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1. anguille n.

6 quotations in 1 sense
Sense / Definition
(a) Eel [prob. only OF & AL]; (b) an endoparasitic 'worm'.

2. ars-metrīk(e n.

Additional spellings: arsmetrik, ars-metrike, arsmetrike
22 quotations in 1 sense
Sense / Definition
(a) The 'art' or 'science' of measuring and calculating, being one of the four disciplines comprised in the quadrivium (along with geometry, astronomy, and music); (b) a treatise on this 'science'.

3. ā̆verāǧe n.

3 quotations in 1 sense
Sense / Definition
A service owed by the tenant to his feudal superior [orig. consisting of work performed by the tenant with his draft animals].

4. bagge n.(1)

74 quotations in 5 senses
Sense / Definition
(a) A bag or sack, with or without its contents; traveling bag, wallet, satchel, pouch; bagge portatif; undo the bagge; (b) a bag as a unit of measure.

5. ?bin-heie n.

Additional spellings: binheie
1 quotation in 1 sense
Sense / Definition
An enclosure, pen.

6. bito(u)r n.

Additional spellings: bitour
19 quotations in 2 senses
Sense / Definition
The European bittern (Botaurus stellaris).

7. bō̆rd-lō̆nd n.

Additional spellings: bordlond
4 quotations in 1 sense
Sense / Definition
Land held by a cottager under the feudal system; ?land held by the lord of the manor to produce food for his table [Bracton].

8. bǒuǧẹ̄ n.(2)

16 quotations in 1 sense
Sense / Definition
(a) Sheepskin (as distinct from lambskin), budge, ?trimmed sheepskin; bouge skin; (b) bouge rowe, Furriers' Row; bouge shank, fur from the shank of a sheep.

9. burgāǧe n.

16 quotations in 1 sense
Sense / Definition
(a) Real estate held directly from the king or a lord, usually with no feudal obligation other than a fixed annual rent in money; a house or land lying within a borough; burgage lond; (b) the tenure…

10. cedūle n.

15 quotations in 1 sense
Sense / Definition
(a) A piece of paper or parchment containing writing; a written document, letter, etc.; (b) a brief document attached to a roll or enclosed in a letter, and usually containing a list of names or bill…

11. champartīe n.

17 quotations in 3 senses
Sense / Definition
Law The practice of aiding a litigant for a share of the matter in dispute, champerty.

12. chaumi n.

1 quotation in 1 sense
Sense / Definition
Straw, stubble.

13. chemināǧe n.

4 quotations in 1 sense
Sense / Definition
A toll paid to the forester for entering or passing through a forest. [See Neilson Cust.Rents in OSSLH 2 143.]

14. cǒurbe n.

4 quotations in 1 sense
Sense / Definition
(a) A curved or arched piece of timber; (b) a hump.

15. Curtāna n.

3 quotations in 1 sense
Sense / Definition
The sword of King Edward the Confessor, a blunted sword borne before the King of England at his coronation.

16. custumẹ̄r n.

18 quotations in 2 senses
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(a) A customs official, collector of customs; (b) a tradesman liable for the payment of a tax.

17. cuve n.

5 quotations in 1 sense
Sense / Definition
A tub or vat.

18. daggē̆re n.

26 quotations in 1 sense
Sense / Definition
A dagger.

19. dragme n.

19 quotations in 2 senses
Sense / Definition
(a) A unit of apothecary's weight of one eighth of an ounce, a dram; (b) fig. a bit of talent.

20. escāp n.

7 quotations in 1 sense
Sense / Definition
(a) Escape, as from prison, legal custody, or an enemy in battle; (b) the possibility of escape.

21. eschēte n.

21 quotations in 3 senses
Sense / Definition
(a) Reversion of land or its appurtenances to the king or the lord of a fee, upon failure of heirs to a tenant in fee simple; also, forfeiture of lands and goods to the king upon attainder; escheat…

22. ēsement n.

44 quotations in 5 senses
Sense / Definition
The comforts of life, conveniences; accommodation, entertainment; shelter, lodging; food and drink, provender; at your esement, at your convenience.

23. fō̆rāǧe n.

9 quotations in 1 sense
Sense / Definition
Feed for domestic animals, esp. hay, straw, or similar dry fodder.

24. frank(e)lein, -in, -en n.

Additional spellings: frankelein, franklin, franklen
22 quotations in 1 sense
Sense / Definition
(a) A landowner and member of the gentry ranking immediately below the nobility; a freeman, a gentleman; franklein of toun, a free citizen, an owner of property in a town, a burgess; (b) as a personal…

25. frǒuntē̆l n.

11 quotations in 2 senses
Sense / Definition
A decorative hanging for the altar, an altar frontal; frontel cloth; also, a hanging for the font.

26. paiāǧe n.

3 quotations in 1 sense
Sense / Definition
(a) A toll paid for passage through or from a place; (b) payment of a tribute.

27. panāde n.

4 quotations in 1 sense
Sense / Definition
A long knife or dagger.

28. pilfre n.

7 quotations in 1 sense
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(a) Despoiling, plundering; (b) spoils, booty, plunder; nimen (taken) pilfre, to take spoils; taken pilfre of, despoil or strip (dead soldiers).

29. pilocelle n.

1 quotation in 1 sense
Sense / Definition
A plant with hairy leaves, mouse-ear hawkweed (Hieracium pilosella).

30. pit n.

200 quotations in 6 senses
Sense / Definition
(a) A natural or man-made depression in the ground, hole, pit, ditch; cave; also fig.; also, an open excavation from which some mineral product is obtained or in which some industrial process is…

31. plaunche n.

21 quotations in 1 sense
Sense / Definition
(a) A large board, a plank; also, as surname; (b) plaunche(s bord, planking, planks; plaunche(s nail, nails for fastening planks.

32. plauncher n.

14 quotations in 1 sense
Sense / Definition
(a) A plank, beam; also, planking, beams; (b) a wooden floor, floor made of planks.

33. pliris n.

1 quotation in 1 sense
Sense / Definition
A medicinal ointment.

34. pōke n.

37 quotations in 1 sense
Sense / Definition
(a) A sack, pouch, bag [in some quots. perhaps a measure of quantity, but see quot.: a1500]; pissinge poke, provande poke, sond poke [see pissinge, provende, sond]; (b) a full, elongated type of…

35. ponde n.

1 quotation in 1 sense
Sense / Definition
A pledge.

36. prīse n.(1)

19 quotations in 1 sense
Sense / Definition
(a) The taking of something; an exaction, taxation, requisition; (b) something or somebody captured, booty, prey; (c) something requisitioned for the king; (d) the king's customs; also, something…

37. Prū̆s(se n.

Additional spellings: Prusse
49 quotations in 3 senses
Sense / Definition
(a) Prussia; Prus lond; (b) de Prus, of Prus, made of spruce wood; also, of or from Prussia [quots.: ?c1425, a1500].

38. purlin n.

4 quotations in 1 sense
Sense / Definition
Arch. A longitudinal horizontal beam supporting the boards in the roof of a building, a purlin.

39. quesenē̆re n.

2 quotations in 1 sense
Sense / Definition
The overseer of a monastery kitchen, a kitchener.

40. quinesīe n.

12 quotations in 1 sense
Sense / Definition
Pathol. An inflammation or swelling of the throat or part of the throat; tonsillitis, laryngitis, goiter, or other malady of the throat; quinsy.

41. quishin n.

52 quotations in 4 senses
Sense / Definition
(a) A cushion, bolster, or pillow; a cushion for the arm or for sitting or kneeling on; also, a hassock or footstool; (b) quishin(es cloth, a case or cover for a cushion.

42. raile n.

23 quotations in 1 sense
Sense / Definition
(a) A rail; a horizontal bar; raile tre, a curtain rod; (b) a rail used as or as part of a fence or barrier, or in building; a barrier, an embankment; a railing on a stairway [quot.: 1453-5]; (c) naut

43. raisī̆n n.

43 quotations in 1 sense
Sense / Definition
(a) A grape, cluster of grapes; also in proverb; (b) a raisin; gret raisin; raisin graines, raisin seeds; (c) raisin corauns, raisin of corauns, a Corinthian raisin, currant [see also corauns n.]; (d)…

44. ramel n.

10 quotations in 1 sense
Sense / Definition
(a) Brushwood, small branches; (b) waste chips (of stone);ramel ston; (c) refuse, rubbish, muck.

45. rāpe n.(2)

14 quotations in 1 sense
Sense / Definition
Forceful seizure of somebody or something; plundering, robbery, extortion; ?also, a plundering raid [1st quot.]; hasti rape, quick recapture, quick rescue; don rape to, to plunder (a realm); (b) the…

46. raspīse n.

4 quotations in 1 sense
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A sweet wine; also, rose-colored wine.

47. regrāterīe n.

4 quotations in 1 sense
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Retail selling, usually at high prices obtained through forestalling the market.

48. rein(e n.(1)

Additional spellings: reine
43 quotations in 2 senses
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(a) A rein for guiding a horse; rein of a bridel; (b) pl. = sg.; reines of bridel; (c) part of the harness of a draft horse or an ox; also, part of the harness of a war horse; rein pin, some kind of…

49. relẹ̄f(e n.

Additional spellings: relefe
99 quotations in 6 senses
Sense / Definition
(a) That which is left over or left behind, remains, remnants, residue; -- often pl.; also, a legacy, charitable bequest; also, dregs; relef of brucus, what the bruchus leaves; (b) rabble, ruins; (c)…

50. remolliciǒun n.

3 quotations in 1 sense
Sense / Definition
Surg. Softening of a bodily part.

51. rē̆nǧe n.(2)

26 quotations in 1 sense
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(a) A row (of words, people), a line; (b) a line of fighting men assembled for battle or a joust, a rank; also, fig. a group of saints in heaven; on o (on) renge, in one rank, in a group; upon o renge

52. reprīse n.

13 quotations in 1 sense
Sense / Definition
(a) Law A fixed charge or expense deducted annually from the revenues of an estate; over the reprise, aboven all charges and reprise, etc., net; (b) cost, expense; (c) ?act of taking back, capturing…

53. residence n.

18 quotations in 1 sense
Sense / Definition
(a) The condition of dwelling somewhere; dwelling place; also, eccl. of a clergyman: the fact of being in residence where his duties are performed; holden (kepen) residence, to dwell, reside, live…

54. rē̆sī̆n(e n.

Additional spellings: resine
10 quotations in 1 sense
Sense / Definition
Resin, a resin; -- often used in medicines; resin gomme, balm.

55. resistence n.

55 quotations in 4 senses
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(a) Military defense, armed resistance; fighting against an enemy; physical resistance; resistence of, defense against (sb. or sth.); maken resistence; (b) a waylaying of someone; (c) physical force.

56. reuain n.

6 quotations in 1 sense
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(a) The second growth of grass or hay in a season, rowen, aftermath; (b) milk from cows grazed on rowen; chese reuain, cheese made from this milk.

57. rẹ̄vel n.(2)

1 quotation in 1 sense
Sense / Definition
A stream, brook.

58. reverberāciǒun n.

5 quotations in 1 sense
Sense / Definition
(a) Repercussion of air, reverberation; (b) the blaze of the sun, the bright glare of snow; (c) furnaise of reverberacioun, a reverberatory furnace.

59. riban n.

32 quotations in 1 sense
Sense / Definition
(a) Ribbon, edging material, riban frenge; (b) a ribbon; an ornamental band or border, trimming; an ornament, a necklace; ?a bracelet, an anklet; (c) = filaterie n.(d).

60. ridel n.(2)

27 quotations in 1 sense
Sense / Definition
(a) A curtain; a curtain for a bed; (b) a veil or curtain for an altar; (c) a supporting rod or post for an altar curtain; (d) ridel ring, a curtain ring.

61. rīs n.(2)

36 quotations in 1 sense
Sense / Definition
(a) The edible seed or grain of the grass Oriza sativa, rice; (b) ris flour, flour (of) ris, rice flour; ris mele, mele of ris, rice meal; poudre of ris, powdered rice; (c) cook. a dish made of rice…

62. rīve n.(1)

11 quotations in 1 sense
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(a) The coast of the sea, shore; a beach; (b) in surnames.

63. rivet(te n.

Additional spellings: rivette
9 quotations in 1 sense
Sense / Definition
(a) A burr or clinch on a nail; a washer at the head of a rivet; (b) a rivet; rivet drivere, a riveter; (c) a welt on a shoe; (d) in a nonsense passage.

64. Robinet n.

9 quotations in 1 sense
Sense / Definition
(a) A personal name, the diminutive or familiar form of Robin or Robert, used contemptuously; (b) the European robin (Erithacus rubecola); (c) a hoisting machine; (d) a siege engine that catapults…

65. rō̆che n.(2)

87 quotations in 4 senses
Sense / Definition
(a) A large rock formation; a cliff, rocky height, crag; a rocky area; also fig.; roche wal; (b) a rock in the sea or a river; a reef, rocky island; also, a cliff by the sea; (c) a cave, tunnel, or…

66. rōche n.(3)

18 quotations in 1 sense
Sense / Definition
(a) The European roach (Rutilus rutilus); (b) ?a roach as a heraldic symbol; (c) in place name [see Smith PNElem. 2.86].

67. rochet n.

21 quotations in 1 sense
Sense / Definition
An overgarment, esp. one worn by women; (b) an ecclesiastical vestment similar to a surplice, a rochet; also, a Hebrew priestly vestment, an ephod; (c) a border, band.

68. rok(ke n.(1)

Additional spellings: rokke
41 quotations in 1 sense
Sense / Definition
(a) Rock; a rock, stone, esp. a large rock or rocky outcropping; (b) a large rock or crag along the seacoast or in the sea; (c) a rocky outcropping on a mountain, cliff, precipice; rok side; (d) a…

69. rolle n.

96 quotations in 4 senses
Sense / Definition
(a) A scroll; a scroll with its contained text; a roll of prayers [quot.: 1454]; (b) a roll used in the game of rage-man [see rage-man n.3.(b)]; rage-man rolle; (c) rolle of wacche, a scroll on which…

70. rosel n.

5 quotations in 1 sense
Sense / Definition
A reed, rush; (b) as surname.

71. rō̆sī̆n(e n.

Additional spellings: rosine
25 quotations in 1 sense
Sense / Definition
(a) A distillate of turpentine, rosin; also, resin; (b) rosin clene (coiled, pured), god (clene) rosin, high-grade rosin or resin; red rosin, whit (drie) rosin.

72. rōs-marīn(e n.

Additional spellings: rosmarin, ros-marine, rosmarine
15 quotations in 1 sense
Sense / Definition
Rosemary (Rosmarinus officinalis) or a similar herb.

73. rǒuel n.(2)

27 quotations in 1 sense
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(a) A small wheel with radial points forming the extremity of a spur, a rowel; riden on rouel, to ride spurring; (b) a small wheel; a circular frame; also, the representation of a wheel or disk; rouel

74. rǒuncī n.

25 quotations in 1 sense
Sense / Definition
(a) A charger, steed; (b) a riding horse; (c) a pack horse, workhorse; (d) a kind of small horse; (e) in phrase: queue de rounci, nag's tail, a comic title for a dish; (f) as surname.

75. rǒundel n.

28 quotations in 3 senses
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(a) An ornamental ball or knop; also, a medicinal pellet [quot.: ?c1450]; (b) a round slice of leek or onion; a round loaf of bread; (c) roundel of the eie, the iris of the eye; (d) a ripple resulting…

76. rǒundelet n.

18 quotations in 2 senses
Sense / Definition
(a) A small medicinal pellet or roll; (b) a round slice of something; a circular napkin; (c) a small cask; also, a measure for wine, varying from 15 to 18 1/2 gallons.

77. rūbarbe n.

16 quotations in 1 sense
Sense / Definition
(a) A plant of the genus Rheum, either Rheum officinale or Rheum palmatum; also, the rootstock of this plant used medicinally; jus rubarbe, juice from this plant; pelotes (pilules) of rubarbe, pills…

78. russet n.

36 quotations in 1 sense
Sense / Definition
(a) The color russet, grey or dull red, brown, etc., suitable for working clothes; (b) a serviceable woolen cloth, usu. of plain or subdued color & usu. worn by the poor or by workingmen (also by the…

79. sā̆belīn(e n.

Additional spellings: sabeline
3 quotations in 1 sense
Sense / Definition
The fur of the sable.

80. sāble n.

32 quotations in 1 sense
Sense / Definition
(a) The European sable (Martes zibellina); (b) the fur or pelt of the sable; (c) the color black; blak sable; blak as (blakker than) sable; (d) a black garment, black clothing, mourning clothes; (e) h

81. sabrās n.

7 quotations in 1 sense
Sense / Definition
(a) A decoction or an infusion of herbs; (b) ?a plaster or paste of crushed herbs.

82. saf(f)rǒun n.

Additional spellings: saffroun
72 quotations in 3 senses
Sense / Definition
(a) The saffron crocus (Crocus sativus); safroun plot; (b) safroun bulb, hed of safroun, the corm of the saffron crocus; clove of safroun, one of the corms produced on a bulb; rote of safroun, the…

83. sai n.(2)

8 quotations in 1 sense
Sense / Definition
Silk; sai worm, the silkworm (Bombyx mori).

84. salā̆rī(e n.

Additional spellings: salarie
37 quotations in 1 sense
Sense / Definition
(a) Compensation, payment, esp. a salary or compensation periodically paid for regular service [sometimes difficult to distinguish from (b)]; also fig.; (b) a payment for a specific service or limited…

85. salet(te n.(1)

Additional spellings: salette
14 quotations in 1 sense
Sense / Definition
A light helmet, bowl-shaped, flaring and extended in the back, sometimes incorporating a visor; also, such a helmet used as a receptacle [quot.: 1472-3, 2nd].

86. sā̆l-petre n.

Additional spellings: salpetre
12 quotations in 1 sense
Sense / Definition
Saltpeter (potassium nitrate); ?also, gunpowder.

87. sandal n.

10 quotations in 1 sense
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(a) A kind of shoe, consisting of a sole fastened to the foot by thongs, a sandal; (b) a richly made shoe worn by popes and bishops.

88. sanicle n.

16 quotations in 1 sense
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(a) The European sanicle (Sanicula europaea); (b) a type of orchid.

89. saphīr(e n.

Additional spellings: saphire
58 quotations in 1 sense
Sense / Definition
(a) A sapphire; -- also coll.; also, sapphire, a transparent variety of corundum; (b) saphir of the est (londes, saphir orientale, a sapphire from the East; saphir (of) Inde, a sapphire from India or…

90. Sarasī̆n(e n.(1)

Additional spellings: Sarasine
88 quotations in 1 sense
Sense / Definition
(a) A Turk; also, an Arab; also, a Moslem; -- often with ref. to the Crusades; Sarasin hed, the head of a Saracen; (b) a heathen, pagan; an infidel; (c) as a type of non-Christian; Sarasin or jeu, jeu

91. sarde n.(2)

3 quotations in 1 sense
Sense / Definition
A kind of fish, perh. mackerel or swordfish or a member of the Sparidae family; ?also, error for tarte n. [last quot.].

92. sarpler(e n.

Additional spellings: sarplere
16 quotations in 1 sense
Sense / Definition
A large canvas sack, used esp. for packing wool or fleeces; also, a bale of wool, containing two sacks; also, the weight of a bale of wool.

93. sartrīe n.

7 quotations in 1 sense
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(a) The workshop of the tailors in a monastic house; (b) in surnames.

94. satī̆n n.

24 quotations in 1 sense
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(a) A smooth, lustrous, silken cloth, satin; also, a piece of such cloth; (b) satin doutremer, imported satin; satin figure, satin brocade; tinsel satin, satin brocaded with gold or silver; bridels of

95. sauce n.

56 quotations in 1 sense
Sense / Definition
(a) A condiment for meat, fish, fowl, etc., a sauce; also, a pickling liquid, brine; (b) fig. of (a); (c) a curative or preventive preparation; a medicinal sauce; (d) cook. in combs.: sauce blaunk

96. saucer(e n.

Additional spellings: saucere
37 quotations in 1 sense
Sense / Definition
(a) A saucer, shallow dish; ?also, a saltcellar; (b) in poetic comparison and fig. context; (c) in cpds. & combs.: saucer brerd, saucer rim; saucer ful, a saucerful; saucer molde, a mold for a saucer…

97. saucerī(e n.

Additional spellings: saucerie
10 quotations in 1 sense
Sense / Definition
(a) The department in a great household whose job is to make sauces; also, coll. the members of such a department; (b) the place where sauces are made; (c) in surnames.

98. sauǧe n.

54 quotations in 1 sense
Sense / Definition
(a) The herb sage Salvia officinalis; also, wood sage or wild sage Teucrium scorodonia, ambrose; sauge real, sage royal, small sage Salvia officinalis minor; wilde sauge; (b) in cookery recipes; also…

99. saundre n.

32 quotations in 1 sense
Sense / Definition
(a) Sandalwood, the wood of any of several trees of the species Santalum, esp. the white sandalwood (Santalum album) and the red sandalwood (Pterocarpus santalinus); also, a small piece of sandalwood…

100. sausiǧe n.

4 quotations in 1 sense
Sense / Definition
A sausage; ?also, error for sanicle [2nd quot.].