19. "The Figure of the Black in German Aesthetic Theory," Eighteenth-Century Studies 8, No. 4 (Summer 1975), 373. Further references to this essay will be made in parentheses in the text. My discussion here is heavily indebted to Gilman. See also Richard H. Popkin, "The Philosophical Basis of Eighteenth-Century Racism," in Racism in the Eighteenth Century, ed. Harold E. Pagliaro (Cleveland: Case Western Reserve University 1973), 245-62.

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