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1. a- pref.(1), in verbs

4 quotations in 4 senses
Sense / Definition
In verbs inherited from OE:(a) From OE ā-: a-biden, a-breken, a-fallen, a-reren, a-risen, a-senden, a-waken, a-winnen, and many others. (b) From OE on-: a-biden (also an-biden), ppl. a-knoue(n (also…

2. a- pref.(2), in adverbs

3 quotations in 3 senses
Sense / Definition
From early ME a prep., derived from unstressed an before nouns, adjs., and advs. beginning with a consonant [OE on, an]. (a) Orig. noun phrases: a-beggeþ, a-bedde, a-blode, a-clokke, a-dai(es,

3. a- pref.(3)

1 quotation in 1 sense
Sense / Definition
Occasional variant of i- [OE ge-] in past ppls. and in some other words, as anough beside inough, enough; aware beside iware.

4. abǒute(n- pref.

Additional spellings: abouten-
23 quotations in 1 sense
Sense / Definition
(a) In vb., ppl., adj.: aboute- beren, to carry (sth.) hither and thither; aboute- brennen, envelop (sth.) in flames; aboute- clothed, covered by clothing, enveloped, wrapped about; aboute- comen

5. abǒve- pref.

11 quotations in 1 sense
Sense / Definition
(a) above- comen, to come upon, fall upon, attack; above- bringen, above- leden, bring upon, visit upon; above- growen, grow on the land; (b) higher on the written page; earlier in a document…

6. ac- pref.

0 quotations in 0 senses
No definition available (stub entry)

7. ad- pref.

1 quotation in 1 sense
Sense / Definition
Only in words taken (a) directly from Latin, as ad-ducen, ad-juren, ad-mitten, or (b) from Latinized Old French, as a(d)-joinen, a(d)-journen, a(d)-monesten. In ME, ad- has no meaning, except as it…

8. af- pref.(1)

1 quotation in 1 sense
Sense / Definition
Only in af-(h)ingred starved, and afirst thirsty (vr. of of-thirst, a-thurst).

9. af- pref.(2)

1 quotation in 1 sense
Sense / Definition
Only in words taken from Latin or from Latinized OF, as af-fect, af-firmacioun, af-fluence, a(f)-fiaunce. In ME, af- has no meaning, except as it distinguishes af-fect from ef-fect, af-fluence from in

10. afōre- pref.

44 quotations in 3 senses
Sense / Definition
Ahead (in space); afore- rider, one who rides ahead of the main body of an army, ?a scout, ?one of the vanguard.

11. afō̆rn- pref.

6 quotations in 1 sense
Sense / Definition
(a) Forward (in space); aforn- rider, one who rides ahead of an army; ?a scout, ?one of the vanguard; (b) previously (in time); (c) at any earlier place in a book or document; aforn- rehersed

12. after- prefix

68 quotations in 2 senses
Sense / Definition
Verbal cpds.: (a) after- bending, the second bending, a bending back (of a bow); prob., the shaping process which gives the ends a curvature the reverse of that at the center; after- berende, bearing…

13. al- pref.

1 quotation in 1 sense
Sense / Definition
Only in words taken from Latin or Latinized Old French, as al-legorie, al-legacioun, a(l)-lien, a(l)-louen. In ME, al- has no meaning except as it distinguishes a(l)-lien from re-lien, al-legacioun fr…

14. alder- pref.

35 quotations in 2 senses
Sense / Definition
With the superl. of an adj. or adv.: of all, very; alrebest, best of all, (the) very best; alre-erest, alder- first, on alre-erst, first of all; alder- hext, highest or greatest of all; alder- last

15. an- pref.(1)

1 quotation in 1 sense
Sense / Definition
(a) Prior member of cpd. advs. & preps. whose second member begins with a vowel: an-ent [OE on efen], an-inne [OE on innan], an-under, an-uppe, etc. [cp. the pre-consonantal variant in a-bǒute, abǒve

16. an- pref.(2)

1 quotation in 1 sense
Sense / Definition
(a) In several nouns: an-sene appearance, an-velt anvil, an-wald power; (b) in the adj. an-lich 'like, similar' and its derivatives anlicnesse & anlicni.

17. an- pref.(3)

1 quotation in 1 sense
Sense / Definition
(a) In words inherited from OE: an-biden, an-elen kindle; (b) in words not attested in OE with this prefix, but occurring in early ME up to c1225: an-belʒen, an-bursten; also an-ēlen kindle, an-hongen

18. an- pref.(4)

1 quotation in 1 sense
Sense / Definition
Examples: an-amelen, anclosen, an-egren, an-ointen, anjoinen, anvie.

19. an- pref.(5)

1 quotation in 1 sense
Sense / Definition
Only in words from Latin or Old French, as in a(n)-nexen, a(n)-nullen, a(n)-nunciacioun.

20. and- pref.

1 quotation in 1 sense
Sense / Definition
(a) In the nouns an(d)-ʒit, an(d)-let, and-seche, an(d)swere; (b) in the adjs. an(d)-sete, an(d)-weard; in the verbs and-ʒǣten, an(d)-sweren.