History of the early settlers of Sangamon County, Illinois. "Centennial record." By John Carroll Power, assisted by his wife, Mrs. S. A. Power. Under the auspices of the Old Settlers' Society.
Power, John Carroll, 1819-1894.

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Page  1 HISTORY OF TIHE EARLY SETTrLERS OF S.ANGAMON COUNTY, ILLINOIS. "CENTENNIAL RECORD." BY JOHN CARROLL POWER, ASISTED BY HIIS WIFE, MRS. S. A. POWER. UNDER THE AUSPICES OF THE OLD SETTLERS' SOCIETY. SPRINGFIELD, ILL.: EDWIN A. WILSON & CO. 1876.

Page  2 Entered according to Act of Congress, in the year 1876, by JOHN CARROLL POWER in the office of the Librarian of Congress, at Washington, D. C. SPRINGFIELD, ILL.: E. L. MERRITT & BRO., PRINTERS, I876.

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Page  3 OUR OWN PREL UDE. 4 OUR OWN PRELUDE. It is with unfeigned satisfaction that I write these closing words, for that is what they are, although placed at the opening of the volume. It will be found, by consulting the book, that in settling Sangamon county every one of the original thirteen States are represented, also every State organized before Illinois; and that the descendents of the early settlers of this county may be found in every State organized since Illinois; also in the District of Columbia, and in every Territory belonging to the United States government. Remarkable as it may appear, there is not a State or Territory in our whole nation but has some chord that centers in Sangamon county. Many European countries might be included also. Thus it will be seen that the homogeneous character of our whole people could not be more forcibly illustrated than by this volume. It is my hope that it will be an educator, in suggesting the idea of how to arrange and continue a family history. There are family histories presented here that will be prized for many generations, and yet but few of the; would ever have been written up by the families themselves. It is surprising that there are not more families who write up their own histories. Family pride is commendable, and, viewed properly, should be a powerful stimulant to right living, but it can have no reliable foundation without written history. Let a man rise to eminence and all are eager to learn something of his origin and history. I could not cite a more remarkable instance of this than has already been developed in this county, in the history of Abraham Lincoln. There are hundreds of families in the county from whom, to all human appearance, a great man is as likely to spring as in the case mentioned, and yet they have no family records, or if they do keep them, they only give dates without locating events. Look at your family Bibles and see if you can learn fiom them where any event connected with your ancestors took place. You must remember, however, that this all requires labor. If you wish to test it, go to work and prepare a sketch of a numerous family such as you find here. I expected to complete this in one year, but when the mag'nitude of the work dawned on me I thought it might take two years. Nearly that time was spenit in collecting the materials. The two years has doubled, and with four months added, I find myself putting on the finishing touches. Thus you have the result of nmore than four years labor on my part, and about two years by Mrs. Power. She has, during that time, written nearly two thousand letters of inquiry to the descendents of early settlers, and has incorporated the information obtained by their replies, in the family

Page  4 4 OUR 0 iWN PREL UDE. sketches to which they properly belong, besides rendering me much other valuable assistance, in all parts of the book. To Edwin,A. Wilson, not only thanks, but much more substantial tokens of approval are due. He has done that which none of the early settlers seemed disposed to do. Without his co-operation, in furnishing the sinews of war, I should not have undertaken the worko To Mlessrs. Preston Breckenridge, N. W. Matheny and N. M. Broadwell, the committee of'the Old Settlers' Society, who have so heartily entered into the spirit of the work, I not only tender my thanks, but venture to express the hope and belief that every family represented in the book will feel under lasting obligations to them for the impartial manner in which they have discharged the duties devolving upon them. To the families of the early settlers, who so kindly and courteously responded to my inquiries, and extended to me the hospitalities of their homes, I cannot find words to express the thanks I feel; but ardently hope that the perusal of the book will return to you some of the pleasure I enjoyed in visiting your families. In the book we lay before you, we think all will admit that every pledge has been more than redeemed. What I say about myself and my associates will he seen the first time by them, as it is by you-here in print. And last, though not least, I reverently bow with thanksgiving and praise to Almighty God, that He granted to me uninterupted health from the beginning to the end of this work. J. C. P. SPRINGFIELD, ILL., December, I876.

Page  5 SKETCH OF THE AUTHOR. 5 FROM THE UNITED STATES BIOGRAPHICAL DICTIONARY. ILLINOIS VOLUME, PAGE 861 —876. JOHN CARROLL POWER was born September I9, S 9, in Fleming county, Kentucky, between Flemingsburg and Mount Carmel. His grandfather, Joseph Power, with six brothers older than himself, were all living near Leesburg, Loudon county, Virginia, at the beginning of the American Revolution, and all became soldiers in the cause of freedom. Some of the elder brothers served through the whole seven years' struggle for Independence, the younger ones entering the army as soon as they arrived at a suitable age. Joseph was but sixteen years old when he enlisted, and that was during the last year of the war. He was married a few years later, and, in 1793, started with his wife, children and household goods, on pack-horses, and in company with several other families crossed the Alleghany mountains to Pittsburgh. They descended the Ohio river in boats, landing at Limestone, now Maysville, and afterwards settled in what became Fleming county, Kentucky. John Power, the second son of Joseph, born November, 1787,, in Loudon county, Virginia, was the father of the subject of this sketch. He was a farmer in comfortable circumstances and the owner of a few slaves; but with his numerouls familv he could not send his children fiom home to acquire that education which is now to be obtained in district schools, within the reach of all; consequently this son of whom we write grew to manhood without having mastered more than the simplest rudiments of the English language. Like many other men who have struggled against adverse circumstances, he commenced his education at a period of life when he should have been in possession of it. He takes pleasure in attributing to a great extent the measure of success he has attained, both morally and mentally, to his selection of a wife. He was married May I4, 1845, to Miss Sarah A. Harris. The marriage was solemnized about twenty-six miles below Cincinnati, in Aurora, Indiana. Miss Harris was born there October I, 1824, of English parentage. Her grandfather, on the maternal side, was the Rev. John Wadsworth, who was Rector of a single parish of the Protestant Episcopal church near Manchester, England, more than a third of a century. His daughter Catalina was the' mother of Mrs. Power. On her father's side the history reaches back to her great-grandfather, WVilliam Fox, who was a wholesale merchant in London. He was also deacon of a Baptist church in that city. By his business travels he became conversant with the illiterate

Page  6 6 SKETCH OF THE AUTHOR. and destitute condition of the poor people of the kingdom, and made an effort to induce Parliament to establish a system of free schools; but failing in that, he next undertook to persuade his friends to unite with him in organizing and supporting a system of week-day instiuction so extensive that " every person in the kingdom might be taught to read the Bible." When he had gone far enough to realize that the magnitude of the work was almost appalling, his attention was providentially drawn to the consideration of Sunday schools, in order to determine whether or not they would answer the same purpose. Becoming convinced that they would, he zealously adopted the latter plan, and on the 7th ot September, I785, he organized in the city of London the first society in the world for the dissemination of Sunday schools. That society stood for eignteen years without a rival, and during that time it was instrumental in establishing Sunday schools wherever Christian missions had unfurled the banner of the -cross. W\illiam Fox had two sons and three daughers- The eldest daughter, Sarah, became the wife of Samuel Harris, a druggist of London. They had a son and daughter. The son, William Tell Harris, was married April 24, 1821, in England, to Catalina Wadsworth, daughter of Rev. John Wadsworth, as already stated. They came to America soon after their marriage, and settled in Aurora, Indiana. They have both been dead many years. Their only living child, Sarah A., was educated at private schools, and a four years' course in Granville Female Seminary, an institution under the auspices of the Protestant Episcopal church, at Granville, Ohio, from which she graduated in IS42. After her marriage to Mr. Power, in I845, at his request she directed his studies, and when he began to write for publication she became his critic; in that way rendering the best possible assistance, which she continues to the present time. Mr. Power was brought up a farmer, but engaged in other pursuits a number of years, always cultivating habits of study and occasional wvriting, but without any thought of becoming an author until well advanced in life. He met with serious reverses about the beginning of the great rebellion; and at its close, finding himself in possession of a few thousand dollars, determined to return to agricultural pursuits. He accordingly removed to Kansas, purchased a farm and prosecuted the tilling of it for three years. The grasshoppers destroyed the crops of I866 and 1867, and the drought of I868 made almost a total loss of those three years, with all the expense of farming. In April, I869, he accepted the first and only offer he ever received for his farm, returned to Illinois, and since that time has devoted himself almost exclusively to literary pursuits. His prize essay on Self-Education, for which the Illinois State Agricultural Society awarded him a premium in 1858, was revised and published in "Harkness' Magazine;" the editor expressing the opinion that those who read it would find it "one of the most profitable, instructive and mentally and morally invigorating essays they ever read." His "History of the Rise and Progress of Sunday Schools," published in 1864, by Sheldon & Co., New York, was his first publication in book form. It is the only connected history of that noble branch of Christian work ever attempted, and appears by common consent to be accepted as the standard authority on that subject. Mr. Power has written several books and pamphlets on various local subjects; also magazine articles on a great variety of topics.

Page  7 SKETCH OP THE AUTHOR. 7 An open letter by him to the Postmaster-General, on the subject of addressing mail matter, is a brief and interesting magazine article. Some of his ideas are quite novel, and will bear investigation. The main point he aims to enforce is, that all mail matter should be addressed by first writing the name of the state in full, next the county, then the postoffice, and end with the name of the person or firm expected to receive it; thus reversing the order practiced from time immemorial. He considers that essay his contribution to the great American Centennial. Perhaps his most finished work is the latest-his monumental edition of the "Life of Lincoln." It is a fitting tribute to the nation's martyred dead. His style is peculiarly clear, concise and original. He treats every subject most thoroughly and comprehensively, yet with an ease and grace of manner that charms the reader. A gentleman of the highest literary attainments, connected with Madison University, Hamiiton, New York, in a note to the publishers, says: "I have read your'Life of Lincoln' by Power. It has the charm of a novel." Mr. Power is now engaged on a history of the early settlers of Sangamon county, Illinois, which, of course, includes the city of Springfield, his place of residence. This work, upon which he has spent more than four years' constant labor, will be issued in 1876. It is awaited with expectant interest by his numerous friends. He has other literary work laid out, sufficient to keep him employed for years to come, and will doubtless continue in that pursuit the remainder of his days.

Page  8 8.AEARL I SETTLERS OF CONTENTS. PAGE. Additions, Omissions and Corrections............................... 16 Letter A................................................ 7.. " B........................................................... 8 7 C" C.................................................65.. D........................................... 242 E......................................................27 4 " iF.......................................................... " G................................................................ 3 - H...................... 346 (( _T~~...................1........................................ 397'~ ~ ~~ ~~~" L.~~ ~ ~ ~~ ~ ~ ~ ~~ ~~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~~ ~435 " TL........................................................... 4 " N......................................................... 5 (( N.537 " 0.....................................................4............................................ 52 " R..................................................5. 591 "' S...........................................................633,T.........................................................699 S........................................................ 633'T U..69.9......................... ~^33 "U.J 733 " V...........................................................735 -' W............................... 745. Y789 - Z................................................I........ 796 Deep Snow....................................................... 62 Extract fiom Ill. Vol. United States Biographical Dictionary........... Historical Prelude................................................. 25 Long- Nine........................................................494 Long Nine.494 M iscellaneous.................................................... 62 Note of ioi citizens.................................... 48 Old Settlers Society................................... 9 Ordinance of 1787 27 Our own Prelude......................... 3........... 3 Railroads........................................... 43 Sangamon County.............................................. 31 Springfield........................................... 44 State Capitals................................................. 45 Sudden Change................................................... 65 Trav ler Brothers.......................................... 720 W ars- Black Hawk............................................... 4 " W innebago................................................

Page  9 OLD SETTLRERS' SO CIETI. 9 ORGANIZATION OF THE OLD SETTLERS' SOCIETY OF SANGAMON C) NTY. ITS MEETINGS AND \MOVEMENTS TO HAVE A HISTORY OF THE EARLY'SETTIERS WRITTEN AND PUBIISHED. A call for a meeting of the early settlers of Sang'amon county, Illinois, was dralwn up May 25, I859, by Pascal P. Enos, and circulated by him until sixty-one signa'ures were obtained, proposing a meeting of all those who were citizens of the county p-evious to the winter of the "deep snow," 183o-31; for the purpose of organizing a society to preserve the history of Springfield and Sangamon county. The call was published in the 7ouzi-nal and Registei- of MIiv 27th, and the meeting was heldl June Ist, and adjourned to June I5, I859. The OLD SETTLERS' SOCIETY OF SAN(GA;MONT COUNTY Was then organized by adopting a constitution, in which it was declared that all persons were old settlers who came to the county previous to the "deep snow." Thomas Moffitt was chairman, a11( Pascal P. Enos secretary of the meeting. It w\las declared that October 20th of each year should be celebrated as Old Settlers' Day, in honor of the first cabin in the county having been raised by Robert Pulliam, October 20, 1817. It was also declared that lntil the first Monday in June, 1S86o, the officers of the society should be Thomas Moffitt, President, and Pascal P. Enos, Secretary. The old settlers and their descenldents assembled on the morning of Oct. 20, IS59, in the vicinity, formed in procession, and, headed by a band of music, marched to where the first cabin stood. Two wagons had been drawn together on the spot to serve as a platform. The President, Judge Moffitt, called the meeting' to ocrder, and the exercises were opened with prayer by Rev. Wmn. S. Prentice, the presiding elder of the Spri'igfield district of the M. E. church. The.band then played the red, white and blue, after which the Hon. James H. Matheny was introduced and delivered an oration, suitable to the occasion. Several other brief speeches were made after which they held a festival in picnic style, and thus passed the day, to the general satisfaction of all who assembled there. It was fully expected that those meetings would be held annually, but nine long and eventfil years passed before the early settlers of the county held another reunion. The — 2

Page  10 Io OLD SE TTLERS' S0 CIE 7TY. next year, at the proper time for holding the meeting, the whole country was ablaze with the political excitement of the campaign that terminated in the election of Abraham Lincoln-one of the least pretentious of the early settlers of Sangamon county-to the office of President of the United States. Then followed war, that terminated in the abolition of slavery and the death of President Lincoln. RE-ORGANIZATION OF THE SOCIETY. July 28, S868, a call appeared in the Joui-nal and the Register, proposing to hold a meeting at Clear Lake, seven miles east of Springfield, on the 20th day of August. The call was signed by thirty-two of the early settlers. CLEAR LAKE, August 20, I868. The meeting was called to order by the chairman of the committee of arrangements, Strother G. Jones, Esq. Exercises were opened with prayer by Rev. C. B. Stafford. Speeches were made by Munson Carter, Rev. John England, Gen. M. K. Anderson, and Samuel Williams, when they adjourned for dinner, which was taken in pic-nic style. After dinner Preston Breckenridge gave an account of his three first years in the county, I834-5-6. The year 1S35, has always been remembered as a time of great suffering. Other speeches were made and the meeting adjourned. CLEAR LAKE, Aug. 20, 1869. The annual meeting of the Early Settlers' of Sangamon County was called to order at 12 o'clock by S. G. Jones, the President. After prayer by Rev. Mr. Holton, of Springfield, speeches were made by Rev. Dr. Bergen, Revs. C. B. Stafford and David England, and adjourned for dinner. After that, more speeches by J. WVickliffe Taylor, P. Breckenridge and J. H. NMatheny. The meeting was then closed for the purpose of effecting a more permanent organization, which was done by enrolling eighty-six names of early settlers, of both sexes. They provided for future business by the election of P. Breckenridge, President; Samuel Preston and Strother G. Jones, Vice Presidents; John F. King, Secretary. CLEAR LAKE, Aug. 31, 1870. Mr. Breckenridge not being present, Vice President S. G. Jones called the meeting to order. Prayer was offered by Rev. Francis Springer, who followed that with an address. Brief speeches were made by Elisha Prinmm, David England and Sanmuel A. Grubb, and after dinner, Samuel Williams read a paper full of historical reminiscences. Speeches were made by Col. Thomas Bond of Taylorville, Joab Wilkinson of Macon county, and John Fletcher of Sangamon, and adjourned. IRWINs. GROVE, Sept. 23,1 871. Mr. Breckenridge called the meeting to order, and the exercises were opened with prayer by the venerable Ianiel Vadsworth of Auburn. Thomas S. Parks, the secretary, read the minutes, followed by a brief speech from Samuel Williams. Governor Palmer was then introduced and made a speech depicting many scenes

Page  11 OLD SETTLERS' SOCIETrY. and incidents in the lives of the early settlers, not forgetting his own experience in courting, by taking his girl behind him on horseback to camp meetings, picnics, etc. It was regarded as the most mirth provoking speech ever delivered at an old settlers' meeting. After that came dniner, followed by a letter from General McClernand and speeches from J. H. Matheny and Hon. John T. Stuart. Then came the election of officers, as follows: P. BRECKENRIDGE, President. NOAH MASON-, Vice President. THOM.As S. SPARKS, Secretary, Oak Ridge Park, adjoining Springfield on the north', SEPTEMBER 29, 1872. The meeting of the Old Settlers was called to order at eleven o'clock. As a change in the usual programme, the Society proceeded at once to the election of officers for the ensuing year. Jo.b Fletcher was elected President, with seventy Vice Presidents, and Noah W. Matheny, Secretary. After dinner, General John A. McClernand was introduced and spoke about three-fourths of an hour in a chaste and eloquent style. The next speech was by Rev. William J. Rutledge. He said that thirty-three years betore he had run a saw mill on Spring creek and sawed stringers used in laying the track of the first railroad ever built in the State of Illinois. The latter part of his speech was exceedingly humorous and closed amid a roar of laughter. Major Elijah Iles then took the stand and in a conversational way related many interesting incidents of his experience among the early settlers. HIe was followed by Revs. J, D. Randall, of Edwardsville, and William S. Prentice and F. H. Wines, of Springfield. George R. WVeber made the closing speech, and the meeting adjourned. PLEASANT PLAINS, August 29, 1873. The Old Settlers assembled in full force. A long train of cars well filled, came from Springfield, bringing the old settlers from all other parts of the county. The President, Captain Job Fletcher, called the meeting to order, and an address of welcome ws delivered by Rev. John Slater, of Pleasant Plains. The exercises were formally opened with prayer by Rev. Mr. Lyon of the M. E. church. Governor Palmer was then introldvced and made an excellent old settlers' speech in his usual mirth provoking style. Next came dinner, after which several more speeches, and then the followino officers were elected for the ensuing year: Rev. Samuel M. Wilson, of Pleasant, Plains, President; James Parkinson, Vice President; and N.W. M/atheny, Secretary. Crow's Mill, or Cotton Hill, SEPTEMIlJER 10, 1874. The Old Settlers assembled in large numbers to-day, in Stout's Grove, to find that the most ample provision had been madle fbr their comfort by the local committee, William BiLrtle, Philemon Stout, Davis Meredith iand Job Fletcher. The President, Mr. WVilson, not having arrived, the meeting was called to order by Captain Fletcher. After a few short speeches, dinner was announced and partaken of wNith' keen relish by all. More speeches were then made, and a vote of thanks was tendered the retiring President, Rev. S. M. Wilson. The following officers were then elected: WVTilliam

Page  12 12 OLD SETTLERS' SOCIETY. Burtle, President; Alexander B. Irwin and Davis Meredith, Viee Presidents; Noah W. Matheny, Secretary. CANTRALL, ILL., Aug. 21, 1875. The Old Settlers' of Sangamon and Menard counties held a union meeting here today. William Burtle, President of the Old Settlers' Society of Sangamon county assumed the chair, and the meeting was opened with prayer by Elder Vawter of Cantrall. Speeches and feasting occupied the time until just previous to adjournment, when the following were elected as officers for the ensuing year: Alexander B. Irwin, President, E. C. Matheny, Secretary. Fair grounds, near SPRINGFIELD, ILLS., Aug. 3I, 1876. The Old Settlers' of Sangamon county, assembled here to-day by thousands. They came by the Chicago & Alton Railroad, in wagons and carriages, on horseback and on foot. Alexander B. Irwin, the President, being detained by sickness, the assembly was called to order by Gen. M. K. Anderson. Brief speeches were made, but the principal one was by Hon. William H. Herndon. It was rich in incidents and anecdotes, and flashed with brilliant thoughts throughout. After this speech one hour was devoted to dinner in pic-nic style. A few more short speeches were made and then the following were elected as officers of the society for the next year: Alexander B. Irwin, President; Gen. M. K. Anderson, Vice President; E. C. Matheny, Secretary. OLD SETTLERS HISTORY. In June, I872, I was called upon by Hon. Preston Breckenridge, who was then serving his third term as President of the Old Settlers' Society of Sangamon County. He stated, in substance, that the early settlers of the county had for some years been talking of having something written and published that would serve as a history of the county and biographical sketches of themselves;' that thus far they had not found any person qualified for the work who was willing to undertake it. He further stated that'a copy of the small pamphlet history of' Springfield, prepared and published by myself, under the auspices.of the Springfield Board of Trade, had fallen into his hands, and that after perusing it, and conversing with some of his friends who knew me, he determined to form my acqnaintance, and see if I could be induced to engage in the enterprise. He very frankly told me there was no fund to defray the expense, that the only inducement they could offer would be their co-operation in collecting information and giving their subscriptions for the book. The following communication was the result of that interview': Hon. P. Breckenridge, President of the Society of Old Settlers of Sangamon County: SIR:-You, as the representative of your society, having expressed to me a desire to have a book written and published, to preserve, as far as possible, the biographical, historical and other reminiscences of the early settlers of Sangamon county, and having requested me to suggest a plan upon which I would be willing to undertake such a work, I offer the following as my views upon the subject: The materials are so abundant, that I would not be willing to engage in it if I were required to compress all in a very small, cheap volume. I propose to undertake to write and publish a book

Page  13 OLD SE TLERS' SOCIE 7. I3 upon that subject, to contain not less than five hundred octavo pages, with a small map, showing all the townships, villages, towns and cities, with other objects of interest, in the county-all to be printed on the best quality of book paper, and bound in the finest ofEnglish cloth, provided I can obtain subscriptions for one thousand copies at five dollars per copy, If this plan should meet the views of your society, I should expect old settleas to co-operate with me, by furnishing a11 the information they may respectively possess. It would be more satisfactory for those interested, if you would appoint a colmmittee of three-a majority of whom shall reside in Springfield —to whom I can submit all copy for their approval, before publication. J. C. POWER. Springfield, Aug. 14, I872. At a meeting of a committee of the Society of Old Settlers, on the fifteenth of August, the above communication was laid before them, whereupon the following resolutions were adopted: Resolved, That this society heartily endorses the proposition of Mr. Power, and we hereby pledge ourselves, as a society and as individuals, to co-operate with him in obtaining the requisite number of subscribers and in collecting information and compiling the book. Resolved, Thtt the President of this society, Hon. P. Breckenridge, is hereby requested to appoint two old settlers of this county, who reside in Springfield, to act with himself, the three to form the committee to point out sources of information to Mr. Power, and examine his manuscript, for the purpose of correcting all errors before publication. Resolved, That for the purposes of this book, all persons are considered old settlers, who were citizens of Sangamon county previous to December 31, I840. Mr. Breckenridge appointed Noah W. Matheny and Judge N. M. Broadwell as his colleagues so that the committee is composed of Hon. P. Breckenridge, Hon. N. W. Matheny, and Hon. N. W. Broadwell. The Old Settlers' Society by this action did all that was necessary to place the subject in its true light before the public, but the undertaking was one involving so much time, labor and money, that nearly two months elapsed before I decided to go on with the work, when the following was added, and the canvassing commenced: With the view of rendering the book of general interest to all the citizens, I shall make the history of the county as full as possible, to the date given in the third resolution. In this history all old settlers will be incidentally mentioned, but for those who take sufficient interest in it to subscribe for one or more copies of the book, a concisely written biographical sketch will be given of themselves and families. The order of arrangement will be, first, the history, then the biographical sketches. At a meeting of the Old Settlers' Society in Springfield, August 22, 1874, for the purpose of agreeing on the time and place of holding the next annual festival, and for the transaction of any other business that might come before it, the following report of special committee was read, and on motion ordered to be included as part of the proceedings of the meeting:

Page  14 I4 OLD SETTLERS' SOCIETYr. GENTLNMEN:-We, the undersigned, committee appointed by your honorable body two years ago this day, to co-operate with Mr. J. C. Power, and so far as necessary, direct his movements in preparing a history of the old settlers of Sangamon county, beg leave to report that we have examined his work, and find that he has canvassed the whole county outside of Springfield, and that we are highly pleased with the progress made. Mr. Power has collected a much greater quantity of material than we had expected; and the work, when completed, we believe will be a source of much pleasure to the surviving Old Settlers, and of increasing interest to their descendents in all coming time. He is more than redeeming every promise made at the commencement, and it will amply repay all the patrons of the work to wait with patience the few months longer that will be necessary to complete it. In view of the fact that there is such a vast fund of interesting information, we lHave advised Mr. Power that if there be any families of old settlers who do not take sufficient interest in the subject to aid by their subscription in carrying forward the work, that he omit any extended sketches of them, in order to devote more space to historical matters of general interest. PRESTON BRECKENRIDGE, N. W. MATHENY, N. M. BROADWELL. My time was fully occupied for nearly two years in writing up and arranging the materials in my hands, and incorporating additional matter constantly coming in. This brought us to our "Centennial" year, and the following Joint Resolution was passed by the Senate and House of Representatives of the United States, and approved by the President, U. S. Grant, March 13, I876: Be it resolved by the Senate and House of Reprvsentatives of the United States of America, in Congress assembled, That it be, and is hereby recommended by the Senate and House of Representatives to the people of the several States that they assemble in their several counties or towns on the approaching centennial anniversary of our national independence, and that they cause to have delivered on such a day an historical sketch of said county or town fiom its formation, and that a copy of said sketch may be filed, in print or manuscript, in the Clerk's office of said county, and an additional copy, in print or manuscript, be filed in the office of the Librarian of Congress, to the intent that a complete record may thus be obtained of the progress of our institutions during the first centennial of their existence. Hon. J. L. Beveridge, Governor of Illinois, issued a proclamation April 25, 1876, recommending to the people in every county and town in the State, that they take measures to carry out the recommendations of the Joint Resolution of Congress. The following correspondence was in compliance with the recommendations: MR. J. C. POWER: Sir: —As Congress has, by joint resolution, recommended to the people of the several States, that they cause to be prepared and preserved in a certain manner, histories of the different places, "to the intent that a complete record may thus be obtained of the progress of our institutions during the first centennial of our existence;" and as the Governor of Illinois has, by proclamation, called upon the people of this State to prepare such record, we, as Advisory Committee of the "Old Settlers' Society," of San

Page  15 OLD SETTLERS' SOCIETY. 5 gamon county, in the absence of any. action on this subject by the city or county authorities, suggest that your "History of Sangamon County" be supplied by you in compliance with the requirements of the resolution of Congrcss, as the Centennial record. Having examined two hundred and fifty pages of the advance sheetwof your work, it appears to fill the requirements both as to Sangamon county and the city of Springfield,'and is more complete and full than any similar work could be, if gotten up and prepared in the brief time yet remaining for such business. NIOAH V. MATHENY, N. M. BROADWELL, PRESTON BRECKENRIDGE. Springfield, Ill., May 8, 1876. On behalf of the officers of Sangamon county we heartily concur in the foregoing suggestions, believing that the object desired will be completely attained thereby. JAMES H. MATHENY, County Judge. JOHN J. HARDIN, County Clerk. MAessrs. Matheny' Broadwell, Breckenridge, zAfatheny and Hardin: Your note of the 8th instant is before me. In reply, I would say that my work of nearly four years' incessant toil on the history of the Early Settlers of Sangamon County is drawing to a close. I very willingly acquiesce in your suggestion that it be adopted as the "Centennial record." It is passing through the press as rapidly as possible; two hundred and fifty of the six or seven hundred pages are already printed. It may not be entirely finished by the arrival of the Centennial anniversary, but when completed I will have copies bound in the most durable manner, and deposited at the places designated in the joint resolution of Congress, with special referlence to the pleasure it may afford your descendents in perusing its pages at our second Centennial anniversary. Respectfully yours, -J. C. POWER. Springfield, Ills., May 9, I876. SPRINGFIELD, ILL., Dec. 21, 1876. J. C. POWER, ESQ.: Sir: Having given your book entitled, "History of the Early Settlers of Sangamon County, Illinois," a somewhat careful examination, we are free to say that it more than fulfills the promises made by you in. undertaking the execution ofthe work. N. MI. BROADWELL, N. W. MATHENY, Commitee. PRESTON BRECKENRIDGE, J

Page  16 16 EARLTY SETTL~ERS OF ADDITIONS, OMISSIONS AND CORRECTIONS. ABEL, ROSWELL, Sen., Sangamon county. His widow lives with His wife, Mrs. Elizabeth Abel, died Aug. her son, Thomas, near Owaneco, Chris9, I876, in Rochester, Ill. tian county Illinois —874. ALEXANDER, JOHN S., BROROW OBERT T., See his See his name, page 77. His son WIL- name, page 50o. His daughter, MARLIAI, died Aug. 21, 1876, at Williams- GERY I., was married Sept. 6, 1876, to ville, Ill., and was buried at Oak Ridge Thomas S. Sawyer, and lives near CanCemetery, Springfield. trall, Illinois. AMOS, Mrs. SARAH Seeker BULLARD, WESLEY. See his name, f3age Zr. The name of her son, name, page 158. His son, JAMES R., Judge Sam.uel K. Swingley, is there erro- born Oct. Io, 1846, died July i6, 1876, in neously spelled Swinley. Mechanicsburg, Illinois. His son, JOHN ANDERSON, Gen. MOSES N., was married May io, I876, in SpringK. See hia name, page 82. His son, field, to Lillie May Pinckard, daughter of WILLIAM VWILKES, was married Thomas Pinckard, of the State ouirnal Aug. 14, 1876, near Hillsboro, Fleming office. county, Ky., to Emma L.Jones, a native CALLERIMAN, E'VAN H., page of that county. He continues his studies 169. He died September, 1876, in Wilat Transylvania University, Lexington, liamsville, Illinois. Kentucky. CANTRALL, JULIA, was married BEAM, JACOB H. See his name, June i7, 1876, in Buffalo, Ill., to William page 105. He died Dec. I, 1876. Campbell. BEN N ETT, Rev. VWIL- CANTRALL, ZEBUL ONV P., died LIAM T. See page ii.- His daugh- April 24, 1876, at Chesnut, Illinois. ter, REBIE H., Was married June 6, CLAYTON, JOHN C.,. was 1876, to Geo. W. Freto, and resides in born March io, I8o, in Caldwell county, Mechanicsburg, Illinois. Ky. He came to Sangamon county in BRADLEY, WILLIAM, was 1829, with his cousin andbrother-in-law, born in 1786, in Green county, Kv., and John S. Clayton. See his name, page was married there Sept. 20, i81o, to Eliz- 205. John C. Clayton was married Jan. abeth Crowder. They moved to Sanga- 24, I30, in Beardstown, Illinois, to Ginmon county, arriving September, 1831, in sey (Jane) Clack, who was born March 17, what is now Ball township, bringing 1815, in Caldwell county, Ky., also. They eight children, and had three born there. had four children who lived to maturity. Of their clhildren, the eldest- Mr. Clayton was a soldier in a company ztARY, born Aug. 4, 1810, in Green from Satigamon county, in the Black county, Ky., was married there to Jacob Hawk War of 1832. Early in 8516, he Greenawalt. See his -name, page 339. moved his family to the vicinity of Urbana, He died and she was married Oct. 29, I863, Champaign county, Illinois. Of their to Michael Fay, as' his third wife. He four children was born July Ir8 1824, in Baden, Ger- HiZNIUMBERT, born August i7, I839, many, and was brought by his parents to in Alton, Madison county, Ill., brought Sangamon countyin I83I. Mr. and Mrs. up in Sangamon county, married April Fay reside in Cotton Hill township, south- 14, 1867, in Decatur, Illinois, to Marietta west of New City, Sangamon county, Ill. Fry. They reside near Chatham, SangaMrs. Fay is the only one of her father's mon county, Illinois. family living in the county. ELIAAS W., born Oct. 6, I843, in SanWilliam Bradley died Dec. 20, 1849, in gamon county. In the war to suppress

Page  17 SAA GAMON C UNz1 r. 17 the rebellion, he became first lieutenant of D R E N N A N, WILLIAM. Co. B, 3d Mo. Cav., and was killed in See his name, page 264. He died Sept. battle at Little Rock, Arkansas, in 1864. 28, 1876. He had been for several years, J70(HIN HARDIN, born June 16, and was at the time of his death, the oldest 1847, in Sangamon county, brought up in citizen of Sanganon county. His funeral Champaign county, Illinois, and married sermon was preached by Rev. J. C. Van at Neosho, Newton county, Missouri, Patten, from Psalms 23-4: "Yea though May 7, 1875, to Justie E. Wt bster, who I walk through the valley of the shadow was born Nov. 19, 1854, at Pleasant Hill, of death, I will fear no evil; for Thou art Cass county,. Missouri. She is a graduate with me; Thy rod and Thy staff they of Central Female College, Lexington, comfort me." Missouri. Since 1874, J. H. Clayton has ELKIN, GARRETT. See page been a member of the mercantile firm of 282. His son, CHARLES N., born Whitsitt &Clayton, and resides at Nevada, April 12, 1846, near Springfield, Illinois, Missouri. enlisted. May, 1864, for one hundred days, ANNA E., born May 26, 185i, in San- in Co. K, I33d I11. inf., and served full gamon county, brought up in Cham- term. In June, 1865, he enlisted for one paign county, Illinois, and in I868 went to year in Co. E, t54th 111. Inf.,and served full make her home with an uncle in Missouri. term. He was married May 16, 1867, to She was married Sept. 21, 187I, to C. E. Harriet Regin, who died Jan. I6, 1873. W hitsitt. They have one child, LENA He was married Sept. I, 1874, to Ella A. He is a member of the mercantile Welsh. He is conductor on the Springfirm of Whitsitt & Clayton, and resides at field City Railway, -and lives in SpringNevada, Vernon county, Missouri. field, Illinois. EDWARD S. was with John C. Clayton died April 7, 1856, his brother, Charles N., in the three near Urbana, Illinois. Mrs. Clayton was months service, ard after that served two married June 2, I859, to William Craig. years in Co. A, loth Ill. Cav. He marShe died Dec. I8, 1868. ried Mary A. Brown, has one child, LEE, CONS 0 ANT, ONA THAN. His and lives in Springfield, Illinois. son, LEWIS A., was married Dec. I7, ELLIOTT, TEMPLE, was elected 1875, to Augusta J. Elder, and lives in Nov. 7, 1876, sheriff of Sangamon county Springfield, Illinois. for two years. See page 285. CONSTANT, THOMAS, was FERGUSON, Mrs. LUCY. born August I4, 1776, erroneously printed See her name, page 295. Her son, 1796, on page 219. WtIZLLIAiV H., left four children, J. H., DARNEILLE, JAMES W. See ELLEN, WILLIAM and MARTHA, page 242. He moved from Chicago to now living near Decatur, Illinois. Her Belvidere, Illinois, where his wife, Mrs. daughter, L UCT C., born in 18og, in Belle Moulton Darneille, died in Novem- Culpepper county, Virginia, married there ber, 1876. in 1831 to Rev. Isaac Haines, of the M. CULLOM, SHELBY M. See his E. Church, who was born in 1806, in name, page 298. He was elected GoV- Rappahannock county, Virginia. They ernor of the State of Illinois Nov. 7, 1876, lived a short time in North Carolina, reand will be inaugurated Jan. 3, 1877. turned to Virginia, and from there to DIXON, JAMES M. Seepage Sangamon county in I836.'They had 252. His daughter two children, WILLIAM C., born Sept. -HESTR )., married Thomas Sto- 21, 1832, in Wilmington, North Carolina, ker. They moved from Buffalo to the brought up in Sangamon county, married vicinity of Illiopolis, Illinois. His son- Dec. 14, I859, in Christian county, Illinois, RICHARD "Dixon, was married May to Lucy E. Young, who was born Jan. 12, 6, 874, to Elizabeth E. Logan. They 1840. She died Dec. 16, I865, leaving have one son, and reside near Mechanics- one child, DORA E. William C. Haines burg, Sangamon county, Illinois. was married Jan. 1, I866, in Missouri, to L)ODDS), F.'E 14ING. See page Margaret Haticock', who was- born in 225. His daughter, Virginia E., was 846, in Henderson county, Kentucky. married Nov. 15, 1876, to Ninian E. Ken- They have two children, LUCY B. and ney. WILLIAM C.. jun., and reside near Taylor— 3

Page  18 1I8 EEARLI SETTLERS OF ville, Illinois. LUCY A.Haines, born in June 24, 1847, in Sangamon county, to I835, in Albemarle county, Virginia, Polly E., daughter of Augustine E.Fosmarrie.d in 854 in.Taylorville, Illinois, to ter, a younger brother of Ivins Foster. J. V, Clark. They have one child, MARY Two years later Thomas V. Foster, Jun., A. In 1859 they moved to Charleston, and wife moved to the vicinity of Elkhart, Missouri, and now reside in: Mississippi Logan county, Illinois.. They had five county, opposite. Cairo, Illinois. Rev. children. Their second child, WILLIAM Isaac Haines died in 1 838, near Rochester, A. Foster born June 27, 849, in Sangamon Sangamon county, Illinois, and Mrs. Lucy county, Illinois, five miles west of C. Haines died Aiugust, i85o,-near Tay- Chatham, and brought up in Logan coun-.lorville, Illinois. PHILIP C. Ferguson's ty. He took a three years literary course son, EZEKIEL, born August 5, 1839, in in the Illinois' Wesleyan University at Sangamon county,-married:January, 1,S69, Bloomington, and graduated Feb. Io, 1876, to Hester Kelly. They. have two chil- at the Hahnemann Medical College, dren, PHILIP c. and HIRAM R., and live Chicago. He is now-December, 1876 — near Taylorville, Illinois, Dr. Philip C. a druggist in Springfield, Illinois. Ferguson died Feb. 28, i864. His widow FOUTCH, JOHN, was elected Nov. and four children, the eldest of whom is 7, 1876, to represent Sangamon county THOMAS J., reside near Wathena, for two years in the Legislature of Illinois. Doniphan county, Kansas. He resides at New Berlin. Page 31o. FOR-TUN-E, THOMAS E. GALT, THOMAS, was born See his name, page 3o6. His daughter. Sept. 12, 8805, in Lancaster county, PennELIZABETH, 7. B., married Samuel sylvania. He received his literary educaOdor Butts, who was born in F-ebruary, tion at Jefferson college, Canonsburg, 1809, and died August 26, I840, leaving Penn., and his theological education at the three children. JULIA F. was married Presbyterian Theological Seminary at in I852 to Isaac Allen, have-four children, Allegheny City, Penn. He was licensed JESSIE, -BENJAMIN, CHARLES and HER- to preach June I8, I834, by the Presbytery MAN, and live in Jacksonville, - Illinois. of Ohio. He was married Oct. 6, I834, in ANNA E. mar.ried Josiah Burrows, have Washington county, Penn., to Sarah tbhre-iving children, ALBERT S., E. LEE, Happer, who was born' in that county and HELN cG., andlive near Jacksonville, Sept. Ir, I809. They moved west in the Illinois. THOMAS S. lives in Colorado. spring of 1835, and after spending a few M'rs. E.J. B. Butts married Barnabas Bar- months in Peoria, came to Springfield in rows. They had one child, CHARLES, the autumn of that year. Rev. Dr. John born Jan. 3, 854, near Jacksonville. Bar- G. Bergen introduced Rev. Mr. Galt to nabas Burrows died May I8, 1876, and his the Farmington Presbyterian church, of widow and-son reside near Jacksonville, which he soon after became pastor. Mr. Illinois. and Mrs. Galt had four living children, 2POSTER, y7OHN S. See page namely307 His wife's maiden name is erro- yAM1 ES Y., born Sept. 28, 1835, in neously spelled. It should be Eliza A. Sangam6n county, was married October, Corson. -'.,-'- I857, to Mary A. Brown. They have FOSTER, THOS. VEATCH, eight children, and live near Palmyra, was born Sept. 25, i788, in Harrison coun- Nebraska. ty, K entucky.. Hewas a brother to Ivins 70/-N, born Nov. 30, 1838, in SangaFoster. See.pg.e309o. Thomas V. Fos- mon county, married Feb. I:, I862, to ter was twice married and had four chil- Margaret A. Epler, who was born July dren who lived to maturity-by each 30, 1841,in Morgan county, Illinois. They mar-riage. He moved' to: Sangamon had six- children, MARTIN E. died county, -Illinois, in 1826, -and settled young, WILLIAM A.,-CHARLES E., s.even miles' southwest of- Springfield, AN'NABEL, CARRIE and LILLIE where he died of cholera November i5, live with their parents. John Gait and 1832. -His youngest:'child- by the first family resides at the family homestead marriage, 7'HOMAS VEA TCHFOS- where his parents settled in 1835, and TER,; 7un., was born July 29, i82r, in where hewes born. It is one mile east of.Harrison county-, Kentucky, was married Farmingdale, Sangamon county, Illinois.

Page  19 SANGAMON COUNTY. t9 M/ARTIN H., born Sept. 9, r841, in HAINES, CHRISTOPHER. Sanganmon county, married Nov. g9, I865, His son, FRANCIS A., was born March to Clara Spillman. They have three 22, 1832, in Sangamon county. In 1852 living children, and live near Manti, Fre- he went overland to the Pacific coast, and mont county, Iowa. in I856 and'7 was a volunteer soldier T7HOzlAS, Juzz., born July IO, I844, against the Indians in the north of Oregon. in Sangamon county. He was married In November, 1858, he started for Illinois, August, S869, at Otisville, New York, to arriving in Springfiald January ist, and Jennie McFarlane. They. have three was married in Bureau county Jan. 17, children. Rev. Thomas Galt, Jun., is 1S59, to Zerelda G. Britt. They had two pastor of the First Presbyterian church of children, ELLA BELLE and MINNIE, Aurora, Illinois, and resides there. both died young. Mr. Haines enlisted Mrs. Sarah Gait died Jan. 25, I849, near Jan. 13, 1864, in Co. C, 2d Ill. Artillery, Farmingdale, and Rev. Thomas Gait, served to the end of the rebellion, and Sen., married Margaret S. Moore. They was mustered out with the regiment Aug. had one living child. 3, I865. He and his wife reside at New ELIHU L., born Feb. 13, I850, in City, Sangamon county, Illinois. Sangamon county, married April 9, I872, HAND, ELIAS, was born about in Petersburg, Illinois, to Lou Bergen. I770, in Cape May county, New Jersey. They have one child, and reside in Peters- He was married there to Miss Sayre. burg. They had four children in New Jersey, Rev. Thomas Gait, Sen., died Sept. 12, and moved to Sangamon county, arriving IS57, near Farmingdale, Sangamon coun- May 30, I838, in what is now Gardner ty, Illinois. Mrs. Margaret S. Galt re- township. Of their childrensides in Petersburg, Menard county, Ill. DANIEL died, aged thirty years. G A RR E TS ON, THOMAS P. zIARIA married John Robinson, and See his namez, page 324. He was born lives in Minnesota. Sept. I8, 8I8S, in Anne Arundel county, 7ESSE married Mary Hagin, and Maryland, came in 1839 to Sangamon lives in New Jersey. county, was married July 2, I845, in ELIZABE TH, born in New Jersey, Menard county, Illinois, to Martha M. married in Sangamon county to Franklin Harrison, a native of Kentucky. They Bradley. They had one son, FRANK, had two children, both of whom died in who is a minister in the M. E. Church, infancy, and Mrs. Garretson died April and in 1873 lived in Davisville, Michigan. 26, I848, in Springfield. He was married Franklin Bradley (ied Sept. 14, 1845, and Feb. 22, 1854, n1 Menard county to Phebe his widow married John G. Ransom. See Campbell, who was born April 26, I83i, his nzame. in Butler county, Ohio. They had ten Elias Hand died November, I856, and children. The three eldest, VINCENT, his widow died in 1869, aged eighty-seven AMANDA and ALBERT died of scar- years. let fever from the 24th to the 28th of HARBUR, LEVI. See page September, 1858. The other seven, 354. He died Nov. 27, 1876. CORNi LIUS, BEAUREGARD, HARDIN, JAMES T. Page L O UR E NA MA Y, J A M ES T., 356. His son, Benjamin, was married SARAH J., WILLIAM L. and AN- August 2, 1876. NETTA, live with their parents. HARROWER, WILLIAM. Thomas P. Garretson is a carpenter by Page 360. His daughter, AGNVES H., trade, and was working within six feet of widow of Dr. James B. Smith, died Nov. Winchester House, on the steeple of the, 1876, in Springfield, Illinois. First Presbyterian church in Springfield, HEDRICK, ALFRED, was in I842, when Mr. House was thrown born near Greenville, Tennessee, came from the steeple by lightning and killed, with his father, Charles Hedrick, to SanMr. Garretson and family reside ten miles galmon county among the early settlers. west of Lincoln, Logan county, Illinois. Alfred Hedrick lives in Taylorville, Ill., G R E E NIN G, Z ACHAR T. Of his two sons — See page 339. His wife, Mrs. Mary WILLA MI, born Jan. 25, 1844, in Greening, died in February, I876. Sangamon county, married April 8, I865,

Page  20 20.ARLY SETTLERS O0 to Martha M. Kimball, who was born after which he kept a dairy until 1851, Jan. 18, 1844, in Vermont. They now- when he moved twenty miles east of 1874-have four children, MARION C., Springfield, on a farm, and remained there NATHAN K., ALFRED C., and until the fall of I869, and then moved to ROBERT A., and live four miles south Washington county, Kansas. of Rochester, Illinois. Alvin Houghton and wife had five chilHENRY' R., born Feb. 25, i848, in drenSangamon county, married Dec. 30, I869, AiifELIA, died in her second year. to Laura J. Johnson, has two children ER VIzV, O., born Dec. I4, I84I, in and lives four miles south of Rochester, Springfield, Ill., was married Sept. 13, Illinois. S866, in Sangamon county to Sarah Jane HEDRICK, JONATHAN, Wall, who was horn Feb. 6, 1842, in born in Kentucky, and married there to Allegany county, Pennsylvania. They Julian Holland, a native of Maryland. have two children, LAURA E. and They had two children in Fleming LILLIAN, and live four and a half miles county, Ky., and moved to Sangamon northeast of Illiopolis, Illinois. county, Illinois, arriving in the fall of A USTIN E., born May 29, 844, in 1830, at Buffalo Hart grove, thence to Illinois. Lives with his parents. what is now Clear Lake township, where CLIJEVENA B., died in her second they had four children. Of their six chil- year. dren- A VILLIA B., born Tan. I, I853, lives REBECCA, born Oct. 8, i828 in with her parents, near Butler, WashingFleming county, Ky., was married Oct. ton county, Kansas. i6, I847, to Joshua Cantrall. See his HUDSON, JOHN. See his name. name, page 385. His son, Y7OHN l/., ROSETTA, born in Fleming county, died Oct. 12, I876. His son, ANDRE W Ky., married in Sangamon county to Ab- 7., having been married fourteen years, ner Clark. She died, leaving a son, has an only child, MARGARET MAWILLIAM Clark.' RIA, born Feb. I, 1876. BARTON, died, aged twenty-five ILES, ELIJAH, Sen. His wife, years. Mrs. Melinda Iles, died in May, I866.'AR CISSA, married McDonald Can- INSLEE, JOSEPH. His sontrail. See his name. IVE WTON ASPER, born Dec. FLEllINI G, died aged fifteen years. 31, 1832, in Sangamon county, married MUNSON, born in Sangamon county, May i6, 1852, to Eliza A. Keys. They enlisted in I862, for three years in Co. C, had five children. ANN E., died in her ii4th Ill. Inf., and died at Vicksburg, a second year. EMMA T., MARY L., short time after it was captured in I863. MELISSA and JOSEPH WV.; the four Jonathan Hedrick and wife reside in latter live with their parents near Cotton Athens, Illinois. Hill postoffice, Sangamon county, Ill. HICKM1AN, GEORGE 7: His JAYNE, Dr. GERSHOM, son, WILLIAM H., enlisted Aug. 5, pagre 406. His daughter, JyULIA 3L., 1862, in Co. B, 13oth Ill. Inf., and died married Hon. Lyman Trumbull. Their Jan. 19, 1863. Another son, JAMES son, Walter Trumbull, was married Sept. F., married Sophia C. Burns' and lives 27, I876, in Chicago, to Hannah M. Slanear Buffalo Hart, Sangainon county, Illi- ter. nois- 1876. JOHNSTON, ADAM, was HOUGHTON, ALVIN, born born April I4, SI6, in Glasgow, Scotland. June 12, SIo0, in Madison, Somerset When he was four days old his parents county, Maine, was married Sept. 6, 1835, embarked on board a vessel, and after a at Skowhegan Falls, Maine, to Betsy. short stay at Belfast, Ireland, sailed for Hilton, who was born June I7, 1815, at America, lanling during the summ r of Anson, Maine. Alvin Houghton came that year in Philad lphia, Penn. fte was to S,ringfield, Illinois., in June, I837, and brought up in that city and learned the brought his wife in the spring of I840. busin ss of a marble mason. During that He was a carpenter by trade, and worked time he assist d in building Girard Colat that business for about twelve years, lege. He went in 1837, to Jefferson city,

Page  21 SAN/GAMON COUNTS'. 2 Missouri, and.after filling a contract on LUCr 7., married John H. Martin, the State House, then in course of con- and lives near Taylorville, Illinois. struction there, he came to Springfield, in PRISCILLA, married Thomas the spring of I839, and worked as a jour- Stokes. See his name. He died and she neyman on the State House of Illinois. married James Lay, and lives in Kansas. Mr. Johnson was married July 3, 1846 to Haskins Jones died in I842, and his Barbara A. Wolgamot. He has been widow died April, 1873, he in Sangamon, continuously and successfully in business and she in Christian county, Illinois. in Springfield, nearly thirtv-eight years.'KENNEVV, JNIV AJAV E. See Jage Adam Johnson and wife now —Decem- 425. lie was married Nov. 15, 1876, to ber, I876-reside in Springfield, Illinois. Virginia E. Dodds, daughter of F. Ewing JOHNSON, LUE. See his Dodds. See his name, page 255. name, page 413. His son, )ORSON D., AETYS, ISAA C, Yzn.. See pztge born April 23, I827, in Vermont, was 426. His son, EDWARD D., was marmarried in Rochester, Sangamon county, ried Oct. Io, 1876, to Lulie Todd, in Ill., to Lydia Eggleston. They have four Springfield, Illinois. His daughter, ANliving children, ELLEN, born Sept. J6, NIE E., was married Dec. 7, I876, in I848, in Rochester, was married in Mount Springfield, to Alvin B. Hoblet, of Pekin, Pulaski, April i6, 1865 to Aaron G. Ill. Mr. Hoblet is cashier of the Farmers' Green, and have four children, FLORA, National Bank of that city. LUE, GEORGE, and MiINDRED, and live in KEYES, CHARLES A. See page Mt. Pulaski, Illinois. OLLIE, born 427. His infant daughter, ELIZABETH M., Aug. 6, I85I, in Rochester, Ill., was mar- died July S1, 1876. ried in Mt. Pulaski, Jan. 6, I868, to Walter LAMJiB, SUSANA 1./. See page 435. McGraw, and died April 30, 1874, leaving Her daughter, Hannah M. Slater, was one child, RALPH. BET FIE, born July married Sept. 27, 1876, in Chicago, to 6, 1858, and WILLIAM, born Dec. ii, Walter Trumbull. I86i, both in Mt. Pulaski. Orson, D. LANTERRIAN, PE7TER.. Page Johnson and family, live in Mt. Pulaski, 443. He died Oct. 9, I876, near Elkhart, Logan county, Illinois. Illinois. JONES, HASKINS, was born LINCOLN, ABRAHA l. Page in Marvyland, and married in Jefferson 456. An attempt was made on the night county, Tenn., to Lucy Tolley, and came after the Presidential election, Nov. 7, to Sangamon county, in 1835, settling in I876,to steal his body from the sarcophagus, Sand Prairie, five miles east of Roches- in the National Lincoln Monument. The ter. They had thirteen children- thieves were detected in the act but 7JOHINV., married Lucinda Pike escaped. Two men are under arrest and died, leaving one child, CHARLES charged with the crime, and are nowT. December, 8S76-in jail at Springfield, ELIZABET7H, married John L. awaiting trial. Their reputed object was Firey. See his name. to secure a large reward in money, and the DA VID C., married Ann Griffith and release of an engraver, who is serving a lives near Br-ckenridge, Ill. ten years term in the Illinois Penitentiary, NA.N'CY, married James Campbell, for engraving... _ -ag counterfeit and lives in Edinburg, Ill. money. MARYTd P., married John B. Eaton. LINDSAY, JOHN, was born in See his namne. I773 at Fort Pitt, now Pittsburgh, Penn. CART'EiR 7:, born Aug. 17, 1834, in He was takein by his parents to Fleming Jefferson county, Tenn., married in San- county, Kentucky. He was married there gamon county, April 23, 1863, to There- in the year I800 to Mary Glass. She died sa Talbert, has four childr n, FANNY, lanuary, I8II, leaving five children, and LUCY, BETTY and CARTER T., Mr. Lindsay was married there in SepJun., and lives four milts south of Roches- tember, I8II. They had one child in ter, Illinois. Kentucky, and moved in I817 to St. Clair HASK'CNS, Jun., married Lettie county, Illinois, where they had one child, Swe t, who died, and he married again, and moved to what is.now Sangamon and lives near Breckenridge, Illinois. county in 1819, settling in what is now the

Page  22 22 eXEARLY SE2 TLERS OF western part of Springfield. Of his chil- in Centerville, Iowa. ELIZABETH, dren- born Feb. 15, I846, died aged seven years. REBECCA, born September, I802. ELIZA ANN, born Sept. I5, I848, marin Kentucky, married in Sangamon coun- ried William A. Smith, and lives in Colty to Andrew Orr, and died within one fax county, Nebraska. JOHN WV., born year. March 22, I850, is unmarried, and lives in POLLTY born September, I804, in Russell county, Kansas. Mrs. Virginia Kentucky, married James Smith, and died B. Lindsay died May 2, 185o, in Sangathere, leaving one child, AMANDA. mon county, and J. P. Lindsay married DA VID) H., born February, I807, in Eliza A. McCandless, and in 1853 moved Fleming county, Kentucky, married in to Logan county, where they had five 1832, in Sangamon county to Mary A. living children, SOPHIA BELLE, FLODorrance. They had four children, RENCE P., ALMA M., CHARLES MARX S., born March, 1833, died Jan. E. and VWINNIE M. John P. Lindsay 6, 1869, in Shelby county, Illinois. MAR- resides near Lincoln, Logan county, Ill. GARET A., born March, I836, married ABRAHAM Z L., born April to, 1819, B. F. Sinard. She died, leaving a son, in St. Clair county, Illinois, was married MILTONT SINARD, who lives in Mt. Auburn, in Sangamon county to Ann Wise. They Illinois. M'ARQUIS D., born March have seven living children. JOHN D. is 23, 1839, enlisted August 9, I86i, for three married and lives in Ottawa, Kansas. years, in Co. B, 30th Ill. Inf., served full NANCY J. married B. H. Lake and term, and was honorably discharged Aug. and lives in Mount Pulaski, Illinois. 27, S864. He was married in Sangamon SOPHIA MAY, marrried N. Elkin, and county Oct. 31, I866, to Margaret Kinney, lives near Elkhart, Illinois. WVILLIAM who was born April 6, 1S39, in Cazenovia, H., EVA E., GEORGE B. and HARNew York. They had two children. RIET C. live near Elkhart, Logan counLOGAN L. lives with his parents. IDA ty, Illinois. Mrs. Ann Lindsay died JanMAY died in her fourth year. M. D. uary, I865, near Elkhart, Illinois, and Lindsay lives near Loami, Illinois. Abram L. Lindsay now-I876-lives in MARTHA, born March, 1842, married Russell county, Kansas. Daniel Young. Mrs. Mary A. Lindsay LORD, JOSEPH T., was an died in IS46, while her husband was in early settler of Sangamon county. His Mexico. David H. Lindsay was a soldiei son, WILLAL41 NV. Lord, lives near in the 4th Ill. Inf., under Colonel E. D. Breckenridge, Sangamon county, Illinois. Baker. He served one year from June, lMcCLELLANVD), 7OH1V. His son, 1846, returned home and died in IS47, of Dr. Robert McClelland, was married disease contracted in the army. Sept. 8, I874, to Susan Turley, near WilGEORGE G., born November, I808, liamsville, Illinois. in Kentucky, married in Sangamon county IcGlZNVNJS, 7OHINV 7. See hiis to Margaret WVard, and died there, leaving name, page 499. His widow, Mrs. Elizaone child, JAMES. beth McGinnis, was married in December, AMANlV_/A L., born December, ISio, 1874, to Y. B. Clark, and lives at Clarksin Kentucky, married in Sangamon coun- dale, Christian county, Illinois. ty to John Morgan, and died, leaving four McGRAW, ABSOLOM D., children, ELIZABETH, SALLY ANN, See his name, piage 501. He died in the JOHN W. and SOPHIA S. autumn of 1876 near Springfield, Illinois. Bv the second wife: McKINNIE, WILLIAM A. 7 OHN- P., born July, 1814, in Flem- Page 504. His wife, Mrs. Emmla Mcing county, Kentucky, married in Sanga- Kinnie, died Nov. 22, I876. mon county in 1839, to Virginia B. Young. /McM. URl Y, ARTHUR B. His They had six children in Sangamon coun- daughter, MARTHA J., married Robert ty. MARY J., born July 22, 1840, mar- Eider, and live near Girard, Crawford ried Seth Moore, and lives in Lawndale, county, Kansas. His son, LEWIS S., Illinois. MELISSA G., born Dec. 23, lives near Girard, Crawford county, Kan. I841, married Charlie E. Morton, and MAcJlURR),; L OGAI. His daughter, lives near Centerville, Iowa. James N., Mary E., married Hiram F. Robbins, who born July 30, 1842, is unmarried,. d lives was born in Warren county, Pennsylvania,

Page  23 EARLr SETTLERS OF 23 came to Ogle county, Illinois, enlisted March, 1852, withdrew from the colMarch, 1862, in Co. A, 12th Ill. Cav., for lege to accept a position in Clark's Exthree years, and was honorably discharged change Bank, which was organized at that March, 1865, went to Maple Grove, Kan- time in Springfield by his father in consas, in May, 1866, and was married there nection with some eastern capitalists. July 26, i868. June 22, 1853, he became cashier of the NUCKOLLS, JOHN. See his bank, which position he occupied until it namne, ago-e 48. His widow, Mrs. Ann was wound up, March 29, I855. His Nuckolls, died Sept. 30, 1876, aged nearly father, N. H. Ridgely, succeeded to the ninety years. business of Clark's bank, as a private ORR, ROBERT, was born in banker. Charles took the place of cashier Wythe county, Virginia, and was there with him, where he continued until April married to Sarah Messersmith. They 1, 1859, when he was admitted into partmoved to Ohio in 1817, to Connersville, nership with his father in the banking busIndiana, in I8SS, and to Springfield, Illi- iness; the new firm name being N. H. nois, in I826. They had ten children- Ridgely & Co. Charles' brother, William ANDRE1 W, M/ELINDA; ALEX- was admitted as a member of the firm AIViDER S. married Eliza J. Wallace, April i, 1861, and its business continued and lives near Auburn, Illinois. ELIZA- until Oct. Ij 1866, when it was merged BE 7T-, NANICTY.; HIRAMl mar- into the Ridgtly National Bank. Chas. ried Savilla Rauch, and both died. Ridgely became vice president at the ROBERT7:MIARGARET; SAM1I- organization, and now-December, 1876 UEL married Jane Laswell, and lives — continues to hold that position. In near Auburn, Illinois. 17I, he was mainly instrumental in orRobert Orr and his wife both died near ganizing the Springfield Iron Company, Auburn, Sananamon county, Illinois. and building the Rolling Mill at SpringPOWER, RGORGE. See his field. He becime, and continues to be the na me, page 57'. He was awarded the President of that company. As a complipremnium of a gold headed cane for the ment to the President of the company, the most skillful feat of horseback riding, by new postoffice at the mnills bears the name an elderly gentleman, at tl-e fair of the of Ridgely. Charles Ridgely is also a Sangamon county Agricultural Society, membe-r of the firm of Beard, Hickox & in September, 1876. He was in his Co., proprietors of the North Coal Shaft. seventy-ninth year, and the eldest of five In 870o he was honored with the nominacompetilors. The cane was presented in tion of the Democratic party as candidate presence of the largest number of visitors for the office of state treasurer of Illiduring the fair, by the president of the nois, but the party being in the minorsociety, ex-Governor John M. Palmer. ity, he, in common with the entire ticket, PRICKETT, Mrs. CHAR- was defeated. He has served two terms LOTTE G. See pagce 5e'. She died as a member of the Board of Education of Nov. 2, 1876, in Springfield. the city of Springfield. He was married PURSELL, WILLIAM. See June o, I857, to Jane NM., youngest his nzame, pag'e 590. His daughter, daughter of James W. Barret. She ALICE BELLE, was married Nov. 2, was born in Island Grove, Sangnamon I876,, to William T. Kincaid, near Farm- county. They have four children; WILingdale, Sangamon county, Illinois. LIAM B A K R E T, E DWTARD, tRIDGE/LY, CHARLES, was born FRANKLIN and MARY LEE. Chas. Jan. 17, 1836, in Springfield, Illinois. He Ridgely, wife and children reside in is the eldest son of N. H. Ridgely —page Springfield, Ill. 616~by his second wife, who was the 6i6-bv hiso ws te SHORT, CALEB. His grandson, (laughter of Jonathan Huntington R., andied Feb. 24,, in N "7)^Tr ^^^ ^ 1O1N R.I died Feb. 24, I876, in Nodaway was born in Boston, Mass. Her brother, count Missoui. Hon. George L. Huntington, deceased, was mayor of Springfield in 1861-2. SMITH, DEWITT C., was elected Charles Ridgely entered the preparatory Nov. 7, 1876, to represent Sangamon department of Illinois College at Jack- county two years in the Legislature of Illisonville, in October, 1849, and- in nois. He resides at Bates.

Page  24 24 SANGAMfON COUNTY. SMITH, GEROGE M. See Iowa. Stephen Butler and family nowhis name, page 666. His son, JACOB November, 1876-reside near Missouri H., was marrit d, not in Hennepin, but in Valley postoffice, Harrison county, Iowa. Washington, Tazewell county, Illinois, to Smith, Lawson H. See his name,p age Joanna Higgins, who was born Oct. 26, o18. He died Dec. I2, I876, near Roches18I9, in Cumberland county, Ken'ucky. ter, Illinois. They have eight children, namely, ST E P H E N SON, JAMES. GEORGE D., was married Sept. 3, 1874, See his name, pag-e 684. He was born in Missouri, to Mattie Foree, and now July 3, I872. His son, WILLIAMi C., lives in Hope, Hempstead county, Ark. born Oct. Io, i812. HANN/AH A., born MARY J. was married June 21, I866, in Oct. 12, i814, married Jacob Zwingrle. Saline county, Missouri, to Dr. Robert S. He died Feb. 8, I876. Their son, WILMcNutt. They have four children, LIAM M. Zwingle, was married May SAMUEL, JOANNA, MARY and ROBERT, and 25, 1876, to Eliza Graham. yAM1/ES live in Rocheport, Boone county, Missouri. W., born May 20, I816, moved from WILLIAM T., born April 28, I85o, in Audrain county, Missouri, to Pike county, Saline county, Missouri, and now-1876- Illinois. FINVIS E., born Sept. 29, I8i8. lives in Berlin, Sangamon county, Illinois. He moved from Chandlerville, Illinois, to MATILDA J. was married Dec. 2, 1871, Wichita, Kansas. HARRIE T married to John H. Herring, have one child, WIL- William N. Spears. She moved fiom LIAM S., and reside near Herndon, Saline Lincoln, in 1876, to Tallula, Menard county, Missouri. ANNA E., ALICE county, Illinois. W. and MATTIE F. live with their THAYER,-WILLIAM P. See father, near Marshal, Saline county, Mo. his name, page 71r. His daughter, FREDERICK N. lives with his brother, BERTIE, was married Nov. 30, 1876, George D., in Arkansas. George M. to Lee Hickox, in Springfield, Illinois. Smith's sonl, JOHN W., left five chil- WALLA CE, WILLIA-M. See his dren, namely, A MI AN DA, married name, pagre 747. His son, BENJAMIN George W. Parrish, and has one child, F., moved from Keokuk, Iowa, to Macon, DAISEY MAY.. MARY M. and CARRIE Macon county, Illinois. His daughter, live with their sister, Mrs. Parrish, in JANE ELIZABETH, married Dr. John Oshkosh, Wisconsin. JOSEPH B. and F. Sanders. See his name, page 637. WILL A. live with their uncle, Fox, in WEBSTER, BELA C., was Quincy,' Illinois. George Mi. Smith's one of the early merchants of Springfield. daughter, ELSIE A., born Dec. 20, A sketch of him was expected but had 1830, in Jennings county, Indiana, married not arrived when this record closed, Dec. in Sangamon county, Illinois, July 4, I842, I5, 1876. to Stephen Butler, who was born Nov. WHI-/TES/IDES, NICHOLAS B. I3 I815, in Adair county, Kentucky. Page 764. His daughter, EMILY C., They have ten children, namely, JOHN, was married Nov. 21, 1876, to James F. born May 5, I843, MARY C., born Oct. Demmit, of Logan county, Illinois. 8, 1844, in Sangamon county, was married WILKISON, CARY, was born May 7, 1864, to D. A. Russell, and live in in Kentucky, and married there to Nancy Harrrison county, Iowa. H. G., born Moon. They came to Sangamon county, Sept. 20, 1846, married March II, I876, to Illinois, among the early settlers. They Ida Willes. MARTHA M., born Feb. had four children. Their son, RECUEN, 19, 1848, r married Dec. 2, i868, to Alfred resides in Taylorville, Illinois. H. Fairchilds, and lives in Jefferson coun- Cary WVilkison died in 1834, and his ty, Iowa. SOPHRONIA, born Feb. 23, widow m-arried James Snodlgrass, Jun. I850; ELIZABETH, born July 1, I852, See his name, page 671. in Sangamon county, Illinois. HAR- OCO3M, SAJ1UEL. P]age 792. RIET, born Sept. 7, I855; OWEN, born His daughter, REBECCA, marriedJohn Sept. i6, 1857; BASSETT, born July W. Ham, not Horn. See his name, pag-e i6, I859, and SAMANTHA, born July 352. 7, I863, the four latter in Jefferson county,

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Page  25 HISTORICAL PRELUDE. THE first white men who explored the upper Mississippi valley were Jesuit missionaries from New France-now Canada. They visited the southern shores of the great northern lakes, for the purpose of communicating a knowledge of christianity to the aboriginal natives. Jacques Marquette, a Roman Catholic priest, and Louis Joliet, a merchant from Quebec, with two canoes and five men, left Green Bay and went down the Wisconsin river to the Mississippi, entering the latter stream June I7, i673. They floated down the "father of waters," making frequent stoppages among the Indians, and passed below the mouth of the Ohio river. Here they found the savages disposed to be hostile, which caused them to return. On approaching the mouth of the Illinois river, on their way up, they were told by the aborigines, that if they would follow the course of that stream their route to the lakes would be much shorter. Accepting this advice, the party reached Lake Michigan, at a point where Chicago now stands. Other Frenchmen came by the way of Canada and the lakes, and in a few years all this region of country was considered a part of New France. The Fqrench being entitled to it by right of discovery, their possession was undisputed for about ninety years. Difficulties arising between France and England, at home, the British government sent an army of one thousand regular soldiers under Gen. Edward Braddock, to make war against the French and their native allies in the new world. General Braddock landed at Alexandria, Virginia, and after increasing his army to twenty-two hundred men, by the addition of provincials, or citizens of the country, he marched to attack Fort DuQuesne, where Pittsburgh now stands. Colonel George Washington, who was well acquainted with the Indian character, accompanied the expedition as a volunteer aid. General Braddock refused the counsels of Colonel Washington, and the result was the surprise and defeat of his whole army by the French and Indians. The commander was slain in the engagement, which took place July 9, I755. In I758 the English government sent another army, which was more successful. It took Fort Duquesne, and the war raged until 1763, when the fall of Quebec left the English victorious; and by the treaty which followed, the whole of New France was ceded to Great Britain. Previous to the year 1673 the upper Mississippi valley was known only to the aborigines or Indians. From the year of its discovery by the explorations of Marquette -4

Page  26 26 HISTORICAL PREL UDE. and Joliet, for more than half a century there was no attempt at organized government. The first effort was made in 1718, when the "Company of the West" was formed in Paris for the government of the New World. In that year the building of Fort DeChartres was commenced, and when completed was occupied as the military headquarters of the French. It was about sixteen miles above Kaskaskia, in the American bottom, three miles from the bluft and three-fourths of a mile from the river. At the time New France was ceded to England, in 1763, Fort DeChartres was occupied by M. St. Ange de Bellerive, as commandant and Governor of the Illinois country. He continued in possession of the fdrt until 1765, when Captain Sterling, of the fortysecond Royal Highlanders, was sent out and took possession of the fort and country, in the name of the British government. He died about three months after his arrival. Fort Chartres continued to be the headquarters of the British until 1772, when part of the fort was destroyed by a great rise of water in the Mississippi river. The English garrison was then removed to Kaskaskia. In 1763 the population of what is now the State of Illinois, did not exceed three thousand. About one-third left the country upon its change of masters; so that when the English took possession, the entire population, including French, English and negroes, was about two thousand. Speaking of their new seat of government, Rev. John M. Peck says: "In olden time, Kaskaskia was to Illinois what Paris is at this day to France. Both were, at their respective days, the great emporiums of fashion, gayety, and I must say, happiness also. In the year 1721 the Jesuits erected a monastery and college in the village of Kaskaskia, and a few years afterwards it was chartered by the French government. Kaskaskia for many years was the largest town west of the Alleghaney mountains. It was a tolerable place before the existence of Pittsburgh, Cincinnati or New Orleans." The English government became fairly settled in their occupation of the country wrested from France, and then commenced that series of parliamentary enactments for the taxation of the Americani colonies, without permitting them to have any voice in her national councils, which led to the revolutionary struggle. Open hostilities commenced at Lexington, Massachusetts, April I9, 1775. Couriers were despatched, on the most fleet-footed horses, and in a very few days the infant colonies were ablaze with excitement, and the call to arms was responded to from Maine to Georgia. The first Congress met in Philadelphia, Sept. 5, 1774, and continued its meetings by successive adjournments, until July 4, 1776, when the American colonies were, declared to be free and independent States. The familiar events of the war for independence, followed each other in quick succession, until all parties were engaged in the conflict along the Atlantic coast; but there were British outposts in the west which had until 1778 remained undisturbed. It was known that these posts were depots for supplying the Indians with arms and ammunition, that they might practice deeds of cruelty and murder against the frontier settlers. The general government had not power to command without consent of the States, even the limited resources of the country; but what there was, in the way of soldiers, seemed imperatively demanded on the seaboard. Under these circumstances, Colonel George Rogers Clarke, of Virginia, volunteered to lead an expedition against the British garrison west of the Alleghanies; and the Governor and Council of Virginia took the responsibility of sending him out. Two sets of instructions were given him: One, which was public, was for Col. Clarke to raise

Page  27 HISTORI CAL J'RE/ L UDE. 27 seven companies, and proceed west. The secret and real instructions were for him to raise seven companies, of fifty men each, proceed to Kaskaskia, and take and destroy the garrison of Fort Gates at that place; and that the object of the expedition must be kept a profound secret. The instructions were given January 2, 1778, by the Governor at Williamsburg, then the Capital of Virginia. Col. Clarke left Virginia on the fourth of February for Pittsburgh. He took with him twelve hundred pounds in depreciated currency to defray the expenses of the expedition, and raised three companies in Pittsburgh. He procured boats, and with his supplies, arms and ammunition, descended the Ohio river to "Corn Island," opposite the present city of Louisville, Kentucky, where he was met by Captain Bowman, who had gone down through Kentucky to raise a company of men. When all were assembled on the island, Col. Clarke first declared to them that his point of destination was Kaskaskia, in the Illinois country. From Corn Island he descended with his forces to Fort Massac, at the west side of the Ohio river, about forty miles above its junction with the Mississippi. The party left their boats at this point, and marched across the country to Kaskaskia, a distance of one hundred and twenty miles, through an unbroken wilderness. They arrived within sight of the village on the morning of July 4, I778. He concealed the main body of his men, and sent out spies to reconnoitre. At night the men were divided into two bodies, one to take the village and the other, Fort Gage. After all was in readiness, with the soldiers drawn up in line on the banks of the Kaskaskia, Col. Clarke delivered a short address to his troops, in which he reminded them that it was the anniversary of the Declaration' of Independence, and that they must take the fort and village at all hazards. Fort Gage was a work of considerable strength, mounted with cannon and defended by regular soldiers. So secret had been the movements of the attacking party, and so little were they expected, that they reached the very gates of the fortifications unperceived. In addition to this, they were so fortunate as to get into communication with an American belonging to the fort, who led a detachment of soldiers, under the celebrated Simon Kenton, inside, through a back gate. The first intimation the Governor had of their presence, was by Kenton giving him a shake to arouse him from his slumbers. The conquest was achieved without the shedding of a drop of blood. The mortification of Governor Rocheblave was so great when he found himself a prisoner in the hands of so small a body of raw malitia, without having an opportunity to fire a gun, that he refused to acknowledge any of the courtesies extended to him on account of his official position. The only alternative for Colonel Clarke, was to send him in irons to the Capital of Virginia. Soon after the capture of Kaskaskia Colonel Clarke communicated the result of his expedition to the Governor, and expressed a desire to have civil government extended over the conquered territory. An act was passed by the law-making powers of Virginia, in October, I778, to establish the county of Illinois. " It embraced all that part of Virginia west of the Ohio river, and was probably the largest county in the world, exceeding in its dimensions the whole of Great Britain and Ireland." To speak more definitely, the county of Virginia, called Illinois, embraced the territory now included in the States of Ohio, Indiana, Illinois, Wisconsin and Michigan. After capturing Fort Gates, the next point to be reduced was Fort St. Vincent, now Vincennes, Indiana. This fortification, with Governor Hamilton and seventy-nine men, fell into his hands February 24, 1779.

Page  28 28 HISTORICAL PRELUDE. Until this stage of its history, the Illinois country had been successively under savage, military, and monarchial rulers; but the time for another change was at hand. The first republican Governor of Illinois was no less a personage than the renowned Patrick Henry, the great orator of the American Revolution. lie became the Governor of Virginia in I776, and by re-election continued to hold the office until 1799. The law of Virginia establishing the county of Illinois having been enacted in October, 1788, it was in this way that he became the first republican or democratic Governor of Illinois. On the twelfth of December, 1788, Governor Henry appointed John Todd civil commandant and Lieutenant Colonel of the new county. He wrote Commandant Todd a lengthy letter of instructions, in which he says: " The grand objects which are disclosed to your countrymen, will prove beneficial or otherwise, according to the nature and abilities of those who are called to direct the affairs of that remote country. * * * One great good expected from holding the Illinois is to overawe the Indians fiom warring against the settlers on this side of the Ohio." Near the close of his letter, Governor Henry says: " I think it proper for you to send me an express once in the month with a general account of affiirs with you, and any particulars you may wish to communicate." The headquarters of Commandant Todd, or the seat of government for the county, was at Kaskaskia. The stay of Colonel Todd in Illinois was not of long duration. Being under orders to return to Virginia, he made it convenient to visit his family at Lexington, Kentucky, on the way. While at Lexington, news came that the Indians west of the Ohio were crossing over into Kentucky. He returned at the head of his command, to assist in repelling the savages, and was killed at the battle of Blue Licks. See sketch of the Toddfamily in this volume. In 1780 Congress recommended to the several States having waste or unappropriated lands, in the western country, to cede it to the United States government for the common benefit of the Union. In January, 1781, Virginia responded to the overture of Congress, by yielding her claims to the territory northwest of the Ohio river, with certain conditions annexed. By an act of Sept. 13, 1783, Congress proposed to comply in the main with the wishes of Virginia, but suggested some modification of the terms. On the 20th of Dec. following, the General Assembly of Virginia passed an act accepting the modified terms proposed by the United States Congress. By this settlement the United States was to refund to Virginia all the money that had been expended by that State in her military operations in conquering and holding the territory. It was also stipulated that a quantity of land, not exceeding one hundred and fifty thousand acres, promised by the State of Virginia, should be allowed and granted by the United States to General George Rogers Clarke, and to the officers and soldiers of his regiment who marched with him when the forts, Gates, at Kaskaskia, and St. Vincent, now Vincennes, were reduced; and to the officers and soldiers who were afterwards incorporated into that regiment. By this act the representatives of that State, in Congress, were instructed and empowered to transfer the territory, by deed, to the United States. The deed was executed March I, 1784, and signed by Thomas Jefferson, Samuel Hardy, Arthur Lee, and James Monroe. By Virginia protecting the frontier settlers from the cruelties of Indian warfare, she very justly goes down to posterity with the honor of having donated to the general government, territory from which has grown five of the very best States of the American Union. But while she was generous to

Page  29 ORDINANCE OF 1787. 29 the public, she failed to be just to the man who was instrumental in bringing so much honor upon herself. In Butler's history of Kentucky it is said of George Rogers Clarke: " The government of Virginia failed to sbttle his accounts. Private suits were brought against him for public supplies, which ultimately swept away his fortune, and with this injustice the spirit of the hero fell, and the General never recovered his energies, which had stamped him as one of nature's noblemen. At the same time it is feared that a too extensive conviviality contributed its mischievous effects." The latter was, most likely, the real cause of his misfortunes. THE ORDINANCE OF 1787. July 13, 1787, an ordinance for the government of the Northwestern Territory, ceded by Virginia to the United States, was enacted by Congress, and General Arthur St. Clair appeared at Marietta, on the Ohio river, and put the new government in operation. Washington county was the first organized, and included a considerable portion of the present State of Ohio. In February, 179o, Governor St. Clair and'his Secretary, Winthrop Sargeant, arrived at Kaskaskia and organized the county of St. Clair, which embraced more than half the present State of Illinois. The first legislative body for the Northwestern Territory assembled at what is now Cincinnati, September I6, 1789. On the third of October, General William H. Harrison was elected the first delegate to represent the Northwestern Territory in the Congress of the United States, and for more than ten years its government continued without change. May 7, I8oo, an act of Congress provided for the organization of a territorial government to be called Ohio. November 29, 1802, it was admitted to the Union as a State, with its seat of government at Chillicothe. From the time the territorial government of Ohio was organized, the remainder continued to be governed as the Northwestern Territory. The same year Ohio was admitted as a State-I802-the Territory of Indiana was organized, with William Henry Harrison as Governor. In I803 the first legislature of Indiana Territory assembled at Vincennes. Illinois being then a part of Indiana Territory, St. Clair county sent three representatives. Indiana was not admitted as a State into the Union until I816, but seven years previous to that time had lost more than half its area. By an act of Congress, approved February 3, io09, Illinois was separated fiomn Indiana, and provision made for organizing a Territorial Government. Hon. Ninian Edwards, Chief Justice of Kentucky, was appointed by President Madison, to be the first Governor of the Territory of Illinois. The government was organized, in the absence of Governor Edwards, by Nathaniel Pope, Territorial Secretary, April 28, I809. Governor Edwards arrived at Kaskaskia early in June, and on the eleventh of that month took theloath of office. He was Governor during the whole territorial existence of Illinois. His first commission was dated March 7, I809; re-appointed November

Page  30 30 HIS TORICAL P2REL UDE. 12, 1812; again re-appointed Jan. i6, I816. From I809 to I812 all the legislation was (lone " By authority of the Governor and Judges." They did not enact laws, but selected from the territorial laws of Indiana, and fiom the State of Kentucky such as were suitable to the situation, and declared them to be the laws of the Territory of Illinois. During those three years the Territory was without a voice in Congress. The first election in Illinois was held by order of Governor Edwards, March I4, I812, for the purpose of ascertaining if the people generally desired to take part in the government and relieve the Governor and Judges of so much responsibility. The result of the election was favorable to the change. That involved the necessity for another election, which was ordered for October ninth, tenth and eleventh, for the purpose of choosing a delegate to Congress and members of the Territorial Legislature. The members thus elected assembled at Kaskaskia November 25, I812, being the first legislative body in the territory. From that time to I818, all business was done in the name of the "Legislative Council and House of Representatives." That body assembled annually in December. By an act of Congress, approved April I8, II88, the people of Illinois were authorized to advance from a Territorial to a State Government. In August an election was held for State officers and a representative in Congress. The State was admitted into the Union Dec. 3, IS18. Shadrach Bond, who had been a delegate in Congress from 1812 to I81, and receiver in the land office from that time until the State was admitted to the Union, was elected the first Governor under the State organization. Ex-Governor Edwards and Jesse B. Thomas were chosen by the legislature to be the first United States Senators. SANGAMON COUNTY. WVhen Illinois was admitted to the Union it was composed of thirty-three counties, but Sangamon county and Springfield were unknown. The county was created, by a law of the State, entitled: "An act establishing the County of Sangamon"-Approved January 30, 1821. SECTION I. Be it enacted by the People of the State of Illinois, represented in the General Assembly, That all that tract of country within the following boundaries, to-wit:-Beginning at the northeast corner of township twelve north, on the third principal meridian, thence north with said meridian to the Illinois river, thence down the middle of said river to the mouth of Balance or Negro creek, thence up said creek to its head, thence through the middle of the prairie which divides the waters of the Sangamon and Mauves Terre, to the northwest corner of township twelve north, range seven west, of the third principal meridian, thence east along the north boundary of township twelve to the place of beginning, shall constitute a separate county to be called Sangamon.

Page  31 SANGAMON C OUNTY'. 31 SECTION 2. Be it further enacted, That so soon as the county commissioners of said county shall be elected and duly qualified into office, they shall meet at some convenient place in said county, and determine on some place as near the centre of the population of said county as circumstances will admit, and such place, when selected by said county commissioners, shall be the temporary seat of justice for said county, until otherwise provided by law: Provided, however, that if any settler or settlers, owner or owners, of the place so selected as aforesaid, shall refuse to have the temporary seat of justice fixed on his, or her or their improvements, then the said commissioners may determine on such other place contiguous thereto as they may deem proper. SECTION 3. Be itfurther enacted, That said county commissioners shall be allowed the same compensation for the time necessarily employed in fixing the temporary seat of justice as in other cases. SECTION 4. Be it further enacted, That the citizens of Sangamon county are hereby declared in all respects entitled to the same rights and privileges as are allowed in general to other counties in this State; Provided, always, that in all cases where free holders only are capable of performing any duty, or are entitled to any privilege; housekeepers shall, for all such purposes, be considered as free holders in the said Sangamon county, and shall and may (do and perform all duties appertaining to the different offices in the county. SECTION 5. Be it further enacted, That the county of Sangamon shall compose a part of the first judicial circuit of the State. That all may understand the difference between the boundaries of the county when organized, and the present boundaries, it is only necessary to spread before you any late township map of the State and trace the following boundaries: Commencing at the northeast corner of Locust township, in Christian county, thence north to a point on the Illinois river, about two miles west of the city of Peru, thence down the middle of said river to what is now the boundary line between Cass and Morgan counties, thence east to the northeast corner of Morgan county, thence south on the line between Morgan and Sangamon counties, to the northwest corner of Otter township, in Macoupin county, thence east to the place of beginning. It will be seen that the boundaries between this county and Morgan, Macoupin and Montgomery, are unchanged. The original metes and bounds of Sangamon county, as given, embraced the following counties and parts of counties, as at present constituted: Part of Christian, a small part of Macon, all of Logan, part of McLean, all of Tazewell, part of Woodford, part of Marshall, part of Putnam, all of Mason, all of Menard, and all of Cass. The territory constituting the county was thus set apart by law, but it was without officers. For the purpose of supplying them an election was held Monday, April 2, 182I, at the house of John Kelly. At this election William Drennan, Zachariah Peter, and Rivers Cormack were elected county commissioners. They met the next day, each took the oath of office, and at once entered upon the discharge of their duties. The following is a transcript fiom the original records of their first term of court: APRIL 3, I82I: At a Special Term of the County Commissioners' Court for the County of Sangamon, begun and held at the house of John Kelly, on Spring creek, on the third day of

Page  32 32 HISTORICAL PRELUDE. April, 1821: Present, Zachariah Peter, Rivers Cormack, and William Drennan, commissioners. Ordered by the Court that Charles R. Matheney be appointed Clerk of the County Commissioners Court for the county of Sangamon; who thereupon took the oath prescribed by law, also the oath of office, and entered into bond, as the law directs, with James Latham his security. Ordered that court adjourn. ZACHARIAH PETER, WM. DRENNAN, RIVERS CORMACK. The Commissioners met again in Special Session, April Io, I82I, at the same place. Present: Z. Peter and Wm. Drennan. John Spillers was allowed ten dollars for conveying election returns to Vandalia. James Sims was appointed County Treasurer. John Lindsay, Stephen Stillman, and John Robinson, were appointed to the office of Justice of the Peace. The following report was made with reference to the location of the county seat: WHEREAS, the Act of the General Assembly, entitled An Act, establishing the county of Sangamo, required of the County Commissioners when elected and qualified into office, to fix a temporary seat of justice for said county: Therefore, we, the undersigned, County Commissioners for said county, do certify that we, after full examination of the situation of the population of said county, have fixed and designated a certain point in the prairie near John Kelley's field, on the waters of Spring creek, at a stake marked Z. & D., as the temporary seat of justice for said county; and do further agree that the said county seat be called and known by the name of Springfield. Given under our hands this ioth day of April, 1821. ZACHARIAH PETER. WM. DRENNAN. There is no explanation of letters used in marking the stake, but it is probable that the only two commissioners present agreed to use one initial from each of their names. The point chosen was near what is now the northwest corner of Second and Jefferson streets. The first court house in the county was built on the same spot. We find the county of Sangamo organized, and the county seat temporarily located and named. It may be interesting to note some of the incidents that influenced the selection of that particular spot. Towns and cities are born, live, and die, subject to the contingencies of birth, life, and death, analagous to that of human beings. About the year I818, an old bachelor by the name of Elisha Kelly emigrated from North Carolina to this State, stopping first in Macoupin county. Mr. Kelly was exceedingly fond of the chase, and in prospecting for good hunting grounds, wandered in between two ravines, a couple of miles apart, running in a northwesterly direction, and emptying into Spring creek, a tributary of the Sangamon river. The deer with which this country abounded before the advent of civilization, made their homes in the timber along the larger water courses. In the morning they would leave the heavy timber, follow up the ravines, along which the trees became smaller, and finally ran out on the open prairie, They would pass the day amid the tall and luxuriant grass, roaming about and grazing at pleasure, and as nightfall approached, return down the ravines, to the places they had left in the morning, each to seek its lair for repose. The deer in passing down these ravines, gave Mr. Kelly an opportunity for the full gratification of his ambition for

Page  33 SANGAMON CO iTY. 33 game. Itseemed to him so much like a hunter's paradise, that he returned to his old home and induced his father, Henry Kelly, and his four brothers, John, older than himself, and Elijah, William and George, younger, to emigrate with him, those who had families bringing them. He induced other families among his acquaintances to emigrate also. More families continued to move into the country, and generally settled at long distances from each other, but the principal settlement clustered around the Kellys. When the commissioners came to locate the county seat, it was discovered that the Kelley settlement was the only place in all the county, large as it was, where enough families could be found in the vicinity of each other to board and lodge the members of the court and those who would be likely to attend its sessions. The records do not show that anything more than locating the county seat was done that day, but in another part of the book we find a copy of a contract that was evidently entered into after adjournment, and before they separated. There is no evidence of any advertising for proposals to build a court house, but here is the contract: Article of agreement entered into the ioth day of April, 182I, between John Kelly, of the county of Sangamo, and the undersigned, county commissioners of said county. The said Kelly agrees with said commissioners to build, for the use of the said county, a court house of the following description, to-wit: The logs to be twenty feet long, the house one story high, plank floor, a good cabin roof, a door and window cut out, the work to be completed by the first day of May, next, for which the said commissioners promise, on the part of the county, to pay the said Kelly forty-two dollars and fifty cents. Witness our hands the day and date above. JOHN KELLY, ZACHARIAH PETER, WM. DRENNAN. As the temple of justice approached completion the commissioners found that it would be a very nice summer building, but they evidently had some doubts about it for winter. So we find another contract, of which the following is a copy: Jesse Brevard agrees with the county commissioners to finish the court house in the following manner, to-wit: To be chinked outside and daubed inside. Boards sawed and nailed on the inside cracks, a good, sufficient door shutter, to be made with good plank and hung with good iron hinges, with a latch. A window to be cut out, faced and cased, to contain nine lights, with a good, sufficient shutter hung on the outside. A fire place to be cut out seven feet wide, and a good, sufficient wooden chimney, built with a good, sufficient back and hearth. To be finished by the first of September, next. JESSE BREVARD. June I, I821. June 4, 182I, the court assembled in the court house for which they had signed the contract twenty-four clays previous. A contract was entered into that day to build a jail, first drawing up the specifications and then writing the contract on the back, of which the following is a copy: Robert Hamilton agrees to build the within named jail for the county of Sangamno, and to have the same completed by the first Monday in September, next, for the sum of eighty four dollars and seventy-five cents, for which the commissioners agree, on ~-5

Page  34 34 ]HISTORICAL PRELUDE. the part of the county, that the said Hamilton shall be entitled to a warrant on the county treasury for the sum of eighty-four dollars and seventy-five cents, as aforesaid. ROBERT HAMILTON. June 4, 182.. The following is a " description of a jail for Sangamo county," to-wit: The timber to be cut twelve feet long, hewed twelve inches square, raised seven feet between the floors, the upper and also the under floor to be of the same kinds of timber, hewed and fit on the sill with a shoulder of at least three inches. The under sill to be let in the ground so as to let the floor rest on the surface of the earth. The logs to be matched with a half dove-tail, and made to close. The building to be covered with a good cabin roof, a window cut eight inches square, half cut out of the timber above and half below. A bar of iron let into the log above and one below, one-half inch thick and two inches wide; three bars of iron standing upright one inch square, let in through the top and bottom bar and into the timber. One door cut three feet in width and five.feet high, to be faced, or cheeked, with good timber, three inches thick, put on with good spikes; a- strong door shutter, made of good oak plank, put together crossing and angling, with rivets, at least four in each cross of the plank, and fourpenny nails, drove from each side of the door, not more than one-half inch apart. To be hung with three good, strong, iron hinges, so turned as not to admit of the door coming off, and a good, strong bolt lock. The building to be completed by the first Monday in September, next. June 4, I82I: At the meeting of June 4th John Hamblin and David Black were appointed constables. To this time the records show that the name of the county had been written Sangamo, but without any apparent reason, we find a letter added, making it Sangamon. June 5, 182I: At a meeting of the commissioners under this date, we find that John Kelly was allowed $42.50 due him on contract for building the court house, and he was allowed $5.oo for extra work. At a meeting September I, 1821, Jacob Ellis was allowed $4.50 for Judge's seat and bar in the court house. The meeting of December 4, 1821, shows thatJesse Brevard was allowed $20.50 for finishing the court house, making a total of $72.50 as the total cost of the first court house of Sangamon county, but even here we see that the cost nearly doubled the original contract of $42.50. Continuing the business done on June 5th, we find that the county was divided into four election districts, or townships, called, respectively, Sangamon, Springfield, Richland and Union. Overseers of the poor were appointed, two for each township, and a board of three trustees to look after the overseers of the poor. It does not appear that any one was appointed to look after the trustees. At that meeting James C. Stephenson was appointed county surveyor, and George Hayworth county treasurer, in place of James Sims, who refused to qualify. Provision was made for levying a tax on houses, neat cattle, wheel carriages, stock in trade and distilleries. July 16, 1821. Ordered, that one-half of one per cent. be levied on all property for the purpose of paying for the public buildings, and for other purposes.

Page  35 SANGAMOON COU.NT'. 35 December 4, 182. John Taylor came into court and entered his protest against the sufficiency of the jail. At the same term it was ordered that Robert Pulliam be allowed to keep a tavern, or public house of entertainment, upon his executing a bond and paying to the county the sum of three dollars, and that he be allowed to charge the following rates, to-wit: Meal of victuals, 25 cents; bed for night, I22 cents; feed for horse, 122 cents; keeping horse all night, 37' cents; whisky, for half pint, I2,. March term, I822. Erastus Wright was authorized to keep a ferry across the Illinois river, opposite Fort Clark, now Peoria. Rates of charges were fixed in the license. We learn that he never kept the ferry. Elijah Slater, on filing his bond, with Dr. Gershom Jayne as security, was granted license to keep a tavern, or public house of entertainment, in the town of Springfield, and a schedule of charges fixed similar to that annexed to Mr. Pulliam's license. George Hayworth, the county treasurer, made what was probably intended as his annual report, although the county had been organized only about eleven months. The amount of taxes collected for 182I was $407.44; fines collected, $40.00, making the total receipts $447.44. The amount paid out was $420.I834. This included the payment of all the officers, and of all bills connected with the building of the court house and jail, leaving $27.264 cents in the treasury, and no public debt. From the official papers it appears that the entire salary of the county- treasurer for that year was $22.26X. July 29, 1823, the amount of taxable property returned to the court was $I29,112.50. After reducing the territory of the county to about one-seventh of the original area, we find that the taxable property now —876 — amounts to about thirty-five millions of dollars. Adam Hamilton, county treasurer, reported at the May term, I824, total amount of collections was $875.872, and the disbursements $753.9o, leaving a balance of $12I.97 in the treasury. * After the temporary location of the county seat, a contest sprang up, looking to the permanent location of the same. At an election of members of the legislature, two opposing candidates went before the people on the merits of two localities. I. S. Pugh was the candidate for Springfield, and William S. Hamilton, a son of the distinguished statesman, Alexander Hamilton, represented Sangamo, a beautiful site for a town on th6 banks of the Sangamon river, about seven miles west, bearing a little north from Springfield. Hamilton was elected, but Pugh went to Vandalia, the capital, as a lobby member, and succeeded in having commissioners-named in the next paragraphappointed, who proved to be favorable to Springfield. An act of the General Assembly, approved December 23, 1824, provided for reducing the boundaries of the county, and named James Mason, Rowland P. Allen, Charles Gear and John R. Sloo, as a board of commissioners who should permanently locate the county seat. A proviso in the law forbade its being located unless thirty-five acres of land was donated on the spot. The commissioners assembled March I8, 1825, and confirmed the former location. More than the requisite donation was made, forty-two acres being conveyed for that purpose by Elijah Iles and Pascal Enos. The land conveyed was parts of sections thirty-four and twenty-seven, in town sixteen north, range

Page  36 36 HISTORICAL PRELUDE. hve west, of the third principal meridian. The work of the special commission was consummated when the county commissioners accepted the deeds. They soon after ordered all the land to be laid out into town lots, and, after reserving one square for county buildings, had the remainder sold. Wm. S. Hamilton was appointed to lay off and map the town lots. At the same meeting it was ordered that the sale of lots should begin on the first Monday in May, 1825, and that it should be so advertised in the Edwardsville Spectator, and in the Intelligencer, at Vandalia. Mr. Hamilton failed to lay out the lots, and Tom M. Neale did the work. At a meeting of the corrrmissioners, May 2, I825, Mr. Neale was appointed crier to sell the lots, and Erastus Wright to clerk at the sale. The following report of two days' sales will show the,contrast between the value of Springfield real estate then and now: FIRST DAY. Lots. Block. Amount. Garret Elkin.............................................. bought.... I 22 $25.75 James C. McNabb.. 3 22 12.00 James C.M cNabb............................................. 3 22 12.00 James Adams............................ 22 I3.75 Robert Hamilton.. ".... 7 22 16.50 SECOND DAY. Garrett Elkin............................. bought. 2 22 31 00 Elijah Iles..................... 22 20.00 "cc. ".... 1 (~~~~4' 23 40.00 "................................................. ".... 4 23 40-00.~~~5"............. 23 14.00 James Adams.............................................. 6 22 17.25 Garrett Elkin.................................................................. 8 22 1756 T. M. Neale. 3..........................23 2.1.00.... 2 23 17.25 "................................................. 2 23 17.25 Thomas Cox.............................................. 23 14.00 C. R. Matheny.... 8..................................23 10.25 At the June term, I825, of the county commissioners court, John Taylor, sheriff, made the following return or report: Taxes collected for I824............................. $600.00 Fines collected same year....................23.00 T otal.............................................. $6 23.00 Amount paid out............... 549.97 Balance in favor of the county..................... $73.03 July term, 1825. The county commissioners began to think the time had arrived for building a larger and better court house. They passed an order that the county proceed to build a court house, not to exceed three thousand dollars, provided one-half the expense be made up by subscription. It was to be of brick, two stories high. The failure to raise the money by subscription defeated the whole project. It will be remembered that the court house built in I821 cost, on the original contract, $41.50; for extra work, $5.oo; for a seat for the Judge, $4.50; and for finishing the building, so as to make it habitable for winter, $20.50, making a total of $72.50.

Page  37 SANGAMON COUNTE. 37 Coming down from their project to build a $3,ooo court house, we next find a contract in the office of the county clerk, made September, I825. Log buildings could no longer be tolerated, and this was to be a frame. The contract price was $449.oo, which did not include the flues. That was let to another party for $70.oo, making a total of $519.oo. The old log court house was sold, at auction to John Taylor for $32.00, nearly half the original cost. The new frame court house was built at the north-east corner of Adams and Sixth streets. It must have been a magnificent structure, judging from the fact that at the term of the court in June, 1826, Robert Thompson was allowed two dollars and twenty-five cents for the plan of the court house. It may be a matter of some interest to say a few words here about the method of raising revenue to keep the machinery of government moving. At a term of commissioners' court, March 23, 1827, a schedule was made of the kinds of. property to be taxed, beginning: "On slaves and indentured or registered negro or mulatto servants, on pleasure carriages, on distilleries," etc., etc. Only a few years elapsed until the frame court house was thought to be inadequate to the growing wants of the people. It is recorded in the county archives that in February, 1830, the county court appointed three agents or commissioners to superintend the erection of a brick court house. On the third of March the commissioners reported to the court that they had entered into contracts with two parties. One for the brick work, at $4,641, the other for the wood work, at $2,200, making a total of $6,841. This edifice was completed early in I831,<and stood in the centre of the public square, bounded by Washington and Adams, Fifth and Sixth streets. It was a square building, two stories high, hip roof, with a cupola rising in the centre. From the time that court house was erected, all the business of the town collected around the square. In I837, when Springfield was selected as the future capital of the state, with a pledge to raise fifty thousand dollars to assist in building the state house; also to furnish the site upon which it should stand, it was not an easy matter to agree upon a location. If land was selected far enough from the existing business to be cheap, the fifty thousand dollars could not be raised. Those already in business around the square refused to contribute, because the state house, being so much larger and more attractive, would draw the business after it, thus depreciating the value of their property. After discussing the question in all its bearings, it was found that the only practicable way to settle the matter was to demolish the court house and use the site for the state house. Under that arrangement the business men around the square pledged themselves to contribute to the fifty thousand dollar fund to the extent of their ability. The court house was accordingly removed, early in 1837, and work on the state house commenced. This square, with the court house and other buildings on it, were valued at sixteen thousand dollars, about one-third of which was lost in the destruction of the buildings. Having thus summarily disposed of their court house, and having engaged to do so much towards building the state house, the people of Sangamon county were unable to undertake the building of another. In order to supply the deficiency, the county authorities rented a building that had been erected for a store house by the Hon. Ninian W. Edwards. It is at the west side of Fifth street, five doors north of Washington, and was used as a court house for about ten years. Mr. Edwards still owns it, and it is yet used as a business house. After the state house was built, the fifty thousand

Page  38 38 HISTORICAL PRELUDE. dollars paid, and the county emerged from the general wreck caused by the financial crash of 1837-8, Sangamon county began to take measures for erecting another court house. In the month of February, 1845, a lot of ground was purchased at the southeast corner of Washington and Sixth streets, as the site for the building.. On the twenty-second of April a contract was made by the county commissioners for the building, according to plans and specifications previously adopted. The edifice was to cost $9,680, to be paid in county orders. It was completed according to contract, and was used as the court house of Sangamon county nearly thirty-one years, until January, I876. When the movement for building a new state house was made, early in I867, it was deemed politic on the part of the friends of Springfield that Sangamon county should purchase the old state house, erected fiom 1837 to I840, and make it the court house of the county. The law providing for the building of a new state house, which was approved by Gov. R.J. Oglesby, February 25, I867, with a supplementary act two days later, contained a clause for the transfer of the state house to Sangamon county and the city of Springfield, which was afterwards changed, making the county alone the purchaser. It was stipulated that the Governor should convey the public square, containing two and a halt acres of land, with the state house upon it, to Sangamon county, in consideration of two hundred thousand dollars, to be paid to the state of Illinois, and for the further consideration that the city of Springfield and the county cause to be conveyed to the State a certain piece of land, described by metes and bounds in the bill, and containing between eight and nine acres, upon which to erect the new state house. The law also provided that the state should have the use of the old state house until the new one was completed. The land was secured at a cost to the city of seventy thousand dollars, and conveyed to the state; the two hundred thousand dollars was paid by the county, and the property conveyed by the state to the county. That was done in 1867, but the county did not come into possession of the property for seven years. During that time the simple interest, at ten per cent., on the two hundred thousand dollars purchase money, would have amounted to one hundred and forty thousand dollars, making the cost of the old state house to Sangamon county three hundred and forty thousand dollars. The state vacated the house in January, 1876, and the county authorities at once took possession. It will thus be seen that in fifty-five years the county has had five court houses, and been ten years without any. The first one cost forty-two dollars and fifty cents, and the last three hundred and forty thousand dollars. CIRCUIT COURT. While the commissioners were busy putting the machinery of the county in working order, we find that the Circuit Court for the county was organized also. The following is the complete record for the first term: Sangamon Circuit, MAay Term, 1821: At a Circuit Court for the county of Sangamon, and State of Illinois, begun and held at the house of John Kelly, on the first Monday of May, (7th day), in the year of our Lord, one thousand, eight hundred and twenty-one.

Page  39 SANGAMONC COUNT.'39 Present: JOHN REYNOLDS, Judge. CHARLES R. MATHENY, Clerk. JOHN TAYLOR, Sheriff. HENRY STARR, Prosecuting Attorney, Iro tern. The following list of Grand Jurors were empanneled and sworn: Daniel Parkinson, foreman. George Hayworth, Claybourn James, William Eads, Henry Brown, Thomas Knotts, John Darneille, James McCoy, Archibald Turner, James Tweddell, William Davis, Aaron Hawley, Abraham Richey, Field James, Abraham Carlock, Mason Fowler, Levi Harbour, Isaac Keys, Elias Williams. Charles R. Matheny presented his bond and security as clerk, which was approved by the court. John Taylor presented his bond as sheriff, with security, which was approved by the court. Suit was commenced by Samuel L. Irwin against Roland Shepherd, for trespass, and dismissed at plaintiff's cost. The Grand Jury came into court and returned two indictments for assault and battery and one for riot. Trial deferred nntil next term, and court adjourned. The next term was October 8, 182I; held but one day, and proceedings covered two pages of the record. Next term commenced May 6, 1822; lasted three days, and proceedings covered nine pages of the record. Now, in 1876, with the county reduced to about one-seventh of the territory it then occupied, the Circuit Court continues about eighteen weeks, annually, or three terms of about six weeks each, and the proceedings of each term cover from three to five hundred pages of the record. In those days, when the electric telegraph was unknown, and it required from twenty days to one month for a letter or newspaper to be brought from the Atlantic coast, the early settlers were under the necessity of giving an amusing turn to passing events when it was at all practicable. An incident illustrating this is related by men who witnessed the facts. When the court was held in the first log court house, an attorney by the name of Mendel violated the rules of decorum as understood by his Honor, Judge John York Sawyer, who ordered Mendel to be arrested and sent to jail for a few hours. On repairing to the court house next morning, the Judge, lawyers and others were surprised to find the court in session before the hour to which it had adjourned. A large calf was on the platform usually occupied by the Judge, and a flock of geese cooped up in the jury box. Mendel, having been released from jail, was inside the bar; bowing first to the calf and then to the geese, he commenced his pleading: "May it please the Court, and you gentlemen of the jury."

Page  40 40 HISTORICAL PRELUDE. The first three or four years of the records of the Circuit Court reveals nothing more than the ordinary routine in such tribunals. The most startling event in the community occurred August 27, 1826. A murder was committed that day near the Sangamon river, in what is now Menard county, about five miles above where Petersburg now stands. A blacksmith named Nathaniel VanNoy had, in a fit of drunken frenzy, killed his wife. He was arrested and lodged in jail the same day. The sheriff, Col. John Taylor, notified Judge Sawyer, who at once called a special session of the Circuit Court. A grand jury was empanneled and sworn, consisting of the following citizens: Gershom Jayne, foreman, Jesse M. Harrison, Stephen Stillman, Robert Cownover, John Morris, James Turley, John Stephenson, Jr., Aaron Houton, James White, John Young, Thomas Morgan, John Lindsay, James Stewart, Charles Boyd, Jacob Boyer, Wm. O. Chilton, Robert White, Job Burdan, John N. Moore, Hugh Sportsman, Wm. Carpenter, Abram Lanterman. Upon hearing the evidence a true bill was found against the accused, and a petit jury called, consisting of the following persons: Boling Green, foreman, Wm. Vincent, Samuel Lee, Philip I. Fowler, Jesse Armstrong, John L. Stephenson, Levi W. Gordon, Levi Parish, Thomas I. Parish, James Collins, Erastus Wright, Geo. Davenport, A foreman was appointed, the jury sworn, and the trial commenced on the 28th. Attorney-General James Turney acted for the people; James Adams and I. H. Pugh, for the defendant. A verdict of guilty was rendered on the 29th, and sentence was pronounced the same day, that the condemned man be hung November 26, 1826. Thus, in less than three days was the murder committed, the murderer tried and condemned to be hung. The sentence was carried out at the time appointed, in the presence of almost the entire community. Many are yet living who witnessed the execution. Having already sold his body, it was delivered to the surgeons, who immediately commenced dissecting it in an old open house. The spectacle was so revolting that they were compelled to desist and remove it to a more private place. In a country so new, the settlers so widely separated, and so little that was interesting or exciting to furnish topics for conversation, the excitement caused by that event cannot be imagined by the people at the present time. The writer has, time and again, had the dates of events, such as the advent of families in the community, marriages, births, deaths, and incidents too numerous to mention, all settled beyond a doubt by its having occurred "the fall VanNoy was hung!"

Page  41 SANGAMON COUNTY. 41 PROBATE COURT. Having given an account of the organization of the Commissioners' Court and of the Circuit Court, the department of justice would not be complete without a Probate Court. The following from its records will show when and by whom that court was organized: SPRINGFIELD, SANGAMON COUNTY, STATE OF ILLINOIS, rune 21, 1821. Agreeable to an act of Assembly establishing Courts of Probate. approved February Io, 1821, the court was opened at Springfield, Sangamon county, on the 4th day of June, 1821. Present, James Latham, Judge. The court proceeded to issue letters of administration to Randolph Wills on the estate of Daniel Martin, deceased. After which the court adjourned until court in course. JAS. LATHAM, yudge. After which court met and adjourned three times without transacting any business, until August 26, 1821, when the filing and recording the will of Peter Lanterman occupied the attention of the court one entire term. October, 1821, we find the following will recorded: Before the witnesses now present, Louis Bennett, in perfect memory, does give to the daughters of Kakanoqui, Josett.Kakanoqui and Lizett Kakanoqui, two thousand livres each, and six hundred livres for praies for his father; also, six hundred livres for him, if for prayes, and thirty dollars for prayes promised, and one hundred dollars for Kakanoqui, the rest of his money to be given to his brothers and sisters of Louis Bennett. After duly hearing read over before the witnesses now present, and signing the same will, he does voluntarily appoint Joseph D. Portecheron and Louis Penconneau, Senr., as exacquators of his will. His LOUIS + BENNETT. mark. JOSEPH D. PORTECHERON,) JOSEPH DUTTLE, Winesses. His FRANCOIS + BARBONAIS, i mark. NEWSPAPERS. During the winter of 1826-7 the "Sangamo Spectator" was established in Springfield by Hooper Warren. He says, in a letter to the old settlers' meeting, October 20, I859: " It was but a small affair, a medium sheet, worked by myself alone most of the time, until I made a transfer of it, in the fall of 1828, to Mr. S. Meredith." Mr. Warren is yet residing at Henry, Illinois. The Sangamo Yournal was established by Simeon and Josiah Francis. See their names. The first number of the paper was issued November io, t83r, and has con6

Page  42 42 HISTORICAL PRELUDE. tinued to the present time, and is now known as the Illinois State 7ournal, and has been published weekly and daily since June I3, I838. Its present proprietors are the "Illinois Journal Company," composed of D. L. Phillips, Prest.; E. L. Baker, Sec.; J. D. Roper, Treasurer; and Charles Edwards and A. J. Phillips. The Illinois State Register, first established at Vandalia, was removed to Springfield in 1836, by Walters & Weber. It has been published as a weekly and daily since January 2, I849. Its present proprietors are E. L. & J. D. Merritt. SANGAMON RIVER NAVIGATION. The transportation question will always be a leading one in civilized communities, and especially so in their early settlement.. To the first settlers of Illinois it was of unusual importance, on account of the vast extent of undrained soil, so rich and soft as to be almost impassible, in its natural state, for half of every year. For the transportation of heavy articles long distances, no other mode was thought of except by water. They could be conveyed three or four times the distance in that way, much cheaper than on a straight line by any known method. Consequently, efforts were made to navigate every stream to the highest point possible. In the Sangamo 7ournal of January 26, 1832, there appears a letter from Vincent A. Bogue, written in Cincinnati and addressed to Edward Mitchell, Esq., of Springfield. Mr. Bogue says he will attempt the navigation of the Sangamon river if he can find a suitable boat, and expresses the opinion that if he succeeds it will revolutionize the freight business. This is an editorial paragraph from the Springfield 7ournal of February I6, 1832: " NAVIGATION OF THE SANGAMO.-We find the following advertisement in the Cincinnati Gazette of the i9th ult. We hope such notices will soon cease to be novelties. We seriously believe that the Sangamon river, with some little improvement, can be made navigable for steamboats for several months in the year." Here is the advertisement: " FOR SANGAMO RIVER, ILIINOIS.'The splendid upper cabin steamer, Talisman, J. M. Pollock, Master, will leave for Portland, Springfield, on the Sangamon river, and all the intermediate ports and landings, say Beardstown, Naples, St. Louis, Louisville, on Thursday, February 2. For freight or passage, apply to Capt. Vincent A. Bogue, at the Broadway Hotel, or to Allison Owen." The same boat was advertised in the St. Louis papers. After the above notices appeared in the yournal, the citizens of Springfield and surrounding countryheld a public meeting, February 14, 1832, and appointed a committee to meet Mr. Bogue with a suitable number of hands to assist in clearing the river of obstructions. Another committee was appointed to collect subscriptions to defray the expense. The 7ournal of March 8 announces the arrival of the steamer at Meredosia, where its further progress was obstructed by ice. The Sangamo yournal of March 29, 1832, says: "On Saturday last the citizens of this place (Springfield) were gratified by the arrival of the steamboat Talisman, J. W. Pollock, Master, of i50 tons burthen, at the Portland landing, opposite this town. (Portland was at the south side of the Sangamon river, between where the bridges of the Chicago & Alton and the Gilman, Clinton & Springfield railroads now stand.) The safe arrival of a boat of the size of the Talisman, on a river never before navigated by steam, had

Page  43 SANGAMOSN COUNT. 43 created much solicitude, and the shores for miles were crowded by our citizens. Her arrival at her destined port was hailed with loud acclamations and full demonstrations of pleasure. When Capt. Bogue; located his'steam mill on Sangamon river, twelve months ago, and asserted his determination to land a steam boat there within a year, the idea was considered chimerical by some, and utterly impracticable by others. The experiment has been made, and the result has been as successful as the most enthusiastic could expect; and this county owes a deep debt of gratitude to Captain Bogue for getting up the expedition, and his' never tiring and unceasing efforts until the end was accomplished. Capt. Pollock, who is naturally warm and enthusiastic, entered fully, into the feeling of our citizens, who visited the mouth of the river to render any and every assistance in their power; and much credit is due him for his perseverance and success. The boat experienced some difficulty from drifts, and leaning timber on shore, which made her trip somewhat tedious. The result has clearly demonstrated the practicability of navigating the river by steamboats of a proper size; and by the expenditure of $2,000 in removing logs and drifts and standing timber, a steamboat of 80 tons burthen will make the trip in two days from Beardstown to this place. The citizens of Beardstown manifested great interest.for the success of the enterprise, an'd some of them accompanied the boat until the result was no longer doubtful. They proposed the cutting of a communication or canal from the bluffs to their landing-about five miles-whereby seventy-five miles of navigation may be saved, and -offered one thousand dollars to assist in completing it. It is to be hoped that the next Legislature will afford some aid in making the river safe and pleasant in its navigation. Springfield can no longer be considered an inland town. We have no doubt but within a few months a boat will be constructed for the special purpose of navigating the Sangamo river. The result which must follow the successful termination of this enterprise to our county, and to those counties lying in its neighborhood, it would be impossible to calculate. Here is now open a most promising field for the exercise of every branch of honest industry. We congratulate our farmers, our mechanics, our merchants and professional men for the rich harvest in prospect, and we cordially invite emigrating citizens from other states, whether rich or poor, if so be they are industrious and honest, to come hither and partake of the good things of Sangamo." A ball was gotten up in honor of the arrival, and several yards of machine poetry appeared in the next number of the yournal, detailing the various incidents connected with the wondrous event. The boat was unloaded, and immediately started on its return, but the river had so fallen and brought the water within so narrow a channel, that it was impossible to turn it around, and they were compelled to back it out the entire distance. The only mention ever made of her afterwards was a newspaper report that the Talisman was burned at the wharf in St. Louis in the latter part of the next April. No attempt was ever made after that to bring a boat up the river. Thus ended the dream of navigating the Sangamo, across which a man may walk almost dry shod for nearly half of every year. RAI LROADS. The navigation of the Sangamon river being a failure, left the problem of transportation still unsolved. Brains and hands were at work in another land, that were destined to

Page  44 44 HISTORICAL PREL UDE. revolutionize all former ideas on the subject in this, but their labors had never been heard.of by the people, with the exception, probably, of an occasional extensive reader of the news. The railroad was then in its very infancy in England. The steam. locomotive, about that time, found its way to this side of the Atlantic, but it required a few years more for it to reach Illinois. The first rail laid in the state was at Meredosia, on the Illinois river, May 9, 1838, on what was called the Northern Cross Railroad. The first locomotive arrived at the same place September 6, I838, on the steamboat Chariton, and was put on the track and first turned its wheels on the 8th of November following. It required more than three years to complete the road to Springfield. The first locomotive was run into Springfield, February 15, 1842, on what is now the Toledo, Wabash and Western Railroad. George Gregory-see his name-was the engineer, and Thomas M. Averitt-see his name-was the fireman, both of whom are yet living in this county. The State of Illinois has now over six thousand miles of railroad, and Springfield has railroads by which travelers may enter and leave the city in eight different directions. SPRINGFIELD. We have already said that a temporary county seat was chosen for Sangamon county, April Io, 1821; and called Springfield. The first survey of public land in the county took place that year. The Rev. John M. Peck, in his Pioneer History of Illinois, says that Springfield was laid out in February, 1822, referring, no doubt, to Calhoun, which was the name given to the first plat of what is now a part of Springfield. It is in the northwestern part of the city. The first sale of public lands in Sangamon county took place November 7, I823. At that sa4e the lands were purchased upon which Calhoun had been laid out. Four different parties entered each a quarter of as many sections cornering together. The town plat of Calhoun was recorded December 5, 1823. It was under a law approved December 23, 1824, that the county seat was permanently located by the commissioners, who assembled March I8, 1825, and confirmed the former location at Springfield. The land donated by Elijah Iles and Pascal Enos was laid out into lots, making the streets correspond with those of Calhoun. There was great prejudice against the name of Calhoun, (afterwards the great nullifier of South Carolina,) many refusing to recognize it, and it soon ceased to be used except in the conveyance of lots. The first legislation on the part of the state, with reference to Springfield, was approved February 9, 1827. By this act the court of county commissioners was required to appoint street commissioners for the town, and levy a tax for improving the same. A general law for the incorporation of towns was enacted and approved February 12, I83I. April 2, 1832, Springfield was incorporated under that law. October 18, 1832, the county court ordered a re-survey of the town, in order to adjust the discrepancies between the plats of Calhoun and Springfield. The survey was made and acknowledged June I8, I833, and recorded November 9, I836. The first board of trustees after the town was incorporated, April 2, 1832: C. R. Matheny, President, Elisha Tabor, Cyrus Anderson, Mordecai Mobley, John Taylor, Wm. Carpenter.

Page  45 SANGAMON COUNTY. 45 1833: John R. Gray, President. 1834-5-6-7-8: C. R. Matheny, President. I839: Peleg C. Canedy, President, and Abraham Lincoln a member of the town board. By an act of the General Assembly, approved February 3, 1840, a city charter was granted to Springfield. This law provided for an election to be held the first Monday in April, being the sixth day, to adopt or reject the proposed charter. It was adopted, and the first election for city officers was held April 20, I840. Benjamin S. Clements was elected Mayor, and James R. Gray, Washington Iles, Joseph Klein and William Prentiss, Aldermen. The following were the successive Mayors from that to the present time: For 1841, Wm. L. May; I842, David B. Campbell; 1843, Daniel B. Hill, who resigned and Andrew McCormick was elected to fill the vacancy; 1844, Andrew McCormick; 1845, James C. Conkling; 1846-47 and'48, Eli Cook; I849-50 and'5, John Calhoun; 1852, William Lavely; 1853, Josiah Francis. In 1854 the number of Aldermen was increased from four to twelve, and William H. Herndon-was elected Mayor; i855, John Cook;i856-57 and 58, John W. Priest; 1859 William Jayne; I86o, Goyn Sutton; 1861-62, Geo. L. Huntington; I863, John W. Smith; 1864, John S. Vredenburgh; i865, Thomas J. Dennis; I866, John S. Bradford; I867, Norman M. Broadwell; I868, William E. Shutt; I869, N. M.Broadwell; I870, John W. Priest; 1871 and'72, John W. Smith; 1873, Charles E. Hay; I874, the wards were increased from four to six, and Obed Lewis elected Mayor; I875, Charles E. Hay; 1876, this is printed in February, and the election takes place in April. SPRINGFIELD, THE STATE CAPITAL. From the discovery of the country by the French in 1673, there was no attempt at organized government in the territory now composing the State of Illinois, until 1718, when the " Company of the West" was formed in Paris, for the new world. Kaskaskia had been settled between I680-90, and is regarded as the oldest permanent settlement in the Mississippi Valley. Judge Caton, in his oration at the laying of the corner stone of the new state house, October 5,.1868, described the building which was used as the capitol when the territorial government was organized, in the following language: "It was a rough building in the centre of a square in the village of Kaskaskia, the ancient seat of the western empire for more than one hundred and fifty years. The body of this building was of uncut limestone, the gables and roof of the gambrel style of unpainted boards and shingles, with dormer windows. The lower floor, a long, cheerless room, was fitted up for the House, whilst the council sat in the small chamber above. This venerable building was, during the French occupancy of the country, prior to 1763, the headquarters of the military commandant. Thirty years ago the house was a mass of ruins, and to-day, probably, there is not a stone left to designate the spot where it stood." That building was the capitol during the territorial existence of Illinois, and the state government was organized in it also. The state constitution of I8i8 required the General Assembly to petition Congress for a grant of land upon which to locate the seat of government for the state. In the

Page  46 46 HIS TORICAL PREL UDE. event of the prayer of the petitioners being granted, a town was to be laid out on said land, which town should be the seat of government of the state for twenty years. The land was granted. "At the session of I8I9, in Kaskaskia, five commissioners were appointed to select the land appropriated by Congress for the state capital." The commissioners made their selections further up the Kaskaskia river. Having selected the site, the commissioners were sorely puzzled in their efforts to select a name that should be so euphonious as to attract the attention of the whole world. Governor Ford, in his history of Illinois, gives the following humorous account of the way it was done: Tradition says that a wag, who was present, suggested to the commissioners that the' Vandals' were a powerful nation of Indians, who once inhabited the banks of the Kaskaskia river, and that' Vandalia,' derived from the name, would perpetuate the memory of that extinct but renowned people. The suggestion pleased the commissioners, the name was adopted, and they thus proved that the cognomen of their new city-if they were fit representatives of their constituents-would better illustrate the character of the modern, than the ancient inhabitants of the country." Having located and named their town, it was at once laid out, and the dense growth of timber cut away and a two story frame building erected on the square set apart for the State capitol. The building was placed on a rough stone foundation in the centre of the square, and was of very rude workmanship. The lower floor was for the House of Representatives, and the upper divided into two rooms, the largest one for the Senate and the smaller one for the office of Secretary of State. The State Auditor and Treasurer occupied detached buildings. The archives of the State were removed from Kaskaskia to Vandalia in December, I820. That wooden State house was burned a few years later, and a much larger one built of brick on the same ground. The rapidity with which emigration filled up the northern portion of the State made it apparent, long before the twenty years it was to remain at Vandalia expired, that it would be necessary to remove the capital further north, and as early as 1833 the question began to be agitated in the General Assembly. In the Legislature of 1836-7 Sangamon county had two Senators and seven Representatives. They were the most remarkable delegation from any one county to the General Assembly, being much taller than the average of human stature. Some of them were less and some more than six feet, but their combined height was exactly fifty-four feet. They were then and are yet spoken of as the "Long Nine." The names of, those in the Senate were Archer G. Herndon and Job Fletcher; in the House, Abraham Lincoln, Ninian W. Edwards, John Dawson, Andrew McCormick, Dan Stone, Wm. F. Elkin and Robert L. Wilson. One or two were as tall, but none taller, than Abraham Lincoln, who, quoting his own language, was "six feet, four inches, nearly." It was known that a movement would be made to re-locate the State capital. The "Long Nine " were united for securing it, and nothing could turn one of them from their purpose. They were ready to yield anything else, but when any other point was yielded, it secured votes for Springfield as the capital. Their opportunities were great. The people of Illinois were, at that time, almost insane on the subject of internal improvements. Not one in ten thousand of them had ever seen a railroad, but they had heard of them, and thought the prairies of Illinois the best place in the world to build them. The first movements began in the General Assembly in 1833, but the first charter was: "An act to incorporate the Chicago and

Page  47 SANGAMOA COUNTr. 47 Vincennes railroad company with an authorized capital of $3,000,000," and was approved January I7, 1835. Within one year and four days from that time, charters were granted for building railroads in the State, of which the combined capital authorized was $I8,200,000. In this legislation the State did not propose to furnish any capital, only authorized capitalists to invest their money. Not a mile of railroad was ever built under any of those charters. Before the next session, the Legislature realized that there were no capitalists to build railroads, and a new system was inaugurated. The most remarkable act ever passed by a legislative body in the State was approved February 27, 1837, and was entitled "An act to establish and maintain a general system of internal improvements." Two supplementary acts were approved March 4, 1837. The three acts fill thirty-two octavo pages. The object was to construct public works at the expense of the State, in all parts of the same. Under this law appropriations were made for canals, and the improvement of rivers, to the amount of $650,ooo; also, for the building of railroads, $9,550,000, making a total of $10,200,oo000. During the month of February and March, 1837, bills were passed chartering twenty-two railroad companies with authorized capital stock to the amount of nearly $8,000,000, making an aggregate of about $30,000,000 involved in the vain endeavor to legislate railroads into existence in the State of Illinois before their time. While the internal improvement bill was pending, the "Long Nine" were busy. They said little or nothing in locating proposed railroads, but would assist other localities, where votes could be secured for locating the capital at Springfield. The result was the passage of "An act permanently to locate the seat of government for the State of Illinois," which was approved at Vandalia, February 25, I837. This law provided for a joint session of the two houses, on the twenty-eighth of the same month, to select a situation. An appropriation of fifty thousand dollars was made, to commence building the State house. The law also declared that no place should be chosen unless its citizens contributed at least $50,ooo to aid in the work, and not less than two acres of land, as a site for the capitol. When the two houses assembled on the twenty-eighth, the question was decided by the followingBALLOTINGS. I st. 2nd. 3rd. 4th. Springfield..................................... 35 43 53 73 Jacksonville...................................................5 Vandalia........................................................... I16 15 i6 15 Peoria.................................................6 12 11 6 A lton............................................................... 5 6 4 6 Scattering............................................... 25 7 15 7 Illiopolis......o. 3...... That settled the question, and Springfield was declared to be the future capital of the State. A supplemental act was passed on the third of March, authorizing the commissioners of Sangamon county to convey the land, as a site for the new edifice, to the State. It also named Dr. A. G. Henry, of Sangamon; Archibald Job, of Cass, Wm. Herndon, of Sangamon, as commissioners, who were authorized and instructed to superintend the work of erection. It was expected that the new capital would be completed in time for

Page  48 48 HISTORICAL PRELUDE. the first meeting of the Legislature in Springfield, which was fixed for the special session of I839-40. Finding that the building could not be sufficiently advanced, the Second Presbyterian church, on Fourth street, was secured as Representatives' Hall. The building was then quite new, and was, by far, the largest church edifice in the central and whole northern part of the State. It was built of brick, stood a few feet north of the site of the present magnificent Second Presbyterian church, until the latter was erected. The old building was torn down in the summer of I875. The Methodist church was used for the Senate chamber, and the Episcopal church for the Supreme Court, both wooden buildings. The Legislature first convened in special session December 9, I839. It was thought-by many to be unreasonable to require a little town of eleven hundred inhabitants, struggling with the disadvantages of a new country, to pay the $50,000 pledged. During that special session, Hon. Stephen A. Douglas, then a member from Morgan county, proposed to bring in a bill, releasing Springfield from the payment of the same. The sterling honesty of Abraham Lincoln manifested itself on this, as on all other proper occasions. He interposed his objections, although he fully appreciated the kindly feelings that prompted the proposal, but he insisted that the money should be paid. Arrangements were entered into for paying it in three instalments. The two first payments were made without any great difficulty; but the third pressed more heavily, as the financial crash that swept over the whole United States, while the new State house was in course of construction, impoverished many. Under these circumstances, it became necessary to borrow the money to make the last payment, from the State Bank of Illinois. A note for the amount was signed by one hundred and one citizens, and deposited with the bank, the money drawn, with which internal improvement scrip or stock was purchased and paid into the State treasury, thus paying the last instalment in the State's own evidence of indebtedness. From that time it was a matter between the State Bank and the citizens who signed the note. Soon after the note was given, the State Bank failed, and some of the payments were made in the depreciated paper of the bank, for which it had received par value when it was paid out. The original note is preserved in the Ridgely National Bank, but the following is a copy of the same: $I6,666.67. SPRINGFIELD, March 22, 1838. One year after date, we, the undersigned, or either of us, promise to pay to the President, Directors and Company of the State Bank of Illinois, sixteen thousand, six hundred and sixty-six dollars and sixty-seven cents, for value received, negotiable and payable at the bank, in Springfield, with interest until paid, at the rate of six per centum per annum, payable semi-annually. John Hay, Thomas Mlatler, C. R. Matheny, L. Higby, Th6. Houghan, William Butler, Joseph Thayer, D. Prickett, P. C. Canedy, William Thornton, J. Calhoun, Jos. Klein. M. 0. Reeves, Josiah Francis, P. C. Latham, W. P. Grimsley, Washington Iles, A. G. Henry, William Wallace, Joel Johnson, Ninian W. Edwards, John B. Watson, C. B. Francis, John T. Stuart, C. H. Ormsby, Wm. S. Burch, Jonas Whitney,

Page  49 SANGAMON COUNTr. 49 Moses Coffman, J. M. Shackleford, Erastus Wright, Geo. Pasfield, B. Ferguson, John Todd, B. C. Webster, Benjamin Talbott, E. D. Baker, S. M. Tinsley, Jesse Cormack, A. Lincoln, Ephriam Darling, B. C. Johnson, Garrett Elkin, Jona. Merriam, Thomas Moffatt, John Capps, Ira Sanford, John F. Rague, Alexr. Garrett, Charles Arnold, Simeon Francis, Gershom Jayne, John L. Turner, Nathaniel Hav, T. M. Neale, Joshua F. Amos, Robert Irwin, William G. Abrams, Sullivan Conant, Virgil Hickox, Dewey Whitney, And. McClellan, George Trotter, M. Mobley, Alexander Shields, Stephen T. Logan, Foley Vaughn, A. Trailor,. Robert Allen, Abner Y. Ellis, C. C. Phelps, James R. Gray, N. A. Rankin, R. B. Zimmerman, J. Adams, S. H. Treat, William Hall, J. S. Britton, Elijah Iles, James L. Lamb,, W. B. Powell, Henry F. Luckett, M. L. Knapp, F. C. Thompson, James P. Langford, E. M. Henkle, Henry Cassequin, James W. Keyes, J. M. Cabaniss, Wm. Porter, James Maxcy, Wm. H. Marsh, Z. P. Cabaniss, W. Ransdell, E. G. Johns, Joshua S. Hobbs,.Amos Camp, John G. Bergen, Thos. J. Goforth, B. S. Clement, Benj. F. Jewett, W. M. Cowgill. From a footing up of the principal and interest on one side of the note, the final settlement appears to have been made February 19, I846. The principal and interest to that time was $17,918. Soon after the Legislature adjourned at Vandalia, in March, 1837, and the members returned to their hbmes, a public festival was given in Springfield in honor of the new legislation for the removal of the capital. Among the toasts and speeches that followed the dinner, were the two following: By Abraham Lincoln, Esq: "All our friends-they are too numerous to mention now, individually, while there is no one of them who is not too dear to be forgotten or neglected." By S. A. Douglas, Esq.: "The last winter's legislation-May its results prove no less beneficial to the whole State than they have to our town." A tradition still lingers here that something stronger than water was used in drinking the toasts on that occasion, as there was not a.man to be found after the festival that could tell who made the last speech, and that important fact is lost to history. The commissioners appointed to superintend the building at once entered upon the discharge of their duties, and on the fourth of July, 1837, the corner stone of the State -7

Page  50 o50 IHISTORICAL PREL UDE. house was laid with grand civic and military demonstrations. After it had been lowered to its place in the wall, it was mounted by E. D. Baker, afterwards United States Senator from Oregon, and the lamented Colonel of Balls Bluff memory, who delivered one of those thrilling and eloquent speeches, for which he was so famous. It was estimated that the building would cost $130,000, but $240,000 was expended before it was completed according to the original design. When the State house was completed it was looked upon with wonder and admiration by the people. It was thought to beso enormous in size that it would answer all the purposes of the State for all time to come; but from the time it was built until the breaking out of the great rebellion the growth of Illinois was beyond anything that could have been imagined by the early settlers. When the rebellion came to an end, and what was left of the two hundred andfiftysix thousand men from Illinois, who assisted in carrying the stars and stripes until there was no armed foe to conquer, returned to their homes, furled their banners, and assumed their accustomed places in the peaceful avocations of life, it soon became apparent to all who had occasion to visit Springfield, that the building of another State house could not be delayed for any great length of time. The State had so far outgrown the edifice, which had been regarded as a wonder of magnificence and architectural beauty only a brief quarter of a century before, that its records were unsafe, and many branches of its official business had to be transacted in rented buildings, where much of its valuable property was exposed at all times to the danger of being destroyed by fire. The question had been very generally discussed in a quiet way, and soon after the Legislature assembled in January, 1867, Hon. James C. Conkling presented a bill providing for the erection of a new State Capitol at Springfield, and laid it before the House of Representatives. It passed both houses, and was approved by Governor Oglesby February 25, 1867, with a supplementary act two days later. That law provided for the conveyance by the Governor of the square containing two and a half acres of land, with the State house upon it, to Sangamon county, for a court house, in consideration of $200,000, to be paid to the State of Illinois, and for the further consideration that the city of Springfield, and Sangamon county, cause to be conveyed'to the State a certain piece of land, described by metes and bounds in the bill, and containing between eight and nine acres, upon which to erect the new State house. The law also provided that the State should have the use of the old State house until the new one should be ready for occupancy. The land was secured at a cost to the city of $70,000, and conveyed to the state; the $200,000 was paid by the county, and that amount, with $250,000, to be drawn from the State treasury, making $450,ooo, was appropriated to commence the work. The total cost of the building was limited to $3,000,000. The design by J. C. Cochrane was adopted July i5, 1867, and Jan. i4, I868, he was appointed architect and superintendent. Excavation commenced early in the spring, and the first stone was laid June ii. On the fifth of October the corner stone was laid by the Grand Master of Free Masons of the State of Illinois, with the imposing ceremonies of the order, and surrounded by members of the craft from all parts of the State. The ground plan is in the form of a great cross. The grand outlines are, total length from north to south, 359 feet, exclusive of porticos; and from east to west, 266 feet, with twenty feet additional in the grand portico at the east end, which is the prin

Page  51 SANGAM2ON COUNTr. 51 cipal front. The body of the edifice above ground consists of the FIRST STORY, PRINCIPAL STORY, SECOND PRINCIPAL STORY and GALLERY STORY. July 2, 1870, the people of Illinois voted on the question of adopting or rejecting a new constitution, that had been prepared by a convention legally called for that purpose. It was adopted by a large majority. A clause in the new constitution prohibited the legislature making appropriations for the State house, then in course of construction, beyond a total amount of three and a half millions of dollars, unless the question of additional appropriations was first submitted to a vote of the people. The money within the constitutional limit has all been appropriated. The dates of approval by the Governor, and amounts, are given below. The fourth appropriation was to be expended equally in the years I873-4: February 25, 27, 1867........................................ $450,000 M arch I I, 27, I869.......................................... 650,000 June 14, 1871.6oo,ooo June i4, I871............................................... 600,000 March 19, 1873.,00..................................,ooo,ooo0 M arch 24, I875............................................. 800,000 Total.................................................. $3,500,000 There is much work yet to be done, but whether an additional appropriation, requiring a vote of the people, will be necessary to complete the grand edifice, is a question for a future legislature to determine. The building was so far advanced that the State archives were removed thereto, and the State officers took possession of it in January 1876, and in that way the State of Illinois inaugurated the great American Centennial. GOVERNORS OF ILLINOIS. TERRITORIAL. Ninian Edwards...............................................from i809 to I88S STATE. Shadrach Bond.......................8181822 Edward Coles................................................... 1822- 1826 Ninian Edwards.................................................... 826-I830 John Reynolds................................................. 83-I834 Lieutenant-Governor Casey, elected with Gov. Reynolds in 1830, was elected to Congress in 1832. Wm. L. D. Ewing, a member of the Senate, was chosen President of the Senate. Gov. Reynolds was elected to Congress in August, 1834, and left the State for the national capital about the middle of November. Wm. L. D. Ewing, as President of the Senate, was Governor fifteen days, until the assembling of the Legislature in December, and the inauguration of the governor elect. Joseph Duncan.......................... from 1834 to 1838 Thomas Carlin..................................... from 1838 to 1842 Thomas Ford.................................from 1842 to 1846 The constitution of 1848 changed the time of the assembling of the Legislature from December to January, and ordered a new election in November, 1848, for four years. Consequently

Page  52 52 HIS TORI CAL PREL UDE. Augustus C. French was Governor........................ fiom 1846 to 1853 Joel A. Matteson............................... from 1853 to 1857'Wm. H. Bissell..............................................from 1857 to i860 He died March I8, I860, andLieutenant-Governor John Wood..............................from I860 to I86I Richard Yates............................................. from I86I to I865 Richard J. Oglesby........................................... from I865 to 1869 John M. Palmer.......................................from 1869 to 1873 Richard J. Oglesby, inaugurated in I873, but immediately elected to the U. S. Senate, when the Lieutenant-Governor — John L. Beveridge............................................ from 1873 to 1877 TOWNSHIP ORGANIZATION. A law was enacted by the General Assembly of Illinois, and approved by the Governor, February 10, 1849, providing for township organization, but leaving it optional with counties to adopt it or not. Sangamon county never took any action under that law. Another law was enacted and approved February 17, 185I, providing for township organization, and differing from the law of 1849 in some of its provisions. Under that law a petition was laid before the commissioners' court, June 5, I860, praying the court to cause to be submitted to the voters of the county the question of township organization. The court, having heard the petition, ordered that the prayer of the petitioners be granted, and the subject be submitted at the next general election, which was held Tuesday, November 6, I86o. The vote was canvassed by the court on the tenth of December following, when it was ascertained that there was a majority of 859 votes in favor of township organization, on a total vote of 7,24I. The following action was then taken: "Ordered by the Court, that John S. Bradford, John Gardner, Sen., and Joseph Campbell be appointed commissioners to divide Sangamon county into towns or townships, in accordance with the fifth and sixth sections of the General Law of the State of Illinois, in relation to township organization." March I, 186I, the commissioners submitted their report, and the following are the names of the townships: Auburn, Island Grove, Ball, Loami, Buffalo Heart, Mechanicsburg, Campbell, now Chatham, Power, now Fancy Creek, Cartwright, Pawnee, Clear Lake, Rochester, Cooper, Sackett, now Salisbury, Cotton Hill, Springfield, Curran, Talkington, Gardner, Williams, Illiopolis, Woodside. New Berlin has since been formed fiom part of Island Grove, and Wheatfield from part of Illiopolis, making a total of 24 townships.

Page  53 SANGAMON COUNvTr. 53 An election was held for choosing supervisors, Tuesday, April 2, I861. The first meeting of the Board of Supervisors was held April 29, I86i, on a call of eight members, which was the method pointed out in the law. From that to the present time the business of Sangamon county has been transacted by a Board of Supervisors, elected annually. POST OFFICES IN SANGAMON COUNTY. Auburn, Illiopolis, Barclay, Loami, Bates, Lowder, Berlin, Mechanicsburg, Berry, New Berlin, * Bradfordton, t New Harmony, t Breckenridge, Pawnee, Buffalo, Pleasant Plains, Buffalo Heart, Ricliland, Cantrall, Riverton, Chatham, Rochester, Cotton Hill, Salisbury, Cross Plains, Sherman, Curran, Springfield, Dawson, Wheatfield, Farmingdale, Williamsville, Iles Junction, Woodside. * This is a new office authorized by the post office department, but not yet organized. Feb., 1876. t The original name of this office was New Harmony, but is about being changed to Breckenridge. SANGAMON COUNTY IN THE INDIAN WARS. I shall have occasion, all through the biographical part of the work, to make frequent mention of the part taken in the Winnebago and Black Hawk wars by the early settlers of the county; for that reason I deem it best to give a brief account of them here. THE WINNEBAGO WAR: When the war of I8I2-I4, with England, drew to a close, there were many Indians in the territory of Illinois. They generally gave way as civilization advanced, yielding the ground, sometimes reluctantly, but peaceably, until the summer of 1827. It was known to the white settlers that the different tribes of Indians along the northern and western frontier were at war among themselves. After the discovery of lead around what is now Galena, the white people flocked to that region in great numbers. In their search for minerals they encroached upon the lands.of the Winnebago tribe. Being thus irritated, a small party of their tribe surprised a party of twenty-four Chippeways and killed eight of them. The United States Commander, at Fort Snelling, on the upper Mississippi, caused four of the offending Winnebagoes to be arrested and delivered to the Chippeways, by whom they were shot for murder. Red Bird, the chief of the Sioux, though acting with the Winnebagoes in an attempt to obtain revenge for the killing of the four members of their tribe, was defeated by the Chippeways. He then determined to wreak his vengeance on the white people who had assisted his enemies and invaded his country. Junre 27th

Page  54 54 HIS TORICAL PREL UDE. two white men were, killed near Prairie DuChien, and on the thirtieth of July two keel boats, carrying supplies to Fort Snelling, were attacked and two of the crew killed. The news soon spread among the settlers, and upon a call from Gov. Edwards, four companies of infantry and one of cavalry were made up in Sangamon county. The cavalry company was commanded by Edward Mitchell, and the four infantry companies by Captains Thomas Constant, Reuben Brown, Achilles Morris and Bowlin Green. The whole under command of Col. Tom. M. Neale, with James D. Henry as adjutant, (the latter was at that time sheriff of Sangamon county,) marched to Peoria, where the regiment was more fully organized, and continued to Galena. Before their arrival in the Indian country, Red Bird with six of his warriors, voluntarily gave themselves up to the U. S. forces under Gen. Atkinson, to save their tribe from the miseries of war. Thus ended the campaign, and the Sangamon county soldiers returned to their homes. Of the six Indians held as prisoners, some were acquitted and others convicted and hung, more than a year after they were captured. Red Bird, whose proud spirit could not endure the humiliation and confinement, sickened and died in prison. His fate was much deplored by the whites, for he had been a true friend to them until the United States Governmont compelled his Winnebago friends to give up the four men to the Chippeways to be shot. THE BLACK HAWK WAR: The Sac and Fox Indians were first recognized by the United States Government in 1787, in a treaty at Fort Harmer, negotiated by Gov. St. Clair, in which the Indians were guaranteed protection. In 1804, in a treaty conducted by WVm. H. Harrison-afterwards President of the United States-their title to a large scope of country on Rock river was extinguished, but they were permitted to occupy the country as a hunting ground, their principal village being at the north of Rock river, near where the city of Rock Island now stands. A third treaty was entered into in 1830, by the terms of which they were to remove fiom the lands they had sold, east of the Mississippi, and peaceably retire to the west side of the river. The two principal chiefs of the nation were Keokuk and Black Hawk, the latter of whom was born in 1767, at the largest village of their tribe, at the mouth of Rock river. He had fought on the side of the British in the war of I812, at the head of 200 savages, for which he annually received payment to.the time of their removal west of the Mississippi. Consequently, their band was always called the British Band. Black Hawk moved reluctantly, claiming that his tribe had been injured by the people of the United States. Keokuk determined to abide by the treaty, and drew the larger part of the tribe after him, but Black Hawk declared all the treaties void, and in the spring of 1831, at the head of 300 warriors, crossed to the east side of the river and engaged in a series of acts exceedingly annoying to the few settlers who had purchased the sites of the former homes of the Indians, from the government. The Indians would throw down fences, destroy grain, throw the roofs from their houses, and declared that if the settlers did not leave they would kill them. Governor John Reynolds, on being informed of the state of affairs on Rock river, determined to expel the Indians. He issued a proclamation, May 27, 1831, calling for volunteers, and named June ioth as the time, and Beardstown as the place of rendezvous. More than twice the 700 men called for volunteered. Finding so many willing to go, it was decided to accept the services

Page  55 SANGAMOON COUNTY. 55 of the whole I,6oo men. They were organized into two regiments, one spy and one odd battalion. James D. Henry, of Springfield, who had been the adjutant in the Winnebago war, was appointed to command the first regiment. I will now confine myself to the part Sangamon county took in the campaign. James Campbell, Adam Smith, and Jonathan R. Saunders each commanded a company. When the Indian town was reached at the mouth of Rock river, it was found to be deserted. The Indians had taken advantage of the darkness and fled to the west side of the Mississippi river, near where the cities of Davenport and Rock Island now stand. The savages having escaped, the soldiers took vengeance by burning the village. Gen. Gaines, who commanded the United States soldiers, sent an order to Black Hawk, requiring him and his band to return and enter into a.treaty of peace. He failed to come, when a more peremptory order, with the threat of following them with all the troops at his command, brought in about thirty chiefs, including Black Hawk, and a treaty was signed on the 3oth of June, 183I. By that treaty the Indians agreed to remain west of the river, and never to cross it without permission from.the President of the United States. After distributing the food intended for sustaining the soldiers, among the Indians, the volunteer army disbanded and returned to their homes, without the loss of a single person by disease, accident, or otherwise. Before the Indians were forced to leave their village and return to the west side of the river, Naopope, a chief of the British band, and next to Black Hawk in authority, had started on a visit to Malden, Canada, to consult his English father-some commander there, probably-concerning the right of the Indians to retake possession of their lands on Rock river. On his return he also visited White Cloud, the prophet of the Winnebagoes, at Prophetstown, 35 miles from the mouth of Rock river. White Cloud assured his visitor that not only the British but the Ottawas, Chippewas, Potawattomies and Winnebagoes would assist his tribe in regaining their village and the lands around it. When Naopope returned, in the summer, he found his tribe west of the river, and bound, by a new treaty, not to interfere with the whites in possession of their former homes. Notwithstanding this, he communicated to Black Hawk the encouragement he had received. Black Hawk immediately commenced recruiting to increase the number of his braves, and sent a messenger to Keokuk, requesting his cooperation. The latter refused, and counseled Black Hawk to abstain from any hostile movement, assuring him that the promises of support could not be relied on.'Black Hawk rejected such good advice, and resolved to bid defiance to the whites. He spent the winter of I83I-2 in recruiting, and raised about 500 warriors. His headquarters were at what is now the city of Fort Madison, Iowa. In the spring he started, with his warriors, on horseback, while the squaws, papooses and baggage were loaded in canoes, and all moved up the river. April 6, i832, the whole party crossed the Mississippi, opposite the mouth of Rock river, and commenced ascending that stream, ostensibly for the purpose of entering the territory of the Winnebagoes and raising a crop with them, but the real object was to secure them as allies. Gen. Atkinson, in command of Fort Armstrong, on Rock Island, sent messengers ordering them to return west of the Mississippi river. Black Hawk positively refused to go. When this became known in the settlement the greatest consternation prevailed, and the settlers fled from their homes in search of safety. Messengers were dispatched to Vandalia, and Gov. Reynolds issued a call, on the 16th, for volunteers to

Page  56 56 rHISTORICAL PRELUDE. assemble at Beardstown on the 22d of the month. Gen. Atkinson at the same time called for volunteers to aid the regular soldiers at Rock Island. Gov. Reynolds, at the time of issuing the call for volunteer soldiers, addressed an open letter to the citizens in the northwestern counties, and sent influential messengers among the people, and in every way endeavored to encourage enlistments. Eighteen hundred men rallied under, this call at Beardstown, on the 22d of April. Among them were three regularly organized companies from Sangamon county. One was commanded by Thomas Moffitt, one by Jesse Claywell, of which Rezin H. Constant afterwards became Captain, and one by Abraham Lincoln. They were divided into four regiments and a spy battalion. The First regiment was commanded by Col. DeWitt, the Second by Col. Fry, the Third by Col. Thomas, the Fourth by Col. Samuel M. Thompson. In the latter Abraham Lincoln commanded a company. Col. James D. Henry commanded the spy battalion. The whole brigade was put under the command of Brigadier-Gen. Samuel Whitesides, of the State militia, who had commanded the spy battalion in the first campaign. On the 27th of April Gen. Whitesides began his forward movement, accompanied by Gov. Reynolds. The army proceeded by way of Oquawka to the mouth of Rock river, where it was agreed between Generals Whiteside and Atkinson, in command of the regulars, that the volunteers should march up Rock river to Prophetstown, and there feed and rest their horses. On arriving there thevolunteers burned the town, and Gen. Whiteside continued the march in the direction of Dixon, arriving at the latter place, the General ordered a halt, and sent out parties to reconnoitre. Here he found two battalions, consisting of 275 mounted men, from the counties of McLean, Tazewell, Peoria and Fulton, under the command of Majors Stillman and Bailey. Major Stillman was from Sangamon county. (See his name.) The officers of this force had previously been ordered in advance of the main body to protect the settlers, and now they asked to be put forward on some dangerous service, in which they could have an opportunity to distinguish themselves. They were accordingly ordered further up Rock river, to spy out the Indians. The forward movement began on the 12th of May, Major Stillman being chief in command. He moved up Rock river, on the southeast side until they came to a small stream that rises in Ogle county and empties into Rock river. This stream was then called Old Man's creek, but from that date has borne the name of Stillman's run. There he encamped for the night, and in a short time a party of Indians were seen on horseback about a mile from the camp. A party of Major Stillman's men mounted their horses, without orders or commander, and were soon followed by others, and in this helter skelter manner pursued the Indians, who, after displaying a red flag, endeavored to make their escape, but were overtaken and three of them slain. This brought on an attack from the main body of Black Hawk's army, numbering about 700 warriors. Those who, by their insubordination, brought on the fight, retreated, and, with their horses on a full run, dashed through the camp of Major Stillman, who did all that was possible by ordering his men to retreat in order and form on higher ground, but they never found a rallying point until they reached Dixon, thirty miles distant. Both Ford, and Davidson & Stuve, in their histories of Illinois, exonerate Major Stillman and his men from all blame, and rightly attribute the disaster to want of discipline and that experience which is necessary to give soldiers confidencein their officers and in each other.

Page  57 SANGAMON COUNTY. 57 That opened the war, and there could be no cessation of hostilities until one side or the other yielded the ground. It is not my purpose to attempt following out all the details of the war, but will hasten to a close. For a time the Indians scattered themselves over the country. They would lay in ambush and shoot down detached bodies of armed men, or murder and scalp unprotected women and children. Men were generally enlisted for short terms, and sometimes, when the main body of the Indians were almost in their grasp, the term of enlistment would expire, and they would insist on being discharged. To fill their places with new recruits required time. At the time of the repulse of Major Stillman and his men, there were about twenty-four hundred men under arms, including the volunteers from Illinois and the regular soldiers from Fort Armstrong, under Gen. Atkinson. They could have killed, or driven every Indian across the Mississippi river in one month, but the term for which they had enlisted had nearly expired, and they were anxious to be discharged. The Governor had previously issued orders for raising two thousand men. He then called fbr a volunteer regiment from among those whose time had expired, to hold the Indians in check until the new recruits could be brought to the scene of conflict. It was soon raised and put under command of Col. Fry and Lieutenant-Col. James D. Henry. Gen. Whiteside volunteered as a private. This body of men had a number of encounters with the savages before the new recruits- were brought into the field. The new levy assembled at Beardstown, and were at once ordered to Fort Wilburn, on the south bank of the Illinois river, about one mile above the town of Peru. There the volunteer forces were organized into three brigades. The first and second were organized June I6, 1832, with I,ooo men each. Alexander Posey was elected General of the first and Milton K. Alexander, General of the second brigade. The third brigade was organized June I8th, with 1,200 men, and Col. James D. Henry was elected General. This made the volunteer force consist of 3,200 men, exclusive of the regular soldiers under Gen. Atkinson. Many weeks were spent in trying to find the main body of Black Hawk's warriors. They were all the time working their way further north, hoping to elude their pursuers. The army was continually undergoing changes. July 15, 1832, found Gen. Henry, Gen. Alexander and Major Dodge far up in Wisconsin, at a place called Fort Winnebago. Some Winnebago chiefs came in and reported that Black Hawk was encamped on Rock river. The three officers above named held a council and, although it was in violation of orders, they decided to march directly for the Indian camp, hoping to take them by surprise. General Alexander soon announced that his men refused to go, and Major Dodge that his horses were too much disabled to go, but a body of men soon after arrived from Galena to join Major Dodge's battalion, which made his effective force 120 men. Gen. Henry's brigade was by this time reduced to between five and six hundred men, but only about four hundred and fifty had horses. While making arrangements to start, Gen. Henry discovered that his own men, influenced by association with those of Gen. Alexander, were on the point of open mutiny. Lieutenant-Col. Jeremiah Smith, of one of his regiments, presented to the General a written protest, signed by all the officers of his regiment except Col. Fry, against the expedition. Gen. Henry quietly but firmly ordered the men under arrest for mutiny, assigning a body of soldiers to escort them back to Gen. Atkinson. Col. Smith begged permission to consult a few moments with the officers before anything further was done. In less than ten minutes they were all at the General's quarters, pleading for pardon and pledging themselves to return to duty. Gen. Henry replied -8

Page  58 58 HISTORICAL PRELUDE. in a few dignified and kindly remarks, and all returned to their duty. Gen. Alexander's men marched back, and the others started in pursuit of the enemy, under the direction of competent guides. Three days' hard marching brought them to Rock river. Here three Winnebagoes gave intelligence that Black Hawk was further up the river. Preparations were made for a forced march the next morning, and Dr. Elias Merriman, of Springfield, in company with W. W. Woodbridge, of Wisconsin, and a chief called Little Thunder, for a guide, were started about dark that evening to convey dispatches down the river to Gen. Atkinson. They had gone but a few miles to the southwest when they fell into a fresh broad trail of the enemy endeavoring to escape. Little Thunder hastened back in terror to the camp to warn the Indians that their efforts to deceive the commanding General were detected. They were all arrested by Major Murrey McConnell, of Jacksonville, and taken to the tent of Gen. Henry, and confessed that they had come into camp and given false information to aid the Indians in their retreat. On the next morning, July 19, a.forced march commenced in pursuit of the Indians. On the third day, about four o'clock in the afternoon, the advance guard was fired upon by. the savages secreted in the grass. The fight continued until dark, and the men lay on their arms until morning, when it was discovered that the Indians had all crossed the Wisconsin river during the night. Sixty-eight Indians were left dead on the field, and twenty-five more were found dead along the line of march. Only one white man was killed and eight wounded. This has always been known as the battle of the Wisconsin. The next day Gen. Henry found his men too much worn down by fatigue and want of food to pursue the retreating Indians. After two days march he joined Gen. Atkinson at Blue Mounds, with the regulars, and Alexander's and Posey's brigades. It was soon apparent to General Henry and his officers that General Atkinson and all the regular officers were deeply mortified at the success of the militia, who they did not intend should have any credit in the war. After two days' preparation, the whole force, under direction of General Atkinson, took up their line of march, July 25th, in pursuit of the Indians. Crossing the Wisconsin river, and striking the trail of the Indians, the regulars were put in front, Dodge's battalion and Posey's and Alexander's brigades came next, and Gen. Henry, with his command, was placed in the rear, in charge of the baggage. All parties clearly understood this to be an insult to Gen. Henry and his brave volunteers for having found, pursued and defeated Black Hawk and his warriors, while the regulars, and Alexander's brigade, who had refused to accompany Henry, were taking their ease at a long distance from the scene of danger. Gen. Henry's brigade keenly felt the insult, and claimed the right to be placed in front, but the General never uttered a word of complaint, and his men, following his noble example, quietly trudged on in the rear. After a full week of weary marching, at ten o'clock on the morning of August 2d, the army reached the bluffs of the Mississippi river, which, at that point, was some distance from the margin of the stream. Black Hawk had arrived at the stream a day or two before, and the Indians were crossing as fast as they could. On the first day of August the steamboat Warrior, which had been employed to convey supplies up the river for the army, was coming down, and notwithstanding the Indians displayed a white flag, the captain affected to believe it was only a decoy, gave them fifteen minutes to remove their women and children, when he fired a six-pound cannon, loaded with cannister, into their midst, followed by a severe fire of musketry. In less

Page  59 SANGAMON COUNTr. 59 than an hour twenty-three Indians were murdered, it might almost be said, in cold blood. Black Hawk now turned all his energies to reach the opposite bank of the river. With that object in view he sent twenty warriors to the high bluff. -When Gen. Atkinson reached the bluffs on the morning of August 2d, his men were greeted by firing from behind trees. The tall grass made it impossible to learn anything of the force they had to contend with. According to instructions from Black Hawk, when all became engaged they were to retreat to a point three miles up the river. Dodge's battalion led in the chase after the twenty Indians, followed by the regulars and Alexander's and Posey's brigades, all under the immediate direction of Gen. Atkinson. In the hurried pursuit Gen. Henry was called on for a single regiment to cover the rear of the pursuing forces. Otherwise his whole brigade was left without orders. Despite the intention to disgrace Gen. Henry and his men, fortune now seemed to favor them. The men under Major Ewing, of the latter brigade, discovered that the trail by which the main body of Black Hawk's forces had reached the river was lower down, and that they were much nearer than the point to which the twenty decoy Indians were leading the main forces. He who had been placed in the rear as a mark of special disfavor, by the strategy of a few savages, who had thus far triumphed over the veteran General, was now thrown again to the front, and well did he make use of this favorable circumstance. Gen. Henry, being notified of the discovery of the main trail, descending to the foot of the bluff, and there leaving his horses, prepared for an attack. The trail from there to the river was through drift wood, brush and weeds. Eight men were ordered forward to the perilous duty of drawing the fire of the Indians, to ascertain where they were. Fully aware of their dangerous mission, they moved boldly forward until they were in sight of the river, when they were fired upon by about fifty Indians. Five of the eight fell, either killed or wounded. Gen. Henry immediately ordered the bugle sounded for a charge. The fifty Indians fell back to the main body, amounting in all to about three hundred warriors. This made the force about equal on both sides. The fight became general along the whole line; the inspiring strains of the bugle cheering on the volunteers; the Indians were driven from tree to tree until they reached the bank of the river, fighting with the most sublime courage, and contesting every inch of ground. At the brink the struggle was desperate, but of short duration. The bloody bayonet in the hands of the excited soldiers drove them into the surging waters, where some tried to swim to the opposite shore, others only aimed to reach a small willow island. All this was done before the commanding General was aware that the volunteer General and men, whom he intended to punish for having found and defeated the Indians at the battle of the Wisconsin river, had again found and almost exterminated the main body of the enemy, while he was leading the largest portion of his army after twenty straggling Indians, whom he had not been shrewd enough to detect in their false movements. After the Indians had been driven into the river, Gen. Henry despatched Major McConnell to give intelligence to Gen. Atkinson of his movements; but while pursuing the twenty Indians he had heard the firing of Gen. Henry's brigade, and hastening to share in the engagement, met the messenger near the scene of action. Some of the newly arrived forces charged through the water to the island and kept up the fight until all were killed, drowned, captured, or made their escape to the opposite

Page  60 60 HIS TORICAL PRELUDE. shore of the river. It was estimated that the Indian loss amounted to one hundred and fifty killed, and as many more drowned, including women and children. But fifty prisoners were taken, mostly squaws and papooses. The largest portion of the Indians escaped across the river before the battle commenced. The American loss was seventeen killed and twelve wounded. This was called the battle of the Bad Axe, because it was fought in Wisconsin, a short distance below the mouth of the river Bad Axe. It was above Prairie DuChien. That Black Hawk brought that great calamity on his people there can be no question, but that he was devoted to their interests his last move testifies beyond a doubt. Finding himself and followers almost in a starving condition, pursued by a foe well fed, and otherwise stronger than his own forces, he approached the brink of the river, hoping to reach the opposite bank before his pursuers could overtake him, His means of transportation being inadequate, he finds it impossible to escape. Knowing that his fate is sealed, he doubtless gives hasty orders that the canoes be plied as fast as possible, and looking for the last time upon many who had trusted their all to his guidance, he places himself at the head of a handful of faithful followers, and boldly sallies out to meet the foe one hundred and fifty times stronger than himself, his only hope being to turn them aside until his own people should escape. How his heart must have sunk when he heard the firing and knew there was but one way for it to terminate. When Gen. Atkinson, discovering the ruse, ceased the pursuit of the few and marched to where the battle was raging, Black Hawk, with his twenty followers, made their escape up the Mississippi and passed over to the Wisconsin river. They were finally captured, far up that stream, by a party of Sioux and Winnebago Indians, who professed to sympathize with Black Hawk and his followers, but were ready, like blood hounds, to hunt them down when they most needed friendship, and when there was a seeming opportunity to gain favor with the strong and victorious party. Black Hawk and his friends were delivered to Gen. Street, the United States Indian agent at Prairie DuChien, and sent by Col. Zachary Taylor down to Rock Island. Upon arriving there the cholera was raging, and they were sent down to.Jefferson Barracks, Mo., where a treaty was made. Black Hawk and his party were held as hostages for the good behavior of their tribe. They were taken to Washington City, and from there to Fortress Monroe, where they remained uutil July 4, I833. They were then released, by order of President Jackson, and escorted to Baltimore, Philadelphia, New York, and other cities, and returned by way of the New York canal and northern lakes, thence to their own people, west of the Mississippi river. Black Hawk died, October 3, 1840, on the Des Moines river, in Iowa. Many of the men engaged in that campaign acquired state and some of them national reputation. Among them may be mentioned Joseph Duncan and Thomas Ford, who became Governors of Illinois, Henry Dodge, who became Governor of Wisconsin, and Zachary Taylor and Abraham Lincoln, who became Presidents of the United States. The most remarkable man of all engaged in that campaign was Gen. James D. Henry, and if that had been an age of newspapers and reporters, he would have acquired a national reputation at once. That he was the hero of the two principal battles fought in expelling the Indians in that campaign, was known beyond a doubt, arfd

Page  61 SANGAMONV CO UNlVY. 6I so well understood by the Illinois soldiers from all parts of the State, that the opinion was freely expressed that if he had lived he would have been elected Governor by an overwhelming majority, against any other man. Strange as it may seem, he was scarcely heard of outside of the State. This was all owing to the fact that there was but one paper in the State north of Springfield, and that was edited and published by the kind of man that brings odium on the press whenever he touches it. Dr. Addison Philleo was one of the men who almost publicly commenced dissecting the body of VayNoy, who was hung in Springfield in November, 1826. He was compelled by the citizens to desist from the disgusting spectacle until the body was removed to a more private place. Dr. Philleo had removed to Galena, and at the time of the Black Hawk war was publishing a paper there, called the Galenian. He attached himself to the battalion of Major Henry Dodge, of Wisconsin. Major Dodge's battalion was a part of Gen. Henry's brigade when Black Hawk and his forces were discovered by Gen. Henry. Gov. Ford, in his history, describing the chase of Gen. Henry after Black Hawk, says: "On the third day, about noon, also, the scouts ahead came suddenly upon two Indians, and as they were attempting to escape, one of them was killed and left dead on the field. Dr. Addison Philleo, coming along shortly after, scalped this Indian, and for a long time afterwards exhibited the scalp as an evidence of his valor." That was the kind of man the world was dependent upon for a history of the Black Hawk campaign. He was the only newspaper man with the army. After the battle of the Wisconsin, Dr. Philleo wrote an account of it for his paper, and that being the first paper it was published in, was copied all over the United States. He chronicled the doings of Major Dodge only, and*always spoke of him as General Dodge. Gen. Henry, the real commander, was never mentioned except as a subordinate. By this deception many histories now assert that Dodge was the commander in that war. General Henry never made a report of any part of the campaign, and those errors were never officially contradicted. In that campaign he contracted disease of the lungs, and afterwards went south, hoping that the climate and medical treatment would restore his health, but he gradually sank until March 4, i834, when he died in New Orleans. See his name in the biographical department. I have been thus minute in this sketch of the Indian wars, because almost every family among the early settlers of Sangamon county were represented in the army; and, although they were at a comparatively safe distance from the scene of conflict, yet their sympathies were naturally drawn out towards those who were in danger. Another reason why I have given the subject such prominence is that there is no recent history of those wars accessible to the public. The mention I shall make of the part taken by the descendents of the early settlers of Sangamon county in suppressing the great rebellion will partake of a much wider range, but the comparatively recent date of that event, and the publications in almost every house concerning it, precludes the necessity of my attempting any extended account of it here.

Page  62 62 HISTORICAL PRELU DE. MISCELLANEOUS. Under this head I shall record some events that will occasionally be referred to in the biographical part of the work. By describing them fully here, a bare reference to them hereafter will be understood. The two most important were the " deep snow" and the " sudden change." THE DEEP SNOW:-What is here spoken of as the "deep snow" must be taken relatively. Snows fall almost every winter much deeper in New York, the New England States, Canada and in the northern latitudes generally. This, however, is distinguished from all others as the "deep snow," because, in this latitude, the like of it was not known before, and has not been known since. A description of it by Rev. J. M. Sturtevant, President of Illinois College, in an address before the Old Settler's Society of Morgan county, at Jacksonville, a few years ago, is the best authority I can find. Having been brought up where such snows were nothing unusual, he would be less likely to be deceived in his judgment than one who had never witnessed the like before. President Sturtevant says: "In the interval between Christmas, 1830, and January, 1831, Snow fell all over central Illinois to a depth of fully three feet on a level. Then came a rain, with weather so cold that it froze as it fell, forming a crust of ice over this three feet of snow, nearly, if not quite, strong enough to bear a man, and finally, over this crust of ice, there was a few inches of very light snow. The clouds passed away, and the wind came down upon us from the northwest with extraordinary ferocity. For weeks, certainly not less than two weeks, the mercury in the thermometer tube was not, on any one morning, higher than twelve degrees below zero. This snow fall produced constant sleighing for nine weeks." The recollection of some of the early settlers is that rain fell for some days, until the earth was saturated with water, and the day before Christmas the rain turned to snow, and the flakes were so large that in a few hours it attained a depth of six inches. I have, time and again, heard this snow described as much more than three feet deep, and no doubt the experience of those making the statements justified them in it. The situation was rather alarming, even to a New England man. There, a few hours of wind blows all the snow from exposed places, and deposits it in valleys and behind hills, where the wind cannot reach it. It is only where the roads cross these receptacles that it is necessary to break a track. It is made the occasion for a frolic with New England people to turn out with ox teams and sleds to break a road, and then there is no more trouble until the next snow storm. Such work here would have been useless. In this level country the drifting never ceases as long as the snow lasts. Any number of teams might break a track, but it would fill behind them in a few moments. The only way they finally made roads here was by wallowing through it, and going as near the same place as they could, until the snow was trodden hard and rounded up like a turnpike road. Many'instances have been related where teams, attempting to pass each other on these raised roads, found it too narrow, and the result was that one if not both the vehicles would be upset, leaving the occupants and teams floundering in the snow. To

Page  63 SANGAMON C o UNTr. 63 regain the proper position on the road was not always an easy task. Long after the great body of the snow melted off, these roads remained. One man, describing them, said they looked like silver threads, stretching over the prairies as far as the eye could reach. Railroads were not then dreamed of, but they would have been, for several weeks, as utterly useless as though-they were sunk out of sight in the earth. Snow plows would be of no avail in such a storm as that, for the track would fill, in less than an hour, behind any train that might force its way though. Quoting again from President Sturtevant, he says: "It is a consolation that such a winter has never occurred but once in the memory of man. But what has happened once may happen again. If it does we shall get a very definite idea how important our railroads are to us, and we shall be very glad that the snow is not over the telegraph wires." In the latter clause he no doubt had reference to the fact that in those days, when everything was right, they did not have or expect a mail more than once a week, but even that was interrupted for several weeks during the " deep snow." That snow come so early in the season that it caught nearly all their corn in the fields, and. it was very difficult to obtain enough of it to keep stock from perishing. Few had any milling done, and the devices were numerous to reduce the grain to a condition fine enough to be baked into something resembling bread. Some of them will be described. I will here give a few incidents illustrating some of the straits the people were put to in order to preserve life and property. Among the earliest settlers on Sugar creek was a man by the name of Stout-no relation to any of that name now in the county. He had raised a family, but his wife had died, and his children had married and left him alone. He built a small cabin in the woods, and in that he did his own cooking, slept, and worked at making bread trays, wooden bowls, rolling pins, wooden ladles, and such other implements as every household was in need of. He traded the products of his labor for something to eat or wear, seldom receiving or expecting any money. He lived very comfortably until the "deep snow " come. - Then his open cabin and scant supply of bedding was not sufficient to keep him warm. He went around among his neighbors and tried to obtain some addition to his bedding, but found them all deficient in that respect themselves. He finally solved the difficulty by felling a large tree near his cabin, took a cut from it of suitable length, and made a trough inside, the full length of his body, and hewed it off on the outside until it was light and thin enough for him to handle easily. He would then make his bed on some chips or shavings, as he had done before, first bringing his trough along side, and when snugly covered up, he would take the trough and turn it over himself for covering. As soon as the warmth of his body filled the space he would be comfortable, and could lay snug and warm until morning. There was neither floor nor chimney to his cabin, so he made the fire on the ground. When the weather was extremely cold he would move his fire just before retiring, scraping the coals and ashes carefully away, and then make his bed where the fire had been during the day. This is a new proof of the oft repeated adage, that" Necessity is the mother of invention." DEATHS IN THE SNOW:- Very many cases occurred of persons being' lost in the snow, ending in death. I will mention a few here, but others will be referred to in the succeeding parts of the work.

Page  64 64 HISTORICAL PREL UDE. A man named William Saxton lived on Lick creek, above Loami. He went hunting, and failing to return, his friends and neighbors went in search of him, and found his body about one mile from his home, where he had sunk down, and appeared as if asleep. Samuel Legg started from Sugar creek, not far above where the C. and A. railroad now crosses, intending to go to Richland timber, near where Pleasant Plains now stands. He was not heard of until the next April, when the remains of himself and horse were found, nearly consumed by wolves. He had gone but a few miles, as the body was found on what is now the farm of John B. Fowler, a few miles west of Chatham. A bottle with a small quantity of whiskey was found near his remains. A man started from the timber on Horse creek to chase a wolf while the snow was falling. He was not seen nor heard of until the next spring, when his body was found at a place called Willow grove, in Shelby county. His horse and dog were found with him, and all had perished together. The distance was about forty miles from where he started. It was thought that he became bewildered by the falling snow, and continued his efforts until his horse, dog and himself sank down to die. William Workman went hunting in the Lick creek timber, south of Loami. He walked on the crust of the snow, and was approaching a deer for the purpose of shooting it. Without being aware of it, he was over a ravine of considerable depth. The crust broke and he went down. Raising his rifle gun he could barely reach the crust with it. By tramping the snow under his feet until it became solid, he found himself gradually rising with the slope of the ground, and by reaching up with his gun and breaking the crust, he finally escaped, but he says it was a long and laborious operation. Simeon Vancil relates an experience very similar. So completely did the snow cover everything that wild game was accustomed to feed upon, that the deer, turkey, and some other kinds of game, were almost exterminated. There was another reason why it was destructive to the deer. That animal runs by a succession of leaps, and, as a natural consequence, the faster they ran the greater would be the force with which they struck the snow. When pursued by dogs, a few vigorous leaps would stop them short, their small, sharp hoofs breaking through the crust, would leave them helpless, with their bodies resting on the snow. At the same time a dog or wolf of equal weight would pass safely over, because, by their manner of running, they did not strike the snow with such force, and even if they had, their soft, pad-like feet would be less likely to break the crust. It required but a short time, thus shut off from food, for the deer to become too lean for venison. All thoughtful people then abstained from killing them, but there were others who thought only of the sport, and destroyed them where and when they could. Dogs and wolves, learning that they could be made to break through the crust and become disabled, chased down and destroyed great numbers of them. From all these causes the deer were almost exterminated, and they never become plentiful afterwards. Mr. Simeon Vancil, who came to the county in the fall of i8i8, says that it was very common to see large quantities of buffalo bones on the highest points of land. In explanation of that there was a tradition among the Indians who remained in the country to hunt, after the white settlers come in, that there had been a "deep snow" about thirty years before, say about 800oo, and that the buffalo, herding together on the

Page  65 SANGAMAON -C O UNTV. 65 highest ground, because the snow was thinnest, remained there and perished with cold and hunger. Of course this was only given as a tradition, coming from the Indians. There could be no corroborative testimony from civilized men, for the simple reason that there were none in the country. THE SUDDEN CHANGE:-Soon after commencing the collection of materials for this work, I was frequently asked the question, " Has any person told you about the sudden change?" My answers at first would, for obvious reasons, be in the negative. The interrogator would then undertake to give me an account of it, but I was never able to learn that any person in the county had kept a record of the indications of a thermometer at that time, or that there was a thermometer in the county; and for a long time I could not ascertain the year in which it took place. In an interview with Mr. Washington Crowder, the (late was settled in his own peculiar method. Mr. Crowder remembers that on the morning of December 20, I836, he started from a point on Sugar creek about eight miles south of Springfield, to the latter place, for the purpose of obtaining a license for the marriage of himself and Miss Isabel Laughlin. He had finished his courting on the nineteenth, with the understanding that the marriage was to take place on the twenty-first, leaving the twentieth for obtaining the license. There were several inches of snow on the ground, but rain was then falling slowly, and had been, long enough to turn the snow to slush. Every time the horse put his foot down it went through the slush, splashing it out on all sides. Mr. Crowder was carrying an umbrella to protect himself from the rain, and wore an overcoat reaching nearly to his feet. When he had traveled something like half the distance, and had reached a point about four miles south of Springfield, he had a fair view of the landscape, ten or twelve miles west and north., He saw a very dark cloud, a little north of west, and it appeared to be approaching him very rapidly, accompanied by a terrific, deep, bellowing sound. He thought it prudent to close his umbrella, lest the wind should snatch it from his hands, and dropped the bridle reins on the neck of his horse for that purpose. Having closed the umbrella and put it under his arm, he was in the act of taking hold of the bridle rein, when the cold wave struck him. At that instant water was dripping from every thing about him, but when he drew the reins taut, ice rattled from them. The water and slush was almost instantly turned to ice, and running water on sloping ground was congealed as suddenly as molten lead would harden and form in -ridges if poured on the ground. Mr. Crowder expressed himself quite sure that within fifteen minutes from the time the cold blast reached him his horse walked on top of the snow and water, so suddenly did it freeze. When he arrived in Springfield he rode up to a store at the west side of Fifth street, between Adams and Monroe, a few doors south of where Bunn's bank now stands. He there attempted to dismount, but was unable to move, his overcoat holding him as firmly as though it had been made of sheet iron. He then called for help, and two men come out, who tried to lift him off, but his clothes were frozen to the saddle, which they ungirthed, and then carried man and saddle to the fire and thawed them asunder. After becoming sufficiently warm to do so, Mr. Crowder went to the county clerk's office, obtained his license, and by driving his horse before him, returned to where he had started in the morning. The next day he started on horseback, but found the traveling so difficult on the ice that he dismounted, tied up the bridle, left his horse to -9

Page  66 66 HISTORICAL PREL UDE. find the way back home, and went on foot to the house of his affianced, where he was married at the time appointed. Mtr. Crowder admits that it was a very thorough test of his devotion, but it must be conceded that he proved himself equal to the emergency. Other evidences of the suddenness and intensity of the cold are numerous. Rev. Josiah Porter, of Chatham-see his name-remembers that the cold wave reached Chatham about half past twelve o'clock, noon; that he consulted his watch at the time, and knows he is.correct. His recollection of the suddenness and intensity of the cold corroborates the account given by Mr. Crowder. Although Mr. Porter was in Chatham at the time of the sudden change, and resides there now, he was then doing the work of an evangelist, which led to his traveling over a large portion of Illinois and Indiana. In the discharge of his duties he became acquainted with a remarkable circumstance that occurred in what is now the west part of Douglas county, near the corner of Piatt and Moultrie counties. Two brothers by the name of Deeds had gone out to cut a bee tree, and were overtaken by the cold and frozen to death. Their bodies were found ten days later, about three miles from home. The extent of that cold wave may not be generally known. That it first touched the earth west or north-west of here is highly probable, from the fact that it reached here at -half past twelve, noon, according to the time noted by Mr. Porter. He also learned that it was nearly sundown when the cold reached the point in Douglas county where the two brothers perished. I also learned from a gentlemen in this county that at the time, his father kept a hotel at Labanon, Ohio, and although his account would indicate that the cold wave had spent some of its force, yet when it arrived there it froze some wagons fast in the mud in an incredibly short time, while some travelers were discussing the terms for staying all night. It reached there at nine o'clock. Putting the statements as to time and place together, it would appear that the cold wave traveled something near three hundred miles in eight and a half hours, or about thirty-five miles an hour. These statements have been given to me altogether from memory, more than thirty-five years after the event, and no doubt vary greatly fiom what a scientific report at the time would have presented. A great many instances have been related to me, in all parts of the county, of the suffering by men and animals. It has been told me time and again that chickens and geese, also hogs and cows, were frozen in the slush as they stood, and unless they were extricated by cutting the ice from about their feet, remained there to perish. Andrew Heredith was a merchant miller and pork packer in Cincinnati, Ohio. Through misfortunes incident to business he failed. Among other misfortunes, he had a pork house burn there. Preston Breckenridge, of this county, happened to be in Cincinnati, and remembers being an eye witness to the burning. After his failure, Mr. Heredith was aided by friends to commence business in Sangamon county. He built a flouring mill about three miles west of Loami,near what is called Lick creek, and called the place Millville. He bought wheat and made flour; also bought and drove fat hogs to St. Louis. In the fall of 1836 he bought and drove two lots to St. Louis, and made some money each time. He used all the capital at his command, and all the credit his successes gave him, and collected a third drove of between i,ooo and I,500 hogs, and was driving them to St. Louis. The country was so sparsely settled

Page  67 SAN GAMON COUNTr. 67 that he found it expedient to start with three or four wagons, loaded with corn to feed the hogs. When a load was fed out there were generally a sufficient number of hogs exhausted by traveling to' load the wagon. Mr. Heredith had reached a point on the open prairie eight miles south of Scottville, Macoupin county, when the cold wave overtook him. Finding that men and animals were likely to perish, he called the men together, upset all except one of the wagons, in order to leave the corn and hogs together, righted up the wagons, and with all the men in them, drove to the nearest house, and before they could reach there all became more or less frozen, but none lost their lives. The hogs, thus abandoned, piled on each other. Those on the inside smothered, and those on the outside froze. A pyramid of about 500 dead hogs was thus built. The others wandered about and were reduced to skeletons by their sufferings from the cold, the whole proving a total loss. Mr. Heredith was a man of good business qualifications, and of great energy. He was making superhuman efforts to retrieve his fortunes, but that blow crushed him; he never rose again, but sank dqwn and in a short time died. In the biographical part, see his name. JAMES HARVEY HILDRETH:-At the time Rev. Mr. Porter gave me his recollections connected with the "sudden change," he told me that some years later he met a man in DeWitt county, by the name of Hildreth, who was crippled in his hands and feet. He said Mr. Hildreth informed him that it had been caused by his being caught away from shelter at the time of the " sudden change." Mr. Hildreth then gave him a detailed account of his sufferings and experience, which Mr. Porter gave to me from memory. This made such an impression on my mind that I was anxious to know more of the incident. In the course of my travels over the county, I was at the house of Mrs. Thomas J. Turley. See the Turley and Trotter names. How the subject came up I do not remember, but I learned from Mrs. Turley that Mr. Hildreth was her cousin. She gave me additional information, and referred me to another cousinof herself and Mr. Hildreth-Mr. Moses Kenny, of Kenny, Logan county. I deferred writing to that gentleman until I was drawing my work to a close, and when I did so, was answered by Mr. John Kenny, of the same place, who informed me that his brother Moses was dead. Mr. John Kenny answered all my inquiries, and referred me to Mr. A. L. Barnett, of Clinton, DeWitt county. He, also, kindly responded. All the parties consulted bear the very highest character for truthfulness. It is from this mass of information that I give the following account of the case. Although the particular event I am about to relate did not occur in this county, it illustrates an atmospheric phenomena that affected this entire region of country, and was so remakable that the like of it is not on record, nor known by any person now living, and it is to be hoped that it may never be known again. It is to be regretted that there is no scientific knowledge on record of the event. The country was so new, and the settlers of a class generally of limited education, so much so that I have been unable to learn of a family in the county who owned a thermometer at the time. But now to the subject. James H. Hildreth was born about I812, in Bourbon county, Ky. He came to Illinois about 1833 or'4, and settled on Vermilion river, near Georgetown, Vermilion county, and engaged in cattle trading. Mr. Hildreth, then twenty-four or twenty-five years of age, was a very stout and rugged young man. He left home on the nineteenth

Page  68 68 HISTOR CAL PRELUDE. of December, I836, in company with another young man by the name of Frame, intending to go to Chicago, both on horseback. On the second day out, December 20th, they entered the border of a large prairie, and the next timber was many miles distant, on Hickory creek, a tributary of Iroquois river, and now in Iroquois county. It rained all the'forenoon, and the earth was covered with water. They encountered a slough containing so much water they did not like to attempt passing through it. In order to head the slough they rode some miles in a northeast direction, and having crossed it, turned northwest to regain their course. That was about the middle of the afternoon. It suddenly ceased raining and the cold wave came in all its fury from the northwest, striking them square in the face. They were then out of sight of any human habitation, and their horses became absolutely unmanageable, and drifted with the wind, or across it, until dark closed in upon them. How long they were discussing what to do is not stated, but they finally agreed to kill each the others horse. They dismounted and Hildreth killed Frame's horse. They took out the entrails, and both crawled into the carcass as far as they could, and lay there, as near as Hildreth could judge, until about midnight. The animal heat from the carcass having become exhausted, they crawled out, intending that Frame should kill Hildreth's horse, and both crawl into it. Just then the one having the knife dropped it, and it being dark, they were unable to find it. Being thus foiled in their purpose, they both huddled about the living horse as best they could, until about four o'clock in the morning. Frame by that time was so benumbed with the cold that he became sleepy, and notwithstanding Hildreth used every exertion to keep him up, he sank down in a sleep from which he never awakened. The feelings of Hildreth at this juncture can only be left to the imagination. He managed, by jumping about, to keep from freezing until daylight, when he got on his horse and started in search of shelter. In mounting he dropped his hat, and was afraid to get off, fearing he would never be able to mount again. Thus, bare headed, he wandered about for some time, until he reached the bank of a stream, supposed to be Vermilion river. Seeing a house on the opposite shore, he hallooed as best he could until he attracted the attention of the man, who, after learning what he wanted, said he could not'assist him. A canoe was lying at the opposite shore, but he affected to be afraid of the running ice. Hildreth then offered him a large price if he would cut a tree and let it fall over the stream so that he could cross. The man still refused, and directed Hildreth to a grove which he said was a mile distant, where he would find a house. He went, but it was five miles, and the house proved to be a deserted cabin. He returned to the river opposite the house, called again for help, and was refused. He then dismounted, crawled to the bank, and found that the ice had closed and was sufficiently strong to bear him, and he crawled over. Arriving at the fence, the brutal owner of the place refused to help him, and he tumbled over it, and crawling in the house, laid down near the fire. Hildreth lay and begged for assistance, and when the man would have relented and done something, his wife restrained him. The frozen man lay there until four o'clock that afternoon, when some hog drovers came along and moved him to another house, where he was properly cared for. The name of the inhuman wretch was Benjamin Russ. After learning of his inhumanity, a- movement was made to punish him, but he fled. Mr. Hildreth always expressed the belief that his offering to pay liberally for cutting a tree across the river, led them to think

Page  69 SANGAMON COUNTr. 69 that he had a large amount of money, and that if, by their neglect, he perished, they could obtain it. Such a being was very rare among the early settlers of central Illinois, who were remarkable for their readiness to divide their comforts with all new comers, and especially those who were in affliction. Mr. Hildreth met with a heavy loss, financially, by his failure to go to Chicago. He was conveyed back to the house of his brother in Vermilion county, where all the toes were taken from both feet, and the bones of all his fingers, except one joint of the thumb on his right hand, which enabled him to hold a pen or a drover's whip. Soon after recovering sufficiently to enable him to travel, he removed to DeWitt county, where he continued trading in cattle. He was married, April 7, 1847, in DeWitt county, to Adaline Hall. His left foot never healed entirely, and nearly twenty-two years after his misfortune, it became alarming, and he had the leg amputated below the knee. It soon healed, but his lungs, already diseased, caused his death about the middle of June, 1858, near Mt. Pulaski, Illinois. He has three children now living. Henry resides near Chesnut, Logan county. John lives in Lo'gan county, near Kenny, DeWitt county. His daughter Sarah married William Weedman, and resides near Farmer City. Mrs. Adaline Hildreth married Harrison Meacham, and resides near Clinton, DeWitt county, Illinois. Notwithstanding his great calamity, James H. Hildreth was a useful man in the community where he lived. Most men would have given up in despair, and become a charge upon their friends; but he was active and energetic, and continued in the business of a farmer and stock dealer until he was physically unable to do more. M\r. Preston Breckenridge expresses the opinion that the velocity of the cold wave, given in an6ther'part of this sketch, is too slow. He thinks it must have moved at least seventy miles an hour, judging from his present knowledge on the subject. He had just taken his dinner, and was sitting near a window, between one and two o'clock in the afternoon, in view of a'pool of water, ten or twelve inches deep. He heard a terrific roaring sound. Suddenly the rain ceased, and it became quite dark. The first touch of the blast scooped all the water out of the pool. Some of it returned, but in a moment it was blown out again, and scattered in frost and ice, leaving the pool empty, and the bottom frozen dry. He says it had been raining slowly all the fore part of the day, and so warm that he thinks a thermometer would have stood as high as forty degrees above zero, possibly higher, and that the first touch of the tempest would have brought it down to zero in a second of time. Mr. Breckenridge is well acquainted with many incidents illustrating the unparalleled suddenness and severity of the cold. He relates a case of two young men who lost their lives near Paris, Edgar county, Illinois, after efforts to save themselves similar to those made by Hildreth and his friend. I might cite any number of incidents illustrating the intense suffering caused by the cold in Sangamon county, but the number of those who perished was comparatively small, for the reason that it was more thickly settled than the county north and east. There must have been about ten thousand inhabitants in the county at the time. A REMARKABLE INCIDENT:-The following incident was related to me by Benj. F. Irwin, who received the statement from Rev. John M. Berry, a Cumberland Presbyterian Minister, who resided a short distance northeast of Pleasant Plains. Families coming into the new settlements we're many times put to great inconvenience to pro

Page  70 70 HISTORICAL PREL UDE. cure food, and especially breadstuff. Stealing was seldom resorted to, as there was a general desire to divide with new comers. A man who owned a mill, occasionally missed meal and flour, and concluded to lay in wait and see what would be the result. Soon after dark one evening, he placed himself under the bolting chest, and had not long to wait. A man entered the mill, and the first thing he did was to kneel down and pray fervently for pardon for what he was about to do. He laid his whole case before the Lord; told him of his willingness to work, his inability to obtain employment by which he could earn bread, and asked the Lord to open the way for him, and as though he fully expected his prayer to be answered, he took only a sufficient quantity of flour to supply his immediate necessities, and was about to depart. The owner of the mill recognized the man as one for whom he had formed a feeling of great respect, and would have been willing to help if he had known that he was destitute. He called out from his place of concealment for the man to stop. A real thief would have run, but the man with the flour halted without hesitation, when he was told to fill his sack, and when that was gone to come and get more. They were friends before, but were much warmer friends after, to the end of their lives. The facts were kept quiet, and the names of the parties were never known except to a small number of persons; but the miller ever after asserted that he had more confidence in that man than any other he ever saw. The sequel proved that the miller must have been a mal of sterling principle, for if he had been like ordinary mortals, the other would have been ruined. PANTHERS:-John Harlan was among the earliest settlers. He heard a coon making a piteous noise, went out with his gun and found a panther trying to catch it. He shot that and two other panthers in succession, and that gave the name to Panther creek, or Painter creek, as it was generally spoken. A boy by the name of Jordan, at the age of 14 years, shot a panther in the Lick creek timber, in what is now Loami township. When dead it was found to measure eleven feet from the tip of its nose to the tip of its tail. A Mrs. Brown, wife of Henry Brown, who was an early settler on Lick creek, in what is now Chatham township, had been to one of her neighbors, and was returning, late in the afternoon, on foot, accompanied by two large dogs. The dogs ran to her, one on each side, which caused her to look, when she saw a huge panther on each side of the road. She walked quietly forward, the dogs keeping close to her side, and so passed the danger. She regarded her escape as almdst miraculous, and never could speak of it without a shudder. MILLS AND MILLING:-Before mills were built here the settlers had to go to Edwardsville for grinding; but sixty or seventy miles was too far to take a grist every day, and it was necessary that something should be more readily obtained. A piece of tin that can now be had anywhere for a few cents, was then an object of great interest. Every old tin vessel was saved, torn in pieces, cut to a suitable size, punched full of holes, and nailed to a board for a grater. While the corn was soft, meal could be grated in a very short time, sufficient to make bread for awhole family, by rubbing an ear of corn back and forth on the grater. That implement is always pronounced by the old settlers "gritter." Mr. William Drennan remembers that the first mill inSangamon county was built by Daniel Liles on the farm where Daniel G. Jones now resides, near Horse creek, and

Page  71 SANGAMON COUNTr. 7 on the line between Ball and Cotton Hill townships. It was erected in the fall of 1819, and was made on the plan known as a band mill. That was'a horizontal wheel, with arms fifteen feet or more in length, and of sufficient height for the horses to pass under the arms. Several holes would be bored near the outer end of these arms. One wooden pin was placed in each one of the arms. A band of rawhide stretched around those pins and the trunnel head would communicate the power to the burrs, which were usually made of any loose stone picked up on the prairies. A mill of that kind would grind eight or ten bushels a day. Liles' mill never had any roof, and when it rained the track became very muddy. If his customers complained, he would assume an air of injured innocence and ask if they expected him to work in the rain. If they said no, but that he should do it when the weather was fair, his invariable reply was, that they did not-need it then. The people came to this mill thirty or forty miles, and although it was kept running day and night, sometimes they would have to wait several days for a turn at the mill. One man told me that when he was a boy his parents started him to mill, supplied with an extra quantity of feed for his horses and some meat for himself, with the understanding that he was to parch corn as a substitute for bread. He had to wait so long for his turn that when it came he had nothing to grind, himself and horses having consumed all the corn, and he would have been compelled to lose his turn, but the miller kindly loaned him a grist,,which he repaid the next time he went to mill. The earliest mills were only intended for grinding corn, and at first no effort was made for bolting flour, but those who raised the first wheat would cut it with the old fashioned reap hooks, called sickles, thresh it on the ground with a flail, separate the chaff and wheat by a man taking a measure of wheat, standing on an elevated place, and pouring it out slowly, with a shaking motion, while two others stood below with a common bed sheet, folded double, and taking hold of each end and giving it a quick motion toward the failing wheat, would thus blow the chaff away, while the wheat, being heavier, would fall perpendicular. The wheat thus cleaned would be taken to the corn mill and ground, of course very imperfectly. The next point was to separate the bran from the flour. At first this was done by making a light frame, three or four feet long, and one and a half by two feet wide, and stretching a piece of the thinnest cloth that could be obtained, over it. Some of the wheat meal would be put on this cloth and the frame shaken from right to left, after the manner of a seive or meal sifter, and the finest part of the wheat meal would go through. That was made into bread, usually biscuit. That implement was'called a search, usually pronounced sarch. Some of the earliest settlers will tell you that the sweetest morsel they ever tasted in their whole lives was the first piece of wheat bread thus made, after having been a whole year, and sometimes longer, living on the coarsest of corn bread. HONESTY OF THE EARLY SETTLERS:John Sims remembers that a few years after they came to the settlement their corn was all' frost bitten, and he went to Madison county to obtain corn for seed and bread. He had to pay $I.oo per bushel for it, and wishing to haul all he could, he filled some sacks and laid them across the corn in the wagon bed. He stalled in the mud, in Macoupin county, and left his wagon there, several miles from any house, and where people traveling hundreds of miles had to pass it. When he went home for more teams, some unexpected obstacles presented themselves, and it was two weeks or more before he returned. When he did so, some

Page  72 72 HISTORICAL PREL UDE. of his corn was gone, but closer examination revealed the fact that money was tied in the sacks from which the corn was taken. Some was tied with horse hairs and some with strings, in small bunches, in all between eight and ten dollars; sufficient to fully compensate for the corn taken. He has hauled dry goods and groceries, in large and small packages, has stalled and left his wagon for days and weeks, and never knew anything to be stolen. When the land office was opened, in 1823, in Springfield, the receiver was ordered to send the coin to Louisville, Ky. The route was so difficult to travel and so long, that he was permitted, after one effort, to send it to St. Louis for safe keeping. Mr. Sims had a good team, and was called on to do the hauling. On more than one occasion he has loaded his wagon with boxes of gold and silver, amounting to from thirty to fifty thousand dollars. He has gone without any guard, been two or three nights on the road, would feed his horses tied to the wagon, sleep on some straw thrown over the boxes, and was never molested, and never thought there was danger. A SNAKE SToRY:-Gen. James Adams was bitten by a rattlesnake in I821, and wishing to obtain some rattlesnake oil, he advertised that he would pay fifty cents for the first one brought to him, and in order to make sure of getting one, he offered twenty-five cents for each additional one. A man by the name of Barnes found a den near the mouth of Spring creek, killed all he could, loaded them in a wagon, drove to Springfield, and left his wagon in an out-of-the-way place. He first took one snake and received fifty cents, then two, and received twenty-five cents each. He then took Gen. Adams to the wagon and showed him the whole load. Adams refused to pay for them. Barnes then called his attention to the advertisement, but he still refused. Barnes then called on two men, Reuben Burden and John White, who counted the load, and there were 122 snakes. He then demanded his money, $30.75. This brought the General to a compromise, and the matter was settled by his paying $5.oo extra. Joseph E. McCoy is my authority. Albion Knotts says that when they come to the country, in 1819, his father soon learned that the next supply of shoes for his family would have to be manufactured by himself, although he had never made a shoe. This discovery was barely made when he found that he must produce the leather also, as there were no tanners in the country. He first cut down a large oak tree, peeled off the bark and laid it up to dry. He dug a trough in the log, as large as it would make, for a tan vat. He then gathered up all the hides he could obtain. The next question was how to remove the hair. It was known that it could not be done by regular tanners' process, both for want of the proper materials, and the knowledge in using them. Some person suggested that it might be done with water and ashes, but great caution would be necessary, lest the solution be made too strong. In that event it would ruin the hides. In his extreme caution he did not make it strong enough, and so removed but a little more than half the hair. In place of grinding the bark he beat it up on a stump with the poll of an axe. He then put the hides in the trough, covered them with the -pulverized bark, put on weights to keep the mass down, and filled the trough with water, changing the bark several times during the summer. As winter approached he took the hides out, though not more than half tanned, and made them into shoes; He made them on what was called the stich down plan. That is, in place of turning the upper leather under the last, it was turned outward and sewed with a straight awl through the upper and

Page  73 SANGAA ON C UNTr. 73 sole. This would make a walk all around the shoe that a mouse might travel on. It was frequently the case that awls could not be obtained. Then they would take a common table fork, break off one of the tines, and sharpen the other for the awl. Shoes made as I have described, with the upper leather hair side out, not more than half of it removed, and without any blacking, would certainly look very odd. There can be little doubt that the above is a fair description of the first tanning and shoe making ever done in Sangamon county. When the first settlers came there were no stores filled with dry goods, as there are now, and if the goods had been in the country there was no money to buy them. The only way families could supply themselves with clothing was to produce the materials and manufacture their own goods. Those who first came from the Southern Statesas most of them did-brought their cotton, flax and hemp seed, raised the fibre and did all the work. They at first picked the seed by hand, carded it on hand cards, spun it on wheels designed for spinning wool or flax, wove it into cloth, and made it into garments for men and women's wear. That which Was designed for underclothing was prepared without coloring, as a matter of course, but for outer garments, and particularly ladies' dresses, something better was required. Some among the earliest brought a little indigo, madder, and same other drugs, but for greater variety and economy, a large number of barks were used, such as black walnut, butternut, several varieties of oak, hickory, etc. When peach trees grew the leaves were used for making one of the brightest colors. Some of the cotton yarn, dyed with each of those colors, skilfully. arranged in weaving, and made into dresses, looked remarkably well. Some of the old boys now living say that the young ladies of their time, thus attired, looked equally as charming in their eyes as those of the present era, with their flounces made of goods from the looms of Lyons and the shops of Paris, do to our young men. Flax and tow was never colored, and was mostly used for men and boys' wear in the summer. A tow shirt, with a draw string around the neck, and reaching below the knees, was a full dress in summer for boys up to ten or twelve years of age. Some of our most substantial farmers were thus attired in their boyhood days. Elisha Primm says that his father built a cotton gin in 1822. He says that from the time the first settlers came into the county until the winter of the "deep snow," 1830 and'31, this was as good a cotton country as Georgia. He says that this was attested by men familiar with cotton growing in the Southern States. Elisha attended the gin built by his father, which was run by horse power. The people brought cotton to be ginned, from all distances up to twenty miles. Sometimes it would accumulate on his. hands until he would have as much as 3,ooo pounds. The price for ginning was a toll of one pound in every eight, after the cotton was ginned. It sold from 12 to I623 cents per pound, and occasionally higher. After the "deep snow" the seasons appeared to shorten, and cotton was generally bitten by the frost before it had time to mature, and cotton raising was finally abandoned. It seemed as though the seasons were overruled so as to be adapted to the wants of the pioneer settlers, when there was no other way for them to be supplied with clothing, but when roads were opened and capital came in, bringing merchandise, the seasons gravitated back to their normal condition. FIRST PRODUCE MARKETED:-Mr. William Drennen believes that the first produce marketed in the county was on Sugar creek, in the Summer of I818. George Cox sold half a dozen small green pumpkins to an Indian for twelve and a half cents. -IO

Page  74 74 HIS TORICAL PRELUDE. This note was written while I was standing on the spot, a few yards north of the Sulphur Springs, south of Loami, where once stood a sycamore tree in which A. E. Meacham took a ten foot rail, held it in a horizontal position against his waist, and turned entirely around inside the tree. It was about eighteen feet in diameter outside, and was long used as a wigwam by the Indians. The entrance was at the east side. It was safe when there were only Indians in the country, but some vandal, claiming to be civilized, set fire to it and burned it down. The Sulphur Spring spoken of above, bubbles up at the foot of a hill near Lick creek, and in its natural state, when animals approached it to drink the water, was a quagmire, but the early settlers made an excavation, eight or nine feet deep, and walled it up, so that the water flows out over the top of the wall, clear and pure. Soon after it was thus improved two old topers, on a very hot day, visited the spring, taking with them a jug of whisky, intending to have a good time laying in the shade near by, drinking their whisky, and for variety, taking an occasional sip at the sulphur water. One of them undertook to cool the whisky by holding the jug in the water, and while doing so let it slip from his grasp. To cut a forked limb from a tree and make a hook of it would be too much work. In order to rescue the jug, the one who let it slip consented that the other should take him by the heels and let him down head foremost. The whisky was secured in that way, at the imminent risk of drowning one or both of the men. It must have been liberally watered or it would not have sunk. There are at least one hundred and fifty grave yards and burial places in Sangamon county, and nine-tenths of them are so much neglected that, so far as marking any particular locality or grave, the following lines, taken from a Scottish grave yard, are peculiarly applicable: "In this church yard lies Eppie Coutts, Either here or hereabouts; But whaur it is none can tell, Till Eppie rise and tell hersel." The first death of a white man in Sangamon county was that of an Indian ranger. The Sulphur Spring near Loami was known to the Indians, and was very early a camping ground for the whites. When the settlements had not extended farther north than the vicinity of Alton, Indians, according to their custom, killed some of the frontier settlers, and were pursued by some Rangers. While camped at the sulphur spring one of them died, and was buried by his comrades on a beautiful knoll near the spring. It was known to the very earliest settlers as the grave of the Indian Ranger, and was the nucleus of the present Sulphur Springs Cemetery. The land was entered by Jonathan Jarrett, who intended a small part of it for a cemetery and church purposes, but died without making a deed. A regular company has been organized, according to law, and it is now handsomely fitted up and well cared for. There ought to be a monument over the grave of the Indian Ranger, to show that it was the first burial of a white man in the county.

Page  75 EXPLANATION. The names of early settlers, or heads of families, in LARGE LETTER; Names of the second generation in ITALIC CAPITALS; third, in CAPITALS; fourth, in SMALL CAPITALS; fifth, in Italics. fA. Her father, Coomer Mason, was a Revolutionary soldier, also. He had two brothers, Shubal and Hail, who fought at ABEL, ROSWELL, was born the battle of Benington. Roswell and July 23, I785, on Sharon Mountain, Litch- Betsy Abel had three children, born at field county, Conn. Three brothers by Granville, Washington County, N. Y. the name of Abel came from England They moved to Springfield, Ill., arriving about I750. One of them settled in Con- July 15, 1836. Of their childrennecticut, one in Virginia, and what became LIZETTE, was born December 4, of the other is unknown. Jonathan, who 1809, married Oct., I829, in Essex county, settled in Conn., brought up a family of N. Y., to Calvin Peabody. They came five sons and two daughters. His son to Springfield in I838. They had five David was the father of the subject of living children, namely: CHARLES this sketch. David Abel, and two of his P., born Feb. 25, 1837, married April 5 brothers, William and Andrew, were i866, to Jane Cheeseman. They have Revolutionary soldiers. William settled three children, HARRY, IDELLA L., and in Canada after the Revolution, and MARY. HELEN, born Jan. 28, I835, brought up a. family there. This branch married Oct. 24, I865, to Amos Atwood. of the family has lost sight of Andrew. They have two children, HELEN M., born David was born on Sharon mountain, Jan. I8, 1867, and EMMA c., born August 14, married and lived on the same farm until I869, and reside near Farmington, Dacofour children were born, and then moved tah county, Minnesota. JOHN C., born to Washington county, N. Y., where six March 13, 1843, married Feb. 4, I868, in children were born. Each brought up Enterprise, Mo., to Emily Kinsman. families. David Abel presented the gun They have four children, BURTON, FRANKwhich he carried through the Revolution, LIN, WILLIAM and HARRY, and reside in to his son Roswell, with instructions to Brookfield, Mo. SARAH E., born in present it to his son, if he had one, but if Sangamon county, married July II, I857, not, to a brother's son. He has it yet in to Dr. Orlando Lent. They had one his possession, at the home of his son child, CHARLES J. He died Nov. 4, Roswell P., to whom he bequeaths it. 1874, in his I7th year, and Dr. Lent died The brass breech bears the inscription while on duty at Paducah, Ky., Military "Liberty or Death," every letter of which Hospital, in 1863. His widow married is yet distinct. T. M. Elliott, and resides near Grantsville, Roswell Abel, whose name heads this Linn county, Mo. EDWIN R., born sketch, was married Oct. 22, 1807, to Betsy Dec. 12, I844, enlisted Dec. 14, 1863, in Mason. She was born Oct. 22, I790, at Vaughn's Battery 3d Ill. Art. He was Fort Ann, Washington county, N. Y. married Jan. 24, I867, in Missouri, to

Page  76 76 EARL SETTLERS OF Clara Sockman. They have three child- seat of Sangamon county. Of their four ren, ORLEY, FRANCIS and TRUDELLA, living children, and reside near Browning, Linn county, LO VENIA E., born May 3, 1813, at Missouri. Calvin Peabody moved from Oswego, N. Y., married, in Springfield, Sangamoncounty, Illinois, to Linn county, to Peter Weber. See his name. They Missouri, in 1865, and died there, Sept. both died in the north part of the State. 7, 1870. His widow resides near Brown- She died Sept. 5, 1838. ing. CHARLOTTE B., born May 2, CHLOE E., born April I9, 1812, in I815, in Oswego, N. Y., and died Jan. Io, New York. Married N'ov., 1839, in 1832. Springfield, to John Armstrong. See his LUCIAN B., born Dec. Io, I816, in name. Oswego, N. Y.; married in Springfield, ROS WELL P., born June 30, I815, March T4, 1847, to Margery A. Reed, in Washington county, New York; came who was born July 9, 1824, in Williamsto Sangamon county, Illinois, with his port, Penn. They have four children. parents in I836. Married September 30, JAMES L., born Jan. 22, 1848, in Springi846, at Greencastle, Pa., to Margaret J. field, graduated in a commercial college in Loose. She was born there, Jan. 22, I820. Chicago, and is employed in a railroad They reside at Rochester, Ill. office in Vallejo, California. ELDORA Roswell Abell and wife have been J., ENOLA A. and HARRIET L., remarried more than 69 years. They re- side with their parents in Springfield. side with their son, Roswell P., at Roches- Lucian B. Adams studied law and obter, Sangamon county, Illinois. tained license to practice in I840. For ABELL, J E REMIAH, was twenty years he discharged the duties of a born in I770, in Rockingham county, Va. justice of the peace, and the greater part He was there married to Hannah Aiken, of that time acted as police magistrate, who was born in I77I. They emigrated U. S. commissioner and notary public. to Adair county, Ky. Mr. Abell was the He is now U. S. commissioner. owner of some slaves, but he liberated VIENNKVA 1L., born July IO, I8I8, in them in Kentucky, and moved with his Oswego, N. Y.; married in Springfield, family to Sangamon county, Ill., arriving to Charles G. McGraw. See his name. in 1829, in what is now Auburn township. James Adams was a lawyer, and enTheir daughter- gaged in practice when he came to SpringPENELOPE, married in Adair field, in I821. He was elected justice of county, Ky., to Samuel McElvain. See the peace in 1823 or'4 and was elected his name. They come to Sangamon successively for many years. He took county with her parents. part in the Winnebago and Black Hawk Their son, Dr. J. R. Abell, resides at Indian wars of 1827, and 1831 and'2. He Taylorville. was elected Probate Judge of Sangamon Rev. Jeremiah Abell was regularly ed- county, and died in office, August iI, ucated for the ministry, preached many I843. His widow, Mrs. Harriet Adams, years in connection with the Presbyterian died August 21, I844, both in Springfield. church, and received the title of Doctor ALEXANDER, THOMAS, of Divinity. After coming to Illinois he was born about I768, in Ireland, and his severed his connection with the Presbyte- parents came to America when he was rian church and united with the Methodists. about four years old, landing at CharlesHe moyed, about 1846, to McDonough ton, S. C. Lynna Goodlett was born Oct. county, and died there in 1852. I, 1780, in Greenville District, S. C. ADAMS, JAMES, was born Jan. They were there married, and had three 24, 1783, in Hartford, Conn. Harriet children, all of whom died under eight Denton was born Jan. 31, 1787, in years. In 180o6 they moved to Christian Hartford, also. They were there mar- county, near Hopkinsville, Ky., where ried about 1809, and moved to Os- they had two children, and moved to San-.wego, N. Y., where they had five child- gamon county, Ill., arriving in Oct., I828, ren. They moved to Springfield, Illinois, three miles east of Auburn. In 1829 they arriving in the spring of 1821, soon after moved to what is now Chatham township, the place was declared, to be the county south of Lick creek. Of their two children,

Page  77 SANGAMON C O'UNTYV. 77 AMART ANN, born in 181o, in Ken- gamon county, Ill., arriving Oct. 22, 1835, tucky; married in Sangamon county to in what is now Rochester township, where John L. Drennan. (See his name.) four children were born. Of their childDAVID, born Oct. 3, 1814, in Chris- ren, tian county, Ky.; came to Sangamon yESSE F., born Dec. io, 1828, in county in 1828; married March 13, 1833, Bath county, Ky., married in Sangamon to Catharine Darnielle; had 14 children, county, Ill., March 4, 1852, to Nancy A. all born in Sangamon county, six of whom Hendrix, who Was born April 22, 1829, in died in infancy, and LYNNAdied at 13 Fleming county, Ky. They had five years. Of the other seven, JOHN T., born children; one died young. LUCRETIA, Dec. 25, 1835, enlisted on the first call for their second child, born June 26, I855, 75,ooo men, April, 1861, for three months, married March 12, 1874, to James A. in Co. A., 2nd Kansas Cavalry, served Walker. The other three, LAURA, full term, and enlisted Nov., I86I, in Co. GEORGE and REBECCA reside with D., 2nd Mo. Art., for three years. Re- their parents, near Appleton City, St. enlisted as a veteran Jan., 1864. He lost Clair county, Mo. his right hand April.:3, I865, at St. HIRAYi1A born in Kentucky; married Charles, Ark., by the premature discharge in Sangamon county to Eliza Hendrix. of a cannon, while firing a salute on hear- They have seven children, and reside in ing of the surrender of the rebel forces Jefferson county, Iowa. under Gen. Lee. He now (I873) resides LUCJINDA A., born in Kentucky; with his parents. DAVID S.,born Nov. married in Sangamon county to Isaac 20, 1842, enlisted August 13, i861, in Co. Groves. (See his name.) Their daughB., 30th Ill. Inf., for three years; served ter Susan married John W. McClelland. until August 9, 1862, when he was dis- (See his name.) charged on account of physical disability, WILLIAM/ G., born in Kentucky; at Memphis, Tenn. He was brought married in Sangamon county to Julia home, and, after a lingering illness, died, McIntyre. They have four children, and March io, i866. CATHARINE, born reside near Illiopolis. Dec. 20, 1844; married May 29, I862, to JA1ES O., born in Sangamon Lafayette Beach. (See his name.) Had county; married Sarah Ham. They have one child, CHARLES D. HIRAM, born three children, and reside in Champaign March 30, 1847; enlisted March 14, 1864, county. in Co. C., iith Mo. Inf., for three years. REBE C CA and ZENVR YH., (twins) Served until July I4, I865, when he was born in Sangamon county. discharged on account of physical disabil- REBECCA married John W. Smith, ity. He was married March 9, I873, to had four children, and she died in 1870. Mary M. VanDoren. They reside five Two of the children died also, near Wilmiles southwest of Chatham. WILLIAM, liamsville.' born Oct. 1, I849; married March 14, HENRT H. married Emily Sargent, 1872, to Emma Price, and reside in Chat- and resides in Illiopolis. ham township. MARY BELLE and POLL S., born in Sangamon counCYRUS reside with their parents, six ty; married Benjamin Keck; have three miles southwest of Chatham, on the farm children, and reside in Illiopolis. where the family settled in 1829. Mrs. Polly Alexander died August 25, Thomas Alexander died Dec. I8, 1835, I868, and her husband, Henry Alexander, and his widow (lied August 12, 1844, both resides with his children. in Sangamon county. ALEXANDER, JOHN S., ALEXANDE R, HE NRY, was born Sept. 24, 1793, near Lexington, was born June o, 1802, in Fleming coun- Ky.; married Mary Simpson, who was ty, Ky. Iis father moved to the adjoin- born April 16, 1799, in Fayette county, ing county of Bath when he was a child. Ky. They were there married, and had He was married June 24, 1827, to Polly four children. The family moved to SanGragg, of Nicholas county, and lived in gamon county, Ill., arriving in the fall of Bath county until 1833, when he moved 1826, in what is now Fancy creek townto Montgomery county. They had four ship, where six children were born. Of children in Kentucky, and moved to San- their children,

Page  78 78 EARLY SETTLERS OF SARAN S., born Nov. 7, 1820, in went to Lafayette, Ind. The next year Kentucky; married March 6, 1837, to he came to Sangamon county again, on Samuel D. Cantrall. (See his name.) business, and was married in Springfield, J7AMES H., born March I9, 1822, in Dec. 31, 829, to Martha McLemore. She Kentucky; married in Sangamon county was born July io, I8Io, in Burke county, to Ann E. Hardin. They live in Wash- N.C. Her parents moved, in i8II, to ington Territory. Knoxville, Tenn., and moved from there HANVNAiH H., born "June I, 1824, in to Sangamon county, Ill., arriving, Dec. Kentucky; married James Kilgour, and 23, 1828, at Springfield. Soon after mardied. (See his name.) riage Mr. Alkire returned to Lafayette WILLIAM, born June 12, 1826, in with his wife. They had two children Fayette county, Ky.; married in Sanga- born there, and then moved to Sangamon mon county to Eveline Lacey; had three county, arriving, August, 1832, in what is children, and she and all the children died, now Fancy Creek township, where they He married Catharine Hill. They have had eight living children. Of the other three children, FREDIE, FRANKIE ten children, and a babe, and reside at Williamsville. MAR Y ANN, born at Lafayette, Ind., ASA C. and MARGARET C., is unmarried, and resides with her parents. (twins), born March 15, 1829, in Sanga- yAMES S., born Feb. 3, 1832, at mon county. Lafayette, Ind.; married, Oct. 4, I866, to ASA C. married Mary J. Tabor, and Addie H. Ross, who was born March 6, resides in Ford county. I838, in Miami county, O. They have MARGARET C. married Harrison two living children, ANNIE M. and Blue; had two children, and he died, April, MARGARET A. J. Y. Alkire is farm1852, and she married George Martin, and ing and practicing medicine. Resides resides in Iroquois county. three miles west of Sherman. GEORGE, born Feb. 13, 1831, in MAARGARET j.,born Dec. 17, 1833, Sangamon county; enlisted in a Kansas in Sangamon county; married Isaac Mull, regiment in 1861 or'2, and died in mili- who was born March 2, 1820, in Mason tary hospital at Springfield, Mo. county, Ky. They have five children, YOHIN S., Jun., married Dorcus A. IDA M., HENRY E.,JENNIE, MATMills. TIE E. and CHARLES C., and reside SAMUEL C., born Jan. 31, 1838; four miles north of Springfield. married Amanda Hall, and lives in Ford CAROLINE M., born Jan. 24, I835, ^^county. ^i A i 5 o in Sangamon county; married April 6, M1ARY Y., born April 5, 1840, in 1865, to Conrad Shamel. They have Sangamon county; married August 7 three children, CHARLES H., CLAR1856, to Andrew J. Hedrick, who was ENCE A. and JOHN Y., and reside born August 23, 1834. They had three nearSpringfield children, HARRISON H., RUTH A. WIL I W., born July 26, 1837, and ALICE V. Mr. Hedrick enlisted in Saaon county; married udith 8 August 15, i862, in Co. I., 34 Iowa Inf., i ar J August 15, I862, i Co. I., 34 IowaInf, Lightfoot. They have three children, for three years. He was discharged on HERBERT, EMMETT and ARaccount of physical disability, March 13, THUR, and reside four miles southwest and died May 8, I863, in Menard county. of Troy, Doniphan county, Kan. Mrs. Hedrick married, Oct. 12, 1864, to DANIE, born in Sangamon county, William Reesburg. They have one child, is a traveling preacher in the M. E. church, WILLIAM H., and reside near Illiopolis. at present, 3, resides with his paents Mrs. Mary Alexander died Nov. I, recruiting his health. diedYJuly 15 recruiting his health. 1852, and John S. Alexander died July, ALBET, born in Sangamon 1853, both in Sangamon county. county, is a traveling preacher in Illinois ALK YIRE, HARMO rAS, was Conference, M. E. church, I873. born in 1804, in Bourbon county, Ky. His parents moved, when he was quiteA E., m young, to Pickaway county, 0. In. Neer, and resides near Taylorville. he visited Sangamon county on business AiATTIE E., married Edward J. for other parties. Returning to Ohio, he Myers. They have two children, MARY

Page  79 SANGAMON COUNTr. 79 A. and EDWARD L., and reside in Col. Robert Allen died Dec. i, 1854, Fancy Creek township. and his widow, Mrs. Jane Eliza Allen, LEANDER died June 5, I871, in his died March I8, I857, both one mile north I8th year. of the old State house in Springfield. Harmonas Alkire and his wife are liv- ALLEN, WILLIAM S., was ing on the farm where they settled in born June 16, 1774, in Bourbon county, 1832. It is three miles west of Sherman. Ky. He was married to Abigail SnedeHe confirms the statement of Washington gar. They had five children in Kentucky. Crowder that the sudden change took Mr. Allen came to Sangamon county in place December 20, 1836, because he en- 1835, purchased land and prepared a tered a piece of land that day, and the house. He returned to Kentucky and papers bear the above date. brought his family, arriving Nov. I, 1836, ALLEN ROBERT was born in what is now Ball township. Of their in the year.8oo, in Greensburg, Green children, county, Ky. He was married there to a 1I/ARIA L., born in Bourbon county, Miss Anderson, and came to Springfield, Ky., was married there to Shelton Watts. Ill., in I83i. Col. Allen engaged in the They had three children there, and moved mercantile business as a member of the to Sangamon county in 1839. Of their firm of Allen & Blankenship, soon after children, NANCY J. married John Drencoming to Springfield. He also became a nan, and resides near Tolono, Champaign mail contractor on a very extensive scale, county, Ill. WILLIAM S. married and brought a large number of fine stage Sarah Knotts, and resides near Tolono, Ill. coaches from Nashville, Tenn., being the BENJ. FRANKLIN married Isabel F. first ever introduced into the State. He Thompson. See R.. 7Thompson sketch. made Springfield his headquarters, and on Shelton Watts died July I6, 1843, and his some occasions had as many as five hun- widow married John Brownwell. See dred horses on hand at one time. Col. his name. Allen was one of the directors of the old- _IlJARY E., born Feb. 28, 1819, in State Bank. He was connected with the Bourbon county, Ky., was married in army in the Mormon war in 1845, and in Sanganlon county, Ill., June i6, I84I, to the Mexican war of 1846-7. Not long James W. Stephenson. They had nine after coming to Springfield, Mrs. Allen children. MARGARET A., born July died, and Mr. Allen was married in April, 16, 1842, was married Sept. 2, I875, to 1833, to Jane Eliza Bergen. They had Andrew Little. They reside near New two children, one of whom died young. Canton, Ill. JAMES A., born June 30, Their son, 1843, WILLIAM E., born July 24, ROBERT, Jun., born Feb. 28, 1837, I845, FINIS E., born Oct. I8, 1849, and in Springfield, and brought up in the city. PRESLEY B., born March 14, I851, When the rebellion broke out he was reside with their parents. MARY E., commissioned, August 28, I86I, as Captain born Nov. 7, I854, was married June 6, of Co.-, 30 III. Inf., and served as such un- 1872, and resides in Mexico, Mo., and til May 25, I863, when he was promoted ELLEN, born Sept. 9, I856, resides with to Major of the regiment,'in fiont of her parents. Two children died in inVicksburg. He served part of the time fancy. James NV. Stephenson and family in the Quartermaster's department; also reside near New Canton, Ill. acted as Assistant Inspector-General of VNANIVCY died in Kentucky, aged 19 the 3d Div. 17th Army Corps, and re- years. signed August 8, I864. Major Robert WA TERiM.IAN P., born Jan. 8, I820, Allen was married Dec. 5, 1865, in Spring- in Bourbon county, Ky., was married in field, to Anna M. Purdy, who was born Sangamon county, Feb., 1849, to Louisa May 12, 1838, in Trenton, N. J. They Watts. They have four children. had three children. GEORGE B., the MARIA L. and WILLIAM S. reside youngest, died August 12, I872, in his with their father. MARY E. was marsecond year. HENRY T. and FAN- ried Oct. 29, 1873, to John L. Clayton, and NIE M. reside with their parents in resides in Ball township. JULIA A. reSpringfield. Major Allen is a practicing sides with her father. Mrs. Louisa Allen attorney. died Nov. 26, I857, and W. P. Allen was

Page  80 80 EARL r SETTLERS OF married Oct. I8, I858, to Catharine ALLISON, MARGARET, Vaughn. They have six children, MAR- came to Sangamon county as one of the GARET E., HARRIET R., LOUISA family of Thomas Black. See his name. J., JOHN, JOSEPH F. and ALPH. R., She arrived in 1819. Her parents lived and reside in Ball township, on the farm in Philadelphia. She died within one settled by Mr. Allen's father, in 1836. year after arrival, in the 29th year of her OHIV W., born in Kentucky, brought age. up in Sangamon county, was married in ALSBURY, REV, CHAS. D., Menard county, Illinois, to Jane Watkins. was born Oct. 25, 1817, in Indiana. He they reside near Atlantic, Cass county, came to Sangamon county, Ill., and was Iowa. married March 14, I839, to Ann Cordelia Mrs. Abigail Allen died Sept. io, 1843, Cloyd. They had five living children, and William S. Allen died Dec. II, I848, namely: both in Sangamon county, Ill. T]HOMIAS, born Feb. I2, 1840, and ALLISON, ISAAC F., was died Nov. 6, I860. born July 2, i80o, in Virginia, and his ANNV, born ih I841 or'2; married parents moved to Mason county, Ky. He April 4, I86I, to John W. Anderson. was married about I827, to Deborah Caller- They have four children. CHARLES man. They lived in Fleming county, Ky., W., MINNIE A., JOHN C. and MEa short time, and moved to Sangamon coun- LISSA J., and reside in Woodside townty, arriving in the fall of 1829, on Spring ship. creek, where seven children were born. CAROLINE, married, Dec., I870, to yOHN/-1, born in 1828, in Fleming Leander L. Little; have one child, and recounty, Ky., raised in. Sangamon county, side in Montgomery county. enlisted in the 4th Ill. Int., under Col. MiARTHA, married, Jan. 3,. 1867, to E. D. Baker, in I846, and died the same. John D. Smith. See his name. year at Matamoras, Texas. 7OHN/ C. resides with his mother. JOSEPH, born' in Sangamon county; Rev. Charles D. Alsbury was a preachmarried Hannah Knudson and died, leav- er of the gospel in connection with the ing a widow and three children. Baptist church. He died, and his widow SUSANNAH, died, aged twelve resides one and a half miles northwest of years. Woodside. ELIZABETH is unmarried, and re- AYLESBURY, CHARLES, sides in Kansas. was born in North Carolina and married 7AME/S A., born April 13, I840, in in Virginia, to Mrs. Jane Huggins. They Sangamon county; enlisted August 5, moved to Kentucky, and from there to I86i, in Co. A., 38th Ill. Inf.; discharged Springfield, Ill., in 1823. Mr. Aylesbury on account of physical disability, March entered the land south of the public square. 29, I862. He re-enlisted, in Sept., I862, They brought some children with them. for three years, in Co. K, I15 Ill. Inf.; Mrs. Aylesbury's daughter, by her first was transferred, in I864, to Co. A., First marriage, U. S. Engineers, and was honorably dis- YANVE HUG GINS, born in Virginia, charged with the regiment, Sept. I9, 1865. married William B. Jarrett. See his He was married Nov. I8, I866, in Sanga- name. mon county, to Julia A. Dunham. They Of the Aylesbury children, have two children, MARTHA D. and CHARLES, born in Greenbrier counALICE M., and reside five miles north- ty, Virginia, and married there to Mary east of Springfield. Reay. They had two children, and came ELI7AIH and JlLINER VA reside to Sangamon county in 1823, and settled near Jacksonville, Neosho county, Kan. on Spring creek, where they had nine OiN W.,born in Sangamon county, children. JOHN, born in Virginia; mardied June 29, I868; aged 21 years. ried in Sangamon county to Sarah West, Mrs,. Deborah Allison died May 29, and reside in Piatt county. ELIZAi860, in Sangamon county, and Isaac F. BETH, born Jan. 8, 1822, in Greenbrier Allison died December 22, 1869, in Craw- county, Va.; married in Sangamon county, ford county, near Jacksonville, Neosho August 9, I849, to George W. Buchanan, county, Kan. who was born Nov. 27, 1823, in Morgan

Page  81 SANGAMONA CO UNTY. 8 county, Ill. Mr. and Mrs. Buchanan had celebrated McCook family. Moved to six children. MARY J. married B. F. Iowa in the spring of I848. They had Nurbonn, and resides with her father. seven children, namely: GEORGE W., JAMES F. died in 1871, aged 19 years. MARY E., FLORENCE, WILLIAM SUSANNA, ELIZABETH, ALBERT and A., CLARA, ALFRED F. and LINISAAC, reside with their father. Mrs. COLN. Dr. W. died April 4, 1865, at Elizabeth B. died, and G. W. Buchanan Salisbury, Sangamon county. Mrs. resides west of Loami. BRICE died in Waliace and family reside in Springfield. Sangamon county, aged 20 years. ED- M/ARY'E-., born July 12, 1831, in WARD and NANCY are married, and Springfield, married, about 1859, to Jolive in Missouri. Charles Aylesbury, wife siah Hickel. They reside in Kansas. and three children reside in Piatt county. 7. WIL.LIA1/, born March 12, 1834, ALEXANDER, born in Virginia; in Springfield, was married there, May married in Sangamon county, to Ginsey 20, i860, to Alzina A. Brown, (daughter Jordan, raised a family, and moved to of Ira A. Brown.) They have six childDecatur. He enlisted in an Illinois regi- ren, viz: MELVINA, HELEN B., ment, served three years, re-enlisted as a JAMES W., HENRY P., HOMER W. veteran, was furloughed home, and died and. Mr. J. Wm. Alvey is a in Springfield. merchant in Mechanicsburg, Sangamon LE VI, the youngest son, is married, county, Ill. and resides in Macon county. ALFRED resides in Springfield. Charles Aylesbury, Sen., died in I86i, William Alvey moved to Marengo, in Loami township. His widow resides Iowa, in 1848, and Mrs. Madeline Alvey with her son Levi, in Macon county. She died there, May I2, 1849. He was maris now —873 more than 96 years old. ried April, I850, to Eleanor Penny. He ALVEY. WILLIAM, was born died May, I855, at Marengo, Iowa. Sept. I6, I799, in Washington county, AMOS, MRS. SARAH, was Ky. He came to the southern part of born June 13,1793, in Washington county, Illinois in 1824, and to Springfield in May, Md. Her maniden name was Friend. She 1825. He was married Nov. 6, 1825, first married Phillip Swinley; had two near Springfield, to Madaline Watson. children, and Mr. Swinley died. Mrs. They had six children, all born in Spring- Swinley was married the second time, field. August 2, ISo, to James Amos. They AM/EL VINA, born July 22, 1826, in had two children, and James Amos died Springfield; married there to Samuel B. Feb. 6, 1823, in Maryland, also. Mrs. Fisher. See his name. Amos came with her children to SangaSIlONl B., born Oct. I6, 1827, in mon county, arriving March I, I838, in Springfield, went to Oregon in I849, was Springfield. Of her children, married in Yamhill county, Oregon, BARBARA E. S HWINLE marAugust 30, I853, to Dollie V. Elder, ried in Virginia to Thomas Lemon, who daughter of A. R. Elder, formerly of died, and Mrs. Lemon came with her Springfield, Ill. They have five children, child to Sangamon county in 1839, and viz: ALICE M., born Oct. Io, 1854, in died in Decatur, April, I865. Her daughYamhill county; married, August 30, ter VIRGINIA married Joseph Strong, 1873, to James H. Downey, of Steilacoom in Decatur, moved to Hannibal, Mo., and City, W.T. WILLIAM A., born June died there,June, 1872, leaving three child25, I864, in Oregon. EDITH S., born ren. Sept. 17, 1867. EDWARD B., born SAMUEL K. SWINLEY, born Feb. 28, 1873, and JUNIA AFTON, April 21, 1802, in Washington county, born June 24, 1874, reside with their Md.; married there to Maria Rice, and parents in Steilacoom City, Pierce county, came to Springfield with his half brother, Washington Territory. Joshua F. Amos. Mr. Swinley settled ELIZA A., born Oct. I7, 1829, in near where Woodside station now stands. Springfield; married at Marengo, Iowa, While there he served as one of the counto Dr. George W. Wallace, who was born ty judges with J. Wickliffe Taylor and in Columbiana county, Ohio. Studied Armstrong. His wife died there in the medicine with Dr. McCook, one of the fall of 1852. Judge Swinley moved to - I

Page  82 82 EARLY SETTLERS OF Decatur in 1857 or'8, was there married Nathaniel Hay, established the well to Ruth Prather, of Washington county, known firm of Amos & Hay, which conMd. He died early in 1872, and his tinued until the decease of Mr. Hay. Mr. widow resides in Decatur. Amos has retired from active business. OOSHUA A E. AM'OS, was born Jan. ROOBER'T 7. 4A'OS, was born 28, 1812, in Washington county, Md.,and March 2, I815, in Washington county, came to Springfield, Ill., June io, 1835. Md. Came to Springfield June, 1835, He was married March I, 1838, in Spring- and settled in Woodside township. He field, to Julia A. Hay, daughter of John went to Decatur in 185o,.and was there Hay, Esq. They had three children born married, in 1856, to Mrs. Mary Packard. in Springfield. SARAH E., born Oct. They have two children, ANNIE and 30, I839, married Oct. 30, I861, to Levin ROBERT, born in Decatur. They W. Shepherd, who was born in London moved, in I869, to Humboldt, Kansas, county, Va., Sept. 3, I836. He served where they now reside. one year each, I86o and 186i, as clerk and Mrs. Sarah Amos died Feb. 15, 1847, comptroller of the city of Springfield; at the residence of her son, Robert J. was a member of the Board of Supervisors Amos, in Woodside township, Sangamon of Sangamon county in I868 and I869. In county. I862 he was appointed by President Lin- ANDERSON, JAMES, was coin Assistant Quartermaster in the U. S. born in r784 in Botetourt county, Va. Army, and stationed at Fort Ridgely, Nancy Fletcher was born in 1786, in RockMinn. Transferred to Keokuk, Iowa, bridge county, Va. They were there where he commanded that Fort for six married, in 1802, and had two children in months. Thence to Columbus, Ky., as Virginia. They moved, in I8o8, to KenDepot Quartermaster; thence to Chicago, tucky, where they had three children, as Disbursing Quartermaster; thence to and in I813 moved to Indiana, where one Tennessee, thence to Fort Kearney, Ne- child was born. They moved to Sangabraska, at which place he resigned, Oct., mon county, Ill., in 1820, and settled, in i865, and became a lumber merchant in what is now Ball township. Of their six Springfield, Ill. Afterwards removed to childrenKansas; was first President of Peoples ROBHERT.V., born in Virginia, marNational Bank of Ottawa. Resides now ried, in Sangamon county, to Rebecca in Denison, Texas, which place he laid Wilson,who died, and he married Clarissa out in I872, and sold'the first lot there. Woods, moved to Wisconsin, and both Col. Shepherd was twice brevetted for died there. faithful services during the war. GEO. MI5ARGARET7 L., born March 28, A., born Sept. 4, I84I, married, Oct. 80o6, in Virginia, married in Sangamon 30, I866, to Josephine A. Andrews, county to William Drennan. (See /is eldest daughter of Col. George W. An- name.) drews, at Wapakonetta, Auglaize coun- OB -F., born in Kentucky, died unty, Ohio. She was born there, May married, at 55 years of age. 29, 8I44. They have two children, OHlN TV., born in Kentucky, raised GEORGIA and ROBERTA, and reside in in Sangamon county, married in ArkanHumboldt, Kansas. Mr. George A. sas, and died there. Amos is engaged in the practice of law. VNANCT, born in Kentucky, married JOHN M., born. August I8, I844. He in Sangamon county to John Caldwell, enlisted in Col. Phillips' three months and died in Texas. regiment. Stationed at Rock Island, Ill., REBECCA, born in Indiana, raised in I864. He was married Oct. 30, I867, in Sangamon county, went to Arkansas, to Caroline J., youngest daughter of Ora- married and died there. mel Clark, Esq. They have four child- James Anderson died in 1828 and his ren, JOHN J., GEORGE 0., JULIA R., and widow died in I845, both in Sangamon CURTIS I-., and reside near Springfield. county. Mr. Joshua F. Amos and wife reside ANDERSON, MOSES K., adjoining Springfield, on the west. Mr. was born Nov. 1, I8o3, in Butler county, Amos spent six years, from I845. to Ky. His parents died when he was ten 1851, in Lagrange, Mo. In 1852 he,with or twelve years of age, and he was taken

Page  83 SANGAMON COUNTr. 83 by a relative to that part of Iavidson JOHN, and a boy babe, and reside near which is now Cheatham county, on Han- Humboldt, Richardson county, Neb. peth river, Tenn. Cassariller Stroude WILLARD WICR'LIFFE, born was born Nov. 25, 1812, in Dickson coun- April 28, 1848, married April 8, I869, to ty, Tenn. M. K. Anderson and Cassa- Susan Moran, who was born Dec. I4, riller Stroude were married in her native 1848, in Menard county. They have two county, Sept. 13, 1827, and moved to San- children, HARRY and CASSARILLA, gamon county, Ill., arriving March 2, and reside two miles north of Richland 1829, in what is now Cartwright. town- station. ship, four miles east of Pleasant Plains, Mrs. Cassarilla Anderson died August and south of Richland creek, where they I7, I850, and M. K. Anderson was marhad nine children. Of their children ried Dec. 31, I850, to Mrs. Marena T. THOMAS F., born Sept. II, I829, in Hall, whose maiden name was Stroude. Sangamon county, married Dec. 25, 1852, They had three children. JOHN T. and to Martha L. Child. They had five ELIZA F. died between seven and nine children. LAURA died, aged two years. years. CHARLES, EDWARD, HENRY and WTLLIAM WILKES, born Sept. TAVNER reside with their parents, onie 8, 1857, resides with his parents in Springmile north of Richland Station. field, but is now a theological student at WILLIE ANN, born Sept. 17, I831, Lexington, Ky. in Sangamon county, married Francis Moses K. Anderson taught a military Corson, who died, leaving one child, school in Dickson county, Tenn., and the MOSES E, and she married George old system of military training being in Springer. They have five children, vogue when he came to Illinois, he was MARY, CLARA, ANNA, REUBEN very soon elected captain of a company, and CHARLES, and reside in Parsons, and in a short time was promoted to ColKan. onel and Brigadier-General. He was apSARAH 7., born March I4, 1834, in pointed, about 1838, by Gov. Carlin, AdSangation county, married John D. Mc- jutant-General of the State, and continued Cullough. They have four children, to hold the office by successive appointLAURA, WILLARD, EDWARD and. ments, until I856. During the time, Gen. LILLIE, and reside at Franklin, Morgan Anderson was called upon to discharge county. the duties of his office in connection with MIARYE., born April I7, I836, mar- the Mormon war, at Nauvoo, and the ried John L. Child. See his name. Mexican war. MIELINDA E., born Nov. 4, 1838, When Gen. Anderson came to Sangamarried Joseph Potter. They have five mon county he borrowed of Eli Blankchildren, CHARLES, EUGENE, NEL- enship the money to enter his first 80 acres LIE, HATTIE and LULU, and reside of land, and paid fifty per cent. for the at Palmer Ill. use of the money. He has since given CTNTHIA A., born Dec. Io, 1840, each of his children a good farm, and has married Edward D. Ballard. They have 500 acres left. He has been four years three children, HARRIET, JAMES A. county judge, six years alderman in and CLIFTON D., and reside one and a Springfield, and 20 years justice of the half miles north of*Richland station. peace. He is of the opinion that the GEORGE W., born April 3, 1843, in "deep snow" of I830-3I was five feet Sangamon county, married near Athens, deep on a level in the timber. June 12, 1862, to Melinda F. Moran, ANDERSON, TAVNER B., who was born May i6, I845. They have born Nov. 30, I809, in Butler county, Ky., five children, FRANK, MOSES W., went with his brother Moses K., to TenJAMES W., JENNIE and GEORGE, nessee, and from there to Sangamon counand reside two and a half miles north of ty, Ill., arriving March 2, 1829, in what is Richland station. now Cartwright township. He was in MIARENA A., born July 26, 1845, the Black Hawk war, was married Dec. married William P. Mitchell. They have 9, I$34, to Polly Pirkins. They had six four living children, M/INNIE, WILEY, children, in Sangamon county.

Page  84 84 EARL SETTLERS OF AIfERIC US, born Dec. 29, 1835, ried daughter resides in Logan county, was married Oct. 5, I856, to Emily Illinois. Thompson. They had two children, and HEENRY, born Sept. 12, 1813, in Cumone died. Mr. A. died Oct. 2, i86o. berland county, Ky., married in SangaFRANCIS Y., born Sept. 28, 1837, mon county, Jan. I8, I837, to Nancy Dundied young. can. They have eight living children. JOSEPH 0., born April 23, 18.4o, SARAH A. married Charles Bottroff, died April I5, I847. and resides in Cartwright township. RUFUS B., born Oct. I, I841, in SIDNEY D., ELY ANN, JAMES S., Sangamon county, married Martha Young. NATHAN McC., LURANA, MARThey have two children, and reside near THA F. and MARSHAL B., reside Palmer, Christian county. with their parents, adjoining Salisbury on the west. iMELINDA lf., born May 23, i844,',3 -\/ TD 1i Al 1 l ANDRE W r"> born in i81i, in Cummarried Y. B. Clark. They had seven., b in, in children; all died but one. Mrs. Clark beland county, Kentucky, married in died Sept. 3, I872. Their child is in Sangamon county to Ann Dardon, Oct., d ied Sept 1 1 13, I872. Their have one child, and reside Texas. Mr. C. resides at Clarksdale, They have one child, and r eside Christia coun* Tyll near Scio, Linn county, Oregon. Hrstan county, 1.born Jan., in ARTHA, born August 8, I8i8, in o2T7 -. In. 1''Kentucky, married in Sangamon county, Sangamon county, was married Dec. 5, c, mon o u I868, to William H. McDonald. They had four children, two dd. They resde had five children, one died young. JOHN had four children, two died. They reside ne~ar Clark~s~dale. enlisted August, 1862, in Co. H., 114 Ill. near Clarksdale. GEORGE E., born Dec. 24, 149, in Inf., for three years, and died in the army Sangamon county, was married Sept. 23, in I863. MARSHALL A., GEO. S. 1874, to Mollie Boyd. They haveone and WILLARD T., reside with their 1874 to Mollie Boyd. Theyl have, one mother. Mr. Stephens died in I863, and child, and reside near Clarksdale, lll..m.l. M. S -child, and reside near Clarksdale, Il. his widow resides in Salisbury township. CHARLES T., born August 4, 1852, Mrs. Elizabeth Antle died Sept., 1844, and resides at Williamsville, Sangamon and John Antle died August 3, 864, county. she in Menard county and he in Salisbury. Tavner B. Anderson and wife reside Rev John Antle preached to five five miles southwest of Taylorville, and churches, called Separate Baptists. One near Palmer City, Christian county, Ill. each at Salisbury and McKinnie SettleANTLE, REV. JOHN, was ment, in Sangamon county, Baker's born April 15, i789, in Cumberland coun- Prairie and Sand Ridge, in Menard county, Ky. Elizabeth Buchanan was born in ty, and one in Morgan county. The only Cumberland county, Pa. Her parents pay he received or expected was the hope moved to Lincoln county, Ky., when she of reward in a better world. was seven years old. Her father died in ARCHER, VILLIAM, was that county, and she went to live with a born July 30, 1793, in North Carolina, and married sister in Cumberland county. John in 1807 his parents moved to Tennessee, Antle and Elizabeth Buchanan were there where he was married to Elizabeth Jackmarried.'They had five children. The son. They had one child, and moved to family them moved to Morgan county, Madison county, Illinois, where they had Ill., in I829, and from there to Sangamon one child, and Mrs. A. died, and he marcounty, arriving Jan. 9, 1830, in what is ried Elizabeth Holt, Dec. 20, 1818. She now Salisbury township. Of their child- was born Dec. 3, 1793, in Oglethrope ren- county, Ga., and, losing her parents when POLLY, born in I8Io, in Kentucky, quite young, she was taken by an uncle, married in Sangamon county to Henry Robert White, to Madison county, Ill., in Hadley, and she died. I8Ii. Win. and Elizabeth Archer had SALL r, born Jan., 1811, in Kentucky, twins in Madison county, and moved to married in Sangamon county, Sept., IS33, Sangamon county, arriving April 30, I820, to Marshall Bragg. Mr. Bragg died, in what is now Curran township, where and his widow and three children. re- they had nine children. Of all his childside in Keokuk county, Iowa. A mar- ren

Page  85 SANGAMON CO UVNTr. 85 WINSTON, born Sept. 12, I814, in ried Mathew Redman, who was born Tennessee, raised in Sangamon county, May I, 1828, in county Wexford, Ireland. married Mary Robinson, moved to Cali- They reside five miles west of Springfornia, and died in I866, leaving a widow field. and six children, near Petaluma, Sonoma SARAH, born Dec. 24, 1823, resides county, California. with her mother. MARTHJA, born Sept. 24, 1817, in NANCV, born Nov. 13, 1825, in SanMadison county, Ill., married in Sanga- gamon county, married Samuel 0. Maxcy. mon county to John Riddle. See his See his name. name. 7OHN, born Oct. 3, 1826, married By the second wife- Susan Taylor. They have one child, 7A CKSON and CARROLL, twins, AMERICA, and reside in Mct)onough born Sept. 30, I819, in Madison county, county, near Fandon. He was a soldier Ill. in a cavalry regiment from that county in YA CKSON, married Oct. 7, 1844, to suppressing the rebellion. Elcy F. Meacham. They had three IMIADISON, born August 27, 1828, children. ELIZABETH J. was killed married Margaret Dixon, who died Dec. in her eighth year by a fall from a wagon. 29, 1863, leaving three children, WILMARY A. born May 14, 1848, married LIAM B., MARY J. and SARAH E. Feb. I6, i865, to Andrew Alson, who THOiMAS 7., born August 3, 1830, was born March 6, 1838, in Sweden, and and resides near Rossville, Kan. came to America in I855. They had 1HWASHINGTON 7., born July I9, three children. The second, CHARLES, 1832, married Dec. 29, I86I, to Mrs. Medied in his fourth year. ANNA E. and linda Hammond, whose maiden name was CLARA A. reside with their parents, six Cox. They have five children, GEORGE miles west of Springfield. GEORGE W., THOMAS C., MINNIE L., MARY R. born Lxugust 13, I851, resides with his A. and WILLIAM, and reside three mother. Jackson Archer died April 7, miles north of Curran. 1852, in southwest Missouri, while on a ELIZABETH, born Nov. I, 1838, journey for his health. His widow mar- married Jan. 18, i865, to Peter VanOrried Wm. Duff. See his name. man. Mrs. VanOrman and her child, CARROLL married Nov. 24, 1842, to LIZZIE, reside with her mother. Delilah Renshaw. They had three child- William Archer died August 31, 1867, ren. MARTHA T., born May 27, 1847, from the effects of being thrown from a married to Lorenzo Stillman, have three horse, and his widow resides at the farm children, and reside near Curran. ANN where they settled in I820. E., born August 5, I849, married Sept., In the fall of 1873 Mrs. Elizabeth ArI870, to Edward Robison, and reside in cher, then eighty years of age, gave to the Linden, Kan. SARAH C., born Feb. 8, writer a piece of a dress made with her I851, married November 21, 1872, to own hands more than sixty years before. Henry Gaines, and resides near Odell, Ill. The family of her uncle, with whom she Mrs. Delilah Archer died May 31, I865, moved from Georgia to St. Clair county, and Carroll Archer was married Sept. 4, Ill., in 8SII, brought some cotton in the i866, to Elizabeth Houghton, who was bolls, for the purpose of using the seed in born Oct. 25, 1830, in Menard county. growing cotton in their new home. Miss They have two children, EDWIN and Holt, as her name then was, obtained the MARIA BELLE, and reside three miles consent of her uncle to apply the cotton northwest of Curran. to her own use. She picked it from the 1MALRY, boin May 24, 1822, in Sanga- bolls and separated the cotton from the mon county, married Nov. 11, 1840, to seed with her fingers, and spun it on a Alexander Penny; had one child, WIL- wheel, borrowed from a neighbor more LIAM, born Nov. 3, 1844, enlisted August than thirty miles distant. She had a rude I4, 1862, for three years, in Co. F., I44th loom constructed for the purpose, and had Ill. Inf., was captured at the battle of Gun- just commenced weaving, when the first town, Miss., June, i864, and died in An- assassination among the white settlers by dersonville prison, Feb. 24, 1865. Alex. Indians took place, as the beginning there Penny died in I868, and his widow mar- of the war with England. That occurred

Page  86 86 EARL r SETTLERS OF in June, I812. She, with her uncle's ARCHER, JEMIMA, came family, fled to Fort Bradsby, a rude wood- to Sangamon county in I821 and married en fortification near'by. Appealing to the George Duff. See his name. Lieutenant in command for protection, ARCHER, OBADIAH, came he reported the caseto Governor Edwards, with his mother, sister and brothers to who authorized him to grant her request. Sangamon county in 1821. He has been A guard was accordingly placed around twice married, and resides at Galena, Ill. the cabin, and kept there until the weav- Mrs. Martha Archer, mother of William, ing was completed. The design was Moses, Michael, Obadiah and Jemima, unique and beautiful. The cloth was care- came with her children to Sangamon fully preserved, some of it bleached to county, in I82T, and died at the house of snowy whiteness, and made into a dress. her son Moses, several years later. She wore it the first time to a quarterly ARMSTRONG, HUGH M., meeting in ISI5;just after the close of the born Feb. 13, I839, in Warren county, war, and attracted universal attention as Ky., and moved with his father and famthe finest dressed lady in all that region of ily to Madison county, Ill., in I816. Hugh country. came to Springfield Nov. 8, I829. He ARCHER, MOSES,'came to was married in Springfield June 3, I830, Sangamon county with his brother Wil- to LavinaM. yer, daughter of John liam. He was four times married, and Dryer. See his name. They had ten died at Galena before the rebellion. His children, in Springfield; five died young. sonson Of the othersCATH7ARI1VE L., born July 20, R OBE RT, died in 1870 or'7I, leaving 830, married in Springfield, July 18, a widow and three daughters in Christian I853, wt Samuel M. Culver, who was I853, to Samuel M. Culver, who was county. born in New York. They had five childARCHER, MICHAEL, came ren. CARRIE M.diedagedsevenyears. to Sangamon county two years later than CHARLES A., HUGH M., WILLIAM his brother William, and married Effy H. and GILBERT R., reside with their Duff, moved to Missouri, raised a large'parents in Springfield. family, returned to Sangamon county CTYNTHLtA r., born Nov. I, 1839, during the rebellion, and Mrs. Archer was married in Springfield, July 11, I865, died in Sangamon county. He returned to H. F. Hollingsworth, a native of Carto Jasper county, Mo., and died there in roll county, Ill. They have one child, 187I. MAHLON F., and reside near Freeport, ARCHER, ROBERT, was Stephenson county, Ill. born Sept. I7, I80o, in Tennessee, and ALBERT H., born July 22, 1845, in came with his brothers, Moses, Michael, Springfield, was married Dec. I9, I868, to Obadiah, their sister Jemima, and their Jennie Merriweather, who was born July mother, in 1821, to Sangamon county, I9, 845, in Greencounty, Ill. They have where their brother William had settled four children, KATE M., ANNIE, the year before. Robert Archer and HARRIE HALE and ALBERT D., Matilda Duff were married Feb. 6, 1825, and reside in Springfield. Mr. A. is a and had three children in Sangamon machinist. county. OHN D., born August, 182, and ELIZABETH Y., born August i, /ULIA Mz., born August 8, 1856, 1827, married Nov. i5, I850, to Reuben both in Springfield, reside with their Brown. See his name. parents. B ATT, C.., bon Jy 3 Hugh M. Armstrong was brought up I828, died Set. 28, 1. July a hatter and engaged in that business with ~18?28, died Sept. 28, 1846.his brother Hosea in Springfield, in 1829. MI/ARTHA T., born April I5, 1830, He was afterwards interested in wool in Sangamon county, married Leadbetter carding, and, in connection with Joseph Bradley. See his name. and E. R. Thayer, originated, and for Robert Archer died{October I7, 1859, some years conducted, the Springfield and Matilda, his wife, died July 20, 1863, Woolen Mills. He now resides on a farm both in Sangamon county. near Batavia, Kane county, Ill.

Page  87 SANVGAMOO COUNTY. 87 ARMSTRONG, JOHN, was THOM1AS D., born April 4, 1822, in born Nov. I4, 814, in Chester county, Pa., Virginia, married in Sangamon county, came to Springfield, Ill., August I, I837, January, I849, toJane Woozley. They and was married Nov. I4, 1839, to Chloe reside in Christian county. E. Abel. They had eight children, two VNANCY, born Feb. 13, I824, in Virof whom died young. ginia, married in Sangamon county, in WILL~IAM P., born Sept. 7, 1840, 1846, to Moses A. Jones. See his name. married Frances E. Maxon. He died CAROLINE A., orn Dec. I4, 826, Feb. 12, 1874, and she died in June of the in Virginia, married in Sangamon county, same year, both in Springfield.. March I, 849, to Rape Funderburk. See ROBERT R., born Feb. 20, I844, his name. died Jan. I, 1860. ANGELINE, born Nov. 15, 1833, in E.born Jan. 5846, in Spin- Logan county, Ohio, married in SangaLU rE., bor Ja 5 I56, n, tn-; mon county, to David HEall. They have field, married Jan. 5, 1870, to C. H. Fos- county, to Daid. hey have ter. They have two chil~dren, GER- three children, and reside near Newtonia, TRUDE E. and FREDRICK F., and Newton county, Mo. reside in Pawnee. Mr. Foster is a mer- ONB.,bornJune, 1839, nLogan chant there. county, Ohio, raised in Sangamon county, HENRY R., born March 27, 1848, married near Pana, to Sarah King, and CHARLES A., born Feb. io, I850, resides in Christian county. and —- Mrs. Jane Armstrong died Feb. 13, ED WARD R., born Feb. 20, 1852; 1843, and Thomas Armstrong died Feb. the three latter reside with their parents., 859, both in Sangamo county. Mr. Armstrong has been a contractor AVERITT, THOMAS M. See his name in connection with George and builder for many years. He was appointed by President Lincoln, in i8i, Gregory and the first railroad locomotive to the office of Post Master in Springfield, ever run nto Sprngfield and held the office until August 5, I865. He now resides in Springfield. ARMSTRONG, THOMAS, was born Jan. 27, I785, in Augusta BAKER EDVARDDICK county, Va. He was there married, N ov.,, w b F, II5, to ane Burgess, who was born ^ J, to.. London, England. His father, Edward Jlune 3, I796, in Greenbrier county. Thney une 3, I796, in Greenbrier county..Tey Baker, was an educated gentleman, and his had seven children in Augusta county, and mother a sister of Capt. Thomas Dickenmoved, in 1827, to Logan county, Ohio, hmoved, in 182 two Logan county, mhio, son, of the British navy, who distinguished where they had two children, and moved i.' 2 o Sangaon county, Ill., arriving Oct. 21, himself at the battle of Trafalger. Edto Sangamon county 1ll.,arrlvlng Oct. 2I1 o.~.'' I. in t.- ward D. was the eldest of five children. i84o, in what is now Cotton Hlill township. 1840, in what is now Cotton Hill township. About the close of the war with England, Of their children - f/AT'. born March 2, 816, i. n I8I5, his father and family emigrated bornMarch 24, 6, into America, landing at Pladelphia, Virginia, married in Sangamon county to Pen Her Mr. Edard Baker engged James I. Dozier, See hisname. v Penn. Here Mr. Edward Baker engaged James I. Dozier. See nis namne.. JAm IA. Dozie ^ See hi ne in teaching. On account of the financial SARAH ~., born May II, I817, in' SARAH'., born May 1II, 1817, in embarassments of the family, as soon as Virginia, married Daniel Keys; had one i ~T^ l AT-ATTYH. oi t 1 *~rrd * 1i t Edward D. was old enough, he was apchild, SARAH. She married Robert P ild, SA. S arri ert prenticed to a weaver. In I826 his father Jones, and resides in Kansas. Mrs. Keys Belleville,., where he opened I >. c) ( 7. moved to Belleville, Ill., where he opened lied Sept. 28, 1844. See his name. died Sept.* 28, a select school, and young Edward D. ABEL, born Oct. 30, 1818, in Virginia, Baker evinced such a taste for literature came to Sangamon county in 1840. Is that the late Gov. Edwards, then a resiliving with his third wife, near Newton, dent of Belleville, gave him free access to Jasper county, Ill. his library. From Belleville young Baker ELiZA, born August 8, 1820, in Vir- went to St. Louis, and to procure funds ginia, married in Sangamon county, March for necessary expenses, drove a dray for at I, 1849, to George Brunk. See his name. least one season. From St. Louis he went She died Oct. 4, I86o. to Carrolton, Ill., and began the study of

Page  88 88 EARLr' SETTLERS OF law and at the same time acting as deputy brilliant funeral oration ever delivered on in the county clerk's office. He was mar- the continent of America. After the ried April 27, 1831, to Mrs. Mary A. Lee, death of Boderick, Col. Baker moved to a widow with two children. In the spring Oregon, and was elected U. S. Senator of 1832 Mr. Bhker enlisted in the Black from there in I860. For the first time in Hawk war, and in 1835 moved to Spring- his life he was placed in a position confield, and soon after became a law partner genial to him. The decorum and courtesy of Stephen T. Logan. He delivered the that usually marks the intercourse of Senoration at the laying of the corner stone of ators, was most grateful to his habits of the oldState house, July 4, I837. In the thought and feeling. latter year he was elected to the General Col. Baker was a man of action as well Assembly to fill the vacancy caused by as of words, and soon after the fall of Fort the resignation of Hon. Dan Stone, and Sumter he recruited a regiment in Philwas re-elected the following year. In adelphia and vicinity, which was called 1840 E. D. Baker was elected State Sena- the California regiment, and soon after, tor for four years, and elected to Congress President Lincoln tendered him a Brigain I845. When the war broke out with dier-General's commission, but he declined Mexico, Mr. B. hastened home, raised a it, probably because it would have/vacated regiment, which was accepted by the his seat in the Senate. At the first sesgovernment as the 4th Ill. Inf., Col. E. D. sion of the 37th Congress, convoked by Baker, commanding. Arriving on the President Lincoln, July 4, I86I, Col. Rio Grand, he discovered that the troops Baker was in his seat, and participated were in need of additional tent equipage, prominently in the passage of those immunitions of war, etc., and for a few portant measures which became necessary months accepted the position of bearer of to place the nation on a war footing. On dispatches to the war department, and re- the adjournment of this special session, paired to Washington. Congress was in Col. Baker rejoined his regiment, which session, and not having resigned his seat was attached to and formed a part of the in the House, availed himself of his priv- army of observation on the Potomac. He, ilege as a member, and made a speech of however, was restless in camp, and a vague great and almost magical power in favor presentiment of his approaching fate of a vigorous prosecution of the war, and seemed to haunt him wherever he went, in behalf of the volunteers then in the and he said to a friend that since his camfield, and rejoined his regiment. After paign in Mexico he could never afford to the battle of Cerro Gordo, the term of turn his back on an enemy. He returned Col. Baker's enlistment expired, and his to Washington, settled his affairs, and men not wishing to re-enlist, he reluctant- called to bid the President and family farelv left the field, and, returning home, re- well, when the lady of the Executive sumed the practice of his profession. In Mansion, who, in her, then, high position, the spring of 1848 he moved to Galena, was gracefilly mindful of early friendship, Ill. As one of the Whig electors for the gave him a boquet of late flowers. As State at large, he took an active part in though partially soliloquizing, he said: the Presidential campaign of 1848. He "Very beautiful; these flowers and my took his seat as Representative in Congress, memory will wither together." He pressed the second time, in Dec., I849. In I85I with quiet earnestness on his friend, Col. he entered into an agreement with the Webb, the measures which might become Panama Railroad Company to grade a necessary in regard to the resting place of portion of that road, but after several his mortal remains, then mounted his months exposure to a tropical sun, he and horse and rode gaily away to his death. his men fell sick and abandoned the coun- He was leading his men at Ball's Bluff, try. In 1852 he emigrated with his fam- and, when ten feet in advance of them, ily to California, establishing himself in fell, pierced by eight bullets, Oct. 2I, I86i. practice in San Francisco. There he de- His body was borne tenderly away, emlivered the funeral oration of two of his balmed, and removed to Washington City, early friends, fallen by the fatal bullet where appropriate funeral honors were of the duelist, Ferguson and Broderick. paid to his remains; then sent to New The latter stands alone as the most bril- York City, and from there by steamer to

Page  89 SANGAMON COUNTr. 89 San Francisco, where he was buried in Oct. 6, I804. They had three children there Lone Mountain Cemetery, of that city. and moved to Shelby county, Ind., where Of the two children of Mrs. Baker by they had two children, and from there to her first marriage- Sangamon county, Ill., arriving in 1835, MAIRIA L. LEE, born in 1827, was in what is now Loami township, where married Feb. ii, 1845, to James H. they had two children. Of their eight Matheny. See his name. children two died young. FRANK LEE went to California, JM:ARGARET, born April 27, 1829, and died there. in Ohio, was married in Sangamon counHon. Edward D. Baker and wife had ty, Ill., to Henry Westfall. They have four children, namely: seven children, SMITH M., ANN E., LUCY S., born about 1832 in Carrol- HELEN, INA, LEONA, GEORGE and ton, Ill., brought up in Springfield, was CHARLES, and reside near Elkhart married in San Francisco to Charles Logan county, Ill. Hopkins. They have four children, 7THOMAS N., born Jan. 28, 1831, in CHARLES, CAROLINE, ROBERT Ohio, was married in Sangamon county and RALPH, and reside at Olympia, to Frances Preddy. They have six childWashington Territory. Mr. Hopkins is ren, all born in Sangamon county, namely: U. S. Marshall for that Territory. SIBYL, JOHN L., ALICE, MARY, CAROLINE C., born in Carrolton, DON CARLOS and ETTA, and reside Ill., brought up in Springfield, was married near Ottawa, Kansas. in San Francisco to Robert J. Stevens. SARAH _7., born April 25, 1832, in They have two children, ROBERT and Ohio, was married in Sangamon county CARRIE, and reside in Washington to Jonathan Jarrett. See his name. City. REUBEN F., born Jan. 24, 1834,. in ALFRED W., born in Springfield, Shelby county, Ind., was married in Sanresides in San Francisco. gamon county to Elizabeth Mahard. They ED WARD D., Jun., born in Spring- have seven children, JOHN, GEORGE, field, married Saccha Alma Bradshaw. JAMES, ORTHELLO, HORATIO, He is a Captain in the U. S. Army, and ALICE and ARMINDA, and reside is on duty at some western military post. near Nebraska City, Neb. Mrs. Mary A. Baker died in San Fran- EPHRIAM, born March 31, 1835, in cisco. Indiana, was married in Sangamon counThe great and fatal mistake of Col. ty to Anna Mahard. He died in SangaBaker was one that did honor to his noble mon county, leaving a widow and two and chivalrous spirit. He had fairly and children, EBEN and CHARLES. The honorably reached the highest position in widow and children reside in Missouri. our government that any adopted citizen yOHNV W., born Dec. 13, 1837, in could attain. In the Senate of the United Sangamon county, Ill., was married there States he was the peer of any man in the to Sarah Mahard. They have four childnation, and his counsels there were worth ren,JAMES E.,.ELIZABETH, THOMa hundred fold more than it could have AS and M. ALICE; who reside with been in the field. When he volunteered their parents, near Ottawa, Kansas. to lead a regiment, he was liable to be- PA ULINE L., born Sept. 22, 1844, come subordinate to men far, very far, in- in Sangamon county, married James S. ferior to himself, and that proved to be Cloud. They have four children, M. his destruction; but he had, no doubt, ALICE, DORA, MINNIE E. and weighed well the step he was about to JESSE M., and reside in Ottawa, Kansas. take, and thereby laid the most costly sac- John L. Baker and wife reside in Ottarifice on the altar of his adopted country wa, Kansas. that it was possible for any citizen to make, BAKER, THOMAS, was born even though he were to the manor born. March 3, I794, in Campbell county, Ky.; BAKER, JOHN L., was born brother to John L. Nancy Robertson June 20, 1805, in Campbell county, Ky. was born Oct. 9, 806, in Harrison county, He is abrother of Thomas, and was mar- Va. They were married Dec. 29, 1823, ried in 1828, in Butler county, Ohio, to in Kanawha county, West Va., at the Rachel Biggs, who was born in that State, house of Jonathan Jarrett. Sen. Mr. and

Page  90 9o EARL Y SETTLERS OF Mrs. Baker had two children in West Vir- dren, CHARLES W., WILLIE A. and ginia, and moved to Sangamon county, JOHN W., and reside three miles southIll., arriving Nov. 1826, in what is now west of Loami. Mr. Joy was a soldier in Loami township, where they had eight suppressing the rebellion. children. Of their ten chilldren- ISAAC N., born Dec. II, 1849, in OHN, born March I6, 1825, in West Sangamon county, married April 21, 1870, Virginia, died in Sangamon county, Aug. to Sarah E. Post. They have one child, 29, 1835. HARRY O., and reside at the homestead CHARLES, born April I2, 1826, in settled by his parents. West Virginia, married in Sangamon Thomas Baker, Sen., died Jan. 5, 1852, county, August II, 1844, to Lucretia and his widow resides at the homestead Minter. They moved in the fall of that settled by herself and husband in I826. year to Tarrant county, Texas. He died It is one and a half miles southwest of there in 1871, leaving a widow and ten Loami. children. BAKER, ISAAC, was born near WILLIAMIL, born Feb. iI, 1829, in Fredericktown, Md. He served as a fifer Sangamon county, married Jan. io, I850, in the Revolution, the last two years of to Margaret Morris. They have ten the war. Phoebe Waddell was born near children, and reside near Bancroft, Daviess Baltimore, Md. They were married there county, Mo. in 1787, and moved to what became BourMl]fART A., born Dec. 27, 1831, in bon county, Ky., where twelve children Sangamon county, married Nov. 8, 1853, were born, eight of whom married there. to Barnard A. VanDeren. See his name. The parents and four youngest children They had two children, THOMAS N. came to Sangamon county in the fall of and MAGGIE L. Mr. VanD. died, and 1829, in what is now Rochester township. she married, Nov. 2, I868, to John Low- Of their childrenery, who was born Sept. 15, 1837, in coun- _yAM1IES, born July, I788, in Bourbon ty Down, Ireland. They had two child- county, Ky. It is believed he was the first ren, MARY A. and BARNARD A.; white child born in the county. He was the latter died in infancy. Mr. and Mrs. married Sept. I7, 1813, in Nicholas counLowery reside four miles south of Loami. ty, Ky., to Nancy Squires, who was born MiARGAR.E7 born Oct. 27, I834, in Oct. 22, I794, in Fauquier county, Va. Sangamon county, married Dec. 18, I857, They had eight children in Nicholas counto James W. Greenwood. See his name. ty, and moved to Sangamon county, Ill., TrTOUilAS, Jun., born Oct. I, 1836, in arriving Nov., 1828, at Springfield, and a Sangamon county, married April 23, week later left for what is now Logan I86I, to MaryJ. Hall. She died August county. In Jan., 1831, he moved to 21, i866, leaving one child, GEORGE Rochester, Sangamon county. They W. Mr. Baker was, married March I9, were five days moving twenty miles, 1867, to Mrs. Harriet Cosser, whose maiden through what is known as the "deep name.was Hall. They have two children, snow." Mr. B. was a soldier in the Black JOSEPH F. and HATTIE, and reside Hawk war. Two of his children were three and a half miles southwest of Loami. born in Illinois. Of his ten children, NANCC r born March 28, 1839, in San- S. WILLIS, born Oct. Io, 1814, in Kengamon county, married William G. Mil- tucky, died unmarried, in Illinois, June 25, ler. See his name. She died, leaving 185o. THOMAS J., born March J, two children with their father, who is I8I6, in Kentucky, died in Sangamon married and resides in Loami township. county, Oct. 17, 1832. MARGARET J., C.TRUS W., born May 19, 1842, in born Dec. 20, 1817, in Kentucky, married Sangamon county, married April 13, 1862, in Sangamon county, Nov. 15, 1838, to to Sarah A. Jarrett. They have three Daniel S. Stafford. She died in less than children, HENRY, BARNARD A. and a year. MARTIN E., born Jan. 27, JO. C., and reside one and a half miles I820, in Nicholas county, Ky., married southwest of Loami. March 4, I852, in Springfield, to Mary SARA1' 7., born Dec. 7, I846, in C. S. Williams, who was born Feb. 3, Sangamon county, married Nov. 2, i865, 1826, in Montgomery county, Md., and to Joseph 0. Joy. They have three child- came to Springfield in 1839. They have

Page  91 SANVGAMON COUNTr. 91 eight children, JAMES W., CORNELIA A., children, MARY, SUSAN J., ELIZA A., MARGARET E., MARTIN E., jun., NANCY PLEASANT and LAURA E., and reside in E., HORACE W., MARY F. and CHARLES O., Clear Lake township. ISAAC, born Oct. and reside four miles southwest of Illiopo- 6, 1821, in Kentucky, married in Sangalis. ELIZA E., born Nov. 7, 1822, in mon county to Almyra Pike. He died, Kentucky, died July 3, 1835, in Sangamon leaving one child, ISAAC, who resides county. KITTY A., born Jan. 22, I824, south of Rochester. POLLY A., born in Kentucky, married in Sangamon coun- in Kentucky, married in Sangamon county, in 1848, to Oliver Stafford; have seven ty to Daniel Barr. JANE, bornJuly i5, children, and reside in Mt.Pulaski. JOHN 1827, in Kentucky, married in Sangamon S., born Nov. 7, 826, in Kentucky, taught county to John M. McCune. See his school in Sangamon county many years; name. ALVIN, born in Sangamon went to California in 1854, and died July county, married Hester Hornbaker. He 30, 1873, in San Francisco. WILLIAM diedin i856,leavingtwochildren, EDWARD F., born June 29, 1828, in Kentucky, and ALONZO. Mrs. Jane Baker died, and brought up in Sangamon county, married, Jacob Baker afterward married twice, and Feb. 7, I860, in Christian county, to Eliza- died May I8, I872. beth Green; have four children, and reside THOMfAS, born about I792, in Kennear Grove City. MARY E., born Oct. tucky, married there to Sarah Delay. 22, 1830, in Logan county, married, Nov. They had four children, and came to San4, 852, to Leander Green. (See his name.) gamon county in 1828,with his brother, MARTHA A., born August II, 1833, in James, and settled near Rochester, where Sangamon county, married Dec. 29, 1859, one child was born. Of his children, to William Crenshaw; have two children, ISAAC resides near Medoc, Mo., ELIZAand reside in Georgetown, Ky. James BETH, born in Kentucky, married in Baker died Feb. 14, 1869, and Mrs. Nancy Sangamon county to Jabez Capps. See Baker died Oct. 3, 1872, both in Christian his name. JOHN resides near Medoc, county. Mo. WILLIAM resides in Virginia City, YA COB, born August 9, 1I790, in Montana. JEMIMA married and died in Bourbon county, Ky., was a soldier from Mt. Pulaski. Thomas Baker died March, that county in the war of 1812. He was 1874, and his widow resides near Medoc, married in Nicholas county, Ky., to Jane Mo. Branch, sister of Edward Branch. See OSEPH, born in 1796, in Kentucky, his name. Four of their children were came to Sangamon county in 1828, and born in Kentucky, and he came to Sanga- died in Medoc, Mo. mon county with his father, arriving in SUSAN, born March I5, 1799, in I829, near Rochester, where five children Bourbon county, Ky., married Robert were born. Of his seven children,JULI- Bell. See his name. AN, married first to Alfred Waddell, who ISAA C, born in Kentucky, never came died, and she married Willis Runnels, and to Sangamon county. He resides near both died; Her sons, ALFRED Waddell, Medoc, Mo. resides in Greenfield, Mo., JESSE and WIL- SQUIRE, born Jan. 8, 1803, in KenLIS reside near Nashville, Mo. SUSAN, tucky, came to Sangamon county in 1829, born in Kentucky, married in Sangamon and resides near Mapleton, Kansas. county to James Virden, who died, and WILLIAJIJ, born in 1805, in Kenhis widow resides seven miles east of tucky, and resides near Mapleton, Kan. Springfield. They had five children. GREEABJURT, born in Kentucky, PLEASANT, born April 25, 1819, in married in Sangamon county to Anna Nicholas county, Ky., married in Sanga- Payne, who died, and he married Mrs. mon county, June 24, 1846, to Lavina Wad- Mary Johnson, formerly Mrs. Barker, dell, who was born in Kentucky. They had and whose maiden name was Williams. five children; two died in infancy. JULIAN They had four children. MOSES was a and WILLIAM H. reside in Clear Lake Union soldier in the:Ith Mo. Inf., and township. ALVIN resides with his father. was killed while aiding in the arrest of a Mrs. Lavina Baker died April 20, 1857, and deserter. THOMAS J. was a member Mr. B. married Mary E. Cook, a native of of the I6th Ill. Cavalry, and died in AnScioto county, Ohio. They have five dersonville prison. S. WILLIS served

Page  92 92 EARL Y SETTLERS O.F three years in the i th Mo. Inf.; was dians, and after a stay of about six months, honorably discharged, and married in San- he returned to that tribe. But little was gamon countyo Matilda Mear. He died known of him until 1849, when a party of early in 1874, leaving a widow and two eight persons left Springfield for the gold children, near \Medoc, Mo. EFFIE regions of California. William Enyert was married in Sangamon county, to says they found him at the crossing of Joseph Brunk, and resides near Medoc, Green river, keeping-a ferry. He recogMo. Mrs. Mary Baker died May 22, nized Mr. Enyert readily, and treated him 1842, in Sangamon county. Greenbury kindly. Mr. Enyert learned from him Baker died March 4, 1873, in Sangamon that he was a chief in the Snake tribe; county. had two wives, one with him and one at HARRIS O, born in Kentucky, mar- Fort Bridger, and two children by each. ried in Sangamon county, to Nellie Bowles. His daily receipts were from $500 They had eight children, born in Sanga- to $600 at the ferry. He is yet living mon county, and moved to the vicinity of among the Indians, and is occasionally Medoc, Mo. Mr. and Mrs. Baker died heard from by his friends. Mr. Enyert there in I872, and were buried in one says that when he saw him he was full grave. six feet tall, wore his hair long and straight, POLL 2, born in Kentucky, married stood erect as any Indian, wore buckskin in Sangamon county to Elias Williams. clothes, and in.his general appearance See his name. looked very much like an Indian. Mr. PH EBE, born April 5, i816, in Ken- Enyert had been a school-mate of his in tucky, married in Sangamon county to this county. E. C. Matheny saw him Josiah B. Williams. See his name. under similar circumstances. Mrs. Phebe Baker died July 3, 1845, ADELIA, born in Sangamon county and Isaac Baker died in Sept. 1848, both in 82, died at 5 years of ae. in Sangamon county, south of Rochester. He was about Ioo years of age. OHiNV, born in Sangamon county, reHe was about 10 rs f age. BAKER, N I LLIAM, was born sides among the Indians, near Fort Bridger, about I798, in Sevier county, Tenn. He Wyoming territory. Went there a few came to St. Clair county, Ill., when a years later than his brotherJames. young man. Phebe Neeley was born ELIZABE TH, born in Sangamon Dec. I4, I799, near Nashville, Tenn., and county, Cotton Hill township, is unmarwas taken to St. Clair county, Ill., when ried and resides in Rochester; is the only she was a young woman. Wm. Baker member of the family residing in Sangaand Phebe Neeley were married about mon county. I8I8,near Belleville. They had one child ELZA, born in Sangamon county, born there, and the family moved to Horse died at 15 years of age. creek, in what became Sangamon county, in >..-. - ~^"'^ ~'^ ^ William Baker went to Texas previous the spring of 1819, in what is now Cotton illiam aer ent to eas revios Hill township, where seven children were to 44started there to Calforn I *.... ^ about I852, and died on the road, Mrs. born. They then moved to a mill on San- a d o t Phebe Baker died, August, I86i, in gamon river, three miles north of Roches- Rochester. ter, where one child was born. Four of ocese the children died under two years. Of BALDWIN, JOH NSON, was the other five- born March 25, i797, in Scott county, Ky.; JAM~ES, born Jan., 1819, in St. Clair ^was married in Gallatin county, Oct. 24, county, and raised on Horse creek, on the I822, to Betsy Kendall. They had one farm now owned by Samuel+Galloway. child born in Kentucky, and moved to William Enyert, who wen.t to school with Sangamon county, Ill., in company with him, remembers having heard him say her father, William Kendall, arriving Oct. frequently, in their boyhood days, that he I7, I824, in what is now Curran townwould join some Indian tribe at IS years ship, where eleven children were born; of age. Between 1837 and'40 he went one died in infancy. Of their childrenwest,.and came back in 1844, to see his IY/ARY A., born Sept. I9, 1823, in mother, who then lived in Rochester. He Kentucky, married in Sangamon county said he had joined the Snake tribe of In- to Richard Bradley. See his name.

Page  93 SAN GAMONV COUNTr. 93 ALISSA, or ALICE, born Nov. I7, children, COLUMBUS A. and IDA 1824, in Sangamon county, married John BELL, and reside in Ball township. Wesley Elliott. See his name. BALL, JAPHET A, was born HARRIET, born March 4, 827, in Tuly 5, 800oo, in Madison county, Ky. Sangamon county, married John M. When a young man he went to ClarkesSmith. See his name. Resides near ville, Tenn., where he learned the trade of Curran. a blacksmith with his brother John S. ELIZA, born Nov. 6, 1828, in San- From there he went with his brother to gamon county, married Edward D. Camp- Eddyville, Caldwell county, Ky., and bell, and resides near Lancaster, or Mans- from there to Sangamon county, arriving field, Texas. late in Dec., 1825, in what is now WoodWILLIA1ll, born Jan. 23, 1831, in side township. He was married Dec. 2, Sangamon county, married Dec. 22, 1853, 1828,to Sarah Henderson. Theyhad two to Mary J. Parkinson. They had seven childrenchildren. ADDIE C. died August 22, CLARISSA 7., born in Sangamon 1871, in her seventh year. LIZZIE died county, married Jeremiah Penicks. They in infancy. ELLA M., EUNICE. P., had four children, and Mr. Penicks died. JAMES 0. and OTIS J., (twins), and Mrs. Penicks and her children reside at WILLIE O., reside with their parents, Palmer, Christian county. six miles west of Springfield. yAMAES H., died in his fourteenth NANCY, born May 4, I833, in Sanga- year. mon county, married August 20, 872, to Mrs. Sarah Ball died March 12, 1832. John Mull, who was born Dec. 5, 182, Japet A. Ball was married May, 1834,to in Kentucky. They reside six miles Marinda Davis, who died April 12, I855. southwest of Springfield. Mr. Ball was married Sept. 30, I863, to EDITH, born Feb. 26, 1837, in San- Melissa Morison. They have two childgamon county, married Feb. 13, 1873, to renWm. Dyer, and resides four miles north- * OHN ML an west of Curran. IiANNIE M., and reside east of Sugar A GNES, born Dec. i8, 1838, died Oct. creek, in Ball township, four miles south5, I864. east of Chatham. EiMILYr, born August 15,I84I, resides Japhet A. Ball enlisted July, 1827, in with her sister, Mrs. Dyer. Col. Tom M. Neal's Battalion of mounted with her sisterptrs. Dyer., SUSANE, born Sept. I5, 1843, married volunteers, to fight the Indians in the Wm. B. Gilbert. They have two children noth pat of the State. This was known and reside three miles north of Spring- as theWinnebagowar. He again enlisted, field, on Athens road. and was commissioned by Gov. Reynolds as First Lieutenant, June i8, I831. A ELIZABE died August 29, 1856, treaty with Black Hawk, the chief, terin her eleventh year., " s;* * A mminated hostilities. The Indians conMrs. Betsey Baldwin died August 13, menced depredations again, in the spring I847, and Johnson, Baldwin died Dec. 4, of 1832. J. A. Ball was commissioned by -both in Sangamon count..of I832. J.A. Ball was commissioned by 1871, both in Sangamon county. Gov. Reynolds, April 28, I832, as Capt. BALL, JOHN S., born about of a Company in Long's Odd Battalion of 1795, in Madison county, Ky. Went to Inf. It was mustered out in June, I832, Clarksville, Tenn., and from there to for the purpose of changing to a mounted Eddyville, Ky., fiom there to Sangamon organization, but that ended his military county, and after spending several years, career. Mr. Ball served from 1843 to returned to Kentucky; back to Sangamon 1856 as Justice of the Peace. He was county, then to JoDaviess county; from elected and commissioned by Gov. Bissell, there to Missouri, where he left his family, Nov. I4; I857, as Associate Judge of Sanwent to California, and at the end of three gamon county, for four years. The townyears returned to his family in Missouri. ship organization being adopted in i860, Now resides with his sons in Morgan terminated his official career. The towncounty. His son- ship of Ball was named for him. THOAMAS H.., married in Morgan Judge Ball says that on the first day of county' to Eliza A. Hodgson, has two Jan., I831, while the "deep snow" was

Page  94 94 EARLY SE TTLERS OF falling, he killed fourteen deer. They BALL, BETHANY, born Aug. would founder in the snow, and were 13, I796, in Madison county, Ky., mareasily taken. He built a saw mill on ried John Brawner. See his name. Sugar creek, and sold a large quantity of BALL, POLLY, born in Kenlumber at the mill, and at times kept tucky, married in Sangamon county to teams running to Springfield. The scarci- John Rames, moved to Missouri, and both ty of money for a few years after the died there. financial crash of 1837, was very severe BALL LIZABET bo on the new settlements. The Judge says. BALLd y ae ln that during one of those years he did an Madison county, Ky., marrie illiam Brawner. See his name. extensive business in the lumber trade, w. Se hs and his total receipts in cash was exactly BALL, LUCY, born in Kentucky, seventy-fve cents. married in Sangamon county to Daniel BALL SMITH was born July Morris, moved to Texas, and after residBALL, SMITH, was born July i8io, in Madison county, Ky., came to ing there ten years, returned to Sangamon io, 1810, in'Madison county, Ky., came to I.. 1an0,mn _ county, and both died, leaving several Sangamnon county, IIl., arriving at the c i d house of his brother, Japhet A., in 182 9, chldren. house of his brother, Japhet A., in 829. Mrs. Nancy Ball, mother of John S., He was married June I3, 1837, to Rebecca Jap A., Sm, W, J, Moffatt. Theyhad one chi in Sanga- Japhet A. Smith, William,Jane, Bethany, Moffatt. They had one child in Sanga-me with mon county, and in the fall of I839 moved Polly, Elizabeth and Lucy, came with to Mt. Pleasant, Iowa. In the spring of the last of her children to Sangamon t. aI county in 8IS29, and died at the house of 1840 he moved to Jefferson county, where c they had six children. Of their seven A., in 846. children- BANCROFT, ISAAC, was Ell~UrL r A., born March 27, 1838, in born April 29, 76, near Boston, Mass. Sangamon county, was married in Iowa Mecy Coburn was born March 12, 181, to William Case. They have six children, in Massachusetts also. They were marand reside in Marshall county, Iowa. ed March 5, 99, and had two children in Massachusetts. They moved to St. MvARKT z, born March 2, 1840, in Lawrence county, N. Y., where they had Io'Wa, was married there to George B. was arried thee to George B ten children, and moved to Springfield, Phillips. They have six children,'and Ill., arriving August I, 1839. Of their Ili., arriving August io, 1839. Of their reside near Wooster, Iowa. childrenNANCY~" 7., born August 30, 1842, MVER C and died aged 22 years. BE 7'S married and raised families. GEORGE W., born June 7, 1847, in One of them died in Massachusetts. The Jefferson county, Iowa, is a practicing other resides in Hainesville, Lake county, lawyer, unmarried, and resides at Iowa Illinois. City. PRUDENCE, born in New York, //IARGARET C., born Dec. io, I847, died May 3, 1824, aged twenty-four years. in Iowa, was married there to Richard /ONVA THAV C., born Feb. 2, 1809, Fisher. They have two children, and in New York, married Frances Stone. reside near Wooster. Mr. Bancroft died June 2, 845, leaving a LE. WIS C., born Jan. I8, 1852, and widow and three children in Springfield. PRAENK P., born Feb. 25, 1854, re- fHi's son, Coburn, died in I870, in Springside with their parents,near fiooster ld. side with their parents, near Wooster, born August 20, i8i i, and Jefferson county, Iowa. 20, 1811, and died aged 23 years. BALL, WILLIAM, born in ISAAC, Jun., born May 6, I815, in Madison county, Ky., came to Sangamon New York, married Mary Blackman. He county about 1835, and moved to Jo is now e Congregational minister, and reDaviess county. sides in Green county, Wis. BALL, JANE born in Madison JOSEPH, born April 5, I817, died county, Ky., married William Richardson, Oct. I6, I851. came to Sangamon county in 1829, and TIMOTHZ1 born Feb. 26, I8I9, in died in this county. Lewis B. Richard- St. Lawrence county, N. Y., is unmarried, son, of Auburn township, is her son. and resides in Springfield.

Page  95 SANGAMON COUNTr. 9 BEN7AMIN, born March 3, i82, in CHARLOTTE, born 824, in IndiSt. Lawrence county, N. Y., married ana, married Wright Miller, has several September 19, 1854, to Elizabeth C. Cass, children, and resides in Lynn county, who was born March 13, 1836, in Mont- Oregon. gomery county, Ill. They had five child- CELIA D., born in I826, in Indiana, ren, three of whom died young. ED- married, successively, Edward Bennett, WARD T. and LUCINDA A. reside Charles Wiggins and James Cleveland, all with their father. Mrs. E. C. Bancroft of whom died, and she married Henry died Feb. 3, I871, and Benj. Bancroft re- Atkinson, and resides in Clark county, Ill. sides in Fancy Creek township. SARAH E., born July 5, I83I, in HARIVAN H., born Feb. I, 1823, Edgar county, married in Sangamon died in Springfield in his 23d year. county, to Harvey Withrow. See his Isaac Bancraft died Oct. 8, I844, and his name. widow died Feb. Io, I868, both in Spring- 7AIMES L., born March 4, I834, in field. Edgar county, Ill., married, Dec. 28, 1854, BARBRE, ELI, was born July to Lucinda Dixon. They had nine child25, 1798, in Kentucky. He was married ren, four of whom died under four years. about I819, in Posey county, Ind., to The latter five, WILLIAM E., ALNancy Wilkinson, a native of Kentucky, BERT F., MARY E., HARRIET C. also. They had four children in Indiana, W. and GEORGETTA, reside with and Mrs. Barbre died there, in 1828. Mr. their parents in Cooper township, three Barbre moved to Edgar county, Ill., and miles southwest of Mechanicsburg. was married there Jan. 17, I829, to Anna 7OHN A., born Dec. I9, 1835, marWilson. They had two children in Ed- ried March 5, I857, to Margaret R. Mcgar county, and moved to Sangamon Kee, had six children, JAMES A., WM. county, Ill., arriving in the fall of 1835, in E., EDWIN H., ANNAH L., JENNIE what is now Island Grove township, and GEORGE, reside with their parents, where they had two children. Of their two and a half miles southwest of Mechannine children- icsburg. John A. Barbre enlisted Dec. ISAA C, born August 10, 1820, in Ind., 23, 1863, in Co. B, ioth Ill. Cav., for three came to Sangamon county with his parents, years, served until Nov. 22, 1865, and was returned to Indiana, married Nancy Ben- honorablv discharged at San Antonio, nett. He served three years in an Indiana Texas. regiment, for the suppression of the re- M1ARYT C., born in 1837, in Sangamon bellion, and resides in Posey county, Ind. county, married Rev. Geo. Keller. WILLIAM, born Nov. Io, 1822, in Eli Barbre died in the fall of 1846, and Posey county, Ind., married in Sangamon his widow married Wm. Withrow. (See county, Jan. 15, 1845, to Rebecca Smith, his name.) She died in the fall of 1871. and had two children. She died, Oct. I8, BARGER, ADAM, was born 1847, leaving one child. He was married, April 8, 184, in Botetourt county, Va. Feb. 6, 1849, to Lucy M. Smith. They He went, when a young man, to Kanawha had nine children. Of all his children, county, West Va., and was there married, NANCY J., by the first wife, married August 12, I810, to Lucinda Nolan. James McKee, has two children, LUCY A. They had ten children in Virginia, and and MARY H., and reside in Nodaway moved in a family boat to Shawneetown, county, Mo. MARY A., married James Ill. He took a farm wagon and two yoke A. Trimble. See his name. MARTHA, of oxen, and hired another team at Shawthe twin mate to Mary, died in infancy. neetown, and thus brought his family and JOHN E., JAMES W., THOMAS F., two loads of household goods, arriving GEORGE I.,RICHARD S.,SAMUEL Oct., 1826, in what is now Loami townM. and MARTHA C., reside with their ship, but then called Yankee Settlement, parents, two miles east of Curran. Wil- where they had three children. Of their liam Barbre enlisted Sept., I86I, in Co. childrenB., ioth Ill. Cav., for three years. He ALBARTES, born May 26, I8II, in was wagon master and Veterinary Sur- Kanawha county, West Va., married, Dec. geon, and was honorably discharged in 23, 1829, in Sangamon county, to MargaJune, 1863. ret F. Patrick. They had 13 children,

Page  96 96 EARL SETTLERS OF JOHN A., born July 21, 1831, died in his OLIVIA, born Oct. 28, 820, married 2Ist year. MAJOR E., enlisted, May Morris Sweet. (See his name.) 25, I86I, in Co. I., I4h Ill. Inf., for three MJARY A., born July 23, 1822, maryears, served full'term, and was honorably ried Wm. Weir. Had five children. She discharged, June, 1864, at Springfield. was killed by a runaway team, in Nebraska He is a lawyer, and resides at Loami. City. Family reside there. JANETTA, born June 2, 1834, married HARRIET, born Feb. 26, 1824, marJames J. Henton. (See his name.) ried John McClure, who died, leaving a SOPHIA, born Feb. io; 1836, married widow and eight children in Cass county. Robert E. Berry. (Seehisname.) WIL- 7yAdIES JI., born Jan. 9, 1826, in LIAM F., born Dec. I9, 1838, enlisted, West Virginia, unmarried, and resides in May, I86i, in Co. I, I4th Ill. Inf., for Loami. three years, re-enlisted as a veteran in an- LETHE, born March 29, 1831, marother regiment, served to the end of the ried, March 24, 1856, to Daniel Cuppy, rebellion, was honorably discharged, and have two children, MARY E. and HARresides near Loami. JULIA A., born RIET V., and reside at Loami. Mr. C. Dec. I8, I840, married Morrison Brown, served three years in IIth Mo. Inf. have four children, and reside in Loami WILLIAM F., born Feb. 12, 1833, township. JAMES N., born March 20, in Sangamon county, went to California, 1842, enlisted, in I86I, in Co. C, I Ith Mo. in 1856, resides in Nevada City, Cal. Inf., for three years, was discharged on Mrs. Lucinda Barger died August II, account of physical disability, acted as 1853, and Adam Barger married Mrs. deputy provost-marshal at Springfield for Deborah Colburn, whose maiden name a time, and enlisted in 152d Ill. Inf. Served was Phelps. He died August ii, 1864, in to the end of the rebellion, married Mar- Loami township. His widow resides garet Hunter, has three children, and re- with her children. sides one mile southwest of Loami. BARNETT, THOMPSON,'CHARLES H., born Nov. 18, 1845, en- was born Dec. 15, I795, in Kentucky. listed in Co., 6th I. Ca in 862, for Ann Patterson was born Sept. 29, 1803, three years. Served full term, and was in Holston county, Va. When she was honorably discharged. LEROY, born two years old her parents moved to Adair Feb. 20, 1847, resides with his ather. county, Ky. Thompson Barnett and GEORGE W., born June o1, 1849, mar- Ann Patterson were married there, Jan. ried Mollie McKinney, have one child, I9, 1822. They had three children born and reside near Berry Station, Sangamon in Kentucky, and moved to Illinois, arcounty. ALBERT, LUCINDA J. and riving in the fall of 1829, at Irish Grove, HARRIET E. reside with their father. Menard county, where one child was born. Mrs. M. F. Barger died Feb. 25, I876, Thompson Barnett died Dec. 12, 1830, at and Albartes Barger resides where he Irish Grove. Mrs. Ann Barnett was marsettled in I831, near Loami. ried May 26, 1836, to Levi Cantrall, and JULIA A., born Oct. 18, I8.2, in brought her four children to his home in West Virginia, married in Sangamon Fancy Creek township. Of her children county to Dr. J. R. Abel. (See his name.) by the first marriageHave three children, and reside in Taylor- JVANVCY., born Nov. 25, 1822, ill ville. Adair county, Ky., married in Sangamon THERESA, born May 13, 1814, in county to William D. Power. (See his Virginia, married Thomas Sowell. (See name.) his name.) ARMiVINTA M., born March 27, 1825, ZEBULON, 211. P., born Dec. I4, in Kentucky, married in Sangamon counI815, died in his 29th year. ty, to Jefferson Vandergrift. They had SOPHIA, born April 12, 1817, married, four children, and she died. Mr. V. and her husband died, and the family reside in his children reside in, Wis. Cass county. iV/IARY E., born August 29, 1829, in yOHZV, born Oct. 31, I818, married Kentucky, married in Sangamon county Elizabeth Eustace, had four children, and to JamesHibbs. Mrs. Hibbs died, leaving he died. His widow married and lives in one child, NANCY J., who married DorWisconsin. rell Primm, and resides in Menard county.

Page  97 SANGAMON CO UNT. 97 Y. THOMPSON, born April 20, engaged in business in Taylorville. He 1830, at Irish Grove. He married and was married August 27, I86I, near Mehas five children, JAMES, EDDIE, chanicsburg, Ill., to Henrietta Branson. NATHAN, ANN and MARY, and re- They have five living children, BENJ. sides in Fancy Creek township. LINCOLN, ALBERT G.,Jun., MARY For Mrs. Ann Barnett's further history, H., CLARA MAY and HARRY R., see Levi Cantrail. and reside in Taylorville, Ill. Mr. Barnes BARNES, EZRA, was born is engaged in the mercantile business and Sept. 6, I806, at Groton, New London banking. county, Ct. He started from Hartford ALMOND F., born in I837, in lHarwith a team, and, in thirty-one days' driv- risburg, Pa, raised in Springfield and Taying, reached St. Louis, Nov. 13, and five lorville, married in I863, in Quincy, Ill., days later came into Sangamon county, to NellieHarvey. They reside in Quincy. arriving Nov. I8, I833.For 21 months HARRIET A., born in Harrisburg he peddled clocks, after which he com- and (lied in I859. menced farming, raising his first crop in CHARLES E., born Dec. 19,- I842, I836. He again peddled dry goods, and in Springfield, married in Taylorville, Jan. came near being drowned while crossing 25, I87I, to Jeanette Overand, who was the Sangamon river north of Springfield. born August 24, 1855, in Hartford, Conn. He was married, Dec. 6, I838, to Eliza- They have one child, RALPHI, and rebeth Mason. She was born Feb. 4, 1818. side in Taylorville. Mr. Barnes was in They had five children, all born in San- business with his father until the death of gamon county, namely: the latter, and is now a hardware merEZRA, Jun., born April 30, 1842, in chant. Sangamon county, married in I872 at ANNA, born about 1844 or'5, in Preston City, Conn., to Prudence A. Springfield, married in St. Louis, Mo., to Browning. They reside five miles south- J. H. Pierson, and resides in Hearne, west of Chatham. Robertson county, Texas. SETH A., born in Sangamon county, Daniel Barnes sold dry goods in Springis a member of the firm of Barnes & field, from 1842 to I849. He was in busiSimpson, druggists, in Taylorville. ness with his son, Charles E., until Jan. Io, OLIVE F., born in Sangamon county, I868, when he died, in Taylorville. His married Feb. IO, I876, to George Bremer. widow resides there. CHIARLE r and Gilbert Barnes, the father of Daniel, ANGELINE, reside with their par- was born in I780, in Bucks county, Pa. ents in Ball township, two and a half miles He was a soldier from that county in the south of Chatham. war of SI2.' He married and had seven BARNES, DANIEL, was born children in the same county. Gilbert Feb.,, 807, in Bucks county, Pa. He was Barnes, and other members of his family, married in I832, in Lancaster county, to came to Springfield with the family of his Margaret A. Richardson, who was born son, Daniel, in 1840, but I have not been Jan., i8Io, in that county. Mr. Barnes able to obtain a full history of the family. kept a book store and bindery in Harris- BARRETT, DR. R. F., moved burg, and was the State binder for Penn- from Green county, Ky., to Sangamon sylvania for five years. They had three county about the time of the "deep snow" children in Harrisburg. Mr. Barnes of 1830 and'3I, and settled on Spring closed up his engagement as State binder creek, inwhat is now Island Grove townin the spring o I840, sold out his book ship. He had a son born there, and in store, and came west on horseback, look- 1839 Dr. Barrett accepted the position of ing for a location. He selected Spring- Professor of Materia Medica, in the Medfield as his future home, and was soon ical College of Missouri, and moved to followed by his family. They had four St. Louis. His sonchildren in Springfield, two of whom died AR THUR B., born August 22, 1835, young. Of the other five children- on Spring creek, Sangamon county, marALBERT G., born Sept. 4, I835, in ried in St. Louis to a Miss Sweringen. Harrisburg, Pa., was with his father in He was for seven years President of the Springfield from 1840 to 1855, when he company managing the St. Louis Fair, and -T3

Page  98 98 EARL r SE TTLERS OF it was largely through his influence that ELIZA V., born March 30, i85i, in it acquired a reputation unsurpassed by Sangamon county, married Feb. 9, 1870, any other institution of the kind in Amer- to Nimrod Vickers. One child, FRANK, ica. He was also President of the Mis- died in infancy. They reside in Christian souri Life Ins. Co. He was elected Mayor county, four miles east of Pawnee. of St. Louis, was inuagurated April I3, Abraham Barrows died April 9, I862, and died April 24, I875. and Mrs. Mahala Barrows died Oct. I8, BARROW, ABRAHAM, was 1874, both at the family homestead, six born Oct. 15, 1803, in Frederick county, miles south of Springfield. Va. Mahala Larrick was born Nov. I4, BARROWS, JOSIAH was 1809, in the same county. They were born Sept. 17, 1793, in Thompson, Wind married there, Oct. 20, 1831. Two of ham county, Conn. In 1798, his parents their children were born in Berkley coun- moved to Bridport, Vt., where Josiah ty, Va. They moved to Sangamon coun- was married Feb. 25, 1825, in Lebanon, ty, Ill., arriving Sept. I9, 1835, in what is New Hampshire, to Joanna Allen. She now Cotton'ill township, where they died Sept., I826, in Vermont, and Mr. had four children. Of their children- Barrows was married Jan., I829, in LeOHfTN T., born Feb. 27, 1833, in banon, N. H,, to Emily Young. She Berkley county, Va., was married, Dec. died Nov., 1831, in Vermont, and he was 12, I86I, in Christian county, Ill., to Eliza married, July, 1836, in New Haven, Vt., J. Ducker, who was born July 24, 1842, to Mrs. T. M. Case, whose maiden name in Ohio. They had two children in San- was Mills. They had -two children in gamon county. They moved to Sarpy Vermont, and came to Illinois, arriving in county, Neb., Nov. 6, I865. Three child- Chatham, Sangamon county, Oct., 1839, ren were bornin Nebraska. They moved where they had two children, and moved to Texas in I870, and settled in Dallas to Springfield about I846. Of their childcounty, where one child was born. Thence rento Fort Worth, in Tarrant county, where MLARY P., was born in Vermont in two children were born. Of their eight I837, and was married Jan. I, I86I, in children, six died in infancy. FLORA Springfield, to John H. Morse. They have A. and CHARLES H., reside with their three children, JOHN, GEORGE and parents, at Fort Worth, Tarrant county, HORACE, and reside at Morse's Mills, Texas. Jefferson county, Mo. Mr. Morse was ORANGE P., born in Virginia, died an avowed abolitionist, and during the in Sangamon county in infancy. war to suppress the rebellion, was much 7OSEPH W., born March II, I837, annoyed by the rebels. His store was in Sangamon county, was married April robbed, but being warned, he had time to 12, I86o, to Susan E. Hardin. They have remove some of the lighter goods. Amid four children, MARY V., SARAH E.,' all his troubles he continued to flourish, PRESLEY L. and MAHALA D., and and has several times represented his disreside near Taylorville. trict in the State Senate of Missouri. He iM.ARY 7., born March i6, 1840, in is always engaged in some public enterSangamon county, married May 3, 1859, prise. to Thomas W. Fleming. They had two SAMUEL MiL, born about 1838, in children. MARY A. died July 27, 1874, Vermont, raised in Sangamon county, Ill., and EMMA L. resides with her mother. married Sept. I867, in Vineland, Jefferson Mr. Fleming died July 26, I866. Mrs. county, Mo., to Ellen Morse. They have Fleming was married Sept., I871, to John four children, JULIA, KATIE, ELLEN L. Morgan, who was born in Sandusky, and ARTHUR. S. M. Barrows was a Ohio, and served three years in Co. E., Union man, and subjected, like his brotherI3th U. S. Inf. He was honorablydis- in-law, to annoyance during the war. He charged August 6, I868. They reside is Post Master, and resides at Morse's near Zion Chapel, three miles north of Mills, Mo. Pawnee. L UC Y, died in Springfield, aged about AJNN E., born Feb. 13, 1842, in San- sixteen years. gamon county, married John Q. A. Hus- ANNAA, born in Springfield, resides baild. See his name. with her sister, Mrs. Morse.

Page  99 SANGAMON COUNTr. 99 LOUISA CASE, daughter of Mrs. died in 1850, and his widow resides two Barrows by a former marriage, resides miles north of Rochester. with her half-sister, Mrs. Morse. WILLIAM S., born Nov., 1805, in Mrs. T. M. Barrows left Springfield to Bourbon county, Ky., married in Sangavisit her daughter, Mrs. Morse, in Mis- mon county, in 1834, to Isabel McCune. souri, and died there, Nov. i865. They had nine children; four died young. Josiah Barrows, after the death of his AMANDA, born April 6, 1835, married wife, spent his winters in Missouri, and JamesA.James. Seehisname. JAMES, summers in Springfield, Ill., until I875. born Jan. 27, 1838, married Feb. 20, 1862, He now resides with his children in Mis- to Mary Bailey, who was born Jan. 26, souri. 1844, in Hawkins county, Tenn. They BARROWS, LUCY, sister of have three children, LAURA I., GEORGE A. Josiah and Franklin, was born March I4, and DOLLY, and reside in Clear Lake I797, in Woodstock, Conn. Came west township, eight miles due east of Springin 1838. She resided in Sangamon and field. HANNAH, married William Morgan counties until Jan., 1841, when Thomas, and resides one mile west of she was married to Erastus Wright. See Dawson. CHARLES SPENCER and his name. ALEXANDER reside in Clear Lake BARROWS, FRANKLIN, township. Mrs. Isabel Bashaw died July brother to Lucy and Josiah, came to Spring- 27, I86I, and William S. Bashaw died Jan. field Nov., 855. They came too late to 3, 1874, within one and a half miles of be classed as early settlers, Mr. Franklin where he settled with his mother in I830. Barrows and family continue to reside in Wm. S. Bashaw had been five years a Springfield. Justice of the Peace, and was in office at Prentiss Barrows, the father of Josiah, the time of his death. Lucy and Franklin, was a soldier of the yA UELIV, born Nov. 24, 1808, in Revolution, under command of Benedict Kentucky, married in Sangamon county to Arnold, and occupied the same building Eleanor Poor, had nine children, and he used as Gen. -rnold's headquarters. died in I868. His widow married James Prentiss Barrows vas standing in the yard McQuinn, and resides near Rochester. when Arnold left the Americans to join Mrs. Ellen Bashaw died Sept., 1852, on the British, and as he passed, something the farm where she settle in I830. heavy in his pockets struck Barrows, and BATES, ISAAC, was born Oct. it was always believed that it was gold, a 14, 1796, in the town of Jaffrey, Cheshire part of the price of his treason. Prentiss county, New Hampshire, and when a Barrows died in 1812, at Bridport, Vt., young man, went to St. Lawrence county, from disease contracted in the army of the N. Y. CHARLOTTE BRYRevolution. ANT was born Dec. ii. 80o5, at ShoreBASHAW, MRS. ELLEN, ham, near White Hall, Vt., and taken by whose maiden name was Reed, was born her parents to St. Lawrence county, N. Y. about 1774. Her parents were from Penn- Isaac Bates and Charlotte Bryant were sylvania. Ellen Reed was married in married and had six children in St. LawBourbon county, Ky., to William Bashaw. rence county. The family moved to SanHe was a native of Virginia. They had gamon county, Ill., in wagons, arriving three children, and Mr. Bashaw died in June 30, 1837, at Springfield, and the next Bourbon county. Mrs. Bashaw, with week (July 4), witnessed the laying of the her three sons, moved to Sangamon coun- corner stone of the State house, the work ty, Ill., arriving in the fall of 1830, and on which had just commenced. In I839 settled three miles north of Rochester. Of he entered land north of the Sangamon her three children river, moved there, and made a home in yAMES, born Jan. I8, I8oo, in Ken- what is now Fancy creek township. Two tucky, married in Sangamon county, Jan. children were born in Sangamon county. 17, 1832, to Mary McCune. They had Of their childrenseven children in Sangamon county, yOSEPH, born June i6, 1822, in St. CINCINNATUS, ELEANOR, EMI- Lawrence county, N. Y., married in SanLY, HIRAM, CORDIANN, JAMES gamon county to Mrs. Rebecca Power, R. and WILLIAM M. James Bashaw whose maiden name was Brown. Mrs.

Page  100 oo EARL r SETTLERS OF Bates had one child by her first marriage, Bryant, the poet, and editor of the New MARY J. POWER. -She marriedJohn Tork Post. B. Brown, and lives in Jefferson county, BATES, JAMES, was born Kan. Mr. and Mrs. Bates have six child- March 2, 1803, in Cheshire county, N. H., ren. FIDELIA E. married Winfield S. raised at Potsdam, N. Y., and came with Hay, and lives in Fancy creek township. his brother Oliver to Sangamon county in ISAAC D., JAMES W., JOSEPH F., I833. He was married in the fall of I842, ZIMRI E., and JOHN GARROLL re- to Eunice Watts who died in June, I846. side.with their parents in Fancy Creek Mr. Bates was married in May, 1852, to township, 12 miles due north of Spring- Mrs. Irena Holmes, whose maiden name field. was Watts. She died in April, 1865. ORLANDO, born March 20, 1824, in James Bates resides one mile northwest of St. Lawrence county, N. Y., married in Farmingdale. He never had any children. Sangamon county to Sarah Brown. They BATES, OLIVER, was born in have three living children, JANE and 1796, in Cheshire county, N. H. Moved, CHARLOTTE, (twins.) JANE mar- about i806, to Potsdam, St. Lawrence ried William Stienberger, and lives near county, N. Y., where he was married to Mt.4Pulaski. CHARLOTTE married Charity Buckman,.Sept. 8, 1824. She is Abram Larue, and lives near Williams- a sister of Joel Buckman, and was born in ville. EMMA lives with her parents in Bethel, Vermont. They had three childWilliamsville. ren in New York, two of whom died LVELSON, born April 13, 1826, in young. They moved in a colony of 52 New York. He lost one arm by the ex- persons to Sangamon county, Ill., arriving plosion of a gun when he was 14 years in 833, and early in 1834 settled adjoinold. He married Melinda Ferguson, has ing the present Farmingdale Station, on three children, MINNIE J., WILLIAM, the south, where three children were born. and FREDERICK, and lives in Peters- Of the four childrenburg, Ill. ROXANA, born Oct. 23, I832, in ALBER T, died, 1829, in infancy. Potsdam, N. Y., was married in SangaFIDELIA, died August 31, 1845, aged mon county, Ill., April 6, 1853, to Jacob 15 years. Foster. See his name. ZIMRI B., born Feb. 28, I833, in St. ZURA, born Jan. 12, I836, in SangaLawrence county, N. Y., enlisted, Nov. mon county, was married to Mrs.Josephine 25i, 86I, in Co. G., Ioth IIl. Cav., and was Ellis. They have three children, CHAS. commissioned as Ist Lieutenant. He was B., ELIZABETH A. and ROXANA promoted to Captain, Oct. 20, 1862. He L., and reside in Taylorville, Ill. served about four years, and resigned in BUCKMAN, born Nov. 6, I840, in Feb., 1865. He was married Sept. 23, Sangamon county, was partially educated I866, in Sangamon county, to Hattie at Jacksonville, Ill., and graduated at the Stockdale, who was born April 2, 1846, State University, Bloomington, Indiana. in Pennsylvania. They have two child- He began the study of law in Pekin, Ill., ren, NORA M. and HOWARD R., and where he died July 13, I864. reside in Fancy Creek township, at the ELIZABE THI, born Feb. 25, 1839, home settled by his parents in 1839. in Sangamon county, died at the residence IRA, died. in Sangamon county, Oct., of her sister, Mrs. Foster. Oliver Bates 1858, in his twelfth year. died in I865, where he settled in I834. PAR TENIVA, born March 12, 1842, His widow died in March I869, at the in Sangamon county, married William S. residence of her daughter, Mrs. Foster. Constant. See his name. BATTERTON, AMOR, was yAMES 1/;, born June I9, 1844, in born May 3, 1772, in Loudon county, Va. Sangamon county, married Julia Constant. Nancy Guthrie was born about 1776, in They have one child, ETHEL, and re- North Carolina, and her parents moved, side in Williamsville. when she was a child, to Madison county, Isaac Bates died April 23, I855, in Ky. They were there married and had Fancy creek township. His widow re- one child, who was drowned in Kentucky sides with her daughter, Mrs. Constant. river. They moved to Adair county, Mrs. Bates is a cousin to William Cullen where they had nine children, and moved

Page  101 SA.NGAMON COUNTY. ioi to Madison county, Ill., in I8I8, and from 1839, enlisted for three years, August 13, there to Rock creek, in what is now i862, in Co. B, II4th Ill. Inf., served full Menard county, in I820, thence to what is term, and was honorably discharged at now Salisbury township, Sangamon coun- Springfield, June 29, I865. He died at ty, in the spring of 1822, and settled one home, August i6, i868, from the effects of and a quarter miles northwest of where camp diarrhea and sun stroke. HENRY Salisbury now stands. Of their nine CLAY, born.lov. 12, I843, married Jan. children 20, I870, to Maria Maltby, who was born DA VID, born Nov. 5, I796, in Ken- May 27, I850, at Petersburg, Ill. They tucky, married Nancy Yoakum. They have one child, IDA MAY, and reside one had eight children, and Mr. B. died in mile west of Salisbury. MILDRED P., Menard county. His family moved to born May 4, I846, married Daniel C. PelCass county, and his widow died there. ham. Seehis name. MARIA,SARAH Their children reside in Menard and Cass E., CHARLOTTE and GEORGE W., counties, and in Kansas, Mr. B. was ist reside with their parents, one and a quarLieutenant in a Company in the Winne- ter miles west of Salisbury. bago war. L.E VI, born August 20, 1804, in KenNELSON, born July 27, I798, in Ken- tucky, married in Sangamon county, tucky, married Betsy Davenport, had four March 3, 183I, to Dorcas Sackett. They children, and Mr. B.died in DeWitt coun- had six children. MARY A. married ty. Their son WILLIAM was a soldier Wm. Hines, have ten children, and reside in an Illinois regiment, and died in. I863, two miles north of Salisbury. THOMAS in the army. MARY and NANCY are S. married Lucy Duncan, have five childmarried, and reside in Minnesota. JAMES ren, JASPER N., ALLIE J., FRANCIS M., W. and his mother live in Missouri. GEORGE W. and ANDERSON D., and reside ANDERSON, born May 3, I800, in one and a half miles north of Salisbury. Kentucky, married Polly Robinson, who ELIAS married Ellen Duncan; have two died, and he married againand went to children, HARVEY and ANNIE, and reside Arkansas. five miles north of Salisbury. AMANWIDLL.AMlI, born Dec. I4, I801, in DA J. married Ira Brown, and resides two Adair county, Ky., married Jan. I, I833, and a half miles north of Salisbury. in Sangamon county, to Eliza Gaines. WILLIAM H. married Mary E. DunThey had twelve children; two died young. can, has one child, NORA, and resides with MADISON, born Oct. 20, I833, enlisted, his parents, two miles north of Salisbury. August 13, 1862, for three years, in Co. Levi Batterton served in a Sangamon B., I4th Ill. Inf., was captured at Gun- county Company in the Winnebago war, town, Miss., June ii, I864, was taken to and drew as a pension, twice, forty acres Andersonville prison and escaped byfalling of land. in with Gen. Stoneman's men when they MAR2, born Dec. I4, 1804, in Kenwere about to be exchanged Sept. I4, tucky, married Willoughby Randolph. I864, and was mistaken for one of them. They had four children. Their youngest He left them at Atlanta, was furloughed son, LEVI, was a soldier in an Iowa reghome from Memphis, joined his regiment iment, was wounded and died at the batin Jan., I865, served to the end of his term, tle of Pittsburg landing. The family reand was honorably discharged, August 3, side at Knoxville, Iowa. i865. He was married April 24, I4,, in PRISCILLA, born Feb. 9, I809, in Sangamon county, to Cynthia S. Lemmon. Kentucky, married June 16, 1836, to WilThey have three living children, MINNIE liam Yoakum, who was born July 28, M., JENNIE, and a boy babe, and reside I812, in Claiborne county, Tenn. They four and a half miles north of Salisbury. have one son, WILLIAM F., who marRICHARD, born July i9, 1836, married ried Mary Adams, and resides with his Permelia Miller, have- three children, parents in Menard county, two miles ADAM F., MURRAY, and ELIJAH, and re- north of Salisbury. side in Menard county. AMY C., born SUSANNAH' T., born June 7, I8II, Feb. I9, 1838, married John R. Wells, married Coleman Gaines. See his name. have seven children, and reside in Macon E. GEORGE, born June 26, 1814, in county, Mo. ROBERT, born August 4, Adair county, Ky., married Jan. I9, I843,

Page  102 102 EARL T SETTLERS OF in Menard county, to Huberty Clark. children, JENNIE, MINNIE and EDWARD, They had ten children; one died young. and reside at Clio, Geneseo county, MichJOHN C. resides with his parents. igan. Mr. Caldwell is pastor of the ConELISHA C. married Farinda Duncan. gregational church of that place. EDThey have three children, EMMA J., ED- WARD P., born May 27, I841, in SpringWARD L. and SYLVA v., and reside one field, married'May I I, 865, to Julia E. mile southeast of Salisbury. PRISCIL- Cone, and resides in Springfield. Mrs. LA J. married Wm. Tozer,.have three Eliza H. Beach died Oct. 31, I865, and children, and reside five miles northwest Richard H. Beach was married, June 27, of Salisbury. MARY A., MARTHA 1867, to Sarah Lavinia Pearson. They A., MORRIS M., LAURA A., GEO. reside in Springfield. M. and CHARLES L., reside with their ELIZA H., died April r4, I865, in parents, two miles north of Salisbury. Centreville, Iowa. Mrs. Nancy Batterton died July 31,. AJfELIA, born Sept. 21, I816, mar1835, and Amor Batterton died August 4, ried in I843, in Springfield, to John Har1835, both near Salisbury. ris. She died May 22, 1845. BEACH, JARED,wasborn Nov. Mrs. Mary Beach died Dec. 17, 1836, 24, 1770, in Essex county, N. J., and was andJared Beach died March 4, 1852, both married there, Feb. 13, I794, to Mary in Springfield. Harrison, who was born Sept. 18, I775, in BEACH, J OB A., was born April the same county. They moved to New 5, 1780, in Morris county, N. J. Susan York City, where they had five living Hathaway was born Oct. 12, I782, in the children, and in 1835 moved to Spring- same county. They were married and field, Ill. Of their children- had eight children in New Jersey, and in ELE C TA, married in New York 1817 moved to Butler county, Ohio, and the City to Henry Howell, moved west, and next year to Dearborn county, Ind. Of died, Feb., 1859, in Centreville, Iowa. three children born in the latter county, CA THARINE, born Sept. 12, 1805, one died in infancy. Mrs. Susan Beach in New York city, married there, August died there in Oct., 1822, and Job A. Beach 3, 1830, to Edmund R. Wiley. See his was married, August 26, 1824, to Judith name.. X;Connelly, who was born Dec. 2, I805, in RICHARD., born March ii, I808, Washington county, Pa. They had five in New York City, married there, in children in Indiana, and the family moved 1832, to Eliza H. Baldwin, who was to Sangamon county, Ill., in. the fall of born in 1814, in Cranberry, Middlesex I835, and settled south of Spring creek, county N. J. They had one child, and in what is now Gardner township, where moved to Morgan county, Ill., where he five children were born. Of the twenty taught school one year, and came to children of Job A. BeachSpringfield in 1834, and in I835 united CHARLES, born Dec. i6, 80oI, in with E. R. Wiley in the mercantile busi- New Jersey, married in Ohio to Elizabeth ness, as Wiley, Beach & Co. They es- McGilvey. She died, leaving one child, tablished the first clothing store in Spring- and, when last heard from, he lived in field, which they continued many years. Rockville, Ind. Mr. and Mrs. Beach had four children in E U.NICE,born April 7, 1803, in New Springfield. Of their five children, Jersey, married in Indiana to Enoch ConSARAH, born in 1833, in New York ger. They had six children, and moved City, married in Springfield to George to Oquawka, Ill., where the parents died. H. Nolte. They had three children, 7. MUNiVSON, born May I, 1806, in GEORGE E., RICRARD B. and MINNIE G. Morris county, N. J., married near CarthMrs. Nolte died in I862, in Beard'xstown. age, Hamilton county, Ohio, August 27, CATHARINE E., born in 1835, in 1835, to Christiana M. Robinson. They Springfield, died in I848 in Beardstown. came to Sangamon county, Ill., arriving MARY B., born in Springfield, resides Sept. I9, 1836, in what is now Gardner with her father. MATILDA B., born township, where they had eleven children; Feb. 28, 1839, in Springfield, married, two died young. CAROLINE, born April 14, I868, to Rev. William E. Cald- June 3, 1837, married Jan, I5, I857, to well, of Lodi, Michigan. They have three George Carr. She died April 5, 186o,

Page  103 SANGAJMV ON C OUNTS 103o leaving one child, BENJAMIN, who resides ELIZABET' 7H, born Jan 22, ISS1, in with his father, in WVisconsin. MARY Indiana, died unmarried in I869, at the A., born Jan. 23, 1839, married August house of her sister, Lavina, near Van20, S862, to Henry P. Hart. They have dalia. six children, HENRY E., WVILLIAM M., LA V'/NA, born Nov. 30, I82o, in MARY c., BENJAMIN S., JULIA P. and WAL- Dearborn county, Ind., married in SpringTER A., and reside five miles northwest of field, 111., to Stephen D. Perry. They Springfield. Henry P. Hart enlisted have nine children, and reside near ShaboAugust o, 1862, for three years, in Co. H., nier, Fayette county. Of the second 95th Ill. Inf., was corporal and postmas- marriageter in the Company, served until June 6, ELIZA, born August 4, 1825, in InS863, when he was promoted to Captain diana, died, aged two years. of a Company of U. S. colored troops. 70B ALL'ENT Jun., born March i, CORNELIA, )born Jan. I5, 1841, mar- 1827, in Dearborn county, Ind., came ried April 3, 86o, to Samuel Cook. They with his parents to Sangamnoon county in have four children, JAMES E., WILLIAMI AM., I835. He enlisted August, 1862, for three lJOHN and JENNIE, and reside in Chandler- years, in Co. I, I3oth IllIf. In l e wras ville, II. EDT)ARD M., born Oct. 6, under Gen. Banks in his expedition up SL43, enlisted August 20, 1862, for three Red River, was captured and taken to years, in Co. 13., 13oth Ill. Inf. He was Camp Ford, at Tyler, Texas, and after corporal and fifer the greater part of the six weeks imprisonment, news came that timne, served full term, and was honorably they were to be exchanged, and the rebel discharged August i, 865. e was guards becoming less vigilant, he escaped married June 3, 1869, to Maggie Frazee. and wandered 26 days before reaching the They have one child, IBBI3IE (., and reside Union lines. His comrades remained eight miles west of Springfield. VIR- fourteen months in the rebelprisons. Mr. GINIA, born July 8, I846, married Oct. Beach served to the end of the rebellion, 3, IS72, to Charles V. King. See his and was honorably discharged in August, name. JULIA D., born April 6, 184S, 1865. He is unmarried, and resides with married Oct. 24, 1870, to Hiram McC. his mother, eight miles west of SpringReed. Who was born Aug. 26, 1846, in field. Butler county, Ohio. They have one MIA]4R- A., born June 25, 1829, in Inchild, MAGGIE C., and reside near Berlin. diana, raised in Sangamon county, marJOSHUA M., born Oct. 4, I852, died in ried in Knox county, Ill., to Jonathan his seventh year. JOSEPH W., born Cacebeer, have one child, and reside at: IDec. 14., 1855, and ALICE J., born Jan. Wiilton Junction, Iowa. I, i859, reside with their parents, eight L-UC',born April 29, I83, inl Indiana. miles west of Springfield. died in Sangamon county, aged sixteen MILL] TON, born April 25, 8SOS, in years. New Jersey, married, raised a fmily, and., ENA7'I4iINF., born May 31, 1833, resides in Lawrenceburg, Ind. in Indiana, raised in Sangamon county, EM/E INAE, born May 8, 1810, in married in Knox county, Ill., enlisted at New Jersey, mar*ried in Dearborn county, SMoline, served three years, re-enlisted as New Jersey, married in Dearborn county, cllnd., to Ezekiel Pettigrewv, and both dliedc veteran, served to the end of the rebellion, and was honorably discharged. Ile moved in Park county, leaving seven children. and was ablydiscar. He ve to Springfield, Mo., and died there, May NXAJVC, born June 26, 1813, in New I8, 1869, leaving a widow and four childJersey, married in Indiana to Jacob Daisy, en. moved to Arkansas, where he died, and SUSAJ, born March 7, I36, in Sanshe married again. S t br Mr 17 - shle married again. Cgamon county, resides with her mother. J7ANVE, born August 24, I814, in New ZARLAN P., born Nov. 20, 1838, in Jersey, married Ephraim Lawler. She Sangamon county, married in Fayette died in Clay county, Ill., leaving four county, to Ellen J. Tharp. He served as children near Louisville. First Sargeant three years in the IIith PR T)UDENC(E, born Sept. 25, I816, in Ill. Inf., was with Sherman in his march New Jersey, married WVm. Bullion, in to the sea, served to the end of the rebelPark county, Ind., and died there. lion, was honorably discharged, and died

Page  104 o04 EARLY SELTTLERS F0 March 13, 1870, leaving a widow and one in I775, and taken by her parents to Fay child in Fayette county. ette county, Ky., when she was quite il:ARR7'N2 L., born Feb. II, I84I, in young. Jacob Beam and Rachel McClure Sangamon county, enlisted May, 1862, for were married at Lexington, and had two three months, in Co. G., 68th Ill. Inf., and children there. They moved to Manchesdied of disease, Sept. io, 1862, ill Wash- ter, Ohio, where they had eleven children, ington City. and fiom there to Clarke county, Ind., /?RANVCilS, born Oct. 1, 1843, (lied in where one child was born, and from there infancy. to what is now Lincoln, Logan county, Ill., LOU/.!SA Rl., born May o1, 1846, in arriving the (lay before the election which Sangamon county, married Thomas D. made Andrew Tackson President, in 1828. Barnhart, hiad one child, and Mrs. B. (lied, Finding it impossible to obtain food and Nov. 28, I871, in Kansas. shelter for his family through the winter, Job A. Beach died April ii, 1849, in after a stay of two weeks, Mr. Beam Sangamon county, and his widow resides moved to Rochester, Sangamon county, eight miles west of Springfield, with her in the latter part of Nov., 1828. Of their unmarried children. childrenBEARDON, SAMUEL L,,.A1/ES, born near Lexington, Ky., was born Feb. 27, I827, in Christian coun- married in Sangamon county to Susan ty, Ky. His father moved to Christian Hyner, who was born Oct. 15, ISIo. county, Ill., in 1828. His. mother dying They had nine children, all of whom are soon after, his father gave him to John dead, except RACHEL, born May 15, French, a fiiend of the fanily, who had 1831,married Jacob Rape. Sec his namec moved to Chatham township, in Sanga- James Beam died in 1855, in Sangamon mon county. He was brought up by Mr. county, and his widow died in I858, at French. Samuel L. Beardon was married Mt. Auburn, Christian county. April io, I852, in Sangamon county, to 7ON ZV, born in Kentucky, mnarried in Susan Gofor. They have four children- Sangamon county, to Ellen WVilliams. GEORiGE 7', ISAA C N., SAJi- They have three children, and reside at UEL Ea., and IlA, and reside two and B1oscobel, Grant county, WVis. a half miles northeast of Auburn. ELIZA4BE TH1, born at Manchester, John French died in 1854, in Chatham 0., married in Sangamon county to Hartownship. vey Summers. They had six children. BEAUCHAMP, JOSHUA, SIMON P. was accidentally shot in was born about 1782, in ~Washington coun- Marysville, California, about I86O. JOHIN ty, Ky. Tie was married there to Catha- WVESLEY, was a member of a California rine Payne. They had seven children in Cavalry regiment, and was killed by his Kentucky, and moved to Sangamon coun- horse running away with him on the march ty, Ill., arriving in what is now 7Woodside to the field of conflict, in I862. G'EORGE township, in the fall of I827, where two'VT. was a soldier in an Illinois regiment, children were born. Of the children~ captured and died in a rebel prison in i1/ARIA R., born in Kentucky, mar- South Carolina. MARY E. married a nied James H. Withrow. See his name. Baptist minister, and resides in Iowa. The other children — WILLIAM resides near Rockbridge, HENi RYr NXV., ED WARD, ELIZA, Green county. SARAH E., resides with W14ILLZIAMI, YOSEPH and A11/AN- her father. Mrs. E. Summers died, and DA, ail married, somedied, and the living Harvey Summers resides in Alton. are in Kansas and Missouri. JIART2, born in Ohio, is unmarried, Joshua Beauchamp moved to Missouri, and resides with her brother, Joseph and died April I, 1842, in the Platt pur- Beam. chase. His widow resides in Doniphan DA VID, born in Manchester, Adams county, Kansas. county, Ohio, married in Sangamon counBEAM, JACOB, was born about ty, to Rosanna Ebey, who was born near 1762, in N.J., and when he was a youth, Columbus, Ohio. They had eleven childwent to Lexington, Ky., which he found ren in Sangamon county, five of whom to be a very small village. Rachel Mc- died young. GEORGE WV. went to Clure was born in Huntington county, Pa., Washington Territory in i854, married

Page  105 SANGAMON COUNTr. 105 there to Sarah Wright, a native of Mis- VANE A., born in Ohio, married in souri. They went over the plains to- Sangamon county to William Cable, moved gether. Mr. Beam died March, T865, on to Wisconsin, and after spending twentyVancouver's Island, leaving a widow and four years there, moved to Iowa, and died three children. She is again married, there in 1872, leaving several children. and resides in San Francisco. JACOB WESLET, born in Ohio, married in H., born April 28, I834, married Jan. I9, Sangamon county, Dec. 25, 1840, to 1865, to Amanda Cummings, and resides Amelia Rape. They had five children in in Springfield. LOUISA J. married Cotton Hill township; one died in infancy. Emery Raymond, and died March i7, 1863, NANCYJ. married W: T. Williams; had leaving two children. NANCY A. mar- two children, ALBERT L. and THEODORE L. ried Lewis Williams, who died, and she Mrs. W. died and they live with their married Geo. W. Duggerz and resides in father, who married and resides in Cotton Virden. WILLIAM T., born Sept. 22, Hill township. MARY A. married 1844, married Sept. 25, 1872, to Margaret James M. Sankey, have three children, A. Sanders. They have one child, coR- and reside near Fairbanks, Ind. AMANDELIA A., and reside in Rochester town- DA E. married Wm. Z. Williams, have ship, near where his grandfather Beam one child, and reside near Shelbourn, Ind. settled in:828. JAMES HARVEY, JOHN L. is unmarried, and resides in born July 24, I849, married Oct. 23, 1873, Cotton Hill township. Wesley Beam to Eliza J. Sanders, and resides on part of died in 1852, in Cotton Hill township, and the farm near where his grandfather set- his widow married Mr. Howlett. See tied in 1828. It is in Cotton Hill town- Rapefamily name. ship. David Beam died Feb. 28, I853. CORDELIA, born in Ohio, married His widow died April i6, I860. Mr. in Sangamon county, to Daniel Fetters. Beam acted as Justice of the Peace for They had four children, and she died in many years; was a farmer and miller. Cotton Hill township. SARAH, born in Ohio, married in JOSEPH, born July 27, 1820, in Sangamon county, to John A. Maxcy. Clarke county, Ind., married in Sangamon They have two children, and reside in county to Mary P. Spicer. They had Alton. two children. NANCY J. A., married NANCVCT, born in Ohio, married in Henry Hertel, have one child, ADA LILSangamon county, to Jacob Miller, and LIAN, and reside three miles north of Pawboth died. They left six children in De- nee, in Cotton Hilltownship. SARAH E. Witt county. married Isaac Porter, who was born Dec. TH7OMAS, born at Manchester, O., 29, 1836, in Monroe county, Ohio. They and came to Sangamon county with his moved to Kansas City, Mo., and she died parents. Some of his friends here relate there, May 2I, I869, one month after maran incident in his life that illustrates real riage. Mr. Porter brought her remains life among the early settlers. He raised back to the family cemetery for interment. a good crop of corn in the summer of He has since married Maggie Caldwell, I830, and in the fall determined to sell it and resides in Pawnee. Mrs. Mary P. and go to the Galena lead mines. After Beam died Oct. I6, I850, and Joseph Beam making it known in all the settlement, was married April 25, I854, to Barbara he was unable to get an offer for his crop Deardorff. They had four children. at any price in money, but he traded it for THOMAS W. and LINDSAY C., the a barrel of whisky, traded that for a eldest and youngest, died under three three year old steer, and finally sold that years. JOSEPH L. and WALDO P. for $io.oo. He took a vow to use that reside with their parents in Ball township, for paying his expenses out of the county, ten miles southeast of Springfield. He and never to live in it again. He went to has acted as Justice of the Peace for sevthe lead mines, was married in Wisconsin eral years. to Catharine Reed. They had six child- Jacob Beam died March 24, 1838, and ren in Wisconsin, and moved to California his widow died April 21, I85I, both in I863. He is now a wealthy man, and near where they settled in 1828. resides at Crescent City, Del Norte coun- BEDINGER, CHRISTIAN, ty, California. was born Dec. 24, 1774, in Berkley coun-14

Page  106 Io6 EARL Y SETTLERS OF ty, Va. Sophia Taylor was born Sept. Bumgardner. They had six children, 24, I776, in Maryland, they were mar- four of whom died young. ADDISON ried about 1798, in Maryland or Virginia, and MATILDA F. reside with their parand made their home in Berkley county ents, five miles east of Springfield. for a short time, then moved to Harrison Mrs. Sophia Bedinger died in 1840, and county, near Cadiz, Ohio, where nine Christian Bedinger died Oct., 185I, both children were born. The parents and in Sangamon county. three of the children came to Sangamon BELL, ZEBULON, was born county, Ill., arriving in the fall of 1836, in Nov. 18, I799, in Gerrardstown, Berkley Island Grove..Of all their children- county, West Virginia. His grandfather, PHILIP, born Nov. 8, 1799, in Ohio James Bell, was born and educated in married in Cadiz to Sarah Hartman Scotland. The exact date of his coming raised a large family, and resides near to America is unknown to his descendents. Nova, Ashland county, O. He landed in Philadelphia, and being a mill_ OSEPIH, born June I6, I80oI,in Ohio, wright, built a snuff mill in that city, said married there to Deborah Metcalfe, had to have been the first machine of the kind four children, and Mrs. B. died. Their in America. He went from Philadelphia daughter SOPHIA came to Sangamon to Frederick county, Va. According to county with her grandparents, and mar- traditions in the family, he must have been ried James N. Eckler. JENNIE resides almost a Hercules in physical strength. with her uncle, Wm. Bedinger. Joseph In connection with his business as a millBedinger has not been heard from for wright and miller, he is said to have carmany years. ried nine bushels of wheat up three flights ISAAC, born June I8, 1807, married of stairs at a single load. James Bell was in Ohio, to Sarah Brown, came to Sanga- married in Scotland to Ellen Nelson. mon county, and died near Berlin, in 1851, They brought two children with them to leaving a widow and four children. America, John and Tames. The latter, born GEOR GE, born Feb. 11, I8I0, came March 18, I770, in Scotland, was too young to Sangamon county with his parents, re- to remember crossing the Atlantic ocean. mained four or five years, went to Mis- This would imply that they came before souri, married there to Eliza Carver. or during the Revolution. He married Both parents died, leaving four children Margaret Fulton, a native of Chester near Lockridge, Jefferson county, Iowa. county, Penn. She was of Irish descent. WILLIAM, born June 11, 1812, near They settled in Gerrardstown, Berkley Cadiz, Ohio, came to Sangamon county in county, West Va., where they had nine the spring, of 1837, married Nov. I, 1839, children, three, only, of whom are living. to Martha Carver, and had three children John, born March 23, 1798, resides in in Sangamon county. ELIZA J., born Quincy, Logan county, Ohio. Launcelot, March 3, I843, married in I860 to George born Dec. 5, I8oI, resides.near Taylorville, Wolfe, have four children, and reside near Christian county, Illinois, and Zebulon, in German Prairie Station. SARAH E., age between the two latter, is the one born Feb. 25, I846, married in I86o to whose name heads this sketch. John C. Robinson. They have one child, Zebulon Bell was married Sept. 20, MARTHA A., and reside half a mile south 1821, in Gerrardstown, Berkley county, of Camp Butler. ALBERT, born April West Va., to Rachel Swingle, who was 25, 1849, resides with his father. -Mrs. born Dec. 20, I8oI, in the same county. Martha Bedinger died Nov., I852, and They had five children there, and moved Mr. B. was married Feb. 9, 1863, to Mrs. to Sangamon county, Ill., arriving May 6, Sarah M. Greenslate, whose maiden name 1834, in what is now Woodside township, was Oliver. They reside half a mile south west of Sugar creek, and six miles southof Camp Butler. east of Springfield, where five children HENRY, born June 5, I814, in Ohio, were born. Of their ten childrenmarried in Sangamon county to Sophia BEITONI, born July 24, 1822, in Carver, had one child, and he died. She Berkley county, West Va., married in married Job Dickenson. Sangamon county, March 21, 1847, to MARY, born Jan. 6, I818, in Ohio, Eliza J. Wills. They had two living arried in Sangamon county to Joseph children. MARGARET C.,born March

Page  107 SANGAMON COUNTY. io7 15, I848, married, Nov. 25, 1868, to John in I860, married there, March 21, I865, to M. Doake, who was born Oct. 3, I844. Lydia E. Roberts, who was born in BourThey have three children, IVA, BENONI M. bon county, Ky., Dec. 26, I846. Of their and MARY A., and reside six and a half children, MARY M., CLARINDA M., miles southeast of Springfield. WIL- IVY FORREST, GEORGE S. and LIAM S. resides with his father. Mrs. FLORA E. The two latter died young. Eliza J. Bell died Jan. 22, I857, and Mr. Launcelot Bell and wife reside near FounBell was married Oct. I2i 1859, in Madi- tain, El Paso county, Colorado. son, Ind., to Mrs. Anna Settle, whose ST7.EPHEN, born April I9, 1839, in maiden name was Taylor. She was born Sangamon county, enlisted August 27, Dec. 17, I833, in Lancaster county, Penn. 1862, for three years, in Co. E., I I4th Ill. They had five children, three died in in- Inf., was taken prisoner June io, 1864, fancy. CHARLES E. was killed by the at the battle of Guntown, Miss. He kick of a horse, July 31, 873, in his fifth spent four months in Andersonville prison year. ADA H. resides with her parents. pen, two weeks at Savannah, Ga., one Benoni Bell and wife reside within half a month at Millen, Ga., and was exchanged mile of where his parents settled in I834. at Savannah, Nov. 24, 1864. He rejoined It is six and a half miles southeast ot his regiment, served full time, and was Springfield. honorably discharged with the regiment. _AMEES T., born Dec. 15, 1823, in He was married in Sangamon county, Berkley county, West Va., enlisted in Jan. 20, I869, to Louisa L. Womack. Sangamon county, Aug. 27, I862, for They have three children, CORA G., three years, in Co. E., II14 Ill. Inf., served MAY S. and JAMES E., and reside his full term, was honorably discharged, five miles south of Springfield. and now resides near Fountain, Colorado. An incident, said to have taken place in MA'RIA C., born June 29, I825, in Andersonville prison, went the rounds of Berkley county, Va., married in Sanga- the*papers at the time, but its truthfulness mon county, July I, 1847, to John Bell, was doubted. It had almost passed from my who was born Jan. 28, I813, in Pittsburg, mind, until it was revived by Stephen Penn. They have one child, RACHEL Bell, who says that he was an eye-witness A., born April 9, 1848, married John H. to the breaking out of a spring of pure Shoup. See his name. John Bell and water, under circumstances that seemed wife reside with their daughter, Mrs. almost miraculous. It is not necessary to Shoup, in Cotton Hill township. repeat the description of the prison, as JOHN- W., born May 2, I828, in that has been so often done. It is well Berkley county, Va., married in Sanga- known that inside the stockade there was mon county, to Sarah E. Gatton. They a line, sometimes imaginary, called the have seven children, viz: MARY C., "dead-line." If a prisoner crossed that SAMUEL L., JOHN W., ALICE J., line approaching the stockade, he was RACHEL E., EMILY E. and CARY almost sure to be shot dead. A stream of L., and reside near Fountain, Colorado. water ran through the stockade from north ZEESBUL ON N., born April I9, 1830, to south. All the offal and filth from the in West Virginia, brought up in Sanga- camp of the rebel guards entered the mon county, is unmarried, and resides in stream above the stockade, and that was Christian county, near Old Rienzi, San- the only supply of water for the prisoners. gamon county. About Ioo yards east of and on ground I5 MIAR GARE T B., born May 3I, T834, or 20 feet above that dirty slough, and four in Sangamon county, was married Feb. or five feet inside the dead-line, or between 23, I857, to Andrew Anderson, who was that and the stockade, a stream of water born in Garrard county, Ky., April 29, spouted up ten or fifteen feet, where there 1832. They have seven children, ARA- was not the least appearance of water beBEL, AGNES M., RICHARD Y., fore. Troughs were put up, and it was ZEBULON J., MARY S., JAMES and conducted inside the prison bounds. It RACHEL, and reside in Cotton Hill took place about two o'clock in the aftertownship. noon, on a bright day in August, I864. LA 2UNCELOT, born March I7, 1837, There had been a heavy rain the day bein Sangamon county, went to Pike's Peak fore, accompanied by a terrific thunder

Page  108 o08 EARLY SETTLERS OF storm. The torrents of water broke ing in the fall of 1830, and settled fouidown the stockade where it crossed the miles south of the present town of Rochslough. The opening was so wide that ester, where they had six children. Of the rebel authorities feared the prisoners their nine childrenwould attempt to escape. They caused ISAAC B., born June 25, I820, near cannon to be fired and their soldiers to Carlisle, Nicholas county, Ky., married in shout and halloo, and make all the noise Sangamon county, March s8, I840, to they could, and in every way present as Susan Stokes. They had six daughters great an appearance of force as possible. in Sangamon county. CAROLINE M., No effort was made to escape, the breach born April 18, 1842, married March 29, was mended, the waters subsided, the 1868, to Lawson H. Smith, who was clouds passed away, and it was the next born Feb. 20, 1831, in Carlisle, Ky. They day, when all was bright and clear, that have three children, CORDELIA A., WM. the stream of pure water spouted up from RILEY and ANNA BELLE, and reside three the earth. Stephen Bell says he was as miles southeast of Rochester. LOUISA near it at the time as any other person. J. resides with her parents. MARGAHe thinks that of the 28,000 prisoners con- RET A., born Sept. 30, I846, married fined there at the time, the larger portion Jonathan G. Crouch. See his name. of them regarded it as a direct interposi- MARY E., EMILY T. and DEBORAH tion of Providence in their behalf. Each S. reside with their parents, one and a one had his own way of expressing his quarter miles west of Clarkesville. feelings, some of them neither refined nor JAMIES f., born Nov. 30, 1822, in, reverential, but none the less heart-felt and Nicholas county, Ky., married in Sangasincere. mon county, May 7, 1843, to Milla DotJames H. Pulliam and Benj. F. Fletcher, son, who was born Nov., 1822, in Loudon whose histories may be found in this book, county, Va. They had four children. were in the prison at the time, and testify JOHN W., the second child, died under to the truthfulness of the above statement. two years. ELIZA A., born Feb. 25, Mr. Samuel Lewis, of Auburn, was not 1844, married Sept. 4, 1864, to Benj. C. there at the time, but saw the spring after- Gray, who was born August 12, 1832, wards. near Hopkinsville, Ky. Mr. Gray has one MIAR Z L., born March 30,' 842, in child, CHARLES Y., by a former marriage. Sangamon county, married Samuel Rea- Mrs. Gray died Dec., 1874, and B. C. ton. They have three children, IDA, Gray resides near Clarkesville. HIRAM JAMES E. and FRANK, and reside F., born Dec. i7, 1852, resides in Californear Fountain, Colorado. nia. JAMES M., born August 6, 1836, ARTHALINDA, born Sept. 2, I844, lives with his father. Mrs. Milla Bell died in Sangamon county, married Jan. 7, 1859, March I6, I870, and James H. Bell resides to Alexander Shoup. See his name. in Springfield. Mrs. Rachel Bell died Dec. 15, 1852, JMARY J., born June 6, 1828, in in Sangamon county, and Zebulon Bell Nicholas county, Ky., married in Sangamoved west in I859, and resides with his mon county, August 3I, 1847, to John S. children, near Fountain, El Paso county, Dickerson, who was born April 2, I824, Colorado. in Nicholas county, Ky., and came to SanBELL, ROBERT, was born gamon county in 185I. They have six March 8, I795, in Bourbon county, Ky. children. JAMES H., born June 24, His father was born in Ireland, and had 1848, in Daviess county, Ind., raised in but four children, Robert, and three sisters. Sangamon county, graduated at the EclecAfter his sisters were married, he had no tic Medical College of Philadelphia, and knowledge of any relative in America, is a practicing physician near Taylorville. bearing his family name. He was a sol- Dr. Dickerson was married in I875 to dier from Bourbon county in the war of Miss Humphreys. See Humphreys'fam1812. Robert Bell and Susannah Baker ily sketch. ISAAC S., born August 28, were married Feb. 12, I818, in that coun- I850, in Daviess county, Ind., married ty, and moved to Nicholas county, and March II, I873, in Sangamon county, to from there tey moved with their three Mary E. Bomhoff, who was born Sept. children to Sangamon county, Ill., arriv- 20, 1848, in Sangamon county. They

Page  109 SANGAMON CO UNT'. o9 have one child, SINAI, and reside one mile Mahala Burns. They had one child in west of Clarksville. ROBERT P., born Kentucky, and the family moved to SanDec. 4, I852, SARAH E., born Nov. I4, gamon county, Ill., arriving in the fall of 1854, MARY S., born Nov. 2, I856, and I831, in Buffalo Hart Grove, where they ALMARINDA, born Jan. 29, I859, the had six children, and reside near Knoxfour latter in Sangamon county, reside ville, Marion county, Iowa. with their parents, one and a quarter miles ARIE,.born Oct. I I, I8I I, in Fauquier west of Clarksville. county, Va., was married in Clarke counPHi~EBE E., born Nov. i, I830, in San- ty, Ky., Sept., 1834, to Thomas McGowan. gamon county, married March, 1849, to They had five children, and reside near John Johnson. See his name. Buffalo Hart station. ALMARINDA, born Sept. 25, 1832, AJAMES, born Sept. 13, 1814, in Virin Sangamon county, married March 28, ginia, was married in Logan county, 111., 1850, to James S. Galloway, who was born to Nancy Brown. They have seven May 7, I819, in Bath county, Ky. They children, and reside in Rosemont, Jasper had four children, two of whom died county, Iowa. young. WILLIAM N. resides near BENJ7AMIN, born May I6, 188, in Taylorville, and LIZZIE A. resides in Clarke county, Ky., was married in SanCotton Hill township. J. S. Galloway gamon county, Sept. 26, 1840, to Amanda died Sept. I4, I86I, and his widow mar- Starr. They had six children. MARY ried, Nov. 7, 1865, to Benj. L. Auxier, E., born April 9, I843, married Hugh and resides four miles south of Rochester. McGorey, and died Oct. I4, I865. EMISQUIRE 7., born August o0, 1834, LY, born Dec. 7, 1845, died Sept. II, died July I7, I847. 1862. THOMAS J., born Sept. 28, I848, PRESTON B., born Feb. 26, 1837, died in his third year. WILLIAM, born in Sangamon county, married, August 9, Nov. 29, I85I, BENJAMIN, Jun., born 1863, to Mary Bond, and resides in Roch- March 29, 1856, and FLORENCE, born ester township. August 20, I86o, reside with their parents, A US TIIN, born Feb. I3, I839, was in Logan county, three miles east of Bufkilled by the kick of a horse, March io, falo Hart station. I850. THOMAS 7., born June I8, 1821, in MEL VIN, born Feb. 9, 1843, in San- Clarke county, Ky., was married in Illigamon county, married, Oct. 12, 1865, to nois to Ann Allen. They have six childRachel Martin, have two children, WIL- ren, CHARLES, ALBERT, CLARA, LIAM J. and ALICE, and reside at the EMMA, ARTHUR, died in his tenth Bell family homestead. He is a cripple year, and LESLIE. Thomas J. Bell and for life, caused by a runaway team. family reside at Cornland, Ill. Robert Bell died June 25, I872, near Mrs. Nancy Bell died August 6, 1843, Illiopolis, from injuries caused by a runa- in Logan county, and Bailey Bell died way team four days previous. Mrs. Sus- Feb. 6, 1846, in Sangamon county, at annah Bell was made a cripple for life by Buffalo Hart Grove. the same accident. They had lived more BENHAM, JOHN T., born than 54 years as man and wife. She re- August 21, I789, in Cheshire, New Haven sides on the farm where they settled in county, Conn. In I805 or I806 his par1830, four miles south of Rochester. ents moved to Ferrisburg, Addison counBELL, BAILEY, was born Nov. ty, Vt. He was a soldier in the war of 2, I776, in Fauquier county, Va., and was 1812, and was in the battle at Vergennes, there married to Nancy Foxworthy, who early in 81I4. John T. Benham was marwas born April 3, I785. They had three ried Jan., 18I8, at Ferrisburg, to Catharine children, and moved to Clarke county, Porter. They had six children; two died Ky., in I818, where two children were in Vermont. Mr. Benham moved with born, and thence to Sangamon county, Ill., his family to Sangamon county, Ill., in arriving in Nov., 1834, at Buffalo Hart wagons, arriving in the fall of I830. He Grove. Of their five children- entered land, and settled two and a half BAI.LE F., born Dec. 30, 1807, in miles northeast of Rochester, where seven Fauquier county, Va., was married in children were born. All except five died Clarke county, Ky., Nov. 27, I827, to unmarried. Of those five

Page  110 IIo EARL Y SETTLERS OF POLLY A., born Jan. 15, I819, in 1834, near Springfield. William A. BenVermont, married Jonathan S. Rogers, nett was married August 19, 1843, in and -she died in Sangamon county. Morgan county, to Sarah A. Stevenson. JOHN W., born Oct. Io, I824, in She was born Oct. 2, I819, in Scott counVermont, married Mrs. Melissa E. Porter, ty, Ky., and was taken by her parents in and resides in Pontiac, Ill. I829, to that part of Morgan county which CA THARINE, born July 23, 1826, is now Cass county. Mr. and Mrs. Benin Vermont, married in Sangamon coun- nett had three children, namelyty, Oct. 3, 1843, to John Robinson. They MARY E., born March I, 1844, in had four children; three died young. Sangamon county, married May 26, I869, JOHN, Jun., accidentally shot and killed to Charles F. Mills, who was born May himself. John Robinson went to Cali- 29, 1843, at Montrose, Pa. They have fornia in I849, and was never heard of two children, MINNIE and WILLIAM after 185I. His widow married Amos C. HENRY, and reside with Mrs. Mills' Derry. They have two children, and re- parents, three miles east of Springfield. side in Illiopolis. Charles F. Mills was attending Shurtleff HENRY W., born Oct. 30, 1830, in College, at Alton, Ill., when the rebellion Sangamon county, married Almena Staf- commenced. He enlisted August, 1862, ford. She died, and he married Mrs. for three years, in Co. C., I4th Ill. Inf: Frances Austin, whose maiden name was He was soon after appointed by President Wood, and resides in Charlotte, Ill. Lincoln, hospital steward at Camp Butler, NOAH P., born April I4, 1836, in and remained there nearly three years, Sangamon county, was married March 9, when, at his own request, in the fall of i86I, to Elizabeth Stevens, who was born 1864, he was ordered to Nashville, Tenn. Feb. 4, I847, near Sandusky, Ohio. They Being in the regular service, his term did have four children, MARY C., ERMIN- not expire with the suppression of the reNIE W., GERTRUDE J. and JOHN bellion, but he continued until the fall of 0., and reside two and a half miles east of I866, when he resigned, and was mustered Rochester. out at Nashville, Tenn. Mrs. Catharine Benham died June, 1852, WILLIAJ A., Jun., and in Sangamon county, and Mr. Benham CHARLES S. died in infancy. was married Sept. 7, I852, to Mrs. Mary William A. Bennett and his wife reside Rakestraw, formerly Mrs. Seavers, and on the farm where he settled in 1834, whose maiden name was Wallin. She three miles east of Springfield. was born July II, I86, in Columbiana BENNETT, LURANAH county, Ohio, and came to Illinois in I837. M., born March 7, 1807, in Jefferson Mr. Benham was in the Black Hawk war. county, Va., came with her brothers and Mr. and Mrs. B. reside two and a half sisters to Sangamon county, in 1834, remiles northeast of Rochester. mained several years, and returned on a BENNETT, WILLIAM A, visit, in 1842, to her native place, where was born Nov. 5, I803, near Shepherds- she was married to Rev. Thomas P..W. town, Va. His father, Van Bennett, died Magruder, of the Presbyterian church, in Virginia, and his two sons, William A. who moved with his family to Illinois in and Thomas L., with their three sisters, the spring of I844. They have three Luranah M., Ann Elizabeth and Mary, childrenwith their widowed mother, Mrs. Phoebe ALFRED W., resides at Central City, Bennett, all left Virginia, Oct. 2, I833, for Colorado Territory. Illinois, arriving at Paris on the second of CHARLES V. resides with his parNovember. The two brothers.came on ents. to Springfield, bought land three miles LIZZIE C. married Samuel S. Smith. east of the city, and returned to Paris just They have two children, a son and a in time to be present at their mother's daughter, and reside near Rushville, Ill. death, Dec. 12, I833. The two brothers Rev. Thomas P. W. Magruder and and three sisters moved to their farms in wife reside near Rushville, Schuyler counSangamon county in March, I834. The ty, Illinois. youngest sister, Mary, who was born BENNETT, THOMAS L., Nov. 12, I185, in Virginia, died April 17, was born July 6, 1809, in Jefferson county,

Page  111 SA NGAMONV COUVNTr. I Va.-For family history, see the sketch of men, in Co. E., 12th Ill. Inf., and served his brother, William A.-Thomas L. Ben- nearly six months. He enlisted June 24, nett arrived in Sangamon county first in 1862, at Mechanicsburg, for three years, in the fall of I833. He was married Nov. 6, Co. A., 73d Ill. Inf.; was commissioned as 1842, at Jubilee College, Robins' Nest, ist Lieutenant. After the battleof Stone's Peoria county, Ill., to Jeanetta S. Ingra- river he was transferred, Jan. 8, 1863, and ham, a native of New York City. They promoted to Capt. of Co. F, same regihad four children in Sangamon county- ment. He served as such to the end of AGNES, the youngest, died at ten the rebellion, and was mustered out with years of age. the regiment at Springfield, June i5, I865. ENVRY, V. S., visited Greenwood He was married at Mechanicsburg, Dec. county, Kansas, in the autumn of I868, 23, 1869, to Harriet N. Fullinwider. They where his father and family joined him in have two children, ANNA N. and the spring of 1869. JACOB H., and reside near MechanicsSUSANV C. and burg. SOPHlA went with their parents. EI/IMA R., born Dec. 18, 1838, in The latter was married Oct. 12, 1871, Springfield, married August 14, I86i, to in Kansas, to Alexander F. Crowe. Stephen A. Short, who was born Oct. 7, They have one child, THOMAS B., and 1836, in Pickaway county, Ohio. He enreside in Kansas, also. listed a few days before his marriage, for Thomas L. Bennett and family reside three years, in Co. A, 73d Ill. Inf.; was near Line Postoffice, Lyon county, Kan- appointed Sergeant, and was wounded sas. July 20, I864, at the battle of Peach Tree BENNETT, ANN F., born Creek, Ga., which terminated in the amDec. io, 1813, in Jefferson county, Va., putation of his right leg, above the knee. came to Sangamon county with her bro- Mr. and Mrs. Short have two children, thers and sisters, in 1834, was married in LULU and EDITH L., and reside in the Episcopal church, at Jacksonville, Ill., Mechanicsburg. to Samuel H. Treat, now Judge of the AVNN T., born Dec. I6, I84I, died in United States District Court, and resides her second year. in Springfield. ANNVA L., born Nov. 13, 1842, in BENNETT., REV. WM. T., Springfield, died suddenly, Oct. 28, i866, was born Nov. 30, 1805, in or near Shep- in Mechanicsburg. herdstown, Jefferson county, Va. He 7OHN A., born Dec. 28, 1844, in united with the M. E. church in Shepherds- Springfield, enlisted Dec., I863, in Co. F, town, in I828, was soon after licensed to 73d Ill. Inf., for three years. He was exhort, came to Springfield, Ill., in com- killed June 24, 1864, at Kennesaw mounpany with his brother, Van S. Bennett, in tain, Ga., by a stray shot, while sitting in Dec., 1834. He was married June 6, his tent writing a letter. His remains 1836, in Ottawa, Ill., to Rebecca J. Rob- were brought home in I866, and interred erts, who was born Oct. 5, 18II, in Vir- at Mechanitsbnrg. ginia. When she was an infant her father JULIA A. died Feb. 5, 1849, in her liberated his slaves and moved to Wash- second year. ington county, Pa. She came with the REBIE H;, born in Sangamon counfamily of her uncle, Dr. James Roberts, ty, June 30, i850, resides with her parents. to Jacksonville, Ill., in I833, and from Rev. Wm. T. Bennett continued in the there to Ottawa in 1834. Mr. and Mrs. effective work of the ministry until i867, Bennett made their home in Springfield. when he assumed the superannuated reHe was licensed as a local preacher, and lation to Ill. Conf., and in 1871 was superin 1849 was appointed to take charge of annuated, and now resides in Mechanicsthe M. E. church in Springfield, to fill a burg. vacancy. In I850 he entered the travel- Edward Bennett, the father of Rev. ing connection. They had seven children, Wm. T. Bennett, liberated his slaves and all born in Sangamon county, namely- sold his land, with the intention of movED WARD W., born August 5, 1837, ing west, but died in Virginia in 1833. in Springfield, enlisted at Danville, in Edward was brother to Van S., who was April, i86i, on the first call for 75,000 the father of Wm. A. Bennett. See his

Page  112 112 EARL r SE TTLERS OF name. It will thus be seen that Rev. Sangamon county, and enlisted at SpringWm. T. Bennett and Mr. Wm. A. Ben- field, August 20, I86I, for three years, in nett are cousins. Co. B., 33d Ill. Inf. He served more than BENNETT, VAN S, was born his full time, and was honorably disDec. 9, 1802, near Shepherdstown, Va., charged, Oct. I, 1864. He is now in canae to Springfield in i834, with his bro- business in St. Louis. ther, Rev. Wm. T. He never married, WILLIAM E. B., born August 2, and died in Sangamon county, Aug., 1873. 1846, in Washington county, Md., brought BENNETT, MARGARET up in Sangamon county, Ill., enlisted at E., sister to Rev. Wm. T. Bennett, was Springfield, March 26, 1864, for three born Dec. 24, I800, near Sheperdstown, years, in Co. G., II4th Ill. Vol. Inf., and Va., came to Springfield, Ill., in 1836, re- was killed in battle of Guntown, Miss., mained five years, returned to Virginia, June io, 1864. and came back to Sangamon county in GEO. BROOK, born Dec. 4, I848, in I84I. She never married, and resides Loudon county, Va., is a dealer in musical with her sister, Mrs. Kalb. instruments in Springfield. BENNETT, ELIZA, (sister of yULIA M., born Nov. 16, 1854, in Rev. Wm. T. Bennett,) was born Dec. 27, Springfield, died June 10, I859. I8Io, near Hagerstown, Md. Her par- Daniel G. Kalb and wife reside at Wilents moved, when she was five years old, low Dale, one mile northeast of Sangato Shepherdstown, Va., where they had mon Station. Mr. Kalb was a local previously resided. She was there mar- preacher in the M. E. church from Feb. ried, May 20, 1832, to George W. Shutt. 6, 1847, until 1864. His license was signed They had one child born in Shepherds- at eight annual renewals by Rev. Peter town, and Mr. Shutt died there in I835. Cartwright, but when it expired in 1864, Mrs. Shutt, with her child, moved to he declined to have it renewed. He was Springfield, Ill., arriving in May, 1836. engaged in teaching from 1837 to I854. After a residence of five years in Spring- Mr. Kalb enlisted August 11,.1862, in Co. field, she returned to Shepherdstown, Va., G., II4th Ill. Vol. Inf., for three years. and was there married, Jan. 17, I84I, to Finding it quite oppressive to march with Daniel G. Kalb, who was born Dec. 4, his knapsack and haversack, he obtained 1815, in Frederick City, Md. They had a wheelbarrow, and not meeting with optwo children in Shepherdstown, and position from officers, ran it hundreds of moved to Washington county, Md., where miles, and often carried the baggage of they had one child; thence to Loudon sick and disabled comrades. He has the county, Va., where they had one child, wheelbarrow yet, and it will doubtless be and from there to Springfield, Ill., arriv- handed down as a memorial of the war to ing in October, I849, where one child was suppress the rebellion, and the part he born, and in I856 moved to Round Prairie, acted in it. four miles east by south of Springfield. BENNETT, JOHN A., (broOf her children by her first marriage- ther to Rev. Wm. T. Bennett,) was born GEORGETTA, born July I8, 1835, near Shepherdstown, Va.,came to Springin Shepherdstown, Va., was married Jan. field in 1835, with George R. Weber, and J, 1853, in Springfield, Ill., to Philip L. died Dec. 23, I84I. Shutt, who was born Nov. I8, 1829, in BENNINGTON, JAS. M., Loudon county, Va. They had eleven was born May 20, I826, in Owen county, children, five of whom died young. The Ind. His father died in I838, and in his other six, FRANKLIN, MAGGIE, I3th year, he came to Sangamon county CHARLES, PAUL, HARRY and with his half brother, John Hartsock. LAURA, reside with their parents in They arrived Feb. 22, 1839, in what is Paris, Edgar county, Ill. now Ball township. James M. BenningChildren of her second marriage- ton was married Sept. 30, I869, to Mrs. MJARTYABNVER, born Dec. 12, 1841, Nancy Nuckolls, whose maiden name was in Shepherdstown, Va., resides with her Drennan. They have one son, OHNtV, parents. and reside four miles west of Pawnee. ETfELBER T, born Sept. I8, I843, John Hartsock, half brother to Mr. in Shepherdstown, Va., brought up in Bennington, married Susan Clemons, who

Page  113 SANGAMON COUNTY. 113 died, and he married Mrs. Mary A. Pul- O70SEPH B., born and died at Carliam, whose maiden name was Levi. They lyle in infancy. reside in Christian county. RIENRY CLA.Y, born in I824, at Two brothers of Mr. Bennington, Sam- Carlyle. Philo Beers was the only man tel and Harrison,came to Sangamon coun- living in Carlyle who voted for Henry ty with their mother in 1841, and were Clav for President of the United States consequently too late to be included as that year, and the citizens insisted that the early'settlers. babe should be named for his father's canBEERS, PHILO, was bornJuly didate. Henry Clay Beers was married i6, 1793, in Woodbury, Conn. When he in 1848, in Sangamon county, to Adelaide was about fifteen years old he was put C. McNabb. They had one child, WM. to live with an elder brother, probably PHILO, who died,aged two years. H.C. on account of the death of his parents. Beers died in I85I, in Springfield. His They could not agree, and he ran widow married Adolphus Rogers, and away, and was gone twelve or thirteen resides near Cincinnati. He is a merchant years, without his relatives hearing from there. him. During his ramblings he become CAROLINE Mi, born Feb. 20, 1827, acquainted with Doctor Joseph Bennett in Sangamon county, married in SpringStillman, who introduced him to his field, May 13, 1847, to Elder Andrew J. mother and sisters, at Morganfield, Ky. Kane. See his name. Mr. Beers always said that he made Mrs. Martha Beers died in I845, and up his mind, on their first acquaintance, to Philo Beers' died March, 1858, both inhave Miss Martha Stillman for a wife. Springfield. Mr. Beers moved into SpringThe Stillman family moved to Sangamon field and built a brick dwelling house at county, Ill., and Mr. Beers went to Car- the northwest corner of Madison and lyle, Clinton county, same State. He was Fifth streets, about I830. It was among first elected a justice of the peace, and the first, if not the first, brick dwelling after serving for a time, was elected to erected in Springfield. represent Clinton county in the Legisla- BEERUP, ANDREW, born ture of Illinois, when it assembled in Van- Dec. 12, 1812, in Canandagua county, N. dalia. While residing at Carlyle he was Y., and raised in Canada, came to Springmarried in what is now Williams town- field, Ill., in 1837 or'8.'He was married ship, Sangamon county, on the farm of July 2, 1840, in Sangamon county, to Mary John Poorman. In response to a letter of A. Maltby, who was born Nov. 27, I819. inquiry, the author of this book received They had nine children in Sangamon from the clerk of Madison county, IlI., a county, five of whom died young. Of reply, dated April 29, 1874, in which it is the other fourstated that a license was issued at Ed- CHARLES A., born April 27, 1841, wardsville, Oct. 27, 1820, for the marriage married Jan. 14, 1864, to Mary Babcock, of Philo Beers and Martha Stillman; that who was born Jan. 22, I844, in Muskingit was returned, endorsed by Elder um county, Ohio. They have three Stephen England, with the statement that children, John R., ALICE J. and LEE he had solemnized the marriage Nov. 2, C., and reside six miles west of SpringI820. The clerk also stated that it was field. the 279th license issued from that office. 7OH0J11AS A., born June 27, 1843, They are believed to have been the first GEO.RGE E., born Oct. io, 1854, and couple ever married north of the Sanga- WILLJA M/1 H., born June io, I858, mon river in the State of Illinois; certainly all reside with their brother, Charles A. the first in what is now Sangamon county. Andrew Beerup died Nov. 26, 1872, and The first marriage under a license from his widow died Sept. 27, 1873, both in Sangamon county was between Wm. Gardner township. Moss and Margaret Sims, April 20, 1821. BEERUP, THOMAS, brother Mr. Beers' took his bride to Carlyle,where of Margaret, Andrew and William, was they had two children. They moved to born Sept. I7, 1819, in Canandagua counSangamon county, and settled three miles ty, N. Y. Came to Springfield June 3, southwest of Williamsville, where one 1840, and witnessed a grand log cabin child was born. Of their three children- demonstration of the political campaign of -15

Page  114 11^4 ^EARLZ SE TTLERS OF that year to elect a President of the United BEERUP, JANE, sister to AnStates, as his introduction to the city. drew, Thomas and William W. Beerup, He was married July 26, 1843, to Sinai A. and to Mrs. Margaret Harpham. She Neale. They had seven children born in married Martin Pond. See his name. Sangamon county, namely — BERGEN, REV. JOHN G., THOMAS N., born Oct. I2, 1844, in D. D., was born Nov. 27, I79o, at HightsSangamon county, enlisted Aug. 9, 1862, town, Middlesex county, N. J., ten miles in Co. B, II 4 Ill. Inf., at Springfield. He east of Princeton, N. J. Of his ancestors was wounded at the battle of Jackson, the history is preserved for seven generaMiss., May i4, 1863. A rebel musket tions, which will be found designated by ball broke his arm (being the first man in numbers. Ist. Hans Hansen Bergen was the regiment to receive a wound). He born in Bergen, Norway. He was a ship carwas captured in hospital two' days later, penter, and went to Holland; from there paroled at Richmond, Va., a month later, he emigrated to New Amsterdam, now and was honorably discharged at St. Louis, New York city, arriving in 1633- In Nov. i7, 1863. He now draws a pension, i639 he was married to Sarah Rapalje and resides with his parents. (now Rapalye). She was born June 9, HALLIE ^E.,born April 15, 1846, in 1622, about where Albany, N; Y., now New Castle, Henry county, Ky., married stands, and is believed to have been the Nov. 30, 1865, to Edward B. Winslow. first child of European parentage born in They have two children, DWN M. in the colony of New Netherlands, which and PRESTON A., and reside in Girard, then included the present States of' New Ill. York, New Jersey and part of ConnectiGEO. N., born June 0, 1848, in New cut. Hans Hansen Bergen and Sarah Castle, Henry county Ky., died Sept. 1, Rapalje, his wife, had four sons and four Castle, Henry county, Ky., died Sept. i5, I I I8.o. daughters. 2nd. Joris, Jores, or George, DPRESTON )J., born Jan. 21,' 851, in their fifth child, was baptized in New Springfield, Sangamon county, Ill., died Amsterdam, July 18, 1649, and married Marceh I 1872. Aug. i i, 1678, to Sara Stryker. They ED WIN M., born in ~Waverly, Mor. had nine children, and their fourth child. gan county, Sept. 13, 1855, died Jan. 8, 3rd HansJoriseBergen was baptized 1864. Aug. 31, i684, and married Aug. I6, I7Ii, MIIERRIAN E., born Jan. i i, 1858, in to Sytje Evert Van Wicklen. They had five children. Their eldest son (4th), Jores, NEV 7ILLES B., born NOV. 3, 1859, in or George Bergen, married Miss Hoagland. She had three children, and died. Waverly, Ill., resides with his parents. I Th omas Beerup and wife reis ldest son th), JohnB. Bchildren. His eldest son (th)39, marrieJohn B. Bergen, born March 27, 1739, married -BEERUP, WILLIAM W., June 8, 1763, to Sarah Stryker, who was was born Sept. 6, 1822, at Sidney, Cana- born August 25, I745. They had eight da, and came to Sangamon county in 1843 children. Their eldest son (6th), George I. to join his brothers, Andrew and Thomas. Bergen, born June i6, I764, married in 1789 He married Catharine E. Tolley, See to Rebecca Combs. They had ten childthe'Tolley name. ren, all born in New Jersey. Their eldest BEERUP MARGARET, sis- son was (7th) John G., whose name heads ter of Andrew,'thomas and William W., this sketch. Both his parents being conwas born June 18, I829, at Beamsville, Can- sistent Christians, he, under their training ada, came to Sangamon county, Ill., June, and example, became a member of the 1844, and was married at Havana, II1., Presbyterian church, at thirteen years of June I8, 1849, to Levi Harpham, who was age. He attended Baskingridge Acadeborn Dec., i821, at Hartford, Ohio coun- my, and when properly prepared entered ty, Indiana. They have five children, the junior class at Princeton College, and namely graduated at seventeen years of age. GEO. E., ALICE J., CHARLES Having chosen the ministry, he cornmF., LEE W. and SILAS ELM./ER, menced a theological- course of study unand reside near Havana, Ill. der Rev. Dr. Jphwr, Wo.odhull, who had

Page  115 SANGAMON COUNTr. I115 been appointed by the Synod of New married Rev. Mr. Kenner, in I827, and York and New Jersey, Professor of The- they visited Mrs. Kenner's old home in ology, in the absence of a seminary for New Jersey. While there her son, Rev. that purpose. At 20 years of age he was J. G. Bergen, resigned his pastorate of the licensed to preach the gospel. It was his church at Madison, Sept. to, I828, for the desire to mount his horse, go to the west purpose of accompanying his mother to and commence preaching, but he was in- Illinois. The party started Sept. 22, 1828, duced to accept the position of tutor in going by the way of Lexington and Princeton College in I8Io. In Sept., Frankfort, Ky., to visit friends. After a 1812, he resigned that position, and in Oct., journey of nearly I,500 miles, they arrived 1812, accepted a call as pastor of the Pres- at Springfield, Nov., 1828, bringing their byterian Church at Madison, N. J. Rev. five children, namelyJohn G. Iergen was married Nov. io, yANE ELIZAZ, born I813, in Madi1812, at Freehold, N. J., to Margaretta son, N. J., came with her parents to M. Henderson, who was born in 1793 in Springfield. Soon after their arrival, her that city. Her father, Dr. Thomas Hen- father built a house on his own lot at the derson, was a Judge, member of Con- south side of Washington street, between gress, and a ruling Elder in the -old Ten- Fourth and Fifth streets, and in that she nent church at Freehold. The pastor of taught school in I829. That was believed that church, Rev. William Tennent, to all to have been the first school taught by a human appearance died, and after laying lady in Springfield. She was married in three days in what proved to be a trance, April, 1833 to Col. Robert Allen. See his he opened his eyes just as they were clos- name. ing the coffin for the last time. CATHARINE H., born Sept. 21, Rev. J. G. Bergen was pastor of the I816, in New Jersey, married in -Springchurfh at Madison for about i6 years, field to Edward Jones. See his name. duripg which time his labors were greatly AMI/ELIA AiF., born July, 1818, in blegsed. They had five children born at New Jersey, married in Springfield, May, Madison. George I. Bergen, the father I840, to Joshua G. Lamb, a cousin of of Rev. J. G. Bergen, was a merchant, James L. Lamb. They are without fam-and sustained such losses during the war ily, and reside in Alton.'With England, beginning in I8i2, that he THOiMAS H., born Dec. i5, 1820, at closed his business, and in the summer of Madison, Morris county, N. J., brought:r8 r8-emi'grated'to Woodford county, Ky. up in Springfield, married March 29, i849, I!n 1824 Mr. G. I. Bergen, in company at Trenton, N. J., to Mary G. Cooley. with a married son and daughter and their She was born in that city, July 20, 1823. father-in-law, Major Conover, six persons Soon after they were married they left for in all, set out to explore Indiana, and Springfield, and while on board a small camped near where Indianapolis now steamboat on the Ohio river, near Wheelstands. They made up their minds to ing, West Va., it blew up, killing 17 perremain there, and one night while they sons. They escaped with their lives, but ~were around their camp-fire, they were lost their entire baggage. They are withstartled with the cry of "Who's here!" out family, and reside one mile east of coming out of the darkness. The words Springfield. were run together, and seemed like a sin- GEORGE, born April 5, I824, at gle word, "Hoosier," and this circum- Madison, Morris county, N. J., brought stance is believed to have been the origin up in Springfield, Ill., is unmarried, and of that appellation for citizens of that resides one mile east of Springfield. State. The traveler who had thus uncer- Mrs. Margaretta M. Bergen died Oct. emoniously approached them remained all 18, 1853, near Springfield, Ill. Dr. Bernight, and before he left - next morning gen was married at the latter place, Nov. had convinced them that it was better to 9, i857, to Mrs. Susan A. Vanhoff. Rev. go and see the prairies of Illinois. The Dr. J. G. Bergen died Jan. I7, 1872, and result was that they settled in Jersey his widow resides in Springfield. prairie, twelve miles north of Jacksonville, Dr. Bergen, describing Springfield as in Morgan, now- Cass, county, Ill. George he first saw it, said it was composed of I. Bergen died in I;25, and his widow about thirty-five log cabins, two 0r -three

Page  116 — I6 EARLY SETTLERS OF small frame houses, without a place of Bergen, from I828 to 1848, when he redivine worship other than a log school signed the pastorate, five hundred were house just built. That school house stood added to the church. When he came to in the street at the crossing of Adams and Springfield he was the eighth PresbyteSecond streets, in a thicket of hazel and ran minister in the State, and the farthest brier bushes, and a few tall oaks. It was north of any of them. There were built in the street because (he says) the twenty-five churches under the care of.town authorities and owners of the lots these eight ministers. He lived to see, were too penurious to donate the land. including both branches of the PresbyteRev. J. G. Bergen found a Presbyterian rian and the Congregational churches, 600 Church that had been organized Jan. 30, ministers and 8oo churches in the State. i828, by Rev. John M. Ellis, a missionary He assisted in forming the first Presbytery from the southern part of the State. It and first Synod in the State; was the first was without a house of worship. He Moderator of each. When the Old and took charge of the church, and on the New school churches were reunited in second Sabbath after his arrival he gave I869, he was the first Moderator of the notice to the little church and the people United Synod. generally, that he came to Springfield, In I854, without any previous intimanot to make an experiment, but to live, tion of their intentions, Center College, at labor and die on the field with his armor Danville, Ky., conferred on the Rev. John on, and then said: " Come, let us rise up G. Bergen the Degree of D. D. and build a house for God." A brick After his resignation as pastor of the house was accordingly built at the east First Church, he devoted much of his side of Third street, between Washington time to writing for the religious press, and Adams..He says that was the first over the signature of "Old Man of the church built in the central part of the Prairies." He has left two large scrap State for any Protestant denomination. books full of these writings. The Methodists of Springfield were build- BERRY, ROBERT E., was ing a frame house of worship at the same born Dec. 3, 1823, in Davidson county, time, but they were a few weeks later in near Nashville, Tenn. When a child his finishing it. The original members of the parents moved, first into Madison, and First Presbyterian Church were Mrs. then into Gibson county, -in the same Elizabeth Smith, widow of Rev. John State. From there they moved to WilBlair Smith, D. D., mother of Mrs. Dr. liamson county, Ill., and from there to John Todd. The Presbyterian Church of Christian county, in 1844. Robert E. left Springfield was organized in her house. his parents in Williamson county, and The other members were John Moore, come to Sangamon county, in what is John N. Moore, Andrew Moore, Mary now Cooper township, in Dec., I840. He Moore, Elizabeth Moore, Margaret was married Sept. 8, 1850, to Elizabeth Moore, Catharine Moore, Phoebe Moore, Stokes, who was born Aug. 6, 1832. James White, Elijah Scott, Jane Scott, They had one child — Samuel Reed, Jane Reed, William Proc- AMl1ANDA M., who died at the age of tor, Sarah Stillman, Nancy R. Hum- seven years. Ailrs. Berry died Sept. 25, phreys, Ann Iles and Olive Slater, nine- 1853, and Mr. Berry was married Oct. 8, teen in all; five only lived in Springfield. I856, to Sophia Barger. They have seven Some lived forty miles distant. The children, namelyRuling Elders were John Moore, John WILLIAM, FRANCIS M. and N. Moore, Samuel Reed and Isaiah Still- BEN7AMIN VF., twins-F. M. died in man. Rev. J. G. Bergen preached, as his sixth year-LA URA E., EMMA.A D., stated supply, until 1835, when he received LIZZIE and CHARLES; the six liva formal call to become Pastor of the ing, reside with their parents. church, and was installed Nov. I5 of that Robert E. Berry resides at Berry postyear. That was the. only Presbyterian office, Clarksville, Sangamon county. Church in the country at that time. Six BETTIS, JAMES H., was born churches have been organized by colonies Oct. 18, i8i i, in Lincoln county, Ky. from that church (two of them in the His parents moved to Hamilton county, city). During the ministry of Rev. Mr. O.,in I818. James H. came to Sangamon

Page  117 SANGAMO COUNTr. Ii 7 county in 1839. He was married July 28, THOMAS F., born in Sangamon county 1844, in what is now Auburn township, to June 19, I843, married March 27, I870, at Elizabeth Fletcher. They had six children Carbondale, to Carrie L. Collins, who in Sangamon county, and in 1855 moved was born Oct. 3, 1850, at Wheeling, Va. to Missouri. In 1864 they moved back to They have one child, EDDIE F., and reside Sangamon county. Of their children- in Berlin. The other seven were born in OLIVER F., born in Sangamon Wapello county, Iowa, two of whom county, married'June 20, i866, to Jane died young. MARY R., born Sept. Patterson. They reside in Auburn town- 24, 1847, in Iowa, married Hawes ship. Yates. See his name. JOHN D.,Jun., REBECCA 7., born in Sangamon born Nov. io, I850, and HENRY K., county, married Franklin Nicholson, and reside with their mother. MARTHA reside near Virden. resides with her sister, Mrs. Yates. yAMES W., MARTHA E., NAN- RACHEL lives with her mother. John CY A. and JOOHN R., the four latter D. Bevans died Jan. I3, I858, in Wapello reside with their parents in Auburn town- county, Iowa. His widow resides in Bership.,lin. The parents of J. H. Bettis moved NANVCY, born in Maryland, was marfrom Ohio to DeWitt county, Ill., before ried at Island Grove to Amon Blaney. he came to the State. After his father's Both died in St. Clair county. death, his mother came to Sangamon By the second marriagecounty, in 1842, and died in I85o. She SARAH, born in 1824, in Maryland, was born in Garrard county, Ky., in I780, married near Berlin to Thomas G. Menand is believed to have been the first denhall, and reside at Berlin. white child born in that county. John Bevans died in March, I837, and BEVANS, JOHN, was born in Mrs. Margaret Bevans died April, 1859, Maryland, and married, near Snow Hill, both in Island Grove township. to Mary Rounds. They had six children, BICE, JOHN, born Nov. 4, 1808, and she died. He married Margaret in Henry county, Ky. Ile came to SanJones, and had one child in Maryland. gamon county in I834, and was married The family moved to Woodford county, May 5, 1835, near Mechanicsburg, to Ky., and from there to Sangamon county, Mary A. Pickrell. They settled in what Ill., arriying, in 1828, in Island Grove, is now Williams township, one and a half south of Spring creek. Of his seven miles north of the present town of Barchildren- clay. They had six children thereMARTHA, born in Maryland, mar- SARAH E., born Feb. 8, 1836, married in Kentucky to Alexander Mont- ried James F. Hickman. See his name. gomery, came to Sangamon county in /ESSE W., born Oct. 2I, 1837, en1828. They had six children, and the listed in Co. A. 3rd Ill. Cavalry, Aug. i4, parents died in Berlin. Their only. child I86I. He was promoted for meritorious living in Sangamon county, MARTIN, conduct at Pea Ridge, to Lieutenant, resides in Springfield. afterwards to Captain, and the last ten WILLAM/I, born in Maryland, mar- months he served with the rank of Major. ried, had two children, and died near Iie was honorably discharged in Nov., Chillicothe, O. 1865. In Dec. following he was appointed DR UZILLA, born in Maryland, mar- assistant assessor of internal revenue, until ried at Island Grove to Fielding Jones, the office was abolished by Congress, May have six children, and reside near As- 20, 873. J. W. Bice was married Sept. sumption, Christian county Ill. 9, I872, to Belle Warinner, daughter of BARSHEBA, born in Maryland, the late Dr. Warinner, of Bloomington. married in Kentucky to Hiram Bailey, They have one child, JESSIE BELLE. and died in Indiana. Major Bice is now Deputy Sheriff of JOHN D., born Oct. 5, 1813 in Wor- Sangamon county, and resides in Springcester county, near Snow Hill, Md., came field. to Sangamon county in 1828; married at BENJAMIN F. born June 28, 1840, Island Grove, Jan 2, i842, to Nancy enlisted in Co. B, I3oth Ill. Vol. Inf., and Foutch. They had eight children: was mustered in at Camp Butler, Aug. I,

Page  118 II8 EARL r SETTLERS OF 1862. He was appointed 2nd Sergeant GEORGIANN, born in Sangamon of same company, at Memphis, Tenn., county, married Samuel Long, had one Nov. 26, 1862, and served until Aug. i, child, and Mr. Long died, and she married 1865, when he was mustered out by spe- Wm. Thompson. They have three cial order at New Orleans, La., for the pur- children, and reside near Lincoln. pose of accepting a commission from Gov. SUSAN YANE, born in Sangamon R. J. Oglesby, dated July 26, i865, as county, married John Popp, have three 2nd Lieut. Co. D, 3oth Ill. Vol. Inf. He children, and reside in Cotton Hill townwas honorably discharged Aug. 12, I865. ship. B. F. Bice was married in Dec., 1867, to CHARLES H., born in Sangamon Bertha Owen. They have three children, county, married Mrs. Martha Mortar. MARY, EMMA G. and EVA, and re- He died July 31, 1871. side near Elkhart, Logan county, Illinois. yOANNVVA, born in Sangamon county, ABEL P., born Dec. 3, 1842. He was resides with her parents. married in 1863 to Melissa C. Blue. They CHARLOTTE married John Miller, have three children, JOHN H., AR- have two children, and reside two and a THUR L. and NETTIE B., and reside half miles south of Rochester. two miles north of Barclay. CAROLINE married William Glenn. SUE E. resides with her sister, Mrs. They have two children, and reside three J. F. Hickman, at the homestead where miles south of Rochester. her parents settled in I835. YENNIE, born in Sangamon county, JOHN H., born Feb. I I, I848, enlisted Oct. 29, 1853, resides with her parents. in I863 in I6th United States Inf. Served Robert Billings and his wife reside two three years, and was honorably'discharged and a half miles south of Rochester. in i866. He was afterwards employed on BILLINGTON, JOHN, was the Toledo, Wabash & Western railroad, born Sept. 29, I819, in the town of and was killed by an accident Jan. 31, Shrewsbury, Shrophshire, England. He 1871. came to the United States, landing in New John Bice, died March 14, I848, at the York in June, and arrived early in Aug., family homestead, and his widow resides I840, at Springfield. He lived several with her sister, Mrs. Hall, at Buffalo. years in the'family of Willard Tinney, on BICE, SUSAN born in Henry Richland'creek, to learn farming. He county, Ky., married there to Elijah had learned the business of baker and Utterbach. See his name. confectioner in England, and established BILLINGS. ROBERT, was himself in that business in Springfield. born Jan., I801, in Dorchester county, He was married, in Springfield, to ElizaMd. Mary Dean was born April 6, I8Io, beth A. Cannon. She died Nov., I851, in Somerset county, Md. They were not leaving any children. He was married married Oct., I829, in Sussex county, Del- March 24, 1853, at Buffalo Hart grove, to aware, and had two children born in Sum- Rachel Constant. They have one child-mit county, Md. They moved into 3MARYr., and reside at Dawson. Baltimore county, where one child was Mr. Billington erected a residence for born and died, and then moved to Sanga- himself, where Dawson now stands, in mon county, Ill., arriving Oct. 1840, in I854, before therewas anystation or town what is now Rochester township, and had laid out. When the postoffice was estabnine children in Sangamon county. Of lishid in that year, he was appointed Posttheir children- master, which he held about seven years. VNANC E., born July I5, 1830, in He was also the first station and express Maryland, married in Sangamon county agent at that place, and is yet (I874) acting to John Short, had one child, and Mrs. in that capacity. Mr. Billington's parents, Short died... four brothers and one sister, came later. ifARY E., born Feb. I5, 1833, in These were William, the civil engineer, Maryland, married in Sangamon county now deceased. Thomas resides at to James Wilson, have two children, and Mt. Pulaska, Henry at Waynesville, reside in Cotton Hill township. James and Mary A. WILLIAM ED, WARD, born in BILYEU, PETER, was born Sangamon county, died in his 23d year. in I777, in Alleghany county, Md., and

Page  119 SANGA-MON C 0 UNTY. I I was taken by his parents to Green river, her widowed mother and two sisters to Ky. He was there married to Diana Washington, Ky. John Bird and Abigail Blackwill. They had two children in Auter were married there in i8oi. They Kentucky, and moved to Overton county, had ten children in Mason county, Ky., Tenn., where twelve children were born; and the entire family moved, in 1825, to two died young. The family moved to Harrison county. John Bird died there, Sangamon county, Ill., arriving Oct. i, of cholera, July 15, 1833. Their daughter, t829, in what is now Loami township, Sarah, who was married to Jesse Folks, where one child was born. Of their died six days before her:father,:and their children son John, in his thirteenth'year, died. seven SARAH, horn Nov. 26, I8oi, in Ken- days after his father, all.of the same tucky, married March 23, 18I9, to William disease. Mrs. Bird, with some of her Workman. See his name. children, came to Sanganion county, Ill., /OHN^V, born in 1803, in Kentucky, arriving Sept. 6, 1835, in what is now married Elizabeth Workman in Tennes- Mechanicsburg township. Her other see, came to Sangamon county, raised a children came the next year.':.Mlrs. Abilarge family, moved to Christian county, gail Bird died in Sangamnon county. Of and died there in 1867. her eight children wh...came to the L YDIA, born in Tennessee, married' countyDavid Workman. See his name. BIRD, MORR IS, was born Feb. VANC Y, born in Tennessee, married I9, I803, in Mason county, Ky., married, Tacob Teeple, moved to Missouri, raised March 29, 1827, in Harrison county, to a family, and he died there. She died in Sarah Brannock, who was born July 24, Christian county, Ill. i8o8, in Bourbon county, Ky.. They had ISAAC, born in' Tennessee, married four children in Harrison county.; one died Polly Bilyeu, raised a family, and resides in infancy, and they moved to Sangamon in Missouri. county, Ill., in 1835, and settled near MeGEORGE, born in Tennessee, mar- chanicsburg, where they had twelve childried Elizabeth Workman, raised a family, ren, eleven of whom died in infancy, and and resides in Christian county. Margaret died, aged nine years. Of the ELIZABE'If married Richard Bil- other threeyeu. He was killed in time of the rebel- M-tARY A. C.,born Nov. 5, 1828, in lion, in Miller county, Mo., leaving a Harrison county, Ky., married' in Sangawidow and several children there. mon county, Feb.2I, i8.56, to Miles H. POLLY married James McMullen, Wilmot, who was born Jan. 5, 1825, in have children, and reside in Missouri. Caswell county, N. C., and came to SanDIANA married Thomas Greening, gamon county in 1854. He has three who died, and she married Stephen Work- children by a former wife; two daughters, man, Jun. He died, leaving a widow and married, and a son. All reside near Shelfour children in Christian county. by, Iowa. M. H. Wilmot. and wife have HANNAHT married John Wyckoff. no children except an adopted daughter, He died in Christian county. His family ELLA WILMOT. They reside. half a reside in Missouri. mile east of Illiopolis. Mr. Wilmot has C.NTHIA, born Aug. 29, 1827, in been elected five years'in succession, to Tennessee, married in Sangamon county represent Illiopolis township in the Board toLevi Harbour, Jun. See his name. of Supervisors of Sangamon county, be~MINER VA married Robert Fowler, ginning with the election of April, I870. and resides in Kansas. He was chairman of the board for 1872 Peter Bilyeu died July 7, 1863, and his and'3. He alsoserved five years as Justice widow died Sept., 1865, both in Christian of the Peace and Police-. Magistrate in county, Ill. Mechanicsburg and Illiopolis. BIRD FAMILY, John Bird was 7OHN M., born April 23, 1834, in born Jan. i, 1767, in Essex county, N. J., Harrison county, Ky., raised in Sangamon and when a young man, went to Wash- county, married in Griggsville, Pike counington, Mason county, Ky. Abigail'Au- ty, Ill., Oct. 6, I859, to France.s.E. Greenter was born May 26, 178o, in Essex leaf, daughter of Rev. Calvin Greenleaf, county, N. J., also, and in 1798 went with of the. Baptist church. She was born in

Page  120 120 EARL Y SETTLERS OF Pike county, June I5, I84I. Mr. and Feb. 23, I863. He lost his right hand by Mrs. Bird had three children, CLAR- firing a salute at Mechanicsburg, July 4, ENCE I. died in his third year. NEL- I864. Mr. and Mrs Bird had three childLIE M. and CALVIN MORRIS reside ren in Sangamon county, and in the fall of with their parents, in Mechanicsburg. 1866 moved to Kansas, where they had GEORGE W., born Nov. I6, 1849, four. Their names are EDWARD T., in Sangamon county, resides with his par- ALLISO.N E., HENRY E., RICHents. ARD N., JOHN M/., LUCINDA A. Morris Bird and wife reside at Mechan- and HARRIET F., and reside near icsburg. He was commissioned as Post- Ottawa, Kansas. master at Mechanicsburg, March 28, I848, A COB F., born August 5, I846, in during the administration of President Sangamon county, married Sept. I6, 1873, Taylor, and has held the office under all at Payson, Ill., to Mrs. Anna E. Vickers, administrations to the present time. whose maiden name was Hughes. She BIRD, RICHARD, was born was born Dec. 31, 1849, in Butler county, Nov. I9, I804, in Mason county, Ky. He Ohio. They reside at the family homeunited with the M. E. church, in I824, and stead, adjoining Mechanicsburg on the commenced preaching in 1827. His first south. circuit was in the southern part of the TIHO3/IAS 1., born Sept. o1, 1848, State, and extended into Tennessee. By in Sangamon county, married, Oct. I9, a singular coincidence, his colleagues bore I87I, at Decatur, to Florence M. Vood, such names as to indicate that the trio be- who was born Sept. 10, I851, at Clarencelong to the feathered species of animated ville, Lower Canada. They have two childnature, Crow, Martin and Bird. Rev. ren, JOHN RICHARD and ETHEL Richard Bird was married, March 8, 1832, LUCINDA, and reside one and a half in Shelby county, Ky., to Lucinda N. miles southwest of Mechanicsburg. Fullinwider. They had two children in Rev. Richard Bird considers the vicinity Kentucky, and came to Sangamon county, of Mechanicsburg his home, but continues Ill., settling near Mechanicsburg, and at to travel as a preacher in the M. E. church, once united with the Ill. Conf. M. E. in the Illinois Conference. His residence church, and commenced the work of a for the conference year of I875-6 is traveling preacher. They had seven Easton, Mason county, Ill. children in Illinois, three of whom died BIRD, JOANNA was born under seven years. The two born in Ken- Nov. 20, I807, in Mason county, Ky., tucky died in Illinois, one at five and the married to James M. Dixon. See his other at two years of age. Of the other name. He died and she married John C. four- Eckel. See his name. FRANCES IL, born Aug. 23, 1836, BIRD, THOMAS, was born Dec. in Sangamon county, married Thomas 25, 1809, in Mason county, Ky., came to Scott, and had four children; two died in Sangamon county in 1835. He never infancy. CHARLES W. and HAR- married, and died Sept. ii, 1858, near RIET B. reside with their mother. She Mechanicsburg. was married Jan. io, 1867, to Rev. Reuben BIRD, ABRAHAM, born Aug. Gregg, of the M. E. Church. They have 30, 1813, in Mason county, Ky., came to three living children, ARTHUR B., EDA F., Sangamon county in 1836, married, May ALLEN c. and LURA R. They reside at 9, I839, to Nancy Riddle. They had one Augusta, Ill. childRICHARD C., born August 8, I838, DA VID R., born April 26, I84I, in in Tazewell couhty, Ill., married, Sept. 26, Sangamon county. He enlisted; was I86o, at Chatham, Sangamon county, to with his cousin, Dr. Riddle, all through Addie Hesser. He enlisted in 1862, for the war to suppress the rebellion. Present three years, in Co. A., 73d Ill. Inf. He residence not known. was injured, Sept. 26, 1862, in Louisville, Mrs. Nancy Bird died April 26, I841, Ky., by a drunken driver upsetting an and Abraham Bird died Feb. I9, 1853, army wagon, which fell upon him and both in Sangamon county. came near causing his death. He was dis- BIRD, HENR Y, was born Dec. charged on account of physical disability, I5, I815, in Mason county, Ky., came to

Page  121 SAN/2GAMON COUNT2. 12I Sanganon county in 1836, was married July 22, I865, to Barzilla Reeves, who Sept. 30, 184, to Margaret J. Hussey, who was born April 5, I84I. They had five was born April 5, i82I, in Sangamon children in Iowa. Their second child, county, Ill. Two children were born ISAAC N., died in his fourth year. ANthere, and in 1845 they moved overland in DREW J., DAVID M., GARRISON wagons, to Yamhill county, Oregon. Five B. and HESTER A., reside with their children were born there, and they moved parents, near Sidney, Fremont county, to Portland, Multnomah county, Oregon, Iowa. where one child was born. Of their nine Samuel Powers resides in Atchison children- county, Mo. CLARISSA, born August 30, 1842, BIRD, ABIGAIL, was born in Sangamon county, Ill., married in Or- Sept. 27, 1824, in Mason county, Ky., egon, July 30, I86I, to Hiram Ransom, came with her mother to Sangamon counand resides in California. ty, Ill., in 1835, married, Oct. 12, I843, to MARY r., born June 23, I844, in Hugh Sutherland. He was born May 4, Sangamon county, married in Oregon, I816, in Edinburgh, Scotland, came to Dec. 29, 1869, to W. S. James. She died America in 1827, remained in the Atlantic Feb. I9, 1874, in Portland, Oregon, leaving States until 1841, when he came to Santwo children, viz: ELLA and MARY, gamon county. Mr. and Mrs. S. had nine the latter died August, I874. Mr. James children, Charles W., next to the youngresides in Portland. est, died in his third year. Of the other NA THAN H., born Dec. 12, I846, in eightYamhill county, was married March I5, ESTER 7., born Dec. 21, I844, in 1870, to Alice Talbot. They have two Sangamon county, married March I7, children, WALTER and VIOLA, and 1869, to Joseph N. Burcham, have two reside near Bellvue, Yamhill county, Ore- children, REUBEN and JOHN L., and gon. reside three and a quarter miles east of RICHARD, born April 5, 1848, in Mechaniscburg. Yamhill county, is unmarried, and resides WE TS Yr., born Sept. I 7, 1846, died in Portland. Sept. 2, i858. yOHtN, born Sept. 20, 1851, in Yam- JOHN G., born April 28, 1848, in hill county, is unmarried, and resides in Sangamon county, married, August 31, Portland. I870, in his native county, to Mary J. CORNELIA E., born Nov. 20, Peak. They had two children, AR1853, in Yamhili county, resides with her THUR CLARK and CARLOS B. mother. The latter died in his second year. Mrs. STEPHEN, born Oct. 9, I855, in S. died March 12, i875, in the twentyYamhill county, resides near Sheridan, seventh year of her age. John G. SutherYamhill county, on a farm. land resides at Warrensburg, Ill. BENJ7AMIN1M3., born April I, 1858, ELLEN R. born Jan. 30, I850, in in Yamhill county, resides with his mother. Sangamon county, married Feb. I4, I875, WILLIAM1V E., born Dec. 1, I862, in to William Upton, and resides three and Portland, resides with his mother. a half miles east of Mechanicsburg. Henry Bird died August 20, 1873, in ABIGAIL ANN, born Dec. 23, I85I, Portland, and his widow resides there. in Sangamon county, married Feb. 7, BIRD, HETTY E., was born I875, to Charles Mussenden, and resides July 9, 18I8, in Mason county, Ky., came four miles east of Mechanicsburg. with her mother to Sangamon county in TIHOJIAS L., born Sept. 8, 1854, 1835. She was married near Mechanics- HUGH A., born Dec, I2, I856, and burg, Feb. 25, 1845, to Samuel Powers, CHfARLEY B., born Dec. 29, I861. who was born April 28, I797, in Hamp- The three latter reside with their parshire county, Va. They had one child, ents, adjoining Illiopolis on the east. and Mrs. Powers died, March I6, I851, in BLACK, SAMUEL, was born Sangamon county. Mr. Powers moved July 2, 1798, in Augusta county, Va. to Iowa with his daughter- Mildred Gaines, a niece of Mrs. Peter CartRHODA A., born Sept. I9, 1848, in wright, was born Oct. 4, 1802, in CharSangamon county, and married in Iowa, lotte county, Va. They were married, ~16

Page  122 1-22 EARL r SETTILERS OF Feb. 20, 1822, near Hopkinsville, Ky., BLACK, WILLIAM, born where their parents had emigrated when about i793, in Edinburgh, Scotland. He they were quite young. They had one came to America when young, landing at child in Kentucky, and moved to Sanga- Philadelphia. A stone cutter by trade, he mon county, Ill., arriving Nov. I9, 1825, was employed on some of the banks and in what is now Cartwright township, other public buildings in that city, finishwhere they had two children, and in 1828 ing with a contract on Girard College. moved to Morgan county, where seven Anna Young was born April 6, 1798, in children were born. Of their children- the city of Philadelphia. William Black ELIZA, born Dec. 31, 1824, in Ken- and Anna Young were there married, tucky, married George Ragen, have seven Dec. 7, 1820. Their nine children were children, and reside in Cass county, Iowa. born in Philadelphia, one of whom died yAM1ES R., born July 5, 1826, in young. Mr. Black came to Springfield Sangamon county, married Dec. 13, 1863, in the fall of 1839, and April, 1840, his to Arvilla M. McMurphy, who was born family arrived and moved to a farm he Nov. 25, 1833, in St. Lawrence county, had purchased, six miles northeast of N. Y. They have four children, VIC- Springfield. Of their eight children-TOR C., JENNIE M., IONA' C. and - OH-N, born April 12, 1822, is unmarALBERT C., and reside one and a quar- ried. He went to California in 1849, and ter miles north of Pleasant Plains, with- now resides in San Francisco. in half a mile of where he was born, on 1 7 W IEt~LA[, jun., born April 2I, 1824, the farm of his grandfather, Rev. Richard i Phil, drn, April, Gaines. in Philadelphia, was drowned, April 9, WIneLIs. A, born April 5, 1i88, in 1849, in a slough near where the Gilman WLZLIAZVf, born April 5, 28, in 8 and Clinton railroad crosses the Sangamon Sangamon county, married Jane Short, i o river. and died in three months after marriage.n July 23, 1826, in PhilHENRRY, born July 23, 1826, in PhilSARAH B., born May i, 1833, in Morgan county, married Tilman Sharp, has adephia, married, May 3, in Hum boldt, Kansas, to Mrs. Artenecia A. Chamone child, and resides in Morgan county. Of-N, born Dec. 3, 1830, just before bers, whose maiden name was Bradshaw. JOI].V, born Dec. 3, 1830, just before - *~N * r de * a0 js a or They have two children ANNA A. and the "deep snow, married Sarah Vaughn, e~epsnIw," marked Sarah a^h, BLANCHE, and reside at Humboldt, have three children, LOU ELLA, J. W. Kansas. and J. R., and reside in Morgan county. AMES, born July 8, 1828, in PhilaAME, born Feb. 5, 1839, died Sept. 8, YA J IAM2 born Feb. 5, 1839, died Sept. 8, delphia, was married March 2, I 852, to IATA869.. F Amanda A. Cartmell. They had one A:ARTHA G., born Feb. 4, 1835, is unmarried, and resides with her parents. Mr. Black was married, Feb., 1862, to SATVU, Jun., bor JuneMr. Black was married, Feb. 5, i862, to Smarried, Jun., born June 7l, ha8, Eliza A. Cartmell. They have four childmarried, Dec. z, i86o, to Mary Self, have to c r E. and C. S., and reside ren. Of his five children, WILLIAM two children, W. E. and C. S., and reside ma two chilren W.L., by the first marriage, and the other in Morgan county. M four WALTERB., ALVINF.,AMANMARY Jr., bor* n March 9, ll mar- DA M. and EMMA T., reside with their ried, Sept. 20, I86I, to lames Phillips, ned, Sept. 20, i86 to James Phl ip s, father, on the farm settled by his father in who died, and she.married Wm. Self, and h died, nd she married Wm. S84o0 six miles northeast of Springfield. resides in Cass county. MIILDRED, born Tan. 7, 1845, mar- GEORGE W., born August 5, 1830, ried Samuel T. Mattix, has one child, and married Sept. 21, 1858, to Sarah A. Mann. resides in Morgan county. They had eight children, two of whom Samuel Black and his wife reside six died young. MARY E.,ELIZABETH, miles north of Jacksonville, surrounded ANNIE L., HENRY F., THOMAS by most of their children. Mr. Black M. and CHARLES W., and reside on made his first trip to Sangamon county to Round Prairie, five miles east of S1ringmove the mother of Rev. Peter Cart- field, between the mouth of Spring Creek wright. He made, altogether, seven and South Fork. round trips with a six horse team, when ANNA E., born Sept. 26, 1832, marthere were no roads, in moving the Cart- ried, Jan. i, 1852, to Marion F. Whitesides. wright, Gaines and Black families. (See his name.)

Page  123 SANGAMON C 0UNTY. 123 FRANCIS G., born Feb. 27, 1835, McDonough county, Ill., and from there mxarried, Oct. 4, I859, to Elizabeth Ham- to Iowa, where she died. mond. They had two children, JOHN DA VID, born Sept. I7, I798, in KenW. and ELIZA J., and Mr. Black en- tucky, married Jan. 2, 1823, in Sangamon listed August, 1862, in Co. G., II4th Ill. county, to Sarah Moffitt. They had six Inf., for three years, and died of disease at children. WILLIAM married Millie Vicksburg, just after the surrender by the Moore, and live near Belleville, St. Clair rebels, July 4, 863. His remains were county. GEORGE married Viney brought home and interred near German Broom, and resides near Blue Mound, Prairie Station. His children reside with Macon county, Ill. EDITH A. married, their mother, who married A. R. Welch. Wm. Simmons. He died, and Mrs. S. WALTEER C., born Sept. 22, i837, married Mr. Brown. They reside in enlisted in Co. G., I Ith Ill. Inf., for three Texas The others are ANN E.,LEANyears, August 5, I862, was twice slightly DERand FRANCIS. David Black wounded, served full time, and was honor- died Oct. 7, 1856, in Chatham township, ably discharged, August Io, I865. He and his widow resides with her youngest was married, Feb. 5, I866, to Permelia F. Son, il Macon county, near Blue Mound. Cartmell. They have three children,. ELIZABETH, born March 6, 1803, ANNA C., FRANCIS E. and ORA in Kentucky, was married in Sangamon EVA, and reside two miles southeast of county to John Harris. They had one Riverton. child, JAMES, who was drowned in a Margaret Allison lived as one of the mill pond while fishing, aged fourteen years. Mr. and Mrs. Harris both died in family of William Black, in Philadelphia. ears. and Mrs. Harris both died in She came with the family to Sangamon Macoupin county. county, and died Sept. 20, I840, aged 29 NAVC born Aug. 6, n en^ ^ 7~years.& tucky, married in Sangamon county, Aug. years. 18, 1833, to John N. Viney, who died William Black died Dec. 15, I858, and Jan, Is87, and Mrs. Nancy V. died his widow died July 25, 1874, both on the without children. See f8 Mr. May 23, 187I, without children. See his farm where they settled in I840. Mr. name. Black became a member of:the Scots JOHN, born Aug. 8, I809, in KenThistle Society soon after his arrival in tucky,married in Sangamon county, Aug tucky, married in Sangamon county, Aug. Philadelphia, and remained a member as,83, to Sarah Myers. They had nine long as he lived. children; three died young. Of the other BLACK, THOMAS, was born six, ELMINA died Feb. 23, I858, aged Oct. 25, 1768, and wentfiom South Caro- 22 years. DRUSILLA, born Aug. 30, lina to Christian county, Ky., where he 1837, in Sangamon county, married June was married to Edith A. Pyle. They:o, I856, to James Babcock. They had moved to southern Illinois just before the nine children; one died young. RICHARD "Shakes"-meaning the earthquake of J. o. died Aug. 4, I875. WILLIAM died I8i, that sunk New Madrid, Missouri. Aug. 23, I875. LAURA, ELLEN, ALBERT They fled in terror back to Kentucky; M., ADDIE M., IRA J. and ANNETTA E. but finding the earth did not all sink, they The family reside near Oreana, Macon returned to southern Illinois, and moved county, Ill. THOMAS, born Oct. 6, to what became Sangamon county, arriv- 1839, in Sangamon county, was married ing April 9, I819, in what is now Auburn April 12, 1863, to Mary M. Lewis, who township. Of their children, viz- died Dec. 21, i865, and he was married SARAH, born July 3, 1796, in Ken- Feb. 3, i868. to Emily C. Graves, who tucky, married there to a Mr. Edwards. died Aug. io, 1871, leaving one child, They had one child, SUSAN, who mar- FLOSSIE L. Mr. Black was married April ried Wm. Woods. Mr. Edwards died, and 6, I873, to Martha J. Dodds. They have his widow married Bailey Taylor. They one child, a son, and reside two miles east had three children, viz: AMANDA mar- of Auburn. ALBERT M., born Sept. ried Peter Wheeler. EMMA married Mil- I4, 1843, in Sangamon county, was marler Bagby. THOMAS B. was married ried June 24, 1865, to Salome T. Ham. in'i866. He had three children; one is dead. They have two children, and reside near Mr. Taylor died, and the family moved to Pawnee. ADALINE M., born May 25,

Page  124 1&m EARL r SETTLERS OF I847, married Aug. 2, 1865, to Wm. D. to Fleming county, Ky., when he was Patton. See his name. She died Jan. quite young. Elizabeth McNary was 26, i875, leaving two children. JOHN born in South Carolina, and taken by her W., born Sept. 29, I85I, in Sangamon parents to Fleming county, Ky., also. county, married Feb. 2, I873, to Susan R. They were there married about I806, had Kimble. They have two children, JOHN seven children in that county, and then D. and EMILY, and reside three miles east moved to Hopkins county, where they ofAuburn. John Black died Aug. I, had four children. About I823 they I855, and his widow, Mrs. Sarah Black, moved to Green county, O., where they died March I8, I858, both in Auburn town- had two children, and then moved to Sanship. gamon county, arriving in the fall of I830, THOYMAS, born Sept. 3, I813, in in what is now Clear Lake township. Christian county, Ky., married in Sanga- MIAR THA married Robert Blue, had mon county, March 7, 1855, to Mary J: six children and died. Wallace, who was born Nov. I, I83I. SAMZEL married Isabel Webb, had They have three children, EDITH, eight children, and resides in Missouri. MARY F. and MARCHIE, and reside DA VID H., born Sept. 23, i816, in in less than half a mile of where his father Fleming county, Ky., married in Sangasettled in 1819, about three and a half mon county May I9, 1844, to Fannie miles east of Auburn. Webb. They had two children, one of CARTER T., born Jan. 24, I818, whom died young. MELISSA C. marwas married Oct. 8, I840, to Mary C. ried Abel P. Bice. See his name. David Coberly, who was born Nov. 7, 1820. Of H. Blue resides two miles north of Bartheir six children, namely: ELLEN E., clay. born in Auburn township, July 12, 1841, ELIZA married Adolphus Jones, had married July I, I858, to J. T. Graves. one child, and all died. They have six children, ROBERT L., MARY WILLIAM M., born in Fleming N., ZILDAH S., WILLIAM J., MARK and county, Ky., married in Sangamon county CATHARINE, and reside in Butler, Bates to Adaline Cline. They had five childcounty, Mo. JOSEPH C., born Aug. ren. JAMES H. married Catharine 29, 1843, in Auburn township, Ill., died in Dunlap, had one child, DORA E., and live Missouri. CHARLES C., born Aug. 22, in Fancy creek township. GEORGE 1845, in Andrew county, Mo., died in W., LUCY, DAVID and PARTHENNodaway county, Mo. WILLIAM T., IA, live with their mother. William M. born May 21, I848, in Andrew county, Blue enlisted in Aug., 1862, in Co. C, r14 Mo., married in Nodaway county to Mary Ill. Inf., for three years. He was killed C. Crabtree, Dec. 29, I869. They had at the battle of Guntown, Miss., June Io, one child, JAMES T. Wm. T. Black and I864. His widow married M. Hardman, son died in Bates county, Mo. GEORGE and lives near Cantrall. H., born March II, I858, in Nodaway HARRIS ONVmarried Margaret Alexcounty, Mo., and JOHN D., born Sept. ander. They had three children, and he I6, 1860, in Nodaway county, reside there. died in Fancy creek township. Mrs. Carter Black died May I4, i875, CAROLINE married Stephen Canin Nodaway county, Mo. Carter Black trall. They have six children, and live is now (I876) in Sangamon county. near Kansas City, Mo. Mrs. Edith A. Black died April i5, AMJfOS went to Oregon when a young 1822, and Thomas Black was married in man, and resides in Jackson county. 1823 or'4to Mrs. Rebecca Viney, whose John Blue died in 1842, and his widow maiden name was Shiles. She died Feb. in 1848, both in Sangamon county. 13, 1851, and Mr. B. died Nov. 3, I85I, BONDURANT. Thefirstknown aged 84 years, both where he settled in of the name in America was Dr. Joseph I8I9. Bondurant, a Huguenot, who was banBLUE, JOHN, was born Sept. 9, ished from France on account of his relig777, in South Carolina. His father was ion, during the reign of Queen Anne, a soldier in the Revolutionary army, and about the year I700. He was wealthy in was taken prisoner by the British the France, but could only bring his library very day of his birth. His. parents moved with him. He and his companions, Ford,

Page  125 SANGAMOV COUNTY. 125 Agee, O'Briant and Shatteen, all settled They have two living children, and reside in Virginia. near Wabash, Wayne county, Ill. He enBONDURANT, JOSEPH. listed August 7, 1862, for three years, in The fourth generation from Dr. Joseph Co. E., 79th Ill. Inf. Dec. 2, I862, he Bondurant, was born Sept. I5, I80o, in was detailed to the Pioneer Corps departBedford county, Va., moved to Kentucky, ment of the Cumberland. March I9, 1863, in early life, and was married Oct. 27, he took charge of four saw mills, on 1823, to Martha Sharp. They moved to Stone's river, Tenn., and put them in orSangamon county Oct., I828. He was der. Sept. 15, 1863, he was ordered to one of the early school teachers in the Chattanooga, where he took charge of Dickerson neighborhood. They had building water-works, on the 8th of Octoeleven children, namely- ber, doing the civil engineering with a OHTN 7T., born June, 1824, in Ken- common spirit level. He remained in tucky, raised in Sangamon county, mar- charge until May I5, I865, when he reried near DesMoines, Iowa, in 1848, to signed for the purpose of perfecting some Virginia Cooney. In 1850 he emigrated inventions of his own. He is now ento California, and died in Sacramento, gaged in the lumber trade. Dec. 23, I85O, of disease contracted while MARGARE T D., born Jan. 31, 1837, crossing the plains, leaving a childless married Oct. 28, IS58, to Thomas Underwidow. wood. See his name. LUCRETIA r., born Nov. 4, 1825, MIARY E., born Feb. 3, 1840, is unin Kentucky, married Nov., 1845, in San- married, and resides with her brother gamon county, to Joel Churchill. See his Thomas, near DeLand, Piatt county, Ill. name. They reside at DeLand, Piatt MARTHA F., born March 24, 1842, county, Ill. in Sangamon county, married Jan., 1864, ELIZABE TH T., born April 28, to William Thornton, of' DesMoines, 1827, in Kentucky, married in Athens, Iowa. They have three children, namely: Ill., May I5, 1842, to William Miller, of LILLIE, LUCY and HARRY, and rethat place, where they resided until 1852, side near DesMoines. when they moved to' Mechanicsburg..OSEPHN., born May 2, I844. He They had nine children, namely: MAR- went to Iowa in I866, and married in 1867 THA E., married Jan. i6, 1872, to T. P. to Sarah DeVore. They had three childLofland. She died June 14, I873, leaving ren, WILLIAM, EARNEST and a son six months old, to be brought up by FRANK. In 1871 Mr. J. N. Bondurant her aunt, Margaret D. Underwood. AN- returned to DeWitt county, Ill., and reNIE M., JOHN T. and THOMAS B. sides near Farmer City. died under ten years. ALBERT I., AM/ZANDA E., born April 25, 1847, JOSEPH W., SARAH J., AMANDA in Sangamon county, died Oct. 4, 1858. B. and GEORGE L. live with their Mr. Joseph Bondurant died April 30, mother. William Miller died July I7, 1864, at his daughter's, Mrs. Lucretia I868. His widow and children live in Churchill, near Mechanicsburg. Mrs. Mechanicsburg. Martha Bondurant resides with her son ALEXANDER C., born Sept. I, Thomas, near DeLand, Piatt county, Ill. I829, in Sangamon county. He went to BOLL, VALENTINE J., was Iowa in the winter of I856, and was mar- born April 22, 1807, at Flersheim, Nasried there Oct., I86I, to Margaret Brooks, sau, Germany. He came to America in of DesMoines. They had seven child- 1833, arriving June 29, at Baltimore, being ren, namely: EMMA, FANNIE, LIZ- forty-four days from Bremen. He went ZIE, FRANK, FLORENCE, BUR- to New Philadelphia, O., to see a relative, TON and NELLIE, and reside near thence to St. Louis, and from there to Altoona, Polk county, Iowa. Sangamon county, and made pottery for THOiMAS C., born Dec. 29, 1831, in Chistopher Newcomer two years. In the Sangamon county, settled in Piatt county fall of 1836 he started back to Germany in I856, near DeLand, Piatt county, Ill. by way of New Orleans, and arrived at SAjMUEL T., born Dec. 9, 1834, in his native town Jan. 2, I837. He was Sangamon county, married Nov. 15, I860, there married, April 2, 1837, to Elizabeth in Douglas county, to Sarah Ellen Barnett. C. Heller. She was born Feb. 13, I819,

Page  126 I26 EARL SETTLERS OF in the same town. They embarked June fall of that year moved to Sangamon 12, 1837, at Amsterdam, and were forty- county, Ill., arriving Dec. 4, 1827, in what nine days on the passage to New York. is now Loami township. They had seven He went via Albany, Buffalo, Cleveland, children in Sangamon county. The two thence to Portsmouth, on the Ohio river, eldest died under five years. Of the other thence to St. Louis and back to Sanga- five childrenmon county, late in I837. His father, REBECCA A., born June 28, 1831, step-mother and five children, a married married in 1850, to James W. George. sister and her husband, Garred Young, They have three living children, and reand others, making a total of seventeen side near Mt. Auburn, Christian county. persons, came with him. He made pot- ABNER, born Feb. 24, 1833, in Santery in Ball township for about eighteen gamon county, married March I6, 1856, years, and then engaged in farming exclu- to Frances A. Cutter. They have four sively. They had nine children, all born children. WALTER, N. C., and JOHN in Sangamon county, two of whom died CALHOUN, twins; ZAZA A. and young. Of the other seven- WILLIAM J. Not having a daughter, GARHARD, born Nov. 2, 1838, in they adopted one, whom they call KATIE Sangamon county, married Jan. 5, 1862, BOWEN. They reside on the farm setto Mary J. Greenawalt. They had five tied in 1828 by Mrs. B.'s father, S. R. children, THOMAS H. and JAMES A., Cutter. It is two and a half miles norththe first and fourth, died young; MARY west of Loami. E., AMANDA F. and SARAH M., re- ELIZABETH, born Nov. 13, 1834, side with their parents, one mile northwest in Sangamon county, married Robert M. of Pawnee. Park. See his name. ELIZABETH, born in Sangamon ISABEL A., born Dec. 26, 1836, marcounty, married John T. Burtle, Jun. See ried in I855, to Charles W. Fisher. They his name.'had five children, MARY E., NANCY PA UL A., born in Sangamon county, E., ELIZABETH C., WILLIAM Z. resides with his parents. and JOHN N. Mrs. F. and her children GEORGE P., born in Sangamon reside three miles west of Loami. county, married Mary M. Mollihorn. WILLIAM A., born July 28, 1838, They had two children, WILLIAM A. died Oct. i, I860. and CHARLES V., and reside in Ball Mrs. Mary Bowen died Dec. 31, 1839, township. and Zaza B. married,Jan. 7, 1841, to Sarah CATHARINE J. married Patrick Park. They had four children; all died McAnanry, have two children, MAT- under nine years. THEW and ROSA, and reside at Tallula. Mrs. Sarah Bowen died Sept. 28, i860, MAR GARE T and E VA reside with and Zaza Bowen was married, Sept. 7, their parents in Ball township, five miles I863, to Mrs. Lydia M. Light, whose southeast of Chatham. maiden name was Patterson. They reside BALL, JACOB born about 1829, three miles west of Loami, on the farm at Flersheim, Nassau, (ermany, came to where he settled in I836. Zaza Bowen America, and to Sangamon county, with remembers Springfield when it was a colhis half-brother Valentine, in I837. He lection of round log huts, covered with was married in i867 to Sarah Conner. clapboards held on by weight poles. He They have two children- remembers seeing the jail covered with a ELIZABETH T and THOMAS, and stack of hay. reside in Ball township, six miles south- BOWLING, JAMES,wasborn east of Chatham. March 8, I790, in Fauquier county, Va., BOWVEN, ZAZA, was born Oct. was taken by his parents to Tennessee 24, i8o6, in Guilford county, N. C. His when he was nine years old, and from father died when he was two years old, there to Logan county, Ky., in I808. He and his mother, with her four children, the was there married, Oct. I7, I817, to Mareldest of whom was married, moved to garet Jones, who was born Nov. I8, I793, Cabell county, West Va., in I8I7. Zaza in Mercer county, Ky. James Bowling Bowen and Mary Knight were married and wife left, the day after their marriage, June; 25, 1827, in that county, and in the for Bond county, Ill. They moved on

Page  127 SANGAMON CO:UNTr. 27 horseback, each riding a horse and leading JANE A., born Oct. 6, 1826, adjoina pack horse, to carry their goods. One ing Rochester on the west. She was marchild was born in Bond county, Ill., and ried, Feb. 2, I854, to John Cassity, who they moved to Sangamon county, arriving was born Jan. 12, 1821, in Bourbon counin 1819, in what is now Rochester town- ty, Ky., and came to Sangamon county in ship, on the farm now owned by R. P. the fall of 1830. They had five children, Abel, adjoining Rochester on the west. three of whom died in infancy. WILIn 1830 they moved one mile north. They LIAM, born May 4, 1857, and FRANK, had six children in Sangamon county. Of born March 21, I867, reside with their their seven children- parents, in Rochester, within 200 yards of ELIZABETH W., born Sept. 22, where Mrs. Cassity was born. 1818, in Bond county, Ill., was married in ARMIZA T.,bornJan. 30, 830, in SanSangamon county, April 27,. 843, to gamon county, was married, Mar. 10, 1853, Tames M. Logan. See his name. to John S. Highmore, who was born Sept. EL VIRA P., born Feb. 25, I820, in 22, 828, in Somersetshire, England. He Sangamon county, was married April 28, came to America in I849, and to Sangacamon ty in Mar9, 1844, to Daniel Barr. They had three in March, 850. They had children. JAMES THOMAS married two children. LAURA, born Jan. 27, Elizabeth Atkinson. They had two child- 1854, married John F. Miller, (see his ren, LOUIE and MATTIE, and Mr. Barr name,) and resides in Edinburg. ARdied, March 13, 1875, leaving his widow resideswith her aunt, Jane A and children in Rochester. MARGA- Cassity, who brought her up. Mrs RET E., born Oct. i6, I846, married Highmore died August 27, 1856, and Mr. Samuel West. See his name. CHAS. Highmore was married March, i860, to E. born August 18, 1850, married, Dec. 2, MaryA. Cloyd. See name of Cloyd. 1873, to Louisa D. West, and lives in They had three children, and Mrs. H. Rochester. Daniel Barr and wife reside died, and r. Highmore was married the in Rochester. tthird time, to Mrs. Mary Price, widow of Dr. Price, who was born in Virginia. JOHN P., born Jan. 12, 1822, in San- They reside in Rochester. He has been gamon county, was married Oct. 14, 1846, a member of the county board of superin Green county, to Maria Lorton. They visors from 1863 to 867,andfrom 1872 had three children. Their second child, to 875. SARAH M., died at Mt. Auburn in 1854, Mrs. Margaret Bowling died Nov. 14, in~her fourth year. WILLIAM K. was 1I846, and James Bowling died April I2, born Jan. I, 1849, and married August 27, 1853, both near Rochester. 1874, to Alice Jernigan, who was born in BOYD JOHN wasborn Feb. 3, Greenville, Ky., and resides near Virden, Greenville Ky., and resides near Virden, i777, in Pennsylvania, and went to BoteIll. JAMES R., born Aug. io, I859, re- tourt county, Va., when a young man. sides with his parents, near Virden, Ill. Susannah Hiner was born Dec. 22, 1780 yULIAN F., born Feb. 5, 1824, in in Botetourt county, Va., and they were Sangamon county, was married Sept. 6, there married June 26, 1802. Two child1845, to Abraham E. Nickolls. He had ren were born in Virginia, and they previously been married, and had two moved to Franklin county, 0., about I806, children. They had seven children, and where six children were born. The famMrs. lNickolls died, Feb. 28, 1867. Of ily then moved to Sangamon county, Ill., their children, ANDREW T. resides at arriving in the fall of 181 in what is now Rochester, Ill. MARGARET A. mar- Ball township, where one child was born. ried William Morgan, and resides near Mr. Boyd was a millwright, and his serMt. Auburn. EMILY S. married John vices were in great demand. In the fall Shewmaker, and resides near Decatur. of 1830 he was at work on a mill on the MARY J. married William Murphy, and Sangamon river north of Rochester, resides at Topeka, Kansas. ELIZA- known afterwards as Baker and Darling's BETH A. married Wm. Meek, and re- mill. Wishing to visit his family, and sides at Central City, Colorado. JAMES having some business at Springfield, he B. and ELVIRA M. reside with their went there first, and then started home. father, at Kingsville, Kansas. A heavy sleet was falling at the time,

Page  128 Ti8 EA.RL SETTLERS OF which proved to be the precursor of the -reside near Girard, Kan. JAMES 0. deep snow. The walking was laborious, served in Co. I, 7th Ill. Inf., from Feb., and the next day his body was found by 1865, to the close of the rebellion. He his neighbor, Christopher Newcomer. It married Marietta Reed. They had two was six miles southeast of Springfield, on children, REBECCA J. and JESSE M., and what is now the farm of William South- reside in Cotton Hill township. SARAH wick. He was, found just as the snow J. married Elijah D. Lawley. See his began to fall, and if he had lain another name. They have two children, LOUIS E. day would not have been seen until and FREDERICK G. DAVIS O. married spring. Of his children- Sarah A. Campbell. They have two HANNAH, born in Botetourt county, children, OLIVE and CLARA A., and reside Va., was married in Sangamon county, in Cotton Hill township. VINCENT Ill., to John Dillon. They both died near C. died Aug. 22, 1871, in his eighteenth the town of Dillon, in Tazewell county, year. Jacob Boyd and his wife reside in leaving sixchildren residing there. JESSE Cotton Hill township. went'to Arkansas, married and died there. TH-OMAS, born Oct. 25, 1809, was SUSANNAH' was married Aug. 24, married, and resided in St. Louis at the 1848, to Joseph Meredith, and died Dec. close of the rebellion. Hp died about 1869. 24, 1868, in Christian county. MARY 7OHNV, born Aug. 5, i8II, in Ohio, married Timothy Larramore, and resides married in Iowa to Elizabeth Dyer. They near Tremont, Tazewell county, Ill. reside near Ozark, Jackson county, Iowa. WILLIAM died in Sangamon county. He was a soldier from Sangamon county JANE resides with her sister Mary. in the Black Hawk war, and served in an DANIEL served four years in an Illinois Iowa regiment during the rebellion. regiment, and died in Tazewell county. BENVAMANIVdied in his ninth year. JOHN married, and resides in Iroquois JOSEPZ, born April I, I816, in county, Ill. ISAAC died in the Union Ohio, brought up in Sangamon county, army. was married in Iowa to Anna Ray. He MAR42, born Jan. I, I806, in'Bote- enlisted in an Iowa regiment, and died at tourt county, Va., was married to George Louisville, Ky., leaving a widow and Brunk. See his name. three children near Ozark, Iowa.: ACOB, born Oct. 30, 1807, near CATHARINE, born Oct. 26, I818, Columbus, 0., married in Sangamon in Ohio, died in Sangamon county, aged county, Ill., Sept I, 1833, to Rebecca seventeen years. Royal. They had nine children in San- SAMUEL, born Aug. 25, I823, in gamon county. JOHN T., born in I835, Sangamon county, died in his seventeenth married Sarah E. Clayton. They had year. two children, GEORGE E. and EMERY A., Mrs. Susannah Boyd died Aug. 9, 1848, and Mr. B. died April 5, 1874, in Taylor- in Sangamon county. ville. WILLIAM H., born May I, 1837, BOYER, WILLIAM T., was was married March 31, I859, to Mary A. born April 4, I817, in Adair county, Ky. Vigal. They have one daughter, FRAN- Sarah A. Jackson was born Dec. 7, I820, CES D.S and reside in Cotton Hill town- in the same county. They were married ship, between Brush and! Horse creeks. Oct. 24, 1839, near Franklin, Morgan GEORGE B., born Dec. 25,_I839, enlist- county, Ill. They had one child in Mored Aug., 1862, in Co. E, II4 Ill. Inf., for gan county, and moved to what, is now three years; served full time, and was New Berlin township, arriving in I840. honorably discharged at Springfield. He They had ten children in Sangamon counmarried Harriet Williams. They have ty. Four of their children died under ten three children, CLARENCE E., SUSAN R. years. Of the other six childrenand PHCEBE C., and reside in Cotton Hill SARAH A., born Oct. i9, 1843, in township. MARY married Alonzo Sangamon county, married March I4, Sparks. They have two children, MAUD 1867, to John Mitchell. They had four and RAY, and reside near Girard, Kan. children, EMMA M. and LAURA A. SUSAN married Harvey Alexander. died under five years. RHODA E. and They have four children, iCHARLES M., ANNIE, and reside in Talkington townJACOB W., LULIE M., and HATTIE E.,and ship, seven miles west of Auburn.

Page  129 SANGGAMOA COUNTY. 129 MARY F., born Sept. 8, 1845, in San- county, Ky., when he was twelve years gamon county, married, March 30, 1863, old. His commencement in business was toJohn H. Cox. They have three child- trading down the Ohio and Mississippi ren, WILLIAM H., GEORGE W. and rivers. He was married July 4, I820, at CHARLEY, and reside near Franklin, Port Gibson, Miss., to Ann E. Barnes, Morgan county. who was born Sept. 10, I802, in North WILL.IA/M A., born Dec; 5, I849, re- Carolina, and in 1807 was taken by her sides with his parents. parents to Mississippi, where they settled. ELIZA., born March II, I85I, She was educated at Port Gibson in a married William A. Young, Nov. II, French Catholic convent. After a resi1869, have one child, INA, and reside in dence of three years there, they moved to Talkington township, six and a quarter Scott county, Ky., where they remained miles west of Auburn. one year, and moved to Franklin county, ANNIE _M. and near Frankfort, and within three miles of 7A COB C. reside with their parents, Dick Johnson's Indian school. They had six miles southwest of Loami. four children in Kentucky, and moved to BOZARTH, WILLIAM H., Sangamon county, Ill., arriving in the fall was born about 1796, in Grayson county, of 1834, in what is now Gardner townKy. Elizabeth Stewart was born in I797, ship. Of their four childrenin the same county, and they were there 7T'L01M1AS A., born August 2, I821, married in 1819. They had four children at Port Gibson, Miss., brought by his parborn in Kentucky, and moved to Sanga- ents to Sangamon county, was educated at mon county, Ill., in Oct., 1825, on Spring McKendree College, Lebanon, Ill., gradcreek, west of Springfield about two and uated at that institution, and was mara half miles. Mr. Bozarth was killed by ried in Lebanon to Jane Baker. He went a fall from a horse in December follow- to Missouri and there enlisted in Co. B., ing, only two months after coming to the Col. Doniphan's regiment, and marched county. His widow returned to Ken- overland to Mexico, in 1846. Col. Donitucky, was there married to Rawley Mar- phan had orders, on arriving at Chihuahua, tin, returned to Sangamon county in the to report to Gen. Wool. He was unable fall of 1830, and settled on Lick creek. to learn the whereabouts of Gen. Wool, In I840 Mr. Martin moved to Warren and Thomas A. Bradford was one of six county, Iowa. Of the four Bozarth men who volunteered to carry through the children- dispatches, which they delivered to Gen. HIlGGANSONmarried Mary Bozarth, Wool at Saltillo, having gone the distance in Grayson county, Ky., and remained of three hundred miles, through an enethere. my's country, without the loss of a man. OL VER. P. married Elizabeth He was, with John Calhoun, engaged in Brooks, and resides in Grayson county, the survey of public lands for the U. S. Ky. Government, and died Dec. 25, I856, near ELIL., born in Grayson county, Ky., Wyandotte, Kan., his wife and only child married in Sangamon county to Artelia having died before. Peddicord. They had five children. AR- ELIZA BET H E., born July MIN4DA and MINERVA P. died young. 1 i S u MIN'DA and MINERVA P. died young t823, in Scott county, Ky., was married Eli L. Bozarth died Oct. 29, I868. His n co county, Ky., was marrie, W W in Sangamon county, May 24, I1840, to n, WILLIA W., as downed David Madison. Hedied two years later, Sugar. creek, April 21, i869. The other Sugar creek, Apr, 869 leaving a son, JAMES B., who died at two children, VIOLA E. and PHCEBE, fourteen years of age. Mrs. Madison rereside with their mother at the house of sides neaBradfordon, Sangamon county her father, Jonathan Peddecord, in Ball township. SUSAN, born May 25, I825, in KenISAA C H, born in Grayson county, tucky, married June ii, 1858, in SangaKy., married Rhoda Seybold, and resides mon county, to William G. Hawkins, at 3landinville, McDonough county. who was born Sept. i4, 1827, in Boone ]BB]ADFORD, JAMES M., county, Ky., but resided in St. Louis at was born Sept. 28, 795, in Culpepper the time of his marriage. They live in county, Va. His parents moved to Scott Sangamon county. ~^

Page  130 130 EARLr SETTLERS OF MAR TIA A., born May 26, 1832, in when the Democratic party was in power, Kentucky, died while attending school in with one of its cardinal tenets: opposition Springfield, August, 1848. Mrs. Ann E. to all internal improvements by the govBradford died in Sangamon county, July ernment; but President Jackson favored 8, I835, and James M. Bradford was mar- this because it was a military necessity. ried, Dec. 27, 1836, to Arsenath Talbott. The road commenced at Cumberland, They had six children in Sangamon coun- Md., crossed the Ohio river at Steubenty, one of whom died in infancy. Of the ville, passed through Columbus, O., Richother five children- mond, Indianapolis and Terre Haute, Ind., WI LLJAMl T., born June 8, 1838, thence to Vandalia, Ill. At the latter was married Oct. I, I861, to Grizella A. point a determined contest arose between Parkinson. They had six children. The the people of the States of Illinois and eldest, JAMES, and the fifth one, SUE Missouri, whether the point for crossing H., died under three years. ELIZA- the Mississippi river should be Alton or BETH A., THOMAS P., LAURA M. St. Louis, the contestants fully believing and WILLIAM A., reside with their par- that the future great city of the Mississippi ents, in Gardner township. valley depended on the decision of that HARRIET E., born Feb. 3, 1841, question. Before it was settled the public in Sangamon county, married Hiram E. mind became interested in railroads, and Gardner. See his name. the National Road ended atVandalia. The ISABELLA itA. resides with her corps of engineers disbanded at the latter mother in Springfield. point. The State capital was then in SARAH 7., born Nov. 3, I845, mar- transit from Vandalia to Springfield, and ried William H. Parkinson. See his Mr. Bradford came here, arriving Decemname. ber, 1840. In the spring. of 184I he EDWARD T., born May i9, 1850, bought the interest of Mr. Burchell in the was married, Feb. 17, 1870, to Carrie M. book-bindery of Burchell and Johnson, VanPatten. They have one child, ED- and became one of the firm of Johnson WARD M., and reside at Bradfordton. and Bradford. James M. Bradford died March 3, i852, John S. Bradford was married July i5, and his widow resided on the farm which 1841, in Brandenburg, Ky.,to Adaline M. has become Bradfordton, on the Ohio and Semple, who was born Oct., 1817, in Mississippi railroad, until April, I874, when Cumberland county, Ky. Her brother, she moved to Springfield, and lives on north Hon. James Semple, was at that time fifth street. James M. Bradford was a Charge de Affaires to New Grenada, soldier in the war of 1812, from Scott afterwards United States Senator from county, Ky. He served one term in the Illinois, and still later ope of the Judges General Assembly of Illinois, elected in of the Supreme Court of the State. the fall of 1840. Soon after coming to Springfield, J. S. BRADFORD. JOHN S., was Bradford became Lieutenant in the bornJune 9, 185, in Philadelphia, Pa. His "Springfield Cadets." They were orfather was a native of Delaware, and died dered to Nauvoo by Gov. Ford in 1845, in Philadelphia in I8,6. John S. learned serving two months in the "Mormon the trade of a book-binder' in his native war." In 1846 Mr. Bradford enlisted in city, and in 1835 started on foot for the Co. A, 4th Ill. Inf., under Col. E. D. City of Mexico. He walked to Pitts- Baker, and was appointed Quartermaster burg, thence to Cincinnati by steamboat, bv Gov. Ford. As such he accompanied from there to Dayton, 0., and Rich- the regiment to Mexico, where he started mond, Ind., working at his trade in all to go twelve years before with a bookthe places he passed through. At Rich- binder's outfit. After his arrival in Mexmond he was induced, in 1837, to join a ico he was commissioned as commissary in corps of United States engineers who the United States army. He was at the were then engaged in constructing what bombardment and capture of Vera Cruz, was called the National Road. It was a battle of Cerro Gordo and others, returnwagon road, built at the expense of the ing with the regiment to Springfield in United States government. The law I847. The result of that war securing to authorizing its construction was enacted us California and the discovery of gold,

Page  131 SANGAMON COUNTr. 131 Mr. Bradford started from Springfield SUSANA. resides with her parents, Jan. I, 1849, by the Isthmus of Panama in Springfield. to California, and was eighty-seven days EUGEVNE S. resides in St. Louis, on the Pacific ocean, reaching San Fran- Mo. cisco May 20, 1849. He madeBenicia yOHN, ANTRIMI C. and DONhis headquarters, and when the military ALD, reside with their parents in Springcommander of the department of the field. Pacific ordered a government to be BRADLEY, TERRY, wasborn formed for a new State, Mr. Bradford in Rutherford county, North Carolina, was elected to represent the district bound- and married there to Chloe Elliott, a sised by Oregon on the north, Sacramento ter to Andrew Elliott. See his name. river on the. east, Bay of San Francisco They had eleven children born in Rutheron the south, and the Pacific ocean ford county, N. C., and moved to Sangaon the west. That Legislature organized mon county, Ill., arriving in what is now the State without ever having gone Gardner township, south of Spring creek, through aterritorial probation, and divided in I834. Of their childrenit into counties. Mr. Bradford was elected S.Mil2r/ONS, born March 3, 181 1, in 1850 to represent a district composed in North Carolina, married March 28, of the five counties of Solano, Napa, 1839, in Sangamon county, to Jane DougSonoma, Mendocino and Marin, being las. They had six children; three died a portion of the district he represented young. WILLIAM H., born Jan. 5, in the first Legislature. His family re- 1840, married March 6, I862, to Mary sided in Springfield, and he retained Rannebarger, who was born Jan. 13, 1842, his business relations with Mr. John- near Columbus, O. They had three son also. He returned to Springfield children. ELLA J. died, aged two years. in 1851, and since that has served the EDWARD E. and LOTTIE B. reside with county of Sangamon, in I857, as Superin- their parents, seven miles west of Springtendent of Public Instruction; was one of field. THOMAS LEVI and JOHN the Commissioners to divide the county ELI, twins, born Nov. 22, 1842. into townships and name them, served the. THOMAS L., married Nov. 24, 1864, to city of Springfield as Treasurer, Alder- Hannah J. Smith, have two children, and man and Mayor. When Illinois was reside in Curran township. JOHN E., called on for 6,ooo of the 75,000 men to married July 9, I868, to Nancy A. Sims, meet the rebels, Mr. Bradford was ap- had one child, HIRAM J., and she died pointed by Gov. Yates as commissary, April, I869. He was married Dec. I6, with the rank of Lieutenant-Colonel, his 1869, to Sarah O;'Hara, and reside at Philcommission bearing date April i6, I86i, adelphia, Cass county, Ill. Simmons being the first commission issued by Gov. Bradley died Nov. I8, 1866, and his widYates in connection with the war tosup- ow resides seven miles west of Springpress the rebellion. He prepared quarters field. for the first soldiers rendezvoused by the WILLIAMAborn March 26, 1812, in State, and called it Camp Yates. Rutherford county, N. C., and came with J. S. Bradford severed his connection his parents to Sangamon county in 1834. with the firm of Johnson & Bradford in He was married Aug., 1846, in Jasper I869, and opened a book store in Spring- county, Mo., to Elizabeth Ragan, a native field., which he sold out in 1873, and of Kentucky. They came to Sangamon mwoved to Aberdeen, Miss., returning to county and had six children, one of whom Springfield in Nov., 1875, where he now died young. o In I857 they returned to resides. Missouri, where two children were born. Mr. and Mrs. Bradford had seven child- Of the seven children, three are married; renin Springfield, namely- MOLLIE, the third child, born in SangaWILLIAM, resides at Lake Station, mon county, and married in Missouri, Newton county, Miss. July 4, 1875, to J. J. Gates, a native of OSCAR, born Sept. 28, 1845, in Pike county, Ill. William Bradley died Springfield, was married in I871, in Dec. r3, I875. His widow and seven Owensboro, Ky., to Mary Crutcher. They children, married and unmarried, reside reside in St. Louis, Mo. near Carthage, Jasper county, Mo.

Page  132 132 EARL SETTLERS OF SARAH, born in North Carolina, King, who died, and she married Henry married in Sangamon county to Caleb Morgan. See his name. Darden. They had three children. Their Terry Bradley died in 1835, and Mrs. son THOMAS was a soldier in an Illinois Chloe Bradley died July 20, I865, both in regiment, and died at Memphis, Tenn. Sangamon county. The entire family are dead. BRANCH, EDWARD, was WINNIE, born in North Carolina, born Dec., I795, in Virginia, and when he married in Sangamon county to William was a child his parents moved to that part Brundage. They had three children, and of Bourbon, which afterwards became moved to Dallas county, Tex., in I854. Nicholas, county, Ky. He was there RICHARD, born in Rutherford coun- married Dec. 2, I818, to Rebecca Cassity. ty, N. C., came with his parents to San- They had four children in Kentucky, and gamon county, was married about 1844 to the family moved to Sangamon county, Mary A. Baldwin. They had four child- Ill., arriving late in Oct., 1830, in what is ren born in Sangamon county. Mrs. B. now Rochester township, where they had died Sept. IO,1I852, and the youngest child two children. Of their six childrendied soon after. Mr. B. moved in the fall ZERELDA. E., born Nov. I9, I82I, of i866, with his three children, to Kan- i Nicholas county, Ky., married in Sansas. Of hischildren,RICHARDJ.,born gamoncounty May 16, 1839,toJoel CanDec. 8, 1845 in Sangamon county; ill. Seehisname. SARAH C., born Feb. 9, 1848, in San- MARY.., born April 22, 1824 in gamon county, married in I870, in Kan- Kentucky, married in Sangamon county sas, to Franklin Campbell, and has one to Robert Archer, son of Moses. See child, MARY E. WILLIAM B., born in his name. He died April, I872, leaving a Sangamon county. Richard Bradleyand widow and three daughters near Grove his three children reside near Fredonia, City, Christian county. Wilson county, Kan. HONOR A., born March 24, I827, in O THAT, born in Norh Cr- Nicholas county, Ky., married in Sanga-.-,. TNn J^ ^^ ^ Not Ca ^- mon county to William A. Whitesides. lina, raised in Sangamon county, went to mn c y t W A See his name. Texas, was pressed into the rebel service A., born Jan. and died there. ELIZABE THf A., born Jan. 9, I 830, in Nicholas county, Ky., married in SaniMELINDA, born in North Carolina, gamon county, Sept. 25, 1848, to Joshua and died in Sangamon county at 26 or'7 Graham. See his name. years of age. L OUISIANA, born July i6, 1832, in RHODA, born in North Carolina, Sangamon county, married Joseph Miller. married in Sangamon county to John See his name. Brundage, moved to Texas and died there, WILLAI.Al, born Feb. 28, 1835, in leaving two children, who reside in Kan- Sangamon county, died April 2, I845. sas. Edward Branch died Aug. i, I835, and -ELIZABETH, born in North Caro- his widow resides with her daughter and lina, married in Sangamon county to son-in-law, Wm. A. Whitesides. Abraham Duff, son of Charles Duff, re- BRANSON, JOHN, was born sides since i866 near Neodesha, Wilson Jan. 12, I764,in North Carolina. He emcounty, Kan. igrated, when a young man, to the vicinity LEADBETTER, born March I7, of Charleston, S. C., and married Sarah 1826, in Rutherford county, N. C., came Jones. They had six children in South with his parents in 1834 to Sangamon Carolina, and moved to Ross county, 0. county, married April 22, 1856, to Martha From there to the vicinity of Xenia, J. Archer. They have seven children, Green county, Ohio, before the Indians BENNETT C., ANNA, ELIZABETH, had entirely left. They had five children LOUIE, WALTER L.,LAURIETTA there. Some of the elder children marand JACKSON, and reside four and a ried and remained in Ohio, but Mr. Branhalf miles west of Springfield, on the son with the younger members of his famfarm settled by his father in 1834. ily, moved to Sangamon county, Ill., arMYRA, born in North Carolina, mar- riving Oct., I822, in what is now Fancy ried in Sangamon county to William Creek township. Of all his children

Page  133 SANGAMON COUNTY. I33 ELI, born in South Carolina, married yOHN, Jun., born Oct. I5, 795, near three times, died, leaving a family in Ful- Charleston, S. C. He was a teamster ton county. His son, CALVIN, resides from Ohio during the war of 1812, and near Ipava, Fulton county. has a crippled hand from an injury re ANDRE W, born in South Carolina, ceived while on duty. He was married, and married Susannah Wilkinson. They Sept. 12, 1817, in Clarke county, Ohio, to both died, leaving several children near Ann Cantrall, daughter of Zebulon CanAthens, Illinois. trail, who was a brother of William G., WILLIAM, born Jan. 9, I79I, in Levi and Wyatt. They had one child, North Carolina, and was taken by his par- ZEBULON, born June 20, I8I8, in Clarke ents to South Carolina, in I793. In 181i county, Ohio, married August, I840, in the family. moved to Chilicothe, Ohio, Sangamon county, to Rachel Braugher, where he was married to Sally M. Graves, and soon after moved to Fulton county, in 18I5. He moved to Indiana, and from where five children were born, namely: there to Sangamon county, Ill., about the EMILY, CAROLINE, ISAAC, MARION and time his father came; moved to Galena, ZEBULON, jun. Zebulon Branson enlisted and from there to DeWitt county, Ill. in the Io3d Ill. Inf. for three years, in They had seven children, and Mrs. Sally 1862. He was Ist Lieut., and was killed M. Branson died May IO, I840, in DeWitt June 27, 1864, while leading his company county. In December, I840, he was mar- in a charge on the rebel fortifications at ried to Martha Cooper, in Sangamon Kennesaw Mountain. His family reside county. In' March, I847, he moved to near Ipava, Fulton county. Mrs. Ann Sangamon county, and March 28, 1848, Branson died, and yOHN Branson was he started overland with his family and married, Sept. 12, 1822, in Champaign arrived Sept. I5, 1848, in Polk county, county, Ohio, to Miriam Thomas. They Oregon..He had eight children by the had five children, namely: THOMAS second marriage. He died Nov. I6, I860. and CATHATINE, twins, born Dec. I, His widow married Michael Shelley, and 1823; THOMAS married, Feb. 4, 1847, died Dec. 24, 1868, near Independence, to Eliza C. Kiger, who was born, March Polk county, Oregon. Nearly all the de- 13, i830, in Winchester, Va. They had scendents of William Branson reside in three children. MARIA T. died, aged ten the vicinity of Sheridan, Yamhill county, years. CATHARINE W., born May 25, Oregon. His oson, B. B.. BRANSON, I850, married March 25, I869, to Thomas Jun., born Sept. 4, 1830, went with his Neal. They had three children, namely: father to Oregon, in I84.8, married there, Charles N., died in infancy; Thomas and Sept. 15, I854, to Eliza E. Dickey, who Coke reside with their parents, in Mitchel was born Jan. I9, 1834, in Tenn. They county, near Cawker City, Kansas. have eight living children. SARAH A., CHARLES, born March ii, 1852, reborn July 3, 1855, married Nov. 6, 1873, sides with his mother. Thomas Branson to C. 0. Burgess, and resides near Sheri- died March 5, I864, and his widow resides dan. JOSEPHINE, ELIZA JANE, EPHRIAM eight miles northwest of Springfield. N., ELNORA SHERMAN, LAURA V., IDA M. CATHARINE, the other twin, married and ORLEY R. reside with their parents, Rev. Hardin Wallace. Thev have two near Sheridan, Yamhill county, Oregon. children, namely: Mrs. E. M. Sharp, of CA THIARINE, born in South Caro- Mason City, Ill., and Mrs. Carlton Gatton, lina, married in Green county, Ohio, to of Middletown, Ill. Mr. and Mrs. WalFrederick Stipp. They came to Sanga- lace reside at Bath, Mason county, Ill. mon county, and two of their daughters CAROLINE married Giles Woods. reside in Springfield, namely: Mrs. Wood They have seven children, and reside near and Mrs. Moody. Mr. mnd Mrs. Stipp Waverly. MARIA married Samuel C. died several years since. Woods. They have one child living, and KEZIAH, born in South Carolina, Mrs. W. died,. August 20, 1875. Mr. married in Green county, Ohio, to Jesse Woods resides near Waverly. EMILY Sutton. They came to Sangamon county married Rev. Joseph H. Hopkins. They in 1823, moved to Iowa, and both died, had one child, and mother and child died leaving several children in VanBuren in 1848, at Whitehall, Ill. Mrs.'Miriam county, Iowa. Branson died, and John Branson married,

Page  134 134 EARLY SETTLERS OF Nov. 8, 1840, to Mrs. Mary Humphreys, L.,-born Oct. 7, 1850, in Sangamon counwhose maiden name was McKinnie. ty, is unmarried, and resides in Lancaster, They had two children. MINNIE mar- Dallas county, Texas. AUGUSTA, born ried George P. Brahm. They had one June 13, 1853, in Sangamon county, marson CLAUDE, and Mrs. B. died, May I7, ried Aug. 24, I873, to F. Fox, and resides I872. Mr. Brahm, with his son, resides in Slate Spring, Miss. Thomas Branson at Kinney, Logan county, Ill. JOHN L. died Oct. 21, 1864, and Mrs. Louisa Branenlisted in i862, for three years, in the I3th son died July 5, I865, both near Lancaster, Ill. Inf. Served about one year, and was Dallas county, Texas. discharged on account of physical disabil- 3MARr, born in Green county, O., ity. He married Nellie Cain. John married in Sangamon county, Ill., Sept. Branson and wife reside one and a half 23, I824, to Abraham Onstott. They miles northwest of Salisbury. He is in have five children. Mrs. Onstott died his eighty-first year. June, 1875. The family reside in Clinton, THOM1VAS, born Feb., 1798, in South BeWitt county. Carolina, was married Aug. 12, 1829, in REBECCA, born in Ohio, married Clark county, 0., to Eleanor Thomas, and Elijah Harper, and died, leaving several came to Sangamon county with his father children in Clark county O. in 1822. They had three children, and BENJAMINB., born Feb., I8io, in Mrs. Bj died in Sangamon county Jan 24, Ross county, 0., married in MechanicsI840. Thomas Branson married Louisa burg, Sangamon county, Ill., May, I837, Cole. They had five children, and in to Mary Thompson. They have two 1857 moved to Texas. Of Mr. B.'s children, viz: HENRIETTA, bornAug. children by the first marriage, ADA- 27, I839, on Fancy creek, Sangaron LINE, born Oct. 9, 1833, was married county, married in Mechanicsburg, Aug. Oct. 3, I849, to W. S. Dunham, of 27, i86i, to A. G. Barnes. See zis name. Waynesville, DeWitt county, Ill.; where HENRY, born Dec. 2, 1842, on Fancy she died May 29, 1852. ALIDA, born creek, married June, 1867, in Jacksonville, Sept. 21, 1837, in Sangamon county, Ill., Ill., to Clara L. Lathrop. They have two is unmarried, and resides in Mansfield, children, and reside at Ottawa, Kan. Texas. REBECCA, born Nov. 30, 1839, Benj. B. Branson and wife reside in Jackin Saugamon county, married Lieut. sonville, Ill. Frank King, U. S. A., in Dallas county, NANCC, born June 4, 1806, in Ohio, Texas, Oct. I4, 1862. Lieut. King was married in Sangamon county to Dr. killed in Louisiana, May 8, 1864. Mrs. Charles Winn, who was born Aug. I3, King was married Nov. 2, 1865, to Rev. 800o, in Virginia. He received his mediD. D. Leech, in Dallas county, Texas, cal education at Transylvania University, and she died Aug. 23, I866, in Ellis coun- Lexington, Ky. He came to Sangamon ty, Texas, leaving one child, FRANK K., county and practiced his profession on born Aug. 22, I866,- in Ellis county, and Fancy creek; moved from there to Waynesresides with his aunt Alida, in Tarrant ville, Ill., and from there to Springcounty, Texas. field, 0. They had seven children. Of the children of the second marriage, CORILLA died Nov. 8, I855, aged ELEANOR, born March io, 1842, was twenty-five years. BYRON died March married Dec. 24, I862, to Samuel Uhl, of I6, 1854, at McKendree College, in his the I2th Texan Dragoons. They have five twenty-first year. RICHARD D. died children, viz: SUE E., ADDIE C., LOUISA, in St. Joseph, Mo., March 15, I872, in his CHARLES and ALMA. and reside in Dallas thirty-eighth year. CHARLES L., born county. Texas. EMILY, born May 21, Nov. II, 1838, married July 22, 1859, in I844, in Sangamon county, married April Jackson county,,Mo., and died, leaving a 1o, I867, to Thomas Uhl, in Dallas coun- widow and two children in Kansas City. ty, Texas. They have one child, wIL- ROBERT B., born July 1, 1840, resides LIAM S., and reside in Dallas county. in Chicago. EMMA H.,born Dec. 29, THOMAS C., born April 27, 1848, in 1842, near Springfield, O., married in SanSangamon county, Ill., was married July garnon county to A. G. Pickrell. See I, 1875, to Virginia Hill, in Dallas county, his name. FLORENCE M., born June where they now reside. BENJAMIN 12, I846, near Springfield, 0., married

Page  135 SANGAMON CO UNTr. 35 William T. Hall. See his name. Dr. JOHN was a soldier in an Iowa regiment, Charles L. Winn died Aug. I7, 1847, near and died in the army. THOMAS E. Springfield, O., and Mrs. Nancy Winn served three years in the 55th Ill. Inf., redied Nov. 4, I852, at Columbus, Adams enlisted, and served to the end of the county, Ill. rebellion. He is married, and resides in Mrs. Sarah Branson died in Ohio, and Alton. The other children are scattered. her husband, John Branson, Sen., died in BASIL, born in Kentucky, married in 1845, in Sangamon county, Ill., aged Sangamon county to Sarah Pulliam, and eighty-one years. live in Iowa. See Pulliam. BRAUGHTON, PETER, was ELIZABETH A., born in Madison born July 6, I812, in Worcester county, county, Ky., married in Sangamon county Mass. His parents moved to Ross county, to Thomas Knotts, have six living childO., in I816, and a few years later to Pick- ren, and reside in Ball township. away county, about ten miles south of MA.R E., born in Madison county, Columbus. In I836 Peter came to Spring- Ky., married in Sangamon county to field, Ill., and soon after settled in what is Joseph B. Ogden. See his name. now Williams township. He was married 7OHN S., born in Sangamon county, in Sangamon county Sept. 30, 1846, to married and died, leaving a widow and Mary D. Utterback. They have four seven children. children, all born in Sangamon county, LE WIS, born in Sangamon county, namely- married Hannah Dragoo. He died, leavS USAN E., NANC Y A., EMIL Y ing a widow and three children in Cotton 7. and THOM/AS 7. Hill township. Peter Braughton resides in Williams MARTHA. married Abraham Bentownship, three miles each from Sher- nington. They have four children, and man and Barclay. reside in Montgomery county. BRAUGHTON, JACOB, an Mrs. Bethany Brawner died about I839, elder brother to Peter, came with him to and John Brawner died in 1841, both in Sangamon county in i836. He never Sangamon county. married, but was engaged in farming for BRAVNER W ILLIAMT several years. He started overland to BRAWNERAMT. California, and died on the road, between was born August 9w I799, wn Maryland. His father died when he was seven years i85o and T855-.T old, and his mother moved to Madison BRAUGHTON, WILLIAM, a brother to Jacb and Peter, came to county, Ky., when he was eighteen years a brother to Jacob and Peter, came to Sangamon county in 1846, too late to be to Elizabethe. They had three child * d as an e tl He resid to Elizabeth Ball. They had three childincluded as an early settler. He resides one and a half miles north of Barclay. ren in Kentucky, and the family moved to one and'a half miles north of Barclay. His son Adam married into the.family of Sangamon county, Ill., arriving in Oct., Simeon Taylor. See his name. 1829, in what is now Curran township, BRA ~V/NER, JOHN, a twin where they had seven children, namely: brother to William, was born Aug. 9, yOHN S., born Nov. 18, I818, mar799, in Maryland. His parents moved ried in Sangamon county, to Nancy Mcto Fayette county, Ky., when he was a Credy; have eight children, andreside in child. He was married May 20o,'819, in Adair county, Mo. Madison county, to Bethany Ball. They lIARY born Oct. 23, i825, in Kenhad four children in Kentucky, and moved, tucky, married in Sangamon county to in connection with her mother, brothers William C. Hillerman; had six children, and sisters, to Sangamon county, Ill., THOMAS A.,JACOB, RUTH, HULarriving in the fall of I829 in what is now DAH, FRANKLIN and MARY, and Woodside township. where they had three Mrs. Hillerman died, March 18, 1869. children. Of their seven children- Mr. H. married in 1870 to Rebecca DrenVNAVCY, born in Kentucky, married nan. They have one child, ANN E., and in Sangamon county to R. M. Thompson. reside in Chatham. They moved to Iowa, had nine children, COLUMBIA, born Dec. I8, I827, in and she died. Of their children, HENRY Kentucky, is unmarried, and resides with resides with his aunt, Mrs. J. B. Ogden. her mother.

Page  136 136 EARL r SETTLERS OF MINER VA, born May II, I830, in one who settled in Pennsylvania have reSangamon county, married William Duval, tained the original spelling: Brackenridge. have eight children, and reside in Knox The brother who settled in Virginia county. raised a family, among whom was one son YA1/MES H., born March 23, I833, in Alexander, who had a son Robert, who Sangamon county, married Martha A. had a son John, who had two sons, RobMcGinnis. They have three children, ert Jefferson, known as the late Rev. R. SALLY, ROBERT S. and WILLIAM J. Breckenridge, D. D., of Kentucky, and P., and reside in Chatham township. Joseph Cabell, the latter of whom was the ELIZA H., born Oct. 28, 1835, in father of John C. Breckenridge, ex-ViceSangamon county, is unmarried, and re- President of the United States. The first sides with her mother. Alexander also had a son George, who CLARISSA, born April I, I838, mar- had a son Alexander. He was twice married Nelson Combs, and died in March, ried, and the eldest child by the second 1864, about five months after marriage, wife was Preston, whose name heads this WILLIAM M., born Sept. 27, I840, sketch. Preston Preckenridge was marin Sangamon county, married April 7, ried in Nicholas county, Ky., Nov. I7, I870, to Isabel Works, who was born I827, to Catharine Moler, who was born August I2, 1847, in Owen county, Ky. in that county Aug. 30, I804. They had They have one child, JOHN H., and re- four children born in Kentucky, and the side in Curran township. family moved to Sangamon county, Ill., LE WIS B., born Jan. 20, 1843, in arriving Oct. i6, 1834, in what is now Sangamon county, married April I8, 1872, Cotton Hill township, east of Sangamon to Laura F. Tippitt, who was born Sept. river, where eight children were born, one 12, I856, in Owen county, Ky. They of whom died in infancy. Of their eleven have one child, ELIZABETH, and reside childrenin Curran township. ALEXANDER, born Oct. 31, I828, ISAA C, born Nov. 5, 1845, died at ten in Nicholas county, Ky., married May 25, years of age. 1852, to Martha H. Barnhill, who was William T. Brawner died Nov. 12, born Aug. I9, 1833, in Wayne county, I846, and his widow resides in Curran Ill. They had eight children, two of township, south of Lick creek. whom died in infancy. The other six, BRECKENRIDGE, PRES- ELIZABETH C., MARY A., FELIX TON, was born Aug. 5, 1807, near H., NANCY L., CHARLES A. and Paris, Bourbon county, Ky. The name ROBERT CARROLL, reside with of Breckenridge originated in a singular their parents, half a mile east of Breckenmanner. In one of the wars in Scotland ridge. between the Protestants and Roman HUGH, born Dec. 9, I829, in KenCatholics, a family by the name of McIl- tucky, married Feb. 22, 1855, to Sarah M. vain particpated on the side of the Pro- Randolph, who was born June 20, 1897, testants, who were defeated. Some of the in Logan.county. They have two childMcllvain brothers saved their lives by ren, HERBERT C. and EDITH A. taking refuge under a low shrub, called Hugh Breckenridge enlisted Oct. Io, i86I, brack, which grows on the ridges in the in Co. B, ioth Ill. Cav., for three years; Highlands of Scotland. This circum- re-enlisted as a veteran Jan., 1864, served stance so impressed them, that they deter- full term, and was honorably discharged mined to give themselves a new name, Jan. 6, 866, at Springfield. He resides at hence Brack-on-ridge. As Protestants, Breckenridge. the Breckenridges took part in some of CORNELIUS, born March 12, 183I, the wars in Ireland at a later period, in' in Kentucky, married Sept. 4, I855, to which the great, great grandfather of Elizabeth L. Barnhill, who was born May Preston was a leader. The Protestants 29, 1838, in Wayne county. They had being again defeated, two of the Brecken- five children, two of whom died in inridge brothers fled to America. One of fancy. The other three, ELIZABETH them settled in Pennsylvania, and. the F., WILLIAM R. and GEORGE E., other in Virginia. Their first names are reside with their parents near Breckennot preserved, but the descendants of the ridge.

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Page  137 SANGAMON CO UNTr'. I37 JOSEPH, the last in Kentucky, born to William Kamlage. They have three July 7, I832, married March 28, i855, to children living, LUCY J., ANNIE M. Sarah J. Matthew. They had two child- and WILLIAM, and reside at Lincoln, ren; one died in infancy. The other, Ill. Mrs. Catharine Breckenridge died PRESTON, resides with his mother. Feb. 4, I847, and Preston B. was married Joseph Breckenridge enlisted Sept., 1862, March 29, 1849, to Lucy Robb. They in Co. E, I4th Ill. Inf., for three years. had two childrenHe was taken sick at Camp Butler, and DA VID, born Dec. 28, I850, in Sandied at home, Nov. 29, I862. gamon county, is unmarried, and resides ELMORE, born Nov. 4, 1834, the near Cedar Hill, Dallas county, Texas. first of the family born in Sangamon LUCr D., born Aug. I3, 1854, in county, married Nov., 857, to Susannah Sangamon county, was married Oct. 13, Randolph, had six children, two died in 1874, to William H. Hunter, who was infancy, and Mrs. B. died. The four born Dec. Io, 1848, in Muskingum county, children, LEANOR, MARY A., EL- O. His grandfather, Charles Hunter, was MER P. and SIMON F., live with born and married in Scotland; came to their uncles and aunts in Missouri. He America, and settled in Muskingum counresides at Forest City, Neb. ty, O. His eldest son, William, was the -CLEOPHAS, born Aug. 7, 1836, in father of William H. Hunter, the latter of Sangamon county, enlisted Aug. I8, 1861, whom, with his wife, reside in Cotton for three years, in Co. D, 33d Ill. Inf. He Hill township. was dangerously wounded at the siege of Mrs. Lucy Breckenridge died Nov. I8, Vicksburg, but recovered, served to the 854, and Preston Breckenridge resides on end of his term, and was honorably dis- the farm settled by him in 1834. It ls in charged Oct. I8, 1864, at Springfield. He the northeast corner of Cotton Hill townWas married Jan. 30, 1868, to Lilian T. ship, three and a half miles west of BreckCave. They have two children, INEZ enridge. and IDA, and reside with his father, three Preston B.'s father was sixty-five years and a half miles west of Breckenridge. old when he was born. Their united CA TH-.ARINVE, born June I9, 1838, ages to the present time (1876) is one hunin Sangamon county, married Jan. 30, dred and thirty-four years. Preston 1856, to Simon P. Randolph. They had Breckenridge was one of the representasix children, three of whom died in infan- tives of Sangamon county in the State cy. The other three, PRESTON B., Legislature of I85I and'2. Abraham MAY and EDITH, reside with their Lincoln was a candidate before the conparents at Seattle, Washington Ter. vention, but Mr. B. beat him. Mr. B. ELIZABETH and MAR' (twins), was a member of the Sangamon county born Jan. 13, 184I, in Sangamon county. Board of Supervisors fbr 1873. ELIZABETH, married April, I862, Preston Breckenridge remembers that to James H. Abell. They had four child- the fall of I834, when he came to the ren, EMMA J., WILLIAM A., JOHN county, was dry, and continued dry P. and HENRY E., reside with their through the winter; that May 12, 1835, a parents in Taylorville. great rain storm set in, and rain continued MIARY, married March, I863, to to fall for about forty days and nights, Thomas Rishton, and resides at Council which so seriously interfered with plowing Bluffs, Iowa. and planting that but very light crops PRES:TON, Jun., born Dec. II, 1842, were put in. When the rain ceased, and enlisted Aug., 1862, in Co. E, II4th Ill. hot weather set in, the stagnant water and Inf., for three years; served full term; was decaying vegetation poisoned the atmoshonorably discharged at Vicksburg, Aug. phere, and chills and bilious diseases pre3, I865; was sick at the time, but returned vailed to such an extent that in many home with his comrades, arriving at his cases there were not enough well persons father's house on the 7th, and died the to take care of the sick and bury the dead. 8th of August, I865, seventeen hours That year has ever since been spoken of after his arrival. as the wet and sickly summer and fall. yAN.E, born Feb. 9, I845, in Sanga- The wheat crop looked well in the fall mon county, was married August, 1864, of'34, but it nearly all froze out, and in ~18

Page  138 138 EARL Y SETTLERS OF 1835,'6 and'7, the wheat crop was a total H., LAURA M., ADA A. and NORA failure, and wheat bread was so scarce L., and live in Springfield. that a biscuit became an object of interest, MARTIN C., born May I6, 1842, in so much that women would send them Sangamon county. He enlisted August to the children when visiting took place i5, 1862, in Co. B., I4th Ill. Inf., for between the families, three years. He was detailed as drummer The difficulty of obtaining food during at the organizatiou of the regiment, prothe winter of 1835 and'6 was very great, moted, Jan. I, 1865, to drum-major, and there being nothing for bread in Central was honorably discharged, Aug. I5, 1865. Illinois except frost-bitten corn. Good He was married, Oct. 3, 1866, in Sangacrops were raised in the southern part of mon county, to Sarah E. Drennan. They the State, and those who could pay for it have one child, DAVID JOSEPH, and went there for corn. That is believed to reside near Woodside, on the farm where have been the origin of calling the south- his parents settled in 1835. ern part of the State Egypt, and not be- Mrs. Rebecca Bridges died in I848, and cause of any unusual darkness prevailing George Bridges died in 1849, both in Santhere. gamon county. BRIDGES, GEORGE, was BRIDGES, MILTON A., was born in 1793, in Montgomery county, Ky. born July 20, I810, in Montgomery counHe was married there in I816, to Rebecca ty, Ky. He was there married to Mary Lockridge. They had four children in Foster, and had two children in Kentucky. Kentucky, and moved to Sangamon coun- The family moved to Sangamon county, ty, Ill., arriving Nov. 3, I835, in what is Ill., arriving Sept. 25, 1833, in what is now Curran township, eight miles south now Chatham township, preceding his of Springfield, where they had five child- brothers, George and William. They had ren. Of their children two children in Sangamon county. Of yOHNA., born in I819, in Kentucky, their four childrendied unmarried, in Sangamon county, THOMiAS Y., born Dec. 22, 1831, in Nov. I4, I865. Kentucky, died unmarried, in Springfield, WILLIAM, born July i5, 1821, in Sept. i9, I850. Kentucky, married in Sangamon county, AMAINDA l., born July io, 1833, in Sept. 2, I852, to Mary E. White. They Kentucky, married Robert Crowder. had two living children, HORACE W. He died, leaving a widow and three childand ALICE M., and Mrs. Mary E. Bridges ren in Christian county, two miles east of died Sept. 17, I871, and William Bridges Pawnee. was.married in Feb., 1873, to Mrs. Helen CHARLES H., born Jan. 27, 1837, Bird, whose maiden name was Ransom. in Sangamnon county, married to Frances The family moved west in Sept., 1873, A. Matthews. They had four children. and William Bridges died, Jan. 30, 1874, MARY, the second child, died in her at Grass Valley, Nevada county, Califor- second year, JOSEPH M., MARnia, leaving his widow and two children SHALL and MONTE MAY, and reside there. in Illiopolis. Mr. Bridges is a merchant MAR GAR E T., born in Kentucky, there. married in Sangamon county to J.M. MARTHA, born in Sangamon counRichardson, moved to Iowa, and died ty, April 30, 1842, died in infancy. there, leaving three children. Mrs. Mary Bridges died, and Milton A. ELIZABETH, born Oct. I4, 1827, Bridges married Mrs. Ellen H. Hatchet, in Kentucky, married in Sangamon coun- who had previously been Mrs. Trumbo, ty, to William Brownell. See his name. and whose maiden name was Hill. MilMIRANDA, born March 27, 1831, in ton A. Bridges and wife live in Pawnee. Kentucky, married George Brownell. See BRIDGES, WILLIAM, was his name. born May 5, I793, in Montgomery counGE OR GE H., born Nov. I4, 1840, in ty, Ky. Isabella K. Lockridge was born Sangamon county, married Nov. 22, i860, in the same county, Nov. io, I796. They in Sangamon county, to Rebecca Pyle, were there married, July 4, 1815, and had who was born in Sangamon county, July nine children in Kentucky. The family 6, I850. They have four children, JOHN moved to Sangamon county, Ill., arriving

Page  139 SANGAMON COUNTr. 139 in the fall of 1835, in what is now Wood- WILLIS, born Oct. 20, 1836, in Sanside township, where they had two child- gamon county, enlisted in Co. B., ii4th ren. Of the eleven children Ill. Inf., August, 1862, for three years. MELINDA, born August I5, I817, He was discharged on account of physical married H. Hathaway, who died, and she disability, in 1863, and died of disease conmarried Richard Wilkins, and they both tracted in the army, March 20, i864, at died. home. JOHJN W., born June 4, 18I9, died in WILLIAM L., born Sept. 3, I839, his twentieth year. married Sarah Card. He died Oct. 6, BETST A., born July 20, 1821, mar- 1867. His widow and one child, WALried Henry Gillen, and she died, Nov. 25, TER, reside in Menard county. 1838. William Bridges died Jan. 3, I873, and A/IIANDA M., born Sept. 25, 1823, his widow died June 24, 1873, both on the in Kentucky, married Alfred C. Malone. farm where they settled in 1835. Mr. (See his name.) Bridges was a soldier fiom Kentucky in IIAIRILDA 7., born Feb. 23, 1826, the war of 1812, and drew a pension to married Jacob C. Mitts. They had seven the end of his life. children, namely: WILLIAM, born Dec. The date of birth of William Bridges 9, I845, married Sarah Stroude, who was and his brother George indicates that they born August 24, I844, in East Tennessee. must have been twins, or there has been a They had two children, FRANK E. and mistake in giving me the dates. WILLIAM J., and reside in Curran township, BRIDGES, VWILLIAM, was south of Lick creek. Of the other six born April 28, 1787, in South Carolina. children, COLUMBIA, died at eighteen The family moved to Tennessee, and years. HELEN V. and JAMES W. when William was a young man, to Green reside at the homestead, in Curran town- county, 0. Martha Martin was born ship. EMMAlives with her uncle, David March II, 1784, in Clarke county, Ky. Hermon. MARY and JOHN live with She was the third child of her parents. their aunt, Lucinda Neal. Mrs. Mitts When they had two children the family died Nov. 6, I862, and her husband died were, with many others of the settlers, in Nov. 12, I865, both in Sangamon county. Strode's Station, for protection against the L CCINDA, born Feb. 4, 1828, mar- Indians. When the savages attacked that ried June 14, 1849, to Erastus R. Whited. fortification, which terminated in its deThey had four children; two-died young. struction, the men were inthe fields. The ISABEL K. married, Dec. 29, I869, to women and children collected in one of Jesse J. Martin. They have one child, the block-houses. The men finding the JULIA M., and reside in Loami township. fort at the mercy of the Indians, thought Mr. Martin was born Feb. 2I, 1843, in it would be impossible to save their famiHarrison county, West Va., enlisted Aug. lies, and each one looked out for his own 17, 1862, for three years, in 12th West Va. personal safety. Mr. Henry Martin, of Inf. Served until the suppression of the all the men, went alone to the blockrebellion, and was honorably discharged, house, and by his earnest entreaties inJune i6, i865. FANNIE WHITED duced them to open the door. He then died Jan. 21, 1873, in the seventeenth year compelled his wife, against her protestaof her age. E. R. Whited died Jan. 4, tions, to accompany him with their two I860, and his widow married, April 8, children, and they at once entered a cane I862, to Stephen B. Neal. See his name. brake, eluded the Indians, and thus saved EMMilIA B., born August 19, 1830, in their lives. One old lady followed them unKentucky, married Isaac H. Trumbo. til they crossed a stream, and when she could See his name. travel no further, concealed herself in a 7AM1ES M., born in Kentucky, Dec. cave until the danger passed. The fort 15, 1832, married Jan. io, 1866, to Mary was burned, and all the others were slain. F. Drennan. They have three children, Henry Martin remained in Kentucky unWILLIAM F., MARTHA A. and til after the birth of his daughter Martha, EVA MAY, and reside on the farm when he moved with his family to Green where his parents settled in 1835, in the county, 0. William Bridges and Martha southwest corner Woodside township. Martin were married near Xenia, and re

Page  140 I;Qso EEARLY SETTLERS OF sided in that city until they had two child- 7AiMES M. ren. Mr. Bridges served one year in the E VANVS E., Jun., born Nov. 26, I829, war with Great Britain, from the summer married Melissa Peeler, had two children, of I812 to 1813. He then moved to Fay- and she died. He married Elizabeth ette county, Ind., where they had one Ridgeway. They have four children, and child, and next moved to Sangamon coun- reside near Williamsville. ty, Ill., arriving about 1824 in Buffalo WASHIVNGTON, born July 4, I832, Hart Grove. Of their three children- married Eliza Mallory. He died, leaving SARAN, born Nov. I4, I812, in Xenia, one child, LAURA E., and his widow O., married in Sangamon county Feb. 12, married Thomas Glascock. See his I829, to John Ridgeway, a cousin to name. Lindsay. See his name. He died, and HENR 2, born Jan. 8, 1835, in Sangashe married Jonathan Constant. See his mon county, married Dec. 9, 1856, to name. Nancy Mallory. They had twelve childIMARGARET, born Feb. I5, 1816, in ren, six of whom died young. JOHN Xenia, O., married in Sangamon county E., HENRY E., ALBERT L., EMMA to James Hill. They had two children. N., WILLIAM A. and ROGER E., reMARY M. married Mr. Harris, and re- side with their parents. Henry Brittin side at Staunton, Miami county, Kan. lives near Cantrall, on the farm settled by WILLIAM married Harriet Stafford, his father in 1820. and reside at Clarksville. James Hill died AfAR Y 7., born Aug. 3, 1837, married April I7, 1844, and Mrs. Margaret Hill Thomas Glascock, and she died. See his died Jan. 23, I845. name. ELIZABET7H, born Nov. 9, 1819, ELEANOR. near Connersville, Ind., married in Sanga- Mrs. Mary J. Brittin died Aug, I, mon county to John C. Morgan. See 1846, and Evans E. Brittin resides with his his name. children. He has twice been a pioneer. William Bridges died March 12, 1833, He remembers that when his mother's and Mrs. Martha Bridges died Jan. 31, family moved to Ohio, they had to go into I865, both in Sangamon county. They Kentucky, sometimes a hundred and fifty were not related to any other family of miles, for breadstuff. After raising grain, Bridges in the county. it was three years before they had a grist BRITTIN, EVANS E., was ground. All that time they beat hominy, born Oct. 28, I79I, in Bucks county, Pa. His and sifted out the finest for bread, or father died when he was quite young. His grated the corn and made bread in that mother, with her seven children, moved way. Coming to Sangamon county was to Virginia, and from there to Ross coun- a renewal of that kind of life. St. Louis ty, O., in I8oo. Evans E. was there mar- was the nearest point at which they could ried, Sept. 18, 18I8, to Mary J. England. buy farming tools, salt and all other artiThey had one child, and moved to what cles. For grinding meal and flour they became Sangamon county, Ill., arriving went to the American bottom, east of St. in the spring of 1820, in what is now Louis. Mr. Brittin has hauled wheat to Fancy creek township, where they had Springfield and sold it. for twenty-five eight living children. Of their children- cents per bushel, and has known corn to S TEPHEN, born Aug. 20, I819, in be hauled twenty-five miles and sold for Ohio, married in Sangamon county to six and a quarter cents per bushel in trade. Jane McClelland. He died Nov. 28, 1862, The Christian Church, organized May and she died in 1864, both in Sangamon I5, 1820, the first in Sangamon county, county, leaving several children. built its first house of worship on Mr. MIRANDA, born Jan. 12, I824, in Brittin's farm, near the present town of Sangamon county, married John Canter- Cantrall. berry. See his name. BRITTON, B ENJAMIN, was ELI7AH, born Nov. 12, 1825, in born June 2, I797, in Virginia. When Sangamon county, married Martha Can- he was a youth his parents moved to terberry. He died March 5, 1873, leaving Franklin county, Ohio. He was there a widow and two children in Marion married, in April, I816, to Elizabeth county, Iowa. Brunk. She was a sister to George Brunk,

Page  141 SANGAMON COUNT2.'41 and was born Oct. 13, 1800, in Franklin LOUISA, born in Sangamon county, county, Ohio. They had four children in married Philip Clark, and died in MisOhio, and moved to Indiana in 1824, souri. and from there to Sangamon county, Ill., Mrs. Elizabeth Britton died August i8, arriving in Oct., 1825, in what is now 1854, and Benjamin Britton died Jan. 21, Cotton Hill township, where they had I868, both in Sangamon county. seven children. Of all their eleven child- BRITT JOHN P. was born ren- JJuly 4, i804, in Greenbrier county, Va. JOSEPH, born in Ohio, died in San- He came to Sangamon county in 1832, gamon county unmarried, at about fifty and was married, Dec. I, i833, to Sarah years of age. B. Wilson, who was born Feb. I7, 8I,5, REBE CCA, born in Franklin county, in Union county, Ky. They had five Ohio, married in Sangamon county, to living children, namely: Nathaniel Duncan. Mr. D. died, and his ZERILDA A, born Oct. 15, 1835, i widow married Joel Vandever, and resides Springfield, was married, Jan. 18 in Springfield, was married, Jan. I7, I859, in in Pana. See his name. Princeton, Ill., to Francis A. Haines. James I. Dozier relates an anecdote illus- Il t F trative of life among the early settlers. S, bn Auust He'remembers that Benjamin Britton AR., born August 24, 840, in He -remembers that BenJamin Britton Springfield, married Feb. 19, i868, to John hired Nathaniel Duncan to haul a load of Springfield, married Feb., 868 toohn corn to Springfield, which would be a G English. They have two children GRACE and PEARL, and reside near day's work for the team. The price agreed Taylorville Ill upon was $I.372. Twenty bushels was all he could haul. Mr. Britton went along 7OHNV W., born Oct. 22, 1842, in to do his own selling. Arriving there, Hancock county, was married, August 17, with all his efforts, five cents per bushel I862, in Springfield, to Caroline Haines. was the highest price he could obtain. He She died and he went to China. He resold the load, paid over the whole proceeds, turned to America, and was last heard $I.oo, but how they settled the other thirty- from in California. seven and a half cents, he does not re- 7 ULIA A., born Nov. 3, 1846, in member. That was in 1836. Springfield, and resides with her mother. ELEANOR died, aged fourteen years. SARAH H., born Jan. 2I, 1849, in AZARGARET, born in Franklin Springfield, was married March 18, i868, county, Ohio, married in Sangamon coun- in her native city, to John Branch Gillity to Oscar F. Matthew. See his name. land, who was born Feb. 29, 1848, in HANVNAH, born in Sangamon county, Decatur, Ala. They have two living married Sterling Clack, moved to Nevada, children, ALICE BELLE and MARY Vernon county, Mo., where he died, leav- JOSEPHINE, and reside in Springfield. ing a widow and five children. Mr. G. is a printer, and has been ten years DA VID B., born and died in Sanga- employed in the Journal office. His mon county, aged 21 years. father, Wm. A. Gilliland, is a printer in ANDRE W 5., born in Sangamon the Register office. county, married.Sarah McDaniel, have John P. Britt died July 7, 1852, in four children, and reside near Princeton, Springfield, and his widow married Wm. Colusa county, Cal. B. Yeamans, who died August 30, i860, MARIA 7. died at twelve years of age. and she married, Jan. 19, 1863, to Larkin CAROLINE E., born June 6, 1834, Bryan, who died in 1874, and Mrs. Sarah in Sangamon county, married Geo. W. B. Bryan resides in Springfield. Spicer. See his name. He died, and she Obadiah and William Britt, brothers to married Nathan Plummer, and resides in John P., came to Sangamon county, and Cotton Hill township. a few years later moved to Bureau county, LORENZO D0., born in Sangamon Ill. Mrs. Jemima Britt, mother of the county, married Melissa Barfield. They three brothers, came with them to Sangahad five children, and Mr. Britton died, mon county, and went with two of them Dec,, 1872, leaving his widow and child- to Bureau county, where she lost her life ren near Clarkesdale, Christian county, by falling from a wagon and the wheels Illinois. passing over her.

Page  142 142 EARL r SETTLERS OF BROADWELL, JOSIAH, died young. They moved in a keel boat was born July 14, I795, in Morris county, from Cincinnati to St. Louis in the spring N.J. His father, Simeon Broadwell, was of 1819, and the next spring came up the a brother to Moses Broadwell, represented Illinois river on a steamboat, said to have in this book. A cousin to Moses and been the first that ever ascended the latter Simeon - Baxter Broadwell - was the stream. They landed at Beardstown in father of Judge Norman M. Broadwell, of June, I820, and came to Sangamon county Springfield, a sketch of whom may be in the latter part of June or early in July found in connection with the name of his of that year, settling on the south side of father-in-law, Washington Iles. Josiah Richland creek, about one mile east of Broadwell went to Dayton, O., in I815, where Pleasant Plains now stands. Of and married near the city May 31, 1827, their nine childrento Priscilla Custid. She died,leaving one MAARY, born April 27, I791, in New child. Mr. B. married the second time Jersey, was married Dec. I9, I807, to in Dayton, Jan. 13, 1835, to Ann Comfort Henry S. Sweet, a native of New York. Custer. She died June 5, 1836, without They had one child, and all the family children. Josiah Broadwell came to San- died. gamon county about I840, bringing his DA VTID, born June II, i794, in Ohio, only son- was married to Mrs. Mary A. Drake. OLIVER, who remained two or three She died in Menard county, Ill., and he years in Sangamon county, went to Iowa, died May I8, i858, in Iowa. married there to Rachel Pearson. They SARAH, born Feb. i6, 1796, in Ohio, had six children, and he died May 12, was married in Sangamon county, in 1837, I873, at Pleasant Hill, Saline county, Neb. to David Van Eaton. They had no famiHis widow and children reside there. ly, and she is now a widow, residing with Josiah Broadwell was married in Sanga- her niece, Mrs. A. B. Irwin. mon county, Oct. 25, 1842, to Mrs. Rachel 701HN-2 B., born Sept. 27, 1797, in L. Moore, whose maiden name was Mc- Hamilton county, O., was married March Carty. They had five children, two of 29, 1817, in same county, to Betsy Pratt. whom died young- They had one child at that place, and CYRUS F., born March I6, I846, in moved with his father to St. Louis, where Sangamon county. He was married Sept. one child was born, and from there to I, I867, in Denver, Col., to Ella Goff, who Sangamon county, arriving in Dec., I819, was born Oct. i8, I85o, in St. Louis, Mo. on the south side of Richland creek, one They have four children. GEORGE W., mile east of where Pleasant Plains now born Tune 13, I868, in Sangamon county; stands, where one child was born. Of RACHEL A., born Aug. 25, I870; their three children, JANE S., born Dec. DELIA E., born April 9, I872-the two 19, 1817, in Clermont county, 0., married latter in Missouri-and CLINTON, born in Sangamon county to John S. Seaman. Feb. 24, I874, near Guide Rock, Webster They had six living children. JONATHAN county, Neb., where the family now re- went to New Orleans in I857 with a drove side. of horses. He sold out, and expected to GEORGE and yOSIAH, Jun., live leave for home in a few days, but his with their parents. friends never heard of him afterwards. Josiah Broadwell and wife reside four DANIEL married in Indiana, moved to miles west of Springfield. Iowa, and died May 28, 187I, in MichiBROADWELL, MOSES, gan, while on his way to Mineral Springs was born Nov. 14, 1764, near Elizabeth- for his health. WILLIAM enlisted at town, N.J. Jane Broadwell was born Springfield, in I86I, in what became the Feb. 6, 1767, in the same neighborhood, IIth Mo. Inf., for three years. Both his and was Moses' second cousin. They lower limbs were broken by a falling tree, were there married Nov. 5, I788, and soon while he was lying sick in tent; one limb after moved to Hamilton county, O., to a was amputated. He went to Iowa, marfort situated where Columbia now stands, ried, had one child, and his wife died. five miles above Cincinnati. In I804 they He resides nearJefferson, Green county, Ia. moved to Clermont county, 0. They had ISAAC was a sergeant in the 64th Ill. Inf. twelve children in Ohio, three of whom Served three years, re-enlisted as a veter

Page  143 SA2NGAMON COUNTr. 143 an, served to the end of the rebellion, and Stevenson. They had one son, WILwas honorably discharged, and resides LIAM B., born Jan. 3, 1825, in Sanganear Jefferson, Iowa. CHARLES was a mon county. He laid out the town of Union soldier in two Illinois regiments; Broadwell, in Logan county. He was served out his enlistments with honor,and married, and resides in Hutchinson, Reno resides near Fredonia, Kan. CALISTA county, Kan. William Broadwell was married Charles R. Pratt, and resides killed at Old Sangamo, in Sangamon near Fredonia. John Seaman died in county, Ill., Nov. 22, 1824, while assisting I850, and his widow married Alexander in raising a barn. His widow married B. Irwin. See his name. CINTHELIA, Richard Latham. See his name. born Oct. 17, I819, in St. Louis, was mar- CHARLES, born Dec. 3, i800, in ried in Sangamon county, Ill., to Alexan- Hamilton county, 0., was married Jan. 9, der B.Irwin. See his name. DANIEL I825, in Sangamon county, to Ellen CarP., born Sept. I7, 182I, in Sangamon county, man, daughter of Jacob Carman. They was married to Irene Holcomb. They had eight children, JACOB, SILAS, had six children born in Sangamon coun- RACHEL, HELEN, ADELIA, MARtv. EMMA c. married in Springfield to GARET and MARY A. The latter Benjamin Trumbull, and resides in Em- married A. P. Brereton, and resides in poria, Kan. ALONZOwas married March Pekin. Charles Broadwell moved to 6, 1874, in Bloomington, Ill., to Clara Pekin, and died in I854. His widow reFurrow, and resides in Denver, Col. sides there. WILLIS married in Springfield to Sophro- 7EFFERSON, born June 9, 1805, nia Burge, and resides in Emporia, Kan. in Clermont county, 0., died Dec. io, CHARLES resides near Pleasant Plains. 1830, in Sangamon county. HERBERT and ETTA reside with their C NTHJA, born Nov. 2, i807, in father. Daniel P. Broadwell moved to Clermont county, was married, May 21, Topeka, Kan., thence to Emporia, Kan., 1826, in Sangamon county, to William where Mrs. B. died, Dec. 25, I869. Mr. Carson. See his name. B. married Mrs. Mary Kingston, and re- EUCLID, born Oct. 7, I809, in Clersides near Emporia. Mrs. Betsy Broad- mont county, 0., was married in Sangawell died Sept. 30, 1823, and John B. mon county Dec. 12, 1833, to Laura FarBroadwell was married March Io, 1825, rington. They had eight children, some to Elizabeth King, sister of John and died young, and the family moved to Iowa. Jeremiah King. They had six children. LOUISA, born Aug. 27, I836, was marWILLIAM married Cynthia McMurphy, ried Feb. 21, I86I, in Van Buren county, and died, leaving a widow and three Iowa, to D. S. Jamison, who was born children in Sangamon county. They re- Aug. 25, 1822, in Westmoreland county, side in California. MOSES J., born Pa. They have four children, ELSWORTH, March 6, 1827, was married in Iowa to CORA, SHERMAN and BOB. They reside Mary A. Cann, in Sept., 1862. They re- at Keosauqua, Van Buren county, Iowa. side in Denver, Col. MARTHA mar- ROSALINE, born March I, 1839, was ried William Macon, and died in Califor- married Feb. I6, I86o, to Rev. J. W. nia. HARRIET married A. Poppeno, Roe. They had six children, ALLEN, and died, leaving three children in Sanga- CLARA, WILLIAM, LAURA, CHARLES and mon county. FRANCIS M., born May JOHN. Mrs. Rosaline Roe died July 30, 15, I836, in Sangamon county, was mar- 1874, at Malvern, Mills county, Iowa. ried in Davis county, Iowa, to Sarah MARIA, born Sept. 2I, I841, married Allen, moved to Denver, Col., and died Aug. 3, I863, to Ephriam Farrington. there. HENRY C. is on the Pacific They have two children, ELSIE and EVA, coast. Mrs. Elizabeth Broadwell died and reside at Belle Plain, Sumner county, July 23, 1840, in Sangamon county, and Kan. CHARLES, born April 28, 1846, John B. Broadwell resides partly near died Oct. I, i875, in Denver, Col. MILFredonia, Kanan., ad with his daughter, LIARD F., born Aug. 16, I850, resides Mrs. Irwin, in Sangamon county. at Niles, Van Buren county, Iowa. ELWILL.IAM1 born April 27, 1799, in LA, born Aug. 5, 1853, in Macon county, Hamilton county, O., was married in San- Ill., was married March 31, 1872, to Dr. gamon county, Dec. I5, 1821, to Margaret C. L. Crooks. They had two children,

Page  144 I4 E.A EARL Y SE T7Z'LRS OF CLARK and BESSIE, and reside at Cantril, After visiting several towns and villages, Van Buren county, Iowa. Euclid Broad- Rev. Mr. Brooks located for the winter well died Feb. 12, I874, at Niles, and his at Collinsville, in the southern part of widow resides there. Madison county, preaching, alternately, Moses Broadwell is said to have built there and at Belleville. In the spring of the first brick house in Sangamon county. 1832 he moved to the latter place, where He died April io, I827, and his widow he continued five years, preaching there, died March 8, 1836, both in Sangamon and at several other points in St. Clair county, Ill., where they settled in I820. and Monroe counties. BROOKS, REV. JOHN F., About the second year of his residence was born Dec. 3, i80o, in Oneida county, at Belleville, he and his wife opened a N. Y. His parents were of New Eng- school, which increased so rapidly they land origin, but emigrated to New York employed an assistant.' They taught all in I792, when the whole region was a grades, from A, B, C, to the classics and forest, with here and there a small settle- higher mathematics. Several attended ment. Mr. Brooks graduated at Hamil- that school, who afterwards entered the ton College, in that county, in 1828, and halls of legislation, and other departments afterwards studied three years in the theo- of public life. In 1837 Mr. Brooks was logical department of Yale college, New chosen principal of a Teachers' Seminary, Haven, Conn. Be was ordained to the which benevolent individuals were engospel ministry by Oneida Presbytery, in deavoring to establish in Waverly, Morthe autumn of 183I, and was married soon gan county. He taught there with sucafter to a daughter of Rev. Joel Bradley. cess, but the general embarrassment of the They immediately left for Illinois, under country, caused by the financial disasters a commission from the American Home of 1837, compelled a relinquishment of Missionary Society. They traveled by that enterprise. During the time he was canal, lake and stage to Pittsburg, thence teaching he endeavored to preach one serby steamboat, down the Ohio river to mon every Sabbath, but the double labor New Albany, Ind. Any route to Illinois induced bronchial affection, from which by way of Chicago, in those days, was he has never fully recovered. In I840 not to be thought of, as that place was Mr. B. was called to Springfield to take just emerging from the condition of an charge of an academy for both sexes, Indian trading station. At New Albany though in different apartments, to be Rev. Mr. Brooks purchased a horse and taught in a new brick edifice erected for "Dearborn," as it was then called, which that purpose on the west side of Fifth was a one horse wagon with stationary street, between Monroe and Market. cover. In this they continued their jour- Here he continued his labors, with the aid ney, crossing the Wabash river at Vin- of two assistants, for two years and a half. cennes. After passing a skirt of timber Many persons now prominent in business on the west side, they entered the first or in domestic life, received a portion of prairie of Illinois, in the midst of a furious their education there. After this he storm. They were far from any house, labored for two years under direction of with only the carriage as aoprotection,and Presbytery supplying vacant churches in that in danger of being upset by the gale. this and adjoining counties. His health They weathered the storm, however, by was now much impaired, and designing turning the back of their carriage to it, light labor, he opened a school for young but the prairie was covered with water, ladies in a small room near his own house. and they could only disern the path by The applications soon outran the size of observing where the grass did not rise the room, which he enlarged, and his above the water. They sought a house wife again assisted him. His school into dry their garments, and that night ar- creased, his health improved, and he purrived at Lawrenceville, where Rev. Mr. chased the property on the corner'of Fifth B. preached his first sermon in Illihois, and Edwards streets, re-arranging the the next day being Sabbath. About three two-story frame building internally to suit days after they arrived at Vandalia, the the purposes of a school. This he opened State capital, having been five weeks on as a Female Seminary, the Autumn of the way from the vicinity of Utica, N. Y. I849, with three assistants, and Mrs.

Page  145 SANGAMON' COUNTr. I45 Brooks in charge of the primary depart- New York, and he had two glass winment, held in the room he previously dows, but his neighbors thought him exoccupied. In addition to the usual course, travagant, and somewhat aristocratic to Mr. Brooks added drawing, painting and indulge in such a luxury. Rev. Mr. music; two pianos were introduced, and Brooks resides west side of Fifth, between this is believed to have been the first effort Edwards and Cook streets, Springfield, at teaching music in the schools of Spring- Illinois. field. This Seminary prospered for four BROWNELL, JOHN, was years, when Mrs. Brooks' health failed, born Aug. 14, I800, in Rhode Island. and it became necessary to close the insti- During his infancy his parents moved to tution. Since her death in I860, Rev. Seneca county, N. Y. He came west Mr. Brooks has devoted a large part of with the family of William Seely. Mr. B. his time to hearing classes, and giving and the other members of his family came private lessons. by water to Shawneetown, and from He was one of seven young men who there in wagons, arriving in what is now banded together, while in their theologi- Ball township, July 5, I819. John cal course in New Haven, for the estab- Brownell was married to Nancy Pulliam, ment of a college in this State. Illinois in 1821. Of their eleven children born College, at Jacksonville is the result of in Sangamon county, two died in infancy. their exertions. Mr. Brooks has been one Of the nine livingof its trustees from the first. WJILLZAM, born Dec. Io, 1822, in He relates, as an illustration of the Sangamon county, was married Jan. 20, change of times in attending Presbytery 1848, to Elizabeth Bridges. They had in the State since he entered it, that a four living children, and Mrs. B. died, clergyman in those days must have his Feb. I7, 1869. Mr. Brownell was marhorse and saddle as certainly as his Bible ried in Sangamon county, Dec. 29, 1869, and hymn book. The settlements were to Sarah E. Vaughan, who was born Mar. remote from each other, and a ride of 3, I840, in Kentucky. They had two three or four days to a meeting of Pres- children. Of the children by his first bytery was a common experience. Once, marriage, MARGARET J., born Nov. in attending such a meeting, Mr. Brooks 24, 1848, in Sangamon county, was martraveled in an easterly direction from Bell- ried Nov. 3, I866, to John M. Sutton, ville, for two or three days, and found a who was born July 29, 845, in Michigan. sparse settlement, mostly of log cabins. They have three living children, WILLIAM They had erected a frame church building. N., DELLA M. and BURTIE E. J. M. Sutand roofed it, without siding or floor, with ton resides in Auburn. JOHN W., MIonlyafewroughboardsforseats. ThePres- RANDA I. and COLUMBUS V., and bytery opened its sessions, several sermons by the second marriage, ORAH V. and were preached, the sacrament administered, EDWARD, reside with their father. but rain came on before that body ad- William Brownell and family reside in journed, and they moved to a private Auburn. house, with only one room and a small WILSON KC., born Jan. 18, I825, in side appartment. At meal time Presby- Sangamon county, was married May I7, tery adjourned, that the table might be 1855, to Sarah Murphy, a native of Maine. spread, and after evening service, six or They had two children, ELIZA and seven members lodged in the same room, SARAH, and Mrs. B. died, Feb., 1859. on beds spread on the floor. People, in Wilson K. married Polly A. Lawson. sustaining religious worship under such They had four children, who all died. circumstances made as great sacrifices, Mrs. Polly Brownell died, and Wilson K. according to their means as those who resides in Ball township. build their $5o,ooo churches do now. At GEORGE W., born July i6, I827, this meeting Mr. Brooks was entertained was married Jan. 20, 1848, in Sangamon at a cabin where the only light admitted county, to Miranda Bridges. They had was through an open doors or one or two ten children. MARY ISABEL, born sheets of oiled paper, in place of glass Nov. 5, I848, was married May 26, I864, windows. He met a man, however, in to Henry Willard, who was born in Misthat settlement, from his native town, in souri in 1841. They had two children, -I9

Page  146 146 EARLY SETTLERS OF IDA A. and GEORGETTA. Mr. W. died, and MiARIA L., born July 24, 1838, was she married May 20, I869, to Calvin Mc- married June 2, 1857, in Sangamon counClure, who was born in Ohio Feb. IO, I829. ty, to Joseph C. Campbell, who was born They had one child, GERTRUDE. Mr. in Wayne county, Ill.' He enlisted Sept. McClure died March I5, 1873, and Mrs. 6, I86i, in Co. I, 2gth Reg. Ill. Vol. Inf., McC. married James McCulley, who was died Sept. I5, 1864. His widow married born Aug. I8, 1848, in Sangamon county.' James Rape, and they reside near TaylorThey have one child, ISAAC F., and reside ville, Ill. in Chatham township. JOHN I., born FRANKLIN, born Aug. 23, 1843, Tune 7, I850, was married Aug. 27, I873, married Sarah Reed. They had four to Susanna Graves, who was born Feb. children; two died young. They reside I4, I849, in Macoupin county. They have in Ball township. one child, CLARENCE H., and reside near FRANVCIS f., born April 3, I846, in Taylorville, Ill. WILLIAM W., born Sangamon county, was married Sept. 4, Aug. 2, I852. BEBECCA E., born Jan. I87I, in Macoupin county, to Emma I5, 1855, in Sangamon county, was mar- Brooks, who was born Jan. 28, 1844, in ried Nov. 13, 1872, to James Hurst. Kent county, Delaware. They reside in They have one living child, WILLIAM. Auburn. MELISSA M., born Jan. 25, 1856, mar- Mrs. Nancy Brownell died Aug. 28, ried Nov. 20, I873, to Isaac Bowls, who I856, and John Brownell was married was born in Ohio, in Dec., 1852. March 29, 1860, to Mrs. Maria L. Watts, JOSEPH S, NANCY J., GEORGE H., whose maiden name was Allen. They VIOLA M. and CHARLES E.; the reside in Ball township, on land entered latter died in infancy. All the other un- by Mr. Brownell in 1822. married children reside with their parents, BROWN, VILLIAM, was near Taylorville, Christian county, Ill. born April ig, 1779, in Frederick county, MARY A., born Dec. 12, 1829, was Virginia. The family have a record married March 13, 1849, to Pleasant Kent, reaching back through his father, James who was born in Ohio. Theyhad twelve Brown, born April I9, I742, O. S., in children, seven living. One child, ELIZA, Spotsylvania county, Va., to his father, married William Miller. They have two James Brown, born April 29, I708, O. S., children, and reside in Woodside town- in Middlesex county, Va., whose parents ship, Sangamon county. emigrated from England. James Brown, the father of the subject of this sketch, IRnRI A c.jborn sJune 26,ie 1832,n emigrated from Virginia to Bourbon Sangamon county, was married Feb 22, county, Ky.,in 1784. William Brown 1853, in same county,to L. T. Porterfield, was married in 1805, in Fayette county, who was born May i6, 833 Thy ha Ky., to Harriet B. Warfield, who was eight children tw^ o died young. Of the born March 3, I788. They had ten childother six, JOHN H., MARIA M., AMANDA J., FRANCIS L., MARY ren; one died in infancy; all born at the L. and ATTIE J. L. T. Porterfield family residence except the eldest, who was born at the Warfield homestead, near died April 26, I869. His widow and de Ai 2, -9 Hs Bryan's Station, Fayette county, Ky. children reside in Auburn, Sangamon -children reside in Auburn, Sangamon William Brown was a successful lawyer, county, Ill. and for several years before leaving KenELIZABETHM., born Dec. 9,1835, tucky, his home was a country seat, overin Sangamon county, was married July looking the town of Cynthiana, and the 29, 1856, in same county, to Milton Pike, valley of the Licking. He led a company who was born June 5, I823. See his of volunteers from Kentucky, in the war name. They had eight children; one of 1812, in which he won the title of Coldied in infancy. ALICE and LILLIE, onel. He represented Harrison county twins, born June 5, I857; Lillie died June in the Legislature of Kentucky, and later I3, 1867, and Alice died April 9, 1872. represented his district in Congress. He, MARY M., EDDIE F., HATTIE T., in company with his son-in-law, James D. FREDDIE B. and MINNIE A. Mr. Smith, explored the central region of IlliPike and family reside in Auburn, Sanga- nois, and in 1832 made large purchases of mon county, Ill. land in and around Island Grove, in San,

Page  147 SANGAMON COUNTrY. 14 gamon county. He brought his family organization of the Illinois State Agriculthe year following, and after providing tural Society. He was elected its first for the erection of a country residence, President, Jan. 5, 1853, and re-elected in made his home in Jacksonville, Morgan I854. He held, to the day of his death, county, where, after a brief illness, he offices of public trust, but whilst giving died, Oct. 6, 1833. Of their nine children much of his time to the State, his love for who accompanied them to Illinois, four agriculture was not abated, nor his active never resided in Sangamon county, viz: duties in her pursuits neglected, and to his ELISHA W., ELIZA C. andSARAH sagacity and persistant life-time efforts is H. reside at Boonville, Cooper county, Illinois largely indebted for her. promiMo. WILLIA.M1 made Jaeksonville his nence as a producer of short horn cattle. home, brough up a family of children, For more than a third of a century he and died there, after a life full of useful- was a member of the M. E. church, and ness and honor, in 1871. Of the other his active christian life closed Nov. I6, five children- I868. His widow, Mrs. Polly A. Brown, YAMES N., born Oct. I, 1806, at died May I8, I873, both where they setBryan's Station, Fayette county, Ky.,was tied in I833. Their remains are interred married near Cynthiana, Ky., to Polly A. in Wood Wreath Cemetery. Smith. They had three children in Ken- RUTH ANN, born April 29, I812, tucky, all of whom died in infancy. They married James D. Smith. See his name. moved to Sangamon county, Ill., where r 1 1. 1^ ARY, born March 3, I814;was marsix children were born, one of whom died ried in I3 KentuckytoBarton S. iinborn July ied in 1831, in Kentucky, to Barton S. in infancy. JAMES N.,Jun., ^"1 Wilson. They moved from Jacksonville, I37 I836,died Feb. 8, I85I. WILLIAM, m, 836, died Feb. 8, 85. WILLIAM, Ill., to Island Grove, in I835, and thence, born June uI, I839, was married, Oct. IS, born June ii 1839, was married, Oct, i8, in 1837, to Boonville, Mo., where Mrs. 1865, in Covington, Ky., to Sally R. Wilson died, in i858, but three children Smth, wo was born Feb. I, 1847 in survive her, viz: Mrs. REBECCA Harrison county, Ky. They had three JOSEPH and JOHN, all children, all of whom died in infancy. Brand, JOSEPH and JOHN, all of children. all of whom died in infanc. whom, with their father, reside in Neosho, Mrs. Sally R. Brown died May 6. I870, at Newton county Missouri. Island Grove. Mr. B. resides at the fam- N ily homestead. CHARLES S., born REBECCA, born Jan. 4, I819, was Oct. II, 1841, was married Jan. 15, 1874, married in Jacksonville, Ill., to Charles, in Middletown, Butler county, Ohio, to W. Price. See his name. Sarah E. Bonnell, who was born there, LLOYDT W., born Feb. 22, 1824, in May 30, 1843. They reside at the family Kentucky, graduated in arts at McKenhomestead. BENJ. WARFIELD, born dree College, in 1842, and in medicine, Oct. Io, I844, resides at the homestead, from the University of Maryland. In three miles west of Berlin, Sangamon 1847 he married Rebecca P. Warfield, of county. MARY H., born March I9, Lexington, Ky. lie practiced medicine 1848, and was married Jan. 4, 1872, at Is- in that city one year, and came to Illinois land Grove, to Samuel N. Hitt, who was Dec., 1848, and settled near the town of born Sept. 20, 1834, in Bourbon county, Berlin, in 1849, practiced medicine there Ky. He enlisted Sept. 21, I86I, at Camp until 1857, when he abandoned his proButler, in the ioth Ill. Cav., and was fession for other pursuits, and moved to elected ist. Lieut., was promoted through Boonville, Mo. He returned to Illinois all the grades to Col., and was honorably in 1858, and after a brief stay in Jacksondischarged, Dec., iS66. Mr. and Mrs. ville, settled on his farm at Lost Grove, on Col. Hitt had two children; one died in the line between Sangamon and Morgan infancy. MARY B. resides with her par- counties. Of Dr. L. W. Brown's ten ents, half a mile east of New Berlin, San- children, five died in infancy. The others gamon county. Capt. James N. Brown, are: HARRIET B., bornMay I, 1852, Sen., represented Sangamon county in died July 11, I867, at her grand-father's, the Legislature of Illinois for the years (Dr. Warfield) in Lexington, Ky. She 1840,'42,'46 and'52. During the session is buried in Wood Wreath Cemetery, of the last named year he drafted a -bill Ill. WILLIAM B., EDWARD F., and secured its passage, which led to the REBECCA C. and LLOYD W., Jun.

Page  148 148 EARLY SETTLERS OF Dr. L. W. Brown is a banker, and, with years. He abandoned the practice, and in his family, resides in Jacksonville, Ill. I859 engaged extensively in farming at BROWVN, WVILLIAM B., Bates, in this county. He was elected was born Feb. 2, I802, in Greensburg, Vice-President of the State Board of Green county, Ky. Harriet L. Allen was Agriculture, and served four years, ending born Dec. I7, 1804, in the same place. Sept., I870, when he was elected PresiShe was a daughter of Col. David Allen, dent of the Board for two years. He was a pioneer from Virginia. He took an ac- appointed by Gov. Beveridge as one of tive part in the Indian wars of Kentucky. the three Railroad and Warehouse ComWilliam B. Brown and Harriet L. Allen missioners, March 13, 1873, confirmed by were married in Greensburg, Dec. 31, the Senate the same day, and commis1822. They had five children in Ken- sioned by the Governor on the 17th of the tucky, and moved to Athens, Ill., in Nov., month. David A. Brown was married 1833, where they had one child, and Mrs. Dec. 8, 1852, in Sangamon county, to Brown died Oct. 7, i835. Wm. B. Brown Eliza J. Smith. They have six living was married in Athens, June 20, 1837, to children, SALLIE C., WILLIAM J., Laura B. Buckman. They moved to San- HARRIET J. MARY E., JAY T. and gamo, in Sangamon county, in 1839. CARRIE A., and reside at Bates. They had four living children. Of all his WILLIAM' 7., born March 23, 1827, children- in Greensburg, Ky., raised in Sangamon DANIJZV L C. and DA VID A.,,twins, county, was married at Clinton, Ill., Nov. were' born Sept. 27, 1824, at Greensbulr, 22, 1854, to Elizabeth M. Smith, and moved Ky., and brought by their father to San- soon after to Decatur. They have three gamon county. At fifteen years of age living children, HATTIE J., ANNIE they sawed all the lath used in building and CHRISTOPHER N. In 1862 Wm. the first State House in Springfield, now J. Brown became Capt. of Co. A, I 6 Ill. the Sangamon county Court House. Inf. He served through the battles of DANIEL C. then served an appren- Chickasaw Bluff, Arkansas Post, and the ticeship to the drug business. He was siege and capture of Vicksburg. Capt. married June 30, 1852, in Petersburg, to Brown resigned in 1863 on account of'Catharine L. Cowgill. They have three physical disability, took a trip to California living children, HARRIET CLEMAN- for recruiting his health, and from that to TINE, JOHN H. and ELIZA B. Dan- the present time has been in the drug busiel C. Brown has been for many years, iness in Decatur. and is now, a druggist in Springfield. MIAR THA T., born and died in KenDA VID A., was reading law with tucky, in her sixth year. Col. E. D. Baker in 1846, when the war 7OHlN H., born Feb. I7, 1832, in with Mexico commenced. At the suggest- Greensburg, Ky., raised in Sangamon ion of Mr. Baker, Mr. Brown commenced county, married in Decatur, Jan. 2, I856, raising a company. Before it was full, it to Clara A. Stafford. They had three livwas consolidated with another part of a ing children, DANIEL A., HARMON company from Logan county, and became and MARY. John H. Brown was a Co. I, 4th Ill. Inf. Mr. Brown was elect- druggist at Cairo, and was Treasurer of ed Second Lieutenant. He was with the the city while residing there. He removed regiment at the bombardment of Vera to Springfield, and continued in the same Cruz, and at the battle of Cerro Gordo, business, until failure of health induced April 18, I847. The next day Lieut. him to visit California, where he died, at Brown was promoted for gallantry, as aid Grass Valley, April ii, I866. His widow de camp to Col. Baker, then commanding married Dr. Justus Townsend, and resides the brigade. On returning from Mexico, in Springfield. Mr. Brown read law in the office of Lin- CHRISTOPHER C., born Oct. 21, coin & Herndon, and was admitted to the 1834, at Athens, Ill. He was married in bar. He was then appointed Clerk of the Springfield to Bettie J. Stuart. They Circuit Court of Menard county, to which had three children, STUART, EDoffice he was afterwards elected, and served WARDS and PAUL. Mrs. Bettie J. in all six years, when he returned to Brown died March 2, 1869. Part of the Springfield, and practiced law for six buildings now occupied by the Bettie

Page  149 SANGAMON COUNTY. I49 Stuart Institute had been her home, and now Fancy Creek township, where they the institution was so named in honor of had three children. Of their childrenher memory. C. C. Brown was married NANCYC H., born Nov. 28, I808, marJune 4, 1872, in Chicago, to Mrs. Carrie ried George Levan, who died in 1843, and Farnsworth, whose maiden name was she married John D. McCumber, and she Owsley. They have one child, ELIZA- died March 6, I872. BETH J., and reside in Springfield. Mr. WILLIAM NV., born May 25, I80o, Brown is a member of the law firm of in Kentucky, married Sarah Kilgour, who Stuart, Edwards & Brown. died, and he married Lucinda Ensor, and JOEL B., the eldest child of the sec- he died Feb. 19, 1872, in Sangamon counond wife, was born March 9, I840, at San- ty. His widow and six children reside in gamo, Sangamon county. He was mar- Montgomery county. ried Jan. 12, I865, to Ella S. Saunders. ELIZABE7TH C., born Dec. 23, They have one child, BETTIE J. Mr. 1812, married Enos Darnall. They had Brown was in the drug business in Deca- six sons, two of whom, JAMES L. and tur, from 1859 to I864. He is now a WILLIAM, are deaf and dumb, and member of the firm of D. & J. B. Brown, were educated at Jacksonville. Mr. Darbooksellers and druggists, in Springfield. nall died. near Wintersett, Iowa. His MARYL. was born Sept. 7, 1844, in family reside there. Sangamon county, and married Albert H. BEN7AMIN., born March 28, Cowgill. See his name. 1815, in Kentucky, married May 15, 1835, FRANKLiN B. was born Nov. 28, to Susannah Dunlap. They had seven 1848, in Sangamon county, and resides at children. MARYC. married George Minneapolis, Minn. W. McClelland. See his name. AR7AMES B. was born July 24, I85I, MINDA M. married Owen G. Allen, and in Sangamon county, and resides in Spring- reside in Sullivan county, Mo. JOHN J. field. married Mary A. Short, have one child, and William B. Brown was a merchant in reside at Heyworth, McLean couny. Kentucky, but on coming to Illinois he EDNA D. died Feb. I, i866, aged eighteen engaged extensively in land speculations years. JAMES T. died Dec. 30, 1865 i In connection with others, he took part in his fifteenth year. ANNA F. married laying out many of the important towns Martin McCoy, and reside in Fancy Creek in Illinois and Iowa. He died Dec. 14, township. Benjamin F. Brown died Feb. 1852, in Petersburg, and his widow, Mrs. 866, and his widow resides four miles Laura B. Brown. resides with her daugh- northwest of Sherman. ter, Mrs. Cowgill, in Springfield. MARY H., born June 23, 1817 marBROWN, REV. JOHN H., ried James T. Dunlap. See his name. D. D., brother to William B. Brown, THOMAS C.,born Nov. 2,I8I9,died, came to Springfield too late to be included aged eleven years as an early settler. His son, Dwight SARAH B.; born April 3, I82, marBrown, is a member of the firm of ied Orlando Bates. See his name. D. & J. B. Brown, of Springfield. Dr. E/1ILYI., born May I2, I823, marJohn H. Brown was Pastor of the First ried John R. Dunlap See his name. Presbyterian Church of Springfield for a MART7A 7.,born April 29, 1825, number of years, and at the time of his A7.,.born April 29, number of years, and at the time of hs married George Groves. See his name. death was pastor of a church in Chicago. He died in Chicago, Feb. 23, 1872, and SCSAN., born Aug. 27,1827, marwas buried in Oak Ridge Cemetery. His ried G. Willcockson, have six children, widow resides on North Grand Avenue, and reside in Lawrencecounty, Mo. Springfield. REBECCA H., born Feb. 24, 1832, BROWN, JAMES L. was born married William D. Power, Feb. 8, 1847. Oct. 20, 1786, in South Carolina. He was They had one child, and he died March married there May 28, I806, to Jane M. 15, 1848. His widow married March 22, Berry, and soon after went to Union 1849; to Joseph Bates. See his name. county, Ky., where they had eight child- James L. Brown died April I8, 1854, ren, and the family moved to Sangamon and his widow died twenty-seven days county, Ill., arriving, in 1824, in what is later-May 15, I854. He was a soldier in

Page  150 I50 EARL'SEt7LZERS Of the war of I812, and was at the battle of a young gentleman accosted her at the New Orleans. door, and asked.permission to accompany BROWNj THOMAS, was born her home. This placed her in a quanFeb. 4, I792, in South Carolina. Martha dary. If she wore her shoes the entire Thaxton was born May 4, 179I, in South distance, it would wear them out so much Carolina also. They were married there, earlier; if she stopped and took them off, and moved to Allen county, Ky., where there was reason to- fear it would frighten they had five children, and moved to San- her beau away. She was not long in degamon county, Ill., arriving Oct 7, I827, ciding to wear the shoes and keep the in what is now Fancy Creek township, beau. Economy in that line was thus where they had one child. Of their six brought to a sudden termination. children- JAiAMES, born Nov., 1813, in Allen J/EMIMIA, born June I, I8Ii,in Allen county, Ky. He was married in Sangacounty, Ky., married in Sangamon county mon county to Elizabeth Scott. They to Thomas Sales. They had two children. have three children, and live in Kansas. MARGARET married William McClel- At the time of the " deep snow " he was land. See his name. GEORGE T. but sixteen years old. It became necesmarried Susannah Gardner. She died, sary for him to carry a grist to mill on and he married Mrs. Elizabeth Turley, horseback. He found the traveling quite whose maiden name was Cline. They difficult, in consequence of the crust on have two children, THOMAS and MAR- the snow cutting the legs of his horse. GARET. George T. Sales enlisted in I86I A shawl belonging to some of the for three years, in Co. C, 7th Ill. Inf. He female portion of the family had been was a Lieutenant, served full term, and wrapped about his person to keep him was honorably discharged. He lives near from freezing. He tore that in two pieces, Athens, Ill. Thomas Sales died, and his took off his suspenders, and with them widow married Philip Crickmour, who tied a half of the shawl on each of the also died. Mrs. Jemima Ctickmour now forward legs of the horse, about where the (1874) lives with her sister, Mrs. James snow crust would strike them. In that McClelland. way he was enabled to bring home a supAunt Jemima-as she is called by the ply of breadstuff for the family. young people related to the writer a yONV, born March 4, 1815, in Kengood joke on herself, which serves to illus- tucky, died in Sangamon county in 1842. trate the manners and customs of the peo- ELIZABE TH, born in Kentucky, pie at the time she come to the country. married in Sangamon county to William She says that when the weatherwas suffi- Cutwright. She died, leaving one son, ciently warm to adlhit of it, the young DANIEL, who enlisted in the first call people, upon going to any public meeting, for 75,ooo men, in I86I, and died in the would carry their shoes and stockings un- army. til they approached theirdestination, when MlARY, born Dec. 25, 1818, in Allen they would stop and put them on. As county, Ky., married in Sangamon county soon as they passed out of view, on leav- to James McClelland. See his name. ing, they would again stop, take them off, ROBERT T., born Aug. 21, 1831, in and carry them home in their hands. Sangamon county, married Dec. 28, 1848, This was done in order to make them last to Edna M. Dunlap, who was born Jan. as long as possible. She thought it a sin- 13, I832. They had seven children; the gular custom; but after seeing her associ- eldest died young. THOMAS, born Oct. ates practice it a few times, decided to try Io, 1851, married Oct. 23, 1872, to Hattie it herself. She was then about sixteen L. Short, and live in Fancy Creek townyears of age. Religious meetings were ship. MARY E., JAMES F., ALEXheld at private houses. She started on a ANDER, MARGERY I., ROBERT Sunday morning to attend a meeting at U. and JOHN A., live with their mother. the house of a neighbor, carrying her Robert T. Brown died Feb. 6, I866, and shoes and stockings in her hands. A short his widow lives near Sherman. distance from the house she put them on, Mrs. Martha Brown died Sept. II, entered the meeting, and all passed off 1862, and Thomas Brown died July 23, well until she started on the return, when I868, both in Sangamon county. Their

Page  151 SANGAMOM' COUNTY. 151 children remember that the first corn Mr. YOSEPH C., born March 7, 1853, Brown raised in the county for sale, was was married, Sept. II, 1873, to Sarah A. hauled away by Abraham Lincoln, as the Snook. They have one child, THEOhired man of John Taylor, who owned DORE 0., and reside near Crowder, the land where they lived. Saunders county, Neb. BROWN, JAMES M., was James N. Brown and wife reside two born Sept. 28, I812, in Davidson county, and a half miles west of Pleasant Plains, near Nashville, Tenn. He came to San- Sangamon county, Ill. gamon county, arriving March 31, I83I, BROWN, JOSHUA, was born at the house of Gen. M. K. Anderson, May 20, I792, in Davis county, Ky. east of Pleasant Plains. He was married Nancy Wilcher was born Dec., 1789, in Aug. 7, I832, to Elizabeth Willis. They the same county. They were there marhad eight living children in Sangamon ried, early in I812. They had three childcounty. Of their children- ren in Kentucky, and in Nov., 1818, MAARTHA 7., born Oct. 6, 1833, was moved to St. Clair county, Ill., and from married Sept. i4, I856, to Daniel T. there to what became Sangamon county, Hughes. They have three living, child- arriving April I8, I819, in what is now ren, ADA, LULIE and ARTHUR, and Curran township, east of Archer's creek, reside at Greenview, Ill. and south of Spring creek, and later enCLARISSA lii., born July 18, 1835, tered one hundred and sixty acres of land was married June I3, 1852, to J. S. Young, south of Spring creek, in Gardner towna native of Somerset county, Penn. They ship. They had five children in Sangahave seven living children. JOSE- mon county. Of their eight children — PHINE, born August 23, I854, was mar- REZIN D., born May 6, I813, in ried Nov. 20, 1873, to Charles A. Robin- Davis county, Ky., was married in Sangason, a native Michigan. They have one mon county, 11., May 15, 1834, to Rachel child, GERTRUDE I., and reside near Oak Earnest. They had twelve children in Grove, Seward county, Neb. JEREMI- Sangamon county. CATHARINE F., AH S., JAMES M., ROSA B., MARY born March 7, 1835, was married Nov. 6, F. DORA E. and CLARA M., and re- I855, to John Childs, who was born Dec. side near Valparaiso, Saunders county, 25, 1829, in Burlington, N. J. They had Neb. ten children, LEONA L., JOSEPH H., NOAH SARAH E., born Dec. 5, 1837, was H., KATIE A., JOHN D., TIMOTHY S., ANNIE married April 20, I856, to James K. Van- R., CHARLES F., JESSIE B. and HATTIE, Demark, a native of Ohio. They have and reside near Warrensburg, Macon one child, ROSA S., and reside near county; Ill. MARTIN V., born March Valparaiso, Neb. 4, 1837, the day VanBuren was inauguraMARYI 7., born Sept. 20, 1841, mar- ted President of the United States. He ried George W. Sampson. He died Oct., was married Sept. 26, I869, to Helen M. i874, near Fairfield, Iowa. Mrs. Samp- Cecil. They have one child, and reside son and her children, JAMES and NEL- near Rose Hill, Henry county, Mo. LIE, reside with her parents. MARY A., born May 7, 1838, was marO7YHN H., born Jan. 29, 1846, was ried Oct., I857, to James M. Galt. They married, August 13, 1865,to Adaline K. have eight children, and reside near PalAdams. He is now (I875) a widower, myra, Otoecounty, Neb. CHARLOTTE, with three children, CHARLES N., born Dec. I9, I839, married Feb. 23, I864, JAMES W. and ZACHEUS K., and re- to Thomas B. Ray. See his name. She sides at Crowder, Saunders county, Neb. died Jan, 9, I836, leaving one child, CHAR7AMES.T., born Dec. 13, 1848, mar- LOTTE, who resides with her grand-paried Amanda A. Pierce. They have one rents, Brown. JOHN D., born March I, child, CHARLES E., and reside near I842, married Nov. 6, I867, to Louisa J. Pleasant Plains, Sangamon county. Cecil. They have one child, GERTIE, and LA VliVA F., born Jan. 19, 1854, was reside near Mt. Rose, Mo. CHARLES married Sept. 25, 1873, to Thomas Brode- F., born Sept. I4, 1843, died Sept. 30, rick. They have one child, and reside I853. PETER, born Aug, 6, 1845, renear Pleasant Plains, Sangamon county, sides in Alta City Utah. ANNIS, born Illinois. Aug. i6, 1847, married Nov. io, 1869, to

Page  152 152 EARL r SETTLERS OF John Happer. They have two children, They reside in Waynesville, Ill. JOHN HOWARD H. and NELLIE, and reside near R. is unmarried and resides in WaynesMaroa, Macon county, Ill. LUANNA, ville. John Hillis died April 30, 1849, born April 8, 1849, married Oct. I7, I872, and his widow was married Dec. 30, I856, to Frank Leverton, and reside five miles to James Large. They had two children. west of Springfield. EDWIN, born May, Mr. Large died April I8, 1864, and Mrs. I85I, died Feb. 5, I862. CHARLES, Zillah Large and family live in Waynesborn Sept. I6, I853, resides with his par- ville, DeWitt county, Ill. ents. JACOB J., born Jan. 15, 1856, JOSHUA.i., born July, 1825, in died Jan., 1865. Rezin D. Brown and Sangamon county, married Elizabeth A. wife reside in the southeast corner of Cart- Brown. They had six children, and he wright township. died Jan. 7, 1867. His widow married WILLIAMi W. was born Feb. 6, I815, William Mercer, and resides near Hamin Kentucky, married in Illinois, Feb. 13, burg, Iowa. 1844, to Phoebe Poole. They had four ELMORE S, was born in 182 in.living children. CLARINDA J., born 7, living children. CLARINDA J., born Saneamon county enlisted in 1847, in the Jan. I2, 1845, married William Ankrom, gy, 47, Ja*n rs 1d* inumarried William AnZro, 4th Ill. Inf. Served one year in the Mexand reside in Curran township. ZILLA A., born July 5 1848, married Henry ican war, returned home, and died in A., born July 5, I848, married Henry I84 Dewall. They have one child, and reside 88. at Falls City, Neb. JOSHUA T., born RE UBENV f., was born inJan. 1829, Feb. 28, I851, resides in Sacramento, Cal., in Sangamon county, was married Nov. (now, in i873). MARY M., born Dec. I5, 85, to Elizabeth J. Archer. They 23, I858, resides with her father. Mrs. had six children, and rs. Brown died, Phoebe Brown died May 14, 1863, and Sept. 20, I864. Mr. B. married Mrs. William W. Brown was married Nov. i6, Jerusha Smith, whose maiden name was 1869, to Mrs. Almeda DeLaughta, whose Sturtevant. The family reside in Fredomaiden name was Parker. She was born nia, Kansas. in Livingston parish, near Lake Pontchar- Mrs. Nancy Brown died June. 2, 1847, train, La. They reside five miles east of and Joshua Brown was married May i, Berlin. 1848, to Mrs. Mary Robinson, whose O-'HN B., born Oct., i8i6, in Ken- maidenname wasMayhew. She died May tucky, brought up in Sangamon county, 12, I86, and he died Sept., 1863, on the and died unmarried, in the spring of I869, farm where they settled in 1824. in Wisconsin. BROWN, JACOB J., was born 7AjIES f., born Jan. 1820, in San- August I5, 1781, in Vermont. He was gamon county, married Abigail Gilison. married Feb. 24, I803, in Hartford, Conn., They had two children in Sangamon to Ann Bacon, who was born there, Sept. county, moved to Iowa, and from there to 19, I786. They had four children in Portland, Oregon, thence to Silver moun- Hartford, and moved to Green county, tain, California, where he was robbed and Penn., where they had four children, then murdered, about I867, leaving a widow moved to the State of New York, and and two children. from there to Sangamon county, Ill., arZILLAH, born Nov. I4, I821, in San- riving in 1823 or'4, in what is now Gardgamon county, was married, Jan. 12, 1840, ner township, north of Spring creek, to John Hillis, who was born April 30, where they had two children. Of their I8I4. They had four living children. childrenJOSHUA W., born April 5, I843, was DELOS W., born Oct. 28, 1803, in married near Mt. Rose, Mason county, in Hartford, Conn., married in Sangamon 1870, to Birdie Meleane. They reside in county, to Ruth Morgan, and -had three Alma county, Colorado. MARY A., children. ELIZABETH married Abner born June 29, 1845, was married April i7, Wilkinson, and died. Mi. W. and his 1870, to Byington Owens. They have children reside in Springfield. D. W. two children, and reside in Waynesville, Brown moved, about I856, to Atchison Ill. JAMES E. and JOHN R., born county, Mo., and fiom there to Fremont Sept., I849. JAMES E. was married county, Iowa. He died, and his widow Oct. 24, 1871, to Frances N. Jennings. and two children reside near Sidney, Iowa.

Page  153 SANGAMOA/ COUNTr. 153 AVMOS W., born March II, 1807, in Springfield in 1852, and was married June Connecticut. He married three times. I8, 1854, to, Ann Gunn, in Morgan counHis second wife was Sophia Earnest. She ty. He enlisted for three years, Aug. 6, died, leaving one child. I862, in Co. H, I14 Ill. Inf. He was /AMEIES M., born May i6, 1809, in wounded in the right eye at the battle of Connecticut. He was a soldier from San- Nashville, Dec. I5-I6, I864, recovered, gamon county, during the Winnebago served full term, and was honorably diswar, came home sick, and died August 22, charged Aug. 3, I865. Mr. and Mrs. I827. Bruce had four children; two died in in-:iJARY A., born April 27, I8II, in fancy. SARAH A. died, aged twelve Connecticut. She was married three years. WILLIA-31 T. resides with his times, is now a widow Elliott, and, with parents. Benjamin P. Bruce and wife retwo of her children, resides in Gru'ndy side three and a quarter miles northwest county, Mo. of Springfield. JULZA AdNNV, born August 9, 1812, His mother, Mrs. Mary W. McAllister, in Green county, Pa., married in Sanga- whose maiden name was Gunn, resides mon county, to Jeremiah King. See his with him. name. BRUNK, DAVID, was born LEANDER Y., born March I9, I815, Dec. 17, 1819, in Ohio, came with his married twice, and diedj leaving a widow brother George, his mother and stepand five children near Oakford, Menard father, Thomas Royal, to Sangamon councounty. ty, in Dec., 1824. He was married Nov. HULDAH Mf., born April 18, 1817, 5, 1833, to Maria Shoup. They had four in Green county, Pa., married in Sanga- children in Sangamon county, namelymon county to Jesse Ankrom, and lives in JA COB, born Nov. 5, 1834, married Springfield. Emily J. Mason. They have three childLUC Y2M., born Feb. 13, 1820, in Pa., ren, THOMAS M., CHARLES A. and married twice, and died August 4, I852, ELIZABETH M., and live one half in Beardstown. mile east of Crow's mill, in Ball townyA COB _7., Jun., born March 8, 1825, ship. in Sangamon county, married Nov. 4, SARAZH 7. married Wm. H. South1850, to Emily M. Ralston. They have wick. See his name. seven children, and live near Farming- ELLEN E. married Walter S. Cardale. ~ penter. They had three children, ELIZABETH A., born Nov. 9, CHARLES B. died, aged eight years, 1829, in Sangamon county, married Joshua JACOB H. at three years. MARIA M. Brown. See his name. He died and CATHARINE lives with her parents, in she married Wm. Mercer, and lives near Ball township. Hamburg, Iowa. -ANN AIARIA married SouthJacob J. Brown, Sen, died Oct. II, 1839, wick. See his name. and his widow died Oct. 21, 1873, both in David Brunk died Jan. 23, 855. His Sangamon county. / widow lives near Crow's mill, in Ball BRUCE, BENJAMIN P., township. was born May 21, I826,in Carroll county, BRUNK, GEORGE was born Tenn. His parents moved to Morgan Dec. 22, 1804, in Miami county, Ohio. At county, near Jacksonville, in the spring of seventeen years of age he came to Sanga1830. His father died there, of cholera, mon county, Ill., arriving in the fall of in I833. His mother, with six children, I82I. He entered eighty acres of land in moved to Springfield in 1834, and in 1836 what is now Ball township, returned to moved back to Morgan county, where she Ohio, and brought his mother, and stepwas married to George R. McAllister. father, Thomas Royal, with his brothers While she lived in Springfield her son, and sisters, to Sangamon county, and setwhose name heads this sketch, was bound tled them on the land he had entered, to Rev. Joseph Edmondson, of the M. where Dr. Shields now resides. He enE. Church, and taken to St. Clair county, tered more land, built for himself a hewed thence to Bond county. In I843 he went log house, and was married Dec. 30, 1827, to Memphis, Tenn., and returned to to Mary Boyd. She was born Jan. I, -20

Page  154 I54 EARL r SETTLERS OF i806. They had eight children, three of from a newspaper article written by Geo. whom died young. Brunk. AMANDA Y., born April 7, I830, married Daniel G. Jones. See his name. B, G w MARY E., born Dec. 17, 1831, mar- Feb. I5 I758, in North Carolina. He IVrAR 1 E., born Dec. 17, i 83 x, married Eugene Owens. They had six childried Eugene Owvens. They had six child- went, or may have been taken by his parren. The third one, JOHN F., died a ents, to Virginia, and fiom there to Kenen. The third one, JOHN F., died at tuck with Daniel Boone about i78o, two years of age. The other five, GEO. tucky wth Daniel Boe, about 78 B., DANIL G., E A E, U - There he either founded, or by his bold -B., DANIEL G., EMMA E., ULYI- Y,SES GRANI' and ARTHUR R. re- daring as a leader, gave the name to a SES GRANt and ARTHUR R. reside with their mother, in Cotton Hill primative fortification called Bryant's Sta~township. -^~ ttion, in what became Fayette county, Ky., -SUSANNAN, born May 28, 1833, a few miles from where the city of LexSUSANNAH, born May 28, I833, ington was afterwards established. It died March I5, 1847. -. MARIA, born Nov. 23, 1835, mar- will be observed that in applying the MARIA C., born Nov. 23, i835, marname to the fortification a letter has been ried Dow Newcomer. See his name. EVEINVE, born March 26, 1844, eadded, making the name Bryant, which is Tmarried Lockwood Rusk. See his nme. erroneous. There is a tradition preserved She died, and lSet one child in Cotton by his descendants, that soon after the fort She died, and lWt one child in Cotton Hill township. was established,the young women belongMr1s. Mary Brunk died March, 18471, ing to the families connected with it were and Mr. Brnk was married March. washing clothes at a stream of running and Mr. Brunk was married March I, water on the outside of the stockade. 1849, to Eliza Armstrong. They had 4three children, narmsnelyg: George Bryan and some of the other three children, namely: MAR TIA A., born Jan. 8, I850, mar- young men stood guard. Not being apied Thomas J. Nuckolls. Se is name. prehensive of danger, they permitted the ried Thomas J. Nuckolls. See his name. THOMAS ALBERT, born July 30, Indians to place themselves between the 853. HIe was educated underTthe guard- girls and the fort. The guard quickly I853. He was educated under the guard- ianship of Philemon Stout, at Shurtleff secureda position betwen the girls and and r s in Ball township......the savages, and a skirmish ensued. After College, and resides in Ball township. GEORGE A, died at six yers of aking the way clear, Bryan, in a loud eO r voice, announced that he would marry the Mrs. Eliza Brunk died Oct. 4, I86o, girl who would enter the fort first. They Mrs. Eliza Brunk died Oct. 4, o86o, and Mr. B. married Dec. 12, i86I, to all escaped, and he, true to his word, after.and Mr. B. married Dec. I2, i86I, to.. Y t c o ~^ ~i.n...mi i J. i'i i ^aining the consent of the voung lady, Emily Talbott. They had two children, gaining t c o t o vz.: T A Tr 77 a OS 77H was married in the fall of I78i to Elizaviz.: TALBOTTU. and UOSEP r - viz,:....OTT..;nd.^P'^^ beth Ragan, who was born in I760, in C., who reside with their mother. oh a, in George Brunk died Sept. 2, I868 near South arolna. Mr. Bryan always where he settled in 14 Hs w w claimed that it was first marriage of a where he settled in 1024. His widow married indsay English, and res id white couple in what became the State of married Lindsay H. English, and resides two miles southeast of Springfield. Kentucky. That was before the era of The first entry of land in Sangamoi mills in that region of country, and his The first entry of land in Sangamon i descendants have handed down the statecounty was made Nov. 6, 1823, by Israel A ^ i. ~ ^^ ^^if ^4-1. 4.K ment, in connection with the wedding Archer, being the west half of the north- me in c n wh te west quarter of section eight, town four- festival, that he paid ten dollars for a teen north, range fourteen west. It is in hl o orn al o the occasion. Thev had at least raised Cotton Hill township, and the Prot. M. one ro, and M. yan rled p kins one crop, and Mr. Bryan rolled pumpkins E. church stands on a part of it now. into or as a s o a into the fort as a substitute for chairs to The second entry was made the same _i T^T 1 T- 1 T^ I T^ seat the guests. They had'ten or eleven day, Nov. 6, by Mason Fowler. It wasseat the guests. They had ten or eleven children, four of them sons, and Mrs. the east half of the southwest quarter ot em sons, and Mrs. the r Bryan died. Mr. Bryan was married in section twenty-seven, town fourteen, range B n dd r. Bran was marr ied four west, and is on Horse creek. I829, to Mrs. Cassandra Miller, who died The next day, Nov. 7 Elijah Iles, in Kentucky, in I833. In 1834Mr. Bryan Thomas CoxJhn Taylor and Paschal ecame to Sangamon county with some of T Enos, entered the for quarters n his children and grand-children. Of his P. Enos, entered the lour quarters son which Springfield was laid out. This is children, who came to this county

Page  155 SANGAMON COULNTT. 55 NICHOLAS, born March 24, 794, in Wolgamot. See his name. Also, see Bourbon county, Ky. He was a soldier T. P. Pettus. in the war of 1812, and was in the battle POLLr, born Aug. 20, I797, in Bourof New Orleans, Jan. 8, 1815. Soon after bon county, Ky., married there to Thomas the close of the war, and within that year, Jones. See his name. She died in Kenhe was married in his native county to tucky, but her family came to Sangamon Mary Delay Scott, who was born there county. Dec. 24, I8oo. They had four children When George Bryan came to Sangain Kentucky, and came to Sangamon mon county, in 1834, he was in his seventycounty in 1833, settling in what is now sixth year, but he continued visiting KenWoodside township. Their son GEO,, tucky, riding each way on horseback, anborn in i818, in Kentucky, married near nually for eleven years. He died Nov. Elkhart, Logan county, Ill., in I839, 22, I845, and was buried near Woodside moved to Texas and died there, leaving Station, Sangamon county. He was two children. ELIZA C., born Feb. 17, eighty-seven years, nine months and seven 1820, in Bourbon county, Ky., married days old. July 25, 1837, near Springfield, Ill,, to It seems almost incredible that a man James Taylor. See his name. MARY who was of sufficient age to have been a J., born May 22, 1822, in Bourbon county, soldier in the American Revolution, and Ky., married in i840 in Springfield, Ill., who took an active part in the stirring to Milton H. Wash. See his name. scenes of the frontier settlements in the ROBERT A., born July i3, 1833, in second State admitted to the American Kentucky, married in Springfield, Ill., to Union, should have become an early setHannah Sperry. She died, and his resi- tier of Sangamon county, and witnessed dence is unknown, but it is somewhere some of its earliest strides towards civiliSouth. Mrs. Mary D. Bryan died Dec. zation: but the life of George Bryan ex25, 1843, in Springfield, Ill., and Nicholas tended over this long and eventful period. Bryan was married in 1845 to Adelia His grandson, William T. Jones, has a Trumbull. They had one child, BRY- great fund of reminiscences of the life of ANAH, and moved to the Pacific coast.. his grandfather Bryan, as he received Nicholas Bryan died in i855, in San Jose, them from the lips of the venerable Santa Clara county, Cal., leaving his patriarch while living. I can only give widow and daughter there. place to two incidents, both of which ocMELINDA W., borr April ii, 1797, curred in Kentucky. in Bourbon county, Ky., married there in On one occasion, when the forests were i8I5 to Abraham Todd, who was born in swarming with hostile Indians, Mr. Bryan, Woodford county, Ky., in 1792. They with six other men, left the Station for a had three children in Kentucky, and Mr. scouting expedition. Proceeding cautiousTodd died. Mrs. Todd married Thomas ly, they had gone but two or three miles P. Pettus. See his name. Mr. Pettus when the seven white men were fired upand wife, with her three daughters by the on by just twice their number of Indians, first marriage, came to Sangamon county who lay in ambush until the white'men in i838, and settled near what is now were very near them. The Indians were Woodside Station. Of the three children, good marksmen with bows and arrows, ELIZA J. TODD, born April 29, 1816, but they had not been sufficiently accusin Woodford county, Ky., married in tomed to fire-arms to become expert in Sangamon county, April i6, I840, to using them. In their haste they overStephen S. Ferrell. They have a family, shot their marks, and never hurt a man. and reside at Boscobel, Grant county, The advantage would then have been Wis. MARY A. TODD born Jan. 12, decidedly in favor of the whites, but at I8I9, in Woodford county, Ky., married this juncture three of the latter, supposing Aug. 12, I835, in Sangamon county, to there was a large force of Indians, took Thomas B. Morris. They have children, to flight. The other three, with Bryan at and reside near Wyoming, Iowa county, their head, each took to a tree, and comWis. ANNA MARIA TODD, born menced firing at the Indians. The fight Jan. 19, 1823, in Woodford county, Ky., continued the whole day, and as the sun married in Sangamon county to John B. was sinking to rest, it was discovered that

Page  156 156 EARLY SE TTLERS OF there were but two men on each side in chose to take their goods, it would be fighting condition: the chief on one side, madness to resist with such odds against and Bryan on the other, with a single them. Unknown to Bryan, his partner man each. The others were all killed or was an expert in legerdemain, and the severely wounded. A parley ensued, thought occurred to him that the Indians which ended in an agreement that the one might be driven off by some deceptive subordinate on each side should cease hos- movement. He asked one of the savages tilities, for the purpose of taking care of for his butcher knife, and at once went the dead and wounded, and that the two through all the motions of swallowing it. leaders should fight until one or the other The other Indian handed out his knife, conquered. Each kept behind a tree, which was swallowed with violent contorwith his gun loaded, while they were tions. The two hurried away to their own parleying, and when ready to renew hos- camp, and soon returned with their chief, tilities, each called the other by every who held in his hand a much larger knife, epithet expressing cowardice that they having a very rough buck-horn handle, could respectively command, and each with a horn spike about three inches long dared the other to come out and engage at one side. The white man shook his in open combat. As it was growing dark, head, make signs that the knife was too Bryan put his cap on the end of his ram- large, that the little horn on the side of rod, and moved it from the tree as though the handle would be more than he could he was very cautiously preparing to shoot. swallow. They insisted, and he made The Indian fired at the cap, and finding signs that he would try. He then inhimself deceived, he ran in a zig-zag dulged in contortions so violent as to bring course, cautiously looking back until he tears to his eyes; but the knife disapthought himself at a safe distance, when peared. The red men felt of his body, he took to a tree and began to load his and came so near finding where the rifle. The moment the chief fired, Bryan knives were hidden, that he thought it sprang from his tree, and, instead of fol- would be safer to return them, and comlowing direct, he ran at an angle of about menced casting up afid handing each Inforty-five degrees from the course of the dian his knife. They, one after another, Indian, and was soon out of the line received their knives, each taking his own where the latter expected to see him. very carefully by the point, between the Bryan thus had the Indian in plain view, thumb and finger, would smell of it, make while the latter thought himself secure. a wry face, and throw it on the ground. As the chief raised both arms to ram The three savages withdrew together, down the load, Bryan fired, the ball enter- leaving their knives where they had fallen, ing under one arm, it passed out under the and before morning the whole company, other, and he fell dead. His clothes afraid to steal anything else, stole themwere covered with silver brooches and selves away. other ornaments, that were kept in the Having said so much about his pioneer families of Bryan's descendants for many life, in which he was brought in contact years. with wild beasts, savages, and white men As the increasing number of the whites unused to the restrains of civilized life as convinced the Indians that they must we now enjoy it, would probably lead the eventually give. way, they became less reader to infer that' he was a rough and hostile. About this time Bryan and a harsh man; but such was not the case. comrade spent several weeks in hunting, He embraced christianity in early life, and and had taken a large number of skins was one of the most steadfast supporters and furs. While the two were alone in of the ordinances of religion. He aided camp, a considerable number of Indians in building a Baptist church at Bryan Staencamped near them; and very soon two tion, which a grand-daughter of his, now of the Indians came to their camp, and, living in Springfield, visited in I86o, and without the least ceremony, commenced'found it still in use. He was a member opening and examining the goods belong- of that church, and worshipped there as ing to the two white men. Mr. Bryan long as he remained in Kentucky. He made up his mind that the result of their always held family worship, in which the winter's work was lost, for if the Indians colored servants were expected to unite.

Page  157 SANGAMON COUNTY. I57 He continued the practice to the day of had four children, three of whom died his death. young. The only one livingBRYAN, LARKIN, was born HARRIET A., born Dec. 3, I838, at Nov. 2, I8oo, in Woodford county, Ky. Salisbury, married Jan. I, 857, in SpringHe was married there in I820 to Mrs. field, to Lafayette Smith.'ee his name. Harriet Chapman, whose maiden name Mr. Buchanan moved from Salisbury to was Thornberry. They moved to the Springfield in April, 1847, and was enMissouri lead mines, and from there to gaged in the grocery business until his Sangamon county, in the fall of 1821, and death, which occurred Nov. I4, I86I. His settled five miles northeast of Springfield. widow resides with her son-in-law, LafaThey had seven children in Sangamon yette Smith, in Springfield. county. Of their children- BUCKMAN, JOEL, born Nov. WILLIAM C., born Jan. 29, 1822, 6, I790, in Bethel, Vermont. He was the married Anna Brennan, have three child- second child of Jeremiah Buckman and ren, and reside near Charleston, Ili. Ruth Banister, his wife. They were born MARY'F., born July II, 1824, married in Springfield, Mass; he Sept. II, 1762, Presley Chrisman. She died, leaving her and she March 20, I77I. Joel Buckman husband and three children near Promise and Huldah Tilley were married in VerCity, Wayne county, Iowa. mont, and moved to Potsdam, N. Y., had RACHE L 7., born Dec. 7, I825, mar- six children, and Mrs. B. died, Dec. I7, ried Willis Chrisman. They have four 1828. He was married June 19, 1829, to children, and reside in Sangamon county, Hannah Bowker. They had one child, near Waverly. and moved to Sangamon county, Ill., ar-?AM~ES H., born March 7, I827, is riving Sept., I834, at Old Sangamo. Mrs. unmarried, and resides in Springfield. He Hannah B. died Nov. 6, i838. Joel has a saw mill oh South Fork. Buckman and Sally Watts were married CINTHIA A., born Oct. I8, 1829, in Sangamon county, March 5, x839. married John Kline, and resides in St. They had one child. Of all his childJoseph, Mo. renLARKIN A., born March 3, 1830, yOEL, born Dec. 2, 1813, died July 5, married Nov. I, I860, to Sarah A. Mitchell, 1835. who was born April I6, 1842, in Finedon, L ORENDA, born Sept. 9, I815, in PotsNorthamptonshire, England. They had dam, N. Y., married in Sangamon county, five childen. HARRIET E. died in her June 20, 1837, to William B. Brown. seventh year. JAMES W., JESSIE H., See his name.' LAVINIA A. and CHARLES W. re- LE VINIA, born Dec. 22, 1819, ill side with their parents, near Waverly, Ill. New York, married in Sangamon county, HARRIET ilL., born July 3, I832, Dec., I835, to Waters Carman. They married DeWitt C. Marsh. See his had four children, and she died. He name. moved to Oregon. Mrs. Harriet Bryan died April 4, I862, CAL VIN, born Jan. 31, 1822, in New and Larkin Bryan was married Jan. 14, York, married in Sangamon county, Nov. 1863, to Mrs. Sarah Yeamans, who had 1843, to Sophia Eastabrook. They have previously been Mrs. Britt, and whose seven children, and reside at Delavan, maiden name was Wilson. He died two Tazewell county. miles north of Springfield, in 1874. His HIULDAH S., born Feb. i6, 1824, in widow resides in Springfield. New York, married in Sangamon county, BUCHANAN, REUBEN Oct. 20, 1842, to Lucius Seeley. See his was born March 20, I809, in Woodford name. county, Ky. His father moved, in I819 SILAS L., born Feb. I9, 1828, in or'20 to Morgan county, Ill. Reuben New York, married Anna Clemens. He remained there until 1834, when he came resides near Farmingdale. to Sangamon county, settling at Salisbury, HANNAH W., born March 26, 1832, where he was married to Barbara Duncan, died in her third year. a step-daughter of Solomon Miller. She BENAIAMI2V, born Sept. 6, 184I, in was born March I5, 1812, in Cumberland Sangamon county, resides with his mother, county, Ky. Mr. and Mrs. Buchanan near Farmingdale.

Page  158 158 EARL~ SET7LERS OF Joel Buckman died March 13, 1872, in cliffe, a native of Frederick county, Md. Sangamon county, and his widow resides They have three children, NORA A., AUBRA two miles southwest of Farmingdale. L. and SALLIE F., and resides in MechanBUILLARD, REUBEN, was icsburg. JOSEPHINE, born Dec. I7, born Dec. 22, 1792, in Caroline county, I845, was married at Mechanicsburg, Va. He went to Woodford county, Ky., May 27, 1875, to Capt. George Ritchey, in 1787, and to Shelby county in i790. He and reside in Boonville, Mo. MARY J., was there married in 1803, to Elizabeth born Dec. I7, 1847, died Feb. i4, 1875. Gill, who was born Oct. 30, I779, near WILBER C., born Sept. 19, I850; Charlestown, Va. They had eight child- JACOB B. born Jan. 20, 1854; HENRY ren in Kentucky, four of whom, Eliza, S., born March 18, i858, all reside with Lucinda, Richard and Nancy J., died their mother, except WILBUR C., who there, between the ages of fifteen and lives in Decatur. John Bullard died Dec. twenty-five years. Mrs. Elizabeth'Bul- 26, 1872, and his widow lives in Mechanlard died Jan. 6, 1835, and Reuben Bul. icsburg. lard, with three of his children, came to MF[ARY A., born Sept. 25, I8io, in Sangamon county, arriving in Nov., 1835, Shelby county, Ky., married there to in what is now Illiopolis township, one Benjamin Fortune. See his name. son having come before. Of the four AA A, b children- SARAH AGNES, born March 24, OHlN, born Feb. Io, i805, in Shelbv 1814, in Shelby county, Ky., married JO0HN, born Feb. i 1805, in Shelbv Se h.ame. county, Ky., came to Sangamon county Jacob N. Fullinwider. See isname. April 6, 1830, and made his home partly WESLEY, born July 28, I816, in at Buffalo Hart Grove and partly in the Shelby county, Ky., married March 23, vicinity of Mechanicsburg, and returned 1843, in Sangamon county, to Sarah A. to Kentucky in I833. Sarah S. Fallis Foster, who was born July 18, I824, in was born Feb. 3, 1812, in St. Louis coun- Montgomery county, Ky.., and came to ty, Mo., her parents having moved there Sangamon county on a visit in 1842. Her from Kentucky. During the war with parents lived, at the time, in Putnam, Ind. England the Indians became troublesome, Mr. and Mrs. B. had eight sons in Sanand the family moved back, in 1813, to gamon county. WILLIAM H., born Henry county, Ky. John Bullard and August I6, 1844, enlisted August 4, I862, Sarah S. Fallis were there married, Sept. for three years, in Co. A, 73d Ill. Inf., was 4, 1834, and came at once to Sangamon slightly wounded at the battle of Frankbcounty, where they had ten children. lin, Tenn. He served to the end of the JOHN W., born Oct. 21, 1836, died May rebellion, and was honorably discharged, 6, 856. NANCY F., born May 29, 1838, June 24, I865, married in Sangamon married April 30, 1873, to Charles How- county, Sept. I3, I866, to Abbie P. Baldard, and reside near Neola, Iowa. WIL- win, who was born Nov. 21, 1847, near LIAM S., born Jan. 7, I84I. He enlist- Monticello, Madison county. They have ed August 7, 1862, in Co. A, 73d Ill. Inf. three children, SARAH L., WESLEY C. and for three years, was wounded at the battle MARY B., and live five miles east of Meof Franklin, Tenn., Nov. 30, 1864, served chanicsburg. JAMES R. resides (1874) until the end of the rebellion, and was in San Francisco, Cal. JOHN N., honorably discharged. He was married FRANCIS B., SAMUEL A., GEO. Dec. 28, I87I, to Elizabeth S. Zane. They.W., BENJ. F. and SAY A. FOSTER; have two children, LETHE IRENE and the six latter live with their father. Mrs. MARY, and reside four and a half miles Sarah A. Bullard died Feb. 13, i86i, and east of Mechanicsburg. REUBEN S., Wesley Bullard was married August 6, born August 31, I842, married Sept. 23, 1863, in Sangamon county, to Mrs. ElizaI873, in Shelbyville, Ky., to Marian beth Holsman, whose maiden name was Saunders. She was born there, May 8, Kidd. She was born May 7, 1828, in I849. They have one child, ANNIE, and Fluvanna county, Va. Her home was in reside four and a half miles east of Me- Circleville, Ohio, but she was on a visit to chanicsburg, where his father settled in Sangamon county at the time of her mar1834. EDNA E., born April 12, I844, riage. They have two children, JULIA married Oct. I6, I867, to Charles C. Rad- and ROBERT A., and live four miles

Page  159 SAN.GAMON COUNTr. I59 east of Mechanicsburg, where he settled 25, 1837, in Sangamon county, enlisted at in 1835. Newport Barracks, April, i86i, in Battery Reuben Bullard died Sept. 6, 1836, in G, 2nd Reg. U. S. Art. He was promoSangamon county. ted to Second Lieutenant, was wounded His father's name was Reuben Bullard. at the battle of Gettysburg, and died of He was in the Revolutionary army as a his wounds, late in 1863, at Washington non-combatant, and lost his life by drink- City. JAMES M., born Feb. I8, 1839, in ing too freely of cold water while he was Sangamon county. He graduated at St. over-heated. He made a gun, which he Louis Medical College in I859, and engave to his son, whose name heads this listed as a private, June 20, I86I, in Co. sketch. It is now (1874) in possession of C, 8th Mo. Inf.; was promoted in July, a son of John Bullard Reuben S.-the'6I, to Asst. Surg., which he resigned in fourth generation from the man who made Aug., 1862, and was commissioned Capit. The brass plate opposite the lock tain of Co. K, 94th Ill. Inf. He resigned bears the inscription, R. B., 1772. It is a that office in Sept., 1863, and was promosmooth bore; the barrel is four feet eight ted Lieutenant Colonel of the I6th U. S. inches long, and the whole gun is six feet Colored Troops, at New Orleans, which one inch. An anecdote is related of he resigned at Brazos, Texas. in Sept., it, that when the boys of a former genera- 1864. Dr. J. M. Burch was married Oct. tion used the gun, they always hunted in 8, I860, at Bloomington, to Jennie L. pairs, one to do the shooting and the other McClunn, a native of that city. After the to see that the marksman did not get the close of the rebellion he practiced medimuzzle beyond the game. cine at Illiopolis, and died there July 26, BU RCH, JOHN, was born about I874, leaving a widow and four children, I770, in Georgia. He was married in FRANK P., ED. R., LEVARIAN and CORA. I8oo, in Gallatin county, Ky., to Elizabeth Mrs. Jennie L. Burch and children reside Hampton, who was born in 1780, in Lou- at Bloomington. JOHN S., born July don county, Va. They had six children 1840, in Sangamon county, went to in Kentucky, and Mr. Burch came to California in I86i, and was drowned Sangamon county in the fall of 1828, with March 3, I865, at San Juan, Nicaragua, his son-in-law, James McKee. He went while on his way home. ELIZAJ., born back to Kentucky for his family, and died March, I842, in Sangamon county, is a there May IO, 1829. In the fall of that teacher at Mt. Sterling. Preston H. year his family moved to Sangamon coun- Burch enlisted in 1862, at Peoria, in Co. ty, and settled near Mechanicsburg. Of -, o8th Ill. Inf., and died of disease at their six children- Young's Point, near Vicksburg, Miss., SARAH, born about 1801, in Ken- Feb. 18, 1863. His widow died at Mt. tucky, married there to William Jack, and Sterling, Brown county, Ill., Dec., I865. moved to Sangamon county. See his ELIZA, born in I8Io, in Kentucky, name. married in Sangamon county to James BEN7AMIN, born Aug. I, 18o3, in Smith. They had one child, MARY, Gallatin county, Ky., married in'Sanga- born in Sangamon county, married Oct. mon to Mary Smith. He died in McLean 8, I86o, to Dr. Edward Stevens, and recounty in I863. His widow married side in Bloomington. James Smith died James Waite, and lives in Bloomington. Sept., 1845, in Springfield, and his widow 7ANE, born in 80o5, in Gallatin coun- married Josiah Green. She died Feb., ty, Ky., married there Jan. 9, 1828, to I852, and he died July, I855, both in James McKee, and came to Illinois in the Mechanicsburg. fall of that year, and settled near Mechan- WADE S., born Oct. 14, 1815, in Galicsburg. latin county, Ky., married in Sangamon PRESTON H., born in 1807, in Gal- county Jan. 8, 1845, to Mary E. Young. latin county, Ky., married in Sangamon They had ten children, seven of whom county in 183I, to Elizabeth Suter. They died under seven years. SUSAN B., had five children in Sangamon county. born July 26, I850, married Jan. 8, I868, SARAH E. married William H. Green, to James Newton Moreland, who was and lives at Dubuque, Iowa, with her only born Dec. I7, 1840, in Bath county, Ky., child, LULU. LEVARIAN, born Dec. served nearly four years-from Aug. I,

Page  160 i60 EARL r SETTLERS OF I862- in Co. B, Ioth Ky. Cav. (Union), killed by his team running away when and was honorably discharged in- I865. Thomas was a child. Elizabeth RidgeMr. and Mrs. Moreland live in Illiopolis way was born Nov. 25, 1775, in Berkley township. WERTER P., born March county, Va. Thomas Burns and ElizaII, 1861, and HARRY, born Feb. Io, beth Ridgeway were married March II, 1864, live with their parents-W. S. Burch 1794, and had one child in Berkley counand wife, reside two miles south of Lanes- ty; and then moved to Washington counville. ty, West Va., where they had.three childMrs. Elizabeth Burch died Sept. 20, ren. They then moved to North CaroI865, in Curran township. lina, and after a short stay, moved to JesBURKHARDT, JOHN M., samine county,Ky., where they had one was born Feb. 2, 1807, in Schwarzenberg, child, and from there to Clarke county, county of Neuremberg, Kingdom of where they had seven children. The Wurtemberg. He came to America in family moved from there to Sangamon 1832, and spent two summers in Pennsyl- county, Ill., arriving in the fall of 1829, vania, and as many winters in Mississippi. in what is now Mechanicsburg township. He came to Springfield in 1836, and was Some of their children had preceded them. there married, Aug. I8, I843, to Mary E. Of their childrenNagle, who was born June 24, I827, in RACHEL, born Jan. 30, I795, in Bavaria, Canton, Bergzabern. She sailed West Virginia, died Jan. 30, I8I6, in KenOct. 20, I84, in the ship Oceana. The tucky. vessel was wrecked off the island of ELIZABETH, born Nov. 28, 1796, Jamaica, Dec. 3, I841. The passengers in West Virginia, died Feb., 1840, in Sanwere all saved, but lost their baggage. gamon county. They were transferred to another vessel, ROBERT E., born March 28, 1799, and arrived at New Orleans Jan. 8, I842, in Washington county, West Va., marto find the city in holiday attire in honor ried in Clarke county, Ky., Sept. 15, 825, of Gen. Jackson's victory over the British, to Patsy Cass, and moved to Sangamon Jan 8, 1815. Her father died in St. Louis, county, Ill., arriving Oct., 1825, in Bufwhile she was detained by shipwreck. falo Hart Grove. They were the first of She came on to Springfield, arriving in the family to come to the county. They March, 1842, and joined her sister, Mrs. had four children in Sangamon county, Catharine Lorch, then and now the wife two of whom died young. ROBERT of Charles Lorch. Mr. and Mrs. Burk- FRANKLIN, born Dec. 9, I830, died hardt had eleven children;-twodiedunder July I1, 1852. ELIZABETH C., born three years, and Charles A. died, aged June 7, I838, married April 16, I854, to seven. Of the other eight- John T. Constant. See his name. Rob/OHN, born May 20, 1844, enlisted ert E. Burns and his wife reside at BufJuly 4, 1862, for three months, in Co. D, falo Hart Station, very near where they 7oth Ill. Vol. Inf., and served five months settled in 1825. Mr. Burns had a neighas a Corporal. He again enlisted March bor, Wm. Bridges, who was a blacksmith 22, I864, in Co. G, II4th Ill. Vol. Inf., for and gunsmith. Wm. and Hiram Robbins three years. He was killed June Io, came to Mr. Bridges to have work done, I864, at the battle of Guntown, Miss. - and he had no coal. They told him that BERTHA, born June 23, 1847, was they had seen coal cropping out of the married March 6th, 1874, to Walter F. ground in their hunting excursions, and Swift, who was born in New Bedford, gave him directions so that he could find Mass. They reside in Ottawa, Kan. it. Mr. Burns took'his wagon and team, CHARLES A., ElMMlA, ANNIE went with Mr. Bridges to the place and L., yENNIE C., IDA B. and LIL- dug out a load, and found it good for blackLIE E., live with their mother. smithing. It was in a ravine about threeJohn M. Burkhardt died Aug. I, I868, fourths of a mile northwest of where Barand his widow resides one mile east of clay now stands. That was in 1826, and Springfield, Ill. was the first coal found in that part of the BURNS, THOMAS, was born country. Mr. Burns raised cotton for August I, 1773, at Alexandria, Va. His clothing, and it matured perfectly before father was a native of Scotland, and was the "deep snow" of 1830-31. After that

Page  161 SAATGAMON COUNTYT. i6i he tried frequently, bringing seed from MAHALA, born May io, I806, in Tennessee several times, but all his Clarke county, Ky., married there Nov. efforts proved to be such failures that the 27, 1827, to Bailey F. Bell. See his seed ran out and was lost. name. ANN T., born May 27, 1801, in West MELINDA ad L CINDA, twins, Virginia, married in Kentucky, August 6, ornuly 23, 8, in Clarke coun, Ky 1817, to Abner Enos. See his name. IELIA DA, married in Sangaron She died there,June 13, 1829. unty,Jan. 17, I830, to Ambrose Bowen Cass. See his name. fOHNV R., born Oct. I9, 1803, in Jes- LCINDA, married in Sangamon samine county, Ky., married in Sangamonept., 182, ohn W. Robcounty Sept. 20o 1832, to Tohn W. Robcounty, April 17, 1828, to Lucy A. Cass. i on. See, He was a soldier in the Black Hawk iboJune 1 EML I, born June 4, I8 I, in Clarke war. They had twelve children, all bornngamon c, o c county, Ky., married in Sangamon county, in Sangamon county, three of whom diedlemmon Stikland. Tan. 17, I830, to'Clemmon Strickland. under five years. MARY J., born Mar. They hd t children. The parn 1847, to John They had three children. The parents 26, 1831, married Feb. 284 J and two of the children died. JOSEPH, Cass. See his name.,THOMAS F., the only living member of the family born Jan. 9, 1833, married Sept. 30, 1856, married Emily Chance, and lives at BufUrsula Greening. Thos. F. Burns en- falo listed Tuly 25, I862, in Co. F., ii4th Ill.- REBECCA, born Feb. 16, I814, i Inf., for three years. Served about one arkecounty, Ky., marriedn SangaClarke county, Ky., married in Sanga, year, and was honorably discharged n cnt to Bennett Wood, anative of on account of physical disability. He They lived in Green county, now resides in Mt. Pulaski. WILLIAM Kentucky. They lived in Green county, now resides in M Pulaski. WIIll., until they had two children, namely: A., born Nov. 28, 1839, married Dec. 24, BAZZLE or BASIL M., born June t6 2867, to Lucy E. Jones. They have two 1867, to Lucy E. Jones. They have two 1835, in Green county, enlisted July, I862, children, WM. ELMER and IVA MAY, and for three years, in Co. E., 6th Ill. Inf. live near Buffalo Hart Station. MAR- iv n B H i Served full term and was honorably disTHA A., born Feb. 27, I843, lives with charged with the regiment, in I865. He her parents. ARMINTA, born Dec. 30, was married in Sangamon county, Jan. 25, 1844, married Feb. 21, 1867, to Wm B. 866, to Nannie J. Grahamwho was born Robinson. See his name. SOPHIA, July 4,843, i Morgan county. They born Feb. 13, 1849, married Dec. 7, 1871, had two children, FLORA and GRACIE, and to James F. Hickman. See Zhis name. Mrs. Wood died, Jan. 6, 1872. Mr. Wood IVA, born March I8, I85I married Oct. IVA, born March IS, i85i, married Oct. resides one and a quarter miles east of 25, I87I, to James L. Wright,who was Illiopolis, with his father-in-law, Mr. born in Lockmaben, Scotland, and resides Graham. SARAH Wood, born March, in Buffalo Hart township. JOHN T., BuffaloHart township. JON T., 1834, in Green county, married in Sangaborn Jan. II, 1854, and ROBERT B., m county to John Stall. They have born Oct. 26, 856, live with teir parents, four children, and live at Niantic. Benone mile south of Buffalo Hart Station.ood died in Green county, nd his * — nett Wood died in Green county, and his Mrs. Lucy A. Burns says that they widow married James McGee. Mrs. Mcraised cotton in the summer of i828; that Gee died in Sangamon county, leaving she picked it from the bolls, picked two children: JOHN T. and WILLIAM K. the seed out with her fingers, carded it McGee reside in Williamsville. with hand cards, spun and wove it, and i7?FANKINV, born August 6, 8i6, in made it up into garments of various kinds. Kentucky, married in Sangamon county, In I829 they raised a much larger quanti- March 3, I836, to Louisa Ridgeway. ty, and had it ginned on a machine owned They had - children. THOMAS by William G. Cantrall. They paid toll, J. married and resides in Kansas. PARor part of the cotton, for ginning, the THENIA married George Sensbaugh, same as grinding is done by custom mills. and lives near Whiterock, Jewell county, When all was done they had eighty Kansas. LOUISA J. married Daniel pounds of ginned cotton left. She says Redman, and lives near Lone Oak' P. O., that after the " deep snow " it never would Bates county, Mo. MAHALA' resides mature. with her sister, Louisa'J. B. HARDIN -21

Page  162 162 EEARLY SETTLERS OF lives with his uncle, Robert E. Burns. the family homestead. SARAH E. marFranklin Burns and his wife are both ried John Simpson. They had one child, dead. and mother and child died. JOSEPHUS PA TS, born Feb. 20, I819, in Ken- died in his twenty-fourth year. MARY tucky, married in Sangamon county, Dec. A. died, aged nineteen years. James 26, I837, to Baldwin Harper. They had Burtle died, and his widow resides in Ball one child, EVELINE. She married township, six and a half miles southeast of Theophilus Kirwood, and lives near Chatham. Warrensburg, Macon county. Mr. and THOMAS, born Aug. 12, 1815, in Mrs. Harper are both dead. Kentucky, married in Sangamon county Mrs. Elizabeth Burns died Oct. 5, I830, to Louisa Simpson. They have four and Thomas Burns died August ii, 1836, children. JAMES H. married Sarah E. both in. Sangamon county. Gatton. They have six living children: BURTLE, WILLIAM, born LOUISA A and MARY L. (twins), ANNA E., July I, 1780, near Montgomery Court MARTHA F., WILLIAM J. and THERESA H. House, Md. His parents moved, when Mrs. Sarah E. Burtle died in Sept., 1873, he was a boy, to Washington county, Ky. and James H. Burtle resides in Ball townSarah Ogden was born in 1786, in St. ship. JOHN T.,Jun., married Elizabeth Mary's county, Md. Her father died when M. Boll. They have three children, EDshe was a child, and her mother moved, WARD A., JACOB R. and ANN N., and live with several children, to Washington in Ball township. MARY A. married county, Ky. William Burtle and Sarah Joseph H. Berry. They have five daughOgden were there married, about I805. ters, SARAH L., ELIZA C., MAGGIE A., They, had nine children in Kentucky. The MARY A. and ADA F., and live in Ball family moved to Sangamon county, Ill., township. ELIZA J. married John A. arriving October, 1826, in what is now White. They have two children, JOSEPH Ball township. Mr. Burtle entered land, H. and WILLIAM T., and reside with her and made improvements for a permanent father. Mrs. Louisa Burtle died April 2, home, about two hundred yards east of I875, and Thomas Burtle resides near St. where St, Bernard's Catholic Church now Bernard's Catholic Church, in Ball townstands, and moved on it in the spring of ship. 1828. Of their nine children- ELLEN died, aged fourteen years. yOOSEPH, born in Kentucky, married MARr, born in Kentucky, married in in Sangamon county to Mrs. Maria Mil- Sangamon county, II., July 24, 1834, to ler, whose maiden name was Gatton. Josephus Gatton. See his name. They both died in Sangamon county, BE.NrAMIN, born ih Kentucky, without children. married in Sangamon county to Monica OHLN, born in Kentucky, was mar- Gatton. They have six children living. ried there to Matilda Simpson. They MARY E. married William R. Greenhad two children, one of whom died in awalt. See his name. The other children infancy. His daughter married, moved to reside with their parents, in Pawnee townTexas, and died there. John Burtle died ship. in Ball township. His widow married, WILLIAM, Jun., born Aug, 9, I822, moved to Missouri, and died there. in Grayson.county, Ky., came with his A AMES, born May 25, I8II, in Ken- parents to Sangamon county in Oct.,1826, tucky, was married in Sangamon county was married Sept. 4, 1856, to Mrs. Elizato Elizabeth Gatton. They had six child- beth A. Simpson, whose maiden name ren. JOHN T. married Eliza J. Simp- was White. Mrs. Burtle had one child son. They have six children, JAMES R., by her former marriage, JEROME JOSEPH E., EMMA, SAMUEL, ANNA and SIMPSON. Mr. and Mrs. Burtle had JEROME. Mrs. Eliza J. Burtle died in two children. IDA F. died March g, May, I875, and John T. Burtle and fami- I87, in her fourteenth year, and CHAS. ly reside in Ball township, seven miles E. lives with his parents. William Burtle southeast of Chatham. WILLIAM 0. has been a school teacher, Justice of the married Mary M. Speak. They have Peace, and for more than twenty years three children, MARIA, OSCAR E. and Treasurer and Collector of Ball township; MARY M., and reside with his mother at also a member of the Board of Supervis

Page  163 SANGAMON CO UNT. 163 ors of Sangamon county. He was also I868, and both were buried near St. Bernelected President of the Old Settlers' ard's Church. About the time William Society, in 1874, for one year. He now Burtle, Sen., came to Sangamon county lives in Auburn, engaged in mercantile with his family, his father, Benjamin Burbusiness with his step-son, Jerome Simp- tie, came, and after remaining two or son. three years returned to Kentucky, and William Burtle, Jun., remembers that died there. his father and James Simpson sent a re- BURTON, EDWARD, was quest to St. Louis that a priest visit their born Oct. 13, 1796, on Roanoke river, neighborhood. Rev. Mr. Dusuaswa came Va., and went to Rutherford county, in 1829, and held services at the residence Tenn. He was there married to Frances of Joseph Logsdon. That was the first Hudson, who was born April Io, i797, in service ever held by a Catholic priest in Virginia also. They had five children in Sangamon county, and long before any Tennessee, and moved to Sangamon thing of the kind took place in Spring- county, Ill., in 1825 or'6, and settled on field. William Burtle remembers that Lick creek, in what is now Chatham there were then but two Catholic families township, where they had four children. in Springfield. The next services were at Of their childrenthe house of Wm. Burtle, Sen., by Rev. 7OHNA,born in Tennessee, married Joseph A. Lutz. The next priest to visit in Sangamon county, Aug. 8, i84, to them was the Rev. Mr. Van Quickenbon. Elizabeth H. Park. He died March iI, Services were held at the house of William 185, leaving two children. MARY F. Burtle, Sen., until 1849, when St. Bernard's married uly 31, i861, to William H. H Church was built. One edifice was burned, Harris,who wasorn July 8, 84, in and the present one was built on the same Macoupin county. They have three ground. St. Bernard's church is associated children, ALLIE F., VINETTIE and ZELMIE, with that at Virden in sustaining a priest. and live four miles southwest of Loami. Mrs. William Burtle relates, in a very LEONARD F., lives with his sister, Mrs. amusing manner, some of her experience Harris. Mrs. E. H. Burton married Wm. on coming to the county. She had list- S. Morris. See Parkfamiy. ened to the descriptions of the flowers EIZABETH G. died, aged twentyblooming on the prairies, and made up five years her mind that it would lend additional ELLEN married Blaney Pitts, have charms to those she was acquainted with nine children, and reside near Centralia. to cultivate them on the prairie where the wild flowers could grow around them. iAR, bornDec. 21, 1822, n RuthShe came prepared with seeds, and at the erford county, Tenn., married in Sangaproper season armed herself with a hoe mon county, ct8, 84, to William Edwards. See his name. and sallied forth to indulge her taste for Edwards See s name horticulture on the raw prairie. The PEMELIA A., born Aug. I, 826, romance all vanished at the first blow, as married Oct. 13, 1840, to Henry Edwards, the hoe rebounded without making the who was born Jan. 6, 1820, in Garrard slightest impression. Until that time she county, Ky. He is nephew to his brotherthought plowing with large ox-teams was in-law, William Edwards. They had overdoing the work, but then became fully twelve children; nine died under seven satisfied that it was indispensable as a pre- years. GEORGE D. died at nineteen. paration for the cultivation of the soil. ERVING lives with his parents. ZA CHARIAH, born in Kentucky, RICHARD S. married Margaret E. married in Sangamon county to Elizabeth Adams, have two living children, HENRY J. Harper. They have five living child- P. and ADA M., and live in Talkington ren, JAMES W., SARAH E., EDGAR township. Henry Edwards and wife reA., MARY M. and ROBERT E., and side in Talkington township also (1884). reside on the farm settled by his father in RICHARD S. married Sarah J. EdI828, about two hundred yards east of St. wards. He enlisted in an Illinois regiBernard's Catholic Church. ment, and died at home on sick furlough, William Burtle, Sen., died July 24, leaving three children. His widow. mar1860, and Mrs. Sarah Burtle died Feb. I, ried, and resides -in Texas.

Page  164 1X44, EARLY SETTLERS OF 7tJULIE TTE married James Jordan Butler resides four and a half miles east of Edwards. See his name. Springfield. BENJAMIN W. married Rachel G. 7OSHUA C., born Nov. 26, 1820, in Park. They have two children, NEL- Adair county, Ky., brought up in SangaSON M. and NANCY E. Mr. Burton mon county, married April, I857, in Jefdied Jan. 4, i86i. His widow and child- ferson county, Iowa, to Margaret J. Risren reside two and three-quarter miles tine. She died in Springfield in 1859, west of Loami (1874). leaving one child. J. C. Butler was marLTUCINA married James A. Edwads. ried in Sangamon county to Elizabeth L UC.I/VA married James A. Edwards. ee his name. * tStitt, and has three living children, viz: Edward E. (or D.) Burton died at CHARLES B., born June 6, I850, marGirard Ill., April 8, 1859, while attending red June, 87, in Sangamon county Sangamon Presbytery of the Cumberland to Ann Owen. They have one child and Presbyterian Church, to which he was a live near VirginiaCas county AR delegate. Mrs. Margaret Burton died ARET MARY and ROBER Sept. I, 1859, in Sangamon county. L. live with their parents, two and a half miles northeast of Berlin. Joshua C. ButBUTLER, NATHAN M., ler was a member of Co. A., 4th Ill. Inf., born Jan. 30, 1795, in Adair county, Ky. and served under Col. E. D. Baker, in the He was married in Green county, to Mary Mexican war, from June, 1846, to June, Harding, who was born in 1795, in that I847 county. They made their home in Adair ELIZABETH E., born August 4, county until they had four children, when 1823, in Adair county, Ky., married in they left for the west, and after a deten- Sangamon county to William T. Barrett. tion of seven months in Indiana, arrived, OHNV C., born April, 1825, in MorOct. 7, 1824, in Morgan county, Ill., gan county, Ill., enlisted in the same conwhere they had two children. In the pany and regiment with his brother, spring of 1831 they moved to Sangamon Joshua C., and was discharged on account county, and settled on the south side of of physical disability. He married Fransland Grove, two miles northeast of ces Brown. They had two children,both where Berlin now stands. Of their six of whom died, and Mr. Butler died in. children- Springfield. His widow married John J. WILLIAA A., born July 23, 1817, in Hardin. See his name. Adair county, Ky., married in Sangamon RA CHEL R. born in Morgan councounty, to Mrs. Jane Clark, whose maiden ty, married in Sangamon county to E. name was Trotter. She was born Feb. Riley Pirkins. See his name. 2, 1827, in Indiana, and raised in Sanga- Mrs. Mary Butler died, and N. M. mon county. Mr. Butler was city Mar- Butler married Mrs. Martha H. Stone, shal of Springfield in i86i, and'2; is now whose maiden name was Hunter. They farming four miles east of Springfield. had three children, vizSTEPHEN H., born Nov. I2, 1818, SALL Y H., born in Sangamon counin Adair county, Ky., brought up in San- ty, married Edmond E. Butler, of Kengamon county, married in Menard county tucky. They had one child, and mother Feb. 27, I845. to Nancy J. Coats, who and child died at DesMoines, Iowa. was born Dec. 6, 1825, in Warren county, SAMUEL H., born in Sangamon Ky. They had twelve children; five died county, enlisted in I86I, for three years, under six years. ISAAC E., born Jan. in the ioth Ill. Cav. Served until Nov., 27, 1846, married Feb. I3, 1873, to Emma I864, when he was honorably discharged J. Clark, and resides five miles east of at San Antonio, Texas. He remained Springfield. JULIA B., born Dec. 4, there'in the employ of the government 1847, married Nov. 6, 1868, to James and married in March, I870, to Matilda Simpson. See hzs name. MARY L., Ann Blair. They had two children, a born June 5, 1849, married Joseph Don- son and daughter. He was shot by an ner. See his name. WILLIAM, born assassin, and died in the year 1872 or'3, April 12, I856, JOHN D., born Dec. 5, in Texas. I859. IRA and IDA, twins, born July YA/AMES E., born in Sangamon J9, 1861, live with their parents. S. H. county, married March 31, 1869, to Molly

Page  165 -SANAGAMON CO UNA'. N65 E. Oglesby. They have three children. carry a dispatch to Washington City, askHe enlisted in I86I, for three years, in the ing for an order to remove the United ioth Ill Cav., at Springfield. Re-enlisted States arms from the Arsenal at St. Louis as a veteran, promoted to First Lieut. to Alton, Ill. Railroad and telegraphic Served to the end of the rebellion, and communication to the Capital was cut off, was honorably discharged.,He resides but he managed to make his way through, near Dayton, Cass county, Mo. obtained the order, and returned in safety. Nathan M. Butler died April 4, I842, The arms were removed just in time to in Sangamon county, and his widow died keep them from falling into the hands of Oct. I4, i85i, in Menard county. N. M. the rebels. Soon after completing that Butler was a soldier in the war of I812, service he was appointed Commissary, and was in the battle of New Orleans. with the rank of Captain, but was at once He was Col. of a regiment in the Black assigned to duty on Gen. Pope's staff, and Hawk war of 1831-32. was with that officer during his campaign BUTLER, VILLIAM, was in North Missouri, at Island No. Io,&c. born Dec. i5, I797, in Adair county, Ky. In Sept., I86I, he was appointed Major of During the war of 1812 he was selected to the 5th Ill. Cav. For gallantry on the carry important dispatches from the Gov- battle-field at Farmington, Miss., in June, ernor of Kentucky to Gen. Harrison, in 1862, he was promoted to Colonel in the the field. He traveled on horseback, and regular army; but still, by permission from made the trip successfully, although he Gen. Wool, he remained on duty with was but fifteen years of age. Wh'en a Gen. Pope. He shared the fortunes of young man he was employed:in the iron that officer during the Virginia campaign, works of Tennessee, and after that was as also in Minnesota against the Indians. deputy of the Circuit Clerk for Adair He served until the close of the rebellion, county, Ky. While thus engaged, he in 1865. made the acquaintance of a young lawyer, Col. Speed Butler was married May 26, now the venerable Judge Stephen T. 1864, in Milwaukee, Wis., to Jeannie Logan, of this city. The friendship thus McKenzie Arnold, who was born Sept. formed continued through life. Mr. But- 4, 184, in Poughkeepsie, N. Y. They ler spent a portion of his time as clerk on have three children, ANNIE L., ELIZa steamboat. In 1828 he came to Sanga- ABETH and ARNOLD W., and live mon county, and purchased a farm in Is- near Springfield, on the southwest. land, Grove. On that farm his father, HENVRY WIRT, born Feb. I, I840, Elkanah Butler, lived and died. William in Springfield, graduated in I859 at Brown Butler came to Springfield, and was soon University, Providence, R. I., and was after appointed Clerk of the Circuit Court, married May 9, 1867, to Helen McClerby his early friend, Judge Logan, March nand, daughter of Gen. John A. McCler19, 1836, and resigned March 22, 1841. nand. She was born in Springfield, and He was appointed, by Gov. Bissell, State died April 26, I870, leaving one child, Treasurer, August 29, 859, to fill the WILLIAM J. H. W. Butler and son vacancy occasioned by the resignation ot live in Springfield. State Treasurer Miller. He was elected Mrs. Elizabeth Butler died March 2, to the same office in I860 for two years. 1869, and Hon. William Butler died Jan. William Butler and Elizabeth Rickard II, I876, both in Springfield. were married Dec. I8, 1832. They had three children, namelySALO zVIE E., born in Springfield, C, and now resides on South Sixth street, at the family homestead. CALDWELL, WILLIAM, SPEED, born Aug. 7, I837, in was born Dec. 15, 1779, in Nansemond Springfield. He graduated at the Luther- county, Va. His father, Thomas Caldan University in Springfield, in I854, well, was born in Ireland, and married studied law, and was admitted to practice there to Betsy Harris, a Welch lady. in I860. When the rebellion came upon They emigrated to America, and landed the country in 186i, Speed Butler was at Charleston, South Carolina, where they selected by the Governor of Illinois to remained a short time, and then moved to

Page  166 166 EARLY SETTLERS OF Virginia. At the time of Thomas Cald- Ky., to Tallahassee, Florida, and returned well's death, he and his wife had a home to Danville, and after a short visit, conin the family of the son William. John tinued her journey to Carrollton, Ill., a disC. Calhoun was related on the side of his tance of at least two thousand miles. mother to the Caldwell family, and there John Caldwell and wife had five children, is the source from which that distinguished namely: WILLIAM C., born March statesman obtained his middle name: John 15, 1835, married Jan. 14, 1864, to Sarah Caldwell Calhoun. When William Cald- C. Baucom, who was born Nov. i6, 1840, well was a youth, his parents left Virginia in Sangamon county, They reside eight and moved to Jessamine county, Ky. miles southwest of Springfield. JANE Nancy Roberts was born Sept. 24, 1782, Y. died in her eleventh year; BETSY in in Goochland county, V?, and when her seventh year; HENRY died in inyoung, went to Jessamine county, Ky. fancy. BENJAMIN F., born Aug. 2, William Caldwell and Nancy Roberts 1848, in Greene county, Ill., was married were married Feb. 7, I804. They had six May 27, 1873, to Julia F. Cloyd, who was living children in Jessamine county, and born March 7, I856, in the southeast corner the family moved to Green county, Ill., in of Curran township, Sangamon county. 1831, and in 1836 moved to Sangamon Immediately aftertheir marriage they left county, Ill., and settled in what is now for New York, via Detroit and Suspension Auburn township. Of their children- Bridge. At New York took steamer GEORGE L., born Dec. 6, I804, in (June 4th) for Queenstown, Ireland, Kentucky, married Sept. io, 1829, toPolly where they landed June I4th. Passed Roberts. She inherited two negro slaves through Ireland to Belfast; thence to (a man and woman) from the estate of her Scotland, down through the centre of father. On May 7, 1830, they took ad- England to London; from there through vantage of the absence of Mr. Caldwell, Holland, Belgium and smaller German who was Sheriff of the county at the time, States, to Berlin, in Prussia; thence to and strangled his wife to death with a Vienna Exposition, across the Alps into small cord. They then placed her in a Italy, meeting with the unexpected pleasnaturalposition in bed, bandaged her head, ure of an audience with Pius the IX. and placed such medicines on a stand, Returning, passed through Mt. Cenis tunwithin her reach, as she would have been nel, thence by Geneva to Paris; from Paris likely to use if she had been indisposed, and back to London, thence to Liverpool, left her until it was discovered by other taking steamer for Boston, where they members of the family. The bruises on the arrived Oct. 6th, same year. Distance neck excited suspicion, and the blacks being traveled in round trip, I4,000 miles. Mr. charged with the crime, confessed that and Mrs. B. F. Caldwell have one child, they had taken her life, hoping by that MARY JANE, who was born March 20, means to be sent to their former home. 1874. They reside near Chatham, SangaThe man was an old, trusted carriage ser- mon county, Ill. John Caldwell died of' vant, and forced the woman to assist him. heart disease, Aug. I, 1863, after a painful They were tried, and, upon their own con- illness, and his widow resides eight and a fession, convicted and hung. George L. half miles southwest of Springfield, and Caldwell-was married Sept. 27, 1831, to one and a half miles north of Chatham. Eliza McDowell. They had one son, and JANIVE R., born April i5, I809, marMrs. Caldwell died June I8, I839, and ried in Kentucky to Minor T. Young. Mr. Caldwell died Sept. 30, 1840. Came to Illinois, and she died Jan. 21, Neither of them ever came to Sangamon 1844, in Curran township. county. Theirson GEORGE M. CALD- ELIZABETH, born Aug. I7, 1812, WELL is the extensive stock-raiser near married Jan. 12, 1831, to Albert G. TalWilliamsville, in this county. bott. She died April 29, 1838, leaving 7OHN, born Jan. 21, 1807, in Ken- three children in Kentucky, namely: tucky, came to Carrollton, Ill., in 1827. MARY A. married Dr. William TomlinHe was married there Jan. 23, I834, to son. The sons are WILLIAM P. and Mary J. Davis. She was born near Dan- ALBERT G., Jun. ville, Ky., Jan. i6, 1815. When a young CHARLES H., born March I8, I818, lady, she rode on horseback from Danville, in Kentucky, died May 24, I833, at Jack

Page  167 SANGAMON COUNTr. I67 sonville, Ill., while a student at Illinois and sisters, that the reader may underCollege. stand the character of the family. WILLIAM, Jun., born Aug. I4, 1820, WILLIAM B., was a lawyer, and in Kentucky, married Sept. 30, I842, in stood high in the profession. He lived in Mercer county, Ky., to Mary J. Camp- Springfield, Mass.; was speaker of the bell. Mr. Caldwell died June 29, I844. house of representatives eight years, and His widow married Mr. Moore, and President of the Senate a number of resides at Pleasant Hill, Cass county, Mo. years. He represented the Springfield William Caldwell, Sen., died Aug. I, district in Congress eight years. CHARLES I844, and his widow died Dec. I9, 1858, was, for twenty consecutive years, Secreboth at the southeast corner of Curran tary of the Senate of Massachusetts. township. ANDREW H., left his native State and beWhen he moved from Auburn to Cur- came connected with journalism in the ran township, in 1841, there was not a State of New York. He served seven place for holding religious worship near years on the Board of Canal Commishim. In order to afford temporary accom- sioners, and one term as Clerk of the State modations, he constructed his residence in Senate. HENRY was a merchant in Montsuch a manner that it could be used for gomery county, New York. Later in life that purpose. It consisted of a large cen- he was, for many years, Deputy Collector tral room, with three other large rooms of United States Customs in the city of opening into it. Plans were laid, before New York. SIMEON HOWARD, born his death, for building a church, and on August 15, 1804, was educated at Harvard hisdeath bed he requested that it be called College, became a Christian minister, and Bethel, which was done, as the Christian joined a mission at Mount Lebanon, Syria. Church near where he lived bears that He was entrusted with translating the name. Mr. Caldwell was a man of great Bible into the native language, and public spirit all his life. He was Captain subsequently established a native colof a comphny from Jessamine county, Ky., lege near Beirut, of which he is nowin the war of 1812. A younger brother I875-the President. JAMES, younger was a member of his company, and was than John, was for thirty years an active taken prisoner at the battle of the river business man in Cincinnati, 0. There Raisin. He came near freezing to death were two sisters, SUSAN, older, and MARwhile confined in a rail pen in Canada. THA, younger. The father, Andrew William Caldwell was Sheriff of Jessa- Calhoun, after spending the prime of his mine county, Ky., and represented the life as an extensive merchant in Boston, county several times in the State Legisla- retired to a farm in Montgomery county, ture. He represented Sangamon county N. Y., where he lost his wife, returned to two terms in the Legislature of Illinois. Boston, married again, and died April 14, CALHOUN, The origin of the I842. family in America was with Andrew Cal- CALHOUN, JOHN, was born houn, who was born March 27, 1764, in Oct. I4, 1808, in Boston, Mass., and in Rye, Ireland. The family record speaks 1821 accompanied his father to the Moof his birth place as "Heland." That hawk Valley, in New York. After finmay have been a provincial name, or the ishing his studies at the Canajoharie original Gaellic name for Ireland. An- Academy, he studied law at Fort Plain, drew Calhoun was a near relative of the both in Montgomery county. In I830 he father of John C. Calhoun, of South came to Springfield, Ill., and resumed the Carolina. He came to America about study of law, sustaining himself by teachI792, and made his home in Boston,.Mass. ing a select school. He took part in the March I5, I795, he was married at Chelms- Black Hawk war of 1831-2, and after its ford, Mass., to Martha Chamberlin, who close, was appointed by the Governor of was born at the latter place, Feb. 20, I770. the State, Surveyor of Sangamon county. She was a descendent of the Puritans. He induced Abraham Lincoln to study They had eight children, all born in Bos- surveying, in order to become his deputy. ton. Their sixth child, 70H-IN, is the From that time the chain of freindship beone of whom we wish to speak particularly, tween them continued bright to the end but will first briefly mention his brothers of their lives, although they were ardent

Page  168 I68 EARL r SETiLERS 0tF partizans of different schools in politics. children now-I876-reside in LeavenJohn Calhoun was married Dec. 29, 1831, worth, Kansas. in Sangamon county, to Sarah Cutter. Hon. John Calhoun deserves more than See Cutter sketch. Theyhad nine child- a passing notice. He entered the political ren in Sangamon county, and in 1854 Mr. field in 1835, being the Democratic candiCalhoun was appointed by President date that year for the State Senate of IlliPierce, Surveyor-General for Kansas and nois, but there being a large Whig majorNebraska, and he moved his family to ity in the county, he was defeated by Kansas. Of all their children- Archer G. Herndon. In I838 he was yONHNVJun., born Nov. 15, 1832, died elected to represent Sangamon county in in his third year, in Sangamon county. the State Legislature. In I841 he, with ANDREJW, born Je i, in ohn Duff, completed the railroad from ANDREW, born June II, I835, in Sangaoncon, was kiled Jan, 1 *81 6o Tacksonville to Springfield, being the first Sangamon county, was killed Jan., 86o, State Capital. In to reach the State Capital. In I842 he was by the explosion of a steam saw mill in th Leavenworth county, Kansas. appointed Clerk of the Circuit Court of Leavenworth county, Kansas. a ELe ZABETHo, born March I8, I835, Sangamon county by Judge Treat. Il ELIZABET —,born March i8, i835, 1844 he was one of the Presidential in Sangamon county, was married Mlarch 8anin t Cth s oaea Electors of Illinois for President Polk. I, I 87o, in the Catholic church at Leaven- I o worth,7Kan, to Henry Jackson, a native In I849-'50-'5 I, he was successively elected worth, Kan., to Henry Jackson, a native - ^ a. v of En and. He is a Li t in th Mayor of Springfield. In 1852 he was.of England. He is a Lieutenant in the ^ 6T- TT,T~1- o*~ /one of the Presidential Electors of Illinois 7th Reg. U. S. Cav., and is nowI876 —' 7th Reg. U. S. Cay., and is now-i 876- for President Pierce, and was selected by on detached duty in the signal service at t c t v t - ^^ ^. nr"' ~his colleagues to carry the vote to WashWashington, D. C. Washingt. C.s bor ington City. In I854 he was appointed, SET] 7. was born M^arch 4, i839, by President Pierce, Surveyor General of n Springfield, Ill. He went with his Kansas and Nebraska, and moved his father to Kansas in 1854, and when the f y K rebellion commenced he enlisted in Battery ent a oitia i it 1-,ere he entered a political field with H, ist Mo. Art., It had been an infantr y H, st Mo. Art., It had been an infantry new and exciting sectional elements. He regiment under Col. Frank P Blair, and regiment under Col. Frank P. Blair, and was elected a delegate to the convention after the battle of Wilson creek, changed a ed t a o i i to artillery. It wasunde n. G that framed what has passed into history to artillery. It was under Gen. Grant r. t e as the Lecompton Constitution. He befrom the siege of Fort Donelson to the came the President of that body, which evacuation of Corinth, and under Sher- c I man in hismarh to the sea. eh was composed of unscrupulous pro-slavery th J adventurers, with a small number of conCalhoun was wounded July 22 I864 in Caloun was wounde July 22, 1864,n servative members, among whom was the the battle of Atlanta, Ga., and soon after That odious instrument ould I T * ^. T President. That odious instrument would promoted to second Lieut. of his Battery. conventionwithT have been adopted by the convention withHe served one full term, re-enlisted as a i v veteran, served to the end of the rebeln out submittingit to a vote of the people, veteran, served to the end of the rebellion h i o had it not been for the determined opposiand was honorably discharged. He now- s am was honora lydischargedh Kan tion of President Calhoun, who threatened 1875-lives' Leavenworth, a to resign, and opposed it by every method ALBER', born Feb. o, i84I, in in his power, unless it was submitted; and Springfield, and died in his fourth year. when it came to the polls he voted against MARTHA, born Jan. 9, r843, in adopting the pro-slavery clause. That Springfield, resides with her mother. instrument provided that the President of SUSAJ, born Sept. 8, 1844, in Spring- the Convention should count the vote and field, Ill., married, August 29, I866, in report the result. Leavenworth, Kansas, to Virgil W. Par- Soon after this duty was discharged he ker, who was born Dec. I6, I840, in Rome, started for Washington City, leaving all N. Y. They have one child, ADELIA, the returns and papers relating to the elecand reside in Atchison, Kansas. tion With one L. A. McLane, Chief Clerk MAR Y, born May 25, 1847, and of the Surveyor General's office. He has 7AMl/ES, born Nov. 30, I85z, both in been described as "A brilliant clerk, but Springfield, Ill., live with their mother. vain, vacillating, and ambitious of doing John Calhoun died Oct. 25, I859, at St. smart things, and economical of the trutih Joseph, Mo. His widow and unmarried generally." The instructions giverf to

Page  169 SMANGAMON CO UNTr. 169 him by Gen. Calhoun before starting east, to St. Joseph, Mo., and died there. He was to affor'd every facility to any body of deserved a better fate. He was a man of respectable men to examine the returns, as genial, hopeful, generous temperament; evidences of dissatisfaction were already ever ready to serve or defend a friend, but apparent, and the conviction soon became rarely defending himself, except on the general that a stupendous fraud had been spur of the moment; of great ability, and committed against the ballot. Soon the for a time was the best political orator in excitement became intense, endangering the State of Illinois. He was brilliant, the lives of some of the conspicuous but deficient in practical application. actors, and McLane became alarmed. President Lincoln has been' heard to say Gen. Thomas L. Eowing, Jun., and Judge that John Calhoun was the strongest man Smith called upon him, with a letter from he had ever met on the stump; that he Mr. Calhoun, instructing the clerk to let could manage Douglas, but that Calhoun those gentlemen examine the returns, always gave him his hands full. Mr. McLane falsely stated to Messrs. CALLERMAN, DANIEL Ewing and Smith that the returns were K., was born Dec. io, I806, in Fleming not in his possession; that Gen. Calhoun county, Ky. He came to Sangamon had taken them with him when he left for county, Ill., in company with his widowed Washington. A few evenings later, Mc- mother, arriving Nov. I4, 1828, at SpringLane attended a ball at Lawrence, where field. He was married Sept. 29, 1833, to he was plied with good cheer, attentions Allie M. Henton. They had ten children and flattery, so grateful to his appetite and in Sangamon county, two of whom died vanity,, and after becoming mellow by the young. Of the other eightoccasion, a Lawrence belle, acting the /OHNl born Aug. 9, 1834, married part of Deliah, drew from him the secret Nov., I855, in Missouri, to Elizabeth of the coveted papers. The next day he Bunn. He is supposed to have lost his was called upon by a committee of the life in time of the rebellion, leaving a territorial legislature, who demanded the widow and three children in Vernon returns, when he again denied having county, Mo. them in his possession. He was then E VAN., born Oct. 2, 1836, in Sansummoned before a committee of the leg- gamon county, and married Henrietta islature, and there stated under oath that Drake. They had three living children, Gen. Calhoun had taken the returns with WILLIAM H., CHARLES M. and him. The cross-questions revealed to him CORA. Mrs. C. died June 9,.1873, and the fact that the Lawrence belle had be- he was married March I5, 1876, to Nellie trayed him. Realizing his position, he Elder, of Sangamon county, a daughter returned that night to Lecompton, and of Dr. A. W. Elder, an early settler of with a few cronies, put the returns in a Morgan county. E. H. Callerman lives candle box, and buried it under a wood in Williamsville. pile. A porter in the Surveyor-General's URIAH W., born Jan. I4, I839, in office, by the name of Charles Torrey, Sangamon county, married May 30, I875, who had.for a long time acted as a spy to Mary Curries. They live near Garnett, for the enemies of Gen. Calhoun, watched Anderson county, Kansas. the operation, and gave the information. BARBARA ELEANOR C., born A company of men from Lawrence soon March 21, I84I, in Menard county, married after unearthed the box, and bore away March ii, I860, in Sangamon county, to the prize. Andrew M. Whitenack, who was born The exposure of McLane's villainy was Aug. 9, I830, in Somerset county, N. J. now complete, and he precepitately fled They have one child, DANIEL C., and the Territory, with a mob in close pursuit. live near Edinburg, Ill. Thus the odium of the dastardly acts of MARTHA A., born Sept. I7, i843, in this man were unjustly visited upon Menard county, married Nov. 27, 1860, in Gen. Calhoun. Unqualified abuse and Sangamon county, to Minard A. McClelmisrepresentations were heaped upon him, land. They have five children, FRANand spread broadcast over the country by CIS A., IDA A., MARSHAL A., the press. That broke down his spirits, MAUD M. and MATTIE, and live near and he soon after left the Territory, went Garnett, Kansas. ~-2

Page  170 7o EARL Y SETTLERS OF MIAR, born Dec. I9, 1848, in Menard CAMPBELL, DAVID B. county, married Sept. 24, I868, in Sanga- came to Springfield with his brother Anmon county, to John R. W. McNeill. trim. He was Attorney-General from They had two children. GEORGE died 1848 to 1856, and died in office, in Springyoung. WALTER lives with his pa- field. rents, near Edinburg, Ill. CAMPBELL, ENOS, born GEOR GE W., born Dec. 24, I85I, about I758, either in Scotland or near and Trenton, N. J., soon after the arrival of ANVIV, born June 20, I857. The two his parents in America. He enlisted in latter live with their mother. the Revolutionary army at seventeen years Daniel K. Callerman died Dec. 2, 1873, of age, and served six or seven years, unand his widow lives near Williamsville. til the British army left the American CALLERMAN, URIAH, was shores. Mr. C. drew a pension to the end born Dec. 31, I798, in Fleming county, of his life. Enos Campbell and Damaris Ky., and was married there to Eleanor Nowee were married in New Jersey, and McKinnie. They had one child in Ken- moved to Uniontown, Fayette county, tucky, and moved to Sangamon county, Penn., where they had nine children, and Ill., arriving in the fall of 1822, four miles moved, about I806, to Butler county, 0., north of Springfield, where they had where they had one child, and the family three children. Of their children- moved to Sangamon county, Ill., arriving 7OHN-L., born June 2, 1822, in Flem- in the fall of 1835, in what is now Garding county, Ky., married in Sangamon ner township. Some of the children had county, Sept. I8, 1845, to Frances Cole. arrived before, and some never came. Of They had one child, JOHN L., Jun., born their childrenin Sangamon county, married Jan. 8, 1874, SARAH, born in Pennsylvania, marto Susan M. Lightfoot, and live five miles ried in Ohio to William Gard. They northwest of Springfield. John L. Cal- raised a family, and both died in Preble lerman died August 26, I846, and his county, Ohio. widow married Levi Branson, and lives YOHN NV., born April io, 1794, in near Cincinnati, Neb. Uniontown, Fayette county, Pa., married ELIZABETH, born Dec. 26, 1823, Oct. 12, i88, in Butler county, Ohio, to in Sangamon county, died Sept. 21, 845. Phoebe Clarke, who was born April 30, NANCY, born March 3, 1826, in San- I791, in Uniontown, Pa., also. They had gamon county, married Goodrich Light- five children in Ohio, and moved to Sanfoot. See his name. gamon county, arriving Oct. 3, I824, in 7AMVES W., born April 19, 1828, in what is now Salisbury township, where Sangamon county, married March, 1856, they had four children. Of their children, to Emma Ash. They have six children, ISRAEL, born in Ohio, married in Sanand live ten miles southeast of Spring- gamon county to Mary Jacks, and lives in field. DeWitt county. CHRISTIANA, born Uriah Callerman died Sept. 13, I828, Tune 27, I819, in Ohio, married in Sangaand Mrs. Eleanor Callerman died August mon county, to Philip Clark, Jun. See 26, 1846, both in Sangamon county. his name. CLARKSON, born March CAMPBELL, ANTRIM, was 3, I82I, in Ohio, married in Sangamon born Aug. 5, 1814, in New Jersey. He county, to Ann Kyles. They had two came to Springfield about I838, and en- children, and live in Minnesota. He gaged in the practice of law. He was was Lieutenant in an Illinois regiment in married May 12, 184I, to Mrs. Ann Far- suppressing the rebellion. ENOS, born quar, whose maiden name was Cranmer. Nov. 22, 1822, in Ohio, married in SangaMr. Campbell was appointed,Jan. 24, 849, mon county, Feb. 12, 185I, to Rachel Master in Chancery for the circuit court of Duncan. They have two children, both Sangamon county, and resigned the same, married, and live near Clinton. BAROct. 28, r86i. He was appointed by the U.S. ZILLA, born July 22, 1824, in Ohio, marCircuit Court, Master in Chancery for the ried in Sangamon county, to Rosanna Southern District of Illinois. He died in Sackett, moved to Clinton and was Sheriff office, August 11, I868. His widow re- of DeWitt county and Quartermaster of sides at the Leland Hotel, Springfield. the Io7th Illinois Infantry. They have

Page  171 SANGAMON COUNTr. Ii five children, and live at Twin Springs, CAMPBELL, JOHN, was Lynn county, Kansas. LEWIS, born born Nov. 4, 79o, in Carter county, Tenn. Nov. 17, I826, in Sangamon county, mar- His father, Jeremiah Campbell, settled ried in Clinton to Philena Argo. They there before the American Revolution, have six children, and live at Clinton, Ill. and was a soldier during the Revolution, JOHN N. Jun., born March 24, 1829, in under Gen. Francis Marion. He lived to Sangamon county, married June 29, 1852, be about Ioo years old. His youngest to Susan Hendel. He died Aug. II, 1856, son, Jackson, was the owner of the old near Clinton. SARAH A., born May homestead at the beginning of the great 30, 1831, in Sangamon county, married rebellion. The farm had then been in the Sept, 21, 1854, to Robert Boyd, who died family about Ioo years. John Campbell leaving one child, ADA. Mrs. Boyd mar- enlisted in acompany from Carter county, ried Albert Williams, and both died, leav- in the war with England, served six ing one child in Clinton. MARY A., months, re-enlisted and served until March, born Dec. 22, I824, in Sangamon county, I815. He was an ensign in the last cammarried James Willis. They have four paign, and drew a pension to the end of children, and live near Clinton. John N. his life. He remained in Tennesssee unCampbell was a soldier in the war of 1812, til i818, when he went to Madison counfrom Ohio, and the Black Hawk war from ty, Ill., and was there married Nov. 6, Sangamon county. He and his wife live i818, to Lavina Parkison, who was born in Clinton now-1874-both over eighty Feb. 21, 1803. They moved to what beyears of age. came Sangamon county, arriving March LE WIS, married in Ohio to Leah 22, I819, on Lick creek, in what is now Weaver, came to Sangamon county before Chatham township, and had seven childthe " deep snow," moved back to Ohio in en there, namely1832, where he lost his wife, returned to' ALFRED C., was born July 22, Sangamon county in 1836, married Clar- 819, in Sangamon county, Ill. He was issa Willis, had eight children, and lives the first white child born on Lick creek, near Athens, Menard county. His and but two are known to have been born daughter, Leah, married John Slater. See earlier in the county. They were Samuel his name. Drennan, born May 5, I89, on Sugar RA CHEL, married in Ohio to Henry creek, and Joseph E. McCoy, born March Price, moved to Sangamon county, in 13, I819, on Horse creek. Alfred C. 1835, moved, in 1841, to Iowa, and from Campbell was married May 3, 1838, in there to the Pacific coast iii I854. They Sangamon county, to Polly Foster, a had ten children, and live in California. daughter of Peyton Foster. They had ABIGAIL, married in Ohio to Jacob seve hildren, one of whom, WM. P., Mann, raised a large family, and lives near died young. JOHN P., born August 4, Paris, Edgar county, Ill. I839, in Sangamon county, married Aug. TMAI2,E born in 1790, or'9I in Union- 26, 1858, in Shelby county to Sarah Elliott. town, Penn., married in hio to William- They have three children, POLLY, WILLIS, o F, FPenn.,man Trrie y h f ild and ELEANOR G., and reside near MoweH, Fi tz Freeman. They had five cnhil- qua, Shelby county, Ill. John P. Campren in Ohio, and came to Sangamon coun- bell enlisted Oct. 2, I86I, in Co. E, 32d Ill. ty in I837 She died July 2I, I854, in ty in 3. She died July, 5 Inf. He arose by regular grades to the her 64th year, and Mr. Freeman died Jan. rank of Captain, as wounded at the batI9, I856, in the 77th year of hs age. tle of Hatchie, honorably discharged, and Their son, Abraham Freeman, married now draws a pension. ELZIRA, E. born Margaret Penny, has several children, and in Sngan cn, April 23, I844, in Sangamon county, marlives in Springfield. ried in i862, to James W. Clark. They YANE, born April 27, 1808, in Butler have one child, POLLY, and reside near county, Ohio, married Jacob Gard. See Mowequa, Shelby county. SARAH C., his name. born Mar. 27, 1846, in Sangamon county, Mrs. Damaris Campbell died April 23, married in I865, in Champaign county, to 837, and Enos Campbell died June 2, F. Bechtel. They have one child, POLLY. I838, both in Sangamon county. LEONORA J.,born April 15, 1848, in

Page  172 172 EARL Y SETTLERS OF Sangamon county, and reside near Mo- ON P., born May 17, I854, married Mar. wequa. ALFRED C., Jun., born May 6, 1873, to Kate A. Workman, and resides 26, I850, in Sangamon county, married in four miles south of Loami. LONELY 1873 to Maggie Hunter. They have one ARIZONIA, ISAAC H., JACKSON child, CARRIE D., and live near Mowequa, and BEATRICE, reside with their Ill. GEORGE W., born May 9, 1853, mother. Wm. P. Campbell died August in Shelby county, is a sailor, and when 24, I868, and his widow resides three lest heard from was in Germany. Mrs. miles south of Loami. Mr. Campbell Polly Campbell died Jan. 9, 1858, and was a soldier in the Mexican war, where A. C. Campbell was married June I7, he contracted chronic diarrhea, which 1859, to Miss Jane Hunt. They are with- caused his death more than twenty years out family, and reside near Mowequa, after. Shelby county, Ill. Capt. A. C. Camp- 7EREMlIIAH. born Dec. 22, 1822, bell enlisted June io, I846, in Co. D., 4th married Luro Combs, and died in I853, Ill. Inf., under Col. E. D. Baker. He leaving a widow and two children in Shelwas commissioned 2d Lieut., and after the by county. Mrs. Luro Campbell mardeath of Capt. Achilles Morris, at Tam- ried Abner Smith, and resides near Mopico, Mexico, Lieut. Campbell commanded wequa, Shelby county, Ill. the company at the siege and capture of JOSIAH W., born April 5, 1828, Vera Cruz, and the battle of Cerro Gordo. married Elizabeth Workman. They had When the rebellion broke out he raised a two living children, and Mrs. C. (lied and company, Oct. 2, I86I, and became Capt. he married Angeline White. They have of Co. E., 32d Ill. Inf., under Col. John three children, and reside in Vernon Logan, and fought in all the battles from county, Mo. Fort Donelson to the sea. At Pittsburg PETER C., born Jan. I9, 1832, marLanding his company lost thirty-two men, ried May 5, 1852, to Amanda E. Carson. killed and wounded, out of fifty-six in They had three children, two of whom action. He served three years and four died in infancy. RACHEL C. resides months, and was honorably discharged. with her parents. Peter C. Campbell Capt. Campbell moved, in I85I, to the and wife live in Chatham township, with vicinity of Mowequa, Shelby county, in one mile of where he was born. where he now resides. CAROLINE, born Oct. 23, 1834, WILLIAM.1 P., born Nov. 4, I820, in married John Workman. See his name. Sangamon county, married, March 12, Mrs. Lavinah Campbell died Dec. 13, 1843, to Elizabeth Carson. They had 1853, and John. Campbell was married in fourteen children, five of whom died in I855 to Mrs. Margery Carson, whose infancy, and one, JOSIAH W., was killed maiden name was Parkison, a sister of in May, I859, by becoming entangled in his first wife. She died March 5, I870. the harness on a mule, which ran away John Campbell died Feb., I875, on the with him as he was leaving his plow to farm where he settled in I8I9, five miles escape from an approaching rain storm. west of Chatham, leaving a large estate Of the other eight, JEREMIAH, born which he had accumulated by industry and Jan. I, 1843, married Mary Wheeler, economy. He, as nearly all the earliest have two children. EARNEST L. and EAR- settlers, took part in the Black Hawk war. LEN R., and reside in Loami township. The first mill in the county, built by Daniel WILLIAM P., Jun., born April 7, 1846, Lisle, was sold by him, and after changing married Sarah Dodd, who was born Dec. hands once or twice, was bought by Mr. i, 1847, in Bradley county, Tenn. They John Campbell, and moved to his farm on had one child, AMANDA, who died July I8, Lick creek, where he put it up and ran it 1873, in her second year. They reside for years, each customer bringing his own in Talkington township. JAMES horses to run it. That kind of mills went S., twin to Josiah W.. was, born June 5, out of use long ago, and one of the burrs 1848, married Rebecca A. Hunter, who was was used by Mr. Campbell as a doorstep, born August I5, 1852, in Jersey county. to the day of his death. They had two children; one died in in- CAMPBELL, LEVI, was born fancy, and ETTIE MAY resides with her May I, I818, in Madison county, Ill., and parents, in Talkington township. SIM- came to Sangamon county.when he was

Page  173 SANGAMON COUNTT. I73 quite young. He was married March 4, who was born Dec. 20, 1847, in Pickaway 1841, to Susannah Staley. They had county, Ohio. They live near Pleasant three living children, namely- Plains. SARAH.. married John Hudson. M1IATILDA D., born April 3, i833, See his name. married Jan. 25, 185I, to Wm. F. Irwin. MAR r F., married Kirk Lacey. They See his name. have three children, and live in Waverly. WILLIAM V., born May 2, 1836, STALET D., lives west of Loami. married Feb. 13, I862, to Mary E. ValenLevi Campbell was a soldier from San- tine, who was born Dec. 14, I843, in Pickgamon county, in the war with Mexico, away county, 0. They had four children. in I846 and'7. He died May 22, 1851, OLIVER H. died young. MAXWELL and his widow married Wm. B. McCray. M., JASPER S. and CORA V. live They have three children — with their parents, at the family homeROBERT D., YAM~ES A. and stead settled in 1823. STEPHENz W., and live west of yASPER 7., born May 22, I839, Loami.. enlisted Sept. I8, 1862, for three years, in CAMPBELL, MAXWELL, Co. F, II4th Ill. Inf. He was captured was born Oct. 29, I795, in Cabarras coun- at the battle of Guntown, Miss., June Io, ty, N. C. His grandfather, Robert I864, remained in Andersonville prisonCampbell, came from Scotland. bringing pen until near the close of the rebellion, six sons: Robert, James, John, William, and was marching under rebel authority Samuel and George. Their arrival in to the Mississippi river for the purpose of North Carolina was not long before the being exchanged. On the second day's American Revolution, and all the six bro- march, he being emaciated by starvation, thers were soldiers in the Revolutionary fell out of the ranks, and was never heard army. The second Robert was the father of after. of the subject of this sketch. Maxwell Maxwell Campbell and his wife live Campbell was married July 25, 1822, in on the farm where they settled in 1823. North Carolina, to Nancy Plunkett. She It is four miles northeast of Pleasant was born June I5, I806, in the same coun- Plains. ty. They came to Sangamon county, ar- Maxwell Campbell says he raised the riving in May I823, and settled at the three first crops after he came to Sanganorth side of Richland creek in what is mon county, with an ox. He used the ox uow Cartwright township. They had for riding and all other purposes, the six living children in Sangamon county- same as a horse. In working he used ROBERT R., born August 13, 1823, harness instead of a yoke. He could married Dec. 13, I847. to Cynthia S. Pen- carry a grist of coin on the ox to mill, ny. They have eight children. SAM- hitch him in, do his own grinding, and UEL lives with his parents. NANCY then carryit home. He made a cart, each C.'married J. Harnsberger. See his name. wheel of which was a solid piece of wood, MATILDA C., GEORGE B., PETER and with the ox, did his first hauling. Mr. A., IDA JANE, JOHN D. and CHAS. Campbell says that for the first five years A., live with their parents, two and a half after coming to the county he never had miles northeast of Pleasant Plains. a cent of money. He first built a very 7OHNIr- H., born May 19, 1828, mar- small cabin, then prepared hewn logs for ried Feb. 28, i851, to Minerva E. Bum- a much larger house. They were hauled gardner. They have three children. together and lay two years because he ISABEL M. married Aaron Thompson. had no money to buy whisky for the raisNANCY E. and WILLIAM J. live with ing. He then bought a blind horse for their parents. John H. Campbell enlisted five dollars in trade. It had a bell on it, Sept. I8, 1862, for three years, in Co. F, which Mr. Campbell sold for two gallons II4th Ill. Inf. Served his full term and of whisky, and was thus enabled to raise was honorably discharged in July, I865, the house in which he has lived more than at Trenton, N. J. He lives east of Pleas- forty years. Soon after trading for the ant Plains. blind horse, he put a sack of corn and a J7AMES E., born Oct. 8, 1830, mar- boy on the ox, and rode the horse to mill, ried Oct. 4, i865, to Cordelia Valentine, hitched the horse and ox together, ground

Page  174 74 BARLY' SETILERS OF out the grist, and then started home. The Served full term and was honorably disox threw the boy and sack off. The boy charged. He died Jan., 1873 near Rochcaught one foot in the traces, and the ox ester. dragged him among the trees and stumps, Nelson Campbell and wife died in Sanand was likely to kill him. Mr. Camp- gamon county. bell, seeing the perilous condition of the CAMPBELL, ROBERT, was boy, ran ahead of the ox, caught it by the'born Sept. 9, 1783, in Kanawha county, horns-and knowing him to be its master, West Va. Mary Griffith was born there, rather than the physical strength he ex- Sept. 15, I791. They were married June erted-enabled him to hold it until help 30, i808, and some of their children were came and extricated the boy. At this born in that county. The family moved point in the story, the old gentleman to Cincinnati, and from there to Sangapaused, looked wise, and with a comical mon county, arriving previous to I835, expression of countenance, added in a near Loami. Of their childrentremblingvoice: "The neighbors always SIDNES S., born May 4, I8Io, in said they knowed that ox afterwards by West Va., married in Sangamon county, the prints of myfingers in his horns." March 30, 1836, to Barbara A. Neal. CAMPBELL, ROBERT, was They had six living children in Sangaborn in 1798, in' Caborras county, N. C., mon county. ROBERT D., born Jan. and married there to Mary Hill. They 27, 1840, enlisted July I5, i86i, in Co. C, moved to Sangamon county, Ill., about IIth Mo. Inf., for three years; re-enlisted 1828, and settled on Richland creek. They as a veteran, Jan., I864, served until Jan. brought two children with them, and had I5, I866, when he was honorably diseight in Sangamon county. In I868 the charged. Hewas married Sept. 2, I868, family moved to Kansas. Of their child- to Sarah Shryer. They have one child, ren- JAMES E., and live one mile south of JAMES married Nancy H. Stubbs, Bates. MARIA N., born Feb. 9, I842, and has two children, ALBERT T. and married Wm. H. Sowell. See his name. OSCAR, and live in Kansas. SAMUEL, born March 12, 1844, enVNANCY married John E. King, and listed Sept., I86I, in Co. B, Ioth Ill. Cav., live in Kansas. for three years. He was wounded in the SAM~UEL, WILEY, GREEN, battle of Little Rock, Ark., from which AilMfES., FRANKLIN, OHIN and he recovered, but died of disease in hospiCARROLL, the two latter twins, all, tal at that place, Sept., 1863. HARVEY married and unmarried, live near Fredonia, G. born July 7, 1846, lives with his Wilson county, Kansas. mother. AMARINE, born Nov. 7, Robert Campbell died Sept. 12, 1872, 1848, married Morris Lee, They have near Fredonia, Kansas, and his widow two children, and live near New Berlin. lives with their children. ELIZABETH, born Sept. 2, I856, marCAMPBELL, HUGH, twin ried James M. Williams, who was a brother to Robert, was born in I798, in Union soldier, also. They have two North Carolina, married there and came children, and live in Pleasant Plains. to Sangamon county, Ill., in Sept., 1830, Sidney S. Campbell died in 1874. His on Richland creek. They had nine child- widow resides at Loari. ren, and Hugh Campbell died August 28, HAMIL TON, born June 12, 1812, in 1865, and his widow died July 26, I869, West Virginia, married in Sangamon both in Rochester. county to Harriet Riddle. They moved CA M PB E L L, N E LSO N, to Oregon, where he was murdered. youngest brother to Maxwell, Robert and MARYE. V., born Oct. 4, 1814, marHugh. He was born in North Carolina, ricd Woodford Turpin, who died while a married in Tennessee to Themy Grady, soldier in the Mexican war, leaving two and came to Sangamon county in 1830. sons, CHARLES and HAMILTON. Mrs. They had three children. Their eldest Turpin married Walter Nicholls and reson- side near Dundee, Rice county, MinneOBER T, married Mrs. M. Gale, and sota. had two children. He enlisted in 1862, JOHN A., born Sept. 30, 1816, in for three years, in the iI4th Ill. Inf. Kanawha county, West Va., came with

Page  175 SANGAMOiV COUNTr. 75 his parents to Sangamon county, and after is now in Island Grove township, three spending a few years near Loami, came to miles northeast of Bates, where they had Springfield. He was married Oct. 4, 838, four children. Of their twelve childrento Susan C. Short. They had five child- JAMIES R. was born March 4, I8I2, ren, four of whom'died young. MARI- in Caldwell county, Ky. He enlisted in ETTA, born July 25, 1841, in Spring- a Sangamon county Light Horse Co. in field, Ill., was married there, Oct. 28, the spring of 1831, for the Black Hawk I860, to Daniel Myers. They had one war: served three months, enlisted in child, CAROLINE, and Mr. Myers died another Sangamon county company, in Oct. 30, I863. Mrs. Myers lives with her I83g, was in the battle of Wisconsin, and father, in St. Louis. Mrs. Susan C. served until the surrender of the Indian Campbell died April 3, 1852, and John A. chief, Black Hawk. Mr. Campbell enCampbell married Mrs. Elizabeth Rusk, listed at Galena in Co. K, Ist Ill. Inf., in whose maiden name was Hawker. She 1846, for one year. He was in the battle died, and he married Nov. 9, 1856, to of Buena Vista, Mexico, Feb. 22, 1847, Elizabeth T. Rich. They have one liv- in which Col. J. J. Hardin was killed. ing child, CYRUS W., and reside at 92I J. R. Campbell never married, and resides North Tenth Street, St. Louis, Mo. at the family homestead near Bates. CHIARLES R., born Nov. 17, 182I, CHARLES R., born Nov. i, 1821, AMAR GARET A., born Nov. 8, 1813, in West Virginia, married in Sangamon L^ a. TV/T r^-^ ^t ^. in Kentuckv, married in Sangamon councounty to Mary Gibson. They have two K m id in S on o ty, to Allen Short. See his name. They children, and live at Oswego, Labette Seena. county, Kansas. had three children, and she died Sept. 23, county, Kansas. WILLIAM1 P., born Nov. 24, 1826, 1845. married Julia Slater. They have three A born July I, i8, in children, and live in Springfield. Kentucky, married in Sangamon county Children, and live in Springfield. VNAN7CY A., born April 27, I830, to Pinckney Hughes. They had four ".~~ T3 A children. MARY E. married Thomas married George Underwood, and both cil M. Thomas died, leaving three children in Buchanan near St. J, MP. married Amanda Ross, and lives at county, near St. Joseph, Mo.'county, \ S A' T^ Q Nilwood. ANNIE and NETTIE live Robert Campbell died Dec. Io, I845, iv obert Campbell died Dec.,T / 8451 with their mother. Mr. Hughes died in and his widow died Jan. 26, 1862, both in, a h wow r Loami township. I86o, and his widow resides at Nilwood,.Loami townshipll. CAMPBELL, THOMAS4 was Macoupin county, Ill. C PT M wARCISSA D., born Dec. 9, I8i6, born Oct. 3I, I786, in Yorkville District,. NARCSSA A, born Dee 9, il6 South1Car~ina. -His fatherJames Camp- is unmarried, and resides at the family South Carolina. His fatherJames Campbell, was born in county Antrim, Ireland, hometead, near Bates and emigrated to South Carolina. Thos. DOROTH, nd P twins born Oct. 9, I8i8, in Kentucky. Campbell went, in 1807, to visit his bro- t b Kentucky. ther David, in Caldwell county, Ky. He DOROTHY n., married in Sangawas married in that county, March 22, mon county, to Benj. T. Renshaw, moved 1810, to Elizabeth Robinson, a sister to to Iowa, and had three children, ELIZAEdward Robinson. See his name. She BETH L., MORGAN and ELIJAH C. was born May 3, 1788, in Nelson county, Mr. Renshaw was a soldier in an Iowa Ky. Her father, George Robinson, was regiment, and died in St. Louis. His born in Bucks county, Pa., married in family live near Clio, Wayne county, Maryland, to Elizabeth Griffith, moved to Iowa. Loudon county, Va., and from there to POLL M., married in Sangamon Nelson county, Ky. Thomas and Eliza- county to Robert Wiggins. They have beth Campbell had eight children in Ken- one child, CHARLES, and live near tucky. He moved with his family to Nilwood, Ill. Sangamon county, Ill., arriving about WILLIAM B., born Jan. 28, 1821, in Nov. Io, 1823. The first land sales took Kentucky, married Oct. I, 1849, to place in Springfield on the sixth of that Sarah L. Dunbar, who was born June I, month, and a few days later he entered 1825. They have five living children, some land south of Little Spring creek, CHARLES V., MINNIE A. and and there made a home for his family. It WALTER L., (twins), VELMA A.

Page  176 176 EARLY SETTLERS OF and WILLIAM LINCOLN, and live TREAT, born Jan. 23, 1855, in near Oskaloosa, Iowa. Springfield, is a student, and lives with ED WARD ODDS, born May 29, his mother. 1825, in Sangamon county, married Eliza Mr. Campbell continued in the auditor's Baldwin. They have two children, office until the expiration of Mr. Shield's ELIZABETH and CHARLES J., and term, and the election of Gen. W. L. D. reside near Hutchins, Dallas county, Ewing, who died in 1846. Mr. C. was Texas. appointed to fill the unexpired term. He yULIETTE, born June 13, 1827, in was elected to the same office in 1848, and Sangamon county, married Solomon again in 1852, thus serving in the State Brundage, moved to Texas, and died in Auditor's office nearly twenty years, betime of the rebellion. ing the chief officer ten years of that O Bte, born Oct. 26, 829, in San- time. Mr. Campbell was appointed bv HN, born Oct, a Gov. Yates, special commissioner to audit gamon county, went to Oregon, about accounts between the U. S. Government 1853, and from there to California. Last and the State of Illinois, in which work heard from in i867, at Petaloutna, Cal. a' heard from in, at Pelouma, al. he was engaged at the time of his death, THOiMiAS, Jun., born Nov. 2, 1834, Nov. 22, 1862. His widow resides east in Sangamon county, married Sarah A. side of Second, nearldwards street, Selby. They have one child, THOMAS Springfield, Ill. H., and reside near-Hutchins, Texas. CANFIELD, JOHN'E., was Thomas Campbell was licensed to born Jan. 12, 1802, in Morristown, N.J. preach the gospel in I818, by Logan He came to Sangamon county in I831, rePresbytery, of the Cumb. Presb. church, turned to New Jersey, and was married in in Kentucky, and was ordained after com- New York City, April 14, 1834, to Susan ing to Illinois. He preached at Irish LaTourette, who was born Feb. 21, 1806, Grove, Menard county, to the church on at Somerville, Somerset county, New Sugar creek, Sangamon county, and Jersey. In May, 1834, they came to Illipreached in his own neighborhood as long nois, and settled west of Springfield, in as he lived. Rev. Thomas Campbell died what is now Curran township. They May II, I850, at the place where he set- had five children, one of whom died in tied'in I823, and his widow died there in infancy. Of the other fourFeb., 1876. DANIEL L., born August 29, 1838, CAMPBELL THOMAS H., in Sangamon county, enlisted April 23, was born May 21, 18I5, in Pennsylvania, i86I, for three months, in Co. G, 7th Ill. came to Henderson county, Ill., from Inf. He was commissioned ist Lieut. at there to Chester, in Randolph county, its organization, and afterwards appointed thence to Springfield. He came by the Quartermaster of the regiment. Served invitation of his old friend, Gen. James full time, re-enlisted Nov. 25, I86, in Co. Shields, to discharge the duties of his I, oth Ill. Ca. He was appointed st office, Gen. Shields being then Aditor of Lieut., and afterwards made Battalion State. Mr. Campbell was married Oct. Quartermaster. That office was abolished, 2I, 1845, in Jacksonville, Ill., to Catharine ad he was mustered out, April 4, 862, E. McDougall, a native of New York, He resumed his position as Ist Lieut. of and sister of the Hon. James A. McDou- Co. I, and died May 7, 1863, at St. Louis, gall, late U. S. Senator from California. of disease contracted in the army. Mr. and Mrs. Campbell had four children HELEN M., born Dec. ii, I840, in in Springfield, namely- Sangamon county, was married in June, 7EAN E / TTE, born Feb. i8, I-847, 1868, in Morristown, N. J., to Thomas H. adEAdEb.7'TE,.born Feb. i8, 847, Taylor, a son of the Rector of Grace and died Feb. I6, I862. and died Feb. church, New York City. They have one THOMAAS H., born Dec. I, 1849, in child, THOMAS H., Jun., and reside Sangamon county, is a lawyer, and resides near Plainfield, N. J. in Springfield. OHNlV C., born Oct. 8, 1842, in SanyAMlES W., born Dec. 29, I851, in gamon county, was married Feb. 15, 1865, Springfield, is a farmer, and lives with his in Springfield, Ill., to Ella L. Todd, who mother. was born August 27, 1846, in Lexington,

Page  177 S6A.NGAMON. COUNTY, iT7 Ky. They have two children, ELLA S. was ordained Deacon in the Protestant and MAI L. Mr. Canfield has been a Episcopal church, by Bishop Potter, of merchant in Springfield for the last seven- New York, June 29, 1873. He was orteen years, where he and his family re- dained Priest by the aforesaid prelate, side. Nov. 23, I873, and Yale college conferred JAiMES F., born Nov. 4, 1844, in the degree of Master of Arts on him, Sangamon county, is a clerk in the U. S. June 25, I874. Rev. C. F. Canedy is unPostoffice department, at Washington, married, and Rector of St. John's church, D.C. Monticello, N. Y. Mrs. Susan Canfield died April 6, I846, GEORGE P. died in his third year. in Springfield, and John E. Canfield died, bn M 3 8 T NO *^ T t'^1 T1 M2hAREY /P., born March RI, I852, in Jan. 7, I866, in )acksonville, 11. l.. a a i A 1r Joan. 7, i8, in Jackson oll the origi Springfield, was partially educated there, John E. Canfield was one of the original members in the organization of St. Paul's members inl the organization of S~t. Paul's but finished her education at the Chegaray Institute, Philadelphia, and St. Marv's Episcopal church, in Springfield,-and con- Institute, Pliladelphia and St. Mary's tinued a member of the same until his school, ew ork Cit. She resides death. with her brother, the Rev. C. F. Canedy, CANEDY, PELEG C., son of at Monticelo. Capt. Peleg and Silence Fobes Canedy, Mrs. Sarah Canedy died Jan. 12, 855, was born August 25, S, n180el3, in E nfield, Springfield. P. C. Canedy was for Hampshire county, Mass., partly raised at many years deacon and trustee in the Middlebury, Vt., and spent most of his second Presbyterian church, Springfield, early manhood in Washington City, where Ill., and before the latter place adopted a he was accustomed to see Webster, Clay, city government, was member and PresiCalhoun, and their compeers. There he dent of the Board of Town Trustees. He also saw for the last time, his brother, was also one of the committee to receive Lieut. Philander F. Canedy, of the U. S. President Lincoln's remains. He has Navy, who, after having done important always been active and energetic in every service in the harbor of Charleston, S. C., undertaking which had in view the welduring the nullification excitement, and fare and happiness of his fellow citizens. acted as sailing master of the sloop of A local paper of March, 1863, speaks of war Florida, died Jan. 2, 1834, at Pensa- him as an example of uprightness and cola, Fl(rida. Mr. P.C. Canedy visited integrity. Mr. Canedy travels much, and New Orleans, Nachitoches and St. Louis, is often, at Springfield, but considers his at the latter of which he engaged in busi- son's house his home. He is now, March, ness for a time, and came to Springfield, I876, in Springfield. Ill., in Dec., 83o, just intime for the "deep CANTERBURY, ASA, was snow-" He began the drug business, and born March 7, 1788, in Virginia. His still later added books to his stock. This father died when hee was a child, and his was the first establishment of the kind in mother moved to Bath county, Ky. He Springfield. He was married in Morgan was married to Peggy Hornback, who county, Illinois, August 8, I838, to Sarah was born Feb. 6, 791. She lived in Camp, who was born Jan., 18i5, in Ver- Fleming county, on the opposite side of mont. They had three children Licking river. There being opposition CHARLES FOBES, born June 4, to their marriage, they went to Aberdeen, T847, in Springfield. His early education 0., and were there married. It could was received in the preparatory depart- there be solemnized on short notice, as no ment of Illinois University, and at the. license was required by the laws of Ohio Central High School, both in Springfield. at that time, and runaway wedding parties His preparation for college was continued from Kentucky were quite popular. They by his private tutor, Rev. John F. Brooks, had four children in Bath county, and of same city. He graduated at Yale col- moved to the Fleming side of Licking lege, July 22, I869, and graduated at the river, where they had three. The family General Theological Seminary, New moved to Sangamon county, IIl., arriving York City, June 27, 1873. While a stu- in the fall of I826, in what is now Fancy dent he had charge, as lay reader, of St. creek township, where they had four Mark's church, Baskingridge, N. J. He children. Of their eleven children-23

Page  178 i78 EARLY SETTLERS OF ISAAC, born in I8io, in Bath county, terbury raised a good crop of wheat in Ky., married in Sangamon county, July, 1842. He hauled sixty-five bushels of it 1830, to Elizabeth Morgan. They, with to St. Louis, one hundred miles, and sold four other families, moved, in 1832, to Des- it for thirty-seven and a half cents per Moines county, Iowa, crossing the Missis- bushel. He drove three yoke of oxen, sippi river at Flint Hills, now Burlington. was, twelve days, and his total receipts They were said to be the first white fam- were $24.372. ilies that ever moved into Iowa. They ELZZA., born in Fleming county, had six children, and Isaac Canterbury Ky., married in Sangamon county, to died there in I848. His widow and child- William Cline. See his name. ren still live in DesMoines county, Iowa. OLIVER P., born July 21, 1824, in l/IARIA, born in 1812, in Bath county, Fleming county, Ky., married in SangaKy., married in Sangamon county, May mon county to Elizabeth Council. They I4, 1829, to William Primm. See his have nine children. MARY E. resides name. with her parents. MARGARET J. CARLISLE H., born Dec. 5, 1814, married William Vandergrift. He served in Bath county, Ky., married, August I I, three years in an Illinois regiment in aiding 1836, to Emily Morgan, who was born in to suppress the slaveholders' rebellion. Sangamon county. Thev had thirteen They live in Fancy creek township. children, four of whom died under six MARIA F., MELISSA M.,JOHN H., years. Of the other nine: ASA mar- ANNIE F.,JULIA E., WILLIAM R. ried Margaret England, and lives in Ford and NELLIE E. live with their parents, county. SARAH married William in Menard county, two and a half miles Fuquay, and lives in Ford county. southwest of Cantrall. WILLIAM M. enlisted August, i86I, MARTHA A., born in 1827, in Sanfor three years, in Co. F, 28th Ill. Int. gamhon county, married Elijah Brittin. He was sick when he left Camp Butler, See his name. He died March 5, 1873, and died at Camp Holt, Ky., Nov. 7, in Iowa. I861. RUTH A. married Wm. H. H. MARGARET, born about I829, in Holland. See his name. OLIVER P., Sangamon county, married Stephen.EngJOHN C., CARLISLE N., LINCOLN land. See his name. G. and LAURA E. live with their pa- ABRAHAM, born in 1831, in Sangarents, in Menard county, two and a half mon county, died aged twelve years. miles west of Cantrall. YJUL1A A., born about 1834, in SanVALENTINE, born in I816, in Bath gamon county, married Agustus J. Broncounty, Ky., died in Sangamon county, son, and reside in Menard county, six aged seventeen years. miles northwest of Williamsville. Mr. B. JOH-N F:, born August 27, 1820, in enlisted August, 1862, in Co. C, II4 Ill. Fleming county, Ky., married in Sanga- Inf. for three years. He was a hospital mon county, Feb. 22, 1842, to Miranda M. steward from 1863, served more than full Brittin. They had six children. JOHN term, and was honorably discharged in B., born March 24, I843, died March I9, I865. I864. ASA M. married April 19, i866, Asa Canterbury died Oct. I6, I856, and to Lucinda Fisk. They had five children; his widow died July 8, I857. three died in infancy. The other two, CANTRALL.-The origin of the MATTIE E. and ELLIS, live with their pa- family in America was with Zebulon Canrents, at Cantrall. MARY J. married trail, who came from Wales, and settled John J. Stevens. They have three child- in Philadelphia, Penn., about the year ren, CHARLES A., JOHN E. and FRANK E., I700. There is a tradition in the family and reside at Cantrall. MARGARET that he built the first brick house ever A. married Joseph S. Cantrall. See his erected in that city. Zebulon Cantrall name. EVANS E. resides with his had a son, Joseph. He had a son,Joshua, father. WM. H. died in infancy. Mrs. who was born August 8, 1748, either in Miranda M. Canterbury died Sept. 22, Pennsylvania or Virginia, most probably 1853, and Mr. C. married Sept. 94, 1854, the latter. He was a soldier in the war to Harriet E. Purkins, of Menard county. for American Independence. This Joshua They live near Cantrall. John F. Can- Cantrall married and had nine sons, but

Page  179 SANGAMON COU7NTr. 179 no daughter. Four of his sons died with- SARA/I, born March I4, 1812, in out families. Of the other five, Joshua, Clarke county, Ohio, was married in Sanborn in Virginia, raised a family, and died gamon county, Ill., Jan. 14, I834, to August II, i840, in DeWitt county, Ill. Joshua M. Cantrall. See his name. The other four, Zebulon G., William G., ZEBUL ON P., born Jan. 17, 1814, Levi and Wyatt, are the subjects of the in Clark county, Ohio, was married in following sketches. -what is now Logan county, Ill., Oct. I6, CANTRALL, ZEBULON G. I838,to Elizabeth Paulk. They had six was born June 29, 1773, in Botetourt children; two died young. AMOS A., county, Virginia. He was a brother of born May I1, I845, in Logan county, enToshua, William G., Levi and Wyatt. listed Sept., I86, in Co. L, 4th Ill. Cav. The family moved in 1789, to Bath'coun- Served until June, I866, when he was ty, Ky. Zebulon G. was married there, honorably discharged. He lives near August 3,- I797, to Sarah McCallum. Cisco, Piatt county. MARTHA J.,born They moved to Clarke county, Ohio, Oct. 3, 1842, was married June 9, 1862, to from there to Sangamon county, Ill., ar- Samuel Mott. They have six children, riving in the fall of I833. In the spring GEORGE A., SARAH E., LEWIS of 1834 they moved to DeWitt county, A., JAMES A., EFFIE C. and ALVA, Ill. They had fourteen children; two and live near Argenta, Macon county, Ill. died young. Of the twelve- SARAH A., born Dec. 25, 1844, was ANNV, born August 31, I798, in Bath married March 23, 1871, to Theodore A. county, Ky., married John Branson. See Funk. Shedied April 30, 1872. MARY his name. She died May I6, I822. E., born Jan. 8, 1848, was married Jan. 7/OSHUA, born April 3, 1802, in Ken-, to Edwin. Hunsley They _70SHUI, brA lhave two children, LAURA. A. and INEZ, tucky, was married in I828, in Butler two children, LURAA.and e tck y, - w as mrried in 1, in Butlr and live near Cisco, Ill. Mrs. Elizabeth county, Ohio, to Eliza Scott. He died an ne ^ v' T\^T', P a. -f 1 wCantrall died Tune I2, I852, and Z. P. Oct. 12, I86o, in DeWitt county, and Mrs. Cantrall died Jne 1 and Z. Cantrall was married to Mrs. Rachel C. resides with her daughter, SARAH, C. resides with her daughter, SARAH, Doyle. She died Oct., I865, and Z. P. the wife of Irvin Daniels, near Warrens- a a a a Cantrall was married March I4, I872 to ville, Ill. Her son, John S., lives in a w X Ville l.Her son, John S., lives in Mrs. Mary Harp, whose maiden name Kansas. AGNAES il, born Sept. 12, I806, in was Everly. They reside near Chesnut, _GIVS' M., born Sept. 12, 18o6, in Loa county, 111 Kentucky, married John Mclntire. She Lo " l" is a widow, and resides with her brother ELIZA, born July 4, I86, in Clark William. county, Ohio, was married Oct. 5, 1834, yOHNJV1A., born Feb. 22, 1808, in to Jeremiah Duncan. She died Jan. 29, Kentucky, was married in Champaign 1854, leaving seven children. MARY county, Ohio, Nov. I3, 1830, to Joanna L., HELEN A., the latter born in I840, M. Jones. They had eleven children; two in Logan county, was married to George died in infancy. Of the nine children: Whiteman. They live at Waynesville, WILLIAM J., ZEBULON D., ELIZA- Ill. AMY L. married Mr. Condell, and BETH, IRA J., MARY A., (the latter he died. WILLIAM W. married Roxdied in Nov., 875.) MILES T.,ALMA anna Cushman. They had two children. J., EFFIE and JOHN C., the latter died REBECCA S. married Mortimer Sampin the spring of 1872. John M. Cantrall son. They have one child, and live in died Feb. II, 1863, and his widow died Waynesville. JEREMIAH P. lives in Sept., i870, both in DeWitt county, Ill. Waynesville. JAM31ES A., born April io, 181o, in REBECCA and RACHEL, twins, Kentucky, was married August 9, 1832, born July 25, I8i8, in Ohio. REBECCA to Eliza McLaughlin. They had three married in June, I836, to Jacob F. Sampdaughters; one died young. ELMIRA son. They had three children. Mrs. S. married Abner J. Lutz, and lives near died March 24, 1849. The children live Lincoln, Ill. ELIZA J. married Mr. in Kansas. Piatt, and lives in Lincoln. James M. RA CH-EL was married in 1842 to Chas. Cantrall died April 27, I866, and his Graves, and resides with her daughter, widow lives in Lincoln, Ill. FANNIE Storer, near Plum Grove,

Page  180 i80 EARL r SE T7LERS OF:' Butler county, Kansas. Her son, John yOSHUA /L, born Dec. 7, I8Io, in W. Graves, resides at Centralia, Ill. Pickaway county, O., was married in SanWYA Ti, born May I, I821, in Ohio, gamon county, Jan. I4, 1834, to Sarah married Louisa Stevens. She died, and he Cantrall. She was born March I4, 1812, married Mary A. Day. He died Jan. 7, near Urbana, O. They had eight child1875, leaving a widow near Lane, Frank- ren in Sangamon county; six died under lin county, Kansas. eight years. Of the other four: ZEBUWILLIAM L., born May I5, 823, LAN G., born May 7, 1835, married in Ohio, was married Oct. 26, I843, to Elizabeth J. Lilly, a native of Augusta Melinda Stout. They had eight children. county, Va. They have six children, ANN, born in I844, was married in De- MARY A., MELISSA E., ARMINTA and Witt county to Joel Hopesberger. They AMELIA (twins), CELIA J. and NOAH have four children, and live near Ken- MATHENY, and live in Fancy creek townney station. EMELINE, born in 1846, ship. WILLIAM G., Jun., born Feb. married Thomas Watson. They have 20, I837, married Mary J. Randall. They three children, and live near Kenney have four living children, MARCUS N., Station. JOHN K., JESSE, WIL- SARAH M., MARY L. and LOUISA M., and LIAM and ADDIE. Mrs. Melinda live in Fancy creek township. JACOB.Cantrall died March Io, 1864, and W. L. M., born Dec. 25, I841, married Marian Cantrall was married in 1865 to Christine T. Tufts., who was born near Buffalo, N. Everly, and lives near Chesnut, Logan Y. Theyhave one child, ADDIE E., and county, Ill. reside in Fancy creek township. MAHAMrs. Sarah Cantrall died May 26, 843, LA E., born Oct. 4, I845, married Oct. and Zebulon G. Cantrall died Sept. i, 9 I873, to George W. Bailey, being his 1845, both -in DeWitt county, near second wife. He was born in Hawkins Waynesville. county, Tenn. He was a soldier in the CANTRALL WM.T GT w 5th Tenn. Inf. in the Mexican war, in CANTRALL, VM. G., was I846 and'7; came from Mexico to Sanborn Sept. 6, I784, in Botetourt, Va. His I a784. gamon county in I848. He enlisted in parents moved to Bath county Ky. in n P I Bath coun, 62 for.three years, in Co. H, 11 4 Ill. 1789. He was there married, in 1804, to JInf.; was commissioned as Captain at the Deborah Mitts, who was born Nov. i6, Deborah Mitts, who ws born Nov. i6, organization of the regiment. His health 785, in Virginia. Soon after marriage failin he resigned n May, 863 and they moved from Bath courty to the vi- lives. ives in Salisbury township. Joshua M. clirrty of New London, Huron county, crty oNew London, Huron countyA, Cantrall resides in Fancy creek township, 0., and then moved to Pickaway county. * 1 *~. andthen moved to Pickaway cou eight miles north of Springfield. They had ten children in Ohio, and the T1I7RZA o THERESA born Tt. llRZA, or THERESA, born family moved to Sangamon county, II., *famil moved to Sangamon county, Ill., Nov. 8, 812, in Ohio, married in Sangaarriving Nov. I, 1824, in what is now m c t mon county, to Edward Guyott. She Fancy creek township, on what was then Fancy creek tonship, on what was then died Oct. 7, I851, three months after marcalled Higgins creek, but now called Can- a m 4. iv......'^... riage. He married again, and lives in trall's creek. Two children were born in r fi Sangamon county. Of all their children Springf Mrh -I 80 i ADA1FV Al., born Feb. 27, 1815, in DOROTHl, ^orn March iX, 180, in -\,' * I55 D ORO THY, born March 15, I805, in Ohio, married in Sangamon county to Ohio, married in Sangamon county to. v Ohio, married in Sangamon county to Delilah Smith. They had nine children. Charles Snelson. They had seven child- J IAH m ed E Dne, n re aod-D os c near JlLJEREMIAH married Etta Drone, and ren, moved to DesMoines county, near live in Fancy creek township. - T)o T T 1 > S4- A * live in Fancy creek township. HARBurlington, Iowa, where Mrs. Snelson RIET married Wm. Brisentine; moved died. The family live tnere. died. y le t. to Dallas. county, Texas, in 1853. She AANN, born Aug. I, i806, in Ohio, mar- died there, leaving one child. WM. L..ried in Sangamon county to John W. BRISENTINE lives with his grandSnelson. They had eight children,. and uncle, Joshua M. Cantrall. See his name. moved to Keokuk county, Iowa, where Adam Cantrall and his wife live at RiverMrs. Snelson died. The family live there. ton. ELIZABETH, born Aug. 29, I808, DEBORAH, born Feb. 16, I817, in in Ohio, married in Sangamon county to Ohio, married in Sangamon county to Joseph D. Langston. -See. his. naume. Marshal S. Randall...They have twelve

Page  181 SAAGAMON COUNTI'. I8I children, and reside near Blue Mound, March 6, 1867, on the farm settled by Christian county. Their daughter, Mary them in 1824, in Fancy creek township. J., married Wm. G. Cantrall, Jun. See CANTRALL, LEVI, was born his name. Oct. I, 1787, in Botetourt county, Va. He MAHALA, born Dec. 4, i818, in was taken by his parents in 1789 to that Ohio, married in Sangamon county to part of Mercer which afterwards became Newton Street. She died, and he resides Bath county, Ky. He was there married in Montgomery county. Nov. 30, 1809, to Fanny England. They SUSANNAH, born Nov. 23, 1820, in had one child in Kentucky, and the family Ohio, married in Sangamon county to moved, in 18II, to Madison county, O., Leonard Mitts. See his name. where five children were born. They WILLIAzMf M., born Dec. 22, 1822, then moved to Madison county, Ill., in in Ohio, married in Sangamon county to Oct., 1819; moved on and arrived where Adaline Claywell. They had nine child- Springfield nova stands, Dec. 4, 1819, and ren; two died under six years. JULIA reached the north side of the river, in A. married Leander Jones, have three what is now Fancy Creek township, on children, and reside in Salisbury township. the fifth, made the selection of a location MIRANDA married Rollin V. Mallory. on the seventh, and commenced building See his name. JAMES M., PERCY- a cabin Dec. 8, 1819. They had seven DEBORAH J. is a cripple, having had children in Sangamon county. Of their eight inches of bone taken from one of thirteen childrenher lower limbs LEWIS E. and THOMAS, born Oct. 1,1810o, in Bath SARAH E. The latter is a deaf mute, county, Ky., married Oct. 3, I83I, in Sanand is being educated at the State Institu- gamon county, to Priscilla D. McLemore, tion at Jacksonville. The five unmarried who was born Sept. 14, 1814, in Tennesreside with their mother. William M. see. They had nine children, namely: Cantrall enlisted July, 1862, for three CLARISSA, born Jan. 20, I833, unmaryears, in Co. C, 14 Ill. Inf.; was appoint- ried, and resides at the house of H. H. ed Sergeant at the organization. Disease Holland. TURNER H., born May 9, was brought on by over-exertion at the 1834, last heard from in Alabama. battle of Guntown, Miss., June lo, 1864, YOUNG M.,born April30,1836, married, and he died in hospital at Memphis, x861, to Ellen Graham; had one child, Tenn., July 9, I864. His widow and un- THOMAS E., and Y. M. Cantrall enlisted married children live in Fancy creek in 1862 for three years, in Co. C, II4 Ill. township, eight miles north of Spring- Inf., and died in the army. His widow field. and son reside in Athens. LEVI, born MIRANDA 7., born May 12, 1826, July I6, 1838, died, aged nineteen. in Sangamon county, married William NANCY A., born March 25, I840, marSnelson. They had one child, CHAS. ried Egbert Mallory. See his name. H. SNELSON, and William S. died THOMAS J., born Dec. 21, 1842, served March 9, I853. His widow was married three years in the Ioth Ill. Cav., was honMarch 4, I858, to Samuel Mellinger, who orably discharged, and lives in Nebraska. was born Jan. 27, 1832, in Franklin FANNY P., born March 2, I843, marcounty, Pa. They have four children, ried James D. Mallory. See his name. WILLIAM C., MAHALA A., DEBORAH A. MARY E., born Dec. 8, I844, is a teacher and LUCY E., live with their parents in in Springfield. Mrs. PriscillaD. Cantrall Fancy creek township. Mr. Mellinger died, and Thomas C. married June I2, had one child by a former wife, SAMUEL 1848, to Elizabeth Estel. They had four i. He lives with his father. Samuel children. MARTHA E., born June 12, Mellinger enlisted Aug. 12, I862, in Co. 1849, married and died in Logan county. C, I I4 Ill. Inf., for three years; served full ROBERT H., born July I6, I85I, marterm, and was honorablvydischarged Aug. ried Miss Goff, has one child, and resides 3, I865. near Athens. WILLIAM* M., born ANVDRE W 7., born Jan. 4, 1829, in April I6, 1853, and CHARLES H., born Sangamon county, died March 15, I842. Dec. 29, I855, reside with their mother. Mrs. Deborah Cantrall died March I5, Thomas Cantrall lost his life by a run1856, and. William -G.. Cantrall, Sen.,-died aaway team. dragging a saw-log over him,

Page  182 182 EARLr SETTLERS OF in 1858. His widow and unmarried WILLIAM V., and resides near Illiopolis. children reside near Athens. MARY E. married Sept. 2, 1874, to BenANNV, born July 17, 1812 in Madison jamin F. Warren, has one child, HARRY county, O., married in Sangamon county N., and resides near Illiopolis. ALFRED to Edward Ridgeway. They had three N. resides with his mother. Levi Canchildren, and Mr. R. died in 1834. His trail, Jr., died March 14, I868, and his widow married Ferdinand Meeker, and widow married Sept. 2, 1874, to Enoch had several children. She died in Logan Primm. county. Her daughter, NANCY RA CHEL, born Feb. 29, I824, in SanRIDGEWAY, married James Milam, gamon county, married John Overstreet. and resides in Buffalo Hart, Ill. Her See his name. daughter, DULCINA MEEKER, married CHARLES S., born Jan. 6, i826, in Jeremiah Lashbaugh, and resides in Illi- Sangamon county, married Jan. 7, I845, opolis township. to Emily M. Vandergrift, who was born NANCTr, born Sept. I5, 1813, in Madi- Oct. 6, I830. They had two children. son county, 0., married in Sangamon MARY E., born June 13, 1848, married county to Turner Holland. See his name. Jan. 25, I866, to Stephen O. Price, has STEPHEN L., born April 4, 1815, two children, and resides near Lincoln. in Madison county, 0., married in Sanga- MACDONALD, born Aug. 22, 1851, mon county to Mary Ridgeway. They married Aug. 4, 1870, to Margaret Peden, had three children. FANNY married has two children, and resides in SpringGeorge Provines, has seven children, and field. Mrs. Emily M. Cantrall died Jan. reside near Clinton. ALMYRA mar- 29, i852, and C. S. Cantrall married June ried Samuel Mellinger, and died, leaving 20, I852, to Lucy Swearengin, who was one child. Samuel Mellinger married born Oct. 15, 1828. She died April 14, Mrs. Miranda Snelson, whose maiden 1853. C. S. Cantrall married April 26, hame was Cantrall. GEORGE W. en- i855, to Harriet A. Graham, who was listed Aug., i862, for three years, in Co. I, born Feb. I7, 1836, in Athens. They I14 Ill. Inf., and died in the army. Mrs. have nine children, CHARLES H., Mary Cantrall died in Buffalo Hart grove, THOMAS D., ALICE, JOHN W,, and Stephen L. Cantrall died in 1874, at LEVI G., WILLIAM H., FANNY A., the house of his brother Joshua. HOMER E. and IDA. Charles S. CanSELINDA, born Nov. 14, 1816, in trail had one leg amputated, caused by Ohio, died in Sangamon county, at twelve disease. It was done in Sept., I871. He or thirteen years of age. resides two miles west of Illiopolis. ELEANOR, born Oct. 17, 1818, in /OSHUA, born July 28, 1828, in SanOhio, married in Sangamon county to gamon county, married Rebecca Hedrick. John Jordan, and resides near Olathe, They had thirteen children; three died in Kan. infancy. Of the other ten, LAFAYELIZABETH, born May 26, 1820, ETTE was married July 23, 1874, to in Sangamon county, married James Dris- Gussie Chambers, and lives in Illiopolis kell. Mrs. Driskell died. One son, township. FANNIE SELINDA marDAVID, enlisted in Co. C, 114, Ill. Inf., ried Benjamin Capps. See his name. in Aug., 1862, for three years, and died at CARLISLE, BARTON R.,JULIA A., home of disease contracted in the army. MACDONALD, LAURA E., CLARA Another son, LEVI, resides in Menard P., LEVI and BENJAMIN, and reside county. one and a half miles west of Illiopolis. LEVI, Jr., born March 17, 1822, in JESSE, born April 7, I830, in SanSangamon county, married to Elizabeth gamon county, married Eliza'J. Humes. C. King, who was born July II, 1828, in They had ten children. He enlisted Tennessee. They had four children. Aug., 1862, for three years, in Co. C, JASPER H., born March 23, 1847, mar- II4th Ill. Inf. He was commissioned 2d ried Sarah*E. Wagner, has three children, Lieut. at the organization, promoted to WILLIAM H., BERTRAM and JOSEPH, and Captain, and served as such to the end of resides near Paxton. WILLIAM M., the rebellion, and was honorably disborn March I, 1849, married Minnie charged. He moved with nis family to Wells, has two children, ALVIN N. and Black Bob, Johnson county, Kansas.

Page  183 SANGAMOA COUNTY. 183 M/A CD ONALD, born April 5, 1833, for tools, and obtained an axe and grubbing in Sangamon county, married Narcissa hoe. With these they made a canoe, and Hedrick. They had one child, and Mr. reached home twenty-one days from the Crantrall died Sept. I5, 1872. His widow time of starting. On the 6th of May, and son, CHARLES, reside in Menard I820, the frost killed their growing corn. county, five miles northeast of Cantrall. The settlers thought of moving back Mrs. Fanny Cantrall died Sept. io, south, but they hauled up provisions before 1835, and Levi Cantrall married May 27, the next winter and lived through it. 1836, to Mrs. Ann Barnett, whose maiden Levi Cantrall built a horse mill in the name was Patterson. They had five fall of 1820. It was a barnd mill, with a children, three of whom died in infancy. wheel forty feet in diameter. It was the Of the other two- first mill ever built north of the SangaFANNY L., born Oct. 9, I838, in mon river, and people came thirty miles or Sangamon county, married Jan., I857, to more to mill. Mr. Cantrall built a water Henry Graham. They have four living mill on Cantrall's creek, near the present children, MARY A., WILLIAM, AR- town of Cantrall. It did sawing and MINDA D. and JOSEPH, and reside grinding. He says the snow of 1830-31 near Athens, Menard county. was four feet on a level. Levi Cantrall JOSEPH S., born Oct. I6, 1841, in kept a tannery where he lived for more Sangamon county, married Jan. I4, 1869, than forty years. to Margaret A. Canterbury. They have CANTRALL, WYATT, was one child, DAISY E., and reside at Can- born Dec. 20, 1790, in Bath. county, Ky., trail. He is one of the proprietors of the the same year that his parents moved from new town of Cantrall. Botetourt county, Va. He was married Levi Cantrall died Feb. 22, 1860, and in Bath county to Sally England, and his widow resides with their son Joseph moved to Clarke county, O., where they S., at Cantrall. The town of Cantrall had three children, and then moved, in was laid out on land he entered soon after company with Mrs. Cantrall's father, coming to the country, and was named in Stephen England, to St. Clair county, Ill., honor of his memory. in the fall of 1818, and in the spring of 18I9 to what is now Fancy Creek townINCIDENTS. ship, in Sangamon county, where they had six children. Of their nine childrenFrom a statement in writing made by ELIZA, born Sept. 8, 1813, in Ohio, Levi Cantrall a few months before his married in Sangamon county to John death, I learn that in building the cabin he McLemore. He died in I87I, leaving a commenced Dec. 8th, I819, about half a widow and two children at Stirling, mile west of the present town of Can- Whiteside county. trall, the mortar froze so that he could not SAMUEL D., born Feb. 9, I816, in plaster it. December 24, I8I9/ snow be- Clarke county, 0., married in Sangamon gan to fall, and continued one snow after county, March 6, 1837, to Sarah S. Alexanother until it was two feet deep on a ander. They had six living children. level. The weather continued intensely ALBERT A. married MIarch 6, 1862, to cold, and a company of seven men started Martha Hunt. He enlisted in Aug., I862, to the American Bottom for provisions, in Co. C, I14 Ill. Inf., for three years, and They were Levi and Wyatt Cantrall, was appointed Sergeant. He was captured Alexander and Henry Crawford, M. Hol- at the battle of Guntown, Miss., in June, land, a Mr. Kellogg and John Dixon, 1864, and was placed in the Andersonville who afterwards founded the city of Dixon, prison pen, where he remained about five Ill. They loaded their wagons with flour months, and after that was taken from one and meal and started home on the eight- prison to another to prevent being released eenth, and on the twentieth rain corn- by the Union forces, and was paroled menced falling. The rain and melting Marcn I, I865, and died of starvation and snow set the whole country afloat, and exposure March 5, I865, at Wilmington, when they reached the Sangamon river it N. C. WYATT E. married Grizella was too full to cross. They sent back to Holland. LUCINDA J. married B. F. Kelly's —where Springfield now stands- Horn. HENRY married Emma E. Gra

Page  184 184 EARLr SETTLERS OF ham. ELIZA married Henry Lake, son rents. They had six children, but all the of Bayless, and MARGARET A. mar- family are dead. ried Isaac Bates, son of Joseph. S. D. WILLIAM, born Jan. I7, I8oo, in Cantrall lives two miles north of Cantrall. Green county, Ky., came to Springfield, DA VID P., born May 7, 18I8, in Ohio, Ill., in March, I825, was married in Sanmarried in Sangamon county to Eleanor gamon county Feb. 14, 1828, to Elizabeth McLemore, had three children, and she Hall, who was born Dec. 8, I809. They died. He married Ursula Bull, has three had two children, and moved to Decatur, children, and lives in Iowa. April, 1833, where they had two children. ZEBZULON, born Aug. ii, 1823, in Of their children: THOMAS H., born Sangamon county, and died in 1840. Nov. i, I829, in Sangamon county, raised WIA TTE., born March 22, I825, in in Decatur, and died in the spring of 1864, Sangamon county, died in I841. at Walla Walla, Washington Ter. JANE S7EPHENEE., born April 20, I827, ELLEN, born Oct. 27, I832, in Sangain Sangamon county, married Caroline mon county, married in Decatur, April 4, Blue. They have seven children, and live I857, to A. S. Keller, and lives at Sulliat Black Bob, Johnson county, Kan. van, Moultrie county, Ill. MARY E., WILIAMf 7Y., born July 28, 1829, in born Sept. 27, 1835, in Decatur, married Dr. William Dillon. See his name. SUSangamon county, married Lucy Kings-born July 3, married Feb. bury, who died, and he married Calistan J 3, ad Fe Neil have three children, and lives at 3, I863, to Harl P. Christie, and lives in Neil, have hree Decatur. Mrs. Elizabeth Cantrill died TBlack Bob, Koa2n. or Sp.August 4, I868, and William Cantrill POLL r ANN, born Sept. 17, 1832, lives in Decatur. in Sangamon county, married Thomas SUSA, married Robert Bird had Hethcote, have one child, and live at Stir- to, ad te aret di two children, and the parents died. ling, Whiteside county. ling, W hitesde c, 1 i ount ANNA married William Black. They JOHN H., born Oct. I, I834, in San-.70IN H., bor t. 1 an had six children. The parents and two gamon county, married Eleanor Stratton, children are dead. have six children, and live in Iowa. ZEBULON, born April 8, I807, in Mrs. Sally Cantrall died Aug. I, 840 reen county, Ky., married in Sangamon in Sangamon county, and Wiatt Cantrall E marriedin the fall of I84I to Mrs. Polly county in I29, to Elizabeth Enyart. i t. P They had four children, and he died Jan. Kingsbury, whose maiden name was Fos-, 8. His widow lives near Mechanicster. They had/one child- burg. burg. YOSHU(A P., born in I843 in Sanga- YOEL, born Jan. 8, I8II, in Green mon county, married Grace Winters. county, Ky., married in Sangamon counThey have one child, and live in Chase ty, May i6, 1839, to Zerelda E. Branch. county, Kan. They had ten children in Sangamon Mrs. Polly Cantrall died about 1859, county; two died in infancy. LEWIS and Wiatt Cantrall resides at Stirling, M., born April 9, 1840, married July 23, Whiteside county. I863, to Elmira, M. Lee, who was born CANTRILL, THOMAS, was Oct., I839, in the State of New York. born April 4, 1775, and Elizabeth Murray They live at Joliet, Ill. EDWARD T., was born Sept. I9, I774. The place of born Dec. 27, 1842, enlisted August, 1862, their birth is not known, but probably in in Co. E, II4th Ill. Inf., for three years, Orange county, North Carolina, where and died July i i, 1863, at Vicksburg, they were married and had one child. Miss. His remainswere brought home They'then moved to Green county, Ky., and buried near Rochester. LAURA J., where they had five children, and moved the fifth child, died in her fifteenth year. to Sangamon county, Ill., arriving Oct., WILLIAM B., JAMES N., HENRY 1828, in what is now Rochester township, A. and HENRIETTA, twins, and EMthree and a half miles east of Springfield. ILY, live with their mother. Joel CanOf their children- trill died Sept. 4,:866, and his widow -MJARfi, born in North Carolina, mar- lives on the farm where his parents settled ried in Kentucky to Thomas Perry, and on coming to the county, near S angamon came to Sangamon county before her pa- Station.

Page  185 SAA'GAMON COUNTY. 185 Mrs. Elizabeth Cantrill died Oct i, and LINN, SNOW FLAKE, IMOGENE Thomas Cantrill died Oct. 3, i836, both and RELL C., live with their parents at near what is now Sangamon Station. Mt. Pulaski, Ill. Mr. Beidler is a drugCAPPS, MRS. MARY, whose gist, and with the exception of one year maiden name was Devas, was a native of during President Johnson's administration, London, England. Her husband, Charles has been Post Master there since 1857. Capps, was for many years a merchant in VIARYR, born Oct. 8, I844, in Mt. London, and died there. His widow, Pulaska, married Michael McNattin. whose name heads this sketch, came to WILLIAMI, BENAAMIN,, yAAmerica with her sons, John, Benjamin BEZ B., ED WARD, HARRIE B. and Charles, leaving one son (Thomas) in and MAA UD, all live with their parents. England. They arrived in Springfield, Mr. Jabez Capps was a merchant in Ill., Nov., I830. Her sons Jabez and Springfield from 1827 to 1836, when he Ebenezer having preceded the other formed a company and laid out the town members of the family several years, Mrs. of Mt. Pulaski. Brought his goods from Capps brought some of her daughters, and Springfield, and continued in business unothers came later. til I870. He is now engaged with his Mrs. Mary Capps died Nov. 8, 1857, at son in the nursery business. Mr. Capps the residence of her son-in-law, Dr. Alex- was Post Master at Mt. Pulaski for fifteen ander Shields, in Sangamon county. Of years, and County Recorder four years. her nine children who came to America, He and his family reside in Mt. Pulaski. eight are now living. CAPPS, EBENEZER, was CAPPS, JABEZ, born Sept. born May, 1798, in London, Eng. Came 9, I796, in the city of London, England, to Springfield in 1820. He returned to came to America in the summer of I8I7, Europe in the spring of I830. On his arriving near what is now Springfield, Ill., return he went to Vandalia, Ill., in the in the spring of 1819, and is believed to fall of same year. He was married in have been the first school teacher in San- Morgan county, IU., March I, 1835, to gamon county. He was married in 1828, Ann Norwood. They have five living near Rochester, to Prudence A. Stafford, children, namelywho was born in Vermont. They had SARAH, HANNAH, iARY A., three living children, and Mrs. Capps CHARLES E. and THOMIAS. died May 13, 1836. Jabez Capps was Mrs. Ann Capps died Sept., 855, and married near Rochester, Ill., Sept., 1836, Ebenezer Capps was married May 29, to Elizabeth Baker. They had ten child- t860, in Springfield, to Rosetta Iles. They ren, one of whom died young. Of all his had one childchildren — ROSE TTA. CHARLES S., born Jan. 3', I830, in Mrs. Rosetta Capps died in Dec., i861. Springfield, was married May 3, I854, to Ebenezer Capps was married to Mrs. Eliza McGrawr They live in Mt. Pu- Elizabeth Snyder, at Lincoln, Ill., Oct., laski. 1863. They had two childrenEBENEZER S., born Feb. 15, 1834, GEORGE B. and SUSAN. in Springfield, was married in I856 to Ebenezer Capps and family reside in Eliza Freeman, and live in Mt. Pulaski. Varndalia, Ill. OLIVER T., born Feb. 13, 1836, in CAPPS, MARY, was born in Springfield, was married in I856 to Eliza I80I, in London, Eng.; died unmarried at Bush, and live in Mt. Pulaski. Vandalia, Ill., Dec. 3, 1858. By the second marriage- CAPPS, ANN, was born in 1803, OHVN H., born Nov. 15, 1839, in Mt. in London, Eng. She was married there Pulaski, married Martha Pumpilly, and to William Salisch. They came to live in his native town. America, arriving at Vandalia, Ill., in 1833, PRUDY A., born' Dec. I8, 1841, in where Mr. Salisch died the year followMt. Pulaski, was married March 8, 860, to ing, leaving a widow and two children, S. Linn Beidler, who was born June 23, viz1837, at Mt. Joy, Lancaster county, Pa. SALINA died, aged twelve years. Of their seven children, one died young. CHARLES W., born Jan. 24, 1832, MONITOR C., FRANK X., JOHN in London, Eng., came with his parents 24

Page  186 i86 EARL r SE TLERS Of to Vandalia, and after the death of his ALEXANDER S., born May 2, father, was brought by his mother to I843, in Springfield, enlisted Aug. 9, i862, Springfield, Ill., where he was married, for three years, in Co. B, Io6th Ill. Vol. Oct. 31, I86I, to Anna C. Hughes. They Inf., served until Aug. I, 1865, when he had four children. CHARLES F. died was honorably discharged. He was marin his fourth year. RALPH E., CHAS. ried Sept. 3, I867, to Maggie Ishmael. E. and SCOTT A. C. W. Salisch is They have one child, KATIE E., and Post Master at Cotton Hill, Sangamon live in Illiopolis. county. /ABEZ l., born Aug. I9, I845, in Mrs. Ann Salisch was married in I837, Mt. Pulaski, enlisted in 1863 for one hunin Springfield, to Dr. Alexander Shields. dred days, in Co. D, I45th Ill. Inf., served See his name. more than full time, and was honorably CAPPS, SUSAN, was born in discharged. He was married June I7, 1805, in London, Eng. She was married 1867, to Sallie Bechtel. They have three in Springfield, Ill., to James Gobbett. living children, LONE, PEARL and He went to California, and died on his GERTRUDE. J. M. Capps is engaged way home on the steamer, of Asiatic in milling at Mt. Pulaski, and lives there. cholera. Mrs. Gobbett lives with her ANNV'S., born Jan. 22, I848, in Mt. sister, Mrs. Dr. Shields. Pulaski, was married May 5, 1868, to CAPPS, SARAH, was born in James W. McGuffin. She died in Illiop1807, in London, Eng., is unmarried, and olis, April 7, 1874, leaving three children, lives with her sister, Mrs. Dr. Shields. BENJAMIN F., WALTER and JOHN CAP PS, JOHN, was born Dec. I6, C. I8Io, in London, Eng. Came to America BENATAMIN F., born July 21, I850, with his mother, brothers and sisters, in Mt. Pulaski, was married Aug. I2, arriving at Springfield, Ill., in Nov., I830. 1870, to Fannie S. Cantrall. She was He was married there Sept. 5, 1833, to killed Oct. 8, I870, near Illiopolis. She Nancy Clements, who was born Oct. 2, was mounting a horse, when it took 1817, in Lincoln county, Ky. (She is a. fright, drew the rein in a noose around cousin of Mrs. Mathew Cloyd.) Mr. her hand, and dragged her until she was and Mrs. John Capps had five children in dead. B. F. Capps married Emma SnySpringfield, and in 1844 moved to Mt. der. They live at Mt. Pulaski. Pulaski, where they had four, and about ALBERT B., yOHN C. and 1855 moved to Decatur, where they had BUNNVV, live with their parents. John C. three; thence to Illiopolis, Sangamon had a twin mate, who died young. county. Of their twelve children two John Capps and family reside one and died young- a half miles west of Illiopolis. AMART M., born Oct. 6, 1834, was CAPPS, CHARLES, was born married Jan. I9, 1853, to James Sims. Feb. 7, I8i4, in London, Eng. Came They have six children, ADA, JOHN F., with his mother, brothers and sisters to ELLA, HATTIE, RALPH LINCOLN America, arriving at Springfield, Nov., and FANNIE, and live in Mt. Pulaski. I830, and moved to Vandalia in December THOMAS W., born Dec. 26, 1838, in of the same year. He was married Nov. Springfield, enlisted in 1862 for three II, 1852, in Sangamon county, Ill., to months, in Co. I, 68th Ill. Vol. Inf.; Elizabeth A. Gobbett, who was born Oct. served full term, and enlisted in the 27, 1836, in Missouri.,They had four JUnited States Navy. He was married living childrenDec. 29, I869, to Nellie Van Hise, in Mt. MAIART A., born Dec. 3, 1854, was Pulaski. They had one child, EARL, married March. 13, 1872, to George R. Mrs. Nellie Capps died, Oct. 23, i873. Wylie. They have one child, MAUDE Mr. T W. Capps lives in Mt. Pulaski. E, and live in Mt. Pulaski. CHARLES R., born March I, 1841, SARAH F., yAMES A. and AAMY in Springfield, was married in Mt. Pu- G., reside with their parents in Mt. Pulaski, May 29, I862, to Lizzie Lushbaugh. laski. They have four children, LOUIE E., CAPPS, BENJAMIN, was ELMER LINCOLN, FRANK and born June 24, I820, in London, England. MABEL, and live in Mt. Pulaski. Came to Springfield in 1830, and to Van

Page  187 SAJNGAMOA COUNTY. I87 dalia in I83I. He returned to England in house for something to eat, and a matter 1844, and remained there until i852, when of considerable alarm to the females when he went to Australia, and returned to the men were away, as was frequently the Vandalia in I856. He was married in case, "to mill," or "on a hunt." They Mt. Pulaski in May, I862, to Lucy Mc- grew cotton, picked, carded, spun and Graw. They have four living children- wove it into cloth for family use. These IDA, yENNIE, BENAyAMINVand cards are still in the possession of some of HANNAHN. the family. For a long time EdwardsBenjamin Capps has always faithfully ville, Madison county, Ill., was the nearest served his adopted country, and votes the mill and postoffice. It took two weeks straight Republican ticket. He, with his to go and return with a grist, usually a family, reside in Vandalia, Ill. sack of corn, on horseback. St. Louis, CARPENTER, WILLIAM, Mo., was the nearest market. About the born July 3, I787 in the city of Philadel- year 1828, William Carpenter, with a phia, Penn., was the eldest son of Samuel family of five children, moved to Springand Catharine Carpenter. He had two field, then grown to the dignity of a town, brothers, Charles and Samuel, Jun.; also and called Calhoun. He there engaged two sisters, Elizabeth and Catharine. His in merchandizing. The farm was afterfather died when Willianm was quite wards rented, and occupied by Hon. S. T. young, leaving the family dependent en- Logan, then just arrived from Kentucky. tirely on their own exertions for a liveli- Six children were born in Springfield. Of hood. William was baptized in the Ger- their eleven childrenman Lutheran church in Philadelphia, CA THARINE, born Sept. 28, 1820, Sept. 23, I787. Carl Linnensheet and in Sangamon county, was married June Margreth, his wife, (grandparents), spon- 8, 843, in Springfield, to Adolphus Wood, sors. Arrived at manhood, he and his who was born Nov. 8, I8o6, in Chenango brother Samuel came to Licking county, county, N. Y. They had six children; Ohio, then the " far west." In the fall of the two eldest died young. Of the other i8I9 William C. was married to Margaret four, WILLIAM C., born in Springfield, Pence, who is still living. She was the Ill., Dec. 28, I848, was married August daughter of Peter and Catharine Pence, 29, 1874, in Chicago, to Emma E. Wood, and was born Feb. 5, 1803, in Shenandoah who was born in Springfield, Jan. 2, I85I. county, Va. Her mother's maiden name They have one child, CHARLES 0., and was Godfrey, whose father fought in the live on the farm with his mother. ELIZARevolution, under Gen Wayne, and was BETH and GEORGE live with their killed by the Indians, near Wheeling, Va., mother. CHARLES is clerk in Diller's in the summer of 1820. William Car- drug store, Springfield, Ill. penter, his wife and Samuel, started for Mr. Wood died Jan. 12, i861, and his Illinois. The time occupied in coming widow resides three and a half miles north was six weeks. They passed through of Springfield. what is now Springfield, crossed the San- CHA.RLES, born Nov. I2, 1822, in gamon river, and built a cabin about two Sangamon county, was killed in Springmiles north of it. At that time the "Kel- field by a fall from a horse, March i7, ly cabins" constituted all the settlement I833. at what is now the city of Springfield. SAMIUEL, born Nov. 12, 1824, in Samuel C. soon tired of the west, and re- Sangamon county, was married Nov. 27, turned. When land came into the mar- i85i, to Mary E. J. Kerns, who died ket, Wm. C. entered the land upon which March I6, 1853, and Samuel C. was marhe had settled, and erected a two story ried Dec. 16, I858, to Mrs. Martha J. log house, which is still standing, although Black, whose maiden name was Short, dilapidated. This afterwards became an daughter of Rev. Daniel Short. She was important point for the stage line on the born Sept. 25, 1831, in Butler county, State road leading from Springfield to Ohio. They had six children born in SanPeoria, and called the "six mile house." gamon county. ANNA S., WILLIAM Their nearest neighbors then were three D., CARRIE E., MARTHA J., MARY or four miles distant, and the Indians M. and LENA L. Mrs. Martha J. Car(friendly tribes) frequently, visited the penter died July 17, I873. Samuel Car

Page  188 188 EARL SETTLERS OF penter and his children resides five miles signed in 1840. In 1844 and'5 Mr. C. north of Springfield, adjoining the farm with his son-in-law, Adolphus Wood, where he settled in 1820. erected a saw and grist mill on the SanELIZABETH, born Jan. I9, 1826, gamon river, on the Peoria road, which in Sangamon county, was married Nov. has always been known as Carpenter's 27, I85I,in same place, to Richard Cobbs, mill, although christened Rock Dam who was born in Cynthianna, Harrison Mills. county, Ky., May 22, 1822. They have CARSON, JOHN, was born four children, MARIETTA,JOHN W., Aug. 8, 1794, on Saluda river, S. C., and ALBERT R. and MARGATET A. raised in Campbell county, Tenn. He Mr. Cobbs is a tailor, and resides in was in a Tennessee regiment in the war Springfield. of I812. After the war he came to Mad, WILLIAI, Jun,, died in his third ison county, Ill., with his father, and was year. there married to Margery Parkison, in MARGARET, born Feb. 27, 1830, in I818. She was born Oct. I9, 1799. They Springfield, was married June 5, I848, to came to Sangamon county in 1820 or'21, William A. Browning, who was born and settled on Lick creek, in what is now April 23, 1825, in Licking county, Ohio. Chatham township. They had ten childThey have seven children living; three ren, all born in Sangamon county except died in infancy. AMELIA E. was mar- one. Of their children-'ried Dec. 28, I871, to R. F. Gailey. Their YAMES S., born Oct., I819, married only child, WILLIAM A., died in infancy. Permelia Swanson. They had five childThey reside in Pana. EVA O., MAR- ren. He was accidentally shot and killed GARET L., MARY J., WILLIAM O., April 12, 1859, by another hunter mistakLOUISA B. and FLORA M. reside ing his call for that of a turkey. That with their parents. Mr. and Mrs. Brown- was in Fayette county. His-only two ing reside in Pana, Ill. surviving children, WESLEY McD. and rOHN, born Nov. 2, 1832, and ISAAC M., reside in Loami township. GiEORGE, born March 28, 1835, in RA CHEL, born in I823, in Sangamon Springfield, both reside with their mother. county, married Ransom Youtsler. They EJMIL r A., born August 8, 1837, both died, leaving five children. Her died Oct. 5, 1854. death took place Nov. 9, 1863. MiARIE., born March 28, 1843, and ELIZABETH, born Dec. 25, I824, SARAH _., born Jan. 26, 1846. The in Sangamon county, married William P. unmarried children reside with their Campbell. See his name. mother. AMANDA E., born April 17, 1829, in William Carpenter died August 30, Sangamon c6unty, married May 5, 1852, 1859, in Springfield, and his widow re- to Peter C. Campbell. See his name. sides at the corner of Seventh and Car- WILLIAM1 P., born Dec. 25, 1830, in penter streets, Springfield, Ill. William Sangamon county, married April 5, I855, Carpenter was elected Justice of the to Minerva Workman. They have seven Peace in Ohio in I820, held the same children, DAVID, SARAH, JOHN C., office in Sangamon county about fourteen ELIZABETH, LYDIA A., LEE and years, and was the second Justice of the AMANDA, and live in Loami township. Peace in Sangamon county. May I5, ISAAC C., born Feb. 7, I833, in San1830, he was appointed Quartermaster gamon county, married Martha Lawson, 20th Reg. Ill. Millitia, Col. T. M. Neal have one child, and live in Crawford commanding. April I2, I832, he was ap- county, Kan. pointed Paymaster. 4th Reg. Mounted 7OHVNM., born March, 1836, in SanVol. Inf., by Col. Samuel M. Thompson. gamon county, married Elizabeth WorkIn" I834 was elected to represent Sanga- man. They have six children, and live in mon county in State Legislature, when Crawford county, Kan. the Capital was at Vandalia. He was LOUISA, born April 11, I840, in subsequently a member of the city coun- Sangamon county, married William A. cil for a number of years. In 1837 was. Barnes. He was born Aug. 2, 1836, in appointed by, President Van Buren, Post- Talladega county, Ala. She died May master at Springfield, which office he re- 27, I872, leaving four children with their

Page  189 SANGAMON COUNTir. i89 relatives in Chatham and Loami town- William Carson and his wife are living ships. W. A. Barnes married LucyA. on the farm settled by her brother, John Allen, and live in Chatham. B. Broadwell, in 1819. Mr. C. has lived John Carson died in Fayette county, nearly half a century within one mile of Nov., 1844, and his widow married John where he now resides, one mile east of Campbell. See his name. Pleasant Plains. CARSON, WILLIAM, born CARTER. PLATT S., was July 8, I799, in Westmoreland county, born June 29, 1815, in Warren, Litchfield Pa. When he was four years-old his county, Conn. He came to Waverly, Ill., father moved to Hamilton county, Ohio. in Nov., 1836, and in Jan., 1837, began to William was never out of that county un- improve the farm where J. Milton Locktil he was twenty-six years old. He then bridge now resides, one mile west of Aucame to Sangamon county, Ill., arriving burn. He was advised to abandon the Nov. I, 1825, at Springfield. He walked project, lest he should freeze to death, the whole distance from Cincinnati to and was solemnly warned that he would Springfield in eleven days. He spent the be compelled to live without neighbors, first winter at Sangamo, and was married his improvements being more than two May 21, 1826, to Cynthia Broadwell. miles from the timber. He returned to They had fifteen children, seven of whom his native town, and was there married, died young. Of the other eight- July 25, 839, to Flora M. Carter, who SARAH 7., born March 2, 1828, was born in the same place, July 25, I85. married Aaron Thompson. Mrs. T. died They came at once to their new home, Oct., I855, leaving two children in Mis- near Auburn, traveling the entire distance souri. in wagons. At that time there were no LEAH A., born July 30, 1829, married improvements southwest nearer than fifWilliam De Armand, have nine children, teen miles, and the whole area a natural and live in Atchison county, Kan. meadow. There was an abundance of ELIZABE7THA., born Oct. 6, 1831, grass for thousands of cattle and sheep. married Oct. 2, I856, to Jacob King, and A year or two later Mr. Carter bought a live in Nodaway county, Mo. flock of sheep, and that caused great unRACHEL. C., born Dec. 22, I832, easiness to some of the neighbors, who married Nov., I863, to Joshua Short, have had a few head of cattle, lest the sheep one child, and live in Nodaway county, would eat all the grass. Mr. and Mrs. Missouri. Carter had four children in Sangamon MAR M T., born July 26, 1834, mar- county, namelyried Jacob Shawver. He was a soldier in ADONIRAAf, born Nov. 5, I842, enan Iowa regiment, and died at Helena, listed August, I862, in Co. C, IOI Ill. Inf., Ark., in April, I863. She married Josiah but was discharged on account of physical Culver, and live in Marion county, Iowa. disability, without fully entering the army. HEL.EAT B., born April 30, I837, He graduated at Michigan University, in married Feb., I860, to Charles B. Miller, the class of I868, and is now a practicing have six children, and live in Marion attorney at I57, south Clark street, county, Iowa. Chicago. WINFhIELD S., born May 27, I843, DARIUS, born June 6, 1845, enlisted married March 27, i866, to Emma J. Tay- May 2, 1864, in Co. C, I45th Ill. Inf., for lor, who was born Oct. 30, 1844, in Somer- one hundred days. and was honorably disset county, N. J. They have three child- charged, Sept. 28, 1864. He was married ren, WILLIAM E., JENNIE A. and April 6, I869, to Avice Pickett, who was CHARLES F., and liye near Pleasant born Nov. 9, I848, at Hartland, Conn., Plains. and died May I4, 1870. He was married WILLIAMA L., born Nov. 6, 1846, April 29, I873, to Sarah Poor, who was married March 12, 1868, in Hamilton born Oct. I, i850, in Sullivan county, county, O., to Ella Carson, who was born Tenn. They reside in the southwest part there Sept. 7 1I844. They have three of Loami township. children, ROBERT B., ALICE M. and LUCINDA A., born August 31, 1848, NELLIE B., and reside one and a half in Sangamon county, married June 25, miles east of Pleasant Plains. 1874, to Dr. Albert Brown, who was born

Page  190 19o EARLY SE'TTERS OF June 25, 1849, in Chicago, Illinois. He through his head. Their line of travel graduated at Bellevue Hospital Medical was marked by the dead bodies of white College, New York City, March, 1873, people slain by the Indians, with other and resides in Waverly, Ill. evidences of hostility. As the moving PLATT S., Jun., born Dec. 6, I850, party approached Crab Orchard, where a in Sangamon county, married near temporary fortification had been erected, Waverly, Morgan county, Nov. 20, 1873, the last day's march was a very long one. to Belle Woods, and resides in Sangamon Seven of the two hundred families fell county, near Waverly, 111. behind -the main body, and worn down Platt S. Carter, Sen., is one of the many with fatigue, they encamped and went to successful farmers of this county. He has sleep without guards. In the night they always taken an active interest in every were attacked by twenty-five Indians, and movement calculated to develop the re- all except one of them slain. The Cartsources of the country, and to elevate the wright family first settled near what afterintellectual standard of the cultivators of wards became Lancaster, Lincoln county, the soil, and has several times represented Ky. After a stay of two years, in the Loami township in the Board of county fall of 1793 Mr. Cartwright moved his Supervisors. He has been an energetic family to a place nine miles south of worker in the interests of the Sangamon Russelville, Logan county, Ky., and withcounty Agricultural Society, and was in one mnile of the Tennessee line. President of the same for the year i875. While the family resided there Peter He resides in Loami township, two and a entered into the spirit of the rude sports half miles north of Waverly. and vices that prevailed in the community, CARTWRIGHT, PETER, such as horse-racing, card-playing and was born Sept. I, i785, on James river, dancing. His mother had long been a Amherst county, Va. His father was a member of the M. E. Church, and prayed Revolutionary soldier, and soon after our for and plead with her son to turn from independence as a nation was acknowl- the errorof his ways. He was converted, edged by Great Britain, his parents moved and united with the Ebenezer M. E. to that part of our country known as Church in June, 18oi. He displayed Kentucky, then inhabited by hostile In- such talents and fervor in speaking, that he dians. There not being any wagon roads, very unexpectedly received the following the moving was'done on pack horses. paper: Their's was one of two hundred familiesr Ct is h y that moved in a body, guarded by one Peter Cartw ht is hereby permitted hundred young men, well armed. On the to exercise his gifts as an exhorter in the Methodist Episcopal Church, so long as night of the first Sunday after their departure, and while they were encamped his practice is agreeable to the Gospel. parture, and while they were encamped P with the women and children in the cen- "Signd in behalf of the Society at Ebenezer. ter, surrounded by part of the men guard- Eenezer ing, while others slept, the father of Peter JESSE WALKER, A. P. Cartwright heard something moving to-, 802. wards him and grunting like a hog. In the fall of that year his father deKnowing there was no swine with the termined to move to Lewiston, near the company, Mr. C. had his suspicions mouth of the Cumberland river. Peter aroused and kept a sharp look-out. He applied for letters for his mother, sister soonI perceived a datk object much nearer and himself. Upon receiving his own he him than the sounds at first indicated, and found that it was not only a letter of disreadily made up his mind that it was an missal to a sister church, and to exhort, Indian aiming to get as near as possible, but that it gave him authority to hold and then spring upon and murder him in meetings, organize classes, and form a cirthe dark. Mr. Cartwright took aim and cuit. It also required him to report at the fired. The crack of the rifle raised a fourth quarterly meeting of Red river cirgreat commotion in camp, and as soon as cuit the next fall. a light could be procured, an Indian was In his new home he found an academy, found dead, with a rifle in one hand, a or school of a high grade, and for a time tomahawk in the other, and a bullet-hole prosecuted his studies with great success;.

Page  191 SANGAMONV COUNTr. r19 but in consequence of persecutions that to a free State. In the spring of S823, he, arose, he abandoned the school and com- in company with two friends, started to menced organizing the circuit, which he explore Illinois in search of a home. They reported in the fall of that year-I803. ascended the Wabash valley, and crossed In October he became a regular traveling the prairie to the Illinois river above Fort preacher, with a colleague, on the Red Clark, now Peoria. They went west and river circuit. His first sermon led to the south and then east, crossing the Illinois conversion of an infidel. He received river at what is now Beardstown, where twenty-five members during the first quar- there was but one family in a small cabin. ter, and six dollars for his support at the From there they ascended the valley of end of the same. For the years I8o5 and the Sangamon river to a settlement in'6 he was appointed to Sciota circuit, in Sangamon county, on-Richland creek, the State of Ohio. where he found a family living in a double At the meeting of the Western Confer- log cabin, with a few acres of land under ence, held in East Tennessee, Mr. Cart- cultivation. Mr. C. bought the claim, and wright was ordained Sept. 15, I806; as a entered the land when it came into market. Deacon in the M. E. Church, by Francis He returned to Kentucky and brought Asbury, the first Bishop of the church in out his family, arriving Nov. I5, 1824, at America. He was next appointed to the place he had purchased the year beMarietta circuit. In the fall of I806 he fore, in what is now Cartwright townleft that circuit, with a blind horse, almost ship, three-quarters of a mile north of destitute of clothing, and seventy-five Pleasant Plains. They had two children cents in money, started to travel more than in Sangamon county. Of their nine five hundred miles to see his parents. The childrennext meeting of Conference was held ELIZA B., born in Livingston counSept. I4, I807, at Chillicothe, O. His ap- ty, Ky., May II, I8Io, married Peyton pointment for 1807-8 was to Barren cir- L. Harrison. See his name. cuit, in Cumberland district, Ky. About MARIA -H., born Sept. 20, 1812, in the close of his labors in that circuit- Christian county, Ky., married in SangaRev. Peter Cartwright and Frances mon county, July 28, 1833, to Rev. W. Gaines were married Aug. 18, I808. She D. R. Trotter, who was born near Bowlwas born Aug. I8, I789, in Charlotte ing Green, Ky., and came to Sangamon county, Va. When she was in her seven- county in 1830 or'31. Mr. Trotter was teenth year her parents moved to Lincoln a traveling preacher in the M. E. church county, Ky. Her father died there, and from the time he came to the State until her mother moved two years later to Bar- I872, when he became superanuated, and ren county, where Frances was married, resides in Jacksonville. They have five The Conference was held at Liberty children, all married. Hill, Tenn., commencing Oct. I, I808. At CrNTHIA, born March 27, I815, in that meeting Mr. C. was ordained-Oct. Christian county, Ky., was killed Oct. 23, 4, 1808. to the office of Elder of the M. 1824, by a tree, near which they had enE. Church, by William McKendree, who camped and kindled a fire, falling on her had become one of the Bishops of the M. while they were all asleep on the ground. E. Church. The ordination took place They carried the corpse of their child Oct. 4, I808. His next appointment was twenty miles, and buried it in Hamilton to Salt- Creek circuit, Ky. During that county, Ill. year his father died, and some time was MADISON A., born July 4, 1817, in spent in settling the estate. The next Christian county, Ky., married Dec. 29, Conference was held at Cincinnati in the I835, in St. Louis, to Matilda Purvines, fall of I809. His appointment was to both of Sangamon county. They had Livingston circuit, Cumberland district, six children, namely: WILLIAM T. Ky. Mr. C. continued to preach in Ken- married Emma Slater; had one child, tucky until they had seven -children. EVA A., and he married Florence Moore; During that time he saw and understood had two children, EDGAR EVERETT and the pernicious influence of slavery, and ASBURY L., and reside in Cartwright after consulting with his wife, who was of township. MARTHA J. married Daniel the same mind, they determined to remove Harnett, and died August 8, 1862, at

Page  192 192 EARL r SETTLERS Op Pleasant Plains. PETER S. married Pleasant Plains. WILLIAM T. died Frances Maria Irwin; have two children, Feb. 22, I869, in his twenty-third year. JENNIE E. and ROBERT A., and reside near MADISON N. resides west. CAROChanute, Kansas. ELIZABETH F. LINE E., HENRY D. and EDWARD married Peter L. Harrison. See his name. P. reside with their mother. Henry JOHN M. and ANNIE M. reside with Smith died March 20, I873, and his famtheir parents at Pleasant Plains. ily reside at Pleasant Plains. WEAL T7'Ht li. 7., born August 9, CAROLINE M., born Sept. 9, 1826, I819, in Christian county, Ky., married in Sangamon county, married August 30, March 17, I840, to Gorham Eaton, who 1848, to Rev. Benjamin Newman. They was born in Merrimac county, N. H. They had one child, PETER C., who married had three children, EMILY F. married and resides at Mattoon. Mrs. C. M. William G. Purvines. See his name. Newman died May 23, I853. MARY A. married A. S. Nottingham. ARMIzNDA F., born Oct. 3, I828, in See his name. HORACE G. married Sangamon county, married Aug. 30, 1848, Ella Allen, had one child, ELLEN, and to Rev. Levi C. Pitner. They have one Mrs. Eaton died. He resides near Pleas- son, LEE PITNER, and reside at Evanant Plains. Gorham Eaton died August ston, Ill. 26, 1846, and his widow married March Rev. Peter Cartwright, D. D., died 26, I850, to Elmer Mickel, who was born Sept. 25, 1872, and his widow died Feb. in Cape May county, N. J. They have 7, i876, both near Pleasant Plains, Sangasix children, ANNIE, CHARLES H., mon county, where they settled in 1824. CAROLINE M., ARMINDA B., Mr. Cartwright had been a member of the MYRA E. a d EDWARD LINCOLN, M. E. Church more than seventy-one and reside two miles horthwest of Pleas- years, a preacher nearly three score and ant Plains. ten years, and a Presiding Elder more VALENTINE C., born May I9, than half a century. To attempt a de1821, in Christian county, Ky., married in scription of the man and his labors would Sangamon county, Feb. 9, I841, to Cin- be useless in a sketch like this. Nothing thelia Scott. They have nine children. hut his own "Autobiography" and SARAH F. J. resides with her parents. "Fifty Years a Presiding Elder" could THOMAS B. married Mary E. Cloud, do justice to the subject.. His system of daughter of Rev. Newton Cloud, of Jack- theology does not admit of a belief in sonville; have two children, MAUD and special providences; and yet, it would apCLAUD, and reside near Waco, Sedgwick pear to others as though he was especially county, Kansas. CARRIE E. married raised up to illustrate what one man can Samuel D. Pallett, and resides near Waco, accomplish in mental and physical labors Kansas. HATTIE J. married David O. in a good cause, sustained by the power Williams; has one child, LESTER, and re- of God. He had just entered upon his sides near WVaco, Kansas. CHARLES eighty-eighth year, and his wife in her A. resides near Waco, Kansas. ALBERT eighty-seventh year. At the time of her B., MINNIE P., NEWTON C. and death she had fifty-three grand-children, WALTER D., reside with their parents. sixty-two great-grand-children, and five V. C. Cartwright lived near Pleasant great-great-grand-children, a total of one Plains until I874, when he moved to hundred and twenty-nine descendants. Sedgwick county, near Delano, Kansas. The circumstances of her death were SARAH M., born July 2, I823, in exceedingly impressive. She was attendChristian county, Ky., married Sept. I, ing a religious meeting at Bethel Chapel, 1841, to Henry Smith, who was born in about one mile from her home, in the opCape May county, N. J. They had ten posite direction from Pleasant Plains. children; two died in Infancy. MARIA The minister conducting the services F. married Frank N. Elmore. See his called on her as the first to give her testiname. PETER C., born Oct. 24, 1844, mony, which she did, remaining- seated. married Margaret McDonnell, who was She spoke with much feeling, closingwith born Nov. 17, 1844, at Lexington, Ky. the words: "The past three weeks have They have four children, HENRY, MARY been the happiest of all my life; I am 0., NETTIE and CARROLL, and reside at waiting for the chariot." The exercises

Page  193 SAA GAMON COUNTY. 193 continued until sixteen persons had risen mell died April I4, 1875, and John M. and spoken a few words each, the last of Cartmell lives where his father settled in whom was her eldest son. The lady sit- 1830. It is six miles northeast of Springting nearest her thought she had fainted, field. and the windows were thrown open to 7JAM/IES H., born in 1804, in Kenadmit fresh air; but "The chariot had tucky, married there to Elizabeth Duval. arrived." He died in Sangamon county, July I7, CARTMELL, ANDREW, 1839, and his widow returned to Kenwas born March, 1766, in Greenbrier tucky. county, Va. He went to Bath county, E VELINE, born July 22, 1807, in Ky., when he was a young man. Nancy Kentulcky, married in Sangamon county, D. Brown was born Oct., 1772, in Cul- Oct. 25, 1830, to Charles Harper. They pepper county, Va., and in I780 was taken had one child, and she died May 6, 1845 by her parents to Bath county, Ky. A. Her son ULYSSES lives in Texas. Cartmell and Nancy D. Brown were mar- NVANCY, born August II, I8Io, in ried and had eight children in Kentucky, Bath county, Ky., married there to Willis and they moved to Sangamon county, Ill., Cassitv. See his name. arriving Oct. Io, 1829, six miles northeast ELIZA, born in Kentucky, married in of Springfield. Of their children- Sangamon county, to Alex. Rigdon, who WILLIAMI W., born Oct., i8oo, in died, leaving a widow and seven children Bath county, Ky., married there in 1832, near Mt. Pulaski. to Mary Crockett, moved to Sangamon 1IARr A., born in Kentucky, married county, and from there to Ralls county, in Sangamon county to Samuel Harper, Mo., raised a family of six children, and have four children, and live in Caldwell lives near Merton, Grundy county, Mo. county, Texas. LUCINDA married in Kentucky to ANDRE W 7., born in Bath county, John Rudder, had two children, and died Ky., came to Sangamon county with his there. Her children came to Sangamon parents, married in Logan county, in 1843, county with their grandfather Cartmell. to Nancy Edwards. They had six childLUCRETIA married Samuel Houston. ren. LOUISIANA married P. O'BranSee his name. THOMAS was a soldier non, and resides near Mt. Pulaski. PERin the 4th Ill. Inf., and was killed in 1847, MELIA F., born Nov. 29, 1846, married in the Mexican war. Walter C. Black. See his name. MARY OJOHN M., born August 25, 1802, in E. married George Hickman, and live Bath county, Ky., was married there near Lincoln. JAMES H. lives near Mt. March 23, 1829, to Mildred R. Tacket, Pulaski. TIMOTHY L. lives near Wiland came with his parents to Sangamon liamsville. ALVIN resides near Mt. in the fall of that year. They had five Pulaski. Mrs. Nancy Cantrall died Sept. children. AMANDA A., born April 29, 6, and her husband Oct. 20, I856, both in 1830, married March 2, I852, to James Logan county. Black. See his name. JOHN W., born Andrew Cantrall died Sept. 12, 1832, May I9, 1833, married in Missouri to and his widow died Dec. 5, 1858, both in Mary E. Chipps, have four children, and Sangamon county. reside near Merton, Mo. He served three CARVER. JACOB, born March years in Co. C, 23d Mo. Inf., from Aug., o1, 1787, in Pennsylvania. Elizabeth I86I. JAMES H., born Oct. I4, I837, Hoover was born Dec. 8, 784, in Virginia. married Martha Crane, who died April They were married near Dayton, O., and 9, I87I, leaving four children. He mar- had nine children there. The family ried Nov. 19, 1872, to Mrs. Zilpha Hal- moved to Sangamon county, Ill., arriving bert, whose maiden name was Taylor. in the fall of 1830 in what is now Clear They live four miles east of Springfield. Lake township, four miles northeast of ELIZA A., born August 30, 1842, mar- Springfield. Of their nine childrenried James Black. See his name. WILLIAM, ELIZA and 7O7HN MARION, born July Ig, 1845, married died between thirteen and eighteen years Feb. I, 1872, to M. O. James, have one of age. The other six arechild, ANNIE E., and live six miles north HIGHLTr, born Jan. 13, I806, near east of Springfield. Mrs. M. R. Cart- Dayton, 0., was married there April 20, -25

Page  194 194 EARLY SE TTLERS OF 1826, to Philip Shaffer; came to Sanga- Elizabeth Carver died Nov. 8, 857, on mon county with her parents; moved the the farm where the family settled in I830. same fall to Cass county, where Mr. CASSITY, ALEXANDER, Shaffer died, August 28, 1843, leaving six was born in 1793, in Bath county, Ky. children. The widow married Feb. i, The father of Alexander and Willis Cas1846, to Daniel Lahmon. They have one sity built a stockade with block houses child, and reside near Virginia, Cass inside, on Slate creek, in Bath county, in county. the early settling of Kentucky. It was SARAH, born Nov. 26, I810, near called Cassity's station, and was a place of Dayton, O., married there to Jesse Smith, refuge from the Indians until they were came to Sangamon county with her par- forced out of the country. Remains of ents, had three children, moved back to that station are yet visible. Alexander Ohio, where two children were born and Cassity was married in Bath county to Mr. Smith died. The family reside at Eliza B. Groves. She died there in 1832, New Carlisle, Clarke county, Ohio. leaving three children. He was married REBECCA, born Sept. 21, 1812, in in the same county to Elizabeth LockOhio, married in Sanga^on couny toridge, had one child, and moved to SanOhio, married in Sangamon county to Benjamin Hooton, had four children, and gamon county, Ill., arriving Oct. 26, 1835, Benjamin.ooton had four chil(I, andand purchased a farm in what is now the moved to Ozark county, Mo., where she and purchased a fa what is now the died. southeast corner of Chatham township. SOPHIA, born Aug. I9, 1820, in where they had five living children. Of their childrenOhio, married in Sangamon county to Henry Bedinger. They had one child, OHN F., born in 6, in Bath and Mr. B. died, and she marlried Job county, Ky., enlisted in Sangamon counDickson. They had two children, and ty, Aug. io, i86I, for three years, in Co. both parents died. Their son, JOHN B, 3th Ill. Inf., and was promoted to DICKSON, married Mary Collins, and Sergeat-Major. Hewas morally wundresides in Sherman. SARAH DICK- ed at the battle of Atlanta, Ga., July 22, SON married Edward Workman. He and died July 26, 1864 was shot dead, Oct. 4, 1865, by a drunken WILLIS H, born March 23, I828, in man, because he would not drink with man, because he would not drink smith Bath county, Ky., married Sept. 26, 1865, him. The widow married Wm. Howard. in Sangamon county, to Ella McGriff a native of Preble county, Ohio. They had She had one child by each marriage- nativeofPreble county, Oho. They had WM. H. WORKMAN and JOHN E.... two children. CARRIE E. died young, HOWARD. O Mr. and Mrs. HowardH live and MINNIE L. lives with her parents, H1OWARD. Mr. and Mrs. Howard live in Auburn. four miles east of Springfield.. br - for o Spin 7JAMES L., born in Kentucky, raised JAAMES, born Dec. I3, 1825 near in Sangamon county, and died in Iowa. Dayton, Montgomery county, 0. He MARGARET E. married Andrew was married in Sangamon county, Jan. Rauch. See hisname. Rauch. oSee his name. I6, I863, to Martha Workman, who was EMMA C. marriedJacobRauch. See born May 23, 1847, in Rush county, Ind. is name They have four children, WILLIAM RANCIS ii born in Sngamon FRANCIS MF~. born in Sangamon W., JOSEPH B., JAMES F. and conty, and died unmarried. GEORGE H., and live at the homestead AMAINDA I., born in Sangamon settled by his parents in I830. It is four county, married James T. Hutton. See miles northeast of Springfield.. his name. They live on the farm where FELIX, born Oct. 4, 1828, near Day- she was born, in Chatham township. ton, O., married in' Sangamon county, ALEXANDER 11., born in SangaJan. 22, 1857, to Rachel Donner. They mon county, and enlisted July, I862, for had five children. FLORA died young. three years, in Co. I, 73d Ill. Inf., was LIZZIE, ALBERT, HENRY and wounded Dec. 31, I862, at the battle of FRANK. The four latter live with Stone's river, and discharged on account their parents, near where Mr. Carver's of physical disability. He was married parents settled in I830. to Mary A. Hutton, and lives in Gentry Jacob Carver died in I833, in Ohio, hav- county, Mo. ing returned there on business. Mrs. LOUISA G. died young,

Page  195 SANGAMOV COUIvr. 195 1MARTHA L. born in Sangamon fall of 1830, in what is now Rochester county, married Sept. 5, 866, to John T. township. Of their childrenWelch. The have two children, ED- GEOR GE died in Kentucky, at twenWIN H. and HARRY K., and reside ty-two years of age. in Auburn. Mr. Welch was born June YEREMIAH died in Kentucky, at 30, 1842, in McDonough county, Ill, He sixteen years of age. enlisted April, I86I, for three months, in REBECCA, born Feb. i4, 1802, in Co.D, I6th' Ill. Inf. May 24, I86, the Nicholas county, Ky., married Edward whole regiment enlisted for three years. Branch. See his name. Dec. 23, 1863 the regiment re-enlisted as Kentucky about 1805, De,.,63 LE WIS, born in Kentucky about i8o, veterans. J. T. Welch served through and died in Sangamo county,unmarried, all- the enlistments to the end of the rebellion. He is now a merchant in Au- in Nich bnMAR, born Aug. 28, I8o6, in Nichoburn. da 1 las county, Ky., married there Jan. 4, Alexander Cassity died March i2, 1851, Jn.,,,both on, I827, to James W. Neill. See his name. and his widow died Nov. 6, 86, bot onCassity died in and Mrs William Cassity died in i844, and Mrs. the farm where they settled in 1835. Honor Cassity died Aug.,, both - Honor Cassity died Aug., I854, both in CASSITY, WILLIS, brother to Rochester township. Alexander, was born Jan. 2;I 805, in Bath CASS, ROBERT, was born in county, Ky. He was married there Jan. 68 or', in Iredell county, N. C. His 24 1827, to Nancy Cartmell. They hades Cass,was born n England two children in Kentucky, and moved to athe, Jam a and when he was six or seven years of Sangamon county, arriving at Springfield as resse ino he ri 829. They had one child in age was pressed into the British navy,:nd Oct. io 82. hey had one i trained to a sea-faring life. Being separSangamon county. Of their children- hs r s a s e a ated from his relatives at so early an age, AMES W., born in Kentucky, died he never understood his own name, and at twenty years of age. called himself James Cast. He came to ELIZABETN, born in Kentucky, Philadelphia, and finally settled in Iredell married John Parsons. He died August, county, N. C. After raising a family 1872, leaving a widow and six children, there, he moved with his children to near Salisbury. Clarke county, Ky., and there met two LEVI, born Jan. I, 1836, in Sanga- Englishmen by the name of Cass. After mon county, enlisted Oct. 20, 1861, in Co. becoming acquainted, he found that one of B, ioth Ill. Cav., for three years. As a them was his brother, and the other his non-commissioned officer he commanded cousin, and for the first time learned that a section of one of the batteries attached the family name was not Cast, but Cass. to the regiment at the battle of Prairie His son Robert, whose name heads this Grove, Ark., Dec: 7, 1862, and lost his sketch, having always been called Cast, left arm in that engagement, He was did not think it prudent to resume the discharged on account of physical disabil- original name, but related the facts in the ity, Dec. 31, I862. Levi Cassity was case to his children, and his descendants married April 23, 1863, to Nancy Dren- have very generally returned to it. Robnan. They have one child, JOHN F., ert Cass was married Feb. 26, 1790, in and live three and a half miles southeast Iredell county, N. C., to Lucy Riley. of Chatham. They had one child there, and moved to Willis Cassity, after coming to Sanga- Clarke county, Ky., where they had four mon county, lived a few years in Logan children, and Mrs. Lucy Cass died, Feb. county, and a few years in Missouri. He 13, 1809. Robert Cass was married in and his wife now live in Ball township. Clarke county, April 26, 18io, to. Mary CASSITY WILLI-AM, cousin Boggs, and had two children there. The to Alexander and Willis, was born in family then moved to Sangamon county, Bath county, Ky. He was married in Ill., arriving Oct. 2, 1826, in Buffalo Hart Nicholas county, Ky., to Honor Wells, a grove. Of his seven chldrennative of Pennsylvania. They had five A/MON, born Sept. 6, 792, in North living children in Kentucky, and moved Carolina, married March i8, 1813, in Kento Sangamon county, Ill., arriving in the tucky, to Patsy Simpson. He raised a

Page  196 196 EARLY SETTLERS OF family, and remained -in Clarke county, 1857, lives with his parents, near Buffalo Kentucky. Hart Station. SARAH J., born Oct. 27, yAMAES, born Aug. I2, I697, in I826, in Kentucky, married in Sangamon Clarke county, Ky., and matrried there county, in I842,to George Ridgway, have Nov. 20, I87, to Ann Hood. They had four living children,MARYC.,ROBERT,JOHN eight children, and came to Sangamon and ALLEN, and live near Lockhart, Texas. county in 1829. Mrs. Ann Cass died, and WILLIAM L., born Aug. I5, 1829, in James Cass married Amanda McKinney. Sangamon county, died Aug. 20, 1846. They had four children, and he died. His The other children all died under six widow and living children reside near years. Archibald Cass died Sept., 1852, Mt. Pulaski. His son JOHN, born Sept. and his'widow died later, both in Sanga22, I820, in Kentucky, was married Feb. mon county. He was a soldier from San28, 1847, in Sangamon county, to Mary J. gamon county in the Black Hawk war in Burns. They had thirteen children. 1831-2. He was also a member of Co. ARTANECIA, born Feb 5, I849, was mar- D, 4th Ill. Inf., and served one year in ried April I5, 1873, to G. W. Edwards, I846-7, in the war with Mexico. He was and lives at Buffalo Hart Grove. AMON, a nurse in the army, and practiced mediborn'Sept. 3, 185I, lives with his mother. cine the latter part of his life. ALEXANDER, born Nov. 6, 1853, was PA TSY, born Dec. 28, 1802, in Clarke married near Springfield, Ill., Nov. 3, county, Ky., married there Sept. I5, 1825, I875, to Delia Fenton, and lives at Farmer to Robert E. Burns. See his name. City, DeWitt county, Ill. LUCY A., born VIVNIAN R., born April 8, I8o6, in April 30, I855, was married March I3, Clarke county, Ky., married in Sanga1872, to Herbert White. They have one mon county to Mary Wade, They had child, Olive MAay, and live at Farmer seven children. THOMAS F. died in City. ALVI, JON L., ISABEL, IDA, ANNA 1849 at Mt. Pulaski, aged twenty-three E., SOPHIA, ROBERT F., HATTIE J. and years. GEORGE W., married Martha TROMAS F. w., live with their mother. J. Turley, have nine children, and live John Cass died Jan. 17, 1872. His widow near Lincoln. EMILY married Daniel and children live near Buffalo Hart station, Dunn, had two children, and died in MisorFarmer City, Ill. FRANK D, bornDec. souri. Her children: THOMAS A., resides 6, 1832, in Sangamon county, was married at Mt. Pulaski. MARY E. resides with April 29, I858, to Sarah G. Landis, who her aunt, Mrs. Jones. LUCY E., born was born April 8, I833, in Indianapolis, March 28, 1836, in Logan county, married Ind. They have one child living, ED- Strother G. Jones. See his name. CARWARD K. F. D. Cass studied medicine in OLINE A., born August I6, 1838, is unMt. Pulaski, teaching school in the mean- married, and resides at Lincoln. SARAH time. He graduated at Rush Medical AGNES, born in I84o, married Simpson College in 1864. Was appointed assistant Constant, had one child, CASS CONSTANT, surgeon of the 151st Ill. Inf. in 1865, and she married Frederick Bush. They served a short time and resigned. Dr. have two living children, NELLIE E. and Frank D. Cass resides at Mt. Pulaski, Ill., CARRIE B., and reside at Mt. Pulaski. and is engaged in practice there. ROBERT enlisted for three years, in ARCHIBALD, born Dec. I, 1799, in 1862, in an Illinois regiment, and died Clarke county, Ky., married there to August, 1863, at Murfreesboro, Tenn. Deborah- Mershon. They had three Mrs. Mary Cass died Dec. 31, I848. children in Kentucky, and came to San- N. R. Cass married Mrs. Elizabeth gamon county, Illinois, arriving Oct., Swing, whose maiden name was Laugh1828, at Buffalo Hart Grove, where they ney.~ She had one child, Belle W. Swing, had three children. Of their children: by a former marriage. She married ROBERT, born Nov. 20, 1821, in Ken- T. T. Beach, who is a practicing lawyer, tucky, married in Sangamon county, and lives in Lincoln. Ninian R. Cass Aug. 20, 1840, to Sarah J. Lawson. They died August, 1872, at Mt. Pulaski, and his had four children. MINERVA J. and OR- widow resides with her daughter, Mrs. LANDO w. died under two years. FLOR- Beach, at Lincoln. ENCE F., born May I7, 1852, died August A. BOWEN, born Feb. II, 18I,. in 24, i869. NOAH MATHENY, born July 9, Clarke county, Ky., came with his parents

Page  197 SANGAMOA C UNTr. I9 to Sangamon county in Oct., 1826, -mar- Mrs. Mary Cass died Sept. I4, 1840, ried Jan. I7, 1830, to Melinda Burns. and Robert Cass died July 9, 1852, both They had nine children in Sangamon near where they settled in 1826. county, namely: ELIZABETH E., CHAMBERS, HENRY B., born Nov. 14, 1830, married Nov. 8, 1849, born Jan, I, I809, near Dover, Del. He to Michael Finfrock. He was born May was married in Delaware to Elizabeth 3, I820, in Chambersburg, Pa., went to Bodie, and moved to Adams county, Ill., Miami county 0., with his parents in 1836, in 183I, and from there to Springfield, in and came to Saugamon county in i843, 1840, where Mrs. C. died, April, 1854. Mr. and Mrs. Finfrock have seven child- He was married Jan. 25, 1855, to Mrs. ren, BOWEN C., HELEN M., CHARLES M., Elizabeth A. Turner, whose maiden name PAUL H., IRVING G., WILLIS and ERNEST was Earnest. They had seven childrens. reside with their parents, four miles ELIZABETH E., yAM4ES H., southeast of Buffalo Hart Station. Mr. 7OHN B., WILL1IAMA R., JA COB Finfrock was a member of the Sangamon 7., KENDALL and 4'A G GIE 7. county Board of Supervisors at the first H. B. Chambers died May 26, 1871, term in 1861-2, and again from I872 to and his widow resides tour miles west of 1876. MARY C., born May 8, 1833, Springfield. married Mlarch 31, I858, to Benjamin F. CHANDLER, ROBERT, was Edwards, who was born July I2, 1823, in born about 1812, in Kentucky. He was Madison county, N. Y. They have four left an orphan at eight years of age, and children, GAYLORD C., JOHN P., BENJA- was bound to Russell Fletcher, who took MIN F., Jun., and MARY B., and reside two him to Overton county, Tenn., and from miles southeast of Buffalo Hart Station. there to Sangamon county, Ill., arriving LUCY A., born August 31, 1835, mar- in the spring of I832. He married Ellen ried April 20, i869, to Dr. Leslie Gillette. Parmenter, who died, and he married They have three children, LESLIE B., Elizabeth Carter. They had eight childFANNIE T. and CEOGIANA, and reside at ren in Sangamon countyBuffalo. LEWIS, born March Io, 1838, L UCT J. married Christopher Wheemarried Dec. 24, I862, to Christiana Law- lan, and live in Riverton. son. They had four children. The REBECCA died, aged eighteen. eldest, WILLIAM S., and the youngest, MAR r E. married Stephen Huntsley, ALFRED, died in the second year of their and live in Christian county. ages. CLARENCE F. and ARTHUR F. re- MARTHA W., FRANICZS Al., side with their parents, five miles south- GEORGE H., CHARLES 0. and east of Buffalo Hart Station. PAULI- ED WARD, reside with their parents, NA J., born Oct. 4, 1843, married Oct. 13, half a mile from Sherman. 1864, to Alfred Shrieve, and resides near CHERRY, BENJAMIN, was Elkhart. HARDIN, born Sept. 16, born Jan. 26, I790, in Franklin county, 1845, married Oct. Io, I866, to Hattie N. Ga. When he was seventeen years old Landis, have two children, PHILIP and his parents moved to Overton county, LEWIS B., and reside one and a half miles Tenn. Benjamin was a soldier from Tensouthwest of Buffalo Hart Station. nessee in the war of I812. In the fall of SCOTT, born Nov. 20, 1847, MARION, 18i9 he came to Sangamon county, and born April 12, I85o, and HARRY, born soon after went to work for Edward born Feb. 3, I854, live with their parents. Clark, who came about the same time. Ambrose Bowen Cass and his wife reside Elizabeth Strickland was born May 12, half a mile southwest'of Buffalo Hart 1799, near the sea coast, south of CharlesStation, and within one fourth of a mile ton, S. C. Her parents moved to Tennesof where his father settled in 1826. He see, and from there to St. Clair county, was a soldier in the Black Hawk war, Ill., thence to Sangamon county in I819, both in 1831 and 1832, from Sangamon and Elizabeth came in the spring of 1820. county, and was in the battles of Bad Axe Benjamin Cherry and Elizabeth Strickand Wisconsin. land made arrangements to celebrate the LUCT A., born Jan. 15, 1813, in 4th of July, but could not obtain the liClarke county, Ky., married April I7, cense from Edwardsville in time, and they 1828, to John R. Burns. See his name. were married July II, I82o. They had

Page  198 198 EARLrSETT7LERS 0i seven children in Sangamon. county, Mr. Child was a farmer and teacher all two of whom died young. Of the other his life. He was an original abolitionist, five — and as an agent of the underground railWrA TT, born Nov. 9, I82I, married road, he assisted hundreds of colored peoin Sangamon county to Susan Hall, have ple in their flight from bondage. He several children, and reside near Blue conducted a company of twenty-one at Mound, Macon county. one time. It was his custom to go as far MARTHAA, born in 1826, married as he could travel in one night and return, William Allen, had seven children, moved but on some occasions he has gone as far to Missouri, and died near Carthage. sixty miles, and then left them in the CLEMON'Vdied at twenty-three. hands of friends who would conduct them ALMIYRA, born March 20, I830, mar- onward. The last time the writer of this, ried David Huckleberry. See his name. conversed with Mr. Child, he expressed BENJVAMIN, Jun.,' married Eliza special satisfaction that he had'assisted so Barnes. They had four children, and many human beings on their way to moved to Pike's Peak. Mr. Cherry died freedom, and gratitude that he had lived there. His widow and only living child, to see the day that there was not a slave CHARLES, live in Springfield. He is in the United States of America. employed at the watch factory. CHURCH I LL, GEORGE, Benjamin Cherry died in I874, near was born about 1766, in Virginia. His Riverton. parents died when he was quite young, CHILD, STEPHEN, was born and he went to Woodford county, Ky., June 12, 1802, in Waitsfield, Vt. His where he was married to Sarah Arnold, parents moved to Barnstown, Lower who was born in that county about I780. Canada, in I806, and in 1815 to Hartland, They had eleven children in Shelby Windham county, Vt., where they both county, Ky., and the family moved to died. In 1820 Stephen went to Potsdam, Sangamon county, Ill., arriving in the fall St. Lawrence county, N.Y., and engaged of 1827, near what is now Mechanicsburg. in teaching. He was there married, March Of their children),:826, to Hannah Lyman, who was born MART, married in Kentucky to WilSept. I5, I808, in Brookfield, Vt. They liam Threlkeld, brought up a large family, had two children in New York, and came and never moved to Illinois. Their to Sangamon county as part of a colony daughter SARAH J. is the wife of Wilof fifty-two persons, arriving Oct. 26, liam P. McKinnie. See his name. 1833, in the village of Sangamo. They MARIETTA, born Jan. 3I, I829, in had three children in Sangamon county. Shelby county, Ky., married there, Jan. Of their five children I4, 1,847, to Joseph H. Agee. They had JOHN L., born March 23, 1827, in two children born there, and in the fall of St. Lawrence county, N. Y., married in i85i moved to Sangamon county, where Sangamon county, Feb. I7, 1859, to Mary seven children were born. Of their childE. Anderson. They have two children, ren: EDWIN H., born in Shelby county, FRANKIE and CHARLEY, and reside Ky., resides with his mother. MARY B., near Farmingdale. born Jan. 29, i85I, in Kentucky, married MARr L., born Sept. 27, 1831, in St. in Sangamon county, Oct. 3, I87I, to Lawrence county, N. Y., married in San- Ambrose B. Cass, Jun. They live at gamon county to George B. Seeley. See East Lynn, Cass county, Mo. ALICE A. his name. They reside in Abilene, Kan. married Jan. I6, 1873, to Robert W. Jess, MIARTHA, born Dec. 8, I833, in San- a native of Bellfast, Ireland. They live gamon county, married Thomas Frank at Riverton. LIZZIE T., EMMA and J. ALAnderson. See his name. VEY reside with their mother. The sixth, S7TEPHEN, Jun., born April I4, seventh and eighth children, viz: LUCY J., 1848, in Sangamon county, resides with WILLIAM S. and CEPHAS L., all died under his mother, near Farmingdale. eight years. Joseph H. Agee died Sept. HANNAH, born Nov. 29, i850, died 25, 1865. The father and three children in her third year. all died within nineteen days. Mrs. Stephen Child died Sept. 4th, 1875, and Marietta Agee and her family reside two his widow resides near Farmingdale. miles east of Riverton.

Page  199 SANGAMOW COUNTr. 199 L UCINDA, born in Kentucky, mar- Underwood, whose maiden name was ried there to William Crimm, and both Lemon. She was born March 29, I8o8, died in Southern Illinois, leaving seven or in Georgetown, Ky. They had two eight children. The three eldest were children, JULIA, born July I2, 1843, in WILLIAM, ABSALOM and MARTHA. Sangamon county, lives with her mother. JOHN/ A.. born March 6, i800, in LEMON P. died in his sixth year. John Shelby county, Ky., married there to A. Churchill died Feb. 4, I845, and his Sarah Scoggin. They had three children, widow and daughter reside in Mechanicscame to Sangamon county, and settled burg. near Mechanicsburg, where they had six AL VAH, born in Kentucky, married children. Of their children..JOELI there to Burnetta Samples, moved to Inborn July I9, 1823, in Kentucky, married diana, and from there to Sangamon counin Sangamon county to LucretiaJ. Bondu- ty,in 1832, settling near Mechanicsburg. rant. They had eleven living children. They had four children, and moved to MARTHA A., MARY L., ELIZABETH J., Iowa; from there to Oregon in 8S53, JOHN, T., THOMAS A., JOSEPH W., JESSE, where he died. EDGAR, HARVEY, ETHA G. and'ARTHUR. R V EH G ad ArT U LE WIS, born in Kentucky, married Mr. C. and family moved to Kansasi in an o^ J. o.J T.. 3 1in Sangamon county to Mary A. Cooper. i865, and in i875 returned to Illinois, and...live in DeLand, Piatt countyT.. WVIL. They had eleven children and moved to live in DeLand, Platt county. WIL- t Iowa; from there, in I853, to Oregon, LIAM, born April 4, I825, in Kentucky, Iowa; from there, in 853, to Oegn married in Sangamoa county to Elizamarried in Sangamon county - to Eliza- with his brother Alva. He died Jan. 13, aed in S o * o Eliz 1869, leaving a widow and children. beth Lemon. They reside in Monmouth, Polk county, Oregon. ANN, born Jan. WILLOUGGHBr, born Feb. I5,:809, 22, 1827, in Kentucky, died in Sangamon in Shelby county, Ky., married Oct. 6, county in her eighteenth year. GEORGE, 1834, in Sangamon county, Ill., to Elizaborn August I5, 1829, in Sangamon coun- beth J. Humphreys. They had six childty, went to Oregon, and there married ren in Sangamon county, and in 1851 Hannah E. Sherel. They have three moved to the Pacific coast. Mrs. Churchill children, and live in Linn county, Oregon. died at Delles, foot of Cascade mountains, WILLOUGHBY, born Dec. 23, 1831, in in Waco county, Oregon, and Mr. C. mar Sangamon county, went, when a young ried in Oregon, August ii, I852, to Matilman, to the Pacific coast, and lives in da A. Price, who was born Jan. 12, 1828. Oregoti. SARAH E., born Jan. 4, 1834, They had six children. Of his children in Sqngamon county, resides with her by the first marriage, GEORGE H., born sister, Mrs. Smith, in Illiopolis. JOHN, May I3, I837, in Sangamon county, marborn Feb. I5, 1836, in Sangamon county, ried Catharine Reed, in Oregon. OWEN enlisted July I9, I86I, for three years, in H., born June I6, 1845, in Sangamon Co. I, 41 Ill. Inf., re-enlisted as a veteran, county, Ill., is in Montana. DAVID H., Jan., I864. He was promoted to Sergeant, born March 31, 1843, in Sangamon counJuly, 1863, and to 2d Lieut., Nov., I864. ty, married July 23, 1875, to Minnie Lord. Was with Sherman in his " march to the They live in Helena City, Montana Ter. sea," and was honorably discharged, June, MARY J., born Oct. 2I, 1845, in Sanga1865. He was married Feb. 14, I867, in mon county, was married in Oregon to Sangamon county, to Mary M. Graham. John M. Roach. They live in Clackamas They have one living child, ANNA, and county, Oregon. MARTHA A., born live three miles north of Illiopolis. August 22, 1848, in Sangamon county, LOUISA, born April 25, 1838, in San- died April I8, 1864, in Oregon. Children gamon county, married April Io, I860, to of the second wife, all born in Oregon: Reuben Smith, who was born Nov. 4, OLIVER D., born May I9, 1853, 1833, in Duchess county, N. Y. They JAMES E., born May 18, 1854, LAURA have three living children, GEORGE, ADA B., born May 8, 1856, near Harrisburg, and HERBERT, arid live in Illiopolis. was married June 18, I874, to George MARY, born Dec. 17, I840, died in her Jordan. They live near Harrisburg, Oreleventh year. Mrs. Sarah Churchill died egon. THOMAS A., born July 27, Dec. 30, 1840, and John A. Churchill i857, and MINNIE D., born July 6, married July 3, 1842, to Mrs. Elizabeth 859, liveswith her parents. Willoughby

Page  200 200 EARLY SETTLERS OP Churchill and family reside near Harris- LOTHARIO, born in 1850, and ELIZA burg, Lynn county, Oregon. J., born in 1853, live with their mother in ELIZABETH, born Sept. ii, I8II, Pittsfield, Pike county, Ill. In i866 Mr. inS.helby county, Ky., married in Sanga- Garrett sold out, with the intention of mon county to Jesse Pickrell. See his moving to Kansas. He left home alone name. with a load of goods, and was murdered MAR T7A, born July i6, I815, in in Bates county, Mo., in Nov., i866. Shelby county, Ky., married in Sanga- DA VID B., born in 1821, in Kenmon county, June I6, 1833, to Griffin tucky, was killed by lightning in SangaFletcher, who was born Dec. 23, I8I0, mon county, May 7, 1842. near Mt. Sterling, Montgomery county,. CUL VIN S., born June 30, 1824, in Ky. They had ten living children. Kentucky, married July 3I, 1845, in SanMARY A., born Sept. 20, I836, married gamon county, to Hester F. King. They H. C. Stiver, Sept. 28, I855, in Sangamon had nine children; three died in infancy, county. They have four living children, and GEORGE W. died, aged ten years. KATIE, NELLIE, CARRIE and CHARLES. HENRY H., born Jan. 14, I847, married Mr. Stiver moved to Texas in Dec., 1872. in 1873 to Lizzie Grubb, and resides near SARAH J., born Nov. I5, 1838, married Baldwin City, Kansas. PERMELIA A., Zachariah Pope, in 1854, in Sangamon born June 5, 1849, married William Houscounty, and died May 3, I857. RHODA ton. See his name. FIELDING A., E., born Jan. 4, 184I, married Levi S. SALLIE and AMANDA P., reside with Ridgeway, in Sangamon county, Feb. I6, their parents, near German Prairie StaI857. They had four children, IRA H. tion. and IDA s. (twins), CATHARINE E., ABBIE George Churchill died May 15, 1837, and LORA. Mr. Ridgeway died August and Mrs. Sarah Churchill died Oct., 1847, 30, 1868, and Mrs. R. and family live and both were buried near German near Decatur, Ill. DAVID C., born Prairie Station, Sangamon county, Ill. March 3, 1843, in Christian county, CLARK, DAVID, born Aug. 28, married in Sangamon county to Mary 1776, in Essex county, N. J. Came to A. Garvey. See sketch of the Garvey Kentucky in 1798, and was there married family. JAMES L., born Nov. 3, 1845, in 800o, to Rachel Rutter. They had is a grocer in Decatur. JOHN W., two children; one died in infancy, and born Dec. 2, 1847, married May lo, Mrs. Rachel Clark died in I804. David i869, to Emma Clevenger, in Abington, Clark moved to Cincinnati, O., in 1805, and Knox county, Ill. They have three made brick for the first brick house built children, MAY D., THERON and STELLA, in that city. He returned to Somerset and live in Decatur, Ill. ABEL P., born county, N. J., in the same year, and was Feb. 15, 1852, and MARTHA J., born married there in Feb., 1806, to Sallie May 24, I854, live with their parents. Winans, who was born Oct. 25, I788, in Griffin Fletcher and wife reside in Deca- that county. They moved to Miami tur, Ill. county, O., in I809, and from there to SanEL T/IRA A., born Sept. 24, I8I7, in gamon county, Ill., in 1829, settling on Shelby county, Ky., was married Feb. 6, Sugar creek. After two years they I834, in Sangamon county, to John Gar- moved to Wolf creek. They had six rett. They moved to the vicinity of children, one of whom died in infancy. Pittsfield, Pike county, Ill., in I834, and Of the other fivehad seven living children. BENJ. F., Rev. RICHARD W., born June 16, born in 1835, married in Pittsfield to I808, in Somerset county, N, J.. was Anna E. Adams, June, 1867, and live in married in April, 1828, to Margaret Clark, Newton county, Kansas. MARY E., a native of Fayette county, Ky. They born in I838, resides with'her mother. have five children living. SALLIE A., LOUISA A., born in 1843, married S. born Jan. ii, 1831, in Sangamon county, Woolfolk. MARTHA A., born in I846, was married in 1848 to'Ezra Clark. They lives with her mother. SARAH E., have six children, HATTIE A., LODORSKA born in 1848, married July, 1872, to Rob- J., PERMELIA A., DAVID M., IRENA and ert Howard. They have one child, NELLIE, and live in Chesnut, Logan FLORENCE B., and live in St. Louis, Mo. county, Ill. DAVID, born Jan. 2, 1834,

Page  201 SANGAMOA C O UNTY. 201 in Sangamon county, is married, and re- JOHN, born April 22, 848, in Sangamon sides in New Mexico. ELIZA, born county, died July 29, I866. DAVID T., Nov. 9, 1841, in McDonough county, was born June 27, i850, in Sangamon county, married in Logan county, Ill., to Jonas was married Jan. 27, I876,to LucyPowel. Shupe, May I3, 1858. He was a native They residein Mt. Pulaski. RICHARD of Ohio. They had one child, MARY E., H., born March 26, 1854, in Sangamon who resides with her uncle, Dr. John county, was married Dec. 22, I875, to Clark. Mr. Shupe died Jan. 13, I865, Mary E. Boggs. They reside in Mt. and Mrs. Shupe was married Feb. 5, I87I, Pulaski. ALFRED R., born July 3I, to John R. Ayers. They have one child, 857, in Sangamon county, and MARION, LENA, who resides with her parents in born July I, I862, in Logan county, reside Mt. Pulaski. JOHN W., born: Nov. i3, with their parents in Mt. Pulaski. 1845, in Logan county, Ill., was married SALLY H., born Sept. 27, 1817, in Dec. 28, 1874, in Chesnut, Logan county, Miami county, Ohio, was married Oct., to Emma Sterritt, a niece of Enoch 1834, to John Riddle, in Sangamon counMoore, of Springfield, recently deceased. ty. They have four children, all born in Dr. John W. Clark is a practising physi- Sangamon county, ELIZA C., MARY cian at Milford, Iroquois county, Ill. E., FRANCIS A. and SALLIE W., MARY E., born Oct. I6, 1847, was mar- and reside near Barclay, Sangamon ried March 31, i866, near Mt. Pulaski, to county. Benjamin Harding. They have four ELIZABETH, born Dec. 15, 1830, children, MAY, ELIZA, ELLIS and RICH- in Miami county, Ohio, was married Dec., ARD, who reside with their parents near 184, to Alfred Gideon, who was born in Mt. Pulaski. Rev. Richard W. Clark Champaign county, Ohio, They have died Aug. 29, 1854, and his widow died one child, DAVID C., born ov. 27 Dec. 21, I867, both in Logan county, Ill. 847, was married Sept., I868, to Sallie JORHN, born Nov. 25, I810, in Miami Row, a native of Ohio. David C. Gideon county, O., studied medicine there. Came is practicing physician at Watseka, Iroto Sangamon county with his father, re- quois county, Ill. mained one year, returned to Ohio, where David Clark was a local M. E. preacher he was married, Aug. 29, 1830, in Miami for about forty years. His wife died Dec. county, to Eliza Tremain, who was born 3, 843, and he died Jan. 6,847, both on May 24, 1810, in New York. They came the farm near the present town of Barto Sangamon county, and followed farm- clay, Sangamon county, Ill. ing until 1842, when he moved to Mt. Pulaski and engaged in the practice of CLAR, BARZILLA, and his medicine. He was County Commissioner wife, Nancy, came to what is now Salisfour years for Logan county, and Justice ury township, Sangamon county in seventeen ears, during 1821. They brought seven children, all of the Peace seventeen years, during of whom married and raised families. which time he married eighty-four couple. i e maie He has, since I28, been-a member of-the Their eldest daughter, Phebe% married He has, since 1i828, been a member of the M. E. church, and a s the same, John N. Campbell. See his name. Bar^M. E. church, and a trustee of The. samezilla Clark died Sept. 23, i840, and his in Mt. Pulaski, from the time the church widow die Ari i, 83, both in Sanwas organized at that place. Dr. John Clark and wife reside in Mt. Pulaski. gamon county. CARMAN W., born May 20, I815, CLARK, ELISHA, was born in in Miami county, 0., married March 29, I797, married in Indiana to Sarah Gard. 1838, in Sangamon county, to Harriet They had three children in Indiana,and Crocker, step-daughter of David Riddle. came to Sangamo, Sangamon county, in She was born Aug. 2, 1817, in Leba- I823. They had nine children in Illinois. non, St. Clair county, Ill. They had seven Their daughterchildren; one died in infancy. MARY HUBERTY, born July 30, 1824, at W., born March 24, 842, in Sangamon Sangamo, Sangamon county, married county, was married Oct. I7, 1866, to E. George Batterton. See his name. Alfred C. Wilson. They have four child- Mrs. Sarah Clark died in 1853, in Mason ren, HARRIE, HARRIET H., CARMAN R. county, and Elisha Clark died in I869, at and ALFRED, and reside in Mt. Pulaski. Pekin, Ill. -26

Page  202 202 EARL Y SBETTLERS O0 CLARK, PHILIP, was born to Wheeling, Va.; worked his way down March 25, I787, at Rye, England. He the Ohio river, and up the Mississippi was married there to Elizabeth Gravett. river to St. Louis, on a keel boat. At St. They had five children, and Mrs. Clark Louis he fell in with Elijah Iles and Richdied. Mr. Clark left his children there, ard Smith, both of whom knew his father, and came to America in 1817, landing at and he canre with them to Springfield, arBoston, Mass., and traveled by land and riving Oct. 15. 1824, to the surprise of his water to New Orleans, returned to Eng- father. He was married May I9, 1836, to land, and in company with his brother Christiana Campbell, on Richland creek. Edward, embarked at London in August, They had four children near Rochester, 1818, and landed at Baltimore in October Sangamon county. He went to California following. They traveled on foot from in 1849, and returned in March, 1850, Baltimore to Pittsburg, and from there to moved to Clinton in November of the New Orleans by water. They returned same year, where three children were the same way to the vicinity of Harmony, born. Of their seven children, MARY, Ind., to visit the family of a relative by born Dec. I8, 1839, married in Clinton, the name of Morris Burkbeck, who had Jan. I9, I857, to Robert Millard, have five emigrated from England a year or two children, and live in Clinton. JOHN G., before. He afterwards came to Illinois, born August 28, 1842, died in his twentyand was Secretary of State under Gov. second year. PHEBE, born March I, Coles. The Clark brothers went up the I847, married John Armstrong, and died river to Shawneetown, and from there July 5, I868, in Clinton. SARAH F. across the country to St. Louis. They re- lives with her parents. LOUIS P. died, crossed the river into the American bot- aged four years. CHRISTIANA and tom and stopped with an Indian ranger, MATTIE F. live with their parents, in who told them about the Sangama coun- Clinton, Ill. try. They started for it, and arrived in MARGARE7, born March 28, I814, November, 1819, on the Sangamon river, at Rye, England, married in Sangamon two miles north of Rochester. Philip county, about 1834, to Daniel McClees. Clark was married in 1823, in Indiana, to They had seven children in Sangamon Martha Jessup, an English lady, who county; four died in the same county, all died without children, in Sangamon coun- grown, or nearly so. JOHN and HENRY ty. He married in Sangamon county to were both Union soldiers. MARY J. marPolly Whitford, in I835. Philip Clark ried John Spence, who died of disease conhad his five children sent from England. tracted in the army. She lives in SpringThey embarked at London May I, 1824, field. CHRISTIANA married Mr. and were received in New York by an Petty, and resides in Round Prairie, Sanaunt on the I8th of June. The three gamon county. CHARLES resides with daughters and one son arrived in Sanga- his parents. Mr. McClees went to Calimon county in February; 1825. Of those fornia in 1849, came home in 1853, refive children- turned, and his wife did not hear from him MAR E., born in I8Io, at Rye, Eng., for fifteen years. They now reside at arrived in Sangamon county February, Port Angelos, Washington Territory. I825, married in 1832 to Samuel Hines. SELINA, born July, I816, in Rye, They had three children in Sangamon England, married in 1838, in Sangamon county, and moved to Iowa, where they county, to John H. McMinany. She died had three children. They reside near Cox in Fannin county, Texas. Creek Post Office, Clayton county, Iowa. HENRY R., born April, 1818, at Rye, PHILIP, Jun., born Feb. 20, 1812, at England, married in Sangamon county, in Rye, Eng., embarked at London May I, 1842, to Jane Trotter. They had two 1824, landed at New York city June I8th, children; both live in Sangamon county. was bound-by an aunt who came before Henry R. Clark resides near, Bolivar, Mo. them-apprentice in New York to a tailor, Philip Clark died in February, 1853, in who treated him cruelly, and he ran away, Sangamon county. His widow married went to Boston, obtained employment in a again, and resides in Missouri. glass factory, saved some money, went by The object of the Clark brothers in water to Philadelphia, walked from there coming to the country was to engage in

Page  203 SA NGAMON CO UNVTr. 203 the milling business. The site they select- he arrived there, learned that a law had ed was a favorable one, on the main San- been enacted by the legislature, in session gamon river, about two miles north of the at Vandalia, and approved by Gov. Bond, present town of Rochester. The Legisla- Jan. 30, I821, providing for the organization ture passed an act declaring that river of a new county, to be called Sangamon. navigable, and they abandoned the mill The clerk declined to issue a license, and site. They went to a point on the South Mr. Clark insisted that as he was ready to Fork, near where Edward Clark lived and marry he did not like to be delayed. The died, and put a saw mill in operation in clerk told him that if he was determined I824, and a flouring mill in I825. That to marry, he could go home, have the was the first mill that did good work in marriage ceremony solemnized, and after this part of the country. Soon after they the county was organized, have it done came to the country, Philip went to again. The county was organized April Lisle's band mill, and remained three days io, I82I, and after that a license was oband two nights to get two bushels of corn tained and the marriage again solemnized ground. They then bought a hand mill by the same minister who officiated the in St. Louis for their own use, but it kept first time, Rev. Rivers Cormack, of the about thirty families in bread for two M. E. Church. They had eight children, years, until their own mill on South Fork all in Sangamon county, namelywas completed. ABRAHAM V., born April 9, I822. CLARK, EDWARD, was born He was never married, but went to CaliFeb. i6, I79o, in the ancient town of Rye, fornia in 1849, and died Dec., I85o, at Eng. It was the principal one of the three Sacramento City. independent ports, which, together with the HENR r P., born Nov. 2, I823. He Cinque, or five ports, obtained charters was married Dec. 15, 1853, to Nancy T. granting special privileges from the Williams. They have four children, British Sovereigns, in consequence of MARYJ., SARAH V., EDWARD S., their having fitted out a fleet and con- and WILLIAM T., the three eldest in quered the Danish and Scandanavian free- Rochester, and the fourth in Oskaloosa, booters, thus breaking up the system of Iowa. Henry P. Clark lives one and a piracy which had for years been devastat- half miles southeast of Rochester. ing the English coasts. The office of MAR1 YANE, born Feb. 25, 1825, Lord Warden of the Cinque ports, is one married Feb. 25, 1845, to James Richardof the most ancient in the kingdom, reach- son. They had three children. Mrs. R. ing back to the time of Edward the Con- died Sept. 6, 1857. Mr. Richardson is fessor, about the year io50. Edward Clark's married again, and resides in Taylorville. grandfathers on both sides were named Her youngest son, Abraham V. RichardClark, but were no relation to each other. son, lives at the homestead, near RochesThey were both sea captains, and his ter. father, Henry Clark, was intended for the REBECCA S., born May I5, 1827, sea, but could never overcome the tenden- died unmarried, March 18, I856. cy to sea sickness, and engaged in other GEORGE W., born Nov. II, I829, pursuits, chiefly mercantile and milling, to died Dec. 15, I855. which the subject of this sketch was EDMUND 7. and CHARLES A., trained in early life. His brother Philip, twins, born Aug. 27, I83I. having visited America in I817, Edward CHARLES A., died Oct. 25, 1852, in sailed with him from London in August, Oregon. I8i8, and landed in October following. EDMUND 7., married Feb. I9, They arrived in what became Sangamon i857, to Cassander Lovelace, who was county in Nov., I819, and located on the born Sept. 9, I838, in Shelby county. Sangamon river, about two miles north of They have six living children, WILLIAM the present town of Rochester. For the F., LOUISA J., REASON E., JASroute traveled, see his brother Philip's PER N., JOHN S. and ALVIN W., name. and live at the family homestead, two Edward Clark was married March 4, miles west of Rochester. I82I, to Sarah Viney. Mr. Clarkwent to SARAH A., born Feb. 2, 1835, died Edwardsville to obtain a license, and when Jan. 26, I856.

Page  204 204 EARL Y SETTLERS OP Mrs. Sarah Clark died March 26, 1837, and served as a non-commissioned officer and Edward Clark was married Jan. i6, in the war of 1812, and moved to St. LawI838, to Nancy Trotter. They had three rence county, N. Y.,in I8I7. He emigrachildren. ted in I818 to Kaskaskia, Ill., and in I819 BEN7AMIN F., born Oct. I5, I838, removed to where Athens, Menard counenlisted July 25, 1862, in Co. I, II4th Ill. ty, now stands. He was the third man Inf., for three years. At the battle of who settled on the north side of Sangamon Guntown, Miss., June Io, I864, he brought river. In 1820 he returned on footto visit on disease by excessive fatigue, and died his parents in New York. On returning March I, I865, in military hospital at to his home fin Illinois, he married Jane Memphis, Tenn. His brother, Henry P., C. Stewart, on Fancy creek, in Sangabrought his remains home. and they were mon county. In 1821 he bought the interred near Rochester. preempted right to a farm from John WILLIAM T., born Nov. I6, 1842, Dixon (afterwards founder of Dixon, Ill.,) enlisted Sept. 28, i86I, in Co. G, ioth Ill. on Fancy creek, ten miles from SpringCav., for three years, re-enlisted as a vet- field. He remained here until the death eran, served to the end of the rebellion, of his wife, in 1832, when he again visited and was honorably discharged Nov., 1865, his parents in New York, returning to at San Antonio, Texas. William T. Illinois in I834. Of his five childrenClark lives in Oregon..MARIA died, aged four years, at NVANCYVCANN2V, born March i6, 1845, Athens. and died Jan. 21, 1856. By looking back.ARYr., born Nov. 5, I824, in Sanat dates it will be seen that four members gamon county, was married March, 1842, of the family died from Dec. I5, 1855, to to Abner Riddle. See his name. March I8, 1856. Disease, typhoid fever. RUSSELL W., born in 1827, in SanMrs. Nancy Clark died Sept. 26, I853, gamon county, died, aged twenty-one and Edward Clark died Jan. Io, 1875, years. He was a medical student at the both on the farm two miles west of Roch- time. ester, and within five miles of where he WILLIAM A., born Jan. 4, 829, on settled in I8I9. Fancy creek, Sangamon county, was apWellington was in command of the prenticed to the drug business in Springdistrict where Edward Clark lived when field. Was a salesman from I85I until 1853, both were young men, and Mr. Clark when he emigrated to California, crossing knew him well. Mr. Clark witnessed the the plains. He was married in Redwood launching of the British ship, Victory, at City, Cal., Sept. I8, I866, to Rebecca E. the Chatham dock yarks. It was on Teague, who was born July I, 1849, in board that ship that Admiral Nelson was Springfield, Mo. They had two children, slain at the battle of Trafalgar, after viz: GEO. W. and EDWARD O. The promulgating the famous order which has latter died June i6, 1875. William A. became historic: "England expects every Clark and family reside at Redwood City, man to do his duty." San Mateo county, California. Edward Clark was a man of precise ED WARD O., born Dec. 3, 1831, in business habits, better suited to an older Sangamon county, married Feb. 14, I855, community than the one in which he in Waverly, Ill., to Virginia F. Harris, spent the greater part of his long life. who was born March 8, 1835, in Morgan He was just in all his dealings, and was county, Ill. They have one child, a model christian gentleman. He was ESTHER C., and reside near Carlinville. a man of varied and extensive reading, Oramel Clark was married the second and had accumulated a miscellaneous time, Oct. 28, 1836, to Judith W. Davis, library from the standard works of the of Elkhart, Ill. She was born August most distinguished authors in the English I2, I802, in Union county, Ky. They language. moved to Springfield in 1838, and had CLARK, ORAMEL, was born five children, vizAugust II, I792, in Lebanon, Connecti- EM/ ELINE, born August 20, 1838,in cut, taken by his parents to Berk- Sangamon county, was married in Springshire county, Mass., in 1797, and from field, March 23, 1863, to Col. N. Martin there to Cooperstown, N. Y. He enlisted Curtis, who was born May 2I, 1835, in

Page  205 SANGAMON CO UNTY. 205 De Peyster, N. Y. He enlisted April, married in Sangamon county to Elizabeth I861, was mustered into the United States Scott. They have six children, RUTH service May I5, I86I, as Captain of Co. JANE, GILBERT, AMANDA E., G, I6th N. Y. Inf., and became Lieuten- PERLEASY, EMMA and SHELTON ant Colonel of the I42d N. Y. Inf., Oct. L., and reside in Ball township, near 21, 1862, and Colonel Jan. 2I, 1863; Chatham. Brigadier General by brevet Oct. 27, 1864; ALEXANDER, born Sept. I6, I829, Brigadier General, Jan. I5, I865, and in Morgan county, Ill., married in SangaBrevet Major General. The last two pro- mon county to Mary A. Marshall. They motions were for gallantry displayed in had two children, CHARLES E. and leading the troops in the capture of Fort HENRY N., and Mrs. Mary A. Clayton Fisher,Jan. i5, 1865, where he lost his left died, and he married Theresa J. Penix. eye. General Curtis was several times They have four children, MELISSA J., severely wounded. The Legislature of ADA M., MARY A. and JACOB B., New York passed resolutions, April 5, and live in Ball township, four and a half I865, thanking Gen. Curtis and the officers miles southeast of Chatham. and men of his command (who were all MINER TRVA 7., born in Kentucky, New York troops), for their achieve- married in Sangamon county to John Ogments on that occasion. Gen. Curtis was den, who died, and she married William appointed, August I4, I866, Collector of Smith, and lives near Moberly, Randolph Customs for the District of Oswegatchie, county, Mo. and Special Agent Treasury Department MIARQRUIS D., born March I6, 1834, March 4, 1867, which position he still in Kentucky, married in Sangamon counholds. They have three children, EM- ty, August 29, I860, to Susan A. Matthew. MA P., MARY W. and FLORENCE They had eight children, three of whom R. Gen. Curtis is a breeder of fine stock, died young. The other five, CHARLES and resides on his farm near Ogdensburg, A., SARAH E., FRANKLIN L., N.Y. THOMAS E. and MANFORD. E. live MAR THA and S USAV(twins),born with their parents, three miles north of Sept. 23, I840. Pawnee. MARTH'A married George W. Burge. ELZIRA, born in Illinois, married They have two living children, GEO. C. William Easley, have six children, and and FRANK F., and reside at Ottawa, live in Clark county, Mo. Kansas. -MZAR2' A., born in Illinois, married SUSAN is unmarried, and resides with. Simon T. Matthew. See his name. her sister, Mrs. Burge. GEORGE i7. married Miss J. PatCAROLINE 7., born March5, I845, terson, who died, and he married Harriet in Springfield, married Oct. 30, 1867, to E. Debow. They have one child, NETJohn M. Amos. See his name. TA. i, TIE FLORENCE, and live in Cotton Oramel Clark died Sept. 9, I863, in Hill township, three miles north of PawSpringfield, and his widow resides with nee. her children. MARIETTA, born in Sangamon CLAYTON, JOHN S., was county, married George Lamb. See his born August 2, I802, in Caldwell county, name. Ky. Elizabeth Clayton was born May, yOHNV L., born in Sangamon county, I806, in the same county. They were married in 1873 to Mary Allen. and lives there married in 1824, and had one child with his mother. in Kentucky. The family moved to Mor- John S. Clayton died Sept. 7, 186i, and gan county, Ill.,where one child was born, Mrs. Elizabeth Clayton resides in Ball and moved back to Kentucky, where two township, four and a half miles southeast children were born, and they again moved of Chatham. to Morgan county, Ill., in 1833 or'4, and CLAYTON, JOHN C., was after a few years spent there, moved to born about I808, in Caldwell county, Ky. Sangamon county, in what is now Ball He came to Sangamon county in I829, township, where they had seven children. with his cousin and brother-in-law, John EFKAVNKLIZN YEFFERSON2, born S. Clayton. He was married at Alton to Feb. 13, I827, in Caldwell county, Ky., Ginsey Clack. He moved his family to

Page  206 206 EARL SETTLERS OF Champaign county in 1856, and died there 1842, and Thomas Clements married in the same year, leaving a widow and four I844 to Mrs. Alcey Baucom, whose maiden children. His son Elias was a member of name was Neville. Thomas Clements an Illinois regiment, and was killed in died March, I855, and his widow resides battle at Little Rock, Ark., in 1864. A with her daughter, Mrs. T. Gordon Cloyd, daughter is married, and lives in Missouri. SINDICE married Henry Collier. The widow, with her son Hardin and They have one child, LOUISIANA, and live another child, live near Urbana, Ill. in Rochester. CLEMENTS, GEORGE, was ELIZA A., born March 29, 1811, in born in Amherst county, Va.; was mar- Amherst county, Va., married Samuel ried to Lizzie Holliday, who was a native Cloyd. See his name. of Virginia also. They had six children FAVNNr, born July I7, i808, married in Virginia, and the family moved to Gar- May ir, 1844, to John Levi. He died rard county, Ky., and from there to San- Dec. 23, 1872, and his widow lives in gamon county, Ill., arriving early in 1830 Rochester. in what is now Woodside towvnship. Of George Clements and his wife both the children- died in Sangamon county. WILLIAM, born Oct. I4, I797, in CLIFTON, ELIAS, was born Virginia, married in Kentucky and died, in Sussex county, Delaware, and married leaving a family there. there to Sally Carlisle, a native of the JOHVN, born May 13, 800oo, in Vir- same county. They had five children in ginia, married in Kentucky to Elizabeth that county, two of whom died young. Turpin, came with his father to Sanga- The family moved, in I802, to Fayette mon county. They had three living county, Ky., where one child died, and in children. HENRY D. married Eliza I816 they moved to Clarke county, Ind., Skane, had two children, and she died. and from there to Sangamon county, Ill., He lives in Sangamon county. LUCIN- arriving Dec., I834, in what is now DA married William Barger, and resides Rochester township. Of their two childin Mechanicsburg. ELIZA married renIsaiah Pryor, and live in Missouri.. CLEMENT, born about I794, in THOMJAS, born Nov. 22, I802, in Am- Delaware, married in Clarke county, Ind., herst county, Va., married Sindicey Harris, to Nancy Martin. They came to SangaAugust 2, 1822. They had eight children. mon county a few years later than his AMERICA, born July 21, 1823, married father. Mrs. Clifton died in I845. He John C. Cloyd. See his name. LOU- went back to Indiana, and married Mrs. ISIANA, born July i6, 1826, married Susan Williams, whose maiden name was John A. Miller. See his name. JAMES Huckleberry. They had one child, A., born Nov. i8, 1828, in Ky., married ELIAS, who died aged fifteen years. Permelia Hatten, who was born in I826, Mrs, Clifton died, and he married Melinin Garrard county, Ky. They reside four da Alsop. She died in I855, and he in miles southwest of Chatham. ELIZA I857. A., born in Sangamon county, Oct. 22, NA1NC, born Oct. 31, I8oo, in Sussex 1832, resides with her sister, Mrs. Matthew county, Delaware. She was married in Cloyd. FANNY, born Oct. 13, I833, in Fayette county, Ky., April 27, I8i6, to Sangamon county, married Oct. i8, 1848, Uspshear D. Spicer. See his name. He to Matthew Cloyd. Seehisname. GEO. died, and Mrs. Spicer married Adam W., born Oct. 14, 1835, died, aged ten Saftly. See his name. years. SINDICEY J., born August 28, Mrs. Sally Clifton died March 25, 1346, 1837, died March, I854. THOMAS R., and Elias Clifton died Jan. 3, 1852, both born May 6, 1839, married Sept. 4, I86I, in Sangamon county. to Elizabeth Ellison, who was born in CLINE, JOHN, was born Jan. 2, Carthage, O. They have two children, I798, in Frederick county, Va. His paADA and JAMES H., and live in Chatham rents died when he was quite young, leavtownship. HENRY H., born Jan. 3, ing four children. Their grandfather, 1841, married Emily Sparks, has three George Sutherland, took them with him children, and live near Topeka, Kansas. to Madison county, near London, Ohio, in Mrs. Sindicey Clements died Feb. 21, I802. In I819 he prepared to visit the

Page  207 SANGAMON COUNTY. 207 western country on horseback. Levi MA TILDA A., born May 3, 1825, Cantrall was about moving to Illinois, and married Andrew Lynch, had seven childMr. Cline engaged to drive his four-horse ren, and he died, and she married David team, and they arrived in the American Jones. They have two children, and rebottom in November. Mr. Cantrall pur- side in Menard county. chased a supply of corn there, and moved ELIZABE TH, born August 24, I826, to what became Sangamon county, arriv- married James A. Turley, and he died i'ng in Dec., I819, in what is now Fancy Jan., 1852, leaving one child, ALMEDA, Creek township. Mr. Cline drove the who married Joseph M. Smith, and reteam, and arrived at the same time. He sides near Cantrall. Mrs. Turley married intended returning to Ohio in the spring, George T. Sales. See his name. but when the time came he decided to JOTHN, born August 30,1828, married raise a crop, and while thus engaged he Jane Council, have six children, and live was married, July 20, i820, to Mrs. Lucy in Menard county. Scott, whose maiden name was England. DA VID, born June I7, I830, married He made arrangements to visit Ohio in Jane Hornback, and both died, leaving fall of I820, but his wife being sick, he three children. deferred it, and has not yet made his visit.. ADALINE, born April 25, 1832, marMrs. Cline had one child by her first mar- ried William M. Blue. See his name. riage- STEPHEN E., born Nov. i, I834, ELIZA SCOTT, born Feb. 15, I8I6. died August 15, 1853. She is married, has three children, and.fAMES, born July i7, 1837, marlives in Kansas. ried Eliza Hall, have four children, Mr. and Mrs. Cline had ten children in MARY E., IDA F., LUCY 0. and Sangamon county- HENRY A., and reside in Fancy creek township. WILLIAM, b r- EN born Oct. 8,82, ar- born O. 8, 1839, married red Sept. 6, 1842, to Eliza Canterberry. Mary Primm. They have three children, They had four children. MARIA L. WILLIAM A., ALLEN C. and JENmarried August 14, I862, to Charles S. NIE, and live near Cantrall. Jones, who was born July i9, i844, in Mrs. Lucy Cline died June 4, I875, and Ohio. He enlisted a few days before his John Cline lives in Cantrall. marriage, in Co. C, II4th Ill. Inf., for CLINKENBEARD WM. three years. He was wounded June io, was born Feb. 12, 80o8, in Clarke county, 1864, at the battle of Tupelo, Miss., and Ky. He came to Sangamon county in was discharged on account of physi- I825, remained one year, returned to Kencal disability. Mr. and Mrs. Jones tucky, and came back to Sangamon county have one child, SCOTT, and live in the ex- in 1829. He was married April, 1835, to treme southwest corner of Logan county, Lavina Elder. They had ten children in Post Office, Williamsville. JOHN N., Sangamon county. The fourth, fifth and born August 23, 1846, married July 29, seventh died under six years. Of the i867, to Dulcina E. Primm. They have other sevenone living child, NINIAN 0., and live five yULA A., born Sept. 15, i836, marand a half miles west of Williamsville. ried Edward L. Robinson, have three ASA M. married March I2, I873, to children, and live near Berry, Sangamon Melissa McClelland, and live in Fancy county. creek township. WILLIAM F. lives WILLIAMH.,born August 13, 1838 with his father. Mrs. Eliza Cline died in Sangamon county, married August I4, Sept. 7, I871, and William Cline married 1864, to Ann J. Brachear. They have in 1872, to Maria J. Purkins. They have two children, HARVEY and LESLIE, one child, EDWARD E., and live in and live near Pleasant Gap, Bates county, Menard county, near Cantrall. Missouri. GEORGE W., born April 8, 1823, MARY, born in Sangamon county, married Elizabeth Primm, and died Aug. married Henry Bryant, have five children, I4, I845, about four months after marriage. and live near Pleasant Gap, Mo. His widow married Jacob Barnsback, and THOMAS married Martha Robbins, resides near Edwardsville. and resides near Pleasant Gap, Mo.

Page  208 208 EARLY SETTLERS OF -OSIAH, born March I2, 1852, re- NANCY, born Dec. 25, I823, in Kensides in Buffalo, Sangamon county. tucky, married Jan. 2, 1840, to Robert'. ALBERT and LEVI iF live Cummings. See his name. with their parents. MA TTHE W, born Sept. Io, 1825, in William Clinkenbeard lived in Sanga- Fayette county, Ill., married in Sangamon mon county until March, 1873, when he county, Oct. I8, 1848, to Fanny Clements. moved to Missouri, and resides near Pleas- They have nine children. ROBERT T. ant Gap, Bates county. lives with his parents. ELIZA J. married CLOYD. DAVID, was born William F. Smith. See his name. WM. O. lives with his parents. JULIA F. about 1766, in Botetourt county, Va. He. ves with his parents. JULIA F. was married there, moved to Culpepper maried May 27, 1873, to Benjamin F. county, and from there to Washington Caldwell. See his name. MATTHEW county, Ky., about I815. He moved in F., ANN M., HENRIETTA, ALICE company with his sons Thomas and Sam- and SAMUEL, live with their parents in uel, and his daughter Polly-who married Chatham township. Henry Lucas-to Sangamon county, ar- THOMAS GORDON bornJune 7 riving October, I825, in what is now Cur- I827, in Sangamon county, married Sept. ran township. David Cloyd died about 27, I849, to Priscilla J. Baucom, who was 1839, and his widow in 1844 or'5, both in bon Dec. 3, 83 in Madison county. Sangamon county. They have three children, THOMAS, CLOYD, THOMAS, son of JOHN C. and ANNIE E., and live near wa bonHanM1,9, ison Bot Chatham. Although Thomas G. Cloy David, was born Jan. 14, I798, in Bote-'David, *.s'.. was but three and a half years old at the tourt county, Va., and went with his par- time, he remembers one incident connected ents to Washington county, Ky., in 185. with the " deep snow" of 1830-31. That He was married there April 27, 1820, to was seeing his father drive a team over a Ann Withrow. They had three children Ann Withrow. They had three children stake and ridered fence, and it troubled in Kentucky, andn I824 movei to in Kentucky, and in 824 moved to him greatly, fearing that the team would Fayette county, Ill., where they had onewn through the snow and become go down through the snow and become child, and from there to Sangamon county, anded on the fence..' stranded on the fence. ar{iving October, 1825, in what is now JOSEP D., born Dec. 5, 831, in Curran township, north of Lick creek, Sl n, rr Dec. 16, Sangamon county, married Dec. I6, I852, where they had two children. Of their to Sarah M. Byers, who was born Oct. i3, six children si833, in or near Shepherdstown, Va. They ANN CORDELIA, born June 29, had nine children; one died young. 1820, in Washington county, Ky., married MARY E., SARAH E., VIRGINIA in Sangamon county to Rev. Charles D. B., JOSEPH D., Jun., THOMAS E., Alsbury. See his name. WILLIS, MARGARET F. and - OHN CAL VIN, born Sept. 6, 1821, LAURA reside with their parents, half in Washington county, Ky. He was a mile north of Chatham. married in Sangamon county to America Thomas Cloyd and wife now-June, Clements. They had two children, one 1873 reside near Woodside Station. of whom died young. DICEY married CLOYD, SAMUEL, brother to James H. Jones, and lives in Henry coun- Thomas, was born Nov.. 20 I802, in Culty, Mo. Mrs. America Cloyd died, and peper county, Va. He was taken by'his J. C. Cloyd married September, 1848, to parents to Washington county in 1815, and Sophia L. Lanterman. They have eight to Sangamon county in 1825. He was children. CHARLES married Elizabeth married May I, I832, in Sangamo. county J. Branham, has one child, ELIZA M., and to Eliza Clements. They had but one live in Curran township. ELEANOR childmarried Asbury M. Branham. They IAR Y A., born Oct. I5, 1832, on Lick have three children, WILLIAM C., CORD F. creek, Sangamon county, married March, and a daughter, and live in Curran town- I86o, to John S. Highmore. She died ship. NANCY J., CORDELIA, WAL- Sept. 9, 1872, leaving two children, LACE R., GORDON, AMANDA M. ELIZA A. and MARY E., who live and JOHN C., Jun., live with their par- with their father in Rochester. See ents, three miles southeast of Curran. Bowling family.

Page  209 SANGAMO CO UNTr. 209 Samuel Cloyd died August 5, 1872, in ter, May io, I86o. Mr. Coe was marRochester, and his widow resides there. ried March 26, I86I, in Loudon county, COATS, RALPH J., born May to Mrs. Julia A. Edwards, whose maiden 3, 1817, in Wyoming county, New York, name was Conard. They came soon after came to Springfield Oct. 9, 1840. He was to Sangamon county, and Mrs. Coe died married in Livingston county, Michigan, Dec. 22, 1869, leaving four childrenMay I4, I845, to Amanda N. Wood, who J'OSEPHH., SAiMUEL B., WILwas born in Wyoming county, New York, LIAM C. and MAR C. April 8, I823. They returned to Spring- Ebenezer Coe was married Dec. 13, field, Ill., where they had two children- i870, in Decatur Ill., to Harriet Lanham, ABEL A., born August 4, I846, in who was born July 25, I830, in Sangamon Springfield, enlisted May, I864, in Co. E, county. Thev live one mile east of 133d Ill. Inf., for one hundred days. He Rochester. served full term and was honorably dis- COLE MAN M RS. ABIcharged with the regiment, Sept. 24, 1864. G w m n w Ad *. *. o.................... GAIL, whose maiden name was RobHe was married in bpringfield, Oct. 30o,',e was married in Springierd, Oct. 3, ertson, was born in Surry county, N. C., i867, to Charlotte E. Gardnier, who was and was married there to Theophilus born April 30, I850, in Carrolton, Green Coleman who was born in Virginia. Ill. They have four ch, al Coleman, who was born in Virginia. county, I. lney nave tour cNlren, all They had four children in North Caroborn in SpRingfield. aNINA B.,RALPH lina. Mr. Coleman became a soldier in W., CHARLES A. and MERWIN W. the war with England in 1812. He nevei Abel A. Coats is in the grocery business, retrned and his family never knew his with his father, and resides in Springfield. fate. Mrs. Coleman with her four childH., bor Jan. 6* i* fate. Mrs. Coleman, with her four childPERSIS E., born Jan. 6, 1849, i ren, moved in 1815 to Cumberland county, Springfield, was married there, Nov. 9, county, i868, to Charles D. Timothy, whowas Ky., and to Sangamon county, Ill., ar-!868, to Charles D. Timothy, who was rived in the fall of I820 on Richland creek, born Jan. 3, I842, in Franklin Grove, Lee borJan. 3, 182, Franklin o e in what is now Salisbury township. Of county, Ill. They have three children her four childrenliving, CLARA I., WARREN A. and SAAH, born Jan. 6, 8I, in North NETTIE B. Mr. Timothy enlisted Feb SARAH, born Jan. 6, isol, in North,NETTE B. Mr. GTimothy enlisted Feb. OCarolina, married in Kentucky to Joshua 3, 1864, in Co. G,75th Ill. Inf. On ar- C I riving at Springfield he was detached under Cro cme wth her moe to Cass county Gen. Oakes in the mustering in and out hee he m ears ago, leain department, and was honorably discharged h s i n Asi ir. 1' TT 1i 1?, -seven children. March, I866. He was elected a member of the'Board of Supervisors for 1875, and ELIZABETH, born May I9, I804, resides two and a half miles north of in North Carolina, married John G. PurSpringfield. vines. See his name. Ralph J. Coates was elected Alderman 7ANVE, born Jan. 28, I806, in North of Springfield in 1857, for three years, Carolina, married George K. Hamilton. was re-elected in I860, I864 and I87I. He See is name. He died, and she married is now, and has been in the grocery busi- Alexander C. Purvines. See his name. ness in Springfield, Ill., for eighteen years, 7OHN R., born Feb. 29, I808, in and resides there. North Carolina, married Nancy Harris, R. J. Coates' father was a soldier in the had two children in Sangamon county, war of I812, for four months. He died in aud moved to Crawford county, Mo., Springfield, Ill., August 9, I874, at the where they had four children, and Mrs. age of eighty-seven years. Coleman died. He married again, had COE, EBENEZER, was born four children, and is now a widower and August 25, 18I2, in Loudon county, Va., resides in Missouri. and came to Sangamon county, Ill., with Mrs. Abigail Coleman was married in George M. Green, in I839. He went Sangamon county in 1824, to Robert back to Virginia in the fall of I843, and Hamilton. They had two children in was married in Loudon county, Sept. i7, Sangamon county1844, to Jane Grubb, a native of that MAHrALA married Mr. Rice, had one county. He returned to Sangamon coun- child, and Mr. Rice died. She married ty in*I85i. Mrs. Coe died near Roches- James Pease, had three children, and he -27

Page  210 216 EARL Y SETTLERS OF died. Mrs. Mahala Pease resides near the Maumee river, without seeing any Cuba, Mo. other human beings but Indians. He arTAMES C. married in Missouri, en- rived at Cazenovia August 7, 1819. listed in a Union regiment from that March 4, 1820, he started with his family, State, and died in the army. consisting of himself, wife and two childMrs. Abigail Hamilton died in Sanga- ren, accompanied by five or six other fammon county, and Robert Hamilton died ilies. They moved by water so Shawneein Arkansas. town, Ill., where Mr. Coley lived three COLEMAN, JONATHAN years. He then moved in a wagoi drawn B., was born Nov. i6, i8II, in Ruther- by two yoke of oxen, and in March, 1823, ford county, Tenn. When he was about arrived in what is now Loami township, seventeen years old he came to Sangamon where they had three children. Of their county with his uncle, Charles K. Hutton, five childrenarriving in what is now Auburn township ROBERT W., born in New York, Oct. 15, 1827. He was married Nov. o, married in Sangamon county to Rebecca 1835, to Mary Dodds. They had five A. Jarrett. She died Feb. 13, I870, and living children, all born in Sangamon Robert W. Coley died March, 1872. county, namely- Their daughter LAVINA is the wife of JAIMES W., born Nov. 21, 1838, John A. DeWitt, and lives in Springfield. married Margaret Bowman, had two Their son WILLIS lives in Loami. children, CHARLES U. and BELLE, A TT A and Mrs. C. died. Mr. Coleman mar-. C R orn Augu in New York, married in Sangamon ried Elizabeth Menle. They have two nao -ed Elizabeth Men ile. They have two countv to Reuben Moore, and moved to children, and live in Christian county. Texas in. YOSEPH E., born March 1 841,Texas nI852. Reuben Moore died in 1 TOSEPIT E., born March 5, 1841, 1863, leaving a widow and seven children. enlisted July 15, 186i, in Springfield, for LUCINDA, ROBERT E., ELLEN three years, in what became Co. B, Ith a P are rr Mo. Inf. He served full term and was a PLY are mared, and le n Mo. Inf. He served full term and was Texas. LAURA, their third child, marhonorably discharged Aug. 12, 1864. He ri ed Lott Mason, and lives in Auburn, married Lydia Dawson. They have one married Lydia Dawson. They have one Sangamon county. EDGAR and WILchild, LETA, and live in Springfield. child, La,~ ad * ie in S LIE the two youngest, live with their Mr. Coleman is a traveling salesman for aqueen e house in St. Louis. mother, near McKinney, Collin county, a queensware house in St. Louis. Tx WILLIAM1, H. married Fanny B. T TBHUBBARD S., born in Sangamon Taylor, and lives in Ball township. ARD born n Sangaon TaylorZAB. and lives in Ball township. county, married March 4, I852, to Susan MELIZARABETH At. andlive witht pa Jacobs. They have two children,, ANMIARGARET E. live with their pa- NIS and MAY, and live in Oswego, Larents, near the Sugar creek Cumb. Presb. bette count, Kansaeg church, in Ball township. COLEY, WILLIS, was born.yAMES 1A., born August 23, 1832,in Feb. 14, 1792, near Ballston Springs, Sangamon county, married Oct. 28, 1858, N. Y., and when he was a child his pa- to Caroline Greenwood. She died six rents moved to Cazenovia, Madison coun- weeks after they were married. Mr. ty. Willis was there married in Feb., Coley married April I9, i860, to America I8i8, to Lucinda Chapin. His father Gibson. They had two children, LEWIS owned some land in the military tract be- B. and MARY F., the latter of whom tween the Illinois and Mississippi rivers. died in her third year.. M. Coley and Soon after Willis was married his father wife live in Loami. sent him out to see it. He came on a ANGELINE, born in Sangamon raft down the Alleghany and Ohio rivers county, married Hugh Forrest, and both to Shawneetown, thence to St. Louis by died. keel boat. He went on foot to the mili- Mrs. Lucinda Coley died at Loami, and tary tract, and returned to Edwardsville. Willis Coley was married Sept., I851, to July 4, I8I9, he started from that place, on Mrs. Philena Jenkins, who was previousfoot and alone, for his home in New York. ly Mrs. Kidder, and whose maiden name At Terre Haute, Ind., he secured cooked was Sprague, a native of Windham counfood, and traveled two hundred miles to ty, Vt. After a residence of just half a

Page  211 SANGAMON COUNT2r. 211 century at Loami, Willis Coley moved, in In August of that year Isaac Colburn 1873, to Oswego, Kansas. and his wife died at Louisville within two COLBURN, PAUL, was born days of each other, leaving six children about 1761, in Hollis, Hillsboro county, among strangers, and on the first of NoNew Hampshire. Ile was married in vember Mrs. Mehitibel Colburn died at Massachusetts, to Mehetibel Ball, who Shawneetown. About the time of her was born about i757. They had eleven death William Colburn embarked with children born in Sterling, Worcester his family on a boat at Marietta, floated county, Mass. In I809 the family moved down to Louisville, and took on board four to the vicinity of Hebron, Grafton county, of his brother Isaac's children, one having N. H., where they remained until Sept., died, and another been placed in a good 1815, when Paul Colburn and his wife, home. He then went to Shawneetown his son Isaac with his wife and two child- and joined his bereaved father and sister, ren, his son William and his wife, they arriving Dec. 24, I820. having been married but a few days, and In March, 1821, Paul Colburn, his his unmarried daughter, Isabel, started daughter Isabel, William'Colburn, wife from Hebron in wagons to seek a new and three children, the four orphan childhome in Ohio, at that time the " far west." ren of Isaac Colburn, and a Mr. Harris, On reaching Olean, at, the Alleghany started in a wagon drawn by four oxen for river, they found the river too low to Morgan county. They traveled through bring all their goods on boats, as they had rain, mud and unbridged streams for intended. They sold their wagons and about five weeks, which brought them to teams, put their remaining goods and their the south side of Lick creek, on what is families on a raft, and started down the now Loami township, where they found river, reaching Pittsburg on the evening an empty cabin. From sheer weariness of Dec. 24, 18I5. Ice was forming in the they decided to stop, and Mr. Harris, the river, and they were compelled to stop owner of the wagon and oxen, went on there for the winter. While they were in to Morgan county. Pittsburg, Paul Colburn was joined by Soon after their arrival Wm. Colburn his son Ebenezer, who had been serving gave a rifle gun for a crop of corn just in the United States army in the war with planted, and in that way began to provide England, then just ended. In the spring food. He secured a team and went after of I8I6, Isaac and Ebenezer went up the his brother Ebenezer, and brought him Alleghany river and made a raft of logs and his wife to the settlement, arriving suitable for making shingles, and partially in October, I821. loaded it with hoop poles. They expected Having succeeded in bringing so many to have gone down the Ohio river in of his descendants to the new country, and June, but the whole season was one of un- witnessed their struggles to gain a footusual low water, and December ar- hold and provide themselves with homes, rived before they reached Pittsburg Paul Colburn died Feb. 27, 1825, near the with their raft. The whole party went present town of Loami. Of his children down on the raft to Marietta, 0., where who came to Sangamon county, we will they engaged in farming and other pur- notice each under separate heads, beginsuits. Ebenezer was married in Marietta, ning with the daughtersand in the spring of 1820 Paul Colburn COLBURN, SAL'LY born and his wife, Isaac and his family, and June i5, 1789, in Sterling, Mass., married Ebenezer and his wife, embarked on a there to Daniel Woodworth. They came raft, leaving William to close up the busi- some years after the first of the family rress at Marietta. They landed their raft at arrived. They lived many years in Louisville, Ky., and left Isaac there to Springfield, and both died in Sangamon work up and sell their lumber. The other county. Their daughtermetnbers of the family continued down LOUISA H., married Gershom Dorthe river to Shawneetown; Paul Colburn, rance. See his name. his wife and daughter remained there. SARAH, has been twice married, and Ebenezer and his wife went on to join lives in California. some relatives of her's in Monroe county, An account is preserved of a ludicrous Il1., about fifty miles south of St. Louis. incident that transpired while Mr. Wood

Page  212 21 2 EARL r SE TTLERS Of worth lived in Springfield. A rain storm CLARISSA, born Oct. 27, I816, at came on suddenly and caught him away Pittsburg, Pa., married in Sangamon from home. He started on a run, with county, Dec. 3, i83I, to William S. his head down, hat drawn over his Walker. See his name. eyes, and body bent forward. It so ABIGAIL, born April 29, 18I8, at happened that Governor Ford found him- Marietta, O., married April 9, I835, to self away from home in the same shower. Lawrence Underwood. See his name. Throwing himself in a similar attitude, he FANNi, born Jan. 4, 1820, at Marietta, started on a run also; but there was this O., married in Sangamon county, Jan. 28, difference, they were running in opposite 843, to David Phelps. See his name. directions, and when both were at full MIEHE 1ET1EL, born Dec. 5, I821, speed, they came together with a square in Sangamon county, married Dec. 16, butt, like a couple of sheep. Each, on I838, to David Phelps. See his name. the spur of the moment, thought it was SAMUE PAUL, born Sept. i5, intentional on the part of the other, and 823, in Sangamon county, married Oct. each assumed a belligerent attitude, but 23, 845, to Melinda Colburn, had one before a blow was struck, both discovered child that died in infancy, and rs. Colthat it was an accident, and with a hearty burn died Dec. 23, I865, and he married laugh, hurried on. Nov. I4, I866, to Mrs. Isabel Lucas, whose COLBURN, MARY, born Feb. maiden name was Colburn. They reside 23, I792, at Sterling, Mass., married Adna in Loami. Phelps. See his name. COLBURN, ISABEL, born MARGARETP.,born April 7, I825, Feb. II, 1796, in Sterling, Mass., married in Sangamon county, married pt. 21, in Sangamon county, to Adin E. Meacham. 845, to Lewis Cotterman. They had See his name. two children, WILLIAM A. and FANCOLBURN, ISAAC, born in NIE, and Mrs. Cotterman died Sept. 6, Sterling, Mass., married in New Hamp- 853. Her children reside with their shire, and himself and wife died at Louis- father near Linden, Osae county, Kan ville, Ky., in I82I, leaving six children, ISAA C, born Feb. 22, 1827, in Sangaone of whom died in infancy. mon county, married August I7, 1854, to AZUBA remained in the vicinity of Julia A. Ensley. They had three childLouisville, and married a Mr. Summers. ren. ACHSA E., born July 24, 1855, ASA came to Sangamon county in died in her eighth year. CHLOE E. and 1832, went to Galena in 1836, and two or CHARLES E. live with their father. three years later was killed by a lead mine Mrs. Julia A. Colburn died Dec. 25, 1859, caving in on him. and Mr. C. married Sept. 20, I863, to LAVIVNA came to Sangamon county Mandana Phelps. They had three childin 1836, married in Springfield to Jacob ren, CORA A., CLARENCE E. and Nott, who died, and she married John MARY O.; all died in infancy. Isaac Letterhose, and died in Loami. Colburn and wife reside in Loami. L C r, married in Sangamon county DANIEL W., born July 2, I829, marto Levi Sweet. He died, leaving her a ried Nov. 28, I849, toLucindaHuffmaster. widow with five children at Scyene, They have eight children. SARAH Dallas county, Texas.' married William Greer, has one child, and C O L B U R N, W I L L I A M, resides with her parents. FANNY marbrother to Isaac, Abel and Ebenezer, was ried Christopher McLaughlin, who was born June 3, 1793, at Sterling, Mass., born Feb. io, 1846, in Montgomery married Aug. 15, I815, at Hebron, N. H., county, Ky. They have two children, to Achsa Phelps, who was born at that MINNIE and ANDREW, and reside at place July 9, 1796. They came to San- Loami. Mr. McLaughlin enlisted Feb. gamon county, Ill., arriving April 5, 1821, 22, 1864, in Co. A, io6th Ill. Inf., for three in what is now Loami township. They years; was honorably discharged at had three children before moving to San- Springfield, August I, 1865. SUSAN gamon county, and eleven after, the M. married Thomas Huggin, and resides youngest of whom died in infancy. Of in Curran. JAMES E., MARY M., the thirteen children- WINFIELD S., DAVID L. and

Page  213 SANGAMON COUNTr. 213 LAURA A., reside with their parents, DA VID P., born Oct. 5, 1837, in Santhree miles south of Curran. gamon county, enlisted August 9, I86I, WILLIAM S., born Feb. 20, 1831, in in Co. B, 3oth Ill. Inf., for three years, Sangamon county, married July 8, 1853, re-enlisted as a veteran, Jan. I, 1864. He in Fulton county, Ill., to Mary Ensley, who was appointed 2nd Sergt. at the organizawas born May 23, 183, near Chillicothe, tion of the regiment; promoted to Ist 0. They had four children. MILLARD Sergt.; commissioned Ist Lieut., Jan. 20, F. died in infancy. LINDA A., born i865; commissioned Capt., May, I865. March ii, I856, married Dec. 26, I872, to Commanded the company from Oct. 4, Lycurgus L. Smith, who was born June 1864. He served until July 17, I865, when 20, 1849, at Mt. Pleasant 0., and reside at he was honorably discharged. He was Martin's Ferry, Belmont county, 0. married April 12, I866, to Tirzah Mengel. LUELLA R. and WILLIAM H. reside They have one child, LEONARD L., with their parents at Loami. and reside at Loami. it their paret at i TO OHNV T., born Nov. 23, I84O0, marW. S. Colburn enlisted at Jacksonville, rid Jue 23T,, 8, to Martha. Back, Ill., July I6, I847, in Co. G, I6th United who June 23, ApI8 l 9, 1845, at Loamic States Inf., for five years or during the They had four children. 984 UETTA Mexico, and was honorably dis- They had four children. JAQUETTA war with Mexico, ad was honorably d- and LILLIE died in infancy. MARY charged August, I848, at Cincinnati, O. and LILLIE died in infancy. MARY charged August, 1848, at Cinnat, 0 A. and MILLIE A. live with their paIn the spring of I850 he started for Cali- ie i fornia, via the Isthmus of Panama. The rents in Loami. William Colburn died June IO, 1869, at vessel was bestormed and becalmed, so Wlliam Colburn diedJune IO, i869, at that he was on the Pacic ocean seven Loami, and Mrs. Achsa Colburn resides at that he was on the Pacific ocean seven months from Panama to San Francisco. Loami, on the same place settled by hermonths from Panama toSanself and husband in 1822, one year before He has traveled in twenty-four States of the the land has brought i one arket. Union, and been on fourteen sea voyages. m and hs br Ebenezer entered U lla S obrenitdJe liam and his brother Ebenezer entered W84iliam S. F.Colbu enlistedn, fr e 27, land together, and cultivated it for several 1864, in Co. F., 28th Ill. Inf., for three ^ years; was honorably discharged August ears. A t i they blt steam saw and grist mill at the north side of 2, 1865. He was detailed as clerk in the Li and machinery or nding medical department soon after entering the fr d was soon added. It was the first mill of army, was promoted to hospital steward, the kind within a radius of ten or twelve and served as such to the end of the rebel- miles, and around that mill the village of lion. ^*~~~lion. ~Loami grew up. They continued in that EBENEZER, born April 9, 1833, in business for many years, three mills havSangamon county, married August i7, ingburned on the same spot. They were 1854, to Nancy A. Huffmaster. They not always the owners, but their families had two children, ADNA P. and CLAR- were always connected with such enterISSA A., and Mrs. Colburn died August prises. The sons of Wm. Colburn are 10, I859, and Mr. C. was married August now I874-the owners of a mill within 8, 1862, to Elizabeth Davis. They have one hundred yards of where the first mill five children, DANIEL W., HENRY was built. One mill has burned where W., ALPHA D., JULIA A. and INA the new one stands. A.,:and live in Loami. The hardships endured by them and LE V7I O., born Nov. 13, 1835, in San- their families would be difficult to relate. gamon county, enlisted July 13, 1862, in Mrs. Achsa Colburn, now seventy-eight Co. F, 5ist Ill. Inf., for three years. He years old, has an unlimited fund ot remiwas Ist Sergt., and as such, commanded niscences connected with their advent into the company part of the time. He was the county, and the difficulties of raising wounded in the arm at the battle of Chick- a large family. A loom was an indispenamauga, served until June 27, 1865, when sible article where all were dependent on he was honorably discharged. He was the work of their own hands for the enmarried July 7, 1867, to Christiana Kin- tire clothing of themselves and families. ney. They have two children, BERTHA Mrs. Colburn tried all the men in the set0. and WILLIAM E., and live at tlement, those of her own family included, Loami. in order to find some person who could

Page  214 214 EARL SETTLERS OF make a loom, but all declined to under- with his mother. Adna P. Colburn died take it, some for want of skill, and all for Feb. 26, I867, and his widow resides adwant of tools. Mrs. C. then procured an joining Loami on the west. axe, a hand saw, a drawing knife, an WILLIAM; born in Monroe county, auger and a chisel, and went to work. Ill., married in Sangamon county to She made with her own hands a loom, Eliza Porter; had four children, and Mrs. warping bars, winding blades, temples for C. died, and Wm. C. married Mrs. Ellen the lateral stretching of the cloth, and for Smith, whose maiden name was Clover. spools she used corn cobs with the pith They have one child, and reside in Chrispushed out. With these appliances she tian county, at Smith's mill, on the Sanwove hundreds of yards of cloth, and gamon river, near the line of Sangamon made it up into garments for her family. county. This she did while caring for her family CHARLOTTE, born Jan. I9, 1824, of fourteen children. in Sangamon county, married Jonas COLBURN. EBENEZER, Smith. See his name. brother to Abel, Isaac and William, was 2MARIA, born in Sangamon county, born Dec. I, I794, at Sterling, Mass., mar- married Peyton Foster; has a family of ried in 1817, at Marietta, Ohio, to Julia children, and lives at Atchison, Kan. Smith, who was born April i7, 1797, in MIARTP., born in Sangamon county, Suffolk county, Long Island, N. Y. They married David Greening. See his name. came to Sangamon county and joined the BURFITTT G., born in Sangamon other members of the family in Oct., 1822, county, married to Lucy Large, have six in what is now Loami township. They children, and live in Cooper township. had two children before their arrival, and ELLEN, married Ebenezer Colburn, five after coming to Sangamon county. Jun., and she died. Of the seven children- Mrs. Julia Colburn died, and Ebenezer ADNIA P., born August 12, 1818, at Colburn, Sen., died April 12, I864, both Marietta, Ohio, married April 27, I839, in at Loami. Sangamon county, to Lodasca Sweet. COLBURN, ABEL, was born They had three children, and Mrs. Col- Sept. 20, 1790, in Sterling, Mass., a burn died, and A. P. Colburn was mar- brother to Isaac, William and Ebenezer. ried July 28, 1844, to Macca M. Sowell. He was married in April, I8II,at Hebron, They had seven children, one of whom N. H., to Deborah Phelps, who was born died in infancy. Of all his children: at Hebron in July, I794. Mr. Colburn ALVA married Hannah VanPelt, and was a soldier from that place in the war resides at Seneca, Nemaha county, Kan. of 1812. They had nine children, all born URSULA, married CharlesJarrett. See at Hebron, and in 1839 Mr. Colburn came his name. GILBERT, enlisted in I862, in to Sangamon county, and afterwards Co. I, 73d Ill. Inf., for three years. He brought his family. Of their childrenwas captured at the battle of Chicka- JOSEPH R., born August, I812, mauga, Sept. I9-20, 1863, and died in married in Massachusetts, to Ruth Fowler, prison at Andersonville, Ga.,July I, I864. and moved to Springfield, Ill., in 1838. THOMAS B. and WILLIAM R. en- He aided in building the State House, listed Sept. 20, I862, in Co. G, I6th Ill. then in course of construction. They had Inf., for three years. They were cap- six children; two died under seven years. tured while scouting near Dalton, Ga., Of the other four, ABNER K. married in May 22, I864, and taken to Andersonville Minnesota to Phebe Walters, and resides prison also. THOMAS. B. died June I9, in Portland, Oregon. IRA is married, i864, and WILLIAM R. died August 12, and lives in Minnesota. CHARLES 1864. Thus the three brothers died in the lives with Adna Phelps, near Springfield. same prison in less than two months. FREMONT lives with his mother. JoSTEPHEN E.,diedin infancy. CHAS. seph R. Colburn died in December, 1870, C., born Nov. 22, 1849, married Miss and his widow resides at Preston, Minn. Coverdale, and lives at Loami. JULIA EL VIRA M., born April 18, 1814, at J., born May 24, I851, married Nelson Hebron, N. H., married at that place Elmore. See his name. They live in March 7, I832, to Stephen F. Fowler. He Sangamon county. JAMES B. resides died Jan. 2, 1845, at Quincy, Mass., and

Page  215 SANGAMON COUNTY. 215 Mrs. F. was married Oct. 8, 1845, at Troy, Ill. Inf., for one year. He served as SerWis., to Jeremiah D. Sanborn, who was geant of that company in the war with born Feb. 7, I818, at Franklin, N. H. Mrs. Mexico, until July 9, I848, when he was S. traveled across the American continent honorably discharged. He raised Co. B, on wagons, except in crossing Lake Mich- 3oth Ill. Inf., entered the United States igan, and spent five years in Nevada and service as Captain of the same, August, California, and Mr. S. spent three years I86I. His company re-enlisted as veterans, there. They reside at Loami. January, 864. He was with Sherman in ISABEL, born April I7, I816, at He- his " march to the sea," and was promobron, N. H., married Sept. ii, 1838, to ted to Major of the regiment while on the Thomas Lucas, who was born June i9, trip. He commanded the regiment sev181I, at Romney, N. H. They had five eral months, and was honorably discharged children. GEORGE M. went from July I7, 1865. Now resides at Loami, Loami to Springfield, and enlisted July, Sangamon, county, Ill. I86I, in what became Co. C, IIth Mo. LUTHER P., born September, 1823, Inf., for three years; was Ist Sergeant; re- married in New Hampshire to Lydia enlisted as a veteran Jan. I, 1864, and died Whittaker, raised one daughter, and reside of disease at Jefferson Barracks, Mo., in Lebanon, N. H. Nov. I4, I864. He was commissioned ist NATHAIVP., born December, 1826, Lieutenant, to date from August I8, 1864, in Hebron, N. H., married in South Readbut the commission did not reach the hos- ing, Mass., to Mary J. Eames, had four pital until the day after his death. FRAN- children, moved in I855 to Minnesota, was CENA I. died at thirteen. EDWARD a member of the Convention that framed W. enlisted Nov. 20, 186I, for three years, the State Constitution, and has served sevin Co. B, 3oth Ill. Inf.: re-enlisted as a eral terms in the State Legislature. He veteran Jan. I, 1864; was with "Sherman raised a cavalry company and fought the in his march to the sea;" served to the Indians in Minnesota in I863. Was Payend of the rebellion, and honorably dis- master at one time in the army, against the charged July, I865; was married October, rebellion. He is a practicing attorney, i866, to Mary A. Starr, has one child, and resides at Preston, Minn. VALLIE M., and resides at Loarmi. ISAMELINDA, born Sept. 13, 1830, BELLA E. died at seven years. LUEL- l V - b S I3, I BELLA E. died at seven years. LUEL- married Oct. 23, I845, to Samuel P. ColLA A. married August, I867, to JamesL. burn. ee his name. Mahard, and died March, 1873, leaving two children, MARY J. and GEORGE M. EIELNE. E, born July, 1832, married Thomas Lucas died March 4, 85, at in 1848 to William Huffmaster. See his Loami. His widow married Samuel P. name. Colburn. See his name. Abel Colburn died Oct. 21, 185i, at IRA C., born in 1818, married at Springfield. His widow married Adam Quincy, Mass., Sept. 4, 1838, to Cyrena Barger. See his name. He died, and Chard, a native of Pomfret, Conn., she resides with her son-in-law, Samuel moved to Minnesota, and had three child- P. Colburn, at Loami. ren. JOHN E. was a soldier in a Minne- CONKLING, JAMES C., was sota regiment, veteranized, served to the born Oct. 13, I816, in New York City. end of the rebellion, and lives in Minne- At the age of thirteen he entered the sota. ROMANZA died at seven years. Academy at Morristown, N. J., and preA CHSA P., born Feb. I7, 1820, in pared for college. He entered Princeton Hebron, N. H., married August, 1838, at in 1833, and graduated in i835. Ie Quincy, Mass., to John P. Davis, who studied law in Mlorristown, N. J., about was born April I7, I815, in Boston. They three years, and came to Springfield, Ill., came to Sangamon county with her par- arriving in Nov., I838, and was admitted ents, and had three children. ELVIRA to the bar the following winter. James M. married Sanford Withrow. See his C. Conkling and Mercy A. Levering name. CHARLES W. died in in- were married Sept. 21, 1841,in Baltimore, fancy. LAURA E. married Josiah Jones. Md. She was the daughter of Judge See his name. John P. Davis enlisted at Aaron R. Levering, of Georgetown, Springfield, July 9, 1847, in Co. D, 4th D. C., and was born in that city in Nov.,

Page  216 216 EARLZ SETTLERS OP i8I7. Mr. and Mrs. Conkling had five raft and floated to Pittsburg. There they children- took a steamboat down the Ohio, and up CLINTON L., born Oct. I6, 1843, in the Mississippi river to Chester, Randolph Springfield, was educated at Yale college, county, Ill., where the youngest child died. New Haven, Conn., and graduated there In January, 183I, Mr. Conant started in I864. He entered into partnership with his family, in a sleigh, to visit some with his father in 1866, as J. C. & C. L. old friends near Carrollton, Greene counConkling, in the practice of law. He was ty, Ill., going by Illinoistown, now East married March 24, 1867, to Georgiana St. Louis. They continued their journey Barrell, a native of Brooklyn, N. Y. by Jacksonville to Springfield, arriving They have two children, GEORGIA and Feb. I8, I83I. When they left Chester KATE, and reside in Springfield. the snow was about six inches deep, but CHARLES, born in Springfield, re- when they arrived in Springfield it was sides with his parents. on four feet of snow, being the height of yAMES, born Jan. 4, 1850, in Spring- the "deep snow." They had five children field, Ill., was married March 23, I870, in born in Springfield., Of their eight Covington, Ky., to Fannie A. Lowry, childrenwho was born in Springfield, March 23, ABIGAIL A., born July 5, 1823, at 1849. They have two children living, Shutesbury, Mass.,was married in SpringMAY and FANNIE.. He is a mem-'field to William W. Lee, who was born her of the firm of Conkling, Slemmons, August 20, 1822, in Delaware. They had & Co., Springfield, Ill. four children. LAURA A.,. born Oct. ANNIV E, born July 2, 1853, was i5, i844, in Springfield, was married May married Nov. 25, 1875, to Nathan S. 7, 1867, to John T. Capps, who was born Wood. He is a banker in Lafayette, Ind., Dec. 30, I841, in Clarke county, Ky. where they now reside. They have two children, OLIVE and wILALICE resides with her parents. LIAM L. Mr. Capps was a student at IlliHon. James C. Conkling was elected nois College, Jacksonville, when the rebelMayor of Springfield in I845, being the lion began. He enlisted August, I86I, in sixth in that office. He was elected repre- Co. B, ioth Ill. Inf., for three years; resentative for Sangamon county in the enlisted as a veteran January, i864; was State legislature in 1852, and again in I866, with Sherman in his "march to the sea;" when he drafted the original bill for the served until July, I865, when he was honnew State house, and was active in its orably discharged. He graduated Feb. 6, passage. He is a member of the National I866, with the degree of Master of AcLincoln Monument Association, which counts, at Eastman's National Business has just erected a monument to the mem- College, Poughkeepsie,N. Y. He is now ory of Abraham Lincoln. He is the head of the firm of Dickerman & Co., Springof the firm of Conkling, Slemmons & field Woolen Manufactory. LYDIA E., Co. James C. Conkling, more than any born March 23, 1847, in Springfield, was other capitalist of Springfield, uses his married Dec. 21, 1869, to S. 0. Stockwell, wealth in extensive building enterprises, a native of Auburn, N. Y. They have and for the encouragement of manufac- one child, CLARA L., and reside in Columtures. bus, Ohio. THOMAS S., born Jan. 9, CO NANT, SULLIVAN, was 1849, in Bloomington, Ill., was married in born Feb. 26, I80I, at Oakham, Worcester Springfield, May 29, I872, to Mary J. county, Mass. Lydia R. Heminway was Eaton. They have one child, ADDIE. T. was born November, 1803, in the same S. Lee is engaged with his father-in-law county. They were married Sept. io, in the grain business, and resides in Edin1822, at Shutesbury, Mass., where they burg. EDWARD W., born March 9, had three children, and moved to Am- I853, in Taylorville. He was married in herst, where they had one child. They Springfield, Oct. 6, 1875, to Lou. H. Pasreturned to Shutesbury, and from there field, adopted daughter of George Passtarted west, Nov. 2, 1830, traveling in field, Sen., and resides in Edinburg. Wm. wagons to Troy, N. Y., and from there to W. Lee died July 12, 1870, and his widow Rochester by canal, thence by wagon to resides in Springfield. Olean Point, where they embarked on a WILLIAM S., born Feb. 27, I825, at

Page  217 SANGAMON COUNTr. 2I 7 Shutesbury, Mass., was married in Spring- for a Springfield grocery house, and lives field, Ill, to Mary Sykes. They had two in Springfield. children. JAMES was born in Peters- CAROLINE A., born Sept. I, 1843, burg, and is in business with his father. in Springfield, married Rev. Thomas M. KATIE resides with her father. Mrs. Dillon, of the M. E. church. He is in the Mary Conant died in Springfield, Feb. traveling connection, and resides (1874) in 12, 1864. Wm. S. Conant was married Martinsburg, Clarke county, Ill. in Menard county to Eliza Kinkead, and L YDIA 7., born July I9, 1845, in reside in Petersburg, Ill. In 1844 W. S. Springfield, was married there, March i7, Conant met with an accident from a falling 1868, to George L. Dingle. G. L. Dingle derrick which slightly lamed him. A Mr. was a soldier in an Illinois regiment, and Brodie was killed by the same accident. did his part in aiding to suppress the reThey were raising a pole at a political bellion. He is now deputy Postmaster at meeting. Mr. Conant is extensively en- Santa Fe, New Mexico, and lives there. gaged in the furniture and undertaking Mrs. Lydia R. Conant died May 30, business. He was the originator, and is 1867, and Sullivan Conant was married now the owner, of Rose Hill cemetery, again. He resides in Springfield. near Petersburg. CON N E LLY, JO H N, was born SUSAN E., born March io, 1827, in in 1794, in the District of Columbia. Shutesbury, Mass., was married June 26, Ann Wetherell was born Feb. 20, 1800, 1845, in Springfield, to George R. Con- in the District of Columbia, also. They nelly. See his name. He died, and she were there married and had ten children. married Charles Dougherty. See his The family moved to Springfield, Ill., in name. 1837. Mr. Connelly was Register of the LE VI 7., born Oct. 25, I83I, in United States Land Office, in Springfield, Springfield, was married there July 28, during the administration of President i858, to Elizabeth Brodie. They had Pierce, and part of the administration of two children, JOHN B. and WILLIAM President Buchanan. He also, at various S. Mrs. Elizabeth Conant died Feb. I4, times, filled a number of local offices. I I865, and L. J. Conant was married Mar. have the history of but two of his childI, 1875, at Vincennes, Ind., to Mrs. Sarah ren. His daughterA. Baker, whose maiden name was Har- MVARY 7., born in the District of graves. She was born April 24, 1841, in Columbia, married in Springfield to John Manchester, England. Mr. C. is in the O. Rames. See his name. She died in grocery business, and resides in Spring- I854. field. His second sonMARY A., born July 20, 1833, in GEORGE R., born Jan. I8, 1822, in Springfield, was married there to Cook S. the District of Columbia, was married in Hampton. See his name. Springfield, Ill., Jan. 27, 1845, to Susan PINEAS H., born April I2, 1837, E. Conant. They had three living childin Springfield, was married June 4, 1857. ren, namely: JOHN L., born March 18, to Sarah J. Hobbs, who was born Dec. I, I846, in Springfield, graduated at the 1838, in Jacksonville, Ill. They have Rush Medical College of Chicago. He three children, JULIA E., MINNIE L., was married Sept. 3, 1842, at Harristown, and PEARL R., and reside in Spring- Ill., to Nannie Bedford. They had one field, Ill. P. H. Conant enlisted in Co. child, MAGGIE P., who died young. Dr. C, 124th Ill. Inf., for three years, and was'J. L. Connelly resides at Harristown, mustered in as Corporal. Served until Macon county, Ill.,and is engaged in the Feb. 6, I864, when he was honorably dis- practice of his profession there. GEORGE charged on account of physical disability. S., born Feb. 8, I849, in Springfield, marIn the spring of I866 he was appointed, ried Sept. I5, 1, 8, in his native city, to by Mayor Dennis, deputy city marshal; Mary Thomas, who was born Dec. 30, served nearly three years. Was deputy I85o, in Springfield, Ill. They have two sheriff under Shoup, and deputy U. S. children, ALICE MAY and LILLIE E. George collector under Harper. Sold goods at S. Connelly resides in Springfield, and is Illiopolis about three years, since which engaged in merchandising. LILLIE E., time he has been a commercial traveler born Sept. 2, i85i, in Springfield, married -28

Page  218 21 8 EARL Y SET7'TLERS OF Sept. I9, 187I, to Columbus M. Lloyd, 1826 in what is now Mechanicsburg townwho was born March 6, 1849, near ship, where they had two children, and Wabash, Wabash county, Ind. They moved to what is now Logan county, live near Dawson, Sangamon county, Ill. where they had two children, and from George R. Connelly died of cholera, in there to Buffalo Hart grove, in Sangamon Springfield, June 9, I854. His widow county, and had one child. They married Charles Dougherty, Jun. See moved, in I857, to Dawson. Of their his name. children, RACHEL, born in Clarke CONSTANT, JACOB brother county, Ky., March 29, 1824, married to John, who was the grandfather of John Billington. See his name. JACOB, Rezin H. He was also the brother of born August I7, I826, in Clarke county, Isaac and Thomas, and was born about Ky., married in Sangamon county, May 1765, in Virginia. Eleanor Clinkenbeard I6, I85o, to Lillias Wilson, who was born was born about 1769, in Virginia, also. May 15, 1825, in Dumfriesshire, Scotland. They were there married, and soon They had seven children, three of whom after moved on pack horses-that being died young, and HELEN MARY died Oct. the only way goods could be transported 3, i872, the very day she was thirteen at that time through that mountainous years old. NANCY J., WILLIAM E. and country-to Fleming county, Ky. They JAMES H., live with their parents, adjoining had fourteen children in that county, and Dawson on-the east. MARGARET J., in 1814 moved to Clermont county, Ohio, born July 15, 1829, in Sangamon county, where they had two children. The fam- married Oct. 26, 1850, to James Deavers. ily moved to Sangamon county, Ill., ar- They have six children, and live near Mt. riving Oct. 26, 1826, in what is now Me- Pulaski. WILLIAM R., born April 13, chanicsburg township. Of their child- 1832, in Sangamon county, married in ren- 852 to Jane Wilson, who was born in ELIZABETH, born Nov. 17, 1790, Dumfriesshire, Scotland. They had seven in Fleming county, Ky., married there to children in Sangamon county, and Mrs. Charles Morgan. See his name. Constant died May 7, 1864. Mr. C. was 7O-OHN, born in Fleming county, Ky., married in Dawson to Hattie Grabendich. went back from Ohio to Kentucky, and They have two children, and live in Lawthere married Margaret Wood. They rence, Kansas. MARY A., born June came in company with his father to San- I7, 1834, in Logan county, Ill., married gamon county in 1826, where they had Oct. I7, 187I, at Dawson, to Alfred Rape. five children, and moved to Pike county, See his name. SARAH E., born Dec. thence to northwest Missouri, where the 17, 1836, in Logan county, married Sept. living children now reside. The parents 14, i856, to Horatio M. Van Winkle, who are both deadi was born Feb. I, [834, in Shelby county, WILLIAM, born in Kentucky, went Ill. They have one child, LILLIAS E., back from Ohio and married Rhoda and live in Dawson. Mr. Van Winkle Planck. They never came to Illinois, but enlisted August I5, I862, in Co. C, 124th he died, leavingone child, JOHN CON- Ill. Inf., for three years; served full term STANT, who resides near Felicity, exactly, and was honorably discharged Clermont county, Ohio. August I5, 1865, at Chicago. MARTHA JMFARr, born in Kentucky, married in E., born April 19, 1840, in Sangamon Ohio to Thomas Jones. They had ten county, married Dec. 6, I869, to John S. children, and Mrs. Jones died. The liv- Clinkenbeard, who was born Dec. 8, 1822, ing members of the family reside in and in Clarke county, Ky. They have two near Mt. Olivet, Clermont county, 0. children, ISAAC and NANCY E., and live ISAAC, horn Nov. I7, I794, in Flem- three miles southwest of Illiopolis. Mr. ing county, Ky., was married June 29, C. has two living children by a former 1823, in Clarke county, Ky., to Nancy wife, JOHN w. and MARY E. Isaac ConPeebles, who was born Sept. 13, I794, in stant died June 27, 1865, and his widow that county. They had two children in resides at Dawson. Kentucky, joined his parents in Clermont HESTER, born in Kentucky, marcounty, Ohio, and came with them to San- ried in Clermont county, Ohio, to Josiah gamon county, Ill., arriving in the fall of Johnson, had one child, and father and

Page  219 SANGAMON COUNTY. i19 child died in Ohio. She came to Sanga- mon county in 1826, married May I9, mon county, married John Rutherford, 1836, to Mary Elder. They had five had four children, and the parents both children, two of whom died young. Of died. Their son, JOHN T. Rutherford, the other three, GEORGE W., born was a soldier in an Illinois regiment, and June 7, 1837, married July 23, I857, in died in the army. MARGARET mar- Springfield, to Sarah Kent; have three ried Matt. Noonan, and resides in Sanga- living children, JOHN D., LYDIA F., NETmon county. ALEXANDER is mar- TIE B.-the third child, IDA J., died in her ried and lives in Champaign county. fourth year. George W. Constant resides SARAH, born Dec. 27, I799, in Ken- two and a half miles southwest of Illiopotucky, married James Carrico. See his lis. JOHN W., born Sept. 22, 1839, name. married in Springfield, Jan. 30, I865, to ELEANOR, born in 1803, in Ken- Clarissa G. Ingels. They have four childtucky, nmarried Elijah T. Lanham. See ren, MATTIE F., HARRY, MARY P. and his name. WILLIE, and reside two and a half miles 4A COB, born Jan. 7, I805, in Flem- northeast of Illiopolis. SAMUEL W., ing county, Kentucky, married June 4, born July, 1843, enlisted August I7, 1861, 1829, in Sangamon county, to Permelia in Co. H, 30th Ill. Inf., for three years, Crocker. They had six children, two of was captured at the battle of Atlanta, whom died young. The other four, Ga., July 22, 1864, was two months in JAMES H. M., born March 4, 1830, mar- Andersonville prison, exchanged Sept. I9, ried Catharine Blankenship. have four 1864, and honorably discharged on the children. He was a soldier in a Sangamon 27th of the same month. He was married county regiment. DAVID C., born Jan. in Sangamon county, Dec. 24, 1867, to 28, I833, married in Texas to Annetta MaryJ. Semple. They have one child, Snow. They are teaching among the In- NELLIE D., and reside in Macon county, dians. THOMAS S., born July 2, 1835, near Illiopolis. Mrs. Mary Constant died married in Mt. Pulaski to Sarah Cass, Sept., 1847, and Jonathan Constant was daughter of Ninian Cass. MARY L., married Nov. 26, I848, to Lavina Crocker. born Sept 25, 1839, married John Rinker: They had two children. MARY B., had one child, ANNETTA S. Mr. Rinker born Sept. 17, 1851, married June 6, 1872, enlisted in i861, in 3oth Ill. Inf., and died to Squire Campbell, and died Nov. I9, near Vicksburg, in I863. Mrs. Permelia 1872. LEWIS ALLEN, born Dec. 7, Constant died Feb. I7, I8n7, and Jacob 1853, resides with his father. Mrs. LaConstant was married June 25, I847, in vina Constant died August 26, 1858, and St. Clair county, to Mrs. Celia Talbott, Jonathan Constant married Dec. 20, I860, whose maiden name was Wakefield. They to Mrs. Sarah Ridgeway, whose maiden had four children. CHARLES A. mar- name was Bridges. They reside three ried Sarah Horn, had one child, and live miles northwest of Mechanicsburg. near Dawson. HARRIET E. and MARGARET, married in Ohio to PERMELIA 0., SARAH F. died at Greenbury Lanham, and had one child. eleven years. Mrs. C. had two children The father and child died in Ohio. She by her first husband, THOMAS and died in Sangamon county. MARY E. TALBOTT. The latter died NELSONr, born in Clermont county, in her fourteenth year. Jacob Constant Ohio, married in Sangamon county to and his wife reside one and a half miles Elizabeth Walker. They have five childsouthwest of Dawson. ren, and reside near Farmer City, DeWitt BENJV7AMll1N, born in Kentucky, county, Ill. married in Sangamon county to Matilda Jacob Constant died Sept. 21, 1828, and Lakin, had seven children, and Mr. Con- Mrs. Eleanor Constant died Sept. 4, 1835, stant died in I855. Two of his sons, both in Mechanicsburg township, near JOHN W. and NORMAN A. were where they settled in 1826. Union soldiers from Greene county, and C O NS TA N T, THOM A S, both died in the army. His widow resides brother of Isaac, also of John, who was in Macoupin county. grandfather of Rezin H., was born Aug. i4, yONATHAN, born Sept. 30, I809, 1796, in Virginia. He was married June in Fleming county, Ky., came to Sanga- 17, 1796, in Kentucky, to Margery Ed

Page  220 220 EARLrF S'E TLERS OF monson. They had seven children in gamon county to Sarah Dement. Mrs. Kentucky, and moved to Xenia, Ohio. Sarah Constant died, and he was married From there they moved to Sangamon August 25, 1843, to Mary M. Stewart, county, Ill., arriving in the fall of 1820 in daughter of James Stewart. See his name. what is now Fancy creek township. Of They had three children. WILLIAM all their children.- F. married Elizabeth A. Lake. They.YOHN, born May 9, 1797, in Clarke have one child, and reside two miles west county, Ky., married in Springfield, Ill., of Williamsville. NATHAN E., Jun., to Mary Latham, daughter of Judge enlisted August, I862, for three years, in Latham. They had four living children, Co. G, II4th Ill. Vol. Inf. He was capand Mrs. Mary Constant died May 3, tured at the battle of Guntown, Miss., I84I. Mr. C. was married to Elizabeth June iI, i864, taken to Andersonville Singleton. They had two children. Of prison, where he remained three months. the children by his first marriage,JAMES After that to several other prisons, to T. went to California, and died there. evade the Union army, then back to The other three were GARRETT, Andersonville. From there to Florida, MARY and MARIA L. The children and guarded in the woods until April 28, by the second marriage were JULIA and i865, and released at the close of the rebelJOHN. Mr. Constant died, and his lion. He had the usual experience of widow and children reside in Springfield. prisoners in the south. He and seven ELIZABETH E., born June 14, others cooked all their rations the first I799, in Clarke county, Ky.. was married three months at Andersonville, in half a in Xenia, Ohio, to William F. Elkin. See canteen. Sometimes he would give a his name. day's rations for a chew of tobacco, and ARCHIBALD E.,. born May io, not a very large chew at that. He says I801, in Clarke county, Ky., married in words cannot describe the suffering that Springfield, Ill., to Maria Latham, daugh- was endured by the Union soldiers in ter of Judge Latham. They had five southern prisons. Robbery and murder children; two died young. MARGERY prevailed among the prisoners until they is teaching in the Bettie Stuart Institute, found it necessary to organize a court and in Springfield. MARY married Temple a regular jury, convicted six of their numElliott. See his name. KATIE resides ber and hung them. He says Wirz among her friends. Mr. Constant came allowed them to go outside to hold the to Sangamon county in I8I9, settling on trial (of course guarding them), and furWolf creek; afterwards moved to Spring- nished the lumber for the gallows. Mr. field, and purchased a quantity of land in C. says that although ten years have what is now the Third ward, and known elapsed since he was in that den of horas Constant's addition. He was a Major rors, when he is not well the most in the Black Hawk war, from Sangamon dainty food smells to him like Andersoncounty. He moved to Elkhart, Logan ville prison rations. One blanket was all county, about I863. Mrs. Maria Constant they were allowed for eight men. Nathan died there Nov. I3, i868, and Archibald E. Constant, Jun., was married, after his E. Constant died in Elkhart, Jan. 19, 1875. return from the army, to Amanda MorWILLIAM, born May, 1803, in Clarke ton. They have three children, FANNIE county, Ky. He was a physician, and E., WILLIAM and FRANK, and reside three was married in Sangamon county to miles west of Williamsville. Nathan E. Phcebe Johnson. She died, leaving three Constant, Sen., died August 25, 1843, and children. Dr. Constant was married in his widow married Miletus W. Ellis. See Jeffersonville, Ind., and had two children, his name. KATIE and JOHN. Dr. William Con- ISAAC, born April 5, 1809, in Clarke stant died in I865. county, Ky., was married in Sangamon iM1AR r, born June 22, I805, in Clarke county, Ill., Feb. I4, 1835, to Lucinda county, Ky., was married in Sangamon Merriman, daughter of Reuben Merricounty, Ill., to Dr. Garrett Elkin. See man, (now residing in Oregon). They his name. had eight children. LAVINIA, born NA THAN E., born April 8, I807, in March 2, 1834, in Sanganon county, Clarke county, Ky., was married in San- was married in Jackson county, Oregon,

Page  221 SANGAMON C OUNrT. 22 April, 1854, to Dr. Jesse Robinson. They ADALINE, born March 28, I813, in have four living children, EDWARD C., Xenia, Ohio, was married in Sangamon CHESTER L., THOMAS and MARY A., and county, Ill., March 25, I835, to Jarnes D. reside in Oakland, Cal. WILLIAM T., Allen. Of their children, MARTHA, born Nov. 2, 1836, in Sangamon county, born Jan. 6, 1836, was married in GreensIll., was married in Oregon, April 3, I862, burg, Ky., Oct. 31, 1854, to George L. to Jessie Bledsoe. He died August 4, Harris. They have three children living, I867, leaving a widow and three children, THOMAS A., BLANCHE and ADALINE. ISAAC, WILLIAM T. and JULIA B., in Jack- George L. Harris enlisted in the 6th Kanson county, Oregon. ELIZABETH M., sas Cav. Reg., and was killed July 29, born Jan. 2, 1839, in Sangamon county, 1864, at the battle of Fort Smith, Ark. married Jan. I, 1856, in Jackson county, Mrs. Harris was married March 21, I873, Oregon, to William T. Leever. They in Shawnee, Kansas, to James Sharp. have seven living children, w. CONSTANT, They reside in Shawnee. JULIA J.. ILAVINIA, IDA, EDMONSON M., JULIAN D., born Jan. 19, I84I, in Shawnee, Kansas, THOMAS S. and ADA, and reside in Jack- was married Dec. io, I856, in Indepenson county, Oregon. JULIA A., born dence, Mo., to Joseph F. Hagan. He was Sept. I7, I841, in Sangamon county, was drowned in the Missouri river July I5, married in Oregon, Dec. 5, I86I, to I860. His widow married Wolf BachW. A. Owen. They have five living rach, of Kansas City, August 9, 1865. children, EUDORA, MINNIE, MABEL C., They have one daughter living. Mrs. GLENN and WILLIAM, and all reside in Julia Bachrach died in Kansas City, Mo., Jacksonville, Oregon. MARGERY E., June 2, I872. HATTIE, born August born Feb. 5, 1845, in Sangamon county, I9, I844, died March I3, I868. EMILY was married to Constantine Magruder, F., born Nov. I, I848, was married in April 22, 1875. They reside at Central Shawnee. Kansas, Jan. 27, I875, to James Point, Jackson county, Oregon. ELIZA T. Gillespie. They have one child, and A., born Oct. 20, I851, in Sangamon reside in Shawnee. THOMAS, born county, Ill., died March 3, 1866, in Jack- Jan. 12, I838,died July 21, I845. Mr. and son county, Oregon. Isaac Constant was Mrs. Allen reside at Shawnee, Kansas, in the Black Hawk war from Sangamon where they have lived for nineteen years. county. He went to Oregon in I84, took MARGERY, born Nov. 24, I8I4, in a claim under the homestead law, and re- Xenia, Ohio, was married in Sangamon turned to Illinois in I85o, disposed of his county toJosiah Francis. See his name. nroperty, and with his family and some of LA VINIA, born Sept. 18, I8i6, in his neighbors, emigrated to Oregon in Xenia, Ohio, was married in Sangamon 1852. They were among the first families county, Ill., April 2, 1839, to William who settled there. After they arrived, Lavely. See his name. Mr. Constant had to go two hundred miles EMIL Y born Nov. 21, 1818, in Xenia, with pack animals, for provisions. The Ohio, was married in Sangamon county valley was teeming with Indians, but he to N. B. Stone. They had six children; lived to see them all pass away, and sur- three died in infancy. rounded by ai large circle of friends, he 7JULIA A., born Sept. 20, 1820, in resides near Jacksonville, Jackson county, Xenia, Ohio, was married in Sangamon Oregon. county to Newton Francis. See his MIVAR 7HA, born August 23, I8I1, in name. Xenia, Ohio, was married in Sangamon Thomas Constant died Dec. I4, 1840, county, Ill., to William S. Stone. They and Mrs. Margery Constant died March had three children; one died in infancy. i, 1842, both in Athens, Illinois. Of the other two, ELLEN, born in April, CONSTANT, REZIN H., was 1837, is unmarried. MARGERY, born born July 8, 1809, in Clarke county, Ky. March, I838, was married in I855 to His grandfather (John Constatit) was shot Thomas Smith, of Independence, Mo. in the thigh by an Indian while he was They have two living children. Mrs. with a surveying party in Kentucky. He Martha Stone died in St. Louis, Mo., in lived fifteen years after, but it finally March, I854. Mr. Stone died in Indepen- caused his death. His son Jacob was the dence, Mo.,in I870. father of Rezin H. Neither this John

Page  222 222 BG1EARL2I SETTLERS OF nor Jacob ever came to Sangamon county. children, CRESSEY and PEARL, and Rezin H. was married in his native coun- reside at Mason City, Ill. ty, iily 27, I830, to Abigail D. Constant. AIART C., born April 22, I846, marOn the 9th of September following they ried in Sangamon county to David A. started west with the family of his father- Taylor. See his name. They live near in-law-who was also his uncle, Isaac Gibson, Ford county. Constant-and arrived in SpringfieldjOct. Mrs. Abigail D. Constant died August 7, 1830, just in time to experience all the iI, I846, and Rezin H. Constant was marhardships connected with the "deep ried Sept. 27, 1847, to Mrs. Mary L. Harsnow." R. H. Constant enlisted at bert, whose maiden name was Halbert. Springfield, June Io, 1832, in Capt. Jesse They had three childrenClaywell's company, Col. James Collins' CORDELIA:, born April I, I849, regiment, and Gen. James D. Henry's in Sangamon county, married there to Brigade of Ill. Vol. Inf. He was com- Dr. Hamilton R. Riddle. See his name. missioned Lieut., and was in the battle of IREiNA, born Sept. 7, 1851, in SanWisconsin, and commanded his company gamon county, married Dr. Isaac H. Tayat the battle of Bad Axe, August 5, 1832, lor. See his name. which terminated the Black Hawk war. SABRA G., born April 5, I853, in Mr. Constant was one of the representa- Sangamon county, married Feb. 21, 1872, tives of Sangamon county in the legisla- to Russel O. Riddle. See his name. ture of Illinois for 1846 and'47. They Mrs. Mary L. Constant died May I8, had eight children in Sangamon county, 1863, and Rezin H. Constant resides in namely- Clear Lake township, near Barclay. SARAH A., born Jan. ii, 1831, mar- CONSTANT, JOHN, born ried in Sangamon county to Henry B. Sept. 3,1781, in a fort or picketed station Grubb. They have five children, RICH- in Clarke county, Ky. He was married ARD, CATHARINE, ROBERT, March ii, I802, to Susan Edminston, who GEORGE and HARLAND, and live in was born July 27, I783. They had eleven Springfield. children in Clarke county, Ky., three of AMlANJDA, born Feb. II, 1833, mar- whom died young, and the family moved ried Charles Dougherty. See is name. in company with Robert Cass and family She died, leaving three children. to Sangamon county, Ill., arriving Oct. 7, ASrhe di o Oct. 1, 134, died in San-,1826, at Buffalo Hart Grove. Of their AtftY, born Oct. Io, I834., died in San- eight childrengamon county, July 25, 1852. eight childrenVgaoIRIAM, born Dec. 6, 1802, married ALFRED S., born August 9, 1836, in Kentucky, August 25, 1825, to Nathanmarried in Sangamon county to Mary E. iel Massey, and came with her parents to Wilson. They have four living children, Sangamon county. They had one child, JAMES R., FRANK, LUCIAN L. SUSAN, that died at fourteen years. and HARRY W. Alfred S. Constant Mrs.Massev married John Sinclair. See enlisted July 25, 1862, in Co. I, II4th Ill. his name, with the Correllfamily. Inf., for three years. Served until Jan. 7OHN W., born Oct. 29, 1804, in I6, 1863, when he was discharged on ac- Clarke county, Ky., married there, Aug. count of physical disability. He resides I 826, to Lucinda Cass, and moved to near Barclay. Sangamon county with his father in the ELIZABETH P., born March 15, fall of that year. They had four children: 1839, married in Sangamon county to ARMINTA J., born August 6, 1827, in Ninian M. Taylor. See his name. Sangamon county, married Horace B. TH0WOMAS S., born April 30,~ I84I, Enos. See his name. JOHN T., born died in Sangamon county, March 26, Feb. 13, 1830, married April I6, 1854, to i857. Elizabeth C. Burns. They had six childGEORGE 1., born Jan. 31, 1844, en- ren, two of whom died under three years. listed at Springfield, June, I862, for three MATTIE S., ROBERT F., EMMA M. and months, in the 7oth Ill. Vol. Inf. Served CORA K. reside with their parents at Buffull time, and was honorably discharged falo Hart Station. ZACARIAH, born with the regiment. He was married to August I, 1832, died Oct. 31, I856. Margaret E. Bates. They have two WM. R., born Sept. 26, I833, enlisted

Page  223 SANGAMON COUNTY. 223 August, 1862, for three years, in Co. A., snow.") She went to Clark county, Ky., 73d Ill. Inf. He had two fingers shot on a visit, and was there married, Feb. 6, friom his right hand at the battle of Stone's I85I, to Henry Hall. They had two river. Served to the end of the rebellion, children. Mrs. Hall died May 29, I860, and was honorably discharged with his at Kankakee. BELLE and ISAAC N. Hall regiment. He was married March 14, reside with their father at Momence, Kan1867, to Mary A. Perry. They have two kakee county, Ill. Isaac L. Skinner went children, and reside near Sabetha, Nemaha to Kentucky to visit his father, and died county, Kan. Mrs. Lucinda Constant died there Aug. 26, I831. His widow married Feb. 23, 1836. and John W. Constant was in Sangamon county, Nov. II, 1838, to married March 22, 1838, to Susan Grove. James W. Langston. See his name. They had one child, ADAM H., born THOMIAS E., born Nov. I5, 1813, in April 26, I839, enlisted July 26, I862, in Kentucky, died in Sangamoncounty Sept. Co. I, II4th Ill. Inf., for three years. 9, 1830. Served full term, and was honorably dis- WILLIJAI A., born Jan. 29, I816, in charged August 8, I865. He was married Clarke county, Ky., married in Sangamon August 26, I862, (one month after he en- county, March, 1842, to Mary A. Starr. listed), to Mary F. Greening. They had They had seven children. JOHN E., three children. ULYSSES GRANT died born March 29, 1843, enlisted at Springyoung. ALFRED H. and GERSHIOM K. field, Ill., July 20, i86i, for three years, in live with their parents, three miles east of what became Co. B, iith Mo. Inf.; reBuffalo Hart Station. John W. Constant enlisted as a veteran in same company and died August 29, 1838, eight months before regiment, Jan. I, I864, and was honorably the birth of his son, Adam H. His wid- discharged Jan. I5, IS66. He was married ow resides with her son, Adam H. Jan. 15, 1871, to Hester F. King, have one JACOB D., born Oct. I5, 1807, in child, EARL, and live near Buffalo Hart Clarke county, Ky., married April 4, I832, station. HARRISON CLAY, born in Sangamon county, to Sarah Correll. Sept. 14, 1844, married Nov. 12, 1867, to They had four living children. LOUISA Mary E. Enos. They have one child, J., born Feb. I8, 1833, married George CHARLES EDWARD, and reside one mile McDaniel. See his name. MARY E., east of Buffalo Hart station. ALLEN born August 8, 1834, died March 23, I85i. S., born Aug. 7, 1846, enlisted May 3, HARRIET L., born Dec. 31, I835, died I864, in Co. I, 133d Ill. Inf., for one hunMay 26, I855. SUSAN, born June 20, ired days, and was drowned July, 1864, 1837, married Augustus Bruce; had three at Rock Island, while bathing in the children. HELEN died in her third year. Mississippi river. EMMA,, born Aug. ADELAIDE and WILLIAM reside with their 12, I848, ALICE, born Dec. I, I850, reparents, at Corinne, Box Elder county, side with their mother. HARVEY, Utah. Mrs. Sarah Constant died Feb. 8, born July I4, I853, died Oct. 9, I86o. 1842, and Jacob D. Constant married Han- WILLIAM T., born Oct. 13, I855, renah Garretson. They had two children. sides with his mother. William A. ConANN E., born Sept. 20, 1844, married stant died Aug. 15, I855, and his widow Eleazer Tuttle, have two children, and married March, 1857, to Casper Byerline. live in Atlanta. THOMAS, born Jan. They have two children, CHARLES F. 19, I846, lives with Robert McDaniel. and NOAH, and reside one mile east of Jacob D. Constant died Oct. I9, 1846, and Buffalo Hart station. Mrs. Hannah Constant died Oct. 22, 1850, ELIZA., born Oct. 23, 1821, died both in Buffalo Hart Grove. Oct. I9, 1837. MIARGERT, born March 20, I8Io, in John Constant died Nov. I8, 1835, and Clarke county, Ky., married to Isaac his widow, Susan Constant, died March Dawson, and died without children, Feb., I8, 1864, both in Sangamon county. 1845, in Sangamon county. CONSTANT, ISAAC, brother HARRIE T L., born Dec. 22, 1811, in of Thomas, Abigail, John and Jacob. He Clarke county, Ky., married in Sangamon was born April 3, I789, in Clarke county, county, Aug. 13, 1829, to Isaac L. Skin- Ky.; was married July 4, I8II, in the ner. They had one child, SALLY, same county, to Amy Dean. They had born Jan. Io, 1831, (in time of the " deep eight children in Kentucky, one of whom

Page  224 224 EARLY SETTLERS OF died there. The family moved to Sanga- COOPER, AMBROSE, brother mon county, Ill., arriving Oct. 7, 1830, in to Meredith, was born Dec. I8, 1796, in what is now Williams township. Of their Botetourt county, Va., and taken by his seven children- parents to Smith county, Tenn., where he YOHNV, born July 7, I812, in Ken- was married to Mary Kilbraith. They tucky, died in Sangamon county Sept. 20, had two children in Tenn., and in 1821 1835. moved to St. Clair county, Ill., where they REB'ECCA, born Aug. 2I, 1813, in had one child, and moved to Sangamon Kentucky, died in Sangamon county Nov. county in the fall of I823, and settled two I8, 1832. miles east of the present town of SherABIGAZI D., born May 3, I815, in man, where they had one child. Of their Kentucky, married Rezin H. Constant. four childrenSee his name. HUGH L., born in Tennessee, and MARY A., born Dec. 23, 1816, in married in Sangamon county, to Elizabeth Kentucky, married in Sangamon county Taylor. They moved to Iowa, where he to Miletus W. Ellis. See his name. died, leaving a widow and five children. GEORGE W., born Oct. 23, I818, in One of them married and remained in Clarke county, Ky., married in Sangamon Iowa. The mother and four children county, Ill., Nov. 26, 1840, to Martha B. moved to Piatt county, Ill. Two of the Stewart. They had three children in sons married there, and moved to Kansas. Sangamon county. WILLIAM S. mar- The widow and two children live in ried Parthenia Bates. They have one Piatt county. child, and live two miles northwest of WILLIAM, born in Tennessee, Williamsville. JAMES H. married raised in Sangamon county, went to CalMary Keagle. They have two living ifornia, and was married there to Sarah children, WILLIAM and LUCY, and live two Ide. He came back to Sangamon counand a half miles northwest of Williams- ty, and after a stay of some years, started ville. MARY A. married March 29, on his return to California with his family. 1871, to James H. Groves, and reside two He died at sea, one day's sail fiom New miles east of Williamsville. Mrs. Martha Orleans, leaving a widow and two childB. Constant died June i, I850. G. W. ren. ANN E. is married and lives at Constant was married Oct. 7, 1852, to Lebanon, Linn county, Oregon. ALICE Mary W. Stapleford. She was born in and her mother reside at Red Bluff, Milford, Kent county, Del., and came to Tehama county, Cal. Springfield Oct. I4, 1836, in company ANN, born in St. Clair county, married with her brother-in-law, Benjamin S. Samuel Yocom. See his name. Clements, who was the first Mayor of MIIEREDITH C., born May 29, I824, Springfield. George W. Constant and in Sangamon county, married in I846 to wife reside at Williamsville. Frances A. Chapman. They have five A VERY G., born June 8, 1821, in children, and live in Williams township. Kentucky, married in Sangamon county Mrs. Mary Cooper died Oct. I7, I827. to Louisa Fisher. They had six children. Ambrose Cooper was a soldier from SanJULIA, the third child, married James gamon county in the Black Hawk war, Bates. See his name. ELLEN and in 1831, and when the campaign was over ALBERT died young. CHARLES A. he went to the Galena lead mines, remainlives in Springfield. ISAAC F. and ing until the spring of 1832, where he enAVERY live with their mother. Avery listed in another campaign against the G. Constant died March 6, I858, and his Indians, and was in the battles that widow resides at Williamsville. finally subdued them. He returned to SAM/UEL D., born Feb. 21, I823, Sangamon county, and was married in died, aged six years, in Kentucky. April, 1836, to Eliza Wilson. They had JyAMES, born July 12, 1825, in Ken- seven children, four of whom died young. tucky, died in Sangamon county March 2, STEPHEN L., born May 6, I840, in 1842. Sangamon county, enlisted in Springfield, Isaac Constant died Dec. 25, 1854, and July 20, I86I, for three years, in what behis widow died July 7, i860, both in Wil- came Co. B, iith Mo. Inf., served full liams township. term, and was honorably discharged Aug.

Page  225 SANGAMON COU' 0 T. 225 -I,-I864. He was married Oct. ii, I865, to town of Sherman, where they had seven Rebecca Summers, who was born Nov. children. Of all their children5, I842, in Bracken county, Ky. They MNAR7THA, born Oct. 26, 1814, in have two children, RUFUS and AL- Tennessee, married in Sangamon county VEY, and live near Dawson. to William Branson. See his name. HENR Y, born Aug. I2, I842, enlisted JAMES., born Sept. 16, 1816, in in Springfield July 20, I86i, in what be- Tennessee, was married in Sangamon came Co. B, Iith Mo. Inf., for three county to Zarilda Tavlor. They had four years; re-enlisted as a veteran January, children. MELISSA married Chales 1864, and was honorably discharged Jan. Wood. They have one child and live 20, I866, and resides with his parents. near Edinburg Ill. PRISILLA marnear Edinburg, Ill. PRISi2ILLA marDABNEY, born Sept. 2, 1846, lives ried James Wright. They have four with his parents. children, and live near Riverton. JAS. Ambrose Cooper and wife are now M. married Ellen McGinnis. They have (I874) both living one mile south of Bar- two children, and live three miles southclay. east of Williamsville. AMBROSE died COOPER, MEDEDITH, born Jan. 27, 874, in Williams township. Apil 7, 1792, in Botetourt county, Va. James W. Cooper went to Texas, hoping His parents moved to Smith county, to improve his health, and died there in Tenn., when he was a young man. Polly I853. His widow died the next year in Witcher was born July 2I, 1794, in Cocke Sagamon county. county, Tenn., and her parents moved to MINER VA, born Sept. 2I, I818, in Smith county when she was but fifteen St Clair county, Ill., was married in Sanyears of age. Meredith Cooper and gamon county to Jesse Yocom. See his Polly Witcher were there married,June i6, name. 1812. In September of that year Mr. i~MARGARET 7.,born Sept. I, 1820, Cooper enlisted for three months in a in St. Clair county, was married in SangaTennessee regiment, and served four mon county to George W. Yocom. See months against the Indians in Alabama, his name. Three of their children, who were the allies of the British govern- NETTIE, CLARA and MINNIE, died ment, with whom we were then at war. in the winter of I876. Mr. and Mrs. Cooper had two children in MlAR, born July 28, 1822, in St. Clair Tennessee. In the spring of 1817 Mr. county, was married in Sangamon county, Cooper went to St. Clair county, Ill., Ill., Jan. 30, I85I, to John Wilson, who raised a crop, and returning, brought his was born Feb. I, 1821, in Dumfriesshire, family in the fall of that year. The mov- Scotland. They have three children, ing was done on two horses, as there were ANN, JAMES M. and THOMAS H., no wagon roads; and if there had been, and reside one and a half miles east of they were unable to own a wagon. As a Riverton. specimen of real life' at that time, I give.NANCY, born May 7, 1825, in Sangathe statement of Mrs. Cooper, now quite mon county, married John Keagle. They aged, that she rode one horse, carried a have seven children. CHARLOTTE child in her arms, and with a feather bed married Nathan Hussy. See his name. lashed to the saddle behind, wended her SIDNEY married Samuel Smith. She way, while her husband carried the other died, leaving one child, LETITIA, who child, with all the household goods and married Silas Skinner and died. JOSEPH, farm implements he could put on the other SUSAN, HARLAN P. and HARhorse. Three of their children were born RISA B., reside with their parents in in St. Clair county. The fame of the rich Logan county, Ill. soil of the San-ga-ma country was known REBECCA, born Aug. II, 1827, in in St. Clair county, and Mr. and Mrs. Sangamon county, married James Mills. Cooper resolved to emigrate thither. This She died Oct., 187I, in Sangamon county. time they put all their worldly goods and James Mills died in the spring of 1874, in five children in an ox-cart, and arrived in Moultrie county. Of their children: the autumn of 1823 in what is now called MARY F. married Samuel Harsh, and Fancy Creek township, near the present resides near Sullivan. LOUISA and -29

Page  226 226 ARL Y SE7 TLERS OF EMMA reside near Sullivan, Moultrie ship. Nine daughters and three sons county, Ill. came to Sangamon county. The followAMiBROSE, born Sept. 13, 1829, in ing are the names of the daughters, Sangamon county, married Dorothy with the surnames of the.men they Keagle. They have five children, MARY marriedJ., JOHN M., AUGUSTA, GEORGE BETSY, Moffit; NANCY, Smith; E. L. and JAMES W., and reside near IMARY, Smith; LrDIA, Moore; Brownsville, Mo. RACHEL, Bragg; FA2NNY, DickerDA VID D., born August io, 183I, in son; LUCY, Mathews; EDIT7'H-, SaunSangamon county, married Juliet With- ders; and SUSANIVAH, Keagle. row. They have seven children, SUSIE, Mrs. Elizabeth Cooper died March io, JAMES A., DOUGLAS, LEE, AU- 1845, and John Cooper died April Io, GUSTA and EUGENE, and reside one 1846, bbth in Cooper township. Of their and a half miles east of Sherman. three sonsROBERT, born July 8, 1834, in San- COOPER, EPHRIAM,brother gamon county, was married Feb. 9, 1869, to Rev. John and Jacob Cooper. He was to Lavina Garner; who was born in Wash- born about I8o2. in Jefferson county, ington county, Indiana. They live near Tenn., came to Illinois when a young Sherman, Sangamon county, Ill. man, married, raised a family in Christian MEREDrITH, Jun., born Sept. ii, county, and died there Feb. 20, 1847. 1836, in Sangamon county, was married COOPER, JOHN, was born in March, 1873, to Mrs. Emma Jones, June 3, I794, in South Carolina, and was whose maiden name was Watson. They taken by his parents to Jefferson county, have one child, ANNA LEONORA, Tenn., where he was married to Susannah and reside in east St. Louis, Ill. Peyton, had one child, 7ULIA G., and LOUISA, born Feb. 3, 1839, in San- Mrs. Cooper died. Mr. Cooper was margamon county, was married Dec. 26, 1855, ried in the same county to Susannah to Isaac M. Raynolds, who was born in Giger, who was born Sept. 26, 1795, had Pike county, Ohio. They have five child- two children in Tennessee, and moved to ren, CHARLES M., JAMES A., POL- Sangamon county, Ill., arriving April 2, LY E., EDWIN S. and BERTHA M., 1820, and settled two miles north of where and reside one and a half miles east of Rochester now stands, and one year later Sherman. The place was for many years moved to what is now Cooper township, a trading post for the Indians, and fiom south of the Sangamon river. They had about 1832 to I856 was the family home- nine children in Sangamon county. Of stead of the Coopers. Some of the all his childrenyounger members of the family remember C/tJIA G., born Feb. I, I814, mara visit to their house by Abraham Lincoln ried in Sangamon county to John Welch. on business. A laige back log had just He died in I840, leaving three children. been put on. It was cut from the fork of JOHN C. died, aged seventeen. WILa tree, and one limb projected quite a dis- LIAM H. married Harriet Cooper. He tance up the chimney. The children enlisted in I86I in Co. C, 27th Ill. Inf., were greatly amused to witness Mr. Lin- for three years, re-enlisted as a veteran coln's interest in trying to determine how Jan. i, I864, and was severely wounded. they brought it through the door and put He died January, 1870, and Mrs. Welch it in the fireplace. Meredith Cooper, died later. They left two children. Sen., died Nov. I, 1870, in Williams JAMES S. WELCH is a practicing phytownship, and his widow resides with sician at Sullivan, Moultrie county, Ill. their daughter, Mrs. Raynolds. Mis. Julia G. Welch married Chesley COOPER, JOHN, born in I772, Dickerson. They had one child. SUSANmarried in South Carolina, ai.d seven of NAH married David Clark, and resides his children were born there. He moved at Breckenridge. Chesley Dickerson died with his family to Jefferson county, Tenn. in I846, and Mrs. Julia G. Dickerson Some of his children preceded him to married Daniel D. Johnson. See his Sangamon county. He came with his name. They reside near Breckenridge. wife Elizabeth, and remaining children, Children of John Cooper by the second about 1822, to what is now Cooper town- marriage

Page  227 SANGAMON COUVNT. 227 MIARY A., born Aug. I8, 1817, in which he lived as a mark of respect to his Tennessee, married in Sangamon county memory. to Lewis Churchill. See his name. COOPER, JACOB, was born WILEY S., born July 30, 1819, in Dec. 8, I8oo, in Jefferson county, Wenn., Tennessee, married in Sangamon county was married there to Anna Walden. One to Eliza Clawson, and live in Shelbyville. child was born in Tennessee, and they LE WIS W., born Aug. 5, I822, in came to Sangamon county, Ill., with his Sangamon county, married to Elizabeth brother, Rev. John Cooper, in I819. Todd. He died July I9, 1872. Their second child was born in Sangamon BENJVAMIN H/, born Nov. 1, 1824, county. One child died, and Mrs. Anna died Aug. I, 1841, aged seventeen. Cooper died Feb. 22, I830. Jacob Cooper PATRICK, born June 29, 1826, in was married to Jane Kelly, daughter of Sangamon county, married Elizabeth William Kelly, of Springfield. They Firey, have four children, JOHN H., had five children. Of his childrenJACOB P., MARY E. and LAURA JOHN WESLEYwas born Dec. 18, B., and reside near Edinburg, Christian 1822, in Sangamon county; went to Miscounty, Ill. souri when grown, and married there to YJA1/ES Mf,, born Auz. 3, 1828, in Anna Waldron. He died there, leaving Sangamon county, married April, I85I, a widow and two children. to Mary A. Sutcliffe. They had three Children of the second marriage werechildren, and all died under five years. MELCINVA A., born Nov. 22, 1830, Mrs. Cooper died Dec. 29, 1858. James M. in Sangamon county, married March 3, Cooper was married Feb. I4, I860, at I848, to Milton D. McCoy. See his name. Rochester, to Susan Stier, who was born MEL VINA C b A. 27 May I9, I833, in Harrison county, Va. 832, May 19, 1833, in Harrison county, Va. in Sangamon county, married Dec. 27, They had four children, EMELINE F., n Sangamon county, marred Dec. 2 IDA B JAMES F and MARY 1849, to Benjamin F. Stokes. See his IDA B., JAMES F. and MARY MAUD, and reside in Cooper township, name. She died Sept. 15, ELZI]RAH C., born May 29, I834, fives miles east of Rochester, on a part of 1834, the farm where his parents settled in I82I, married Benjamin F. Stoes. See s and where Mr. Cooper was born. AL ZARTNDA, born June 26,83 MI. VE^ VA bornALIARINDA, born June 26, 1836, MIVER IVA., born June 12, 1830, married Joseph A. Waddell. They have died in Sangamon county March 4, 1842. six children, and reside in Rochester townSARAH A., born Nov. 2, 1832, in ship. Sangamon county, married William T. WILLIAM JAAEIS ON, born Jan. Sudduth. See his name. 4, I844, in Sangamon county, married O70HN S., born Aug. 14, I836, in Dec. 7, I865, to Mattie S. West, of Sangamon county, married to Minerva Rochester. They have two children, Ross, who was born in Ohio. They have NORA BELL and MATTIE. Mrs. three children, AMY, SARAH ELIZA Mattie Cooper died April z2, 1873, and and ANNIE, and reside at Shelbyville, Wm.J. Cooper married Dec. 31, I874, +o Illinois. Leonora O'Leary, of East. St. Louis. W. GEORGE G., born June 8, I839, in J. Cooper resides two miles south of Sangamon county, died Nov. io, I842. Rochester. Mrs. Susannah Cooper died Sept. 2I, Jacob Cooper died Aug. 22, i864, and 1859, and Rev. John Cooper died January Ms. Jane Cooper died Aug. 24, 1864, I860, both in Cooper township. He was both in Sangamon county, Ill. a local minister in the M. E. church, and COOK, ELI, was born Nov. 4, preached almost as regularly as the minis- 1809, in Butler county, Ohio, and married ters in the traveling connection. He sol- there, April 7, 1829. to Sarah Jones, who emnized the marriage of many couple was born Feb. 2, 1809, in Preble county, among the early settlers. He was a jus- Ohio. They moved to Indiana, and fitom tice of the peace and one of the county there to Effingham county, Ill., thence to commissioners for many years, and when Springfield, in 1837. Of their nine childthe township organization was affected ren, two died young, and of the other his name was given to the township in seven

Page  228 228 EARL Y SE TTLERS -OF EMELINEE, born March 7, 1832, in California, March 25, 1853. His widow Indiana, was married in Springfield, July resides in Springfield. 4, I85o, to William Morgan. Their only CORRELL, LEVI, was born child, FRANKLIN, is a printer, and June 22, I767, in New Jersey. When a lives in Springfield. She married for a young man he went to Kentucky, and second time, April 22, I857, to John Fuller. was married Nov. 6, 1794, in Bath county, They have one child, CLARENCE. to Mary Hicklin. They had eleven Mrs. Emeline Fuller is now a widow, and children, four of whom died young. Of lives in Springfield. the other sevenADALINE, born Sept. 6, 1833, in y OSEPH, born Oct. 8, 795, (ied Effingham county, Ill., was married in when a young man. Springfield, Oct. 28, I850, to George ELIZABETH, born Jan. 18, I797, Fessenden, a native of Boston, Mass. in Harrison county, Ky., married March They have three children. ASA, a tele- 23, I820, to Jonathan McDaniel. See his graph operator, lives in Springfield, Ill. name. JULIA and ISABEL, the two latter re- HUGH, born July 6, I804, in Harrison side with their mother, in Chicago. county, Ky. He was married May 2, ANGELINE, born Sept. 6, I833, in 1826, in that county, to Mary Y. Sinclair. Effingham county, Il., was married in They had two children in Kentucky, and Effingham county, Ill., was married in Springfield to James. Watson.See moved to Sangamon county, Ill., arriving his name, in the fall of 1830 in what is now Mechannis name. H. FRANKLIN, born Sept. 14, 1836, icsburg township, where they had four in Butler county, Ohio, was married inldrenELIZASpringfield, Dec. 23, i858, to Lucinda BETH, born ay, 27, in Kentucky, Parker, adopted daughter of J. E. Rll. married in Sangamon county to Robert P arki her, ad opted daughter of j.E. R to l.., They had one living child, LEONARD, P.McDanel. See hs name. He ded, and Mrs. Lucinda Cook died Sept. o and she married James H. McDaniel i864. Mr. Cook was married in Spring- See hs nae. CYRUS, born July field, Aug., 872, to Rebecca E. Baird, 29n Kentucky, came with his parents a native of New Jersey. H. Franklin to Sangamon county, marred at Concord, Cook is a commercial traveler, with resi- M c t. s dence in Sprinfield. Correll died Dec. 23, 868, in Sangamon dence in Springfield. t' county, leaving one child, CORA, residing IMIARY E., born May 20, 1833, in San- with her mother, who is the wife of Pierce gamon county, was married in Spring- Kiser, and lives in Mechanicsburg. CORfield, Sept. 24, 1863, to Charles. Ed- DELIA, born Feb. 23, 1833, in Sangamands, who was born in Charlestown, mon county, married Feb. I8, 1858, to Mass., Jan. io, 1832. They had six child- John M. Carpenter, who was born March ren; four died young. FREDERICK D. 26, 1829, in Butler county, 0., and came and GEORGE A. reside with their pa- to Sangamon county in 1850. Theyhave rents, in Springfield, Ill. Hr. Edmands three children, WINFORD H., DORA B. and is a manufacturer and dealer in stoves and MINNIE c.,and reside three and a half tinware. miles northeast of Buffalo. DAVID, yUULIA R., born Dec. 16, 1839, in born March 29, 1836, in Sangamon counSpringfield, was married Feb. 21, i86I, to ty, is unmarried, and resides two and a James Gormley, of New Jersey. They half miles south of Dawson. STEPHEN, have three children, DORA, MAY and born May 12, 1838, in Sangamon county, AUSTIN, and live in Virginia City, married March I2, I868, to Ann M. SemMontana. ple, who was born Dec. 29, 1846, in Ire-. ELBRIDGE C., born June 29, land. They have two children, WILLIE I841, in Springfield, is married, and lives and MARY D., and reside two and a half in Cicero, Indiana. miles south of Dawson, at the family OJr. Eli Cook was a hatter by trade, homestead. MARY, born Sept. 7, I840, and followed that business in Springfield. in Sangamon county, married Mar., 1864, He was Mayor of the city three terms, in toJesse Wheelin. Mr. Wheelin died Feb. I846,'47 and'48. In 1849 he left for the I, 1871, and Mrs. W. died Aug. 21, 1871. Pacific coast, and died in Nevada City, Their only living child, CYRUS E., born July

Page  229 SANGAMON COUNTY. 229 8, 1865, in Sangamon county, resides at the NEWTON and HEBER WILBER; the latter family homestead, two and a half miles south died in infancy, and Mrs. Lidie N. Correll of Dawson. Hugh Correll died June I, died March 23, I874. Cornelius Correll I854, and his widow died Sept. 7, I874, is a graduate in the Law department of both where they settled in I832, on the farm Michigan University, Ann Arbor. He is two and a half miles south of Dawson. now a member of the firm of Correll & Co., MARTHA, born March I3, I806, in druggists, Springfield. JOHN, born June Kentucky, married Hugh McDonald. 5, 184I, resides with his parents. LEVI They had five children and moved to S., born Aug. 14, 1843. He is a graduate Texas, where Mr. McDonald and two of the Medical department of Ann Arbor sons, JAMES and THOMAS, and a University, Michigan. He is member of daughter, MARTHA, died. Mrs. Mar- the firm of Correll & Co., composed of tha McDonald returned, and died in San- the brothers Cornelius, John and Levi S., gamon county. MARY E. married Mr. druggists, Springfield. Levi S. was marGrider, and lives in Decatur, Texas. ried July 8, 1874, in Springfield, to Lou SUSAN died at Quincy Ill., September, Freeman. They reside in Springfield. 1875. ANNA resides with her uncle, FANNIE, born August 22, I846, in San — Thomas Correll. gamon county, married Oct. 29, 1869, to THOMAS, born Jan. 18, I808, in Har- Isaac Funk. They have two children, rison county, Ky. He was there married. ARTHUR and MABEL; the latter died in inOct. 7, 1830, to Sally McDaniel. (She fancy. They reside at Funk's Grove, was born Aug. 28, 18II,in Clarke county, near Shirley, McLean county. Thomas Ky.) They moved immediately after Correll and his wife reside within one mile they were married to Sangamon county, of where they settled in I830. It is two Ill., arriving in the fall of 1830 in Mechan- and a half miles southeast of Dawson. icsburg township, where they had eight Thomas Correll says that he raised a children. Of their children, M. MAR- crop of corn in Kentucky, during the GARET, born July 13, 1832, married summer of 1830, and sold it for $75.00 Edwin Tomlin. See his name. WIL- He spent $5 oo in getting married, and LIAM FLETCHER, born Oct. I6, I833, brought the remaining $70.0o with him. married Feb. 25, 1868, to E. Fannie Pur- He fed his father's stock during the winter viance. They have two children, FRANK of 1830 and'31, (being the winter of the and KATE, and reside in Macon county, "deep snow,") for which he received $30, Ill., two and a half miles southeast of Illi- making an even $Ioo. With that money opolis. D. SIMPSON, born Sept. 3, he came to Springfield and entered his 1835, married Feb. 25, I874, to Lizzie first eighty acres of land. Having secured Peden, who was born Oct. I9, I855, in his land, he had not a cent of money to Morgan county, 0. They live two miles pay a hotel bill, and a man by the name of south of Illinois. WARNER H., born Constant hearing him relate his situation, May I, 1837, married Dec. 20, 866, to kept him over night and trusted him for Anna Simpson, who died in I867, and he it. The ferryman at the Sangamon river married March, 1871, to Lizzie St. Clair. took him over on the same terms, and that They have three children, THOMAS, SAM- was the way he laid the foundation for his UEL and ESSIE MAY, and live near Pleas- home. When they commenced keeping ant Plains, Ill. CORNELIUS, born house they had neither a table nor chair. May I9, I839, married March 12, 1863, to He made a shelf on the wall, and from Carrie A. Cass. She was born Dec., 1845, that the first meal was taken standing. and was a daughter of William Riley His wife's uncle, Henry McDaniel, was Cass. They had two children, FLORA C. with them, and he praised her cooking, to and VIRGIL, and Mrs. Correll died keep her courage up. Mr. Correll, durApril i, I866. Mr. Correll was mar- ing the summer of I83I, rode eight miles ried Nov. I6, I869, to Lidie N. Davies, in to help David Riddle harvest his wheat, Philadelphia. She was born there May and returned home every night. He re30, 1843, of Scotch and English parents, ceived sixty-two and a half cents per day and graduated in I865 in one of the insti- for his labor. The first wheat he raised tutions of learning in her native city. They for himself he harvested with a reap hook, had three children, FANNY MARY, JESSIE or sickle, tramped it out with horses,

Page  230 230 EARL SETTLERS 0F hauled it to St. Louis, one hundred miles, Gardner Bruce. They reside at Atchison, and sold it for fifty cents per bushel. As Kansas. Mrs. Elizabeth Correll has two he accumulated some money, he bought children by her first husband, Mr. Sinfat hogs, and drove them to St. Louis. clair. One year he made some money, and feel- MIARY' Y. Sinclair, born July 27, ing liberal, he overpaid some of the men i807, in Northumberland county, Va., who helped him. The next year he lost married Hugh Correll. See his name. all, and was thirty-seven and a half cents O7OHNV Sinclair, born in I8o8, in short in money to pay his hired help. Virginia, married in Sangamon county One of those who had been overpaid by to Mrs. Miriam Massey, whose maiden him the year before, would not suffer any name was Constant. They had several reduction, and he had to raise the money children, and the parents and all except in some other way. He thought that was two of the children are dead. Their not very encouraging, but his success in daughter, Miriam, married Narcissus life since, makes the contrast very strik- Rivaud, and reside at Kankakee. John ing. Sinclair, Jun., went to South America, SUSANNAH, born Oct. 9, I809, in married a'Spanish lady, and resides there. Kentucky, married Jacob Morgan. See Levi Correll died May 2, 1845, and his name. Mrs. Elizabeth Correll died Nov. Io, SARAH, born Dec. 31, I 8II in Ken- 1852, both in Sangamon county. tucky, married Jacob Constant. See his COUNCIL, DAVID G., was name. born Jan. r5, 1 17, in Montgomery county, Mrs. Mary H. Correll died July io, Tenn. Came to what is now Christian i816, in Kentucky, and Levi Correll was county, Ill.; then to Sangamon county in married July I7, 1817, to Mrs. Elizabeth the autumn of 1830. He came to SpringSinclair, whose maiden name was Phillips. field in I838, where he was married She was born July 27, I807, in Northum- March 28, 1839, to Mary J. Donaldson, berland county, Va. Her father died who was born in Kentucky in I8i8. when she was quite young, and her They had seven children, namelymother, with her son and daughter, moved LOUISA, born May I4, I841, was to Harrison county, Ky. Mr. and Mrs. married Dec. 28, i865, to Jacob S. Correll had two children in Kentucky, Wright, who was born June II, 184I, in and moved to Sangamon county, Ill., ar- Owen county, Ind. They have one child, riving in the fall of 1830, in what is now CHARLIE. Jacob S. Wright came to Mechanicsburg township. Of their two Springfield in August, I866. His father children- was a soldier in the war of 1812; was WILLIAMI, born August I6, I8I8, in wounded in the head during an engageHarrison county, Ky., was married in ment with the Indians, and but for the Sangamon county, Dec. 7, I848, to Per- interposition of Tecumseh would have melia A. Simpson. They had three been killed. He was madeprisoner, taken children. CYRUS died in infancy. to Sandusky, and retained there until HENRY OWEN married Ada Elkin, exchanged. J.S. Wright enlisted at Linand lives near Mechanicsburg. MARY coin, Ill., as a private, in Co. E, 7th Ill. EVA lives with her parents, three miles Inf.; served three months, and re-enlisted west of Mechanicsburg. William Correll in I862 in Co. H, Io6th Ill. Inf.; was at says that himself and his half-brother, the siege and capture of Vicksburg, and John Sinclair, broke forty acres of prairie in the expedition and capture of Little in I83I, northeast of the old state house Rock, Ark.; served full time, and was square, in Springfield. It included the honorably discharged in 1865, at Springland where Everybody's Mill, the jail, field, Ill., where he now lives. Opera House and Journal office now WILLIAM M., born Feb. 8, 1843, in stand. Springfield, was married Jan. 5, 1864, to ELIZA, born Dec., I82I, in Kentucky, Mary E. Huffman, who was born May ii, married in Sangamon county to Talbott 1845, in Cincinnati, Ohio. Mrs. Mary Lyon. They had four children, and Mr. E. Council died Sept. 2, I87I, leaving two Lyon and all the children died. Mrs. children, MINNIE and ARTHUR, who Lyon married in Sangamon county to reside with their father. William M.

Page  231 SANGAMOAN COUNTr. 231 Council was married June 9, 1875, in COUNCIL, WVILLIAM born Springfield, to Jennie Barkley, who was Oct. I, 1791, near Tarboro, Edgecomb born Sept. I, I841, in Lafayette, Christian county, N. C. He was a brother to Hardy county, Ky. W. M. Council lives in Council. About I800 the family moved Springfield. to Tennessee, thence to Barren county, JAMVES, born Feb. 9, 1845, in Spring- Ky., and from there to White county, Ill. field, Ill., was married there, April 30, William Council was there married, Nov., I86o, to Alsinda A. Shawn, who was 18I9, to Mary Graves, who was born born Sept. 4, 1848, in Newark, Ohio. June I5, I802, in East Tennessee. They She is a niece of Judge Shawn, of Me- had one child, and moved to Sangamon nard county. They nave two childcountyounty, arriving in the fall of 1821 north FRANK A. and FLORENCE A. of Springfield, and kept a ferry on SangaJames Council is a contractor and builder, mos river near where Carpenter's mill and resides in Springfield, Ill. now stands. They had nine children in DA VID G., Jun., born Dec. 2, I846, in Sangamon county, namelySpringfield, was married there, July 15, GEORGE tV., born Jan. 2, 1820, in i868, to Mrs. Jennie Kimble, whose White county, Ill., married Sept. 843, maiden name was Richmond. She i Sngamon county, to Jane Mitts. was born in 1846, in Painesville,. They had eleven children, namely They have one child, OLIVE L., and WILLIAM C., born Oct. 26, 1844, enlive in Sprinfi eld TIl listed August, 1862, in Co. C, Ir4th Ill. live in Springfielda. Ill. Z!AR E b 8 Inf., for three years, served full term, and MANRY E., born June 15, 1851, in was honorably discharged Aug. 3, I865. Springfield, was married there, August He was marred April, 869, in Illiopo12, I869, to Thomas D. Hirst, who was lis, to Melissa A. Meredith, who was born born June 7, I836, in Loudon county Va. June 25, 4, in Orange county, Ind. They have two children, EDDIE L. and She died April 29, I873. He lives three HARRY E. T. D. Hirst is running a miles west of Illiopolis. MARY A. marplaining mill in Clinton, Ill., and lives ried Charles Sweet, have two children, d' ^iA tthere. 2A or WILLIAM and ANNIE, and live in Topeka, VIARHiA 7.. born August, 2, 1853, Kan. JOHN M., born June 7, 1851, and ^~~~and~~ ~married Sept. 21, 1871, in Sangamon YOHNI T., born June 4, 1856, reside county, to Elizabeth E. Hay, born June with their mother. 9, I850, in Holmes county, 0., have two When D. G. Council dame to Illinois, children, FLORA BELLE and ROBERT ARhe left five sisters in Tennessee, whom he THUR, and live four miles west of Illiopocompletely lost sight of. He accidentally lis. NELSON L., ELIZABETH, heard that one sister had moved to Marion CHARLES F., HENRY N., FLORA county, Ill. He visited her family, and M/i., EMMA E., GEORGE G. and ANafter the close of the rebellion he visited NIE J., live with their parents, four miles his old home in Tennessee. He found his west of Williamsville. sisters still residing there with their fami- AARTHA A., born Jan. 30, I822, in lies. Some of their sons had been in the Sangamon county, married Stephen YoUnion army, and others had joined the com. See his name. rebels. One of his nephews from Chris- SARAHI born Nov. 23, 1826, in Santian county, Ill., was a prisioner at one gamon county, resides with her brother, time, and guarded by another nephew. Hardy F. M. (The boys were own cousins.) Two of NANCY 7., born May 27, 1828, marthose who went in the rebel army were ried John Cline. See his name. killed or died in the service, and the re- ELIZABETH, born April 3, 1830, mainder were doing well, and still resided married Oliver P. Canterbury. See his in Tennessee. D. G. Council was the name. pioneer of stair building in Springfield, WILLIAM R. born March 30, 1832, and foreman for Hannan & Ragsdale in married March 23, 1871, to Nancy E. their extensive contracts. He died in Wigginton, and live in Menard county, Springfield, Ill., August 28, 1875, and his three and a quarter miles northwest of widow resides in the city. Williamsville.

Page  232 232 EARLY SETTLERS OF MARY G., born Feb. 26, 1834, mar- Council and Robert McClelland came ried Dr. Henry Van Metre. See his name. together, and they cut an ample supply of NELSONL., born Jan. I8, I839, mar- grass, and stacked it for their horses and ried Mary Lynch. They have seven cattle. They knew nothing of'the danger children, and reside in Menard county, of prairie fires, and before they were aware four miles northwest of Williamsville. of the importance of protecting it, their HARD Y F. M., born Feb. Io, I841, hay was all burned. They kept their enlisted August, I862, in Co. C, II4th Ill. stock alive by cutting down elm trees, so Inf., for three years, served full term, and that they could eat the buds. Mr. and was honorably discharged Aug. 3, 1865. Mrs. Council had seven sons born at that He was married Feb. 10, 1870, to Charity place, two of whom died in infancy. Of Ray, who was born in Ohio Jan. 22, 1850. the other fiveThey have one living child, OLIVER P., 7OHN0IV H., born May 19, 1822, marand reside at the homestead settled by his ried Edna Lake. They have five children, father in 1821. It is in Fancy Creek JAMES H., CHARLES F,JOHN W. township, five miles west of Williamsville. and GEORGE R., the two latter twins, William Council died July 8, 1846, and and ANNA F., and reside near where his his wife died Jan. 25, 1869, both in Sanga- father settled in I819, three miles west of mon county. Sherman. COUNCIL, HARDY, born WESLEY, born Nov. 21, 1824, was Sept. 20, I793, near Tarboro, N. C., was married April 14, 1853, to Martha A. taken by his parents to Tennessee, thence Wlgginton. They had twelve children, to Barren county, Ky., and from there to nine of whom died under thirteen years. White county, near Carmi, Ill. He was the other three, JOHN, WILLIE and there married, in I818, to Jane Hanna, NELLIE reside with their parents in who was born Feb. 25, i795, in Kentucky, Williamsville. They moved on horseback the next year WZLLZA /1 F., born Jan. 21, 1828, to Sangamon county, Ill., arriving in married Rosanna England. They have August, I8I9, in what is now Fancy seven children, MARY F., WILLIAM creek township, preceding his brother H., FLORA J., DAVID E., GEORGE William two years. Mrs. Council car- A., NORA E. and U. S. GRANT, who ried a sack of wheat on the horse she reside with their parents in Menard rode, besides many household implements. county, Mr. Council carried all he could in the ROBERT, born March 23, 183I, marway of tools and other articles necessary ried Ellen Cresee. They have three livfor farming. He commenced improve- ing children, JOHN W., MABEL and ments by building a camp or rough cabin. LILLIE M., and reside in Menard counHe was unable to obtain a plow, but being ty, five miles northwest of Williamsville. anxious to raise some wheat for a begin- GEORGE W., born August 6, 1834, ning, he took a grubbing hoe, or old fash- enlisted Oct. 25, 1862, in Co. B, I3oth Ill. ioned mattock, and dug up about one acre Inf., for three years, was transferred to and a half, near the junction between Co. G, 1st New Orleans Vol. Inf., in prairie and timber, and on the ground which he was 2d Lieut. He served in thus prepared, sowed the wheat brought that capacity nearly one year after the by his wife, and raised a good crop. close of the wai, and was honorably disWhen the land was surveyed and brought charged. He was married March 24, into market, there was a line between his i868, to Olivia L. Miller, who was born cabin and where he raised his crop of Feb. 17, 185I, in West Liberty, 0. They wheat. He could only enter one piece, have two children. CLIFFORD and and he chose that with the house on it. IDA E., and reside at the homestead setThe land where the wheat grew was en- tied by his parents in I819, in Fancy tered by another person, who never culti- creek township. vated it, but allowed a growth of young Mrs. Jane Council died March 30, 1863, cottonwood trees to. start on it, which has and Hardy Council died July 26, 1873, made quite a grove, that can be seen for both in Sangamon county, Ill. several miles; many of the trees are more COWGILL, WILLIAM M., than two feet in diameter each. Mr. was born near Lebanon, Warren county,

Page  233 SANGAAJON COU.N7 2'. 233 Ohio, and was married early in 1832, in tucky, then came back to Sangamon counLebanon, to Clemantine Sayre, a native of ty, where they had four children. Of the same county. They moved in the their childrenspring of that year to Springfield, Ill., and WILLIAM P., born May 25, 1826, in had five children, namely- Trimble county, Ky., raised in Sangamon WILLIA1f B., born March 29, I833, county, Illinois, married Nov. 28, I855, in Springfield, and married in his native in St. Louis, Mo., to Eliza C. Ha^rplace May I6, 855, to Margaret D. rison. They have three children, PEYSprigg, who was born Aug. I8, 1833, in TON L., AGNES E., and WILLIAM Effingham county, Ill. They have three P., and reside in Springfield. Wvm. P. children, born in Springfield. WILLIAM Crafton was elected Police Magistrate at C., born March 12, I858; JOHN AL- the Springfield city election, April, 1876. BERT, Jan. i7, i86o, and DUNCAN S., THO- VIAS T., born May 27, 1828, in Oct. 6, I868, all reside with their parents Trimble county, Ky., raised in Sangamon in Springfield. William B. Cowgill is a county, married in Mt. Pleasant, Iowa, to dealer in real estate. Miss Dawson. They have two children, CA THARINE L., born in Spring- and reside in Atlantic, Cass county, Iowa. field, married June 30, 1852, to Daniel C. LAR Y, born in 1831, at Vandalia, Ill., Brown. See his name. married Dr. J. L. Million, and resides in ALBERT H., born in Springfield, Springfield. married Mary L. Brown, and live in his Wiley Crafton lives in Springfield. native city. M,1AARY CtLEMANTeINE and CRAIG, WILLIAM, was born CORNELIA SArRE reside in i:n 790, in Fayette county, Kv. He was CORNEL AR r ei in X. marri ^ed April 20, i82i, near Stanford, Springfield. The former is a teacher in mricoln county, to Mary P. Swope, who Stuart Institute. Lincoln county, to Mary P. Swope, who the Bettie Stuart Institute. ^ was born there June 20, I794. In I822 William M. Cowgill was engaged in illiamson unty, near they moved to Williamson county, near mercantile pursuits from 1832 to i84, Franklin, Tenn., where they had five childin Springfield, when he moved to Thefamilymovedto Sangamo S_. Cow-lren. The family moved to Sangamon Petersburg. Mrs. Clemantine S. Cow- Petersburg. Ccounty, Ill., arrivingin the spring of 1832 gill died in 1854, and William M. Cowgill inow slnd Groe township, die in i862 both in Petersburg' Mend O in what is now Island Grove township, died in I862, both in Petersburg, Menard south of Spring creek, where they had county, Ill.. two children. Of their seven childrenCOX, GEORGE, was born in AzNDRE W E., born Feb. 22, 1822, South Carolina, came to Sangamon county in Tennessee, died April 20, 1861, in Sanwith William and Joseph Drennan, in ganon county March, I818, and died in November, I8I9. g WILLIAM, Jun., born Aug. 2, I823 His son, Jesse Cox, lives in Virden. Tennessee, enlisted Aug. COX, SAMUEL, uncle to the teees, in A, I 862, for Hampton brothers. He had two sons, served full term, and was honorably disSamuel and Sowell. Sowell owned the charged Aug. 12, I865. farm adjoining Mechanicsburg on the^ c west. The house in which he lived was. MARGARETP., born Feb. 4, 1827, the only brick house between Decatur in Tennessee, is urnmarried, and iesides at.and Springfield. They came in 1825, and tl faml homestead. about 1838 moved to the vicinity of Pal- 7yA,/MES P., born May, I829, in Tenmyra, Mo. nessee, died in Sangamon county Oct. 19, CRAFTON, WI LEY, was born 1852. Jan. 25, I80o, in Lunenburgh county, Va., 7OHN-VB., born Nov., 1830, in Tenwent to Trimble county, Ky., where he nessee, (lied in Sangamon county Jan. 30, was married in I824 to Agnes Chalfant, I858. who was born in that county about I8oI. MAART A/m., born June 14, 1836, in They had two children in Kentucky, and Sangamon county, married Oct. I.,' I867, moved, early in I83I, to Vandalia, Ill., to Ammii C. Cheerer, who was born Nov. where they had one child, and the same I6, I25, inBoston, Mass. They have two year moved to Sangamon county, Illinois. children, MARY A. and WILLIS C., They returned, in a short time, to Ken- and reside at the family homestead, in 30

Page  234 234 EARL r SE TTLERS OF Island Grove township, three miles north with her grand-parents in Taylorville of Bates. Dr. B. W. Fox died June 20, 1875, at RICHARD B., born Aug. I, 1837, in Quincy, Ill. His remains were buried at Sangamon county, resides at the family Taylorville. homestead. GEORGE B., born Jan. 31, 1849, in William Craig died Oct. 2, 1847, and Chatham, married Nannie Richardson. Mrs. Mary P. Craig died Dec. 25, 1871, They have one child, EDWARD W., both on the farm where they settled in and reside at Taylorville. 1832. ARTHUR H., born May 31, 1857, at CRESSE, GEORGE, was born Chatham, resides with his parents in TayMay 16, 1808, in Cape May county, N.J., lorville, to which place they moved from came to Spriilgfield, Ill., in Aug., 1839. Chatham in 1867. In the spring of I841 he returned to New Mrs. Crooker gives a short account of Jersey, and was there married, Sept. 2, the Chatham Ladies' Aid Society. It was 1841, to Maria Marcy,who was born Feb. organized Nov. 21, 186i, and disbanded 17, 1823, near Hartford, Conn. He came early in'63. The society was small, but with his bride back to Sangamon county, they made three large boxes of bedding arriving Nov. io, I841. They moved. to and clothing suitable for tent and hospital, Menar( county, and had four children. besides making up ten webs of domestic The family moved back to Sangamon for the Springfield Soldiers' Aid Society. cpunty, near Pleasant Plains, in I857, CROW, ROBERT, was born in where they had one child. Of their five I78I, in Wythe county, Va. Margaret children. Kershner was born in I787, in Augusta ELLEN, born in Menard county, county, Va., where they were married, and married Robert Council. See his name. soon after moved to Christian county, Ky. ED WARD M., CA THARINE L., They had eight children there, and moved (is a teacher,) ALA TTHE W W., arid to Sangamon county, Ill., arriving in 1822, CORDELIA S. reside with their in what is now Auburn township. Of father. their childrenMrs. Maria Cresse died April 22, 1862, yANE married Philip Wineman, and and George Cresse, with his two sons and died. See his name. two daughters, reside adjoining Sherman DA VID, born in Kentucky, never on the northwest.-1874. married, and lives with his sister, Mrs. CROOKER, G. W., was born Moore. July 29, 1814, in Cheshire county, N. H. ED WARD, born in 81io, in KenHe was married February, I839, in Am- tucky, died unmarried, in Sangamon herst, Mass., to Lois K. Thayer, who was county, July 28, 1868. born there in 1814. They moved to San- WILLIAM1 D., married July I7, 1846, gamon county in company with his father- to Julia A. Messick. They had seven in-law, Asahel Thayer, arriving at Chat- children in Sangamon county. MARham May I9, 1839. They had ten child- GARET E. married George E. Stoke, ren, five of whom died in infancy and and resides in Ball township. WILchildhood. Of the other five children- LIAM T., JAMES G., ABRAHAM EDWARD A., born March 3, 1840, LINCOLN, CHARLES H., HERin Sangamon county, was attending Illi- BERT A. and ADA M. Wm. D. Crow nois College, at Jacksonville, when he died April 27, I869, and his widow and died, aged nineteen years. children reside at Crow's mill. WILLIAM B., born March 9, I842, in MAARY, born in Kentucky, married Chatham, enlisted in Co. I, 73d Ill. Vol. Wm. McAllister, and had one child. All Inf., was wounded at the battle of Perry- three died at the family homestead, near ville, and died at Taylorville, Ill., Aug. ii, Crow's mill. 1865, aged twenty-three years. ELIZABETH, born in Kentucky, SARAH T., born March 21, I846, in married in Sangamon county to Morrison Sangamon county, was married Sept. i, M. Moore. See his name. 1864, to Dr. B. W. Fox, of Springfield. GRAND ISON B., born in Chester She died in Taylorville, May 15, 1869. county, Ky., was raised in Sangamon leaving one child, LOIS F., who resides county, and' went to Oregon in 1847, and

Page  235 SANGAMON COUNTY. 235 in Sept., 1848, went to California, gold Cass county, one mile southwest of Ashhaving been discovered there in June, land, Ill. 1848. After spending eighteen years OHNV H., born March I4, 1826, in there, he returned to Sangamon county, in Cass county, married Sarah F. Dillon, of i866, and now resides at the family home- Sangamon county. They have three childstead, in Ball township.-I874. ren, and reside in Tecumseh, Neb. See FRAiVCES /ll., born in Kentucky, Dillon family. married in Sangamon county to George MAR rA., born Dec. i8, 1828, marArmitage, and resides near Palmer City, ried August, 1848, in Cass county, to Christian county. James L. Beggs. They have eight childRobert Crow died Sept., 1840, and his ren, three of whom are married, and one widow died Sept., 1851, both in Ball town- of the married daughters resides in Chiship. cago. Mr. and Mrs. Beggs reside in CROW, WILLIAM, was born Ashland. March 5, 1793, in Botetourt county, Va. Mrs. Susan Crow died April ii, 1845, Three brothers, John, Thomas and An- in Cass county, and Rev. William Crow drew Crow, came from Ireland to Amer- died Aug. 22, I865, at Brownsville, Neb. ica during the Revolutionary war. John He preached from the time he came to was the father of him whose name heads Sangamon county until about i86o, a minthis sketch. John Crow moved to Barren istry of forty years. He was known to county, Ky., when William was a child. all Baptists throughout central Illinois. William Crow and Miriam Enyart were CROUCH, DAVID, born Sept. married in Cumberland county, Ky., and 29, 1814, in Nicholas county, Ky., came to had one child. In I819 they moved to Sangamon county, Rochester township, in Madison county, Ill., where he was or- August, 1834. He was married March dained to preach the gospel by the recog- 29, 1835, to Mrs. Clara Ann Stafford, nized authorities of the Old School, or whose maiden name was Gregory. They Regular Baptist, church. In the fall of had five children in Sangamon county1820 he moved to what is now Salisbury, PRUDA ANN, born Jan. 26, 1837, or Cartwright, township, in Sangamon married March I8, i858, to John S. Craig, county, north of Richland creek, where have two children, EMMA L. and they had one child, and Mrs. Miriam MARY L., and live near Morrisonville. Crow died, Aug. 7, 1823. William Crow DELIA ANN, born Jan. 25, I840, was married in the fall of 1824, in Cum- married in Sangamon county Jan. 8, 857, berland county, Ky., to Susan Hall. On to A. D. Young, born Feb. 28, 1837, in his return to Sangamon county, he sold Shelby county, Ky. They have one out and settled in what is now the south- child, JULIA D., born in Anderson east corner of Cass county, where two county, Ky., and live one and a quarter children were born. Of his four children- miles south of Rochester. YJEROIME E., born Sept. 2, 1817, in ONVA THAN G., born Jan. I8, 1843, Cumberland county, Ky., was brought by married Nov. 26, 1867, to Margaret A. his parents to Sangamon county, married Bell. They have two children, FREDin Cass county, June I9, I844, to Eliza J. DIE and EDDIE R., and live two miles Brockman. They have five children, two south of Rochester. of whom are married, and all live with WILLIAMi H., born Oct. I15, 1846, and near their parents, in the vicinity of married March I6, 1872, to Emma Crouch. Humboldt, Richardson county, Neb. They live two miles west of Breckenridge. REBECCA W., born June 9, I82I, KIT'T' A., born Oct. ii, 1851, maria Sangamon county, and is believed to ried Henry George. They have one have been the first white child born on child, and reside four miles east of Pawnee. Richland creek. She was married Oct. 9, David Crouch died Sept. I4, I87I, in 1844, in Cass county, to Washington A. Sangamon county, and his widow resides Mitchell, who was born Dec. 21, 1816, in one and a quarter miles south of RochesLogan county, Ky. They have five ter. children, WILLIAM I., CHARLES C., CROWL, JOSEPH, was born JOHN L., ALBERT J. and ANNAH Sept. 3, 1794, in Shepherdstown, Va. He E., and reside in the southeast corner of was a soldier from Maryland in the war

Page  236 236 EARL SETTLERS OF of 1812, and was married Jan. I, I817, in MIRANDA, born Oct. 18, I831, in Washington county, fMd., to Mary A. Maryland, married in Sangamon county Dillihunt, who was born Feb. 22, 1804, in to Isaac T. Darnall. See his name. He Kent county, Md. They had ten children died, and she married, Feb. I, 1873, to in Washington county, Md., three of George W. Taylor, and live in Cooper whom died young. They moved to San- township. gamon county, Ill., arriving in the fall of VANBASSE 7'T, born April 8, 1836, 1834, at Springfield, and the next spring in Sangamon county, married in same moved to what is now Cooper township, county, Feb. 9, 1864, to Eliza Crowl. south of the Sangamon river, where they They have two children, and live in Chrishad five children. Of their twelve child- tian county, four miles southeast of Pawren- nee. MORDE CAI, born July 20, 1820, in VINTON, born June 12, I838, in SanMaryland, married December, 1869, in gamon county, died April 19, 1852. Springfield, to Catharine E. Crowl, a HELEN, born May 26, 1840, in Sannative of Berkley county, Va. They re- gamon county, married Dec. 24, 1863, to side four miles southeast of. Pawnee, in Thomas F. Morris, who was born Nov. Christian county. 12, 1834, in Clarke county, 0. They have UPTON, born Feb. 7, 1822, in Mary- two children, MARY LIDAand ISAAC land, served one year from June, 1846, in C., and reside in Cooper township, three the 4th Ill. Inf., under Col. E. D. Baker, and a half miles southwest of Mechanicsin the Mexican war. He was married in burg. I85o, in Sangamon county, to Sarah E. M/ARIA A., born Feb. I4, 1843, in Taggart. They had one living child, Sangamon county, married May ii, 1867, MARY J., born April 22, 1858, married to Samuel Carper, who was born April Feb. Io, 1874, in Springfield, to Eugene 30, I829, in Shepherdstown, Va. They W. Renshaw, who was born June 25, have three children,JOSEPH W.,JOHN I85I, in Decatur. He is a grandson of B. and MORDECAI I., and reside at the James, who was a brother to Samuel Ren- family homestead where her parents setshaw. See his name. E. W. Renshaw tied in 1835, in Cooper township. It is lives one and a half miles northeast of one and a half miles north of Berry staBerry station. Upton Crowl died March tion, or Clarksville. 8, 1872, and his widow resides one and a WILLIA3M H., born April 14, 1845, half miles northeast of Berry, or Clarks- in Sangamon county, married January, vilie. I871, to Ella Miller. They have two CORNELIA, born Oct. 18, 1823, in children, and reside five miles southeast of Maryland, married in Sangamon county, Pawnee, in Christian county. April I8, 1839, to Stephen Hussey. See Joseph Crowl died Sept. 8, I865, in his name. Sangamon county, and his widow now IM6ARTY E., born Nov. 13, 1825, in (1874) resides on the farm where they setMaryland, marrie n Sangamon county tled in I835. It is one and a half miles to Willianm R. Ross. See his name. to Williani R. Ross. See his name. north of Berry station, or Clarksville. _ F. and C/A COB ~ CROSS, ALVIN, was born Oct., J7/OSEP]H LI and 1yAC COB. 1 799, in Madison county, Ky. Margaret (twins), born Aug. 30, 1827, in Maryland; Forbes was born June 24, 802, near the latter died young. Jonesboro, East Tenn. Her parents C OSEPH F: was raised in Sangamon moved to Madison county, Ky., when she county, went with his sister (Mrs. Hussey) was three months old. In i816 they to Oregon, and was married May, 1853, moved to Humphreys county, Tenn. in Yamhill county, to Julia A. Shortridge. Alvin Cross went to that county, also, They had nine living children. Eight of when he was a young man, and was there their'children were born in Oregon. married, in Feb., I818, to Margaret They reside near Nashville, Barton coun- Forbes. They had four children in ty, Mo. Tennessee, and moved to Johnson county, ROBER' F., born July 5, 1829, in Ill., where they had one child, and from Maryland, died in Sangamon county, there to Sangamon county, arriving Jan., Aug.!4, 1843. 1829, in what is now Auburn township,

Page  237 SANGAMON C UNTr. 237 where they had seven children. Three of moved on pack horses, and camped near their children died young- each other every night, with armed men S TUIRE, born in Tennessee, married standing guard around them, for protecin Sangamon county to Mrs. Elizabeth tion against the Indians. Mrs. Susan Pike, whose maiden name was Baker. Crowder died in I794 in Kentucky, and They have three children, and live at he was there married to Rachel Saunders. Medoc, Jasper county, Mo. She had one child, and died there. Philip MIART A., horn in Tennessee, mar- Crowder then married Sally Chandler. ried in Sangamon county, to Samuel They had nine children, and moved to Mitchell, and died. Sangamon county, Ill., arriving in Nov., RILET and LA VINA, twins, were 1830, and settled three and a half miles born in Tenn. southwest of Springfield. Of all his RILE enlisted in an Illinois regi- childrenment, at Springfield, for the Mexican war, RE UBEN, born in Virginia, was in I846, died in the army, and was buried married to Nancy Michael, and came to on the Rio Grande in 1847. Sangamon county in 1825, preceding his LA VIN2A, married in Sangamon coun- father. They had fifteen children; three ty to Andrew Williams, and died. died young. ELIJAH died, aged twenty7OEL McD., born in I827 or'8, in one. MARTHA was married in KenJohnson county, Ill., raised in Sangamon tucky to James Robinson, moved to Sancounty, went to California, married, has gamon county, thence to Macon county. two children, and lives there. Mr. R. died, and his family reside in REBE CCA, born in Sangamon coun- Missouri. ELIZABETH married Peter ty, married John M. Jones, moved to Christian. They had two children, and Washington county, Iowa, and died there, Mr. C. died. His widow married Andrew leaving seven children. She had a twin Lockwood, and both died. MARY, mate that died in infancy. born November, 1813, in Green county, F. MARiON, born Dec. I4, 1838, in Ky., was married in Sangamon county Sangamon county, married Nov. i6, I870, Feb. ii, 1836, to Benjamin F. Dillard. to Emily A. Hayden. They have one See his name. MATHEW married child, WILLIAM F., and live in Cotton Susan Schoolen. They live in Macon Hill township, four miles north of Paw- county, Mo. THOMAS M., born July nee. 25, I88, was married July 22, 1840, to LEROY, born in 1840, in Sangamon MaryJ. Dalby. They had seven childcounty, married Jan. 8, i863, to Candace ren; three died young. SARAH A., born A. Campbell. They had four children, Jan. 12, 1842, was married Dec. 22, I864, JOSEPH A. and MINNIE died young. to Ole Nelson. They had three children, CLARK FORBES and FRANCES Mlary 7., Emma E. and Maggie M., BELL reside with their parents, in Ball and live near Springfield. HENRY, township, four miles northwest of Paw- born June I9, 1844, was married June 8, nee. Leroy had a twin mate that died 187I, to Margaret E. Williams. She died young. Oct. 3, 1871. He is a practicing physician. ELIZARE TH, born in Sangamon AGNES E., born April 6, I847, was married county, married Sept. I8, I861, to Benja- April 13, 1865, to F. C. Arnold. They have min F. Davis, a native of Tazewell coun- two children, Fannie and Alice, and live ty, Ill. They have one living child, near SanJose, Mason county, Ill. MARY A. GEORGE W., and live two and a half born Sept. 3, I850, was married Feb. io, miles southeast of Pawnee. I868, to Thomas W. Miller. They have one Alvin Cross died Feb., I849, in Sanga- child, Anna Mil. DOUGLAS, WILLIAM A. mon county, and Mrs. Margaret Cross re- and JAMES F., live with their parents. sides with her daughter, Mrs. Davis. Thomas M. Crowder and family reside CROWDER, PHILIP, was four miles west of Springfield. GREENbornMay, 1759, near Petersburg, Va. BERRY married Sarah Scott, and both He was married there to Susan Parish. died, leaving two children, in Missouri. They had five children born there. He SUSAN married John Grabeal, who then moved, in company with about forty died, and she married Philip Meekum. families, to Greene county, Ky. They all They reside in Saline county, Mo.

Page  238 238 EARLr SE7 TLERS 01 RIAL M., born April I, 1821, in Greene that district in I858-'6o and 662. He was county, Ky., brought up in Sangamon the Democratic candidate for Governor in county, was married in Missouri to Ange- I864, but his party being in the minority, line Scott. They have seven children. he was, not unexpectedly, defeated. He Their daughter, LENORA, married Moses represented in Congress the district in H. Moore. See his name. The other which Springfield is situated, in I870 and six children, WILLIAM A., MARY J., ISAAC 72. He is now a member of the law firm M., ALZIRA M., LAURA A. and DAISY L., ofRobinson, Knapp & Shutt, of Springreside with their parents near McKinney, field. Collin county, Texas. JAMES married SUTSAN, born in Virginia, was marMargaret Martin, and died January, I876, ried in Kentucky to Isaac Le Follett. near New Boston, Mo. REUBEN, They brought up a family in Kentucky, Jun., went, in 1847, to Washington Terri- and both died there. tory, married there, and his wife died. lMA THE W, born in Virginia, married He resides near Olympia. AMANDA Elizabeth Scott. They had five or six married John Martin. They had four children, and she died. He married Jane children, and she died in Saline county, Laughlin. They had one child, and he Mo. CATHARINE married Samuel died. His family reside in Oskaloosa, Casebolt, and live near Miami, Saline Iowa. county, Mo. Reuben Crowder died Sept. ELIZABETH, born May 31, 1790, 8, 1835, near Springfield, and his widow in Virginia, married William Bradlev. married again. She is now a widow, and See his name. resides with the family of her son James, HENVR, the only child by Phillp near New Boston, Macon county, Mo. Crowder's second marriage, was born in iMAR THA, born about I785, near Green county, Ky., went to East TennesPetersburg, Va., was married in March, see when a boy, and remained there. 1805, in Green county, Ky., to Lewis WiAR2, born May 22, I799, in Green Walker, a native of Virginia. They had county, Ky., and the eldest child by the some children in Kentucky, and came to third marriage, married Thomas Willian. Illinois in 1832, and brought up a large See his name. family, some of whom are living in Clark ABRAHA., born in Kentucky, marand Coles counties. Their sixth child, ried and died without children. JUDIAH, born Dec. 7, 1820, in Green J7OHN C., born in Green county, county, Ky., came with her parents to Ky., was married there to Mary Laswell. Clark county, Ill., in 1832, and was mar- They had two children there, and came ried there Dec. 3, IS40, to James C. Rob- to Sangamon county in 1826, preceding inson, who was born Aug. I9, 1823, in his father four years. Eight children Edgar county, Ill. They have eight were born in Sangamon county. Of their children, all born in Clark county, and children, JAMES H., born Dec. 24, I823, the family moved to Springfield in I869. in Kentucky, was married in Sangamon Of their children, NATHANIEL P., born county, April Io, I849, to Mary A. Jan. 25, 1842, was married in Marshall Wright, who was born Nov. 7, 183I, in county, Ill., to Miss Benedict. SERE- Adair county, Ky., and came to SangaNA, born Nov., 1843, married R. S. mon county in 1839. They reside three Briscoe. JAMES P., born May 23, I845, and a half miles southwest of Springfield. married Dora Shaw, a daughter of Judge SARAH J., born Dec. I2, 1825, in KenShaw, of Olney, Ill. J. P. Robinson tucky, was married Jan., 1850, in Sangais a lawyer, and resides in Olney. mon county, to E. J. Warren. They had AMANDA, born April 12, I848, lives seven children, and she died July I7, I870. with her parents. RICHARD M., born Two of her children, JOHN C. was drowned August 6, I85I, is a practicing law- in 1874, THOMAS J. lives in Springfield. yer in Denver, Col. JENNIE and JUDIAH The other five reside with their father, M. live with their parents in Spring- near Mount Zion, Macon county, Ill. field. Hon. James C. Robinson studied WILLIAM, born June 5, 1828, in Sangalaw, and was admitted to the bar, in mon county, married Mary Wood. They Marshall, Clarke county, Ill., in 1852 had three children, and he died. NANCY, or'3. He was elected to Congress from born Oct. 26, 1830, married John Harris,

Page  239 SANGAMON COUNTr. 239 and died. MARY E., born April 24, FANNIE married William White, in 1833, died, aged seventeen years. Kentucky, came to Sangamon county in THOMAS J., born May 28, 1835, was I830, and soon returned to Kentucky. married June 24, I856, to Elizabeth F. CHAN1DLER, born in i8o8, in KenWright, and she died Nov., 1872. He re- tucky, married Lucinda Sanders. They sides at Wautiska, Sanders county, Neb., had four children: JOHN married Cathand is a Methodist minister. FRANCES, arine Stroude. They have three children, born May 21, 1838, married Jesse Per- and live in Cotton Hill township. Chankins. They have four children, and live dler Crowder was drowned in 1839, while in Williamsville. MARTHA A., born attempting to cross Sugar creek to reach Sept. 25, 1840, married Theophilis Lud- his sick family. lam. They have five children, and live HORATIO, born in Kentucky, came near Decatur. MATILDA, born April to Sangamon county in 1829. He mar28, I843, died in her fourth year. CATH- ried Sallie Woozley. They had two ARINE A., born Oct. 27, 1845, married children in Sangamon county. NATHAN July 15, 1865, to Alexander H. Wricht, W., born Nov. 4, 1833, was married Dec. and lives in Springfield. Mrs. Mary 28, I853, to Margaret Todd. They have Crowder died, and J. C. Crowder mar- four children, JOHN H., GEORGE A., HENRY ried Ursula Albans. They had four M. and JAMES H., and reside in Pawnee. children; one died in infancy. HENRY SARAH J., born Oct. 12, 1835, was marC., bvrn April 21, 1855, died April 23, ried Jan. 28, I853, to Seth Underwood, 1876. JOHN J. resides at Jacksonville. who was born June i6, I829, near Sparta, JOSEPH W. resides with his brother, White county, Tenn. They have seven James H. Mrs. Ursula Crowder died, children, JOHN H., SARAH F., AVERY C., and J. C. Crowder married Mrs. Eliza- THOMAS J., JEREMIAH, LEWIS ALFRED beth Cox. They had one child, LUELLA, and WILLIE,'and reside in Cotton Hill and J. C. Crowder died April Io, 1863. township,Sangamon county, Ill. Horatio His widow resides at Berlin. Crowder died about 1835, and his widow WILLIAM, born Feb. II, 1804, in married John M. Mathews. See his Kentucky, was married there to Mary name. She died Dec. 28, 1850. Fawcett. They had two children, born WASHINGTTON, born July 9, 1813, in Kentucky, and came to Sangamon in Green county, Ky., came with his county in company with his brother-in- father to Sangamon county in I830. He law, Elisha Sanders, in the fall of 1829, was married Dec. 21, 1836, to Isabel where eight children were born. Of Laughlin. They have seven children: their children, ROBERT E. and JOHN, JOHN F., (Dick), born Dec. 25, 1837, born in Kentucky, both married in San- married April 12, I86o, to Jane E. Lasgamon county, and died. MATILDA, well. They had one child, ELMER E., born Dec. 9, I83I, in Sangamon county, who died in infancy, and Mrs. C. died was married Oct. o, I855, to John J. May 7, 1863. Mr. C. was married Sept. Warren, who was born Nov. 3, 1831, in 22, 1864, to Mary F.McMurry. They had Shelby county, Ill. They have seven three children, LUELLA B., GEORGIE M. living children, MARY A., WILLIAM C., and ESTELLA. Mrs. Mary F. Crowder THOMAs J., GEORGE B. M'C., ANDREW J., died June i6, I873, in Springfield. J. F. ROBERT E. and ISAAC w. Two of the Crowder was married June 1o, 1874, to children are married, and reside east of Nannie Womack, have one child, CLINPawnee. Those that are living and sin- TON CARROLL, and live in Pawnee. gle reside with their parents, near Paw- MARY A. died in her eighth year. nee. SARAH E. married Hiram White. WILLIAM A., born April i6, 1843, JAMES M. died unmarried, aged twenty married Nov. 30. 1865, to Isabel W. Lanyears. WILLIAM C. married Ruth terman. They had four living children, Tilley, and resides in Palmer, Ill. HORACE A., CHARLES L., FRED and ETHEL, AARON V. married Martha Ward, and and live in Springfield. LUCELIA J. lives in Christian county. ANGELINE died July I9, 1862, in her eighteenth year. and BENJAMIN F. died young. STAF- SADIE E. and CHARLES W. live FORD and JESSE W. reside with their with their parents. GEORGE L. died parents, near Pana. May I I, 1870, in his eleventh year. Wash

Page  240 240 EARL rY SETTLERS OF ington Crowder and wife reside in Spring- 0., now stands. Seth Cutter opened a field, Ill. See his account of the sudden farm which became part of the city. Porchange. tions of it are yet in possession of some of ALBERT G., born Oct. i6, I816, in his descendants, while other portions, alGreen county, Ky., came to Sangamon though leased soon after his death (about county with his parents in I830. He was 800o), the title still remains in the family. married Dec. 29, I840, to Sarah A. Bart- Cutter street indicates the locality where lett. They had two children born in he settled. He brought one child-Seth Sangamon county. MARY J. married R., of whom we will yet speak more fully W. W. Lapham. They have two child- -and had three daughters, at what beren, w. ALBERT and MINNIE F., and live came Cincinnati. Martha, who is believed at Decatur. FANNIE married John to have been the first white child born in Jamison. He was born Sept. 24, 1834, in Cincinnati, became the wife of Abraham Glasgow, Scotland. They have three Price. Susan married Samuel Foster, of children, MARY F., SARAH and MARIA L. Petersburg, Ky., and Mary married D. Mr. Jamison resides in Auburn. Abraham McFaren. Mrs. Mary Reed Albert G. Crowder died in 1847, and his Cutter died, and Seth Cutter married widow died in I848, both in Sangamon Roxena Shingledecker. They had three county. children. Abigail married William BernPhilip Crowder died February, 1844, ard, Abijah became a farmer in Hamilton and his widow died in September follow- county, and Lorena, born Dec. 9, I805, ing, both in Sangamon county. Philip married September, I823, td Nicholas Crowder was a soldier in the revolution. Goshorn. One of their sons, A. T. An elder brother, who had a family, was Goshorn, is now (May, 1876,) Superintenddrafted, and Philip volunteered in his ent General of the Centennial Exhibition place. It was not long before the close of at Philadelphia. Seth Cutter was killed the war-when he was about sixteen years in Cincinnati about I8oo, by the caving in of age. His son Washington remembers of a well. His sonhearing him repeatedly state that he was SETH R. CUTTER born Jan. at the siege of Yorktown, and witnessed, 785, in Boston, Mass., taken by his the surrender of Cornwallis; that he saw parents, in I79o, to Cincinnati, Ohio. the British commander hand his sword to After the death of his mother, and Washington, and that they wept and em- the second marriage of his father, he braced each other. Seeing Cornwallis so left home and went to Grainger county, much affected, Washington said "Never Tenn., where he was married in June, mind it; this is the fate of war." 806, to Elizabeth Easley, daughter of CUTTER.-The origin of the fam- William Easley. In December, 1809, he ily in the west was with Seth Cutter, who returned with his family to Cincinnati, was born in Boston, Mass., about I760. where he engaged in the provision trade, Family tradition makes him a descendant mostly in New Orleans and Cuba. He of a family who came over in the May- continued in that business about twenty flower in 1620. He was married in Boston years They had six children in Cincinto Mary Reed. In 79o he joined a col- nati, and then moved to Sangamon county, ony and decided to move west. One Il., arriving in July, 1828, in what is now account says that his five eldest daughters Loami township, where they had three rebelled, saying they would not go where children. Of their nine childrenthey were in danger of being devoured by S br i wild beasts or killed by Indians. Another g. 24, 2, C account fails to mention that he had any cnnat, 0, marriedn Sangamon county -..lto John Calhoun. See his name. daughters at the time, which leads to thhe s name. inference that if such an incident took ABIGAIL, born Nov, 14, place, they were sisters, and not daughters. Cincinnati 0., married in Sangamon county to Frederick Hawn. See his name. He had but one child (a son) in Massachu- countyFrederick Hawn. Seeisna setts. The colony went under the protec- ALBERT, born Jan. I6, 1817, in Cintion of the United States army, command- cinnati, 0. He was a confirmed invalid, ed by Gen. Anthony Wayne, who estab- and died in Sanganon county Jan. 30, I841. lished a military post where Cincinnati, SUSALNNAH, born March 19, 1827,

Page  241 SANGAMON COUNTS. 241 in Cincinnati, O., married in Sangamon an old school, or regular Baptist preacher, countyto John C. Hall. See his name. and preached in the vicinity of Loami MVARTHA A., born Sept. Io, I82I, in many years. Mr. Cutter and wife had Cincinnati, O., married in Sangamon one childcounty, January, I842, to Oliver Diefen- FRANCES A., born Feb. 12, 1837, dorf. See his name. She died six weeks in Sangamon county, married March i6, after marriage. I856, to Abner Bowen. See his name. CAROLINE E., born Feb. 13, 1825, Mrs. Bowen has some embroidery work in Cincinnati, O., raised in Sangamon done by her mother nearly half a century county, and married in her native city to ago. Oliver Diefendorf. See his name. Mrs. Mary P. W. Cutter died Feb. i, WILLIAMZ F., born Oct. 8, I828, in I86i, and Seth R. Cutter died Sept. 8, Sangamon county. He served from June, I869, both at the homestead settled by I846, one year in the 4th Ill. Inf., under him in 1828, in Loami township. Col. E. D. Baker, in the war with Mexico. Mr. Cutter was engaged in pork packIn 1848 he went to California, where he ing in Cincinnati with Andrew Heredith. spent several years in mining, and died See his name. When they came west there of consumption. they built a steam flouring mill about 7OHNV W. and ELIZA., twins, born two nliles northwest of Loami. A village during the "deep snow," Jan. II, 1831, in called Millville grew up around it. The Sangamon county. mill, owners and village have all passed 7OHNr W. married in 1853 to Juliette away. Greening. They have five children: CUMMINGS, THOMAS, was ALBERT lives with his parents. CAR- born about i800, in Breckenridge county, OLINE, born Jan., 1857, was married Ky., married to Margaret Smith, came Jan., 1873, to James Mahanna, has one to Sangamon county, Ill,, about the time child, EDITH, and lives near Lake City, his father-in-law (Thomas Smith) came, Ill. ANDREW, LAURA and OLI- in 1822. They had eight children, nameVER live with their parents. John W. ly Cutter and wife live near Lake City, -AHALA died unmarried, at thirtyMoultrie county, Ill. five years of age, in Sangamon county. ELIZA, married March 24, I857, at RBE C A. married John L. Weston, Mot, to Samuel A. Graham, who had nineteen children was born July 9 1825, at Charlotte Smith. They had nineteen children, all was born July 19, 1825, at Charlotte, two of whom are living (1873) Mecklenburg county, N. C. They haveexcept five children, EVA B., MARGA- They had five sons who were Union solRET, OLIVER, MARY, MALCOLM diers in Illinois regiments. The parents E. and ISABEL, and reside in Spring- and nearly all their living children live in field, Ill. Mr. Graham enlisted in Co. F Logan county, five miles notheast of Williamsville. Georgia Battallion, Mounted Volunteers, W svlle. in 1847, and served in the wir with Mexi- ROBERT, born Sept. I2, 1817, in co, until June, 1848, when he was honor- Washington county, Ky., was brought to ably discharged, and came to Springfield, Sangamon county when he was about Ill. In I863 he was elected to represent five years old, married Jan. 2, I840, to Loami township in the Sangamon county Nancy Cloyd. They had six children. Board of Supervisors, and in Nov., i867, THOMAS N. married Sarah B. C. Harwas elected, for two years, Surveyor of rison, have one living child, THOMAS o., Sangamon county. and live in Woodside township. MARMrs. Elizabeth Cutter died Sept., 835, GARET A. died at two years old. in Sangamon county, and in May, 1836, AMlANDA E. married Jacob Beam. See Seth R. Cutter married Mary Piosser his name. MARY J. married Isaac M. Wariner, who was born March I8, 1808, Jones, and reside in Woodside township. in Henrico county, Va. Her parents JOSEPH R. and EMMA S. reside with were married in Virginia. Her mother their parents, one and a half miles northinherited some slaves, but refused to keep west of Woodside station. them; and to evade the influence of sla very, WESLE r E. married Melinda Owmoved to this county. Mr. Wariner was ens, had two children, and the parents -3X

Page  242 242 EARL Y SE T.TLERS OP both died. Their children live in Macou- He enlisted July 20, I86I, at Springfield, pin county. for three years, in what became Co. C, WILLIAA married Jane Owens. He i ith Mo. Inf.; reinlisted as a veteran, Jan., died, leaving his widow and three child- 1864, at LaGrange, Tenn., served until ren, in Litchfield, Ill. Jan. 15, i866, when he was honorably disJOIHN T. married Melinda Richard- charged at St. Louis, Mo. Mr. and Mrs. son. She died, and he married Margaret Sumpter have three children, CORA, DORA Adams, has five children, and lives in and HOMER A., and reside five miles west Christian county. He is a traveling min- of Chatham. MARGARET C. marister in the M. E. church. ried James M. Greening. See his name. ELI;ZABETH married John Kear- MARTHA J. married Lee R. Graham. ley, had one child, and all died of cholera See his name. MARIA F. married about I850. John Garvey. See his name. LORIN7'THOMAS H. married Mrs. Emma DA J. married Feb., 1875, to Col. John West, whose maiden name was Woods. Watson,and live in Auburn. EMMA S. She had two children by her first mar- married Dec., 1873, to William Vandoren. riage, and they have three children, and See his name. JULIA A. and BENJ. live in Jersey county. F., Jun., reside with their mother. BenThomas Cummings died September, jamin F. Darneille died Dec. 5, I872, and i846, and his widow died October, 1849, his widow resides six miles west of Chatboth in Sangamon county. ham. Mrs. Darneille relates some incidents "T^)~D ~ both instructive and amusing, of her early married life. She says that when herself DARNEILLE, JOHN, was and husband went to set up housekeeping, born June 8, I7Pt, in Bourbon county, he had but ten dollars. Cooking stoves Ky. EIe served fourteen months in the were not in fashion, but they bought pots, war of I812-13, half the time as first skillets, pans, spoons, knives and forks, etc., Lieut., and was then promoted to Cap- thus securing their outfit, and had some tain. Margaret Norton was born Oct. money left. Lamps and burning fluids 25, 1793, in Bourbon county, also. They were unknown, and for nearly ten years were married there, Feb. 20, 1814, and had their only candlesticks were made by takthree living children in Kentucky. The ing gourds and cutting off about half the family moved to Sangamon county, Ill., bowl end, so that they would sit upright, <arriving Nov., I819, in what is now Chat- and then cutting off the necks and insertham township, first at a place called Tur- ing the candles. The first crop of oats key Point, and in the spring of 1820, Mr. Darnielle raised he hauled thirty moved further up Lick creek, and made a bushels to Springfield, and gave the load permanent settlement five miles west of even for eight yards of calico to make a the present town of Chatham, where they dress for his wife. had nine living children. Of their child- THOMIAS. j., born Oct. 4, 1820, in ren- Sangamon county, married Martha McMAR'THA, born April 7, I815, in Ginnis. They had two living children in Kentucky, married in Sangamon county Sangamon county. JOHN D., born Nov. to Thomas S. Hunter. See his name. 29, I848, married in Warsaw. Ky., to CA THAIRINVE, born Aug. 2, 1817, in Jennie Brown, a native of that city, and Bourbon county, Ky., married in Sanga- resides there. They have two children, mon county to David Alexander. See MELINDA and JAMES w. JAMES W., his name. born in Sangamon county, Sept. 16, i850, BEN7AMIN F., born Jan. i, I819, married Oct. 31, 1871, in Belvidere, Ill., in Bourbon county, Ky., married in San- to Belle Moulton, a native of Minneapolis, gamon county, Dec. 17, 1840, to Mary Minn. They have one child, MABEL, Jacobs, who was bo'rn Oct. I, 1821, in and reside in Chicago. Mrs. Martha Clarke county, Ky. They had eight Darnielle died, and Mr. D. married Mrs. living children in Sangamon county America Gibson, whosemaiden name was ELIZABETH married Samuel C. Sump- Forrest. Thos. J. Darnielle died Nov. 21, ter, who was born in Sangamon county. 1854, in Sangamon county. His widow

Page  243 SANVGAMON COUNv r. 243 married Jan. I3, 1859, to John R. Neal. near Lexington, Ky., and was married See his name. there, August, 1813, to Samuel Darnall. yAMI ES A., born Jan. 22, 1822, in Seven children were born in Kentucky, Sangamon county, married Jan. I, 1852, and they moved to Indiana, where they had to Clarrissa Kinney. They have six child- one child, and moved in I829 to Funk's ren, CAROLINE K., MAGGIE H., Grove, McLean county, Ill., where they JOHN H., FLORENCE E., CHAS. had one child. Mr. Darnall died August, A. and JAMES M., Jun., reside with 1830. Mrs. D., with her nine children, their parents, in Chatham, Sangamon moved to Sangamon county, Ill., arriving county, Ill. in the fall of 1830 in what is now Williams EMIL I, born July 28, 1823, in San- township. Of her childrengamon county, married Willis Webb. BENZAA VIN F. died at twenty-one They had two children, and the whole years of age. family died. E VELINE married Levi Smith, has LORINDA, born Jan. 31, 1825, in eleven children, and live near Mt. PleasSangamon county, married William Mc- ant, Iowa. Ginnis. See his name. SALL rdied at sixteen years of age. ELIZABE TH, born Dec. Io, 1826, in IJAR VEY, born August io, I821, in Sangamon county, married Abraham Bourbon county, Ky., married in SangaGish, had two children. Mrs. G. and one mon county to Agnes Simpson. They of the children died. The other child, have eight children. MARY married BENJAMIN F., resides with his father, Stephen Hussey, and live in Logan in Auburh tomnship. county. WINFIELD SCOTT,JAMES HENRY, died, aged fifteen years. M., JOHN F., STEPHEN H., JESSE MAR GARE T, born Jan. 25, 1830, in HARVEY B. and LILLIE E., live with Sangamon county, married James Hall. their parents near Barclay. See his name. NA/NC Y. married Franklin Yocom. HIRAMl H., born May i6, 1833, died, See his name. aged twenty-one years. 7fAMES died at thirty-five years of 7OHNZ W., born Feb. 3, I836, in San- age. gamon county, married Melinda Drennan, MEL VINA married Thaddeus Evans, had one child, and all died. and died in Montgomery county, leaving John Darneille died March io, I854, six children. and his widow, Mrs. Margaret Darneille, ELIZABE TH married David Bailey, died April 30, 1875, both on the farm has ten children, and live in Mason where they settled in 1820. county. John Darneille learned to write by fire- REBECCA, born in Illinois, married light, and in the absence of paper, peeled March 6, 1866, to Oliver McGarvey, has buckeye bark from the trees, and when it one child, WILLIAM N., and she lives become dry, did his writing on that, until with her mother. he learned to keep accounts of all his Mrs. Amelia Darnall resides (1874) one business transactions. He acquired such mile northeast of Barclay. She is more fame as an accurate and legible penman, than eighty years old. that he became the neghborhood letter DARNALL ISAAC T., born writer. He was on the first grand jury Oct. I7, 1809, in Montgomery county, that was ever empanneled in Sangamon Md., and came to Sangamon county in county, May 7, 1821. They held their December, 1840, in Cooper township, deliberations, some sitting on a pile of south of the Sangamon river. HIe was rails, and some on gopher hills out on the married Dec. 14, 1852, to Miranda Crowl. prairie, within the present limits of Spring- They had five living childrenfield. He was elected as one of the Rep- HILLER Y W., f OSEPIH E., resentatives of Sangamon county in the BEN_/VAMILN fF., CHARLES A., and State Legislature of I840, the first that MARYLAND. ever assembled in Springfield, Isaac T. Darnall died Sept. o1, I871. DARNALL, AMELIA, whose His children reside with their mother, maiden name was Yocom, sister to who was married Feb. Ii, 1873,to George Jacob Yocom, was born October, 1793, W. Taylor. He was born Dec. 14, 1836,

Page  244 244 AEARL 3 SE7 TLERS 0] in Wayne county, Ind. They reside in, DICK A., born April 3, 1842, in SanCooper township, three miles southwest gamon county, died at eleven years of age. of Mechanicsburg. John Dawson died Nov. 12, 1850, in DAWSON, JOHN, was born Sangamon county. His widow resides Nov. 24, i79I, in Fairfax county, Va. on the farm where they settled in 1827. His parents moved to Bracken county, It is three miles southwest of Dawson. Ky., in I805. He enlisted in Bracken Mr. Dawson was Captain of a company county in the war against England in I8I2, from Sangamon county in the Black and was wounded and captured at the Hawk war of I83I. He was elected to battle of River Raisin. After being held represent Sangamon county in the State as a prisoner in Canada by the Indians Legislature of 183I and'2. He was again who had captured him, his friends paid a elected in 1835, and continued, by re-elecransom for him, and he returned home. tion, to represent the county until 1840, Cary Jones was born May 22, I80o, in and was consequently one of the "Long Nicholas county, Ky. John Dawson and Nine" who secured the removal of the Cary Jones were married in Nicholas State capital to Springfield at the session county, Oct. 9, I817. They had one child of I836-'7. [See article: "Long Nine."] in Nicholas county, and moved to Bracken Mr. C. was also a member of the convencounty, where they had three children, tion that framed the State constitution of and the family moved to Sangamon coun- 1848. The ball received in his lungs at ty, Ill., arriving Oct. 24, 1827, north of the the battle of River Raisin was never exSangamon river, in Clear Lake township, tracted, and was the cause of his death. where they had six children. Of their DALLY, CRAWFORD, was ten children born about I795, in Pennsylvania, marIVAPOLEONB., born June Io, 1820, ried in Virginia to Susan Sanders, and is an invalid, and resides with his mother. made their home in Washington county, MIARIA L., born July 22, I822, in Pa., until four children were born, and the Bracken county, Ky., married in Sanga- to angamon county, I., v1 anga-.in the spring of I$35. Of their four mon county to George B. Merriman. den of 1835 Of their fou childrenSee his name. SHESTER A., married three times, LUCY2- lf., born March 7, 1825, in ESTR married three times, Bracken county, Ky., married in Sanga- a Rd died at Be, Il. mon county to Lindsay Ridgeway. See AR, bon. 22, m 82ri iL his name. Washington county, Pa, married in his name. BERTRAND, born April io, 1827, Sangamon county, to Thomas M. Crowder. See his name. in Bracken county, Ky., is unmarried,s name and resides adjoining Dawson oil the SUSANM., born in 1826 in Pennsylsouth. He is an extensive farmer and vania, died in Sangamon county, aged stock raiser. twenty-four years. A GNES E., born in Pennsylvania, MIVARTTHA Wt, born Oct. 21, 1829, in married Andrew Armstrong, and died. Sangamon county, married Sept. 24, 850, MILTON, born in I831, in Pennsylto James Vanvoris, of Pennsylvania. She vania, married in Sangamon county, to died April 2, 1853, in Washington count, Nancy J. Sappington, had five children, Pa. moved to Missouri, and she died. He was iMAR Y 7., born Dec. 17, 1831, in San- a Union soldier in a Missouri regiment. gamon county, married John S. Merri- Mrs. Susan Dally died in 1835, and man, Nov. 9, 1848. See his name. Crawford Dally died December, 1839, ISABEL, born Dec. 22, 1833, resides both in Sangamon county. with her mother. DAVENPORT, GEORGE, SARAH E., born July 31, I837, in was born about 1781, in North Carolina, Sangamon county, resides with her married, had one child, and his wife died mother. there. When the, child was three weeks JOlHNV, Jun., born March 22, 840. old he carried it on horseback to Casey He went to Cairo Ill., in 1862, and enlist- county, Ky. He was there married to ed in the United States navy, served one Winney Clifton, a native of that county. year, and died at home Oct. 26, i869. They had two children, and moved to

Page  245 SANGAMON COUNTr. 245 Sangamon county, Ill., in the fall of I8I9, DAVIDSON, SAMUEL, was and first camped where Springfield now born Oct. 19, 1821, in Morgan county, stands, and three weeks later moved six East Tenn. His parents moved, in 1826, miles west, at the north side of.Spring to Macon county, Ill., and in 1828 to creek, where seven children were born. Macoupin county. Samuel spent most of Of his children- his time in Sangamon county until 1840, THOJIAS, horn in North Carolina, and fiom that time he made his home in raised in Sangamon county, married, and Ball township, where he was married is living with his second wife near Inde- May 9,1 85o, to Amanda Nuckolls. They pendence, Mo. had nine children, one of whom, John D., WILLIAilI, born in Kentucky, raised died Nov. 26, 1869, in his seventh year. in Sangamon county, has his second wife, The other eightand resides near Mt. Pleasant, Iowa. ANNIE E., GEORGE W., EM-l ELIZABETH, born in Kentucky, 3lA A., SAM1UEL M., 7THOMAS J., married Thomas Davis, has six children, A3MANDA V, MIRIAM 3lI. and and resides in Vernon county, Mo. CHARLES CARROLL reside with ALRED S., born June 24, 71820, Ttheir parents, three and a half miles west AL-FRED S., born June 24, 1820, married Lucinda Tolley. They have, JO, ws bon seven children, JAMES, GEORGE, DAVIES JOHN, was born a JOHNS ADOLPHUS, MARY SO- Wales, and came to America when a JOHN, ADOLPHUS, MARY, SOPHIA and NOAH, and reside two and a young man. He was married in Adair'HIA and NOAH, and reside two and a alf miles nort t of Berli. county, Ky., to Catharine Antle. They half miles northeast of Berlin. 1 v v * * - A/I married ThAomas A ndrews had ten children in Kentucky, and Mr. MART married Thomas Andrews,.. J'..... m.ard T m.e Davies died there about I8Io. His widow who died, leaving three children, and she o * a T i -r~_ i i i i. 1 1 moved to Sangamon county about 1826, married John Runnels, and he died, leav- d settled y r 2 and settled near Salisbury. Of her childing a widow and two children, near Dal- las, Texas. las, Texas. - KT GEORGE married in Kentucky to iVANVCY married Jeremiah Kendall, NA Y m e Jeiah K all, Catharine Tolley, came to Sangamon had four children, and she died leavinge T, c t her family in Oregon. lcounty before his:mother, and died in her family in lOregon. I856. His widow and two children live URIAH L. was a soldier in the 4th ns w w ad t c Ill. Inf. under Col. E. D. Baker, and was Kansas I. iOLL.' married in Kentucky to Richwounded at the battle of Cerro Gordo, ard Walker, came to Sangamon county in Mexico, and died eight or nine days later.alker, came to Sangamon county in deight or ne 1826, and died in I870, leaving two child-,OB C., born January 4, 823, in San- ren in Bond county. gamon county, was married Dec. 4, I845, MJICHAEL, born in Kentucky, marto Alice J. Mosteller, who was born Nov. ried twice in Sangamon county, leaving a 29, 1830. They have five children, JOHN widow and five children in Menard county. H., LAURA (the latter was married May HENRY, born Oct. 30, I80, in Cum9, I875, to William Sayre, and resides near berland county, Ky., came to Salisbury, Pleasant Plains), CHARLES M., NEW- Sangamon county, in 1828. He was marMAN and WILLIAM EDWARD. All ried there May 5, 1835, to Lucy Mcthe unmarried children live with their Glasson, who was born July r, 18I7, in parents in Menard county, near Salisbury, Adair county, Ky. They had ten childSangamon county. ren in Sangamon county, namely: JULIA AD OLPHUS died in 1850 in Chicago, A. was killed by a falling chimney, at four aged about twenty-four years. years of age. ELIZABETH, born Jan. AMANDA married Allen Baker, and 30, 1839, married Ebenezer Colburn. See died in 1849. his name. MARY M.,born July 2, 1841, RHODA married Thomas Ray. They married John Huffmaster. See his name. have four children, and reside in Vernon SALLIE A. died young. MARION, county, Mo. born Sept. 6, I848, and ALONZO, born Mrs. Winney C. Davenport died Jan. Jan. 2, 1852, live with their parents. 5, 1845, and George Davenport died EMILY J., born Sept. 5, 1854, lives with Feb. I4i, 845, both in Sangamon county, her sister, Mrs. Colburn. IRA JASPER, eight miles west of Springfield.. born May 25, 1857, and MATILDA,

Page  246 ^246 EARLY SETTLERS OF born Nov. 12, I860, live with their par- Margaret Davis, whose maiden name was ents. Henry Davies and wife now (1874) Gore. She was born Oct. 6, i806, in live in Loami. the same county, and was married first in VNANCIYmarried in Kentucky to Ben- September, 1824, to Capt. Robert Davis, jamin Ballenger, and died near Natchez, a soldier in the war of 1812. They had Miss., two children, and Capt. Davis died May, WILLIAAM, born in Kentucky, mar- 1827. ried Elizabeth Duncan, and both died, John Davis and wife had two children leaving two married children in Salisbury. in Maryland, and moved in I832 to Preble SALLY, born in Kentucky, married county, 0., where they had one child,and Thomas Miller, who died, leaving a widow from there to Darke county, where one and six children in Menard county. child was born. The family then moved 7OHNlV, born July 23, 1815, in Ken- to Sangamon county, Ill., arriving Feb., tucky, married in Sangamon county, 1837, in what is now Gardner township, November, 1834, to Polly Duncan. They where they had three children. Of the have five children.; two of them married, two children of Mrs. Davis by her first and all live in Salisbury. marriageMlIL T7'ON, born in Kentucky in 1817, E.LIZAZETH, born Sept. 3, 1825, married Lucy A. McMurphy, have two near Baltimore, Md., married in Sangachildren, and live in Salisbury mon county to Samuel H. Reid, Jun. See Mrs. Catharine Davies died in I846, in his name. Salisbury. NANC1, born Aug. 6, 1827, near BalDAVIS, AQUILLA, was born timore, married in Sangamon county to in 1756, in St. Mary's county, Maryland, Henry H. Foster. See his name. and taken to Fauquier county, Va., when Of the seven children by the second a youth. He was a soldier in the Revolu- marriagetion, and married in the latter county to ELLEN, born Dec. 12, i830, in MaryIsabellaBriggs. They had six children in land, married in Sangamon county Jan., Virginia, namely: Edward, William B., I855, to Joseph McCoy. They have one Alexander B., Thompson and Hezekiah, child, JOHN, born in Sangamon county, and a daughter Marion. They emigrated and reside in Missouri. to Kentucky, where they had two child- 7AIAMES, born Jan. 23, 1832, in Maryren. In 1820 they moved to Illinois, set- land, brought up in Sangamon county, tling first where Elkhart now is, which and went to California in October, I853. was then Sangamon county. Aquilla The family have not received any reliable Davis laid out the town of Elkhart. In information from him since June 8, 1856, 1822 or'3 they moved to Fancy Creek, and have no hope that he is living. ten miles from Springfield. After several l3AR'THA., born March, I834, in years Aquilla Davis and family returned Preble county, 0., and died in Sangamon to Elkhart. Thers are but three of their county, November, I848. children living now, viz- VIARGARE 7 born in 1836, in Darke HEZEKIAH, born in Virginia, re- county, 0., (lied in Sangamon county sides with his son in Tazewell county, March 31, 1853. Illinois. SARAH, born September,. 1840, in BEN7VyAIINV F., born in Kentucky, Sangamon county, married in the same resides at Norwood, Franklin county, county to James Bruce, has one child, Kansas, and ANNIE, and live near White Oak post7UD1TI W., born August 12, I802, office, Montgomery county, Ill. in Union county, Ky., was married Oct. _Oi-HN, Jun., born Dec. I2, 1842, in 28, 1836, to Oramel Clark. See his Sangamon county, enlisted September, name. i86I, in Co. B, ioth Ill. Cav., for three Aquilla Davis died August 23, 1832, years, and re-enlisted as a veteran Decemand Mrs. Davis died Jan. 23, I833, both ber, 1863. He served until Jan. 5, I866, near Elkhart, Logan county, Ill. when he was honorably discharged in DAVIS, JOHN, was born Oct. Springfield, being the last man of the 15, 1809, in Baltimore county, Md. He regiment. He was killed by lightning wasmarried there in May, i829, to Mrs. July 51 875, while attending to some

Page  247 SANGAMON C UNT.. 247 stock on his father's farm, near Curran, grange. They have two children, and Sangamon county. live in Springfield. DALLAS, born Oct. 4, 1846, in San- Mrs. Elizabeth Davis died March, I850, gamon county, married