The University of Michigan, an encyclopedic survey ... Wilfred B. Shaw, editor.
University of Michigan.

In General

The constant tension which was produced by the management of various crises eased with remarkable speed after the peaks reached between 1968 and late 1970. Although there were some later incidents, by the fall of 1971, President Fleming could comment in his "State of the University" remarks: "This is the fourth time that I have come before you to talk about the state of the University, Page  13and I am struck with how much the mood has changed even during that short span of time. In 1968 and 1969 we were in the midst of student turbulence. By last year it had abated somewhat, and the fall of 1971 seems to offer a different climate. I am inclined to believe that the violence and destruction of those earlier years is not likely to be repeated in the immediate future." By 1973, in a speech in Denver, Fleming had to talk about criticisms that students were now apathetic, when only a short time before the president had been pleading with the public not to judge students by their "Halloween masquerade" of beards, beads, and bib overalls. "Those of us who deal with students daily," he said, "know that there is zero correlation between the outward adornment and the person hidden under it." And comparing the campus scene of 1973 with what it was in 1968 when he began his tenure, Fleming observed: "The mood is different, more relaxed. The students have more humor. They are not nearly so up-tight." He attributed the change in attitude to removal of major causes of student unrest — such as Vietnam, the draft, and racial injustice. He said that students were convinced the University had succeeded in a dedicated effort to increase minorities on campus. "What appears to be student apathy actually is greater concern with academics — possibly related to a slowdown in campus job recruiting and the abundance of applicants in fields such as teaching," Fleming said.