Mary Hays Weik papers (1921-1979)
Summary Information
Title: Mary Hays Weik papers
Creator: Weik, Mary Hays, 1898-
Inclusive dates: 1921-1979
Extent: 8.35 linear feet
Abstract:
The Mary Hays Weik Papers include correspondence with anti-nuclear activists world wide, public officials, concerned citizens, and Weik's family; newsletters and articles on nuclear power, civil rights, neighborhood improvement in Cincinnati in the 1950s, and right-wing and anti-communist organizations; other writings by Weik; legal documents on nuclear power plants in New York; research notes; newspaper clippings; and subject files. Also includes the correspondence, 1950-1954, of Caroline Urie, who, like Weik, was a leader of the American branch of the International Registry of World Citizens.
Call number: Labadie-Weik
Language: The material is in English
Repository: University of Michigan Library (Special Collections Research Center), Joseph A. Labadie Collection

Access and Use
Access Restrictions:

The collection is open for research.

Copyright:

Copyright has not been transferred to the Regents of the University of Michigan. Permission to publish must be obtained from the copyright holder(s).

Preferred Citation:

Mary Hays Weik papers, 1921-1979., University of Michigan Library (Special Collections Research Center)

Collection History
Processing Information:

Collection processed and finding aid created by Karen Mason.


Arrangement

The Mary Hays Weik papers date from 1921 to 1979 and measure 8.35 linear feet. The papers are arranged in eight series: Correspondence (1932-1979), World Government (1946-1979), Antinuclear Activities (1958-1978), Weik Writings (ca. 1940's-1978), Civil Rights-Civil Liberties (1952-1964), Cincinnati (1952-1964), Personal (1921-1979), and Photos.


Biography

Mary Hays Weik, a writer and an activist in the world government and antinuclear movements, was born on December 28, 1898, in Greencastle, Indiana, and died December 25, 1979, in New York City. She was the daughter of Jesse W. Weik, a biographer of Abraham Lincoln.

Mary Weik graduated from DePauw University in Greencastle in 1918 and worked for a time as a reporter for a Chicago newspaper. Later, as a staff writer for Street and Smith Publications in New York City, she authored a number of short stories and radio scripts. During the 1930's she edited a history of the New York City Fire Department for the Federal Writer's Project.

After World War II Weik became involved in the movement for a world government. She served as chairman of the Federalist Forum, a series of public meetings held in New York City in 1950 to discuss world problems and the means of creating a world government, and was involved in several world government organizations, including the International Registry of World Citizens. The Registry was an attempt to promote cooperation among nations by registering individuals of various countries as "world citizens." Around 1954 Weik organized the American Federation of World Citizens, the purpose of which was to develop citizen awareness and understanding of world affairs by encouraging the establishment of study and action groups in local communities. The Federation also worked for an end to the nuclear arms race and a ban on atomic industries and power plants, and urged that the United Nations be strengthened so that it could effectively maintain the peace.

Weik's interests in the 1950's extended to the problems of civil liberties and civil rights. She did research on right-wing organizations and wrote an article entitled "Shadow Over America," which described the system of federal detention camps being kept in readiness for "potential spies and subversives" in the event of national emergency.

Weik moved to Cincinnati in 1951 to live with her son John, who was attending graduate school there. While living in Cincinnati Weik became involved in the Avondale Community Council, a citizens' organization concerned with improving the neighborhood, and the Lytle Park North Association, which was formed to preserve a group of historic residences threatened by the construction of a freeway.

In the early 1960's Weik became increasingly concerned about the development of nuclear power and the threat it posed to human health and safety. In 1962 she helped organize and served as chairman of the Women's Committee to Stop the Ravenswood Reactor, which fought against a proposed nuclear power plant in New York City. After Consolidated Edison decided not to build the Ravenswood reactor, Weik reorganized the committee as the Committee to End Radiological Hazards, a non-partisan committee of private citizens concerned about the problems associated with nuclear energy.

The Committee to End Radiological Hazards was essentially a one-woman operation which had as its primary goal the dissemination of information about nuclear hazards and antinuclear activities. Weik edited a monthly newsletter, Window on the World , and wrote a series of articles on various aspects of the nuclear power question. In addition to her writing, Weik was involved in the fight to stop construction of nuclear power plants at Indian Point and West Valley, New York, and in the 1970's served as a citizen intervenor in the Atomic Energy Commission hearings to determine whether Columbia University should be granted a license to build and operate a nuclear research reactor on campus. Weik was active in the antinuclear movement until her death in 1979, corresponding with other activists in the United States and abroad and making a number of trips in the United States, Canada, and Europe to publicize the dangers of nuclear power.

Mary Weik was the author of The Jazz Man (1966), a children's book illustrated by her daughter Ann Grifalconi that won a Newbery award. She also wrote The House on Liberty Street (1973), a story of German immigrants in the Midwest based on her grandfather's experiences.

Weik married Joseph Grifalconi in 1925. They divorced in 1934. They had two children, John Grifalconi, born in 1927, and Ann Grifalconi, born in 1929.


Collection Scope and Content Note

The papers document Weik's involvement in the world government movement after World War II and the antinuclear movement of the 1960's and 1970's. The bulk of the collection dates from the 1950's to the 1970's; there is little material or information on Weik's life and work prior to 1950. The correspondence file is rich in its documentation of a small but dedicated group of individuals who made up an informal network of international antinuclear activists.

Subject Terms
    Subjects:
    • Antinuclear movement.
    • Nuclear energy.
    Contributors:
    • Urie, Caroline.
    Contents List
       Container / Location    Title
      1  
    Correspondence [series]:
    Box   1  
     1932-September 1956 (14 folders)
      2  
     October 1956-August 1960 (11 folders)
      3  
     September 1960-September 1965 (13 folders)
      4  
     October 1965-December 1967 (9 folders)
      5  
     January 1968-December 1969 (10 folders)
      6  
     January 1970-December 1972 (11 folders)
      7  
     1973-1979 (11 folders)
     
    World Government [series]:
    Box   7  
    The Federalist Forum,  1950
      8  
    International Registry of World Citizens
    Box   8  
     1950-1959
    Box   8  
    American Branch,  1950-1954, n.d.
    Box   8  
    New York Unit
    Box   8  
    Yellow Springs, Ohio, Center,  1950-1951
    Box   8  
    Membership Lists (3 folders)
     
    Caroline Urie Correspondence
    Box   8  
     1950-1954 (5 folders)
      9  
    American Federation of World Citizens
    Box   9  
     1956-1966
    Box   9  
    Accounts
    Box   9  
    Pamphlet Inventory and Family Accounts
     
    Weik Trips for World Citizenship
    Box   9  
     1953United States Trip
    Box   9  
     1953-1954United States Trip
    Box   9  
     1959European Trip
    Box   9  
     1961United States Trip
    Box   9  
    Commonwealth of World Citizens,  1950-1958
    Box   9  
    Palmarola (Italy),  1958-1959
    Box   9  
    Peacemakers,  1950-1956
     
    People's World Constituent Assembly
    Box   9  
     1946, 1950-1952
    Box   9  
     1953-1956
     
    United Nations Reform
    Box   9  
     1953-1961, n.d.
    Box   9  
     1978-1979
    Box   9  
    United World Federalists,  1948, 1959, n.d.
    Box   9  
    Women Strike for Peace,  1962-1979
    Box   9  
    World Federal Government Conference,  1953
    Box   9  
    World Referendum
      10  
    Miscellaneous,  1950-1957
     
    Antinuclear Activities [series]:
    Box   10  
    Women's Committee to Stop the Ravenswood Reactor,  1962-1964
     
    Committee to End Radiological Hazards
    Box   10  
     1964-1973
    Box   10  
     Undated
    Box   10  
    Bilingual Quotes
    Box   10  
    Contact Organizations
    Box   10  
    Newspaper Clippings
    Box   10  
    People Against the Atom,  1973-1977
    Box   10  
    Petitions
    Box   10  
    Fellowship of World Citizens (2 folders)
     
    Indian Point Nuclear Generating Unit No. 2
    Box   10  
    Correspondence re Atomic Energy Commission Hearings,  1966-1970
    Box   10  
    Application for License,  1970
      11  
    Atomic Energy Commission Statement on Environmental Considerations,  1970
    Box   11  
    Petitions to Intervene in Atomic Energy Commission Hearings,  1970-1971
    Box   11  
    Environmental Impact,  1972-1974
    Box   11  
    Initial Decision of Atomic Safety and Licensing Board,  1973-1974
     
    Indian Point Nuclear Generating Unit No. 3
    Box   11  
    Atomic Energy Commission Safety Evaluation,  1969-1970
    Box   11  
    Weik Presentation,  1969
     
    Weik Intervention in Atomic Energy Commission Hearings
    Box   11  
     1969 (3 folders)
    Box   11  
     1971-1972
      12  
     1973 (2 folders)
    Box   12  
     1974-1976
     
    West Valley Nuclear Reprocessing Plant
    Box   12  
    Correspondence,  1966-1970
    Box   12  
    Petitions to Intervene in Atomic Energy Commission Hearings,  1974 (3 folders)
     
    Columbia University Triga Nuclear Reactor
     
    Columbia University Petition to Atomic Energy Commission for License
    Box   12  
     1968
    Box   12  
     1969(folder #1)
      13  
     1969(folder #2)
    Box   13  
     1970 (2 folders)
    Box   13  
     1971 (3 folders)
    Box   13  
     1972-1974
     
    Weik vs. Columbia University
    Box   13  
     1972
      14  
     1974
    Box   14  
    Appeal,  1973-1974
    Box   14  
    Morningside Renewal Council and Riverside Democrats vs. Atomic Energy Commission,  1972 (2 folders)
    Box   14  
    Citizens' Petitions Against Columbia Reactor,  1970
    Box   14  
    Miscellaneous
     
    International Activities
    Box   14  
    Argentina
    Box   14  
    Association pour la protection contre les rayonnements ionisants (APRI),  1967-1978
    Box   14  
    Australia
    Box   14  
    Austria
    Box   14  
    Forum Humanum
    Box   14  
    France
    Box   14  
    Germany
    Box   14  
    Luxembourg
    Box   14  
    Netherlands
    Box   14  
    Switzerland
    Box   14  
    Universal Front of Survival
      15  
    Subject File
    Box   15  
    Cancer Statistics
    Box   15  
    Fluoridation
    Box   15  
    Food Irradiation
    Box   15  
    Hudson River: Salinity
    Box   15  
    Idaho: Health Hazards
    Box   15  
    Illinois: Atomic Installations
    Box   15  
    Joint Atomic Energy Committee,  1958-1959
    Box   15  
    Missouri: Health Hazards
    Box   15  
    New Jersey: Health Hazards
    Box   15  
    New York: Nuclear Power Plants
    Box   15  
    Notes (2 folders)
    Box   15  
    Plowshare Blasts
    Box   15  
    Savannah (nuclear-powered ship),  1964
     
    Uranium Mines
    Box   15  
    Notes,  1963, n.d.
    Box   15  
    Elliot Lake, Ontario,  1967
    Box   15  
    Weik Speaking Engagements, 1970, 1975
     
    Weik Trips
    Box   15  
     1969United States Trip
    Box   15  
     1970European Trip
    Box   15  
     1972European Trip
    Box   15  
     1974United States Trip
    Box   15  
    Miscellaneous
      16  
    Newspaper clippings
     
    Weik Writings [series]:
    Box   16  
    File '49,  1949-1951
    Box   16  
    The World Citizen,  1950's
    Box   16  
    Shadow Over America,  1956-1958, 1962
     
    World Community Series
    Box   16  
    I Am a Citizen of the World
     
    A World Set Free
    Box   16  
     Undated
    Box   16  
     1954
    Box   16  
     1955
     
    A United Nations Charter for Man
    Box   16  
     1953
    Box   16  
     1954
    Box   16  
     1960
    Box   16  
     1961
    Box   16  
    What Kind of Revision?
    Box   16  
    Your Community and the World
    Box   16  
    Around-the-World Film List
    Box   16  
    Community Centers for Living,  1954
    Box   16  
    Towards a New World,  1955
     
    Let's Talk It Over
    Box   16  
     1955
    Box   16  
     1957
    Box   16  
    A Discussion Guide for United Nations Study Groups,  1958
    Box   16  
    A United Nations Police Force to Guard World Peace,  1958, 1960
      17  
    A Parliament for Man,  1959, 1960, undated
    Box   17  
    Community Centers for the People,  1954
    Box   17  
    The Search for World Community,  1956
    Box   17  
    How to Set Up a Local World Citizen Registry
    Box   17  
    How to Start a World Citizens' League in Your Own Community
    Box   17  
    How to Start a World Community Club in Your Own Town
    Box   17  
    World Community Series Order Forms
    Box   17  
    Miscellaneous World Government Writings
    Box   17  
    The Minority of One,  1960
     
    Peace Through U.N. Reform,  1960
     
    Window on the World
    Box   17  
    Newspaper Columns,  1959
     
    Monthly Letter
    Box   17  
     1960-1962
    Box   17  
     1963-1965
    Box   17  
     1973-1978
     
    The Story Nobody Prints
    Box   17  
     1965
    Box   17  
     1968
    Box   17  
    French Translation
    Box   17  
    German Translation
     
    The Great Atomic Fraud
    Box   17  
     1971
    Box   17  
    German Translation
    Box   17  
    The Final Judge is the Citizen,  1975
    Box   17  
    The Neutron Bomb,  1977
     
    Nuclear Information Series
    Box   17  
    "Hot Spots" in Prospect for America: Nuclear Plans for Chicago and the Connecticut River Valley,  1967
    Box   17  
    How Safe Are "Plowshare" Atomic Blasts?,  1967
    Box   17  
    How to Use Government Statistics to Find Local Health Patterns,  1967
    Box   17  
    The Pollution of Waterways by Atomic Wastes,  1967
    Box   17  
    Tampering With the Food We Eat,  1967
    Box   17  
    The Weekend New York Almost Lost: The Irresponsible Nuclear Policy of Large City Governments,  1967
      18  
    Atoms on the Campus: The Universities' Part in the Promotion of Atomic Energy,  1969
    Box   18  
    The Montrose Catastrophe: Outbreak of Cancer Deaths Downwind from Indian Point Atomic Power Plant,  1969
    Box   18  
    Should a College Allow a Nuclear Reactor on its Campus?,  1969
    Box   18  
    Without Consent of the People: The Irresponsible Siting, Standards, and Wastes of Atomic Power,  1970
    Box   18  
    A Report to the People On the Need to Curb Official Abuse of the American Public Hearing System; With Notes on Effects of Atomic Development Observed in other Countries,  1971
    Box   18  
    Should a Nuclear Research Reactor Be Allowed on a College Campus?,  1971
    Box   18  
    The Forgotten Citizen: Victim or Decision-Maker?,  1972
    Box   18  
    The Nuclear Fuel: Root of the Atomic Problem,  1972
    Box   18  
    A City Polluted By Nuclear Power: A Multi-Billion World Fiasco, 1973[Cincinnati]
    Box   18  
    The Time Bomb at Indian Point: The Unpredictable Human Costs of a Nuclear Installation,  1973
    Box   18  
    German Translations of Weik Writings
    Box   18  
    Miscellaneous Antinuclear Writings (2 folders)
    Box   18  
    Newspaper Columns,  ca. 1940's and undated (4 folders)
    Box   18  
    Plays
    Box   18  
    Radio Scripts (2 folders)
      19  
    Unfinished Novel
    Box   19  
    Draft of "Tiger, Tiger" (6 folders)
      20  
    Draft of "Tiger, Tiger" (cont.) (2 folders)
     
    Civil Rights -Civil Liberties [series]:
     
    Reading from the Right...Pressure Groups That Masquerade As Patriots
      20  
    World Assembly for Moral Rearmament,  1952
     
    Research Notes
      20  
     1952-1954
      20  
     Undated
      20  
    Civil Rights - Miscellaneous
      20  
    De West Hooker-Nationalist Party,  1957-1958
      20  
    Koinonia Farm, Americus, Georgia,  1957-1964
     
    Cincinnati [series]:
     
    Lytle Park North Association
      20  
    Minutes and Reports,  1958-1959
      20  
    Correspondence,  1958-1959
      20  
    Clippings,  1958-1959
      20  
    Avondale Community Council,  1957-1959 (2 folders)
      21  
    Maurice McCrackin,  1959-1964
      21  
    Coney Island Park--Racial Discrimination,  1952
     
    Personal [series]:
     
    Correspondence
      21  
     1950-1959
      21  
     1960-1969
     
     1970-1979
      21  
    Biographical
      21  
    Family History
     
    Notes on Family
      21  
    European Trip,  1921
      21  
    Wilderness Road Trip
      21  
    Notebook and Accounts,  1946-1948?
      21  
    Children's Books,  1967-1979
      21  
    Newspaper Clippings About Weik (3 folders)
      21  
    Miscellaneous
      21  
    Photographs [series]: (3 folders)