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1. a- pref.(1), in verbs

4 quotations in 4 senses
Sense / Definition
In verbs inherited from OE:(a) From OE ā-: a-biden, a-breken, a-fallen, a-reren, a-risen, a-senden, a-waken, a-winnen, and many others. (b) From OE on-: a-biden (also an-biden), ppl. a-knoue(n (also…

2. after- prefix

68 quotations in 2 senses
Sense / Definition
Verbal cpds.: (a) after- bending, the second bending, a bending back (of a bow); prob., the shaping process which gives the ends a curvature the reverse of that at the center; after- berende, bearing…

3. almes(se n.

Additional spellings: almesse
144 quotations in 7 senses
Sense / Definition
(a) Anything given to relieve those in poverty or distress, any charitable gift or offering, alms; an allotment of alms; eten almes, be dependent on alms; gan on almes, liven bi, of almes, live on…

4. alō̆ng, alō̆nges(t adv. & prep.

Additional spellings: alonges, alongest
42 quotations in 2 senses
Sense / Definition
Of position or direction: (a) along the length of, at or to full length; alongside, along; lengthwise; (b) drauen along, draw out, extend (sth.); spreden along, spread out.

5. ampulle n.

14 quotations in 2 senses
Sense / Definition
(a) A small flask [of glass or metal]; (b) a small flask of consecrated water or oil [commonly carried by pilgrims returning from a shrine]; ampulla.

6. anker n.

42 quotations in 3 senses
Sense / Definition
(a) A ship's anchor; casten, laien, senden out anker; drauen up, halen, highen, pullen up, taken up, weien (up) anker; riden at, bi, on anker; (b) a weight; (c) a fastening device, a mooring.

7. apostle n.

49 quotations in 3 senses
Sense / Definition
One of the Twelve Apostles of Christ; apostles twelve; also, a missionary or evangelist of the early Church, such as St. Paul; apostle of Engelonde; apostle of hethen men.

8. arblast, -blastē̆r n.

Additional spellings: arblaster
35 quotations in 3 senses
Sense / Definition
(a) A weapon for discharging quarrels, stones, etc., consisting of a bow set crosswise on a shaft; a crossbow, an arbalest; (b) a missile shot from a crossbow; arblast shute.

9. arche-bishop, erche-bishop n.

Additional spellings: archebishop, erche-bishop, erchebishop
45 quotations in 2 senses
Sense / Definition
(a) An archbishop of the Roman (or Greek) Church; (b) the see of an archbishop.

10. arche-dēken, erche-dekēn n.

Additional spellings: archedeken, erche-deken, erchedeken
24 quotations in 2 senses
Sense / Definition
The chief administrative officer of an archbishop or bishop, who presided over the ecclesiastical court of the diocese, had powers of visitation, inducted candidates into benefices, imposed penance…

11. ark(e n.

Additional spellings: arke
63 quotations in 5 senses
Sense / Definition
(a) A chest or box; a large box or bin for storing meal or grain; a coffer for money or valuables, treasure chest; a coffin; (b) ark keper, a treasurer; ark maker, ark wright, a maker of chests or…

12. at prep.

585 quotations in 19 senses
Sense / Definition
Of location or position: (a) at or in (a certain location, position, or place); also, next to, near; at the dore; at the kicchen, in; at cragges, off of; at the galwes, on; (b) at hom, in one's…

13. aube n.

24 quotations in 1 sense
Sense / Definition
(a) An ecclesiastical vestment (usually of white linen) reaching to the ankles, an alb; also, the Greek poderis, the Hebrew ephod; (b) aube girdel, girdle used to gather the alb at the waist.

14. aunǧel n.

154 quotations in 9 senses
Sense / Definition
One of the celestial servants of God, an angel.

15. autē̆r n.

93 quotations in 3 senses
Sense / Definition
(a) The altar of a church; also, the altar placed before the shrine or image of a saint; (b) heigh auter, chef auter, the high altar, the altar on which the Eucharist is offered; sacrement of the

16. ban n.

20 quotations in 2 senses
Sense / Definition
(a) A proclamation or edict of an overlord; also, a summons by proclamation; crien (blouen) the ban; (b) one of the banns of marriage; asken (crien, greden, spiren) the ban(n)es; (c) a proclamation of…

17. bank(e n.(2)

Additional spellings: banke
10 quotations in 3 senses
Sense / Definition
A bench; bank cover [cp. banker].

18. bannen v.

50 quotations in 5 senses
Sense / Definition
(a) To summon (troops) by proclamation; assemble (a fighting force); bannen out; (b) to assemble (a fleet) for an attack; (c) to gather (arms), make ready; to man or make ready (a castle).

19. bat n.

27 quotations in 3 senses
Sense / Definition
(a) A war club or mace; a cudgel or flail; (b) a (shepherd's) staff; a (fuller's) bat; (c) a crosier.

20. batte n.

1 quotation in 1 sense
Sense / Definition
A type of Flemish ship.

21. bē̆nd(e n.(1)

Additional spellings: bende
83 quotations in 4 senses
Sense / Definition
(a) A fetter, shackle, chain; also fig.; (b) a band or strap of metal, a hoop, clamp, fastening; (c) a circlet or fillet to confine the hair; (d) a cord for tying or fastening; a bandage, rope, withy…

22. biclōsen, biclōsi v.

Additional spellings: beclosen, biclosi, beclosi
20 quotations in 3 senses
Sense / Definition
(a) To surround or encircle (sth.); (b) to close in upon (an enemy); surround; besiege.

23. bidel n.

37 quotations in 3 senses
Sense / Definition
One who makes announcements or carries messages and performs other services on the authority of a lord, court, guild, etc.; herald, town crier, summoner; bidel hod, a beadle's hood; bidel land (a…

24. ?bin-heie n.

Additional spellings: binheie
1 quotation in 1 sense
Sense / Definition
An enclosure, pen.

25. bǒket n.

22 quotations in 1 sense
Sense / Definition
(a) Water bucket, well bucket; (b) a vessel used for other purposes.

26. bō̆rd n.

285 quotations in 9 senses
Sense / Definition
(a) A board, a plank; stif as ani bord, stiff as a board; Estlond bord, board imported from Norway or the Baltic countries; oken (okes) bord, an oak board; wainscot bord; (b) coll. lumber, timber…

27. bō̆rd(e n.

Additional spellings: borde
3 quotations in 1 sense
Sense / Definition
(a) A strip of embroidered stuff; (b) a border (of plants).

28. box n.(1)

20 quotations in 1 sense
Sense / Definition
(a) The box tree (Buxus sempervirens) or its wood; box tre; box table, a tablet of boxwood (for inscriptions); (b) rendering L sambucus 'elder' erroneously.

29. brēch(e n.

Additional spellings: breche
43 quotations in 6 senses
Sense / Definition
(a) The act of breaking something; breakage, fracture; (b) the breaking (of waves).

30. brinie n.

37 quotations in 1 sense
Sense / Definition
(a) A coat of mail; corselet, cuirass, hauberk; brouden brinie; -- also pl. for sg.; (b) brinie hod, a coif of mail.

31. brī̆sen v.

112 quotations in 7 senses
Sense / Definition
(a) To shatter (sth.), smash; break up, fracture; brisen in two, etc.; brisen doun, knock (sb.) down; (b) to go to pieces; also fig. [last quot.].

32. Britaine n.

28 quotations in 2 senses
Sense / Definition
The island on which England, Cornwall, Wales, and Scotland are (or were) situated, or those parts of the island held by Celts after the Anglo-Saxon conquest; also, specif., Wales, Cornwall; Britaine

33. Britǒun n. & adj.

29 quotations in 2 senses
Sense / Definition
(a) A native of the British Isles, a Celt; (b) a Breton; (c) a Breton apple.

34. brǒun adj.

114 quotations in 5 senses
Sense / Definition
(a) Dark, dull; of the human body: black-and-blue [quot.: a1425]; (b) cheerless, frowning, gloomy; (c) with names of colors: dark, deep; ?also, mixed with brown, brownish; broun bai, dark bay; broun

35. bush n.(1)

71 quotations in 5 senses
Sense / Definition
(a) A woods, grove; thicket, underbrush; bank and bush, hill and (wooded) dale; under the bush, in (the shelter of) the woods; (b) rank growth.

36. calketrappe n.

19 quotations in 2 senses
Sense / Definition
Mil. A device with sharp iron spikes set on the ground to cripple the feet of an advancing enemy; similar device used against trespassers, etc.; fig. a spiritual trap or pitfall.

37. calle n.

38 quotations in 4 senses
Sense / Definition
(a) A net for the hair, a kind of headdress; (b) comeli under calle, beautiful in one's headdress; uncomeli under calle; maken (sb.) a houve aboven a calle, to make a fool of (sb.);(c) ?a hood, ?a…

38. candel n.

95 quotations in 3 senses
Sense / Definition
(a) A candle, a taper; (b) a medicinated candle; (c) a candelabrum; (d) fig. a star; candel of jelousie, the sun.

39. canker n.(1)

53 quotations in 4 senses
Sense / Definition
(a) A cancer, carcinoma; also, an ulcerated non-malignant tumor, a spreading ulcer; (b) ulceration of a wound, gangrene in a wound or ulcer; (c) a sore in the mouth, ?canker sores; ?also, an abscess…

40. canǒun n.(1)

38 quotations in 4 senses
Sense / Definition
(a) Ecclesiastical law, canon law; also, an authoritative statement or writing of the Church; (b) a rule or principle; also, a rule or set of rules in written form, an authoritative statement.

41. cāpǒun n.

54 quotations in 2 senses
Sense / Definition
(a) A capon; (b) capoun de haut grece, capoun of hegh grece, a fat capon; capoun in concis (conisie, consi, councis, couns), a dish made of capon with the chopped whites of boiled eggs added and the…

42. cat n.

95 quotations in 4 senses
Sense / Definition
(a) A domesticated cat; fig. cat of helle, the Devil; (b) in proverbs, etc.: brenned cat dredeth fir, a singed cat dreads the fire; cat loveth fish but he nel his fet wete, the cat loves fish but…

43. celidoine n.(1)

33 quotations in 3 senses
Sense / Definition
The greater celandine (Chelidonium majus); also, any of its parts used medicinally.

44. celle n.

61 quotations in 7 senses
Sense / Definition
A subordinate monastic establishment.

45. chā̆vel n.

38 quotations in 3 senses
Sense / Definition
(a) A jaw; nethere (over) chavel, lower (upper) jaw; (b) chavel bon, jawbone, jaw; (c) the toothed jaw-like front (of a reaper).

46. chough(e n.

Additional spellings: choughe
20 quotations in 1 sense
Sense / Definition
One of several birds of the crow family: chough, jackdaw, jay; Cornish chough; co-brid.

47. clerk n.

128 quotations in 4 senses
Sense / Definition
(a) A member of the clergy (as distinguished from the laity), an ecclesiastic, cleric; clerk possessioner, a member of one of the endowed orders; (b) one of the secular clergy (as distinguished from…

48. cok n.(1)

80 quotations in 7 senses
Sense / Definition
(a) The male of the common domestic fowl: cock, rooster; cok chike(n, ?a young cock; cok tord, a cock's excrement; (b) the male of other birds; culver cok; fesaunt cok; mor cok (q.v.); po cok (q.v.)…

49. cok n.(4)

3 quotations in 1 sense
Sense / Definition
(a) A shellfish: cockle; (b) in a name.

50. cō̆liẹ̄r n.

13 quotations in 1 sense
Sense / Definition
(a) One who makes and sells charcoal, collier [see other examples in Fransson ME Surnames 174]; (b) in place names.

51. cǒule n.(1)

21 quotations in 1 sense
Sense / Definition
(a) A garment: cloak; (b) the hooded cloak worn by monks, cowl; coule cloth, cloth for cowls; (c) a nun's cowl; a woman's gown;(d) ?an ecclesiastical vestment, ?cope.

52. cǒvel n.

18 quotations in 1 sense
Sense / Definition
(a) A tub, vat, or bucket; (b) covel staf, covel tre, a pole for carrying a two-handled tub or vat.

53. coveren, cǒveren v.(2)

129 quotations in 10 senses
Sense / Definition
To recover from illness, fainting, suffering, threatened defeat, etc.; be delivered (from sin); be restored (to health, life, etc.); revive; also coveren ayen; -- (a) simply; (b) refl.; (c) with of…

54. crampe adj.

12 quotations in 2 senses
Sense / Definition
(a) Curved, bent; (b) in surnames; also in name of a horse.

55. crampen v.

10 quotations in 1 sense
Sense / Definition
(a) To bend (sth.), curl, curve, twist; (b) to bend, genuflect; (c) med. to afflict (part of the body) with spasms.

56. cresse n.

40 quotations in 2 senses
Sense / Definition
(a) A plant of the mustard family, a cress; esp., the common water cress (Roripa nasturtium aquaticum, Nasturtium officinale); also, the garden cress or garden peppergrass (Lepidium sativum); cresse

57. crisme n.

30 quotations in 3 senses
Sense / Definition
(a) A mixture of oil and balsam consecrated for use by the church, chrism; (b) a sacramental anointing; esp., baptism and confirmation; (c) a convert to Christianity.

58. crisopās(e n.

Additional spellings: crisopase
11 quotations in 1 sense
Sense / Definition
A precious stone, chrysoprase.

59. crisp adj.

42 quotations in 3 senses
Sense / Definition
Of hair, wool, etc.: curly.

60. cristal n.

61 quotations in 3 senses
Sense / Definition
(a) The transparent form of crystallized quartz, rock crystal; (b) some material resembling crystal; (c) fig. the clear part of the eye [see cristalline]; (d) in comparisons: bright as cristal, cler

61. Cristen adj. & n.

101 quotations in 3 senses
Sense / Definition
(a) Of persons: Christian; Cristen soule, Christian soul; also, a Christian; (b) Cristen man, a Christian.

62. crǒuche n.

69 quotations in 6 senses
Sense / Definition
(a) The cross of Christ; exaltacioun of the holi crouche, a festival, Sept. 14; (b) fig. the burden of a Christian.

63. crucet-hūs n.

Additional spellings: crucethus
1 quotation in 1 sense
Sense / Definition
[A kind of torture chamber.]

64. crūet n.

20 quotations in 1 sense
Sense / Definition
(a) A small vessel for sacramental wine, holy water, or chrism; (b) a jug, bottle, or bowl (as for water); (c) fig.

65. culter n.

18 quotations in 1 sense
Sense / Definition
(a) The colter of a plow; also, a plowshare; (b) a knife;(c) ?a sharp stake or peg.

66. cuppe n.

91 quotations in 3 senses
Sense / Definition
(a) A drinking vessel; a bowl, goblet, cup, etc.; also, a receptacle for fruit or confections; (b) stonding cuppe, a cup with a foot or base; trussing cuppe, ?a cup or chalice for traveling; (c) a…

67. dē-le interj.

Additional spellings: dele
6 quotations in 1 sense
Sense / Definition
(a) An expression of astonishment or disbelief; (b) hou de-le, hou de-le what, lo de-le, o de-le.

68. discī̆ple n.

47 quotations in 2 senses
Sense / Definition
(a) One of the personal followers of Jesus; esp., one of the Twelve Apostles or one of the Seventy (seventy-two) sent out to spread His teaching; a disciple; (b) a personal follower of one of the…

69. dubben v.

60 quotations in 3 senses
Sense / Definition
(a) To create (a knight); confer knighthood on (sb.); give the accolade to (sb.); also, beat (sb.) [1st quot.]; neudubbed, of a knight: newly created; (b) dubben (to) knight, to make (sb.) a knight…

70. Ēǧipcien, -ian n. and adj.

Additional spellings: Egipcian
20 quotations in 2 senses
Sense / Definition
As noun: a native of Egypt, an Egyptian.

71. embrouden v.

23 quotations in 2 senses
Sense / Definition
(a) To decorate with needlework or with ornaments, esp. precious stones, sewn on; to embroider; (b) to sew on (an ornament).

72. enlimnen v.

2 quotations in 1 sense
Sense / Definition
(a) To fill (something) with light, illumine; (b) to decorate (with paintings or miniatures).

73. ennūen v.

8 quotations in 1 sense
Sense / Definition
(a) To color or tinge (something); to lend a fair complexion or color to (someone's face); to brighten, make radiant; (b) to ornament (a description) with 'colors' of rhetoric.

74. epistel n.

50 quotations in 6 senses
Sense / Definition
A letter, or a literary work composed in the form of a letter (sometimes in verse).

75. -ē̆r(e suf.(1)

Additional spellings: -ere
2 quotations in 2 senses
Sense / Definition
Forming agent nouns from nouns and verbs, esp. also names of persons engaged in a trade or profession. (a) Inherited from OE: e.g. bōk-ere scribe [OE bōc-ere, from bōc document, charter], salt-ere

76. -(e)s suf.(3)

Additional spellings: -es
2 quotations in 2 senses
Sense / Definition
In the gen.sg. masc. & neut. of the indefinite (strong) declension [OE -es], only in very early ME (later dropped). Relics of this inflection survive in a number of set phrases, e.g. eies weies,

77. fannen v.

15 quotations in 2 senses
Sense / Definition
(a) To winnow (grain); also fig.; (b) to separate (the hulls) from the meal of grain ground in a mortar; fannen awei, fannen out; also, to process (grain) in this way.

78. fēd(e n.(1)

Additional spellings: fede
11 quotations in 1 sense
Sense / Definition
(a) Mortal enmity, hostility, hostile conspiracy; revengeful spirit, homicide committed in revenge; (b) a mortal enemy; one of the three enemies of mankind (i.e. the flesh, the world, the Devil).

79. fēnix n.

12 quotations in 1 sense
Sense / Definition
(a) The Phoenix [see the Barth. quots.]; also a representation of it; (b) said of a woman of unique beauty; applied to the Virgin Mary; (c) said to be the name of a long-lived palm tree.

80. fēver n.

91 quotations in 4 senses
Sense / Definition
High bodily temperature, fever; a disease of which fever is a symptom; an attack of fever, a paroxysm of ague; (the) feveres, (malarial) chills and fever, ague.

81. fīlen v.(1)

23 quotations in 4 senses
Sense / Definition
(a) To cut or wear away with a file, rasp, or other abrading instrument; to rub or polish; (b) to use a file; (c) of a file: to abrade.

82. fīlen v.(2)

66 quotations in 5 senses
Sense / Definition
(a) To render (something) materially foul, unclean, or impure; to dirty, soil, pollute; (b) fig. to pollute or defile (the mouth, the air) with false or evil words; (c) to void excrement, defecate.

83. fleil n.

24 quotations in 3 senses
Sense / Definition
(a) Instrument used for threshing grain, a flail; (b) cap of a fleil, fleil cap, one of the bands of wood or leather (fastened about the end of the flail staff or the end of the swingle) through which…

84. flōte n.(1)

33 quotations in 4 senses
Sense / Definition
(a) A fleet of ships, esp. of warships; (b) company, troop; army; (c) herd of animals;(d) ?a set (of fishing nets).

85. font n.

27 quotations in 2 senses
Sense / Definition
(a) A receptacle for the water used in baptizing, a baptismal font; (b) font halwing [OE fant-hālgung], act or ceremony of blessing, or reconsecrating, a font.

86. forclōsen v.

8 quotations in 1 sense
Sense / Definition
(a) To cut (someone) off from escape or retreat, to surround (someone); (b) to bar (someone) from entering or approaching, to shut out; (c) law to exclude (someone) from an inheritance.

87. fō̆r(e-land n.

Additional spellings: fore-land
17 quotations in 3 senses
Sense / Definition
A headland, a promontory.

88. forke n.

30 quotations in 5 senses
Sense / Definition
(a) A farming tool with two or more prongs used for digging or for handling hay, dung, etc.; bot forke, muk forke, pik forke, q.v.; (b) a pronged utensil of metal usually used for stoking fires; fir

89. fǒulen v.(1)

33 quotations in 4 senses
Sense / Definition
(a) To make (something) dirty, to soil, to pollute; (b) to be or become filthy; (c) to void excrement.

90. frē̆sh adj.

218 quotations in 11 senses
Sense / Definition
(a) Of recent making or occurrence, new, recent; fresh age, childhood or youth; fresh deluge, a new (or second) deluge; fresh and newe; (b) fresh god, a new or strange god, any god other than the…

91. frīk(e adj.

Additional spellings: frike
14 quotations in 1 sense
Sense / Definition
(a) Vigorous, brisk; fressh (hol) and frike, hail and hearty; (b) eager, zestful; with a frik wil, with zest, eagerly.

92. fullere n.

20 quotations in 2 senses
Sense / Definition
A fuller of cloth; also as surname.

93. gāble n.(1)

30 quotations in 1 sense
Sense / Definition
(a) A gable of a building; also, a façade; (b) gable ende, gable wal, gable wough, the end wall surmounted by a gable, gable end; gable forke, a gable; gable windou, a window in a gable; (c) in place…

94. gā̆l(e n.(1)

Additional spellings: gale
15 quotations in 1 sense
Sense / Definition
(a) Song, singing; (b) outcry; noise; (c) speech, talking; (d) joy, happiness, merriment [2nd quot. may be gāle n. (2)].

95. ǧēaunt n. & adj.

50 quotations in 2 senses
Sense / Definition
(a) A fabulous manlike creature of great size; also, a man of extraordinary size or strength; geaunt berd, a giant's beard; geauntes fight, the war of the giants against the Greek gods; fig. Genesis

96. ǧemme n.

36 quotations in 2 senses
Sense / Definition
(a) A precious stone, gem; (b) fig. a precious thing, a virtue; (c) fig. an illustrious or precious person.

97. Ǧenesis n.

9 quotations in 1 sense
Sense / Definition
The first book of the Bible, Genesis.

98. ǧinǧivere n.

57 quotations in 1 sense
Sense / Definition
(a) The root of the plant Zingiber officinale or of a related species, ginger; poudre (of) gingivere, finely ground ginger; race (rote) of gingivere, a root of ginger; (b) grene gingivere, gingivere

99. gōt(e, gǒute n.

Additional spellings: gote, goute
26 quotations in 1 sense
Sense / Definition
(a) A stream of water; watercourse, brook; a current or swell of the ocean; also, a stream of blood; (b) a channel, ditch, drain; a sluice; (c) got nail, some kind of nail; (d) in place names [see…

100. gref(e n.

Additional spellings: grefe
5 quotations in 1 sense
Sense / Definition
A writing or engraving instrument, a stylus.