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We argue, however, that Aquinas is most plausibly seen as (1) an indeterminist in general and (2) an intellectual indeterminist in particular — in other words, that he has an indeterminist conception of liberum arbitrium. We offer separate and original evidence for both theses, while at the same time arguing that his general indeterminism enhances the plausibility of his intellectual indeterminism. In order to show the significance of indeterminism for his action theory, we will also clarify the ways in which he speaks of freedom and analyze the role he attributes to liberum arbitrium in moral responsibility.
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