Page GRAD BX 4795.15 A36 1926a B 826,795 -.
Page NOVENARY OF THE MoHERLAND / (The Motherland is symbolized in the envisioned Mother of Balintawak) Written by His Emminence Senor GREGDRIO AGLIPAY Y LABAYAN Supreme Bishop of the-Philippine Independent Church, former Military Vicar General of the PhiIippine Republic, President of the National Council of Tarlak, Lieutenant General of the Army of Liberation and Commanding General of the Guerrillas of Ilocos Norte in the' war- against the AmericansAPPROVED BY THE SUPREME COUICIL OF BISHOPS Editor:;Monss. ISABELO DE LOS REYES, Jr. 'Bishop Rector of the Parish of Maria Clara in San Lazaro, Manila In this perish baptisms and -marriages are performed daily, and confirmation on Sundays and feast days-. Also aid for the sick and' prayers for the departed MANILA, 1926
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Page I _ — IIIPIR~I_ I __ __ II La Vanguardia says: When he was still living, the journalist Aurelio Tolentino used to say that one night when Andres Bonifecio, Emilio Jecinto and other comrades were sleeping in the house of the aged Sore in Balintawak, one of them saw in r dream a beautiful Mother dressed in the style of the' farmers of Balintawak leading a pretty child by the hand, dressed like a farmer with short red pants end holding a shiny bolo, crying, "Liberty ILiberty'"' The beautiful women approached the one dreaming and said to him, "Be careful." When the dreamer woke, he told his comrades what he had dreamed, saying that the mother and child had the face of Europeans though dressed like Filipinos. Because of this, they did not follow their plan to return to Manila for their regular work but decided to wait in Balintawak a while. It was not long before news came that the Veteran Civil Guards had raided the press of the) Diario de Manila and captured a number of Katipuneros and their papers. "Because of this dream," Aurelio Tolentino adds, "the first soldiers of the Katipunan wore red trousers." But for this dream, then, AndTes Bonifacio and his staffr would have been captured; and we would still not be free even n OW "The Mother of Balintawak," says Mona. Aglipay, "reminds you constantly of your sacred and inescapable duty to make every effort possible to obtain our longed-for Independence; and she is the sacred image of our Country. The voice of the people will constantly resound from our pulpits, reminding you of the great teachings of Rizal, Mabini, Bonifacio and other Filipinos, and these teachings of our greatest compatriots will form the special seal of our National Church."
Page 2 est possible number of youths and even mature persons so they will afterwards be exemplary Apostles of our Church. I recommend this Novenary of the Motherlendto you, in which we have summarized the recent evoluti-6on of the doctrines of our Church, and strongly recommend that you practice and propagate this Novenary and, above all, its teachings, with holy zeal so that our. fellow countrymen will understand the supreme need of this National Church to disabuse us of so many errors taught by foreign churches. But in order to preach our doctrines, there is no need to discredit or attack other churches. Let us limit ourselves to explaining respectfully why we do not follow their dogmas. Insult does not convince but only demonstrates the ill will of the one who profers it. Charity, charity, and always charity. How worthy it is to do good' As for my successor, I ask God to help you select the best and most capable of the good of all. With the full fervor of my soul, I commend you to the protection of the Father of all. AMEN. Manila, 8 May 1926 GREGORIO AGLIPAY Supreme, Bishop of thePhilippine Independent Church
Page 3 NOVENARY OF THE MOTHERLAND' (The Motherland, is symbolized in the envisioned Mother of Blintawk) 0 Father' Help us: AMEN (1) OPENING PRAYER FOR ALL DAYS O God our true Father: From the depths of our hearts we raise the purest sentiments of love and gratitude to thee for the incessant proofs of thy most gentle fatherliness. Like a most affectionate father, thou providest all our needs with wonderful steadfastness however little we labor, and protectest us from danger. Make us then upright and worthy of such affection.- Let us comply with thy commandments of love and labor, for love will make us happy and free us from much unplesantness, and labor is the greet remedy which thou hast placed within our grasp to satisfy our needs and just desires, SO BE IT, O supreme intelligence: glorious beacon light of the Universe' With all the fervor of our souls, we supplicate thee to lend us thy uncreated light, so that by means of the sciences we may know the marvels of thy supreme power, seez thy lofty nature even imperfectly, and understand the virtues necessary for our justification and well being.. Holy things must be? treated as holy: therefore, 0 our God, begin by sanctifying our spirits and minds so that we may be competent to make these worthwhile investigations. Father, grant us thy holy inspiration. AMEN. FIRST DAY The Reading: God according to the ancient religions iAccording to the most revealing books of great scholars, when man first came to the use of reason, he understood the existence of a Being superior to himself, to whom he owed having been made himself and the manifold phenomena of nature (1) This is our invocation to God. It means that in everything we ought to play our part so that our Father will help us. The Bible does not say that the Israelites made the sign of the cross, which is really a charm in imitation of fire worshippers. The two sticks placed across each other from which fire was produced when they were rubbed together formed a cross which was called a swastika. This cross was p already being used as a charm by the Chadeans and Egyptians. 1500 years before Christ, who called it tau (the letter T). The Bible prohibits the belief in charms. Instead of bless-. ing themselves or making the sign of the cross, the Prophets raised their arms to heaven when they began to prey.
Page 4 which he could not make, end his impotence before hurricanes, lightning, floods, earthquakes, illness and fire inspired fear in him and submission to this superior Being, God: In the beginning, man believed that God- was a man like himself. So the history of all known primitive peoples attests. The Bible itself says that God made man in his own image and likeness. Only that that Superior man must be a great giant to be- able to put the roof of the sky in place, hang up the lights or stars, carve out the seas end form the mountains, as the Ilocanos tell of the fabulous giant of creation they call ANGNGALO. Genesis itself says that the first men were giants; but this is not true, according to the testimony of the skeletons found in the deep strata of the earth. And, according to the ancient Indians, Egyptians, Assyrians, etc. that God must have had a- wife and son. From this arose the Trinity of gods which the various primitive peoples worshipped. The Christians themselves, after mingling with pagans, believed in an old man Father God, his wife Mary who was the second person of ther Trinity, and their son Jesus. Later they replaced Mary with the Holy Spirit, which is a combination of the ancient belief in the God of Fire- and the adoration of the Babylonian goddess Semiramis who had the dove for her symbol. But neither Jesus nor the- ancient Israelites- believed in the- Trinity of Gods, as nothing about the Trinity appears in the Bible except verse 19 of Saint Matthew's chapter 26, according to which Jesusa ordered his Apostles- to baptize- in the name of the Father, Son and Holy Spirit; but this is obviously false, since in the Acts and Letters- of the Apostles it says that they only baptized in the name of Jesus- (Acts 2:38, 8:16, 10:48, 19:5; Rom. 6:3; Gal. 3:27). PEAYER 0 God, who in thy inscrutable wisdom best desired that all things should begin as embryos in order to evolve as the little grain of mustard seed in Jesus' example miraculously evolved, and as a child's body and' intellect develope. Thou who didst permit man in his infancy to think crudely that thou wert like him with a human figure and' even with his own passions, enlighten us now so that instead of scorning them, we avail ourselves of the admirable research and discoveries of so many generations of thinkers, to the end that we may know thee in thy true grandeur. AMEN. 2nd Reading: Our idea of God God is that intelligent, supreme and mysterious Power which produces, animates, directs, moves and preserves all beings: the great soul of the Universe, the beginning of all life and universal movement. Science has still not discovered God's nature, but believes that he is the energy that animates and moves whatever exists. God is not seen, but he is- divined: evidence of his existence is his infinite power and wisdom in his portentious works; we
Page 5 II I I II I I i iI i 5 seek his most holy voice in the depths of our conscience and we experience the sweetness- of his tender and steadfast father love in the providential fulfillment of our daily needs, however little we may labor. God is eternal: we cannot imagine that he has a beginning or an end, just as it is impossible that space and time should have beginnings or limits-. The existence of the universe would be inconceivable without God, for he is its indispensable life and mover. There must be only one God, inasmuch as the plan we see in the universe is only one plan and the- laws which govern the movements of the sters and planets, the animals, plants and minerals, their organisms and properties, are all uniform. If many gods existed, instead of that wonderful uniformity and harmony, s terrifying and impossible chaos would reign. PRATER O God' how great thou art in the eyes of modern science end how insignificant and ridiculous in the ancient religions. Therefore we ask thee fervently that thou now deign to tear off the thick veil with which ignorance and the perverted teachings of those religions hide thee. Error, however venerable and inherited from our parents, is none the less error. So permit, 0 God, that man should recognize this evidence, and enlighten us so that we-may adore thee in the truth and with love.. SO BE IT.. 3rd Reading: What the idea of God teaches us The basis of our Church and of all our teachings is precisely this belief in God, the unique, ineffable and selfless fount of inspiration. Because we believe in God's power and wisdom, we believe that he must have made himself absolutely perfect, by himself. And jsince he is absolutely perfect, we believe that he is most just, pure, good and loving, and requires of us that we aelo be honorable, just and upright; end he rewards our good deeds and intentions, just as he would not be God if be did not justly chastise our least faults. For this reason, we must avoid all that is evil and try to do all that is good. Because we see that God grants us his inexhaustable favors, providing us with whatever we need, we believe that we must also be charitable with our neighbor, his child, in return for the favors which we receive from him every day. Wb also observe that God is an untiring producer and worker, a force always active, and that every being has a mission to fulfill, so that labor is the great means put at our disposal for acquiring what we desire or need. Therefore we consider labor a command of salvation and blessing from God. (Gen. 3:19; Ekod. 20:9)
Page 6 I CLOSING PRATER FOR ALL DAYS Our most pleasing God: Since Jesus said, "Ask and it will be given you, for if you who are evil know how to cherish your children, how much more so your heavenly Father," thou who knowest our needs and our families' and fulfillest them even before we ask thee, thou who knowest ourfrailty and the dangers which surround us, extend thy loving protection over us, my God, and it will suffice to make our happiness complete. Father: sanctify us so that we may merit thine unceasing benefits. Bless the whole Universe; bless our people, granting them an independence which will bring us happiness and giving our authorities the ability to procure their well being; bless the Philippine Independent Church and fill our priests with virtue, knowledge and zeal to lead us along the paths of thy divine commandments and teachings. Bless all our congregations; bless our brothers and sisters and also those who hate us, end protect everybody, our God, for we are all thy children; and finally, bless our families and our property, and assist us, 0 Father, in our trials and tribulations, and afterwards when the hour of death arrives, thou wilt raise up, 0 most clement Father, our souls to wherever thy wisdom and infinite love disposes. SECOND DAY (The opening prayer for all days) 4th Reading: Errors of the ancient religions about Creation According to the Bible, which copied the childish tales of the Chaldeans, Phoenicians, Persians and Indians, the world only dates back 6,000 years at most; but according to the fossils and monuments discovered by antiquarians or palaeontologists, scientists who deal with those remains from antiquity, man was already civilized 10,000 years earlier; and according to hydrography, the science which deals with the movements of water and the effects of these movements, and geology, the science which studies the different layers of the earth, bhis little world of ours called Earth has been in existence for millions of years. According to the Bible, God created the world in six natural days, since it says that each of them had a morning and an afternoon or night; but as the modern sciences have shown, the periods of the evolution of our world are many, and each one covers millions of years, and we say evolution because there was no such creation, since nothing can be produced from nothing. Matter is eternal like God, because it is the indispensable material on which God works, and chemistry shows that not a single atom of matter is ever lost. According to Genesis, the world was a chaos or vacuum in the midst of darkness, and God created light, the first day separating the light from the darkness-which is a scientific absurdity since it would never be possible for light and darkness to be one inesmuch as light is the absence of darkness. The second day, God created a solid expense like crystal, - ___ I~~~~~~~~~~~*MJM N. -R
Page 7 i I 7 a "solidity," according to the Greek text, which must have been the floor of heaven, to separate the waters which were above the sky from those that were below it. They did not know that the blue of the sky is not a celestial sea but the color of the atmosphere, and that the rains come from the vapors of the earth and seas. They trembled with fear when it rained a lot, fearing the possibility that the see of heaven might fell on the earth. The third day, God brought the waters together which were below the heavens in one place and the land appeared, end he caused this to produce plants and trees. The fourth day he created the sun, the moon and the stars. The fifth, he crested the fish and birds. The sixth he created the four-legged beasts and the reptiles of the earth, and on the last day he created man and woman as lords of the universe. Ahd God rested on the seventh day. According to this, the world began with a dawn crested on the first day, which is a gross error since dawn comes from the light of the sun, which was not created until the fourth day. And what afternoon and what morning were those of which Genesis speaks before the sun and earth were created, since day and night are caused by the movement of the earth with respect to the sun? Genesis says that God crested the moon to preside over the night and the stars because its author was ignorant of the fact that the fixed stars are huge while the moon is nothing more than a tiny satellite of the earth. Neither is it a fact that all the species of plants and trees were created in a single day. The fossils of vegetables encountered in the different strata of the earth indicate that marine or aquatic plants began to sprout from the simplest forms until, by transformation, they were improved and multiplied in form to be converted into the first trees of the Tertiary Era, and this lasted tens of thousands of years, perhaps hundreds of thousands. None of these aboreal species still exist which were the primal ancestors of our present day trees. Also, as the location of the fossils encountered within the earth indicate, the marsupial mammals appeared much before the first birds. We do not even wish to speak of that infantile tale which depicts God as a potter forming man out of clay and taking the first women from his ribs. PRAYER 0 Father of the Universe! we give thee heartfelt thanks that thou best granted us interminable generations of scholars who freely searched for the truth to form sciences in all branches of knowledge, so that now, by means of astronomy, we know the limitless immensity of the firmament, the enormous masses of the stars and their well-regulated movements —even their distances and the matter of which they are composed. By means I. I --- -111111 -11 WNWIWPM
Page 8 of history and palaeontology we know the remains and bones of the generations which succeeded one another in the animal, vegetable and mineral kingdoms. By means of geology we know how the different strata of the earth were formed. By means of hydrometry, we can measure the action of the waters on thb rocks and deposits to know the approximate age of each stratum; and by means of these and other sciences we come to understand the true history of the world, more and more admiring thy ineffable power. 0 God, help us discover the truth which we can find only with thy inspiration to free us from the dogmatic errors of the ancients. SO BE IT. 5th Reacding: The evolution of the world according to modern science The space which we see is the sky, the throne of God-or, better said, his infinite laboratory: it has no limits, as time, too, has neither beginning nor end. The existence of that space would be inconceivable without God, for God is its life and mover; but neither could God exist without that space, for it is his laboratory and indispensable location. Without that space, where would we locate God?' And without matter, what would God work on? Throughout eternity, the universe keeps having so many transformations that the beginning of our world could have arisen from the revival of a more ancient world which no longer exists. Space is full of cosmic matter, the original matter in the!form of gaseous molecules with their own movement. By the law of gravity, these- molecules condensed, and on condensing formed nebulae, those milky patches we see in the sky like the Milky Way, which separated into stars or suns, and these in their turn into planets, and the planets disintegrated into moons or satellites. In the beginning of the present period of eternity, our earth formed part of an immense nebula —that is, the Milky Way — and after it broke up into stars, one of them became the Sun, from which, along with other planets, a nebulous or gaseous ring separated which on condensing must have formed the globe which we inhabit. In that gaseous state, the earth occupied an area which reached beyond the moon. Condensing more, the earth became a star or small sun with its own light and heat. Because of its small dimension, however, it soon cooled in space where the temperature is 273 degrees below zero; the vapors of the atmosphere kept condensing into thick or seething waters which contained a lot of dissolved matter, and the globe was covered with these fuming hot waters. The cooling began to coagulate incandescent portions, forming this Earth's first crust as the salts and sugar grains crystallized on the surface. From then on our heavenly body stopped being luminous and was converted into a planet or opaque body. As the earth cooled more and more, its volume was reduced and it began to collapse; the parts that collapsed most are
Page 9 9 the valleys and sees, end the parts which resisted the folding are the mountains. Scientists, basing themselves on the laws of refrigeration, the length of time it took for the mud washed away by the waters to form a layer of a certain thickness-, on the length of time it took the corals to build their reefs, on astronomical observations, etc., fix the age of the earth at 240 to 350 million years- or, according to others, only 48 million as a minimum. The Earthb's first crust was granite, or what is called the "solid rock of Chine," which was converted into soil with the passing of time. It is thought that the simplest and most primitive forms of animals and plants arose at the end of the first four million years, as similar in form as if they had' come from a common origin. Even at present we can see many in the sea and on land which appear to be plants but are really animals, end vice versa. The first organisms were simple, soft and boneless, like earthworms or the annelid worms, since some tubelike openings which they must have occupied have been found in the deepest strata of the earth. The first animals must have been aquatic since fossils of terrestial fauna have not been found in the deepest strata of the earth. According to Haeckel, the organic world began from singlecelled animals (the amoeba) which kept evolving into the infinite variety of the plant and animal kingdoms,. as comparative anatomy, embryology and palaeontology demonstrate. According to Haeckel, the protozoa, or simplest primary animals, finally produced the zoophytes; these, the worms; from the worms, the mollusks arose; from these, the echinoderms or starfish; these in turn produced the arthropods or jointed articulata; and these, the vertebrates. From single-celled plants the first algae came forth, plants without stems or leaves; and from these, the ferns came forth, which in turn engendered the flowering plants; from these came the bymnosperms, which gave birth to the angiosperms; from these, the monocotyledons are derived, which in turn were transformed into dicotyledons. PRAYER Blessed art thou, 0 God' To thee the universe owes the thousandr.marvels which it contains. To thee we owe what we are. Thy providence provides us with whatever we need with maternal steadfastness- Thy most gentle father love fills us with endless benefits. Make us then upright, just and charitable to deserve such bounty; reprimand us and do not consent to our evil inclinations, because sin should attract thy just punishment and we should not anger so bountiful a Father. Pour out thy blessings, 0 God, on the whole universe and cause thy justice, peace and prosperity to reign in it, and in thy mercy do thou remember our beloved people and grant them the tenderness of thy benediction. 0 God, we bless thee most gratefully end join our praises with the universal choir of thy creatures singing: Blessed, blessed, forever blessed the most
Page 10 affectionate of all fathers, who is sure to gather us to him, filled with pity, when we die' 6th Reading: Man arises It is supposed that man appeared a million years ego, considering the fact that flint and other stones which appear to be worked to be worked by men for his needs have been found in the subsoil of the Tertiary Age (1,200 000 years ago), and there can be no doubt at all that man existed about 240 000 years ago, to judge from the many remains of his industry, like axes spoons, needles, etc., of stone which have been found in strata of the earth correspondening to the said epoch. The anatomical differences which separate man from the apes which have our stature, like the gorilla and chimpanzee, are much less than the differences between the great apes and the small. The embryos or fetuses of men and the great apes are very similar, as their mental faculties are, too. The naturalist Agassiz, who was very religious, used to confess that he could in no way distinguish between the faculties of a child and those of a young chimpanzee. From this he concluded that man probably originated from the evolution end development! of the more advanced' great apes, and skeletons have been discovered in different places of a supposed dumb man, intermediate between man and the most advanced apes. The supposition that man is a cousin of the advanced great apes in noD way lowers our dignity, just as the dignity of an honorable man is not lowered by the circumstance of having come from a criminal father or a savage from the mountains.. The evolutionist theory of learned men which is based on many details and scientific proofs is more credible than the biblical legend that God formed man from clay and then animated him with his breath, since such a thing has never been seen while we see cases of transformation and the rise. of new varieties of plants and animals every day simply by cross-breeding by men who understand the matter, or by pure chance. From their similarities we see that the dog and wolf obviously have the same origin, and the cat and the tiger, etc. It is true that crossbred animals of different species are infertile; but it must be remembered that the animal kingdom is a million years old and that therefore those that are now considered distinct species could have proceeded from very different families that were in the beginning only brother varieties. (The closing prayer for a11 days is- repeated) THIRD DAY (The opening prayer for all days is repeated) 7th Reading: The soul The soul is the spirit of God (Gen. 2:7; Ps. 104:-30), the life (Gen. 10:4-5), the energy of the mysterious motor within us which thinks, desires, feels and enlivens our body. According to Leviticus (17:14), "the soul of all flesh is in the blood." Indeed, according to Haeckel, the soul is "living ples
Page 11 1 ma," that is, the vital and invisible pert of the colorless liquid of the.blood which contains the nutrition, renewal end composition of the tissues-that is, their life. According to him, it is a material substance but invisible, and st the same time, psychic matter or energy. Thus the soul is not pure spirit like God, but a combination of energy and invisible matter, since the matter is the indispensable body for the soul, so that there is no spirit without matter, or matter without spirit or energy. None the less, it is not necessarily evident from this that spirit, life or energy is the same thing as the body. In the corpse of one recently dead, all the intellectual and sensory organs exist but no longer think or feel because the soul or life has left them. PRAYER 0 God' whom it has pleased to grant us reason so that we may direct ourselves in all things with it, we pray thee humbly that thou preserve and increase it in us, to the end that we do nothing but what is pleasing to thee and not let ourselves be led astray by the false teachings of the ancient religions, which are sure to bind us with great moral and scientific errors as false dogmas of faith. Persuade us, 0 Father, that instead of blind faith in the worst absurdities the ancient religions teach us, we should follow the fine discoveries- and progress of modern science so that by our adoring thee with the truth and- a more advanced morality, thou wilt take pleasure in us and we will merit thy blessings we so need. AMEN. 8th Reading: The great fables- of the ancients The Bible itself tells us that nothing is known about the soul of man after death (Eccl. 3:22). Indeed, it is impossible that any souls of the dead should ever have appeared for the simple reason that they lack a body and organs; of speech. They could only have been mental visions brought on by insanity, fasting, great nervous excitement or excessive fear. What is said about Paradise and the angels, the Inferno, Purgatory, Limbo and the demons, is pure fiction. The ancients as savages, since man began as a savage, believed that the souls of good men passed into the inaccessible mountains on death, where they found an imaginary Paradise or delectable garden; and the souls of bad men went to be burned in volcanos, which was their Inferno. Our Filipino Bible gives a long history of how these false fables originated, products of the infantile intellect of primitive man. The idea of demons arose from the fact that people in continuous wars believed that their enemies' God or gods were evil gods and harmful, and the proof is that all the known names of demons or devils come from the gods of enemy peoples of the Isrselites and Christians, such as the demones, ancient gods of the Greeks, and Lucifer, which means Light, since Progress is the great enemy of obscurantist Christians. Our temptations to evil are our natural imperfections or educational defects, and not the work of some imaginary devil whom nobody has ever seen, nor could I II
Page 12 12 god have created so repugnant a being who has no more occupation then that of destroying souls. You will be surprised to know that the seraphim according to the Bible itself are strange men like an ssuang with six wingstwo on the bead, two on the sides and two on the feet (Isa. 6:1-7); and that the cherubim are oxen with wings and four faces that shine like the kaibanes of the Ilocanos or the tianaks of the Tagalogs. The names of the angels Michael, Rpfel, Gabriel, etc., are Persian, which shows that all these tales were brought back from Babylonia by the Israelite teachers after their captivity there. When the Bible says that God created the universe, it does not also state that he created the Inferno with its demons, or the angels, or Purgatory or Limbo. It is blaspnemous to think that God, who is the most loving of all fathers, could be capable of burning his children in an eernal physical fire after death, however bad they might be, since not even the cruelest of men would be capable of such savagery. According to the Bible, sins are punished in this life (Prov. 11:31). PRAYER Most merciful of all fathers' Here we- put ourselves on our knees before thy divine Majesty, praying that thou teach and help us to worship thee not with the exploitative teachings of the ancient religions but with our good deeds, following the dictates of our conscience, which is thy best priest, according to Ir. Rizal. Make us kind and charitable that we may deserve thy mercies which we so need. Bless us, 0 God' bless our families, giving all of us the health, comfort, food and whatever we need, and we offer thee our hearts in return, grateful and repentent of their faults. All glory be to thee, 0 loving Father of all1 AMEN. 9th Reading: other errors of the ancients Limbo was invented as a detention for the saints who preceded Jesus and a prison for the souls of children who died without baptism and bad original sin; but Jesus never spoke of original sin or said that he came to save us from this absurd sin since, according to the Bible, children are not accountable for the faults of their parents, and vice verse- (Deut. 24:16; Ezek. 13:20). Limbo was only invented in the fifth century by St. Peter Chrisologo as a consequence of the false doctrine of original sin. Purgatory is another department in the Inferno, where the souls purge their sins in a manner so brutal that for only a debt of six centavos —according to the Romanists —they burn how many days for forgetting to pay, and their relatives have to pay for masses and buy indulgences to ransom tbeir souls. It only dates from 1439; but the Bible says nothing about this, but rather, on the contrary, Jesus states that the priests who
Page 13 13 carry off the houses of widows with the pretext of long prayers are those who deserve the worst punishment (Mat. 23:134). This exploitation of the fears of the innocent is an insult to the justice and mercy of God. We should constantly sanctify ourselves with the thought of death; and since nobody knows his last hour, it would be best for him to recite the following prayer with frequency:PRAYER FOR THE DYING 0 my most merciful God' unto thy unfathomable mercy I commit my spirit! 0 my most generous Father, who understandest our frailty, pardon my many sins. Do not leave me in these bitter straights, 0 my Father. In the grip of death, abandoned to my utter helplessness, I have no more hope than thee', my omnipotent Savior. But nothing will I fear, for it is impossible that thou wouldst leave thy creature in his last moment of anguish. Father, I accept with resignation that death with which thou settlest my many debts with compassion; but forgive me- for thy mercy's sake, forgive me, 0 Lord' As the hart pants for flowing streams, so pants my heart for thee, O God. My soul thirsts for the God who giveth life: when shall I come and appear before the presence of the Lord? (Ps. 42:1-2). Herel am I, 0 my eternal Father; I am not worthy that thou shouldest count me among thy.- faithful sons, but put me only, 0 merciful Lord, among thy servants who sincerely entreat thy clemency and pardon. 0 Father, enter not into account with thy creatures for none could be justified; look not on our sins but consider only that thou art our compassionate father. My God, I am a great sinner, but infinitely greater is thy mercy that will absolve me in this anguished supplication to which my own faults have brought me. Lord, this agony of mine which calls forth tears from even strangers, it is impossible thou couldst see with anger or even indifference, thou who are the gentlest of all fathers. Like the prodigal son, I wish to prostrate myself humbly before thee to beg forgiveness of thee. Fether' do not deny it me, but protect me who though unworthy am thy poor creature in the end. Father' before thy infinite pity I plead my sad' cause: do not deny me thy paternal absolution. AMEN. FOURTH DAT (Phe opening prayer for all days is repeated) 10th Reading: Rewards and punishments God rewards the good and rightly chastises the evil, for otherwise he would not be just; but according to the Bible (Prov. 11:31), here on earth where men have earned rewards end punishments, they will be repaid according to their deeds and intentions, in body and in spirit, as they deserve. To the good, God will give prosperity or simply contentment which, after all, is true happiness even in the most extreme poverty. A man who is satisfied with his fate, even if poor, will be happier than a rich man with complaints and nagging illness, or I I i i
Page 14 whose insatiable ambitions continually torment him. And the evil, God punishes with misfortune and troubles. Thus, no matter how rich one may be, he is never free from great troubles. Sometimes God permits a wicked man to heap up goods and honors while a good man finds himself poor; but this does not prevent the poor men from being happier than the evil one, however rich he may appear.. These are all appearances; if the inner life of the one and the other is scrutinized, we will find that the good man always lives content in whatever state be finds himself, while the evil one is never free from great distress. For a man elevated by chance, the least disappointment multiplies itself; a slap received by a slave is not the same as one laid on a lord. These are the compensations of life. Men will without fail pay for all their faults in this life, for God would not be God if he assented to them, so we' must avoid all evil if we do not wish to suffer inescapable distress and punishments; but on dying, a man pays with the life he most values in this world for the rest of the punishments he still has not suffered. Therefore, we can be sure that with death, we will return to our true most merciful Father's (igood graces. PRAYER 0 Eternal God' Dispel all the arguments and animosities roused by religious differences and cause us to understand that Thou art the- Father of all regardless of the religion each of us may have been taught; give us to understand that all ways of adoring thee are pleasing to thee, so long as they come from the heart and are accompanied by good deeds and charity. 0 Father, let us be tolerant and know, once for all, that good will toward our neighbor, though he may profess another religion, is the sentiment which pleaseth thee most, and not quarrels which arethe products of bad character and deficient education. Let the earth, 0 God, become one joyful heritage among brothers who, by their philanthropic works, worship thee as the fond father of all. SO BE IT. llth Reading: The end of man According to the Bible, death is no more than a mere transformation (Job 14:14). There is no real death for, according to the laws of chemistry, not one atom of matter ever disappears, and neither, according to the laws of physics, is any amount of energy ever lost, so it is even more reasonable that the intellectual and moral pert which is the noblest there is in man must not disappear, his energy or soul itself. The physical matter of a man's corpse stays in the earth in accordance with its component parts. Its gaseous parts escape into space, the liquid partly evaporates and partly enters the earth as solids,and these remains produce new lives, or serve to feed plants, animals or minerals; and its energy or spirit stays in the atmosphere. What is best will always be what God ordains: and, considering it thoughtfully, it would be best for the spirit to re
Page 15 15 main near its loved ones- end not disappear forever, since when God' does- something, it is done for a permanent end. Science demonstrates that nothing dies; even the Bible confirms that everything evolves and developes without end. On men's death, then, his spirit or energy must vaporize end go back into the atmosphere itself to the beginning or reservoir of ell lives and energy, of the ether, electricity, magnetism, etc., that is, to the universal force, to God. According to the Bible, our spirits ell return to God without distinction between good and bad, because God is the most clement of all fathers and with death we pay everything for our sins that has not been paid in life. Accordingly, God causes the sun of his charity to rise on the good as well as on the evil (Mat. 5:45; Luke 6:55), end the evil also have hope in him (Acts 24:15). PRAYEF 0 God', who art our hope and our delight, the heavenly balm for our bitter pains, thou who art the life end the resurrection for both the good and the evil, since, according to whet Jesus said, thou desirest not the death of any sinner and thy sovereign will is that which governs everything; thou who art our most merciful Father, deign to gather to thy bosom the souls of our beloved departed and grant them a better life. From whom. shall we seek mercy and pardon if not from thee, who art our most affable Father? So enfold our poor deceased, G God, in the paternal shroud of thy clemency. SO BE IT. 12th Reading: The life eternal We presume that the, souls of children are offshoots from the souls of parents, released from their parents' vital or spiritual energy at the same moment as their conception; and inas-. much as man for his fullest being acquires memory and conscience, he will probably not lose them again, because it is the general rule not to retrogress but always to progress. We do not believe, therefore, that the dead will go into nothingness or eternal sleep. Rest does not fit the activity of the Supreme Maker, who is total energy and activity; it is most likely that the dead will go on to another, superior life. This is most in keeping with our feelings and drives, which are generally inspirations from God. We obviously become dust; but that dust, as Schopenhauer says, "quickly dissoved in water, goes on to become a crystal, to shine with the brilliance of metals, to produce electric sparks, and manifest magnetic power.. to model itself on the plants and animals- and in the end develope within its mysterious breast that life whose loss so torments our limited spirit. Matter is indestructible: though the individual dies like a passing style, humanity persists. When Nature, that sovereign and universal mother, exposes her children without scruple to a thousand imminent dangers, she knows that on succumbing, it is to fall once more into her bosom, where she keeps them. Their death is no more than a frolic, a little game. To her, life and death are indifferent." (The closing prayer for all days is repeated) II
Page 16 '6 FIFTH DAY, (The opening prayer for all dy is repeated) 13th Reding:- The end of our world The Earth7 with our wyole solar system, will die; but only to be born again; and the same happens with other worlds andT planetary systems. The great physicist William Thomson calculates that in another 17 million years, the Sun is bound' to condense, as the Earth now has, and then its complete freezing or death will begin, which he fixes within 18 million years at most, a period Flammarion would extend to 20 or 30 million years. iBut the end will inevitably come, just like a stove which goes out when it has consumed all its fuel. The earth will suffer death long before the Sun. Our planet will be extinguished when the sun stops heating it sufficiently enough to support life. When our star's light and heat decrease the earth's animal and plant life will start withdrawing to the equatorial regions where only will it be possible to live, until the absolute cold of space finally kills everything, even before the sun's light is completely extinguished. The moon, which has almost no atmosphere, will be extinguished before the Earth, and so will Mars, which shows its age in its red color. Jupiter and Saturn will be the last to cool because of their immense- volume; all the planets will die before the sun, which, like a loving father, will continue moving his extinguished children's cadavers around, holding them with his gravity. Astronomy has discovered planets which are still rotating though completely extinguished. PRAYER 0 God, active unfolder of the universe, thou whose life has no beginning or end, deign to protect and favor us with the affection of thy rules which we so need'; and so that we may deserve them, make us also kind, charitable and honorable. Sanctify our spirits, 0 Father, with the thought of our inescapable death and inspire in us true repentence for our sins, that is, a firm determination not to commit them again, to the end that, dying to this ephemeral life, we will live again in a better life by following the progressive laws of thy infinite mercy. AMEN. 14th Reading: Resurrection As soon as the Sun and the planets are extinguished, their decomposition will occur rapidly. Just as granite changed to fine dust, our whole solar system will be reduced to ashes like coal which has been consumed, because death implies dissolution. But then, a-ll the energy which appears lost from those extinguished bodies will in reality pass in the forms of electricity, heat, hydrogen, etc., into the spaces of their orbits through which our whole solar system will rotate and then cause the for
Page 17 17 mation of a new nebulas The laws of physics end chemistry prove that nothing disappears, neither energy nor matter. Therefore everything will be born again, probably in other forms, though like the present ones, because the conditions prevailing at their formation will be different; but all will rise again. Worlds are being born every day while other worlds are dying, and we now understand every planetary system to be a world. All the dead planetary systems will be reborn transformed because the power of God is inexhaustible. PRAYER 0 God, in thy contemplation of eternity, deign to sanctify our spirits- and inspire humility in us because too much pride will leadd us to loss-. When will we understand that by waste we; are soon ruined and that we must work and save for the days to come? Make us- honest, and inspire repugnance in us for scandals and indecencies which put men on the level of beasts. Protect our people, 0 Father, from infirmity, fire, tempest, earthquake, drought and other calamities, and cause our fields to produce that which we need7 to live, and also our hearts to grow in virtues so that we will deserve thy mercy, which is sweeter than life itself. SO BE IT.. 15th Reading:: The Apocalypse The end of the world which we expounded in the previous readings is based strictly on known scientific calculations, and we must not believe fables which recount the Apocalypse of the Bible because these are copied from other ancient fables of the people neighboring the Israelites; nor is it even a fact that it was written by St. John the Evangelist because: many details in this book concern the fallen Nero as the Antichrist expected by many. Therefore it was not inspired by the Holy Spirit but by a popular illusion of those times. (The closing pryer for all days is repeted) SIXTH DAY (The opening prayer for all days is repeated) 16th Reading: Jesus Jesus never said that he was God; rather, in various placesin the Gospel be stated that he was the son of man (Mat. 8:20, 16:13), and so, too, the apostles-Peter, John and Paul state in their writings that he was a real man. He was the son of Joseph and Mary, and had Jacob, Judas and Simon as younger brothers (Mark 6:3). Dr. Rizal said that if Jesus were God, his works would have had no particular merit. And according to the Gospel, he had the same feelings as men, even fear. Jesus was called Joshua in Hebrew. Many, by making an historic calculation, conclude that he was born four years before our ere. He helped his father in his work as a carpenter, and he was also a carter. At the age of 31 he devoted himself to preaching the kingdom of God by means of the poor and sinners, that is, the despised classes of the times, and he wanted to be II I I i 41
Page 18 the Messiah awaited by the Jews to remove the Roman yoke. In the very night in which he was taken, he told his followers to use their lest centavo to buy arms, end be was condemned to death under Roman law for having rebelled against Roman sovereignty; and under Jewish law, which the Romans respected in religious matter, he also deserved death for having changed the commandments of Moses. The name Christ comes from the Greeks, from the Greek word "Chrestos," and the Greeks in their turn took it from "Kristna," the black God of India for which reason they attributed to Jesus exactly the same miracles as are reported' of Kristna, like his conception by a virgin, the slaughter of the innocent children, the visit of the three kings or Magi, the prediction of his martyrdom by priests, his arguing with teachers while still a child. He healed sick who were in those days incurable, and resurrected the dead; and it is even claimed that Jesus was very dark like the black Kristn.a The Bible doesn't say that Jesus was born of a virgin but that he had a number of brothers; but as the Romanists consider virginity superior to maternity, they pretend to give communion with the absurdity of a virgin's having given him life. A saintly mother is superior to a saintly virgin, for the mother has fulfilled her lofty natural mission of contributing to the preservation of the human line, and a mother undertakes many sacrifices for her family, a great merit in God's eyes for which a virgin does not qualify. JESUS' PRAYER EXTENDED Our Father, who hast for thy heaven and throne the immensity of the universe! let us sanctify thy august name not with word's but with our good deed. May thbi kingdom of love, justice, virtue and comfort come to us. May we sanctify thy holy will as thou desirest for our own good. Make us worthy of the daily food we need. Forgive our sins, as Jesus orders us to forgive our debtors all they owe us; and let us not fall into temptations of evil, but save us from it. Thine is the kingdom and the power and the glory through all the ages. AMEN. 17th Reading: Jesus condemned hypocrisy and foolish regulations Jesus harshly condemned evil priests who, instead of teaching true sanctity and mercy, burdened souls with strict rules that were unnecessary and counterproductive, because through them nobody either entered heaven nor failed to enter other places —like those fasts which are so deadly in hot climates and which God did not ordain. Jesus' disciples did not fast, for the fast which is pleasing to God, according to the prophet Isaiah, is saving up to do works of charity. Nor did they abstain from meat on certain days-: rather, Jesus ordered his Apostles, "Eat whatever is set before you, for there is nothing outside a man which can defile him by entering into him, but what comes out of him, like evil thoughts, evil words and evil deeds."' He did away with the exaggerated scruples of the Jews and the manifold and burdensome rules of the hypocrites, in favor of his easy yoke and light burden.
Page 19 Jesus never excluded evildoers from salvation but felt special compassion for them, and stated there would be more rejoicing in heaven over one sinner who repented than for ninety and nine righteous who had- no need of repentence. Jesus never said that he came to save us from any ridiculous original sin: he only said that he came to preach repentence and charity. The morality of Jesus rested on this which with good reason is called the Golden Rule: "Behave as you would like others to behave toward you; do no ill to anybody or even return evil for evil but always win him with patience and kindness-. So, love even your enemies so that you will be sons of God, who maketh the sun to rise on the good and the evil, and? rain to fall on the just and the unjust." PRAYER TAKEN FROM JESUS 0 my heavenly Father' I have sinned ungratefully against thee and: against thy boundless mercies; I am no longer worthy to be called thy son. Treat me no longer as thy son but as one of thy faithful servants, and do not abandon me utterly because without thee I am lost without hope; and thou desirest not that even the least or most wicked of thy sons should be lost; rather, as Jesus said, there will be more rejoicing in heaven over one sinner who repents than for over ninety and nine righteous who have no need of repentence. These consoling words, my God, are those which move me to throw myself at thy feet, wailing repentently and crying, Forgive, forgive, forgive' 18th Reading: Jesus did not perform miracles or celebrate mass; but he transformed the ancient world with the greatness of his heart Jesus would have lowered- himself to the common level of the diosdiosans had he wanted us to believe he could perform miracles, which are impossible because they are contrary to the laws God set for nature. Jesus stated that he would not work miracles in that generation (Mark 8:12), and he prevented' his disciples from spreading such foolishness around. Jesus never celebrated mass. That famous multiplication of the bread and fishes was simply this: He was accustomed to go to preach in uninhabited places far from the persecution of his enemies, and just because "there was nothing to eat there since it was far from the nearby villages and farmhouses" does not mean that those who gathered to hear him took no food along according to their individual means. Rather, the rich fishermen and wheat farmers must have taken along more than they needed to feed the poorer brethren, and they were the ones Jesus symbolically called fishes and loaves, since, according to St. Mprk's Gospel, he always spoke in parables. After preaching, Jesus collected the food "and had his listeners sit down on the grass by hundreds, or groups of a hundred each, and divided the food in equal parts among them like true brothers," and by this clever means "fed 5,000 or more and had 12 baskets left over." So he showed that the surplus of the rich freely given could feed the hungry brethren with no harm to the rich themselves. These were the meals of charity called agapas or saapes, and later eucharist, which
Page 20 20 means en act of thsnksgiving, because Jesus taught us to give thanks before eting. But ater on, sun worshippers gave the eucherist the name of mass, as the pagan worship was also called, replacing the ordinary bread with the host, which is really a figure of the sun. Jesus converted the ancient ideals of pride, power and wealth into those of humility, poverty and charity. This was his greatest teaching, summarized in the Beetitudes. Instead of exalting the rich and powerful, Jesus proclaimed that the blessed are the humble, those poor in material goods but rich in good will, and the charitable. Jesus also condemned religious excommunication, accepting the excommunicated Samaritans, and he condemned priests who took advantage of religion to exploit the credulous. These immortal teachings of Jesus are those we must maintain with all interest and practice them; but we must not distort them with false traditions and capricious inventions which are an insult to our present level of civilization. (The closing prayer for all days is repeated) SEVENTH DAY (The opening prayer for all days is repeated) 19th Reading: The need for a scientific National Church From the preceding lectures the listeners will understand that however venerable the biblical legends and the teachings of Jesus may be, they are not free from many scientific and moral errors and they cannot form the basis of a church worthy of the enormous progress of modern science; moreover, a National Church is most necessary to defend the sacrosanct ideal of our independence against the machinations of foreign religious corporations that conspire against it, and oppose Jewish fables and neo-Christian paganizing, which are totally absurd and contrary to all science, with tte modern, scientific and patriotic teachings of Rizal, Mabini and other Filipino teachers. Here you have the motive for the foundation of the Philippine Independent Church. We do not renounce Jesus or Moses: we only correct the errors which have been attributed to them. On our alter there you see three memorialized figures, meaning to say that we do not worship them as idols since we are not savages who worship wood, but place them here simply as monuments or guideposts to our ideals. Here we have Moses, the great figure that symbolizes the Old Testament, so that you will know that we profoundly venerate his Ten Commandments and keep them unbroken, and not others like those which contradict the saving law of labor which requires us to work six days of the week. Here, too, we have the most gentle Teacher Jesus of the New Testament, so that you will know that with our whole heart we adopt his delectable teachings of charity and universal brotherhood without distinction of race or religion, and his celes
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Page 21 21 tial communism so beautifully practiced in his fraternal egapes which have degenerated into the pagan mass. Here is Jesus whom we will follow in preaching the simplicity of religion and in unmasking mendacious priests who teach you so many absurdities and exploit you with great impostures like the sale of scapularies, bulls, dispensations, friar habits for your deceased, and the adoration of saints adorned with a multitude of completely imaginary miracles. The Mother of Balintawak symbolizes our Country, and the Katipunan child expresses the Filipino people, the rising generation which longs for independence, and both figures constantly remind us of the tremendous sacrifices of the liberators of our Country and of our sacred and inescapable duty to follow them, also making all possible sacrifices on our own part to achieve our independence. To this end, the immortal teachings of Rizal and other Filipinos on our duties to God and7 people will live and constantly resound in this temple. So, brethren, comes and? help us in this noble task of patriotic liberation, and the liberation of conscience as well, instead of enlarging the ranks of the enemies of our Country and our liberty and adding to their already vast treasures. PRAYER 0 our most affectionate Father' remember, in thy mercy, the Philippine Independent Church; protect it and pour over it the abundance of thy blessings. Lend our Apostles sanctity, zeal and thy divine light so that they can guide us along righteous paths; protect and reward the benefactors of our Church; protect and favor all our people; protect and prosper our businesses and properties with which thou hast rewarded our labor, and above all else, sanctify our spirits that they may be less unworthy of honoring and blessing thee. SO BE IT.20th Reading: Rizal's Creed Dr. Rizal said: "More than by faith, by reason and necessity do I firmly believe in the existence of a creator Being. I believe him infinitely wise, powerful and good —my idea of the infinite is imperfect and confused —on seeing the marvels of his works, the order which rules in them, his overwhelming magnificence andi extent and the goodness which shines in everything... I smile at the definitions of theologians and philosophers about this ineffable and inscrutable Being. I believe in revelation but not in the revelation which religions pretend to possess. On examining them impartially, one cannot but recognize the hand of man in them and the signs of the times in which they were written. I believe in that living revelation of nature which surrounds us on all sides; in that voice potent, eternal, incessant, incorruptible, clear, distinct end universal like the Being from whom it proceeds; in that revelation which speaks to us and permeates us from the time of our birth to the time of our death... What more Bible and what more Gospel does humanity wish? Instead of interpreting obscure passages or obscure phrases which provoke hatreds, wars and dissentions, would it not be better to interpret the deeds of nature and pattern our life on its inviolable laws, to utilize its forces for our perfection? God put his precepts in
Page 22 22' the heart, in the conscience of mab-, his best temple, end for this I adore that good end provident God who has given every one of us all that is necessary to save us, who continuously opens the book of his revelation to us, his Priest speaking in the voice of our conscience. Thus those religions are best which are simplest, most natural, those which are in harmony with the needs and aspirations of man." 4th Letter to Father Pastells. So it is that Rizal did not believe in the Bible, and he says be could not suppress a smile at Jesuit Pastells supposing him to be a Protestant. Certainly the thought makes one laugh that Protestants, while they mock the pretended infallibility of the Pope with good reason, none the less blindly believe that the Jews who wrote the Bible were infallible, despite their being even more ignorant than the Pope. PRAYER 0 God, loving Father of the Universe' Cause us to profit from the luminous teachings of Dr. Rizal whom thou gavest us as Teacher of the Filipinos, so that we may know thee following thy inspirations in our own conscience, and not the ridiculous teachings of the ancient religions which so falsify, deface and diminish thy sovereign grandeur. 0 our God, pour out thy light upon the world and with its clarity, truth, goodness and progress will prevail. AMEN. 21st Reading: Rizal did not believe- in absurditiesand ridiculous things Rizal said: "They cannot persuade me that the Catholic Church has been given infallibility; we also see the handiwork of man in her; she is an institution more perfect than others but human in the end, with the defects, errors and vicissitudes characteristic of the works of men; she has her foundation in the imagination of the multitude, end has obscure points which she invests with the name of mysteries, childish beliefs which sanctify miracles and the divisionsor dissentions called sects or heresies." Rizal did not believe in original sin or in redemption through Jesus Christ, and said: "God could not have created me for my own harm, for what harm could I have done before being created' for which He should seek my perdition? I cannot believe that before the coming of Jesus Christ, all people would have been in that deep abyss-, no, especially since they would be such virtuous ones as Socrates, Plato, etc.; nor can I believe, either, that after Jesus Christ everything has been light, peace and happiness, no, for to give it the lie, there are fields of battle, burnings, violations, prostitution and the tortures of the Inquisition." Rizal did not believe that Jesus was God or in his supposed miracles, and he found contradictions in the Gospels; and he fought fanaticism, hypocrisy, false charity, and donations to enrich those who were precisely the enemies of our people's independence.
Page 23 23 (The closing prayer for all days is repeated) EIGHTH DAY 22nd Reading: Rizal's advice to young women Dr. Rizal wrote these immortal teachings for the young women of Malolos. He told them: "Understand that to be religious does not mean spending a lot of time on your knees or in lengthy prayers, in, wearing big rosaries or dirty scapularies, but in conduct without blemish, intention without duplicity, end upright thought... Prudence does not consist in blindly obeying the caprices of the diosdiosan friars, but what is reasonable and just, for God gave everyone a mind and will to be able to distinguish the just from the unjust; all are born free and nobody has authority to subjugate the will end mind of others. You would be in love with bondage if you were to submit your noble and free judgment to another, and God would be able to reproach you by saying, "Perhaps I did not give you your own mind?" Of course, we should not confide only in ourselves but consult and listen to others, but we must always do what we believe most. reasonable after considering the counsels of -others. The soutena by itself is not enough to create wisdom. Put the habit of St. Francis on a carabao and it will still be a carabao. "What children will a woman have who knows no more than how to pray to saints and listen to false tales of miracles by those saints, and whose pasttimes are gambling and frequent confession of her own sins? What children will she have but sacristans or gamblers? The moral slavery of our countrymen was the work of their mothers because of their unlimited confidence in priests. "Neither with rosaries, straps, scapularies, signs of the cross nor with holy water will one evil be purified unless it is emended. Also, by means of money many things are excused which the Church prohibits, like not eating meat, or marrying close relatives, etc. Perhaps God's justice is perverted with money? Catholics say that the thief who buys a bull of compromise can live tranquil with the gains of his rapine because he will be pardoned. So does God then share in the spoils of robbery? If this is the God to whom the Catholic renders worship, I turn my back on that God." So said Dr. Rizal with good logic. PRAYER 0 most gentle Father of all Illumine our minds so that we may know the blasphemies and exploitative teachings of evil Priests, and understand that the adoration of Saints is prohibited in the Bible and that true saintliness consists in always thinking and doing what is good, and loving thee with pure heart in the persons of thy children who are our neighbors and brethren. Teach us, 0 God, that true religion consists in generously helping the poor who need our assistance, so that we may also be worthy of thy sweet and inhaustible mercies. SO BE IT.
Page 24 24 23rd Reeding: The education which mothers should give their children, accord in to Dr. Rizal "Let mothers understand," says Rizal, "that they are the first to form the conscience of their children. The good mother should not imitate those ill-educated by friars but raise her child in such a way that he conceives of the true God as a Father God of all, a just God. Let them prepare their children's character for all that is good and worthy of honor, firmness of will, clear judgment, right conduct, honorable actions, love of neighbor and respect for God; and strengthen their spirit for the blows of misfortune and accustom their hearts to danger. Let them not seek public honor or advancement while their children are only educated in friar darkness. Realizing the great influence of women in the Philippines? the friars managed to educate them in darkness and fear until they had enslaved them and their children. "But God will help us dissipate the many errors they have taught us, because he is the God of truth, end restore the good name of the Filipine woman, who lacks only critical judgment since of good nature she has more than enough. "In Sinibaldo de eas' book and other friar works, the sins of which some Filipinas accuse themselves in the confessional are publicly displayed, seasoned with shameless tales which cannot be repeated here." So said Dr. Rizal. So avoid the confessional, spotless women, an instrument invented by the Romanists to discover political secrets and despoil many women. In the whole Bible you will find no command of-God that you should confess your sins to another man, or that this man has power to pardon sins, but only God himself. The Katipunan was revealed in the confessional, and from the confessional came many executions and cruel tortures of patriotic Filipinos. PRAYER 0 most tender God' Help us dissipate the thick clouds of Christian darkness which have enveloped our intellects through four centuries of religious slavery. Father, dislodge all thinking which holds as dogma- the most fearful means for enslaving our Country and our minds, that natural beacon thou givest us in thy supreme goodness to guide us along the path of life. Preserve our women's modesty, 0 Father, and strengthen them to reject indecent dances and dangerous freedoms, and let sound virtues and careful education be their shield against the snares of evil. 0 our God, protect the honor of our mothers, the modesty and candor of our daughters, and let these angels of the hearth win thy celestial benedictions with their virtues. SO BE IT. 24th Reading: Rizal's testament "I do not wish to be taken for a diosdiosan prophet," said Dr. Rizal "or that I be believed or listened to blindly; what I ask is that all should consider and sift through the sieve of reason these things to which I testify:
Page 25 25 1. The tyranny of some is possible only because of the cowardice end negligence of others. 2. Whet makes one contemptible is lack of dignity end fawning before those who abuse one. 3. Ignorance is servitude, because he who has no mind of his own will follow the dictates of another, like a blindman following his guide, like snimals led by the halter. 4. He who loves his independence must first aid his neighbor because he who does not give aid will not be aided himself, just as one palm leaf is easily broken but not a bunch tied together. i 5. If the Filipina doesn't change her false religious education, let her not raise children; let her simply beer them so others may teach them better. She should be deprived of the command of the home. Otherwise, she will unconsciously betray her husband, her son, her Country and all. 6. Men are born equal, naked, without bonds. God did not create man to be a slave; nor did he give him a mind to be deceived by another. Not believing blindly in another is not foolishness, nor enlightening the mind with study and making use of personal reason in all things. He who elevates himself is foolish, who believes himself infallible, he who brutalizes others and seeks to pervert what is reasonable and just to his own whim. 7. Consider well what kind of religion it is that they teach you. Consider carefully whether or not it is the will of God or Christ's teachings to help the poor and relieve the pains from which they suffer. Examine what they preach to you, the object of the sermon, what is hidden by the masses, novenas, rosaries, scapularies, images, miracles, candles, straps, etc., which they daily keep before your minds, your eyes and ears; inquire about their origins and their probable goals, and then compare that religion with the true one of Christ and see if that pretended observance of Christ's teaching is not like a milk cow or hog which is fattened not for love of the animal but of the profit which is expected from it. Let us reflect, then, and study our situation." (Letter to the young women of Malolos) PRAYER 0 our God' cause our women and also our men to understand and follow this burning testament of patriotic love from the emminent Filipino martyr. All these sacred words ring with the most impassioned patriotism: our country's slavery was the horrible nightmare of the most loving son of the Philippines. So cause each and every Filipino, 0 our God, to eagerly seek by love of learning to redeem our people from their moral and religious slavery, each and every one to strive with all his energy to redeem us from economic and political slavery until the sun of thy eternal justice illumine that coveted day of our final independence. AMEN. _. _ -... I i I %
Page 26 i 26 NINTH HAY (The opening prayer for ell days is repeated) 25th Reading: The Deceloue of Mabini Let us now read the Decalogue of our great compatriot, which speaks to our present needs: First.. Love God and thy honor above all things —God as the fount of all turth, all justice and all activity, and honor as the only power which will oblige thee to be truthful, just and industrious. Second. Worship God in the form thy conscience deems most righteous end worthy, because in thy conscience which reproves thy evil deeds and applauds the good, thy God speaks. Third. Cultivate the special talents which God hath given thee, working and studying according to thy ability, without straying from the path of righteousness and justice, to obtain thy own perfection and by this means to contribute to the progress of humanity; so shalt thou achieve the mission which God himself hath assigned thee in this life, and achieving it, thou shalt have honor, and having honor, thou wilt glorify thy God.. Fourth. Love thy Country next to God and thy honor and more than theyself, for it is the only patrimony of thy race, the only inheritance from thy ancestors, and the only future of thy descendants: through it, thou hast- life, love and interest, happiness, honor and God. Fifth, Strive for the happiness of thy country before thy own, making her a realm of reason, justice and labor; for if she is happy, happy art thou sure to be and thy family. Sixth. Strive for the independence of thy country, for only thou canst have true interest in'her exaltation and advancement, since its independence constitutes thy own liberty, thy own exaltation, thy perfection and thy advancement, thy own glory end immortality. Seventh. Do not recognize in thy Country the authority of any person who has not been chosen by thee and thy compatriots, because all authority emanates from God, and as God speaks in the conscience of every individual, that person whom the individual consciences of a whole people designates and proclaims is the only one who can claim true authority. Eighth. Strive for a republic for thy people and never a monarchy; the latter elevates one or a few families and founds a dynasty; the latter produces a people noble and worthy through reason, great through liberty, and prosperous and brilliant through labor. Ninth. Love thy neighbor as thyself, for God hath imposed on him, as on thee, too, the obligation of helping thee and not doing to thee what he would not like theer to do to him; but if thy neighbor, lacking this sacred duty, makes attempts against thy life, thy liberty and thy interests, then thou must destroy and annihilate him, because the supreme law of self preserve tion would prevail.
Page 27 27 sI Tenth. Always regard thy fellow countrymen as something more than thy other neighbors; see in him thy friend,lthy brother or at least the companion with whom thou art bound by a common fate, common joys end sorrows, end common aspirations end interests. Therefore, so long as national frontiers exist, raised and preserved by the selfishness of race and family, to him only shalt thou unite in perfect solidarity of views and interests for the purpose of having strength, not only to combat a common enemy but also to achieve all the aims of human life. (24 June 1898) PRAYER 0 God! Give our young women determination to preserve the modesty of the ancient Filipinas and shun immodest dances with loathing, and excessive female liberties and other ugly customs imported from abroad'; help Filipina maidens edify our youths with their virtues, not to regard as graces the boldness of the illeducated, and much less their indolence, vices and lack of decorum, to avoid those young men who do not seek to exalt their Country with their deeds, integrity and patriotism, and, when they are married, to be faithful spouses, industrious helpers to their husbands, and most affectionate mothers to their children and of their sound education, instilling in their tender intellects the love of God, of their country and of their neighbor, making a true religion of honor. AMEN. 26th Reading: Cartilla of the Katipunan The following Cartilla of the Katipunan written by the great Andres Bonifacio contains other very wise precepts which complete the magnificent Decalogue of Mabini:"The life which is not consecrated to a high and just goal is a tree without shade, if not a poisonous plant. To practice the good for personal advancement and not for the true desire to possess the good, is not goodness. True holiness is charity, love of neighbor, and to fit one's intentions, deeds and words to true Reason. Be the color of their skin white or black, all men are equal; it may be that one is more than another in knowledge, wealth or beauty.. but he can never be superior to him as man! He who is of noble sentiments prefers honor to personal advancement; he who is of ignoble sentiments prefers personal advancement to honor. For the man who values his honor, his word is sacred. Do not waste time: lost wealth may be recovered but time passed will never return again. Defend the oppressed and fight the oppressor. He who is intelligent is cautious in speech and knows how to keep secrets which he ought to keep.
Page 28 I i i I i I I I Ii II I 28 On the thorny path of life, men is the guide of his wife and children, and if the guide follows evil, those guided will also follow evil. Look not on thy wife as a mere plaything, but as a helper end companion in the travails of life; respect her in her weekness and recall the mother who raised end cared for thee- in thy infancy. That which thou dost not wish should happen to thy wife, thy daughter end thy sister, do not do to the wife, daughter or sister of others. The greatness of a man is not in being a king, having a high nose or a white skin; it is not in being a priest representative of God-; it is not in filling high office in the, world; the man is truly noble and great who, though born in the woods and knowing no more than his own dialect, has temperate habits, word, dignity or honor, he who neither oppresses nor aids those who oppress, he who loves and guards his Country. When these teachings are propagated," Bonifacio concludes, "and the sun of Liberty shines radiant in this Archipelago and sheds its beautiful rays on the united sons of one race and brothers surrounded by infinite happiness, then the lives of those who are gone, their travails and sufferings, will be amply repaid." PRAYER 0 God! pour out thy light on our minds so that we succeed in forming character in our children, educating them in true science and saving them from absurd teachings; help us preach great charity, which is the basis of all society and education, the basis of respect for neighbor, order and authority; help us obtain the saving virtue of labor, the only source of our well being, health, and the satisfaction of our legitimate aspirations; inspire in us love of decency and good customs, of justice and patriotism; and finally, help us to worship thee not with childish beliefs but with our good deeds. AMEN. 27th Reading: Recommendations of thePhilPi ner Independent Churclst —Love God. Give worship to our invisible Father by means of good sentiments and philanthropic acts, contributing to the extent of our ability to the love and cost of religious practices, since man lives not only by bread but also by teachings about God' and the life eternal. Not only on Sundays but at all possible moments ought we to recall and adore God' in our hearts, avoiding evil deeds and thoughts, remembering that we are always in the presence of our loving Father who, in exchange for his inexhaustible favors, requires only that we commit no sin since that is most repugnant to him. Aid sin is all evil action and thinking. Therefore, that is not sin which does not imply ill will, evil intent or evil ends. 2nd.-Love thy neighbor. Do not desire or cause harm to
Page 29 29 anybody, but do to them what you wish they would do to you; practice all the good you freely can, especially with the poor and unfortunate; Jesus orders us to share our goods with the indigent as an inescapable duty. According to the Book of Proverbs in the Bible, "He who averts his eyes from the poor will be greatly cursed" (28:27) 5rdc. —Always be good and just, and commit no excesses. 4th.-Be honorable. Honor dignifies andc ennobles us. A man without honor is worth more dead. Honor, philanthropy and justice are the characteristics which, if it is true that we differ from the other animals in some way, elevates our moral level above theirs. 5th. —Be industrious. Labor is the only source that fulfills our needs honorably; we ought to love and seek it always. 6th. —Do no gamble or waste money so you will not be ruined, or sanction lewd dances because only evil women accept such shameless things, and avoid all vice because it will cause your unpardonable loss.. 7th. —Study useful subjects. The sciences provide our understanding of basic concepts and are the most valuable agents for our progress- in all.their branches. We must press forward in our own and others' perfection since for this God made us. There is no one more deserving of pity than the man who does not care to enrich his mind and improve his fate and his children's with honorable labor. 8th. —We must also serve our people, seeking their well being and defending it, their independence, their liberty, and their rights and interests- with zeal, dignity and disinterest, not by shameful abdication or sale of conscience. 9th.-Defend your liberty as one of the most precious gifts which the Creator has favored us with; it has no more limits than those which pure morality and right conscience places on all things. Liberty and the noble ambitions which it awakens are powerful impulses for our exaltation and progress, of the sciences and civilization —in a word:, of our general perfection. / IOth. —We do not prohibit the reading of any book, whatever may be the ideas or religion of its authors. From a comparison of some with others, truth will arise; but obscene works must not fall into the bands of indecent persons. (Epistle VT of the Philippine Independent Church) END OF THE NOVENARY
Page 30 THE TEMP]E OF MARIA CIARA It is so called in honor of the heroine of the patriotic novels of Dr. Rizel and' because it is near- Mrie Clara Street. It is modest; but even if it were as small as a grain of mustard seed, if God should bless it because of our virtues, it could become a leafy tree where the birds of the sir maker their nest (Mat.. 13:31). It is- 10 meters in front and5 30 meters deep, made of wood and roofed with galvanized iron. At the top of the facade above the bell' is writtten SIMBAHANG FILIPINO. Outside, over the three front doors, there is this lettering: ANG LUMALAYO SA DIOS, AY LUMATAYO SA' MABUTING KAPALAB.. And on the front of the two wings- of the temple: TUMAWAG KA KAY BATHAILA, ANG AMA MONG MAAWAIN. SI BATHALA'Y MALAPIT SA MGA NAGHIHIRAP AT NAGADADALAMHATI. Translation:' "He who separates himself from God', leaves good fortune- behind."' "Call on God, thy merciful Father."' "God is ever near the needy and? afflicted."' Instead of the Jewish Evangelists, portraits or Rizas, Msbini, Bonifacio and Marcelo B. del Pilar are seen in a prominent place on the pillars, natural teachers of this national Church. On the altar is a simple glass- case in three- parts which contains the Mother of Ba-lintawak and', at her sides, the images of Jesus and Moses, who represent the New and Old Testaments respectively. Above this case, in large letters which can be read even from afar, is this prayer: 0 Father' S di matingkalang awe mo sa ami nagpapasalamat kami. Gawin mo pong mabubuti kami upan a-mtan namin ang iyong by aya. Ampunln mo ang aming bayn, ankan at tabanan. Pagkaloobn mo kami ng mapald ng pagsasarili. SIYA NAWA.. Translation: "0 Father' We thank thee for thy inexhaustible favors. Make us good in order to obtain thy benefits-. Protect our people, family and home. Grant us a happy independence. AMIEN." The Philippine Independent Church does not ask God's favors for nothing, but asks him to make us good in order to be worthy of the those favors. And at the two sides of the altar this prayer may be read: KAAWAAN MO PO ANG MGA PATAY NAMIN.. SAAN KAMI AASA NG AWA AT PATAWAD KUNG DI SA IYO, MAGILIW NAMING AMA? (Have pity on our deceased. From whom can we expect mercy and pardon if not from thee-, our loving Father?)
Page 31 31 Over the six arches, of the two interior sides of the temple, these counsels are to be seen in large letters: MAGPAKABUTI KA AT MAASAHAN MO ANG TULONG NG DIOS. LAHAT, PATI NG BUGAY NATI'Y NA SA DTOS. IBIGIN MO SI BATHALA, SIYANG NAGDUDULOT NG ATING KAIILANGAN. MATAKOT KA' ANG DIOS AY NAGPAPARUSA SA MASASAMA. ANG SIPAY AY SIYANG DAKILANG UTOS AT BIYAYA NG DIOS. TOTOONG MAPALAD ANG MAAWAIN. Translation: "Be good end you can expect God's help." "Everything, even your life, is with God." "Love God, who provides our needs." "Beware' God punishes the evil." "Hard work is the greet command and gift of God." "The merciful are! the blessed*" And above the three doors inside is this final recommendation: MAG-IBIGAN AT MAGTULONGTULONG KAYO. MAGKAKAPATID KAYONG LAHAT. (Love and help one another. Be all brothers.) On the two fronts of the pulpit can be read this legendr ITINUTURO NG SIMBAHANG FILIPINO ANG UKOL SA D10S AT SA TAO PAMAAMAGITAN NG MGA BAGONG KARIUUNNGAN AT NG MGA ARAI; NI RIZAL ATB. FILIPINO. IPAKILALA NAMIN ANG MGA' KAINANAN AT KAMAIIAN NG MGA DATING PANANAMPALATAYA. ANIG NAGSESERMON AY PINAXABIBIG NG DIOS, KAYA'T DAPAT MAGARAI MIUNA AT MANGUSAP NA MAGAIANG KAHI 'I SA HINDI KAPANAIIG. (The Philippine Independent Church teaches things about God and man by means of modern science and the teachings of Rizal and other Filipinos. We explain the- excellence and errors of the ancient religions. The preacher is the spokesman of God, so he must prepare beforehand' and speak respectfully, even when he deals with our adversaries.,) We respectfully charge our Bishops and Apostles to be sure to write- these sacred counsels in large letters on the visible parts of all our temples. So God will constantly speak to all who attend our Churches. GREGORIO AGLIPAY Supreme Bishop of the P.E.C.
Page 32 32 DEDICATION OF THE TEATLE OF MARIA CLARA 0 God, an aging father nearing the end* of his journey has constructed this church and- wishes to give it to his son and other descendants as a legacy to remind- them constantly that they owe, everything to Thee as their most loving Universal Father, and that they should consecrate themselves to thy holy service, making thee understood of the People just- asthou art, by means of good works and modern science, freed from all idolatry, all absurd mysteries, all deceiving miracles and all dogma which imposes "truths" contrary to common sense. This aged father, 0 God, desires by these holy means to obtain his son's satisfaction, honor and, finally, his moral salvation, and offers Thee this son himself to be thy zealous Apostle. Accept, then, 0 God, these righteous intentions; accept this Temple and let it serve for redemption, mutual edification, learning and aid. Bless it that it may fulfill its high goal of the sactification of spirits, and pour out, 0 Father, thy mercies upon us all. AMEN. BENEDICTION OF THE MOTHER OF BALINTAWAK* Deign to bless this image of the Motherland which in thy name we henceforth call the "Mother of Balintawak" after the sacred field where the first cry of our independence was raised. From Moses and the other prophets to' Jesus with bis- Apostles and Evangelists, all the great teachers of mankind havepreached that every people should use all their most-fervent efforts and all their resources down to the last centavo to liberate their country, and Rizal has given us the example of how a patriot should die for the redemption of his people. In this Image of the, Motherland;, we symbolize all our natural drive for national independence. The Virgin-Mother is the Country? for the Country is the only mother that can truly be called virgin, virgin as it is of all lust. The Katipunero child represents tne People, eager for their liberty, and their spokesmen, prophets and evangelists are the great Filipino teachers Rizal, Mabini and Bonifacio and our other countrymen whose modern sapient teachings- will form the best national Gospel. In thy name, 0 loving Father of the Universe, let these images inspire our love and gratitude to thee, to whom we owe everything, to sanctify us and preserve the sacred fire of patriotism; we bless thee in ber and herewith declare this Image of the Motherland sacred, the MOTHER OF BALINTAWAK. Amen. *The Bible does not say that Mary was a virgin, but the mother of a number of children, and in the dream of Balintawak itself, Mary appeared as a mother inasmuch as she was leading her son, according to the legend-.
Page 33 I 35 PHIIPPlINE INDEPENDENT CHURCH Office of the Supreme Bishop Manila, 26 August 1925 The Most Reverend Isabelo de los Reyes Rector of the Parish of Maria Clara Most beloved brother: To commemorate the 30th anniversary of the glorious day of the liberating Cry of Balintawak, and inasmuch as the Mother of Baltinawak distinguishes the perish under your charge,. the Supreme Council of our Bishops has resolved to reward your excellent service and hard work in founding the said parish, by naming you a Bishop of the Philippine Independent Church, and by these' presents I confirm the said appointment and in the name of the Universal Force which directs all things, I invest you with all the faculties of the- said prelature. Now, venerable brother, I hope that you will prove worthy of the confidence of these high dignitaries of our Church by working with all your energy for the glory of the Great Spirit of the Universe and the propagation and progress of our Church, leading your flock like a holy pastor toward God by the paths of righteousness- and science, so that your diocese will vie with all the others in the increase of our Communion and the propaganda of our scientific-freethinking teachings. You well know, beloved brother, that we have no more sacred book than modern science nor any other inspiration than our own conscience, which is the voice of our universal Father. You will work to make your diocesan temple a cathedral and school of Virtue, Science and Free Thought. May the Father of all pour out his blessings on you and your flock, and may he lend you his insights and the powerful aid that we so need. Amen. GREGORIO AGLIPAY Supreme Bishop of the Philippine Independent,Church Registered ISIDRO C. PEREZ Bishop Secretary General SPONSORS HON. EMITIO AGUINALDO, ex-President of the Philippine Republic. HON. MANUEL QUEZCON, President of the Senate and the Consolidated National Party HON. FELIPE BUENCAMINO, SR., ex-Secretary of the RepublicHON.. EITILIANO TRIA' TIRONA, Senator and President of the Democratic Party
Page 34 34 CONTENTS The legend of Balintawg-k............Froptispiece Bishop Aglipay's Testament............... 1 Readings: 1. God according to the ancient religions...... 3 2. Our idea of God................. 4 3. What the idea of God teaches us.......... 5 4. Errors of the ancient religions about Creation... 6 5. 6. 7. 8. 9. 10. 11. 12. 13. 14. 15. 16. 17. 18. 19. 20. The evolution of our world.. Man arises.......... The soul........... Great fables of the ancients. Other errors of the ancients. Rewards and punishments.... The end of man....... The life eternal...... The end of our world.... Resurrection......... The Apocalypse........ Jesus............. Jesus condemned bad priests.. Jesus did not perform miracles The need for a National Church Rizal's Creed........ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ 10. ~ ~..... 10 ~....... 11. ~ ~ ~. ~...12 ~. ~ ~ ~.. 13........ 14........ 15 ~ ~ ~ ~. ~ ~.. 16........ 17........ 17......... 18. 0 I. 0 0 0 0 ~ 19 a........ 20......... 21 21. 22. 23. 24. 25. Rizal pointed out the great errors of Rizal's advice to Filipina women. Rizal teaches better education.. Rizal's testament......... The Decalogue of Mabini.... Catholicism. *~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ *~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ *~ ~ ~ ~ 0 ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~0 22 23 24 24 26 27 28 30 32 -33 26. Cartilla of the Katipunan by Bonifacio..... * 27. Recommendations of the Philippine Independent Church The Temple of Maria Clara......... * * Dedication of the Temple of Maria Clara....... Appointment as Bishop of Rector I. R. Lopez.....
Page UNIVERSITY OF MICHIGAN 3 9015 01547 9010 THE UNIVERSITY OF MICHIGAN DATE DUE AUG 2 9
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