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1. ?ādẹ̄ven v.(2)

3 quotations in 1 sense
Sense / Definition
To subdue or annihilate (an enemy).

2. afellen v.

22 quotations in 2 senses
Sense / Definition
(a) To lay (sb.) low, fell, kill; (b) to throw down or destroy (a building); cut down or fell (a tree).

3. awẹ̄lden v.

30 quotations in 2 senses
Sense / Definition
(a) To control, rule, govern, command; rule (a country); command (an army); have control of (one's body, desire, etc.), guide (one's) actions; wield (a weapon), manage (a horse); (b) to conquer…

4. bī̆sten v.

5 quotations in 1 sense
Sense / Definition
To buffet (sb.), pummel, flog, beat; also without obj., of waves: to dash, rage.

5. crammen v.

10 quotations in 1 sense
Sense / Definition
(a) To fill (sth.) to capacity, cram, stuff; (b) to thrust (sth. into a container).

6. crāven v.

61 quotations in 4 senses
Sense / Definition
(a) To ask for (sth.), ask (sb.) for (sth.), beg, pray, request; be asking; (b) craven after (for, upon), to ask for (sth.); craven at (of, on, unto), ask (sb.), beg, importune; (c) to beg, be a…

7. dēden v.

10 quotations in 1 sense
Sense / Definition
(a) To kill (sth.); also fig.; (b) to die; (c) to deaden (sth.), stupefy; (d) to become dull or insensible.

8. dẹ̄pen v.

18 quotations in 2 senses
Sense / Definition
(a) To dip (sth.), immerse; also, dye (sth), stain; idept in grain, dyed in grain, dyed with fast color; (b) to baptize; (c) fig. to immerse (oneself in a story, in a way of life); ben deped, be…

9. dǒuen v.(1)

36 quotations in 3 senses
Sense / Definition
Of actions or things: to have worth or validity; be useful, profitable, helpful, or effective; avail; douen the better, turn out all the better; douen litel (neked), have little (no) effect, avail…

10. drēden v.

222 quotations in 6 senses
Sense / Definition
(a) To be afraid, become frightened; dreden for, dreden of, fear (sb. or sth.); as ich drede, as I fear; (b) refl.; dreden for, dreden of; dreden of lif, fear for (one's) life; dreden of grace, fear…

11. drẹ̄men v.(1)

11 quotations in 1 sense
Sense / Definition
(a) Of a musical instrument: to resound; also fig.; (b) to sing; (c) to shout, clamor, talk loudly, be hilarious; (d) to rejoice; dremen of, rejoice in (sth.).

12. drẹ̄pen v.(2)

12 quotations in 1 sense
Sense / Definition
(a) To drip; of a liquid: to fall in drops, drip; (b) drepen with, to moisten or smear (sb.) with (sth.); (c) to droop, sink down; be faint-hearted, languish; dreping mone, ?a waning moon; (d) to lie…

13. drīen v.(2)

99 quotations in 4 senses
Sense / Definition
To perform or do (sth.); commit (sins); do (penance); drien wille, do (someone's) will; drien lif, lead (a certain kind of) life; drien wirdes, try (one's) luck.

14. drīpen, drippen v.

Additional spellings: drippen
9 quotations in 1 sense
Sense / Definition
(a) To fall in drops, drip; dripen of, drip from (sth.); ppl. driping, dripping, misty; (b) dripen on, to drop or dab (a liquid or salve) on (sth.); (c) dripen mid, to moisten or daub (sth.) with…

15. fēsen v.

17 quotations in 2 senses
Sense / Definition
(a) Drive or chase; spur (a horse); incite (to action); (b) put to flight, rout (an enemy); discomfit.

16. gī̆rden v.(2)

94 quotations in 4 senses
Sense / Definition
(a) To strike (sb.); girden at, aim a blow at (sb.); girden on, rain (blows) on (sb.); (b) girden abak, to drive (sb.) back with blows, repel; girden al to poudre, beat (sb.) to dust; girden doun

17. grēden v.

113 quotations in 5 senses
Sense / Definition
(a) To cry out (sth.), shout, call out; (b) to shout, cry out; greden on, cry out on (sb.), shout or shriek at, revile; greden to, (til, upon), shout at (sb.), call out to.

18. grẹ̄ten v.(3)

49 quotations in 2 senses
Sense / Definition
(a) To weep, cry, lament; greten and goulen; greten for, greten on, weep over (sb. or sth.); (b) greten for gladnes (joie), to weep for joy; greten sinne, bewail (sin); greten teres (a flod), shed…

19. halten v.

30 quotations in 2 senses
Sense / Definition
(a) To walk with limping or uneven gait, walk lamely, limp; ?also, stagger, straddle; (b) ppl. halting, limping; as noun: the halting, those who limp or are lame, the lame.

20. hā̆ven v.

1676 quotations in 26 senses
Sense / Definition
(a) To possess (sth.), own; nadda non, she had none; we havt, we have it; ppl. havand, wealthy; (b) to possess (land, an estate or inheritance, a city, town, manor, etc.); -- also used fig.; (c) to…

21. hēlden v.

138 quotations in 6 senses
Sense / Definition
(a) To pour (sth.), pour away, spill; heap, pile up; throw out (ashes); helden ful, fill (a dish) full (of blood); helden in with, pour (water) on (sth.); (b) fig. to shed (grace, joy, light, etc.)…

22. helpen v.

263 quotations in 5 senses
Sense / Definition
(a) To give aid or assistance to (sb. or sth.), be an assistant to (sb.); help (sb. to do sth.), help (sth. be done); helpen aloft (up), help (sb.) up; helpen doun with, help (sb.) get (sth.) down…

23. hẹ̄nen v.(1)

14 quotations in 1 sense
Sense / Definition
(a) To injure (sb.), oppress, persecute; (b) to hate, despise; henen at, scoff at (sb.).

24. hēpen v.

37 quotations in 3 senses
Sense / Definition
(a) To gather (things) into a heap; sweep up (dirt); (b) to fill (a container, a measure, one's hand) heaping full, heap up; fill (a cup) to the brim; (c) to collect (people or things), gather; hepen

25. hẹ̄ren v.

326 quotations in 9 senses
Sense / Definition
(a) To hear (a sound, speech, words, message, etc.); fer herd, heard afar; (b) to hear (sb. or sth. making sounds), hear (sb. who speaks), hear (a noisy action); (c) fig. of love, the soul: to hear…

26. hẹ̄̆rsumen v.

13 quotations in 1 sense
Sense / Definition
(a) To obey (sb.), serve; worship (God, a god, an idol); (b) to be subservient to (sin, one's belly).

27. hēven v.

170 quotations in 8 senses
Sense / Definition
(a) To raise (an object, a body, the hands, etc.) upright or to a higher position; lift up, hoist; heven on rode, crucify; (b) heven up, to lift up (sb. or sth.); [cp. up heven]; (c) to raise (sb…

28. hirsten v.

1 quotation in 1 sense
Sense / Definition
To fry (sth.).

29. hōlden v.(1)

1369 quotations in 35 senses
Sense / Definition
(a) To take hold of (sb. or sth.), hold with the hand, grasp; clasp (one's hand); capture (sb.), seize; embrace (sb.); holden nese (nose), hold one's nose; (b) to grasp; take hold; remain fast; also f

30. hōten v.(1)

519 quotations in 9 senses
Sense / Definition
(a) To give (a person, place) a (specified) proper name; name (sb. or sth.); refl. call oneself (sth.), be named (sth.); hoten for, name (a people) after (sb.); (b) ben hoten, to have a (certain)…

31. iauhten v.

1 quotation in 1 sense
Sense / Definition
To estimate, calculate.

32. ibēren v.(2)

3 quotations in 1 sense
Sense / Definition
(a) To cry out, howl, lament; (b) to behave, act.

33. iburȝen v.

27 quotations in 1 sense
Sense / Definition
(a) To protect (sb.), preserve (sb.) alive, afford refuge to (sb.); refl. save oneself, escape; ben iborȝen, be acquitted; (b) ben (worthen) iborȝen, to be saved from damnation, be redeemed, attain…

34. icheien v.

1 quotation in 1 sense
Sense / Definition
To call (sb.), summon.

35. idīȝlian v.

1 quotation in 1 sense
Sense / Definition
To hide (sth.), conceal; fig. atone for (sin).

36. idrīen v.(2)

8 quotations in 1 sense
Sense / Definition
(a) To do or perform (sth.); do (penance); idrien wille, do (someone's, one's own) will; (b) to hold out, endure; bear (to hear sth.); (c) to suffer (hardship, affliction).

37. iēchen v.

2 quotations in 1 sense
Sense / Definition
(a) To make (sth.) greater, increase; (b) to add (sth.).

38. ied-hwurven v.

Additional spellings: iedhwurven
1 quotation in 1 sense
Sense / Definition
To return to one's former state, recover one's health.

39. ied-neuen v.

Additional spellings: iedneuen
1 quotation in 1 sense
Sense / Definition
To restore (sth.), renew, rebuild.

40. ifallen v.

13 quotations in 2 senses
Sense / Definition
(a) To fall down (into hell); (b) to fall dead, be killed; (c) to fall (into misfortune), come (to grief); (d) to fall spiritually or morally; (e) of buildings: to come down in ruins, collapse.

41. igladen v.

11 quotations in 1 sense
Sense / Definition
(a) To make (sb.) happy, gladden, cheer; (b) to be happy, rejoice; (c) to relieve (a diseased organ), soothe, comfort.

42. ihēlen v.(2)

30 quotations in 2 senses
Sense / Definition
(a) To cover (sth.), deck; (b) to cover (sb., the body, an animal) with clothing or armor; clothe (sb.).

43. ihẹ̄ren v.

162 quotations in 9 senses
Sense / Definition
(a) To hear (a sound, the voice, a word, etc.); iheren with ere(s; -- also absol.; (b) to hear (sb. or sth. make sounds), hear (sb. speak), hear (a noisy action).

44. ihẹ̄rsumen v.

6 quotations in 1 sense
Sense / Definition
(a) To obey (sb.); (b) to be obedient.

45. ihōlden v.

125 quotations in 14 senses
Sense / Definition
(a) To take hold of (sb.), hold (sb.) fast; (b) of disease, hunger: to affect (sb.); ben iholden, be afflicted.

46. ihwerven v.

3 quotations in 1 sense
Sense / Definition
To transform (sb. or sth.); also, be changed (for the better).

47. ilēchnen v.

5 quotations in 1 sense
Sense / Definition
To heal or cure (sb.).

48. ilẹ̄ven v.(2)

99 quotations in 4 senses
Sense / Definition
(a) To believe (in God, a religious doctrine, etc.); believe (in sth. substituted for an object of true belief); also, be converted to belief (in Christ); -- with on, in, a phrase; (b) ileven up, to…

49. imelten v.

21 quotations in 1 sense
Sense / Definition
(a) To melt (sth.), dissolve; also fig.; ppl. imolten, melted, molten; (b) to make (sth. by crushing the ingredients), crumble; of food: digest, be digested.

50. imẹ̄ten v.(3)

53 quotations in 4 senses
Sense / Definition
(a) To come upon (sb. or sth.), encounter, meet, confront; imeten with, meet (sb.); refl. meet (each other); wel imet, as a greeting: well met; (b) to address (sb.) in greeting, greet.

51. ineuen v.

2 quotations in 1 sense
Sense / Definition
To restore (sb.) to an original state; renew or replace (a medication).

52. irēden v.

43 quotations in 3 senses
Sense / Definition
(a) To counsel (sb.), advise; (b) to give (counsel); teach (a lesson to sb.); (c) to provide for (sb.), help; the is irad, it is provided for you, you have been provided for.

53. irsien v.

6 quotations in 1 sense
Sense / Definition
To be or become angry; become angry (with sb.); also, be wrathful (against sth.).

54. isellen v.

26 quotations in 1 sense
Sense / Definition
(a) To give (sth.), provide, grant; also, to give away (sth.); entrust (the world to man); give (sth. as security); (b) to give (sb.) up (to another), deliver; (c) to sell (sth.); sell (sb.) into…

55. isẹ̄n v.(1)

340 quotations in 12 senses
Sense / Definition
To employ the faculty of vision, use the eyes for seeing; also, be able to see, have the power of vision; fig. use or have spiritual insight.

56. ishīlden v.

18 quotations in 1 sense
Sense / Definition
(a) To protect (sb. against sb. or sth.), shield (sb. from sb. or sth.); protect (sb. or sth.); (b) to ward off (sth.).

57. isitten v.

19 quotations in 1 sense
Sense / Definition
(a) To occupy (a seat of authority); (b) to sit, seat oneself; sit to a meal, sit in judgment; ben isete(n, be seated; isitten adoun, sit down; isitten akne, kneel; (c) isitten up, to raise the body…

58. istathelen v.

5 quotations in 1 sense
Sense / Definition
(a) To establish (the earth, government); (b) to give stability to (a country); (c) ppl. istatheled, ?reestablished, ?restored.

59. itellen v.

79 quotations in 5 senses
Sense / Definition
(a) To recount (a series of events, a happening), relate (sth. to sb.), narrate; itellen a tale, tell a tale; (b) to tell (sth.) in speech or writing; tell (sth. to sb.), report, state; itellen despit

60. iwarmen v.

5 quotations in 1 sense
Sense / Definition
To make (sth.) warm, warm.

61. iwaxen v.

18 quotations in 1 sense
Sense / Definition
(a) To grow, increase in size; grow (to sth.) [quot.: a1400]; (b) to grow up, mature, become fully developed; (c) to become (sth.); (d) to become greater or more numerous.

62. iwẹ̄lden v.

18 quotations in 2 senses
Sense / Definition
(a) To overcome (sb., a city); (b) to subdue (sth., a vice, a disease); (c) to temper (sth.), allay.

63. iwiten v.(1)

72 quotations in 2 senses
Sense / Definition
(a) To know (sth.); bolder iwist, known to be bolder; (b) to learn (sth.), find out; -- also used absol.; (c) to know about (sth. or sb.), be aware of, notice; realize (that sth. is true); iwiten of

64. iwurpen v.

1 quotation in 1 sense
Sense / Definition
To recover from a disease.

65. iyarwen v.

12 quotations in 1 sense
Sense / Definition
(a) To prepare (sth.), make, build; (b) to make (food) healthful; make possible (forgiveness); (c) to accomplish (healing); also, apply (a poultice); -- used in fig. context.

66. kẹ̄len v.

89 quotations in 5 senses
Sense / Definition
(a) To cause coldness; make (sth.) cool, lower the temperature of (sth.); (b) to prevent (a pot) from boiling over by adding cool liquid, by stirring, ladling, etc.; (c) to augment the primary quality…

67. laughen v.

245 quotations in 3 senses
Sense / Definition
(a) To laugh (in amusement, triumph, derision, etc.); smile; jeer; of the eye(s: show pleasure or amusement; (b) laughen for scorn (bismare), laughen ascorn, to laugh in scorn; laughen faste (loude,

68. lẹ̄chnen v.

17 quotations in 1 sense
Sense / Definition
(a) To cure (sb.), heal; (b) to cure (diseased eyes or ears, limbs); (c) to heal (a disease, a wound); (d) to heal (the soul, spiritual sickness).

69. lēnen v.(1)

97 quotations in 3 senses
Sense / Definition
(a) To lean, support oneself; steady oneself while standing or walking; lean (on an ax, a spade, staff, one's elbow, etc.); -- also refl.; lenen on knes, kneel; -- often with bi, in, into, on, to, up

70. lēpen v.

281 quotations in 11 senses
Sense / Definition
(a) Of persons, animals, etc.: to jump, leap, spring; hop as a game or sport; jump for pain, fear, or anger; lepen up; lepen a lope, take a jump; also fig.; (b) to jump (into or out of some place or…

71. lēren v.

299 quotations in 8 senses
Sense / Definition
(a) To teach; give instruction to (sb.); leren on bok; leren of, teach (sb.) concerning (sth.); (b) to teach (sb. to do sth.); train (a bodily part to do sth.); (c) refl. to teach (oneself); teach…

72. lẹ̄sen v.(4)

525 quotations in 19 senses
Sense / Definition
(a) To lose (sth. possessed or held), lose (goods, land, tenure, office, title, etc.), be dispossessed of, be deprived of; ppl. loren, of goods: lost as to possession; (b) lesen from, to take away…

73. lẹ̄sen v.(5)

73 quotations in 4 senses
Sense / Definition
(a) Of God, Christ: to redeem (man, the soul, etc.); lesen from, lesen (out) of, deliver (man, etc.) from (hell, the Devil, sin or its consequences, etc.); (b) refl. to free oneself (from suffering in…

74. lēswen v.

15 quotations in 1 sense
Sense / Definition
(a) To tend (livestock) at pasture, herd; also fig.; ppl. leswed, grass-fed, pastured; (b) to tend livestock at pasture; ppl. lesend, as noun: one who pastures sheep, fig. a religious leader; (c) to…

75. lēten v.

1283 quotations in 40 senses
Sense / Definition
(a) To grant (sb. land, rights, privileges); fig. allow (sb. time), grant (sb. a reprieve); grant (a place or room to hatred); (b) to bequeath (property), leave (property to sb. at one's death); fig.

76. lēthen v.

26 quotations in 3 senses
Sense / Definition
(a) To free (sb.), let loose, set free; also, spare (sb.), save; (b) to loosen (bonds, a knot); also fig.; (c) to lessen the pressure on (one's heel).

77. lẹ̄̆theren v.

6 quotations in 1 sense
Sense / Definition
(a) To become covered (with blood or sweat), be bathed in, be lathered; (b) ?to cover (someone's body with blood); (c) to wash or soak clothes.

78. lẹ̄ven v.(3)

39 quotations in 1 sense
Sense / Definition
(a) To grant (sth. to sb.), grant (sth.); (b) to give permission; authorize (sb. or sth.), allow; (c) to allow (sb. to do sth.), empower; grant (that sth. be done or be the case); grant (sb. that he…

79. lẹ̄ven v.(4)

210 quotations in 4 senses
Sense / Definition
(a) To believe in (God, Christ, etc.); leven in (into, o, on, to, upon), have faith in (God, Christ); also, believe in (a false god, an idol); leven on Marie, believe Mary (to be queen of heaven); (b)…

80. līen v.(2)

165 quotations in 4 senses
Sense / Definition
(a) To tell a lie, speak falsely, deceive; lie to (sb.); (b) lien in, to slander (sb.); lien of, make a false claim for (sb., oneself), boast about; also, lie about (sth.); lien o, slander (sb…

81. lighten v.(1)

129 quotations in 5 senses
Sense / Definition
(a) Of lights, lanterns, etc.: to emit light, shine; of fire: burn, blaze; refl. of the sun: shine; impers. lighten, flash; -- with or without hit; ppl. lightinge, of incense: clear; pure; of spots or…

82. liven v.(1)

564 quotations in 10 senses
Sense / Definition
(a) To be alive, continue to live, survive; also, be alive spiritually; (b) liven longe, to live for a long time; liven leng (lengere, longere), live longer, live longer than someone else; liven litel

83. manī-fōlden v.

Additional spellings: manifolden
9 quotations in 1 sense
Sense / Definition
(a) To increase (sth.) many times; augment the number of (persons), multiply; (b) to exert oneself greatly (to accomplish sth.).

84. marken v.(1)

233 quotations in 13 senses
Sense / Definition
(a) To set the boundaries or limits of (a plot of land, body of water, etc.); stake out; (b) of a sea or river: to reach the shore; (c) ppl. marked, of armies or troops: spread out, extended in width…

85. mathelen v.

6 quotations in 1 sense
Sense / Definition
To talk, chatter; tell (sth.) to (sb.); mathelen wordes, speak; mathelen to, talk to (sb.).

86. melten v.

161 quotations in 5 senses
Sense / Definition
(a) To melt (ice, metal, snow, tallow, wax, etc.); liquefy (sth.); ppl. molten, liquid, melted; thing molten, a liquid; molten pich, pich molten, tar; moltetaleu, rendered tallow; (b) to melt down…

87. merren v.

129 quotations in 5 senses
Sense / Definition
To spurn (lust), interfere with (intention), obstruct (law), bar (the way), stop (troubles), gainsay (prophecy), hinder (a scheme).

88. messen v.(1)

6 quotations in 1 sense
Sense / Definition
To celebrate mass; ppl. imassed, of mass: celebrated or sung; -- impers.

89. mē̆ten v.(1)

95 quotations in 5 senses
Sense / Definition
(a) To measure (sb. or sth., a distance, a quantity); ppl. fiftene times meting, being measured 15 times, i.e., if its length is multiplied by 15; (b) to take measurements, take a measurement…

90. mēten v.(3)

68 quotations in 2 senses
Sense / Definition
(a) To have a dream of (sth.), dream (sth., a dream, that sth. occurs); (b) to dream; dream (of sb. or sth., in a certain way).

91. misyẹ̄men v.

2 quotations in 1 sense
Sense / Definition
(a) To abuse (sth.); (b) to neglect (sth.).

92. nẹ̄den v.(1)

38 quotations in 1 sense
Sense / Definition
(a) To force (sb. or sth. to do sth.), require, constrain; refl. exert or force oneself (to do sth.); (b) to compel (sb. or sth. to sth.); compel (sb.) to do, take, or accept (sth.); shrift neded

93. neighlē̆chen v.

26 quotations in 1 sense
Sense / Definition
(a) To approach; approach or come close to (sb. or sth.), draw near to; also fig.; neighlechen to (bihalves, toward, upon); (b) of day, death, judgment, etc.: to be at hand, be near, draw near; impers

94. nimen v.

562 quotations in 19 senses
Sense / Definition
(a) To take (sth.), pick up (sth.); draw (a weapon), take up, take out; grab (sth.), grasp, seize; pick (a fruit); also fig.; also, use (sth.); (b) to take away (sth.); bear (sth.), carry off; take…

95. ofclēpen v.

4 quotations in 1 sense
Sense / Definition
To summon (sb.).

96. ofernen v.(1)

5 quotations in 1 sense
Sense / Definition
(a) To overtake (sb.); (b) to flee from (sb.); (c) to be propagated; (d) to run (a horse) to exhaustion.

97. offallen v.

8 quotations in 2 senses
Sense / Definition
(a) To kill (sb.); crush (sb.) to death; (b) to defeat (sb. or sth.), bring to grief; (c) ppl. offallen, of a city: ruined.

98. ofshāmen v.

11 quotations in 1 sense
Sense / Definition
To put (sb.) to shame; ppl. ofshamed, shamed, ashamed; ben ofshamed of, be shamed by (sth.); hem ofshamed, they were ashamed.

99. ofslēn v.

30 quotations in 1 sense
Sense / Definition
(a) To kill (sb., the body); also fig. [last quot.]; (b) to kill (an animal, a bird); (c) to cut off (someone's head).

100. ōlden v.

10 quotations in 1 sense
Sense / Definition
(a) To grow old; take on the characteristics of old age, grow feeble; (b) of things: to deteriorate through age; become outdated.