9. The Southern national anthem is still regularly sung at public functions by Vietnamese in other countries. Another song, "Việt Nam Việt Nam," written in the mid-sixties by Phạm Duy, enjoys the status of a second, unofficial national anthem among these groups. "Công Dân" calls upon Vietnamese to make blood sacrifices for the nation; "Việt Nam Việt Nam" calls upon Vietnamese to unite in love and build a free and democratic nation.

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