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    27. See, in this regard, Amanda J. Cobb, Listening to Our Grandmothers’ Stories. Cobb’s report on the academy her own grandmother attended emphasizes that “Bloomfield was different,” in part because “[t]he Chicakasaws had not been relegated to a reservation” and had “a much higher level of autonomy, self-sufficiency, and independence than most other tribal nations.” Thus, this was a school founded in 1852, well ahead of the white-dominated assimilation boarding schools, and envisioned to address goals of the Chickasaw Nation itself (6).

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