- Tonnage Old Style
- 1,083 44/95
- 1,500 tons
- Final Location
- 6 miles off south shore opposite North East, PA.
- Lake Erie.
- Final Date Month
- Final Date Day
- Final Date Year
- Final How
- Final Notes
- Foundered in large storm which claimed 15 other vessels; 17 of 18 lives lost; bound Toledo to Buffalo.
- 1898 Hull located; cargo recovered.
- 1984 Wreck discovered.
History and Notes
- 1864, Apr 29 Enrolled Cleveland, OH; named for railway magnate; largest package freighter of it's time; chartered by New York Central Line, ran Buffalo, NY to Cleveland, OH & Chicago, IL.
- 1864, May 17 Owned H.J. & N.C. Winslow, Buffalo; ran on Clover Line, Toledo, OH to Buffalo.
- 1865 Readmeasured 236.8 x 34.95 x 21.1'; 1,416.42 tons.
- 1865, Jun 28 Sank propeller ILLINOIS in collision off Point Pelee, ONT, Lake Erie.
- 1866, Sep 10 Sank schooner A. BAENSCH off Waukegan, IL, Lake Michigan.
- 1867 Machinery modified; 2 stacks.
- 1868 Ran on Commercial Line operated by Charles Ensign, Buffalo.
- 1868, Jul 29 Ashore Traverse Bay in fog.
- 1871, Mar 23 Owned Union Steamboat Co., Buffalo.
- 1871, May 21 Aground Marine City, MI; released by propeller ELMIRA; 1 life lost; bound Lake Superior to Buffalo.
- 1871, Aug 23 Collision with schooner PROGRESS on Lake Michigan.
- 1871, Oct 29 Burned Mud Lake, St. Mary's River between Detour & Sailor's Encampment; upper works destroyed; towed to Buffalo.
- 1873, Apr 13 Rebuilt Union Dry dock, Buffalo; 238 x 35 x 13.5'; 1,432.06 gross/ 1,257.23 net tons; ran Buffalo to Milwaukee, WI & Chicago.
- 1874, May Reengined with Perry & Lay Compound engine, twin screw; installed by King Iron Works.
- 1874, Nov 4 Aground near Pelee Island; released.
- 1875, May New wheel.
- 1875, Oct Machinery repaired.
- 1875, Nov Aground Channel bank, Lime Kiln Crossing.
- 1876, Jun 16 Grounded McGulpin's Point, Straits.
- 1876, Aug 29 Broke crosshead, Lake Michigan.
- 1876, Sep 28 Collision with schooner C.L. JOHNSON, Buffalo harbor.
- 1876, Oct 13 Ashore South Manitou Island.
- 1877, Oct 13 Disabled off Alpena, MI, broken steam pipe.
- 1877, Oct 19 Grounded Buffalo River with propeller D. BALLENTINE.
- 1878, Aug 4 Collision with schooners NOQUEBAY & ADVANCE at Pestigo Co. dock, Chicago.
- 1880, Aug 29 Collision with schooner MAJOR N.H. FERRY Chicago River.
- 1882, May Major repairs Union Dry Dock.
- 1882, Sep Two new wheels.
- 1884, Sep 25 Leaking Lake Erie; repaired Detroit.
- 1884, Oct 9 Collision with tug W.H. DOAN.
- 1886, Nov 11 Owned H. Bottsford & R.J. & Dan E. Richardson, Port Huron & Chicago; repaired Wolf & Davidson; recaulked; arches strengthened, sides & hull sheathed with steel.
- 1887 Repaired Wolverine dry dock, Port Huron; steel arches, 2 new boilers 8.5 x 14' by Love & Schofield, Port Huron; ran Port Huron to Duluth & Buffalo with COLORADO & ROANOKE.
- 1888, Spring Machinery overhauled, new shaft at Sherriffs.
- 1888, Jun 9 Struck government pier, Duluth, MN.
- 1889, Mar 29 Owned Huron Transportation Co., East China, MI, J.E. Bottsford; ran Port Huron & Chicago.
- 1889, May 6 Ran on Grey's Reef near Mackinaw with 25,000 bushels oats.
- 1889 New wheel.
- 1890 Ran Lake Huron to Ohio ports; chartered by Clover Leaf Line.
- 1890, Mar 9 Struck in ice St. Clair Flats.
- 1891, Sep Machinery disabled; towed Toledo to Buffalo by tug S.C. SCHENCK.
- 1892 Ran on upper Lakes, primarily Duluth.
- 1892, May 29 Aground Stag Island; released by tug CHAMPION.
- 1893 Chartered to Clover Leaf Line.
- 1893, Oct 15 Foundered Lake Erie.
- William MacDonald Collection, Dossin Great Lakes Museum, Detroit
- U.S. Merchant Vessels
- Peter J. VanderLinden
- Newspaper Clippings
- Lytle List
- Jack Messmer
- Erik Heyl, Early American Steamers
- Enrollments, U.S. National Archives
- Edward J. Dowling Collection, University of Detroit-Mercy
- Donald V. Baut
- David Swayze Shipwreck Da
- Unique ID
- Scanned Image Height (pixels)
- Scanned Image Width (pixels)
- Image Sequence Number
- Date Added/Updated
- 2008-02-25 03:16:16
33476 images/descriptions are openly available.
This image is now available from the Alpena County Public Library Great Lakes Maritime Collection site. This MLibrary collection will be retired on April 16, 2018.
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