Serial: Debow's review, Agricultural, commercial, industrial progress and resources.
Title: Mr. Hunter on the English Negro Apprentice Trade [Volume 24, Issue 6, June 1858; pp. 492-502]
Collection: Making of America Journal Articles
Article URL: http://quod.lib.umich.edu/m/moajrnl/acg1336.1-24.006/496
0ION. R. M. T. HUNTER ART. I11.-MR. HUNTER ON THE ENGLISH NEGRO APPRENTICE TRADE. WE reproduce in the pages of the Review, a portion of a speech made by Hon. R. M. T. Hunter, in the Senate, March, 1850, on the territorial question. Without wandering from the subject of debate, Mr. Hunter has elaborated tle most thorough vindication of negro slavery ever produced in fny deliberative body. It is hard to determine which are most admirable, its learning and research, its chaste, chisel cut, classic language, its calm philosophy, or its excellent temper. Great as is this effort, it is only one of a series of almost equal intellectual feats displayed on the same subject by Mr. Hunter. at the session of 1850. The extract which we give has peculiar interest at this time, because it exposes the gross hypocrisy of England on this whole subject of slavery and the slavetrade. In the first portion of the speech the failure of West Indian emancipation is portrayed. He then proceeds to show the measures resorted to in the vain effort to retrieve her error.-EDITOR. The British Government did not stand idly by, to behold the wreck of those fine provinces, without an effort to save them. They seem to have supposed that it was practicable to produce a state of things in the West Indies similar to what existed in the East, and endeavored to fill them with a laboring population, drawn from the colored and inferior races, who might be controlled and managed by a few whites, who would be enough to oversee and officer the gang as representatives of the British people, to whom the profits of this labor were to accrue. Accordingly, they have made great efforts, under the specious name of immigration, to import laborers from the Aladeria isles, from the East Indies, and from the coast of Africa, so as to supply the demand for labor in the culture of sugar and coffee. The consequence has been, the creation of a new species of the slave-trade, equal, perhaps, in the horrors of the middle passage, to anything known in the old African slave-trade, before it was made piracy by the laws of most civilized nations. Governor Light, of Jamaica, in a letter to Earl Grey, in 1848, informs him of the mortality which occirred among a set of Africans imported from Sierra Leone in the ship " Arabian." Out of two hundred and thirty-eight, he says twenty-two died on the passage, forty-five were iminediately ordered to the hospital, and the whole in a wretched condition! He reports that there were one thousand one hundred Africans in "the yard" (it will not do to call it "baracoon ") at Sierra Leone, " who appeared very sickly." Report of the Commissioners of Emigration. "Enclosure 3 in No. 9, p. 107, vol. 46.-Of 266 persons embarked on board the Arabian, 22 died on the voyage; 46 were taken into the hospital, of whom 17 had died; and scarcely any expected to survive. 492