J. Louis Engdahl Papers (1885-1981, bulk 1912-1932)
Summary Information
Title: J. Louis Engdahl Papers
Creator: Engdahl, J. Louis (John Louis), 1884-1932
Inclusive dates: 1885-1981
Bulk dates: 1912-1932
Extent: 6.5 linear feet Extent: (14 boxes and one portfolio)
Abstract:
J. Louis Engdahl (1884-1932), editor and journalist, was an advocate for labor, socialist, and communist causes. The collection includes letters Engdahl wrote to his wife and daughter, trial transcripts, photographs; Engdahl's original writings; and published works in various formats. Also included are memorabilia, clippings, pamphlets, and other printed material, and artwork.
Call number: Labadie Engdahl
Language: The material is in English
Repository: University of Michigan Library (Special Collections Research Center), Joseph A. Labadie Collection

Access and Use
Access Restrictions:

The collection is open for research.

Copyright:

Copyright has not been transferred to the Regents of the University of Michigan. Permission to publish must be obtained from the copyright holder(s).

Preferred Citation:

J. Louis Engdahl Papers, University of Michigan Library (Special Collections Research Center)

Collection History
Acquisition Information:

The collection was acquired in 2001.

Processing Information:

Collection processed and finding aid created by Rebecca Bizonet.


Arrangement

The papers are divided into seven series: Correspondence, Writings, Chicago Socialist Trial, Scottsboro Trial, Photographs and Artwork, Personal and Memorabilia, and Printed Material.


Biography

J. Louis Engdahl (1884-1932) was an editor and journalist who throughout his life was a tireless advocate for labor, socialist, and communist causes.

Engdahl was born November 11, 1884, in Minneapolis, Minnesota, to working-class Swedish immigrant parents. He studied at the University of Minnesota from 1903 to 1907. Engdahl joined the Socialist Party around 1908 and quickly rose to prominence within its ranks.

A reporter and editor for several Socialist newspapers, including the Chicago Daily Socialist , the American Socialist , and the Daily World , in 1913 Engdahl joined Eugene Debs, Mother Jones, and others in West Virginia, where he reported on the coal miners' strike for the Socialist press.

Engdahl was a close friend of Pauline Grace Levitin, a Chicago schoolteacher from a family active in the Socialist movement. In 1914, the two were married. They had a daughter, also named Pauline.

Pauline Levitin Engdahl's sister, Sophia, was no less strong in her support of socialism. Sophia's husband was William Rodriguez, Chicago's first Socialist (and Hispanic) alderman. (The two divorced in the 1920s, citing among their grievances irreconcilable political convictions. Sophia would later join the Communist Party and spend several years in the Soviet Union.)

Another prominent associate of Engdahl's was Victor Berger, a Milwaukee newspaper editor and politician who served as a Socialist Representative in Congress from 1911 to 1913 and from 1923 to 1929. Upon the United States' entry into World War I, Berger and Engdahl, along with three codefendants, were prosecuted under the Espionage Act of 1917 for their opposition to the war. Each was sentenced to twenty years in prison, a decision later overturned by the Supreme Court in 1921.

In 1931, the International Labor Defense, with Engdahl as its general secretary, took up the cause of the Scottsboro Boys, nine young African-American men convicted and sentenced to death for the rape of two white women in Scottsboro, Alabama--a claim that was eventually discredited, and which was considered suspect by many even at the time. Engdahl spoke at mass meetings across the country to protest the defendants' unfair trial and to raise funds for their further defense. In 1932, he and Ada Wright, mother of two of the Scottsboro defendants, toured Europe extensively to garner international support.

Engdahl contracted pneumonia during the strenuous tour. In Moscow, where he and Ada Wright served as delegates to the World Congress of the International Red Aid, he fell seriously ill and died on November 21, 1932.


Collection Scope and Content Note

The J. Louis Engdahl Papers (6.5 linear feet) are divided into seven series: Correspondence, Writings, Chicago Socialist Trial, Scottsboro Trial, Photographs and Artwork, Personal and Memorabilia, and Printed Material.

Highlights of the collection include the letters Engdahl wrote to his wife and daughter, in which loving epithets and stories of day-to-day life mingle with accounts of his work and that of other prominent labor, socialist, and communist figures. The collection contains several pieces of Engdahl's original writings, along with numerous published works in various formats. Causes for which Engdahl fought, both on his own behalf and that of others, are documented through letters, clippings, trial transcripts, and images. Over sixty photographs, as well as various pieces of personal memorabilia, depict both family life and professional associations. Also of note is a portrait of Engdahl by the artist Mitchell Siporin.

A note on names: Throughout the collection, certain individuals are referred to by various alternate names and nicknames. Engdahl himself went by "J. Louis" or more informally, "Louis," rather than his given name of "John." Sophia Levitin Rodriguez is addressed variously as "Sophia," "Sophie," "Sonia," and even by her middle name, "Vera." As mentioned in the biographical portion of this finding aid, Pauline and Louis Engdahl's daughter is also named Pauline. To avoid confusion, within this finding aid, Engdahl's wife is referred to as "Pauline Levitin Engdahl" and their daughter as "Pauline Engdahl." Pauline Engdahl had the family nickname of "Chootch," with variants "Chootchie," "Chuche," etc.

Subject Terms
    Subjects:
    • International Labor Defense
    • Socialist Party (U.S.)
    • Berger, Victor L., 1860-1929
    • Labor movement -- United States
    • Socialism -- Illinois -- Chicago -- Trials
    • Scottsboro Trial, Scottsboro, Ala., 1931.
    Contributors:
    • Benedict, Ruth, 1887-1948
    • Engdahl, Pauline Levitin
    • Hayes, Frank
    • Korngold, Ralph, 1882-1964
    Genre Terms:
    • Clippings
    • Correspondence
    • Legal documents
    • Manuscripts
    • Photographs
    Contents List
       Container / Location    Title
     
    Correspondence [series]:

    The Correspondence series (2.5 linear feet) is comprised of handwritten and typed letters, greeting cards, postcards, and telegrams and is grouped into three subseries: J. Louis Engdahl's outgoing correspondence; Engdahl Family correspondence, comprised of letters written by his wife, daughter, sister-in-law and brother-in-law, and other relatives in the Engdahl, Levitin, and Rodriguez families; and Others, listed alphabetically by name. Ralph Korngold, Frank Hayes, and Ruth Benedict are among the correspondents. Most of the Engdahl Family correspondence is comprised of Pauline Levitin Engdahl's letters to Louis.

    Included in the Others subseries are two folders of "Sympathy Letters," written to Pauline Levitin Engdahl at the time of her husband's death. Notable among these are letters from William L. Patterson, chairman of the International Labor Defense. Some of the letters in these folders also discuss memorial and financial arrangements. Included with the sympathy letters are an undated, unsigned poem, "A Monument to Love," and an empty envelope addressed to Pauline Levitin Engdahl and dated 1927. The association of these items to the rest of the materials in this grouping is unclear.

    Engdahl's letters to his wife, especially, and also to his daughter, comprise most of the Correspondence series. They recount in detail Engdahl's daily activities, his hopes and fears, and his affection and longing for his loved ones during his time apart from them (long and frequent periods of separation being an unfortunate consequence of his life's work). In earlier correspondence, dating from the 'teens, Louis and Pauline Engdahl both comment frequently on Victor Berger and his work. Later letters deal primarily with Louis's work for the ILD on behalf of the Scottsboro defendants. One can trace, too, the evolution of J. Louis Engdahl's relationship with Pauline Levitin (Engdahl), from good friends and allies in a common cause, to sweethearts, and finally spouses.

     
    Engdahl, J. Louis, outgoing [subseries]:
    Box   1  
    To Pauline Levitin Engdahl
    Box   1  
     1912-May 1914 (17 folders)
    Box   2  
     June 1914-1916 and  1919 (7 folders)

    (May also include one item to Pauline's mother, 1916)

    Box   2  
     1921-1932 and  undated (7 folders)
    Box   2  
    To Pauline Engdahl (daughter),  1920-1923 1925 1927-1928 1931-1932 and  undated (5 folders)
    Box   3  
    To Family (wife and daughter),  1916-1919 1921-1922 1926 and  undated (5 folders)
    Box   3  
    To Others, various,  1932

    (includes a letter in support of Sophia Rodriguez's Soviet visa extension)

     
    Engdahl Family, outgoing [subseries]:
     
    Engdahl, Pauline Levitin

    (mainly to Louis Engdahl; includes some correspondence from daughter Pauline and from Sophia)

     
    To J. Louis Engdahl
    Box   3  
     1913-February 1914 (7 folders)
    Box   4  
     March 1914-1919 1921-1923 (17 folders)
     
    Engdahl, Pauline(daughter)
    Box   4  
    To J. Louis Engdahl,  1919 1922- 1923 and  undated (2 folders)

    (includes some correspondence to and from Pauline Levitin Engdahl)

    Box   4  
    To others,  undated

    (to mother and other family?)

    Box   5  
    Rodriguez, William and Sophia Levitin Rodriguez [a.k.a. Sonia or Vera]
    Box   5  
    Outgoing,  1911 1917
    Box   5  
    Incoming,  1921

    (re Debs' Freedom Conference and Miner's Convention)

    Box   5  
    Rodriguez Sophia Levitin,  1914-1922 and  undated

    (May also include a letter from Sophia and Pauline's mother)

     
    "Relatives"

    (including Mrs. Levitin, mother of Pauline and Sonia; and [cousin or brother?] Emil)

    Box   5  
    "Auntie," to Pauline Engdahl,  1921
    Box   5  
    "Aunt Mania," to Pauline Engdahl,  undated
    Box   5  
    "L.W.," to J. Louis Engdahl, [1915 ?]
    Box   5  
    Engdahl, David E.,  1932 and  1966
    Box   5  
    "Grandma Levitin," [to Polly Engdahl?],  undated
    Box   5  
    "Lawrence," to grandmother,  undated
    Box   5  
    Levitin, Emil Z. [Pauline and Sophia's brother or perhaps cousin],  undated
    Box   5  
    Levitin, Mrs. [mother of Pauline and Sophia],  1914-1919

    (one 1914 letter to Sophia and Pauline appears to include a holograph will)

    Box   5  
    "Margaret," to "Aunt Polly,"  1933
    Box   5  
    Olin, Martha C., to Pauline L. Engdahl,  1915
    Box   5  
    Wedding announcement for Pauline Levitin,  1915
    Box   5  
    Unidentified, to Pauline Levitin Engdahl,  1937 and  undated
    Box   5  
    Miscellaneous,  1914- 1915 and  undated

    ([Some letters possibly from daughter Pauline]. Addressed variously to "Pussynyu," "Pussycat," and "Puzzuma," from "Monkeyface" and "Me."])

     
    Others, outgoing [subseries]:
    Box   5  
    Benedict, Ruth,  1922
    Box   5  
    Branstetter, Otto, Socialist Party National Office, to [Sophia] Vera Rodriguez,  1921
    Box   5  
    Peluso, Edmond, Il Comunista ,  1922
    Box   5  
    Hayes, Frank J., UMWA, with manuscript, a biographical sketch of Hayes, by J.L. Engdahl
    Box   5  
    Korngold, Ralph,  1916
    Box   5  
    ___, Jacob; Livingston, Rosen & Co.,  1915

    (uncle of Sophia Rodriguez)

    Box   5  
    "Mac" [MacBride, ____?], to Pauline Engdahl,  1922 and  undated
    Box   5  
    Sympathy Letters to Engdahl family,  1932-1933

    (Includes letters from William L. Patterson, International Labor Defense, and Pauline L. Engdahl's reply. Also includes poem "A Monument to Love," author unknown [possibly by JLE? and possibly goes with envelope from 1927 also in folder?]. Some correspondence re memorial and financial arrangements.)

    Box   5  
    Miscellaneous Others, scattered dates
     
    Writings [series]:

    (original manuscripts; see also Printed Material series)

    The Writings series (0.5 linear feet) consists of articles and essays (mainly typescripts, but also manuscripts) written by Engdahl, as well as two typewritten drafts of a semi-autobiographical novel. Published versions of writings by Engdahl can be found in the Printed Material series. (Some published works were removed for separate cataloging and can be found by searching the library's online catalog.)

     
    Articles and Essays [subseries]:
    Box   13 (oversize)  
    "Afterwords": manuscript, 3 pp.,  ca. 1908

    (originally enclosed with Engdahl's essay "Reasons for It" in Minnesota Magazine in the Printed Material series; this is possibly a draft)

    Box   5  
    "A Little Child Shall Lead Them," 2 pp.,  1908
    Box   5  
    "Socialism Points Its Finger," West Virginia, 7 pp.,  undated

    (re the West Virginia coal miners' strike of 1913)

     
    Novel [subseries]:
     
    The Struggle , or The Chosen Path , based on the Streetcar Strike
    Box   5  
    Chapters I (two versions), III, VII/First six chapters, 74 pp.: typescript,  undated
    Box   5  
    Chapters I -XII, plus "An Analysis of the Story," 113 pp.: typescript with handwritten insertions,  undated
     
    Chicago Socialist Trial [series]:

    The Chicago Socialist Trial series (1.5 linear feet) documents the trial (and related appeals) brought by the government against Victor L. Berger, J. Louis Engdahl, Adolph Germer, William F. Kruse, and Irwin St. John Tucker. The five men, all active members of the Socialist Party, were strongly and vociferously opposed to World War I. Beginning in 1918, these protests led to prosecution and conviction for sedition under the Espionage Act of 1917. The men appealed, on the grounds that they had received an unfair trial. (It was an open secret at the time that the defendants were on trial chiefly for their political orientation and their ethnicity--some of the defendants being of Germanic origin or descent. During the trial, the judge made clear his hostility towards German-Americans.) Their convictions were eventually overturned by the Supreme Court in 1921. Included are five volumes of typed transcripts of the original trial, a bound version of the brief for an appeal, and photocopies of subsequent accounts of the case.

     
    United States vs. Berger et al.: typed transcripts,  1918 (5 volumes)
    Box   6  
    Volumes I- IV
    Box   7  
    Volume V
     
    Berger et al. vs. U.S., [ca. 1918-1921]
    Box   7  
    The Case of the Chicago Socialists : Brief for Plaintiffs in Error: printed and bound brief. [Chicago: Hawkins & Loomis Co., law printers, 1919.] United States Circuit Court of Appeals for the Seventh Circuit, October Term, A.D. 1918.
    Box   7  
    "Photocopies from Federal Reporter Supreme Court Record," Circuit Court of Appeals, [No. 460, Argued December 9, 1920. Decided January 31, 1921] and No.  2710 April 26, 1921.
     
    Scottsboro Trial [series]:

    The Scottsboro Trial series (0.25 linear feet) is made up primarily of clippings, but also photographs, correspondence, and writings, relating to Engdahl's work and travels on behalf of the Scottsboro defense effort. Included are two speeches in Norwegian that may have been written by Engdahl and possibly also by Ada Wright (at least, they are attributed to Engdahl and to Ada Wright in their titles). Other documents relating to the Scottsboro case can be found scattered throughout the collection, particularly in the Correspondence series.

     
    Writings [subseries]:
    Box   8  
    "Ada Wrights Tal.,"  undated

    (speech in Norwegian; by Engdahl or Wright?)

    Box   8  
    "J. Louis Engdahl tal. med Scottsboronegrernas mor.,"  undated

    (speech in Norwegian; by Engdahl?)

     
    Photographs
    Box   8  
    Ada Wright, with envelope,  undated

    (possibly a commercially printed postcard?)

    Box   8  
    Miscellaneous: photographic postcards,  1932 and  undated (2 items)
     
    Publications (serials and pamphlets)
    Box   8  
    "Redt de 7 negers van scottsboro," Roode Hulp (Amsterdam), No. 6,  June 1932
     
    Clippings
    Box   8  
    Various,  1932-1937 and  undated
     
    Oversize

    (stored in boxes 12 and 14, oversize)

    Box   8  
    "Pours les Noirs de Scottsboro" ["For the Blacks of Scottsboro"], La Défense , pp. 1-2,  July 29, 1932
    Box   8  
    "Libérons les nègres de Scottsboro: Eda Wright, mère de deux des jeune nègres, est à Paris," ["Let Us Free the Negroes of Scottsboro. Eda Wright, Mother of Two of the Young Negroes, Is in Paris"], La Défense , pp. 1-2,  June 3, 1932

    ("Eda Wright" is actually Ada Wright)

    Box   8  
    "Moren som kjemper for sine to gutters liv. Hvordan en amerikansk cherif lager voldteksaker. Ada Wright taler på Rådhusplassen ikveld," Ny Tid , p. 1 & 4,  July 11, 1932 (2 copies)

    (Norwegian; approximate translation of beginning of title, "Mother thus fights for the lives of her two sons.")

     
    Photographs and Artwork [series]:

    The Photographs and Artwork series (0.25 linear feet) is divided into two subseries, Photographs and Artwork. Most of the photographs in the series come from Engdahl's trip to West Virginia (where he joined Eugene Debs and Mother Jones) to support and document the coal miners' strike of 1913. They consist of snapshots, as well as some portraits and some commercial postcards. (There are also photographs taken by Engdahl, or someone close to him that were printed onto postcard stock; it is not always clear which postcards were commercially produced and which were taken by Engdahl or his associates). Photographs of members of the Engdahl, Levitin, and Rodriguez families are present, as well as a few photographs of various official personages and functions, including a group photograph featuring Eugene Debs. In addition, there is a presentation album from the Soviet Union that appears also to contain some of Engdahl's personal photographs.

    Artwork consists of a portrait, in ink, of Engdahl by Social Realist artist Mitchell Siporin.

     
    Photographs [subseries]:
    Box   8  
    "Striking Miners, Eskdale, Cabin Creek, West Virginia,  May 1913 etc.,"  1912-1913 1926 (58 photos and 2 envelopes)

    (and environs; includes some accompanying postcards; also some other subjects from J.L. Engdahl's travels)

    Box   8  
    Engdahl and Levitin families,  1913-1925 and  undated ( (15 photos)
    Box   8  
    Rodriguez family: William E. Rodriguez and Sophia Levitin Rodriguez,  ca. 1910-1929 and  undated (12 photos)
    Box   8  
    "Debs Photo": group photograph with Eugene Debs,  undated

    (on verso, illegible; resembling "Zcal boscrein deep Dly Soc."?)

    Box   13 (oversize)  
    J.L. Engdahl, Mariya H. Ulyanova, Moscow, and editorial staff of Pravda ,  1927 (2 photographs)

    (caption reads "Moscow, 1927 J.L.E. -- visit to the editorial staff of 'Pravda,' here he's with the editor of 'Pravda' Mariya H. Ulyanova [Lenin's oldest sister]")

    Box   13 (oversize)  
    Presentation album, "To Comrades and Brothers from the Workers and Peasants of the Soviet Union on the 10-th Anniversary of the October Revolution" [1927]

    (some personal photographs appear to be included)

    Box   13 (oversize)  
    North West Young Peoples Socialist League,  1918
     
    Artwork [subseries]:
    Box   13 (oversize)  
    Siporin, Mitchell. Portrait of J. Louis Engdahl, ink on board,  1932
     
    Personal and Memorabilia [series]:

    The Personal and Memorabilia series (0.5 linear feet) is comprised of a variety Engdahl's personal documents and artifacts, such as baptismal and death certificates and various party and trade union membership cards. The few delegate's badges likely belonged to Engdahl, too. A small number of Pauline Levitin Engdahl's and Sophia Levitin Rodriguez's effects are here as well.

     
    J. Louis Engdahl
     
    General (2 folders and 1 oversize folder)
    Box   13 (oversize)  
    Baptismal certificate,  May 28, 1885
    Box   8  
    Socialist Picnic announcement, Socialist Party of Cook County,  1913

    (William Rodriguez a featured speaker)

    Box   8  
    Working cards, Chicago Typographical Union,  1914- 1915
    Box   8  
    Primary election certificate, State of Illinois: J. Louis Engdahl for Socialist Party candidate for Congress,  October 16, 1916
    Box   13 (oversize)  
    Workmen's Circle membership certificate,  February 1, 1917
    Box   8  
    Title page to Frank Harris's My Life and Loves , inscribed by the author to "McBride,"  1922
    Box   8  
    Death certificate,  1932

    (in Russian with accompanying letter in German/in Russian and German?)

     
    Socialist Party membership materials
    Box   8  
    Membership card, Socialist Party,  1909- 1912
    Box   8  
    Membership card, Young Peoples' Socialist League, City of Chicago,  1910- 1911
    Box   8  
    Constitution of the Socialist Party of Cook County, Ill.,  1910
    Box   8  
    National Constitution of the Socialist Party,  1912
     
    Badges (Engdahl's?)
    Box   10 (outsize)  
    No. 12, 23rd Annual Convention, U.M.W. of America [United Mine Workers of America], Springfield, Ill.,  1912
    Box   10 (outsize)  
    Delegate's badge, U.M.W. of American,  undated
    Box   10 (outsize)  
    Delegate's badge, 33rd Annual Convention of A.F. of L. [American Federation of Labor], Seattle, Wash.,  November 1913
     
    Pauline Levitin Engdahl
    Box   8  
    Transcript, Chicago Music School, issued  ca. 1933
    Box   8  
    Savings Department order, Continental Illinois National Bank and Trust Company of Chicago, blank,  undated
    Box   8  
    Sophia Levitin Rodriguez,  undated
     
    Printed Material [series]:

    The Printed Material series (1 linear foot) is made up of serials, pamphlets, flyers, leaflets, clippings and the like relating to Engdahl or to causes important to him or his circle. Material is divided first by type (Publications; Pamphlets; Flyers and Leaflets; then Clippings, and finally; Posters) and then by authorship: by Engdahl or by others. (Some publications were removed from the collection and are cataloged separately.) Of primary interest to the researcher will be articles (clippings and in whole publications) which Engdahl wrote mainly for the Socialist Party and Communist Party presses. Some of the material dates to a period well after Engdahl's death, it was likely collected by Pauline Levitin Engdahl or another close family member (unfortunately, exact provenance is uncertain).

    The Publications subseries consists mainly of newspapers and journals containing pieces written by Engdahl. While a student at the University of Minnesota, Engdahl published fiction and essays in the school literary magazine, Minnesota Magazine . Also included in this subseries are several pieces on the Bread Trust from The Coming Nation , as well as Sonia (Sophia) Rodriguez's book, Russia's Five Year Plan .

    The distinction between "pamphlet" and "flyer" or "leaflet" has been made primarily based on size, and there are other miscellaneous paper materials as well (such as a small tag from a strikers' tag day); thus, the researcher would do well to examine both subseries in tandem.

    The Clippings subseries is made up of articles by Engdahl, articles about Engdahl by others, and articles on other figures in the progressive movements, such as William and Sophia Rodriguez, and Art Young and Max Eastman. There is also a substantial file of obituaries and memorials for J. Louis Engdahl. Some of the articles are attributed to Engdahl based on original folder headings or labels on envelopes in which they were mailed, even though he is not cited as the author within the news clipping. (Some of these may be articles edited by Engdahl.)

    One large poster, in Russian and English, comprises the Posters subseries.

     
    Publications [subseries]:

    (whole publications, mostly serials)

     
    Engdahl
     
    The Coming Nation
     
    "Saving the Nation's Bread": series on the Bread Trust (2 folders)
    Box   12 (oversize)  
    pp. 5-6,  January 11, 1913
    Box   12 (oversize)  
    pp. 2, 11, 16,  January 18, 1913
    Box   12 (oversize)  
    pp. 8-9, 12,  January 25, 1913
    Box   12 (oversize)  
    pp. 9-10,  February 1, 1913
    Box   12 (oversize)  
    pp. 8-9,  February 8, 1913
    Box   12 (oversize)  
    pp. 9-11,  February 15, 1913
    Box   12 (oversize)  
    "The Day-Fly," pp. 8, 11,  April 12, 1913
     
    Socialist Party Press newspapers, various, scattered dates (1 folder)

    (VERY BRITTLE. Please see curator regarding access)

    Box   14 (oversize)  
    Daily Worker . "The Exceptional Laws," p. 4,  March 7, 1930
     
    Minnesota Magazine , University of Minnesota (6 folders)
    Box   9  
    "The Run of the Big Head," pp., 158-168, vol. 12 no. 5,  February 1906
    Box   9  
    "Reasons for It," pp. 325-326, vol. 12 no. 9,  June 1906

    (handwritten enclosure [an early draft?], "Afterwords," removed and filed in Writings series)

    Box   9  
    "Professional for a Night: A Tale of College Journalism," pp. 2-12, vol. 13 no. 1,  October 1906
    Box   9  
    "The Meeting of the Ways," pp. 44-52, vol. 13 no. 2,  November 1906
    Box   9  
    "The Hermit Apparition," pp. 229-234, vol. 13 no. 7,  April 1907
    Box   9  
    "The Find," pp. 96-106, vol. 12 no. 3,  December 1905

    (with handwritten corrections, by Engdahl?)

     
    The Western Comrade
    Box   9  
    "The Underground War, " pp. 230-232, Vol. 1 No. 7,  October 1913
     
    Others (3 folders and 2 oversize folders)
    Box   14 (oversize)  
    American Guardian , Vol. 12 No. 39,  May 22, 1931 Vol. 13 No. 48,  August 5, 1932
    Box   12 (oversize)  
    Civil Rights News , Vol. 4 No. 3,  July 1940
    Box   12 (oversize)  
    Commonwealth College Fortnightly , Vol. 8 No. 11,  August 1, 1932
    Box   9  
    Connolly, James. Socialism Made Easy : cover only,  undated
    Box   9  
    Ocean Press , Voyage 69, West No. 1,  December 17, 1937
    Box   9  
    Anti-Fascist News Bulletin , Vol. 1 No. 2,  December 22, 1933
    Box   9  
    The Kourier (Atlanta, Ga.). Official Organ of the Ku Klux Klan. Vol. 8, No. 11-0,  October 1932

    (re Communism)

    Box   9  
    Rodriguez, Sonia. Russia's Five Year Plan . Chicago: M.M. Cole, 1932.

    (photograph of Sonia Rodriguez pasted in)

    Box   9  
    Spanish Youth Condemned . Youth Campaign. United American Spanish Aid committee: New York City,  undated
     
    The Western Comrade
    Box   9  
    Sandburg, Carl. "What Happened March 4," pp. 20-21, Vol. 1 No. 1,  April 13, 1913

    (re Victor Berger)

    Box   9  
    Vol. 1 No. 9,  December 1913
     
    Pamphlets [subseries]:

    (see also cataloged material)

     
    Engdahl, J. Louis (2 folders)
    Box   9  
    Saving the Nation's Bread ,  undated
    Box   9  
    The Tenth Year: the Story of the Rise and Achievements of the Union of Socialist Soviet Republics . New York: The Workers Library Publishers,  1927
     
    Others (1 folder)
    Box   9  
    Brown, Harrison. Hitler's Greatest Crime . Chicago: Chicago Committee for the Defense of Human Rights Against Naziism.,  undated
    Box   9  
    Marcantonio, Vito. International Labor Defense. War Conscription Civil Liberties ,  1940
     
    Flyers and Leaflets [subseries]:
     
    Engdahl, J. Louis (1 folder)
    Box   9  
    Greet the Newly Born Millions . Socialist Party Press Service. Children's Day Editions,  undated (2 copies)
    Box   9  
    A Political Party for Labor . National Committee of the Trade Union Educational League,  ca. 1922

    (original folder heading adds "written by Engdahl")

    Box   9  
    Trade Unions and the Present Social Crisis . National Office of the Socialist Party,  undated
     
    Others (2 folders)
    Box   9  
    American Federation of Labor fliers: general and J.J. McNamara items,  1911 and  undated (11 items)
    Box   9  
    "An Appeal of the Communist Party to the Socialist Workers,"  undated

    (original folder heading states "1930s")

    Box   9  
    Bureau of Information, Spanish Consulate, Chicago, Illinois. Refugees in Government Spain ,  July 22, 1938
    Box   9  
    Debs, Eugene V. Woman , undated.

    (Leaflet or proof?)

    Box   9  
    Labor and Socialist Political Action Rally, February 17, [1935]

    (original folder heading adds "N. Thomas")

    Box   9  
    May Day leaflets,  1923 and  undated (2 items)
    Box   9  
    National Emergency Conference for Democratic Rights. "A Warning to America,"  ca. 1940
    Box   9  
    Shoe Workers' Strike Tag Day: tag, Milwaukee, Wisc.,  February 21, 1914
    Box   9  
    Thomas, E. Chicago Committee to Aid Victims of German Fascism. Statement on the Leipzig Fire Trial ,  December 28, 1933
    Box   9  
    UOPWA [United Office and Professional Workers Association of the Congress of Industrial Organizations]. Credentials Report ,  undated
    Box   9  
    "The Un- American Poll Tax," Congressional Record ,  1940
    Box   9  
    United American Spanish Aid Committee. Mexico Opens Its Doors to the Spanish People... ,  undated

    (original folder heading states "1930s")

    Box   9  
    The Workers' Daily Press Association. "Help Build the Debs' Monument," with corrections by Engdahl,  undated
     
    Clippings [subseries]:

    (some stored in boxes 12 and 14, oversize)

    Box   9  
    Articles by Engdahl,  1913-1914 1932 (2 folders and 2 oversize folders)

    (some stored in boxes 12 and 14, oversize)

    Box   9  
    About Engdahl, scattered dates (1 folder and1 oversize folder)

    (some stored in boxes 12 and 14, oversize)

    Box   9  
    Obituaries and Memorials (Engdahl),  1932-1933 (2 folders and 1 oversize folder)

    (some in box 12, oversize)

    Box   9  
    Re the Rodriguezes,  1915-1981 and  undated (2 folders)
    Box   9  
    On Art Young and Max Eastman,  1913 (1 folder and one oversize folder)

    (some in box 12, oversize)

    Box   9  
    Miscellaneous,  1913- 1927 and  undated (1 folder and 1 oversize folder)

    (some in box 12, oversize)

    Box   9  
    Fragments,  undated

    (extremely brittle)

     
    Posters [subseries]:
    Portfolio   1 (oversize)  
    "An Evening of the English Language," Students Section of the USSR Society for Cultural Relations with Foreign Countries, in Russian and English. Includes talk by Louis Engdahl. Saturday, June 2, n.y. [mostly likely  1928 or 1929]

    (Buhr Flat File Case.)