3. Aficionados place much weight on the fluency and skill with which singers adorn their lines. There was a singer with the stage name of Ánh Ngọc, popular throughout the 1950s, who had a rich baritone voice and a finely musical way of delivering a phrase, but who always sang the notes as written, with no adornment. He was said to sing in a manner that was giỏi (skillful) but not hay (interesting, artistic).

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