~loQTcQcoOs ocgsiooO>^do'c83ogcb; to appear to be cured, as a sore, but ready to break out again, 9ospoa,:pr9S8(oo3opSB (ce60a, adv. mumbling in speech, em03o8sc8~e ec~89|1 g co3s copo, adv. same, ~cocpSoql~icoooC8Rsscs3olB',,, n. the raised, padded front part of a Burmese saddle. V,. to chew with the gums, work about in the mouth, as when without teeth, cgos 8. ~cqloq; to mumble; comp. ols, to chew; hence aB vA, v. to swallow down food without mastication. (,, n. minute particles of floating dust; smaller than aoS; par. tides of vapor which make the atmosphere hazy, SOO: is8, n. mist, haze, fog. 6eS, v. to be free from haze, to be clear, as the sky. {, v. to be thick with haze, as in the hot weather, c~lmcn2cv Co!OQG8joj8u i8ESs, v. to float in the air, as such minute particles, qcR s8scQ Boo, v. to rise, as vapor, or fog. N i, n. minute particles of floating dust. gESs, v. to be hazy, (]stscEcoogscogsoSo8 q i (uo), 2, n. a kind of plant, eaten with parched sesamum seed. i, 3 n. a liquid measure of various capacities. (ids, n. a vessel used to receive the juice of the sugar palm when tapped, 5a8sn Rom (pron. d), Fi,, n. a pot with a long neck and open mouth, used for receiving flowers, an urn, ~ev8~qO,su t $8Q 1 o0 (Eng.), a. municipal.:s, v. to feel pleasurable sensations; to give indications of approach. ing wind or rain, ecois, xSsis; to caper with excitement, as a

Page  792 792 horse when released after long confinement, Es~s1oso8bOoccBSoS ctsc~sogez' g8038, 8~08SdS,:80 8, (8OgS,:cgS, v. to feel pleasurable sensations, 68oa8D> CC0E So89<gi j EcQ8:>33laSl~ScEg otgE6 )ceaSOBo Rs80gj$ o80, V. to frisk, BdcoSj8xcso,8gS ~t, n. earth, ground, soil. cgoo&, n. an earthen cup, c~e, n. a kind of edible tuberous root. cgjo:, n. richness of soil, oogsqlcg~~j~cooSicn scS gSfic086CnO:~80);; CgoRoc)6s, to manure land (polite). cc'oocS~, n. a rampart, or mound of earth thrown up for defense, QCo*OoSgc\?80, cSo*06o 8O3g, 6cgo O06?oo50~3; see mDo?omS ccon8s, v. to be fertile, as soil. ~cg S, v. to be under the influence of a nat of the earth; see under ~8icx8, 88S6oS8g4 io 4o8C i 4o o6oSfcy sj3896C30,608 oocoS8 l COS io c8 cO g1 c30i4 QOo^ og OO0SoSTgOSS SCOS cqOgg (pron. cag), n. a mixture of earth, dung, and other substances, used as plaster. Gc~t, v. to smear with a composition of clay, dung, etc., in order to make tight, as a granary; n. earth made smooth by smearing, to serve as a floor. c~Stas, v. to use a mixture of earth, dung, and other substances to plaster threshing floors, paddy bins, etc. cO68s, v. to be rough, barren; to be enchanted, dangerous to be occupied or traversed, Oo s68C:@g68sc e0 co pSB cS@}o8eaS, n. a pug mill, a mill for grinding and mixing clay for brick-making. ~cs, n. the earth. c~cgo, n. an earthworm, c8i ceQjoj_*9, v. to shorten distance by land; comp. cq~eojjO8 ~eOrS, n. a plot of ground. c~a oo8,, n. a vacant plot of ground. c~oo3, v. to make an offering to the guardian nat of the earth, at the spot where one has received a fall; see ccI6S; to manure, c~ocScils *~bcox6s (pron. Ac4o8), 9. an astrological term, used in determining the bet time, situation, etc., for building, cScgt8u

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Page  793 798 t,~ n. a species of blue ant thrush; comp. l,," cioc n., an earthen cup, ceo&n 4)8S n. land revenue, 4s g6Son cFSs (pron. ca2), n. a fox; a kind of cricket. c~as, n. a species of blue ant thrush. cglqs, n. an upper superficial layer of soil. CE4: (pron. co), n. the earth taken out of a hole or pit, in digging. c~s3Cq8s, n. a land record. c~i oSspO, n. the Land Records Department. 6C9q8,{,, n. a Land Records Office. S~6soaco5o, itn. Superintendent of Land Records. ~ ts (pron. is), n. an Ignis fatuwa, will-o-the-wisp, BIox86tes8 cSes (pron. &), n. clay, oo~sc(s c~Si (pron. S6), n. a clod of earth. ~SZceg, n. revenue paid on the produce of the ground, *geo ~6 cSo@, n. grass in general; comp. ~co oSic c ~~, v. to be poor, as soil. }C ag s, n. a roller; oC\sin:co s, n. a causeway. ~cj>8cos8, n. the descendants of natives of India living at Myedu, Shwebo district; 4coisiH ~~=038, n. an artificial mound. c~6ooei3ocB, v. to raise such a mound, xokoSuo g 8aotie cg~ooS (pron. 8oS), n. a cellar, vault. ~cSc6 (pron. 8S), n. a certain country officer who received commission on the sales and purchases of land in villages (U.B.). c|cleS, n. a measurer and distributer of land, 9cd8s0:ooyS, dcgSseoecas, n. a revenue writer or surveyor. cad~$Sc86, n. a supervisor, Public Works Department. vciSsgfoS, n. a term employed when enumerating the number of cattle in a herd, as8nisand;,so8soclt &foredS^ G%, n. low-lying land, lowland. n. red ochre. c, n. alluvial soil, as an island recently formed. Cal sucoT, n. same, ce3ag coTb*eS 494. v. to bury, as treature, 8; s@~ <@ B

Page  794 ~eo6, n. fallow land. cSo~scQcO S, n. the fragrant Kwmpfera. cnS, n. a map. c~Qas68so8, n. a species of wild tomato. cSoeoSoi, n. an atlas. cb (pron. B), n. earthnut, groundnut, peanut. cgbcoos, n. a kind of medicinal plant. C[Sieos (pron. 608), n. a ground bee. c8sS, n. the surface of the earth. c~86 (oS), n. the purslane, an annual plant. cSToSc8ccs, n. a kind of evil spirit. esi (pron. B|), n. chalk; s oSc[cS, whitewash. ceoooa Ss, n. wax made by the ground bee. c~~, n. a fortification of earth, Bl (ScqS,, oSQgo). ciyocScS, n. a post or mark to designate the boundary of land. CE p, n. a field, oLS8c ofdrccSscsooSs figF8O cen cSSs8, n. wild land that has never been cultivated, c;secpSe q cS3c3 gS~coosesl&s9cg, sale proceeds of waste land, and redemption of land tax. cg~, n. a ridge of earth. c~ S, n. imperfect rights in land; the owner of land. tcgcs, v. to roll on the ground, as an animal. ~cj8cSS, n. a thrush, the Turdus rufulus. c~og, v. to destroy utterly, to desolate, as a revolted province, ~S} 8gc8Cgo9^aG i, } —., i f. i t,: c~c6o', n. sloping ground, a slope. c~o8, n. the nightjar, a kind of bird. cfo: 8~, n. a preparation of cno0c6 n c~saOc5, v. to perform funeral rites by burying, in contradistinction to performing such rites by burning. c9Qo S, n. mortar made of mud; comp. oo8coon cpo, n. light, friable soiL v,. to be decayed, crumbling, rotten, as wood or cloth; seldom usqd singly in colloquial; cSa8n c8s (pron. 9fs), n. a grand-child, c:0ooa8s, cgl98oaooS, related as grandson and grandfather. 8rcoooos08, n. a grandson; c8sS8so, a granddaughter., see gss, rn. an ass.

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Page  795 795 3, 2 v. to continue the same, remainr unchanged, be stable, firm, permanent, eternal.. ^ *PA. I J.A/ k v B~S, v. e the parts. Rh, @, v. same as 3; So%8s8, constancy, steadfastness of character, oSocg3e S o $ cNcOo0 c doS o, B to faint away, oocoSzc, cagsO; eWs than 4; oopqQ i S, 1, the north; Buddhists regard the north as the most excellent quarter of the heavens, because Gautama died with his head towards the north; "Ananda, I am weary, I wish to lie down; quickly place a couch between two sal trees with the head towards the north." M.B. cSc9Sc<*oS, n. bog iron ore, Ci -Sco, n. the north wind, c~x&ScoB, to return again, as the north wind at the end of the rainy season. ac 5S, 2, v. to be raised, lifted up, placed on high, elevated; to be raised above (a difficulty), to gain, accomplish; to be consummated, as the union of husband and wife. Der. c~O:S", C~S:c, 3, ordinal numeral auxiliary; ordinals are also made by affixing cQoS, to raise,wo cardinal numerals, as ~ cxo0:Soc5c: ogo8s the second son; qS~ o:)co wos, the second day; see Gram. sec. 102. c6,f n. a long, narrow, winding valley. ~CSiOC1, n. same, 32 ~a8 qSOO c: os, n. a ravine, gully. c a, l^ n. an artifical watercourse, a ditch, channel, trench; )8s 8p, a canal., CSco1S, cs8~8, n. the mound raised in digging a trench, Cy3o16~3, woe~tu CSts, 9,. to be narrow; used with gaoII S-, v. to look forward to, expect, anticipate., cg~coX w. to look forward; to have foresight. Cy5, v. to look for, to wait in expectation, cfgoJ ~cTCo co&co 5oo~s, @6Scod, v. to hope, ce8cdJ8ooo6(A 'Sco~ecv~B ^Scoa', W. to conjecture, in respect to a distant object, or in regard to the future; to contemplate beforehand.

Page  796 796 7c95xooBS-1 c$5cooocB, v. to have regard to an event or object in the future. &OS, v. to be singed, scorched, 3oo~0os8coofs$[coCa oS QoS~0cIj. Der. &cgSu (oS~4, adv. immediately, instantly; applied to destruction by fire, G3R&S Q4s 886COoSO8OBOD8 co&S6c, adv. quickly, rapidly. SE8, v. to be full, crowded; comp. cooo; to be picturesque, pleasant to the eye; n. a pleasant grove, wood, wilderness, t, oSc, qcSE, q1, SaE8S, n. crystallized quartz. SS~[8~, v. same as as, but in a less degree. 198coS, v. to have periodical returns of concupiscence; applied to some animals. ISso, n. an echo from overhanging trees, or an arched roof, c1So5u i, 1, n. a fortified place; a city, chief town, the seat of a court, a country town, the capital of a district. A i proper should pos. sess a bazar (cqs), a moat (ol8), and a fortress wall (08); j&S, two cities. ~'qS, n. an official of the lowest grade in the judicial service possessing magisterial powers. cf8S, n. a subordinate ruler, or governor of a small town, subject to the jurisdiction of a RoJu Qoc-scocS, n. suburbs. H:)8, n. the space between two cities. P706, n. the governor of a city. Ad~, n. the chief of a city; higher than i8sn 0co6os, v. to perform the ceremony of killing and burying men at the four corners of a new city; see eo6081 NeOCq8, n. a bailiff, the head writer of the judicial officer of a township; the chief clerk of a oS appointed by royal authority; o0eoc98,a Wun's clerk not appointed by royal authority. 0s38 (pron. o0s8), n. a person who (formerly) received the revenue of a city, by a grant from the King, ~copSIs|0:8n so8c~3s8 (pron. c 8l), n. the environs of a city; ~3oSc*cS6 J QoS, assessment of suburban land; o~Ec8:scfgis, rent of suburban land. Moog, oogscooS, v. to build a (new) city. ogi8s8, n. the space within a city. Adso, n. a fortification.

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Page  797 797 Sog~eA n. the whole country, 86EcOsn io, n. a metropolis, the chief town in a district or township; dow^, cr,^+ I(oo~s, n. the thugyi of the circle which includes the metropolis. IXcoSE, n. the representative of a city, appointed by the governor, and residing at the seat of government of a province. gs, n. the wall of a fortress; comp. o&Si, &8880co, n. same as ~8ll 4oS, n. the governor of a city; a town or city magistrate, a mayor; {o mooTo5, a mayoress. j9B(B&, n. a tax levied on the whole city and province, without exempting the classes ordinarily exempt, RgQsc80o8H a~os8, n. a resident native of a city (male), $crios90on BoZ, n. a resident native of a city (female), Y8S$oj2n 0i@ 8, n. an official, inferior in rank to a myook. i, 2, v. to be pleased with; used in combination with S, which see. Brssocic, adv. sharply, pungently, deliciously, coosesso8loo, RsS d3SdicSGo, ~8&8oS o- Socm cos8e]8iooeoo08ey6o; this last phrase is often used by sick persons. &.s8oSacoi, adv. pungently, jsasJ88,sii g, v. to be friable, easily crumbled or pulverized, ~cOcS; comp. S; * SS8ScX88 g g^ 9SowascO880ll' 8oS, v. to be hungry or thirsty; rarely used singly; usually preceded by coS or oo; ooct6gioSocogoS8 o8oW, v. same, soocod, ooo8oS, goSo3SoooS x88oo s; less than coS goS; OO)To3oO8goSo Sa68qOsG, 6[8oSo8a98i8>aO, 1, n. a Peguan or Talaing; see ooc88ll 8, 2, a term of compellation; not as elegant as S8, or eooSu g, 1, v. to be good, excellent, cno88, foS; rarely used alone; hence mcoS88g~, Q66 g, A0o169sooo)gStcaooae, gSoScooosgq48 cO8190aoo0ScmO8S, gSQoScOOO CI6 0CoS OO i811 8gSqe, v. same; to be elegant, 2g66e~w&3o, g8+qgo3 8S80j Cr8os, oa6coon38 qeEoebt O 8 h^e^~eSc; Oqe implies behavior characterized by courteousness and refined affability; to be debonair; g88, v. to be overwhelmed (by water), suffocated; to faint away, be speechless and breathless, aoO. o~c1Q8 i, aS86C&toi60M oS c ~o, 6q88 (pron., 6q88n n a h 88 ~800SO (pron. a), n. noon; a half day, from morning to twelve o'clock,

Page  798 798 798$a8&-C88 as a0s22o40; 0g8a030a&,8, g8ooO6QCo:OSQcPSOgS, J80MS COf:OO; v. (pron. o)), to be noon;,cooDg~s 86!; to culminate. 2Ssc:8 s (pron. 868), g8c83S8, 88s, v. to be past noon. gSscooS, n. the time between nine o'clock and noon, 8aoSooSf|n tg s8, n. Sir; addressed respectfully to one whose name is not known (obsolescent); comp. sco:oSolu gS8, v. to plaster, overlay; to be overlaid, decorated, adorned. Der. Su g8scoEi, 28s&}, n. small ornamental spires, summits, elevations, etc., on the roof or steeple of royal or sacred buildings;see tcoSu 2g80s, a. same as 8se, gf8G)Sso8,:co8o &A8 sC4ooGc8&s: gis; cOCOOSOO, ~q4gCfC003^Cp80S>06g5868@ 6o3^a c8 (coo6), n. certain relics of the body of a Buddh, see oooScooS; CG96CoOS, c6goos6oo0 S i cosCO 4 T08PPo e86POeO 56o3qc8A c, J1 v. to sleep, enjoy sleep; rarely used singly in colloquial; d lSSeaS\ c~6p, n. a mattress. c4~Cp0czoo, n. a mattress stuffed in partitions, ccooxsc.qgpn ce, a v. to enjoy, be pleased, take delightin, cCJS; seldom used singly. ceii, 5v. same (obsolescent). c,*0S v, v. same (most common), oexq@goS6OSg6 c4, 3, v. to be fine, nice, delicate; see o6e,; not used singly. c8S*, adv. gently, moderately; oo8& /cg8,g,~ e3Sq6, v. to be fine, nice, gentle, pleasant; see o8cg/ cg8s,, see oocgs, n. the hair of the body. c~ss886scoo~S, n. the unwholesome appearance which sometimes distinguishes one who has been long ill, oSa oo89 8 sclg8s ~cor::)8 a2c:)s88ic0oSr oco,80)8; or one who has been reduced to poverty, so88c,SSoo ^ocgs8S8ScooS3c 8 oS; cgs 88eQOOSRS; also applied to animals, ooscSs4J88gcooO~gS cg~st soo, v. to experience horripilation; used in combination with a mSd8sco, to have goose flesh, ~cioaS cQgocSicScegtlscos coi, id c s8Sgpso coCo8Sg AsoSHo cgsip, n. tweezers (for extracting the hairs of the face). g8sc88 (pron. g8s), n. the depressions in the skin in which the hairs of the body grow, a pore of the skin, c~gs8888~:ooogevai8cds oog; C8848(o~58S00s8088CC8ogo^gSX

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Page  799 799 cgs8, n. down, the fine soft feathers of fowls, cg8sse6a c8cS0ooS, n. the single hair which grows on a Buddh's forehead; see eE3B[c c6r88sO8c8sc08, v. to experience horripilation; see oSdsc0on ~gs, 2, v. to bear, bring forth; gsg880 ~e8 6S8, birth returns; z8 spzocg8csooo5I6) cbu cg8soaoS, n. a father; a term of compellation, 6gs8oo; o8 hs8s18~ e8so88S, n. a mother; a term of compellation, ~cg$8aos s8cr 8 c8s, j v. to feed, nourish, cherish, bring up, 6cos8; to feed, as with fuel, 886~s; to rear, as an animal, c8sco8cosc ~c g~88SooSI 68se8s, v. same; commonly applied to the care of adopted children, c8Gs88<S0oSo 16 88I 8Oe24^886o1Xiua Cse8s80o,, n. a foster father. c6s83vs88, n. a foster mother. c8se80os8, v. same as g8seo8; to bring up an adopted child, ca) COOSC ss8eO800^800^0380101 c8::)38:)8, n. an adopted son. C8.so368&3, a. to support in return for having been supported in a previous state, 6 g cg8Qs j c4 o6 ogs8qOi)o C SoCsouo 18 c8s6olcd1o=S, n. a member of a family, aSaCrg8scslcf6oq oo5Sd 6cS8oaood4oo<-, how many brothers and sisters have you? g8s28, v. to tend carefully, tenderly, affectionately., v. to be gray, to be dull, faded, ooccpSoog8S; to be spent, exhaust-, ed, coo, ~8; to be poor, aoSasko G; cgio j~tccc2oJS, to petition in forma pauperis; Cooo8E~Sco8gS, to sue in forma pauperis, evys; to be dim, as the eye, go, j; comp. c; 9s8ccp~ all, CenCg qocccpoSe, qg(Q4oo8 934oa CdS, v. to utter, speak, co, as, saaoso804o 88coooSS6 o3cSo38odO)s8, I have never uttered an evil word about your affairs, sir. Der. oowct, am!cg@om, v. to touch upon, in discourse. ~S8, v. to gash obliquely, or in any way, as fish or flesh preparatory to cooking, gLsu vO, v. to gash obliquely, as beef for cooking or drying, &8:soo8aos ijg:oaog. Der. oo ov c~, n. a serpent, snake; c8, the male serpent. -oeoSs:E (pron. col6s), n. a harmless snake. Cci8, v. a kind of serpent.

Page  800 800 2c86s (pron. U8s), n. the common green serpent, ci8588sseocS 0OOOICgO, Be8s8:8u ~cB[1,a9E, n. the ribbon snake. cjso6 coS, n. the blind worm. c io6p, n. one who treats for snake-bites (not a snake-charmer). cis3 (pron. 8@), n. the poison of a snake, cRs48, cG oo8oSoa ~cos~8 (pron. co8), n. a medicine or antidote for snake-bite; see 9Bl,11 c~c6osc8,8 v. to hypodermically inject an antidote for snake-bite. The wrist, back of the hand and calf of the leg are the parts of the body usually chosen for such injection. c6~Q (pron. is), n. a poisonous serpent; c6sE8oSc, a term of abuse, ~~~0o3oC0w,, ~coo<, n. a kind of serpent. ~coS,+q, n. a kind of asthmatic affection, co84Sou8fo cgol (pron. eo), n. a species of ichneumon or mongoose. ~3oo89S, n. a very poisonous serpent with bronze colored markings on the back. ~ccoloS, v. to strike in biting, as a snake, ~~~o5OOg~ojqcodoo ci~cg, n. a viper, Viper Russelli; c:tspN8SoS; c iqs8qc8, the viper bitten by a snake; figuratively applied to a person who has overreached himself (the biter bit); 9os81, e48oq1oo,, n. verses repeated as a charm against snake-bite. c~~8, n. the thick central part of the blade of a spear; a similar ornament in wood work. Sometimes the (human) spinal column is termed cg8, ooc8OOvo iI,8QsoT~foSn,, cG~scooS, v. to make such an ornament. ~(cooo, n. the whipsnake. ~co~sqa5Cp, n. the trail of a serpent. ~coooos, n. one who catches and trains serpents, oocogo9s, o0s08)oso8 3, n. the fire serpent. ~cM<ooo, n. the cobra, Naia tripudians. 9, 1, n. affix, ablative, from, out of, o3; besides; Aq.?cOgoZo8oc3 ~, 2, verb. affix, continuative; see Gram. sec. 109; c 9.8oo80o), 3, a corruption of; 0 c g 6oa r, o)0 8COos 9,. adv. only; used after a locative affix expressed or understood,

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Page  801 9aS-9oS 801 as co8cmocoqoy, at some future time only; 08oSx1j olc866 Od3, cffs;Xmcod9oocfi ooSfo sc osoagcfilcooc6oD yl o So o;o8cog, o&^ 8so85oS loW AnS, n. a gadfly, ioS~Socooc30 [9gc90 gS, 1, see 0S, n. a preparation of lampblack; ink. g8, 2 (not used siny). Be0oDo, v. to walk in sleep, G3cpoSco:coooe~ YEoon8, a. to be possessed; especially applied to fruit that will not ripen, as plantains, q8ooooBS~oi; applied to somnambulism, 85 oocS8CRSoo&co9cQO9Ni i, I see;, n. a mole, a dark spot on the body. op, 2 (from bo, to be named), v. to name, give a name, cSooM, o)ooS, cXo@Xc~oool3ctOoioe@ SiCOOCc f~ gt, 3 (pron. W), v. to be ripe, as fruit, OqcSgc qcoos; as a boil, &gc~S, v. to be over-ripe, ~oc~:c8s#Q.gSc~Xo.c, oc9o8s~ oS, 1, n. a touchstone to try metals by rubbing, &oScc)poS,, cmooEt8<oooEs oocsttoSag cS8~cco8g6 s [qoi 0go8, a. to burnish (metal or precious stones), co~orscoosO2ScoS doSj,.. to rub (gold, silver, or precious stones) on a touchstone,;8o8QcodossDscc9S8:neoc iSydooj5S3icai8&o65cw qoSooS, v. same as roS~, and 9oci, ^oS, 2, v. to make a mark; to mark, note down, 9oSroos; to observe, AmcoOs; to think, be of opinion, coo; to consider, to regard, oSI co8s6Es 8acq.c Sol, regard me as your own brother (in addressing a woman). Der. oogoS, cooSoSn ^oSoars, a. to lay up in mind (used in composition), o8aodoSoaosu qoScaS, n. a written official notice or legal precept; a memorandum, a minute. goSt, S neo, n. a journal of events, a chronicle. yoSTeoqEs, n. a statement of facts; a report. odSeoctS, n. the faculty of retaining in the mind, remembering, alooim~boSc:DoooSu ocr0ost, n. a record, register; see 9oS%; goSo:SstoSadcS, go9ocgoS)e'oa yoScQS, n. a post set up for a mark, g90oSdS4o, yoSc Scot; a milepost. o.Sco3s, a. to observe, 5.cotcqcpcyoo sC B. D. 51.

Page  802 802 YoSc, n. a record, register, YoSooiSs; 9o0oc838, a record keeper. goSiooS, v. to enter among official records; oot.fo[cs eSlc.s~ 9ooS, v. to remember, retain in memory, o!S:crStyoSSemccogogCuO odS3o, w. to record in writing, to note down. oSoa:t,- w. to make a mark; to mark, to take down in writing; to make a mental note of, to bear in mind; <.QaC3?~oorg8oSo38; oo 3ioog, >i@oo X8qceocoo@aoSgo9Soo8~ 4oo8ol Im o5, L n. the wood apple; also called All, on account of its red bark. gQ (pron. l8), n. the Randia uliginosa, an evergreen tree armed with sharp spines; it attains to the height of twenty or thirty feet. The flowers are pure white; the ripe fruit is yellow, and the size and shape of a hen's egg. i-o8s, n. the fruit of the wood apple, used as a substitute for rice. +, 2, n. window glass; a looking-glass, mirror, oopSsooS9cYSfiS oSo^E~scOoco: aogcSoae~. Der. acgSa n FaSc, 2n. a lantern, 8sO3SU ySo9&S,, n. a panel, a board inserted in a frame. 1/) lo gS8, n. a magical glass which shows a person divested of clothes. i2, D~. to be reflected, as a person's image in a looking-glass, or in the water, oos$cd~ob poynet r9e: (pron. o3), n. a writing, which has to be deciphered by means of a looking-glass. gi8, v. to overlay with glass, ooS S&ga3 t oco966^SS, 9 aSC, 98<oSE, 9j?83)3=N:Soo, n. ornamental work in window panes, etc. SoE6, n. a stand for a looking-glass. gSc8Ftiooos, n. a coating of quicksilver. qsoaA, n. the Crystal Palace, a large apartment within the palace at Mandalay, so called from its walls being decorated with a mosaic of mirror-glass and zinc; g:smaoocooS, the maids of honor who occupied this apartment. ca6, 9~aoS, 69i cS, v. to dress one's self by a glass, aolsl ~lcSg tiSEcol7 S io, ciSsS oc^^^Cs I~,alCwoSco^M Foo08is (pron. o09s), n. a glass window, 9acoSEosol?, FoS (pron. ciaSt), n. a telescope, o8 g8cqs~ Si58^ (pron. 6oS), n. a glazier's diamond.

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Page  803 803 938cos, n. a magnifying or multiplying glass; a microscope. SGFc6pSoo s, n. crystallized sugar, ccoSo(Dosln 9, l v. to hit a mark, 9c8; to be right; to be certain, true, woS; n. the sight of a musket or rifle, cwoSog o Gait, v. to be right, ~c+ico~cGooln gmo gop, adv. rightly, truly. tOcm~s (pron. oS,), n. a certain appendage to a oGIS; see cq8Sn So, 1 (pron. i), n. a rhomb; a rhomb or any other figure impressed on the forehead; gSo2oS, to impress a mark on the forehead. 9oaCgS, n. a rhomb, qcil (Geom.). 9.ot, 2 (pron. ol), n. a large kind of creeper bearing a sour, bright red fruit, the oleaster plum; the wild olive. 9Spc, n. a plumb, carpenter's plummet, coSoocog3goooSoogeic O9sterto1, soQ^6n gooSs, n. sassafras; the Sassafras olcinale, a tree of the laurel family whose bark has an aromatic smell and taste; much used in building houses; ccoS~oa.S yss,_l v. to aim, intend; comp. qectP; to have the mind set on an object, 8oSoois, tco&s, oeSocc&g occS IOoSScc&cBc@ Q^8oSg98 3&, 9stswjsgc800003^uC880^~(Oglu 9gFse, n.the object of one's aims,plans,projects, ^oSg^c@^0oog:x3J ygsooSo (pron. oh8o), n. the decoy, tame, female elephant which is followed by a wild, male elephant. gsdo8s, v. to betroth, give in marriage while the parties are young; see cBsgOs gS8, v. to have an indistinct recollection; to come to probable recollection or knowledge; to make an estimate, to calculate, at bs;l8dgsgEsgSoo8olc1 ICoSY>3g' 19g~980o3 gFVo9, v. to aim, intend. 9,g, 2, verb. formative; see Gram. sec. 125; the verbal formative Gt from 9A, to be right, true, is used chiefy in negative sentences, as ccpc)S39 ~o8, he knows not the fact of the arrival. It is sometimes used without a verbal root, as:cpD?81o;xo8cptl 9, he knows nothing about God or the Law;:2cisgmctc oo,,1, w. to instruct, give instructions; hence ooay,i ' o}, v. to leave instructions. 906, n. a letter of advice or instruction, wovcoisc~roo

Page  804 804 8go493c8-9g 9oeot8, n. a superscription. 00ooos, v. to give instructions to be acted on hereafter; to order, give an order, 9JOoo5qo^gc~c8oc0i<Soo90c;6o oolcjc& an oodoS, v. to instruct, give instructions; to give an order, oqcsoScS o, j; n. af7., locative, in, at, among, ~, 0c8, Oc; in presence of; as to, concerning, in regard to,,Sto i(o6os8lSeoop~q,ooq00c2sopC, as for you, you can go to the A, but as for me, I must work; in colloquial in certain instances go becomes cor-. rupted into el or coo, Sotopsg0os1l (copts o~ ) oooScoocS @4o~, oS sOICCCoSoo (Ccec&So0g) C00S;6[OS~ab; cSpo 800d; ~oRSoXBOioo~W&; og@c d9oo qo w?; go is sometimes pronounced oo, e.g. eSISSS3:, e*sot8ocS, 5o0, 1, v. to miss (a mark), c~, cS; to err, be wrong, to make a mistake, cA, OgYogS:; to die, coo; applied to elephants in court language, scooS= 8sog; cg)JJc3o<IccSog8oroa 0smo's80o 8, '. to have an indistinct recollection; to be somewhat mistaken, to have erred somewhat. qOaog8, v. to sin; to be guilty of illicit sexual intercourse, mooectc g0s, 2, int. what is it? show it! see o'Oose voS, v. to shut (the eye); to wink with the eye, as in conveying a sign or secret instructions, oSosgo8oS8:ro~o &88o1I; not to appear, as color, 9cceS9,oS, Sa~cpSecSn 96oS(, v. to blink. cSocoSooSaco5, adv. winkingly, as a person with weak eyes; twinklingly; *SCeSoSoo ~oScS@ o; ogSc Voic~, v. to twinkle. qoScqcS, v. same as 8, v. to be faded, as color or brightness, cs, ecoSecooBoa; to have a serious, dejected countenance, o ioxooBodoc-j}o9~i; ooC&cpq, cO3ooccCOpS9, o0lo0ece9f; to be tarnished, as a bright metal substance, ooce1S~8; to burn dimly, as the light of a lamp, 8use9~ oinodcuaagdel 08rs,, n. a harpoon; a medicine used to inoculate a wild elephant,

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Page  805 805 9S8cocSiO8, n. a harpoon with several prongs. 8s8c", v. to become quiet through the effects of inoculation with 9$8caosn 9sg,^ _. to have the eyes shut from languor, stupidity, excessive opium smoking, or from close and anxious thought, ~cCoo8sc ^^geS, o~~~J^~'s. 98s~cS, v. same; not used in colloquial., 1. v. to reach, attain to, overtake; to catch; to equal in ability, skill; cqScc c 8oc1:~, coogSEc$Oo1, oSso1QS s2oESodQsJ3goZoS,Sc l3o3o; to last, to hold out, C6e, o1o,38 Sn ~, 2, v. to lean upon; to lean against, coc-q8 oeS; to adhere to, to take refuge in, Pch; oo~o8sOScoC7S 24crflcjaoq (Colloq.). g48, n. a large cushion on which one may lean. ~mco, ~8, ~oSs, v. to adhere to, to take refuge in, oasoxc, 0n0 ~oo0', v. same as ~b A, v. to adhere to, to hang upon as a dependent on a patron, scu v, a. to cleave to, adhere to, mojocs, cooo8~b, cs~ob, 6ccQ b ~, j3 verb. affix; see Gramn. sec. 117; with s prefixed to the root and a continuative affix expressed or undertood, before, s, sS, o6cs; combined with oEcoooS, until, ocos~+cSca:S, until he went; yQQgQ, oQCOSC~, 'C C~0 ~v, a. to store up, not used singly. Der. oDer, p~s, oaSs, c~8,, v. to regard as weighty or important, to treat with attention, deference, respect; see ocf, eoicooSooEoooSofl, oSccgcO ~?, v. to blow, as with the mouth; to play on a wind instrument, c~goS; to blow on silver when melted in a crucible, and hence, to smelt silver, cg~oS; to blow in puffs, as the wind; to explode, as gunpowder, O68soScog; to hiss, as a snake; to blow out, as a light, 8s~((~S(coeoSSco1, or doSiOc~ llo y,. to be dim, as the eyes, go,; comp. 08; to be dusky, as the sky before rain, $teS:f; before wind,:cost; q, co; to be blurred, as glass, 0S~,,aL oco8; or writing, es:oct; particularly as palm leaf writings from not having been properly earth-oiled; to be ullen in countenance, vBza}xm,oo4, w. to be dissatisfied, angry in appearance, or in mind; seldom uwed except in adverbial form.

Page  806 yoSo??, adv. dimly, obscurely; darkly, sullenly, #S?0oXFoo6 xSxS, ads. dimly, darkly, whether from weakness of eyesight or deficiency of light, }fldo8 }~s,8,80 So0 S, oo fSlt3oS6, v. to glimmer. it, see ', v. to be small, minute, toal vs, v. to harrow a field, in order to loosen the soil and make a more equal distribution of the young plants, oqaSs~Bg so@zcjs 8 XSswPgS, 9olsoci cswgS; to conduct another person's house, or situation, as if it were one's own. 0Stltoo, n. the post next to the goal in a boat race. o0os0, see qpo, n. falsehood. s,. to be chief, to rule over, govern, aoj, 8s. Der. oowtl s6cooCooSc6dS, n. ministers and high officials collectively; the nobility, jsloSlt 8sqoS, n. an attendant; an esquire. cgs or ls, see c48, v. to be faded, as color or brightness. n, n. a mole, a dark spot on the body. ij8, n. a mole or dark spot on the body that increases, but may disappear. ~co3, n. a permanent mole. c'ocs, v. to place in a prone position, as opposed to supine (ooS&oo), to, place with the convex side uppermost; to be thus placed; to fall face downward, cyocSao~; to be bewildered, Sci8coSo3pS; to be upset, as a scheme or plan, oogscocSoO; to sleep or lie with the face downward, egoSa38, c~o~Scf; to overturn. cgocSsc~gooo, adv. over and over, in a disordered manner, OcSro8 cg~ocS, adv. pronely, lying with the face downward, GcooSoSS, coq4c8o; opposed to ooScooSn c~o6os0, v. to err, entertain erroneous sentiments, oo'o01o~co6S 9>8Cccoo8gSne, oo< e2 ggSC oSi>8cs) 838e8 8089oa8@|o.q egE~c3, w. to overthrow, turn upside down; to lie in a prone position;:6(oofjco&cSg^SJo EmSe tgcocScooS, n. Sir, Madam; a term of compellation used by females (obkolescent), cowS, i6; the modern term of compellation cooS, used by women, is not polite.

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Page  807 807 co:,. v. to be very dark; more than qcS, and a; n. darkness, c~oUtioS cgoSqc,. to grow dark, as from a squall;, Sotoo cS9CvcgsooS; to become thick, as the atmosphere from heavy fog, *8eocS~oS c~]o8, v. to take up one's position in the dark, with the view of escaping observation; almost always used in a bad sense,:o8 co8tS, v. to darken, as a room, etc., 7 ~$68r safcSolooi 9cS.qcv, v. and n. same as coSE, c9oSScO wS & co858t, n. gloom, coSqcSfr cqa*, v. to disturb, trouble, annoy, cj~$c5; particularly applied to the annoyance of witchcraft; hence o~cQ:; ws ccojc9y>c~ c0~ossm:oogonootooot Soog~, 88scoocQoo&s2oocSS oocSccr>6s Qco twaS56qp&s, 8S ^^9 oj84O;2 o; in modern parlance cfo~, and coy)c6 are in more general use; wcsEcoS, a when one trouble succeeds another. c95, 1, n. a certain magical influence or power, by which various orders of beings are controlled, tsc,S, oScos, woos[cS c~SoS, n. a magician possessed of such power, a necromancer. cYS, 2, n. a kind of plant, duckweed, very abundant in fisheries. cySaoS, n. the flower of said plant. t~ySct, see co6rs (pron. c~Sq s), n. a permanent inscription, a register, record of dates, boundaries, etc. c9eS~c, n. a kind of velvet. i, n. a fungus, mushroom; of many varieties, olCcpSEi; mold, mildew; a nail with a large flat head, ob5, ~cs8, etc.; oeoscxoSt ~io0o, v. to be moldy, oooc8ooc% Sce, ~OOqRqSCiaoo56e0 QcooocS, v. to be poisoned by eating mushrooms; to bear indelible moldy marks. t100, n. a species of linden-bloom, the Grewia ikefolia; the leaves are largely used in the manufacture of Burmese cheroots. deem ~1~' n. kinds of creepers. iS, 1, v. to be lost or absorbed in thought; to be dull, downcast, stupid, from absence of thought, or from fef; comp. coSoo, and K a8 dO; c o little los inMougooht, rather o oc downcast, ~SIcGSd8E, adw. a little lost in thought, rather downcast, ocooS "So<EjSceE^6a3~tcoooaSctvcooo k i

Page  808 808 I ScV6s, v. to be absorbed in thought; to be abstracted,- o 6,2, n. a name common to two kinds of trees, in the mangrove swamps. Ps, la n. fume; commonly applied to medicinal fume, vapor. w66,-. to receive fumigation, as a remedy for disease; to fl~l with hot air, as a fire-balloon, $s~8 0 ~SsQ; cjr3ostcoois VSsc a q~con. fumigating medicine. jSIQOc~i tn. a roll of medicinal substances to be lighted for fumigation. fcBv. to drug by means of smoke or vapor, o8ci~cSsqcfS ~e2eoge&~ae (an expression affected by thieves). ~86~. ~v. to be a very dark color, nearly black; to be dark, as at early twilight, or as the sky before a storm; less than cy:8; oo 9sv. to be dark in appearance, as a distant forest or mountain, js!~ JS~ I6:CO, r#. same as Pe OO)88, ~o j8:, ~ Q~CPS~Cjpc t #ct,-. a kind of velvet; a kind of chintz, qSIC:xOjCBCOg, 8s& oC:ocrcowmo ttn. a kind of creeper. IfosSQ (pron. fq),, n. a kind of creeper; a water-plant. n. the product of the coacS6 tree, resembling cotton, &n ~,~v. to divide and distribute equally; comp. 968!6;' o~ogo cosc~c&)1. Der. ot YP 5bjQ O,. same, aMO W6!OjCoS, vi. to give away, cusqcS, (polite); OqOOQecoowvoc8L9 tog t v. to be even, equal, to be as much as, E~; to be alike, oj, as co ccomoo~,to be of one mind; adv. even; used as an intensive in negatsvc se~aencaes ometimnes exrpktive; zqo-~ Rv~~ vnD tov. same; to be proportionate. vv. to draw out long, make slender, sTringy. Der. ~jso! 4aC19n. a paste manufactured from a, small kind of shrimp. jBa (b), n. a hut used by peuson engaged in catching shrimps.

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Page  809 tM8As-toLC8 809 jEScs, v. to catch shrimps with a kind of net called qScogSf!ESs, v. to be moderate, gentle in treatment, i8s; to make pliant by the application of heat, in order to curve, or to straighten, #EsogSs, v. to persuade gently (rare in colloq.), cos$Cs6S; see escrgoS-u!, n. a bamboo sprout. )7gJ (pron. g ), n. the bamboo sprout, pickled.!eg, see Ad, v. to be ripe. vs, v. to catch with a bait; to lure; to proceed moderately and persua. sively to accomplish an end; clstogao; ~sco=a cSdSoo~c*oO sn a gsot sc 800gS; QcScjprI vo@l (colloq.),Cgv c~~oos^G~ia~C503qt8~c@,cooo aScOi^. Der. cdlhops cs, see c98, v. to overspread, or be overspread. e3p (from csp, to float down), v. to set afloat, cause to float down; to lend money without taking interest-, c3cCi~ xo33S; Solot c~o, see cSoS, v. to fasten on lengthwise, co1S; to keep close to the side of, adhere to. C%?, n. a leech, bloodsucker; oScaSac, the trepang; ot?, the sea slug. ~coooS (from oy8), v. to secure with a cramp; n. an iron cramp; a staple. ~gocjcS, v. to apply a leech. cgS, v. to look at, to view, as a landscape, to beholdit *; Y3 CS,. same as caSe c~So~s, n. a prospect. c;Sdfl see c#coT, v. to look forward, to have foresight. cv}S6, see cSQ6, v. to look for, to wait in expectation. c6i~S, n. a lookout; a race-stand. cSo8s, StC, osee c6ooSs, CQ6co~, v. to hope. c5cse8, sae cBSScga, v. to conjecture in respect to a distant object, or in regard to the future. eSc3co:S, see cQiScocS, a. to have regard to an even? or object in the future.;Ey5Sst, n. scenery; the appearance of places. cj:0, v. to look forward to; see the parts. [jocS, ce as (from 8oS, to be singed), v. to singe, scorch, burn slightly.

Page  810 810 j (from 9, to be high), v. to make high, exalt, 4o3o; ooris osc8qcgoSeo8 c@o~&1; Gpcgtc^ g~o~~z; 8sc8 coS, turn up the light; 9o5o8, to elevate the voice. oDs, 1, n. an arrow. vosoqpcooocad, n. a quiver. o8 s~o8s, n. the groove for an arrow in a crossbow. Rioeso, n. a fabulous arrow which will go wherever the owner wishes,.J08o08300g0%, io8too,055io{0 os3&8 (oS), n. a kind of tree, the gum of which is used to poison arrows, IsagoSa 3O8COOO (pron. Co ), n. a quiver, ^3t0 @CoSU 3otgcS, n. the feathers of an arrow. ~38, 2, n. a purlin, a horizontal timber supporting the common rafters, OCcxOco&8 kSP (from R6S, to be submerged), v. to submerge, overwhelm in water; more than p6; to bury, cover up in the ground, ~cOR; to bury in a grave, 0o0c8; to cause to disappear, to cause to be lost, cxAcN8Wde~9 09^g@ g<?a> E, 8000, oo088O0SR oog, ocosBqtopS; to place troops.in ambush, OOaSR8Co0 R8, n. a fish-trap, cli&s; the generic term for all fish-traps; stooS c8, Rso80sscoo8, afgscooOS, Ric, gR8oceoOS, g q8&i 8sovoos, n. a large kind of fioh-trap. i^8,, v. to make a isn Risoogs (pron. oc3< ), n. the side opening to a. fish-trap. ' v. to please, delight; to allure, decoy; ooc~osD letsol); Oj gcr.i., adv. a diminutive of similar import, @Iogcoooc19oDpB cs, 1, v. to be faded, as color or brightness, ~?, &iQcQ8csGp6 c8soag; 'to be on the wane, as authority, power, influence or religion, oooocfiso8S, oo? QitOgp, iOOC@800g, o oo c6soop; to touch slightly, as a boat when partially aground, co9 8nvccngreisoo8oop; hence, oocs, adv..for a little while, Ocm 0c~t1,c86950co, he slept a little while, moc~qovo tqo6@, o02 <8 MQCO8COOfiCa6O; 8 Qsgi84 s 9QX c~80s o )5, v. to have a momentary fit of drowsiness. 48193, v. to doze (royally), Qs8oamoooopS ~8s, 2 (freq. pron. c9s), v. to overspread, or be overspread with any '";thick, membran6us matter, oPI ~xcoio0 ~oSooSoz9s*s^ot

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Page  811 811 o~|;ioe8 iOSiS oE5S8 gocaS8coo~C ^ g8o CS Iqgco5x$i; to be nearly shut, as the eyes from weakness. c~sgoS, v. to be overspread; to be closed, as the eyes from drowsiness, to drowse, o"[,sciscS8.; cscoS is chiefly found in poetical works. c~ocS (from c~ocS, to be raised), v. to toss, toss up; to raise, elevate, exalt; ~, 8s, oi, ii; to elevate the mind of another; to flatter, c /cS, c~oSc~ o; to multiply arithmetically; S8C8sc8 Ci3OSa3 g, gCB^)^dj oS^^ ~Cj6CX oog, Cqca8Cq ooa8oSciooC?~>S o!, ocndlepodiSc iocnooSoo; cQc'si~8 c i&8S, ~oSci, n. a multiplier (in arithmetic). ci,apg, n. a kind of drum. cioaSeos, v. to promote, especially to invest with discretionary power, o0 S3 89 SSi 8G iO6SEs8COr800pin c3oCSo,, v. to flatter. 3:>acBqd(33, n. a product (in arithmetic). c4:iS, v. to fasten on lengthwise, coCE8; to keep close to the side, to adhere; one kind of *cr; cEoSes, to hang on to another for sustenance, to sponge on; to lay by the side of, ~~c:Ps~:otC:ooS CoO, ScoD8scsoS6)BII c~o:, v. to slice or shave lengthwise, so as to make an angular segment of a sphere or cylinder; hence ooc~o~; Scs6o, octagonal; OoSdo38 8f <?go @ >(26,8oop i3c^ ~cfcool Bcs (from RS, to be singed), v. to singe, scorch, bum slightly, c6 L&o:.c@o^8s i a oSooeo8~c~oo6oqo~oaO;5g^., to extort money, ) to "bleed," c c8 3cSoo80Yg4sZoScCoo8, 33 OSo2aE3p8 BSCXO8OoSc~o=O ooS~c~o8o; Al is often used in the same sense. j (from 8, to be friable), v. to pulverize. J388, see 8E, v. to gash, as fish or flesh preparatory to cooking. v2S, v. to be fine, ocS; to be very smooth; to be rapid, as a wheel in motion, so that the several spokes are indistinguishable; to be friable, easily crumbled; applied to some kinds of insipid fruit, 0o2OSQjQ~jO3Sq gcScqodo 3S80o lS3e^ 0; XOO3cig^g 0088Oo OO8CoS j808j6Sp~83COOO&8U6163 J3, W. to be stifled, suffocated, as with smoke, dust, etc.; to be stupefied, astonished; to experience a stinging sensation in the nose, as when inhaling sal volatile or smelling salts; or a pungent sensation, as

Page  812 812 when inhaling the odor of chilies, onions. etc.; s3j3S ogo; Ss~ cooOScSOcSB&0; cqoS 4n8830gfpn j6s, 1 (from 6s, to be decorated), v. to put on by way of ornament, to decorate, adorn, jgsc8oS:n, jgS, 2, v. to gash, as fish or flesh preparatory to cooking, cqla Coj031? 882os, Oo~0 8<=Co80S0g800 jso, see go, '. to gash obliquely, as fish for cooking or drying. js, v. to be very small, diminutive; not ued singly; ec; n. a tick, oocs8, a parasitic mite which infests bullocks, horses, goats, etc., gos08jgs q80o$SQWO~S, Q89&OS8c?; Sfi-2g 0 petty thieves. Cj, v. to stir up, agitate; to disturb, annoy, vex; more than pocBS; to rummage; oooEsosscqoSoq, o s1, co8pOO; aoo4 93:c4Oc; to stir up medicine in water. The Arakanese use ci in the sense of searching a house or person, as for stolen property, in lien of Soa cgCjPoS, v. same,:og0 oct8C 9sOaoS6coowaO c0~2csf:o, v. to ransack, to search unceremoneously. c~, v. to twirl about, to make whirl around itself; comp. o8; s 8gcr Icd62030, Co5ao3sct6cgon c~3ccrod, v. to whirl around by the hair of the head. cooSs, v. to whirl around (trans.); to pull about here and there, gQcOcS82i8 td6^cO 8C106[8o00~o86c\, Wo~oSdScq862Sc^ 580~B Cig8, W. to smell sweet, be fragrant, s8l<,8WS, oi8bfig880^; 38 Cg28&, J38&8, c6S80C, Cjs28, v. see the parts. Cg80X068,,s:o, v. same as cgs, (infteg.). Ss, v. to gash, as fish or flesh preparatory to cooking. o, see:o. v. to gash obliquely, as fish for cooking or drying. A0, the twenty-sixth consonant in the Burmese alphabet. coS, 1, v. to strike or impel with a stroke toward one's self; to scratch, as a fowl, or paw the earth, as a horse or dog, cgsC ^tcl~oootSoo; cyooS~qcg oS &~oo<dS aza o<9ps~ csOO, n. water flying off when dashed against some substane, cx>c5,7oooS8coS.

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Page  813 WoSBQ&SI-ooSs 81 81S coc&~o6s, a. the wake of a vessel, mc-Boco, v. to fly off or dash, as water, o SoCRMBCO&QCS mcc&4:.os, v. to rush through the water, so as to raise a spray undertAe bow, as a boat, oo$aU888&Q9 toco34 (pron. woxs), n. rice porridge, one kind of nwcixo wa~l.~sgn. same as mcBc7~st twaxso~, n. a woven bamboo scoop for catching small fish and prawns. WOE, n. or adv. past time, OoooooS, weiS; ml~, n. or adv. the present time. adv. as at the present time. wjcl, n. to-day, the present day, cmt. TI' wiadv~. only just now; frequently us8ed for coigu wi:,adv. now, as it is. WOIS (from co16), n. time pertaining to- the remotest antiquity (Aokslee ex~cept in wrnitings), 0O&QS~PCOCO8!sCICO8QMO oo&, n. 1~he common house fly; any flying insect. cxS4, v. to collect together, as a swarm of flies. wo6s (pron. Qs), n. the jumping spider that springs on its prey. oo6es (pron. Is), n. a freckle, ooS(Msed OOSQ;Be8 v. to deposit eggs, as flies; to flyblow. o8etoS (pron. Gcpoc), n. a fly-flap, a chowry, oo6gc wSoxi w~os. to light on, to settle, as a fly. oo8cps (pron. cas), n. a small kind of honeybee, wso8sjn ooSb~Ss, ~oo8.Ss,n. the bluebottle fly,sometimes called Mocps cos4, n. a small red fly.. ta~~,n. the edible zalacca, a kind of tree. OMc6sijOs, oo~cSsi, n. varieties of the same. WSODn. a kind of bird (Pali 060coc). Meoosxseo (pron. ao.), n. a kind of bird. w~cco~vosn. a kind of fish. WSCOo08o4s (pron. 4s), n. a row of people walking abreast; adv. abreast, co,,pron'. a. that, oo~soocQOSsC~QEO~e oscpron. a. such, of that sort, oo~S ooseo, coess (dJ8$ o5COeO), WSI Bdooqcnos; co~s and ao~s

Page  814 814 814 vS$-We~ 0 are rare in colloquial, but are frequently found in old writings. ooS, 2, n. a bamboo texture set up in a rivulet or in a fishery, to intercept fish; a texture made of finely split bamboos used for window shades and veranda curtains; a chick, ooiscMo, ooais (122). oos8so (pron. od6), n. the above bamboo texture spread on the thwarts of a boat. oo8sco, v. to screen with chicks. ^. t oot&coS (pron. oS), n. Moulmnein ebony; blackwood. ooS:cjo8, n. the Vitis Linna.i, a kind of creeper. o880o8, n. the Vitis auriculata, a large, woody climber, producing bunches of smooth, red, almost globular berries the size of grapes. to8sl:s (oS), n. a kind of medicinal plant, the Ancistrolobus mollis. oS8~s (or:o), n. a species of Chickrassia producing the Chittagong wood. $o86Sl8s (uS) (pron. k), n. a kind of tree, a species of M.yrobalan, 'the Lumnitzera racemosa. o8sIoSsccovcB:s, n. a plant of the genus Borago, the ehretia. Wsc 8~tsc~S, v. to be partial in deciding, to be biased, oe~oopSoc 0oS sqsiuo1cXoc~ oola.!1cpc~,~~,oo, do not be biased in stating the case, but tell only what is true. PoS, v. to be drunk, intoxicated, oo.~tsIIoosi& oo~S0 MEcx0a, oockif8s (fromoc., to wrap up), n. a sot, 0gSo$o0s aSffc.mo, (Colloq.). ail 8, v. same as ODE, o ooSXOSOcjIocj:o8, ooGLcSEIc qco6S& o wo$is, n. any intoxicating drug or liquor, ocp, coo, oo~casclds, se8 Ss(l eSlOCO6SlC5oi16o|[oStf ooSipeoco, n. the Excise Act. 0& (Pali oo:h), n. a sacrifice, an animal offered in sacrifice, ooS oo&o:, n. sacrificial food. &c~,ocp, n. a priest, co&tccpBoSn oo&,oSp, n. an altar. op&toccpooS, n. a priest, oosco xe&jc6~5, v. to offer a sacrifice. Oth (Pali), n. one division of the Vedas, the Yajur Veda; see under e~J (prom. ooe) (Pali oo:4), n. a carriage, a vehicle of any

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Page  815 ooe6o1SI-6' 8 815 kind; particularly applied to certain official palanquins, ooS caoEo,-o, ccooS, oo,,ooooS8, S, Scols; light-built ornamented bullock carts with a hood are called oge~oto,,np1oSss (pron. ooC oS.), n. the hood or top of a palanquin, ornamented carriage, or cart. Oe~, 2 (pron. oo0 ), v. to be tame; to be civilized; to be graceful, cgYoo~cc)&o. oojo os; to be delicate in scent, as a flower, osoooowpSoopS; to lose strength or efficacy, as a drug or medicine, csoosw ooS; ooc is also used in the sense of a malarial locality becoming less so, owing to cultivation, increase of population, etc., SSe:6L@~S0, E cs o 1 '0oSso O6oeo1 8u woe~cgs, v. to be well-bred, genteel, polite, complaisant; to be elegant in speech, ecooooccaoo;8-; see o8Q g; applied to things, to be handsome and fashionably made, <89oQ8 crsooS, d3SaooraooogSCcxa(03; oo^8s8gcocco~ocGQs3<o8I ccd5 oeca, v. to be polite in speech (infreq.). cDpoh8, v. to be tame, familiar (when applied to animals); to have sexual intercourse before marriage; cj}8(oScocoscgsicoSooS c0cp c 03C)oylc 088c0Saoe 8l0900COyOdlsOc, though scarcely any time has elapsed since my little deer came into my possession, it has become very tame indeed. o3SoS, adv. tamely, 80SioogS(S03gB tooEoSt (pron. oo8s,), n. a doll, eooSoEs, C0.8 (pron. oolS), v. to break out afresh after appearing to be cured; see oorooIN c Qo (pron. ooocO) (Pali), n. certain magical observances, o> ci, oo ago~, ooirco3E6c9E6O SccoOSc3 yp ~ OD Cs0oS, oo:gj, v. to practise such observances (in ordinary parlance), in order to avert some danger foretold by an astrologer. or fortune teller. oOc~, an abbrev. of oo9c, n. to-day, qECSlooxgl:ooq c~8.C9::S ~cqcip; in colloquial corrupted into cctg (pron. ocf). ocps8, n. any engine or machinery, oo0cpsaoS' W<U&cpSCS, n. same; oo.3cpsoS:ocp, a mechanical engineer. o68, n. a fan, 6'coo0ES; a punka,. coosootS; v. to fan; to beckon with the hand, cocSooS, cocswocS lO 8oo0o, w. to fan, oo06oS8&olI

Page  816 816 816t_-ocs 0ofrs, v. to pull a punka: to hang a punka. ooScoooS, n. a fan. ooco98, n. a punka pole. oos~8, n. the handle of a fan. occ9oS, n. the leaf of a fan. oo8s8 (pron. o8o8), n. a Yabein, one of the race of Yabeins. They live in the Prome and Toungoo districts, and gain their livelihood by rearing silkworms. oocro, ooWno:, oooc3, n. executioners in hell; c\ckcOc)s4s8Cc8see3 cjs cLt9o LqwoockoS8; cwoESs (co8Ss); applied figuratively to overwhelming misery, woc Oococn c o c6po c L9crgcQOpn Oo:o, n. a certain preparation of sweet liquor made of jaggery, tamarinds, etc., ooc~Sooxo0u oooSE (0S), n. the Aporosa villosa, a tree leafless in the hot season, exuding a red resin, and growing to the height of twenty-five or thirty feet. Wo$, n. time recently passed, co+Xco cw000, or o~ow, n. a day lately passed, the other day. o4j16, or 0o$sn, n. a year lately passed. oatcoi n. a month lately passed. tooxo, adv. in an unfinished, unworkmanlike manner. In modern colloquial this word has become corrupted into cooi4o:, coScr4o 03M0O903 gSU 00c 8, see OOoSi8, n. a kind of rice porridge. 0ocs, n. a kind of tree, clogwood; used for building purposes, and for making cartwheels. 0OvS, 1, n. a punka, suspended fan, oowo80vSn c0008, 2 n. one kind of royal umbrella, 0coos08sco8Su o0cS, 1, n. a miracle by which a Buddh exhibits his body half fire and half water, oWcoST DSS oo8cf, 2, n. the sixth book of the third grand division of the Buddhist Scriptures; see under oooa9; oqcoSQoca.8u oSt, 1, n. gunpowder; saltpetre. c8scrso), v. to discharge the contents of a gun in order to clean it, or for safety's sake. o>Si~, n. the quantity of gunpowder sufficient for one charge, yO8& o:xcocjSeoBu was8Ss, n. saltpetre, nitre. os4co~o (pron. cold), n. a crystal of saltpetre; a cartridge.

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Page  817 oo68COO:9o5-0587 817 oo6sc=04*3S n. a cartridge box. woslc~cS (pron. qcS), ti. a gunpowder magazine, ow&sco, v. to explode, as gunpowder, w(StVoaE~ cxSIcfqs v. to load a cannon or gun. oo~sc~6s, v, to be damp, as gunpowder. w toi,. a powder flask. - W(SIOOSv. to make gunpowder. wolest na. earth impregnated with saltpetre. w Av. to explode, as gunpowder,w:scocjn cW$a+ t. a gunpowder rnanu actor). we~s, 2, v. to strike right and left, or to make any rapid motion from side to side, &coa~, w&sco~soo; to flourish, as a stick, opoSf~woo&:o; to waddle as a duck, o&s..bw6opss =-;to do at random, co0&3Oy6, coo~SU =Sov. to guess, conjecture; comap. co; o~ocq 10 OZs)&(X)&, ooSsooo, v. to make a conjectural calculation, x,~icf& W6oo(Scz,&oo(Sax&, adv. guessingly, at random; ao(S5so&oo&,scO(6 tgt o go from side to side in walking, to walk in a wabbling manner; wSoo~so+ OS~c2~em 0)v. to speak at random. W Sseoos, v. to guess at random; not used in ordinary colloquial but met with in songs; o&OS Tcpto call out to a person, not being certain of his exact locality. CV: i,. a long strip of cloth attached to the front of a bier of notable persons, and carried by several persons in a procession, ft,. affix, and; used in enumerating a succession of things, the initial letter adapting itself to the preceding word for the sake of euphony, as %;26swd, w~8ocSnS, etc. (Colioq.). W~oo (Pali), ti, splendor of attendants, equipage, etc., aosoo1GOQCM# 0QCX)SQOoD, ti. Yasodhara,. wife of Prince Sidharttha (who became Gautama the Buddh). WoA. a Jew, o~cict o5 (Pali woo~, a portion, division. DOP6IM~S0), n. a watch,' an indefinite period of night; there are three of these, vix., e3gscb, the early B. D. 52.

Page  818 part of the evening, w~ c 186ob, the time of midnight, qIS-t OI o5, the time of morning; the.place of, or about a thing, as c86o5, the place of, or about the clouds; ow6%5, the outside, surface. 00~~n. a cultivated spot of ground, wooQs, coo8wo, cooo cz),n. land producing millet, sesamum. cotton, indigo, etc. mot~ I v. to make a quid of betel, cy3c~sooo, qSsowocsoul 00o)cyrO~, n. a medicinal drug. con. a certain preparation of boiled rice mixed with sundry ingredients; one kind of coo~sfo5'; 0tco w c~cs ~ti WO3OMO, n. a mendicant, beggar, c~8808., OjTe200, OiCM3S2e08 WOOMSCY0Q n. a term of reproach, addressed to a woman, 8086 woo n. the third stage of the world of nats; see under oge CSOOcoSH mba. temporary, used for a short time only. oo~.cf&9, cwzoc2&, n. a building for temporary residence oo00248, n. a temporary palace, wo9 QOI mooB481, v. to remove to a temporary residence. mot~, v. to itch. with light itching,ro9Fo~sa~x~og WN0SY)800089 MOOG:5o5 adv. same; oos~ n. the itch in an advanced stage; comp. bn mo~sd5, v. to itch; more intense than woos, =OCsO5)CCpOl -t 1 ee q, v. to be rotten, as cloth. c, 92, see q. b. to gleet, discharge pus, as a sore. C848, v. to lean, be inclined, c&Ss; less than q8~; aS~CBcq.C9&: 08&2crit w. to dance by posturing, to dance at a (S~s ln (~sc~cs, v. same as oB~s, 8 s ac 88& G S CBI'n. a posture-dance pwe. 08&8-d~&ai1s, adv. leaning to one side and the other, as a drunken man,c&sc&s1sc&S ScocYc8s 090861011of n CBR869o8 V. to lean, to be out of perpendicular. cB:s4ICI, see qpsuisc, adv. in most poor and wretched plight. c8)4see qo6* ad. vaguely, indefinitely, insinuatingly. USIMCW0&~ (rare in coliog. ), Aoswsosoooys (more rommon),

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Page  819 819 c8sc8tsooScoS, adv. indefinitely, ambiguously, evasively; waveringly, hesitating between two; cc8:.tosoo8)9sc~x, to shilly-shally; 8cscr8soovoc:, a man of doubtful or undecided character; oc oScoi oooSooog o^ Doe I oc8scoooS 0?01, n. suspicion, doubt. cjo 8Es, v. to be free from suspicion, daoooTqc~ogo MSs6coocS ~oooS ~o3yQes8cr~8, re-examine that person sufficiently to free him from suspicion. oit~, v. to be suspicious, doubtful, 888c8o8oE88 &opcD, he is doubtful even of the state of his own mind. aooo (o8), n. a kind of flowering tree. cyS., v. to be inferior, mean, c'Escoo ooSjoScaosis,, a horse inferior to my horse, A; to fall short, to decrease, become less, inferior, to degenerate, aoSxoS,, ccO; to be abject, base; j3oooS 9oosoyoSos, 88ssocs36,oo Soo os ooqo eosccSW = o ^l3alo oae~, the offering of food inferior in quality to that partaken of by one's self is (termed) a slave's offering; ocoSocgS e~qliWac5Oo5dX 8q0gS, jE Otwdulosoo O tci 8~633~CXE3 5~cp830^. Der. xLoS, 0OS0, v. to be inferior, mean; to be abject, base;;ss~o o8odo oioS~o, v. to be vile, depraved, wicked, unprincipled, base, degraded, d^3g8, oJaCgX3 q^@30~cooyo3^jp ojoSo?, v. to fall short, to decrease, become less, inferior. a?. (Pali), n. credibility, CojooE, S3ooB3s@~oo3o38Cos20 odi, there is credibility in the words you speak, e~)o*c8s<cJoS:s ojsoS, v. to invest with an air of credibility; to render plausible; used in a bad sense. Oic~cs, v. to parse, a term used in Pali grammar, %tSoaoS: o goY3o, n. same as ox?;:ems~os cog.8ooE~, his language is not in accordance with what is credible. ojoSooS, v. to suspect, think ill of, whether justly or not; often used when a married woman is suspected of an intrigue. a", n. a Jew, oSoci, c0811, o t, n. a hare; ioSoc, e m oo QS icgScIoS ccoh; a rabbit; "the Easterns speak of the hare in the moon as we do of the

Page  820 820 man in the moon." M.B. The Burmese believe that the figure of a hare is in the moon, and that the figure of a peacock is in the sun; hence the saying 5coCo c~ocSticS+ISovg, which is equivalent to telling a person that one's affection for him is undying. o~c~co=S, v. to set a snare for hares. cjcoS~cgs, n. a harrier. 2ov, v. to take tender care, oo:XoscOcl oSoo^6Sooe8o, ~8s8 v, v. to believe, have confidence in, to trust; cj(o; 9ocgSscv4o, a confidant; voaoS:)~, ooa oooo~sSIO 1 (128). os[, v. to regard as wholly trustworthy (rare in colloq.). qCO~p, v. to believe cordially, to trust implicitly, Cg)r6}~c$ OS;o.so~o(~ oop, I implicitly trust my man, Maung Ba Kin. C0eO8, v. same as oC~, o00c68 (pron. ors), a. and adv. plausible, having the semblance of truth, 0oeos006o ~C8o 3oo u c =caoofooS (pron..olaS), ocoooS:&o, v. to be presumptive evidence, to be probably true, %(o o,8cc ooqi, oads, a. credible,;O|83=q8c 2 iO 880 o9^S, v. to accredit. 0o)0, v. to doubt, 88dp9, 4och~; os8s,,8, doubt. 00cA8o85o, v. to be questionable. qt, v. to be contracted, drawn into a small compass; to shrink, as flannel, cloth, etc., oo oSc64oS4 oo8,Sn.Ao, v. see the parts. CD, v. to take; to be of opinion; j c s^8olc, to be irrevocable, past recall, OioD03s) 864cscogps, oooScC6wBcsotos8oqi oSmooopgS coOS~case^ oo8o~c8 oS. Der. oooQ CO v. to bring. cics, v. see the parts, Otegeojcjocs1, e6spy 800coC88 COOS cae$s, v. to comprehend; to believe (infreq.). cwoo, v. to be considerate; to restain the feelings, L9o[So. 8; comp. cooom wg, 4o&8<So; something between cgs8ao, and csqcS 8, to take into the mind. oRso:S, v. to take and carry; to bring, fetch. coo, v. to complain, utter expressions of regret for the absence or loss of some one beloved, oo, oooi, ooow (not used in colloq.).

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Page  821 821 000038, V. to secure, ~&cSoj~OO8oCool1 oGag, v. to re-assume. oicoo, v. to bring, cln cOAo0s, v. to take away, lit. to take and go. opicR (Pali cooro), n. a measure of length equal to 6,400 tas (oooo), or four ga-wokes (o'coS), or thirteen and one half English miles; according to Latter, twelve miles, five furlongs; according to Childers, twelve miles. eo3ooa (Pali), adv. for the most part, generally, in the main, oX Op80OE sB, 30 ^COOSO<SOO. C9C03o sO88X(0, 00(o038 cooosgcoa, adv. the many with the few, oofes83t9rsn v, v. to be loose, flimsy, as badly woven cloth; chiefly reduplicated and used adverbially. & O, a. worn out, exhausted, oosoc &o2oc gcooDn; adv. slightly; affixed to a, and cS,:Ooq 8sd8Sc8o6 8aoS~o ~8 -~Si j>43F69o8iwccnEsn com, 1, n. one of the race of Yaws, living west of the Irrawaddy River, and east of the Arakan Yoma range. c,oo 2, int. there nowl expressive of disapprobation, surprise, or fear, cooQe1s so7l ccoDOoo4) E (cg28S) qost>3cakGy coorS, 1, n. a ladle; not used singly. cordS~i, n. a cup-like ladle, co8sll coiooSo, n. a pudding stick, a flat wooden spoon used to stir rice when cooking; fig., a mischievous person, o Eccovd so oesoiu coocr, 2, v. to wind around, as thread on a spool, om Sscqsjpai c~ooSw.O; or on the quill of a shuttle, [cScoc*j~tSc cooocSoad; or as a garment thrown around the neck, qasEc oSE eooooS<coacs6ooooooi3qJodoooi~<, oolCo2pEoCaeooospCf 3 si cwois, ~cocSso, n. the handle of a spool or reel, used when winding thread. cooocooSo3, n. the spindle of a spool. ccQcs, 3, num. aux. applied to mankind or superior beings; in the latter case not respectful; o ~cooooS, aosgoools, oQsool, ccMogor, n. a father-in-law, or mother-in-law. co0:8)c cst,,n. a mother-in-law. Eoo ~CU 3CooGOo i, n. a father-in-law, V

Page  822 822 e~oocyo, n. a brother-in-law, a wife's brother; a man's sister's husband;:SooSoo o codSl crocSou gsscT, n. lit. brother-in-law call the dog, a bird that usually lives in dense forests, whose note has a striking resemblance to the sound of these words. ~CocSf, n. a sister-in-law, a husband's sister; a woman's brother's wife; ~oooooso93@c co5, c SoooScSoo6S, v. to be restless, meddlesome, disorderly, as children, aon, Qov gjo?; commonly used acdverbially, osioo-sncIOOocq COOOcScoo::)ocSoODS, adv. in a restless, unsettled, disorderly manner, oMcMcO mscnOO, 9qc~^, chOD Sc8cOOf ccSS~3^ C011 COwoSogs, n. a bi-valvular shellfish, as an oyster, clam, mussel; comp. Q n ccnoc3zSzo88, n. a convex shellfish. Der..8sdcfH cwojcos8, n. a male of the human race, a man; a man in the eminent sense of the word; used as a polite substitute for co6, crdjS 6coc338S (pron. _OoS). cocooPsoal, n. the male organ, ccoo:c>rjs oSn ccxOOoscom3S,t n. a man of strength, whether physical or mental, cooscmo~-cooeo$saqEso3 cE, a prayer frequently offered by women. Qoocposn, v. to be bold, fearless, as a man should be; used in commendation. cOOc9os, n. any manly sport, or sport which is exclusively engaged in or witnessed by men. Cooo&0800o, n. a state of existence as a man, as distinguished from that of a woman, c~&cdos oo qOj9olde; an imprecation frequently used by men when asserting their innocence, etc. COO8opsAts, n. a male actor who takes the part of the princess in a dramatic performance, cc~:o~:oo 8s scoo68c$,ll coc4OOsoS, n. a man of superior virtue; a term usually applied to Bodhisats, cUooiC OnSS@+ccooSscOO<ocpoo8U co=oa osco2, a. to take a husband; in meaning similar to co.c~, but more polite; coooos4, to have a husband. coooc~sosoUo~o, nt. an accoucheur. cooopscgp (pron. )o), n. a hermaphrodite, said to have the parts of a woman, but the passions of a man; comp. B8sec2ou

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Page  823 893 c-cosu)oY6, n. an article of male attire. cwjsan. see cwoaos~; ~O O X V,~OC~~~ coused merely as an expletive to coocoos; comp. tvp c~o~oocoos6), n. four streams or currents which bear away human beings, see &W)~QCOI(2, corntp. 00003OIN cwDIsee eaioS (from gwoc-)S), n. the knot of hair as worn by men. ~c~ v. to make a mistake, from absence or confusion of mid, from a sudden emotion, or from want of consideration; to. hysterically nervous, wo~oNS %c p; to talk in one's sleep, d&9 em~oDcr4sc74s (prots. cojso~s), adv. blindly, confusedly,blnengy cw~oo~S~sooo (pron. cXXe9':), oScuo,6,: caoSo8ooSGoooS, cwooScoco (infreq.), adv. same, ewooSant~ CM-)*_*SQS.SsICeMSOOa~xO'OS~CyI ewo~olSv. to imitate without consideration, to do because others do, ooojooog, Opo~o' s46 s t jcy c:Sov. same as cmo)S; used chiefly as a. verbal formative, coS M08034o8, V. same as ~c=~8, twkn. a pudding stick; see coooc& under coo3 1. Co-SOCOSS (oS), n. the Sauropus albi cans, an erect, simple-stemmed undershrub, having minute stipules and lanceolate leaves. The fruit is snow-white and the size of a small cherry. fQOOoscxs, it. the large horubill, Buceros Homtras'. CW:)oo~a3,n. the black hornbill. IQOOSQoOOS, adv. very little, ~ e ()3 ~~ adv. same, v. to be very dry, tending to decay, aooaess than* QQRSQ; CAQcooo8, o18COOo~si QCoO~o8iog (C&A#,IV8

Page  824 824 co$(Pali), n. the private parts, whether male or female; oco~oo cuoo4 ooc2Tw?c6$ eolocoo "the four yonsa or classes of birth or existence, mix. oviparous, viviparous, moisture-sprung and apparitional." Childers. ~cc, int here! take it! ewoco used in calling horses and bullocks, emoo~o Q(~SOO8,v. to guess at random; *ee ooses~oo c~.,n. preserves, sweetmeats, confectionery. C4 v. to make confectionery; to season with sugar, q31 ~,v. to leak; applied also to weeping, and to evacuating the intestines; to be made worse, be injured, damaged, qgSs; QC34~ i(qns9c4, 0Si6c~; q sometimes has the same meaning as c? e~g., CC2QC~&)ISu s jI; QC8Iq~cCzC, to issue forth, as blood, to bleed. +a*,n. a crack or aperture at which water is let in or out. w~S. to leak and run over, as from a vessel, 4?sv. to be made worse, be injured, damaged, oSa4~, gOS02, u3, not weed sinzgly. OHcS, v. to mock by inviting to take a thing and then refusing to give it, calling cqiu~, with an up and down motion of the forefinger; CC~4Q fl s~a~oo Cjc qc~ 1~600; q ~ a mocking phrase used by children. Q?). to lean, be inclined; more than c86s, and c&Ss; to spread unevenly, as the threads of coarse cloth, after being pulled in washing, etc., qc4I ~sqooO; to go aside, rtsd~18osoag, w.eaSv to be bent downward. do$&uSo&~S (pro... c~88su*S"), adv. staggeringly, 1=3~00,co&3 (SQcSadv. leaningly, ap cuS~S~~o & 6c~SqfSC t..on a lookout, aj8sl C08,., v. to keep the limbs in a snug, contracted posture, moving gently for tear of alarmig isturbing or offending; corn.

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Page  825 (~Cc~cQ- 825 fgto submit, defer to the wishes or opinion of another, co ~cd~ adv. in the manner above indicated, but in a less degre. 2in.right! that's it! ~cooSc3M (obe.). V.to suspect of a crime, t~g (from p6'), v. to accuse on suspicion. f qseooos, n. a Siamese, qIoooIsc~jI; usos~,Siam; uqaOW38p j9r8, (~&sooo19 98I q8sOoo0:o, n. the Ochna Wallichii, a tree sometimes fifty feet high. The leaves are minutely but sharply serrulate; the flowers which are large and bright yellow, appear on very long,slender pedicels; the styles are about an inch long. o( 89 8osoQ(S, n. leaves and flowers carved on water stands, boats', etc. ~ n. the Siamese language. t~d (pron. woodc ), u~od (more common), v. to make an excuse on insufficient grounds; one kind of w6so~oos; Dofojscu5 Usd,v. to search for a pretext, 9 S u 2 S &~ o8,v. to settle out of place; one kin'd of -&c~qSs; to deteriorate, become worse, qt:8S8; rarely, uaed singly. Der. gose)38sn 43SsOci v. -to settle out of place, otosoo 4o cr %88,v. to deteriorate, become worse, os,n. a mark or figure delineated or painted on lacquered work, OOCO&8~1, 160021 0ij1IC&8Og8S vtoan. a certain ornamental graduation in a double roof. wJ~s. to delineate on painted or lacquered work, oo~asc~cj~s CQIeOs scg~cswxxs, egsaowos, n. a delineator in such work. hs2.,v. to move, change position, go or come (spoken of royalty),. GB, 426o~gs eawoq~ (applied to a Buddh); when reduplkcatod-, aside, removed to a little distance, as ~ a little south of east. vw. to be drawn aside, be distorted, awry; to be one-sided, slant.. j~Qvoz%,v. to distort (the features).

Page  826 tee~sc-Al, ~o~esdv. one-sided, distorted, awry, 98co&~9P Lo3e (pron. $O) v. to put together side by side., or lateriflly!,not end to end, as ooxyS); c~Qoai as in matching two boxers, or measuring the respective heights of two persons; 1- 3 2?0 9 Scoascg4l~8; to con. cern, appertain to, 98& S Sfs. Der. cf~Sso~, j~soaen cq(,v. see the parts; Ss.Vt&t~g~~0SIQpc7Sg, goq o (ron.. (a," i. a thick 'plank used in constructing the side of a ship. 9, the twenty-seventh consonant in the Burmese alphabet. Gjq 1,v. to get, obtain-, 8, pc~G QQsC~3,yj, 9ICO8Qoo6SAIrSc; Q~ vm, adv. by extraordinary effort. ejcooS, v. to know how to get; to be lich. In colloquial this word kAm been corrupted into at Nwhen speaking of a person as 'being rich, 8jooopSSqetme~w 98, v. to obtain; to capture, as alcriminal or rebel, 9Q S00~ sgco&, is. a quotient, vo&#Q0>co)WS ',2, verb, affix, must, cwc*iqg *qo-2s as9; firequently euphonic; may, as AG-i Iequi valent to:J!z009 *os~c:oog~~wxox)s, may I eat this fruit? can, as oag &~oi cracs equivalent to s% xc: cnI go by this road? i.e., ocsq~o 8 axov~o~; followed by oog or 9~ means to be under a necessity or obligation, I had to go earlyr in the morning; c~v 8q9 g I was obliged to forfeit one thousand rupees; ~6*o~60 he has had to suffer the punishment of wihipping: once. qco"S, verb, affix, sgn of the infinitive mood, as ec c[ o cpw,he went to, drink -water (or in order to drink water),.equivalents to S u CIVPS009~at wrb. affla, equivalent to 9coS but more elegant;

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Page  827 827 properly a sign of the potential mood, as ceSsojCOSeQgw qu, l (from ooqcS), n. a natural day of twenty-four hours; a day of the month; ooIl8sScj s, e.g., full moon of o'1; equivalent to the English "high day." 6coSis88 (cg8), )1oScc~:oS8 (~opS), n. a lucky or unlucky day; 605oo8g)s8s88, to select an auspicious day. Pa09S', n. an intermediate day, a day intercalated at the end of the year, 9cS6SguSsn 96co(, v. to be long in respect to the number of days, tc. iC1, qs8 sO8 9CB@05&g3, Go7 oJoJo&O?0Sn~ 96S, n. the day before worship-day, oo3o8oSc, o&Q0ou qoS}3, n. or adv. every other day, qc9St:apsaaug 6qo6o, or qc6Sos, n. or adv. same; oo9c o;?6qcS3:scoi6oiiu qc[6i, n. the date of a pefson's birth; a written engagement (to pay money); comp. e:oLJui qocS, v. to intercalate a day, o0oo1GLc.ScS86n 9cl0?, 6cS~ (co), n. a month which has an even number of days (80), or an uneven number of days (29), as follows, mo, C, ol, S 0 8 (9 o ,o (o S, Cal S, H os, C x (96u0); 6aS tC2Sco^8Qec soo^os cgo2, 1dYSot@S@+c tSQQOjso8Oo8QgC7SC! qo, n. the date of an event, ~ca; c 88osc~co8o,88cooo 6cSooS, adv. daily, cl 88, egOSocjoSceSo:>S, GcsaoSw8 66oS, v. to put off from day to day, as business or work. j0c3<S, n. lit. a rotten day, a bad day, either one spent in vain, or one marked by unlucky indications; see cubbS; oO crneta cSqo, n. the day after worship-day, aoqc.u qo~}opS, adv. daily, 9oSaoS, ct9cSoo.soo"8S8 qcSpofo, n. the most lucky day of the month. v qiSc1geScgs, v. to put off from day to day, as business or work, 9oc C9coO~, n. a week; seldom used. oSco&gSSo (pron. cod%&St), n. a feast given to guests attending a funeral ceremony seven days after the burial of the deceased, ~OS coe(pSf scntu

Page  828 828 qccSoS, n. the days in excess of the regular number of days in a year, on account of which an intercalary month is inserted. qi,1S, see oSo, n. water flying off when dashed against some substance. qd0,?, v. to weave, whether cloth, a mat, or a basket. Der. qcfSoo8s qcScolcS, n. the quill of a shuttle; a hole in the post of a bamboo fence, to receive the end of a bar. qcScolSooSs, n. a rail to be inserted in the holes of the posts of a fence. qc~Sc& csoooisc,v.to construct a rail fence in the manner just indicated. qcScolSoo, n. the spindle of the quill of a shuttle; a bar in a woven bamboo fence. 9aS, 4, v. to be quick, violent; not used singly. 4cSecO, v. to be unfeeling, severe, cruel; more than &Ss ~oS; to be liberal, lavish, ocoso&oom qoS~doSoog, 002o9dio8 GcSecSa; this person is unlike anybody else, he is exceedingly cruel to his wife, children, horses and bullocks; also applied to beauty in women, as 9qBgsclceaSec398*sc q6ooocp, adv. instantly (infreq.); toSoca (more common). S9CqcB, adv. quickly, violently; freely. qcs9qSaSeoSc, adv. cruelly, unfeelingly; liberally, lavishly; q9n qoedSoOcQoaxoooSO; qqaSoSeaScf S0csmSSoooSo00ll qoSccp, v. to be unfeeling, severe, cruel; to be liberal, lavish, qoSecS; oftener used in a good, than a bad, sense; to be careless, unconcerned about one's property, so as to give lavishly, 8soj8jco3o ~309l81qocC~ ooxco9 9oo 9803, there are very few who are as lavish in their religious offerings as U La Bein. clo, 5, verb. affix, to be capable of (in regard to feeling), dise cc6@ IQ) 9S? f Bg E 9Oo~ 8 coc30io l^scoo3S388 c8 ~ ooanoS os0;n i s830oS g8> ig0t3S ) ~; as an auxiliary to the verbs j, i, and co<, 6lcS conveys the same meaning as the English expression "to have the heart to," oS9:)~aocgcJoS9cWQSi aqr3 (pron. c9^), n. epic poetry, aoVc*iboo~ cootmiS( GcoC (pron. qol), n. an offering to a nat, aSqo, oSqooSu 9cos (pron. qols), verb. ajf, continuative, Gu0s; sometimes equitv alent to aodcs, see Gram. sec. 109; dO j8I(e oq3S s, CC@?Oo ti6, n. a pleasant grove, wood, wildernes, oj8, 4, lt; used in poetry and songs.

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Page  829 qasm~ L-q 829 6~"'~S~ '~~lr,$' 829 qcSons (from qcS, to weave), n. weaving, qoSCSgCosOs, clc Sci qOSlcos@sc, n. the variegated tree-snake (innocuous). qaCSIo3 etS, n. a movable loom. qcSi~sotKS, n. the posts of such a loom. [co6SSts, n. the lower grooved timber of the lathe of a loom, in which the sley is inserted; comp. cocaoS, and cooocfcwa qcSco+Slts, n. the beam of the harness or heddles of a loom. vclmcoseS, n. a loom. qcScoseSocS, n. the posts of a loom, ccoSscnF8cqS 6cjSoSacooS, v. to join the warp to be woven, to the thrums remaining in the heddles (~oSooco:O)s). q[ClososocS, v. to be uneven, as weaving (one side of the cloth being higher than the other), Ql.cScoSsoooaSu qcSmiosooaS, v. to be skilled in weaving. qcfScog4scS, n. the pegs or short stakes driven into the ground for winding the warp; see qpclSn clScosmcC8 1pron. gs), n.the abb, yarn for the warp, q.c*coso6sagsB qcloSss8s, v. to tread the treadle of a loom; n. the treadle of a loom. aSoeSsscS, n. the harness or heddles of a loom, qcS*ososo.ooS: 41cSMoso8, n. the warp, oocqS8 qcmScoscoScs n. the woof, ~colS (colcSi ). q[cSficS8ClcSOj, n. a round bar in a fence; comp. qcSo 9qCoScoss, v. to pass the sizing brush over the warp. oSmcns3Cs, n. a sizing brush. GqoSoSsqcS, v. to weave. qo&coSst, n. a factory where many looms are in operation. qcSo& sooS (pron. gp), v. to extend the thread lengthwise preparatory to weaving; fig., oSoozecos~oooci osoc~qd3 qlScozsccot, n. the two sticks used to separate the threads of the warp, and placed next to the yarn beam, c6o3u qoS*o8scs0oos,, n. the knife used for cutting off the ends of threads. G6ScnSt:o, v. to learn weaving; to teach weaving. coSo S (pron. =oSd), n. a weaver. qcoScoJScoos, n. a web, cloth in a loom, CL[OoS, n. a certain monster of the bilu (cdc2s) genus. "The Rakshas resemble the Yakas, but they have not, like them, the power

Page  830 830 to assume any shape that they choose. When appearing to men they must assume their own proper form. They live principally in the forest of Himala, and feed on the flesh of the dead, whether of beasts or men." M.H. ciaSocS, n. vinegar (obs.), csq,9 6aoS, n. a girder, or longitudinal timber sustaining the joists of a house (coo); comp. coulcgS; a bar in a rail fence, qSocorSn xo1o)<IcS, n. the hole in a house post, into which the girder is inserted, loS cC, a. made rail-fashion, ec-SocJso s:,xS; v. qwc c cogo eq8, n. Arakan, qSpoE. Arakan, is officially applied to the whole of Arakan, viz.. the Akyab district, Arakan Hill Tracts, the Kyaukpyu and Sandoway districts; but the Arakanese only apply the term qe, to the Akyab district and the Hill Tracts; one of the Arakanese race. The ancient names of Arakan were co3oq (cSEs) (from cic, a bilu, and c9, country, city, kingdom), and oeoc8 (@g). q~, n. a pleasant grove, wood (not used in colloq.); see qcoS6 6 t, n. the breast, 98ooS; 9SooSooos&c, like the child of one's bosom. -6oS~, v. to be uneasy in the stomach from fulness, whether occasioned by food or gas, 6q86c3oooS 4oou8oopSe qcSoooo<;oo, n. an ornament worn on the breast, 9q8soooon q8ooScqc6, v. to hurtle. sqRS8, n. the breast of a brute animal, p6iosq:s:oSap q8so^SoaooS, n. a breastplate. 6SoS, n. the protuberance of the breasts in man or woman. c9coo:o, v. to have a constriction of the chest. 8c8oo (pron. ol), n. a large shield of boards carried in the hand and planted when required for protection. cnotm, v. to be broad in the chest, 4ScuSH cS. ~s~ (pron. aor S), Sc, a. to be narrow in the chest. PScS (pron. c), v. to have the sensation of tightness in the chest, so as to breathe with some difficulty; les than q94; cocIsqS O6, CoI~9ggi~Saqx6o~u sLEa98oo", n. a close jacket worn by girls. OS8oEoS, v. to be broad-chested, as a man, qtcosr qS os, n. the depression at the breastbone. q6gaSc:, v. to agree, be on good terms, coajqtq S~cxc9co16t eSw; to agree in respect to a bargain, 9q6& kco$o0cc~Ssoql

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Page  831 881 q8E6iSc, n. two zayats built parallel to each other, with a pathway running between them. qStocScocS, adv. in a broken-hearted manner, prostrated with grief, scocusoc~Eo soqScloaS3>csa 63qe uOO qEa6, v. to palpitate, beat, as the heart, q8Eolso:oSa q98Scol (pron. co18s), n. the chest. 9888s90o, v. to place breast to breast, e@]no8 8 s80s0oo8o s, q6Si8, a. to have an unusual depression at the breastbone. Coasl, v. to feel free and natural in the chest; opgosed to 9oaS, and qeSQoo11 6qgS, n. the bosom, i.e., the breast and parts adjacent; o8ca occ (8 88(3>99308W i 6888EQac, n. a guardian, regent; q8 EoSEcS88, the mother or near relation of an hereditary thugyi, who conducts his affairs during his minority (U.B.). 98.g, n. the natural warmth of the body (lit. breast), oScSOcooo 8^^*S0?d0j00 3so3;Ept^Selicsdjcfc:ccooeCotcicooSq3sX 9qeps, n. something bound on the breast, q9Se8sooSco:o qEaoo, v. to be uneasy from an unnatural appetite. 98S8 (pron. 8s), adv. breast to breast, q988Scqg S~8a2ScS, v. to close with an enemy (infreq.); qSss8otcf, to grapple in wrestling. 8;s, v. to breathe with difficulty, from an obstruction in the chest; more than 98cS; fig., = eoo o 2cqq8Q9 coooa%, as in hearing disagreeable news. ltaig, n. the pit of the stomach. 98Sooo (pron. ols), n. a fence or palisade outside a fortification. cq8c8, v. to beat the breast, 98roo8sc8s, q8ooSootAc8s3, qSc8scoS q8coo8E, n. the gusset in each side of a Burmese jacket; an ornament worn by the prince in a dramatic performance. c98ci, n. a kind of bamboo trap used in catching shrimps; see ao 9SCo, v. to beat the breast, 98c8t, c8 o, w. to be sore in the breast; comp. q8ooSos 98ooS, n. the breast (of man). 9S8ooSo, w. to have severe pain in the stomach; the Arakanese say 9SEc81E8s

Page  832 c1S08 (pron. 8S), n. the space before the breast; presence, oo '0, -C V. to have the sensation of fulness in the chest. vjS~s (pron. is), n. a covering for the breast, q~sooD Oo8%q8js, the forepart of a Burmese jacket; a bib, oico998 t81i ~8,n. a badge of office w~orn on the breast. OLSQ00848,adv. abreast. 41~,n. the breastbone. q$~psooS, v#. to wear the Burmese petticoat so as to cover the breasts; cornp. ls~SooS, to wear the same with the breasts uncovered; oo~8c18$!pooS, coolisljoo~o 46coSs, v. to feel free and natural in the chest, ~SjiScr qS',v.. to be round-bodied. q&~cco, v. to have a feeling of oppression in the breast; to feel uneasy in the stomach from fulness, S?;also used figuratively, oa~ ot~gocSn. a large timber suspended horizontally against the wall of a fortress, to let fall upon an assailing party. q~,n. the breadth of the breast, qSocqoa GEoon. the breast of a fem ale,i 41WO88oS; to be full in the bust. qS1s, n. a shoulder belt. OLCSn. one'ts own child,9SS Ss c c io414 =o 9r8f~xi $00ci h 98cn-., vi. to feel uncomfortable from an empty stomach; cooSs=o 4GL ~ooog; qjSmx sometimes has the same meaniAg as cos Tq~oS (pron. oocS), n. the Gardenia coronaria, qS~oSol, GLScrSas LiIn. the Karen cabbage-palm. aS&oiS, nz. the Indian grape. G,1,v. to be~ mature, firm; opposed (o j, young, tender; ou 40Qv.smq uS IC,1514 0 1.OO,0690S0 ~: c, v. to repeat melodiously, chant, olp. q~eao~sr. same, CO ON & v. same, ~ )s~S~s~o

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Page  833 883, $3, v. to trail; not Used singly. Der. 9sqll qGq6S3S8, adv. trailingly, CO^6<? Q038Xco8 80os8c 6 dojooSoB oS ooS, q63c. v. same as d[a tfs18s, v. to be rude, disrespectful in addressing others, z8sq9i, A ogCSSc~~ 00O^a8socg~329sZ, U San Dun's manner of speaking is very rude; 9q9q sods, adv. rudely, disrespectfully, 88oooocS c@ 8c0gso46L~~qo88coL[oog~o~ one has no right to address one's superiors in a disrespectful manner. qvs, v. to be at the bottom, be deep-seated, as a wound or sore that has apparently healed, ooo~s c1s~qooeoso 8scQcoo og; to retreat and return to the combat, as a fighting cock; to place or put for the sake of accumulating; qS8 is much used as a verb. affix in colloquial to denote frequency of action, e.g., 60 6C6oo6SDqo^E3S8bi8E; also to express the main object of an action when mentioning some collateralforming a part (usually preliminary) of it, e.g., cjc9p^s lSsgfog CSoloo^S cLSs~, n. capital. [SLE8, v. to place or put for the sake of acoumulating. tstsf, n. a short ladder suspended from the top of a ooS tree. qscoo$oS, n. a light ladder used in ascending a cos tree. tq8s:g:s (oS), see o8sxos, n. a kind of medicinal plant, the Ancistrolobus mollis. 6S, 1, n. a pheasant, LqScoSEn 6[, 2, n. a spinning wheel, frame, etc.,,soSoaqS; an irrigation water wheel, cedSii q648$, n. the band of such wheels. G[8soe8 (pron. oeSs), n. a composition with which the band is rubbed. C6LSo38g, 6L6pso8780s8, n. the bearings in which a spindle rests and turns. [Q6colS, n. the wheel of the spinning wheel; any wheel in a machine. [6LEoLoS, n. a kind of spinning wheel. 9S,, v. to wind around, encircle, ooS, coSq,,ao[glq6oo G[ooS, v. to entwine and climb up, as a creeper,.ogs.bco506S G6, 4, verb. afix, remaining behind, ooSEoo o eeiclBS~cCC ~B.oo ScD. 53.og o i scesg B. D. 53.

Page  834 ql~, v. to aim at, have reference to; not used singly, aeoeSe C5eke vW. same, ooS^ c iao@cQ9- fis >Moo on.q*cSCotSE (from csooE), v. same, most common; 2esi3g osy qpS cSco:sco ~cg, the treasure intended for use in religious matters; oSo oiCoo sc~gSqSQp>Cooo~n qg +v, V. same, oSdi<QsGgs ^I. Rio; G +Sg c S, a "subject," as in official correspondence. cL.doS, v. same as qOScooEa GLcGS, v. to allude to at a venture, without certain knowledge. 6iSgIo, cSO4, v. same as q tCsn tgSicr, v. to be equal, on a par, neither superior nor inferior, q2c0 oL0i2 cO2S26ae qe^oa8s, a8soj, i 80osocn tsmoou 6p^c8S (pron. GL8) (from ooe' ), n. the pegs, or short stakes driven in the ground, on which warp is wound, pS~coscSuE n vgoaoos (pron. woops), n. a weaver's reed or sley.,q&s, v. to be on terms of familiar and intimate acquaintance, as betrothed lovers; ~^S SC, 3lCs~8a~ 8C~o36p, t Gq&S:38 (pron. os3), n. a lover of either sex whose love is reciprocated, a sweetheart; oorooLsse:ws, a term denoting that a person has married his or her first love. 8ss8coos8, v. to indulge in mutual love, ~ov$}S qeoqpSseog 8.~a)8<cSc, v. to be broken off, as a betrothal between lovers; n. a party in a broken engagement; c66$c3Soe8svcs qeseoglcS, v. to break an engagement, oqe~swocoVooasc8 codSs coS; n. a faithless lover who breaks a promise to marry. qeoseas3s, v. to have many lovers; comp. caS3ptacsu &e38Zos, n. same as cAOsogu ooc, n. business, trouble, oot (occurs in songs)., n., a weight used by dealers in precious stones. A a[1 is about one ninth less than a carat. c|lovo (pron. q[o) (Pali), n. anything precious, OcOsc~sqooto, Cese.O1f, aS4co33, 5SC86)[C, G 0S3V'pl013 CO cq3oo9dx5s1, n. ten precious things, including gold, silver, and several kinds of precious stones, which priests are forbidden to handle. q6coor~o'l, n. the three objects of worship, va., Buddha. the Law,

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Page  835 835 and the Priesthood, oP8oocpsioov:o; these constitute a three-fold formula which Buddhists repeat as an act of worship; three is a sacred number among Buddhists; too 1o t ols oSc d(oio 1qo, 1 (pron..qc), n. a season of two months, one of the six seasons. into which the year is divided; (oo[?ocSo1s; comp. eOu 9Oe, 2, n. a kind of verse, OCqo5 (ipron. 9q9^6). qcos, n. a carriage with four wheels; any wheel carriage superior to a cart; the large carriage used at the cremation of Buddhist priests. qa8osc8o (pron. o88oS), n. the small carriage on which the body of a priest is conveyed to its cremation. 0oo)8so, n. a chariot soldier. Qtoosota4c, n. ornaments or appendages of a carriage. XAXi)~S (pron. OSs), n. a charioteer; a carriage driver. qowost'o8s, n. the top or hood of a carriage. qtOOl8olSaS, n. a carriage hood which may be closed down. lco>s48, n. a private carriage. COSz88s (pron. 8~s), qooosczsedS, n. the wheel of a carriage. qoos&, n, the dust raised by a carriage in motion, qcoooco,8sq8s:o)3Iopl cQOcSoDt coGo)x j q9osis, n. a carriage driver. qaoo3scqcG, n. a small particle equal to sixteen oo&qRn qcOsOo's3,' n. a carriage road. qooosco, adv. hither and thither in a state of vacillation, coooc8~8 00o:>s:08o8, n. the axletree of a carriage. qcoaVS (usually pron. goowu), n. the pole or beam of a carriage; a thill or shaft. 4C, l n. a quarrel; enmity; danger, cause of danger; an enemy, Co8su 9c*oos, v. to be free from enemies or dangers, qjco~Ssmoo&;qclQ, v. to diminish in violence, as a quarrel. 48;3o0S, v. to retaliate, to avenge one's self, o88sc q6o800S ~t i11 QcKS0oS, v. to incur enmity. 9P9, v. to resist an assault. 96R8, n. a victorious king (poetical), SjiCcoc=8oo;qQlScpCOIt ljS8s, v. to be settled, quieted, done away; more than 616~; to be quiet, undisturbed by enemies. 4Q6~~o, n. a robber, rebel; an enemy, qaa8Scof

Page  836 886 qSpOscOo, 9~S8s, [(8&s9, v. to harbor resentment, bear malice; at, O98Ra, astojqJOCS, q Q8Q9C07OOC0811 96~ (pron. qeiS), n. the beginning of a quarrel; gceo,' an aggressor, qjS[coo; v. to begin a quarrel, to be the aggressor. qeS, v. to be free from enemies or dangers, cS[oSsu qSeS, n. war, o88y8@+SpSds8scq.38C~&owoosilC@8 SO S qS(K, 6~e(8, v. to aggress; qs s, lit. to sow enmity, to begin a quarrel, oooo0o o jCSq~e~ Qiic c$b, v. to cease, as enmity, oo iSo~co.3~3S,,co etsl a 4q1Fs, n. a robber, rebel, cQc~9o ql Rj', qu4c, v. to return evil for evil; comp. qicEs&o6, and oosegca qcfocS, v. to provoke a quarrel between others, cEoSoo8stocoA 530DO81 SiO~8CqoSSdro0$cqF4r4oSn\oFs06 6Sc2cg, v. to quarrel, OgSodj kSwooack 8 s et co8qcggqS; usually refers to a contention in words. 603cOS, v. to show an inclination to quarrel,.to take occasion to quarreL qS~8Ss, v. to have few enemies. 6Sq, v. to come to a quarrel, qgcsqcS 6qG, v. to continue a quarrel, coor oo}$c io S8s$qSc~oo; sometimes equivalent to 6qSe GL$c6O, v, to be se ttled, a q uarel. ^iceB scoooS g s oi S~~, v. to come to au enC, as a quarrel, GSLcssooSu qS ps, v. to increase, become great from a small beginning, as a quarrel, ow86jcoo So3^ s gs86C33oc6joljo q$S8, v. to quarrel; usually referring to a physical combat, Ocod cn~cosj6cooqcSGS gn c8<^J1 u q o3as, n. a party in a quarrel, an opponent, tsQoojq3oS', cSsc~c2 G6SLocS ccoao o 8co1rqs; adv. at enmity. q6ujo$, n. an evil, calamity, cosoc69, aocpcSn q[^, v. to resolve on making resistance,:xocq oopeg:o cocS q$tSs, v. to be free from enemies and dangers, GqocSg, c0a0x qov', v. to seek a quarrel, 0cgEoo0 c acn So6.looo eoocoi ~O93QYQ3 c c T O OC SBfi@S G Mc (95js, qc|~oS, v. to keep aloof, as an enemy, through fear or other cause, oocoson39osCpogS Gq~, v. to be dangerous, as q~GpooqLtSi

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Page  837 887 q[c, v. to be quarrelsome; to be aggressive, j.cQoooSoogS~vsw LctJc, v. to be dissipated, as a cause of fear (rare in colloq.). 6LS.ooS, v. to escape danger. igy~, v. to dissipate enmity..c~os, v. to be safe, as ~Coscooomt6, a place of safety, opsec qoaj, n. an enemy, qojq8 sclso8 1 cqs aii (8ii sjgoi ya60cCoo; s[c.8scl8oq8gc~SCgs88c, the Burmese use this collective phrase even when they speak of having suffered damage from only one of the five kinds of enemies; thus a cultivator would say that he had been ruined by the five kinds of enemies, when his crops alone had been destroyed. qc, 2, v. to appropriate, set apart for some purpose, design for, qG ~Cjoo8, go; comp. CoS; oilOsc0 oosqcxsscocooq l 3[, 3, verb. formative; see' oqg; see Gram. sec. 125, Srd; the verbal in eq (from q.ag, to appropriate), denotes what is for some purpose, as R1, what is to be done; oDSaSeq oocS, a book for me to study; o@S.qfcoooopS, he came to look. quoa5, n. a rafter of wood; comp. 3i81, 5qoS3, n. a transverse timber, which occurs at intervals between the plate and the ridge of a roof, to support the rafters. q, n. vegetable fragrance. qi, q osd, qoC, G.., Log28, v. to be fragrant, as the air filled with sweet odors. cq8, v. to make a barrier on the side, co:oz (obs.). Der. moqis, eop9, COOSSS, oosc898, cooSRS, ^SUSDos811' vS, v. to stand; to stop, halt, remain, coo; hence O9~'9; oaCoGL6o on (6.S, v. to hold out, to sustain, 6LS; to withstand an enemy, An koe; cwaro SO, to petition (clerical.). qfSQEs, v. to wait, remain, delay, oce~poSoi~cspog8eqSa88s q scaqScat, n. a fellow-countryman; a fellow-townsman. 6m0io, v. to stop, halt, remain. G9~os, v. to take up one's abode either permanently or for a brief space of time; an honorific expression applied to Buddhist monks and officials of high rank, o6pqS:)s, Bc~saop0o s8Aqpi8o? Cog; 6oc qL(9Qp3o9q@sIi

Page  838 888 qo86s, v. see the part*; 8 @684c o 8, ooc9 t~.qoo6, n. small timber suitable for posts, ooios~q~ooScoooj} o?8vcSO1>&loo> qt, n. a flat basket. edcS, n. desire, longing for, qco*o0S0, qocS@s8o, eSi oOvO a6gS (Pali agoc), n. appetite; lust, oocq8c8S, oocopqgo; similar to qCocu qgooo, n. a species of large rattan (rare), qCgoo8 SB 9~8, IJ v. to be slightly swelleda ku than oofs; (t o &SsaI sSS &68, 2, v. to be abundant (ob.). Der. 'coLsua LS88~l&Cgg, v. to be sufficiently abundant; used adverbially. tcl.oXs8, v. to be haughty, insolent, ce8oo, oooS. oowaso c, (freq pron.. ), v. to laugh, daloSi3c=; qo8s, doSoQ qdroi6, v. to laugh loudly, wC 88o0^ 6 B>n qos.8, qo9AS8, V. to laugh and be merry,.oSSec~oocoSxeoo oSjs8ooS8, adv. of similar import, o~S|88oSc 8.o::8 pSii aoS6[ s8cc a,v.to laugh derisively,mocosooos.GQloSScg i sclgo ou 6ooSt, v. to laugh heartily (rare). q6oc8S (pron. ~8), n. the middle south post in the main part of a house; see under cgsn GLoo (pron. Asioa) (Pali), n. flavor, taste, oo0qo, qooo'xoeos:oSu 6q0,t (pron. qAioo ) (from s x ), n. flavor tasted. cLou (Pali), a. short, oodc; coswoOa, a short vowel. 6[~o2, n. a devotee, ascetic, moco~gcoqLScoa. "Raci or Rathee means a hermit, a personage living by himself in some lonely and solitary recess, far from the contagious atmosphere of impure society, devoting his time to meditation and contemplation. His diet is of the coarsest kind, supplied to him by the forest he lives in; the skins of some wild animals afford him a sufficient dress. Most of these Rathees having reached an uncommon degree of extraordinary attainments, their bodies become spiritualized to an extent which enables them to travel from place to place by following an aerial course." Bigandet.

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Page  839 889 qc[R s, n. an instrument with two points, one larger than the other, used in perforating and turning beads and buttons. q6[co, n. a kind of fine rice, ~Lcx.oofl qoooS, n. a reel on which thread is wound from the spindle, qo oS s8$; a wheel, anything that turns on an axis, eoS[qoo5, eolo8 qmyO (pron. q[osll1), n. an ariya (oot[oo) of the highest order, ooqogco:S+; see wo sx (124). q68s, n. a priest of Buddh, co<, o88s; rahan means perfect. The l difference between a pongyi and a rahan is that although both are rahans, the former is the abbot or head of a monastery. c6arocls (pron. cas), n. a priest guilty of immorality. cowta%, v. to receive ordination, as a priest of Buddh. Cq[s0oo6S, v. to advance from being a novitiate to a rahan; o68ssozoSI q0oosomo3O, n. a layman who provides everything necessary for the ordination of a oLos81 qwCv8s, v. to receive ordination, as a priest of Buddh, qosana qmooso, n. a priestess of Buddh, cooqu qcmO8caSss, n. the Pope of Rome. [o-scic'gS (pron. aoS), n. one who has left the priesthood, ~Osgs c~ogcB; v. to leave the priesthood. q, v. to surround, encircle, encompass, oMs88ses{, CoooEq, oSsqB qW, n. an outpost; cqoScoS, a bodyguard. [c86, n. a small pillar or post forming the side of a cart, Q csqGo8n tqlo, qo. (from 0oq), adv. sometimes; time and again; less frequent than e4bo4S; s 3~<9 o)8jlq$I "Qo o lc01iu 4{ (pron. v), w. to consult, deliberate together, cqoSESacn <;~cj f(v.4' p, 1, v. to be fit, proper, right, om9, oo4, 60CS; chiefly used as a qualifying affi; freq. euphonic; c[pco v[ovoSccoocrScS. ol ~, 88;tDooscnoos^i~o as6 j?8?, oSsso~ssis6oiiso) I cp, 2 (from oocp), verb. formative, denoting the object of an action, or the place of being or action; sometimes reduplicated; s8Osl 00qS, 88.SectScp~ ccQiS oSoopS, c@ga8se6peio6ooSa cp, 3, see co, v. to appropriate. cpocq, n. a billion. cpo (Pali), n. strong passion, particularly lust; more than oca3o; cpoc:oxa~, cPo~.oSu

Page  840 840 cpeo-cposoo6 mcpo, ee cpoo, n. a king. cenoct9, n. the pride of a king, ruler, etc.; a royal attribute of which there are eight, cStoca65o1ls cpOqcs9cocSc, v. to feel the pride of royal blood, cmccoeoooS, cpDo cepoQ csc (from Qcios, that which is unsuitable to be done or spoken), n. that which is improper to be done to a king or government; disloyalty, sedition. cQpcscacoS'icaoS, v. to be chargeable, or not chargeable, with disloyalty, whether in speech or act. cO%8Qac8o, v. to be guilty of disloyalty, sedition. cnoi8S, n. the sternpost of a boat or ship. cpowa9B, n. a beating, scourging; a pecuniary penalty inflicted by government authority. cpeo6, n. a rule for royal observance, of which there are ten, oScn cc 8 ooooq 8,II cpm$8, n. a book of proverbs pertaining to government; see e811 coocw:oS, ceo:o:xo, n. artifice'used by kings or others in authority. qpahoflS, n. a royal throne. CpOoaS, n. a lattice fence (usually of bamboo) erected by the side of a road where great personages are to pass, cpoaScooSo cpfos c (pron. wo6), n. a book of rites and ceremonies pertaining to kings. cpow:+o, n. the anger of a king, cpoiwgvosn cph3o~ (pron. o5), n. a sceptre. Gcpoo8, 1, n. a history of kings; civil history; cpeoSdcs, to place on historical record. cpoioS, 2 n. a kind of tree. qceooS, n. lit. the duty a subject owes to his king; a heavy penalty inflicted by government; more than cpmo9cs; oo $oog eojosgS c&sB c28i cpoJ0cooS o0loe~; cpoooS9scoos5 Ros, criminal offenses of a minor kind; q.cpoooSoovsc8oSLoo~n cpo~oSo6, n. a head constable of police. cpooaSc 8tgeoco9, n. the Code of Criminal Procedure. ceooS~cgo:s, v. to. sue criminally, in contradistinction to ocptoa c~o:s, to sue civilly. cp[ooSco&st (pron. 6col8), n. a rural police gaung,:oc~l8s}s 4e90oo~c8S8, n. a petty constable, a cutwal.

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Page  841 ceosooSc~~(c~2s-9 841 sp00oSi88;ss, n. the Inspector-general of Police. QcpmooS, n. conduct exposing one to a heavy penalty from government; a criminal case, cpoooSs8, c9862spooScSdToolSoE8los~ CPRO0os08, n. a criminal court; a police office; comp. oscpstn, crmooSo4, n. a District Superintendent of Police; odSQEcpooS o~0ooNoS, poooo 0cooodS, an Assistant District Superintendent of Police. GpoooS~, v. to become subject to a heavy penalty inflicted by government; ceooSooo~o, a felon; GpiooSooScoSi, felony. Gpmoo:So:s, n. a policeman, cpoo0Sooxcos, (c8ooas8H cpaooo, n. a title of nobility. paoooS (from coS, to settle), n. a fresh enactment of government in addition to the standing eooS; cIoqco ~0ose8o3, the Indian Penal Code. 'cpaool, v. to be dignified and weighty in style, as the language of an official proclamation, or as an oral official declaration. cpw, (Pali), n. a king, 5aSzoES, Os88s81 6PC, n. large scales, 4sBgSu cpog (pron. is), n. an office under government; cpaos8, to appoint to an office; 6~pcR8og, to promote, exalt; cpco8cqsooS, to receive promotion. cepcyoo, n. a nonillion, expressed by a unit and fifty-four ciphers. opTgS (pron. IoS), n. an appraizer appointed by government, or a person who has become one by public approval, oocsgc8ooo5: 0o; 0o(c38coS, usually an appraiser of precious stones. cpeoooo, adv. having no claim to, or concern with, oogeO:sOEs *6sP8Q(X3c300 4O3 5&8S0080oa8, S33Sop8ESjo~pECp0003 cpcS (Pali), n. a sign of the zodiac, of which there are twelve, viz. 80., Aries; 8O, Taurus; coooS, Gemini; ooq4om, Cancer; o83, Leo; om, Virgo; o~, Libra; B, a Scorpio; oQ, Sagittarius; QeozO, Capricorn; c4, Aquarius; 84, Pisces; the menses, menstrual discharge, female courses, ec?, 8s8; a tree or plant which blossoms throughout the year, a perennial, aoodScpB8; a tree which bears fruit throughout the year, a, the plantain, cooj58 po03B8s; the name of a plant, codOguc&3ooS, also called cpdc

Page  842 842 8p-20S-aoS~C4 o0; a silver bowl or cup ornamented with the twelve signs of the zodiac, oo)p6c pd$oos8u 6o383e8C, n. the zodiac. cpa8q, Gpoc8v, v. to have a suppression of the menses. scpo-Ss, n. the menses. cGp8o2 s~, v. to have a return of the menses, sp-ScJl, cpdeSn cpos8~, v. to be regular in the menstrual discharge. cpcco~, v. to be after the proper time, as the menses. [cPc, n. a dark planet (epocBo, cpo c&c$605 osc8) visible only when coming over the disc of the sun or moon, and causing an eclipse; the regent of the said dark planet; see o0cjq8, and c6Su Ccrqcozs, v. lit. Rahu seizes; in an extended sense, to become eclipsed, as the moon; see cp9coSosu cxpRcoo, n. Rahula, son of Prince Sidharttha (afterwards Gautama the Buddh) and Yasodhara, daughter of Supra-Buddha. q, 1 v. to be gentle, moderate; chiefly used adverbially, as o08s6om.v8oq Ou uall qg86, v. to cling to, hang on, as a child to a parent, or a dependent to a man of power, oaS oQgocro Scooosc9, c5Doooo scS:eo jS<8c~8c1xalo gsoooSoogn q, 2, v. to be rotten, as cloth, (s~coo9Escas 8cqq ii qv, v. same as qu q,, v. to gleet, run, as pus from a sore; applied to any slimy, filthy discharge, Aq, i, aoi, qo, n. gleet, gonorrhoea, or anything of the kind, aogEsso; the Burmese usually term syphilis =o6v, and gonorrhcea wooc28s~s8osu 8q<, v. same as qll trgv, n. provisions; commonly provisions for a journey. 8q oMgcoags, 4caosost8, qcEos+ aoa0o66, n. same. q:oo9aS, n. a bundle of provisions. qcQ:C ooS4c, n. a commissariat granary. qol, v. to reap, eolsqoS; to mow, SoqaoS; to shave, oooS8oti qoSco:)8E, n. a swath, oocjso, a line of grass or grain as cut by the mower. q8[), n. a rectangle. [odScoov, n. a right angle, csaaogS cooo; qoScooo~, to be rectangular.

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Page  843 848' qaqosq5, adv. 54ntelwive to ~, 189bt osgq~oc, osSc~qcixos p~qoqc~5ojiN 8,v. to throw a shadow (obs. in thi5 s~ense); to hint at, intitaate, q~mososv. to enjoy momentarily. S+adv. in -the way of catching a glimpse of, q6'~ 6Scsoage~ qSQo), qS~oCmC1s, ~&o~coS, adw. hintingly, qfoi ocsos q&sc~qtc8os,, adv. hintingly, qrooso5co~s, adz'. catching at the meaning of another, soc-ifos q~,v. to get a hint of, discover, recognize, o~ooog %jm qqsq&2,-, adv. by, a very little. q%' q&8 v. same as q8, in certain combinations. tqqadv. intensive to cgs, ~c~ qjpsc.scq, adv. in' most poor and wretched plight; not used in colloq.; sosco~sodS.oa; qjpsuSujs has a similar meaning. q-s~o~, adv. vaguely, indefinitely, insinuatingly, ecoq),o~ag v. to be darkish, dusky, qo8w~ R4, co; to be giddy, dizzy, %scon qmc (freq. pron. qooccp), adv. darkly, duskily, as in evening qadv. indistinctly, obscurely, dimly, Qo seqC*, qqeolo tqcc*sfl (o-Ssgs), n. the Government Recorder. qow~oo~coDcBn. a Registrar. %ca~ (Pali), n. a tree, 006068 ~cY~s (pron. ~8~~8), n. a sylvan deity, a dryad. %can. an ascetic who lives under a tree; one of the thirteen aus. tnot used singly. t00,adv. instantly, CoSS~88 8.)s, t034oo09sica,.$OSQ 4 ooogtoo, ~oS4 o8%, ~cSo4 g~, to fling open. ~oS 'Ss, ~oScoqjc7, adiv. same, ~o~~oooqS8, ~cooc&A Fs Saco, adv. instantly, with a sudden rush or spring,

Page  844 844 IooSjcS, oSscjSaS, adv. in a bustle, flurry, cooO8tCi~So I~coS toScid~ 4, v. to make a bustle, noag gploScacSotI c:6'^~~ OO -soS~qoS6[c. adv. in a bustle, flurry, ~oSqt6SqaScodS8o&Scio ~88o8S, adv. quickly, rapidly, aocopS (rare in colloq.). %oSo5.3ac6, adv. noisily, clamorously (rare in colloq.). l', v. to be coarse, as thread, 6&,u C&s (pron. R6s), v. same; to be of coarse grain, ooogoocos 6ov8:p; to be coarse, violent, as language, 9ocoo oo;80OPS to be rough, harsh, violent, S680o68; o ootsi:eso, ox iqSt, v. to be rough, harsh, violent, t8.S8J& too&t; also applied to personal appearance, cooLscocriaooi:) 86ssoolo ~-t8, 1, v. to pull, draw, with a strain on the shoulder or breast, as a beast of burden, qooos88s, Qcg~s:8, so08S; to pull contrarily in order to extricate one's self, to struggle to get free, gsocoSGSQ ogo; to react as an elastic body, mo, ecodSooS S0ccQOs Gov; to warp, as wood, oagcoostsoagco.s8, I v. to be tumultuous, in a hurry, crowding before one another; used only in an adverbial form.;tOsqs, v. to be tumultuous, as a mob, to make a disturbance; chiefly used in adverbial forms, c8s5S88 S^q ocoo IfSt6~sooS (pron. ooS), *s40oS, adv. in a tumultuous manner; %s.8~sooSo., n. an affray. 8s6S:Saof8q, %$ o988SiSoSqg8!, v. same as t8s688; OX %8qcoissdrgt~ 8+s6l88sos;oo~oeEoog:Rcs 6; t eoa; c4 ^:)Os8qsoS ~S, 1L(from to, visibility), n. matter considered as an object of sense; opposed to i, mind; a corporeal frame, animal body, cdo; appearance, coo, symptom, concooo; the aggregate of the elements that constitute the body, outward form, soSc^c. ~~o~8:0o 1ScooSo, n. a corporeal collection or compound, of which eight are enumerated, viz. o t:0o, 9o0, s)^, do:, oco8, 9:oco1, co2 coo, OIcQooo ~ecoS, v. to assume an appearance, oocoooScso8, oao~ oS3ot imoogioo tcS; t9caoo is also used to express the temporary

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Page  845 845 return to consciousness and animation which sometimes occurs at the approach of death, cO8S@o o i Soo?, n. an image, idol, oscpsc9o c6oS, L q&o-&?ocoS, coSopo5ii jo8c3S, v. to compute by algebraic signs; see under oc rp; to parse (Gram.), %ScSiSooo5oOcoosn nQ, n. a painted or sculptured representation; a photograph; oc&oo* e6 C, ccsosonac9; ^SitgcSii g88s, n. a multiplication of the body of a deity, 88 soo835n SgsxEaoSac, n. images, idols. hct^S, adv. privately, unawares, QooSjpis, C ooS5oocpSci %cogcaCo, n. appearance, symptom, c~sombczoj. e 8couyo:xoas ii a<ss8(~83iGwcac5~soQoSio38+ gocgooS@rE& u~r %8co3s, n. a puppet or marionette, IqScgSaoos c*oi cQoI S ecoo 63q 88^oScooJlo3 q;i 8c~o sCgcp, the manager of a puppet dramatic company; c:9so8: s:8, one who pulls the strings of puppets. ScoosseS, n. a puppet or marionette stage. e6O8csti, v. to pull the strings of a puppet. 98c~s8, n. a puppet show. 698co0s86, n. a collection of puppets of many kinds, }9coas8t Oa<eg; the manager of a puppet dramatic company is usually styled qtasocp by his troupe, and Scassocp by the public. d9, 2 n. a certain alchemical composition, oooSb t8, I, v. to take in, withdraw; hence, j6; aoooScSe su 0oo0s, v. to fold up. %8As, v. same as %6; to take from, O SSsc:O8o o 9o&_oqS g cooSo'o3l; to repeal a statute or order, euocsaco80s, o8Sc )d, 4 see aoS, not used singly. '~s), see ~oS4), adv. instantly, iof38nl n8, n. a kind of plant, the Anogeissus acuminatus. 0a5|oE [GS, n. the Czar of Russia. %a28x:$ s, n. the Czarina of Russia.,, av. to spring up in a cluster, as several sprouts from one root; to overspread, as a vine, oa ooc8u8E SocagS8(8jcsoo; to put on, as a priest's garment, cooaSsu C~8s (SoS), n. spear grass. I, 2, n. a booth, shed, building for work or business, or for storing

Page  846 goods; e:ot, an eating house; oot0., o0oit, ooSiSci, %c; o8s8oQ@. Der. ooNf qScI8s n. a sect of Buddhist priests; comp. O"H %o9Q, see 8soco, n. a kind of wild pigeon.:O:Oop, n. a tumor in the armpit; sometinms called c pronll %8, n. a courthouse, a place where justice is administered; w. to collect, assemble, gather together; seldom used singly; 8oaoqs800080soe8, independent authority. soocp~, n. an official of a court. ab, v. to disperse, as a magistrate and people attending a court. 8se3Cq8, n. a clerk of a court. v8s, v. to collect, assemble, pts, qCqo8sf8Qe@5004 ts8c, n. a constable, bound bailiff, 'Os oo:, {scQco8 a88cS, v. to establish or build a courthouse; refers rather to the authority of a magistrate being established in a certain locality, than to the actual construction of a courthouse, o8S8cMooo s coo ogQooS QSoOco~c8 OPii {s8oS8, v. to leave a court, as a magistrate or judge. so80o, v. to attend court, as a magistrate or judge. s8c8, v. to hold court, as a magistrate or judge; to sit, as a court. is8oS, v. to close a court, either at the end of each day, or on the occasion of a government holiday. 8s8o3~S8, n. the precincts of a court, ~8S98En 8s 8g v. to open a court, either each day, or after a government holiday. 8o88, n. the presiding judge or magistrate of a court. 8QscocSoS, n. a decree of a court, i8cocSyoSoaeS 8sc80?Soo9, n. a constable, 8scn t8oc8, I (pron. 8), n. a kind of esculent plant, okra, lady's finger. suoc, 2 (pron. 8), n. the imperial pigeon; comp. cOScgan lo (Pali), n. visibility, appearance, ooQoo8, so0Ss8Qoc7S8oxe. Der. By, and oOt& Atoooom, n. the body collectively, tatocoooo, 9S0ocopWoWooS ccrz80; comp. wofDoon tocbaao, n. materiality; see under Q8o (125). ~ol' (from to, and 9si), n. appearance seen, SIECC330og1, ccfQ is, v. to be mad, insane, 8oSomO8. Der. 0,ut

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Page  847 *802800(-Cq*OAOS 847 Sc2OoIol, sci882sos, adv. partially deranged, Oo oc~covocrsos ~sjij, 8sg8*8O9IciI~ago4eSoot SocoEII jis8, tsias, v. to be partially deranged, oo8o8sd&oosI scoooj, C), 1t n. water. cq~8, n. a water-closet, privy, cq~gV, 8cSo11 cq~l, v. to be slack water. cqoy?8, n. a kind of tree (Pali oogp 3). c68S, n. a natural pool, pond, or lake; see q8; v. to be stagnant, not flowing. c~js, n. a waterpot. ~q-seS, n. a stand for a waterpot. cqoasooS (pron. 9o), n. the part of the leg above the knee where the waterpot is rested, when about to be raised to the head or shoulder, c6~e, n. a kind of water plant. cqe6e1Ss (pron. ce1Ss), n. a bubble. Cqs8, n. the first of a flood or ebb tide. cq~scoloS, n. the first shower in the season; the first rise in a river at the beginning of the rains; also applied to water in ponds and fisheries reflowing into a river, when the water in the latter begins to fall at the end of the rains, cqSscoQlc}s6cq O ii cq~scoe, v. to begin to turn, as the tide. ~<cL8s (pron. oSs), n. a guard stationed on the water, cqloaSsc~, aioS88so (CouseSs). cqers, v. to sport with, or in, water, cqasooSooe saa80 u cqmodoS, n. a mound of stones running into the sea. cqcno (pron. o$), n. an artificial pond, pool, tank. ccnqs (pron. oqs), n. water set apart for drinking; infreq. in colloq.; a kind of creeper. c6LC0sooS, n. the triangle formed by the two protuberances on the head of an elephant, and the boss on the nape of the neck just back of where it joins the skull. The presence of this boss is said to constitute one of the points by which the Burmese distinguish a white elephant, even when its skin is black. 0M3o6o (os), n. the Erythrina lithosperma, a tree, leafless in the hot season, sometimes attaining to the height of sixty feet; the

Page  848 848 6LMCO-CLQS8 trunk and branches are armed with short prickles; the large flowers give place to pods containing purplish seeds. cqmr (pron. of), n. a water fender. qcors, v. to swim, move through the water by the use of the limbs. criospoooS, v. to do beforehand, to anticipate, ooSns; to forestall in order to gain a point, cqo'pe3oooEcon, CoeG (pron. ca), v. to ebb, as a tide, csfcA; cqoLr, to be overtaken by the ebb tide; n. the ebb tide. c, ~cqaf o, n. cold water which previously has been boiled. cqrqSs, n. a trough, watering trough, cqcjoSpcprnSsu Cq60cqg8C(, n. a collective term for aquatic birds, o6scoE8Soo8 i cqcraocS, n. the chicken pox, cao0doH cgq6aS, n. a natural water communication subtending the bend of a river, or connecting one river or sea with another, cqcqc%5oSO8 03c, cogSco1oScosowp; conp, coBMpsll cqdc, 1 (pron. coS), n. a kind of waterfowl, a rail or coot. Cqcg,,, n. a small cuttlefish with eight arms. cqcSdo, n. a water hen. cq~jc (pron. b ), n. clear water; an embryo in the first stage of conception, Crcoco, mcococg~e~oCA cq(ceoS, n. the officer of the palace who was charged with providing water for the royal household, cqce60SoOROr.sn?o6Do, Cq<(os,, n. a water course; the channel of a brook or river. ~cq~6g9, v. to shorten distance by water; comp. ~ ~vjl@811 ~Qc~eO:,6o~, v. to be pulpy. qc:s)88, adv. by water, co330oS [c~ o8y3O8ecn68;comp. crij c~qc&8gaOc3Sw, n. a pilot, qc6l;ESs:u cq}, v. to rise, as the water in a river, cq:osn dqdco, n. the water rat. c~qca so8, n. the Ficus. cunia, of which two varieties are described, the Ficus cunia proper, and the Ficus conglomerata. cqaoood, n. the Cratceva hygrophila, a shrub from two to five feet high, bearing flowers in the axils of the leaves, and spindle-shaped berries one or two inches in length. cq;+S, v. to dry up, as the water in a well.

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Page  849 849 ~qSS, v. to draw water; cq[Soc)Ss, a lever water-lift for raising water from a well, or from a canal with deep banks. cqc, n. ice; c[Q,~ ice cream; cqW[, an ice manufactory. c)9, v. to water a horse, bullock, buffalo. cq~o, w. to bear washing, as clothes. qqsitso:s, n. the Dalbergia spinosa, a large climbing shrub; the flowers, which are small and white, have ten stamens in a single slit sheath; the pods, which are reniform, contain but one seed. cTqSs8seS, n. a water stand.: c68soaoo:O, n. a layman who erects a water stand, as a religious offering for public use. cq, n.t fresh water, as opposed to salt water. ca~[8, v. to bathe; cq[iscos, to bathe another person, or an animal; cqi[8as (pron. is8o8), a bath-room. cGS (pron. 28),,. a water rate. eqcoS, v. to be thirsty, cqcoSo8s;~11 cGcS, n. salt water. ecqeSoS, n. a diving apparatus. cqs8, n. a species of snipe. ce~, cqvO[, n. the edge of the water, cehqo ose coecS, n. a drop of water, cqcolcS; a water wheel, SEn.QGSc7, v. to pour out water, as in the ceremony of dedicating a religious offering, Ces0o3sCoo oCgqo~~~88s oce ~6I coecSf), v. to have one's interests bound up with those of another, by reason. of having conjointly made religious offerings in a past stage of existence, eg., Prince Sidharttha and Yasodhara. cqeegj, n. a thin kind of paper; see jet{g cqSe, v. to be pure, as water; n. (pron. 9qoS) pure water.. c9egoS, n. a kind of bird (Pali ccoooco). cq6e,? n. a priest's water dipper, ce[a6oSn ~?~, ~ v. to be at the lowest of the ebb tide; n. the lowest of the ebb tide. coig, Fn. a water cask. qe?,,tv, to sound, try the depth of water, c[~6gs; n. a leadsman. coL[e8CoSd, n. a wellspring, fountain, spring, &eSscqcoqdiu coo, n. food and drink s, Cc 8 oCe 8s0SSio,e+ csedon B. D. 54.

Page  850 850 6~q8g, v. to put into water to soak, or for a bath; ~qcGs85, to put into a warm bath, to soak in warm water. CB8S, v. to be saturated with water, so that the water oozes through, cq8$s, n. fresh water. eqLs, v. to flow, as a current; n. a current, cq8acs3, cq88oSll cqc~ns68~ (pron. cq&8Mos8), n. a disease of the gums, in which they are broken down, as the bank of a river undermined by water. cL? (pron. <C), n. the downward current of a stream. cqcsEoS (pron. co8Ss), n. a rapid, in a river; see cqcoSul cqg, v. to be wet with water, cqgo n cqp8 (pron. gdS), n. the tooth of running water, which gnaws into the banks. cqao8ooE0oS8, n. a waterspout. C.Gjo~ (pron. h), n. the opposing current, whether the natural current of a stream, or a head tide. cq~&8, n. a landing place, cqa88m(s&osu c6q8tdmoo8oj, n. a Port Commissioner. c6coo08, v. to wash with water, as the hands, dishes, etc. cqd8S, n. the place of meeting of different streams or currents. c6~agoS, v. to wet with water, cq1II CGaoeqEs, n. a water bucket; comp. ojBou c~owolqo*, v. to be weak-sighted, or partially blind, from the effects of exposure to the rays of the sun, either direct or reflected from water. ~G., n. the slimy, green substance that rises on water, damp ground, or wet timber; moss. c~oocS, v. to flow or rise, as the flood tide; n. the flood tide; cq oc s8, the first of the flood tide. coocs, v. to be cauht or overtaken by the flood tide. cqooc0 s, 8,. a goglet or gurglet. 9cqoogs, n. a kind of tree. cq[oo, v. to lodge, as water, cqo6n c6oft)$s (pron. ost), n. a marine creature of a thread-like appearance, found on the seacoasts of Arakan. It is said to cause death, if it encircles a human being above the navel, and to cause great pain, if it encircles the thighs and legs. cqoo0, n. a navy, acqoSaosco, ~CSoS0o8o cloarls, n. a lock or sluice gate.

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Page  851 851 CqO3g8 (pron. o038), n. a cascade, waterfall, cataract. cqo6ccgS (pron. 9o6pcS), n. a trough placed under the eaves of a roof, E6qc8&, v. to be shallow, as water, c~~oec:S6 s Eogca~co 0SoaS1 g; n. shallow water. c6o og, a. thin, watery, aSqosod Eso q<<<6p oo scoo^ ODOOQOClU cqc[dS, v. to strike against, as running water. cqcASs, n. a ship's log, line, and reel collectively. cqGjcsss8, n. the log line, Scoos'sn C~cqSscIs, n. a ship's log. C6qCs8, v. to rise, as the water of a river; cq~ l ~c[8s8 (pron. a8s), n. a well; cgos88solS, a well curb. cqco (pron. o), n. the spring tide. c~cois, n. a lunatic, o3ts, ts8eSzi, cq[cots8,, n. lunacy, madness occasioned by the moon. cqcoSsaSs, n. a yoke for carrying waterpots. 6ec8s, v. to subject meat to a process of watering, in order to increase its bulk and weight. sqgcSlr, n. the Hyades, cqoodcyro3 Si ~fig, v. to sink in water; to drown, cqlSc~oaopS; cqspolat i6we~, to superadd to a person's misfortunes. c6[QoSO8, n. a naiad, cqolII cq[, n. earth oil, petroleum. cilgoeoSo, n. clean, pure earth oil. 1co l, n. a kerosene oil tin. c6L8[, n. kerosene oil. Qcqg88, n. a petroleum well; cqEcgSsSg,.tax on petroleum wells. Q[Gcjs, cqojoS, v. to rub with earth oil. ce.r, I. to have a dirty, greenish color, as river water; said to become so at the time of great epidemics. cq[oo (pron. ao), n. the beginning of a spring tide. CG~q6&, n. warm water; cqcgs8cps, a teakettle. c~j6808coo, n. the ordinance of baptism, E80803co1 CQGj, n. any odoriferous liquid. ~ c v3, v.to dash water on or against; to bail a boat, cg3oc.oSqccSooIa ~c.oSm, n. the space in the centre of a Burman boat reserved for bailing out water.

Page  852 B rlt4 C8 " cqo0i (from o -i a sofer), n. a spray; ait i, bb8.s 6O, n. hot water. Lod^S, = oS) n& hot spring.cQLccoo&, v. to be scalded with hot water. ' ecs (pron. ^s), n. a water bucket; o5@c, a galvanized iron bucket. clcol c, v. to spring a leak, as a boat or ship; n. a drop of water, ceaCuo ceLs, n. a water skipper. cqqs.gc os, n. a collective term for water reptiles and insects. cLOSs, v. to be strong, as a current; n. a strong current. c6c&, v. to be high water; n. the highest of the flood tide. ~ccL~, n. distilled water; urine. e6eo<lS, n. a regatta, combined with sports on shore. cq6J (pron. ro+), n. a water pipe. ~CScoso8 (pron. ocoos), n. a drinking cup. cq~e'ls (pron. o1'8s) (from col68, to puff up), n. a bubble: *ee ecolIsO c~L.87sp (pron. " 8), n. the dropsy, c~gS(tol -ls8, v. to sprinkle; n. a sprinkler; applied to such as practise sprinkling in the rite of Christian baptism; c6cjgso8 ii zcltgso3gs, n. a water cart for sprinkling streets. ~~.G28, n. a calabash. cq~b, n. a species of wild goose. cqc~g (from coR), n. a waterspout, eqoSpeoos8i cq~oo?, n. a composition of ~c&, earth oil, lime, cotton, etc., used for making vessels water-tight, cqoorlcssn ~qcql n. a simple kind of wafer made of rice flour. cRcoS, n. a rapid in a river, ooS; a rush of water in a river occasioned by a projection from land, c6 goS9 ESu cqcyoooSs, n. driftwood; c ~eqvOOciSoO8, drift-timber stranded. cqa~[, n. the swallow, upper part of the gullet, 'CO. " eGffSS, n. a hippopotamus. eeRl, v. to be submerged in water, c ~BeoS6:, 8 cq~odii ~cq 583, n. a title of the King of Biurm&, -ca-:c oS~8soEoS@s8Ds ~ci 8s, v. to be suffocated by watet.. ~68O, n. the water enclosed in the membrane that envelopes the fetus. eggt~,,,. to be adischarged (of the same). l^9cS, n. a W^ter diiper. ~q8, n. sponge.

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Page  853 853 cq6[corsOCSSi n. a submarine torpedo; cciS cocdNo, atorpedo boat. cqcG3L, n. liquid scent, water which has -been scented. OopS (pron. owo),;. a gentle stream; -eog -gc 6cqo, n. a kind of herpes (a skin eruption), cqc^t s, qccmoccos, cqdG, v. to leak, to admit water, as a boat or ship. ctqp, w. a waternmark,, qcGcoq s - ccEL, n. the course of a brook or river, Qc'I8 3 cgp e, u8 x cD5b, n, n the sound of a boat song. cicoosBSi, n. an ordeal by water. cq, t..to be water-tight; to be stanch as a boat or ship. CQqcQs, n. a pot used in washing a corpse. c qjooSFjO, v. to cook in water without oil, etc., c* ooS, cq6l:oo8, v. to boil (ob0.), cqcs~ijoSn lcc 1, 1n. a bathing garment. cOj, 2, v. to break over, or burst into low land beyond the banks, as the water of a river. cq~ colcS, n. an irruption of water from a river into the low land beyond the banks. cQcc:8, v. to water, pour water upon. cqC~c co8 s GpCoS, n. a reservoir. C68scpo9Sq9, n. a fen, fen land, cq s&oooScw:4ooSs c6i,} ln. a culvert, colSsjs, co8so~js$on 6oc8qs, v. to undermine and carry away, as a strong current the high bank of a river, ccoOScsocr,~IS -S clo$, n. a Deputy Governor of a maritime province; a port officer; c10q~cc S, an assistant port officer. cqo9, v. to lodge in low-lying ground, as water, cqo8so ~cqoSs, n. a wild duck. eqco, n. the division of a stream into two currents; a range of high land, lying between two river basins. and discharging its waters into them from opposite directions; a watershed, ccQ~oec, cqlocOOZSI co3ft9, n. a bathing garment (c~1e more common). cqoo8o3, V. to batheo; applied.to priests and idols,?cdps3o5g coo, 4(8@M8(lei0 gdooeB cqle ne, n, the Fcus gtomerata. The wood of this tree was formerly used for constructing the royal throne (cPoOGS).

Page  854 854 cqOOoS acoS, n. a royal water festival, cpaxcoS c o:8>cooSc5t ygo; a regatta. c~39S, n. a kind of water insect. cq) ~Is, n. a tack (rope); a rope to secure the lower corner of a sail. c9Gors, n. the lower border of a petticoat, o8Qcz S:u3( cqio, n. a mermaid, cq~oio qo1sl, n. the Seebania XEgyptiaca. c-GQ1, n. a neap tide; stagnant water, in contradistinction to c~qS, running water; &ocSqc&ScqeiseSseoasu cqcocqls, n. a fish that has died in the water in which it has been kept after being caught. cqc:oaoc, v. to drink water; to be watered from an irrigation channel, qcco3ocSOe~OcoCu CqCO3-ovoSS, n. the taproot of a tree. cC(3oS 8;8g, In. an irrigation (distribution) channel. cqC, n. a privy, cq~G, d53oo,, oqgaSossoS, v. to pour water into the c~oSecqdas qeqoSc~8qoSs, n. a gutter, c628scGEOn1 c~sqCos, n. urine, o~col, cCC, oScO, CoS,, cq~eoSsdSS:, n. the bladder, oqcoSsi3ll cq, 2, v. to count, enumerate, cgSooSccocS~:oo~qccSec sool, ic9S ecoS, v. to count and sum up, to compute, oqocgaoSQEoooSegg ~jCo De. r9e. acsoS, n c~s, v. to be worthy of being reckoned; used only in the negative, o.s9q, to be despicable, not worthy of being reckoned, oCcjqcoi i (rare in colloq.), oxcqoogdoSoScdtojScfOOdc2coSD cq oS, v. to mention one after another (rare in colloq.). coqoSscels, v. to revile, accuse revilingly (infreq. in colloq.). cgs, v. to write; to delineate, paint, oFocS, os:clGcqsos, v. to transcribe, copy, 03eS~ocSoeo Ssotcdcloq1u CEsst8, v. to compose a writing. 6Le3s8, n. a government writer's fee. 6sthcos8, v. to write, compose a writing, oopeoyoScsr coooSc~ aooocc*ola c~s8oS, v. to write, put on record, ooc8coooSo ~q[8ScrOq gO:s88 C66C830, v. to mark in letters or characters; to mark out, trace,

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Page  855 855 describe; to note down, to place on record in writing, commit to writing; see C8scoos0 ~cqso:80i, v. to compose and compile. tclssg88g~coS, adv. making much ado about nothing. Cq8jos (from 9cLIt, business), v. to be clever, capable of managing a business with skill and address. qcq38p8csg, v. same, cGsioscSgo88c fclIoii cEsap, v. same; generally applied to children, cq[c88go:a&o30 co8; c8pcoCo::, a. au fait. Cq98C8, adv. obscurely, z8S3, oOoo oS8dCqiss cvBS, )ciS8rfl @8,E o ~So; cqscqs88 implies defect of vision. cqscqsqS 6 [, adv. obscurely and by glimpses, oncooosc68co~c6ql ~cqsQa~S ~co8s0c~6; cq~cq8s~SESIE' implies that the object seen is distant. cq68s68o08s)s)8, adv. cleverly (infreq.), cgcSccoScos;lSsCQqCsc so I, I, v. to be bold, courageous, c38^sok o ~2,icC 6i) ID itce [dicSscoo, v. to have a flush of desperate courage, q.so.88sc. Sg0o3o800oop; comp. @ Sd880o0 colS8, n. one pre-eminently brave, lit. the acme of bravery, kcals 08os (pron. w0s8), v. same as l, oocoqkss0c8aCO i \6s (pron. 3s8), k s83oo&, n. courage and strength, intrepidity; especially military prowess, ~ sqkL &8 s og803 9c 800^n kooSs, 1 (pron. oSs), n. a broadax, a battle-ax, ko sEcocscS, oo8g [ooSs, E2 (pron. oS), v. to exceed in boldness, to be audacious, qS2o 0^8COOs C8COOcsc oSc03iCq2o~Xc08 1 6:cS^OOioOS803 ck kcqCS (pron. 8CS), n. a castle, tower. cOnDS, v. to form a company of soldiers, SooS,; to band together for some nefarious purpose, ksco6o8,800, kC63dcqo SoS3 o ooaS, n. a soldier, ~80ik, k?c&803, VoS-cS)&, ocSJc86ola aSseaSqsog'cdi5joSag; kyoBSg8s, a fellow-soldier. qF~ v. same as k; ikGA 0~6300 q~~oogei, v. to be steadfastly courageous. 6tcS?[[, n. bold appearance, ~l[q^[ooouS 0c0, 2[S[[ hkcooocS, a. flaming bold,.kk8co3cSo38@80s~ 8s

Page  856 856 k&-e6L~ks I ki n. a war ag, colors, togaa03S, j F9O^8o8 kecooSs, n. a fenced pathway into an enclosure or fort, wide at the entrance and gradually narrowing, in order to entrap beasts or men, ~~co'ostc oy., ~coo Sogec~o3~; a war canoe. kAch n. a war boat. o. v. same as 0; 2Soi:JS \je cago to u ~co8$, n. a war boat of European construction. Og, ln. a soldier enlisted; a policeman, koooSS, kcoasc6dsn \, 2, v. to be of a bright red color; mostly used in an adverbial form as an intensive, co1oo8o6u8C8kQTsDO S 0pn 2 v. to be equal, as much as, c0 o 58 8 o A[L, v. to be fiery red, oo*cocoSSecpS[8[~o, c ciSCoo8sfCqa k 1, v3. to be satisfied, contented, as in the phrase xok, 08oS coooSecoSIS:oo; but seldom used singly; hence EL, and cc Lan L (uS), n. a kind of tree, one species of the Morinda. k[o86, n. probably a diminutive species of the same. cp, 1, v. to mix, mingle, C s, o,8, 1osc80cce ~4ooo8[q~qo8f cc-pVe;,. to add to and mix with, cois&O~ ccp o evoop; fig., c~ C~0, v. see the parts; smoot '<c, og~0opoo o ooo& CaX80; &0&X=)2E QG4>@X~O @&800^0CO CCOg8c00 000^ ccpca, v. to mingle, mix, 0go8&30 cpep wd20c8 oSaostw [ccpc}olcoSs, v. to compose of several ingredients. cqse~cpcP, adv. in a promiscuous mass, promiscuously, eou18sb ~cp5o, v. to intermingle, ooSj#o aoS pjtcuS~ ooB cp2, 2, an occasional substitutefor the connective e=woo;pcoS, v. to arrive, to reach, Pi cIQCc gog ocIcooocOCSc6, how long is it since you arrived in Rangoon? 'o ocoao8 oS ccPq0QoSIC, cpoSco, v. same as ccepn.~ccBocsdo, adv. instantly on arriving, o,8~cposocS8;co3er o~ *c ~~p ~,c~cpOtwoooooooS, owing to my having just arrived from a journey, the place is not in order. tc1poSGoS (odS), see c~ooaooS, v. to be restless, meddlesome, disorderly, as children.

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Page  857 857, o~qw~e, B lee -,,0 oCY ' o)o5ooo;! adt. ~In! resiless' linq-to_* (Palj, et)n.aprdof pestilenc e; eu tnder oyZS; ~~)?li), -z. diseas, wo~; gien* ~e~d alone,a& a -esphemi~ o cr~olo~s:, ccpo)jSs, v. to be free from disease. ccpolOm9, cco4 v. to contract a; disease. 61q.to' be coinmutticateda a diseasei. w.CF* tO be paittt e4'e$, a.a digeasei. col S,. to be free from disease, eco~crS~u QTIv. to cleave to, aa a disease.- - ec{ol azS v. to decrease in' violence-, as a disease. ec{ 1 QS, n. a m alignixit 'd-isease;usually applied tQ cholera, a.nd plague. $'V*, to" increa'se, in violence, as 'a disease. oc~ -v,. 'to &uffer fro~mfrequent maladies. p~~P4 tOS5, v. to have.a relapse of a disease. crcolaooo, in. same as cpl cc~cf~sS,. to recover from an illiiess, or a disease.. p~o~~s, V. to incubate., as. a disease. QGOW (Pr-on. ~oS), n. a sufferer from some chronic malady. ccpS9 I1 (from aoccpS brightness). (pron. n) t. a ray of light, lustre; cTS co8 the ray of a Buddh, oPSBO5ROwS c~p~ gwoo~6,ti. ~a focus. QGPS V. to radiate, as, light. QcC=5,n. divine effulgence, cPScoS~goS# Qr ~s(pron. 6os), n. a foil4 thin p'iece.of' gold or silver placed in the ouch under a precious stone; usually placed in the ouch of a stone of inferior quality, to give it lustre.: QTE8C. n. the conical cap on the head. of an iAg of a Buddh; the nimbus, the rays of light from the head of a Buddh, Gcf2SC QcpS o~z, S2oSc Owii v. to sweIll be -swollen;.oeta t;odo6pco to- becdom iinftamed, as asore. ICSTS8:, v. same as cpn QTpv. to long for. QP~OOxYS (pvron. ociS), v. to aspire recklessly beyond one's abilities,

Page  858 858 ccp;- Sc< as in becoming unduly familiar toward a benefactor, or toward an over-indulgent parent; to take advantage, as of one's good disposition, ~oQS(CalVSq cSjto:~osc8Ci ~cpC0o ooozooS, o3w8scfiooqc afcqlE 6ccp~osaSoooSoogn cc~p~, v. to be contented; to,be satisfied, os^cep~ oo, *c CP8 1,, v. to sell. ccpsg, v. to sell, cGpS gc3dou cPESsFoo6q, v. to be of the current price, a price at which it is easy either to sell or buy, DgScooSccg00~s oocnpP~sccp s gSoSq ~0103gn cpSsocxoS, v. same as ~caSva (rare in collog.). CCpSsod, v. to trade, ccpSsooScoooSoos0s ~ePSE, 2 see iooosi, v. to be very dry, tending to decay. csp0o, n. one of the eight stages or stories of hell; see under ekC ccpcc6, n. Aldebaran, a star of the first magnitude in the eye of Taurus, popularly called the Bull's-eye. It is the bright star in the group called Hyades. q?, verb. affix, denoting disapprobation or regret; sometimes euphonic, particularly when used imperatively, zosCOC9c; o0lG00 ooegC (ct?@&y pS, oE$C8QoS@eq5ep; qgS 86qO, c3o8Cos6q20pSay (Colloq.). c S, 1, 1. to scream, as a fowl, (ccqSS (rare). cS, 2, v. to be very old, near withering, as the leaves of a tree; more than qF; used in composition in combination with &8, and b~, but rare in colloq.; ooSaoS~cS, CocOs~CSu 8 v. to respect; not used alone; oi, c, 6cos8 asi8, v. to respect, treat with respect (rare in colloq.), crS088s sdldi; Yos. Pso, v. to respect or reverence, treat with respect or reverence, ~C000008, CoSj~o8>Q8Oo8ODO8 oS, v. to strike, yoS ~o Sao, ~cSyS, v. see the parts; qwooso ccodSiScp(OooSo~6cOO goSoc9, n. the punishment of flogging; 5 9cSoc~6os,, to inflict the punishment of flogging, as a magistrate. ~caSoScwc^, n. a rifle, ocS8c6dcon. icd@6, v. to knock down.

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Page  859 ~ rROOOS — smos 859 crSooS, v. to kill or execute with a club. i8, n. a mat made of bamboo splints (Is); comp. cSI; aO@oogoo: ~~cox, n. a side or partition of a house made of such mats, 8oo:eono V8ooS, Sc88, n. varieties of such mats, eo"]eoS:ctocSt;oo'So ~S1 @ ooS&~ooadjco3op~u 8s8, v. to be wild, as an animal; to be uncivilized, uncultivated, unpolished, oops~ro8; to be coarse, to be in bad taste, vulgar, ill-mannered, boorish; to be rude, impolite, as language; aoodc ood soooe$so&ci; ooS6SaEs8 Oqdpcncois ~Ss8s8 (pron. s68s) v. same, ooCooosw88E+SaoO, oQeooce&8SEt %S8g8X, 0o083ScOO~68%680pUi {88a, v. to be insolent, cSmostn ~Ss, (pron. )), v. same (more common); to be rude, ogooos00 8 t8Sso8s (pron. o8E), v. to help, y0, oSco3oScgsouEotolu cS:, an exclamation used by Burmese boatmen when rowing or paddling; they cry out 8 when raising the oar or paddle, and o88 when bringing it down again, ~Cd;sccsccd; J;siJjco8ecscslt ~C386CCO08000q08CCO8U 8,.1 (from cogs, a bone, stalk, custom), n. (not used alone), caTs, Cs88; a blind watercourse; see cijs8 Ss6oooDi, n. a Karen festival, at which the bones of a relative are collected and placed together after cremation, previous to depositing them in a final resting place. 8sco$o8, n. the B3sB88o8, the gum of which is used to poison arrows. I 86q88}s8, a. large, bulky, corpulent; implying that one has large prominent bones. ~8scO)ci (pron. e0 ), n. a serf. M8:, n. the venereal disease, =OcoODoso, cOj3ou s8Cmo6coocoS (pron. colcS), n. the person charged with collecting the bones of a member of the royal family after cremation, si8c5 ~8 oS (pron. 6oS), n. stubble. u r - i ~8., n. a ridge of high mountains, a.80cr080 s, 6q8E8sosco8n 8sGp, n. hereditary succession, oopso, scapoo ~6, pscESoQS, ~8Gspyo8, a hereditary thugyi; c&pp, ~CScp6, applied to royalty. 8s8os, verb. affix, used as a strong negative, affixed to the root

Page  860 860 (colloq.); see Gram. sec.. 121. oisoOms, he goes 'iot, oo56;sejs, GosBseoDs, IOSrcOD811I -...^. I8, A, v. to be plain, siniple, unador'ned: o4o~co~;= tb be plain, simple, artless, guileless, ingenuous, o:ooxd.oj to- be honest, upright,. i~ oS; to be old-fashioned, as dress, jewelry, articles of use, etc.; oac i@sco8830~8jg, -this elder is Wf an artless disposition, ocoQoo~ooQRcD:oa, he is very ingenuous of speech; - eoS.coo:coo~0 toooScc gSooooSaiol, as satin mantles -have become ratherold-fashioned, I do not wish to wear one. g8cgO~, 80c?,s.same,c o3E3ti8, wQoCPpg86 Qo~o3o^^ ^o(2~^ll ~rto>w a. to:be.guileles, B8Q3o; oguilo3elesi8s8, Coto~ ~cvo3jo~ocr c SBolo8l:o, my younger brother is a very guileless, upright man. tfscyomce, ^1. a kind of weed' with a minute, yellow flower; the leaves, when bruised, are used for poultices. 8scs, n. a kind of creeper; also called IoQTscES5so8o8, because it is supposed to have the power of crossing and implanting itself on the opposite bank of a stream.. sc6s, n. a kind of tree. &s8oS, w. to glitter; used Mn a reduplicated adverbial form, 8sso1Sj @igr~~o?33 ^i@X:oPSro~ ccpSE@cai35gi Vs~, v. to be bright, glittering; commonly reduplicated and used adverbially, 08~(S~o0o88C S6[0^ 088;l>CcP en ~sttq, adv. obscurely, indistinctly, ~qocOc s8smooS, ~8s8 s~8^s1, a. creepy, as the sensation produced by insects creeping on the skin; also applied to the feelings, ooEc6@o3 og1}S8 8&Sds8 og~88ggi 8 S; also applied to words of itching, when it signifies "tickling," 8coa'sc2so g88s s gto~cS3Coo o~gda~c V80c90a, n. a kind of grass. l, I. a mite, very small insect, frequently found on mushrooms., -,, v. to be friable, easily crumbled or pulverized, ooSg So c~Ooo8cor88wo8s; applicable to eatables; oocgo4sCoOceiCoso t8sc~co$oS: o~?; comp. g, which has'a similar meaning; to prance as a horse,; 9oc~ Scoxi6ejS co3o3; to be skittish; to be light, vain, unsteady, wanton, in deportment and conduct, Zeosu if 2 -. to be -soft, gentle; chiefly used adwerbially, as o o8gats ~~2G~s3(~~seoirl 3j

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Page  861 S- 3S COCS 861 1S, 1 (from oAdoS, a leaf), n. a leaf; a sail. f~t.?te, >w~ ^aeSk oSacoSeloloS, n. a species of houseleek; the Sempervirum teatorum, ~gogo8~c, n. duckweed; see cSi, `SSse~8cq, n. leaves that are neither old nor young; what is middling, neither very good rwr very bad, oodoc3 &co=st aSlcso8ooov, n. the tackle of a ship. 9csA, v. to lower sail. doSgd, a. sharp-leaved, elliptical, lanceolate. gSaS~9, adv. incessantly, 9GlS'u gcS88, a. with fine leaves, pinnate, decompound. }oSooS, v. to set sail. 9croSoes, n. halyards. ic& ooS, v. to sail, move by setting sails to the wind. SaScQc&c, n. the nautilus. SoScoS, n. a mast. SOcqS~O, v. to step a mast. ScoopS, n. sailcloth, canvas, woe SogScCO0!cSog, v. to hoist sail. 9!1c, n. silver with a slight alloy. cS4[8,, n. an amalgam composed of equal parts of silver and copper. gc6eoo, n. the yard of a sail, see oShcocS; v. to bulge, as a sail, g8oS Oeeo 1cAdoC S66 ooaoaojacoo, with bulging sails and gilded prows they shall ascend the channel of the upper river, i.e., Irrawaddy. This is said to be an old prophecy foretelling the conquering of U. B. by foreigners. ScYt8, n. Burmese, cotton cloth used for sails. g, v. to unfurl a sail. ScSg~&s8, n. a rope for spreading a sail. Sco, n. the mainsail, mooic c, toS@ts SCcSq, v. to have a fair wind for sailing.. ScSB1, n. a studding 'sail. gc-B 9B8s, n. brails. in a ship's rigging. SccocS, n. the yard of a sail; aoooScQ=c ScooS, a studding sail boom, o~oS~i gScoSu cso~os, a. round-leaved. iStcS-Ao~, n. a ship, or any large sailing vessel. -;

Page  862 862 905CO01- 9d~ SaoSoso, a. small-leaved. So, 2, v. to carry on the head, c~as.o slcmoT cSicEoaSo, cMo1seocqS9. c8oscooo89i~; to sustain, carry on, manage, conduct, cdl&ooj ooo3|^ scc8o l oa8a,&osu 8cS, 1, n. a double cord applied to two parts of a thing, and tightened by turning a winch pin. * SoScvoS, v. to apply such a cord, co3cpso8C0 8 S cgcSc6So,, soS, 2, v. to recite, repeat from memory, aSor~}qe[.oc 8cg $ol, o~snoS, v. to read audibly, co8Q8pooSoScox6gjoScpSii oS, 3, v. to be old, tough; seldom used assertively. Der. ov goS, AidgoS, oogoSoin SScg, v. to be wizened, oona Sq9oS(c2, 0oado sst oSc211 o~Scoq, v. to be very old and withered, oossgo89og 88,, goSgo}8, n. an old, wizened fellow; also applied to comparatively young women of unattractive appearance. go, 4, a. twilled, Sosce8, goS3~ p~oS86[cvLo vi, v. to move spirally, curvingly, aiu vS, v. to be quick in temper, rough, violent, AS; not used singly. 8SIc8, v. same as aidl g89, v. to be bold, daring; used adverbially (rare in colloq.). 9saooS, v. to be petulant; also applied to horses, bullocks, and buffaloes. c898s9cs8, adv. in a rapid and disorderly manner, gSc8&g6'cs5 S CO&32, gCdJ 8iyS csosoog $ss, 1, v. to be nearly ripe; oSoao8OsSg 8@,, CjcSCs88gsi8; in some parts of Burma the term o6scpS is used instead of g&8; in speaking of the tamarind fruit the term 6c6a is frequently substituted for 9gs, o scrq8sz8c SnCo& gs@88, a. nearly ripe, c sqc gss scmco, cos8& gSs8sn 9g6fi, v. same as 8mS 86s,j, v. to beat a drum in a particular manner, indicative of a king's or viceroy's advance, eoSs8, s 5OqEocS cSooS 1g$coScY ~^coo iS(^ i~ogdcSc530g:ii oESoo6S c2 siouel oS$cooSg c S ioSEooS6tog 35seg. n. a drum thus beaten. goL,v. to aim, take aim, cGojar oSt, oosgo.; to aim at, have reference to, $ eis; to intend, design, SaS, cSBSogSeooS q rqlcS ^B^^ ^s0c^^ I intend to go to Rangoon to-morrow.

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Page  863 863 ioLc-8, v. to pledge to give in worship, oD8pPc20ogoO 8; to fully intend to do a thing in a particular way, aoaaotvo ao go58s, qdos, gosooS, v. same as Ad, QSR:s&cjcqO^d^soe~e gSo~oOx 8, or goSodSooos8, n. the director of a ceremony. goS8, v. see the parts; c&SoSo3PoQc soS88 cgq oo 80 o8S, 2, v. to be in the prime of life; to be of middling stature, to be of ordinary size; o"g)S~co58oS~og 8o~~o31I8 co jol c~sOve, my friend Ko Kula is not yet old; he is still in the prime of life; ol-at 38~ 883I6 1C0c%88c81oo 0c,6 Ans c0loo'1, the steamer which went up (the river) yesterday, was not a large one, it was one of ordinary size; sgo. otcj'ziJo, A, v. to be disgusted, veSxJ8; to loathe, Goocaq8o9 osqcooS8 d S ij8 szz o g80 6o sw8 +co8nso, I am disgusted with your actions. es2p, oxgC,?ScgoSS, a. disgusting, detestable, loathsome. g:, v. same as g; eo og comS oSq, a disgusting, loathsome carcase. v, v. to quail, to shrink; less than cjocS;, oqco&odS0oSsQ AScoCS, v. see the parts; gjw orS-&2 oS c<aooSJ;oS sqM,,oqgq&,advy. fearfully, timidly,oo8sLsci ocO23 i io, 1J n. a town, village, not a city (i). iosol8s, n. a rural police gaung, GpoooScol86s; formerly appointed by the ywa thugyi. foeos (pron. ch8), n. the person who received the revenue of the town, by a grant from the King. g)so=5, n. a village crier. So:S0[e8S, n. villages contiguous to each other. s~9o 08?, n. a fine imposed on a whole village collectively. socooS4c, n. the rice land belonging to a village.;' R; tit, f3ico8, n. a villager, male inhabitant of a village oj, female inhabitant of a village. 0o088, n. the thug.yi, or chief, of a village; in many parts of Arakan styled, ~oo0j88l go, 2, n. a polite term for witchery.

Page  864 864 ), 9. to treat, in order to propitiate,:oiap paoO~s, v. to bewitch. goo38, n. a wizard. p@48s, n. a witch. so, 3, v. to rain, qMSS qgp cg, I, 9. to hew; comp. (gSs8 cgeS, a. already hewn, cri$coo:OSfoScg18 o1cooen c SoTj, n. a carpenter's plane; scg roT, a jack plane. cscoMS~, n. a plane without the iron, the stock of a plane. c~coTcSs, v. to plane. cgcoToaos, n. a plane iron, the cutting chisel of a carpenter's plane. cg gSs, v. to hew away useless parts, cg ooS5 306aoocSo e6PI eg, 2, v. to associate familiarly and affectionately (not used singly). c~ oSc v. same; to be sociable, affable, oocgceccOS3ooSa O382o oooot, cooQcg; COX56B6C5g8C o3^uCo cf, 3, for cn ceg$, v. to yield, be moderate, demand less, cgfScoo3Ssaog; to lessen one's expenses, cqS csoopSi1 c8,, 1v. to move from one's place, C~6pC; ogS, ocpo. Der. e u cgolS, v. to grow less, to decline. QacQ?, v. to fall from, op6p^69~ ogoS; to degenerate, deteriorate, decline, aociqPgo, 0oos8goco~acpo *, o Qco~?cgsago; gll c'scc, v. to fall from a situation, office, aocScc; to become corrupted in spelling or pronunciation, cogsgccy oo]~iu,:2,: v. to be, as much as (0obs.), n c^, 3, commonly written ', verb. af;cf, continuatise, and; see Gram. ec. 109. In colUoquidac is frequently substituted for c~a s (oS), 1, n. a kind of tree, of which there are two varieties; see eSc6 I, and cg8@8sn Cst8s, n. the Adenanthera pavonina; the seed of said plant used as a weight. one being;,equal to two of the Abrus precatorius (GB6cs); four make a great pe, and three a small pe (b); there are, one hundred. and twenty yues' weight of gold in one rupee's weight. cs8, 2, v. to select, choose; to be fastidious; Oicol EssScra: aoS ol cgc Qe88ss, 96SQSu

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Page  865 865 cgqseocO, cg 9o8d, v. same, oocDosqscq8 sccooSoopS cqoSd0 cgsICCcf0S(G, v. to re-elect. eg CO8, Cso 9, cg is, v. see the parts, o6OS88iccg 8 8 icc t 03091Cg8(S0V11 cg80so, v. to select and arrange in order. 8gs, 3, v. to redeem, ransom; to redeem a pledge, take out of pawn, * cio5;Xaco&S, Do1 r g c38Jo5( 8 0oqiB g. Der. oocgon C8i0oS, v. same as gson ts88c (oS), n. a kind of banyan. A, 1, n. a kind of bead, made of different materials. ^0^s, n. a string of beads. Cq, n. a colored glass ball of European manufacture, attached to pagoda umbrellas, canopies over images of a Buddh, etc.; a panoramic ball. A, 2, v. to be pensile, as a drop of water, a tear, }ciqgoo~a}, or as ripe fruit, oc~ 88Y; c~So g c~~oo; or to seem so, as the water of a diamond; ~ is also applied to the emerald, ruby and topaz, ooc2Swo0LcoPO& co19Ao16q&eoI ( (ooS), v. to purchase wholesale, cgSA, cls8; BccEpS, to sell wholesale., v. to wound by a slight cut, accidentally, coosloa, oc~coSlc Hi~; also figuratively applied to feeling; see 3csopSne A v, v. same, g oocT 33Sco5,Scg ic~c6 osm)ooS e fov, n. a slight wound. poS, 1, v. to be ashamed, to be shy (fO~c30|), OeSc~comoS:3n~08sC030l1 0Sl00cRaSOoSo; MCO ssCoCqI C8~8SC o6; adv. in an abashed manner, 1cjsc5aScSn, gcooo6oOss. Der. oodCuSc^ 5|oScoo6, v. same (but stronger). 5~c&i.s o w~sa,.v. to emulate from a feeling of shame, 5cSc~ooS &oSCEoSc, v. to say or do something to keep one's self in countenance, to apologize for something that one is ashamed of, oocpsilc S co38G6i(oo, gCCSCS63Eoo8o+copUt 5oSc8s, v. same as qcScgoo; used in the negative only. 51s, 2L v. to be joined, united by intersecting, o9S&aS Es~co~E, S;6c8878:;sc~cS o. Der. cooSjcSu B. D. 55.

Page  866 866 5c5Sc, v. to associate, be in partnership; to have sexual intercoqrse; eSscS more common, c8EsvetotSc:cf; og8S~<SS c^ SoSoo8, v. to be closely connected in any way, eS0loS; to be mingled together, ccpcso, _sEogsp, c8sEcpaSdoo8, ~cpoCs$cS8oo8, c'&s <go8sc ccpeog gd85oo8 S oso83gb,3o38o60S CECogss8cov~So:S^:oo FaSc, v. see the parts; oogcqc*S+ oc96ooecficqnjoSqii 4ic 81, v. same as joS; q a8oste3o oSto38s9cqicorcoc SSn;f, 1, n. a probationer for the priesthood, coSES,:o tooCi',CjSG, v. to enter on the state of a probationer for the priesthood. SE i, n. a festival held on the occasion of a Burmese youth becoming a probationer for the priesthood (126). 8EsoSvo, n. a hypocritical probationer for the priesthood. 8cscooSs, n. a youth about to become a probationer for the priesthood. jEscooSso&3, v. to perambulate a locality, as a probationer for the priesthood. As, 2 (from c9S8, lord), n. a title prefixed to the name of holy or inspired men, or ascetics, ScloO1oo, 680 [qCg3R^, $Sw38co; Sir, Madam; a term of compellation, used by women to persons rather superior, whether male or female, 5S1gcca?, $&Ss3oo; a title prefixed to names of girls and young women between o, and 8; g8ooScooc83oA &c, as in the case of one woman saluting another; s|6c@o3:0Ce aSoodoo1, as in the case of a woman addressing a man older or younger than herself; used in addressing government officials, coSdoq8S. In some parts of U.B. and southern Arakan S8 is used by men to one another, e.g., EoSccon SBcoon EoSo6cplt, see ooSoScps, n. Doctor, Rabbi; used as a term of compellation, as a layman or lay woman addressing a pongyi, j8o8 7EP"cOOoSqc toonooonrioo~to7oloa~s $Ssa08, n. a king, oclccos&SEclS; Soac[o, a ruling queen, oScoS Sl80?j80 - SEo, n. Miss; a term of compellaton, used by women to female members of the royal family and wives of officials; occasionally used by men, to their wives or other women, Q6ocoo sco0~8Goc t$),, v. to live, be alive, oo3coSS6. Der. oogS, 9sE]sj8fSos, n. the business of life; particularly applied to rites and ceremonies to be performed; comp. S1 so8:su SE85EaSsio8, v. to sever friendship, implying that persons thus

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Page  867 867 parted cease from exchanging civilities with one another; of a less permanent character than ac=sOf t~Sogjea (o8), n. the female &Ntree. MMfrvj n. the male cb2tree. mcn. platinum; *ee al ~Ss, v. to be perspicuous; to be clear, free from; frequend t, ued activ'ely, to make clear, fr-ee from, *EC*.,Der. uo(j.S8, QGSs C8@#s, OO~61 Otn ee co8 v. to divorce, co8ms96t~oae; coomo~ss cP90s~o%,to be divorced, as man and wife. 1Ssco~su. vi. same as gSs; tS~z osj()C~8.StoossO1su; ~~ refute, as a charge. a. and n. eight, otu #OC*Se ft. a species of gingerwort. 60,adv. rapidly and with noise, swishingly; leen than cxZ~14; sitt. the Holigarna longjfiolia. 0 adv. expressive of the noise which it imitates, #&~os (uS), nt. a kind of tree, the Cicca atbizxioidee. 1(pron. c~), v. to be long, of great longitude, c'p; to be long, of great duration, (&s~ -Dox~ (7~ oo.Der. oocSsooqgl 09~5 m~08 ge, v. to be long, o f great duration, c*r)xO gQt'v. to be long, stretched out long, SI $gpv. to be long in space or time, $e~aotewoococ75oo(S qgos. to be long, as a road; more than je~cos; oq~eOR sv oprolong (time),procrastinate,oo gogog aoysIC ~ ~(prota. Yee txA, v. to put together side by side. ~efflS (pron. n ),f. a species of Bauhirna. (pron. go), n. a squirrel, of which there'are many varieties. ~c c~ul, n. a squirrel of a reddish color, having a long bushy tail. eg n. a kind of squirrel; tee e

Page  868 868 5)tcB, n. the black squirrel. 51, n. the red squirrel, Sciurw ferruginfww g^, an. the flying squirrel, of which there are several species In Burma. jl&owoS (o6), n. a species of wild asparagus, 2ECi@ooS& t, j QooSacocO8; see cot-S 5i ~@ n. the Holcu. sorghum, a kind of millet. 51^ a. the Assamese squirrel, Sciurus lokroides. 516, t. n. a clam; the little basket-shell. 60oS, n. a kind of clam. S 2, P. to graze, cooQoSo3oogoJod vsoo~, to pass over slightly touching; to be cursory, slight; to be superficial, cooSc ostx:%og ocu S cp, a superficial, lacerated wound. O noq, v. to do cursorily. jSocooy (from co ), n. a wanton woman; used appellativety. j4Y$8sdCoS, adiv. earnestly, violently, aoooo6s, oo8Seo69pq s96 1 i69cQO, v. to apply the hand warmed by rubbing, cS8jo~ s o S.:cs q5 t9SoxCSoco.a.; adv. earnestly; hurriedly, ~onotecQo 59&8 (Eng.), n. champagne. 5 fs, n. a Shan, one of the Shan race, ~j)80toi, n. a Shan-Kadu. 5)80o8a9, n. a Shan-Tayok. 48~scoooSoj, n. a Shan-Taungthu. 5l^Sgggn8the Su t n.the S en t of the Northern Shan States. Qs~ 8cpoocc1.st, n. the Superintendent of the Shan States. 4S8gWQ8~coo Boro, n. the Assistant Superintendent of the Shan States. jSsjs8'(Chinese, thrice fired), n. a spirit liquor in which boiled rice has fermented, under pressure, many days. scjcogp (prom. coo), n. a wandering Shan; very numerous in the S time of the Burmese Kings. JaS, v. to extend lengthwise, as thread for forming the abb for the warp (~oScms:jo5'), or cords to be twisted into a rope; applied to language, or enterprise of an inconsequential or ineffective character. J, v. to pass over rapidly without touching, c-oSfo$c oSo: c2QoTi svO03e

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Page  869 869 v. to be backward, from shame or fear, o booi v. same, uwed adverbially; a sSd Sceluoooo gs#5, ~~~po~oO~~~ocooco,1, I v. to seek, search for, c, o v. to contrive to obtain, ywS (prnm e), v. same as ap (often preceded by 4cqSa5); omcrco Q6q0C8CQOOC044We~13i~ golt, v. to seek and store up, 10 IOQ O&yC43G(cC8OyiI, 2, ~verb, affix, denoting affection or sympathy in the speaker, 9=xX (pron. 905'), n. the red cloth of which the upper part of a Burmese petticoat (oo z{) is made, aoepo, 90s, I n. cutch, Acacia catechu. Nojtc3j, v. to boil cutch. goicelp n. cutch, catechu, terra japonica. got, 2, v. to be scarce, ojqo ooeo%~_jocO vosdlt, v. same, odc oS5)s8h(' 5e8fS3 C i QOO&(.I got, 3 v. to remove out of the way, to give place, ood, %oB, 0c08o~cos gosco:)8sn. the Eup/wrbia plant, prickly pear. gscocrocB, qotcCcBiSs, n. varieties of Eupkorbia. pscx&S, n. the aloe plant. oicoSols,, n. the cactus. '., to be; comp, 86; ~odkc, or ~odkcocov let be, let it be, as in asking any one to let an article remain in its present position or place; in the negative It is sometimes used to denote that a person is dead, q re4scts s ateu follow, the w'erbs (l, 6t) QeQO, Q%9000 1 9f O, 0s0MpA qIp inracig

Page  870 870 pavr 9 is equivalent to the English expression "I will back," or "I will bet on," eg., coSc, I will back Baw Ngwe. 88, v. to raise the hands, the palms being placed together; an act of respectful obeisance or homage, jSE0?gLo6jcoo3^Aqtii, cooS o^,it,~ecoS~,oo~t^Q^^pc, ~^~,>~~ o oo~,,6~<^9oSCtt to worship, cpSo; to earnestly entreat another to do something, ccord~jisld4, speak for me, sir, I entreat you. WQQhGS, v. same, 8oc ol 89q8s, v. same, kmguagf ued to yowrg children, 9598cq oS, as a parent teing a child to make obeisance to a pongyi, pagoda, etc. 8S, v. to be hot,, as the sun or fire; also used to denote refracted heat, cSo4, 8~S933; to have velocity, be rapid; to be efficacious, powerful. Der. of ~FJ ^ P. to be hot, ready to start, as tears, 40oSc^s. ~fs, adv. inrnive to words of heat, Ces, W~j~jo~~, c~oS f8,, a. the power of becoming invisible, 8tss3c oS SoCsU, n. medicine which causes one to become invisible. Q8\' sv. to have the power of becoming invisible, stJpcpS 8!)JoD03WOS, or Ow foOo, a. same as IS3 t~s$F (pron. Q), a. asafitida; c8 <qs ~lso (oS), a. a kind of tree. eos, v. to hiss; to play, as boys calling I with a prolonged sound, ScIMooe,, c1d. ad.hssingl, d~v, g cois@Mxx-u VJ, r. to look, look at, behold attentively; more than @i; to consider, meditate on, 9 ~jS5o., 8o^0 e 61J |8c5, v. to be not averse to; to be partial, lenient, kindly disposed toward; to show indifference in a dispute; 88j &So o RcgMSi QcoS6jo68~o6<OSci cot0g o ooco~ ij^S,{,. c'oo, i -Sowo,,8 o i8aqo'~s j;lCS, v.ee the parts; <dC IcT1c(ciOC6cp^ oCoio6<j Eco<, ocoC>5^~ooXo^^o^<o6o I6jaq~gI aoS (from oooS, to be infior), v. to put dow ( e in colloq.). Der. 8slo5, jcSj vw. to put down, drades; i o, to vilify, disparage, decry, jJiljst, adw. hissingly, as water impinging on fire, qcR s O uR

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Page  871 0-i 871 ftS,, v. to muff up, o4f Os JjsatoopS; to draw (water) into the mouth, -cjgcQOaCSo, to sip, sup; G sco$lsgtd, c. jt(S, a3to be, Gisntermixed _, 3, v. to be tangled, c,~w8 s; to be intermixed, confused, jumbled together, coS; to be mischievous, intriguing; OOJSji o, aOOCS.8S; ox g,fwso,, v. same (infreq.). jlcogs, jsaS, v. same as j6; ScogtO:c; gasC8o e;.18cogScoo-o6, to fluster. 6ESc, adv. confusedly, in confusion, t 'neihergain ol oebS g8, j@@, as 8r<bOu y igSpaCdy Ctd6edrupeShunOS a',vJ (from ~6), v. to gather in, contract (trans.); to clew a sail oS clan9o /; to close an umbrella, c8sw8 o3S; ace jao oi. to be wrinkled, shriveled, c~ oS;rjC; t o S tae&gh to sneer, yOn18sjioQ@ ccloo; to be contracted, shut up, as an umbrella, 8so; or a purse by drawing a running string, dod foSgcS, jaouSoc, a. wrinkled and hollow, Wo jOSyp gaS # jc, k adv. diminutive of i L8, v. same as,, bu itwensive oSlrcac og ~8 8 aoQsog,adv. of similar import; o rdt;s&8%qca oagcwo v,. to be wrinkled, shriveled, B8tSc8<Bo cQL aSc i8, v. to fail, be defeated in a rivalry or contest; to neither gain nor lose, as a trader buying paddy at one hundred rupees a hundred baskets and selling at the same rate; to lose, wops;imep&c-cp~ oo~a0C*6Si UaRCZCO~C@pEOl, as I have sold paddy at a loss this year, I dare not continue selling it next year; 98140 -t Sgc saol8sa mScoscco-jiSd,when the bay and the white ponies raced, the white pony lost by about a length. De2r, wjil, ismo-AddaS,;. to defeat, overthrow in battle., v. to breathe (r wm.), oooSjg; to draw into the nose; Iw rapidly than j~6; to draw into the mouth and swallow, as the vapor of opium, 448sjf, to smoke gunja, cootQsoSj; to take a whiff of a cheroot, 0oc8 e.SeOd'); to roar, as the burning of powder from a oCs when it fails to explode, s8lp.S

Page  872 ig#Y wj~s. to hiss, to 'breathe as a person about to die, to gasp, CqOWI, c1f*.)~ 1jn. the asthma, +4spn jjoS~Ss, v. to wheeze, *OOetg it. a flying squiirrel, jsqn is,,2v. to become lssin sze towards the end, to taper,.s sksao more obuiwely than agS;to fall off in energy and dignity, as language, as*,adv. hissingly. cv. to be long; *m ee ci.the forepart, (of a thing), the space before; future time, efoS; adw~. before, in front, c.m ciijp~oS immediately before and behind, as two persons walking one in front of the other. cogs, ca~r adv. before, first. c oadv. before, in front. aj)Rs (for aocIR*), it. the end- of future time, futurity; cgoo ~s more commont;S4, ~ o: p~o QIQxBfzXBMC6 Q1paS-i4, adv. in company, one after the other, ~ ' ~ ~ ~ coa,. the heavy accent (s), c.9cuhS, ooSapcE.0CJI o 4i (for aoff k:), a. foremost, $f6n esw-S. to be initial, as a letter, xo~M3CCOCrO~GCj to compose a writing based on another, olgaos to take the lead, go before, to act in behalf of another, cqj~aMSOO waco;. an advocate, see QdQe1 ft~%A, WLL/ l~Yrr co*#&s,. the stay of a mast,.a~s, 8c~,&or 3 &&8s1a Coo~e (pros. oaoB), v. to take the lead, gcS~ov,,~ Co tw. to advance, go. forward, VgIcf~c8d6, QSICRsOa4 ~CIISCrXPcS, adv. alternately advancing and retreating, as two contending parties when neither has a decided advantage, 9&~c6c

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Page  873 878 Gw.C*~q8,n. a royal secretary. coov. to place before, as a mark to go by (so9og), or as a rule to follow, s~ s~ Is~.c~vu QQ&.)C Q100SQ~ cakn. lit, thrust forward; the mark (C), when applied to the Vo wel Q0:) thus c 5 qvn. an advocate, a lawyer, C o.&Iocqc(j, a barrister; cS:~')exj, Attorney General. cp~fc, litSo, v. to engage' an advocate. ccfnn. a lawyer's fee. c$ocadv. one after the other, COe&B3 el 4fC,-btCeqC -Q~SdO X &3M6C; CM4g cr~goccg ""in at one ear and out at the other." Q.18,adv. a little while ago, not long since; also applied to events occurring within a short time of one another, S~LO qpz1oS, n. the heavy accent (8), 8wjp*Ec~s; cip.8; the heavy accent after the symbol of ooo (io) is usually termed oa~.jbc~sm e~g,. a forerunner, qjoD~&.js egooo~eo vtt. a bench clerk. qSadv. before, first (rare in collog.); ca ft-9CB. space before, presence, CYAd). eladv. straight forward, fats.~, of jg oaos1, n. a front tooth. ~j)~3a,~,n. one that goes before, el )3scfc6qc~ co:S, cSe c~,n. former time, cso=c, eso C~xococcq~mcon. time past. QjI~s go, adv. formerly. 4sQcadv.- same as c.98sgon Qqs~cw)8.,,. an- ancient, one who lived in olden'times. adv. 'in days of yore. t~j$6-c~O8r. a kind of tree (Pali aotjscB). ~,v.to make an opening through a crowd by dispersng and scattering on both eldes, QODB ~IO)(

Page  874 874 ~,v. same; g more commons. adv. indicative of the noise which it imitates, 8tbejq~j epo9, 1, is. a kind of.tree, the Citruw, of which there are many varieties, cxqSAo1s, is. the bitter citron. o (pron.;0), is. the lemon. cp s. n the sweet citron. cq iGs,. the thorn of the cqraS tree; a kind of nail, cpc&sco5 c~oa~o~aqs. the pomelo, a species of lemon, grape fruit; comp. cl~-cosi eqdt cpaSo, as. varieties of the citron. epoc~ueSI, ns. a kind of tree (Pali 8qR~o) cpd3RoS. n the double-leaved citron. e~a~Ss, no. a metal pot for cooking; larger than o(cqI e~oc&&86,. the sweet lime. e~-AoD 8s. n the common citron. e~~pc7s, 2 (Arakanese), n. an adulterer, o-Z~cc5~. Q9005CO is. same, CO&~SCoa ej~oyS, 3, v. to pass lengthwise, &1+~IB co8I~jOCBI Qq:)C-Sj is. the branch of. a tree on which the trap is fastened to catch doves. tcqodpqqvt5s, is. a kind of rain which causes misfarrune. cpv. to-avoid, shun, I&O aw — adv~. moderately and of long standing, asa e~~cv. -see the parts; S8~ ipeS. n a shawl. jc7S, 1, vi. to be slightly concave, sloping inward, U~o o~sjc&oo4 jog 2, v. to draw into the lungs (whether air or. fume) with a protracted effort, 000.100g sQOc88 3Ogc U jOS~o6c, ad. gaspingly, jo~c8, v. same as jc. Der. oojoc68c8, adv. sobbingly. V. to be very slightly concave.; lees# than jaS3; 5aCjPAOOe

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Page  875 875 k~u&6,adv. of similar import, itcB o ~cuSocige. jv. to set on fire, burn, ask, dBSC~882, QOO~8J a,82 aiskSi s:, adv. hotly, smartly, pungently, ~8S, v. to be free, unimpelled, as O&SBA8, (qS8C~Og &C)81sI'& 068,69(joag;to rejoice, be joyful; more than o&~scgoS; aoc~ SSMSO&S2;to be copious, as tears, 409B~o~ b~,v. to rejoice, be joyful; seldom used assertively; c~oss SS " A4 5 v. same as ~801u B sv. to have a joyous, smiling countenance, t~XSasDg 86sv.to be jubilant; see the parts; 8s~mj~SJ&Oug,8C,v. same as 38 (most common); iotcsS8cojs, 4tcSoB8co~sB adv. indicative of the sound of a whip switched through the air, o8~ c~o ~~cot ksXX g Av. to be clear, bright, shining, eooS; to be joyful, S8; cf~co6.&s~o8 adv. overwhelmingly (in speech),.cossB~sco8MoS Ov. to be succulent, juicy, ov.4,84s, "SOS8goodog&:6 co;to be brilliant, as a diamond, ~ p &;to be rich, ornate, as language, emo~s.&s, oooooQo sh(5soX)gI S6*,v. same, reduplicated adverbially, &83 Sa&88% v. to be very brilliant (in/rq) ~s&~5 An. mu d, mire (of some consistence). ~c%,n. a m udhole, slough. ices (pron..gi), n. tenacious mud. itA n. same as 1,8 s~~ ii. muddy water. n. a mud puddle, A gc-Bo, Ag~OSE(7IA itn. thin mud. ANv. to bemire..~ P adv. whizzingly, as the hissing sound of an &arrw or ball flying through the'air, ecs~~~~~~soool-8cog ~,adv. whistlingly, soughingly, as the sound of wind passing through

Page  876 876 trees or crevices, o3wooo8ccocSc 36o SaS8sR8^~o0O5 j8o em, OC i8C@^(COC 0G ~.||^g^03n, JL n. gold; a. golden, royal; v. to be of the color of gold; n cootcs, tinsel. a, n. a grain of gold. 5 8, v. to polish, make bright, as gold. %Co"ooo6S, n. a kind of tree, said to produce a very fragrant flower. soaiso8, n. the best kind of gold, %cin SdC3 ooc8 oo, a. auriferous, ecogScoooa ~o{~, v. to sift for gold. caoS,. to beat out gold leaf. Adv, v. to gild, overlay with gold leaf. ggo:os (pron. ac~Os), n. gold size. oijnd, w. to embellish with gold. g9S (pron. 8i), n. revenue paid in gold, 2 gCooSoc SN e Rjs, n. an official formerly appointed by the King of Burma, to collect duty on gold exported from the Shan States. Sg oj, n. the officer in charge of such revenue. 4c$s, n. a swan, ooo~o^cs; oc9+ ccd, a cygnet. Es moS, n. the footprint of Gautama; the sole of the king's foot, ocoolcovS; %geacw5 J, to step, extend the foot, as a Buddh. ge:scqc8, n. a kind of fish, found at Rgsrcs8N coooS, n. a kind of brittle, gold stone. 8sa Ss (pron. 8Ss), na a packet of gold leaf. %qo, %qpgoS, n. gold lace. o900S~, n. a kind of parasite; see gaoS, QoOGcSs, n. see mcsce&), urena hemp, ooScsao)ll d3c82 (,cedocp,), n. the great Shwedagon Pagoda at Rangoon, the most highly venerated Buddhist edifice in the world. "Shwedagon is a olokceec, and a o~cD:oc~<c, because it contains the eight hairs of Gaudama Buddha, the water strainer of Kakusandha, the bathing robe of Konagamana, and the staff of Kassapa." T.K. (127). @dcSc (pron. %o ), n. a depository for gold; qgcBoSc6a8, the Burmese Domesday book of 1145 B.E. (A.D. 1783) (128). %d~Bois (pron. ceS8s),. a government treasurer; a royal treasurer. gcfaoSo, n. the officer in charge of a cgacs, oooaEsoa, gc8,s, n. a golden umbrella, gadecSxSs, ic8&8qs

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Page  877 877 Su9tE8 (pron. %isooS), n. the Lord of the Golden Palace, 08 4Noi, n. a kind of gold. o^od, n. a parasite, having the appearence of golden tendrils; although it appears to have no leaves whatever, it comes to flower like other air plants. cO2 s (pron. olj), n. the genitals of male childrenj L.v-. Kt. - '. [ Sv+o6scS, v. to present gold flowers to the King of Burma, as a mark of homage. This was done yearly by the Shan Sawbwas. n@8qt, n. a kind of bird with a most melodious note. The Burmese allege that this bird derives its name from its having been a ruler of a country, in a past stage of existence. fie~Ps, n. the finest kind of tea leaf eaten by the Burmese; so called because the plant grows on the esyci~S, in the Shan States. g0pols, n. a species of bamboo. (pron. g), n. a gold spangle; ggcQ0, oltcoocdis, to spangle; comp. o'18xool get, n. a pumpkin; see ell 6i, n. platinum; see 80o3 ono'lscooS, n. the sole of the King's foot noosnoo6cs:scS, adv. at the Burmese capital; the royal presence, snROl (cooC8coS6c sOEo1s st,;(oD coaooSoos*ll QgcocO 5o ooi5jcct30vc34coocaB y, n. pure gold ore. g}cSols, n. gold leaf. %gOs (pron. )l), n. a golden rule; hence egpso8oXoS ogQcoS, n. Mandalay; a poetical term for gSo, $8:oo&,8o Cwa @S2ocacooSoo8coocdScooi Ocgrps; o<6AcoR AncooS; the capital of any country, cooSgB+CoS gs, n. fine grains of gold, gaSooS, 4g <oSf i %po18s, n. a kind of bamboo of light golden hue. j[t,, n. an official who controlled a gold tract (gc<). 9g[PSg, v. to wash with gold; to gild by an amalgam; to electroplate. ~cQpE, n. chestnut color. Scoc/3cS~cS, n. a gold bangle. EcoEs80, n. the eagle; the red-headed vulture. COcgcSco8seS:)cB, v. to reciprocally throw open two countries to

Page  878 878 trade (by an act of their respective governments), oE~Sic;8sg SecqOSegf3l. n. the paper used to separate sheets of gold leaf. ogso8aC, n. the golden duck (Pali c8oa3cax). ~g, Z, v. to slant, be oblique, d83o~~o i oo8S,. etf1lv9p8 Cv oC~o;);to be not parallel, @ t o8 8C o 0oocT>S6og0; to deflect, deviate from a right line, SSsi8sE8 ~ce:k8s, Godo, v. same,::so oo:: oS: o ioc:OO~ C es c.o384; co 6coa 86 ooo;@oS geC o9O<&; fig IN.NB, v. to inflect. Sg, 1L (from Cr,, to remove), v. to move a thing out of its place, ooS)3s:ipc})o~~O:so1; to change one's residence, owgcspoo c^, 2, int. shoo, the sound by which fowls are frightened away, c^ j. v. to be soaking wet; more than i, and soS; s@ico8cOcaoSccs CO o0, the twenty-eighth consonant in the Burmese alphabet. CO, )j n. the moon; a lunar month. co? &3, n. a halo of the moon; v. to form, as a halo around the moon, coJ6|& pBel co:s, v. to commence, to come in, as a new month, cotcr -6qOs coioS, v. to be eclipsed, " the moon. Icoogo, n. the change or disappearing of the moon; v. to disappear, as the moon. coo (pron. coo), n. monthly salary, cowso, ozeoos co'et (pron. cocip), n. talc, mica. co:,,s, n. a half-moon, co(tsc4sos, covet, v. a term applied to the meat of the cocoanut when attenuated or thin in parts; also applied to betel nuts which are black within. coeoso2S, v. to work by the month, i.e., receiving monthly wages. co~o+ (proe. o4si), n. the waxing of the moon; v. to wax, as the moon. cowjso., n. a crescent, co+ecov

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Page  879 O cocS-LcooooS 879 co a;oS, n. the waning of the moon, oo2oSoq6oS; w. to wane, as the moon. cocoS, v. to intercalate a month. co8scooo~S, n. a broken halo of the moon; v. to be broken, as a halo of the moon. coogcS, v. to rise, as the moon, cocJli copS, v. to be lost, as a month for work or business. cocto, v. same as cocooS; to emerge from the clouds, as the moon, Q2x~coStcoDtnf cocoToq09s, adv. negligently, cocoo]CaoU ccotf (pron. 6 ), n. the full moon; v. to be full, as the moon. cob co4S (pro. 8dci)5), n. the waning of the moon, cocyon co8s, n. a fragrant, white, flowering bulb of the amaryllis tribe; comp. c~Q8Sn codoS, v. to be dark, to be without moonlight, cocoao, coaocoS coo+S, v. to be full-orbed, coa, cooS> o, M+&oo os~c6 aso dc-SB cos8~di; n. the moon's disc. co=o: (from oo, to be pleasant), v. to be bright with moonlight, 0o +9s0, n. a veranda or floor between two roofs, itself being without a roof. cooo> 6$3, n. a hanging kerosene lamp provided with a porcelain shade, ogod3oScB co, (from c8~, the penis). coe, n. the scrotum. coSO (pron. oS) (from srdJ, a cluster), n. the private parts of a man, including the penis and scrotum. cooS, I (from oocoS), n. an arm or hand; the fore limb of a quadruped, p,toaS, bSscocS; okSooscooS, a wooden trowel; 03 cooS, an iron trowel; t1soooCS, a bundle of plants, as much as can be clasped in both hands. cooSaScoo, v. to fall helpless, as the arm through injury or weakness. coAodSz, n. the hands joined together, as in the act of worship, coCSo9~, v. to raise the hands thus joined, cocsaIqOS~~s ~g ocSo89ooE, v. to raise the hands thus joined so as to touch the forehead. cox.oSo, n. an attendant, a subordinate, acoco~Soooo uSso Betoai ccSaco0oSoo&, n. an attendant and pupil.,t-Ci i' ~-*^ "

Page  880 880 880c0o0S-cxS0s cosoqs, n. the armhole of a sleeve; the socket of the shoulder, c,8:doSa co ~ s, adv. atfirst, Qi )~s:, coc-B ~ wpau S SrLr freq uewit followed by o9o, coogjsugov cOQSB1sg, ada. same as actxSB, q~s p. cooSg Os, adv. same as coowse cooisc~Ssq v. to initiate. coc~oaax s, adv. empty-handed, cco~gs, ox&%Tg~ogcSsaag* o~cftx)f s (pron. 8.), n. the armpit, aSI, usacxx8s oxcfrc s(oa, n. same as cooScox8:m ooScc~ 8cg.s, n. the hair of the armpits, laStess, vacix&81s cocafcooo, adv. over one shoulder and under the opposite arm, coa5 xcms, ( U8160C S, COOSoM 04x00SOcDS8, QcOXOSMS oafi rccoo. St, n. a kind 4f basket (slung over one shoulder and under the opposite arm). S3cvxcqsj, aV. to purloin by sleight of hand, coc-Bc*SqI00gI cocyScxas, n. something used by the hand for support, as a staff or the balustrade of a staircase, coaonosrcvxScos, c-Ns=omm&o:os coc&cxx, v. to screen or shade the face with the hand. c0cBx,,0s, n. a bracelet, coccemo S*om, coooSQrs&~8-0i;D ccB=:xS-oo3. n '. the wrist. cooSc=&I, a. to be a good marksman, cooS&:. cooSo8, a. a handle; commonly/ combined with other words,.as coaO 18cf88t, a ring-handle; fig.. money, coc~ciSo~4iccepsoo~bjso+ C004600c6, 'a. a walking stick. coc&nSc~s, n. the common Chinese umbrella. coaSlSuoo1, n. a handkerchief, ooaSISooI oI~Joovfw0, he salutes by waving a handkerchief. wo8sIqs (from oo~S~s, a limb), s. the aran; handiwork, oowo6& coc~cq, a. to practise for a trial of skill. coo~afiqp, s. the wrist, cocsemooocus oaS98r, a. tight-sleeved, coc&?6 I cecs(t6t n. a flat bracelet. coos t, av. to bury by hand without the aid of a bier. cDrff s, n. an interstice between the fingers, cocsofso OS&, i.e., when it is so dark that one can scarcely see the interstices

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Page  881 881 between the fingers; mnor than fico.8oSaco8;a channel connecting with the sea, or main river, above and below; a strait or channel between two islands or other portions of land. coc9osowSs, n. a lane connecting two main roads. ooaS0, v. to be open-handed, profuse, lavish in giving; comp. ~coS ccm, and oo0s8 9o, Ds uC CoooCoSfst9 1f (Coloq.). ooSciSpoS, w. to whistle through the fingers; comp. iatsoS cooSjgsoS~co,toS, adv. familiarly, ooGdSSpogceoo cDSog<S cooSi, n. wages (for work done), o6cx cc$oo coaSwaOcgss, n. same, coaG'S;gcOO 0"D 0 cQ00j985tGk5o w coaciSacdSaS, ~v. to be close-fisted; in opposition to coos&, aooSot, cooSoRoS, cg ooo; ooSa6, 6cog ayo; also applied to persons who borrow money, but are disinclined to repay it. aoaoS, n. the lathe of a loom, in which the qcpo is inserted; a drumstick; a gongstick; a potter's ferule. crS oo3&sa oS. v. to slap one of the upper arms just above the elbow with the open hand, the lower part of the arm struck being drawn across the body at right angles to the upper; oo~Scoq6Qo; it is often a signal of readiness to engage in a contest of strength. Among some Karen tribes young men announce their approach te their sweethearts, by slapping their arms in this way. cocS, v. to take by the hand; to second, be accessory to; to receive stolen property, q8uoepSecoxoS&; to harbor bad characters, t cocSS; to entertain, listen to, take cognizance of, as a magistrate, oOpcoc&S; WoacooSQ, to be able to take medicine without nausea; n. an accessory, a harborer of bad characters, oA8COoS; a transcript, copy. CDCBoSS, 'n. a house in which a thief or other person is harbored. CO0cBas, a. a veranda. cc3doqsI ~[S n. a copyist, Wns~y sxu cocSacE, n. an outside post of a house; comp. ocG8i coc o'6CScowca3ood, n. an accomplice. CO(~oioq3o')l, aadv. free of incumbrance and care, 9c3cB co 03 cS1 i^^j^ooC p Q 0&ocSt,,. the hand curved in a cup-like shape, cooSocS; comp. co&oSa; a kind of tree. coS'oS, the fbetid Sterculia; cooS B. D. 56,

Page  882 882 8o8SOttc-coDScoS toCoCo:o, the height of a person with his hands extended palm to palm above his head; also used with reference to the depth of water, 0 c4 cQp c6 <oo eooS; oS6cooS QOCR1cO, v. to clap the hands, ot9c8smc, co&S^9dAcT, cooS t8d3&cCOS, coost&c8&, cocst toSntc cooSdcooSo18 (coCoSscoo8o1s), adv. turning the back and palm of the hand up and down alternately. xcoty.d8(, n. the fruit of the coxyS tree; a Burmese cartridge box; the block of a pulley, prgscooS8toSA, n. the block of a pulley. cooS6, n. the back of the hand, coos4W cocx&lcS, n. a knuckle. co4, v. to give up further effort, QFW oc oo'~pu coc,advd. empty-handed, aSccaSC s, coaSsos, cooS, n. short sticks clasped and rattled in the hands, as a musical instrument, clappers, "bones," cocSt8;ncopa cooS~oS, a. woven with spiral, serpentine curves, coodaqoSo8, cooS ~o5<Zl3 s; in contradistinction to *oSIScow8, eoSooasug coo.SS9, a. sewn by hand; v. to secure the hands or arms. co.oCB, n. a finger; cooSap'msc, to count on the fingers. cocoSa, v. to crack the knuckles; to keep count by the fingers, cocS 1 iscqcoSSf1. It is considered disrespectful by the Burmese,! to crack the knuckles in the presence of a superior, cq~i8G& Qj 9 n. a finger ring (ifreq.); see 9 cooSchs (from cA, to be instant), adv. with ready money; not on credit; applied to buying and selling; opposed to 9ooi; axoSci cctit, coc~c&oon; oo,ScS, somewhat similar to eco =cQS6t@; cxxSc8sscorfT OO%, sv. to have a sufficiency of, cQg, cc fS g8EgoowScocoS o; Ie than vogo =oSqo&S, n. the remains of a limb or twig, after a part has been broken off; an unfinished work. co&oSoSooS, n. an unfinished work, -gieS Co:g QoSc.-, O81'O-SqSCCB s~=M~,

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Page  883 cooci MCoc3Wd A" UVW Was 8.t a Work commne, u o s 7 9 ooe, COoS. iy0y8u COC&MS, P.to recommence an unfinished work,coewf& S o CodlSgls8 (pro"..un.), adw. with accurate knowledge, 8.so9s coc6*a~aosa. or adv'. unfinished, incomplete; coaS~o:oJ8 co~aS st. to finish a work, codo-ez~8&, v. same as c5socr-Sn'-* coeoa. same; to be settled, as a difficulty, cw = CO&OT c~6?09x)e.8 ~~CYas*=Cagfl co~es:, adv'. in return, by way of recomp~ense, or retaliation. coc~cci~,. to retaliate, return good for good, evil for evil, more commonly the latter, -, S~V &O~C6 'coc7SJto? coxSJto8, v. to accord in sentfiment or practice, oScpsj$ codf ~nv.to eat rice together, as a man ankd w'oman (in a Burmese marrage ceremony). cooce&,S, n. the edge of the hand; the wing of anary co Sc9 a~xBS. to advance, as the wing of an army, x BQS COO5* —2COBC~8QOXC6*flocai~ao& to take the lead, in the presence of asueir c~oSe6, n. a finger ring; a thimble; a glove. cooSn~s~coaS., rn. ability, capacity..a6,. anything used by the hand, and in daily use; a personal attendant, aapoSo =~6 aSctsd-bv cc4,n. a manual, coc6~*O'6a coog~cr?oS, n. a bludgeon;' cacBo~s, a cudgel. CoaS"Jcf, ts. a half pike. cocovaxs, ft. one of a bodyguard, co~og~S=o,, c*tod; a personel attendant on the King, commonly selected from families of rank. CooS6o, v. to guess the weight of a thing by lifting and trying it In the hand, *cSSG), cooSoo6s, COY0SCCBOa~a~ cocBSMcS, v. to join hands in the way of friendship, fellowship, mar

Page  884 884 go aMd: I nags, or *e'.fry, Oe fiWeStO to pies. tiuir ha the manner of the knees a a Nhip, 0,50oxWAOt co Cs 'MO W. to giv fomm hoad to hand, owcndtf1 a. a joint of the finger; a joint of the wrist. cocfiwee~Jm~ a. an arBtikial tj COmp. %jvFJWJT A OOC:)QM, v. to feel a slight uneasiness or lamenes in the arm, 90=6 `4axoc~r~coo COaY3'OJ"XKXP3C8, v. same as CO(&.-xrD t ooSa~6, a. unwmmon skill of hand; ability to effect as by a chari, a. the perspiration of the palms of the hands, codsgc~ o; the per ation of the soles of the feet. coc~sie, v. to clinch or clutch the hands coo-jd s, to inclose and hold in the hand; ft. the fingers closed, with the thumb at the side,.cSa6oco&o a)(B-NN98i, v. to unclinch the hand. cc OS4, n. a rice mortar worked by the hand (with a pestle). caxBwi v. to wash the hands. =c mE&os3, x&oomB, m. a basin for washing the hands. cookooscq, ra. water for washing the hands. QKB ft.kI a a present, OuO, COOOeeso e8, co0ccxSa1, coo5 GV0803, S#,, C:>3 (129). WcSwo&~sq, a. to bribe, ocfula 66?, va. to be light-fingered, as in pilfering, e~cDoSwojII,u. the fingers closed and curved to hold something; comp. Wra3j, and cc&BoS; cyxooc8ss wow q v. to be weak-and tremulous, as the hand.?I na. a carpetbag, hand bag. ccaS~~ol~s a. to ache, as the arm or hand from writing, etc. oacSB, ft. the forefinger. astxlea$ v. to point with the finger, show with the finger; mor6 iek ant tkan cooS&sci l9; ocB&2ea~n cro63 sccxS, v. to hold up the forefinger in a. threatening manner. co CB #CQ, v. to point at with the finger; applicable to objects neatr by.

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Page  885 axSC-oooBc8SIbCOI88 885 ODc7ciX7S (fr-om Mo~xd, a shoot), ta. a supernumerary little fnge~ Co&ISoC6McoI, cOSSO&-kdak,%~; a small creek, CW I~Q coc~oc& W~,n. a small crek. cooo:S, n. something for the arm to rest upon. codaCog), n. ordination; w a&o.&o-gom, to. ordain, to introduce into the office of the Christian ministry. caooo~o~roo~axeQ, ts. an ordained preacher. co-Aco848, n&. a balustrade or other railing, cooS4s. CO~&oS08, n. an artificer. wo~coxSoer, a. an art; skill, dexterity. coa~ciasv. to extol extemporaneously in song, as a member of a dramatic company, the giver of a pwc, ~8~WB coaSoo sv. tosigoreieetmoa mly coa~ovo v.S wto joke or pun offhand. coc& c~ov. to speak offhand, without premeditation; sometimes used in the sense of finding an excuse for remissness of duty on the spur of the- moment, or giving one's opinion offhand withcomt actual knowledge, oa~ O 40lsCOC$~ 00g coaang Mac* n. an arm; a moving bar in a machine; the barrel of a gumi, o~~zsco~o3,Q OCOCO~*COSCk~;the spreading leaf of a plantain, palm, etc., 9ScBQ~oq(ccO&yin coBc*Mo~o~S (proa. occ4WS), *. a horizontal pivot on which a bar turns. _a. a kind of tree; comp. a Setm ao&&. an additional roof appende to the main roof, coco~sd +4, CO&BSs4, OadS&os coc&88,n. same as ro~cBmN ooCOOS~-OC, v. to beat, pound; see oo cooc&oSoS, v. to gamble with cards, on credit, ~omsdSQ0II coo Nwd n. an instrument used in dressing cotton. cooSd~, it. the stump of an arm. COOSCOS,, adv. at every shot, as WC 8ooS to hit the mark at every shot. COOS~S, adv. in the poemsionof, e-g., 4I-tS~~RQDSR Qox3Scp8scxow, v. to place in the pcsiton of a confidant; or under one'9s immediate supervision.

Page  886 SW 886 ~loa,*-WcGOc&, COgBQRqCOo~i a. a trofl4ey; a~Oaqs a hand barrow. cwx&r, codo%8 v. to have actual experience of; to guess the weight of a thing by lifting and trying it in the hand. =xScox,, n. the time during which a person flourishes, or reigns, Gjsc aoAo~ co ac~~o ~a)S~Si xf~o ~ x=oaosaoo ci*1 cod~~dIR3sa. acquired after marriage; n. property th~us acquired, OaC&rY, vi. to marry, be married, codtoot a~c~c&8ma. marriage;- the marriage ceremony. o.>o~c8oS, n. manacles, handcuffs; c~ac&&~bodS, to put on handcuffis, coc~xS;the pillory. acc&&9 n. the tip of a finger; co~a5l&~..C~:> e.'c, if the interests of a friend are assailed, it affects one's self; if the interests of one of a community are assailed, it affects the whole body. c~dcooda. an assistant, ao ccac6=xPc; v. to assist, as a subordinate. a~c=-K~Ov. to secretly frhranother in the commission of a dacoity,. robbery, theft, or any crime; to be an accessory before the fact. &dca~o~G an n.An adjutant,, in the army. aXX&~ S,U% ta. a fishing line, used without a rod. cOO&~c~sVsa. a fisherman who uses a line without a rod. ad:sa. what is suitable to be worn in company or in public; applied to the Burman waistcloth; mee under ~6f10 Cctadv. as much as the hands will bear without overstraining, covSj a. a bolder. c1odo~ois (from og, to throw, and p to swim), W. to swim by throwing the hands over and forward; to cross by swimming. coda~too4, n. a hand grenade, codoSEsca~v codo~ce*v. to emit an unpleasant odor from the armpit. (COAO(So, v. to be fatgued'in the arms and cease effort, coaBSoi C~CCC~QOS sa~il, COOSO&SnCQ4-8oto il co~do'crc~S, v. to slap the upper arms just above the elbow, with the open hand, the forearms being placed a'Cro. the chest at right angles to the upper -arms; W09SIOI CiBoo ie tued in Corn-.positio, co~oaSuSo~oS in colowi~al.

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Page  887 COo o60-i 887IG 887 coc~&&q, v. to spar, show fight, co &4Scco Su(SO=,*6c~eu coo.13h18C, 7n. a waiter, servant, peon, tioceoooli, Ooo.003(atcoci d1 SCS, 0c~89106coYSUSO1 ace CO. v 'I.n a swift for winding thread. CO7vCO CooSE6, adv. in the hand, on the person, as stolen goods, ~ I to cachre-handed, as a murderer. cocYulS'Ss, n. a cord twisted by hand; comp. f~$d~OSMBI coa3~ocS, v~. -to fold the arms; adv. with folded arms, t~acg~&c~cocB cca-,v. to lose skill of hand in consequence of disuse, as in writing, painting, or other manual art, = ~ooke~o~~o&,~ cocs CO76,. the back of the shoulder. coo-BgS~s, n. the scapula, shoulder blade. codsco, v. to be lame and swollen in the wrist, in consequence of violent effort, oo~~S C~CC "88ODZOa cocA905, v. to have a line across the palm of the hand (in -palmistry), COcBeS9Sf6O~e~U coc)Sq, adv. with the hands behind. a~~vt tie the hands of another behind the back with a cordL coc~v~t, n. a borer or drill. CooYS g~acoc~, adv. intimately, familiarly; frequently, often, oa~o COS~9O Wg~288 9Z~, ~OOPQ CSCOQS coo~~p~, -ee co~pS n. an umpire in. a boxing match. C6ocy~S, n. the hand curved into the shape of a cup; comp. coc&;08, C~d*cp, n the heel of the hand; camp. QOP~ acos4, n. the back of the hand,, cocSisu COC34csv. to snap the thumb and finger together, codc&ao~cal, C0CYS(~s, n. the bones of the arm from the elbow to the wrist. COC~ScPs, as. the ends of the fingers, coSa)~o~joos COCS~asokv. to shake the hand (usually the right one) in token of admiration or astonishment. (XOCS~)aq,. to bet on, a rame.

Page  888 888 cooSoogoS-cooScoS _'cs~taogcS, w. to be forthcoming, as backers in a race, o~opo COCBDSpQ6oSd6, there are no backers in this race. coa~ip~odSo@, n. the goal, mark aimed at, in racing. cocS0SoooodS, n. one of the eighteen arts, handicrafts. co6c&8o, v. to be true in aim, cX;ooc&o)aooiv coSc:go, v. to be prodigal in giving, ooodcooS gos>&So, ooSc:O, IoodS, n. an amulet, whether for preventing evil, or obtaining good; a wedding gift, co84eg, cod SaSg), co 6oSCOSo, cosd cooSopStS; v. to endow, give a dowry, ogS 9os;o8og)( cocBS ego, a. a present made by parents and friends to a bridegroom and bride. cCoSB4s, v. to test a charm, to prove its efficacy. cooScBta, v. to prepare an amulet, codcqsoooScofu ~DoScools, n. the palm of the hand. o-aSQc, n. the thumb; an inch; oo8cosgococSoocc6S, in racing ao. cording to English custom, "weight for inches." codoSs,n.the thumb-string,the string with which the thumbs of a dead person are tied together, coosc oo4fisfioflsa osoOsO oaSoooS, n.the breadth of the thumb, cooos~s5c8cooopScoDcoo 0cc01 c6QOQ:OOO; cocooP<, 00C&oc;>oSo Q 3O0 JcooSB~j4u cooc=xa ( ccooE ), n. a prison under the jurisdiction of the King's court (.goScoo), in the Burmese time. AocS,, n. an executioner, cooSgoj'os, coaW9oogCo3::OO co0oSacko, n. a prison for condemned criminals. co0Scwo[s, n. the arm above the elbow; comp. coS~tlu cooScooSss, n. the humerus. cooSqg (from oq8), n. a abort washboard on the stern and prow of a boat, the gunwales. *ooSqsS, v. to affix the gunwales. cooos~e, v. same, but including the idea of giving the proper curvecooDS, v. to be quick in performing any manual labor. coaSc~os, v. to be eminent in any manual operation, oaSc CooSgSos, adv. at present (not aed in colioq.). ocBoS, n. a signature, certificate, legal or official writing of almost J

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Page  889 ODc~qCs~-xC&S889 eon %jpwq7 any kind; a note of hand, or other short writing on business; a ticket, 81C~OO)ScOC~SqO5U coc)Sc~sv. to affix a signature. coS~re3n n. a craft, manual art, oDCBVo.Y00o5a C0oS20e30t n. a manufactory. COCS~Opoooq. a manufacturer. coaS~qcx, v. to be in a desponding attitude of mind, cgoSoSscocS coaSq~i, v. to give up in despair, oosoCI'SOIO68jl CoO(&~)CSOs,88 n. a shallow well, made by -scooping out sand with the hand. ro~D~,,. to 'beckon with the hand, coTc~w,Sca~vS~o~u coos~sv. to swing the hand, as in walking, OO(cm~8)s3)o caSw(~o7oSo, v. to guess the weight of a thing by lifting and trying it in the hand, coacSon cooScxo (commonly written co4~), a. right, as opposed to left. cocsoozocxi (pron. cdl8), n. an underling, charged with the duty of running before royalty, before members of the supreme court, and other magnates, to clear the way and enforce respect with a long, stout rattan; a-lictor, oo~oc~xoS, n. the right side, co~o(C9S 6 turn to the right. cocacooocooS, n. the right hand. co~t a. obtained in war; applicable to persons or goods. coa~eso, coc~jo3gs, n. spoil, plunder, cocoStcocozSo s c&&v. to treat as a captive, or as plunder. CocG~a~sv. to take captive, capture. cC&OdSjq, coaccS9co8sa v. to take possession of, as spoil. cod3SG1c2, n. a captive. COd&Ss,GL ni. the upper part of the arm, cooS9is;- a favorite. C~a31SQ&,. the stakes in a race. COB,8- (pron. omd), v. to deposit the stakes in a race., COCISCS8429. a bet or bets made according to the conditions of a race. COCBSg889ScfS, n. a starting post,,cygoScfS C0o6cl (from OLE, to encircle),, n;. the ornamental rings rounad the spire ofa pagoda above the wo.~8cq=6, cooSspi$s

Page  890 890 COcBGj1 —WCSQ 91 c~oaSejs (from ejs), is. a baustrade or other railing. is~c,. something wrought by hand, a work, handiwork, cozE QC300090cicosc&&bI coosq@, ns. a sign made by the fingers, as a substitute for language, cooqtgv. to give a sign with the hand, jkoS~x,4w~-.coc6 co is,. the arm below the elbow; comp. co~cvg-S:; the handle of a lute or harp. cB'cr*Ss( o~Ss, v. to have rule or domi-nion over, by reason of one's own force of character or ability, in contradistinction to ruling thus through nepotism or hereditary right; jco<BL1 d03uu8 co's* %okcivS, adv. arm in arm, coS t~ cocB~o4&,. a low railing in a boat. cooB'sqySs, v. a term used by cultivators, signifying that they irrigate their fields by their own personal exertions. cooS 0coc&QQD-.s, n. a right-hand man, ca~OCOBOgO cooS ~8COCBCQ38OD8jscj8a%; the upper and lower arm collectively, cocBic~ccv-)Sso~=osogas a boxer. (>CB* v. to use force in a contest, coW qsoSr~s 03g; coc&98, ns. handwriting, e ~~ o S i wcSyl. v. to learn to write from a copy, coc~eseio (p-roms oa), is. a manuscript book. co~cs (pron. n) i. a writing- copy for imitation. coa~go'~sv. to write a beautiful hand. coo~cqaoos, v~. to write a round hand. codcqsw,,v. to be formed, settled, in respect to the style of handwriting. co&-scav, to write rapidly, c&1I coc~eaioladv. immediately; said to be derived from a term used in the game of jj8s$c~14 coc~e~~jt,. an overt act of offense; an assault case; COMP. JS~R co-BA. a mallet, mo~i,~,coSa Coe~oa. chosen, coBqc~Bq co qsaso~oco~t; v. to exelude from society (beggars,, sweepers, and lepers.).

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Page  891 aodr-acoScSe * 891 cooS9cS, 1, v. to join or fold the hands with the fingers interlaced; a. dove-tailed,cooS cSc o,a oS~coy scdS, coos o sos LocSoS3yg, oS$oae~, n. a dancer (ob*.), cmilaor coc^pitS, 2 (from AcS, to be ashamed), v. to be disappointed and ashamed, as when reaching for a thing offered it is withdrawn by the party giving it, o'o~oo:o~CIcoo S cocSep (pron. eg{), a. long-sleeved, aoqlcoS01u coEoScg, adv. uninterruptedly; a term frequently met in documents pertaining to rights and titles in land. cooScooSccos, adv. flickeringly, just alive, as a flame. cocpco, v. to be skilful in any handicraft; to be deft 'of finger, dexterous of hand, 9scoso p op cooScooS, n. the middle finger. cooSco, n. the stick used in extending the yarn of an abb. coSc&88, n. the beam of a loom on which the cloth is rolled as it is woven; that part of a priest s garment which is rolled up and held in the hand, ooc 4osadcoBcooscxc4 o6So cooc84, n. a rolling-pin. dooSc8, adv. by retail, by little and little, cooScc8c s, cooacSosacQo cooSc8oS, v. to retail, coc89S sc9p8~, ooc(>ooaSOC8is cooSc2tpo (pron. t ), n. an artificial acid. cooSc8s, n. a ball of thread wound by hand, as distinguished from spoo' cotton. cooSccos, v. to be slow in performing any manual labor. oooScco, a. one name of the Cassia fistua; cowp. qc oSc3oS, adv. empty-handed, ~8scos8oo ol.cocaoSoSgcScq o0g, O^ ~t11 cooSc, v. to offend with the hand, o8~co cRSco =CO, coCoojC, n. an overt act of offense, coc~ScepcS' cocSo3, n. a crank; the peg which holds the string of a musical instrument; sleight of hand. cocS3? o6Sa4, a. a hand mill. cooSacqti~, n. a whirligig. OOSac&.e, a conjuarer, juggler.

Page  892 892 coSfi3@, v. to practise legerdemain, to cQ )ire, exhibit juggling tricks, oco Sss 3pm coc&Scys, n. the reach of a weapon or of a hand, coo&S38sccmosE o~cScqs9$co, Q~f~6cl~o~~~~S~o O coc j18, n. the trigger of a musket or cross-bow, cocSojISQ, CoCo coascc~i o, v. to cease doing; to give up, yield led s than c-f08t, coSoSS4, v. to cease taking care of, C3e3aC x)2oQ M3OS a oo6SoSotoo~; to abandon hope, as for a sick person, zo 3jgg0Cfq TPOl9C Q(=OSQS m"IpSCoS 0CO wPcXrCJSOB5 caS8sip;; to resign, lay down, as an office, oocpSja wcst, n. a sling, =tcoL~con~cJ cocSB!P, &#c&~$~~weu cocSos, v. to require work, &cogc$A cooSoS pOs, v. to require little work, o*cl'os0&'o 2eStcoS co8o o8s, v. to require much work, cs oSs oM Q~ ocxSooSomaSes, n. ornaments for the hands and arms; ist contradistitction to cncoooS0 oSe:&, wearing apparel; aocasc~t~ vo:f= cooSols, n. the palm of the hand. c~oSos6cfiSd (pron. codSootfdS), n. a cross for the purpose of crucifixion, co:scS, o8so11 coooSIS ftgdSooS, v. to crucify, =seSaS, ~Sswo&8&o8 cn~sos coodSol s, n. that part of the lock of a musket which receives the stroke of the flint. aox~dosl8c (pron. coo), z. the edge of the hand between the wrist and the little finger, coSo~scOSsoSn cocfl joS4, v. to rub the hands warm in order to make some application, ~ 9Soaj4 p p ocsSBOc -cB~o~yoBolBoS to do with urgent despatch, S I COO-o&O Q BcI Ic oo 0o CBO? Scrpgo 0oc)o50140, v. to strike hands in order to seal an engagement, ti co%6, a. left, as oppoeed to right, ooS, coc&4 o%* 8~, on the left side. 0)os&DVS, a. the left side; a abcotcc k 4gcq4 drive to the left

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Page  893 coosbcoas-40C& 8 893 cocSbcoc7, n. the left hand. cooS6ccS (pron. 8), n. an umpire in a boxing match. cocioS,, n. a boxing match. coC7~OccOSo&8, adv. boxingly, cooScaocSo6ouoSna coo gaoS, v. to box; n. a boxer.. cooaSo, v. to be handy; to be disengaged, as the hand, coSQooS cq-c0o8c8<8 moo8QQQ08S1U cooS-S, n. a finger-breadth; a. newfashioned. cocs3oe, n. one who squeezes the limbs; a midwife (more polite than o0s8); the one among a number resisting government authority, who lays hands on the official; the dealer at cards, coco:ox; the principal in the commission of a crime, aooocjnASn Coaoop8s, n. a finger nail. It is deemed unlucky by the Burmese, to cut the finger or toe nails in the house, as it is supposed to bring poverty to the owner, a gSSoocoaSkp COCi33Osg, n. same as =oa 8e0su cooSooas6&sl, n. a kind of chisel used by goldsmiths in making finger rings. cooSoaps&ot, a. a hangnail. cocy3oos, n. the little finger. coc>9&c~s8, v. to treat tenderly, take good care of, ooSocOScc oa8sc o)Scx)& tg8 05coCQ, cgdS iECCCOCSCxg8 CDXcg 88 CoaooSo8, n. a carpenter. 0OCooos8oCSoo8os, n. the offspring of a Shan woman of the ootx s class with a man of alien race. Such offspring could not inherit land allotted by the King to Shan ahmutan. in general. co0oSo, v. to be gentle of hand, to handle (an instrument) gently, as a tattooer, a barber, etc. ooap;Ssao3ecoo::ci 3oo,~ )c0 3 8) igodogy,,So;6:)6 cpcoodo3oocqimt;6fiO S8eSIS?8SooU coo8.s, n. an apprentice, underlaborer, ooococa>x8, ooE po6 oOSco coovsBo 2p oe~; cocSooo is also applied to plantain trees, bamboos and the rice plant, ScB poE ocoS 8 83as o olsoSoo& -ag co6o;dOsOcotso o9 8qvS8& @oo09 8COCos81SrsaOej cooS89cso, v. to bribe or give secretly, aaSOig:Sot o8c d36c8o coStSik, n. the fist; coc&Ss(, the clenched fist; cocS3 jcs, to strike with the fist; cocS3sg@, to shdw the fist, shake the fist,

Page  894 cooSoood-mcoaoo usually in a threatening manner; cooSC8scoOSco8soo8+, to strike out with the arms, as a boxer, or as in defiance, or in anger, egO9s CwSagR 80soD48sc4 CO(4COdSaO 80co~o~O:D ( Colloq.). co?oScool, n. a hand towel; a table napkin, serviette. cvac~s, n. any condiment mixed up with the fingers, cooked or uncooked; seasoning, sauce, chutney. coc&S3 coaSi, n. same as coooua cocowSs, n. anything used by the hand, and in daily use, cocS}, cooCafSOV, n. the finger next the little finger. ovcS<. v. to be habituated, settled in some motion or work of the hand, as in writing, sewing, etc., so as to require no special effort, COCS~ciOOCc4~oO^GC[S4GOScocoi l erOSCO0800pS, Osi8so:gs; to be palsied in the arm, not to have power over the arm. coc&pS, see cooSoes, n. the finger nail. cocySdsSoS, n. a bag used by mendicant priests. co~okSwo:s, a. oldfashioned,:co~ t0SooDSo= Icoc OStcOsIu cooS,2, n. an astrological term usually combined with +S,,oC,,scoaSu cocE1,- v. to shine, glitter more than; seldom used singly. cocScocS, adv. glitteringly, glisteningly, a SwcnOS~3c ioOScg cooScooSocos. adv. flickeringly, in a glimmering manner, glisteningly, as the glint of a distant light, 8adcQ8co8~cocScooSco*Qs ES9qiL occBi& (as when at sea), Qo Scac6cccosoSccoO co0e; spoken of a person in whom the flame of life is nearly extinguished, just alive. cocoo (Pali),. a sign, the signs of a supreme Buddh (180); a token, indication, visible or sensible quality; co c sL~ osoa}soqo g s0,00; comp. qa5, and o81; "mark, sign, symptom, characteristic, attribute, property, nature, quality; a definition; a grammatical rule; a pesonal characteristic from which good fortune may be predicted." CAdes. ooaoot g^, v. to examine the lines and marks on the palms of the hands, and occasionally on the soles of the feet. gcw:o&s, n. the lines and marks on the palms of the hands and the soles of the feet. coacto:qIstp, v. to be in straitened circumstances, cocwJoqs eci^o@t ~ogoj

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Page  895 coC m cuoacOOS-oS89 895 agcocgOOoaSoyos, n. a Brahmin who predicts a person's future, by examining the lines and marks on the palms of the hands. cooQ p8, n. borax. cooEsos~Ss, n. tincal, crude borax. cooSoooc,, n. the piney varnish tree. cooSoqoS, n. a kind of tree producing a very white, smooth wood, used in making yokes and c8gS s, the Holarrhena antidysenterica. The bark and root of the co&oSoS8s tree have medicinal properties. cocpooSoS, n. the Holarrhena codaga. cooSiS, n. a weapon,:ocSEooS 30cr~.oxg3~aS:i s6 ccSc6S8, n. a soldier, syN:soo&5So 8, cooSboSk; ooc$5coxS cocicfSc8, a volunteer. c:tcce>306, n. any celestial or supernatural weapon; see ego; coOcfSoSeSpoao, one of the titles of the King of Burma. cocS$cyS, n. a panoply; complete armor (armed cap-a-pie). coOfSoaqdo, n. an arsenal. cocSiOS cc, n. a conquered kingdom. coOSroS, v. to use as a weapon. coOS;cB~8, n. the haft of a weapon. coSckaSo8ss, v. to deprive of arms, to disarm. cocoooS, n. the cotton tree, Bombaz insigne. L I, ' ' A8dc, n. the tea plant, the Thea. -. i 8Soy#, n. a small eating stand (with a cover) for tea leaves. 93oS3Gq, n. a teapot. 9coSc S8, n. a cylindrical case in which tea is kept, c93o&iu (93c&~cS, n. the dried leaves of the tea plant. 8c3evO, v. to eat a9:S, as two parties in a civil suit, after having come to an agreement (under Burmese rule). c3Soao, n. a tea basket, in which tea is packed for market. 893Co, n. a cylindrical case in which tea is kept, gcSc6oSs g3CSOC, n. a small package of pickled tea, such as accompanies an invitation to an entertainment. The receipt of such package is nowadays considered equivalent to a polite demand from the giver of a feast for a subscription; 93cSacooo6s, 93ao8, ScScr9c, ~coc68o, Scoc89co, to distribute such packages. CoSo~), n. the Burmese tea tree, the Elkodendron orientale.&^ I; c0a^so8, n. a broker of pickled tea. S9clq, n. an infusion or decoction of tea leaves,

Page  896 896 RcBS9~c~s, % G~~ecr~f nv. a teapot. 936r.L~qv. to be steeped, as tea. 98C7344T vsn. a teaspoon.,Tc3Ge~(cy~9n. a teacup, %aGeC*4csI n4s,'i a saucer. v. to make tea. cco8,see coSscY86s, v. a pair 'of shallow brass bowls played against each other. COS, vs. a husband. coscy~as (pron. i~cs), v. to pass from one husband to another. Co~r~B~w-vs,. husband and wife by themselves alone. COS~sb vi. a woman'Is first husband (either deceased or divorced). co~coo,:)-,-) (pros.. 2oo:)s2~), ns. a divorce case. CO,410cx>-848 (pros.. +000ooso40, a. the connubial state; co848 wa~ql (Pros.. Qso),9 'n. a woman who commits adultery with another's husband (a-term of abuwe). coScaS', as. an adulterer, coSce-_Ss COS80' a (from &, a test., and cSto select), 'v. to be very particular in the choice of a husband, hard to be pleased, coS~c qso (obsolescent), co& got co8ozos~:raKS, n. husband and wife, coSt<.3OO~S O8S&xp~ co~&.S (pron. c~oio) (from cozS, to lay by for future use), ni. an adulterer. co~co~aosv. to commit adultery against a husband, ~~czX8Iucas coSovzjs (from coS, 'a husband, oo to desire, and is, to be crazy) is. a term of reproach, used of a woman who is anxious to geta husband, but cannot succeed; the green sickness, chlQro~is. Q,6Se, ccot* v. to have a husband, Co8=Iq#-p co~ols~s, -n. a husband'"s son by, a former wife, oocooYSco8ObIODI# COS-OOS~ v. to be without a husband, husbandless. Cosomos,. husband and wife, co~oD.sO(OOIw&. conv. business or cares on the husband's account, oRaX_ Ovsc:S,. an adulterer; v. to COM.mit adult"ry agatinst. a husband, ooS~8&(j,. a married woman.

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Page  897 co60SooUN-COS co~oaSc)dlso,na.bte five duties iaub nt an husbuidQtaward his wife) Cm~t a &txpkter'fir co&S Co~omjv. to have a husband. m~cwoo oecxv. to enjoy the property of a husband on his decease. coo~o (pron. cx'Sl, n. poetry, wXoSe:u coc_>~qv. to be rhythmical, as poetry, ax *,v. to write poetry, versify, 06&, a>~3 CDCS:06~esjn. prosody. mco?, v. to compose poetry., ct4,&48u cOOA!D.p, n&. a poet. co)So5-) (Pall aocowcpc), a. adorned, elegant, o4=008. coSQCrz*8, 1, Co D8CCjS~, n. a screech owl, 4a cSorroS6, 2, n. a species of spurgewoixt. ME99n. a kind of tree which may be reerdto the genas Cia&COSo+ (pron. oSo4s), n. a tray, ior. any flat vessel made of mectal c. n. a high raised frame, stage (such as is used for, watching rice fieklds, cops), scaffold; amck. co*,n. same, c wxCD~.Sc~ to 00~, 32 s0. to tarry, wait, wait for, ~, *S:; 9o~mto, pe, astie 4CO~)If~. Der. Sc. co, 3, verb, affix, imperativ, in a nsegatiw emww.p (mor'e eegaWs tkan 0); prior past or prior future; euphonic, as in thie phrase liosten:~ ye. aos*_, Verb, affix, contintsativte, equivaleni to Qi~CacAM& +QE oaCo0a.>eo (not used in colloq.). co~s,. v. to be light; hence ooo~su Cosooogsv. to be near dawn; to break, as the d4y. CCS&(coSoS, co88Fqac2, v~. to crow, as a cock at break of diqy. COSS, v. to be enlightened; particularly applicable to the mind; to render (or -to be) lucid and intelligible, as language, 0ScripSCeSI ~ speak, sir, please, so as to make your language intelligible. sCoSm~soos, a. or adv. light, a little light, cCOSISS~cSJc868c co~S6)a, v,. to render lucid, co&s*s, OSCv~kOOW&SOs-~COSS B. D. 57.

Page  898 898 898~co)S~c?-akwwQ o0Ssc?, sO8cin8*S, v. to be inear dawn. co8%o4:(co4~j, co&t tco*cj&,n. a pair of shallow brass bowls played against each other;I larger tkan 8c68sand k s ccS4, a. a large species of bat; the flying fox. cc>Stc (It-eq. pr-on coo), n. a vultur; %co~soo, an eagle; coSsco cOScv4 n. the slope' of an elephant's rump; the membranes on the inner part of an untanned bide; a disease of horses. COEScoo11:c (pt-n. 9g) n. a kind of plant. CC~,n the common bat; coksjcV, bat guano. akcDSo, a. a kind of net for catching fish. It has fine meshes, and four corners which are kept stretched apart in a horizontal position while it is in use. cEvx-SSoS%&x6, a. a kind of net for catchn fish. It has fine meshes and is about twelve feet in length, having a bam'boo at either end, while one side is attaoched in its entire length to the side of a boat sothat it can be lifted up like ashutter. Got,&8 (freq tov cois), no a pros.Burnmes fishermen consider it unlucky to molest a proe.,5 C4 -12 co&~4,a. a kind of bird, small and dark in color, and said to be capbl of being taught to speakL oDSsC a. the rat snake. Co~s lo (prom.. Cogn), I. a Sanl(Ob..) aoSuT~o~a. a maist, 8SofSoaS a. a species of hawk.. C4&~ (pros.. j&), n. the bicolored squirrel, &iurue bkolor. (D&I~js, a. a kind of black, spoting fish. aWS $Gc, ft. a kidof grass. co&~CM, a. a oominoxx bow; cimap. oremcs, and Qcmo.S~cosu L a. a kind of tree, the Buckatnama latiffl. (DSoc.,6, 1, n. mirage, okc26; adv. glitteringly, as clothes. coSc~,,. one kind of scarecrow, 96c&ooSmo4s C0)SIOQ, ft. the night heron. co~sooo, a. a species of squirrel nearly as large as a cat. it is deep black on the back and whitish below, coS,9fi Cosoa. the sweet fa, cultivated for its. medicinal properties.

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Page  899 ogS, v. to be a little open; leutham ~; to be neglected, left undone Der. wcco6,, xso iS,,. cogco8, v. to be vacant, Lcpco6'o; see ociacofm coocol'coc? (pron. colcX?), v. to be carelessly lax. or perfunctory, in the performance of any work or duty. cogoSI, v. same as cog;:S0,,,coocooc c co$i,8, owing to your not coming to-day, the work is left undone. tcoSco$, coco&o, a. or adv. fluttering, vibrating, waving, as a flag in the breeze, saco3CoCoi8 eooscoo$2, 0o5o'&-ox6&~ 3 cgOO8; also applied to the action of a serpent in frequently thrusting out his tongue, ctc:coao.oSoo cot (Pali), n. modesty, shame, com 1cS, co&6Co4; codS, 1 (umua/y pron. codo), n. the neck, cogoSss coo<S (pron. codoo), n. an ornamental collar for the neck. ogoy? (pron. codqSf), n. the nape of the neck. coESc9oo, n, the carotid artery. cogp iks, ee cogc4pSt, x. the throat, including the gullet and windpipe. cOO s8, n. a ring or collar of metal for the neck. ogS,9o8s, n. the throat, including the gullet and windpipe; cog W88, a guttural sound. 00O el~ (pron. ooSaIS), n. the hollow on each side of the neck just above the clavicle or collar bone. 8oei, n. the collar of a garment, ooI-mi,*' c0o08,, n. a cravat, neckcloth, necktie, co$gSool, cogooSoo't cO.6e (pron. codoi,,) n. the projection formed by the thyroid cartilage in the neck, Adam's apple; (cog) co 9aic, irrefutable language, lit. clutch-throat language, (cog) et Q a (pron. 8 t9). COe0c (prn. coo5&K), n. the mane of a horse, eoEocygu Coegocas, v. to hog the mane of a horse, ~Scopc8< CO&s (pron. cod'), n. a necklace, wog oo, ovoois ~24~st n. a halter. 0Oe e,,v.. to suspend by the neck;,~ 84 COeo? to ommit suicide by hanging; &@siloS, ~ 8, to kill by hanging. ~CO~ p.cF8, n. a gallows, hec&S, c 4c.S1 ^co &S, n. the two short posts supporting a oog$fiat its base. E~03 (pron. oodo), n. the neck, cogu~oE, coeoddc, cov QQ;z ioat

Page  900 cocQS-oe commonly usepd with referenc to horses, buffaloes, dbulc. c~fS(pro... axBI2S), n. the e~ck, ~ojcc8u cop~c~o5 (prou*, cooS%S), tn. a poke; cowap. anxgc8c&e DO~O&i (pron. cxo9St), n. the neck. o06A'OM=WOI, n. the bIxomooele goitr~e, cOSg*&~4 oo6se, is. a comforter. coeoo,80 n. a collar, or anything tied around the neck WeoaS~6 QScoM6oS&soDp3, to fasten a cord om a dog's neck. is. a colla for the neck. (pron. co~ and coumoJy wri~e. oo~, froi, to be thrown in or upon), a. the hump between a bullock'. soldters, Y~a4 Der. ipscokI. C~S(pron. =5os) isn. the dewlap. It. the part of aL graduated roof which intervenes between an upper and lower roof, co 5ms3s, COL&-,JgOFSI, Sor ~o, is. a small tribe of Karens north-east of Toungoo., so caled because of the black bands they wear around the neck. as. the smallow, upper part of the gullet, Qvju ns. a neckla-e, Ce W~00o6CSW tols 6.ec s+ ODOv. to lay the necks together,,as two animals or birds, in Play or combat, j o gB We; to reply, as a defendant, either himself or by counsel, in court, ~o8opQScOE~s, to. the pard of a graduated roof which intervenes between an upper and lerroof, C0e6QMX)S jI (s~h.saI4prsL ccI) v. to revolve, turn around (itself); to CA-A go aboutto iraimble, roam, wander,&x5S, cqe, ocoSoasoo(gs Mn GW OD& to swing 'with the tide, as a ship or boat =o4A ~:o41 OT~scoOPc~o~ aooSA v. miane as cod. Cogj3 v. to nderstand (ob..). Der. erjScog, fscaso ~coX (p6.. ts. an assistant in a community or society, c (unk( * prlov. 4 rc) verb. aflir, imperative; see Gram. sec.lll 1 ~oOcoW, CVOS~, oam, coocoe&; in cow POe"Oifdsqts w.*tes

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Page  901 co g1-coj 0 an v.. 1.11 w ~,e b sm 8, v. to fall1froananerectpostureto lie down, recllne. co 6s, & ad,. also; when thsword occurs twice in a sentence, the first onie is equivalenit to '"either" adthe second to "or,"..g., the Iv9 either throw stones, at hmor beat him wih tiks. coescoo)& (o*tm proo cocoSi, e*t c1Si, or ccw* both and, and als repeated at the close of~ a C esiv ca uses; pro*. a. this, this same, 41wo thi Same box., or that smue box; dxse ar tose sme,:these or those same boys; ditto., q9&t~ c~semosigsPros. a. ditto., the same; adv. besides this, moreover. cD~scjo-)S~8,adw. besides this, moreover. COnS,9 1, v. to be fresh, new, not stale, not old, oDSs:-SccZtScocB co;new, ooo5~;xcoScog; oy~c3coC&o 4)%I~~a co<7S~ocYS, co~cwco, v. same, Ins seldom used except in an adverbial forms, coos,,2, v. to be middling (ob*i.). Der. oocxoo& coA 3~ not used singly. cDOocooS, adv. suddenly, expeditiously, toS@st, cococg, coxo~coS&oSaxo5, adv. suddenly and unexpectedly, xccoooa co;co. to be quick, sudden; bust used only in an adverbial frrm, as COSOSCOCO Coycod~Iaocoo, cooco~cmoot& quickly, snddenly, co~oco1so Wg~7S co cooS.4. verb, affix, eupho(nic; see Gramn. sec. 118. coe (from cocS, and as), verb. aflix, shall, will; fmgq. combined 1UA~ e,~ po5&c-Scoa3; c1c~~c.cTco~a C0000, n. a spit of mud projecting into a tideway. Yansg (pron. 68), n. same as cov cot, v. to be turned back, thrown back, cooooscoi, JOB oscco~, jc8 04sco4, wcag~~sx4. Der. oj co~8 (pron. 8),, n. a weight used in the palace and in high officials, houses to keep down the corners of mats;,a paper weight, CO i, v. to be startled, frightened, LoS; to shy, as, a horse, -&xaz% ~88300Co10oo6S. Der. i POS1. aamn.- uned- chk4 a adverbial form. 6 c~j

Page  902 'am coicoS-, v. to be frightened, -,S4 gAcoOc, coTv. same as col, CS O~SZ, think.ing it was a ghost, I was very much startled; fj4oS coisolagas I had the nightmare, I was startled and awoke. C48, v. to be fresh, verdant, oJOtJ~QO_8C ol Co.not faded, not withered, cooS, - A~rn cm,g&S to be fresh in countenance from health or joy, caSpcof4, 00 0O Z ~~a3;to be joyful, 9c5m4:, s88c+2a Co6I, 1 (Pali CO-300)$ n. anything obtained by gift, a present, gift ac~x,S gains, receipts4 co~retst, a bribery ease; fortune, chance, luck; a woind much used by fortune tellers, traders, fishermen and shikaris; "gtig cUisiion obtaining, taking, gain, reoeipts.' ~.to be fortntlcy, C0 ~*SIQ~ ~~ -q4 coq4. to be unfortunate, unlucky. oooW000c40cS o76J4S. C046B8, W. to have presents in abundance, *41coS C6coiGCD, co~co6, co~oDocoo*, a. same as a06u co6, & a. a quotient, ex c. cD, 3, a. an astrologiccd term; used woitk tdoS co6, v.r' to be uncovered; to be empty, vacant, disengaged, zSapt co+. a spare room for sxnpany, a guest chamber. co icoScoS, v'. to be empty, vacant, Se ooojc 9 RI W-PS9as a person withoat a situation. cOQ, me co n,#. the hump between a bullock's shoulders. coQS (OS), n. a kind of tree. co&, 'a. a path, road, street; hends, ~co&, a crossroad e xtended beyond a croing; ~-&o&, a short cut; comp. ogs; co&41$ 3 oosj pron. ja), a. a Crosroad6, leading from one road to another. coist~ SCO48s4s COS~aljo6 a. aMa ht crosses the road; used fiurtvely of those who, lik eamch a rat, foolihly risk their lives. r'~,. to be in the way, so as to imnped* another's progress; to be a locality which is situated en route to some. place, to -which

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Page  903 903 one may wish to go, q^^ o3giv clo6x ~co~Tg jtsalcJra~iascc36acocgsX8;s38o~qoS~[g~o co,06t3 (pron. 3os), n. a lane. cosEsgI~n,. a path, road, oo< QoS~ t3(83 co>sos,, v. to metal a road. co(Stos, n. a path, road; way, distance. coSq[oS (pron. o0[oS), n. traveling expenses. comosow,v. to be dangerousas a road infested with robbers or wild beasts. co:a8;, v. to bar the road, as in marriage celebrations. =Sosa, n. a confluence of roads. codomimcoo, n. the half of a journey. co&o=, (pron. l),. way, distance, as,~sco:,So,oo co$scS, v. to be much traveled, coi,, co68so=c6S (prot. calS), n. a stage, resting place, "s:gstcxKoS coScsaqcgo, v. to trot, as a horse, 3S s6co~c~cof30S4, s38os co(scSe, oo:SCoS vw. to make a new road. co58ost, a. a path, road, coSojs tfgooo ',OO coSolhS (pron. coooS), n. the entrance of a road, co&oloco&so; v. to be passable, as a road; coSs'colcS, to be impassable, as a road, CoIo C 8niscc&Co>6SoCt)o6S)1 coBs (pron. ), n. a guide; v. to show the way, costg cES, n. a guidepost co&80S, v. to repair a road. coQSs88s5co s, n. a steam roller. co3(5e~0Sor4, n. a streetwalker. co04sos (pron. os,), n. one who goes about assisting buyers and bringing custom to sellers, a solicitor of custom. coseo5d, v. to give way when meeting another in the road. couS8oeS~, v. to make a road. co<?8, n. a main road, highway. co~c.(fr.om coS, to be long and narrow),n. a narrow road, a defile. c6ti~o, n, a road that branches off from another, co48s 'coaigton cos6go), v. to go out of the way, to miss the road, co4&c coS$,cpc, v. to take a walk, ooco,o,, s coS609, v. to make or rvpair a road; to work on a road.

Page  904 904 9i0CoSc8g-Xo(B co<so> g. (pro.. g), n. four corners, the crossing of two roads, 8 co&Sdt, v. to go out of the way, to miss the road, cowsgyt, qVST8 corsa, v. to turn aside to let another pass, to give the road, co&ssoo coSo, n. the entrance of a road, coSiSc&1SS co4goS, n. a branch road. coooS (oS), n. a kind of tree bearing a curious, hard, offensive fruit cooS, n. a measure of capacity equal to one half of a *coo, coo o0aS c&coeo?, ooc>;oscScdeocOa CoSODs6X (oS), a. the garland flower. co>, n. a kind of tree, the soar Sonwrara. This tree grows in great profusion in tidal reeks. ocooSa, se ow:)Ss, n. the probosis or trunk of an elephant. coSqt, a. crown predial slaves, cultivators of the king's ground, co 8ts.cx8 s, co8soj, os8tooos. The original inhabitants of the town of Yandoon, are said to have belonged to this class. og f8, a. a t8s ()r goddess, patroness of boatmen and cultivators, oc>qSo.S&xO>SpSu CO dS, n. the horse mango. cood, n. a rice field so constrcted as to be irrigated, cooSSs. In U.B. cultivators name their rice fields, e.g., c 3:)a, cRo, SQ t; S gjoxScooS, rice fields worked when rivers and creeks overflow. cco9cnoxS8 (pron. OroSs),. a ridge of earth in a rice field, raised to prevent the escape of water. acocdccr, n. a rice field situated on high ground. Oscxcc~, n. a field of rice which has been worked; cooS6s, one which has not been worked. cooSca s, n. an area of land cleared for paddy cultivation, coS coSs, cooSn8S wxcdos, coo:Sai, n. a single compartment of a rice field. ooS oS, n. a field mouse. aoSI~,i n. a species of apple shell, Ampularia globosa, asoo:(88,u oox,3 n. the time for working the rice fields, cooS oooScB1 (coSoaCg4, a. a fresh-water crab; see cooSSlf coo5e, n. the payment of revenue in kind, in lieu of money. oooSo g,8 na. land revenue. aoo, n. a rice field.

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Page  905 coMc8-co)cooao 9O5 coo0 8, n. a field cultivated for the first time. cooScoo:, n. rice fields generally; a collection of rice fields. cooScooocSo, n. the share received by the owner of a rice field, from the cultivator who pays taxes on it in the owner's name. cooS9co-Ax), v. to make such an arrangement for the cultivation of one's rice field. cocoScg, v. to harrow; to plough; cocogj ococo5o^p4, to perform the ploughing ceremony, as the Kings of Burma formerly did in the month of Waso. cooycg, n. a fresh-water crab, cocSacou< coo(og, n. a field crab. coo(ac6, n. a rice field on which the crops have failed; coo9oSeo q8s, land revenue remission list. cogS8 (prot. S8), n. an extensive rice field, or an expanse of rice fields. cooSSo 8, n. a term applied to a rice field and its nursery (4stSs) collectively. The nursery is called the coo, and 8 is applied to the rice field. coog, n. ground suitable for cultivating rice; cooScgS, paddy land tax. cooco, n. see the parts; axDmop8co5, coodqzS5ticu cooSoDoog tS, n. the Director of the Department of Land Records and Agriculture. cooc58, n. the owner of a rice field. coo&c?9, v. to cultivate a rice field. cooSo4, n. the Superintendent of Land Records. cod ogo, n. a cultivator of rice. coSooows, n. a cultivator, coooSojcocs< tcocSfos (5c0), n. a species of stonechat, cot8cocSA, n. the Pontedera vaginals. cooo, n. an extensive plain, campaign; an open, vacant space; an expanse, oocooScooo, oo:>Scco0o0, coQOS$8C&X oo, O&ooS ovY cooOBSi, n. same as coooos cooa; (Pali), a. light, not heavy. COcMoc09 (from Coyo), n. the lighter and less important utensils of a priest; comp. o~oOCnSS codo5, n. the light accent, cooo~8o$u coocoo=, n. a name given in Arakan to the hoolock gibbon, Hylobates hoolock.

Page  906 oS-coOt c5, L v. to measure by the arms extended, 0oOi oSdccofcSipS cOoS c864soL Der. o406n cac6, (pros. c6d), n. the length of the arms extended, 0c0863 Ss goo9oX(l I cp8eES(3Ou co,; I. to tether, c6o&osv o6l,n.a tetherid8, a 8s8,~@Sc s, 4,C 6SiSOOtoso ceicooxt (pron. o0(h), v. to tether; fig., applied to persons, as to give them "plenty of rope," with a view to a reprisal, or to cause their discomfiture,, c o tc@ sed0co0o8 oooScx 0X&o: >~+8~; to let one take his own way; &o:,cc6:8o8co coo, v. to come; to reach in excellence or degree, to equal, opao G cP Ej${o PoA; to be contained in a writing, d1; to come to pass, sooSto3^Saottco0ooscx>g >8^Q~co4~; some. times becomes wc, when uwed as a verb. aux. in combination with coeS, or when deoting an unepected or improbable event; Oo c cpaS9gococo300p coa, n. a mule, cosiccro& cr1, v. to proceed from the starting place to some boundary; a word much used in registering the boundaries of rice fields, gardens, etc., ocgoSo c c o,&cSo6^8i oSO5 coo6tsooc8; to pass to another state of existence; usually with reference to passing to the abode of the nats, ^S3 IcfOaot; to pas to oe of the four states of punishment, ooo51L coot 3e~S; to evacuae the intestes, as a Buddh, o&scoo0 cs.. This word i still used in cloqial, in parts of Arakan, in lieu of o:t, *6oIg 1 St9ovoO gD o ~00co o.4oSico:st, v. to bet on a single beat in a horse or boat race, ot &SW&Q319 Ker-kxIScoo 6, let us bet without having a deciding heat, on a single heat in the present boat race. c8s(9, n. the beat in a race which has been declared void. a0y9coanc, v. to declare a heat void, aoSoEo io cncEgo =oosq~o~<yoa>~ c00, 3, affix, inkmoagatwe, see Gamn. sec. 110; onosocqed<o0coo(; co:t is usally prceded by oS, elided to 0, but not alwayss, os coo~s, cGoX s (ColkQ.) CO't,, /int. Comet co' iuo, Comel let us eat; coo, is usually plced at the end of a sentence, ~O coo

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Page  907 a*woos-68 907 cosOS,1 n,of threatening, c cot~sccoe008CdQGL %g O co~cos'1,adv. inktenive Weore a negatim, as cawscD he says nothing at all. =cmCO verb, affix, see,co, ca~cos~co, D~cs~=co& 1@( -6 coo c8, verb. formutive; the terminations o4s, and CB are of similar import with the termination ced but are used ih a bad sense only, aoe~cj cedec&Soagsee Gram. sec. 125. cMc, same; occasionally used in a good sense, o~a~oS&8Ec8ex4 tc~jwi>, n. a particle of dust which falls from a palm leaf when writing with a styls equal to thirty-six GL 8ccj c*LSI:, oo c~d~o~~=,n. a witness who attests the truth of a writing, or of 'a copy of a record, etc. Mn. the private parts whether male or female, ci'oogoS. 86,n. the scrotum, m ~xBc&SSs c8&0aSQT, v. to classify according to sex. uba. a minute, the sixtieth part of a degree (coSab). CUi, I, n. the title of a book or writing, wor 6cooc~oSe~.Sw1; a direction or address ninscribed on a letter, or on goods; any label; see co~ c86Sc), fz. same as C8t~i C8=,v. to inscribe the title of a book or writing on its back. CUdC~I, v. same; to address a letter. C&9, 2, a. a tortoise, turtle; the constellation Orion. The Burmese call the great turtle c86cocos (or qto) and the small kind d4abecause the latter layis larger eggs -than the former. BQ CLoQoQmooCooSco., a saying appilied to inordinately selfish or grasping persns C8 n. a turtle's egg. C8eam&d, uc8&vij (oi~ec&), c&QRI c&WWOOS (QUX0c&6M), c&) ekga. varieties of the tortoise. C88c~aS8, a. a species of skate, ec~oQ%'3- c86caaox&~s, to sting, as the skate. C88C jO~,a. a variety of the skate. C8&%T oSsit, a. the sting of the skate.

Page  908 908 nc, the soft tortoise. c8&9s, a. and adv. arched, as a roof, or convex, as a bridge or road, c86c618s, n. turtle's head; the protruding bowel, as in obstinate cases of chronic dysentery, crcooc89o188sgcaS c89OScaS6ogSo, n. piles (Med.), g8sWoccS c8B61S4, a. the red-beaded tortoise. c8SI, n. the upper shell of a turtle, used to dip oil, etc. c66g, n. a tortoise shell. 6c6tqgoS, v. to weep in the manner of tortoises and water lizards,.e., "crocodile tears." c8S=aoooS, n. a species of terrapin or marsh tortoise. oocS3, v. to resort to a sandbank in pairing time, as a turtle. cS8oCd (cQSc&< ), c8yOSe, n. species of the tortoise. c86 0o6s, a. the sea tortoise or turtle. c&80opSw oot (pron. o&cc::oS), n. flint. ~cGooS:, n. a turtle bank. c8Sc S8 g8, m. a turtle bank tax. c8caSoBo`s, n. a turtle bank lessee. cB,,VL v. to roll up, coOS cooo Sa;ooo; to curl, c 6c6<9; to be turned, as the edge of a da or tool, aco%:)gc8@D 8soocq (oS) n. a species of nettle, c89,gaig8s c6BO:), n. a butterfly; the spirit of composure, sometimes spoken of as a kind of fairy or spirit attached to a person from birth ( l31). ~ 8c?8:x0o9, v. to conform to or harmonize with; in 'some instances similar to c4, OcYl C 8,.-1 na. the atlas moth. c8d89( } 2, c&8cod, n. names given by the Burmese to the Bghai tribes of Karens, according to the localities which they occupy. cA ge-QT, v. to call back a c888o which has separated from a person, C8<8o, v. to separate the'leikpya. of two persons supposed to be united, as of an infant and its deceased mother. &SIAc=cooS, n. a hinge. c8<,a n. a white butterfly, of the same tribe as the common garden butterflies of England, Pierides. C86'coi, v. to be frightened, as the c86o so as to make the person

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Page  909 C888o~0-c8&co$ 0 909 ill; some suppose it to be a derangement of the nervous system, c8<oeS, ~cop<cqc86?8oco~ ogo or &.SC 00gs c86ooS, v. to eater, as the c63o when it returns to the person to whom it belongs, ~,0 COo 8<o S0 B So0 c86ool, a. a yellow butterfly, the Pontia; either identical with the common cabbage butterfly, or nearly related to it. 66#o:, v. to be composed, tranquil in mind; c66ioo, to 'be discomposed, disquieted, as an uneasy or guilty conscience. c86q8 (oS), a. a kind of tree faishing a white wood used for carpenter's tools c8oopS r.vto meet with an accident which prevent the accomplishment of a work, usually implying that the accident was trifling as compared with the result, obc oo5bopci deQoiBc8~ c8&S (oS), j n. a kind of tree, the Termimaia bialata. c8K 2, v. to twiSt, pg9cc8', dc, or to be twisted, scB&; to wind around, as a creeper, aocc85; to be deceitful, axxlc8S A o SQ i 8 4oooo; to use artifice, co0 o#8; to delude, cheat, circumvent; to pinch the cheek, o'sc8&n c, to be crooked and twisted, c c8 o; to be deceitful, cg c e~sc&x cB mog?, v. to be warped out of shape, c8~coaoe C&SMo4c, V. to wind up, as an ascending creeper, $SoSctSdOc8 c8&C8c8S6, adv. trickishly, c&o9Sci @jo>oSPSBN c85ooS, v. to involve, wind over and around; to twine around, as a creeper; xc8SooS S, c to copulate, as serpents. c8BS3, v. to lay aside (the yellow robe) for a time, as a novitiate, c8<WB, v. to distort; to twist, contort, o$owc8Sooo., c8.&So c8S.o9 wog 4; c8eoc, to wrest. c86., v. to wrench off or away. c8(qoS, v. to wring off, twist off. c8<E, Iv. to involve, wind over and around, c8&ooU S c8ScoCi, w. to twist, contort; to be deceitful, to use artifice, ~coooSa6c, o@o 3c~eSg =+X4So 0080 2ejX c(CEoolE ccq) ooocB8cogoot~ojioogos (Colloq.).

Page  910 C8&cog, v. same, in the latter sense;, to delude, cheat, circumvent; C88~ (f~rom c8r6, and vgo with change of meaning), v. to be clever in management; to be clever, as being marked by actens or shrewd. ness; c8so is often used in a disparaging sense, as. when one admires a person's cleverness, but despises his principes-or msodut operandi; c~qa ift. to be cleverlpevr, as a child taking advantage of a parent's kindness in order to commit a fault, 44"Q8m C88,n. the orange, cBcrg&&; c8-16ccS, orange color. c8.) 1, V. to roll along, as a rolling ball or wheel,:c38sC6&C8. Dci"r. c~f,e8s cB, 2, verb. a$;, compounded of cmo, and c4, which see, ae~ Cx8foot Oc Sec~g~; ace aiso 2Us c8&c,9, v. to fall off, ~& rM8;,&O~T aO c8&s, v. to smear (the face or some part of the body) ~ciac841, ooox&s; wtSbc8&s. Dcer. oc8ss C8mb c8&S:oS c8loo4& cBUe= v. same, o~oomr)oSc~s /C6S.8S(pron obod), v. to plan* calculate in the mind, often in a bad sense, when it means tofabricate, inevent, oJu ctooS, v. to plan, calculate in the mind, *~4c8ss csn.the penis (vulgar),, ~It c~scr&,n. the yard. cosl (pron. cxx) (from oc~, a bud), n. the head of the penis. Ac8e, c~tco, n. the testicles. c8so~i (pron. ocam&), a. the ridge around the head of the penis. csln. semen, cacY, ax~q~ OcgC)~gs c2,v. to pull fr-om, another, take by force, snatch, plunder, c~oj; to bore, as a horse, ~8saoxScocSjc~wv ' sxoS, v. to take by force, snatch, plunder. Mv. same as cOaodQ, they seized the property by, force and fled; =xsj~ cwgjcct =s qG~qW~qas he followed in order to stab me, I was obliged to snatch the da; coR, a robbery case. c~a(Od~sv. -to harry, lay waste. Conoo&Sseos, v. to ravage, consume. (x?' L1 verb. affit, unear future, about to, on the point of, couo cQ~co1 cS3

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Page  911 oicnX&-cpYrqEI 911 c~QO)Osp adv. almost, e4 SI COQ8:C O coQjXXJ 02, an abbreviation of cco6, n. a young man. o28crqSn. sasafras, 9$,Ssv c VcqoS (often pron. ojacccjoS), adv. feebly and slowly, under various adwerbialform., as CYX0oScOS, c2oSCBoSC0, CoSCyoSC&;P1 O2O080?i544go*iR; OpofSo2o5008049 8 2586afictI3l20S epn,_, n. a cavity, the cavity of the mouth. Der. o soioxe Qvo.ty oyr?8Ss (from oSs, to rinse), v. to rinse the mouth or gargle the throat, s~ao?6qo~8as, o rSa~sp.a O?&co: (from oms, to wash), v. same, T3QqIV n. the water with which the throat is gargled, ci&evcot, C?(9GLOZ684 - oacoc5, n. same as ot-x (in/req.). o?, 2, v. to feed one's self with the hand; not tued singly. Der. ooc-TS, and olsc,2ue CQSccp v. same, but used ckiefiy in an adverbial form, as in the phrase ooci89aod s& os~z, to feed one's self. O?6, b v. to work, cSc18; to make; to do, R; to act like, assume the character of. Der. %xcu c ait 8i(ct6"C'4 op#Sc18, v. to work, perform work, socEfpc2, -*8*k3 saooOCX?818 aSo I 3 Coca -A Ct W S 90e:)~ 0(3so C& Sol )& a;280, v. to devise and execute, cpgscgc g4~sos; to assault, in order to bring into one's power; to plot against. OZQTcYJ, v. to feed; to provide for, support, Scocpc?&OrSW~Q& t Zsons and daughters who do not provide for their parents are unworthy of receiving an heritage. 0X2(QIsco:)8oo n. a place of employment (a -term originally p.~ (erpcA4 plied to cultivators). 00 CI CO 0y8c~scP fto, n. a task, o~Soc OO:,9, CLW0800OC2C4S l 441 aq rr 0R(Mc=3E8osI n. profits of labor, earnings, 006OC?#2IQtnS go w2(9Q=*8, v. to do, perform, carry on, c~t9ocS, c8 EScf 3g, cQL cpS, n. a ground for burying and burning corpses, oovost I 006S8 QOno4u

Page  912 eCOOS-060C) oSca&-=osaoc fi n. a coadjutore'coworker, cy~)cmn oaoscookmS Cp80t-, v. to attempt to do (something). 0?S0,031 n. alchemy, so~q0o5; C'o8q050su02 oe28qoj~, v. to practise alchemy, ooeoScqsv oCj.zswasv (pron...oas), adv. living from hand to mouth, I: s Tscoot, n. a hired worman, a cooly, ocoS (freg. pron.jcoS), n.a young man. er.vSscwCOS (pron.8oSSOM). xcx&c~Scr, n. a kind of creeper; coMP. cNS 5, sassafras. cyoSQ:b, f. same as co~S (poetical). 0?c0S~ (pron. ScoSj), n. late in the evening, about ten o'clock, the time when young men usually return from courting. o, v v. to be warm, coo. Der. c>a ct, 2,P V. to be tight, as a vessel of any kind, soq8Cq; Ec3 to be secure, safe, coosoo~ c&d 0; to be kept secret, to be secretive, co&sc; to be free from blemish, we~98mcs o~ " '~~o~,Co3 to be clear, full, as sound, o3 M zo~ CNIIv. to be secure, safe; to be tight, CagOOC034:)C~kog&DO02$c~ Jaae; to be free from blemish, oogojooqsoopooaocS~c$RCfe~d c0co s (pron. c~&), v. to be tight, as a vessel; to be secure, safe; to be free from blemish; o and 'cos often appear to have the same meaning as a~ax is ~oD=:S, v. to be ample, amply sufficient. 3. it. a crucible, qcaSgEA n. a deep cupel; *ee qc&c4S; lsCc &061E%~GLOSCscOOO c0Pj (pros. c6 ) n. a loose petticoat;the longyi is now worn by Burmese wen is well as women. CQ~4D4 Mt1a. a little girl. CIco (pron. ctsco), n. diligence, industry, CCosooI~CQIsDOC 6n&IscrtdS, v. to put forth great effort, to spare no pains. I~coco~, adv. with great diligence and effort, coqp*?(qQCY~SOOt3C&I cgcocx6S, c!co, v. to be diligent, industrious, jD~jtj:>QS)zOSCcj aL3ooU~ 8~Elsq ~Oq~i7

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Page  913 CTC0QG? —C 918 b~soc?, v. to be lax in effort. cco c v, v. to relax effort. Os, v. to make round, globular, sphericaL cco-Aeoc~scag ls7 8 cx?"R GMooST00es, scachsc o iSo; to be round, globular, spherical, es soa)3cCioo&8tBojcat; to be cylindrical; to be all, entire, as a ball; wed adverbialiy, c s4and in derivatives cc'a, etc. c~s~ozcoa, n. a term applied to persons of imposing and comely appearance. cqsossc3, n. a canoe, a dugout, sco2si C~8scs, v. to be mixed together in a mass, c8gv casjo- sQC~t~3 CScsco sG)o1ooolj; to wrestle, +o2so's9 oCsooS (pron. ocS), n. the girth, compass or circumference of a spherical, or cylindrical body, c cog "SUC81q80go8~000, C000jSa$0038>80O0C00SCQ33 *&&W6 60 CQ &oo~cCo scs:)cqsccxa5~oo u cfs+I (pron. o4a), v. to make efforts, to strive, iODts, oo=aooS, c4sGjEv, v. to mobilize, as an armed force, army, aceoc8csr tac~~,Ss,~iSg,,gq o oJshcoaS~ S oC SsaS a~s;s3.ee,n. figure and appearance, O qSoDW* cgd c~s~- rv. to sew up a seam and fell the edges, Ee $ a O00,n.a man; one of the human race, whether male or female; a rational being, whether man, nai, or brahma; a layman; the body, as 03. Burmans when speaking of any one contemptnoly., pronounce o2, c~, e.g., cjc8j5p2 becomes ocR43&pjv joo, n. a dumb person. ciwsmcb, an. an elder. cjoofSs, in. a useless, inefficient fellow, oo io~$ir ~,t norSQ,, n. a ruler. CAq, n. an old man. cjgse4SS, n. a poll tax, cjgas cjo*s (protz. cS+), n. a blind person; a term applied to persons who exhibit stupidity; said to be derived from pscm+11 cnm meGcj)SC, oica&s*s n. a miser, niggard, skinflint, oq B. D. 58.

Page  914 914 q=9611-c,200t c2o015ol1, n. a vagrant who seeks his living by expedients, or by sponging on others. capcows, n. lit. a little man, a boy. c2c&, n. capacity, ability, oog8sooen c2cb;oS, v. to make a mental estimate of the ability or capacity of another. OXoo:ool, n. an extraordinary person. coc;rcS (pron. cocS), n. a dishonest man, a cheat, cOcj~coCco* n oi2coSs (pron. co18s), n. a person of good character; one who excels in any mental or physical attainment, o cjc~cc Ssc3l::l~,ooSecq8~;lc co~ey:; a sane, in contradistinction to an insane, person; this term is also applied to an expert burglar, thief, pickpocket. cacST, n. a person known, ~zgica c9S&scoqoSodScU6 Soo-Aoo ciaoS (pron. c<S), n. one who picks a quarrel, or seeks to plunge another into difficulty, acSzoc~ =o~~ocxoSor; a hector, OiqSooSo#p~CIS~oSioOT o2a6S (pron. c15), n. a famous man, whether good or evil, cS COeCTo:x, cda*cc,6sas~coSi oocp~;ocpg^ ccaao, Oj^8~o^^ q s8, n. a violent, harsh, cruel person, o.soS8o$ oojj n. a man who has age, but not corresponding wisdom and virtue, aS sSoyc0oooa!o8s, n. an elder, one who has arrived at years of discretion; an adult; a leader, a chief in any undertaking, Acjt, Itco s odS (pron. c6), n. the human foot; adv. on foot, cOac3gcg<g rc2j&' ~wieoSpEd&1 ojcc8oS (pron. gc8oS), adv. with no sound of footsteps, lit. when the human foot is silent; at the time of night when the sound of footsteps ceases, cQoSc8oSoo8ln Cobe, n. a poll tax, the capitation tax, c@sv8egS, ciS'1 coga$oeoscSga, n. land assessment in lieu of capitation tax. cigovSbe[5y8LSs, n. capitation tax assessment roll. cacd'cit, n. young persons collectively, c uc~9plt cOe (pron. o), n. capacity, ability, cj; often combined with c/ g s, olee~, v. to be well attended, crowded, as an assembly, a festival, etc.

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Page  915 915 coep8 (pron. obn), v. to attain to the average standard of one's fellowmen in health, wealth, position, etc., coSfE&6OOOI cj8rs (pron. U&s), n. a stranger; a novice, one who is new in any business, oaSe, ojw&; cgaJ goco&6occoisiQ scolcS 0c, v. to collect or assemble men, in a bad sense, as for the purpose of committing dacoity, or rising in rebellion. oigs, n. capacity, ability, cgsaxooNo *%, ojfSc#Som co&ccSs (pron. gcol8s), n. an extraordinary person; usually applied to physical attainments, to invulnerability, or to the performance of some great feat of skill or prowess, such as leaping over a prison wall, escaping from a prison from which no ordinary person can escape, etc. ocoooScos, v. to be far apart, as human habitations, villages, towns. oiooScoloS, n. a manhole. cOj scjos, n. a condemned outcast (rare in colloq.). cos (pron. 8 ), n. a bad character. ooooS (pron. oS), n. a learned man; a man skifled in any science or handicraft. I c sces (prom. 4+8), v. to be of the usual size; applied figuratively to mental attainments, position in life, etc.;/A,..r;i/ si,, r^r oGarO (pron. co), n. a vile fellow,,.. ccoS (pron. oS), n. a prominent person, COOE c odr~~s, aoCk (pron. q), n. a crowd, we o^oo^^t c^^) ooooS (pron. colo), n. a spy; cocovoS& x, to employ a spy or informer. Ockgco, v. to leave the priesthood; n. one who has left the priesthood;?8ss.ocoSd implies that the person leaving the priesthood has previously been the abbot of a monastery. Oc~ogs, n. a number of persons. cPS, n. a skilful, well-informed person; a "knowing" man. Oo18s, w. to be thinly populated; to be thinly attended, as an assembly, a festival; n. a person of ready and quick perception. Ct~, n. a short, dumpy man, a dwarf. cqoJaSois (from cfloS, a tree whose flower is of a gorgeous red

Page  916 916 916 Co1CBQ=0cSj-%ceO color, but destitute of fragrance), n. a coxcomb, cooyaociSt8, 1S*V'0iW1YC0 7 qS'0$ ~ e~Cr'07~ (Collog.). Occo7QaS cx5, n. an inconsiderate, rude person. o&B (prvon. tacS), n a buffoon; a dramatic performer, a clown. C,*I. n. a lazy fellow. cjq (pro#. j), n. a young, unmarried man. oi~cqli a. same; of pare morals, corresponding to & virgin. ojq~;, Qa~a!Ss, n. an old bachelor. cjj-8, oa cvaco143, cgjSi~, n. a lad at the age of puberty, cj~i~4tg (p.nrm. ~s), i. the apartment in a house alloted to the young men. cjja4cs*'(pno. QoiSs), a. a chief or lekder among the young men of a distrK*, or of a q~srter of a village or town; comp. cqr~w>o5 oiasoc4, is. the language of courtship; c24a%~gc~, to speak in the lagua of o0urthp. %4909 s. the venereal disease, wj,-x~o-oo, moacwougcolo cjjac q a. a yorng, unmarried man. oiAQ19d, v. to court, to woo. ts. a simple-minded, unsophisticated person; a useless, inefficient Mlow, cig8s I s~, i. a footrace, 4ec~i4 (pro. G nS) i a buffoon; a wag, c%9, o 1ec~~u v. to be mild and gentle in dfisposition; tobe efeminate. cics (pro.. q), In. a mischief-maker, a rogue, a scamp. O 0083), is. the society of men, v. to be of an age to begin to associate with men, as a young mni, Do cpcn,. a healthy, vigorous man, cgON~Q~. A, an. foolish, ignorant person.s 44 sk. to be of various and diverse nAtionalties or races. oo~tpS~S, crt o, 0or)s, v. to have knowledge and good sense with confidence to use them, to have a knowledge of the world, i.e, mankind, men, ooC842GgC~g= ' oo1ocj0 5CY)Q SQ0 oy0o, v. to be of an age to begin to associate with men, c2CC5 oS; to intrude, whether by speaking or acting, in a manner un

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Page  917 QSCO#-XB-KOi 91 917 suitable for one's age, knowledge or other circumstances; C12QJ O&,n C06 6MS. s00op* aioo wFxYS v. to come to nmturity, be of adult age,cj wSB V OAIv. to cry thief! thief! q qekn. a buffoon, CiQSn8 ooSv. St~. to exchange a priest's robes for those of a layman, c0c1a0 oo n. a n orang-outang (Malay, signifying jungle man). colo, n. a braggart. 'aPO,. a murderer, c~>SW:~8 c,89imsu n~)~. a strong, robust man. oja*L1s, In. maen (cj), na-t. (t~oS), and brakma* (6cso). OC3ji, na. persons, people, as atO06 oij. a dead perso, a corpse, cico~anSe %,&. to be diaproportionat~ely tall. oi,.3 v.. to flutter, with an upward motion; wwd in the adverbial forms, onci, and oo~cj, onc oo03%O, Ss 1SrcFjSoc Cs& fo g; also used, with reference to a person having an exaggerated opinion of himself; ~W-~S = o-coD& ~ 0DB CjciO~noxC Qfe~ Der. M i c~s, Lna. a species of grain., the Panicum pa.palum. Vto~oo —Z,. the classic name for wheat. o~,2, v. to simear, besmear, daub; comp. c8&s, to smear' the face or somne part of the body; 00x89i) sok4cs (le*8 elegant than c&~a): intran8. to be smeared, smudged, ooq) o qs~joo S6 ce:, 3, v. to roll from side to side; to be crank, as a ship or boat,.Atwg;O to wallow, as a buffalo, t(onS c~c (36C2 to roll about on the ground, as a dog or horse, ec~oSs &OpoS*JS~scoj=o.-, to roll about in bed, as when restless from sikkness or svleeplessness, S o s o u Vqa. a wallow; tois"~, a buffalo-wallow. CSO V. samae as o21 et O2ICO*, v. to move backward and forward; tsed only in. an adverbial form, o~C2oo0o, Aeqo QWC6 QIP8IIOQ 1 Flvlc-OO =OB~I eOSQ~scoI= SQo ~ adv. to and

Page  918 918 fro, backward and forward, clc olo cscoso,oso tcoso)oo (pron..1:), n. a kind of verse, lullaby, cooo::SOO0eo, col oorsco4,soi c8sooos8l, n. a rope attached to an anchor, tree, or other object, by which a boat is drawn against the stream, in places where the current is swift. cisoo:sa8, v. to draw a boat against the current by such a rope. Aco, 1, n. air, air in motion, wind, ccocoo:, ccocoo6Ssn c-oOO4, v. to retch, eructate, without ejecting the contents of the stomach; more than A; q So yc<?c+4~6 xo ccocS, adv. with the wind, co3ccoaScCg3o ScqSs6OpB ecocoo:o6, v. to suffer from gas confined in the stomach, ccov, cco?[Sn ccogs, n. the beginning of a change in the direction of the wind or monsoon, 68gsec0s81u CCOcxSs, n. the exhalation or influence of the air of the body, supposed to produce certain diseases; comp. ooco8s, and os8mos; ccooo (prot. ol), n. a screen to keep off the wind. acoon, v. to blow hard, as the wind, cogcf o sd808n ccoMc poS, v. to lie to (Naut.). cco= 6, v. to suffer from gas confined in the stomach. eco6&s, w. to blow violently, ecocoBSsO ccoc~o, n. a muscle, sinew, tendon, csc5 ou ~coc ~octo, n. palsy; paralysis, "coc ~:coo 8m0 cooeS, v. to hit, agitate, as the wind; to blow. ccoM, v. to suffer from flatulency, cco8CwoSo8sGeosolJO, ~oOcoo:Su ccoc"lS}4s, n. an air pillow. ~coq, v. to remain in a place secure from the wind, ecoDc~Ccoo ccoBc, v. to suffer from the bad influence of air in the human system. ~cogooSoc (pron. a?~), v. to eructate acid gas from the stomach; ccoM is more polite. ccoigo~ (pron. i ), v. same. ccosqS, v. to suffer from gas confined in the stomach. eCc;e, n. the direction from which the wind blows, cood co~ qSQ~~OOcb, Co wicostl cogS, v. to whistle.

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Page  919 919 ccoaS, v. to lull, as the wind. cotoSB3f, n. an air pump. cc4tF, 1 (abbrev. of o~scctj), v. to pass wind, ccxoop, ccoxooSu coXt', 2, adv. with the wind, ccocooctS; cOtjcQdaoa s, to run before the wind, as a ship. ecoeoSs (pron. COSs), n. the edge of the wind. ccoWoS, v. to have the appearance of a coming wind, or of a rising squall, oocQc0ooQSecoco&oooco:)oo; comp. tSleoFi ccOoz4, n. a head wind. ccocso (pron. co8), n. medicine to expel wind, a carminative. cc=4, v. to have the appearance of a rising head wind. ccop a, adv. against the wind, ccoooS, cc a oSqoo oSoo i 6cn3oooSSi&BgB cope38, n. a gentle breeze, ~coc@; Qmoes, to take the sea air for the benefit of one's health. ccooocB, v. to eructate, raise wind from the stomach. ~coooS, adv. against the wind, co:poa Qcoo'oa (pron. oo/), n. a painful induration in the breast or bowels, aoCoYa30;p comp. cstooo1 ccooo:8S (pron. oaxg ), n. the pleurisy. ~cocg3S, n. a paper kite, gu 6cooo3 (pron. e')), n. a draught of wind. ecoooaC, v. to be situated in a draught of wind, ccooooacxo~oOt cocSoS, v. to lull; to be calm, be without wind; to be close, as the weather, >ooo:ccooSCo&oofic ccooicoo, n. blind piles. ccooaS, v. to blow hard, as the wind. coc~Ss, n. a dogvane. coCds, v. to rush and press with violence, as the wind, SoSccco ccooOEs, n. a wind hole, reservoir of wind, as in the phrase ccooaE8 cc^oo~3 ~^cocooan S, or ctoo-c0o3oogcq^ot OOgp, to be shifting, variable, as if the wind were shut up in a reservoir, and a monkey, keeping guard, released it as he pleased. ccoooaS, v. to escape, as air from an aperture. ccow, v. to have a feeling of constriction from flatulence. QC4, =cP4, v. to be relieved of wind in the stomach.

Page  920 920 QCO$&SI-QtO*OCYqVSIo eco"'w6s, n. a violent wind without -rain. ecov. to lift up, as the wind. ecoq~s, n. a sudden gust of wind. ecoj~c~t w. to blow a sudden gust, as wind. eco~saoS, n. a balloon. Cm~os cw00 co>k v. to have the heartburn. QC~~, n. the heartburn. ccoculoB, n. an airhole. ccqv. to be disposed to vomit. ccogSs, n. a violent wind, a gale; comp. ~cS;v. to blow violentlysometimes figuratively applied to individuals, e~g., QWc-96<cx8=S eccn. a gentle breeze, Qcop3tu ecgn. a ventilating pipe; a wind-sail. emts8, nt. an air ball. cc(&St (prot&. (B~s), n. tympany, eetpp, cos~spon cco(dJs, n. a gentle (lit, a sprinkling) wind.,cco~cc (from cc) n. a whirlwind. ccv. to be caught in a gus-t or storm of wind, as a boat or ship. QcoqC~S8, n. a hurricane, a tempest. cokq~s, n. same as cco, in medical language, ccpvp coo QC4 n. an air mattress. QC,n. a blowpipe, Ss QODYcg~Ss, v'. to blow up, a's a bladder. =Av. to be dusky, as the atmosphere before a wind. cco~c~48->8,v. to strike, as a bead wind. ccocog, v. to pass wind. coowo n. the atmosphere. ecocoo, vi. to blow, as the wind. ccoc~, v. to be air-tight; to be sheltered from the wind. voi,ts. a kind of muslin. v. to be relieved of wind. cov. to veer, as the wind, ~cmicQ qcoq-R &q;a veering wind. cc~s f. a cyclone, Qwsc~4 Qceq~, n. a side squall. co Bvi. to pass wind. 4COODROSS06,ft. a s-quall, storm, tempest, RAW81J6Su

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Page  921 QCOOOSO?S-=' 921 c 8cozoSo, (pron. oqs), n. a fabulous wind supposed to cut in pieces like a razor; paralysis, ccoo>S~cosSoS, to have a stroke of paralysis; ccop&oooSB co'ozS (heart disease, angina pecto). ccococoS, 9. to- impinge on the surface of any substance and absorb moisture, or check perspiration, o o so'wc~ o s~,cg o c oc, or CCoo JOXcoSe, CO6ci coo,. te sound of air in motion, wind. cco 0 v,. to speak min a whisper, c o6cc o cco:), ov. to have a pleasant breeze, to blow pleasantly; to be airy, as a site, situation (rare). Ccoix soi (pron. coo&), %. one of the buildiags of the palace, more elevated than the rest, in which the King took the air. CcoOCO61sf, n. a window, o04Ss, ccoo3aFo s (obs). ecowo-oo~, n. the quill near the tip of a wing. cco:os+, a. a large window (obs.). Cco~o~OcO&S8, n. a window. ~coaoo, v. to strike, as the wind (on a sick person, so as to affect him unfavorably), ~coc8; to blow with celerity and force, to sweep. ccoaoSocSoz, v. to blow, as a moderately gentle breeze. cmocoS, n. a pendulous parasite. cco C3&, V. to aerify. wco~o, v. to blow hard, as the wind, but implying that it is a dry wind; used adverbialy, cco;eaoocOccSOOL& ve~w!r'i C:o,, w. to be scattered, lost, evaporated, as camphor, quicksilver, etc., OjoS 8scwoa, co to be unsteady, to wander about without a home, so as to be lost to one's friends, Qcoog~, v. same, Ioo < cocgS~co; occocijcg, a loafer. eco, 3, wverb. affix, euphomc, ec.; see Gram. sec. 118; slightly emphatic or perustiwv as coosco (coUoq. see Gram. sec. 119; ocoSsais taIc0x)C, c(Ko8coosco;o, OCS)86co, C &oSOS(,c;SQ cow; also duplicated, S&codoScco, the more one studies, the more difficult it is, e oogco, the more he speaks, the more he wounds (one's feelings); it is also occasionally coupled with 08, in an interrogative sense, coocoiscoSac8, probably an abbrev. of oax coICco0 0S08:o.a ~

Page  922 *CO(.S-QcCOS Qccoo&S (oS), n. a kind of medicinal tree. eCOO5, n. an auction. =cco8l)S, n. an auctioneer. wct. to bid at an auction, sm =ct cw-.&coc&t, wLS Qcocc13,(7, v'. to outbid another at an auction, =o6a~cusoo*~ QcQO5O.)S, Cc~OC, W. to put up at auction, ep1gR seCOCS0004 Qo~C6oSQ9Ss, v. to sell off (surplus stock) by auction. QC9 1, v. to practise, acquire a habit, become accustomed to (seldom used alone); kee than c~&oqS, andcr og eCczVc9S v. same; to devote one's self to, as a study or a profession. QO9O8, cqCaCgJ, emCCaJSs, Qca~~, -a. see the parts. "co. to be versed, -skilled in, accomplished, oScj:>8c,.SsaooNx, v. to fly away, as chaff, ca~, (rare in colloq.). Der. pi cqco8~, v. same as "a~ tcqc~ iiit. the sound with which hogs are called, a.# c&M is used for calling fowls, and Stc org0 o aln as n QO 0O for calling horses and bullocks. QCos, 1 n. a bow for shooting; a royal archer, ccsrc~ o 9ceoagqoco (Prov.); the curved stick used for stretching the cloth in weaving (qc&*~S~cos), td fo%~Ss. Der. oj8Cco8, a crossbow; coS:ccos, a common bow; ~cmoaxS~co, a pellet bow. ~cosJ~8, a. an archer, cco+ - ccosC)&S (pron,. qs8), n. the bow itself. ccogoS, ~a. a curved spring (isnfreq.). Q108 v. to make an exhibition of skill in shooting with a bow. =& n. a bowstring. ccsa v. to unbend a bow, ewEccj wc=S. to bend a bow; to string a bow, ecosloos, Qo1&ISu~s cco8CZS4 n. the shank of a crossbow. ecosug, v. to shoot an arrow from a bow, Qccsj~o~e cw,n. the bow of a crossbow. ecoswoo,8, n. an archer; ccoQODS0S, eosm,%eoS, =$CosohoSo, a royal archer. 'cos~,2. a. and n. four, 93 ecoSQc)Siat, n. or a. octavo,

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Page  923 CO28y5-QCCOs 9M, 923 cws~cSccos~oe~, v. to be broken or split into pieces, W.t into four parts, ~CR sQCO890SC 3OtOu oms~cooz, csco=e.9ef, a. four-cornered. ccoscoo%~ n. a quadrangle. oJS, QM SCOISOcetC, dCOCO 9.,& CCOSISadooSm, S expressions used by women in quarreling; equivalent to the imprecation, '"may you be quartered." CcoSCU)&CO~OSM, G smJlS~ccscoaS, adv. in regard to the legs and arms; applied to words of cutting off; usually applied to buffaloes and bullocks after being slaughtered, gojcnuI. so~ca oaor 8oSjo~oau CSOcBCxxSO80s, V. to go on aUl fours; cscoc~oSos, to trot. em~ty~on. the four points of the compass, aoqs~co(OSfo Cco o~xa. twilled; applied to textile fabrics, mats, etc., eco *ee o cG m~csciacoscoc,, adv. referring to men with large limbs, =otsc~cos 2,a great, hulking, useless fellow. C23,v. to be heavy,, not light, ~ooi; to be slow, cps; to be, heavy and dull in respect; to motion, maaqoo~cso32 00 Soto a logy horse; to affect, the smell and taste powerfully, QSStOa4O 8I~OBC~*>S wgaosoo eco~msct-i) -to be depressed in mind, as apprehensive of some impending trouble or calamity, aoqo~scoeoc~s. cSjOSQI w;to experience a feeling of heaviness in the ba~ck part of the neck, (~j9QccO4Oe, or to feel heavy headed, co~ccm~ QCOIC*4 (prons. oj), v. to be slow, ej,so w s~~~ icoosemspOg ads'. dimgnuftit of emso WQ=9009s'o c18s QCM3~f t,.o be ftrong~as ifiavoe,@ Qccosio~to be weighty rgi IM'08. to be strong, fas vOr, CDaM00Q0QOO to be slow, ens, o& 6 sC8,06 it. to be heavy, not light; to be slow; 6~8o

Page  924 924 =I-Q= ~cI,4 v. to respect; seldom used singli, 8 ccos4j, iccos~os, ecos"~),TA.4ame (infreq.), coiv. same; ussed adzserbia4 onlyj. ocos~CS, v. to respect; to tnk well of, think much of, ~~C-CMIS~cS; corny. Ooxs; tccost-98s, n. the caove plant. ccose&O,. the clove flower, a cloy. c~,n. the product of 'the cooS6 tree. &b~, &ol, n. same; the product of the yellow-Oiowered cotton tree (Codd~osperinum gossypium)., 2,v. to fall down from an erect posture, *AoS&>; also used in the sense of being prostrate with a disease, v. to tumble, fall1 by losing one's footing, cfqoe~xs v. to lie down, be recumbent (ratre in cotlq) v. to change, exchange, QSSa3 ~6S CY4b, Sg&P &ol, oo6'; to rejoin., make a rejoinder (in law pleading), oocoS Der. OSN v. to speak in return, to reply,, oo~x~~ particularly ap. plied to responding before authority, cb~Sv. to change place, remove; to change one thing for another; &ed cb 6 v. same as ~ &,,v. to empty, as from one vessel into another, To~n c~~vt empty~cooe gec o o1 v,5 ierb. ai, inerg0ie ~, ahway~s preceded by 4;g9oS08 or coot o Q00)oo&; see Gran. see.. 110. &in. a species of- Terminahia producing large tim-ber. &)oy (uS), a. the 04x s#candens, a large scandent skrub, common in all parts of Burma where there are deciduous forest.. &scAa. twilled; see g~~u adw. slightly; appied to the color of green and blue, &Sic~oi applied also to life, as 44qaO juut alive, Mm M cc~(~CM8),j., n. a speciesl of mules 2, v. to repeat wihgete oc ta tAn,.-~,0PO

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Page  925 9925 kysPC 9J8Isob cY1slsocoegocIc8soe#, u8ssOul so&oSC pe o3ols to return, as a disease after convalescence, gxjoqkc oocaoscjcog; hence oo 6CO3I CCOOY 3, not used singly. GCOO adw. instantly, oong&~S8Eo0cqoc~j3iccoo~s, or =ODCOO ccoccoo, adv. instantly, coocecoom ecooccosb (usually pron. co5), adv. instantly, %o~oajcCmoIccoo-6 ilCISRiSCCq~mg, 218801 081 CO&BjC6c:>QcoOO-o'bQ$j63WI0q QS C j not used singly. emocA adv. intolerably (hot), co~ &oozS SC xs ccoO, 5, verb. affix,interrogativre; see Gram. sec. 110 (not used in colloq.); 006 SODS 2~c~CqqC aG6CRCB014=311 Qcocoq& (yron. qyes), n. a certain medical book in which the symptoms and prescriptions are indicated in the interrogative form, with the constant recurrence of the affix cco, as mnsgscmoardo8 COOS-1 =0()05j31 B5T8'QQCa3)C CCO:), M88103CO051 Q68, 100C608 C28SCCPoS5co, (towpvoos QCmo ( t&s), ~ n. one of the race of Laos in Northern Siam. QC03, 7, n. a kind of basket used as a receptacle for fowls. eco:)dO5,_ n. a maggot. oAoSJ cs, cse, c1o0C&:, v. to be gnawed, penetrated by maggots. =o:qo, o-,xSocoS, v. to be infested with maggots, maggoty, qSs Cccnrocs, an. a species of water insect; a wriggler, the larva of the mosquito; an inchworm, measuring worm. CM084m,, n. a kind of tree. The leaf of-this tree, when pounded and applied, is said to destroy maggots; hence its name. 4M3C'B, & a. a bow for throwing pellets, emxx5coan eoCx0Seo, a. a pellet for a bow, =coBOS~o sl Mose (ft-eq. p-on. eoB3&), ta. the bed for the pellet. OCOOCevo91 n. a pellet for a bow, Qc=da)CS QC00S3ccot, n. a pellet bow, bow for throwing pellets.

Page  926 9 ox6 QC6c&oscm4 (pron. os), n. a square compartment in figured cloth, cmxes~c8ss so called from its resemblance to the =coc, oxSt, n. a kind of sling made with a stick and string. cco:c), 3 vi. to be enough, sufficient, o co ( S aogooqoSol, aooooS~cSO c o)C~oI~os. Der. soccooaSNl eocv. to be sufficient on being distributed, wjo(8W q) Qco)OSc(~lIdCOD8, =oaS mccceI) sckk-S1n QDcv. same as QcmooS (infreg.), erD~oB~ce~u ewox.cScoos, v. with o96, to come to maturity (909t somtetime, omitted); in other senses has the same meaning as cco:>c5 by it. self, QCODC) ~~v. to respect; not used sengly. eco~c-Seos, ew:)oScoos, =coSoecs, adv. used only in adver~ia4forms, t=:Zu~sn. a kind of tree. QOccooS~oc, adv. playing with feet and hands, as a child lying on its back, c~~oB,-dco d3oos ompu ccooac~c~cwoaScooB, adv. up and down, like the motion of a little boat among the waves, ccccc~sago=:acas AOC)S~ ccooc' (Pali, qoSSs, BoSg8s), n. a state of mortal existence, of 'which there are three divisions; see coo, and:;this world as distinguished from a permanent future state. cco~q vi. to be cloyed with, or tired of, worldly pleasures. cco~om (from o8), n. fortune, a lot incident to mortal creatures, as wealth and poverty, society and solitude, reproach and praise, happiness and misery, QcomO)oS, nt. a world; 00T.v10oC00, pOOQ SC COlOC*10, CSO GCDO 5 coo S~c mooS~k, the four great islands; CC,~OOM S said in a good or bad sense. eco:=~S,. a book of proverbs pertaining to common life; see 8 cco-Dc*:D Tsn. -a demigod. ~Co=C*oo, it. courteous behavior, kind attentions, politeness, (ft9)I eco:cY-ocrccws vi. to be hospitable, attentively polite to a guest. ewomcooSRj, vi. to be courteous, kind, polite, oicQ qocpCCS

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Page  927 927 cco)ocoo5?oS, v. to say something for mere politeness' sake, one kind of c~CAQo, though not so strong an expression. ccooodooc8oS, n. a monarch, king. coomojdS (ck), n. certain hells, as places of punishment, situated in the intermediate spaces between the sekya worlds (182). ccoo, a. worldly, pertaining to the present world; n. the world, o68 c@:~c^co 3oMo-cu_, if ye were of the world. ccxc~r-' oo, n. time, as contrasted with eternity. ccooo:3o8s, n* lit. a son of the world, a worldling, man of the world. ccooyg8c~p, n. a future state, subsequent to all cocom; annihilation (glo8), according to the Buddhist system; eternal life or death, according to the Christian system. "That which is neither (jo) rupa nor arupa is called lokottara, a state in which there is entire freedom from all kama (oS)." cc:ooco* (for ccoeoog), n. a figure pertaining to this world, ocoxS,L n. a kind of betel box (little used). coS,, n. to burn (a thing), as fire or anything hot, 6c~cooS, 8t ccooS; to scald, ascoS, qcs~cc~ oS; 80~cccgco.oS, to smolder, as a fire; cco:-ocSx&4oope, inflammable material. ccoog8os, -. to be burnt up, consumed by fire, q68 cooS, oocis 8sccojSg)ci8no?( cco:Se (pron. oo), n. tinder. cco:88s, n. an electric flash when igniting some substance, oosoS @8coo8Ss8ci croaqxo; blistering plaster. ccoosso~8E, v. to apply a blistering plaster. tcozScos (oao), adv. rattling together; restlessly, uneasily. CcooS$, 1, n. a canoe, long slender boat, 8Qcco$8s, 6c3ScoO8sn ~co08sc8oS, n. a boat with a hull like a canoe, and having a washboard on each side made of a single plank. QC~o8ses (pron. oS), n. a boat with a washboard consisting of planks fixed one above the other. Qcoo8s, 2, v. to bring into an incipient, unfinished state, with a view to finishing, ooSq9cqop cjoea8ccooEcoo):80C, coeScq ~8cep8bccpSoOtS8<x0oop. Der. osccozo8B cooEg,,3 v. to pour into, or upon, c~s[baon oc9q c~sooco co:ES aoSeo, 8Soa8dcdC oo oo8800gc, o8cCoS. Rahao comp. Ad, and o8s; to add more to, coccoovs, gS. Rahans are

Page  928 R=816. 0S-~Cm? forbidden to make uase of the word ecozS i, but use ejo8 instead, when directing any one to water plants, oc~~~~5~ cco-.8Sa3, v. to add more to, QCO8849,,n. shade; applied to plants and trees growing in the shade, QCO~sq c.~w&SusQg &ispo1, co~sqs COs, ~ ossc eco~ tqrSBZ, n. fruit ripened in the shade, cc-)8SQcsqsc~ao; COMP. eco~s,, v. to stake in a wager, or in gambling, to bet, C~8SSI ecoo~sl-Q8, n. money staked, coacS cooSIsrs, COSq~sCLSCOOSSCES CGQo:SIGODS, v. same as 02 ~CMOS8OO&SOC*98, S:O8&86, v. to gamble, a4ICO8OSCCCc8 QC068O41E&MOSO CO,n. frankincense. ecozoo (Pali), n. selfish desire, cupidity; "tobha, covetousness, that which cleaves to sensible objects." M.B. CCOC s. to be avaricious, 009CO '0&C1jOo(~f oi;when abbrev. to ~c oo0, appears to signify "to be hasty." cc:aco n. the force or power of selfish desire. ecooocowq6Sv. to be impelled by such desire. =)Ccq~oxu, n. same as ~coo~; cupidity. ccoon. same as Gco~o0, co cOOSY161 CCOOYnot used singly. oQCOOCCScOS, CCOxo~c&~, v. to wear the end of a garment over one shoulder, and under the opposite arm, as a Buddhist priest, cz~l (or c.o5AJ8) ccoooooScq8; wee coa&-ao=voo eco~ools, n. a pole with a hoop for suspending a bird trap. ecoocr4'n.a class of inferior hells; ~c=Lrcckqs @t, coo~ coo the four exclamations used by the wicked, when rising to the top of the emmlkkk) ecoo (Pali), t&. metal, of which there are five kinds, -vix, gold, silver, copper, iron and lead OQ:)0. eco?, verb. afl&, imperative;. used in books and in a formal style of address; see Gram..sec. 111.

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Page  929 ccOS05-cqoS 929 CCOSoo (commonly pron. c9S&6 ), n. an intoxicating preparation of rice, CCOSoSR3; cC8, CoSs, MoeS, ccoSoo, oqfS" Cco:5~a8OE (pron. ~8), n. a licensed shop where ccoSoo liquor is sold. ccoSo, v. to be light, vain, unsteady, wanton, 3Oe~eop, caScoTll ccoScoS, v. same; to be unsteady in business, flying from one thing to another; frequently applied to unchaste women, QcoScoE~8s c, I, v. to desire, wish for, egocYcSEa cSlqoi Es~s ccts ScrS ecSq;e,; ooSowcpo3o.cgcQo~cfgsog3; to be lacking in respect of, or to the amount of, aSQ8scgncScocooScc&n cg osoCooSqwc; to be destitute of; to be wanting, to lack; oaspo c8s 3CoScodoScqoo; cq also signifies "wonted," in the sense of being accustomed, habituated, c cZao, coq Xo/o3qoa 3~a 00e. Der. 0oo, cqoloi coo8 (so~), n. wish, inclination, longing. ca S, v. to desire, wish for. cooS, n. any object of desire, cqoScp~o 0co~oseoS Cq6S8, n. a prime want, a matter of first consequence, a primary object or consideration, cqi8ssc6 8s8soo8sgS, cq8ssecOm3, cqcoo, v. to be litigious, forward to prosecute, 9socco20, ooCpsc coos; to wish for, SoSoE o 'sps0 @8so c cooS 08oo8ooScqcoo8 cooSepS;; to be favorably or affectionately disposed toward, cqcAoSwoc, adv. applicable to the laying up of little things for future use, cqqcooSQdoSoSsOosc3 Owi ccgo, adv. of one's own accord; just as one lists, wilfully, without control (rare in colloq.). cj, 2 n. and werb. afix, as, like as, c, =oozo0, cs0Xco~sc8ic) cc, wrrb. and n. affix, a little like as, ojoaosoooC; see Gram. sec. 128; cgcga, just as (it was), eoqcs c8o0lt0lEqcvco coS, 1, v. to follow, to pursue; to accompany; to take effect, as medicine or disease, oooS9coscasooiocp, ccpoe ciSoo8oo 868;i to resemble, take after, ovs9aooocScqo5Og; to be in proportion, to correspond, to suit, to become, to harmonize with, od3 oi 9s3cos oCqSosj, Ci88sgocooooc oSs@,oS(. ocqttoi+03i^ coSdI; to follow a certain peculiar course of conduct or action. B D. S9.

Page  930 ~C~06:-RCBc c~qSeos, v. to comply with; to follow the wishes of another, cqaoic coSpD, v. to observe, as a rule or regulation; to comply with. cYS~dloo5scS, v. to bear company or follow in order to perform service under an official. coS, v. to accompany, attend, escort, qgoo5O~OcO:3pSt0e~Si ~01, 93j ~ ol0SgS oli Cg)sC aoShS u cdcSo(Ss, v. to pursue in order to capture or arrest. cqcBS, v. to overtake, come up with. cqcSo8, v. to pursue in order to find; commonly combined with 9w, cqc&qco, v. to comform to, joocrcQccScc B cqoSo, n. lit. one who follows; one who makes a passage by some con. veyance, 8 8sc9oD aSccj3psca3sp, ~8soaoSpE~c~c-o0esg8 B qcS, 2, verb. affix, euphonic; mostly used with transitive verbs; sometimes giving a transitive meaning to an intransitive verb; see Gram. sec. 118; in colloquial this affix is much used with oov, a corruption of o eSag, e.g,., gcqSaoogo becomes ocQcoSoo, having the meaning of the English adverb "so," acxc:oo, so pretty, oaS crco:D), so difficult, Rjc36coog8sc8, so white as to be dazzling; in such expressions as the following, cxcS appears to be a euphonic expletive, ~cgc]60, GScaSccSo, ~rc0oVc%&cpo ctoS, 3, v. to give to boot, as in exchanging articles of unequal value,;g3;8sFo5B 8 1 6O)(ctc Cacmoo, n. a movable screen. Sao, n. a species of trumpet flower; comp. o0EA, and Oai&&, ~ see cq, n. and verb. affi, as, like as. C, 2, verb. affix, equivalent to ~ (colloq.); see Gram. sec. 109; c804 )~coooS, Coe 8N c fo )cq, S:O j]clqco; also equivalent in colloquial to cooc(O~o, Q~c eQO. jol, ZSosc$,oococe c, v. to pierce, penetrate in actu coitus (vulgar). vc, v. to be thin, flimsy; to be slender, delicately formed, oQo:)8 coog; oocooo co6s' Alco ojoo?0og cools, v. to be slender, delicately formed. coS,3 (pron. coS), v. to lick (with the tongue), cg ogqoS, cg ce.iS~g2so08cico&;og

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Page  931 xcScos-O;r 9 981 cOcSeoos, n. a preparation of salt used medicinally; an electuary. oS 2, verb. affix, continuative, denoting the continuance of an action or state of being during another, aso80o Ce:8xo, he eats as he goes; see Gram. sec. 109; es (pron. e') not infrequently precedes oeaS, ooo.~ o. do2S, S e ~oS;&f, verb. afrii, continuative, denoting, the continuance of an action or state of being during another, but somewhat inconsistent with it, as cgosocr ezrsosap; see Gram. sec. 109;,ses9SOs sooS; 38os is frequently introduced between c;cS and j~, as c i occjSi t Q l& wccoo E m z Su o 3s o|98 (usually pron. c38), v. to be quick, swift, ooacooo aQCO S OD^OJ^, C800, g^, <?00? cqJo4, v. same as oral O6cSo, v. to be violently swift, dcaojScfpo&oof0co g8ccc:swo (8c1c6olooe n COS@S, v. same as ofS; also applied to the mind. ~SGc$oluols, v. to be quick and active in motion; applied to human beings, bullocks, horses, etc., socoiq@S coSC08 coB o8oP8s, v. same as C6s C0Ejcl, v. to be in a neutral state of mind, undisturbed by passion, eg ao, ^:soo ooSo~co3^~ c8<cfoo |OSIvcq=Cj<x COjPo5j1, v. to wink at, to regard with indifference; ovStwst; to regard with equanimity, crOSD;, cC tjiSc So~ooxgi o0,. v. to be smooth, pleasant, agreeable to the sight; not used singl. Der. ooEgg, 8~giio cg:oc $S, n. a kind of tree, the tortuous Hibiscus, 0o8n OIe, 2 (pron. C ), v. to circumcise, cut round with a knife (rare). ogsoft1 (pron. cq s), v. to be connected with, familiar (infreq.). oC6c9i~ (suallay pro. c2<c98), adv wavingly, as a flag, cooS c3 (usually pron. cp), v. to appropriate, to set apart for some purpose, c, c~ coSc)o:)8cpc o otsov; to estimate in the mind, o~ogA; 'to have in view, to intend, similar to ot, o3pt00c >8'cdgc' c=Soo ocacl Ac hence OOCi,.and CSodo; see CeP 9CNt, 1, v. to be thin; not used aertively. Der. 1icepis OCp,,. to be oblong; to be extended in time, De, cocoopt, oop

Page  932 Der. woosg vqo. not us.edsingly, Sd~cipm v. to be on terms of intimacy; to be mixed together, com-. mingled, c8 & ~ ci&sso~,oo acxzos, 3I (pron. ca-m), n. a, plate, the piece of timber which supports the ends of the rafters, a wall plate; comp. x~4, a tie beam; ecipoS, 2~, v. to accord with, be agreeable to; otao used usngly. Der. ecxpSooS, v. to be meet, suitable, fit, proper, comely, omoQOOS Gq00&XBWPS o ~ Ocri OS oo>0USo, DotOO~ oc~qs adw. of one's own accord, 0". QSsIC'CIcQ 6 )iC~ ccT ~ota~q~cctco?,I do not wish to speak to you; live how and where you please; Ss that is your own affair, sir. CW4 v. to recline, be recumbent, &QqCzsU acip~soAS v. same; appropriate to a B'uddh or royalty, m"PIC1SS HC8s0s9i CO~4QCO —Sq Sc03~Q= SCGassb# Ccr~So6 gCco& cco~scoots:, a. the porch of a palace, and of some other government buildings. ecg:SscooS~, ~cqo&StwSi n. a recumbent figure of a Buddli, ego SSC9,?J; w,. to be loose, lax; to be slack, as a rope, ~oa.Ss, (&c~ ccgqcq)k.adv. loosely, as a garment, OoCqOc~qAOOS o;4 to be wanting, to subsides to fall, as the water of a river, to abate, 9211"OWO;to grow less, be diminished, coSB; to subside, as an inflammatory swelling. Der. coco eaq and eCSJa cvpcv. to sink, go down gradually. e~~,v. to grow less, uoisoa; to be diminished, become few, o So qcocoSve C*OI~I aOOC'8 4~; U1IojojM v.ISow to abate. (proii. oaOIs) Coanot we same as odsi

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Page  933 C-45-CROS 96S 9, to suit, agee with, be proper, suitable, oo~v QnxSc~s, ~c~So~c~, 0cS~; QoqSc5 is comparatively little used in ordinary colloquial, though of common occurrence in drama*. c-~,v. same,ooesoc, C95, v. to forfeit, C9Q9 CejSOC19, Qq 6 'a. a forfeit fe, dmgs ~~,cD v. to be sere and yellow, as a leaf, oc o s Cpcgtc~S, mac volubly; mee under cgo&s cBS,.1.. n. an unoccupied space beyond howse.. q3 '28. a glade. cS8AC0S, na. an extensive plain, a savanna. c~c08,D8 %Sc~sb~s, na. same as caS6Su C2S(0S (pron. S), is. a level spot of ground, a plain free from trees, a campaign, oaz-aIu cRESC82cOSc, na. same as css c2jSacoop, 'a. a prairie. 93C&OODD, t. an extensive waste. c88, 2, v. to be glossy, shining, ooeTCRES~,OpC&.~~~ S~SCgcS; 0S& to make glossy. Ogjn. a powder made from rice and applied to the face, Sj C V. to be blown away, cocoo~& 01c ~cpso~g; to be driven out of its course by the violence of the wind, as a ship or boat o ou ~ c~c.so; to be scattered and lost, dissipated, qSI0:So:002, 60)~W~ ~CR800; to be faded, a~4~So~.Der. v CR~QmtS, adv. ver'y, an~ inatenaive, to words of height, %~qog or motion, f 8: CO~e (Pron.,0), w. to fly Off scatteringly, as sparks or fine Particles; to start and run with velocity, to dart, cgecqj Port. same as c:S; is)V. to be at liberty, free., unrestrained, a*8aMj %OW dICe~$0~o- (colloqe); to be exempt, cqoa0CS&~to be free from, cos* SQ mSo*aC11 C4 8mol~

Page  934 984 c~ opo; to be disengaged, released, covo8S; to be discharged, as a case, or as an accused, oo0esCacoSaog. Der. cgogS caoS's, v. to be released, freed, exempted, 0oSg g ~o~cgdcoS cSoS8,s=yooog8~<edo~Seo, n. a revenue exemption ticket.,qoKdoS~,. to escape, coS,6rc'i, oaoScoiS, w. to be dise ed, oo e^<9ofcqoiSoSico 6rooeaS oo xwc; to be vacant, go <I c~yeoScph;c to be empty, oohes:>O i c g5c Vcs.; also ao applied to women who are aenceinE, p coS CgoScoSqcSGLcS, adv. freely, without regret, qcoSqoSeo5oS, qoS<oS "C-Q2, Cg S88S8^CsoScSco9ScS X>l 8C 8 XXC~80o ogS, j n. a kind of tree; the kernel of the fruit is considered a luxury, and was formerly presented to the Kings of Burma. In a year in which this tree bears much fruit, the Burmans expect a good rainfall. CgO, n. tie Buchanania latifolia, a tree common in the open and dry forests, growing to the height of thirty or forty feet, pro. ducing a purplish black fruit the size of a small cherry; cop. CcoS,2~a cO, 2, n. a gimlet; v. to bore with a gimlet, c2N CO, 2c2oo@ ~2 (pron. T), n. same, o2i080o.e~q % iN'c 8 1 %og j"s, n. an auger. cS, 3 n. a rope drawn by contending parties to procure rain, c&og cao~, v. to pull the said rope. "The inhabitants of the Burman empire, in times of drought are wont to assemble in great numbers with drums and a long cable. Dividing themselves into two parties, with a vast shouting and noise they drag the cable contrary, the one party endeavoring to get the better of the other." By doing this they suppose that the nat who have control over the rain (o<lfSoS) are propitiated, and will cause rain to fall. CO S, n. the festival of drawing the said rope, o8?f,. to take the precedence, on higher ground or dv positi on, e or go2b WMo~%iC, o to excela o ed TSBIE o6ooo C8o02 -c6icgci cxSoS xo8OgSO; to Pow over, transgress, Ojt, XS, x f oe9o I8c oooi crxSwe~; to be or go beyod, to ceed, oagoj 3goe3

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Page  935 985 c~o~~ooIcgoogS 86a8<g58JS =K aco,,oy, cr; csicooos,c,s8:, cgScooS3Ea8 sc8; to be in excess, to go too far, a8 mao~,c6oog9~oc~ o:S:, c$og8Si,oooSe68; to go, or reach beyond, as sound, c)ooSoS8o,: eSooo,^oo8ojo CQacgS:os~8golo~g; to pass away, be gone, to die, coocS; to have gone by, caogs, cg$og ilcs$okecoo?, cgc oo=pcg3c o1acoo?, let by-gones be by-gones, cg(80:, o,.-68co0 oocoS, one will not be able to obtain that which is past by uttering expressions of regret; to lapse, as a period of time, 6ccOS, cocC, tjko. Der. c8.,,,," coScb, v. to be or go beyond, to exceed. eoqls1, v. to go beyond, exceed, surpass, eeoscpIl CeSoOpc86S oocS ogSas98-3nOSoSoe; to transgress, oojScooa c qIsas Y3833ossosgo" a l80Sc3"oSo o1fsO O7Fl3s s3; to be in ex. cess, more than proper, as wages, ooc8p3ooo~,dciS1Lao >C08o0e~ qco oo3, a. last, q o,, last year. c% 8o, co$88go, adv. exceedingly, moo2oosy epocg, mgcf,,os net; excellently; excessively, co5&~w lo gocxoiEoocoS 633o3oCcogs 8g 6Coo o; ~ oon~ %, cgsc3R3g Cas803Sc cq8sc8oao, a. bygone. c~v8s, v. to outrun, c6cSq4o)$c. cO maoc8 8o~S c6~cocS, v. to die, aX a high dignitary of state, &ovc&gSsg^o cg$ops, v. to go too far; to have gone beyond. tc9$coo, n. a kind of plant. c, v. to twist to and fro, to writhe, wriggle, ogcCoc8CS sc8Co Cg$~, ~880 0# C OaS o 0 3&CyoO s OOCg C cog; to move as a serpent or worm, RicSO2s3,S; to turn over, roll about in bed, oFco5 s 8$s6r8Cgc dQosoE coJoS), v. to dwell vexatiously on a subject in speaking, cdcjq S cVc88, v. to wriggle, writhe, oSc8a3,aB oat1,, n. a weaver's shuttle; a. marked with waving stripes, as a silk waistcloth, cosc s, a puhso of zigzag pattern, cos8oo0 c~lo", a. same, but denoting a richer fabric, cg$oc8ooS, c0Oc~siq soclioJ (pron. O), n. the spindle of the quill (6~OScCoS), otCo~o cOSgto; the peg that secures the spindle in the shuttle.

Page  936 903 6 986 osis~-~CQssq 91sn. the cross timber on which the keel of a boat is laid while building, ~ccvc~s soo8, ci sc~8csv %isn. same as soj c(:, 3,2. v. to twist a strand, &sc~j8; one kind of c8&. Der. sCo%3oi %iwo1SsooS, v. to twist several strands into one rope, to twine, ohs, j (from ogi, to exceed), verb. affia, denoting excess, often preceded by c~j, and followed by, so8(gs, o~&8joc~cjc~:j 0=8EII ~ C wE8)c88ca(~i 8osgw, this person is too ~,v. an astrological term. n,. a kind of bird, cJsF963, cSojs&SqoS# c~a Seoj (eomS), n. a royal boat shaped like the c~s(&Si CStV. to regret the loss of, think of with sorrow; to yearn; c:R(Ssc~a:,c8g&s,termnsused in connection with lovelorn~absent lovers. csOuxjS, v. same (not wsed alonte). *aS~qn. one kind of song, C3#4 c~o(.v. same as CR~s; intensive; 8jcc~q~ss~s6ao c~sow, v. to yearn after, and utter expressions of regret for the absence.of one beloved, 8coo05i*0&3p8QO cooS, Ij v. to be easy, not difficult, uo-S oao~oostge toocSsso~ tcBgS~oao, same as qcgoS; to be yielding) compliant, easily influenced; said reproachfully of women; c'SOS is often combined with otker verbs, qo~d5, &~d ~cpp5', ps ~COOSOao51, 8$SB v. same, C89 C n0&t*9 C~cm~o~jadv. easily, DOSO%*Cj, Oc~C~30& O~j~Ci~Ouj~ soSB, 2, v. to suspend fr-om the shoulde'r, 085j og Ool~og c oo &~c(Bo; to carry (in the womb), 0o&' Oadccs"u. a wallet or bag suspended from the should er; ojCO~ docoS, a tkm o~f contempt, etquvi~enit to ocrossoSqgss w4t. to suspend from the head and carry on the back, as is the custom of Karens and Sh Qs sB;0~ CWBIO's~ =SCCB

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Page  937 981 coadv. shiningly; applied to words of whiteness, c~jcoo QOSOeS~oot4s; not used in colloquial. cv. to be enough (obs.). cv,adv. satisfactorily,, ~oc6j~w~~$u~ adv. abundantly; see under C~~eo~occo~oS, adv. -abundantly; seee under coSo~co~ocSn c,v. to feed one's self with the hand greedily; comp. c?&c~s; C~l. to be out of the way, to vary from a certain course, o~s C~, 00;to be past the meridian, as the sun or a star, g~c~ Fo58 t;to err, be wrong, gos, ooco~t, oojldS~, sourc; to contain errors, as a writing, sot go; hence oot, and ootc, adv. out of the Way, OOC~O6q73 scqcpd9cae; different from what ought to e,, aensI~ Der. Oat!~ t cr6s, t~6 v. same, ~ s,~o c~c~ ~OS to 0-6 adv. wrongly, erroneously, in a different manner from what ought to be. C3,j, v. to be handsome, pretty, beautiful; hence ~xov.o; oc~o~ a euphemism occasionally substituted for C~o5'o~j, o 0<3~j, to be beyond the usual time, late, as oo og3lcY s Tv. same; see the parts; cqouoASvSsocxxs, a~cuo~cV~, E03C3O cpoax~o (pron. c~4aoof), ~cxt~gc:, v. to be handsome and comely, handsome and elegant, s~zSso:Q ~oo oScog, oco Q39 2, verb. afixi~, very, excessively, extremely, ~cm-,-Sc3, a ra. c~3; often followed in colloquial by 9 and Comoos, fo~tcoozs, I@33& ~ v~~oxos; also ofte followed in coiloquial by ci and (i) 9c?3Q, he is very wicked; ra9k it is extremely painful. In certain conbinations it is used to express the furthest limit as to number, quantity, extent, as "1the utmost," ".at the outside," ootc~ 0`1-C30SS290 q`85'!8 cr8c! (pron. o4), n. a rod or staff of authority; comp. p~a3v

Page  938 988 C3qs-C.e91 c6 (from o08), v. to open; les than 8,; o:oqoSlc gooo, oo,8, dsc^ssoso1, sooscg oSsuln g:S, v. to lay forth to view, QS6o:osco oci8oo1; to expose the person, Cjsi8"S g0,1 (from coS) (freq. pron. ct), v. to go around a thing, d306 Gqibs~, [c?0oizos; to turn round (tratn.), c8ygtc, 8sdc8 dgo&; to make revolve, eS '..coecoo~ 6 3p S; to turn from a forward direction, to make a circuit, QoS, co8088030;08009; to go about, ramble, cod, o3 cob, ooS; to court, woo, wi3q, ac9.* Derw. aoc&, o3o08 (pron. oo8), v. to lie to, deceive, mislead the mind, o&oSos ooS::o3cj; comp. c86n g&ooS, v. to go around, circle; to deceive, cet- s; cooqe.sc9pooS cooSooe~, ~I^-q3o9ooS@f6 e~N G Bo8, v. to beguile,c8ScoeS3~&0sI0so80ooopS, C8Coe~0o8 cgQOsO9; 0&eos308 n pScoS, v. to go from place to place. oogcodpcac, v. to forage, plunder at large. o9, 2, aux. affix, used in giving commands, oa cooo, come here. c9o,, verb. aff, continuative, though, ~coaco s (in/req.). c s8, 1 (freq. pron. 3), n. a cart, a vehicle with two wheels. oge~83, n. the body of a cart. C s ~s, n. the front of a cart where the driver sits. cgsS8Es8, n. the joined ends of the thills. e8~8s8 g89, n. the leathern ring which secures the shaft of a cart to the yoke; see.ep8c8 (infreq.). S ~8oS8s, n. the carved work surmounting the ends of the thills, where they are fastened to the yoke. $seS88oS (pron. go), n. the strip of raw hide securing the cg3, of and g.coosQs; above the g8,oo$8,8 is the c0,t8I~, a piece of wood acting as a wedge, around which the strip of raw hide is wound. dgS~$:oa, n. a trader who carries his merchandise in a cart ScQ^coo88 (pron. ce^oo), n. a cart track; a rut. 0gS8c8oS3, n. a drag, truck, or similar vehicle..9,Stf1,, v. to hire a cart; p cartage. e.q ssoo.(, n. the leathern riig which secure the shaft of a cart to the yoke, 9p~Sg889~

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Page  939 C.90108-Cigloo~ 939 gtS4, n. an outer segment of a Burmese cart wheel; comp. qe~sov c3esec, n. strips of bark inserted between the axle box of a cart wheel and the axetree, to lessen rotatory friction. eseocQ% v. to insert such strip of bark (water being injected). cgissg, w. to travel by cart. gOscxEos, a. the driver's box. c3e~sda, v. to convey in a cart, to cart; o c3g Seoe, to gain a living by carting. gS8oos,,..a yoke for drawing a cart; cgs oo,q,8o, the arms of a draught yoke, by which it is secured to the animal's neck. c3gsc~a, n. the crossbeam of the body of a cart. egscoacaS (pron. (c+1lcS), a. a shaft support, often called orcoo cg2stcm), v. to set up in business as'a proprietor of carts for hire, or as an ordinary cartman. c3sgacoo&st (pron. ocds,), a. the axle box of a cart. ce8&c81 (pro. i8gt), n. a cart wheel, csijc8soSu c sscs8oo, n. a spoke, c3cOxac5 cg~oe~oca S, n. an ornamental finial (one of which is placed on either side of the driver's seat). co8so, n. the middle piece of the three hewn planks in a Burmese cart wheel; comp.s Ces, o3e88as, n. the person placed in charge of a number of carts traveling in company. g.saoope (pro. 06), a. a light, traveling cart for carrying people. cgsq E, a. one of the small pillars or posts forming the sides of a cart. gesco&, a. a cart road. ggs3pt8, a. a circular encampment of carts (SozCa,. the thill or shaf of a cart. gSscooo$,. a cartman. gg, s, ee 4 w,. to throw down from an erect posture. cg, 3 (pron. v. to sweep, ooSjo6sgt cmigostSggs; aso swed 4., otxo xa 5c"x>o^ o5toc ~oo 9,-4, n. a broom wich consists of a long handle inerted in the back of a brush. gef (o8), a. a species of Lageruroamuia. The wood, which is red, is used for building purposes, and for making boat paddles.

Page  940 940 S, v. to turn, as the water on ceasing to ebb; to turn back, throw back, beat back; to repeat, do again, o1osoo SBcgQ~oc~c, c~,c~oS oSoo<Scog^[3cg-; to do in return, ogi<dc6oSoj)Slccid*oso8S8 a@~oS, oa~<CqCod nt 8:838 cgb c 8~^cocacgo i qCi o~ 0 <go&~ co 5; to turn inside out, as the sleeves of a coat, oHit cooSiJcqgooS; to turn up the legs of trousers, coStcc~3g, co'ES ccjo~o; o3giCs, to put the upper side down or the inside out. 3$oSo, v. to cant, to pitch. -ois (pron. S), w. to do in return, do back again; commonly implying disrespectful conduct toward a superior; comp. RGfO; S ~SBooBSooS, v. to recriminate.,cScco, v. same as oS; to turn upside down, coc 2s8oo6~0CaocO - g c o aiGdo3gsicss3SoocogycgSo3 oleou1 ~ON -g (from col), v. to frighten, oSo3osqo <cAjo~ olo, OcBtosM cjrOc~Z OCBGLQOOoSQ880MccSd) gCqs, v. to spread out, lay out in the sun, c9joooSsoogS, clsc3oS sS (from co9), v. to uncover; to neglect, leave unperformed, co~c. seoi ~coo oSQ a S,0fic~ o~S.?ooos; to leave vacant, ov8ns8 x SO@&c^ 6co03cooco~1 ctc6 Pc3 os0o=; to open, leave open, gooSsdocoSoso ooc^c^ oooscqcol; in this sense C38 is considered more elegant than 8g 9s8, v. to reach out, stretch out (the hand), 888so8s gC0o58 (cOCs) cgS-0oafl, 0oSoooScog33oococ aoo cJT4Oe Oog3saoig coseSsol; to step, put forth the foot either forward or backward, cooScqI8poo3ooScgQ qEcscQoay(0 cSCe8oBoe; to look forward (to a distant object), cil gJ s~E&oa; to aspire to, sococo0g&s1 C 2O9G~Oj pS(g~cs>, oe~o O03.~#t9(%X)oooI oo00Scooo o8ygoo; to extend (the voice) toward, to call to, g3,&c:sT; c Sosoi3oodscl6(TcqcSoS$w); applied to the reach of a missive or weapon, <~coonBn((iqSo:O egoS8oIQ Scoo3, 9wSsotoS wcosto~luico&o gSuCooo aeoSooocoieSloo; ooqcdoScjrgoooeoS gCl3808, v. to anticipate, to do with reference to something ahead, Occ2c6S 9 QCogyscO O St^ F0 0 ~ 30 ' ISs6 o S~ o&St siSscoos 4Lc oojiQ; to extend (the voice) toward, to call to,, s30s ooo, s.^, 6ro.~o' c iSu

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Page  941 94.1 3,v. to travel, as a Buddhist priest. c~s~scosv. to amble, pace, SCsh cysv.. to hold forth, present to view. a~,v. to empty, (the contents of one vessel into another), eqIs'bC, ce;one kind of er, to borrow, with the idea that the borrower will, if afterwards required, return the favor to the lender, ~cgcos c~ C26OC&CQOCDS C9o&9orn 1 c~~oeoe-s to lend money without interest. wsad. same; to exchange, ooS, &ao5d, ~o~ec~so, ai~jcooS,n. a spear. coo4 n. a stick used for driving animals, a horsewhip, j8xUn cjn. a lancer, 416oi&ji (jg (pron. g%) n. a bayonet. (~gkoaoSn. a musket with a bayonet attached. can. a rod or istaff of authority, cg6a3a cjc~t, v. to thrust at with a spear, c~J~cqs9 c~~lga~ cJc~scaog~s. (~Q n. a large spear. t~z (pron. wo), n. a dart, c.fI M,n. the handle of a spear. o~,see under coo; somesimes eu~phonic, Qecpccy,3Xoodooo1 QeCOYRC`x0, C~ qf (from c8&), v. to roll over and over (trans.), Occsjqno we~ w93f. to roll away. C v. to be diminutive, smaller than common, cqg, t-96, oascpS jnv. same, qv~c2Scq oa s~oc6C~MSoc 6ss's QC''8,v. same (infreq.). It v. to cut with a sliding motion, to cut a slice, as distinguished from loS, to chop, costjcsoaO; c~IQQOS, cut tobacco. cg sci, v. same as cgss OCg05 v~S,. to carve, as meat at table, 0Tt. to stir, move (iintrans.), to have animal action; to work, as a machine; to shake (trans. and intrans.), soyt 'tewc~p'

Page  942 coo C:cro6XC ) l, c eoSoQi;so.t9 S }; hence aoooj@, adv. busily, with the hands and fingers in constant motion, c~9o ".9 coooSo35oS6^ s4^cgcaou Cj9.cooscaS, n. a rocking chair. caScoS, n. a cradle. iocS1s, v. to move gently (inrans.), c~Sco So ojSot (from Cps, to move), v. same as TcS (intran.), frequently with the additional idea of change of place; to be agitated, 94S osos= o, 9Ol~Oo @)9e9o1 8O@6o~ E8C^S noLs8oX; to agitate, annoy, trouble, molest. o.c8Ojc&tQ8 ScoS, adv. same as ooo9o%8; see under cj.o cSoccrS, v. to move gently, CoOSau c'S, n. a species of mint plant, o68(sa vo, a. to warm one's self by a fire, 8so; to warm one's self in the sun, ecoos; to derive heat from, as a chicken from its mother, oco@8a)8oa 8~Sclco p[o00~a; to adhere to, take refuge in, qo, T ohs co 5oo8lisStc8c ~gic3cc oqI, oA, v. to heat again, warm over; implying that the object was once hot; comp. cs3; to remind, re-excite. v, v. to give for a religious purpose, or to a religious character, to make an offering, LopEp8pc, cotDD8coS4cq, coOqsdCS, 0*j6 0od. Der. wn, 1cj01s, v. same, c sscosto6osrSiwoc oloo+o dlcoixcj c:3, n. a boat; ooJce, a rowboat; co5cog, a paddle boat. c3Eo, n. a boat one happens to meet (going where one wishes to go), a chance boat, 03?bogc~o3c~o~~g@8~csc5^c[ cco~86, n. a landing place for boats. cgoo.S, n. a collective term for boats, oars, tackle, etc., co3ooSg cohcst, v. to propel a boat with a pole; codsols, c~gcdcoio,, cg Cqsrs:, cQg<sC^cSBoolS ~cgoo, n. a boat thief, so called from this class of thieves thrusting their hands into boats and snatching property; v. to purloin property in such a manner; comp. ofa|l, oo QltoeyCto=S coGoS, v. to race, as boats. cco3, n. a regatta; c~ bi, to hold a regatta. cogo (pron. coiocra), v. to sink (a a loaded boat) so that the water is level with the washboad.

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Page  943 cq3ccooSs-cy84s 943 c~~ccoSs, v. to race, as two boats for a wager. ~coaos, n. a boatman, one of a boat's crew. ccgo32s, n. a boat owner; also called cg3s, which is not so polite. tocyOs, 1 (pron. ohi), n. a set of steps, stairs; a ladder; FSoc8 cocnost, a winding or spiral staircase. ccyo38r8, n. the head of a flight of stairs. cgc o8s~scqjc, n. stairs descending directly in front and at the end of the house (of a man of distinction), which may be used only by privileged persons; comp. ~cgos!ll c~cos8, n. that which supports the foot of a flight of stairs. ~3c*mcsoAs, n. one step in a flight of stairs; a round, a rundle, a rung. oo3moscmooS, v. to place a ladder in position. oco38oos1S, n. the side of a flight of stairs. c~osmc[s8, n. the foot of a flight of stairs. co3mos8,, n. a ladder. cgcomos!, n. stairs that do not descend directly in front, but are turned to descend by the side of the house. cconosso8, n. a flight of stairs. cgcOs8, 2 n. the Bauhinia, Qc3dOc~o8, ( cs3CSeYo 81B cyg (from coQ), v. to winnow, o1s8cgn co8, v. to be very small, diminutive,.8s. Der. 0cos8 ( (from &), v. to throw down from an a erect posture, cSc, Sco& C, o3SoSc oaocbS, to strike, as the colors when an army is defeated; to overset, turn or throw from a basis or foundation; to throw, as a wrestler, c@gSdaoy>scsoSrov~d#S^@co; OcBt o^8 <, to lie at full length. Ari /I...* a'-~ l;-*'l,-SL,. kl1:h;'.lt, v. to throw down, cast down. cgocS, v. to put a small quantity into a larger, g8cogf, ccqsto' Qa(co~sQSc 1 coooSaot1cgooS ol, oxssqosyf84cLcyoCS e310hS (rarely wed). CgO3aS, p. to aid, cooocSn Co@,8, 1 w. to put into and shut up, as goods in a chest, c~gso3b ~yaeooooc8cs~ o~o g sCootO0; or in a building, e6olc~oS, 8ccoSo; or animals in an enclosure, 2:,sodioa sca88 ccoo8oaot co, sitf386~casoo8Soosto; or men in prison, oo&e=Sco rS csgaSEooosoo; to be close, stuffy, as a room, ~^jc3oSoS yocotoS 9>e 4eOOsmcciscgO0+21oS o8Su

Page  944 944 c3oS8,, v. to be rude, saucy, impertinent, to banter,?coj, oo95 c~groooSc~goozx:5o cj, co6goc1cg:uol&^ii Co3 8, v,?. to line, place along inside, as loose paper inside a chest, coaBo+93jcc^o68~ cwtc^oogoag, e.Ss(cceoSsQtco*= cc~os, 2 v. to be diffusive, as scent, whether pleasant or unpleasant, or as a swarm of flies, mosquitoes, etc.; used adverbially (rare in colloq.). cc0S, v. to stir backward and forward, as in parching peas, b00, eolsc-S;to paddle a canoe, c~cc5; cocSg5mccos, a small canoe. cc9Smos, n. a boat of state with a high, ornamented stern. c5ooS (pron. oSc), n. a boat paddle. ~coScco~os, n. a racing canoe, cScgz cc36oSC, v. to be fresh or newly polished, as gold by hot sand, cc3S oo6W8~~IOO0; Comp. g8co& dcS, v. to be thrown up or out, leaving a concavity in the centre; to swell up, lie loose, as grain in a measure, not shaken down; to throw up or out, as in scooping an excavation, c~cSos; comp. oclS; to feel uneasy, distressed, in body or mind, oSq&Stcq ccss, cdSoegs, v. to feel uneasy, distressed in body or mind, sx doS, S3~Sdo:80?CO(COa80s90 cS ~OpSOQOSl<4S o8S, l, v. to excavate; n. a niche in a pagoda, or in the side of a brick or stone wall. ScS 8soS, c~~~oSop, n. same; pEoS crs, to make a tunnel. cjeSo5, n. an echo from an arched roof, c8eo&,0cto ooo~n 8S, 2, v. to be numerous, abundant, co'los; applied to fruit trees, cni3,(dS, qtgsc8&c[S, cos&Soo; frequently applied to the diffusion of pleasant odors, A; also applied to fish, o38SSgogC ~.s, 1., n. a wave or billow, icSor3Qa; <l6ie8spoo 9., as in the way of being compelled to do anything,- no volinw. c&Ss3, n. the swell of the sea, Sc6 Se c8sdc"ta, n. a scallop, curve in an edge. dcsScoo, v. to swell, as the sea, ~6ccj q6Qcsd3m(c(; to fluctuate. c&S: oSgS, n. a cross sea. &cgScBm~9, v. to meet, as cross seas; to be ruffled, as the surface of water.

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Page  945 945, &69Ss c68=9, v. to be rough and tempestuous, as the sea. c&Ss~O, v. to ride the waves, as a boat or ship, in contraditinction to..4,to lie like a log in the water; &8Swcq5u &Ssa~sin. a white-crested wave. &t,a. a wave compressed by the shore. 48W. a short, choppy -sea. (IaW. a wave; cj& 3~(~o*, the trough of the sea. v. to be affected with nausea, owing to the pitching or rolling of a boat or ship, to be seasick. v. to rise, as a wave or billow. cQ8cv. to dlash, strike against, as a wave. t a,. a small, curling wave, a ripple, Ssam 8?&o"WUcOa Oes: (epp), v. to speak in a bombastic, boastful manner, 0 3cCa 0Osv. to be caught in a sea, or ia rough water on a river, Wcxx. (~8iv. to feel dizzy, to be seAsick, co',scooocS. cj&4. to dash against, as waves. CO' 8= S,. to be calm, as the sea, cjso~4aS C&jSmcw o~zl when the weather is favorable. &SsoS, v,. to take in water (as a boat or ship) from a way, to ship a sea. && son. the roar of the waves. CIjS,.2 v. to bind into a bundle or sheaf, 9e5s; n. a sheaf, emomos c06s. Der. oo~Ss eCjS v,. to be before, beforehand (obs.), oo8c,~S; hence ao~~a cM8, 2P verb. ajfix continuative; stee Gram. see. 109; denoting first, the completion of an action or state of being prior to cenotker, as p QX8coow, having gone he died; second, su~pposition or conditioaity a Sogo, if he goes he will die S*c28L &S6if he asks he will receive; adv. di~ribtstive; see Gram. sec. 12-6, 8, as ooac2ScYoow8s,, a basket a month; sYometim~nas definitive or emphatic; euphonic, as ooc<28, =c6 o~c2S, etc. C~~,(freq. pron. t.9), n. lightning. cg4egad a. same. a2088. electric fluid; c~t9*&saq88s, to electrify, TC~~S, C2yt9.$0, v. to lighten. CIA's a.ODaWflash of lightning. B. D. 60.

Page  946 946 cS, 2 (pron. 6'), v. to be very thin, flimsy; wued adwualfly, to be light, quick, rapid, coSI:sOiOw~ccojc cyc2 &lCQOQm 008; to glitter, coruscate, o Scc6~P8; to be light, vain, uneteaiy, wanton, 9<Qso3; to perform work in a superficial, perfunctory manner, oooS?8o~S~o0 8:uC, oC ocooao, n. a wanton woman; used appeUatiely. c06flT, v. to be light, vain, unsteady, wanton, ~coSoo, ccoSco, oga8s, c09oTcoxSWo, cdcPTccoyxr dein TC6S, 3, v. to extort money under a false pretence, ooai~4:~ ocS coSc3boopj; cic#8, one who thus extorts money. T8098, T88i', v. same, 2# vo SO 89oBc 84+^w Jlf oj) Ta S, v. to be brimming full, &3<c 8, ~s C3(,oo: )S, ~ ~~,~86,oo8o@waQi a; applied to flame, ~38ep )8cs5'8<OXci cp6 go, and to verbose, bombastic language, oo8 o 6s86s2 go<J); applied to inconsecutive, rambling discourse, eO8gc:oc-68; also to superior mental capacity, as c^86soSooc ~oogE iocOmSE a80, to have a brilliant intellect; hence ooc6ago;s (ocp&SogSc), adv. brilliantly, glitteringly. j (pron. j), v. to run over, as water, cvL~8s3c*c20co; to overflow its bank, as a river, 6co s8c o30 ooS; to run over, as brightness, to be brilliant, ooceSEc21 c3o (freq. written and pron. VO), n. the tongue. c2ooS (pron. 5OozS), n. the uvula; the palate. c2ooSoS, n. a palatal (sound), c 0o 0cgX, a palatal letter. c2/~$S, v. to have a stiffness of the tongue, so as not to be able to speak, c.2 oSC o60c@O:6; to be tongue-tied. qc~OoS, n. the faculty of speaking with authority, oooS, eow S cpcS (pron. S6), n. the tip of the tongue, cxop<s co2oaoS, v. to put out or show one's tongue, cooRoSB, Tc2"o0 coSjooSooS. C2o:cav. to be thick-tongued, not able to speak clearly and accurately. oad8se89, v. to match (boards) in carpentry, c~OG 3oQoCd2pC88' cg~Os.~oo~~c$88, n. a groove. c:)or, n. soreness of the tongue; c^OlfOg1So, the foot and mouth disease (in cattle).

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Page  947 9,47 0,.ofecon. meditine for a sore tongue, Sou~ls, v. to be thin-tongued, loquacious,C2 O a% u C~c&JU)Sew (pron. VoS), n. medicine to rub on the tongue. crcaos, n. the tip of the tongue, c2xA86, The Burmese often say when momentarily forgetting anything, cap ocsn. the root of the tongue, C2~>Ssoeoscrscpu cPcoe~ (pron. cxxS), v~. to be accurate and fluent in pronunciation, ooc~c coeao&o; to have an acquired taste for an article of food or drink, which was at first disagreeable, ccZ (pron. e.o~ v. to slide down, -,DoScoTmo~ we~, cois co+ adv. rustlingly, =+wsoo8l i tno gos+6ocox, (colloq.), cc Tn. one kind of satin. fto~s. an abortion (rude), c coScoccSu oc~o~v8S,. to be stil born., 'Ze~,adv. slopingly, Qg o ~~~o;rustlingly, qc~aS ( freq. pron. cpoA), ~i. to address a superior. ecnSoS~, n. an address, the substance of an address to a superior. Qc~coS.), ~c.c~pScg (more common), n. a written petition; QC20xS %:8 ecoaSDoScg~s, to present a petition. eapSo8S, v. same as cco3 Qc2-A9oooS, ~cc~oS2o8t; honor. ific and applicable to kings; comp. aSo598sc0S OTcpooxot, v. same as QC2pCBSa C n. a respectful address. ~coS&0, ~c ~o~ccscba, v. to address (a superior) by turns, to plead alternately before a court, C,~O~Qjs 8 t&. an application, e cS~a~u ft210oi. an applicant, oogqowSsloj, QT03CO10j QCC2?~ (commonly pron. c5~?), v. to loosen, make Ilax; to lessen, diminish, abate (Wrana.); (ac c6cQc2? C~Qco~Scj; to reduce the price, 9soc9JjOs? 'GC2lQQI, v. to yield, give up the point in dispute;, to discount; to Bllacken, asarope; to pay out, as a fishing line or a cable; ooCi

Page  948 S, v. to concede, yield a point, ccVs, cU ooge & eoS, 1, n. a kind of tree; the fibros inner bark of the said tree, and of some other trees and plants, as & ~ oSo Qcc^3, n. a rope made of the bark of the Qccj'OS coSgcoo, a. tie bark of the eoioS beaten, dressed, and made into coare cloth, worn by ascetics (Cco}). CO~, n. the Sercdia remofa; a variety of sei bark. oSi, n. the Stercuia versicoor; another variety of ccgS bark. ci69, a. a strip of bark from the QC2SoEc c~S6ol, n. the Stercuia ornata. cgcS, 2, v. to wash (clothes or the hair), ooooSc2c5S, cscaSccES; comp. ct, 8g9 ci, 1 (pron. 8), n. a medicine or charm to secure favor, of which there are three kinds, cpo4, that which has influence with kings; ct_ (803c c), that which has influence with women; and o>c, that which is of general efficacy. g', 2 (pron. j), v. to thrust through, as a bar through the hole of a post, oacQ p f iC C, jS ocjC or thread through the eye of a needle, ooe'fdle4; to bolt, o6tcroScE; corp. cts, and C8; hence odcuI 0q1t, n. the channel of a small stream in level ground (occasionally dry), o4s$; se gU 4C, v. to do secretly under a guise, s9mal8c<^ g&ooS, v. to be indirect, covert (in language); to conceal one's self, odijp<^^coooic8y893o~ c<cooS@8C 6cpo3^~ cg9S, v. same as c6; to conceal one's character, to be hypocritical; ty&=co, a. clandestine. Cs~,,. to stoop and enter, ~OS6, ~o$e6o&*c48(C1 8, n. a saw; cdoCS, a pit saw; oo3cog, a scroll saw; 8, a saw-set in a rectangular frame; c cx6s (, a keyhole saw; c 3, a handsaw; 1o3a, a croscut saw; aoS, a circulr saw. sa, a. the hite of a saw; wages for sawing. QcaS (pron. oSC), n. a steam sawmill. 8.S (pron. o.i), n. a frame for sawing timber; a saw pit. 3O (pron. o4), n. sawdust. o9o30l2, n. a log for sawing; a teak log, longer than the oc8, and shorter than the caO0s; it must be at least four cubits in girth,

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Page  949 * 949 and not less than eight cubits in length. It is usually twrele, or at most fifteen cubits in length, and is called simply GO s8eooi S. sawdust, %Og cg0b8, V. to cut, as a saw, g 6, n. a tooth of a saw. s68s, n. a pair of sawyers s OgCBo v. to saw. ooSs, n. a sw pit, s4oS cco:oS (pron. e8S), n. the proprietor of a saw mill cgbo, v. to saw out of line, to saw crookedly. od, n. a saw-set. lood0s, n. a sawyer. Coos8, n. the point of the tooth of a saw. 30sc8~, QI. to have one or more of the points of the teeth broken off oS (from c% ), v. to blow away, tcoo;C scccoogs te%; to dissipate; to throw away, aoooSTo S %so gc&qSol; to disseminate, as news, to publish, oSoSs%9: g,, o s ~c)o ~:)t 033^ X;1t~5oo ^o3Sc o~o 3~g8ei89Bg+, at the time of my going to Mandalay, I hear that you were circulating nothing but evil reports about me; to sail, to go on the sea, ocao oS6 (oa35), 1, n. the building occupied by the King's Supreme Court, the Council Hall of the Ministers of State; the Supreme Court of Judicature (at Rangoon); oo8Sc jo2tc Sscf ooS:cz5, the British Parliament (183). %oSoooE688st, n. formerly one of the four mingys of the Hluttaw, U. B.; in.L. B., a Judge of the Supreme Court of Judicature, or Special Court (in Rangoon), the Judicial Commissioner. 20S, 2 (from cgoS), v. to free, release, bo gd oc3gooScCcSo1; to emancipate, goS, cgo)356So s o a8gSa6 goso0Sooo; to send, oy38: w=cc 8 col Yog)e368 cGoc1 oS0c;giS cgc coseooSc3l 0e; to discharge an accused, as a magistrate, s9yooScgaco: 0o863, n. a document from the husband to the wife renouncing all marital rights, a wooaC mtospch a ag e ntorlmSe iei& coe9coSEOc=00oooSoooo olC0 0csoooceicosc oo0 2goScjoS, v. to send away; to despatch an agent or messenger, coo o~Eo36lCw03 03IOSl003 X3C3S gOSC 6eg; to

Page  950 dis8mis from service, 2Rsee c~, v. to take precedence, on higher ground or advanced position; to excel. ES v. to -spread over, overspread, oo %SR8. to loricate, cover with some protecting substance. 28soS. to adorn by covering or spreading over. pRss. same as %S&; to overwhelm, qspsap,;to overshade, overshadow, 9:,v. to be very thin; more than ol:, t&scUfQOeco)8, CC2 2RC*cosiooco~60o%~olos; to slice, cut into slices, QC880 o 0582O WF&sz8:-g>I %sa. single, not double, as cloth, Ooq280, 888sd ~,n. a shield, oblong and convex; comp. a*, and 12Ssu s,2, v. to throw out or upon, with a spreading motion, ecs %os~at-& oSa horse cloth; to leap upon or over from some distance, jj~~oso, to wave, as a flag, o~8? %os, ccdCcw~~0* ~oo~sfog to unfurl a flag, oooM o~o>8;to unfurl a sail, qc& %sqo~S; to line, place along inside, as loose paper in a chest, = &oc~qOsfi cO8~Vsc&9cg o. Der. w~aosu,1,n. an outlet by the side of a resevoir of wae, 6C!aBIn., same, ca4cd 4so~Q~W=FPi t cl cxzooS a~qwe~;a wasteweir. ~,2 (from c~)', v. to go out of the way, turn aside from, qxsQ OS-,;688CO5s*ctC8OIOOo 6; to put out of the way, So to turn aside, apsg ooj eqSccoooS 0 (MCBP:(tO&; to divert, digress, te-kC~j t~I ~OO&SOO WSC~L I& to dispose of, give away, to transfer to another, cloo6', (Ioo)3; to swing, make swing, 94s~, qo~cB(S; to strike or throw with a swinging motion of the arm, cco~spj!oS, itd; 0 (wto have no alternative, to be inevitable, vejr~CaOL '

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Page  951 951 09(, r. to dispose of, give away, transfer to another, el9ogpS 3o8cY!oa; 9w 0oo09, to refer a case to a higher court, ooS o=9Seov, n. a commission, letters patent, O0::8::oe. oc9, v. to put out of the way, turn aside, divert. ood, v. to cease prosecuting (a business), c8i~o.&c~ooS!oocgo:, v. to distort the meaning. ~5qoS, v. to avoid; to depart from, q~co8 lS~8coS G ocgvs, v. to swerve, deviate, go aside. t~o@XS (QBvc eq9S), n. the hoolock monkey or white-browed gibbon; the white-handed gibbon or long-armed ape. 0 o, The twenty-ninth consonant in the Burmese alphabet. o, 1, n. the sign which represents a cipher, zero, coj ocfoS, v. to mark with a cipher (passing sentence of death), qSooS 9ooogcYS3 ooao~pSoSwo~oaeun OccSpol, v. to be thus marked, or sentenced, o0c]poaol ci o esogS& oc&bn ocg~s, v. to mark with a zero, orcSa 0ocq82,, n. a dish marked with small circles, oo9c*.u 0, 2, n. a kind of plant, the Telinga potato, Arum campanulatum. o, 3, v. to be full, satisfied with food or drink, 0ooSse00c8socovs; to be satisfied with looking at an object, S c&Soqcoos; also used with reference to a fire balloon when inflated with hot air, as 8Cg:88oc ceo8~oopS; 38680o, to be refreshed with sleep. ~o0 (pron. Ao), v. same; to abound in, be plentifully supplied with, as a country with provisions, Bp~(so e6:O0o8oS0Icoo; 0c:o is frequently combined with:oooo, aocaoooq083~o1; o cQ8086, plenteousness; osooa6ooSoe~aoeoceooloavo,, 0, 4, v. to be corpulent, plump; comp. c0oSi oRy, v. same, oo00 800SCoR$0080, S0o86Ode3Qo*S ICQ0R8l)3:O, o8aso:)o, to be well nourished and strong. oco8, w. to be in vigorous, perfect health, as human beings; to be in good condition, as horses, buffaloes and bullocks; oocoScoS okw3S4oo, he died even while in perfect health, cgoscooS

Page  952 952 00 o&ocSO-88s oCgtqcp oSe goloo coSeo0~olo3C.oot, in regard to the bullocks I loaned for ploughing, are they in good condition? OCB, 1, n. a hog. ooSo0, n. a screw; a swine's intestines; sausage. oaoaoo6, v. to braid; to intertwist three or more strands into one. ocSoQcS, n. sausage; a fried sausage. ooSetoS, ocSorejc, v. to turn or apply a screw; to screw, coog3 loS CjS8 jTOSooo:)80eS ocoi-r, n. taps and dies. ocsoaq6i, n. the thread of a screw. OcSoc8S n. same; a screw-driver; oci1c85 or j8c83, the grooving or spiral channel in a rifle. oSotSlc8$96sacB, n. a rifled cannon. ocosc85ew~o S, n. a rifle. ocSoic9g{, n. a screw-driver.! - - ocScoo, a. a yoke for a hog's neck, ooSco80S oc-BSc, n. a species of rattan. oocf6alS, 1, n. a bastion, bulwark; a brace (in writing). oSefqSa7, I n. a fenced pathway into an enclosure or fort; smaller than tccoo8sl oScOBso4, n. an annual, a weed growing to the height of about two feet, bearing a minute, yellow flower. It has alternate, lanceolate, notched leaves three inches long. It appears to be the same as the %o7c8Ssu ocSgS, n. an oblong, open-work basket in which pigs are carried. ocSi, 1, n. a pigsty; a barred cage in a police station house, co gBions, 9elS6^0811 ocoS, 2, n. a sty, an inflamed swelling or boil on the eyelid. ocSeool.G:, n. swill. o EgoSo, n. a hog's tusk; the pin which secures the shaft of a cart to the axletree; the blocks placed under the head of a ship's keel, when building. oaoSuoEoSs, n. a solid tusk of a hog, used as a charm. oos8, n. lard. ocSoo)Ss::o,, n. a flitch, side of bacon. ocoSoi, v. to tie hand and foot. oCSOODSst, n. a large male swine in his prime; a species of the Pyrula shell, eocoSyoo:Sst

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Page  953 ooScoS-0ooSs j 95s ocsc8oS, ocScopo8, n. a yoke for a hog's neck; formerly a yoke for the neck of a criminal. oa oSoo9, n. a sparerib. ocaSt, n. a species of clam, g<, ~Soa5a ocScoulkySs, n. a trap door, (SIcoSlQs, Co20&ooSoCssc B ocB6o18, n. a ham. ooSoa, n. a species of pumpkin. ocaSY, n. the bristles on a hog's bacl. ocS9Sc8s, n. a brush made of bristles. oaScCpSa6c8 cs, a. one who slays animals and sells the flesh. ocCgS, n. the Heritiera litoralis; comp. oof; see cCSn ocSoSsO80sg88, n. the fat inside a swine; comp. ociSB ooSoscgsSooo, n. the haslet. ocSo, n. a bear; ocoSoxcoS, a cub. oc3So0S, n. the oak; the hog chestnut, Castanea tribuloides. ocSo8os, n. pork. ocS6oo2sf1cS, n. the fat part of pork; a kind of medicinal tree. oc0oi3o8 cB6, n. bacon; oSwoscg4oSoo, a rasher of bacon. ociSc3, 1, n. a boar. oSo<3s,, n. an annual, a weed growing to the height of four or five feet, having tomentose, cordate leaves, which with the petioles are five or six inches in length. ocS, 2, v. to halve, to divide into two equal parts; not used as a simple verb, S&s, oocdSjo, ooodcodSq8sodco&o o&,o. Der 39 ocS, and coSocoS oodSQS, n. a kind of plant (creeper). ocSS, n. a kind of plant, the Zollingeria macrocarpa. ocoS, n., a kind of tree. ooiS (pron. ooSco), n. three poles set apart at the bottom and united at the top. 0ooci8os, n. a battering-ram. ooSgcoooS, w. to set up muskets (or sticks) together, crossing one another; coaooSoo cooES, to pile arms; coQSOo5coo80acSg8 Co:ooogs, to stack arms. ooSge, o0sgS.o, n. sedge root. oIScS, n. a kind of tree. o~S f, n. epilepsy; apoplexy, ocqSo1o; OoSit|~

Page  954 0 -CO0(A( oSc~oo, n. a kind of grass, the Papyirus patzgorei; sometimes used for thatching houses. ocyoookt, a corruptio of sodS9wx~c, adv. exceedingly; lit, to bursting open, ~9C-2oo50o oo:e80, Oeci~e &oeoasoaso oSod n. the measles, od oS~edloB, oo~aao~s~c~ u oc&~ttSv. to overcast (in sewing). oS (Pali oq&), n. a set of objects classed together; particularly a class of letters in the alphabet. Os, II(Pali 8w) n. a race, succession, descent; a history of successive persons, places or things. Der. 8ooS, tioS, o w xoS u po~ oS, v ~. to enter, go or come in, CgQOBS&Q~Sg)~S) o5); to go to bed, acf3p oS; to set, go down, as a celestial luminary, Q~8 coos, Oo5'oS; to sing to an accompaniment on a musical instrument, CsSsS:S &Scos, o~sSt~8&f QWOSSZOOC0089 can you sing to an accompaniment on the pattala? to go over from one party to another, as in war, q84 CSR os.SOs)S&&os coos, have you heard, sir, that the Mone Sawbwa has gone over to the Theinni Sawbwa's side? Der. 9QoS, oooSaoo6, o8~2su SC n. income; money given as an advance, or as part payment of a debt, Cel00d o~s.s (pron. moB), v. to enter into the enjoyment of, oS~so8, oS6~ Laos8; to go over to another party or power; to enter into another state of existence; %cd~~ocg oe-xoSeos; c~spoqC1 QSOO.BCQS1D~s; 00a-O18JoS9:Os o)8 E Jo when coupled with s0S, to enter heartily into any undertaking, oogq241O)Oq o~o, n. an entrance. o~oco(Ss, ft. an entrance-way, avenue. toSomcaS n. the hermit crab, 48Sso oo-Aol, ns. the name of a range of mountains intorted and intervolVed; the Burmese "4walls of Troy-" a labyrinth; the oo5461~ is one of the grandest of the Burmese festivals., and is elekbrat~ed on the full moon of o~o~SscjoS at the olose of the olI or Buddhist Loent. It originated with Kin Theiwzl, who, In order to pacify bis enraged subjects, was obliged to banish his son Wehady(oo~)

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Page  955 Oc'7E-0GQS95 955 to the omoutains of Wingsa, whose summ-i t is reached only by narrow, winding pase, which to thisday are represented by those of a wingaba or labyrinth.. ooy~qE& adv. in a deceitful, treacherous manner, co s 'IQe in kan unete, eu ar anner, as 00~9 DO9 fj OSs,$. n. a spindle; an azletree; any axis,96soS9100ot,~a o4, v. to swing round (the hand or an instrument), ~d; to spin, coS; to make boastfu l pretesion, dl; ax#~C~ oooC~O~txOO Q#Q~~O~OS~~CD& 48 CO%~ ~ ~ ~~ o~o~o5. v. to be boastful, quarrelsome, os s o~o1, v. to make boastful pretensions, ocoo~w sacgo~cRoe4 o~s,,L, t. a fence made of wrought materials, forming an enclosure. 0 8w A, -v. tD arrange troops with a view to accompany, or to form a Passage for, a great man, o 696rsc~co4~4 Qj.o0secrBss o88s~j, n. an officer who has charge of one of the four gates of the palace, o)SscmS.Is. oisz. bodyguards who reside within the outer enclcisre of the palace yard. o~s, 2, v. to be brightly yellow; mare than ol; 9cpcso8sco:S os),S, n. an explanation subjoined to a 8aSin the vernacular, Oopcodo~l (amoDs), n. polished, agreeable language. o? (pron. o&) (Pali), n. words, language, sco-su 08r;5 (Pali m8), n. a deed performed in words; camp. c~o:eorh, and ogr8 (Pali o,, o?8(~s, and, o4 is), is. the arnus, sq eSo O&I f. the stamen, anther, and pollen of a flower, oo%6n~ 000,adv. whirrhglyU Ok (Pali ni xu. -the result of 9~<,or the evil consequences of sin, which remain after-the main penalty has been borne in' a previotus state, Opp OqcJo5s v. to be released fr-om such result, o q~t Oeflz (Pali), us. appearane, cos8tu

Page  956 956 956 o06-oS.00sO~Wo~ oOS, I n. duty, servicee due, as oooS, the duty which intelligent beings owe to God; 8So:o, the duty which children owe to parents, ooWoooc, adv. in the way of fulfiling duties or obligations, oo~o~oSeF oCei.4~. ooSea+, n. a small building (permnent or temporary) appropriated to penance peormed by pse, usually in the month of Tabodwe; a movable privy attached to a monastery. oStsoo5co6, n. important and minor duties collectively oo5Cjs, v. to be of various colors; a ctrical term applied to a layman's dre, ooS, c"E, OO, ooSgS, n. the basin, or bowl from which a pongyi eats his food. oc~es, v. to reverenee, honor, to fully discharge one's duties to a superior, as a pupil to a teacher, a wife to a husband, etc., ooS,8W,%o (rare i coUoq.~ ooSooS, v. to go up (to a pagoda at stated times) to perform certain religious duties, o2cesooooS, c oolcS1o,. s-ame as odeo8s, second definition. oc'S, v. to perform extra duties, as when priests dwell for a season on the ground, o~ e$v c, ooc~ o ooSqoS, v. to have the performance of duty interfered with. ooci, w. to perform duty, particularly the duty of stated religious worship, C~80s09, 0mo100o, COQ&QC~oS&j OOC9, v. to have discharged one's duty. oo~c, i, v. to discharge one's obligations tisfactorily. F v. tee next,,ootaoo o8& oW,,SI ooScB, v. to discharge one's obligations to a superior, by waiting upon him, and prming acts of polite attention, as a pupil to his teacher. oo,soo. Ie next. ooSg, n. sacred ground, glebe, w,ooSo&,opcic@xw ocS&., n. agovernment writer pertainig to some sae ground. ooS, C, n. same as ooSe,. oo n. formly the officer itn charge of sacred preisct. ooS, v. to put on cloths, dress; to wear, " clothes. Der. oo$, ooS.o, v. to dress, array with; qtS aoS.ceooS.o:w, to dre extravagntly. ooecSOM4o, n. ornanmental die, wearing appareL

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Page  957 oS0500-oJO ooSaoS, v. same as os, os., ooS o cS JScoo o0o0os0 ooSSteosSt (pron..as:), adv. with shabby and faded garments, ooSa6*ose36 (pron. ee6). ooScoc&OS6, adv. open (as the clothes), wantonly. ooSco, n. a great coat, or cloak. ooSccoo:5Gccn, n. a barrister-at-law. oomcS n. clothes worn on special occasions. ooScco5S, n. clothes worn by the royal family, as ooSra~cS:>os88 oo~&coo5, n. clothes which have been laid aside by the royal family, ooS&ccoo5Scga los8Sco5ooSp H too~eSc~8, n. the heavy accent (s), cicoloS; after the symbol of oX ( or o) at the end of a word, the heavy accent is termed o0039PiEc or ooSe&kS scotlcS, and after consonants (-9 s), cjoa8s, C8st, and ~imcn]ci, c66olcT1 0oSoo, n. the stamen, anther, and pollen of a flower; the core of a boil, ooaooo;S; ooC8coo0, to suppurate, as a boil. oo~C0cqE, n. the stamen, o+sooSoqd8 OoS~F8, n. the anther. toocSceol, adv. freely, without fear of offending, %;soOc::n ogl, 1, n. property, goods, money; ego, oglls ogl[5, n. sacred property; particularly applied to sacred grt'inlds. og[Lo*:v, n. the desire of outward things, the love of wealth; a cleaving to existing objects; see under conu ~83L 2, n. a pattern, representation,:oosco; a statement of events, a tale, narrative; commonly applied to narratives extracted from the Buddhist Scriptures, of which there are several kinds, as 923 0Bo88Ls ~o~:o83, 2o~ooetl, c6iwoo gL, etc. cO8o0t, a. light bay; applied to horses, ooSodcgs:; and to dress, as ooSog4sei, ooSo4SCoo8 o00o (from oo.s), n. the farina or pollen of a flower. 0oS0o8, n. the juice or essence of flowers. OF, j, n. a burden, load, something to be carried or conveyed. ooos8, v. to be free from responsibility. oS1,8 oiFcos, v. to incur great responsibility, as opposed to 6cCo1, o, t. to assent, to admit as true; to consent, agree to; to engage for, take or incur the responsibility, oa, lo$, o04 ~, }3S Qf0o89c4E 0 oy>o ~ogScoot, will you engage to give it tomorrow? In certain instances o40 appears to signify "promise",

Page  958 958 in the way of undertaking to perform any business, or to desist from any particular line of conduct; comp. oc8003), oc8eo8, o0,11 oit, v. to lay down a burden, to unlade; to yield, submit; to ac. knowledge, admit, confess, osS oP8?~c~og Sc > gg.o co oyopld, I acknowledge, sir, that I have gone too far with you. oep, ojoecoo, n. same as oJ; luggage. o$oooS, v. to increase, as responsibility. ocooS, v. to load, place a burden on (a beast, carriage, boat, etc.); to incur responsibility; n. a load (on the back of a beast). o$oo8co8s8s, n. a pack saddle, o'scoomom oooSg>Ss, n. a pannier. o~ooSa8s, n. an ox that carries panniers or other burdens. o~ooSgjSs, n. a pack horse, oojooSfsu ojc8, v. to be cross, disobliging; to be impatient, irritable, coc aV; SQC2OioCo~osi0OjOg(~~08<|f8osss905 OgS, 0Odo oaOOCi oco<?, n. a pack, package, bale, etc. o~Q, v. to cumber, overload. 0oa8, n. a load carried on the back. oSq$SS, v. to leave a business unfinished in the hands of a partner or successor, ocoSco 1gio 0@o8:ol6 cOs o9 O8sOs; to throw responsibility on, inculpate another, og o$,s, v. to draw a load, as a buffalo or bullock, o 8~cS8:oS ~SOgp8" o4co8, v. to be heavy, as a burden or load; to be heavy, or onerous, as a responsibility. o~cooS, v. to be free from responsibility, oSco*Si oJ,A, v. to have an allotment, appointment; seldom used; n. formerly one in charge of some department of government; G;coso$, the governor of a rural district. Der. s9o0, qoS8, n. a Minister, member of the supreme council of state (g5o coS), oc4(scoIsol o~JlC8, n. a chief over other governors. oo~cqt[, n. a wunr' chief secretary. oS? (pron. A), n. the jurisdiction of a wun. O.?M, n. one of the number of administrators of government. oj~c=O!, n. an assistant to a Minister; an Assistant Commissioner, sometimes called oqo ~cooSc, to'distinguish him from 2,oo0S

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Page  959 959 O~ocxxB, Superintendent of Polices 'WdO1o ~COA Municipal Secretary; co$ o~QWOS, Assistant Civil Engineer; a:oiQoxxcS Inspector of Schools; la soicxoSa, Assistant Superintendent in the Telegraph Department. o46co~o8'sn. the Commissioner of a Division. o )3 (PalH osl), n. a collection, multitude; a forest, coo ueed only in composui~in. Der. qcvcoo, 8091oJ, C&oo~, co9jo~l opo (Pali), n. divine homage, DcsJ~&Ss opoomofcsoae% CI &,v. to pay divine homage, ~qopOR oO8, v. to be round, circular, e~js cools, ~8s; 6~qq~2s~~ o~sowe~;to compass, surround, encircle, q, 8. Der. o~oo~v o~soq8, n. the space round about, uoogx, c00of sazs, (.Ocy4oCso8 o~scv. to be round (in/req.), 8:coo~ so~so.aSoacg-co~ooou o 44c8 adv. completely circular. OAsJ, +~S8s, v. to encompass, beleaguer, surround, as an army surrounds a city, or as a body of police surrounds a band of dacoits, RJSOS SCCOOO8C~~ gozjs; to unite in common effort, to aid another in the attainment of some object, 80Co92OSS> ogOo~ O48cog, n. same as O~(~sq& ov. to kneel with the head bowed down, o?So3; to sit, as a fowl, to incubate, &c,%6; to lie dlown as an animal with the forefeet under the body, -wS o 9, goso6', ~SE I.9, ojJoi5', o.08 6So o8e88, V. to be stretched out prostrate. 08ps. to be prostrate on the face, to grovel, ~qo(9cFOOOO orsco.,s' 04n. the belly,. abdomen; the womb; the hold of a vessel or boat; fivee:, ordure, og6f$, etif usS8; 0WCJCOSCCo 8t OnCS 2Jo~o~coos, canst thou fl~l, so as to satisf y,- the mighty ocean of the belly, one span in breadth? signifying-that the belly 'is ever requiring food. 06 8. to have dysentery, Bc&o~jd 06tC~f),n. colic, ecopi w18a. to be loose, as the bowels. Os~semsn. a purgative. OS9,v. to be very costive, with indurated fwcee.,

Page  960 960 OS9oB@cS-OS8-oOfctSO o08fis8cSoS, n. a swelled belly; a disease of children. oSsBs, v. to be in an advanced state of pregnancy (vulgar), coS Q0~, cdo5cooxS, o0sSoS, v. to rumble in the bowels, otcoS, o&6s:s o0sco~, n. the muscles of the abdomen. oc068cooSs, v. to have the muscles of the abdomen in a tense, rigid state, so as to feel hard to the touch. ofSac-, v. to be costive, oSs8sN o6sczlC (pron. coloS), n. the skin of the belly. osacoalaSc, v. to be fat-bellied, o~,~ Scalco:300osglooo o$Se6a1S, n. the cavity of the abdomen. o6scolaSso8co88, a. empty-bellied; sorrowful, dejected, oscj8&, coSscoSgoaqscQ"m oSSSE, v. to be costive, oSsooSu o0sa, w. to purge, produce purging, osojoS 08][s9, v. to have no motion of the bowels, os8oS ocSsl, v. to extract f/cei. o0st81co08, n. a clyster, injection, enema. o~SsolooSxo, n. a clyster pipe. o0seo (pron. oo), n. food, just sufficient food to satisfy one's self; ballast, cgoosezm oSseodis, v. to put in ballast. 0oS;E8s, v. to be loose, as the bowels, o:toa o6sss, v. to have diarrhcea; to have a protuberant stomach. o05sB (pron. A), n. a midwife, accoucheur. OSgoasccoooS, v. to be of a treacherous disposition. ooSsgso'l, v. to be connatural. oSogEsqt, n. an idiot. o6cSsoaos,, n. the entrails; the haslet. oStcog, a. to have constant diarrhoea, ocscio1s,3c8l" oSsoSSooos3, n. an own son, ooo3 Smr 0o8Sot (pron. ), v. to be sorry, to take to heart; to be sensitive, aOoSoS gf8CaosoB&OCi o06g~~80Sd4488o sc~000gS o0tdo, v. to have pain in the stomach, or bowels, or uterus; to experience labor pains, mcooccocS; o9oo068~cOSC00cg, meaning that no one can know one's private affairs like one's self. o0,&oS, v. to purge, produce purging. o0stoSc0os, n. an aperient, purgative.

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Page  961 0o,}8-0o80q9l 961 osSIs, n. the bowels, or the stamina of the bowels, o8+s8n oSsooSms, n. a saddle girth. O~so~s, n. the belly, abdomen; same as 0o8, o0sosq+fs, o06so8+00 o(s8oS, v. to have no movement of the bowels, o0sl[Su o08s, n. a swelled abdomen. o0s8L, n. same as o(StI oSacolqS, v. to pass fceces after obstinate or prolonged constipation. oS&QcS, n. the external part, or outside of the belly; o&sqoScp, cjO@ oSazp, the trail of a serpent. o0S8qcsc, oss8qoc 8s, n. a big belly. oq~ss, n. the fetus (of animals), &, o8s8S6, o08sqs (vulgar). o0Ss}ac, v. to be subject to chronic diarrhoea. o0s80g8 (pron. cas8), n. the flabby, pendulous skin of the belly of some animals. Os~co, v. to be loose, relaxed; os~cdoc8Oz:3: o08sc?, v. to be a little loose, as the bowels. 06oooososccpS, v. to have the stomach distended through disease. o0s86oS, v. to be regular in the intestinal evacuation, o0sgm o58so, v. to have evacuations of hard faces. o0S88, n. the fire of digestive faculty, 9~0000o o0sc~~ocS, v. to rejoice, to be elated, oso&oos o058s, v. to be regular in the intestinal evacution, o0s~68o 0o88s, n. the bowels, or the stamina of the bowels; chiefly tued in the next phrase. 06848v0a, v. a term used by medical men; see o01o, o s%, and o08%oS, v. to rumble, as the bowels, oS8co&S os&Sj, v. to have free movements of the bowels. o0Sscos, v. to evacuate the intestinea; applied to a Buddh, ods cooScoos. o8cS1, v. to be subject to chronic diarrhoea, o0s,Sa O(s8qoscg8, v. to lie at full length on one's belly, oo >0o^so4rscs os8cco, -v. to be very loose, as the bowels (polite), oSqSc (QcS c;op is more elegant). o SlOOS, v. same as OS8ccCo)U o0S o, v. to rejoice, oscSCxS, o68o48a0o0, o0So0o0o86s[ os058s, n. a stomach which receives a great quantity of food, yet B. D. 61.

Page  962 962 does not show it by distention; one who has such a stomach, a great eater, oo&S. sos0583jio oosio8esc6co; also applied to animals. o(s:80s, v. to evacuate the intestines; G6sc8, applied to children or sick persons. tooSsb, n. a duck. o~so3eC, n. an ellipse, o$scops, c6oSe., Os8ae:sooS (pron. o:), n. a kind of grass, the seeds of which are said to serve as food for man in times of famine. ososcozS, n. the under saddle of the ridge of a roof. o oSzj oeSt, n. that part of a gunlock which holds the flint. oo0S, 1, v. to purchase, buy. 0oSss8, V. same, 8=~g9Sos Sg0^B^ %oDOst ooSqSsooos, n. the cost price. 00o, 2, n. afix, locative, in, c8,, o, coscq eoctocoscooSoo9 08>1, n. a certain celestial weapon, oqBiSooCSoS o0q, n. a maternal uncle; see 8soSs, and ~88s; o0so8O88su oqCmsolS, n. a kind of plant. 00oocep (Pali), n. a kind of tree, o5t,1l o-8 (Pali), n. habitual inclination, acquired or confirmed by practice, Doooocoo; comp. olooto; Qce*0s8aSo c8O@OscSBS~ 0oS oSSol 0., o.*e O:cXcc; cO9sooooJo, to be in the habit of interpolating obscene comparisons in one's speech, o0os38~9 soci 0oI0 (Pali oa00&q), n. the earth, a' s8 (seldom ued). 0oacqq, n. according to Buddhist mythology, the guardian nat of the earth, expected to be on the alert to record, and hereafter to testify to, the good deeds of the devout worshiper; o0a~ojo c ceo:toS; the Burmese when dedicating a religious offering, appeal to this nat as a witness, oaBop&cBc8o^S rici >t8 oo? (Pali), n. the rainy season, qStcraco. odb 8eoS, n. a kind of plant. 8, n. a bear, ocoS& 6roS1, n. the itis erytroclada, a leaf-shedding climber, the stem of which is sometimes as thick as a man's arm. 6<(ccO, n. a wolf, c g6qccO (pron. e cg); met with in the north of U.B% &n, n. the spotted-billed pelican.

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Page  963 6cS-o 04a96 96t 6ocS,. the toddy cat, c oSQocS, Ococa, n. the osprey, ocoSaSscpsoog, cozSlSooSEn 6c8, n. the eagle, oq6coaSwcopsn 6, v. to dare (to do), cqOo,: oos, oogo8coceiaEojxcoce; occasionally used singly, as when from an inferior to a superior, e.g., oS~oSoq$ ol ops; chiefly used as a qual. affix. evs8, v. to dare (to do); to be bold, courageous, Vo; the term oooeot is frequently used when prefacing a request which at any ordinary time would be considered bold or indelicate. ol, L n. the cotton plant; undressed cotton; comp. g4s; ol becomes 0s8 when it has been cleaned (ciS), and the seed extracted. o1o0coos, n. Pernambuco cotton. oldcca.c, n. dressed cotton from the bolls. o~l}oS, n. a wheel for grinding cotton before dressing, a cotton gin. o184, n. dressed cotton. 61 oS, n. a cotton field. o01e, n. the cotton seed. olcSoSCola, n. sprouts from the cotton seed; an article of food. o01)68aocs, n. a speckle on a speckled beast; corwy. S8cEsQcuS ol, n. red cotton. o1CotS, v. to open, as the bolls when fully ripe. olooS, v. to dress cotton (with a bowstring). o1ooS88s,n.a basket for holding the cotton when it has been thinned out, oleSccoas, n. a cotton beater for thinning or spreading out the fibres of the cotton. olse, v. to clean cotton, by pulling and picking, previous to dressing it with the gin, and with the bow, oil olct, n. the boll which contains the cotton. o1, 2 (Pali oloo), n. Buddhist Lent, an annual period of three months, during which religious observances are strictly enjoined. o01~, n. the beginning of Lent, the first day after the full moon of Waso, olco@cQaooacoSu o'com, v. to begin to keep Lent after the season has commenced. o'lcq, v. to terminate, as the season of Lent. odla, v. to lose the priestly character in consequence of a breach of monastic vows, as a rahan staying away from his kyaung for a night during Lent, without repeating the rahan's formula of permission, oIcS1 o o o1sc3 S 6o) ~,l o

Page  964 Olcgas-010COwo oIC0o6, v. to OMe 'to the end of Lent; seec 080)StCyPS, o8o0Sto1co cgB ojg~oq?;se ~o~ 01OISfl, n. the fifth month in the Burmese year, nearly answering to August, o1GQ, v. to keep Lent; -n. the first month of Lent, the fourth in the Burmese year, nearly answering to July, oo1 e SQs) o1~fo~s, n. a species of Ekeocarpuw. Olc2Ss, n. the' season comprised within Lent, olcgS~~somn olo'S!, v. to intercalate a month after do1l, o1i&~oIco6, OlZ)&0Coscal olo, n. all the year outside of Lent. o1)4, v. to request a dispensation from the duties of Lent, opit 4081280 d1QolcB, o1lci, v. to lose the priestly character in eonsequence of a breach of monastic vow, oct d) Qs, v. to keep Lent.olo,. to commence, as the season of Lent. ol, 3, s.tbeyloo o1 (natural color), wo-mcigo1 (as fr-om sickness),.~o1fi, 8colo-1 to be v-ain, boastful, ostentatious in language, emslc~:00 &08; COMP. OC~S0N olo)ss, wp. see the parts; oo o~yp olmQtcooag oI&J&Ja. pale yellow, owedJJFJog ol{~(~N olov. to be-vain, boastul, 010>90o~ a. yellowish, russet, zVol o1, aoc~~ocDOe4 o1o4, nz to make boastful pretensions.1 ol,A 4 (Pall)., adv. again., once moreL&~o~o~Oo (not wed in coiloq.) dlCX o6S, v. to be repeated unnecessarily; applied to writing, eotY cO6')3e,.CMO~so'O8, So19u8 oldCv. to lead off several clauses under one head. 61, 5, v. to test by a given standard, as by weights or measures. ol nrt. the, two hundred and fourteen orders of beings, &~cSCo (8DbO1mrel 0 s n. a. term of compellation; used by the Arakanese to elderly men (not Polite). d aj;n. the same applied to elderly, women (not polits). Ol: (Pali.), a. a word; language, *caoes 010no ads. indefinitely, ambiguously, evasively, waveiglCBS

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Page  965 6)sex&5%-o') i 965( OAK 4FWW o190C&8 (from d~o language, and z-S4, adhering, connected), n. elegance of style in speaking or composition, " 1.O 6fQO 01 n. study. O1TflQQO~qv. to retain by constant study, what one has learned. o0$3 (Pali), n. an opinion, belief, woR; usually preceded by oocq, but occasionally used singly. fo' olc-owa (9c6), n. the large bottle-green, long-tailed cuckoo. oio1 (. Pali), n.I diligence, industry, qxccc Oqwooogo~S, v. to be diligent, indutrious, o'aooqc,4S acxjoqQj ol~co (Pali), n. the air, cco, 0'olcsooiaS, coccDo m~~ oci~s (Eng.),,,. a warrant, ojcta.&D ciGIL~sc-)S', v. to attach., as property in a legal procems. o64s v. to remove a warrant of attachment. oqvsn. sadme as ol'kJsa ol~sacVS, v. to issue a warrant. ol~cis:,n.a fugitive from justice, a ptclsimed offender; anabsconder. coG~8ao&8, v~. to issue a warrant for the distress and sale of movable property. ol~ao8&a, vs. to recall a warrant. oloop (Pali), n. natural bent, inclinatt.w,, genius, proclivity, not common to the whole species, CVS, =oc8%cocS&SSN olorapc, olcpfl, olcofo, v. to have such a bent, ~coiaac>pczdi cias, 1, n. the bamboo. dla~m8, n. bamboo shingles. ciancocoa, n. a bundle of bamboos made up for rafting. ci iowc~c-S, n. a bamboo rattle for frightening birds. dloi~sa, n. the hollow of the bamboo; o~C1Q8C6q.)O O~ like the moon shining in a hollow bamboo; referring to a talented person living in obscurity. cis(84 n. split bamboo. OlciO8~, n. a species of thorny bamboo; comp. F90oScias ciaE8lfoS, dhIR&Gj. oia80SIO, olagoSco 0S'daQ6x0S, 18oCCaozto~, 01A1, olvqtola, cito cco~o.d, olaroogoS, doiazBa%, n. vaietijes of the bamboo; coSaol, used for making mat walls; olia~ used for flooring; JCBOScfaue for rafters.

Page  966 96 osoos, tn. a bamboo joint. o018s, n. pincers made of bamboo stocks. oso:otoS, n. twelve cubits' length (some say eight cubits' length). oqsooI, n. walling made of bamboo matting. oqscxomca'ox, n. tabasheer, a silicious substance secreted from some bamboos. C18 CB, n. the Gigantochloa macrostachya, o1s oe, the Dinchloa MacdUandii, varieties of the bamboo. olsuoS, n. the thin sheath which envelops a bamboo sprout. o01ss (pron. o s), n. the elephant bamboo. olsqsQ8loo~cqo7), n. the Dendrocalamus Hamiltonii. 61s:co8Os, n. the Gig'antochloa albociliata, an evergreen, densely tufted bamboo, growing to the height of twenty or thirty feet. It is marked by minute white bristles. olsco8o, n. a bamboo raft. o1s8Ss, n. a kind of bamboo remarkable for the shortness of its joints, which are from two and one half to five inches in length. 018, n. bamboo fungus, o5n' olso,:O, n. the Dendrocalamus longis athus. olscoo8Ss, n. an old, decayed bamboo. 018c rvioo~cig n. the spotted civet with odoriferous pouch, cOscoS rtg (pron. at), n. a creeper which adheres to old bamboos. o1sooOSs9icS, n. birds of the genus Garrultax, etc. 0o18Oo:8$s, n. a species of edible mushrooms. o01, n. a oldster or clump of bamboos. olsccpS, n. a species of palm. olsaA, w. to whittle bamboo. 0o1s&, a. the fruit or seed of the bamboo, sometimes used as food. o0scS8, n. the Phrynium macrostachyum. ol0, 2, v. to chew. olsooS, n. chewings. 8c9 (Pali), n. decay, destruction, QcoS8,Sg; eomp. ~ q6 8oyco, n. afternoon, evening; wrong time, see next. 8coocosqoo, n. the going on begging rounds in the afternoon; this is strictly forbidden to Buddhist monks, who are required to complete their rounds in the early morning. 8oaoco~ooet, n. the taking of food at a wrong time, sid of meal

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Page  967 8&S-80ooS 967 taken by a Buddhist monk outside the appointed time,e.g.,after noon. 8(8o, n. an explanation subjoined to the text in the same language; comp. oe oSu 8oSoa 8s, v. to make a display of philological lore, oogScSxpsoomo i~'S 8SSg9t03o c=3O8 o%)5oo 1 OOi foog 8.os< (Pali), n. consideration, ooSSfiSEs, 80CooS8oeto8a; "wichara, the exercise of judgment or reason on a present object, investigation, consideration, deliberation, dispute, discussion." Wilson. 88o3Sp (Pali)., n. doubt, indecision of mind, cos8s$8, egocu6giFoj 858'es, oq, o"swogchSEs; "wichikicha, doubt, that which questions the existence of Buddha, his discourses, and the priesthood, previous birth, future birth, the consequences resulting from moral action, and the entrance into the dhyanas by means of the exercise of kasina (Go0orl). He who is under the influence of this principle is like a man held by a serpent; he trembles from the doubts that agitate him; he does not continue in one mind." M.B.; Oaagy oc^TOSEe~ Sg6a6 iw 8880SPS.s goS csQ8s 8p (Pali), n. knowledge, wisdom, oe:,. The Burmese in a jocular way, often call a person who does anything particularly well, or who has a stroke of good luck, 8&, an abbrev. of 8a3, ooSa &d)ob, ood3o88o, cg 3l8Y&<ocpo8&oju 88pq (Pali ccoc~p, great), n. one possessed of certain miraculous powers, Rcg8oqco, 8erc o:3:)aooocgU 8pocoo, n. magical or supernatural skill. 8d3, (pron. 8E ) (Pali 8e)co), n. the soul; comp. 8oS, and ji 8cao (Pali), n. see above; "the meaning of winyana may be learnt in this way. The watchman of a city remains in its centre, at the place where the four principal streets meet; by this means he can discover who comes from the east, and who from the south, or the west, or the north; in like manner form is seen by the eye, sound is heard by the ear, odor is smelled by the nose, flavor is tasted by the tongue, contact or touch is felt by the body, and thoughts are perceived by the mind; all these things are discovered or ascertained by means of winyana." M.B. 8 xocg&o, n. the organs of intellect or thought; *a undetr sb 8o0CS (Pali 8oo:3 ), n. intention, oosoegS; "mtarka (8ooS), rea

Page  968 968 8098CY88.D~J-8dqo soning, discussion, doubt, deliberation, consideration of probabil. ities, mental anticipation of alternatives, conjecture, from the root wi, implying discrimination, and tarka, to reason or doubt." Wil8on. 8oocS8:o[q, n. consideration and investigation collectively; "wichara, investigation, examination, continued impulse or tendency, that which prolongs the witarka that has arisen in the mind, as the sound that continues to proceed from the bell. The property of wichara is that of investigation; thus when a gong is struck by a mallet it gives forth sound, the stroke is witarka and the sound is wichara." M.B. 83goL, n. width, breadth, extension, detail. 88 (Pali), n. a path of the sun, of which there are three, /iz., o0AO 88, the inner path; c t8h, the middle path; and aoo8988, the outer path. 8p8S (Pali 8c~o:), )iE8), n. rules, particularly such as relate to the conduct of priests, qaosoasgoocps8; one grand division of the Buddhist Scriptures, comprising five books, viz., o6 pHoocS, oS)8oS, o00oo0, ^go, and oqo8; comp. 8qcoSo. "Of the five sections into which the Winaya Pitaka is divided, the first and second, Parajika (o cpSocv5) and Pachiti (o180o), contain a code of ordinances relative to priestly crimes and misdemeanors; the third and fourth, Maha Waga (soool) and Chulawaga (sgo1), miscellaneous rules and regulations relative to ordination, the cereony called wass ( etc., and the fifth, Pariwanapata (oo1f), contains a recapitulation of the preceding books." E.M. 8po, a. or ad. sundry, varios, vouAsK Z, 8oSs88, 8, 8p (rarely wed in coUoq.). 8000o0, a. or adv. same. 88g (Pali), n. destruction, 8s ggSit, 8gFgroco, 88FgJCegtgqo - go8ocdSli; misfortune, failure, 8gc8G~S 80u=o (Pali), n. a kind of wisdom which enables the possessor to make extraordinary discoveries, aqocoooo o80&oi3o~ S~ 8oo3 pa 6, 8ooox3,0j 0Bolc (Pali MBo)), n. the result of any deed, good or bad; the result of an evil deed which remains after the main part has been exhausted through inflictions in a previous state; comp. o0; 8o1cs>, 8o1Sc&oS, Yoaix8c hS, B yoo1&%oSa

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Page  969 969 8cooS (Pali 8:o), n. the inflected termination of a noun; a noun or verbal affix. 8oSoooSd, n. a table of inflected terminations or affixes. 8qoo (Pali), n. diligence, industry, cQco; "wiraya or wirya, persevering exertion, effort, resolution, courage or determination, that which prompts to all kinds of exertion, like the powerful man who shrinks at nothing. Its opposite is kurUa, indolence. Al the other faculties are assisted by its exercise." M.B. 8olcS, 8qooocoS, 8qoo, v. to be diligent or industrious. 8q[o es, v. to have little diligence, industry. 8qco, v. to be diligent, industrious. 8c'S (from 8, and c a), v. to pretend to have more than one possesses, as o*~cdS38ocQ oqjg, without having as much as o, do not pretend to have 8, i.e., o and cosgsooS added. 8oso (Pali), n. an idea, or the forming and retention of an idea, 8oooa9, n. matter which is perceived by the senses (comp. oxosOS), or of which an idea is formed. 8o~0oS (Pali 8c0, pure), n. an ariya'(ooqo8). 8cooo (Pali), a. or adv. exceeding, extraordinary, Aocdt 8cooono (Pali), n. a modifying word, whether adjective or adverb; cooco~86coo, an adverb; oo8coo8oxv, an adjective. 8coc3 (Pali), a. or n. twenty, jasooS, J oN 80o30, a. the twentieth, *$:ooS-&co (rare). 8m$aw8s, n. a mite, grain, etc.; only used as in next. 8o~s~eoto, v. to come within a grain, a hair's breadth, etc,, eone moccosq, 68so0S3 csc8q, s8oS8&cXcotc8, 3.o-68co*cQc&SI 9o0Sgcg, v. to gunt, as a hog. col, v. to be mist y, dakish, dusky,,; to be giddy, dizzy, s, |; to be bewildered, oe~op ocQSo;$ co,, 0, (^Sco, cocoo0 0o&~, ococo, in the way of not being bewildered. coc8cocSs, tn the twilight of the morning, dawn of day. cO,, a. to bubble and run over, goS-c'; to be flowing, rich, luxuriant, as a flowing dress, or as trees whose branches are wide spreading; aox> s6t ococS 0 aQs8 o: Qcoo, v. to be flowing, rich, luxuriant, aog8~t,08ooSo0o ol, co Qoa z40018o, oS&&cocosoWcn~0

Page  970 970 970 c0*01-eccoeO COos, v. same; generally used in a reduplicated form, oooo3oosol COCOlOlO9O8~WP, SCgSoQosooO8oao gcdc0008~8oo stgN co,,. to distribute, dispense, gg8 o, ozcSooycor cof5s, co^, co4S, v. same, o9E~g9Qto9 &Vi;oa~5 to distinguish, discern, cooSooocoos googcooeoc,~~ocoo. co9, cot, v. to distribute equally. cot, coo, n. a share, ootoou cotcxy, co.9c, n. same; v. to fall to one's share, be one's portion in a distribution, ~Scrsoocr~~coiooo:cco Sooc ~cotcocoiSs, w. to share with another. coco, v. to distribute and take; to take and divide, oOeSgooMoS co, 4, an inelegant term of compellation, mas. or fern. used by men or women, cBcIlcOn coowo (Pali coo~okco), n. a graduated roof, osoooooa:u cOq&oo:i, n. the organs of susceptibility or sensation; see under;o;. "The wedana khando, or sensations, are six in number. They are produced by communication with that which is agreeable, disagreeable, or indifferent." M.B. cooa (Pali), n. sensation, Qe9os(8s. Childers recognizes three kinds of coap, viz., ccoo0o, pleasant sensation, qoo909o, painful sensation, and 9sqacDoSoo90, sensation which is neither pleasant nor painful. coc0tg (Pali), n. a rational being, one capable of being instructed, QSZc84 ooON, cocoo83 ol, oD84o03CO 830olu 0omDco (Pali), n. distribution, cooSS8s,.oo moac fq, cartg) QcoODo (Pali), n. a multiplicity of business affairs, coooo 8os8006S coq6 (Pali co o ),n.a means,expedient,artifice,device, eo1o,oqooaoo coglto (Pali cogloc), n. a bamboo grove; the name of a monastery presented by King Bimbisara (38goxo8si: ) to Gautama Buddha co, v. to run around (an object), cops; to wind, as a river or road, $e~9, coSsc; ccoc9, to veer, as the wind; c~off, to go out of one's way. cop, v. same; hence ooxcpSoogQ, to hang about, hover round an object or thing, unwilling to leave, coigc9 co6j~ooW9oeO Voiswtr

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Page  971 971 CecS, v. same, c6scoSc~catSoscogS; ecrlooio3c go3CS C08, v. to be far, distant, not near, ts; in a figurative sense, to be remote from the subject, aoo~ SS~Eso 8; pscot, wccooos8, to be dull of discernment, obtuse; cos is often used in a disparaging sense, as when speaking of a person actuated by mean, parsimonious motives, etc., Io,@9 0c8<. It is also used in a good sense, as of the inconceivableness of a high principled man committing a base act. coscy, v. same, AtsQco37vo, &Sseo8co, cE" scQ08osV0 cosdc, v. same as colI b, 1, n. a whirlpool, eddy. bvio, n. a large eddy, acSe; bmcoo? (pron. cl), n. a whirlpool with a vortex. becs8g, n. the troubled state of waters, caused by the meeting of eddies whirling about in opposite directions. b038, v. to erode (a riverbank), as a whirlpool. boS, v. to be sucked in by a whirlpool, c0cgboSSOc9oo p bao (pron. o), n. a current running opposite to the main stream, a reflex current. boQs, n. a rapid eddy. bpoS, v. to be thrown out by a whirlpool. bcoe, v. to eddy. b, 2, n. a roof in which one side projects over on the other. bt, bcoS8, n. same as bn b, 3, n. the itch; the mange. \ t l, ba~oS, n. the common itch. s8, v. to be eaten away by itch or mange, as the hair of a dog, bullock, etc. bi, n. the same as bE:o in an advanced stage, but less than b, 8. to be infected with itch. b, n. the mange in horses., 4, v. to soar around, as a bird, 9cSfotb, j^b, oyoS co:>So8cco8~ ~o g; to brandish a sword, weapon, or stick. b, 5,. to speak with a foreign accent or brogue, osc o lo7o&zo.4, ig~3cm c^ bo, when he speaks Bur. mef1e he has the Arakanese accent.

Page  972 1972 col, n. a large state palanquin. colecoo, n. same as coul tcolas, adv. indicative of the sound which it imitates; particularly applicable to the noise made by a 0cs when it is fired, opSto1 @Seo3ae, c*sto'sco7 cc ogooSe~I -colcoo (Pali), n. common parlance; col7qo3jooSscs, as sanctioned by common parlance. oCooOs[9oooS, n. same, ecr.tooo oo&1loio:croq* oIs8InoO colqC6OCoop, n. commonplace religious instruction. c6col6[oloocoo,. common parlance. QcS, v. to curve around, make a circuit partially or wholly, cog; more than cresa VoS^, v. to come around one coaxingly, eo@saSof e9n ocaq, -v. same as AcS, 3osioocp, oStCca3s3o, o83.cSccMsE~ 88E, v. to do by joint effort; to shake around, as rice in a shallow basket, Oco&;ajoA~Ss; to be round; to surround, as a forest, a range of mountains, a river or sea, fi-csoo8S8~S, cBcoS OgoooSooEsc~tao; n. a circle of people; hence 68s, crS 8s8, os8;s; a fair. 88iS, v. to do jointly, by joint effort, aaojc^ tS^ fCcol,; ci Ss0oos, QsSE, v. to besiege or encompass (a city), cSooS8escoos cos; to hem in, to surround, as a body of police a gang of dacoits about to commit a dacoity, Spooosts8 oo~cv8si Sscoos cQ3aw0(it 02Vs8)0:8 OO3O88 C080O:8 cC@i~ OScs8ooC&oS c@s8 0o0; to surround, as a moat surrounds a city, Sts8o~, 18 6v. to promote; to tend towards, EO-aSe tS.6, v. to form a circle of people, tents, etc.,,~sSBoSdoSi 88,o8C8cQS, a. to hustle, push, as a crowd of people. PEsofs, v. to do jointly, by joint effort. s8, int. an exclamation expressing dissatisfaction at something said, done, or about to be done. Qo88s, v. to be brilliant, shining; used adwvrbially, cit&sgsoStoE 61t, v. to be obscure; to be doubtful, uncertain; used only in adver bial forms, as,scsol,ooo (pron. 8a8 ols ), obscurelydubiously, vi, v. to hide, secrete, oonceal; rare in colloq., ScS (more common).

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Page  973 978 S t,. same as goSu, v. to rise, burst up; to be strong, violent (infreq.). Der. CeS9Sgr 9q80soo, v. same., 33CtDogSoqos, ooS8sqos03ooa3ga gsgq, a. same. Der. sogstqoogo,y8s, v. to be low and level, as ground occasionally covered with water,: cGcEg~|gW~c9ccqoISc, in this place the water lodges because the ground is low; comp. Ax; to be plain, level, 0, Oj; to make level, even, cart1; to assess thathameda revenue, as thamadis (assessors); 3w4o8;a c6qeS qs, the roll of a village after the assessment has been fixed by the thamadis. Der. oogSs ce, v. to push with the head, horn, or tusk; to propel violently, 6q, gso8tC(ogSx; co in composition is also applied to the rushing velocity of the wind against anything, e. g., ccoc8ocd38gS c~oosos:co)8s&, like the tempest-beaten,.solid, immovable mountain. cgs, n. the testicles. cofSoC, n. the scrotum, c8e, =ocdcS^a gsc*e9n, same as cysn cygsojS, eiscs, v. to castrate, oozsoco?, ooEs, 8so, rooS, v. to praise, laud, extol, sg(Ss, (not used in colloq.). cs, v. same (not used in clloq.). oA, The thirtieth consonant in the Burmese alphabet. x, 1, v. to give, offer; rarely used singly. Der. Socoi, 00X, 03os ooccpS, v. to present from a distance, oaSaOcpScIc)So1lSo, gelsog^^oeccqc$c)oo, "fo830cqCoCCCo'o701oo W, 2 v. to repair the outside, to make anew, do afresh, do over again, Pa63Pn improve the appearance of, ooosCa'oca o o ~olooaoccoS), / dc8idco; to trim the lower extremities of the mustaches, (68 8oSo. By,. same as ODI o0, 3, an abbreviation of the connective oo~ or c300a caS, 1 (from oDoS, life). oocS(ooS@~s, n. an old man or woman, aacfBsoMooSoCSc5ol, oaoSoor (from ooooaS, life, and oat, to be of different colors), n. an old man or woman, oo crosds; this term of appellation is not used in the presence of the person to whom it is applied. oaSceooS (from ct, to complete), w. to make offerings equal in number

Page  974 974 ccsce c t- ctS crS to the years of the offerer's life, agStcoo6cooSecoS, 8:scc SO& 3o.cEso~cQO8, n. medicine to preserve life, 9oaaoo ~wso B Sdc~:~c~s,t n. the radical part of the blood, oco~cis, O;)c e ~c,~c8O n, n. the carotid artery, coS9 o< oaoSj tiot, adv. performing service with untiring zeal and indomitable courage, even at the risk of one's life, aSgS.4,os9t. coo(oos c3o&8 (from o4c8, oc8, etc.), v. to have a natural bent or disposition for anything, ol'o:o)j c:SojdgoSj (8), v. to be of the same age. ooccoSc~o, n. one who had charge of the king's person; comp. oSy ooSgs98, n. rice offered on a person's decease, casgeen oodSscr -, v. to heave a deep sigh, 8o~So ocoSeiaj, co4'ow i oc7Soozc.S, n. things animate and inanimate; a term applied to property, 0c3Sp0 oS cco(S,:>aS3 cxS woesoSo oooSco8EcooS, n. a poetical term for a husband or wife, "sharer of (my) life and loving companion." oasC,,v v. to go down, descend, ooSm to take place, as pity, love, etc., mecova)cS; hence, oooodoSo3S, adv. in the way of longing regret; to take effect, as the poison of oC~esla oxfES, v. to belong to; to be connected with, have relation to; to apply, 9s '8co 8 s=800oSnC>61S~ oos? ooCBSis8c 3gc CO-Sepcd, v. to befall, as a calamity, c~o CoSccP5o, cpo'1OS cqPco; to be in force, to be extended to, as a law, statute, act, e.g., @ 3316 co~6&cSt3aS ccp Xc, extended to the whole of British India, as an act or statute. ~cSc&poS, v. see the parts, d3^c c3S 8~ioSo^^cqpooo S iccooSco Ec 8og<9tSo8uc"l~ oooscoos, oocSo, v. to entertain affection for another, col3ocS coos,,colgooSZ o0 0ooo5gd, w. to connect one with another. c0S, * v. to be moderate. WcwdoS, adv. moderately, pretty, not very; slightly, ooscoScb

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Page  975 975 ooS4FoS wao~~a adw. satne, WVONB==jS,x =B,.,to -moderate (Mtran,.); to be relieved, obtain esto be comfortable, to recover; to abate, as par~oxysms of pain, or as cold and heat, oo 00 = Wiox&OO; eveaB O QCOC~CsaxBc coo; COO~SM v Sc~a~w e= to 'be mild, as a flavor or odor. 06 4.v. to be only, clear, nothing else, (obe.). aaxS, wco,~ adv. at all, without aim or purpose, xw b co~far~;without cause or reason, wantonly, w~S acSbx= ao.,Saxx, a. mere, as he did it from mere affection; ad-v. S Si xSomerely because I wished to meet you, sir; at all, in negative.,cntece8,, ~ C~6,as WSMOthere is none at all. =-roS (Pali oxg) n. the substratum of matter; a book pertaining to Pali gramm-ar (031), =xVo~c~su oWcxxf6, n. 8ee o cg s ~comaloIS (Pali), n. the second state attained by an ariya (184). wao'IWg8, n. the duties of the second state attained by an a-riya. OOC*148o94o, n. one who has performed the duties of said state. COM108iscoqo4, n. one who has attained to the reward of said state. aaql o41 8Pc, n. the reward of the second state attained by an ariya. aM0J. a kind of umbrella. co se9e, CDo~coS, a. a kinid of grass. 0039&Yn. an era, epoch, date, year, ao mf cofc&;written engagement, obligatory writing; wxo9, oafip v;a private birth register,; sX f~ & c w co~ec~~ooa. annals. wflc~o*S (Eng. thick cloth), n. woollen cloth, broadcloth, serge, tweed ( 185) CoROOSSO&I, n. a coat or jacket made of woolen cloth, flannel or serge. ooS05oSl, ta. fine woollen cloth, cashmere, flannel. cofcooScs-6, a. a flannel blanket. w>zocd5 (pron. &oacd), n. a kind of grass used in thatching. cocSco5'ofSs, n. a patch of thatching-grass. aodkoSc45s, wokct-98s, n. varieties of thatching-grass.

Page  976 OoScoCl (Pron. o=W coo), n. a sheaf of thatching-gras not yet woven, Sooc cocolo,, ScoSa o6oQeS.i OcSco<gis, v. to weave said grass, so as to be ready for thatching; n. a stick of woven thatch. ~ooot~, v. to thatch with the said grass. oIo'3, n. a rainbow, ocSo~ o:)co, to have the appearance of dipping into a stream or sheet of water, as one or both ends of a rainbow; comp. 1; according to some authorities, a rainbow is termed a oaaooc when it appears in the east, and a 8 when it appears in the west; a carbuncle. ocSq68s, n. a kind of tree, of which there are many varieties. 00Ssc0SocIooS, ooSSsexncQx, n. the Rangoon croton plant. a.o:Bc6l, n. the wild croton. tooaS o, n. wind, power of respiration, strength of lungs. ox ~c=cmts, v. to be long-winded.:OXco<, v. to be broken-winded. x:Sooa<cS, v. to have the respiratory organs deranged. ooccoo, v. to be out of breath, to pant feebly and faintly; less than co?, (seldom used in colloq.). t oSceco, n. a standard, settled rule or measure; a pattern, representative, 5; a witness, anything that affords evidence or proof; an illustration, testimony; evidence, oaco~oSocaoad, ocosSc0 ot cascco$a, v. to bear witness, give testimony; n. a witness; oodc:o Beoc~, the Evidence Act; ooaScoaS, the statement or deposition of a witness. OaScoxagBio, n. an exhibit in a civil or criminal case. oo~ogoflG[oS(eoqj8s, n. a register of exhibits in a civil or criminal case. wc~cooeqoS, n. witness' expenses (usually in a criminal case). ooSco~g, ooScaoos, v. to make a witness, appoint to be a witness. wdoSco~cooo6, v. to call upon (as a court) a suitor in a civil case, or an accused in a criminal case, to cite witnesses. oo:0 w&oSos, co oo~coo, voco(3, i. to produce evidence, show proof, 0 ~coSooEo;1 oo~Scnoog&ccS, n. the statement of a witness; a testimonial, ood0 CxO oS, 0COSf ocbrsdo

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Page  977 977 ocScooooooo, n. a witness; testimony, evidence. oomo (pron. woo), n. unrefined sugar, the hardened sediment of molasses or treacle, whether made from the palm or cane, muscovado. o0cq (pron. o:Scrq) (Pali), n. the royal race from which Gautama descended; see oxc8oS; ox 8:3, oor c oon.^y^, OO foS, n. the Pandanus fetidus, an evergreen, prostrate shrub, from three to five feet high, armed with spines. The spathes are glossy and of a bright yellow color; but they have a disagreeable odor. The fruit, which varies in size from that of a hen's egg to that of an ostrich's egg, is of a reddish color when ripe. 0(33 (pron. o6s ), n. open work in wood, ornamental work of palaces, monasteries, etc., oog9s ooS, o0o-c)SoO9O8 o9cu (0os8, 1, see o8(8s, n. a superior order of nats. o0D8, 2, n. sugar; ccpSoog~os, crystallized sugar. o oo08s, n. sugar candy. cos87cSf, v. to make sugar by boiling, etc. wojaosscs8odS, n. a kind of cake made of the groundnut and sugar. ~ojosgO, n. sugar candy, oa3osaii 0s:soscjQs28, n. brown sugar, oo&:88qoc=n oo08csq, n. sugar cake. cooS, n. a master, lord, oo8; this term is often applied in a most indiscriminate manner, and has lost its original value. It has now become the equivalent of the English "Mr." aoSqcps, n. same, but more respectful and reverential. ooSoS, n. a kind of tree, the Spathodea Rheedii. goSoa, n. the Stereospermum chelonioides, a tree growing to the height of forty or even sixty feet, bearing yellow flowers, purplish brown on the outside; the capsules contain thick seeds, with diverging, concave, membranous, pellucid wings. aos8, n. the cucumber; 6Cq[so gos, the common kind of cucumber. Ogascco)ScS, s oo 8cgSrDoSse, n. varieties of the cucumber. gpiscGoS, n. a sour kind of cucumber, O:Og8ot, o:8so, n. the muskmelon; oogscjg3 sn * 00E, 1, n. the Thalia cannceformis (Maranta dichotoma). oaSp (pron. do), n. a mat made of the stalk of the oo8i 86as (pron. sI), n. a finer kind of mat; the upper part of the mat is designated o voc vSg:), and the lower 388sago. The blackness of the strips interwoven in some thinbyus is produced B. D. 62.

Page  978 978 by a dye prepared from the bark, or leaves, of the Ag8ujo. A finely-woven OOSR& is called oo~cio one used for sleeping, 036' 4wkand one used for sitting, c~p~So s oo scs 00 Rs8j, to spread a thinbyu mat on the floor, a's when receiving visitors. Cz8,, pron. thou, you, mas; or fern.; see Gram. sec. 77; S&~bC& eooxzjoj, w~ccooocoos, (rare in colloq.). Wst,8 3, v. to learn, acquire knowledge or skill; to teach; wepcus; Oicost sso0,09 OOI 89Oxe5WS; oOPczOo&3 fpsr_-08og;to tutor or coach, as a witness, ~oocco~oSeoc COOg'3ogoyplo(x838 C&CgOS050ou w&sv. to learn, receive instruction,. ouDS5f8SSS, coSoeka ws~ooog;also has the same meaning as wz8 in the last sense, e.g., Wiv. to teach, as a schoolmaster; one kind of oq~0xS; 00 i's in k8ss frequent use than ~t D8OSQU, 00 v. same, 09 oo~sc~e~&osos qo~o& ocu4l wtoo vooZw), co3SXXoQ; o.)Seu also has the same meaning as a "01 oo~,v. to learn and store up, cdS ooS, 4, v. to pull off, to skin, g8, go cgs; le/ss elegant than jS, go jwooSozg, c5pc&>5sc, & ozoo; to clear, disencumber, disentangle, c2oS, c8, TS. Der. ooo w~ogj v.to clear, disentangle (rarely used in combination in colloq.). ozaco5 (from- oasco5B), n. the young of animals; used in combination with the names of brute animals, as gsoacd5, a calf; t-Q%3s COS, ayoung fowl, a chicken; vocoS', a young barking deer, etc.;' more elegant than gsc~occoi, C&~CO3em, ~qMCO8U nq. a species of Chitom, a multivalve mollusk, ooqu oobt 1 (pron. 3,oo5ji), n. the Hopea odorata; this tree furnishes Ia valuable timber, useful for house posts and boats. oocY5ji, 2, n. the garment of a priest of Buddh, composed of three pieces, viz., 0068~S, c~doocS, and qcY& (136). WC4"(9S, 00 sj, v. to make an offering of priests" garments. coc~~sn. a double thingan, worn only by rahans. cocysliO v. Vto wear'the thingan, as a novice for the first -time. WCOS. aocf3so63, v. to wear a thingan. DOC-isc8,. to dye priiests' garments, usually with a preparation made from the wood of the jack tree.

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Page  979 979 ooc~4s80&s08, ood8xso)l8, n., a rattan or bamboo placed in a horizontal position upon which the priests hang their garments. Ocbstjgo6, n. a species of water bird. *Aox sgaS, n. a board on which priests' garments are washed. OCoSS, n. a species of mushroom. 0.0c0 (Pali), n. doubt, suspicion; v. to doubt, have suspicions, Co981 0cyX)s8, oooSs8, v. to be free from doubt, suspicion, oo;)j -CoTVx,5~,oSG (or AdS) ~oo16:ooce, o&oSsq, v. to remove suspicion, S)o)8(% SCo oC2SI o:o 8eggocaR, n. a kind of wisdom possessed by a Buddh. 0o x0o, v. to be suspicious of, to have suspicions, X)'oA 5; o$o< oooSo is in more general colloquial use. o0f+, or w:g&7,, n. a fabulous head, supposed to be in the charge of seven goddesses, who transfer it from one to another at the commencement of each year. This fable is said to have owed its origin to a dispute between a Brahma called by the Burmese Athi (o0:0) and Sekra (ofos) regarding a mathematical calculation; each agreed that the one whose calculation was wrong should forfeit his head. Athi lost. The names of the seven natthamis to whom the head was confided were oA8, ec~ocL, coRqocoo (or colq), co* s, o ap, cG~o, o~. The Thingyan festival extends over a period of three days, designated respectively the rsoSc, ooca., and ooo~tc; one of these days always falls on the 12th of April. The Burmese style the Thingyan period, in ordinary parlance, oool~ouS wOF}crn, o0oe oo~oc, v. the head is delivered over by a goddess. o 9c6, <Godo+xow, v. it is passing from one to another. gcQTI, v. the king's head is washed, ogcooScTau no( Ko (pron. oojoso), n. a document annually composed at the time of the Thingyan festival, based on astrological calculations, and purporting to foreshadow the great events of the coming year. The royal Brahmins at Mandalay, sometimes aided by ministers, used to draw up this document.This was considered the orthodox coo O }c:oooS, 0o0,o:'omcS, v. the oogi reaches the hand of another goddess. o(35coc~S~o~ (qaS), n. the Burmese apply this term to the brief period of rainfall which usually occurs about the time of their new year.

Page  980 oo =c p, n. the state of subjection to the operation of the four prime causes,,c9 o 8,cG coso&s, Oi 8 eS o 0o0 ooMoo,.s S~ts, n. a shady place of retreat, a garden, grove, hermitage, WoS8.,>,t, OO.O~6,g,<3, oas33pS00, q tCcO~~Lc:COW oo861 (Pali), n. the mutability of creatures, by which they are continually subject to destruction and reproduction, oWl4qoocor ocsn ook'ctao, n. the organs of destruction and reproduction; see abo oalq S, v. to be subject to a sudden change of fortune. Oc~ou (Pai, s<a &),:o@8O8&cco5^o3 a Wc8o0Se, a. a brief, summary manner, as distinguished from 8Wo tg~sl, in a diffuse manner, (not used in colloq.). =o4 (Pali), a. caculation, computing, oaBoSRSs ojPoooxooS, a. arithmetic, oc^os:zips wgoo> (Pali), a. help, assistance, ccoloS8S, ^~@SM8 a aoooacepscools, n. the four rules of kindness by which a king ought to govern, and which should be observed towards one's parents and children. o. oaI, n. a concert of primitive priests rehearsing the communications of Buddha (usually applied to the three great Buddhist convocations) (187). ocl8oopoS, v. to hold one of the above mentioned convocations. o8s,,J (Pali 0o0o), v. to help, assist, as superiors, particularly as kings their subjects, oj4E~p ooScOro8O cooQ S S&sacSOOS, coas b, ~~~; to assist by way of advice, teaching, preaching, 0ocepooioo3o^^o3C~58c o90oi~S to perform funeral rites, whether by burning (toS&Es),or burying (~@S@); comp. o4 AouS, to dispraise, censure, revile. 8co a, an elegy. 2 oo6, c (Pali I8oS, ooo t), an. an abridgment, compilation. ',, 3a. a system of metaphysics; ae under o %Su c8Q ~s, n. the nine divisions of said system. o ~$s, v. to have made a complete study of the nine divisios. o^o (Pali), n. a member of the priesthood of a Buddh; the priests of Buddha collectively, the clergy, o"Woo[5ot, 00c81ocdo, oq Co otvo; priests of the first order existed only in the time of Gautama.

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Page  981 981 cO5d3eg (Pro. >), ad*. one after another, 060&>, WC<6op c6S ooStoeg3)oo (as ponVyis walk). O:t50x (ometWsW written o&W=)0 4 n. one of the eight stagep or stories of hell; wae under ckl o (Soo (Pali oo, and tc, er, property) n. consecrted property belonging to Buddhist monks genrally. Consecrated property is divided into three classes, ooxpuox&, that belonging to priests of a particular ocality o that belmngg to rahans and laymen alike;.og9oxB.o, that belonging to a Buddh and rakhan alikes o0ooc8, n. a kind of bed-frame without legs, used by people of rank (according to some, by the royal family ake). coSojs (pron. qs), n. a razor; oaSot is usually combined with oo08 in the colloquial, oo8; soo:x; ooScpS oSck, the name of one of the leaser hells. oSoiooSt, v. to strop a razor. ooSoC,, n. a cose frock with short sleeees. ocqS*,ooS,,. a heron (Pali. coco8). 00E8, n. a kind of shell, Turk's cap, a large species of Trochs. Co0o,8, n. a kind of tree (tortous hibiscus). &ooS (pron. oS), n. an offering of food presented before a pagoda or image, ooSoS3; o0Soc xtqS#, rain which falls on the day of a religious festival.wo.(t, a. an oblong blackboard used as a slate. c8o.+soos~s, n. a large upright blackboard; a wall blackboard. ooSqs,,8, n. the combination of the letters of the alphabet, a spelling book. ooc$~s~Jscoo, n. the name of a certain grammatical work. oo8qs86olSs, n. the handle of the spelling board; a pale, picket. ooSCo8s (pron. cos18), n. the marsh date palm. ocolSoseo,, n. a species of sparrow. 0Eo01 S^Ss (pron. 6e1s88s), n. the large grub of a golden brown color (found in the marsh date palm), an article of food which, when properly prepared on toast,is scarcely distinguishable from marrow toast 0occio (also written ooSacoo), n. a ship, any sailing vessel. Coc8oc0o~:Scer~, n. a tidewaiter. oOC0o5s~gS, n. the bow of a ship. cg8o8g|ls,, n. the cutwater, prow of a ship, ~stcos

Page  982 982 O8oCSggoS-ooo~igi CS ooc8 oS is, n. a foresail, 98C90iTo coso~s 8oScS8, n. the foremast of a ship. woocoOgoo, n. a species of the custard apple, the bullock's heart. co~ocr~oo3, n. the captain of a ship.:ooc8 c2oycmS9, n. a kind of plant or tree. oc~oeaocgSa, n. the physic nut. ooeog~oc~So, n. the Bombay onion. o.So*:j, n. a species of the Chebula. CAoSS6~s (pron. 66s), n. a shel f bamboos placed across the tiebeams (ocS) of a house; a garret.:wcobo0, v. to launch a ship. ooco~g, n. imported yarn. 0o0.08S, n. sealing wax. ocjo~cgs, x. a dog of foreign breed.:o mo~Sc'&18sc78 (pron. sco>s), n. one name for the Gnapha. lium aurem, introduced from the Mauritius Island. ocoS:cqc[, n. a steamer clerk; the purser of a ship. Oscos:oO, n. imported salt. XoCgo8o (pron. &9?), n. a landing place for ships, a harbor, a quay. WoC8C869Rot9, n. a harbor master. aaco8soai, n. the Otaheite gooseberry. 00COikodcs, v. to moor alongside a wharf, or landing place, as a steamer, or sailing vessel. o0cO6ooOS (pron. 0o5.), V. to build a ship; to put a ship on the stocks. wogOO8O, n. a squadron, a number of armed vessels. o:o8ooools, n. the neem tree, or Persian lilac. Oco0gcoooo, v. to feel squeamish owing to the motion of a ship; not quite as strong as oCSstll wOoo8oog, n. imported piece goods and textile fabrics. Acavo9~cs, n. horse-radish. m co8o~ oS, n. the century plant. OOcoo jia (pron. a), ni. liquorice. WoCo:oSi, n. the papaya tree, Carica papaya. c&ourocoo~o, n. a species of the papaya tree. ooeoP s)ato6S, n. a transom in a sailing vessel. CovS~OacS, v. to be wrecked, as a ship. OWcoSzcoSis Sc, ni. a deadlight. ooeoSojcd{~oS, n. a scupper.

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Page  983 983 WoC~OI(, v. to be wrecked, as a ship, oo~x8:oSu ooco:~ocS, n. a kind of fish.:~cooc&soos, n. the periwinkle. xoco6qSpa, n. a species of the tamarind, the Sophora tomwntosa. oocSooc8,,n. the great, double, Arabian jasmine.,C0~~OaCp, n. the agate. aO~otvcSc, n. the chief officer of a steamer or ship. oo So^coo, n. the turnip; the cabbage. oocaoc8, n. the winged cassia (considered highly efficacious in cases of ringworm; the leaf is rubbed on the affected parts). =go~cbc}oc, n. a shrub growing into a small tree with palmate leaves; it has an edible, bulbous root. oCo3jooSooS, n. sailcloth, canvas, goSoo, oococoop, n. starboard, oocoxoo coSaN:o.co8ac, n. the product of the white cotton tree, said to be superior to the product of the cooSo, or red cotton tree. OO5ccg3, v. to be taken out of its course, as a ship by the violence of the wind, Oogo6oSs, n. the hold of a ship. c08oo00soe, n. ballast. OccSoo gos, n. the papaya, oac8o,&Sn oco~~esc~s, n. the fig, oaoSSo, xoois.s cOO~COD38, n. a sailor, one of a crew. O:Cogooj8s, n. a shipowner; a term of compellation, sometimes used to non-official foreigners. ocnooq, n. the Sanskrit language. co, 1, a modification of the pron. E8; see Gram, sec. 78; o:~cU6ososj8s n o., 2, v. to be suitable, proper, becoming, cooS, cS5, cOpoSoo0S; to suit, agree with; to agree with, to be on good terms; to have sexual intercourse;;o;crsoaoc~ gcSpo oc 8o'l; oeSpCc cg)SEoo5awyol'o; ooEaly3 cosO3cflo;:oE6PoB3 spx^8Gi0coo8, are fair prices obtained? Der. mooo~ 04oo4, o4ooS, v. to agree with, to be on good terms; ooSoS also means to have sexual intercourse, to be married; in which case it is usually preceded or followed by col8s'ooS, oojcScoooSoo gocoi~ss~Sc~o ha v e sexu; oint2couorse: toomwori~je d ooic6, v. to have sexual intercourse; to be married.

Page  984 984 984 o~s-~8soatf oocoj95, v. to be suitable, proper, becoming. oo~, 3, v. to befall, come upon, cotgeo~oo; o.so aolcoot.O o1lcex8S, co3astcx8O sooceoo8s, an imprecation used to convince of the truth of what is said; to take effect, as fire, 8sco, Sso6cooS, 8s4oc&3 =oe; as poison, oo388~o, asoWSw:o&C: sooS; to contract, as a disease, co&oo~, ccE0oo~, ccpo6'} oS BS1E av. to be just passable. occp-cS, v. to befall, come upon, ooox8cco6a, c~po1ooecpct O8s, 1 (ts coloq. frq. pron. sts), pron. a. that (thing), ooSs s! c'b&, oo8sox& sw -.o Der. xoxSss 8s,,,. to unite, associate, 6co1s; not used singly. Der. 9 8woSs EooqS8, n. the chief of a society; the pastor of a church, soosroscp; oo8 s~, applied to animals when living together in herds. oo3s4, v. to make a schism, oaoSswsxcooxi; also applied to laymen, woo8as o~, n. the secetary of a society; a church clerk, ~oxEsecsqtJ ooSscooooA, n. an assistant; a deacon. o8so8s, n. a society, oooS0o0o '* Esg8, v. to associate, form a society, ecc86oS, 3So80S, v. to enter a society; OaV8sO8 oosoEcoas, n. one who joins a society at the same time with some other person.:ooSsoJ, n. a member of a society; a church member, sgoosscO0So oo2 ooSso&s, adv. apart, independent of others; osSsego, property belonging to one alone, such as property given to a particular member of a family, by the parents, and not liable to be divided with the other members on the demise of the parents; usually a term used with reference to the independent property of a husband or wife, in contradistinction to joint property (Wol8tso6ooS8O3). o~~s,, v. to emit a pleasant odor, as the odor of the o0o% S n gSE, eooSg, acp8g~; one kind of c~; Zes than i; es, c, 5, cIS;:SEs8S ccoicjg83s4, sx8,oo6(o, o0s8 ispEgSni oo8sQ, oo~D&, v. to diffuse fragrance; see the parts; *cS6Q cg,.8s, j -v. to geld, castrate (man or beast), 3aocsoaos, Cg2I ~o.8c8S, a. imperfectly castrated, OO4a8S:o81oo, v. same as o85; to emasculate.

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Page  985 0o8,e8-00o8io 985.s*eS, a. perfectly castrated. owsraoS, a. imperfectly castrated, ooSscooav WSithS, a. castrated, oisl8, &:S:OS(I6 N toossq$, n. the front brim of a cap of state; formerly a gold band worn across the forehead, osSxtol6sn oSscrq9, n. a kind of serpent, coaStr1yN oSs-co:o, n. a large brown species of the earth lizard, the skink. o.S1oSzcoss, n. a species of lizard with a head resembling a parrot's bill. oitfi3, n. the earth which scales off the surface of land after an inundation, cQiqtoS; a.~sg8c~OSsco-S and aos& ScoS are terms applied mostly to the curling up of soil over rice plants (as), and the scaling off of earth on which they are planted, owing to solar radiation. wsz8Sco, a.s&6co4, v. the earth scales off- also applied to a kind of cutaneous affection found on uncleanly persons, os s6868coi9, ooxSi (pron. oStSS), n. a place of performing fumeral rites, or of disposing of the dead by burning or burying, ooEB, co8c88, op4+; qcopooJi[s, the place of meeting (shall be his) burial ground; a term formerly used in proclamations regarding criminals, meaning that no mercy would be shown them. oaSseoS, a. a catacomb, (o o|So>Sss woSsco$s, n. a grave. wxS8 (pros. eg), n. the wild Jasmine. oSscgt,,. the pangolin or scaly ant-eater of the Malays, Mania levicaudata, o6 cg~ c^Pcsy i o dcOoqoet. Its staple food is the ~AOl, a kind of large red ant which it catches by shutting its scales down upon them (1l8). roSsgoS, #e &go6" ^O oo&,c^ (pro... ^), a verdigris, the bibasic acetate of copper. M. green jasper..oaseo (pro cel c), a. a kind of creeper, the root of which is edible, and is used as a substitute for rice in times of scarcity. oi8S8 (yron. 88), n. the under garment of a priest of Buddh; 9ovtc8{, n. a small kind of tortoise, eoSw8d or c BIcy; one species of skink, a kind of lizard, ooSoo8 o; a kind of cutaneous disease..ZoSSo (o8), n. a kind of tree, ooso8ictacSi

Page  986 986 w8, or ooq, n. a species of CWiton, a multivalve mollask. 06i, L n. wood, timber. 0oo0o:0, n. alburnum.:sodS, n. the chestnut. os~ooo)s, v. to draw timber with an elephant. oooc*qs, n. a species of Sterculia. oS~coCodS, n. crooked timber. 008s861, n. a large branch of a tree, a bough; comp. oSocSn wso:opogdoS, n. a species of VWiugkhbeia. oS(js8 (pron. i 8), n. the cinnamon (tree), cinnamon; 6to6S Qs(, cassia. 06o(, n. the walnut,,soSsu Wsoc OpSoS, a. hollow timber, cE8oESoo86 scOi s, n. the Epidendrum mowchatum. wo0oS, n. a small branch of a tree; comp. o tiSI88 6s>oBSco8gtc, n. a kind of tree snake. oo Scoit~.cst, n. the narrow-petaled, garland flower, a species of Hedychium. 0ois, n. bitterwood, the Terninalia pentaptera. o&o0alcS, n. the bark of trees; 1Sco Sccs, to dye with the bark of trees. woo-cal&ooS, n. tan bark, after it has been used in tanning. 0oOcO SqoSG, n. bark-water, water in which bark has been steeped. o6cOlst, 1 (from cO1s), n. a subordinate in charge of timber; a timber merchant; a forester. o vSctlS,, 2 (from cnl&s) n. the inside of a hollow tree or log.. ~t- o56~, n. the Malay chestnut. Oo6e9, n. a kind of tree. o060iq, n. a kind of tree. zwo, n. the Sideroylon tomentosum, an evergreen tree, of which the youtger parts are sometimes fua ished with short, sharp, axillary spines. The leaves are oblong; the flowers, which are rather small and of a dull white color, give place to yellow fruit the sie of an olive. o68, n. a crotch in a tree; a fork. oo6gs, n. duty on timber, revenue accruing from timber duties. DOE8o't, n. a parasite; a generic term for different species of orchids, as the deRdrobium, bolbophythum, and pholidota. oo~a, n. the bark of trees, ooSlDoS

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Page  987 OACES-00&q~dt 987 o0s;c, n. a kind of timber. OodS~ (pron. eg), n. the sweet scented bobaphpylum, ca OO8dls, n. green, unseasoned timber. xSices, n. a kind of gum; black varnish; the tree from which the gum exudes; ~cvstc2s, to tap the tree for black varnish; cq8scQcOO, a collective term applied to black varnish tappers and others connected with the industry; o~&esOocS wo6c~a6t), n. the wild, black varnish tree. W 88, v. to drag timber with buffaloes. wOo g (pron. soaS), v. to salve timber. soogo3scogS, i6. a kind of tree, the Schrebera swietenioides.:6s8~, n. a kind of tree, the Terminalia belerica. Oo~scoodgs, n. the chisel-handle tree, Dalbergia velutina. 00Ic~gs, n. touchwood, spunk. 3o&iBcos, n. a dragging path. *3A&g, n. a kind of tree. ooo3a8sgt, n. a kind of wild dog. ioos, aN. a kind of tree. wo3 o, n. a sprout from a fallen trunk. =oo000, see Ca go, n. a box. oECooo3, n. a forest. o6cooo838s8S, n. a timber depot. oscooroo, n. a Deputy Conservator of Forests, wcoooo~sq8N oScoooo00 8s, n. a Conservator of Forests, oSx6oooSs8sU8 oa$cooooS coocdS, n. Assistant Conservator of Forests; q.c8o3oocoo oScCo7cS, a Sub-assistant Conservator of Forests. ocon=oiooo S, n. forest produce. oocooo38s, n. the apple, o&^,Ssu Se66oodo, n. a woodpecker. oogc, n. the wild mangosteen, Sandaricum Indicum. oosooodco8~c, n. a kind of grass. 0voooSccoccSg, n. a kind of grass. 0.ScoS, v. to blaze a tree, 06oo&gSooS&ooSn WSEcS, n. a kind of tree.:ol6^s, n. twisted timber. $s8eo:s, n. drag holes (in timber). 06^.8( (fteq. pron. sogS), n. the Dalbergia nigrtseens, a leafshedding leguminous tree, growing to the height of forty or fifty

Page  988 feet. It is 4o called because the wood is the color of saffron. o49, n. the. Amoora rohituka, an evergreen tree, sometimes attaining to the height of sixty feet. It has small greenish or pale yellow flowers, and round capsules about one and one half inches in diameter. 0608, n. a tree,:oSoooScCnC6(C6(Soo~cooiJ~ ' osocoo (pron. coo), n. timber that bears no hammer-mark. osEno, n. the Milettia Brandisiana, a tree leafless in the hot season, attaining to the height of from forty to sixty feet. The flowers, which are of a steel-blue color, come in clusters forming racemes from four to eight inches in length. 0o006, n. the Dalbergia purpurea, which yields a kind of oil that is eaten with food, and is also used on the hair. oovS(co, n. a kind of tree. oo&o, n. a burr. OO6~C3voS, n. a kind of insect. OSE. n. a tree, the Xanthophyllum javeuces, or Xanthophyllum glaucum. oobcoooStS, n. the wax wood,.so called because it produces a wood the color of beeswax. oovc6os, n. creaking timber, ooScupoi OOSOO6:), n. a timber raft. ooboSs, n. the dammer pine, Agathis loranthifolia.:oooaa 8s, n. a tree of the genus Eceocarpus, producing a hard, valuable timber; see coooSoaresm woS8Ss8, n. timber large at the bottom and tapering toward the top. SoSco, n. a kind of tree, the Shorea obtusa, oooo0-9 Sui" 08oos8, n. the Gordonia,foribunda. o$oeoco80s, n. timber of uniform size from the bottom to the top. ooSqEg, n. the sap of trees. o6CQ6i, n. the return of moisture to trees and plants on the approach of spring, ioocl oaoS, oS~oiqcSu 0oSo?1, n. foliage. osxs88soo, n. the Heterophragma sulfurea, a tree leafless in the hot season, sometimes attaining to the height of forty feet. It has showy, sulphur colored flowers, and seeds two inches long, provided with wings. WE01c8s, n. the Sophora robusta. 0oe$0s (from 00oo), n. wood, the substance of a tree. ooi8os, n. the fruit of a tree.

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Page  989 989 wOaso8o,4 n. same as Os"oo o.o8soo05, n. a collective term applied to trees, plants and creepers, s008?, n. the apple. L II,. p\ ' ' 09, 2 n. a' small animal of the tiger genus. OoSox0S9, n. the camelopard, giraffe, o loEcrSs o8EoS, n. the Nepal tiger cat. oo8<i?~, a. the leopard cat. o6S, a. a large species of the 008, larger than oo86u 0s, 3, v. to measure with the breadth of a finger, coxSoo86Coo&3O, ooZa6 oooE5<3 isB^g&t %StE= Saoo^S e Der. 0o8o11 o3, 4, v. to be new, not old, w~oe=S8, oo0a 8, oodh,6, 8osS808 Oo6&:, v. to renew; used chiefly in regard to renewing bonds, wills, etc., 3oo92cp&o&O_8ol&S9^oS8jdo^ Ws, 5, v. to wash (the face), cfa3oo8; to awake, as a monarch, *no (Pali), n. truth, as opposed to falsehood (wo:), veracity; cormp. co; an engagement, promise, oath, vow; fidelity;:gplo0t 8qwpco ooo0;3 to CS. j8EC~ 8c, truth, righteousness, persevering exertion, and generosity, are the four things which overcome an enemy (139). oo:g, v. to enter into an engagement with (a superior), owooeo B Sho;da8oo^ gol oopzayoeo&Q~oop9 S 0gooc8, n. an engagement, promise, oath, vow. g10oco8, v. to affirm solemnly, make a vow, take an oath, o=gooj 0ooc8B~, v. to be under an engagement, ct9ogq' cwogooc8~oap5 0ooce~*, v. to keep an engagement, be faithful; generally applied to women who are faithful wives, Ozoeev3 op3sca 0386lo, v. to keep one's word, act up to one's engagement or promise. aoaodoS, v. to administer an oath, uceagw S:gxgoGrco oog DPoXW-D, v. to resolve, vow, 0# 0Sc qacocoSoooogoo s a0o8 st, a. to keep an engagement, be faithful, o[loce6om cogoI, v. to vow, as lovers (teairical). W3o fop. (pro. otS), v. to take an oath, imprecate evil on one's self, (pon. ). the tiger lily.,.i S xooous (pron. ois), n. the tiger lily., L

Page  990 990:001Cos, v. to charge solemnly, as under the sanction of an oath, DS 8::o16eO(SxcfiS8giaoo8 o1yC oo 0cuswo00 ocV so80PS6q en o3a,@ oS, 3,go@ coS, v. to retract an oath or promise.:ooso, v. to charge solemnly, as under the sanction of an oath; to affirm solemnly, make a vow, take an oath, o2S, 8g0^080q"l gcolooo~o$, gcjoaS, v. to break an engagement, to break faith. 3oop, v. to be faithless, xg0oia oogog66, n. prepared water drunk on taking an oath of allegiance, oo9~, v. to be faithful, oos oog 'oIailu lyal,e.. > 9 ImqC oooccoso1s, n. the four laws of truth, viz., aqO, 00o9ooaoo, reepoogo, and oogo83n 030 cgS, v. to break an engagement, oogoco3oSR3,:o1g0c^Ss ocu, see ooe, n. a ghost. oa~6, n. a species of parasite. wNS~crS, n. a kind of orchid. xS, 1 (pron. Aoo), n. an owner, proprietor; see ooS, 2. oog, Z (commonly pron. S).:ooeSCQ, n. an upright post of a house; a middle post, between the central (coSo8)d and the outside posts (cooSaqS). oo2ogs8S, n. the central post which supports the ridge of the roof, casoqSdr oSegos (pron. cgs), n. a post in the outer row of posts in a house, goop, n. same as co c'Soo 0ae, n. a post in the middle row of posts in a house. O.2, 3, pron. a. this, li oog3oc", adv. in this manner. 3oogS ecooS (pron. o), adv. of degree, so, so much, to such an extent, aicoCS oo0pecn~ ocqo~S oooSol, PoSoicoSod S0o8Wuo~o q7(l g c6*t96<~; CgocneCOOdc S (Colloq.). oogjeo (pron. )t), adv. in this manner, thus. go, adv. here, woeo1olgS scz, adv. thus, eoo c bc8c38t S ofcga; contracted to 0, Sclwooqci cv1,3ocWq4i)I:pcD$, pron. a. such, of this sort, d5 v pS, 4, n. affix, nominative, denoting the agent or subject.

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Page  991 991 O: oOn8, n. affia, same; see mov (used in composition). wOS, 5, verb. afl, assertive, (, (in colloq. pron. ooS or po); participial, co); connective particle; chiefly used in connecting adjectives when prefixed to nouns, ca;$ when two verbs are conjointly used, one OOe is often used as a verbal afflx to both, e.g., oofl oOvcoOoIoqoo"OQfLO< O; in colloq. when immediately following verbs ending in oS, S, o, and S, poo it pronounced axo, after other verbs it is pronounced ooS, e.g., oaxoo5, o~coo&, Sca.OOS, CBoSodo; cyj<os, &aB, cgoo5; see cScoa sn ooc v, verb. affi, continuative, though, coScops; 8905cS, c8p aoodc, ooooSc (Colloq.). o00, 6, emphatic affix, cgS85 osSos8dc, from my house to yours. ~ooaoQo, n. the organs of perception, six in number; see under ope 0oe (Pali) (pron. ook. ), n. perception, the act or power of perceiving or noting, oSoSfoSs; a mark, sign, name; instinct, sagacity; "sannya, perception, as the distinguishing of the different colors when thinking about them, whether they be blue, golden, red or white, like the placing of a mark by a carpenter upon timber, that he may know how to cut it, or work it in the form he wishes." M.B. Ooepcos,v. to suggest,advise, egcr~os; one kind of jScoo S8, oog cog; oaocomo, an adviser; weruos is often used in a bad sense.:ooSV (from wo and bob), adv. in this manner, thus. eil L (pron. d) (from sowgs, the liver). OWgl8|, n. fig., a son or daughter. Sl},lt0cnS~, n. pleuro-pneumonia, inflammatory disease of the pleura. The Burmese usually apply this term to cattle. Oo ls~oot(, n. swelling of the flank or abdomen, a disease of cattle. O vseo, n. the stem of the liver, oop0s3oop0; fig., a son or daughter. Ogsc~ (pron. -c~), n. the gall, bile; hence eogSc~S, the gall in a sac or bladders; Boo gicS, the sacless gall, i.e., the synovia. ogc diGoS, n. the gall bladder. OOS(c~ @ tg, w. to be fearless, courageous, stout-hearted; see ccs C=OoSt; to be confident;:opsdcod, 0o0scg s, to be timorous,. faint-hearted, cowardly.

Page  992 992 99~ osce~xSch~c~oS oos~8CCoS, cv. to be mentally deranged. Soosc ca, v. to become 4eranged, through fright, sickness or trouble. oSs}oS, n. 3co8isoo oSo the heart and liver collectively. ooscgCo, n. fig., a son or daughter, ovacgSo[scc~Sa e~l 9s Oeos, 2, v. to be strong, violent, s9oocclPoopS, oxo>, S r; to be very ill, near dying, oo)o 8s0soomopWo sW cors qole~coU; ofes8S (in this sense pron. -o);, eklom used assertively. Der. gsoo9oe~IOOW wOpsO, v. to bear patiently; to endure forbearingly, to forgive, oS wovsoQ, v. to bear patiently (rather intensive, rare in colloq.). w>f ep8a (pron. st), v. to bear patiently, to forgive, CNo> oSwowoo, v. to be strong, violent; to be abundant, its&Osoo^ E s:eg; cwoe oas aodaen ooise9 (pron. cb), v. to be very ill, near dying, ~ooccpIlo sfoogs oeir aci,, see ojCs, n. a rich man, aCjoS 0oz~ (pron. oa9) (Pali Og.o), n. shape, form, <, Q. psoOgE o cooS, 6cjsmjqo+cooS; ooo3p3 o is used as an adverb, when it means, once, once more, once and again, ooSqcoeS t 4oooogq88s sccqc ocs8ovwe~8, once before he used similar language. 0o, 1S, 1,. to stop, put a stop to, as life, to kill, oooSoooS; as fire when quenching it, SsoooS; as food when starving one to death, oo::oor0; as force, oo~o+qcooS; as a horse by drawing in the reins, ocSovoS; as a rope by making fast, EsooS, ~coSe3S ooS; as a boat by holding the oars in the water, ooca oS, oocoooooaS; as work by finishing it, cocSeoooS; as ground by fixing the marks of a boundary (to demarcate), ooSgoS, coioSi; when used ith the negative o, it means, not all. The Burmese use ooo when two or more persons fight, but in the singular it usually means to kill, CJiC3ico Sl^sc~?oS~oSooSaO^. Der. 9Aofc8s OocoS0, v. to kill for food. c%6s, ooSgoS, a. to kill, OS1;60oSooSgci6 fiW, CeoooS wooSooS, adv. distinctly; by itself, oSxiiI OoS, 2, a. to strike with a swinging motion of the arm in any direction; commonly applied to fighting with the hands and arms, o, &

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Page  993 cooo8s-o 9 993 ~CODOCSaoSc~6cagso; to apply the mark (~) (ooXd?) to a final consonant. caoSso, n. a table of words like wo%, oXoYo~oS ~Sa~9 CBas0o (pron. oo), n. one kind of =SBu wOoSq &scb, v. to beat and ill-use. o:o9, n. a vocabulary consisting of assortments of words ending in o,, x oS, q, 6,, and '*, to which are sometimes added words spelt with a oo8s, or,ct;:oocS&toSx 006, se cooSs, ni. religious duty. oxi (pron. wO), v. to relish, as a flavor, oooooo, a. the hundredth, o qg o xc8 (pron. c8) (Pali), n. attention, heed, caution; casciousness; "recollection, active state of mind, fixing the mind strongly upon any subject, attention, attentiveness, thought, reflection, consciousness." Cilders. "Smirti (sa, xc8), the conscience, or faculty that reasons on moral subjects; that which prevents a man from doing wrong, and prompts him to do that which is right," M.B. 00c8o, v. to have presence of mind, =oc8~ woo8, v. same as c3c8ooosn OcxO8gSs, v. to be forgetful, as an old man in his doage, or as a person whose intellect is broken from sickness or hard usage,,oStos; to be beside one's self. o:xco'o~, oxc63, o, v. to take heed, take care, be caref, be on one's guard, be cautious, c, o< c so1~ o *xos4, n. a kind of wisdom or learing; see Og a OOc&os, v. to warn, caution, remind, 9Si ~I O6Coto n. a memento, memorandam, ^oSrc- X o-E:c ox, co, 0xc8oo8o,,c~cc, v. to be off one's guard, heedless, careless, d4 ^, Bcwiliep.o+oeSd1, o c oQt)oSa 08a,. to have presence of mind, coolness, self-possion; to give constant attention, o t c Xx v,. to recollect, call to mind, co ~oo g~^ so B. D. 63.

Page  994 `994 ' sa^Stdit*=oS^ -0ScooS 5StcasOo^, oiDaooSrOsytoocqqi cQ830scoS; to recover consciousness after delirium, etc., 060o8 oC8., v. to be aware, to take heed, wooo8g~ sqorlcoSooooolMoco: x-3Co6i-oS, n. ornamental hangings, fringes, etc., o+tsco:Ssco9 ooo<z4,,s, o4C t, n. son, daughter; with the additional idea of endearment, as "dear little son." These terms of endearment are met with in birth registers, soc+ooo8.,o80 Sq 8oeoo; they are also used in marriage ceremonies when speaking of the bride or bridegroom.;OO (Pali), a. and n. seven, Cql:ooRgoS (Pali o.9q ), n. the seven places in which Gautama spent seven days each, on first attaining the Buddhaship; oq 8 E~oo ~F3 0008<>23Ftfio03~0; Soov e03o0C&o03g (qL033^0r03s~3); q oodeg3&iEoog; boo olo c Soo$~cgO; acSSod o ^Sjoop;+ Tc0q1p0t3[COP so8S80cit SigTU oq3,3c9S (Pali ao8, a weapon), n. a period of slaughter; see under ooa,- a. the seventh, $S6pcqoS; oo88ePoS, performance of the duties of religion on the seventh waxing(coo4oSog8), or seventh waning (coc~oSwg38) of the month. 83, 0ca'S os$ie g 6oov, n. the seven ranges of mountains encircling the Myinmo Mountain, viz., o o1, s c8ae, c&?o, 0 09oo, c8~~, 8f8~3o, and aoonDo8 (140).:ota3aq, a. the seventeenth, oocSjftc~ooH o30o1 (Pali 3 ), n. a rational being, ~lcSn /lA/^4wlA oo (Pali), n. ability to accomplish, oo06S, ooI~}; courage, intrepidity; an attribute, property, 2cS9. OEi'c t',. to put another's courage to the test, coSte.sdu '/ ' -, v. to be intrepid, courageous, eoo P.op; to pod. ses an attribute or property, efficacy, =oo CoE. coC ' 1:: (Pali), a. metal extracted from ore..*OgtQopa,:n. ore. ra:)TV, i. to extract metal-from ore. Co31Sti, n. a fossil, ~cyrc8 sn l (pTroP. o1 ) (Pali), n. a sound, 9ao;an articulate sound, a word,

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Page  995 !,4;the accidece, or i nlections "of w ods. 0c3.o)s8, n. a grammar (of the' Pali language). oog3&ps, adv. according to the tles' of grammar, grammatically, oogl P#~g BwJfico o oo oo^^0f+ @ 8 C8<6coe o| S o fii; w r~l~~bt^; n.' sotiihd1'heatd *eid i e ueder i oxiooil ) o3,t (from ooo), n. sound heard. -tooloo oS, n. acoustics. Xoopcc, n. grammar. 'QglSq ~e,,:. the eight books of Pali Grammar, viz., o,'!, cm otcL, o,,oS (pron. OOOS), o,S,,o s,,SooS, and e',oS, to which are appended oog,oS, and 8oSoSooP coS1 (pron. cool, or o300o) (Pali), v. to feel kindly, well-disposed c towards; to feel complacence, particularly in religious objects, ~ee&cS00^000 ^i^SixdlEjo}00 81 C80?^00 o331oo 46, to have ' love, affection for, as a sovereign for a subject, tSto~s(cis s8qc oo Seii~& w. saie, Slooloh1882 ^^ 81EM&00%4<0,$^ 60 geidacooc~oSio ocossat~sooys me oloopsti n. the law of complacency in religious objects, agcm ott'r, oo~86, n. kind feeling, ooglSEsu 6 (uo), n. the Bursera serrata, a tree growing to the height of eighty or ninety feet, bearing minute, yellowish-green flowers. boSl (o8), n. the many-stamened croton plant. 'waog (oS), n. a kind of tree, the Ficus hispida, crgoSn oco s (o8), n. a kind of creeper; the Karen potato, a species of yam. S,. to be strong, vigorous, thrifty; to be stiff, high, as one end of a boat, which requires more lading than the other to sit level on the water, so$+, b3; also used in the sense of carrying a joke too far, e.g., b soA; oe~ o S oSxg,!w.J^fkee -the parts (rare in colloq.) o7o1iOS}X+ 65 1 ~g|<M~o^(; 3;c tF1O$c +:n!,,, woo gs, v. to be strong, able-bodied, ooaS &:g8oicOc.og'c; to grow vigorously, as vegetation, trees, etc., F^DS.60. coo3, v. to be strong of body, hale, robust, 30i0330 ^8, db

Page  996 996 o~SS, w. to be vigorous and rapid; applied to things animate, 004 gSowkSi, oc}gFCaCcg~ o35t ot, (ol), n. a species of baaboo. oS&, see co 6s, n. a ehief, sovereign. oots, n. all the circumstances concerning a person, or city, or country, from the birth or origin,.;Sg o>, x6oatS (rr taq ec Oil.), i. same,, csioSz4~ OoS (oS), n. the gamboge tree; co;S6, a kind of paper mneared with the gum of the gamboge, causing it to resemble gold leaf; f, oowc aol, different kinds of gamboge used medicinally. wo:{o~ (ou), n. a kind of tree. A medicine, reputed to have aphrodisiacal properties, is made from the gum of this tree. mS, 1, n. a kind of tree, the leaf of which is used in making cigars, theh ordka mysz. There are two kinds, oo:(s, which is brought from the Shan States, known as OsacS, and ycScoun ~06, 2, a. pickles preserved with spices; cop. oSu O^t, f. a kind of tree, the bark and root of which are used in making a fragrant paste for smearing the face and body, the Murraya pasicutda. O~ aymScf ft. a circular slab on which such paste is prepared. "OOolCSck, n. the bark of the "o&1oSu coqt89tc8t,wxSov ltv.towear the face and body with o;t9) 8 paste. oI0snQcog, v. to pulverize the bark of the >ohqwoS, for the purpose of making a paste. o4 6(pran.S ( c),n. the serum or watery fluid which exudes from a sore. wop8, v. to pity, to feel tenderly towards; to give from pity; ooOt OOtoi i, s. iw its primary,ses an object of pity; i modern parlance, itis used to denote that which is pleasing to the eye, 85s ooo:ao, ~ooO oio t, a good-looking woman or man. O -a. addled, as an egg, & oa cy" WWo (pro". cW ), n. coral, OO&C? fA, 3cxsts W, (Pali j a. peace, ^:OCb (Pal), s e &" oC&004, =C^, Coca occ, wca, co oC~

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Page  997 997 cgtB~, v. to conceive, be pregnant, wxgar1Bv% cg,,6 -wc~t#oJc ~; =av)t applied to docile and tractable horses and oadtb. *Xako~vn. pregnancy. oa -.m t3, to beget, generate,, *4p4 (prom. o49oScx4) (-Pal wj4-), a. a settled state of fliugs, 4irw5~si; conclusion. *4~g v. to have a settled opmnon or purpose, to hove one's mind made up. 00S~,v. to settle, make permanient; to make a firm resolve, make up one's mind, oc= QpQ~O(Y)oSCCv~Iccjcf);used sometimaes in& con-. tradistinction to o5wxx, o~qsoxc o~:h(B g~ I k,,nacertain influence or state of disease at the approach of death. O 1- *So~oc~s, v. to be subject to such an infune ~k n s ftod,. the day after the morrow. WcxoS8 (pron.. aa~oo~S), 1, n. a two-edged sword. r.4~c6 Sit, ft. a sharp projection or tongue of land, BOSC~O4n ao~o~ (uS), 2. ft. a thorny shrub), the Capparte koriida. OcD~qSBI ao4 cS8&, ts. two species of creepers the roots of which when ground and mixed with water and salt, are used as a poultice for boils. cossee `g8t, a. the turmmeri plant or root. ftP. a kind of harpoon used for spearing crocodiles. v. to be clear from, separate, distinct; to make clear, to separate, co.>;to be clean, pure, innocent, holy,.8, co cpD~oT&o~eo4,to sleep as a Buddh, or Rakanda; to sort or arrange letters, papers, documwents.*xwea co$.S (pro....8), v. to b6 clean, pin., innocent, holy; to perform the natural evacuations; applied repsflyto kings, priests eft.; 6rio.Sdca&4S, to cleanse, the body; oc, ~sto gI ve birth,to a child; cS4s8o a term formerly applied to the hlaies of the royal family, when a son or, daughter was born; o 8 8 s* g ~jthe birthday of the Queen Empress (of India). COJOEOOSft. a royal tooth brush. OO~ (pro.. ~ J), v. same as 4oj to be conventionally or ceremonially

Page  998 998 tv. same (most common); applied also to the mind; *>s~ ~Ss~g~:,goods or property unlawfully acquired. aj&Sv. to wash after a -natural evacuation, c~aocBDo l., a vessel to hold water, used by priests 4OO 5~~q8, COjOOS gaS oawadv. distinctly,.separately,, by itself, without any admixture,, r~ ~S,,n. a kind of tree. A dye is obtained from the barko this tree which is used for, dyeing baskets and thread. os,1 n, i a louse, 0441s~, wi.0 n. a nit. W8 8 n. a body louse. o>4scR, m4:sa, oat~s v. to be infested with lice. n*. a young louse. wioo s,. to itch from the biting, of lice, *44s*CR&W*cxIOr o4, 3 v. to cros a. path, river, etc., 6 s s qc let him who crosses in front of the army have bhi breast cloven asunder. The Burese considered it -very unluekj to have 'a person cross in front of an army; such a persn was Uusully put to death; to be blurred, clouded, obscured, as the vision; c 04.1, 08C0&4I8Ojrxj, dC~SOs8N, o4:C216 (pron. ~oad6), n. midnight, O~clsce oc~~j, it cannot be later than midnight; meaning that a person cannot, suffer, greater misery than he has already updergone. ao~sc21&cS, n. time after midnight. o04SQ2l8o5, n. the time near midnight.' 00sBQ2180+t (pron. xo')soo) n.the. time of mingtand afe 4oo Q,n.an octillo ereetdY a,unit with forty-eight ciphers. cS n. a wedge. P6?OS' 0Vo808, CL 05 v. to drive a -wedge, *A 44- BO ~;o,to, fasten wilh6 wedge;,oj, ~~tq insert a4 wedge. St (prcm,. 4~ rgle (rcA.) v. to stroke w*ith the hand,'a thl _4dP oP~,;mq =9; to smooth down, ~548=9; tqntiw~~ it bambo o~9s C

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Page  999 goI 9oo& ~,..to be han~dsme~ eiegants,L wel~l-dressed, etc~.,; applied rtac,~Deity, priests, and idolm %.x asin praising a pongyi'et personal appearance_; to, bathe# ccoYoto%.~; oomoaxmgc~cv CP8eg. o eco O+Qo,~S ooS is an honorific term used by laymen to rakans. *>3S'v. to be well-arranged, in handsome order, 9s8 xS QoSQV00j~acoaoovs; us.ed adverbially, as OSN9~S or aooso 4 000 adv. at all; in nregativie sentenwes~, as a corruption of c-dOOCSox co~8S (pron. wo2~S), 1, n. an open-mouthed pot in which priests of,-, Buddh receive offerings of food, an alms bowl. oaS~~oSn. the sling in which the priest's alms bowl is suspended from the neck and shoulder, wocn. a stand for an alms bowl. cosn. the cover of an alms bowL. oa~oc~oc, i. the part of a pagoda which resembles an inverted alms bowl; v. to invert the alms bowl, i.e., to refus'e to receive,.-, offerings from one; to excommunicate; sentence of excommunication is rarely carried out, yet when a- rakan refuses the offeringsof a layman, such refusal is designated w~koS 000~q)' ~~3v~c,5' z. to suspend the alms bowl in its sling (around the neck);;n.the, wagtail, 8~w5csoxB the magpie robin. w~o~S6,. to make offerings of food- to Pongyis on the. decease o any -person, -or on the anniversary of such person 's de~at h, G~oS OS c*8Ei5 Z.&peies 'of Oak:. (pron. oau) n. the lowland scr;`wpiMne~'.Panidata fiurcatuj. woiG6I(3 (pron. aoe~) n. a mat, inade of, the sta*ks.4f the screwpi* oo~ooq:)sn. a tree producing P*.,trong#~ close-grait~e4 timbe0, thea C46V~l' ic 0.

Page  1000 1000 Oo0cS, n. a wild creeper bearing a fruit ovoidal in shape, from five to seven inches long, and from three to five inches in diameter, which when ripe is of a bright yellow or orange color; comp. icv4 oFo, m. the Piacuna placenta, a bivalve producing an inferior kind of seed pearl. Woo, n. a kind of tree, the water Dilenia. The fruit of this tree is cooked in fish curries, imparting an acid flavor. oDoo(, n. the Malay apple, Eugenia MaSaccemis (said to be a corrptiof o glxS ). Oce, n. the ugeuia. Chin witnesses are sworn in courts of justice on a sprig or small branch of the Eugenia, imprecating evil on themselves through the agency of the guardian nat of the tree; they are even afraid of wearing a sprig in the lobes of their ears; and if they inadvertantly do this, they invariably propitiate the noat, lest they be possessed of an evil spirit (o3<4k8t). s, n. the Eugenia grandis. ocDit, n. the Eugesia venusta. c i (pro(P. c ), n. the Eugenia cerastoides. DOCaSCo t, )C&ooc, o c9, cc6S cg, n. different species of the &^fenis. ooc8~o F, n. incipient puberty; applied to females, wom o-ts o, n. that species of the Eugenia which produces the jambo fruit, P]l8oG@" oc(d8S, n. the south post in the main part of a house; sec under o0su oocSooti, n. that species of the Eugenia, the bark of which is used as a mordant for blue and black dyes. oocoQts n. a sprig of the tender leaves of the Egenia, much in demand for the urns used in making religious offerings; also called cooSut, the "flower of victory," from the fact that formerly Burmese soldiers wore it in 1their topknots and in the perforations of the lobes of their ears, as an omen of victory. It is still worn by ordinary persons when about to embark on difficult or dangerous enterprises, o,9F;13ko 45sf& oQ~&g# la,: Athe Esgenia xeylveIma. oc ii n. 1he oEufnia jasbolana. Wc C E, n. reddish brown color, CooCc&crG, 6$cEccEotSI

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Page  1001 WSB-00pW8100 1001 S~ (oS) (pron.:gS), n. the Lufa pentandra plant, bearing a long gourd with a striped skin. ogoSej, n. it. the intestines of the said gourd, from the confused involutions of its stringy substance when dried; applied figuratively to mischievous, intriguing persons; ooSpTcoTpS, 8ooSGoQ gSsooS0o[C, mean that a man leads such a confused unprincipled life, that he has to address the lu