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1. ab(b)reviāciǒun n.

Additional spellings: abbreviacioun
4 quotations in 1 sense
Sense / Definition
(a) Shortness; (b) abridgement (of a story, etc.); an abstract or summary.

2. abhomināble adj.

37 quotations in 3 senses
Sense / Definition
Of a thing, a sight, a disease, an action, etc.: physically loathsome, disgusting, repulsive; abhominable to the stomak, nauseating.

3. abhomināciǒun n.

42 quotations in 3 senses
Sense / Definition
(a) Physical loathing, disgust, nausea; abhominacioun of wlatsomnesse, nausea; haven abhominacioun of, to be disgusted or nauseated by (sth.); abhominacioun of stomak; (b) moral abhorrence; haven

4. abjecciǒun n.

4 quotations in 1 sense
Sense / Definition
(a) Humbleness, lowliness; an abject position; (b) one who is utterly degraded, the lowest (of the lowly).

5. abjūrāciǒun n.

2 quotations in 1 sense
Sense / Definition
Solemn renunciation of heresy or idolatry.

6. abjūren v.

8 quotations in 1 sense
Sense / Definition
(a) To renounce or recant (a heresy) under oath; ben abjured, be subjected to solemn recantation; (b) to give up or renounce (sth.); surrender (a right) under oath; swear to leave (a place).

7. ablā̆tī̆f, -ī̆ve adj. & n.

Additional spellings: ablative
16 quotations in 1 sense
Sense / Definition
(a) The ablative (case) of Latin; a noun or adjective in the ablative case; (b) in a pun (with ref. to L ablātiō a taking away & ablāt-um taken away, stolen): carried off, stolen; ablatif cas, the…

8. āble adj.

124 quotations in 6 senses
Sense / Definition
(a) Of persons: capable of doing something, expert in an art or science, qualified to practice a trade or profession, skilful, competent; able maister, able werkman; of a woman: old enough to marry…

9. -āble adj. suf.

2 quotations in 2 senses
Sense / Definition
In words taken from OF (& L): (a) derived from verbs, with 'passive' meaning: accept-able, agre-able, am-able, blam-able, chaunge-able, forfet-able, fortun-able, honor-able, etc.; (b) derived from…

10. abǒund adj.

9 quotations in 1 sense
Sense / Definition
(a) Existing in great quantity, overflowing; (b) possessing in quantity, rich (in gold, etc.); -- with of; (c) full (of mercy, blossoms, etc.); -- with of or with; (d) bountiful, generous.

11. abǒundaunce n.

50 quotations in 4 senses
Sense / Definition
(a) A great number of things, a great quantity; plenty, a sufficiency; also, an excess; -- often with in or of; (b) aboundaunce of water, an overflow, a flood.

12. abǒundaunt adj.

45 quotations in 3 senses
Sense / Definition
(a) Present or existing in great number or quantity, many, much, abounding; also, overabundant, excessive; of shot: thick, fast; of waters: overflowing; (b) of fruitfulness, gifts, grace, mercy…

13. abǒunden v.(1)

56 quotations in 4 senses
Sense / Definition
(a) To exist or be present in great number or quantity, be plentiful; to be sufficient (for a purpose); also, to be excessive; of water: to overflow; abounden to, come to (sb.) abundantly; (b) of…

14. absence n.

27 quotations in 1 sense
Sense / Definition
(a) The state of being away from a place, absence; in his absence, etc.; (b) in absence, absent; (c) the fact of being lacking or missing, lack, non-existence.

15. absent adj. (& n.)

29 quotations in 2 senses
Sense / Definition
(a) Not in a particular place, not present, absent; -- often with fro, from; (b) of things, qualities, etc.: absent, lacking, non-existent.

16. absenten v.

16 quotations in 1 sense
Sense / Definition
(a) To go or stay away; (b) absenten (one's) person or presence, to withdraw, go or remain away; (c) refl. to withdraw (esp. in order to evade a duty, obligation, or penalty), go away, stay away; fig.

17. absinthe n.

1 quotation in 1 sense
Sense / Definition
Wormwood; fig. bitterness sorrow.

18. absō̆lūciǒun n.

26 quotations in 4 senses
Sense / Definition
(a) Forgiveness of sin as pronounced by a priest or by authority of the Church, remission; esp., the sacrament of penance; (b) a document granting remission of sins, an indulgence; (c) the act of…

19. absteinen v.

65 quotations in 6 senses
Sense / Definition
To avoid (sth.), stay away from (a person or place), refrain from partaking of (food, etc.); -- often with fro, from, of; (a) refl.; (b) intr.

20. abstinence n.

54 quotations in 3 senses
Sense / Definition
Avoidance (of sth.), refraining (from sth.), self-denial; abstinence of mete, fasting; ben of abstinence, abstain; don abstinence of, abstain from; maken abstinence, avoid luxury.

21. abstractī̆f adj.

1 quotation in 1 sense
Sense / Definition
Gram. Of nouns: abstract (as opposed to concrete).

22. abūsiǒun n.

23 quotations in 3 senses
Sense / Definition
(a) Misuse, perversion, abuse; (b) in abusioun, insultingly, abusively; also, in a wicked or unnatural manner.

23. accent n.

3 quotations in 1 sense
Sense / Definition
Accent, modulation.

24. accepciǒun n.

12 quotations in 1 sense
Sense / Definition
(a) The acceptance of something as true or valid; approval (of a book); (b) accepcioun of persones, favoritism, partiality; (c) a condition or stipulation to which one has agreed.

25. acceptāble adj.

38 quotations in 3 senses
Sense / Definition
(a) Of things, actions, ideas, etc.: agreeable, pleasing -- often with to, tofore, unto; acceptable in the sight of, pleasing in the sight of, agreeable to (sb.); (b) appropriate, suitable; time

26. acceptāciǒun n.

9 quotations in 1 sense
Sense / Definition
(a) The act of accepting (an office) or approving (a privilege, etc.); (b) acceptance or approval (of sth.) as true or just or satisfactory; (c) acceptacioun of persones, favoritism, partiality.

27. acces(se n.

Additional spellings: accesse
50 quotations in 3 senses
Sense / Definition
(a) Any attack of illness characterized by fever, but esp. of malarial fever or ague; acces ill, sharp acces, ague; fervent acces, hard acces, hot acces, etc.; (b) an attack of fever; esp. one of the…

28. accessī̆ble adj.

1 quotation in 1 sense
Sense / Definition
Capable of being approached, accessible.

29. accidence n.

7 quotations in 2 senses
Sense / Definition
(a) Phil. A non-essential or incidental characteristic, a temporary and variable property of a thing; bi accidence, through a secondary means, indirectly; of accidence, without affecting or involving…

30. accomplēt ppl.

1 quotation in 1 sense
Sense / Definition
Performed, carried out.

31. accǒunt(e n.

Additional spellings: accounte
67 quotations in 5 senses
Sense / Definition
(a) A computation, enumeration, or count; -- often pl.; (b) the method or art of computing; -- pl.

32. ac(c)ūsāciǒun, -tiọ̄n n.

Additional spellings: accusacioun, acusation, accusation
16 quotations in 2 senses
Sense / Definition
(a) The act of charging someone with an offence or misconduct; (b) law formal accusation, indictment; (c) self-accusation, confession.

33. ac(c)ūsatīf adj. & n.

Additional spellings: accusatif
8 quotations in 1 sense
Sense / Definition
(a) Accusing, self-accusing [note the play on the word cas in GRom.]; (b) gram. accustif (cas).

34. ac(c)ūsen v.

Additional spellings: accusen
33 quotations in 2 senses
Sense / Definition
(a) To charge (sb. with an offence, or misconduct, etc.), to impugn or blame; acusen gilt, to blame; to make a formal charge, indict; -- often with of (in, upon) phrase; also with inf. phrase or that

35. acelle n.

1 quotation in 1 sense
Sense / Definition
Armpit.

36. Achademie n.

2 quotations in 1 sense
Sense / Definition
The garden near Athens where Plato taught.

37. achāte(s n.

Additional spellings: achates
10 quotations in 1 sense
Sense / Definition
(a) Agate, a precious stone said to be endowed with many virtues; (b) eagle stone [cp. etites].

38. -ācle suf.

1 quotation in 1 sense
Sense / Definition
Only in a few nouns taken from OF or L, as pinn-acle, tabern-acle.

39. aclīnen v.

2 quotations in 1 sense
Sense / Definition
(a) To incline, slope (toward sth.); (b) to bow down.

40. acloien v.

18 quotations in 3 senses
Sense / Definition
(a) To beset (sb.), harass; (b) to hamper (sb.), harm; make impotent or miserable.

41. act(e n.

Additional spellings: acte
42 quotations in 4 senses
Sense / Definition
(a) A deed, an action (either physical or mental); process, operation, activity; (b) a written record of an action; Actes of Apostles, a book of the New Testament; (c) a state of accomplishment or…

42. actī̆f, -ī̆ve adj.

Additional spellings: active
32 quotations in 4 senses
Sense / Definition
Of human actions: done (as opposed to suffered), voluntary; actif cursing, self-excommunication.

43. actǒur n.

6 quotations in 1 sense
Sense / Definition
(a) A doer, a maker; (b) actour of curing, that which brings about a cure; (c) a guardian, a steward; (d) law one who brings suit at law, the plaintiff.

44. actūā̆l, -ē̆l adj.

Additional spellings: actuel
22 quotations in 2 senses
Sense / Definition
(a) Of things, conditions, emotions, qualities: existing in fact, real; of actions: really done; (b) surg. real (as opposed to potential); actual cauterie, a cauterizing operation involving the…

45. actūalitẹ̄ n.

2 quotations in 1 sense
Sense / Definition
Effective power, efficacy; ?essence.

46. acū adj.

4 quotations in 1 sense
Sense / Definition
Acute (fever).

47. acūitẹ̄ n.

5 quotations in 1 sense
Sense / Definition
Of blood, an ulcer, a medicine: sharpness, acridity, corrosiveness.

48. adama(u)nt n.

Additional spellings: adamaunt
33 quotations in 3 senses
Sense / Definition
(a) A kind of precious stone; diamond; (b) adamant; fig. something indestructible and enduring, something impenetrable.

49. addiciǒun n.

31 quotations in 2 senses
Sense / Definition
Math. The act of adding numbers together; the arithmetical process of addition.

50. adhērent n.

9 quotations in 1 sense
Sense / Definition
Follower, associate, supporter.

51. adinvenciǒun n.

2 quotations in 1 sense
Sense / Definition
An idea of one's own inventing; a fabrication.

52. adjectī̆f, -ī̆ve adj. & n.

Additional spellings: adjective
10 quotations in 1 sense
Sense / Definition
Gram. (a) Adjectival; noun adjectif, an adjective; verb adjectif, a verbal noun or adjective; (b) as noun: adjective.

53. adjūrement n.

1 quotation in 1 sense
Sense / Definition
A solemn entreaty.

54. administrāciǒun n.

26 quotations in 2 senses
Sense / Definition
(a) Act of administering, management; commun administracioun, administration of public affairs or government; (b) administrative position or function; right or power to govern, office; (c) management…

55. administrātǒur n.

10 quotations in 1 sense
Sense / Definition
(a) Manager, steward; (b) one who manages a deceased person's estate (who may or may not be one of the executors).

56. administre, -er n.

Additional spellings: administer
2 quotations in 1 sense
Sense / Definition
One who manages the estate of a deceased person.

57. administren v.

9 quotations in 1 sense
Sense / Definition
(a) To manage or control (sth.), administer (a government, an office); (b) to attend to the needs of (sb.), minister to; supply (sth. to sb.); give (seed to a sower); do or dispense (justice).

58. adoptī̆f adj.

2 quotations in 1 sense
Sense / Definition
By adoption; sone adoptif, adopted son.

59. adǒuren v.

10 quotations in 1 sense
Sense / Definition
(a) To worship (God, a deity); also, worship (the Devil); (b) to show reverence to (sb.), bown down before, honor; (c) to show extreme respect for (sth.).

60. adǒurnen v.

7 quotations in 1 sense
Sense / Definition
(a) To decorate or embellish (sth.); also, be an ornament to (sth.); fig. beautify (a language), make (one's profession) seem more distinguished; (b) = adouren, to worship (a deity).

61. adūlāciǒun, -tion n.

Additional spellings: adulation
8 quotations in 1 sense
Sense / Definition
Insincere praise, flattery.

62. adulterī n.

3 quotations in 1 sense
Sense / Definition
Adultery.

63. adulteǒur n.

1 quotation in 1 sense
Sense / Definition
An adulterer.

64. adustiǒun n.

14 quotations in 2 senses
Sense / Definition
(a) Treatment with heat or burning, calcination of a substance; (b) surg. cauterization; (c) phys. the corruption of bodily humors, ulcers, etc., by heat; the process by which humors, etc., become adu

65. adversatī̆f adj.

1 quotation in 1 sense
Sense / Definition
Gram. Of a conjunction: adversative.

66. adverse adj.

14 quotations in 1 sense
Sense / Definition
Contrary, opposing, opposed, hostile; of fortune: unfavorable; adverse part(i, the opposing side in war, a lawsuit, etc.

67. adverten v.

31 quotations in 3 senses
Sense / Definition
To notice (sth.), observe, perceive; it is to ben adverted, it is to be noted.

68. advōcāt, advoket n.

Additional spellings: advoket
38 quotations in 1 sense
Sense / Definition
(a) A professional pleader in courts of law; counsel, attorney, advocate; (b) one who intercedes for another, mediator, intercessor (esp. of Christ or the Virgin Mary); (c) protector, champion…

69. advocā̆trīce, -trix n.

Additional spellings: advocatrix
3 quotations in 1 sense
Sense / Definition
Of the Virgin: advocate, intercessor.

70. affecciǒun, -tion n.

Additional spellings: affection
63 quotations in 2 senses
Sense / Definition
That faculty of the soul concerned with emotion and volition; the emotional (as opposed to the intellectual) side of human nature, capacity for feeling or emotion; the capacity for desiring or…

71. affectī̆f adj.

2 quotations in 1 sense
Sense / Definition
(a) Pertaining to the emotions or to the will; affectif parti; (b) = effectif; affectif cause, efficient cause.

72. affectūǒus adj.

8 quotations in 1 sense
Sense / Definition
(a) Eager, earnest; (b) loving, affectionate, well-disposed.

73. affermen v.

55 quotations in 3 senses
Sense / Definition
(a) To fix (sth.) in place, make immovable; (b) to strengthen (sb.), make sure or steadfast, confirm (sb. in a belief or virtue); (c) to fix firmly (an emotion in the heart); (d) to decide upon…

74. affīe n.

3 quotations in 1 sense
Sense / Definition
Reliance, trust; don affie, setten affie, to put (one's) trust (in sb.).

75. affinitẹ̄ n.

39 quotations in 2 senses
Sense / Definition
(a) Relationship by marriage (as distinguished from blood relationship); a kinship between families which results from a fornication committed by a member of one family with a member of the other…

76. afflicciǒun n.

23 quotations in 1 sense
Sense / Definition
(a) Misery, pain, sorrow, distress; also, that which causes pain or sorrow; (b) self-inflicted pain, penance, mortification of the flesh, asceticism.

77. afflight ppl.

6 quotations in 1 sense
Sense / Definition
Disturbed, upset, frightened; excited.

78. after- prefix

68 quotations in 2 senses
Sense / Definition
Verbal cpds.: (a) after- bending, the second bending, a bending back (of a bow); prob., the shaping process which gives the ends a curvature the reverse of that at the center; after- berende, bearing…

79. -āǧe suf.

2 quotations in 2 senses
Sense / Definition
In many nouns taken from OF, denoting states, actions, concretes, groups, rights, services, etc., e.g. avauntage, baggage, baronage, cariage, coinage, courage, cousinage, heritage, homage, langage,

80. agō̆nīe n.

9 quotations in 1 sense
Sense / Definition
(a) Anguish, agony; a fit of anguish; (b) death throes; the agony of Jesus in Gethsemane.

81. agrest, -a adj. & n.

Additional spellings: agresta
5 quotations in 1 sense
Sense / Definition
(a) Uncultivated, wild (plant); (b) win agrest, agresta, verjuice.

82. agūe n.

20 quotations in 2 senses
Sense / Definition
Acute (as opposed to chronic or intermittent) fever, or an attack of it; also, any of certain diseases, including malaria, having acute fever as a symptom; brenning ague, hote ague; pestilence ague

83. aiel n.

14 quotations in 1 sense
Sense / Definition
(a) Grandfather; gret aiel, distant ancestor; (b) aieles, ancestors.

84. -ail(le suf.

Additional spellings: -aille
1 quotation in 1 sense
Sense / Definition
In action nouns from OF, as arivaille, bataille, espousaille, travail(le.

85. -ain(e suf.

Additional spellings: -aine
1 quotation in 1 sense
Sense / Definition
In some adjs. and nouns taken from OF, as certain, germain, Romain; fontain(e, mountain(e.

86. air n.(1)

81 quotations in 5 senses
Sense / Definition
The gaseous substance surrounding the Earth; air, the atmosphere. [In ancient cosmology, the perisphere of air was said to be surrounded by the perisphere of fire. The perisphere of air was regarded…

87. air(e n.

Additional spellings: aire
3 quotations in 1 sense
Sense / Definition
Hawk. (a) Nest; (b) of noble aire, of noble breed or strain.

88. -air(e suf.

Additional spellings: -aire
1 quotation in 1 sense
Sense / Definition
In a number of adjs. & nouns taken from OF, as necessaire; adversaire, lapidaire, secretaire.

89. -āl suf.

2 quotations in 2 senses
Sense / Definition
(a) In numerous adjs. taken from Latin, either directly or by way of Old French, as annu-al, -el, cordi-al, formal, -el, funer-al, gener-al, mort-al, natur-al, tempor-al, -el; (b) in a number of…

90. alabastre n.

13 quotations in 1 sense
Sense / Definition
Any of various kinds of alabaster [used for carved images, altars, shrines, etc.].

91. albeston n.

7 quotations in 1 sense
Sense / Definition
A mineral reputed to be unquenchable when set on fire; ?the fiber asbestos as used for the wick of an ever-burning lamp; prob. confused with alabaster in quot. c1450.

92. āliēn, ālien adj.

36 quotations in 4 senses
Sense / Definition
(a) Of nationality, domicile, or provenience: foreign (ruler, merchant, etc.); foreign (country); foreign (goods, ship, etc.); (b) of a religious establishment: granted or subject to a foreign…

93. ālienāciǒun n.

18 quotations in 3 senses
Sense / Definition
Law The transfer of one's title to property or rights; alienation or sale (of property); surrender or loss (of a right); also, alteration (of a will) [quot. 1458].

94. aliēnen v.

33 quotations in 4 senses
Sense / Definition
Law (a) To transfer or surrender one's title to property or rights, alienate (property or a right); alienen awei; alienen in fe simple (taille); (b) to divert (property to a different purpose).

95. allē̆gāciǒun n.

7 quotations in 1 sense
Sense / Definition
(a) Law Formal declaration in court, presentation of evidence; maken allegacioun, declare; (b) an argument or reason proffered as evidence or proof.

96. alleǧǧen, allēgen v.(1)

Additional spellings: allegen
61 quotations in 4 senses
Sense / Definition
Law To make a formal declaration in court, either by way of bringing a charge, in defense against a charge, in support of a right, or in justification of a claim; alleggen matier, present evidence…

97. alleien v.

22 quotations in 3 senses
Sense / Definition
Law (a) To make a formal declaration; submit (a document) in evidence; testify; (b) to prove (a claim).

98. allīen v.

54 quotations in 5 senses
Sense / Definition
To form an alliance, join, associate: (a) to ally (oneself with, to sb.), join as an ally, form an alliance; get together, join; -- refl. or intr.; (b) ben allied, be allied or associated; associated…

99. almaille n.

1 quotation in 1 sense
Sense / Definition
Living beings.

100. almerīe n.

24 quotations in 2 senses
Sense / Definition
A place for storing or safekeeping: (a) a pantry or butlery; a safe for food; also said of the stomach [quot. a1398]; (b) a closet or wardrobe; (c) a cabinet, chest, or strongbox, as for valuables…